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Full text of "Harlem Friendship House News 1947-11: Vol 7 Iss 6"

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Without Interracial Justice 




Sociat Justice Will Fail 

Vol. 7 No. 6 

November, 1947 

New Yerk, N. Y. 10 Cents 

A Problem or a Possibility 

God in His wisdom has decreed that His human family 
should exhibit differing racial characteristics. Man in his 
ignorance and pride has presumed that God gave the white 
man superior endowments. Because of this stupid error on 
the part of man, we have tried to cut off the achievements 
and talents of the Negro from entering our American culture. 
Our great concern at this hour should be with the possibilities 
and not the problem (so called) of the Negro. We make a 
sinful and tragic mistake when we deny any race its right to 
contribute to the total welfare and culture of the world we 
all live in. er ee eee es ee 

Fourteen million Negro) challenged on the ground of 
Americans are asking for the inherent inferiority.e The tide 
chance to help fashion a bet-! has already turned. The buf- 
ter world. And in spite of | foon has been replaced by the 
our persistent denial of that business man; the ‘dialect’ is 
right, a steady vanguard of'supplanted by perfect Eng- 
Negroes push forward and do | lish; the cringing yes-sir at- 
make their contributions to! titude has passed into a quiet, 
our culture. Against intoler-| dignified independence and 
able odds, such as would |self-possession. And the typi- 
make memorable and heroic | cal sense of ‘good humor has 
episodes, they express their! become a solemn awareness 
genius in many fields. Too|that some things can’t be 
often we are unaware of the! laughed off, but must be faced 
great roles of the Negro in- | and solved. 
dividuals in our culture be-| The outstanding individual 
cause of the adverse tradition | Negroes are the eternal 
of our press. | pledge to the millions to fol- 

It is said that when a bee low that they have genius and 
steals from a flower, it also | great talents to contribute to 
fertilizes that flower. So it is,;their country. These out- 
when we do wrong to another | standing individuals have 
of our fellow beings; we | proven that there is nothing 
arouse him to greater striving |inferior about a person be- 
and effort. The Negro in|cause of the color of one’s 
America has a Christian tra- | skin. And in order to have a 
dition. And because of} balanced sympathy and un- 


BI. Martin on Record Again 

The following is taken from 
a testimonial letter received 

‘from St. Dominic’s convent, 
(Boksburg East, Transvaal, 

his Christian character he/|derstanding of our fellow |goyth Africa: 

has an .unfailing sense 
of hopefulness and patience. 
He has learned to turn his ad- L t 
versities into advantages. The amen 
Negro knows he will not get 4 : ° 
anywhere unless he is better | By Many Children 
than the white man. So he! ,,, , 
becomes better. For us to|. To Many Parents 
deny this great reservoir of| F 
genius and talent to flow into | By Edwin Kennebeck 
our national culture to enrich! Once when I was a little 
it, is stupid and perverse. It) poy I had a penny in my 
is not a way of achieving the | »outh and you made a face 
best for ourselves and our | into a symbol of disgust and 
Within a span of only eighty | out of your mouth. Some dirty 

(Continued on page 7) 

said (remember): “Take that | 

years the American Negro has 
made greater development 

and progress against greater | 

odds than any other race in 
human history in an equal 

length of time. A prominent | 

southern white family had to 
ask for a letter of introduc- 

tion to the late Dr. George | 

Washington Carver. The 
white master asking to be in- 

troduced to a former slave. A | 
far cry from the Negro slave | 
standing in awe of his white | swer Hello. 

master. It is our own imma- 

nigger maybe had it in his 
hand.” I remember. 

Oh, tell me about the sac- 
rifice of mothers. Tell me if 

they could have chosen any | 
‘only with the greatest diffi- 

other than your noble way. 
Did you sacrifice your hate 
for me? Did you make an of- 
fering of your disgust (“dirty 
nigger”) by killing it for the 
sake of my soul? 
The sad dark faces say 

Hello to me now and I an-| 

In my heart I 

|answer “Hello, dark face.” I 

\ many fields ever again to be 

turity of intellect and our | wish I didn’t have to give my- 
own perversity of judgment | self this tiny push of pride to 
that still keep us geared to a| say Hello to you. What I want 
master-slave mentality. That} is to say Hello first and then 
is no longer the pattern of our | accidentally remember that 
relationship. you are dark. But once I had 
The Negro has arrived. He}a penny in my mouth, and 
can no longer be accused of|now it’s this way: first I 
having inferior capacities. He| know you are dark and then 
has proven himself in too|I say Hello. I’m very good 
(Continued on page) 


The 12th of June 1946 was a 
memorable day in the history 
of this house. On this day God 
conferred an immense favor, 
through the intercession of 
Blessed Martin de Porres, in 
the miraculous cure of Sister 

| Zedislave. 

Sister Zedislave had been 
suffering, and had been a par- 
tial invalid since September 
1945. An x-ray showed a 
deep-seated ulcer. A diet was 
prescribed and rest, but her 
condition grew worse. Pain 
was more acute, a hemorrhage 
came on, she was able to move 

culty. Another x-ray taken in 
May revealed a very serious 
condition indeed. The ulcer 

|had developed rapidly and was 

about to perforate the walls 
of the stomach and showed 

|signs of malignancy. The Doc- 
|tor said that an operation was 

the only means of saving her 
from intense pain later on, 
when he feared cancer would 
set in, 

Sister Zedislave was very 
reluctant to have the opera- 

tion and clung to the hope that 
she would be cured by prayer 
to Blessed Martin. She was 
sent to the Kensington Sana- 




The Black-Face 
Minstrel Is Taboo 

The black-face minstrel is 
taboo. There is no place in 
our Christian community nor 
in our present day society for 
the type of comedy that de- 
fames an entire body of our 

This type of comedy de- 
fames the black man because 
it is always he who is por- 
trayed as being stupid, ignor- 
ant and lazy. Unfortunately 
the majority of the people of 
the Caucasian and other races 
form their opinions of the en- 
tire Negro people on charac- 
terizations in which they see 
the Negro portrayed. There- 
fore, through the medium of 
black-face minstrels an entire 
people is slandered socially 
and generally underestimated 

Because of this assumed in- 

tellectual incompetence and 
torium, Johannesburg, Mary (presumed anti-social traits 
she was nursed by the Holy many men of dark skin have 

Family Sisters. There the ; : 
specialist and his partner gave been denied the right to earn 

all ‘ 
her a very thorough examina- | 4 decent living at employment 
tion. for which they are otherwise 

One day a very severe at-| qualified. 

tack of pain came on. The| Black-face minstrels create 
nursing Sister that day took a| erroneous and slanderous im- 
blood test. As soon as she be-| pressions. It is these impres- 
|gan to take it, Sister Zedi-/sions that cause prejudice to 
|slave felt a wonderful change| be born in the minds of those 
|pass over her whole body.| who do not possess the grace 
She knew at that moment that of Christian Charity and al- 
she was cured although the|low themselves to be guided 
}pain continued till next day | by whatever is seen in black- 
‘when it disappeared|face minstrels, 

| altogether. Holy Mother Church for- 
| Sister Zedislave could not} bids Her children to read un- 
'assure the doctors or nurses! wholesome literature, for in 
ithat she was cured. All be-| it would be found occasion of 
j lieved that she only dreaded|sin. We forbid our children 
| the operation, Mother Prioress | to view unwholesome movies 
‘arrived at the Sanatorium and| which may distort their im- 
|all was arranged for the oper-|pressionable minds. Why, 
}ation on the 12th of June. ithen, should we allow un- 
| The Doctors were prepared | Wholesome comedy which is 
for a very critical operation. | likely to distort our concept 
[Mother Prioress remained |0f the Negro to find a place’ 
| praying in the chapel. Soon | in our midst? Is this too not 
ithere was an unusual com-/@N occasion of sin? Prejudice 
‘motion. The Doctor phoned|is born when we allow our- 
| the x-ray institute to have the| Selves to become influenced 
‘details of the report read| by idiotic portrayals such as 
again. Then it became ap-|We see in black-face min- 
parent to all that something |Strels. Let us eradicate the 
lof a miraculous nature had | black-face minstrel and there- 
|occurred. There was no ulcer | by terminate a possible occa- 
to be found. sion of sin. Let us meet and 
The specialist’s first words | ®Cquaint ourselves with our 
to Mother Prioress after the|>/ack brethren in reality and 
operation were, “Do you be-| 25 2” individual. 
lieve in miracles?” “Of course| Black-face minstrel cannot 
I do,” Mother replied. The} survive without your support. 
Doctor said, “After today, I,| We ot com you to avoid this 

too, will have to believe, for | type of comedy oyt of fairness 
to the ot His brethren. 

this is a miracle.” 

2 <das 


the Lay Apostle -learns the real and true TECH- 

<i November, 1947 


84 WEST 135TH STREET Tel. AUdubon 83-4892 

Vol. 7 No. 6 

CATHERINE DE HUECK DOHERTY... ccsccccccccccesessssserecsees Editor 
LEONA LYONS.,......cccccvcscssccceecteeeseeseeececeeess Assistant Editor 
MABEL C, KNIGHT.,..ccscscccscsccesesecesscssssssesers Managing Editor 
MELITA RODECK....cccccccceveseceseesereeeseeessrsssssesere Staff Artist 

A Member of the Catholic Press Association 

HARLEM FRIENDSHIP HOUSE NEWS is owned, operated and published monthly 

September through June and bi-monthly July-August by Friendship House at 

34 West 135th Street, New York 30, N. Y. Entered as second clases matter Decem- 

ber 13, 1943, at the Post Office at New York, N. Y., under the Act of March 3, 1879. 
Subscription Price, $1.00 Year. Single copies, 10c. 


The Lay Apostolate is young. The Lay Apostolate is 
new. Yet both its youth and its newness are of God. 
For its re-birth is due to the Holy Ghost speaking 
through the appointed and the anointed representatives 
of Christ on earth, the Holy Father. And therefore, as 
all things of God, its development, its ascent is IN- 
WARD. All those who join its ranks, therefore, begin 
a JOURNEY INWARD without which all their out- 
ward activities, sacrifices, works, would be as NOTH- 
ING BEFORE GOD, and could, in fact, rebound not in 
the extension of the Kingdom of God to which we are 
dedicated, but that of the Prince of Darkness. 

It is a very simple journey, this “JOURNEY IN- 
WARD” that each lay apostle MUST take in order to 
make the Lay Apostolate the true success it must be. It 
is like God’s journey “OUTWARD” from heaven to 
Bethlehem; from Bethlehem to Nazareth; from Naza- 
reth to Calvary. 

The Lay Apostolate starts at Bethlehem. Small, hum- 
ble, unknown like that hamlet, the lay apostle gives 

’ birth to God. Which simply means that having REALLY 

TRULY become aware of the true vocation of all Catho- 
lics, he makes himself another Mary, and in complete 
and utter simplicity of Faith, utters his FIAT. Know- 
ing full well that this is the beginning of the end of him- 
self—for FROM NOW ON he will begin to die to SELF, 
so as to be filled with Christ and be able to say with St. 
IN ME.” 

This first step, this INWARD realization of his (and 
humanity’s) is the very center, crux, foundation of the 
Lay Apostolate. He who for an instant loses sight of 
this beginning and end, loses his way. Yet to give birth 
to Christ, to be Christ-bearers, is but the first step of the 
long JOURNEY INWARD that lies before the Lay 
Apostle. The next step is the HIDBEN LIFE. 

Oh, the Lay Apostle and his apostolate is very visible. 
For he lives and works in the market place. He is busy 
about many outward things. -He is active in corporal 
and spiritual works of mercy. Busy binding the many 
wounds of the Mystical Body of Christ—now in the in- 
terracial field, now in the rural one, now on the labor 
front, now on the teaching one. But as the lay apostle 
works, his soul is quiet—listening, learning, praying, go- 
ing about inwardly full of recollection and contempla- 
tion. It is at this stage of the JOURNEY INWARD 
that the habits of prayer are acquired. The tranquility 
of order established. First things placed first. Naza- 
reth teaches the traveller of this JOURNEY INWARD 
how to be one with the poor, how to be one with all men, 
and to be all things to all men. The hidden life helps 
him to find out too, the respective places of faith and in- 
tellect. Shows him when to use either, and how they 
are to be used. Brings the first realization of his utter 
énsignificance and smallness, and gives a glimpse of 
God’s perfection and awesomeness, gentleness and 
mercy, wisdom and holiness. Introduces Mary and Jo- 
seph—the legion of angels, the saints. Yes, first things 
are placed first at this point of the JOURNEY IN 

But on the journey one does not stand still. Onward 
to Cana and the public life of Our Lord, moves the Lay 
Apostle, to sit at His feet and listen. And listening, 
learn how to witness the living truth-unto-death. How 
to become one with Christ the Teacher. How to steep 
soonest in Love that is a Person, that is GOD AND 

It is here that the inward horizons widen. Here that 

The decision of Bishop C. P. 
Greco of Alexandria, La., to 
examine a young Negro can- 
didate for admission to sem- 

dinary studies was announced 
publicly recently in the dio- 
cesan weekly. At once a re- 
port began to circulate that 
Archbishop Rummel of New 
Orleans had accepted a young 
Negro of Algiers, La., a for- 
mer member of the Society of 
the Divine Word, as a major 
seminarian and was consider- 
ing a second candidate. Like- 
wise Bishop J. B. Jeanmard 
of Lafayette, La., is reported 

NIQUES of his apostolate. Understands at long last 
that they all can and must be summarized in one word— 
LOVE. That all the rest—planning, organizing, doing, 
working, in fact, ALL activities are but the reflection of 
the height, depth and width of his love for GOD and 
neighbor, and are utterly dependent on it for their 
TRUE success before the Lord. 

It is here, too, that the traveller-apostle on that 
JOURNEY INWARD begins to see that HE MUST 
DIE TO SELF in earnest. Fér CHARITY dwells only 
where self decreases and God increases, and in the same 
proportion. So from now on the JOURNEY INWARD 
LEAD TO LIFE. A paradox? A secret? Yes. Re- 
vealed to those who keep on going. 

Through the dusty streets of doubt, and the dustier 
roads of temptation, walking, walking in the footsteps 
of the Master, the JOURNEY INWARD will now take 
the apostle and teach him the one-ness of all, men—the 
unimportance of works and techniques, the ever grow- 
ing importance of learning well how to love friends and 
enemies—how to grow in gentleness, patience, humility, 
poverty of spirit, simplicity, self-forgetfulness, mercy— 
how to slowly but surely and never falteringly. divest 
oneself of self—of both outward possessions and in- 
ward attachments. 

THE CROSS. Yes, the Lay Apostolate is new and 
young, but neither youth nor “newness” are obstacles 
for LOVE. And so, on fire with LOVE OF GOD, the 
Lay Apostle will follow faithfully Christ unto the end. 
He must. For unless he does, his apostolate will be but 
a pious dream without substance—a humanitarian en- 
deavor that cannot be lifted up to the Man of Sorrows. 
No, it is ALL, OR NOTHING AT ALL. This IS the 
cross-road of the JOURNEY INWARD. A true Lay 
Apostle will take the turn to the Holy Hill. The ones 
who have just been toying with the new fashionable 
shibboleths of pseudo-Catholic action lay apostolate will 
turn backward. 


too, the extension of God’s Kingdom on earth—His 
peace—true happiness. 

That is the true calling, vocation and work of the Lay 
Apostolate. This JOURNEY INWARD — THIS 



November, 1947 

In the Right Direction 

to have taken a young colored 

These developments are the 
natural outcome of sentiments 
such as those expressed by 
Archbishop Rummel October 
16, 1945, at a banquet cele- 
brating the silver jubilee of 
St. Augustine’s Seminary at 
Bay St. Louis, Mississippi. 
The Archbishop then said 
that the day would come 
when Negro priests “will be 
integrated in the diocese and 
will take their place among 
the Secular priests” (St. Au- 
gustine’s Messenger, Decem- 
ber, 1945). 

The religious leaders of 
Louisiana, the most populous 
Catholic area in the Protes- 
tant South, are looking ahead 
with vision, initiative and 
fearlessness to days of glor- 
ious growth for the Church. 

Statement of the Ownership, Man- 
agement, Circulation, Etc, Re- 
uired by the t of Congress of 
ugust 24, 1912, as Amended by 
the Acts of March 3, 1933, and July 

2, 1946, of Harlem Friendship 

House News, published monthly 

Sept.-June, bi-monthly July-Aug,, 

at New York, N. Y., for Oct. 1, 


State of New York | 
County of New York ss. 

Before me, a notary in and for the 
State and county aforesaid, person- 
ally appeared Mabel C. Knight, who 
having been duly sworn according to 
law, deposes and says that she is the 
Managing Editor of the Harlem 
Friendship House News, and that 
the following is, to the best of her 
knowledge and belief, a true state- 
ment of the ownership, management 
(and if a daily, weekly, semiweek- 
ly or triweekly newspaper, the cir- 
culation), etc., of the aforesaid pub- 
lication for the date shown in the 
above caption, required by the act 
of August 24, 1912, as amended by 
the acts of March 3, 1933, and July 
2, 1946 (section 537, Postal Laws and 
Regulations), printed on the reverse 
of this form, to wit: 

1. That the names and addresses 
of the publisher, editor, managing 
editor, and business managers are: 

Publisher, Friendship ouse, 34 
West 135th St., New York 30, N. Y. 

Editor, Catherine de Hueck, Ma- 
— House, Combermere, Ont., 


Managing Editor, Mabel C. Knigh 
48 W. 138th St., New York 30, N. Y. 

Business Manager, none. 

2. That the owner is: (If owned 
by a corporation, its name and ad- 
dress must be stated and also imme- 
diately thereunder the names and 
addresses of stockholders owning or 
holding one percent or more of total 
amount of stock. If not owned by 
a corporation, the names and ad- 
dresses of the individual owners 
must be given. If owned by a firm 
company, or other unincorporated 
concern, its name and address, as 
well’ as those of each individual 
member, must be given). Not a 
corporation. Owned by Catherine 
de Hueck, Madonna House, Com- 
bermere, Ont., Can., general director 
of Friendship House. Mabel C., 
Knight, local director of Harlem FH, 
34 W. 135th St., New York 30, N. Y. 

3. That the known bondholders, 
mortgagees, and other security hold- 
ers owning or holding 1 percent or 
more of total amount of bonds, mort- 
gages, or other securities are: (If 
there are none—so state). None. 

4. That the two paragraphs next 
above, giving the names of the own- 
ers, stockholders, and security hold- 
ers, if any, contain not only the list 
of stockholders and security holders 
as they appear upon the books of 
the company but also, in cases where 
the stockholder or security holder 
appears upon the books of the com- 
pany as trustee or in any other fi- 
duciary relation, the name of the 
person or corporation for whom 
such trustee is acting, is given; also 
that the said two paragraphs contain 
statements embracing affiant’s full 
knowledge and belief as to the cir- 
cumstances and conditions under 
which stockholders and _ security 
holders who do not appear upon the 
books of the company as trustees, 
hold stock and securities in a ca- 
pacity other than that of a bona fide 

|} owner; and this affiant has no rea- 

son to believe that any other person, 
association, or corporation has any 
interest direct or indirect in the said 
stock, bonds, or other securities than 
as so stated by him. 

5. That the average number of 

copies of each issue of this publica- ~ 

tion sold or distributed, through the 
mails or otherwise, to paid sub- 
scribers during the twelve months 
preceding the date shown above is 
wenn seeee.-ee (This information is 
required from daily, weekly, semi- 
weekly, and triweekly newspapers 

Sworn to and subseribed before 

me this, 25th day of ge 1947. 

CE Ee” eee ee eee e-  | 

‘T= PP . et at ae ce” a aie eee 

nee i a il ae eee ee eee te eee 6 ak te a LL. i a ae 

eae Co a a ok me tele . ee ee ek “ee 

ee ee! ee ae. ae, ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee a a a ee 

ee — 

at © FR ot ooh Pete ot 




A flood of articles, pamphlets, statements, and resolutions 
have been published during the past few years against racial 
restrictive covenants (which exclude from residence in a 
given area elements considered undesirable). These state- 
ments together with the steadily worsening and ever more 
appalling conditions which first released the flood are gradu- 
ally leaving their mark on American law courts. Although 
we can still apply that famous statement of Saint Augustine 
to many judges: “They run well but they have left the track; 
the farther they run the greater is their error, for they are 
going ever farther from their course,” it is more and more 
apparent that the judges are beginning to find little satisfac- 
tion in noting that in this matter their course is not set on 

justice. Unfortunately, the majority seem not yet prepared 

to change their course. + 

A number of judges today 
are forced to go to extraordi- 
nary lengths to demonstrate 
the difference between law, 
which they are bound to obey; 
and justice, which they es- 
teem and venerate, but aban- 
don to follow after law. The 
“law” we have to do with 
here is, as we said, simply the 
law of precedent, the pol- 
icy adopted by the courts. 
Brought forth and nourished 
by them, it can have life only 
so long as they wish to sus- 
tain it. (Ironically, it is from 
equity, the special court of 
justice, that one seeks a neigh- 
bor’s eviction.) 

Few courts now care to en- 
force a restrictive covenant 
without a more or less de- 
tailed explanation—often bor- 
dering on the apologetic. 


our traditions and ideals .. . 
At the same time, however, 
and regardless of what its 

dent and govern itself in ac-| 

cordance with what it con-| 

siders to be the prevailing | 

Justice Henry W. Edgerton, 
on the other hand, has ex- 

pressed an opinion that “A/selyes that their homes or | 
court of equity would have their land would never be) 

nothing to do with such a con- 
tract unless to prevent its en- 
forcement.” But such state- 
ments remain in the minority. 
Again, judges are admitting 
into eviction trials a picture of 
the whole background in 
which restrictive covenants 
are set. 

Generally, in citing past 
policy, the courts forget that 

Thus, a New York judge|the policy adopted in previous 
about to forbid the sale of a| years arose from a considera- 
home to a Negro family re-|tion of relatively unusual 
cently began: “. .. by way/contracts, whose terms did in 
of prelude, the court wishes|truth concern only a few 
to state that it is in accord| people. But promoters of 

with the views expressed by | residential segregation, quick | 

Mr. Justice Murphy . . . that | to understand the advantages 

; g: take the oars away from 

‘Distinctions based on color 
are utterly inconsistent with 

of a system whereby the 
courts would direct the power 

Hoey Interracial 

Awards Conferred 

On October 26 the annual 
James J. Hoey Award for In- 
terracial Justice was given to 
Mr. Clarence T. Hunter, Pres- 
ident of the Catholic Inter- 
racial Council of St. Louis, 
Missouri, and to Mr. Julian J. 
Reiss, Commissioner of the 
New York State Commission 
Against Discrimination. These 
award are given to outstand- 
ing individuals, one Negro and 
one white person, whose work 
during the year in the field of 
interracial justice has merited 
such honor. The award is 
sponsored by the Catholic In- 
terracial Council of 20 Vesey 
St., New York, of which Mr. 
George K. Hunton is exec- 
utive secretary. 

The Awards were conferred 
by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Francis W. 
Walsh, President of the Col- 
lege of New Rochelle, who 
represented Cardinal Spell- 

Taking the words of our Di- 
vine Lord, that whatsoever 
was done to the least of these 
was done to Him, Mr. Reiss 
gave a picture of how our 
treatment of the Negro had 
certainly given him the least 
portion or justice in our so- 
ciety. Where other men came 
to this country to claim free- 
dom and justice, the Negroes 
had been reduced to the status 
of mere chattels. There were 
even those of the white race 
who thought that this member 
of our human family had no 
soul, As Mr. Reiss declared, 
that day has passed. But we 
have a great deal yet to do in 
order to give full justice to 
those who share least in it. 

Mr. Elmer A. Carter, Com- 
missioner, also spoke, empha- 
sising the need for laws 

against diserimination in this | 

country. He said that despite 
all contrary opinion, 

Mr. Hunter praised Arch-|F.E.P.C. in New York State 

bishop Ritter for his firm stand 
in opening the Catholic schools | 
to Negro students. The Arch- | 

bishop’s ultimatum 

has been a positive success. It 
has brought about a real con- 
sideration on the part of the 

against |employers in the matter of 
segregation is that it is a sin,| hiring help impartially. Also) 

and that it is no less a sin in|the individual discriminated 
the South than in the North. /against has recourse and help 
Mr. Reiss made a moving/in obtaining his just rights. 

plea for Christian awakening | 
to our moral responsibility 
toward all men. He said that 
many white people say that 
the Negro must improve him- 
self before he is acceptable to 
their society. He pointed out 

The failure to practice fair | 

employment has become high- 

ly unpopular. So much so that 

an employer will conform to 

F.E.P.C, rather than face the 

stigmatizing procedure of ap- 

pearing before the judge. He 

that this is the same as asking|strongly advised that we do 
him to row upstream while we | all we can to have a National 


him.| F.E.P.C. in force soon. 

Wy iat 







sentiments may be, this court | power, into supporting rather 

is constrained to follow prece- | 

| the area of an entire city, the 

of the community, the police | 
than hindering their efforts, 
have succeeded in so spread- 
ing these covenants that they 
have become an _ institutiqn, 
segregation an estab- | 
lished fact. The first few men | 
who contracted among them- 

sold or rented to Negroes did 
no great harm to the general 
community. So long as the 
total area of land restricted | 
against Negro families is neg- | 
ligible in comparison with 

effect of restrictive covenants 
will not be marked. But over 
the last thirty years, the num- 
ber of restrictive covenants 

| city. 

ithe cumulative effect of his 

'the evils springing from seg- 
|regation; we know them well, | 
'and so do most of the courts, 

has enormously increased. 
Now, when a major area of a 
city is blocked off, or when an 
existing Negro community is 
‘completely isolated by a ring 
|of restricted land, the route 
is open for the onset of all 
those problems which have 
become so well known. 

The Negro population, like 
the population of the nation 
as a whole, is growing. To ex- 
pect to enclose a growing pop- 
ulation within the confines of 
an ever more limited area is 
as inhuman as it is unrealistic. 
In the chaos that we call 


blighted areas, life in society, 
from being a most powerful 
and efficacious instrument for 
the development of human 
personalities, becomes per- 
verted into a means for the 
dwarfing both of lives and of 

In signing a restrictive cov- 
enant, an individual white 
owner intends—usually after 
he has been so urged—simply 
to keep Negro families away 
from his neighborhood. There 
is no intention on his part, 
nor indeed the power, to con- | 
fine Negroes to any particu- | 
lar undesirable section of the 
Nor, and this is the 
tragedy, is there any concern 
on the part of the ordinary 
signer as to what will happen 
to colored families. However, 

contract, when added to so 
many others, is what must be | 
considered in order properly | 
to judge restrictive covenants. 

It is needless to dwell on all | 

now. Accordingly, for the 
courts to continue to enforce 
restrictive covenants long | 
after the institution has be-| 
come a leading cause of 
American slums seems inex- 
plicable, no matter how or by | 
what adroit or learned argu- | 
ments they may offer. 

Nor is it necessary to agree 
on some precise definition of 
justice, to which we might 
turn in order to to decid 

(Continued on page 4) 


The Village is under the 
spell of Indian Summer these 
days. Doors are open and the 
street noises flourish like mid- 
summer. Washington Square 
has a merry-go-round and the 
ice cream man is still making 
his rounds, ringing merrily 
his bell. But there are signs 
that it is neither June nor 
July. The morning glory 
vines are no longer blooming. 
The petunia boxes with their 
gay colors no longer catch the 
eye from balcony and inner- 
court borders. Instead, the 
lovely mums and red oak 
leaves fill every florist win- 
dow. It is Fall, and we are 
looking forward to a winter 
of active work in our new 

Already the children’s story 
hour has gotten off to a fine 
start. Lee reads to the neigh- 
borhood children every 
Wednesday afternoon. About 
thirty children were in for the 
first session, and they have 
been in almost hourly ever 
since asking for the next story 

hour. This week Mary and 
Peg gathered up their Harlem 
tiny tots and gave them a sub- 
way ride down to the Village 
to enjoy the story hour and 
cookies and punch with our 
Village children. It was a 
happy and exciting event in 
their young lives and we hope 
to repeat it regularly. 

Our Wednesday evening 
sessions will tend to conflict 

with the American Labor 
Party forums across. the 
street. It would be interest- 

ing to know what antidote for 
a vital Christian way of life 
is being offered over there 
while we sit about hearing 
Father Dugan give us some 
powerful shots in the arm 
about the duties of the lay 
priesthood. As Father Ed 
said, each of us can change the 
world by changing first our- 
selves and then our neighbor. 
Which is the technique the 
Communists claim to use. We 
can remember that Christ 
changed the world with only 
twelve followers. This is an 
age when the lay Catholic 
should be living the high ad- 
venture of rescuing the world 
from its dead secularism. The 
sin of the age, Father Dugan 
reminds us, is not paganism 
where men deny God’s exist- 
ence, but an altogether more 
serious offense of ignoring 
God almost completely. He 
has no place in politics, in the 
schools, at work. No place in 
their lives actually. This at- 
titude is much harder to 
arouse men from than one of 
positive denial of God’s exist- 
ence. Only the Catholic lay 
leaders can do the job of 

Village Views 

changing the poisonous secu- 
lar atmosphere in which we 
now live. Father Dugan cited 
thrilling experiences of indi- 
viduals who have done much 
in a positive way to change 
their own environment. 

Last Wednesday evening we 
had the pleasure of hearing 
Mr. Emanuel Romero speak 
on Interracial Living. He gave 
an encouraging picture of the 
work being*done by the Cath- 
olice Church. More _ schools 
are being opened to Negro 
students. Mr. Romero’s daugh- 
ter has been offered a teach- 
ing position in a Catholic col- 
lege. That is true progress. 

Bit by bit we-are spreading 
a modest but dignified air to 
our Village location. The fold- 
ing chairs which a neighbor- 
ing priest gave us are in a less 
temperamental state of col- 
lapse, thanks to our good 
neighbor, Jim Cal and his 
brother Adolph. They brought 
in their electric drill and did 
things that the chairs never 
expected would happen to 
them. That isn’t all; a good 
friend has ordered seats for 
their slatless skeletons. And, 
who knows, we may sit folks 
down on them and have them 
hear words of truth they just 
hadn’t thought of before. 
We're awfully happy about 
the chairs. Someone felt the 
aesthetic need for shades 
around our bare glaring light 
bulbs. You have no idea what 
soft elegance a_ thirty-nine 
cent shade lends to the place. 
Well, we're just happy 
through and through over 
things like that. Because you 
may not realize how remote 
from us thirty-nine cents ac- 
tually is at times. 

A good Father of hearty, 
rugged appearance just stuck 
his head in the door. “Is this 
a Catholic place?” he asked. 
(We're hoping for funds to 
get the window lettering done 
soon.) We answered, “Yes, 
Father. It is Catholic and in- 
terracial.” He raised his hand 
in blessing and said, “Thank 
the good God for a place like 
this. We should have had it 
years ago.” And like that he 
disappeared. And we don’t 
know his name or if we shall 
ever see him again, but it 
seems very peaceful and 
promising just being here at 
this moment. We are think- 
ing that God sent him by to 
cheer us up in this wonderful 

The statue of Blessed Mar- 
tin has arrived. A _ lovely 
two-foot figure that stands in 
the window and commands 
reverence from the street. 
The expressman wanted to 
know if this was the B. L. 
Martin place. “Blessed” is 

the title, we told him. And 
he set the package down most 

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S| NEO SOR REI Cao aaNet alin Fa Oatley eS 

+ renee oe 

Harlem Reporter 

By M. C. K. 
Passersby often stop to look 

into Friendship House stores. | 
‘of lung operations. 

The best show of the month 
was the children painting the 
clubroom a shade _ between 
nile green and aqua. Nathan 

Lincoln donated the paint and | 

recruited the painters, start- 
ing with our Boy Scouts and 
allowing smaller, fellows and 
even the girls to help. Each 
painted at his own level and 
did a good job of confining the 
paint to the brush and walls. 

Someone sent us pretty pale | 
green cretonne drapes which | 

Peggy put up over the barred 
window in back of the stage, 
making it look less like a set 
for “The Last Mile.” 

We have a copper plaque of 
the Christ Child, made by stu- 
dents in Pittsfield, Massachu- 
seits, which we are going to 
put up. In addition to being 
beautiful _ it’s 
which will make it a more 
restful addition to the club- 
room. Now, does anyone want 
to make the clothing room 
more cheerful? 

In Youth Work 

Mrs. Helena Alexandrea is 
helping Mary Lee with the 
Girl Seouts and a flourishing 
troop is promised. The Cub 
Scouts are our pride and joy 
with their six Den Mothers 
who hold weekly meetings in 
their own homes and the Pack 
meeting every month in the 
clubroom. Brownies, Boy 
Scouts, Tiny Tots and Teen- 
agers are going strong. The 
little ones from Harlem had 
a wonderful time at 
first story hour (with refresh- 
ments) in Greenwich Village. 
Venice came 
Flat to tell us about it with 
her eyes just shining. 

Feeling that a _ store in 

Greenwich Village would be | 

more useful, we gave up one 
store in Harlem, leaving the 
library, clubroom and clothing 
room. We miss it as a dormi- 
tory for men visitors. It was 
not comfortable, having no 
electric lights and only Navy 
cots, but it was shelter, which 
is at a premium in Harlem. 
Ken, Thom, Stan and Joe 
moved the piano from there 
across to the library one night 
while Sheila borrowed Blessed 
Martin’s vigil light in its 
lovely filigree cover to warn 
traffic. Ever so often Willa 
Mae Lowery, a privileged per- 
son because she’s a goddaugh- 
ter to one of the staff, comes 
in to play the piano. She's 
about seven. Her three little 
brothers and sister sing with 
her like birds. 

Marie Faust is a wonderful 
help to us at this busy time 
in the office and library. She 
has catalogued our Green- 
wich Village library. As a 
visiting volunteer she even 
pays for her room and board. 
Her conversation with its 
solid Catholic attitude to life 
and literature is a delight. 

Enough blood was donated 

unbreakable, | 

their | 

into Madonna | 

_certain Museum employees. 

, by Staff Workers and friends 
‘to pull 
friend, Joaquin Torres, 
through the first of a series 
He’s a 
Dominican tertiary, a lay 
apostle who talks on the faith 
at street corners in Puerto 
Rico because of the shortage 
of priests. Blessed Martin 
brought him to FH through a 
non-Catholic woman he met 
on the plane coming to this 
country. Please pray that he 
may fully recover as he can 
do much for the church in 
Puerto Rico. 

our Puerto Rican| 



(Continued from page 3) 
whether the institution is un- 
just. We know that it is. The 
courts, too, tacitly admit it; 
and therein lies the reason 
why they develop this or that 
elaborate explanation for con- 
tinuing support of the sys- 

tem. The initial policy of en- 
forcing what were taken as 
isolated and completely pri- 
vate agreements can no longer 
rationally be applied to re- 
strictive covenants, when 
their enforcement as law is 
tantamount to a sentence of 

ooo TNC 


Harlem Friendship House Clothing Room 

In Reply— 

We note, with joy, that the in all cases that come to my | 

children’s groups attending 
the Museum movies, since our 
petition-letter, published in 

have been well received. The | 

following response was re-| 
ceived from the Chicago) 

Natural History Museum: | 

Dear Miss Harrigan: 

Thank you for your letter | 
of 4 August in which you ex- | 
press appreciation of Museum | 
services and, at the same time, 
call attention to apparent race | 
discrimination on the part of | 

After a thorough investiga- 
tion, I am unable to confirm 
any report of discourtesy by 
Museum employees that, 
would not apply equally to 
persons of all races. Inatten- | 
tion, neglect of duty, rudeness | 
or incivility on the part of) 
Museum employees are not 
condoned by the management, 
and corrective action is taken 

° Ne ‘ e & 
: Christmas Gift Suggestions R 
‘ Remember Christmas is Christ’s Birthday! Give gifts ‘ 
5 that will please Him and spread His kingdom. & 

“Friendship House,” by Catherine de Hueck....... $2.00 
“Dear Bishop,” by Cacherine de Hueck........... 1.75.8) 

Order from Friendship House, 34 W. 135th Street, N. Y, 

The attendance at the sum- 
mer programs in the James 

: Simpson Theatre this year | 
+F.H. News, September issue, |has been considerably in ex- | 
cess of the seating capacity. | 

Unfortunately, there has been 
difficulty each Thursday 
morning in seating persons 

who arrived during the five} 

minute period. before and 

after the starting time of the | 

program. I am inclined to be- 
lieve that the apparent dis- 
courtesy on the part of our 
ushers was due to confusion, 
inexperience, and lack of skill 
rather than any deliberate at- 
tempt to avoid the established 
rules of the institution. In any 
case, all members of this 
group have been admonished, 
and I feel certain that there 
will be no further lapses on 
their part. 

I am amazed to find even 
the least suspicion of racial 
prejudice directed at this in- 
stitution, as the very nature 
of our work causes us to rely 
upon fact rather than preju- 
dice. I find it difficult to be- 
lieve that even a possible lack 
of courtesy on the part of one 
or more employees should be 
interpreted as Museum policy, 
and I regret exceedingly the 
veiled threat carried in the 
last paragraph of your letter. 

Very truly yours, 

(Signed) Clifford C. Gregg 


| indefinite civic exile for mil- 
lions of citizens. 

| In the past, the Supreme 
| Court has declined various op- 
portunities to render a def- 
initive decision on the enforce- 
ment of restrictive covenants. 
But now it has agreed to re- 
view two covenant cases this 

coming term. 

met squarely, the course of | 
segregation for several dec-| 

ades may well be set by the 
decisions in these cases. 
One case involves a home 
in Detroit; the other a home In 
4,” Zj7CG 
hag) a 
a ba es 




Ae | 


| St. Louis, Mo. In the Detroit 
/case, Benjamin Sipes and 
others asked and received an 
‘order from a Detroit court 
ousting a neighboring fam- 
ily, Orsel and Minnie Mc- 
Ghee, from the home they 
owned and occupied, having 
'purchased it 
1944. On appeal, the Mich- 
‘igan Supreme Court upheld 
the eviction order. 

In noting the ruling of the 
Michigan Court against use, 
as distinguished from owner- 
ship, we recall that thirty 
years ago the Supreme Court 
threw out a Louisville, Ky., 
law forbidding Negroes to live 
in certain sections, although 
they were free to own prop- 
erty in those sections. Said 
the Supreme Court then: “In 
|effect, premises situated as 
are those in question in the 
so-called white block are ef- 
fectively debarred from sale 
to persons of color, because if 
sold they cannot be occupied 
by the purchaser nor sold by 
him to another of’ the same 

In the St. Louis case, the 
Circuit Court had been asked 
|to evict Mr. and Mrs. J. D. 
Shelley from their home, pur- 
chased August 11, 1945, and to 
cancel their title to the prop- 
erty. The request was denied. | 
On appeal, the Missouri Su- | 
preme Court upheld the evic- | 

| tion request, reversing the de- | 
‘cision of ‘the lower court. | 
Initially refusing eviction, the |. 

lower court_had decided that | 



If the issue is| 

in November, | 

November, 1947 


the original restrictive con- 
tract intended complete ex- 
clusion of Negroes from the 
i district, but could not be re- 
| alized, since not all residents 
‘had signed it, for some were 
| Negroes. 

Disagreeing, the Missouri 
|Supreme Court said: “Obvi- 
ously it could not have been 
the intention of the parties to 
prevent any Negro occupancy 
at all because that already ex- 
isted. It must have been. their 
\intention to prevent greatly 

increased occupancy by Ne- 
groes. And their plan has suc- 
|ceeded ... there is no change 
in the conditions in the dis- 
| trict which would warrant 
| withholding equitable relief 
(enforcement of contract) ... 
ithere is no reason’ why en- 
‘forcement of the restriction 
{would be inequitable... The 

/agreement is valid and the 
irestriction should be en- 
|forced ... 

“The chancellor (lower 
'court) found the Negro popu- 
|lation in St. Louis has greatly 
| increased in recent years, and 
| now numbers in excess of 
| 100,000; and that some of the 
isections in which Negroes 
\live are overcrowded, which 
is detrimental to their moral 
'and physical well being. 
| “Such _ living conditions 
| bring deep concern to every- 
/one, and present a grave and 
‘acute problem to the. entire 
|community. Their correction 
|should strikingly challenge 
| both governmental and pri- 
vate leadership. It is tragic 
that such conditions seem to 
| have worsened although much 
i has been written and said on 
the subject from coast to 

Upon the decision of the 
| United States Supreme Court 
in these two cases may well 
| depend the health and welfare 
of many, many families. Nu- 
merous interested groups will 
|doubtless seek permission to 
‘file supporting statements 
| with the Court. 

—Reprinted with permis- 

sion of the Common- 
weal, Sept. 12, 1947. 

Fire On the Earth, 

| The world is not shocked 
by heroism in her own serv- 
ice, but the world is horrified 
jat Catholics who dare to live 
simply. The same _ world 
which counsels heroism on 
the battle field counsels mod- 
eration in the service of Christ. 

By Paul Hanley Furfey. 

| cere 




ne vf 



; to 










.-. heart. 

November, 1947 


The Question 

Dear Ann: 

Greetings! How’s Chicago 
Friendship House? 

Got a problem for you! 
Several days ago it was pro- 
posed to stage a “blackface 
minstrel” down here just for 
fun. A group of us strongly 
opposed it on principle, but 
were outshouted. What’s your 
opinion of such things—are 
they OK or not? If we're 
right we'll carry the matter to 
the Dean, if need be. 

Catholic College Student. 

The Answer 

Dear Tom: 

Just this spring a semina- 
rian had the same problem in | 
the East where he is in his last | 
year before ordination (in a | 
Southern state, too) and he| 
handled it like this. There} 
was opposition and misunder- | 
standing, but he tried to reach | 
the fellows by word of mouth. | 
He gave a convincing talk to | 
two fellow students, these two | 
reached four, and so on. And | 
these were the arguments: 

The Popes in our days have | 
been telling us that the big | 
thing at stake is the dignity of 
man. The Negro is a man, 
and we are following the call 
of the Pope, which is the call 
of Christ, where we as Cath- 
olics uphold precisely this— 
his dignity and rights as a so- 
cial being. 

There are ways of denying 
this dignity. 

The flagrant denials of the 



IN US | 

My very dear only friend of | 
the world! 

I am again at home from the | 
hospital,. but I am not yet/! 
healthy. I thank you so very 
much because I have received 
through the Catholic Worker 
in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, 
from Miss Mary Holleran, a, 
package. And I thank you} 
so very much because you| 
have done this for me. I have | 
written Miss Holleran thank- | 
ing her for her kindness. I} 
am so glad I cannot tell you. | 
The last time I have received | 
three packages from strang- | 
ers. For all of this I am grate- | 
ful. May God compensate | 
you for your goodness. 

I hope you have my letter 
that I wrote from the hospital. | 
Now I have the three pack- 
ages received from Kaukauna, 
Wisconsin, from Mrs. Henry 
Haen. She found my name in 
the Friendship House paper. 

Excuse my bad writing be- 
cause I am very ill. 

I thank you with all my | 

Irena Mochaleyr. 
{ ot. 

‘the past few 

|‘ one. 

Negro’s God-given rights need 
to be reiterated: 

The Right to Life, denied in 
lynching, unequal dealings in 
courts, newspapers, etc. 

The Right to Earn a Living, 
denied in job discrimination. 

The Right to Decent Hous- 
ing, denied by the ghettoes in 
all the cities, and by signers 
of restrictive covenants. 

The Right to Bring Up His 
Family according to Christian 
|standards, denied him in his 
|being banned from schools, 
| hospitals, ete. 

The Right to Grow in the 
| Love and Knowledge of God, 
denied him when he is segre- 
gated in the House of God, or 
refused entrance, or when he 
is excluded from parish ac- 
| Then there are other ways 
in which the Negro is denied 
his dignity. Ways more sub- 
tle and insidious. Jokes about 
Negroes which incessantly 
show him as lazy and shift- 
less, the name “nigger” in- 
stead of referring to him as 
Mister or Miss. The stereo- 
type one sees in the movies 
hears over the radio— 
these are small and can be 
harmless, but to balance the 
scales of justice and to make 
doubly sure of charity, we 
should drop these references. 
|The blackface minstrel show 
}is one of these things that 
could be perfectly harmless, 
‘but is it? 

If a minstrel show in black- 
'face is done to show the cul- 
| tural as well as the humorous 
side of Negro life, it is a good 
|thing. But where the direc- 
tions in the book specify that 
the interlocutor must be a 
white man,and that all of the 
comedians must be blackface 
whose chief job is to show 
their own stupidity and the 
cleverness of the white man, 
then I think it is wiser to 
have another kind of show. 
The general attitude of the 
students is important, too. If 
you know that there is a lot 
of prejudice in the majority 
of the students, then I think 
having a minstrel might just 
Strengthen this _ stereotype 
about all Negroes, instead of 
the other way around. 

With these arguments, my 
friend the seminarian, won 
without taking it higher. So 
try to work among the stu- 
dents themselves, first, Tom, 
because what have you gain- 
ed, if the dean refuses the stu- 
dents permission, but a tem- 
porary advantage? Convinced 
students will mean that a new 
leaven will be working among 
all the other groups that each 
student ever touches in the 
course of his life. Among this 
is the leavening we _ want, 
isn’t it? 

And let me compliment you 
on your interest in one of the 

most pressing social problems 

today, and ask you to get all 
those who think as you do to 

| dedicate themselves to this 

precious cause, the unity of 
all men, for which Christ died. 

Fishers of Men, 

policy which went into effect 

School Incident 
Well Handled 

When several hundred stu- 
dents remained away from) 
classes at Emerson school in 
Gary, Ind., to protest the| 
city’s new integrated school | 
policy, the Superintendent of | 

Schools, along with other city | 
officials and citizens, took ef- | 
fective disciplinary measures 
which broke up the mass tru- 
ancy move. 

The strike occurred on the | 
second day of the new 
semester as a protest against 
38 Negro students who regis- 
tered at Emerson school un- 
der the city’s new school 

this fall. 

Despite efforts on the part 
of truant leaders to make the 
strike city-wide, the action of 
the School Board, supported 

| by leading citizens and organ- 

izations, effectively confined 
it to the Emerson school. Cor- 

| respondence and press reports 

provided the following infor- | 
mation on the techniques em- 

1, An informal city-wide | 
(Continued on page 6) 

What if it wer 

October 9 was our regular 

;volunteer meeting with Fa- 


That night, the misery, the | 

unhappiness and the disgrace- | 

ful side of my town‘ did not 
make me sad as usual, for in 
hours it had 
dawned on me that perhaps 

something could, after all, be, 

By van der Meersch. 

ther Ed Dugan officiating and 
enlightening us on the impor- 
tance of the lay apostle in the 
world of today. Father’s talk 
brought out the difficulties of 
the clergy in converting the 
working class. The value of 
the Catholic laity, who are in 
daily contact with these peo- 
ple and in a position to influ- 
ence them morally and spirit- 
ually by their actions and 
words was firmly impressed 
on our minds as being a spe- 


As the Jim 

United States Supreme Court 
has agreed to rule on the va- 
lidity of covenants by white 
property owners who will not 
sell to Negroes. The four 
covenant rulings, in Detroit, 

'St. Louis, Washington, D. C., 
j}and Columbus, Ohio, on the 

current Supreme Court dock- 
et, bring the explosive issue 

| of restrictive covenants to the | 
‘high court of our: land. 

Lower courts have up to 
this time held that restrictive 

|agreements are private mat- 

ters. In the Detroit and St. 
Louis cases, attorneys are 
asking the court to declare 

| that when the state courts en- 
‘force such agreements, the 

State becomes party to the ac- 
tion. Enforcements become 
State acts. When that is the 
case, the States violate the 
equal protection clause of the 
Fourteenth Amendment to 
the Constitution. 
and let us pray, that the spirit 

may become the letter of the | 
| law. 

*k * ** 

A two-room apartment at 

e YOUR Child! 

(Facts In Black and White—Friendship House—Chicago, Ill, lee) 

Harlem Volunteers 

Romance of Catholic | cial vocation given to us by 
’ | God. 

Frolic Time 

Well, folks, we are at it 
jagain! Yes, more parties. 
This time it’s a Hallowe’en 
party for the kids and were 
hoping that they leave their 
flour sacks at the door. 

Not to be outdone, the staff 
/and “vols” are having a little 
| of the same the following Sat- 
urday. Oh well—all work and 
no play——! 

The volunteers wish to ex- 

lof his mother. We wish to as- 

sure-him of our prayers for | 

the repose of her soul. “Requi- 
escat in pace.” 


pillows, sheets. 


We _ hope, | 

|tend their sincere sympathy | 
to Eddie Doherty at the death | 

’ Foreign Friends 

German seminarians living in a half-destroyed house, 
almost without windows, have no bed clothing, blankets, 
Half-starved, without coal, they need 
warm clothing also. Please send to Rev. Fr. Rector Junk 
* St. Georgen, Offenbacher Land Strasse 224, Frankfurt/ 
| ‘Main, Germany, U. S. Zone. 

wn 4 224 
. Ss 

Crow Flies 

water Beach Hotel rents for 
$69 per month. A two-room 
apartment in the rat-ridden, 
overcrowded firetrap at 942 
West Ohio street, where ten 
people lost their lives October 
10, rented for $78. These in- 
credible facts were brought 
to light when a fire of suspi- 
}cious origin swept a West 
‘Ohio street tenement, bring- 
ing death to four women and 
| six children. 

The grim hand of restric- 
, tive covenants and the law of 
| the jungle which racial hatred 
‘brings showed themselves 
|clearly in the tragedy which 
| happened, ironically enough, 
_during Fire Prevention Week. 

|The fire occurred in a “bor- 
| der area” where the great fear 
'that Negroes will soon move 

over into nearby covenanted 

property has resulted in 14 

cases of arson and anti-Negro 
vandalism in the past three 

That Negroes live in con- 
| stant danger, in untenantable 
apartments, paying $60 to $82 
per months for quarters which 

'Chicago’s fashionable Edge-| Whites formerly rented for 

$11 to $13 is a telling indica- 
tion of the choking grasp of 
restrictive covenants. Former 
white tenants moved to better 
conditions freely, for they 
were not hampered by “agree- 
ments.” The Ohio street dis- 
| aster points up, in a very clear 
| way, how really State en- 
| forcement of restrictive agree- 
| ments is a denial of citizen’s 

ok * oe 

| big-league baseball accepted 
_a Negro in its ranks. And the 
Dodger first-sacker, Jackie 
| Robinson, has written sports 
| history this season, not only 
as one of the best U. S. ath- 
letes on a _ pennant-winning 
team, but as the quiet, modest, 
courageous ball player, re- 
|markably controlled under 
fire of unfair racial jibes. A 
pioneer has proven himself 
under tremendous odds, and 
the big league bar has been 
broken. Jackie, incidentally, 
stayed with the team at the 
Stevens Hotel when _ the 
Dodgers were in Chicago. An 
other Negro, Larry Doby, 
taken on later in the season 
by the Cleveland Indians, was 
|refused accommodations ~ at 
'the Del Prado Hotel, head- 
; quarters of the American 
| League. 
*s * * 

O'Reilly Veterans Adminis- 
| tration Hospital, Springfield, 

| Mo., has hired colored appli- 


;cants for a vacancy, because 
'an employee suggested that 
|they do so. The jobs were 
| there; several Negroes had 
|applied for them. It took a 
few courageous words from 
Martha Schibler, a Southern- 
er, who has the fullness of the 
Catholic doctrine, and more 
bars were downed. The ad- 
ministration, it seems, had 
| never thought of hiring them. 

Sa Aa NE A NN a cn ne ee ee ee ee 



6 = 

Why Have An 

Interracial Program? 

Why have an interracial program? Or to put the question 
in a different form, Does an interracial program help the race 
problem? If by an interracial program we mean living 
interracially, then the answer is yes. But the trouble with 
the whole program is that most people are willing to “talk” 
interracially but few are willing to “live” interracially. They 
are unwilling to practice what they preach. They are either 
unwilling or unable to make it a part of their daily living. 

In the field of race relations+ 
it is very essential that both/in the South after the Civil | 
white and black peoples learn | war Negroes and whites lived 
about each other before devel-|¢5- the most part in a sem- 
oping attitudes. By the very|blance of harmony. As one 
nature of the distinctiveness | white says: “I’m beginning to | 
in the pigmentation of the) think maybe a black man and | 

Clare Boothe Luce Raps Negroes 
Religious, Racial Lines 

Clare Boothe Luce, former In Br ttain 

Congresswoman, has contrib-| Mrs, Josephine Hunter, a 
uted .an undisclosed sum of| former Red Cross Worker in 
money to St. Malachy’s, a| England, and graduate of the 
Negro parish in St. Louis,| School of Social Work at the 
Missouri. University of Chicago, told 
The pastor, the Rev. Ralph/the Chicago Monday Night 
W. Warner, S. J., earlier had| Lecture Group that there are 
declined a $25 donation from|not more than 15,000 Negro 
the Catholic Parents’ associa-| families living in Britain to- 
tion, a group formed to protest|day. Prejudice does exist, 
against Archbishop Joseph E.| however, against even this 
Ritter’s decision permitting} tiny minority and Mrs. Hunt- 
Negroes to attend Catholic|er substantiated this with nu- 

high schools in the archdio-|Merous evidences. 
cese. A factor of British life 
In making her donation which confronts the Negro 
‘ -}and white citizen equally is 

skin, the Negro’s high visibil-|, white man can live togeth-|Mrs. Luce said: “There are ; 
i te hie oft wpa from |, Pie an can lve, tne Oe in every country who that ofthe cass stem, While 
the white. To the whites the} jitical conventions and state | claim or suggest that there are middle class may not fare 

color black is synonymous 
with inferiority. The inferior- 
ity which they associate with 
slavery. Thus the whites feel 
superior to the Negroes. 

If we look back into history 
we will find that slavery is not 

legislatures together and when 
the question of building 
ischools came up, another 
white man was heard to say, 
“If the only way is schools 
where black and white go 
together, then sure enough, 

peculiar to the Negro. In fact,|I’m for schools! If I can sit in 
whites have been slaves fora convention hall with niggers, 

a longer period. Here it might 
be noted that the state of 
slavery in America existed 
before Negroes were imported. 
We are told that during the) 
17th and 18th centuries, white | 
children were kidnapped in) 
the British Isles at the rate of 

then my son can sit 

in a 
schoolhouse with them!” And 
still another white man said, 
“I am going into the Conven- 
tion because the only way to 
fight the monstrous thing that 
has happened is to understand 
it, and the only way to under- 

several thousands yearly and | 
sold into slavery. In Virginia, | 
white servitude was for a/ 
limited period, but was some- | 
times extended for life. It was| 
because this white traffic did | 
not prove profitable that the) 
slave holders resorted to Negro | 
slaves. Today when we speak | 
of white slavery, we mean| 
traffic in prostitution without | 
regard to race or color. 

Interracial Program 

conquered a large area of the 
world, both in Europe and! 
Asia in World War II, the) 
subject peoples were reduced | 
to slavery. What else can you 
term forced labor and con- 
centration camps? In a very 
short period those subject peo- 
ples, some of whom repre- 
sented the best minds of their 
native lands, were reduced | 
through starvation and _ in- 
humane treatment to an im- 
poverished state. Their minds 
and bodies suffered, some died | 
and others will remain total 
wrecks. Yet, after these peo- 
ples have been liberated, they 
are returned to society and the 
past is like a nightmare. Of} 
course the experiences will | 
leave their traces both physi- 
cally, mentally and emotional- 
ly. But their personalities will 
not suffer from it. 

When we speak of race rela- 
tions or interracialism today, 
we refer to Negro and white} 
relations. This relationship | 
began with the arrival of the 
first shipment of Africans| 
which landed at Jamestown, | 
Virginia, and when they were | 
sold into slavery. At that time | 
it was a master-servant rela- 
tionship. It was even more| 
degraded than that. A slave! 
was considered property —a| 
chattel according to law.| 
Hence the human personality | 
was taken out of the rela- 
tionship and the slave was 
considered just a mere thing. | 
It is the memory of this abject | 
state of degradation which has | 
caused so much of the prej-| 
udice and discrimination we| 
see today and which has come 
down to us from the beginning 
of American history. 

During the eight year period 

stand it is to become a part 
of it.” 

After President Hayes was 
elected and the northern sol- 
diers were removed from the 
South, the eight year period 
of Negro-white freedom and 
cooperation in the South was 

Today when we look at the 
situation in the country and 
remember how the various 

basic differences—essential 
and inherent inner qualities— 
among the various branches 
of the human family. 

“All such claims plainly 
deny the validity of our 
American concept of spiritual 
and political life. First, it is 
fundamental Christian doc- 
trine that we are all children 
of God and equal peers to His 

“Second, it is fundamental 
democratic doctrine that 
every citizen, regardless of 
color, creed or race, is equal 
before the law. 

“For God and country,” her 
message coricluded, “your 
|good city and many of its 
citizens have struck one more 
brave blow for the dignity of 


The Catholic Parents’ as- 
sociation was disbanded here 
after the Most. Rev. Amleto 
G. Cicognani, Apostolic Dele- 
gate to the United States, in- 
formed the group that he was 

missionary boards of white sure it would “readily comply” 
When Germany and Japan| people helped to establish| with Archbishop Ritter’s de- 

through their philanthropic 
organizations built such edu- 
cational institutions as Fisk, 
Atlanta, Howard, Hampton for 
the proper preparation of the 
colored people to take their 
place in the citizenship of the 
country, we cannot but 
wonder why prejudice and 
discrimination exist. Why 
segregation continues to be 
the black man’s burden. 

Has all the effort in the past 
to live interracially been a 
failure? Have the Negroes not 
proven themselves equal to 
the opportunities they have 
had up to date? Have they not 
contributed largely to the 
American way of life? In- 
creasing in numbers from 4,- 
000,000 to 14,000,000, have 
they not earned the right to 
be regarded as an_ integral 
part of the nation? Are they 
not entitled to their just share 
of the pursuit of happiness? 

Father Paul Furfey in his 
book “The Mystery of Iniqui- 
ty” says, “Our attitude toward 

men of other races is a crucial | 

test of our Catholicity. The 
great law of charity requires 
us to love all men, regardless 
of race, with an intense love. 
... The interracial test is an 
excellent test of charity. 
Christ made this point in the 
story of the Good Samaritan.” 
Then he added, “Conformism 
is the tendency to compromise 
by. adapting oneself to the 
position of unbelievers as far 
as it is possible to do so with- 
out positively denying any 
dogma of faith. This con- 
formism is brilliantly illus- 
trated in the attitude of many 
Catholics toward the Negro... 
Conformism is basically dis- 

institutions and_| cision. 

honest. It refuses to face the 
fact that there is an utter con- 
tradiction between supernat- 
ural charity and the philos- 
ophy of worldliness .. . In our 
treatment of the Negro we 
must take on one attitude or 
the other. We must be world- 
lings or Christians. There is 
not the slightest possibility of 
finding a middle ground.” 

In an article in a recent issue 
of Interracial Review, Sister 
Mary Pauline in her “Christ- 
Seeing and Color-Blind” says, 
“When human feelings are 
aroused, the mind controls 
them only by indirect means, 
and imperfectly.” Shake- 
speare struck deep into the 
realities of human psychology 

in Romeo’s penetrating words, 
“Hang up philosophy, unless 
philosophy can make a Juliet.” 
What many an abstractly cor- 
rect thinker on the problem 
of racial justice needs is a 
Juliet or two... There are 
many good people who are 
convinced, here and now, that 
“Negroes in general” must be 
given justice. These good peo- 
ple are willing to help Negroes 
achieve their full constitu- 
tional rights in America, and 
their social and religious her- 
itage too. Yet, these same 
people do not even know that 
they themselves are tainted 

with racial prejudice” ...Then 
she adds, “To those of us who 
work in parts of the Lord’s 
vineyard where the parasite 
of racial prejudice has eaten 
into the mentalities and feel- 
ings of our people, surely the 
first lesson is a plea for per- 
sonal contact ... And the goal 
gleaming through and provoc- 

badly, the great majority of 
the 15,000 colored persons in 
England are born into the 
lower class, and there they 
are confronted with odds far 
more severe than those of 
their lower class white con- 

Because Negro men are ac- 
tively discouraged from com- 
peting in the English labor 
market, and because the mar- 
ket is virtually closed to 
Negro women, it is not likely 
that the colored population in 
England will increase by im- 
migration, concluded Mrs. 

Hunter. Rather, it is probable 
| that emigration and intermar- 
| riage will absorb the race per- 
/haps within the next hundred 

Mary (Geni) Galloway. 

| ative of every such effort for 
racial justice has been .. . not 
to show a different, even 
though cordial attitude to 
| strange colored people from 
that shown to strange white 
people — in a word to be 
Christ-seeing and color-blind.” 

In Commonweal, Father 
George H. Dunne in his article 
“The Sin of Segregation” 
writes, “When we look honest- 
ly at this question we see that 
it is the advocate, not the 
antagonist, of racial segrega- 
tion who impungs our right 
to choose our friends. The 
|pattern of racial segregation 
and the prejudices which are a 
part of it say to me who am 
white: “We deny your right 
to include among your friends 
or to open your home to any- 
one who is of Negro ancestry. 
If _ violate this taboo we 
shall cast you out of society.” 
The social ostracism imposed 
upon me by a racist society is 
| clearly an effort to interfere 
|with my freedom to choose 
my own friends...” He ends 
his article by saying, “It has 
been sufficiently proved that 
racial segregation violates 
|strict justice ...” But the 
| point here being made is that, 
;even if justice were not vio- 
|lated, no one would pretend 
|that charity is not greviously 
wounded. Racial segregation 
|is certainly a sin against chari- 
ity and, in the Christian dis- 
|pensation, is certainly im- 
moral and not to be tolerated. 
We can go to hell for sins 
against charity as easily as for 
sins against justice, perhaps 
more easily.” 

The philosophy of Friend- 


November, 1947 
School Incident 

(Continued from page 5) 

committee which included a 
representative cross-section of 
business, political, religious, 
racial, veteran and civic lead- 
ers was immediately formed 
to hold neighborhood meet- 
ings, explain issues and com- 
bat rumors. Members of 
School Board and press func- 
tioned on the citizens coém- 

2. Press agreed to refer to 
the action as “mass truancy” 
rather than dignify the action 
by calling it a strike. Also 
agreed not to give the stu- 
dent truants any favorable 

3. Since the football team 
took an active. part in the 
movement, the School Board 
cancelled Emerson’s athletic 
schedule for the year. 

4. All truants who did not 
comply with the School 
Board’s order to return to 
classes within 24 hours were 
disciplined; those over 16 
years old (600) were expelled; 
parents of those under 16 
were notified that unless their 
children returned to classes 
within the 24-hour deadline, 
they (the parents) would face 
charges of contributing to the 

5. One man was arrested 
and charged with violating 
Indiana’s new anti-hate law. 

6. Police calmly dispersed 
all mass meetings called by 
the students. This was done 
without a single incident of 
violence. Police told leaders 
that freedom of speech did not 
mean freedom to incite hatred. 

7. Police protection in- 
sured against any violence 
against the Negro students. 

8. The CIO United Steel- 
workers’ union (30,000 mem- 
bers in Gary) threatened to 
suspend from the union any 

member whose children con- - 

tinue to defy authority. The 
suspension threat was author- 
ized at a meeting of 200 sub- 
district CIO directors. 

9. In one Gary school, a 
committee of white students 
met the new Negro students 
as they arrived and conducted 
them on a tour of the school 
| building with an inter-racial 
party winding up the day. 

Reprint—American Council 
on Race Relations. 

ship House can be briefly 
alluded to in support of the 
real interracial program. Its 
way of life challenges all ad- 
vocates of interracialism. 
Friendship House is following 
in the wake of other Catholic 
interracial programs and mov- 
ing westward. It is now in 
| Chicago and Canada and may 
soon be in the Far West. All 
'of which tends to show that 
'if we must have colored and 
white in America, we must 
have an interracial program. 
It cannot be an interracial 
|program if it denies “living” 

Discrimination must disap- 
pear. Segregation must van- 
jish. Prejudice must make way 
‘for justice and charity. We 
imust “live” the commands of 

love the Lord thy God with 
| thy whole heart, and with thy 
|whole soul, and with thy 
whole strength, and with thy 
whole mind; and thy neighbor 
as thyself.” No more—no less. 
3 { : ; Sat 

EE A EE Agee 

God which say, “Thou shalt’ 



aia tt i. i, oe ee oe ae ae en ae ae ee 

Daal 2. - a a. at 2 he ae oe a 

—_— | 

ee ee eee 

A ee eed oben els beets et COA 





November, 1947 


Illinois Bell Telephone Co. 
Employs Negro Operators 

On October 6, 1947, 20 Negro women were employed by the 

Illinois Bell Telephone Company in a position of telephone 
operators. The women were not segregated in any one office 
or district but were integrated in the working force of the 
whole State area. Two women began their training in the 
Chicago Toll Office as Long Distance Operators. Others began 
as local operators in Chicago and suburban local offices; the 
rest were employed’in the various cities and towns through- 

out the State. 

The policy of the company 
as explained to the operators 
was to accept Negro women 
for employment until they 
constituted from ten to fifteen 
per cent of the work force. 
From that point on, every 
tenth woman employed would 
be a Negro. This is, of course, 
endorsement of the un-Chris- 
tian “quota system.” The 
women employed will share 
equally all the facilities avail- 
able to the other operators, 
such as lunchrooms, rest 
rooms, quiet rooms for sleep- 
ing, and recreational opportu- 
nities such as volley ball, 
baseball, etc. 

The attitude of the white 
workers has beén mixed. They 

Negro workers. The policy 
explained above was outlined 
to them. The inevitability of 
the situation was stressed. 
Management seems to have 
made no effort to educate the 
white worker attitudes of jus- 
tice or democracy. The union 
was informed and accepted 
the situation without enthusi- 
asm. It will accept the work- 
ers as members and has a non- 
discriminatory clause in its 
national constitution. The 
union also did little educa- 
tional work among its mem- 
bers beyond repeating the ac- 
ceptance of Management’s 

The workers’ first reaction 
was for the most part hostile. 
They objected to working be- 
side, eating with, and sleep- 
ing in beds after Negro work- 
ers. Management said as a 
condition of employment that 
any worker must work beside 
and together with any other 
worker or resign. Activities 
outside of the operating room 
are the worker’s own, the only 
exception being that all com- 
pany facilities are available 
to all operators. 

Weighing this alternative 
against years of hard-earned 
wage increases and seniority, 
the white workers are accept- 
ing the situation. These white 
workers include women just 
up from the South, property 
owners on the restrictive cov- 
enanted South Side of Chi- 
cago, and a working group 
vith generally a white collar, 
middle-class outlook. 

In New York State, 894 
Negro women are now em- 
ployed as operators. In New 
York State F. E. P. C. has be- 
come law. Not yet is this true 
of Illinois. At every session 
of the Illinois Assembly a bill 
for the creation of a Fair Em- 
ployment Practices Law has 
been introduced since the 
President’s Executive Order. 
The bill’s support has grown 
stronger and more widespread 
every year. The Telephone 
management sees its passage 
in the near future as inev- 
itable. To ward off any future 
investigation and unfavorable 
publicity, management is now 
attempting to set its house in 


clusion to be drawn from this 
action appears to be the 
power and merit of an 
|F. E. P. C., even if it is only a 
|potential one. It should en- 
| courage us to redouble our ef- 
forts here in Illinois to inspire 
| believers in democracy in 
other States to enter at least 
a bill this year in their State 
Assemblies for a Fair Employ- 
/ment Practices law (F.E.P.C.). 



(Continued from page 1) 
about it. I try to be good. I 
wish I didn’t have to try. 

To many parents I ask 
about sacrifice. You would 
not sacrifice your hate. You 
kept your disgust and passed 
it lovingly to me. More than 
once, “Dirty nigger.” I ask 
about sacrifice to many par- 
ents who know God. Don’t 
speak to me of love. What 
you know of love you can 
write on one side of a dirty 

Dear parents we love you. 
| When I say Hello to a dark 
| face sadly smiling, I say in my 
heart, “I wish I could talk as 
simply talking to you.” But 
‘someone from the past says 
Who are you talking to? 
Mothers and fathers with love 
on their paste faces say Watch 
out what you say to that dark 


For we are all Christ’s creatures, and by His coffer are we 


And brothers of one blood, beggars and nobles. 

| Christ’s blood on Calvary is the spring of Christendom, 

And we became blood brethren there, recovered by one body, 
were informed a week in ad-| AS quasi modo geniti, and gentle without exception, 

vance of the acceptance of| None base or a beggar, but when sin cause it. 

Qui facit peccatum, servus est peccati. 

In the Old Law, as Holywrit tells us, 
Men were men’s sons, mentioned always 

As issue of Adam and of Eve, until the god-man was crucified, 
And after his resurrection Redemptor was his title, 

And we his brethren, bought through him, both rich and poor 

Therefore love we as lief brothers, each laughing with the 

And each give what he can spare as his goods are needed. 

Let each man help the other, for we shall all go hence. 

William Langland. 
From Poetry and Life, Published by Sheed & Ward, 1942. 


I can still hear the hearty, 
wonderful “Hello, Miss Mary 
Lou! I can still see the bright, 
shining eyes and the honest 
smiles on the faces of the sum- 
mer school children at Friend- 
ship House. 

Oh! they were happy chil- 
dren, happy because at the 
Casita they had a chance to 
learn more about God, to go 
to the city park, to learn to 
swim, to play new games and 
sing new songs. For a few 
hours each day, they were like 
other children; they had a 
place to play, a place to use up 
their energy. In reality, they 
jare like other children, chil- 
idren of God—just because 
|their skin is a shade darker 

of so many rights which other 
‘children can have. 

For six weeks I was a chil- 
\dren’s couselor at Friendship 
House, in the black belt, the 
'slum area, of Chicago. 

“You will never stay more 
ithan a week”, friends said. 
“Going to Friendship House 
icertainly is a _ sacrifice for 
you.” Was I really giving up 
something by going to Friend- 
ship House for the summer? 
I asked myself this question 
millions of times. I never 
really found a true answer 
until now. I did not give up 
anything by going to Friend- 
ship House; I have only re- 
ceived. Working with the 
children, I acquired spiritual 
growth, further education 
plus a suntan and 18 lbs of 
avoirdupois tissue. 

- Ihave begun to see the im- 

than ours, they are deprived | 

face. Mothers and fathers 
with the Sign of the Cross on 
their rubber hearts say Why 
are you taking to him? 
Quickly I took the penny 
out of my mouth and spat to 
clear my mouth of filth, 
thinking of an evil dark hand. 

portance of an integrated per- 
sonality. Through my sum- 
mer at Friendship House, I 
have begun to realize how 
essential. a Catholic liberal 
education, the liturgical move- 
ment, and Christian charity 
are to the full living of the 
life of grace. 

In other words, my eyes 
have been opened to the true 
meaning of a spiritually ma- 
ture personality, habitually 
making an appropriate re- 
sponse to value. I am striving 
to give each thing the love it 
deserves, and I am finished 
with the feverish desire 

i'merely to be different. Now 

that my eyes have been 
opened to the right light, it is 
up to me to carry on. I will 
only be able to carry on in the 

right manner if I let Christ 
live in nie and act through me. 
Mary Lou Edelbach 

If literal renunciation is not 
exacted of all but only of 
those whom God calls to it, a 
certain attitude of the will is 
exacted of all Christians: we 
may hold life’s good things, 
but with an utter willingness 
to renounce them—and _ in- 
deed life itself—if duty should 
call upon us to do so. 

The Desert Fathers, ' 

By Helen Waddell. hadn’t been nimble enough to 

Principles and Objectives of the 
Catholic Interracial Council of Chicago 

“The first of these perni-| States are so widely discrim- 
cious errors, widespread today, | inated against, so many mil- 
is the forgetfulness of that law |lions of American Negroes, 
of human solidarity and char-| Mexicans, and Orientals are 
ity which is dictated and im-|denied full happiness, health, 
posed by our common origin hve security, that the com- 
and by the equality of rational|mon good of the nation is 
nature in all men, to whatever | threatened, its full economic 
people they belong, and the|development retarded, and 
redeeming sacrifice offered |domestic peace endangered. 
by Jesus Christ on the altar 2 
of the cross to His Heavenly |tion to work together for in- 
Father on behalf of sinful|terracial justice, to secure 
mankind.” — Pope Pius XII, | justice and equality of human 
Summi Pontificatus. rights to the members of all 

The Catholic Interracial|racial groups. 
Council of Chicago recognizes:| (7) that in the daily Sacrifice 

(1) that as Catholics, mem-|of the Mass offered by the 
bers of Christ’s Mystical Body, | Mystical Body in the name of 
we must be aware of the unity | all men, we as Catholics have 
of men, which is rooted in the|a unique and powerful source 
essential equality of all men, |at which to learn more deeply 
in the Fatherhood of God over | what justice and charity mean 
all men, in their common|before God, and through 
descent from Adam and Eve,| which to obtain the assistance 
and in the universal redemp-| The Catholic Interracial 
tion of all men by Christ. Council of Chicago, therefore, 

(2) that this unity, as God | proposes to do the following: 
intends, is to be intensified} (1) to spread the spirit of 
and deepened in the Mystical | interracial justice and charity 
Body of Christ which is meant | by the personal example and 
by God to embrace all men|prayers of its members. 
without exception, so that] (2) to set up an educational 
“those who enter the Church, | program to teach Catholics to 
whatever by~their origin or|respect the rights of racial 
their speech, must know that! minority groups. 
they have equal rights as| (3) to combat racial dis- 
children in the House of the | crimination wherever it may 
Lord, where the law of Christ arise. 
and the peace of Christ pre-| (4) to work for political 

(6) that we have an obliga- 

vail.” (Pope Pius XII.) 

(3) that, consistent with 
these truths, we cannot harbor 
racial prejudice, or tolerate 
discrimination based merely 
on the accidents of race or | 

(4) that science offers no! 
proof for the superiority of | 
one racial group over any) 

(5) that, as a matter of fact, 

equality by securing suffrage 
for all groups; for economic 
equality by securing full and 
unrestricted employment; for 
full cultural development by 
securing equal health, educa- 
tional, and recreational facil- 
ities and wholesome home 
surroundings for the members 
of all groups. 

(5) to cooperate with other 
organizations working in the 

racial minorities in the United ‘cause of interracial justice. 


(Continued from page 1) 


keep ahead of the white man’s 
law. Mr. Still conducts or- 
chestras as well as composes. 
Americans, we must know as|He has twice received the 
much as possible about them.| Guggenheim Fellowship, a 

Dr. George Washington! Harmon Award, Rosenwald 
Carver, the great American | Fellowship, and has an hon- 
Negro scientist, is dead. But 

orary degree as Doctor of 
another Negro, Dr. Percy L. Music from Howard Univer- 
Julian, is making almost 

equally amazing contribu-| At the Yale University 
tions in the field of science in School of Law, Jane Bolin 
his work with the soy bean. aroused interest in two oa 
Dr. Julian is a graduate of | spects; she was a Negro an 
DePauw University in Indi-|she was a woman. Two prej- 
ana and was early recognized | udices had to be overcome— 
for his scientific genius. He|that Negroes are inherently 
was invited to Fisk Univer-/|inferior to whites, and that 
sity as a member of their fac- erage are ee ee. 
ulty, later he went to West | ana overcome them she did. 
Virginia State College as pro- | In 1932 she passed the bar in 
fessor. Then he spent oe | New York State, and after but 
years at Harvard. He re-| ¥d years of a. a 
ceived his Ph.D. in chemistry | 59€ was appoin ustice 0 
at the University of Viet. the Court of Domestic Rela- 
His discoveries from experi- | oo = New a ay oy ie 
ments with the soy bean ‘ate Mayor LaGuardia. Jus- 
started his work in ‘. syn- tice Bolin has established a 
thesis of vitamins and sex | ae ve omy for “* ~ 
hormones. Dr. Robert Rob- | "Ot Only for her race, Dut as 
inson, head of the department | an outstanding individual of 
of chemistry at Oxford Uni-| integrity and great capacities. 
versity, challenged the au-| This is but to mention arbi- 
thority of claims made by Dr. | trarily three outstanding Ne- 
Julian. The young American | gro Americans who, in spite of 
Negro proved his point, and | our iron-curtain of prejudice, 
the eminent Oxford scholar | have contributed to our cul- 
and teacher had to bow to the | ture real achievements. We 
inaccuracy of his own work. | should become more and more 
_ Some evening when you are | acquainted with the Negroes 
listening to the symphony and | who have achieved success for 
you hear the announcement|themselves and developed 
that the selection is by the| their talents, so as to have less 
eminent American composer,!of a problem mentality and 
William Grant Still, remem- | more of an interest in the pos- 
ber that he is a Negro. A Ne-| sibilities we are denying them 

o who might have been|and ourselves of when we 
ynched in Mississi ppi if he 

permit any form of discrim- 
ination whatsoever. 

Ce i ne ee ee en nn nn ee ee 

oe ae ea ea RN eet 


~ RT aN A TN TEMS Nene on mbes cities 

ea sh na ttt 

Sn ety martina ete cereye ratinie tthe ox 

The Baroness Jots It Down 

Somehow or other, I am gasping for breath! And, I bet, 
so would you, if you were me. Now just think: You start a 
Friendship House because you can’t help yourself. The Lord 
bezuiles you into it... All right. You sort of expect that you 
will spend your life from that moment on in the obscurity 
of the poor to whom you have gone, and because of whom 
your heart sings. For you will now have the privilege not 
only of being one of them, but of serving them. . 
hope that in your lifetime you may bring the Glad Tidings 
to, say, ten people and be of real service to another dozen. 

That’s what YOU THINK.* 

The next} wonderfully along the paths 
thing you know there is a|of the Lord. 

(I did anyhow.) 

Friendship House in Ottawa, 
Ontario. And you started in 
Toronto, Canada. And then 
another one in Hamilton, Can- 
ada. And before you can say 
knife, you are across the bor- 
der with a Friendship House 
in Harlem, NYC. A few years 
and you have one in Chicago 
and one in Wisconsin, and 
then you have jumped the 
border again and are in Com- 
beremere, Canada, learning 
and doing as you learn the 
Rural Apostolate. Now that} 
would knock the breath out 
of anyone—wouldn’t it now? 

But it does not stop there. | 
No siree, the Holy Ghost has | 
taken charge completely (He) 
always was the Boss anyhow) | 
and Harlem FH has an annex | 
in Greenwich Village...And 
the new Chicago FH is big | 
and roomy. Its clothing room | 
alone looks like a department 
store, what with all the gifts 
of charitable people and the 
hard work of the Staff Work- 
er in charge. News comes 
from all houses that new staff 
workers are applying...And 
you see your tiny humble ex- 
pectations grow, expand be- 
yond your wildest dreams... 
Four houses. A_ growing 
Friendship House family. In- 
vitations from everywhere to 
start new foundations. Now 
I ask you, dear readers, do 
you wonder I am gasping for 
breath. And so happy I want 
to cry at times. Yes, that is 
what happens when the Holy 
Ghost takes over. 

a * * 

Our retreats this year have 
been marvelous. And that is 
another joy. For the Lay 
Apostolate, like all works of | 
God, can really grow only in- | 
asmuch as those that work in 
it grow in depth of knowledge 
of God and love of Him. And 
Father Vann OP certainly 
gave a wonderful idea of | 

by © “7 € ; ~ r > + © , : 7 orn . ¢ 
Charity and its works to the | many, with a CARE parcel or} wanted? One man was a 

NYC FH. Father Quinn did | 
likewise for the Chicago and 
Wisconsin crowd. We bless 


. You half 

ae * Me 

Here at Madonna House 
things are somewhat hectic. 
What with Milky, the Pig, 
having with age acquired ex- 
ploring propensities, Flewy 
and I have been chasing him 
all over our five acres. Good 
for the figure, but bad for 
one’s temper. Then there is 
the kid’s library to bring up 
to date, as we are opening it 
this month. And if you ever 
want to see kids who are dy- 



Daily they inquire, “When is |our New York friends? 
our library going to be open- 
ed?” And we plan a story 
hour once a week with hot 
cocoa for the freezing days 


will bake some—hope they | 
come out OK). 

is coming out sometime this/because our quarters are| 

month. There was a little de- |, , % WS: 
small, we have a women’s, could be added on the matter. be a Christian 

I would have to sit on the side 

jof a Negro to stay with my| +. swift battle, the fact that 
|religion, then I would sit on! ithin a few days it was re- 
the side of the Negro.” . 

| Saint 
October 6, 1947. 
from which the excerpt 
taken is, of course, the story 
of a group of Catholics in| everybody! 
Saint Louis. The story of their|from Time 
tragic struggle to reconcile 
racial segregation with Chris- | 

those who would take legal LOVE? Is 
It was an ordinary Thurs-|r 
and home made cookies (I | 44@Y morning, the day we dis- decree; and finally the appeal | p the 
tribute clothes to men. (We|to the Pope by the Catholic | ee Se cae 
. what Christ is saying? 
give out clothes practically | Parents’ 
se Se every day to those in need, |elicited these words from the | 
Restoration, our new paper, | but for the sake of order and | Apostolic Delegate: 

‘On Archbishop Ritter and the 
St.Louis Catholic Parents Ass’n. 


“If it got to the point where|by the ecclesiastical author- 
\ities of the archdiocese.” 
The fact that the group lost 

duced from the calm foothold 
of law and convention to the 
Louis Post Dispatch, | sudden quiéksand of a moral 
The story|abyss, was something ulti- 
is| mately inevitable. 

But it surprised nearly 
It was NEWS, 
Magazine and 
Town Hall of the Air, to each 
of those little people in the 
Catholic Parent’s Association. 
‘ Why should the simple, es- 
The underlying facts are} ential projection of Christ's 

So runs an excerpt from the 

probably familiar to most of . ? 
us: Archbishop Ritter’s decree law be 8 surprise sa.enyooay 

of September, 1947, that the 
—|Catholic schools of that dio- thy God with thy whole heart. 
cese would be available hence-| Thou shalt love thy neigh- 
forth to all Catholics; the at-i}57 as thyself. On these two 
tempt of the Catholic Parents’ | .ommandments 
Association (hastily formed to) whole Law ...” (Matt. 22-38.) 

ing to read, come up this way. | : meet the crisis) to legally 
g I Y-|Do you have a job for one of | enjoin the Bishop's’ decree; 

Christ said very clearly: 
“Thou shalt love the Lord 

depend the 

If a man has to discipline 
himself “to sit on the side of 

But first let me tell you the | or° Bishop’s pronouncement | 4 Negro to stay with his re- 

excommunication UP°DT | ligion,” is he thinking about 
love concerned 
minimum fulfilments? 

man understand 

ecourse from an ecclesiastical with 

Association, which | AND HE HAS TO! 

That may be why the story 
carne as such a surprise. Why 
“T have to state that nothing it made news in what should 
nation. So 

lay at the printer’s...isn’t | ehildren’s , : 
there always aan days of ot ee a 10 day.) 'I am confident that everyone|many of us had forgotten to 
| 1 Fg — men | will readily comply with what | love, we had to be reminded 

paper shortage and what have |c¢rowded around the 

Se de been so clearly proposed! by a MANDATE! 

November, 1947 

with proofs, etc.: The cloth- 
ing room. Painting the up- 
stairs. Kids. Libraries, The 
Outer Cifcle letter. My col- 
umn. Did I tell you about 
havmg become a COLUMN- 
IST? Yes, Ihave. It will ap- 
pear monthly in St. Joseph’s 
Magazine, a Benedictine pub- 
lication of St. Benedict, Ore- 
gon. Well, with all these 
things, three meals a day, the 
stock, the planting, cleaning, 
painting, writing articles, etc., 
etc., we are busy. But we love 
it. And now evenings Flewy 
and I plan our next project— 
a handicraft center. I have a 
loom. Rug frames. Every- 
thing is ready. Please say a 
prayer we succeed in that. 
a * a 

Please remember Miss Elis- 
abeth Salget (22c) Konigs- 
winter / Rhein Drachenfels- 
strasze 2 British Zone, Ger- 

a home made one. Her mother | 
is dying from undernourish- | 
ment. She really needs food, | 

So there is much to do | desk, with others waiting on| 

|New York friends. 

the benches and in the door- |} 
way. | French, would be glad to wash 

“Dosyou have a job?” I pots and pans. . 
asked, looking around at the| Mest of these men do NOT 
group. (It WAS a useless | WANT to be on relief. They 
question, I knew, but I wanted 8° to the Welfare Department 
a “feeler.”) , only when everything else has 
: ifailed. They do NOT WANT 

Mt Tso — | to go to the Municipal Lodg- 
“If I had one I wouldn't be | 128 House . . . “I’m a Christian 

here!” This, from a stalwart Eee ma’am .. . I don’t like to 
young man. hear a lot of cursing and 
” OBfould you want one?” swearing.” They would like 

“YES, MA’AM!” An unbe-|t® Pay for a lodging where 
lievably eager light came into |Some rest might be assured, 

10 pairs of eyes, and several and | for simple meals... . 
added, “Got one?” Ma’am, your friends always 

That smoldering spark of | ‘at you to a drink, but they 
eagerness was quenched al-|40n’t buy you nothin’ to eat. 
most at once as I shook my| Last month we made an 
head...“No...I’msorry.. .’|@Ppeal for clothes. Your an- 
(what else SHOULD I say to|SWer to our SOS was instant 
bring it back?) And that’s | 2nd magnificent. Every other 
when I decided to tell our, Week for some months now, 
\we have had_ to close on 
What kind of jobs are | Thursdays as there was almost 

‘nothing for men. Now, with 
tailor, but due to a recent op-| Your -help (and the express 
eration must find work less|Strike over!) we are receiving 


confining and easier on the| Packages regularly. PLEASE | 

these and many other saintly | oh, so badly, and clothing too.|eyes; another was an auto) KEEP IT UP! Here are two 
priests who have led us so! God bless you all. 

34 West 135th Street 
New York 30, N. Y. 

eee eee rere eeene 


Please enter the following subscription: 


eee eee ereeeeeseseeees 
ee ee i 

| ness; 
a ; 5 > a 
(Spanish with a smattering of isfy everyone of the 40 odd/| 

mechanic, but had to give up| items not yet received; a pair 
his job to the man who re-/|0f high shoes, size 7% for a 
turned and now would like to|}man with crippled feet; and 
be a building superintendent; |... a banjo! ...and...volun- 

license some years ago but has/ Mrs. Foster, our faithful de- 

take porter’s jobs,|ing. 
So on this Thursday, Ken- 

another, who knows'!tion that he was able to sat- 

Return Postage Guaranteed 

34 West 135th St., New York 30, N. Y. 

‘men who came, if not with 
| coat and trousers—there is 
rarely a matching suit—with 
at least a vest and hat, or one 
pair of socks. These were the 
last to come and by that time 
the “fitting room” was like the 
proverbial cupboard. 

But we had NOT solved the 
problem. In a recent address, 
Mr. Julian J. Reiss, a former 
Commissioner of FEPC, called 
opportunities the “oars” used 
to propel a boat. How often is 
the Negro’s life a “fight 
against the current”! It can be 
done—but without oars the 
frail boat is swirled into dis- 
aster. Some of the men who 
come to us destitute NOW, 
were denied an opportunity 
twenty years ago. 

Though women seem to be 
|more fortunate, there are still 
‘calls for work. 

And one of our former Staff 
‘Workers is also anxious to 
|make connections... 

So if you know of a job— 
steady or transient, light or 
‘heavy work, please get in 
itouch with us at once. If you 
jcall by phone, any Staff 
| Worker will take the message, 

lanother man had a driver’s| teers to help Mrs. Russell andj either at Audubon 3-4892 or 

| Audubon 3-5163. We will not 

'been a dishwasher; several|pendables, with the unpack- | do the interviewing, but we 
| others, dish-washing; one man 
|had been in the grocery busi- | neth expressed great satisfac-|to us . 
| bless you! 

will be glad to spread the 
word among those who come 
.. Thank you and God 

H. Hronek