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de PORRES * i" a 

ATL. 0518 



Vel. 9 Ne. 2 

JUNE, 1949 

New York, N. Y. 

10 Cents 

New Theatre Policy 
in D. C.? 

By Jacquelyn Crawford 
HEN THE LITTLE The-'er, St. Vincent de Paul. It 


Washington recently adopted|ment of 

in downtown was achieved through agree- 

its stockholders, 

— | 
a policy of non-segregation, it | doubtless precipitated by the 

widened a bit 

further the! fact that one of the Catholic} 


It Is Just As Bad to Be Anti-Southern 
As It Is to Be Anti-Negro 

NTIL I WENT to live in 
North Carolina I had 

breach in the wall of the color | Churches in Washington made|peen under the impression 
barrier which had initially a request that colored people/ that “damyankee” ob- 

been broken by the Dupont | be allowed 

to attend the 

Theatre, situated in the center) showing of “Monsieur Vin- 
of one of Washington’s reput-/| cent.” 
Although both the Dupont 

edly more exclusive sections. 

The hitherto accepted prece-| 

dent of segregation 
downtown theatres of Wash- 
ington has been challenged 
both on a moral and a business 
basis by the management poli- 
cies of these two theatres. 

in the} 

The Dupont Theatre had| 

been built by its former own- 

er, J. Daniel Weitzman, with) 
the idea of admitting both col-| 

ored and white people. It is 

understood that the Dupont) 

had been an experiment in 
race relations by Mr. Weitz- 
man since the race issue was 
especially bitter at the time 


(Continued on page 6) 

solete word. It seems I was 
mistaken. Though I was born 
and raised in Washington, 
which, as everyone knows, is 
below the Mason and Dixon 


line, I had not been in the 
“real” South very long before 
I had been called a dam- 
yankee several times. It usu- 
ally went something like this: 

“You damyankees are always | 

coming down here and trying 
to tell us how to treat the 
niggers. Why don’t you let 
ius handle our own affairs, etc., 
| etc. ?” 

a man, they meant it when 
| they said, “Why don’t you let 
|us handle our own affairs?” 

it may seem odd, even child- 
'ish, to the northern mind for 
a people to still be harboring 
|}resentment over a war that 
was fought over eighty years 
ago but what the average 
northerner cannot or will not 
| bear in mind is that it is a 
| great deal easier to be a good 

The tone ranged from | 
| pure banter to pure wrath but | 
there was little doubt that, to) 

southern neighbor is com- 
pletely unjustified. 

The white southerner’s at- 
titude toward the Negro has 
always been at once con- 
descending and affectionate. 
The white northerner’s inter- 
ference has not removed the 
condescension but it is turn- 
ing the affection into bitter 

It is not my purpose here to 
try to justify the southern at- 
titude nor to advocate a com- 
plete “hands off” policy on the 
part of northerners. There are 
still not enough southerners 
(though more than you think) 
in favor of needed reforms to 
accomplish the job without 
outside help. But if the north- 
erner is to be a help rather 
than a hindrance he will have 
to drop his superior attitude. 
To accomplish this it might 

the theatre was built in winner than it is to be a good help . he would specs mes a 
March, 1947. When the pres- loser. It is a whole lot easier a CCRC; OF Nene = 
ent management, Lopert 'to forgive than it is to ask to ©° lective conscience of the 

Films Incorporated, took over 
this theatre in 
1948, they continued a policy 
which had already been prov- 
en (atid is continually prov- 

November, | 

ing) from a human and busi-| 

ness standpoint to have been 
completely successful. 
Significantly enough, the 
policy of the Little Theatre to 
admit Negroes began with the 
showing of the movie “Mon- 
sieur Vincent,” the life of the 

great Christian social reform- | 

| Capitalism 

Atheistic! | 

In an editorial appearing in 
L’Osservatore Romano, Vati- 
can Newspaper, editor in 
chief, Count Giuseppe Dalla 
Torre said that the spirit of 
capitalism is fundamentally 
more atheistic than “com- 
munism which, as an economic 
system, does not run counter 
to the nature of Christian doc- 
trine as strongly as capital- 

He went on to state that 
capitalism “is atheistic in its 
structure; gold is its God.” 
Significantly, the editorial was 
published simultaneously with 

a meeting of Catholic Employ- 

ers in Rome. 

It was written as an attempt 
to refute the widespread con- 
tention that the Catholic 
Church favors and supports 
capitalism. The editorial as- 
serted that nothing could be 
farther from the truth and 

that, in the eyes of the church, | 

“capitalism is a social disease 
and a pestilence.” Proof of 




| beseech you, brethren, that you present your bodies 

A living sacrifice, holy, pleasing unto God. 


‘Colored People led with 10 
out of 18. 

Catholic Mission publica- 
tions in the South hit hard and 
often the problem of Ameri- 
can race prejudice. A high 

is given to forthright discus- 
sion of racial discrimination 
and segregation. 

To take a fey examples: 
St. Augustine’s Messenger, 
published by the Society of 
the Divine Word, Bay St. 

No account of interracial 
activity in the South would 

'be complete without mention 
percentage of space in them 

‘The North Carolina Catholic, 

Louis, Mississippi, ran 9 ar- | 

ticles out of a total of 16 ina 
recent issue on _ interracial 
justice with no holds barred. 

The Colored Harvest, pub- 
lished by the Josephite Fa- 
thers, ran 8 articles out of a 

*. XII on social questions, 

of that vigorous weekly paper, 

published by the North Caro- 
lina Layman’s Association. In 

every issue an editorial, news ' 

or feature article is devoted to 
the cause of complete integra- 
tion of the Negro in American 

These periodicals give cov- 
erage to everything from dis- 
crimination in medical facili- 

ities to news of recent injus- 

tices to Negros and advances 

tin race relations in both Cath- 

this, it stated, could be had by | total of 17 and Our Colored) 

reading the papal encyclicals| Missions published in Ten-| 

as well as the speeches of Pius|nessee by the Catholic Board 
for Mission Work Among 




olic and secular institutions, 
with plenty of sound editori- 
alizing on the Catholic Doc- 

trine underlying interracial | 


| be forgiven, especially if you 
| have not been convinced that 
| you owe an apology. Neither 
|can he seem to remember that 
‘his section has not been a 
| very good winner. The way 
| the South has been deliberate- 
| ly held down economically is 
| common knowledge The 

“holier than thou” attitude 
| which the northerner almost 
‘invariably takes toward his 

people of his section. 


Carolina I attended sev- 
eral retreats. Southern re- 
treatants behave pretty much 
the same as all retreatants ex- 
cept that they took longer to 
say their prayers. Most of 
them kept the silence very 
well. Some didn’t. But dur- 
ing the periods when it was 

(Continued on page 6) 


By John Gavin Nolan 
a FIRST INTERRACIAL | are still being studied to de- 

monastery ever attempted 

in the South 
make progress. 

Sponsored under Catholic 
|auspices, the monastery will 
_be a place where chosen men 
, of both races can devote their 
|lives to prayer and teaching, 
}according to the monastic 
| Rule. 
| Four members of the Bene- 
| dictine Order from St, John’s 
Abbey, Collegeville, Minn., 
since last fall have been lay- 
ing the foundation of such a 
monastery at the small Mis- 
‘sion of St. Dennis here. Of 
the four men, two are Negro 
and two are white. 

Father Harvey W. Shep- 
herd, a Negro native of New 
Orleans, and Father Alexan- 
der Korte, a native of Farm- 
ing, Minn., arrived: in St. 
Dennis last fall. In January 
they were joined by two lay 
brothers, Brother Stephen 
Thell of Krain Town, Minn., 
and Brother Henry Young of 
Charlotte, N. C., a Negro. 

The four religious 
sent to St. Dennis 

continues to 


of Bishop Francis R. Cotton of | 
Owensboro, Ky. 
At present, St. Dennis is the 

‘site of the foundation. Plans! 

were | 
St. | 
John’s Abbey at the invitation | 

termine whether it would be 
| better to erect the new monas- 
| tic institution on a farm near 
|St. Dennis or to occupy a 
'group of institutional build- 
|ings near Bowling Green, Ky. 
|The priests are caring for the 
; mission at St. Dennis. 

| The interracial monastery 
|is being established as a prac- 
| tical example of race problem 
jamelioration, Abbot Alcuin 
| Deutsch, O.S.B., of St. John’s 
/abbey, pointed out. 

“In view of the situation in 
the United States,” he de- 
clared, “the foundation in 
| Kentucky is intended not only 
as a means to the teaching of 
the Church to the Negroes, 
but also as a means of rap- 
prochment between the races 
in the spirit of the Gospel.” 

The monastery will have 
about equal numbers of white 
and Negro members, the Ab- 
bot said, and will be as self- 
supporting as possible. Out- 
| side assistance, of course, will 
be required for the foundation 
to become permanently estab- 

It is expected that it will 
grow into an_ independent 
priory and in time will be- 
come an independent abbey. - 

Platform of the 
Catholic Interracialist 

WE BELIEVE in the sublime doctrine of the Mystical 
Body of Christ—for He is the Mystical 
Vine and we are the branches. He is 
the Head and we the members. 

WE BELIEVE that the fruit of the Incarnation and 
the Redemption is the Brotherhood of 
Man under the Fatherhood of God. 

WE BELIEVE that we are our brother’s keeper and 
have a personal responsibility, there- 
fore, hefore God, for the welfare of that 
brother in Christ and this embraces all 
men, irrespective of Race, Nationality or 
Color .. . for Christ died for ALL man- 

WE BELIEVE that a lasting social order and peace will 
be achieved only by a Christian Social 
Order based on Christian Social Justice 
which includes Interracial Justice. 

Editor, June, 1949. 

Aggressors, Not Victims! 

In the Extraordinary Consistory of the College of 
Cardinals on February 14th of this year, Pius XII said 
that the Catholic Church ‘“‘accepts any and every form 
of civil government provided it be not inconsistent with 
divine and human rights. But when it does contradict 
these rights, bishops and the faithful themselves are 
bound by their own conscience to resist unjust laws.” 

This statement was made on the occasion of the ex- 
communication of those persons involved in the arrest, 
trial and imprisonment of Josef Cardinal Mindszenty, 
Primate of Red Hungary. 

The application of the Pope’s directive is clearly uni- 
versal. The pattern of municipal and state laws 
throughout the South limiting the freedom of the 
minority Negro group in such matters as voting, health, 
education and marriage is definitely a case in point, for 
these laws are based on the denial that the Negro as 
a human person is fully equal to every other human 
person and thereby violate a fundamental principle of 

We must make of ourselves the Christian aggressors 
in this godless society, not its victims! Resistance to 
unjust laws means primarily the courage to practice 
Christian principles in the market-place. It means that 
those Catholics who happen to be in a region where 
unjust laws are enforced must place themselves at the 
side of the persecuted in the back of the bus, in the jim 
crow train, etc., and cheerfully accept the consequences, 
for as St. Paul says: “In all things we suffer tribulation : 
but are not distressed. We suffer persecution: but are 
not forsaken ... always bearing about in our bodies the 
mortification of Jesus, that the life also of Jesus may 
be made manifest in our mortal flesh.” 

It is easier to obey man rather than God. The woods 
are full of conformists hiding the Face of Christ and 
His Church from the world. Pius XI in his Encyclical, 
Caritate Christi compulsi, has said it well: “Often the 
children of this world are wiser in their generation 
than the children of light.” 

Our obligation “to resist unjust laws” is not merely 

a passive one. .We must be active resisters of aggres- 

sive good-will. Our interest will be in justice rather 
than in personal safety. The Christian technique of 
non-violent direct action is founded on the Gospel 
tenet of counseling the wrongdoer rather than the 
pagan precept of retribution. It is a technique as old 
as Christ and as contemporary as Gandhi. 

“In the clash of selfish interest, unleashed hate... 
nothing could be better or more powerful to heal, than 
loudly to proclaim the new commandment of Christ. 
That commandment enjoins a love which extends to all, 
knows no barriers nor national boundaries, excludes no 
race, excepts not even its own enemies.” (Pius XI], 
Encyclical to the Catholic Priesthood, 1935.) a 


Negro Press Comments 
Editorial— ; 

the other day that more 
‘than 8,000 Negroes had joined 
'the Roman Catholic Church 
last year probably came as a 
‘cause of much wonder to 
‘many people. It is even under- 
standable that it may have 
come as something of a shock 
to some others, ministers and 
church leaders among them, 
who had come to smugly as- 
sume that the Negro was a 
Baptist or Methodist, and 
‘would stay that way. 

| These people might well 
stop and wonder. If they will, 
they will find that there is 
much cause for the increasing 
number of colored worship- 
pers who seek the sanctity of 
the Roman Catholic Faith for 

these causes, they will very 
likely observe much that they 
can emulate, and had better 
emulate unless they are pre- 
pared to see more and more 
of their members leave them. 

The Roman Catholic Church 
in this country in recent years 
has been taking the lead in 
the fight to break down racial 
barriers. From time imme- 
morial there have been a few 
colored worshippers in most 



I will not leave you orphans; 
I go, and | come again to you 
And your heart shall rejoice! 

‘Catholic churches, even in the 
deepest South where the 
white Protestant churches in- 
dignantly refused the black 
worshippers of the Lord any 
access to the Lord’s House. 
/_When the number of these 
worshippers has grown large 
‘enough, the Catholic Church 
‘has operated Missions or 
'Churches for them with wide- 
ly-spread welfare programs 
that the non-Catholic popula- 
tion could not help but see— 
.often with very frank envy. 
More lately, Catholic colleges 
and universities have wel- 
comed Negro students, and 
have given them scholarships 
and other assistance away out 
of proportion to what some of 
'their Protestant colleagues 
\ever felt called upon to offer. 
| In the very latest days, in 

‘the midst of the whole Ameri- | 

can struggle to accord recog- 
nition to all men on an equal 

‘and brotherly basis, the role | 

of the Roman Catholic Church 
has been open, commendable, 
and pretty nearly universal 
from the Louisiana parishes 
to the college and hospital in 
Burlington, Vermont. In 
simpler words, while some 
faiths have been preaching 
the Word of God, the Roman 
Catholic Church has _ been 
putting the Word to work. 

\People are seeing a lot of | 
'things nowadays that they | 

ihad been missing before, and 
| this is one of them. 
Cleveland Herald. 

their Church Home. Studying | 

Readers Write 

Dear Friends: 
We are all one in Christ and 

Dear —-—— 
We are enclosing herewith | 

$2.00 to buy a couple pounds | ; : 
of coffee or something at the work you are doing is 

Friendship House. very dear to us. For the last 

We are not in a position to two years we have had an 
give any amount of money to Interracial Committee in our 
good causes such as yours, but Sodality and have achieved a 
after having read the story of small degree of success with 
Friendship House my husband God's halo. hi 
and I decided whenever we | 7045 Help. Most of our stu- 
entertain a few friends we dents are from the South but 
would send you the money we their attitude toward the 
receive for refunds on Coc Negro is gradually changing. 
and beer bottles, which would The greater number feel that 
perhaps buy a few cups of we should accept Negro girls 
coffee occasionally .. . into our Academy and Con- 

Mr. & Mrs. H.S.K. vent. May the courage of God 

Westport, Conn. help us to meet the persecu- 
tion of man when the first 
Dear applicant arrives. 

Please accept this little do-| Here is an item that might 
nation. Two weeks ago my prove of interest to you. On 
husband was very unexpect- March 10 of this year Father 
edly replaced while ill with Daniel A. Lord conducted a 
the flu. It seemed an act of one day Sodality Rally here 
great injustice and I must in Fort Smith. For the first 
confess I was extremely bitter time in Fort Smith history 
and reluctantly resigned my- colored delegates were in- 
self to cutting our comfortable vited and were present. Due 
way of living. to discrimination in the cafe- 

During this two weeks I terias downtown where the 
have had opportunity to re- other Sodalists were to eat 
flect on the fact that I was lunch they were invited out 
becoming very material to St. Scholastica Academy. 
minded. I received thirty- Four of our Interracial Com- 
five dollars from my husband mittee asked to bring them 
that he had earned unknown Out, ate lunch with them and 
to me and I felt that I should took them on a tour of Bene- 
share a little of it... dictine Heights. 

Mrs. F.B. | Sr. MS. 
Chicago, III. Fort Smith, Arkansas 

The Church Speaks 

Monsignor Ancel, Auxiliary! Father Gillis in The Catho« 
Bishop of Lyon, stated recent- lic World writes that “It would 
ly that “the communists who not be fair to lay all the blame 
remain workers, who have not | for the de-Christianization of 
yet been ‘trained’ and ruined the world at the door of non- 
by politics, are often better Christians. We Christians are 
than their doctrine. For us it | scarcely less guilty. Christian- 
is just the opposite. We never ity has been left untried not 
completely measure up to our,on'y by secularists but by. 
doctrine. One day a commu- | Christians the original 
nist said to me: ‘What L re-| Christianity has been diluted 
| proach you Christians for is| and adulterated to such a de- 
not that you are Christians, gree that observers from with- 
| but that you are not Christian out, looking at us, see little or 
| enough’.” no difference between our 

words, deeds, life and those of 
| atheists. Christianity has not 
Canon Cardijn wrote re-| failed us, we have failed Chris- 
jcently in a French publica- tianity.” 
| tion that “if Pius XII landed —— 
|in South America and devel-| Father M. M. Coady in the 
| oped his social teaching there,| Maritime Co-Operator pointed 
he would surely be arrested as | out recently that “People who 
a communist and deported to | talk against materialism are 
a concentration camp at the! very often the worst material- 
other end of the country.” _| ists. Their materialism is re- 

vealed in their attitude to- 

wards education. They go to 

In The Irish Catholic pub- | colleges and into the so-called 
lished in Dublin appeared this: higher professions for eco- 
pertinent quotation from nomic reasons ... but in the 
Bishop Bossuet written in the|experience of this writer, 
18th Century: “Christ would | higher education means a lib- 
be well content to see in His\eration from the economic 
|'Church only those who bear|drudgery of farming, fishing, 
| His mark—only the poor, only | industry, or what they are dis- 
|the needy, only the afflicted, posed to look upon as the low- 
only the distressed ... the rich|er callings. This is a perver- 
are aliens; but they are natu-|sion of our whole Christian 
ralized by service to the poor.” philosophy.” 

ee” Vol. 9 June, 1949 


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| Catholic Interracialist is owned, operated and published monthly, September through 

June and bi-monthly July-August by Friendship House at 34 West 135th Street, 

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Ts | 


a en 

The voice of the poor is 
body of the poor is the body of Christ; the life of 
the poor is the life of that Christ, who although 

rich, made himself poor, 
His poverty. 


the voice of Christ; the 

in order to enrich us by | 

Pius XI | 

Nov. 10, 1947 



What was Christ’s attitude | 
in a world characterized by | 
the primacy of money and 
human exploitation? He is im- 
mediately presented to us as 
a man of the poor and we find | 
him inculcating his disciples | 
with the necessity of disen-| 
gaging themselves from the 
fascination of money. 

Christ then becomes the 

murmur and turns his face 
and hope to God alone.” 

The Messiah came for these | 
men. Who could doubt this, | 
listening tu his Mother’s joy at | 
the thought of the coming lib- 
eration of the oppressed and 
of God’s constant predilaction 
for them: 

“He has showed might in 
his arm: he has scattered the | 
proud in the conceit of their 

champion of the poor. Better) He has,put down the mighty 
still he becomes one of them.| from their seat and has ex- 
Recall his birth in a rustic|alted the humble. 
shelter where the first ones to| He has filled the hungry 

with good things: and the rich 

reet him were _ shepherds. 
3 bep he has sent empty away.” 

For they who saw him grow| ; 
up in these peasant surround-| _ The poor man, according to 
ings, he remained a carpen- | the Bible, will find God, free- 

ter, son of the carpenter and| dom, salvation and happiness 
of Mary who weaved and! 
spun as all of the other wom-| 
en in the village. His first in- | 
timates and disciples were) 
chosen from among the fish-| 
ermen of the Genesareth lake, | 
whose only fortune was their 
fishing boat and their work- 
hardened hands. 

In a world divided on the| more easily than will a rich 
one hand between a few im-| man because it is less difficult 
mensely wealthy privileged for him to free himself from 
and on the other a mass of toil-| the tyrannic hold of money. 
ing working men, Christ took) For the greatest obstacle to) 
the part not of the exploiters| love of God and of neighbour, 
but of the exploited. This can! and therefore to love of one’s | 

be better understood if we! 
clarify the meaning of the 
word poor as it is employed in 
the Gospels and in the Bible. | 

It is not a question here of | 
the indigent, the destitute, the | 
vagabond or the door-to-door | 
beggar. Other words are used | 
to designate destitution. The} 
words used in the psalms and | 
echoed in the Sermon on the 
Mount, i.e. the word “ani,” 
which could be rendered in} 
Greek only by substituting 
three different words for it, 
does not mean precisely poor | 

or indigent but rather op-|rich fall into temptation, the is not a 

pressed, humiliated without 
resources, or abandoned. “It! 
is the defenseless man, a vic-| 
tim and plaything of the tyr- 
anny of the powerful who ac-| 
cepts his pitiful lot without a/ 

The Catholic Student, Apostle 
of Interracial Justice 

By Betty Prevendar 

It is almost midnight in| 
Seven-thirty Chicago time. 

All is still at midnight in| 
for that is the time 
the Father ; 
watches most surely 
over His children who aban- 
don themselves. 

At seven-thirty Chicago time | 
the Four Roses sign on| 
Michigan Boulevard 
shoots into color; 
the next morning editions 
shout about 
Chinese communists 
Milwaukee murder 
Joe Louis. turned pro- 

a AG 

fellow-man, is the love of 

As expressed in the Bible 
the poor man is the exact 
anti-thesis of the rich man; he 
is not necessarily a penniless 
man, but he is one who cares | 
little for money; one who pre- | 
fers God, justice and charity | 
to wealth; he is one who, like | 
St. Paul, is satisfied with hav- 
ing simply enough to clothe, 
feed and lodge himself: “For | 
the love of money is a root 
from which every kind of evil | 
springs. Those who would be) 

Devil’s trap for them; all 
those useless and dangerous | 
appetites which sink men into) 
ruin here and perdition here-| 
after.” , 

Translated by L. K. 


the last shift shuffles into | 
General Electric; 

the Lake Street el 

rumbles through “Nigger | 
where men are jailed | 
and cry and curse. 
Where Christ is jailed. 

Christ is stripped... 

“Negroes not served.” 

“No Negroes allowed.” 

“Back section for Negroes.” 
Crucified ... 

“Burn them out!” 

Conditions exist 
everyone knows. 
They must be corrected 
almost everyone says. 
Conditions exist 
the. Catholic. student should | 
wake ri tung’ 3 : ; 


|The difficulty 

inot of Negroes 
|but of whites. 

‘| crucify 

know. | 
They must be corrected 
the Catholic student should | 
with his prayer | 
with his study ‘Seeds of Contemplation. 
with his action. | Thomas Merton. New Di- 
Intelligent action. | rections, New York. 201 pp. 
Begotten by | $3.00. 

judgment -The genius of Father M. Louis 
|Merton, O.C.S.O., (for he was 
It is Catholic student’s job | 
to know 
in order that 
he may articulately ries 
discuss ‘ulate the hidden aspirations 
sound the Gospel of Love of the masses of mankind, that 
in the ears of the deliber- | he fires thought into action, 
ately deaf. ‘that he fills with marrow the 
But first idry bones of the catechism. 
it is the Catholic student’s job Seeds of Contemplation is es- 
to pray. isentially an extension and 
A spiritual insight is needed development of recurrent 
to see | themes in both his poetry and 
and end prior prose works. 
the crucifixion All that Father Louis here 
called discrimination. ‘says is, of course, fundamen- 

| Thursday, May 26th) lies in 

The spirit of prayer tally sound and the basic 
must burn | premise of any genuine spir- 
within us ‘itually—of man’s happiness 

as rooted only in doing the 

the Flame of Calvary 
Will of God—both introduces 

for without the Life 

the limbs are cold and and concludes the book. In 

In “An American Dilemma” 
Myrday says 

\the intervening pages is a 
mass of material for medita- 
tion. Some of what is written 

He who does not bellow the truth when he knows the truth makes 
himself the accomplice of liars and forgers. 

Charles Peguy 

|needs to be unfolded from the 
‘envelope of aphorism, some of 
it startles because of the use 
of sharp paradox, some of it 
‘races like a forest fire through 

“The American Creed is 
liberty, equality, justice, 
and fair opportunity 
for everybody.” 

But Americans 

believe ‘the mind, some of it smolders 
according to A like swamp fire in mystery— | 
behave all of it demands the attention 
according to B. of any Christian strong enough 
And so to take his first stumbling 

the essence of the inter- steps in a world of reality 
racial problem (“reality” is a word much 
is favored by Father Louis) 
that the “conflicting valua- where all mundane values are 
tions” turned topsy turvy, where 
are held by a same person; many spiritual values are 
the struggle, dyed in a new light. 
within people It was noted above that the 
not only 
among people. 
There is hope no other recent Catholic work 
where there is struggle within. is the “Imprimatur” more 
The “Negro Problem” |reassuring — at times its 
“Negro” problem, |presence is almost anxiously 
verified. For example, the 
|startling sentence “Even 
‘saints, and sometimes the 

at all. 
The difficulty 
is not 

slums saints most of all, waste their | 
restrictive covenants lives in competition with one 
Jim Crow. another, in which nothing is | 

half way in 

is b . 
ttitudes, y segregation. 
That way 
mental Desks ais 4 
spiritual it takes six hours 

instead of three. 

Interracial justice 
is not 

wrong attitudes 

must be replaced ; 
by right aoe sunny Sunday morning 
: : complacency. 

We have been given 
right attitudes 
that we may replace 

Christ said 
“What you do to these...” 

wrong attitudes. and not : 
We have been given the T 7 you do not do. 
Sermon on the Mount . is ties 

to replace wrong attitudes. |. ™Y romers keeper 

| implies ‘me 
“... to take Christ into our 

'The interracial problem arms 
is as well as 

into our hearts,” 

the challenge. 
says Eric Gill. 

It looks for us 

to reconcile our practice To be 
with our doctrine. my brother’s keeper 
There are those of us implies 

positive action 

a working apostolate. 
Pope Leo XIII declared 

in Rerum Novarum 

who would not 

by discrimination 
who pound the nails 


Our Bookshelf 

‘ordained priest on Ascension | 

|the fact that he makes artic- | 

‘book is fundementally sound; | 
|it should also be noted that on | 

4A ——— | 

‘found but misery” (p. 45) is 
certainly an example. of (a) 
sloppy writing or (b) of a 
|thought so convoluted as to 
‘have lost its pristine meaning. 
Again, in the extraordinary 
last chapter, which is a de- 
scription of the mystical 
apotheosis, he attempts to 
describe the apex of this (lit- 
erally) unimaginable trans- 
| figuration in the following 
| words: “What happens is that 
the separate entity that was 
_you suddenly disappears and 
| nothing is left but a pure 

freedom indistinguishable 
from infinite Freedom, love 
identified with Love.” Fortu- 
nately, we are soon told (on 
'the same page): “Words are 
stupid. Everything you say 
‘is misleading—unless you list 
|every possible experience and 
say: ‘That is not what it is.’ 
‘That is not what I am talking 
about’.” Since Father Louis 
has just finished describing a 
possible experience (the mys- 
tical transformation men- 
tioned above) the reader very 
sensibly is set to wondering 
whether or not the description 
was foredoomed to failure. It 
is almost as though the author 
is telling the secrets of the 
King—and the King, in His 
infinite Wisdom, garbles his 

It is all in all a wondrous 
book, a source book of high 
spirituality, leavened with an 
uncommon common sense and 
in places with a delightfully 
subtle humor. Beautifully 
bound, an outstanding ex- 
ample ofsprinting as an art 
(and priced with a dignity 
_that respects both the pub- 
lisher and the public), its 
,strong paper will wear well 
the constant usage of those 
who value the rarely beauti- 
ful. . 

George A. McCauliff 


“When there is the question 
of protecting rights of individ- 
the poor 
and helpless 
have claim to special consid- 
In the student’s apostolate 
“to restore all things... 
the poor 
and helpless 
the cursing 
and crying 
crucified Christs 
have claim 
to special consideration. 
The first step 
of course 
is self-conversion 
which gives birth 
to the fire of 
| strong 


The next step 
is action. 
/When Christ said 
\“As the Father hath sent Me 
I also send you,” 
He laid His Cross 
for us — 
to take 
to complete. 


Ours is the job ° 
of prayer 
of study 
of preparation. 
It takes more 
than a bebop whiz 
or an all-star center. 
(Published by the Loyola Unl- 
versity Unit of the Catholic 
Interracial Council) 


Around the Fri 

The B Jots It Down 

By Catherine de Hueck Doherty 

(Continued from last month) 

One of the primary ends of 
Friendship House is this first 
fruit of justice, the abolish- 
ment of these ghettoes. 
Friendship House sees _ its 
work as a two-way street. The 
first direction is the white 
group living with the segre- 
gated Negroes, entering their 
midst in deep humility and 
gratitude for being permitted 
to share their lives and learn 
of their needs first hand so 
that togetlier, white and col- 
ored, they can work out the 
above described apostolate to 
satisfy these just rights and 

The second direction of 
Friendship House “street” is 
its final one, and what it con- 
siders, the fruit of its aposto- 
late . . . namely the abolish- 
ment of the ghetto and the 
reign of Interracial Justice in 
USA. Of course this is a long 
range apostolate, and Friend- 
ship House well knows this. 
Yet it is always on the look- 
out for ways and means to, at 
least partially, implement this, 
its vision of the Brotherhood 
of Man under the Fatherhood 
of God. In the Rural Apos- 
tolate it has found ONE such 
means. This does not mean 
that Friendship House wants 

to branch out in a completely 
new field.It simply means that 
it hopes, through «accepting 
future invitations of Ordi- 
naries of various dioceses for 
rural Friendship House 
branches to bring Negro fam- 
ilies out of these terrible 
ghettoes to areas of lesser ten- 
sion where their human rights 
would be safeguarded and 
their supernatural destiny 
would have an opportunity of 
being fulfilled under proper 
and normal conditions. 
Another very’ important 
reason for Friendship House 
branching out into the Rural 

By Margaret Schimpff 

Into Thy holy hands, 
0, Lord, 

That smooth the sky, 
and stir the winds to 

Within Whose cupped 

Fearless the least of 
feathered folk, 

Nestle with lightnings, 

Before Whose awful ten- | 
derness adoring an- 
gels tremble, 

Laying my weary heart | 
to rest, 

May I, 0, Lord, 

Commend my spirit— 

into Thy Hands? 

Apostolate is the hope it cher- 
ishes that some day it may 
penetrate into the south of the 
United States which is still 
predominately rural. 

Corporal Works 

is devoted to the Corporal 
works of Mercy. Palliatives 
in the general sense, and yet 
part and parcel of Christian 
Faith and Tradition. To feed 
the hungry, to clothe the 
naked is one of the biggest 
works of Friendship House 
and always will be, for the 
poor we shall have always 
with us. 

Spiritual Works 

like the seventh, is part and 
parcel of our Catholic herit- 
age, the Spiritual works of 

Way of Life 

SEGMENT of _ Friendship 
House is its way of life in the 
market place, the spiritual 
foundation and work of its 
whole. By that way of life, 
which is Primitive Christian- 
ity or Franciscanism brought 
to the twentieth century, 
Friendship House brings to 
bear on the social apostolate 
the fullness of lives rooted and 
lived day by day in Christ. 

Such then briefly is Friend- 
ship House. I hope it answers 
at least in part the many who 
constantly ask about it. 




regular beehive of activity 
these balmy Spring days! The 
warm weather brought not 
only the beauty of trillium 
blossoms and pussy willows, 
but also the inevitable “spring 
housecleaning.” Innumerable 
tasks like wall paper cleaning, 
varnishing floors, washing 
windows, and re-finishing old 
woodwork have really kept 
our noses to the grindstone 
this past month. We were 
lucky to have our work made 
a bit lighter during the “Work 
Camp” which was held here 
one Saturday in May; some of 
Marathon’s teen-agers came 
out from the village and spent 
the afternoon washing the li- 
brary walls. 
ning the first “Cook-Out” of 
the season was held down by 
the river while the staff and 
“volunteers” shared in a wie- 
ner roast and a bit of com- 

munity singing around the big 



That same eve- | 

Those of you who have been 

reading this column regularly 
will be happy to know that on 
May 13 the Wisconsin legisla- 
ture gave “The Governor’s 
Commission on Human 
Rights” a generous appropri- 
ation of $18,000. Our staff- 
workers are indeed joyous 
about this good news, for now 
we can be assured that the 


Commission will be even more 
effective than ever in its ef- 
forts to solve minority prob- 
lems in the state of Wisconsin. 

Grace Pratt recently spoke 

at St. Thomas College in St. | 
Paul, Minnesota, and also to | 

The Catholic Women’s Club in 
Stanley, Wisconsin, on “The 

Responsibility of the Lay Per- | 

was represented at Madison, 
Wisconsin, at “The Institute 
on Human Rights” held on 

May 14; the Urban League, 

Also, Friendship House | 

NAACP, Anti-Defamation | 

League, the Madison Council 
on Human Rights, the Nation- 
al Conference of Christians 
and Jews were some of the 
organizations who sent repre- 
sentatives to participate in an 
afternoon and evening of lec- 
tures, panel discussions, and 
roundtables. Such conferences 
are encouraging! 

“The West Memphis News,” | 

an Arkansas newspaper edited 
by Jack Coughlin, has been 
doing a splendid job of expos- 
ing the deplorable conditions 
in the segregated West Mem- 
phis School for Negro chil- 
dren. St. Joseph’s Farm staff 
wrote to him commending his 
crusade and were pleased to 
receive a prompt reply of 
gratitude from this courage- 
ous “southerner.” Won’t you 
join us in praying that the 
West Memphis School Board 
will snap out of its lethargy 
and take some action fitting to 
the dignity of those littlest 
ones of Christ? 

We are still very poor here 
on the farm... lacking in ac- 
tual material goods, that is, 
for our blessings are manifold. 
The chief item on our thank 

you list this month is a bless- | 
ing indeed, for Alice New- | 

man, our House Mother, is 

home from the hospital al- | 
ready and is recuperating al- | 

most miraculously from an 
emergency operation which 
she experienced a week or so 
ago. Gifts of canned goods 
and other foodstuffs are still 
reaching us from our many 
generous friends, too. 

Tomorrow the annual 
Friendship House “I.C.” (In- 
formation Center) will begin 
here at St. Joseph’s Farm. 
Mabel Knight, New York 
“F.H.”s wonderfully able Di- 
rector, will teach the courses 
which will be geared to equip 
about fifteen of our new staff 
workers for intensive work in 
the Lay Apostolate “Friend- 
ship House style.” 

The “I.C.” will last a month 
after which the “Kids Camp” 
will begin. The “Kids Camp” 
is being held from June 25 
through July 5 this year and 
will accommodate about six- 

teen of Milwaukee’s colored | 
children, aged 8 to 12 years. | 

The children will come from 

St. Benedict The Moor parish, | 
and for many of them it will | 
be their first visit to a farming | 

community. Meanwhile, we 

are making extensive plans | 
for our “Summer School For | 

Interracial Living” in 

the | 

hope that each and every one | 

of the students who attend it 
this year will be inspired to 
do something in his own home 
environment to break through 
Restrictive Covenants and 
Segregation and place in their 
stead a shining beacon of 





be made up of people 
from all over the U.S.A. Na- 
tives are as hard to find 
around here as in my beloved 
(bong) California. You can 
imagine with what joy we re- 
ceived our newest staff work- 
er, Beth Ann Cozzens, a na- 
tive Washingtonian. We don’t 
use her merely for display 
purposes either...“Our Na- 
tive,” proving we have struck 
roots or sompin...She is a 
most capable, attractive young 
lady and came already 
equipped with the FH spirit 
which is one of joy in being 
able to work for the love of 
God and neighbor in the in- 
terracial apostolate. Joe Gilli- 
gan, our next-to-newest staff 
worker, excels not only as a 
Spanish teacher on Friday 
nites but also in organizing 
the newest project of St. 
Peter Claver Center, a work 
camp where volunteer work- 
ers are helping neighbors to 
scrub, plaster, and paint their 
dwelling places. Believe it or 
not, the landlord in one case 
furnished the paint! It’s quite 

a change from Harlem where | 

the actual owner of a tene- 
ment apartment house is as 
hard to uncover as the pro- 
verbial needle in a haystack. 

“Whoever heard of white peo- | 
ple washing windows and do- | 
ing the cleaning for Negroes?” | 
exclaimed one lady. The pat- | 

But they are our neighbors in 

is usually the reverse. | 

Christ and that’s enough for | 

Last month Dr. Eva J. Ross 

of Trinity College and Eng- | 

land gave us a fine talk about 
the apostolates in Europe, 
well punctuated with interest- 
ing details she gleaned frem 
actually living with the va- 
rious groups. Mr. George Hol- 
land, as fine a speaker as we’ve 
had, told us about the prob- 

lem of getting information to | 

veterans concerning the bene- 
fits to which they’re entitled. 
Fewer community groups are 

concerned about the Negro | 

veteran .who has the same 
problems as the white vet- 
eran, plus several more be- 
cause he is a Negro, Mr. Hol- 
land told us that on his own 
“horse back” survey he discov- 
ered that only about 1,000 
widows out of some 7,000 are 
receiving the pensions they 
should receive simply because 
of ignorance. While the VA 
distributes benefits freely to 

those entitled to them, it is 

not authorized to conduct a 
campaign to advertise those 
benefits. That’s up to the 
newspapers and 

community | 

Tonight we're going to hear | 

about the first priest in the 

history of the Church to have | 

the stigmata, Padre Pio the 
Italian Capuchin. 
was not a priest as a lot of 
people think, but a deacon. 
Our volunteers are planning a 
picnic supper meeting next 
Wednesday in Rock Creek 
Park, but we have an idea that 
the meeting will be tossed 
overboard and energies will 
go to roasting wieners and 
playing ball and taking care of 

St. Francis | 

June, 1949 

Sf venees 




4233 South India 
Chicago, Ill 

“Let the earth also r4foice Tilun 
dent rays; and enlightened with 
eternal King, let it feel that the 
world is dispersed.” = . 

(Blessing of the Pasc 

The Paschal Si 

Dear Friend in Christ: 

“The last to be hired—the first 1 
just an idle phrase, Day by day 
ingly real to us. Three millic 
March is just a figure in the new 
to be written in the lives around 
see, for we live in a Neggo comm 

Men are coming often now, lc 
and asking for a meal. Jobs can 
Hours at the plant have been cut 
pay the rent and buy the grocer 
to stave the gap. It’s said that 
present a serious national proble1 
is no cushion of savings to fall ba 
always been low here. And it « 
cause the Negro always has more 

Now more than ever before — 
realize it is necessary for us to co 
terracial justice. We MUST helt 
the cup of water in Christ’s name. 
must redouble our prayess and ou 
ployment Practices Commission, 

In this joyous Paschal season, 
friends. We come begging. We 
our efforts with those who face th 
lems, born of the heresy of racisrr 
little chance to know Him, we 1 
Christ. = 

Our humble bank account doesn 
ing “kids” to camp or dreams of 
the yard next,door. It deesn’t ev 
May. And somehow we still have 
to tell an anxious mother we ca 
food, sad as the checkbook looks. 
ing, trusting God, and you, His fr: 

Thank you from the bottom o 
constant kindnesses. May God b. 

In the charity of the Risen Chri 
The Staff of Friepdship H 

Dr. John J. O’Con- {mont} 

nor of Georgetown Universfty South 
and Dr. Herbert McKnight of | segre; 

Freedman’s Hospital have) trans; 
planned to come with theirpgroup 
wives and families and 80/and | 
that’s eight children already.| beaut 
It is good in Washington| ing br 
(which one Negro speaker this! dren | 

19 June, 1949 







South Indiana Avenue 
Chicago, Illinois 

also roice Tilumined with such resplen- 
enlightened with the brightness of the 
t it feel that the darkness of the whole 
od,” e ° 

ssing of the Paschal Candle) 

The Paschal Season 
‘hired—the first to be fired” is more than 
ise. Day by day it is becoming disturb- 
s. Three million unemployed during 
figure in the newspapers, until it begins 
the lives around you. That is what we 
in a Negyo community. 
ng often now, looking vainly for work 
1 meal. Jobs can’t be found these days. 
nt have been cut and the budget doesn’t 
d buy the groceries. We’re called upon 
». It’s said that unemployment isn’t at 
s national problem. Here it is... there 
savings to fall back upon... wages have 
vy here. And it all seems so unfair be- 
always has more than his share of suf- 

an ever before in the past years, we 
ssary for us to continue our fight for in- 

We MUST help where we can, giving 
‘in Christ’s name. At the same time, we 
ur prayess and our efforts for a Fair Em- 
ices Commission, and, MOST OF ALL, 

; Paschal season, we come to you, our 
me begging. We must continue joining 
those who face the baffling human prob- 
e heresy of racism. To a world that has 
know Him, we must restore the risen 
ank account doesn’t fit our plans of send- 
mp or dreams of fixing up a play-lot in 
yor. It deesn’t even cover our needs for 
*how we still haven’t developed courage 
us mother we can’t help her out with 
checkbook looks. So we continue help- 
d, and you, His friends. 

om the bottom of our hearts for your 
kses. May God bless you for them. 

of the Risen Christ, 
ff of Friepdship House, 
Betty Schneider, Director. 

} J. O'Con-jmonth proclaimed to be 
Universfty Southern in every pattern of 
Knight of| segregation except public 
ital have| transportation) for interracial 
with theirpgroups to get out in the open 
bs and so|and be seen enjoying God’s 
n already.| beautiful country and break- 
ashington | ing bread together as the chil- 
peaker this! dren of God. 

| ery, 



are specially delighted 

that the 

long - dreamed - of | 

home in the country seems to *| 
be coming true. Several spe- | 

cial donations have enabled 
us to make a down payment 
on what we call Blessed Mar- 
tin’s Farm. By June 15 an- 
other $1,000 will have to be 
paid to take possession. Then 
we will need the help of many 
people to furnish it with the 
many essentials needed in 
housing any large number of 
people. Single or bunk beds, 
sheets, blankets, towels, cook- 
ing utensils, dishes, chairs, 
tables, and benches, paint, 
farm machinery, tools, seeds, 
and farm animals would glad- 
den the hearts of Nathan Lin- 
coln and Jim Halloran, who 
are working to get the place 
in shape to house and feed 
people who will come for 
study weeks, retreats, or rest. 

F YOU LIVE in the vicinity 
of Newburgh, Walden or 
Maybrook and have any fur- 
niture to give away please 
send us word. We hope to 
have a telephone listed under 
“Blessed Martin’s Farm.” 
Through the kindness of the 
Trappists in Valley Falls, 
Rhode Island, we have a 
panel truck with which we 
can takg things to the farm, 
the old Scofield place, on Bar- 
ren Road, town of Montgom- 
near Coldenham and 
Maybrook. Or you might 
bring the things up and pay 
us a visit. 
seminarians have 
clared their intention of 
working at Friendship House 
during the summer. In addi- 

de- | 

tion to giving a part of their | 

lives some are paying their 
own room and board. They 
will learn a. great deal about 
the lay apostolate and condi- 
tions in Harlem and should 
receive new zeal. We would 
be glad to have more people 

come to help during the sum- | 
mer to help bring the world to | 
Christ, especially in the in- | 

terracial field. 
HE LAST TIME we saw 
Peter was the day we 
paid our down payment on 
Blessed Martin’s Farm. We 

dropped in at the Catholic | 

Workers’ Maryfarm at sup- 
pertime and it was Peter’s 
birthday. He was like a good 

child doing what people told | 

him to do, detached even from | 
his old brilliance of mind. A | 

special cake was 

prepared | 

with red decorations, prob- | 


in honor of the Holy | 

Spirit who has guided Peter | 

in his career as one of the 
most influential 

men in | 

changing the lives of countless | 

numbers of people 
countries. Many of us at 
Friendship House owe much 
of our interest in the 

in many 

lay | 

apostolate to his clear, simple | 

exposition of the opposition 

between Christian principles | 
and the state of the world to- | 

day. We felt privileged to be | 

under the same roof with him 
and count on his kind help in 
heaven. May his soul rest in 




AY WAS really the 
month of our Lady. 
From the first day on we 
could recognize blessings in 

Friendship Houses 



which Mary is sure to have | 

had her part. We had been 
struggling along, shortstaffed, 
counting as God’s gifts the 

volunteers who have pitched | 

in so well, and our new staff- 

workers, Ann Sisco, Wilfred | 

Mische, and Gregory Robin- 
son (Jeep to all of,us). The 
latter doesn’t seem to mind 
our corny humor. We keep in- 
sisting we prayed for a car 
and got “Jeep.” 

With all, however, we have 
found it hard to be detached | 

from the tremendous loss of 
what was once a family of 
fourteen. It started when 
Mary Houston and Jean Lang 
began St. Peter Claver’s in 
Washington. Then Betty Big- 
gers joined the vigorous Ca- 
nadians at Combermere. Rose- 
mary Boyle went back to St. 
Cloud to .help start the St. 
Cloud Book Shop, a new lay 
apostolate. Paul Fant went to 
Brooklyn, Mary Calloway left 
to be married, Mary Clinch to 
work in a factory, and Trax 

left for home because of ill | 

health. Knowing that ours is 
a fluid vocation and that God 

will call people to other apos- | 

tolates, we realize that the 

| seed is being sown only far- 

ther. We are happy in that. 
But humanly speaking, it was 

Then the joys came. On 
Sunday, May 1, Lorraine, 
Lulu and Ramona were bap- 
tized. Lorraine had been com- 
ing around FH since our 43rd 
street days. When a work crew 
began going to homes to help 
redecorate them, the Fulths 

were among the first they | 

contacted. Lorraine became a 

member of the crew and in a | 

short time its versatile chair- 
man. With Lulu, Ramona, and 
several other friends they 

have been on the pail and | 

ladder crew each Saturday. 
Several months ago they be- 
gan attending instruction 

classes at St. E’s. The day ar- | 

rived and several were enthu- 
siastic godparents. As you can 
well imagine, there have been 
few meals more joyful than 
the dinner Teevy prepared for 

us all on that Sunday evening. | 

Sunday the eighth was a 
day of First Masses. We had 

to divide our group so that we | 

could attend them all. 
good friends Fathers Karl 
McNerny, Bob Carroll and 
Rollins Lambert were or- 
dained’at Mundelein and had 
their Masses on the same day. 
Realizing their zeal and the 
tremendous opportunity they 

Our | 

will have to further the apos- | 

tolate makes interracial jus- 
tice seem all the closer. Fr. 
Lambert is, incidentally, the 
first colored priest to be or- 
dained from Mundelein Sem- 


diocese, Father Frank 
Kubart was ordained and we 
offered his~ first Mass with 
him in spirit on May 4. Father 
Frank werked with us all last 
summer as a visiting volun- 

By Mabel C. Knight 

For years we have felt that 
we are living in the bottom 
of a dry well with people who 
can’t get out. Those of us who 
are white can leave but many 
of our brothers in Christ find 
it almost impossible. The com- 
pany. is good but it is un- 
healthy down here in the well 
of Harlem. The air is full of 
smoke: and dust. We are over- 
crowded. There are rats and 

teer. In the week’s vacation 
before his ordination, he 
helped fix up the De Porres 
Center in Omaha too, quoting 
Mildred Heifner of that cen- 
ter, “look more like a Friend- 
ship House.” All of which 
makes us hopefully wonder 
what will happen to Fr. 
Frank’s parish. 

I don’t think any of us real- 
ized just how much we had 
missed Ann Harrigan — now 
Mrs. Nicholas Makletzoff, un- 
til we sat around her in the 
FH Library on a Monday 
night listening to all she had 
to tell us about personalism 



and the weapons of the spirit. | 

It was so real too. Those of 
us who know and enjoy the 
FH we have, 
equipped building and the 
warmth of many friends know 

the well- | 

just how much of Ann’s sac- | 

rifice, her prayers and her 

tears went into the making. | 

That night was one of the high 
points of our month. 

Father Claude Heithaus was 
down to visit. He spoke to the 
Monday night forum group on 
Action. With the NFCCS 
Congress just over and a 
series of important interracial 
resolutions adopted, Father 
really had something to talk 
about. The Marquette group, 
under Father’s guidance, put 
through the resolution that all 
Catholic educational institu- 
tions stop or repudiate all stu- 
dent organizations having re- 
strictive policies or clauses. 
And _ it 

was the work of | 

Father Heithaus among others | 
that recently made the Wis- | 
consin National Guard a non- | 

segregated organization. 
Dorothy Day of the Catholic 
Worker came to lunch one 
noon. We started out having 
lunch with just our staff and 
Ann Makletzoff. Then Father 
Fehrenbacher arrived from 
St. Cloud on a visit and the 
news spread among the vol- 
unteers that Dorothy was to 
be with us. Thanks to Teevy 
and Blessed Martin the meal 
stretched far enough and we 
all shared the wealth of 
knowledge, experience and 

Christian love which Dorothy | 
had to give us. The discussion | 

reminded me of the Baroness’ 

stories of her first visits to | 

Mott Street. 
Worker of New York City and 
Friendship House of Toronto 
began about the same time. 
How happy the two groups 
were to find one another and 
to find that they shared a deep 
interest in the liturgy, in pov- 
erty and in bringing Christ to 
the marketplace. Workers be- 
came acquainted. They agreed 
and disagreed on ways of ap- 

The Catholic | 

plying principles. A common | 

bond was there and continued 
to be. Dorothy’s time with us 
renewed it for us. 

other vermin and germs. 
There are no healthy, green, 
growing things. About 35% 
of the people are now unem- 
ployed. In the summer when 
the rest of Manhattan seems 
to be deserted, Harlem streets 
are crowded with people try- 
ing to get a cool breeze out- 
side their brick oven-like flats, 
People spend all their lifetime 
here never knowing the beau- 
tiful world God made for them 
to enjoy. Friendship House 
is with them until all barriers 
between children of God are 
destroyed by the love of 

Now we have found after 
long search a wonderful coun- 
try place. There are forty- 
seven beautiful acres, a nine- 
room house and about five 
farm buildings in good repair. 
We can imagine our Harlem 
children sailing boats on the 
pond, climbing the hills, 
sleeping in the big barn in the 
fresh, clean air after a happy 
day. We can see the old and 
convalescent people sitting on 
the porch or the lawn admir- 
ing the beautiful view. We 
can watch our young people 
growing food, making the 
place into a beautiful and 
Catholic home, having study 
weeks and retreats to help us 
to learn how we can bring our 
poor world to Christ, starting 
with ourselves. All of us 
could find a quiet spot to read 
and .meditate. Young fam- 
ilies might make their own 
little homes on their own part 
of it. It would become a free, 
healthy, growing part of the 
Mystical Body of Christ. 

This wonderful season of 
the Resurrection of Our Lord 
makes us hope that some of 
the people may be able to rise 

out of Harlem and that all of . 

us may rise to living as broth- 
ers in Christ. God has sent us 
many young, generous work- 
ers. Will you, His good stew- 
ards, help us to raise the 
money needed for this place? 
How much has He given you 
above your needs? Are you 
one of the five who can invest 
$1,000 where neither moth nor 
rust corrupt? Or are you one 
of the thirty who could spare 
$100 by sending $10 a month 
or $2 a week for a year? Or 
one of the hundred who can 
spare $10 (a dollar a month 
would do it). Or are you one 
of the thousand who can spare 
a dollar? Or do you know 
someone who has a place to 
give us? We'd welcome the 
help of all of you. Please join 
us in our novena to all the 
saints that we may get a coun- 
try place if it is God’s will. 

R. D. No. 1 
Montgomery, N. Y. 

Sheets, blankets, towels 
Beds and chairs 
Live chickens 

Seeds, small trees 
Tools for farming 


Ss. tes eatin Ms 
oe <a 

an aloes 






eee a aati naga Tas ee ae Se en 



(Continued from page 1) 

permissable to talk although 
there was the usual amount 

of worldly small talk I never | 

heard an uncharitable word 
spoken against Negroes or 
any other minority group. 

It was a different story 
when I attended a retreat 
composed, except for myself 
and a companion from 
Georgia, entirely of wealthy 
women from New York City. 
On the second evening of the 
retreat when everyone should 
have begun to benefit spiritu- 
ally the dinner table conver- 
sation consisted of a many- 
voiced harangue against the 
Jews. It seems they were be- 
ginning to move into Park 
Avenue or some other ritzy 
neighborhood. “But what can 
- do?”, asked one woman 
n a well modulated but indig- 
nant voice. “You can’t just 
move out!” They didn’t know 
that my friend from Georgia 
had had a Jewish mother but 
that is beside the point. May- 
be it is also beside the point 
that this woman from the 
deep south had spent the bet- 
ter part of her adult life in 
trying to see that the Negroes 
in her state got a decent break 
in medical attention. 

The South looks upon the 
Negro as a “problem.” The 
North, which has few Ne- 
groes, looks upon this as ab- 
surd and backward. But the 
South, which has few Jews, 
does not look upon them as 
a problem. New York, which 
has many, apparently does. I 
also seem to remember hear- 
ing of a good bit of.anti-Semi- 
tism in Boston, that strong- 
hold of Irish Catholics. This 
is the same Boston, where 
within the memory of some 
yet living, help wanted ads 
often ended with the words, 
“No Irish need apply.” 

It was a gentleman from 
Massachusetts whom I heard 
remark that he left Truman’s 
Inauguration parade, “because 
I got tired of watching the 
niggers.” A southerner (at 
least in North Carolina) 
rarely uses the word, “Nigger’ 
unless he is telling off a “dam- 
yankee.” The word he uses 
is “Negra,” which is not, as 
some would have you believe, 
an insulting compromise but 
simply the soft southern way 
of pronouncing Negro. 

EW YORK probably has 

a larger Negro population 
than any other northern city. 
New York laws do not dis- 
criminate against the Negro 
but nowhere in the South will 
you find such tight segrega- 
tion in housing as exists in 

ly rhetorical questions, 
| understand, 
Geographically, Washington 
is a southern city but the fin- 
ger of blame for the segrega- 
tion which exists here cannot 
ibe pointed at her southern 
‘citizens. For one thing the 
population of Washington is 
|made up of people from all 
over the nation. For another, 
Washingtonians have no voice 
in their own government (a 
fact which none but the na- 
tives seem concerned about). 
The laws and policies of the 
District of Columbia are de- 

you and Little Theatres are under| shown at these theatres is less 


(Continued from page 1) 

‘the operative direction ofjattractive to those people 
'Lopert Films, Inc., along with} with little education, to those 
the Playhouse, another down-/ whose opportunity to develop 
town Washington theatre, the|a sense of art appreciation has 
policies of each theatre are set| been restricted by economic- 

by their respective stockhold- 
ers. The Dupont Theatre’s 
policy of non-segregation had 
been integral to the building 
of the theatre itself, but the 
primary factor in determining 
whether a theatre shall fol- 
‘low a policy of non-segrega- 
tion is a consideration of the 
effect it. will have on business. 

Victor J. Orsinger, general 

ally and spiritually poor en- 
vironment and quashed incen- 
tive due to social ostracization. 

Therefore, the percentage of|ored patron. 

Negroes in the audience 
ranges from one per cent and 
two per cent on foreign lan- 
guage films to thirty-three 
per cent on a film with a 
broader appeal such as “The 
Red Shoes.” Yet in temper- 
ing the social ban by their 

cided by the Federal govern- | anager of the three theatres, 

,ment. If restaurants and the- 
atres discriminate against Ne- 
groes they are simply follow- 
ing the lead of the nation’s law- 
makers, a good percentage of 
whom are elected from the 
north. Segregation in Wash- 
ington is singing its swan song 
now but isn’t it a little late 
considering it is the nation’s 

I could go on and on citing 
examples of prejudice and 
social injustice which exist in 

the north toward one minority | 

group or another but every 
northerner knows about them. 
He just hasa terrible tendency 
to forget about them when he 
meditates on the faults of 

the South. Every southerner | 
is aware of them and will be} 
only too happy to point them | 

out to any “damyankee” who 
starts telling him what a back- 
ward, prejudiced creature he 

To get back to the basic 
causes for the southern at- 
titude toward the Negro: Eco- 

nomieally the-south is much} 

poorer than the north. As 
everyone knows this condition 
dates back to the Civil War. 
If, in struggling to provide for 
her population the south has 
wrongfully neglected the Ne- 
gro she has taken the course 
human nature usually takes. 
She has said, in effect, to the 
critical North, “All right. You 
freed him. You feed him.” 
This attitude is acknowl- 
edgedly wrong but would the 

, North have done any different 
in similar circumstances? Are | 

'the German people more evil 
‘than the British because they 
tried to grab in the twentieth 
'century what the British suc- 
‘cessfully grabbed for them- 
|selves in the fifteenth, six- 
; teenth and seventeenth? 
Economically the South is 
beginning to become stronger. 
'With this improvement the 
|condition of the Negro is also 
| beginning to improve slightlv 
| but there is much work: still 
to be done. If and when the 
‘northern white who hates 
| prejudice against the Negro re- 

pg | : 
idiscriminate among customers| number those who oppose it. 

logical for a theatre, which! pressions of 

cially in Washington, the cap-| realization, one aspect of in- 

expressed the approach of the|non-discrimination and show- 
management to the problem] ing a better type of film, these 

June, 1949 


theatres is based on the er- 
roneous belief that they will 
not act properly, the testi- 
mony of both the Dupont and 
Little Theatres would further 
disprove this. Miss Jean Im- 
hoff, who manages the Dupont 
Theatre, could only recall one 
strained incident with a col- 
This, however, 
involved the question of a re- 
fund of money on a ticket 
purchased for a performance 
two weeks prior to the date it 
was returned. The manager 
was accused of being a 
“Southerner” because she 
couldn’t refund the money, 
although she agreed to honor 
the ticket. The number of 

unpleasant incidents with 
white patrons is somewhat 
greater. Those objecting to 

of segregated theatres by say-|theatres are working along 

ing that they were trying to| two lines to provide the Negro | 
prove that it was not only ri-|} here in Washington a better 

diculous discrimination—espe-| opportunity for complete self- 

ital of a democracy—but irra-| terracial justice. 

tional from the standpoint of | The experience of the Du- 
business. Since he felt that 
Washington department stores | those who favor their policy 
and some restaurants do not/ of non-discrimination far out- 

in offering their goods and)]t regularly receives letters, 
services, he said that it is il- telephone calls, and vocal ex- 
v commendation 
also offers a type of service, to| from both white people and 
ae among its pa-| Negroes. It is significant that 
owners has been: would they | their identity. 

lose more whites than gain| 1 the limited time that non- 
Negroes? The experience of| ..¢regation has been followed 

pont Theatre has been that) 

The issue for theatr e| those who berate never reveal | 

New York. Why? Is it be-/alizes that his own sins are by 
cause the Negro prefers to|no means “as white as snow” 
live in the wretched slums of , and that it is just as bad to be 
Harlem? Could he live on anti-southern as it is to be 
Park Avenue if he could af- | anti-Negro maybe he will be 
ford to, and if he can’t afford able to help in the work that 
to, why not? These are pure- is to be done. Not until then. 

We are altogether brethren who are born again 
and received in Christ Jesus. Our advantages 
flow from that new birth and adoption into the 
household of God, not from the eminence of 

our race, 

Our dignity arises from the praise 

of truth, not of our blood. 

St. Chrysostom 

,amiable graduate of Catholic 

the Dupént and Little The- 
atres has been that there is no 
noticeable loss of white pa- 
trons. Mr. Orsinger, young, 

University, further stated that 
he felt the change would come 
gradually with the setting of 
a new precedent, that there| 
was much of the crowd in- 
stinct in the retention of a seg- 
regated theatre policy among 
downtown Washington the-| 

and Little Theatres em-| 
phasize the art cinema, which | 
is dedicated to showing better 

films, their responsibility to 
make these facilities available | 
to all patrons is greater than 
if they were showing a type of 

| discrimination, 

movie that could be seen any- 
where. . 
Ironically, the kind of movie 


jat the Little Theatre there 
have been few unpleasant in- 
cidents of patrons objecting to 
the admission of Negroes. As 
in the case of the Dupont, 
those who are opposed to it 
are small in proportion to) 
those who favor it. 

In connection with this it is| 
essential to point out that the, 
type of white audience at-| 

| tracted to the art cinema may | 

be less moved by strong prej-| 
udice, having had the oppor-| 
tunity of a liberal education. | 
Yet it is difficult to definitely 
establish this because it is, 
generally conceded that edu- 
cation is not always nor) 
wholly a deterrent to racial | 


of many white people to 
the admission of Negroes. to 

Negroes present in the audi- 
ence invariably refuse to ac- 
cept a refund of their money, 
yet refuse to sit next to col- 
ored patrons. There would 
seem to be a taint of exhibi- 
tionism in this type of be- 

One incident by way of ex- 
ample will illustrate how the 
management deals with such 
a problem. A woman who had 
purchased a ticket found that 
she was sitting next to a col- 
ored person. When she object- 
ed, the manager explained the 
theatre’s policy to her and 
suggested that she get her 
money back. She insisted on 
seeing the picture and did 
eventually, through the proc- 
ess of hit and miss, obtain a 
seat that suited her. How- 
ever, the management re- 
fused to guarantee that she 

| would not have to sit next to 

a Negro. 

Perhaps consistent with its 
uniqueness in being the first 
|downtown Washington the- 
|atre to admit Negroes, the 
Dupont Theatre has an art 
gallery which exhibits both 
Negro and white art in the 
form of paintings, ceramics, 
| photography, jewelry, graphic 
arts, and others. Selecting its 
showings is an able art com- 
|mittee comprised of: Mr. 
Alonzo Aden, who is Negroid 
and owns the Barnet Aden 
Gallery; Mrs. Beatrice Rudes, 
Dean of the Institute of Con- 
temporary Arts, an interracial 
school in Washington; Mr. 
Kurt Weiner, an art connois- 
seur; and Mr. Jacob Kainen, 
| Curator of Graphic Arts at the 
| Smithsonian Institute. 

Answering the query of 
whether they permit Negroes 
in their theatres with the 
statement that their theatres 
are open to ladies and gentle- 
|men, the Little and Dupont 
are stressing the importance 
of the individual personality 
and less color difference. They 
make no claim to being a par- 
ticular type of theatre—Ne- 

(Continued on page 7) 

All who enter the 
Church, regardless 

of origin or speech, 
must know that they 
have equal rights, as 

children in the 

House of the Lord. 
Pius XII 

Summi Pontifiea- 

tus 1939 

ea s 

ae a gy Seni. th pin PS 

re hanens 8 

June, 1949 




Peter Maurin, self-styled “Apostle on the Bum,” and 
founder of The Catholic Worker Movement died May 15 at 
Maryfarm, Newburgh, New York. He was 72 years old. 

His death marks the passing of a man who, by living up 
to his own doctrine of personal responsibility, “that we are our 
brother’s keeper,’ was instrumental in changing the lives of 
thousands of young men and women. 

At one time The Catholic Worker, the paper he founded, : 

attained the circulation of 175,000 monthly, and the 13 Farm- 
ing Communities and 40 Houses of Hospitality throughout 
the country were taking care of 5,000 men a day. Peter ‘lived 
to see his work spread to England, Canada, Australia and 


He was born of French 
Peasants at Oulet, Lanquedoc, 
May 15, 1877. He was one of 
23 children. He received his! 
early education from the) 
Christian Brothers. At an| 
early age he came to Canada} 
where he farmed for a while. | 
When his partner was killed | 
in an accident, Peter came to 
the United States where he 
became one of the army of 
migratory workers, and for 
many years traveled from one 
back-breaking job to an- 

But Peter was not just con- 
tent to work—he wanted to/| 
know why things were the 
way they were, and how a 
path could be made from 
things as they were to things 
as they should be. 

And to this aim he devoted | 
his spare time. While his fel- | 
low migratory workers were | 
carousing, Peter would quiet- | 
ly slip into a library where he | 
would laboriously study books | 
on economics, philosophy, his- | 
tory. He felt that he had to 
acquire an education if he was 
to become articulate in carry- 
ing out his program for social 
reform. By careful reading 
and deep thinking Peter slow- 
ly acquired the vast historical 
background which was al- 
Ways a source of amazement 
to those who knew him. 

ETER did not find himself | 

socially acceptable at 
first. People looked upon him 
as a mad man and laughed at 
the very idea of voluntary 
poverty and the works of 
mercy as techniques of action. 
But he refused to let himself 
be disturbed by their short- 
sightedness and lack of char- 
ity. He wrote an essay on the! 
way he felt: 

The other fellow says 

that I am queer: 

and that he is normal. 
When he says that I am queer | 

he means I am queer to him. 
I may be queer to him; 

but he is queerer to me, 

than I am queer to him, 
he hasn’t a chance 
to make me normal. 
'So I am trying to make him 
so we can both be normal. 

But Peter, who had seen the 
vision of a new Christian Or- 
der, was not easily discour- 
aged. If people would not 
take the time to listen, he} 

' would write down the ideas in | 

an easy style and mail it to! 
them. It was in this fashion | 

that Peter’s famous Easy Es-| 
I have in my 

says were born. 
possession. a broadside that 
Peter wrote some fifteen years 
ago in which he explained the 

| purpose of his Easy Essays. 
Readers of the Catholic Work- | 

er must ask themselves 
what I am trying to do with 
my essays. 
I am trying to tell the Clergy 
how to talk to the Bolshe- 

so as to make the Bolshe- 

eat from the hands of the 
Holy Father. 

If the Clergy has not suc- 

in making the Encyclicals 

the reason must be found 
wn a lack of historical back- 

When in 1899 Thorstein 

Veblin wrote: 

“The Theory of the Leisure 

students of economies began 
to realize that there were 

no ethics in modern society. 

R. H Tawney, an Oxford stu- 

dent, asked himself: 
“Were there no ethics in 
society before?” 

He learned that there were 
high ethics in society 
when the Canon Law was 

the Law of the Land. 

Peter soon came to realize! 
that if his message was to 
make an impact upon society 
| that it was necessary to found | 
|a propaganda organ. Peter en- 
|visioned it as a paper whose 

as well as to interpret it in 
the light of history. 

E REALIZED his lack of 
journalistic ability and 
looked about for someone who 
| would be capable and willing 
Ito start a paper dedicated to 
| social reform. He was im- 
‘pressed by the style and sim- 
plicity of the writings of 
of Dorothy Day who at the 
time was writing for The Sign 
and the Commonweal. 
| It was a happy moment for 
the history of Catholic Social 
Action when Peter got in 
‘touch with Dorothy Day. 
Dorothy was sympathetic to 
Peter’s idea, for she realized 
| the great need there was for 
a paper which would be ded- 
‘icated to bringing the teach- 
|ings of the Church in regard 
|to social matters to the man 
lon the street. 
| ceernemsenmneleitetiiiciteiitnaeiemianamatnediataastaaeaatdaaeeemeemmemmeee 





said “of a new social order and | 
not a denouncer. We must 
create a new society within 
the shell of the old using an 
old philosophy, a philosophy | 
so old that it looks like new.” 


got the point. The Aug. 
18, 1934 issue of the Daily ' 
Worker came out in a four 
column spread exposing the 
Catholic Worker! 

“Why do you lie so steadily, 
Peter Maurin?” the Daily 
Worker wrote. “You know 
that. you want no ‘new’ so- 
ciety; you want a _ society 
even older than the one we 
have. You want to go back 
to Medievalism. The Catholic 
Worker is against both Capi- 
talism and Communism, it 
says, and thus the more easily | 
it attacks the working class 
while blustering harmlessly 








There was a man sent from God, 

Whose name was John. 

This man came to bear witness of the light, 

To prepare unto the Lord a perfect people. 

| It was not to be an ambi- | against ‘injustice’ and ‘usury’. 

tious paper. None of them had 
any money. 
ing at a boy’s camp while 

‘Dorothy was doing research | 
work for a woman’s organiza- | 

‘tion. At first, they planned to 

bring out a mimiographed | 
prove to the Communists that 

and he being queerer to-me 'funetion was to create news, sheet which was to be distrib- 

ever race and condition. 

It was Christianity that first proclaimed the real 
and universal brotherhood of all men of what- 

claimed by a method, and with an amplitude 
and conviction, unknown to preceding centuries; 
and with it she potently contributed to the aboli- 
tion of slavery. Not bloody revolution, but the 
inner force of her teaching made the proud Ro- 
man matron see in her slave a sister in Christ. 

This doctrine she pro- 

Pius XI 
Encyclical 1937 


‘uted on the streets of New 
| York. 

| When the promised mimeo- 
graph machine failed to ma- 
terialize, Dorothy planned on 
a printed edition. The printer 
offered to print 2,500 copies 
for $45. With the money she 
received from the sale of 
articles and a donation of $10 
'from Father Ahearn and $1 
'from Sister Peter Claver 
‘which Father Purcell, then 
‘editor of The Sign, collected 
‘for her, the first issue of 
|The Catholic Worker was 
i launched. 

“I am an announcer,” Peter 


Peter laughed when he read | 

Peter was work- | that article. He was pleased | 
‘that his message was being | 

even if in a_ derogatory 
manner. He took a copy of | 
the attack to Union Square to | 

spread by the Daily Worker, | | 

only in the Catholic Church 

i'was true Communism to be 

found: the Communism of the 
Religious Orders. 

“You are not building Com- 
munism in the U.S.S.R. he told 
them, but Socialism. You are 
not even on the road to Com- 
munism.” An angry protest 
came from the crowd but 
Peter waited until the protest 
died down and then engaged 
a representative of the Com- 
munist Party in a discussion. 

His technique was not to 
get on a soap box and preach, 
but to engage someone in the 
crowd in what he called an 
er ~r-tonversation: “T Will give 

you a piece of my mind, and 
you will give me a piece of 

‘your mind, and then we will 

both have more.” 

The discussions in Union 
Square would last all through 
the night and Peter was never 
at a loss for words no matter 
which way the discussion 
went. Peter thought that the 
discussions were “an excellent 
way for me to gain a historical 

66H ISTEN,” HE TOLD me, 

“to the questions asked 
and see if you can answer 
them in your own mind. Then 
go to the Catholic Encyclope- 
dia and read up on the subject. 
In this way you will build up 
a synthesis of thought.” 

* *” * 

It is hard to do full justice 
to Peter. He had a great charm 
‘and one felt perfectly at ease 
‘in his presence. It may be an 
‘indication of his personality 
‘that no one ever thought of 
‘calling him Mr. Maurin. He 
was Peter to those who knew 
‘and loved him. 

He was completely detached 
from all worldly goods and 
personal ambitions. He cared 
| nothing for personal glory or 
fame. For many years he 
never had a room or a bed 
that he could call his own. He 
was completely charitable and 
everyone loved and respected 

One day when a visitor 
asked Peter why didn’t he put 
to work the homeless men who 
came to the Catholic Worker 
for hospitality. Peter replied: 
“We do not seek to exploit the 
poor who come to us seeking 

There was the time that 
Peter was invited to a dinner. 
When Peter arrived, dressed 
in his shabby clothes, the peo- 
ple thought that he had come 
to read the gas meter and sent 
him down to the basement. 
Peter obediently went and 
stayed there until the host 
returned and corrected mat- 
iters. Peter didn’t*think any- 
‘thing of it. It gave him an 
‘opportunity to read. 

Once Peter was introduced 
from a lecture platform as 
| Dr. Maurin. When asked from 
| what university he graduated 
Peter replied, “Union Square.’ 
And he laughed when he said, 
\“And never again have they 
‘called me Dr. Maurin.” 

It is hard to realize that 
Peter thas gone home. But he 

|has fought the good fight and 
has kept the Faith. 

“The souls of the just are 
in the hands of God and the 
torment of malice shall not 
touch them. In the sight of 
the unwise they seemed to 
die, but they are at peace.” 


(Continued from page 6) 

gro, white or any other class- 
ification—but only a theatre. 

They have started a new 
precedent which vies strongly 
with the long-outdated one of 
segregation. The latter is 
slipping gradually and will 
doubtless be eliminated when 
the owners of other theatres 
find that the greater number 
of their regular patrons do not 
object to the admission of col- 
ored patrons. Though we 
might wish the business fac- 
tor would be secondary to the 
moral factor, if the complete 
change is eventually achieved 

_we can recognize that it is pos- 
sible for business to serve its 

Christian purpose. 



er a 

Sole es 



Dore + _ 
= = 
<= aad 


? pe is se ig en ai 


Mary McLeod Bethune— 
“Because I have not given 
hate in return for hate, and 
because of my fellow-feeling 
for those who do not under- 
stand, I have been able to 
overcome hatred and gain 
the confidence and affection of 
people.” And that is why a 

bia, South Carolina, and pub- 
licly put her arms around | 
Mrs. Bethune after she had 
heard her speak about the, 
problems of her people. 
After 74 years, Mrs. Bethune 
says “I know that effectual, 
fervent desire does not go un- | 
rewarded ... I am stronger | 
today because, as I have taken | 
the steep, hard way, I have) 
taken time to be faithful, | 
persevering and_ hopeful.” | 
And this “steep, hard way” is 
no figure of speech. She was 
born July 10, 1875, in a 3-room | 
log cabin, one of a family of 
17 children, about three miles | 
from Mayesville, So. Carolina. 
At 11 years, she was sént to 
school several miles away. 
Then a dressmaker in Denver, 
Mary Chrisman, offered a 
scholarship to the “best 
upil,” and she was sent to 
Scotia Seminary, in Concord, 
No. Carolina. Mrs. Bethune 
has never forgotten that her 
great opportunity came 
through a working woman. 
After that came Moody Bible 
Institute in Chicago and then 
several years of teaching in 
Georgia and So. Carolina. 
After her marriage to Albert 
Bethune, also a teacher, she 
had two years of quiet home 
life in Savannah, Ga. But the 
needs of her people were ever 
pressing upon her. In 1904 she 
came to Daytona, Florida, and 
on October 3rd, opened a 
“school.” Five little girls sat 
on 5 dry-goods boxes, and 
Mrs. Bethune had $1.50 to 
start with.» When she asked | 
J. N. Gamble to be “trustee,” | 
he asked: “of what?” as he) 
looked in at the door. She 
said “Of what I have in my 
mind to do.” She had in mind 
the Daytona Normal and In- 
dustrial School for Girls of 
which “Faith Hall” was so 
named because. it came to 
them “by faith.” Three years 
later, a 4-story frame house 
was “prayed up, sung up, and 
talked up.” By 1909 the school 
had, acquired a 6-acre farm 
with live-stock and _ vege- 
tables, and outdoor training. 
By 1914 there was a Model 
Home, and by 1918 an audi- 
torium. The school was turn- 
ing out teachers, seamstresses 


Formerly Harlem Fri 

34 West 135th Street 
New York 30, N. Y. 

YES, I want to support Friendship House and receive 

I gladly contribute $5* 

Street .ccccccccsescces 
City ccccccscecesserees 
[1] Check enclosed 

Mail immediately to Harlem FRIENDSHIP HOUSE, 
34 West 135th St., New York 30, N. Y. 
*Of which $1.00 is for a Bundle of 25. 

*Of which $1.00 is for an annual subscription to 

white woman, daughter of a, 

former “master,” could walk | 
up to the platform in Colum- | 

Ph Baek cain Satie os 

ee a Sica RI ig le 

Pn at AR = Aap 0 aS et nat a ee pment 7 

Pa eae ce Ns ne gr 

cot otenaad ena 


and has seen that not one 

“fervent desire has gone un- 
: rewarded.” She can count her 

depend only ao ny gifts : | friends by the thousands, and 

|A visitor noticed their fine | NOt only we ot 2 

‘strawberry beds and re- pee seegpntey Pr iro ee : 

= , white and Colored people who 

marked how they must enjoy | came from Southern! Flor! 
«“ : orida 
them. “But strawberries sell | t, hear her and Mrs. Rocse- 

‘for 50 to 60 cents a quart!| 4, : 
‘Soup made with a good bone! imited’ by color or creed, 
feeds many—and costs a few They believe her when she 
cents. A quart of berries SUP- | says “I believe that the 
plies only a few—and we can |thanksgiving which is con- 
make. the money go & long |tinually in my heart and upon 
way. my lips is the source of my 
By 1912 there was the Mc-| power and growth in person- 
Leod Hospital and Training} ality development. Any time, 

| and_ cooks. 

As the Jim 


An interracial monastery is 
to be established near Owens- 
boro, Ky. Benedictine monks | 
of all races will live there to- 
gether and be ruled by Rev. 
Harvey Sheperd, O.S.B., a 


During the month of Janu- 
ary, St. John’s Seminary was 
formally opened and dedi- 
cated at Queenstown, South 
Africa. The ceremony was 
conducted by the Most Rev- 

June, 1949 

Crow Flies 


Gov. Schricker of Indiana 
has signed a bill prohibiting 
racial segregation in public 
schools beginning with the 
elementary school term of 
September, 1950. The bill also 
applied to state supported, in 
whole or in part, colleges and 

ms a we 

Gov. Chester Bowles, of 
Connecticut, has signed a bill 
which kills racial segregation 
in the National Guard in that 

School for Nurses.” There | any place, I can hear myself 
was also a turpentine camp/saying: Father, 
nearby. There the senior class} Thee,” or “Thank Thee, Fa- 
of the Training School con-/ther.” It is no wonder that 
ducted a summer:school and! she has gone so far. 

playground for children of H. Hronek 
Daytona. iat 

It was no wonder that Pres- | 
ident Roosevelt called her a IT CAN WORK 
“great woman.” Also that he) DOWN SOUTH 

believed in her “because she’ 
has her feet on the ground;}| 
not only'on the ground, but HE TOWN IS a southern 
deep down in the ploughed | resort place, and when I 
soil.” In Ocala, Florida, she; found myself invited to a 
established a Home for De-| Communion Breakfast, I also 
linquent Colored Girls, and in| found that my curiosity was 
1923 her school in Daytona! far outweighing my charity. 
was merged with the Cook- | Reason: It was to be held in 
man Institute of Jacksonville,|the Negro mission church, 
Florida, and became the co-ed | and this in a town where only 
Bethune-Cookman College. | the previous day a small item 
She was president of the| appeared in the paper stating 
Southeatern Federation of that the police had broken up 
Women’s Clubs, and the Na-|an interracial dance held in 
tional Ass’n of Teachers in another part of the city. 
Colored Schools 4nd is now! About eighteen white 
the President of the National| people had been asked, most 
Council of Negro Women/|of them daily Communicants. 
which represents 850,000 most; That morning found us driv- 
cultured women in the world| ing into the heart of the col- 
and is trying to enroll white ored section, where we found 
women also. She is active in|the church of St. Francis 
the Interracial Council of)! Xavier, mestling* among 
America and in 1934 was the small, crowded-together 
chosen by President Roose-| houses. Entering the church, 
velt for the Office of Minority we whites sat in the back. 
Affairs of the National Youth Father was hearing confes- 
Administration program for sions. 

her “tact, common sense, and High Mass began, and when 
courage to work out difficul-|the mixed choir poured forth 
ties in the South.” In 1944 a the Kyrie Eleison, all else 
congressional committee was|ceased to exist. Only the 
ready to eliminate the $100,-| Presence of God and His wor- 
000 fund set aside for this|Shippers pleading for mercy 
Office, but she demonstrated | filled my mind. Funny... 
that this fund was salvation|! thought ... only beautiful! 
to Negro young people. In| As the Mass progressed we 
1943-44 it was her pleading S'ew more edified at the de- 

By Marion Luckner 

I thank} 

erend Martin Lucas, Apostolic | state. ™.. State Adjutant 
| Delegate to South Africa. The | General has immediately or- 
event is quite significant be-|qered a!’ commanders to en- 
cause of the very few semi-/ jist men “regardless of race, 
naries for native clergy in| ¢reed or color.” 

Africa. x oe & 
| me m ms 

: : ; Citizens of 11 states whose 

Bishop Sheil of Chicago has} jegisiatures meet in 1949 are 
eg as “ridiculous the | campaigning for state laws 
charges that the proposed | johibiting discrimination in 
state FEPC law now before employment 
the Illinois legislature repre- | ©?’ # 

isented a tendency towards : 
Communism. In a public| ,Thirty-one Negroes were 

'statement, Bishop Sheil point- | elected tq national or state 
year. Among 

ed out that the Catholic Bish-| Offices this y« 
ops of the United States had | them Democratic Representa- 
approved fair employment | tive Dawson, of Illinois, is 
‘practices legislation three Chairman of the House Com- 
| years ago. | mittee on Expenditures in the 
| Declaring that the need for Executive Department. He is 
‘such legislation is “obvious” | the first Negro to hold such a 
and “long overdue,” he said | P°St- 

that “The Roman Catholic) 

Church in the United States,| Lake County, Michigan, 
through its official body, the elected its first, and the state’s 
‘National Catholic Welfare|first, Negro county prosecutor 

Conference, composed of all| while Delaware put its first 

the bishops of the country, | Negro state assemblyman into 

has spoken unequivocally in office. 

favor of FEPC legislation. | 

od me 

% ws 

et * ge 

A Federal court ruling that 
Father Robert E. O’Kane of segregation of Negroes in 
Richmond, Virginia, on Sta-|dining-cars is legal because 
tion WRNL deplored the re-| eight per-cent of dining-car 
cent burning of a cross-in the | seats are allowed to Negroes, 
yard of a Negro’s home. He} who make up only four per- 
pointed out that the mother|cent of the patronage, was 
}and father of the Negro fami-| vigorously attacked by the 
‘ly both hold Bachelor of Arts | Louisville Record, a Catholic 
degrees. The father is a|diocesan weekly. 
teache and their home is on; “It so happens,” stated the 
|Richmond’s Barton Heights. | Record, “that we don’t live in 
| Father O’Kane said white|a merely legal and mathemat- 
ineighbors, whom he inter-|ical universe. The funda- 
were shocked. He | mental question is not wheth- 

| viewed, 
/quoted one woman as saying,/er the existing laws are being 
\“They’ve given us no trouble; | precisely observed, but wheth- 
er these laws, or more exact- 

'why should we tolerate any-| 
ly, the social attitudes respon- 

‘one giving them trouble.” An- 

eeee ee ee eeeeeeeee 

eeeeeeeeeeeee eeerreeee eevee eeeeeeee eeever 

with the President that made Voted attention of the people. | 
hjm instruct General George Even the two little dark chil- | 

C. Marshal that there was to/ dren in front of us, continu-| 
he no the ally dropping their collection | 

segregation in 
army’s rehabilitation program | Pennies, were reverently rest | 

’ sc! 
and no “separate” hotels were | *€SS- 
set up in New York or Chi-, Now, the sacred moment, | 

cago for Negro overseas vet-| the Consecration is at hand. | 
ae 6 |The priest holds aloft the; 
Mrs. Bethune knows the| Sacred Body to be adored. | 

secret of peaceful living. She “My Lord and my God.” | 
looks back over “the steep, | Funny, I thought again... 
hard wav” she has come from | S° ™any people would shud- | 
the overcrowded log cabin, | der if asked to attend a Negro | 

}church .. . Slowly and rever- | 

‘ently the Ladies’ Altar Socie- | 
|ty approached to receive Our | 

congregation followed. Race’ 
prejudice was non-existent in | 
'this holy place! My thought | 

endship House News 

‘this time was how unimpor- | Ship problems in that state. accorded him. . 

tant our color on the outside, | 
long as our hearts beat | 
with love for Him. 
Breakfast followed in 
hall, served by the women of | 
the parish, and the purpose of 
the gathering was explained. 

It was hoped that the round- 
work would be laid right 
there to form a group to fos- 

ter attendance at daily Mass 
and Communion. A commit- 
tee was then selected to fur- 
{ther those plans. But most 

| significant, I think, was the 
|functioning of the Mystical 
Body of Christ—Negro and 
white—with one common 

J Love and one common Father. 

RO Bee eas iS etka camtigtae 

eee eereeere eeeeeevee eevee 

akivhiw'ocwe : nS occes 

C) Bill me 

* 4 : 

other said that white people 
would aid Negroes in helping | 
them to improve themselves 
by allowing them to have 
good home sites and other 
opportunities. Another, whom | 
the priest described as “thor- 
oughly Virginian” expressed | 
the opinion: “It was a very 
unkind thing to do.” A) 
fourth neighbor attributed | 
the incident to teen-agers, 
* A ae 

Monsignor Joseph Brunini 

and other members of the 
Southern Regional Council 

up a bi-racial board to study 

sible for these laws, respect 
the inherent dignity of the 
human personality.” 

The article continues to say 
that if the food and service in 
the Negro section of the car 
are as good as those in the 
white’s: “If all this is true, 
then we may conclude that 
the satisfaction of his animal 
instincts has been equitably 
provided for. But his human 
dignity has been outraged. He 
has been treated as something 
less than a man, not to add, as 
something less than a free 

Lord, and then the general | instigated action by Governor | citizen of a democracy. Some- 
Wright of Mississippi to set | 

thing other than his rational 
nature has been made the 

Negro education and citizen- 

Return Postage Guaranteed 

basis of the rights which are 


the 34 West 135th St. New York 80, N. Y.