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..« Cornell Colors Are Waving Today 

You Can’t Always Tell 

As SUGGESTED in this space in recent issues of the Cornell 
Countryman, farming is not the only occupation for which the 
College of Agriculture trains its graduates. 

For example, agriculiural occupations that are not strictly 
farming may center around the raising of flowers, especially 
under glass. Courses in floriculture and ornamental horticulture 
teach greenhouse methods and the practices connected with 
the florists’ trade; in fact, some of the most prominent florists 
in the country are Cornell graduates. 

Natural Sciences 

Practically all of the courses in what are known as “‘natural 
sciences,’ or more properly ‘‘nature’’ sciences, are taught in the 
College of Agriculture. These include meteorology, or the 
science of the weather; botany, the science of plants and plant 
life, which has many related sciences or branches, as plant 
physiology and plant breeding; pomology, or the science of 
growing fruit. Some coileges list ‘‘olericulture’’ among their 
courses; Cornell is satisfied in teaching the same subject but, at 
the College of Agriculture, the plain and simple designation of 
vegetable crops” is enough. 

Sometimes They Change 

Suppose one wishes to teach science, or just to teach; the 
College of Agriculture has courses in rural education and science 
teaching. One young man entered Cornell to study these educa- 
tional subjects; he made up his schedule of studies and found 
that he had to take another course to have enough hours of study 
required for a term’s work. He learned of a course in wild-life 
conservation that fitted nicely, and he liked it so well that he 
then took all of the conservation courses offered by the College. 
Now he is a valued member of the New York State Conservation 
Commission and declares that he is happier in his present job 
than he ever could have been at teaching school. 

Make a Start 

Regardless of whether you have chosen your career, it is 
well to get a start on a college education. If you are below the 
draft age, a year at College gives that start and increases the 
likelihood that, after the Victory, you will return to complete what 
you have begun. 

In thinking of College, think what your state colleges offer 
you in free tuition, and in an investment in the riches of know- 
ledge that can never be taken away from you. As you look 
toward college entrance next fail, write to learn what the College 
of Agriculture offers. Address your inquiry to 

Director of Admissions 
Cornell University 
Ithaca, New York 

The Cornell Countryman 

Member of the Agricultural College Magazines, 
Founded 1903 Associated Incorporated 1914 
Published Monthly from November to June by students of the New York State Colleges of Agriculture and 

Home Economics at Cornell University. 
York. Printed by Norton Printing Co. 
dollars; single copies 15 cents. 

W. D. MeMillan ’24 .. 

Marjorie i. Fine °46: «........06.0%0. Feature Editor 
Germaine Seelye °45 Campus Countryman 
Nancy Hubbard ’46 Homemaker 
Nina Kuzmich ’45 Former Student Notes 
A. W. Gibson ’17 Alumni Editor 
Al Schwartz '47 Radio Editor 

..President Board of Directors 

Betsy A. Kandiko °44 


Norton Printing Company 

‘where service is a habit” 


Featuring the 



146 E. State St, Ithaca, N. Y. 


Entered as Second Class matter at the Post Office, Ithaca, New 
The subscription rate is one dollar a year or three years for two 


Jean Carnell ’46 Business Manager 

Louise Greene ’46 Circulation Manager 

Jean Krumwiede °46 

Alice Latimer ’46 Rosa Wunsch ‘47 

Now You Can Get: 


A limited supply of some of 
this merchandise. 


412-413 College Ave. Sheldon Court 


In This Issue 

‘News and Views on Ag Research by Al Schwartz 
and Walt Boek 

His Shirt Tails Flying—Short story of the month 
by C. E. Gascoigne 

The Trend in Agricultural Education by Marj 

On the Hill 

Weeey Sie NOON so osc eine vee ches ca cedesnwes 

The Cornell Countryman 

June, 1944 

New and Views 


HE department of Animal Nutri- 
7 tion at Cornell has been conduct- 

ing investigations for many 
years in order to attack the feeding 
problems of farmers and livestock 
men. Improved feeding results in 
animals that are more efficient con- 
verters of grain and roughage into 
human food. 

The small animal laboratory has 
played an important part in the de- 
termination of standards of economi- 
cal and effective feeding. There are 
kept the mice and rabbits which serve 
as test animals in the various experi- 
ments attempted in this research. Per- 
formed mostly by graduate students, 
work had been done on longevity, 
basal metabolism, retarded growth, 
and chronic diseases. All the experi- 
ments are carried out with the pur- 
pose of relating them to problems 
paralleled in other animals and in 

One important experiement is that 
of Marvin Steinberg ’44 and Norman 
Kretchmer °’44, concerning gain of 
weight by yellow mice. Through dif- 
ferent methods of feeding, they are 
trying to determine whether or not 
the deposition of fat in the body tis- 
sues of the animal is regulated by an 
inherited factor, or more exactly, to 
discover what use is made of the 
available nutrients. The result of 
these tests may be of significance in 
their connection with humans having 
the same health problem of gaining 
or losing weight. 

Another study under investigation 
is that pertaining to the use of soy- 
beans and soy flour in breadmaking. 
The value of adding five percent soy 
bean flour to the regular wheat flour 
is undergoing tests, and in addition 
the preparation of the beans to make 
them more palatable. 

An animal recently imported from 
Asia may be used in the experiments 
before long. It is the hamster, a yel- 
low-brown burrowing rodent, and may 
prove of value as subject and control 

A more practical approach to feed- 
ing problems is assumed in the animal 
nutrition lab where work is being 
done towards better feeding of farm 
animals. One of the tests concerns 
the type of proteins in calf starters. 
Heretofore there had been some 
source of animal protein, such as 
meat scraps or fish meal in the calf 

« by Al Schwartz and Walt Bock 

starters, but new findings have lead 
to the conclusion that such proteins 
can be replaced by plant proteins in 
soybeans, linseed meal and the like, 
without lowering the quality of the 

Another calf feeding problem is that 
regarding the minimum amount of 
whole milk fed to calves. With some 
of the new rations and starters it will 
be possible to reduce the usual 350 
pounds of whole milk needed at 
present. This means saving to the 
farmers and releases more fluid milk 
for human consumption. 

The fat percentage in dairy rations 
is another important matter. In the 
past it had been proven that four per- 
cent fat was necessary for optimun 
milk production. However, in the 
newer methods of processing the soy- 
bean, the fat is so lowered that when 
the meal is mixed in dairy rations it 
no longer gives them the added fat, 
and the new ration contains only 
two-three percent fat. As a result 
of this there will be a decrease in milk 
production when the ration is fed. 
But the fats are more essential for 
human consumption, and consequent- 
ly, they will be used in the original 
form without being transformed into 
the constituents of dairy products. 

This is but a brief survey of some 
of the work of the animal nutrition- 
ists. The key note is better experi- 
mental methods which speed the over- 
coming of obstacles in the production 
of food to improve living standards. 


HESE are times of labor short- 
I age and high production goals. 
Whatever can be done to benefit 

farmers in food production is import- 
ant in winning the war. 

Agricultural engineers have intro- 
duced many new machines to balance 
the decreased man power supply. And 
since the haying season is the biggest 
job for dairymen and the hay itself 
is the most important single dairy 
feed, efficiency in its production and 
harvest is vital. There are several 
new developments in this field. 

Through actual use, the buck rake 
was made known to farmers as a 
quick and economical haying imple- 
ment. It is a machine for lifting and 
carrying hay from the windrow to the 

barn in one operation. Its use means 
saving of time and labor, and reduc- 
tion of losses in nutrient value of the 
hay. It can be built by the farmer 
with lumber, and a truck body. A set 
of long wooden teeth are erected on a 
frame and mounted on the rear of the 
the truck body. A hoist is attached 
to lift the teeth ... by hand or by the 
power of the engine. In use, the truck 
backs up to the windrow and the hay 
is forced onto the teeth. When a load 
has accumulated the teeth are raised 
from the ground, and the load is 
driven to the barn. 800-1200 pounds 
can be carried each trip. In the barn 
the hay is dumped in a pile or in a 
sling, by lowering the teeth and draw- 
ing them out of the hay. The hay is 
pulled into the mow with the sling or 
with a grapple fork. The machine is 
operated by two men, one in the mow, 
and one working the hoist, but be- 
cause it is efficient in its use of man- 
power, it is a labor saving device. 

Another way to save labor and pro- 
vide good quality roughage is to put 
the hay into the barn before it is 
completely dry. This can be done by 
several methods. One system involves 
crushing the stems following mowing. 
This speeds drying. After the stems 
have been crushed between two steel 
rolls the hay is hoisted into special 
mows. These mows have flues built 
in the floor, six feet apart, thus en- 
abling air to pass through the hay. 
A blower forces air through these 
passageways and dries it. During the 
day the blower is open, but it is shut 
off at night until the hay is cured. It 
it possible to cure hay eight feet high 
at one time. When a layer is cured, 
another can be placed on top of it and 
the process repeated, or it can be re- 
moved to « regular mow. 

Hay can also be chopped by a regu- 
lar ensilage cutter and blower which 
is drawn through the fields where they 
hay is picked up from the windrows, 
cut, and blown into a wagon. Driven 
to the barn, the hay is then blown into 
an elevator which deposits it in the 

These systems enable the farmer to 
store hay a few hours after cutting 
and so decrease the risk of getting it 
wet and incurring losses from leach- 
ing; and in each case the hay is of 
high quality. 

Modern machinery is one step in 
reaching our production goals. The 
buck rake-and -mow-cured hay may 
prove to be ways to pass these goals. 

Letter to the Editor 
Dear Ed. 

The men of the Ag campus are feeling pretty low 
these days. For some peculiar reason the women of 
Plant Science and Caldwell Hall think that we don’t appre- 
ciate them. We surely do. We can’t understand where 
they got the silly notions the Ag Hag complained about— 
(Just like a woman to have dumb ideas!). We would ap- 
preciate it greatly if you’d print an ode that we have 
dedicated to them: 

Life without a coe-ed 
Is like pretzels without beer, 
Is like a soda without ice cream, 
Is like a car without a gear 
Oh, life without a co-ed 
Is like soap without its lye. 
But, if there’s one thing worse 
In this universe, 
It’s a co-ed, 
I said a co-ed, 
I mean a co-ed, 
Without a guy. 

As "Fe Were 

The New Board 

Graduation for the class of ’44 is here, and away with 

the class goes the old editor. We will say just one word 

to her—‘“Good-bye”—for it is time to welcome the new 

editor and the new board: 

Marjorie Fine, Editor-in-Chief 


Jean Carnell Business Manager 

Jean Krumwiede Asst. Business Manager 

Alice Latimer Circulation Manager 

Louise Green 


Nancy Hubbard Home Ec Editor 

Germayne Seelye Campus Countryman Editor 

Nina Kuzmich Former Student Notes 

Rosa Wunsch 

To The New Editor 

We wonder if you have noticed how much the late 
editor has not been in the office this past month. You, as 
trial editor, had to plan the June issue, handle the ads, 
line up the features, and manage our concession at the 
carnival; while the editor became notorious for picking 
better horses than she could ride. 

You never said anything, but you probably thought it 
was queer. We wonder if you won’t do the same thing 
next year to the new editor. It will be hard on him, but he 
will be editor, and not a figurehead. 

Your work will not be noticed, only your absence from 
the spotlight, for you will be a back-stage prompter. You 
will let the editor-to-be play the leading role, even though 
he misinterpret some lines, for in a few months you will 
be gone, and he must play the role alone. 

His Shirt 
Tail Flying 

~ by C. E. Gascoigne 

OUNG Claude Waldo would 
Y rather fish than eat; he thought 

that a person could fish at only 
one time during the day, whereas he 
could eat at any time. Maybe he was 
right; maybe he was wrong. Anyway, 
Waldo always used to catch fish. 

He used to work in a canning fac- 
tory in the summer, and every night 
at about six-thirty the populace of 
Wolcott saw Waldo with his green 
shirt tail flying racing down the West 
Main Street hill on his bicycle. The 
red light on the corner never bothered 
him; instead of stopping, he would 
sneak to the right and go around the 
town fountain at the _ intersection. 
When he hit Main Street, he would 
keep right on peddling for all he was 
worth, skimming past any car that 
stopped or that was going too slow 
to suit him. What a sight that was— 
a flash of green on a bicycle dashing 
down the street at a speed much too 
great for safety. People could have 
understood it if he had been rushing 
home to supper, but they couldn’t 
figure out why he was in such hurry 
to go fishing. 

Leaving Main Street, he would go 
hell bent for leather down another 
hill, across the mill pond bridge, and 
up the other hill. Then he would 
turn to the left, scoot into his own 
yard, drop the bicycle, and rush into 
the house. In two minutes he would 
dash out with a fishing pole and a 
landing net clasped in his hands. 
Taking a short cut to the pond, he 
abandoned his mad rush for the rest 
of the evening. Skillfully and quietly, 
he would get into the boat and row 
easily around the pond, stopping every 
now and then to cast his old battered 
plug into the place where a bass 
should be. More often than not, the 
bass would be there, and more often 
than not, he would put it back after he 
caught it. He caught so many that 
he would only keep the ones that 
were big enough to be proud of. When 
he did catch a big one, he made sure 
that every one in town knew about 

The Cornell Countryman 

it, too. Claude Waldo was like that. 

Yes, Waldo was like that. It 
doesn’t seem possible that last sum- 
mer is just a memory when Waldo was 
like that. He probably never realized 
that then would be the last time he 
would ever go fishing. Last summer 
he went fishing nearly every night 
and always caught at least one fish. 
One night after catching one that 
weighed a little over four pounds, he 
thought he had caught the biggest 
fish in the pond. He felt pretty good 
about that. Then one night he spied 
one of the biggest bass he had ever 
seen strike. He claimed that it would 
weigh six pounds if it weighed an 
ounce. Sure, he was excited about it. 
Who wouldn’t be? I don’t know why 
he wrote only me all about the 
“Whopper”. Sure, he told other peo- 
ple that there was a big bass there, 
but that was as far as he went. Every- 
body knew that; they knew Waldo 
liked to talk, too. 

MAYBE he told me about it in his 

letters just to fill up space, or 
maybe he wanted to take my mind off 
my illness for awhile, or maybe he 
trusted me? Who knows? From that 
night on, he was determined to catch 
the bass, and he didn’t bring a fish 
home after that. He always said there 
wasn’t a fish in the pond that he 
would keep if it wasn’t as big as the 
“Whopper”. Every night that bass 
would strike; once he had it right up 
to the boat and was so excited that 
he didn’t get the landing net under 
it in time. Another time the fish 
leaped out of the water beside the 
boat and gave him a bath from the 
splash. Several times he battled with 
him for three or four minutes, but 
never could he land him. But Waldo 
was not the type to give up. 

Then one day he heard that some 
one had caught a bass that weighed 
slightly under six pounds. Nobody 
could make him believe that was the 
“Whopper”, though. The only way 
to find out was to go fishing; Waldo 
went fishing that night. Once more 
Waldo dashed through the streets 
with his green shirt tail flying. No 
one ever thought that would be the 
last time. I wish I could tell you 
about it as well as Waldo told me. 
Just a minute now and maybe I can 
find the letter in which he told me 
about it. Here it is. Maybe you can 
get the story better if I read his 

He says, “. .. I went down to see 
about the ‘Whcpper’ tonight. It 

June, 1944 

couldn’t have been a better night to 
use that old battered plug of mine; 
you know the kind of a night I mean. 
The sun was setting and everything 
was quiet. There wasn’t a ripple on 
the water, and it was just beginning 
to get dark. The oars didn’t even 
squeak; the first time in weeks. I 
took my time and stopped the boat 
in just the right place. I sat there 
for a couple of minutes to kind of get 
my nerve up and then looked at my 
old plug. The hooks were sharp 
enough, and they were attached solid- 
ly. I took my time casting because 
it had to be a good cast the first time. 
I judged the distance carefully and 
then easily cast the plug. The reel 
hummed naturally, and the plug hit 
the water in just the right spot. There 
wasn’t a sound to be heard, and I 
let the plug rest on the water for a 
minute. Then I gave it a little 
twitch; nothing happened. I waited 
for a few seconds and gave it another 
little twitch; still nothing happened. 
I was working that bait for all I was 
worth, so if he was there, he just 
couldn’t possibly resist it. I gave 
another twich, and everything was 
quiet. He just had to be there. It 
was almost dark, and it was just a 
matter of minutes. One last twitch, 
and I knew the bass was still there! 
He was just as big as ever! He fought 
so hard that he practically tore the 
bottom off the pond. He got me wet 
again before he shook the hook! You 
know, I’ve got a feeling that that 
bass was made for me to catch; and 
I'll catch him if it’s the last thing I 

HE never realized that he would 

never catch the “Whopper”. Yes, 
Waldo was like that; he never gave 
up without a fight. But now the peo- 
ple of Wolcott will never again see 
that flash of green on a bicycle dash- 
ing through Main Street They will 
never see that rickety old boat on the 
pond with Waldo gently pulling on the 
oars, or hear him say, “Man you 
should see the bass I caught last 
night! Why, he’d weigh four pounds 
if he weighed an ounce!” You see, the 
time came when Waldo had something 
else big to fight for. He went fighting 
on the ocean for the day when he 
could catch the “Whopper” and tell 
the whole town about it. But the 
“Whopper” will never be caught, be- 
cause Waldo stayed with his ship. He 
never gave up if he thought he had a 
fighting chance. Maybe he didn’t even 
have a fighting chance when he was 
killed in action. 

Cornell Countryman 

A Journal of Country Life - Plant, Animal, Human 

riculture were young they were 

thought of as “trade schools”, as 
places where young men could learn 
to be better farmers than their fathers 
had been. The students went through 
their training and returned to the 
home farm, and there it was learned 
that they were not the best farmers 
in the community. They knew the 
scientific name of the organism caus- 
ing Bang’s disease, but they couldn’t 
keep the abortions out of their herds. 
And perhaps folks began to wonder 
just what the boy had been learning 
while he was at college. 

Ll: the days when the colleges of ag- 

The story of what he had been 
learning is this . . . He came to the 
college to learn the best way to farm. 
But by the time he had been gradu- 
ated he had become divorced from 
actual farm practice, and more in- 
volved in the experiments behind the 
techniques of operation. His inter- 
ests became focused on improving 
breeds of livestock, selection and 
crossing of plants to develop varieties 
of crops adapted to various soil and 
climatic conditions, engineering, ag- 
ronomy, plant pathology, dairy in- 
dustry, economics of production and 
distribution, in short, he had become 
interested in applied science. He was 
not the best farmer, but he was a good 
research man. " 

Times were changing. The farm 
was becoming more specialized. Farm- 
ers bought clothing in town; they 
bought food in town. And they didn’t 
try to grow a little of everything on 
their land. They began to grow the 
crops best suited to their area, and 
had supplies of products they couldn’t 
grow well sent in from places where 
they were easy to grow. Farmers 
spent their time on enterprises that 
paid best, and before long they noticed 
that it took fewer men to till the same 
acreage, and that there was enough 
produced by one man to send another 
to the city to produce manufactured 
goods. Farms weren’t self-sufficient; 
they were commercial. Prices became 
important, increased production be- 
came important. That is why the son 
who went to college began to learn 

Ithaca, New York, June, 1944 

The Trend 

* by Marjorie L. Fine 

about prices, about improving effi- 
ciency on the farm, about better ani- 
mals and plants. And so, the colleges, 
though they may have seemed to, did 
not fail the farmer. They gave him 
the men who laid the foundations for 
nodern agriculture. 

Some may wonder why it is then that 
each farmer runs his farm differently, 
why farming did not become stand- 
ardized as did industry. The reasons 

that agriculture is not pursued by 
factory methods are many. Farming 
deals with living things; farming de- 
pends on weather; by-products must 
be utilized on the land from which 
they originated; soils vary, not only 
from farm to farm, and field to field, 
but even from one part of a field to 
another. The key note in agriculture 
is variation. It might be said that the 
only thing that does not change is the 
fact that everything else does change. 
Agriculture itself has not matured. 
It would be a catastrophe if the stage 
were ever reached from which we 
could no longer grow and develop. 

The agricultural colleges have de- 
veloped but full maturity cannot be 
reached. Their work is never done. 
It has become evident that what is 
good today may not be satisfactory 
within the span of a few years. We 
cannot rely on smut resistant varieties 
of the small grains to be resistant to 
new races of the smuts which appear 

as mutations and hybrids just as the 
hosts themselves have done. In short 
the work that has been done by these 
colleges cannot be regarded as com- 
pleted. Continually, weaknesses be- 
come apparent, and it is clearly seen 
that the time has not come to close 
the laboratory and experimental field. 

Plant breeding is less than half a 
century old; agricultural economics is 
half the age of p'tant breeding. The 
social sciences have reached a point 
in their development analagous to the 
physical sciences at the time it was 
discovered that fire is not composed 
of either angry spirits nor matter. 

gricultural research is not yet in 
full bloom. 

One of the ‘research problems that 
lies ahead is analysis of farm opera- 
tion. At present all that has been 
done is to describe individual farm 
jobs and farm organization. What 
must be done is to analyze in- 
dividual farms. This is important 
because labor is the scarce factor of 
production in the United States, and is 
the largest single cost of the business. 
For this reason it must be used to the 
greatest advantage. Efficiency is es- 
sential, and becomes increasingly so 
with the passage of time and the im- 
provement in technology. Efficiency 
is a measure of the use of time. To 
attain high efficiency time must be 
planned so that the right thing is done 
at the right time. Farmers who read 
this are not learning anything new, 
for they know what must be done. But 
perhaps they do not know that “time 
consciousness” can be taught. 

One of the functions of the agri- 
cultural colleges is to aid the student 
in learning how to analyze a problem 
and to solve it methodically. Success 
in this function of the colleges is fully 
as important as their contributions 
resulting from experiments in applied 
sciences. For if they can equip the 
student to recognize problems and to 
work them through they will have pro- 
duced successful farmers, and success- 
ful men. They will have given the 
student tools. Without them he is 
lost. But with them he can build a 
still greater agriculture, and a greater 

Memories Linger 

Spring Day is over; and all of us 
have memories of one grand hectic 

We will be able to tell our children 
about the great military revue and the 
earnival. Concessions of all sorts 
adorned the fie!d. I couldn’t resist the 
temptation to stop at the Cornell 
Countryman booth and pound those 
nails in. I finally won a corncob pipe 
after several tries (incidently, I also 
received a black and blue thumb; I 
think the nails were crooked). 

Everywhere I turned, sound of 
“Step right up and have a nice sizzling 
hamburger or hot dog,” “Ice cream— 
this way please” and “How about 
some candy to give to your best girl.” 

The Skunk Hollow Carnival will al- 
ways remain the big weekend for the 
class of ’44. 

Les Brown’s orchestra did a bang 
up job on the Spring Day formal 
where all danced around the May- 
pole. Doris Day, the vocalist, added 
sparkle to the evening. President 
and Mrs. Edmund Day, Col. and Mrs. 
Edwin Van Duesen, Capt. and Mrs. 
Burton Chippendale, Major and Mrs. 
Jewett and Mrs. Phillip Olin and Lt. 
Commander C. B. Reemelin were the 
receiving line. 

Grange Activities 

The Grange initiated the following 
members with the first and second de- 
gree status: 

Jean Carnell 
Sidney Hart 
Frank Reynolds 

They will receive the third and 

fourth degree status in June. 

To Collect Milkweed Pods 

Ralph Y. DeWolfe, state chairman 
of the U.S.D.A. War Board heads a 
program to collect 1,500,000 pounds of 
milkweed floss this year. Most of the 
gathering of the floss will be done by 
schoolchildren in July, August, and 
Semptember. The milkweed floss will 
serve as a substitute for kapok used in 
the manufacture of life jackets and 
aviator’s suits for our armed services. 
The War Hemp Industry will provide 
a worker to help with the program and 
to furnish mesh bags for the pods. 

The Cornell Countryman 

On The Hill 

Betsy Kandiko °44 

When a sunny day rolls around, the 
Cornell Countryman editor cannot be 
found in the office. She is out horse- 
back riding. When she dashes into the 
office, mud on her plaid shirt, the 
freckles scraped off her nose, the 
hardened staff nods casually, “Fall 
off again?” Some day she will quit 
racing with good riders. 

Betsy, a senior in the Home Ec 
school, comes from Ancram, N. Y. Al- 
though she worked off campus her 
freshman year, she not only took part 
in campus activities, but also received 
the highest grades in her class that 
year. She became a member of the 
Debate Club and of Kermis, the upper 
campus dramatic club. In her sopho- 
more year she was appointed to the 
Off-Campus Straight Committee, and 
became a compet for the Cornell Dra- 
matic Club. She also made the Coun- 
tryman board that year. She entered 
the Home Ec Public Speaking Stage 

June, 1944 

both her freshman and sophomore 
years. During her junior year, she 
became former students notes editor 
of the Countryman, and is now editor- 

For a month this term she worked 
as an associate editor of the Cornell 
Alumni editing the alumni 

While at Cornell, she held these 
scholarships: the New York State 
Bankers’ Association Scholarship, the 
Robert M. Adams 4-H Memorial, the 
Stite Cash, and the Martha Van Rens- 
selaer Alumnae. 

Her favorite activities are dancing, 
horseback riding, swimming, and lis- 
tening to the hit parade on Saturday 
night before a date with the Navy. 
Concerts at Bailey Hall also rate. 

She is a member of Pi Delta Gam- 
ma, women’s honorary journalistic so- 
ciety, and of Omicron Nu, senior hon- 
orary society in home economics. Her 
major has been journalism. 

As yet Betsy is undecided as to what 
she is going to do when she finishes 
college, but at this point is consider- 
ing joining the Marines, being an air 
stewardess, spending the summer on 
a dude ranch, and settling down to a 
real job in journalism. 


Art Shows 

“An appreciation of art can be in- 
creased by repeated visits to art 
shows,” says Virginia True, an assist- 
ant Professor at the New York State 
College of Home Economics. “Art 
makes one feel and live more intense- 
ly, and exihibts open the doorway to 
art,” she explained. The appreciation 
of works of art involves both the artist 
and the layman. Since art is visual 
it must be seen; since it is mental, it 
must be understood; as it is emotional, 
it must be felt. 

A trained person, versed in tech- 
nical knowledge, has a far greater 
chance to appreciate art than does the 
untrained person. 

“Art feeds on life, and since life 
changes, art cannot be static. What 
intersts the artist will sooner or latter 
interests the artist will sooner or later 
why annual exhibits are useful, they 
show new trends from year to year. 

Recent exhibits in the Martha Van 
Rensselaer Art Gallery have included 
a group of paintings sent to this 
country by the Brazilian government. 

June, 1944 

The Cornell Countryman 

Former Student Notes 


Elwood L. Chase was appointed di- 
rector of the transportation division 
of the War Food Administration in the 
US Department of Agriculture on 
April 15. After graduation from the 
University, he did farm management 
and extension work in New Jersey, 
and for four years was agricultural 
agent in Ulster county. For the past 
twenty years he has been in the feed 
and grain business with the coopera- 
tive GLF mills. As chairman of the 
Lower Lakes grain committee, Chase 
has worked with the War Food Ad- 
ministration in solving problems of 
shipping and handling grain on the 
Great Lakes. 


Paul R. Young has just completed 
the manuscript for his second junior 
text on gardening called Garden 
Graphs, Book Two. The first book, 
Elementary Garden Graphs, was pub- 
lished in 1942. Young is garden editor 
of the Cleveland News and_ schoo! 
garden supervisor on the city’s Board 
of Education. 


Ina S. Lindman, author of a new 
cook book for the U. S. Navy, was 
recently featured in the New Yorker’s 
“Talk of the Town.” She is working 
for the United Fruit Company and to 
date has worked out over 600 new 
recipes for bananas. Her chief am- 
bition is to do a specialized cook book 
for use in submarine and aircraft 


W. King White was featured in a 
recent issue of the Cleveland Plain 
Dealer. A descendent of the manu- 
facturers of the White Sewing ma- 
chine and the White Steamer auto- 
mobile, he has built the Cleveland 
Tractor Company to its present im- 
portance. He was behind the “Cle- 
trac”, first with Wilkins at the North 
Pole, first with Byrd at the South 
Pole, and now its “cousin” the bull- 
dozer, found on every battlefield to- 

Dorothy DeLany is the assistant 
4-H Club leader for New York State, 
with headquarters in Roberts Hall at 
the University. 


Lieutenant Donald T. Ries is sta- 
tioned at Greensboro, North Carolina, 
as assistant medical inspector in the 
USAAF Training Command Center. 

John E. Coykendall has gone west 
to Tuscon, Arizona, where he is now 
employed by Consolidated Aircraft 


Elton Hanks is back in Ithaca as 
assistant farm land supervisor. He 
was formerly agricultural agent for 
Rensselaer County. 

Calvin Russell II is working in the 
farm loan department of the Metro- 
politan Life Insurance Company, 
Rochester, Minn. 


Ensign Stewart C. Smith is now 
on active sea duty with the USCGR. 
He received his commission at the US 
Coast Guard Academy after four 
months of preliminary training. 

Richard Eglington has accepted a 
position as head of sanitation in the 
Connecticut State Department of 
Heaith, Hartford. Before that he was 
city bacteriologist in Ithaca. 

led Cooter) 

. ; 

Giff Hoag is doing a great deal of 
traveiing these days—on business, of 
course. He is working in the informa- 
tion and extension division of the 
Farm Credit Administration, Kansas 
City, Missouri. 


Ruth E. Broderick is a dietitian at 
the Colon Hospital, Cristobal, Canal 

Pauline S. Keese is overseas as a 
civil employee of the US Army. 

Captain John S. Andrews had a real 
military wedding last March when he 
was married to Lieutenant Aileen 
Paquette, Army Nurse Corps, at Camp 
Meade, Maryland. Before being called 
into active service, Andrews was an 
assistant in the Research Division of 
the US Department of Agriculture. 

Warren C. Huff has been appointed 
Northeastern States’ representative of 
the educational and research bureau 
of By-product Ammonia. He was 
formerly extension soil conservation- 
ist at the College of Agriculture. 


Helen M. Sands is assistant profes- 
sor in home economics and Director of 
Nursery schools at Austin, Texas. 

Paula L. Bethke is a dietitian at the 
St. Johns River Ship Building Com- 
pany, Jacksonville, Florida. Before 
accepting her new position, she was 
cofeteria manager of the Kankakee 
Ordinance Works, Illinois. 

Mary Robinson left her job as as- 
sistant in charge of housekeeping and 
food service at Pembroke College to 
take over duties as cafeteria manager 
for the Todd Union at the University 
of Rochester. 

Leon F. Graves is in the meteorol- 
ogy department at Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology doing research 
assistant teaching in the Army-Navy 
program there. On campus he met 
Ross L. Heald ’46 who is an aviation 
cadet at the Institute. 


Since last September Second Lieu- 
tenant Leonard C. Grubel, AAF, has 
been teaching meteorology to basic 
pitots at Greenville, Mass. 

James J. Miller is teaching voca- 
tional agriculture at Deposit Central 


Sergeant Alfred C. Kuchler is in 
Egypt as an Army meteorologist. He 
is a member of the staff of the Sky- 
master, a weekly newspaper published 
by the men there. 

First Lieutenant Lynn W. Cocker, 
USAAF, has been awarded the Air 
Medal and Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster 
for outstanding achievement in mis- 
sions over enemy territory. He is in 
England piloting Mustangs. 

Lieutenant Raymond A. Lull, Army 
Air Corps, was killed in action in 
Europe last December. His parents 
received the Purple Heart, awarded 
posthumously, and a personal mes- 
sage from Commanding General H. H. 
Arnold in which he praised Lull’s 
high courage and ability. 

Sally Steinman, with the American 
Red Cross in North Africa, starred in 
the play “How Green Was My Corn”, 
presented to the soldiers in Oran. The 
show was written and produced by a 
group of Red Cross girls and service 
men. Costumes were of the Gay Nine- 
ties variety, made from old curtains. 
The play made such a hit in Oran that 
the troupe took it to Algiers and gave 
four more uproarious _ performances. 

The Cornell Countryman 

June, 1944 

Former Student Notes 

Corporal Herman Grubin, Jr., likes 
the field life he lives in New Guinea. 
All it needs to be perfect is a little 
wine and lots of women. 

Helen L. Crum is in England with 
the American Red Cross doing hos- 
pital recreational work. 

Sergeant Laurence (€. Gardner is 
now stationed at Mason General Hos- 
pital, Brentwood. Before entering the 
service he was associated with the 
Farm Security 

Administration in 

Betty Jane Banes, feature editor of 
the Countryman in 1940, is writing for 
the Warwick Valley Dispatch, a coun- 
try weekly edited by her aunt, Flor- 
ence Ketchum. This job is only tem- 
porary, for she plans to sett'e down to 
dairy farming when she marries Fred- 
rick E. Wright of Warwick. In Betty’s 
words, “I never thought my ag train- 
ing would come in so handy so soon.” 

Winston Klotzback has been pro- 
moted to staff sergeant in the Army. 
George Allen recently resigned his 

position as district agricultural en- 
zineer for the State War Council to 
work on farm machinery with G.L.F. 


“Home was never like this,” says 
Lieutenant Burrt D. Dutcher, Army 
Signal Corps. He has been in the war 
theater of New Guinea a long time 
now, but he still can’t get used to the 

Ronald E. Bowman is in Whitesville 
managing the GLF farm machinery re- 
pair center there. 

William J. Packer has been in Aus- 
tralia the past few months as a navi- 
gator. He writes that he doesn’t mind 
the job he is doing, but he missed 
Ithaca’s winter weather. We hope that 
next year he will be making snow 
balls again with the rest of us! 


Lieutenant Leo Hamalian is _ sta- 
tioned in England, not far from the 
River Avon. He has traveled a great 
deal and so far has been to Wales, 
East Angelia, Yorkshire, Derbyshire, 
Staffordshire, Hants, Dorset, and 
Wilts. He also visited Windsor, Carfe, 
and Cardiff castles but found them un- 
comfortable-looking places in which 
to live. Leo is doing his bit to cement 
Anglo-American relationships by pass- 
ing out chewing “goom” (gum to us) 
to the children. It is quite popular 

in England and since Leo has a lot 
of it, he is, too! 

Solomon Cook is teaching agricul- 
ture at Lisbon and is leader of two 
4-H Clubs in that area of St. Lawrence 

Louise Mullen °43 

Louise Mullen is active 4-H Club 
agent in Middlebury, Vermont. Here 
is what the former business manager 
of the Coutryman wrote in a recent 
letter to the staff: “I certainly have 
one swell bunch of 4-H boys and girls, 
and I am proud of them. Two of 
my members attended the national 4-H 
Club Congress in Chicago and one 
of them was a national winner.” As 
president of the 4-H council, Louise 
attended Capitol Day March 6 in Al- 
bany where she presided over a ban- 
quet and presented 25 pursuit ships to 
the armed forces on behalf of the 
$2,000,000 worth of war stamps and 
bonds sold by 63,000 4-H members. She 
also made Governor Dewey New York 
State’s first honorary 4-H member. 

Amelia D. Bielaski is Home Demon- 
stration agent for Chenango County, 
Home Bureau office, Norwich, New 

More news about “who’s who” in the 
field of home ec_ teachers. Mary 
Christian is in Walden, New York, 
Shirley J. Busacker in Andes, Jean 
Marie Hammersmith (Mrs. G. B. 
Wright) in Waterloo, and Gracia R. 
Byrne in Portville. 

Lois T. Zimmerman is employed in 
the promotion and sales division of 
Alexander Smith and Sons, makers 
ef rugs and carpets, Yonkers, New 

Since November 1, Helen McCune 
has been assistant home demonstra- 
tion agent in Jamestown. She is con- 
centrating on the nutrition program 

Elizabeth M. Brockway has started 
training at the Yale school of nursing, 
New Haven, Conn. 

Harriet E. Fonda is an assistant at 
the Rochester Children’s Nursery. 

Evelyn V. Corwith is assisting in the 
testing kitchen at Standard Brands, 
Inc., New York City. 

Jane A. Bartholomae is a dietitian 
at the Franklin Baker Division of 
General Foods, Hoboken, New Jersey. 

Margaret €. Morse (Mrs. Walter 
Thalman) took a government-spon- 
sored course in Aircraft drafting and 
then was employed for 6 weeks as an 
aircraft draftsman at Consolidated 
Vultee Aircraft Corp. where her hus- 
band also works. The couple are liv- 
ing in San Diego, California. 

Margaret R. Dilts is doing executive 
work for the Girl Scouts in Manhat- 
tan, New York. 

Dorothy M. Cothran, “the girl with 
the golden voice,” is back on the Hill 
doing clerical work in the office of 
Mr. Williams, assistant to the Univer- 
sity’s Dean of Engineering. 

Mrs. Frances E. Carroll, the former 
Jean McConnell, is a chemist at Lever 
Brothers. At present Jean is testing 

Betty O. Bowman is working as a 
dietitian for the Manhattan Eye Ear 
and Throat Hospital in New York 

Before her marriage in September 
to Robert Murphy °43, Dorothy Lou 
Brown was assistant teacher at the 
Rochester Children’s Nursery. 

Ethel Baer resigned her job as as- 
sistant cafeteria manager for IBM 
to join her husband, John W. Poley, 
Jr., now in the armed service. 

Since last. September Dorothy B. 
Kay has been a hemotologist at the 
Strong Memorial Hospital in Roches- 

Frances Anderson is a student dieti- 
tian at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Balti- 


While awaiting to be called into the 
WAVES as an officer candidate, Lor- 
raine A. Bode is working in the Al- 
bany Home Bureau office. 

Management of the 

Student Laundry Agency 

extends their most hearty congratula- 

tions to the graduating class of 1944. 

Wm. Schmidt ‘36—Grad. Mgr. 
Harrie Washburn ‘45—Asst, Mgr. 
John Bishop ‘45—Secy. & Treas. 

409 College Ave. Dial 2406 


Four New Cornell Mascots 



New Cornell Jewelry 


Merton Crew Hats in Cornell Colors 
Sport Shirts with Cornell Insignia 
and many other items 


Barnes Hall Ithaca, N. Y. 



to the 

CLASS of JUNE ‘44 

Corner Book Store 

Established 1868 
109 N. Tioga St. Phone 9326 

Earle W. DeMotte, Pres. 

The Hill Drug Store 

Frank T. Thorpe and Harry P. Ryerson 

328 College Ave. Ithaca, N. Y. 

This store has served the Cornell Stu- 
dents for over 30 years under the own- 
ership of the late C. W. Daniels, and 
under the new management will con- 

tinue to uphold this policy. 

Drugs — Cosmetics — Soda Fountain 

Prescriptions promptly and 

carefully compounded. 



“Every Community should have 
its own Canning Center!” 

Public-spirited citizens of Gilmer, Texas, 
believe that community canning is the 
ideal solution for preserving the prod- 
ucts of Victory Gardens—to keep a 
fighting America strong and healthy. 

Last summer, the Upshur Rural Elec- 
tric Cooperative led the way by con- 
tributing a large tool shed to house the 
new Canning Center. Gilmer Kiwanis 
raised $1200. Carpenters, plumbers, 

“EVERY FAMILY IN TOWN is eligible to use 
our Canning Center,” says Mrs. Lindsey. 
“Housewives bring their raw products, 
cans or jars, seasoning, and dish towels. 
We show them how to prepare the food. 
It’s really lots of fun—like an old-fash- 
ioned sewing bee, brought up to date.” 

co-op linemen, lumber yards, and hard- 
ware dealers donated labor and material. 

And with complete local support, the 
Gilmer Community Canning Center was 
well on its way! 

Now listen to what Mrs. P. B. Lind- 
sey, Supervisor and local co-op home- 
maker, has to say about the new Center 
that has done so much for Gilmer, 
OEBS 2. 


statically controlled Westinghouse electric 
roasters, before sealing the jars or cans. 
An even temperature is very important 
during this process. We also use electric 
hot plates for sterilizing the containers 
in which the food is packed.” 



needed, shows arrangement of typical Canning Center, etc. 

tells how to get started, lists equipment 

GUIDE,” packed with information on canning, quick freezing, dehydrating, brining, 
and winter storage of food. This helpful 48-page book costs only 10c. 

Westinghouse thermostatically controlled electric ranges 

and roasters are ideal for sterilizing containers and for 
blanching and preparing foods for preservation. 
inghouse is the name that means everything in electricity. 


Plants in 25 Cities 

WESTINGHOUSE PRESENTS John Charles Thomas, Sunday, 2:30 p.m., E.W.?., NBC 

Offices Everywhere 


base os 

cans at a time. We pressure-cook non- 
acid vegetables as well as meats—to 
prevent spoilage and destroy poisonous 
botulinus. Our daily output at the Center 
is 600 to 800 cans, though we have turned 
out as many as 1200 cans in a single day.” 

“DURING A 38-DAY SEASON last year, 212 
local families canned 14,261 containers 
of fruits and vegetables at the Center. 
These were worth 146,710 ration points 
and valued at nearly $2500. If every com- 
munity had its own Canning Center, I’m 
certain the women of America would do 
even more in conserving food for Victory!” 

Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co. (Dept. AC-64) 
Electric Appliance Division, 
Mansfield, Ohio 

Please send Westinghouse literature checked below: 


“How to Organize a Community 


“Top of the Evening,’’Monday, Wednesday Friday ,10:15p,m.,E.W.7.,BlueNetwork 


% oy fy im ry & 

Canning Center” 

“Home Canning Guide” 


PD one ane eer en 
(Enclosed find 10c) ... 0