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Full text of "Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper 1884-05-03: Vol 58 Iss 1493"

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by Mrs.FrRank Leswte, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress at Washinzton.— Entered at the Post Office, New York, N.Y., as Second-class Matter 


NEW YORK—FOR THE WEEK ENDING MAY 3, 1884. [Prick, 10 CENTS. {3 Werns: $100. 


MADISON SQUARE GARDEN.—Fnrom a Srkercu sy a Stary Artist.— Sze Pace 167. 


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[May 3, 1884. 





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53, 55 & 57 Park PLace, New York, 
NEW YORK, MAY 3, 1884. 


movement just 

and the Independent 
now in progress within the ranks 

strength of 


of the Republican Party are not likely, in view of the | 

results of the Utica Convention, to be any longer under- 

for the initial 
ently, carefully selected, few had been known in politi- 
Mr. Carl Schurz 
was, perhaps, the only person present who eujoyed more 
than a local reputation. 
ce—namely, that there should be a re- 

The origin of this movement was comparatively 
While the gentlemen who responded to the call 
meeting in Brooklyn had been, appar- 

cal circles, much less in public life. 

Nor were the views expressed 
by the confere 

form in the administration of public affairs, and that 
at all 
For over twenty years these 

the rule of political bosses must come to an end 
novel or extraordinary. 
views have been entertained by a large body of Republi- 
cans, and have found expression at all convenient oppor- 

representative, composed of 

significant feature of 
Was, that a 
publicans, should publicly and unanimously promulgate 
eve of conventions called for the election of delegates 
to the National Republican Convention ; and that while 
they expressed no preferences, formally, for any particu- 
lar and 

The striking and 
demonstration body somewhat 
and Eastern 
an ultimatum on 

such sentiments in the nature of 

by word, 

candidate, there was, in sentiment 
indieated to exclude 


enough from their 
prominueut gentlemen whose 

had alrendy been widely canvassed ly 

able several 

qualifications for the Presidency of 
politicians and 
the public press, 

tion, greatly as it was ridiculed in 
It embodied a warning which even 
It has 
intensified, embodied and formulated the prevalent feel- 
ing and desire of the better class of Republicans that 

can be no doubt at all that this demoustra- 
some quarters, has 
been really effective. 

the politicians could not altogether disregard. 

a deeper personal interest be taken in the conduct of 
political affairs and public interests, aud particularly in 
securing honest, intelligent and able incumbents for the 
more important offices of both State and National Gov- 
has that, to 

lasting reforms and ‘to conserve the best in- 

ernments. It convinced mere theorists 

terests of the country, their labors must be largely 

directed within party organizations. It has 

the young voters more zealous and sanguine of good | 

results—the older voter more discreet and _ resolute. 
Far better; it has demanded and secured that free- 
dom of speech and choice in the councils and eon- 

of one of the great political parties which is 
possible guarantee against machine domination 

the best 
and the 
pedieney will determine its future policy. 

surest pledge that conscience rather than ex- 

The immediate and direct influence of this Independ- 
ent movement upon New York politics appears in the 
fact that three of the delegates-at-large to the Chicago 
Convention from this State have full accord 
with that movement, while the fourth is known to be 
hostile to the candidates of the purely partisan workers. 
One of the delegates, Mr. Edwin Packard, was chairman 
of the committee which organized the Brooklyn demon- 
President Andrew D. White, another delegate, 

been in 


in a letter read at the conference in that city, expressed | 

Mr. Theodore 
The New 

York Times sums up the result precisely when it says: 

koosevelt stands wpon the same ground. 

his fullest sympathy with object. 

“The Utica Convention has named as dclegates-at-large to the 

Chicago Convention four Republicans of intelligence, independ- | 

ence and representative character, who can be relied upon to 
speak at the great council of the party in the name of the thou- 
sands of independent voters in this State whose support cannot 
be had for a candidate thrust upon the party by machine effort 
or for a candidate of unclean record. That such a triumph of 
independence has been won against overwhelming odds is one of 
the surprises of politics.” 

Frank Lestre’s Intusrratep NEwsSPAP2R has no con- 
cern in mere partisan contests. But it feels the liveliest 
interest in which tends to develop 
and strengthen ideas essential to sound administration 
and the public good, no matter under what party flag 
The Independent 
revolt in the Republican ranks, which is herein con- 
sidered, plainly contributes to such an elevation of our 
polities, and for that reason we heartily congratulate the 
people of the State and country upon its triumph. — It 
will be wel] for the Democratic 
timent shall find equaiiy clear expression, both as to 
its candidates and policy. 

every movement 

such movement may be uidertaken. 

Party if its better sen- 


66 FN history,” savs Professor Seeley, of Oxford, ‘“every- 
thiug depeads upon turving narrative into prob- 
lems. Ask yourseli questions, set yourself prob- 

lems : you will at once take up a new attitude. 
You wili cease to be solemn and begin to be serious.” 
Among the problems of contemporary American his- 
tory the Indian stands in the front rank: and in the 
lerstion of this pro! is indeed hieh time 

CONS) iem it 

| that we begin to be serious. 

| clothing has been supplied. 

the | 


United States | 

For the Indian question 
is rapidly taking on a new aspect. With the extinction 
of the buffalo and the effectual restriction of the tribes 
within their reservations, the Indian’s occupation will 
be gone, and he will be driven either to work or to 
that mischief which, Dr. Watts has taught us, is to be 
exp cted of idle hands. Secretary Teller several months 
:,o expressed his conviction that the Crow Indians 
would never work until Government ceased to feed and 
clothe them; and it is difficult to imagine why any 
Indians should do so. How many of the civilized and 
and clothes were assured them? Not one, it may safely 
be affirmed, except the select few to whom habit and 
culture have given artificial wants so imperious as to 
he still the want of mere food and 
The Indian of to-day has 
no such imperious wants. If he is to be a safe 
ber of society they must be created, and they can be 
created only by education. It would be rank injustice 
to withdraw the Government subsidies until these wants 
have been created, and a more powerful stimulus to 
work thus added to the ew cravings for bare physical 
comfort which are now his only inducement to work. 
These are enough to impel him to such labor as grati- 
ties his natural savage instincts—to the chase, or to 
war—but not enough to give him courage to endure 
the drudging routine of the common arts of civilized 
life. At onee to create such wants and to provide for 
their gratification, it is imperatively necessary that the 
Indians should be educated—not a select few 
more promising tribes, but the entire people. This is 
possible only through the education. of the children, 
and of all the children. We are assured that there will 
be no difficulty in gathering them into schools, if the 
schools can be provided, 

The sum which Secretary Teller asks for—$400,000— 
is small enough ; compared with the millions the country 
proposes to grant for educational purposes, it is ridicu- 
lously small; compared with the expense of maintaining 
the Indians upon our present system, even at their 
‘*poor dying rate” of extinction, it is a measure of the 
most practical economy. Let this small sum be granted, 
and that at onee, without more ado. Let us not make 
the suicidal mistake of a penny wisdom to-day which 
will result in a pound foolishness for generations to 
come ; let us at last abandon the owl-like solemnity with 
which we have for years been blinking at the Indian 
question, and begin to consider it with the seriousness 
it demands, 

clamorous when 


S there any limit to the demagogism which busies | 

itself in inventing schemes to plunder the United 
States Treasury in the 

of re-election depend wpon their success in fooling their 
constituents ? Tf not, we may as well make up our minds 
to witness ere loug the enactment of a law bestowing 
pensions upon men who, there is ‘‘ probable cause to 
believe,” displayed the United States flag upon their 
houses or stores at any time during the late war, or 
who shed tears as they saw brave soldiers marching to 
the. front, thus eufeebling their delicate constitutions by 
the intensity of their patriotic emotions. Surely the 
men who were ready at any time to sacrifice their 
wives’ relations to their country’s cause, or who took 
the trouble to hurrah over victories for the achieve- 

s] 7 thie a 2x sy *] § 8 "eS | 4 - : 
meut of which they exhausted the precious stores of | the Soudan, and upon the manner in which the safety and the 

their sympathy, ought to be considered in any division | 

of the nation’s money among the nation’s devoted 
patriots! In Government pensions, as in other expendi- 
tures, let us have ‘‘a fair divide” and no invidious 
distinctions ! 

Seriously, these pension schemes are assuming a most 
shameless aspect, and it is time that the genuine patriot- 
ism of the country should rally to resist and expose 
them. The pension laws enacted at the close of the 
late war were generous and sufficiently comprehensive. 
They were satisfactory, too, to our brave soldiery, who 
were too proud of their sears to wish to quarter them- 
selves upon the Government for the support which they 
were abundantly able to provide for themselves. 
the pension claim agents saw a chance to fill their own 
pockets by enlarging the number of pensioners on false 
though specious pretenses, and in ways involving un- 
limited facilities for fraud, and so they are continually 
urging their schemes upon Congress, the members of 
which apparently dare not resist them, lest they should 
be accused of ingratitude to the soldiers who destroyed 
Slavery and saved the Union. And yet we believe that 
any Senator or Representative who should find courage 
to attack these swindling schemes without concealment 
and without compromise would win instant popularity 

among the really deserving veterans of the war, and | 
| iron is worth only $20 a ton, and some of the companies 

drive the demagoeues to cover. 
The pension law enacted two or three years ago, 

greatly enlarging the number of pensioners, was an in- | 
| net a profit; but, as the tariff is $6.72 a ton, they, of 

genious coutrivance for the benefit of claim agents, 
and altogether shameful on account of the facilities it 
afforded for fraud; and now the House, under the 
manipul*tion of the same creatures, has just passed 
another Bill of the same character to deplete the Trea- 
sury of further untold millions. The Act puts the Gov- 


citizens of New York would work if food | 

mem- | 

of the | they represent the 

| dent 

interest of an unscrupulous | 
horde of pension claim agents, and to foster the petty | 
ambition of certain members of Copgress, whose hopes | 

But | 

| in price at this season of the year. 

ernment at a disadvantage at every step, and makes 
it easy for any scamp willing to do a little lying to gain 
a pension for services never rendered. Of course, no 
one begrudges the soldier who was disabled in the ser- 
vice of his country the pension he receives and to 
which he is justly entitled. But we insist that soldiers 
who came out of the war unscathed and able to earn 
their own living should be allowed to earn it. If the 
law required lists of pensioners in every county and 
town to be published in the vicinage, thousands of 
fraudulent claims would quickly be discovered ; but the 
claim agents take good care to provide a way for carry- 
ing on their operations in the dark and making a 
disclosure of their fraudulent practices difficult, if not 


MONG the maze of rumors about the Soudan 
i muddle there seem to be two tangible bits of fact 
—that England is asking for a fresh Egyptian loan of 
$40,000,000, and that the garrison of Berbey is in 

It is impossible to know the exact truth about the 
position of General Gordon, The telegrams which the 
London Times has been publishing from its correspond- 
ent in Khartoum, and which are said to be inspired by 
Gordon himself, are bewilderingly contradictory. At 
one time they are pitched in a tone of jubilation and 
contempt for ‘‘tag-rag Arabs.” But for the most part 
Huglish General as hopelessly be- 
leaguered, and straining his eyes for a sight of British 
troops coming to his rescue. The Tories in England 
have not failed to make the most of this touching pic- 

ture. They have even pretended to get up a subscrip- 
tion to relieve Gordon by a private volunteer ex- 

In view of such a state of things, Mr. Gladstone's 
attitude would look inexplicably callous; and it is ab- 
surd to pretend that he is not more impressed than 
any mau in England with the sense of his responsi- 
bility for Gordon’s safety. He must, therefore, be cgnfi- 
that the information he has about Gordon is 
correct; and that what he lias declared is that Gordon 
has never asked for relief; that ‘‘ Khartoum is in no 
danger, military or any other”; but that Berber and its 
garrison are threatened with the fate of Sinkat. 

The British Government has, therefore, to face the 
question of relieving Berber. As Graham was sent to 
the Sondan expressly to rescue all the beleaguered gar- 
risons—for whose safety, however, Mr. Gladstone dis- 
claimed any responsibility—it will be inconsistent to leave 
Berber to its fate. It is natural for the Government to 
hesitate ; the difficulties of an expedition of white troops 
in Egypt at this season are enormous ; but it is probable 
the attempt to relieve Berber will be made. If Berber 
fell Khartoum would then be endangered, and Mr. Glad- 
stone would find himself forced to think of an oceupa- 
tion of the Soudan and an Egyptian protectorate. 

That is what the British Prime Minister wants most 
to avoid. He has always pronounced against the right 
of England to interfere in tke affairs of the Soudanese, 
and he has justified the military expeditions only on the 
plea of relieving the garrisons. Gordon’s migsion was of 
a purely non-interferent character, as the state papers 
recently laid before Parliament show. He was merely 

**To report on the military situation and on the measures which 
it may be advisable to take for the security of the Egyptiangarri- 
sons still holding positions in that country, and for the safety of 
the European population in Khartoum, and to consider and report 
upon the best mode of effecting the evacuation of the interior of 

good administration by the Egyptian Government of the ports on 
the seacoast can best be secured,” 

Mr. Gladstone has the wisdom to see what loss and 
horror the yielding to English Jingoism in the treatment 
of the Egyptian difficulty can alone lead to, and he 
wants to get out of the Soudan as quickly as possible. 
This fresh loan of $40,000,000 and the slaughter of 

| thousands of brave men fighting for their own country, 

to kill whom has cost England exactly $500,000 per 
man, are a miserable supplement to the previous bills 
of butchery and disaster from Upper Egypt. 

[ is of interest to notice how reasonable some im 
portant commodities are at the present time. Flour 
is unusually cheap, and grain has seldom been s0 lov, 
Beef is by nv 
means so high as a few years ago, and the increasing 
competition in the foreign markets will tend to sitili 
further reduce the cost in this country, where the sur- 
plus supply is increasing from year to year, and where 
the export trade must be encouraged. Petroleum is 

' cheap now, and must become cheaper still, if the wells 
| in Russia prove as productive as is expected. Iron has 

not been so low since 1879. The best American pig- 

find this figure unremunerative ; others, which have ore- 
beds of their own, could sell the pig metal at $14, and 

course, obtain a corresponding price. The iron can be 

_ produced in Alabama, it is said, at $10 a ton. In Scot- 

land it costs $9; and it is averred that European buyers 
would be glad to take our iron at $10, but of course 
none is exported, because our manufacturers,’ through 

May 3, 1884.] 

the operations of the tariff, are enabled to obtain a much 
higher figure. If the tariff on foreign ore were reduced 
thousands of iron-workers, and even the furnace com- 
panies, could scarcely fail to be benefited. 

Sugar is cheaper than at any time since 1835, with 
the single exception of the year 1864. The cane crop of 
the world is steadily increasing, and the large yield of 
beet-root sugar in Germany, Austria and France like- 
wise tends to bring prices to a low level ; though Spanish 
misrule in Cuba and the financial embarrassments of 
planters and merchants there, also contribute to the de- 
pression of values. Coffee is cheap, but it is destined 
to become much The development of the 
railroad system in Brazil encourages the culture in that 

more so. 

country, and, moreover, we are annually increasing our | 
importations from Central America, so that, though once | 
we were almost wholly dependent on Brazil for our | 

coffee, and still derive the larger portion of our supply 
from her plantations, we are, nevertheless, gradually be- 
coming more independent in this respect, and the in- 
creasing competition must inure to the benefit of the 

Cotton goods are so low that many mills are closed, 
and the trade in woolen goods and silks of domestic 
manufacture is in anything but a satisfactory condition. 
And the list of low-priced commodities might be made 
much longer; but enough has been said to give a 
general idea of the state of affairs in important avenues 
of trade. Rents show comparatively little change, but 
in other respects the cost of living has unquestion- 
ably been reduced. 

This is due not only to the law of supply and de- 
mand in its direct relations to commerce, but also to 
the fact that money is not readily obtainable except on 
the very best collaterals. Commercial paper is received 
by the banks with unustal caution, partly because of 
the numerous failures within the last two years, and 
partly because of the over-trading and over-discounting 

of commercial paper through brokers rather than 
through banks. 
But no reflecting observer of the course of com- 

merce in the civilized portions of the globe has failed 
to note a tendency everywhere towards an ameliora- 
tion of the lot of the working classes in the reduction 
of the actual cost of maintaining life. High prices for 
food and clothing are relics of barbarism, and it is 
gratifying to reflect that natural laws are setting them 

HE Budget was introduced in the British House of Commons 
on the 24th of April. Jt stated the revenue of last vear at 
436,025,920, and the expenditures to $434,950,000. The national 
debt was reduced during the year by eight and a half millions, and 
is now lower than at any time since 1811. The estimated expendi- 
ture for the current financial year is #426,460,000, and the revenue 
#427,750,000. The Budget embodied a proposition to coin new 
half-sovereigns containing ten per cent. less gold, thus effecting 
a net profit of $6,650,000, which sum, put out at interest, will 

suffice to maintain the gold coinage in the future in a satisfactory | 

condition, It is also proposed to convert the three per cent. consols 
into two and three-quarter per cents. 

Since her successes in Tonquin, France has begun to take a great 
interest in the affairs of Egypt. What is termed the “inspired” 
press urges a direct understanding between France and England, 
and asks why the law of liquidation cannot be revised in the same 
manner that it was created. The demand is made that England 
shall give France ‘‘her proper share of influence and authority ” 
on the banks of the Nile. What this proper share may be does not, 
however, appear to be precisely determined. 

The degradation of Prince Kung from the chief control of the 
Grand Council of the Chinese Empire, for dilatoriness of action 
charged against him in the Tonquin campaign, is followed by the 
report that he has committed suicide. This, if true, would seem io 
indicate that the alleged lenient treatment of the dismissed officials 
on the part of the Empress, for which they expressed gratitude in a 
recently forwarded memorial, was, nevertheless, a very serious 
matter. Prince Kung was Regent of the Empire in 1861, when his 
nephew became Emperor. It is satisfactory to know that the latest 
accounts fail to contirm the report of his death. The accession of 
Prince Chun to the control of the Grand Council is declared to 
foreshadow a policy of war, but foreshadowings of this nature in 
China are no longer regarded as ominous. 

There are on the banks of the Seine quite a number of Irish 
anarchists who have become conspicuous of late, and Paris affords 
a connecting link between the dyvnamiters and Invincibles of Great 
Britain and in this country, The London Times has recently 
printed interviews with prominent Fenians in Paris —a sacrilegious 
innovation on the part of the Thunderer of the British press which 
komme conservative people associate with the recent earthquake. It 
appears that there are in the French capital two sections of the ex- 
treme Irish politicians--the Clan-na-Gael and the dynamiters. 
The chief objects contemplated by the former are the doing away 

with British officers in Ireland and the “removing” of informers. | 

| materially simplify the work of the courts. 

| In criticizing the failure of the authorities promptly to annihilate | 
the insurgents, the Havana newspapers virtually acknowledge the 
strength of the latter. Extreme vigilance continues at Key West, 
where the officers are said to be vieing with each other in keep- 
ing a lookout for any further expeditions which may attempt to | 
leave for Cuba. 

The German Cholera Commission, which has just reached Alex- 
andria from India, expresses the belief that there will be no out- 
break of cholera in Egypt this year.—The King of Abyssinia has 
asked for direct diplomatic relations with England. He wishes to 
send a mission to London to conclude a treaty defining the bound- | 
aries of Abyssinia and to obtain English aid to organize an | 
Abyssinian army.—The authorities of the British Museum are 
searching books and manuscripts in preparation for a Wycliffe 
exhibition after the precedent of the Luther exhibition. 

Tuar Jay Cooke has got on his feet again—has made and is still 
making money—is pleasant information to those who are not glad 
to keep a man down simply because he is down. He is said to be 
one of the wealthiest men in the State of Pennsylvania to-day. He 
is interested in various mining enterprises in that State whick pay 
him large and legitimate profits. It is stated that he cleared 
$40,000 in the first month after the crash in Northern Pacific, and 
that in another operation he placed $500,000 to his credit within 
the first year aftcr the disaster from which it was predicted he 
would never ris« 


Tue problem of what to do with wife-beaters is being widely 
considered, and there appears to be a pretty unanimous decision 
in favor of the idea that sauce for the unfortunate goose is | 
sauce for the brutal gander. It goes without saying that for a | 
being of the male sex cowardly enough to strike and otherwise, 
by physical force, maltreat a woman, the only punishment of 
which he would be in wholesome dread would be the infliction of 
sharp pain to his otherwise callous ecnticle. Massachusetts is 
the latest of the States to fall into line with a law for the whip- 
ping-post for wife-beaters. 


| Cals, 

teachings and practices of to-day, is the fact that in it polygamy is 
not ordained or even countenanced, but is strictly condemned, 
Strange changes, certainly, find their way into revisec editions of 
Biblical books. While the revised New Testament, for example, 
has modified the old-fashioned place of torment, the later editions 
of the ‘“‘ Book of Mormon” appear to have interpolated a very 
active and potential hell, with all the modern improvements, 

RECENT correspondence from Germany confirms the statements 
made at the time of Minister Sargent’s resignation as to the hos- 
tile feeling of Prince Bismarck and his satellites towards Ameri- 
The Prince seems to lose no opportunity to show his hatred 

of the United States. He has even forbidden the display of 

| posters in the taverns and hotels, announcing the date of sailing 

of the emigrant ships for America, with the prices of passage, 
etc., and since the Lasker incident, owing to his influence, our 
officials in various parts of Germany find themselves shunned by 
all their old friends amongst the natives, and especially by the 
army officers. Americans traveling in Germany may as well make 
up their minds that for some time to come they will have a hard 
time of it, because of the tacit understanding amongst all Ger- 
man Officials to show no favor to these detested visitors, and to 
give them all the trouble possible. We can well believe, as a 
foreign correspondent writes the Philadelphia Telegraph, that 
‘“*many of his admirers in foreign landa who deemed him truly 
great are amazed to learn how petty and mean and spiteful the 
shaper of Germany’s unity can be. A small-minded and quarrel- 
some Richelieu is an anomaly in history. It is disheartening to 
find that the lion’s skin covers a porcupine.” 

Tue latest accounts from Africa indicate that M. de Brazza, the 
French explorer in the Congo country, has scored a point. He 
is said to have signed a treaty with the most powerful sovereign 
in Western Africa, who has placed all the right bank of the 
Congo from Brazzaville to the Equator under the protection of 
France, Meanwhile, it is announced that the German Consul at 
Tunis has been sent to the Congo region to organize a German 

| consular service, and this is followed by a statement that, in the 

THE Bill to repeal the laws which limit to four years the terms 
of of postmasters, district- attorneys, surveyors - general, 
registers and receivers of land oftices, collectors and surveyors of | 
customs, naval ofticers of customs and chief justices and associate 
justices of Territories, was last week rejected by the House of | 
Representatives by a vote of 99 affirmatives to 146 negatives. Of 
the latter 114 were Democrats, who thus put themselves on record 
against the proposition that the tenure of public officials should | 
be determined by their capacity and efficiency rather than by the | 
mutations of politics and the exigencies of greedy partisanship. | 
It is quite apparent that civil service reform has little to expect 
from the Democracy. 


| Governments of the world. 

THERE has been another mysterious concussion in Old England, 
this time extensive Whole counties are 
simultaneously ghaken up. ‘Tall church spires bow, buildings 
quake on their foundations, and Britons swarm terrified out of 
their shops and counting - houses, No America 1 
valises, Atlas powder or Waterbury clocks, are as yet reported in 
the places visited by the shock, and there is some talk of an earth- 
quake. O'Donovan Rossa and his lieutenant, however, wear a 
knowing and sinister smile when a convulsion of nature is alluded 
to. This littie disturbance, which for some time past they have 
been anticipating, is nothing to the terrible things in active pre- 
paration by the Fenian Brotherhood, England has yet to learn | 
how formidable scientiiic warfare really is. 

on a somewhat seale. 

discoveries of 

event of the ratification of the treaty between England and Por- 
tugal, the German Government will invite the other Powers to in- 
sist upon representation on the commission for the settlement of 
Congo affairs. It is obvious that the commercial nations cannot 
acquiesce in the provisions of a treaty which practically arrogates 
for the Powers concerned the exclusive control of the vast region 
now being opened to civilization, and it is not at all impossible 
that serious diplomatic complications may yet result from the at- 
tempt of Portugal to buttress her doubtful claim by an alliance 
with Great Britain. In obedience to the action of the Senate, the 
United States has formally recognized the African International 
Association, which by this act becomes to us one of the established 
Late advices from Stanley, the repre- 
sentative of this Association, show that he has succeeded in estab- 
lishing a continuous line of stations extending from the east to the 
west coast of Africa, thus opening 2,600 miles of river transit of the 
Congo and its tributaries. The importance of this achievement to 
the interests of commerce and civilization cannot well be over- 
estimated. The imports to the west coast of Africa alone were last 
year over $22,000,000, largely consisting of articles which this 
country cam supply, and the exports were over $27,000,000, 


DuRING the past week 164 business failures were reported in the 

| United States. 

Five years ago a Miss Austin was a ‘*school ma’am” in San 
Francisco, She got tired of that sort of drudgery, as many others 

perhaps most others unlike a majority of those who weary 
of the school, however, she had the courage and the brains to 
‘strike out” for herself. She bought one hundred acres, near 
Fresno, and now has a “raisin farm” which she runs by the aid of 
a woman friend and a quartet of heathen Chinese. Miss Austin’s 
raisins are said to be the best produced in the grand State of 
California, Miss Emily Faithful has written a letter to a London | 
paper commending alike the quaiity of the dried fruit and Miss 
Austin’s enterprise. She is now several thousand dollars ahead ; | 
but the moral is not that every ‘‘ school ma’am” should try to 
run a hundred-acre farm in California. That would be bad for 
education and equaily bad for the teachers—after the first few 
scores of them had gone into the business. 


THE Senate has passed the Bankruptcy Bill, with amendments 
which largely reduce the cost of bankruptcy proceedings and 
An excellent feature of 
the Bill is that the court officials who may be employed under it 
have no interest whatever in the fees, all of which are to he paid 
into the public treasury. Every person petitioning for bankruptcy 
shall pay $50, and every trustee shall pay one per cent, of the gross 
amount realized from the assets, and every debtor making a cor, 
position shail pay one-half of one per cent. on the amount of such 
composition. Any person owing debts oxceeding #306 and unable 
to pay may apply to be adjudicated a bankrupt, and the 
of such petition shall be deemed an act of bankruptey.  Aary 
avoid Jiis 

owing debts exceeding 1,000 who leaves his State to 
creditors, or conceals himself to avoid arrest, or makes a fraudulent 
transfer of Lis property, or suspends payment of lis commercial 
‘paper or open accounts, or makes a fraudulent preference, may be 
adjudged a bankrupt on petition of three of his ercditors, Some 
doubt is felt as to the passage of the Bill by the House, and it will 

be well if the popular sentiment in its favor is brought to bear | 

strongly and effectively upon that body. 

It was an inner circle of this body that doomed Mr. Forster to | 

death, and carried out the assassination of Cavendish and Burke. | 
The dynamiters are chiefly men versed in chemistry and the science | 
The two parties fraternize with one another, but do | 

of explosives. 
not share their secrets. It is asserted that the ‘Paris Invincibles” 
have voted the death of the notorions informer. James McDermott. 

The capture of suspected Fenians continues in England and Scot- | 

land, and the system of secret arrests and inquiry has caused de- 
bate in the House of Commons. 

There is no improvement i: the commercial condition of 
Cuba, and the gold premium has risen as high as during the first 
insurrection. Notwithstanding the strenuous efforts of the Gov- 
ernment to suppress intelligence, private advices and reports fur- 
nished by the Liberal newspapers give reason to believe that 

startling things are taking place in the interior. Numerous skir- | 

mishes are reported, apparently not to the discomfiture of the revo- 
jutionists. The Government troops are unable to capture Aguero, 
who is supposed to have taken refuge in the Zapata swamps, 
znd whose forces are divided into three sections, thereby discon- 
certing his pursuers. He is believed to be daily gaining strength. 

immigrants and apostles, together with the constant accessions to 
the ranks of the Saints from nearly all the overcrowded Eurepean 
countries, the recent unearthing in Rochester, N. Y., of a copy of 
| the originnl edition of the ‘ Book of Mormon,” presents some 
interesting coincident suggestions. It was published in Palmyra, 
this State, in 1830, ‘‘ Printed by E. B. Grandin, for the author,” 
a crown octavo volume in 558 pages. According to the title page, it 
is * An account written by the hand of Mormon, upon plates taken 
from the plates of Nephi” ; being ‘* An Abridgement of the Record 
of the People of Nephi.” The author further announces in the 
preface: *‘I would also inform you that the plates of which hath 
been spoken were found in the township of Manchester, Ontario 
County, New York.” The testimony of witnesses, with the names 

| delegates. 
| delegates in favor of Edmunds. 

In view of the arrival in this city the other day of 300 Mormon | 

of eleven of them appended, occupy the last two pages, who claim 
to have seen the original plates, ‘‘which had the appearance of 
| gold and curious workmanship.” The most important thing in this 
original edition—of which but few copies are in the hands of col- 
lectors, who hold them at high figures—as related te the Mormon 

Tur Senate Committee on Railroads has reported the Bill to 
establish a commission to regulate interstate commerce. 

Tue Bill prohibiting the manufacture and sale of oleomargarine 
in the State of New York has been signed by the Governor, 

A Toronto Grand Jury has returned true bills against all four 
of the alleged conspirators against the Government of Ontario. 

THE massacre of several white people by Navajoe Indians in 
Southern Colorado is reported, but apparently on insufficient 

THE Morrison Tariff Bill is still under discussion in the House 
of Representatives. The debate will probably close during the 
present week. 

Tue House of Representatives has concurred in the Senate 
amendment to the Naval Appropriation Bill, providing for the 
arming of the new cruisers. 

Tur Greenbackers of Maine unanimously adopted a resolution 
at their State Convention last week, in favor of the nomination of 
Gencral Butler for President. 

Ar the State election in Louisiana, last week, the Democratic 
State ticket was successful. There are charges of wholesale ballot- 
box stuffing in New Orleans, and the Mayor has issued a proclama- 
tion declaring the election ‘‘a mere mockery, a defiance of the 
people, and in law and justice but a sham election.” 

AmonG the measures now before the United States Senate is the 
treaty agreed upon in Paris in 1883 by the International Con- 
ference for the Protection of Industrial Property. The object 
of the treaty is to settle and protect the rights oF inventors and the 
owners of trade-marks, by giving them equal rights in all states 
members of the proposcd union. 

Tur New York Republican State Convention, held last week, 
clected four delegates-at-large who are favorable to the nomination 
of Mr. Edmunds for President. Mr, Blaine’s supporters failed by a 
fow votes to control the convention against the combined Arthur 
and Edmund forces. The Connecticut Convention adopted a 
resolution requesting its delegates to present the name of Senator 
Hawley as a candidate for the Presidential nomination. In Vir- 
ginia the Republican Readjuster Convention has elected Arthur 
All the Massachusetts District Conventions have elected 
The Mississippi Republicans have 
instructed their delegates to ‘‘ support the candidate most accept- 
able to the people of the Republican States and the doubtful States 
necessary to an election.” In Ohio the delegates - at-large are 
divided between Blaine and Sherman. Blaine has a majority of the 
delegates from Michigan, Maryland and Dakota. 


A Bru causing the demonetization of silver in the Nether- 
lands has passed the States Assembly. 

Ir is stated that a large number of emigrants are going to 
Canada this year from the Continent of Europe. 

Baker Pasua has been reinstated in his office in connection 
with the gendarmerie. He will start for England this week. 

Prixce Bismarck proposes a radical revision of the Constitu- 
tion of the German Empire. one of his principal objects being to 
effectually crush the socialists and anarchists. 

A TERRIBLE circus panic occurred at Bucharest on the eveni 
of April 21st. While the ance was going on at the Sid 
Circus the roof of the structuréfell in upon the spectators, five of 
whom were killed and one hundred injured. 



Pictorial Spirit of the Tllustrated Foreign Press.—Szz Pacez 171. 


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Tit i 



MR. STEPHANOS, Commer of Sweden, Norway, DE SPIEGELBERG, 
Commissioner of Greece. Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Com missioner of Russia. 
Portugal and Holland. 
1 ABDULAZIZ KAHIL, Sec. Gen. of Commission. 2. MR. FARMAN, United States. 3. CoUNT MAROGNA, Germany. 4. MR. CAILLARD, Vice-President. 5. JACOUB ARTIN BEY, President, Egyptian. 

6. MR. COOKSON, England. 7. MR. KLECZKOWSKI, France, 8& MR. BARGEHR, Austro-Hungary. 9%. MR, MACHIAVELLI, Italy. 


Vy ¥ oe 


pre hiv’ \ 

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es pee 
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SEE PAGE 170. 

ner ~ 

Wow: all through the sunlit valleys 

4 And over the breezy hills, 
Wherever the blue bird carols, 

Or the robin twitters and trills: 

Wherever the flowers are springing 
In crimson and purple and white, 
Little feet patter and little eyes glow— 
And little hearts beat with delight: 

Look, where the wee blue violet 
Raises its modest head ; 

See the wild hyacinth nodding 
Close by a beautiful bed 

Of anemones, waiting to welcome 
And gladden the juvenile heart, 
What joy their presence infuses, 
What fragrance their breathings impart ! 

Follow the meadow brook, children 
On, to the edge of the woods; 

There, in the mosses you'll find them— 
The ferns, in their little brown hoods. 

And wherever the sunlight lingers 
The daisies, with wide open eves, 

Peep timidly out at their shadows 
in genuine baby surprise. 

Hist! heard you that twitter and twatter ? 
* Now, Willie, walk softly and see, 

In the clump of bushes yonder, 
Whatever the matter can be. 


“Stay here, while I go, you and Mary, 
And don’t make a noise,’ he begs 

* Ah! here is the nest of a robin, 
With five littke brown speckled eggs!" 

0! what in the heyday of childhood 
Is half so enticing and good, 
So full of eestatic enjoyment, 
As hunting old loves in the wood ? 


ee OUNCEY !” It was a strange question 
M Philip Geer had asked; the one word, 
seemingly the one needful answer, was 

all I could reply. 

‘*Not Mouncey at all, Miss Hildegarde. I saw 
by-chance the picture of a pretty girl; a face so 
sweet, so charming—that was what brought me 
home from England. What do you think of such 
w confession as this from me ?” 

“That you are- 

“That Iam in love, 
that, Miss Hildegarde. 

His voice died in a soft little langh, and before I 
could think again to answer he was gone, It was 
certainly amazing, this whole business. I had 
been satisfied, though he had given never a word 
nor sign till now, that this man was in love with 
me. I had waited many days, with brows ready- 
knit, for him to speak and have it over, but that 
there was in it all this romantic heretofore, more 
than the common accident of meeting, I, of course, 
had never dreamed. It was certainly amazing, 
and the most amazing of all, that thus he walked 
away. But it fitted to Philip Geer. I could not 
help laughing ; despite the fact that I had almost 
hated this man, I could not help a trifle of vexa- 
tion as I stood and watched him down the lawn. 
Involuntarily I conjured up the bright, passionate 
face of poor Ray Harley as that first sweet night, 
on this same porch, he told his love to me, Two 
men—the one I had loved with all my woman’s 
soul; the one I was expected to marry, all the 
same. For Ray had died; Philip Geer was the 
next heir of Mouncey, and it was all one to Aunt 
Rebah—she simply lived that I should marry 

“IT do hope that if—if things turn as I antici- 
pate, you will at least think about it, Hildie.” 

So spoke Aunt Rebah many eager times ere 
Philip Geer came to take his cousin’s place at 
Mouncey Manor. It was absurd, of course ; he 
was a stranger to us ; he might be a married man, 
for aught we knew ; but I was angry, all the same. 
My outraged feelings, Aunt Rebah’s honest faith 
in Fate—all things tended to make me hate this 
man ere ever I had seen him; to greet him that 
first moment of our meeting with an open, inhos- 
pitable defiance for which it was not strange he 
stared at me. 

Once for all, despite Aunt Rebah’s mad expos- 
tulations and—despair. But Philip Geer did not 
seem to mind; he came frequently, familiarly 
among us, falling an easy victim, it seemed, to 
Aunt Rebah’s wiles. Until he was in love with me, 
well I knew, and so held myself defiantly expect- 
ant, waiting for him to speak and have it over. 

Was it over? I could not help laughing, nor 

You may be very sure of 
And now I must say good- 

| what you make of it. Would it not be an odd thing 

| if, after all, 7 should marry Mouncey? But 1 will 

| not—I will not; as to that, [ hate him, and—and if 
necessary I will run away. 
“Will you run away with me * 
It was on the face of it from Harrie. It was my 

| impulse, that first moment, to langh outright ; 
even Harrie was beside herself. But, despite me, 
I began putting this and that together ; circum- 

| stances that once were nothings arose now, very | 

fates to show the truth to me. It needed but 
a minute to reveal that all was over—rather, that 
there never was aught of Philip Geer for me. 

Consistently, I should have langhed again, but I 

did not; I only walked on amid a growing dis- 
satisfaction at this finale, all perfectly natural, I 
thought ; Philip Geer was nothing to me, all the 

| same it could but be something to a girl to lose a 

‘* Miss Hildegarde !" A voice broke in upon my 
pondering ; I turned to see Philip Geer quite at 

| my side, 

‘““T am called to the farm again,” he went on, 
with that same little langh, ‘* but I do not mind ; I 
am restless, as one is apt to be, hoping pleasant 

| things will happen.” 

“Yes?” The old fashion was so strong on me 

| that moment, I answered him the same old way ; 
| the next, the latter impulse came, no more a right- 

ful satisfaction, but the mad, lawless 
have this man, for one little minute, rave at me 
as had poor Ray Harley. 

Unto it I changed the self he knew. I chatted in 

| a most hilarious way ; I made a repair of friendli- 

| myself available to Philip Geer. 

ness, an open display of familiarity, an effort even 
at every charm I fancied myself to possess, to make 
But he seemed 
neither to note nor care ; he regarded me only in 

| his own quiet fashion, and amid it all broke in: 

the trifle of vexation, as I looked after Philip Geer. | 

Why did he not as other men, as poor Ray Harley, 
tell an eager, ardent story, clothing the odd 
episode of the picture, the small particulars he 
might have guessed even a girl that did not love 
him would like to know? It was all he dared, 
perhaps, but— 

“There will be letters, I think, Hildie.” 

Aunt Rebah’s voice broke in upon me, I did not 
wait for further words ; I grasped the excuse and 
a wrap, and hurried after Philip Geer. The im- 
pulse had been forming, was strong upon me now, 
to force myself upon him, and hold him to that 
satisfaction it seemed to me a girl hada right to 

‘Miss Hildegarde, do you think it possible for a 
girl to love a man so well that she will run away 
from him ?” 

“T do not know.” 

It was enough ; in the old fashion I turned away 
from Philip Geer, and went up to the house, I did 
not think, I did not mind; I only knew that—I 
hated Harrie. 

* * . * = * 

* Hildegarde— 

I stood with Harrie, a few weeks later, at the win- 
dow of a house in Brighton, looking out on the sea, 
We were early, lonely boarders; but it mattered not ; 
she had an aim ahead, and I, I had only a dream, 
as her voice broke in: 

‘* Hildegarde, that man is here.” 

“Of course.” 

I had had only a dream in the days that passed. 
Harrie came home with the full tale of her hint. 
Philip Geer had chanced upon a picture a friend 
had in his possession, fell desperately in love with 
it, and returned precipitately to—seek acquaint- 
ance with the little cousin he had never seen, to 
pester her with his visits, his importunate letters 
a host of particulars, which made life a burden, 
Harrie said, she barely could endure, 

It was easy to believe it. It was an open fact 
that Philip Geer wrote frequent letters to our 
pretty next-door neighbor—that he went away to 
visit her. She was only his cousin then ; now—— 

It was easy to believe it now ; for with Harrie’s 
return began the very hottest kind of persecution. 
A dozen times a day, it seemed to me, Philip Geer 
passed to the house; the servant went regularly 
back and forth from Mouncey, with little white 
notes which angry Harrie as regularly brought in to 
read, and tear to bits before me. It was openly a 
case of the fondest, truest passion a man might 
ever know. 

But, for all, I was bewildered ; I had, these days, 
only a dream in life. It was Aunt Rebah, first ; 
Aunt Rebah who had simply lived for Mouncey, to 
speak no snappish word of Harrie, actually to 
laugh outright, one evening, at one absurdly 
rapturous letter Philip Geer had penned. And 
then, for all, it was sucha sure thing, though there 
had been no word nor sign, that this man wor- 
shiped me. 

I had worshiped poor Ray Harley ; my heart was 
buried in his grave. I had as surely thonght it— 
might this not be a mistake as well? Iwas debat- 
ing it all bewilderedly that night when Harrie came 
in again. She had her most ardent letter ; she 
could not, she would not, endure it any longer : the 
time had come to run away, and—would I go \ ‘ith 
her ? 

That little minute I hated Harrie was all forgot- 
ten, these odd days. 
growing strangely to fancy, a victim of this one 
lover ; I was seized with a sudden inspiration, like 
her, to get rid of him. Yes, I would go; and it 
was on the very morrow we two slipped away to 
the station, leaving ridiculous Aunt Rebah laugh- 
ing after us from the porch. 

Mouncey lost to sight on the railway curve 
brought a merry laugh to Harrie’s lips, which mine 
all quickly echoed. We were safe now from Philip 
Geer. We went to pretty little Pomfret, and 
passed just two days of fancied bliss ; on the 

| third, Philip Geer stepped boldly from the stage- 

| coach at our very door. 

It was but a little distance to the office, but for 

all I hurried, I was too late ; at the first curve 
I saw Philip Geer already walking up the path to 
Mouncey. It was preposterous to follow ; I had 
simply to take my letters and walk back home. 
Letters for Aunt Rebah, and one for me from 
Harrie, a long, rambling epistle ending thus: 
“So Lam coming home to-morrow, but how long 

to stay Ido not know. Hildegarde, there is a man 
in jove with me. There is a man who fell in love 

with a picture of what he thought a pretty girlin | 
England, and came home to marry her—to torment 

her, Hildegarde. Put this and that together, and see 

he ate his dinner, on to Poultney to—meet this 
ardent lover the next morning on the sands, to 
endure him just three hours, and then, im sheer 
idiocy, to flee to Brighton ; all in vain. 

“T saw him just now walking yonder, and I had | 

no breath to tell you,” went on Harrie, faintly. 
* Hildegarde, what shall we do?” 

She did not wait for me to answer; with the 
words on her lips she slipped away. A little I 
stood and looked, I knew not how, in the direction 
she had pointed, and then I went up to my room. 

I was so tired of it all, I fancied ; I wanted to be | 

alone. It was two hours before I went to Har- 
stand I found this little line addressed to me : 

“T cannot wait ; I cannot meet that man again. 
And I will not stand it any longer ; I am going home 
to have Philip Geer arrested. Pay the bill and 


' which brought me 

She was, like myself, as I was | 

That was an escape while | 

She was not there, but on her dressing- | 

[May 3, 1884. 

Any one must langh at Harrie. For the minute 
I could not help it, but my jollity was short-lived ; 
ere my laugh was fairly started the familiar card 
was handed in: 

“IT beg you will see me for a little moment.” 

Not once since that last night had I seen Philip 
Geer alone. There was no need of it now ; I had 
no thought of it ; my lips were already parted for 
explanations to the servant, but a sudden, uncon- 
trollable impnise seized me to follow down the 

It grew fast a yearning as I went along uncon- 
scionsly, a wistful hope, to see a light from the far, 
real days shining in amid my dream. Iwas care- 
less if a bit of my odd, dancing heart welled up as 
I looked up at him. 

“T would like to see Miss Harrie,” his crisp 
voice broke in, with scarce a greeting. It was 
enough to exasperate. 

“And you cannot, Mr. Geer. She has gone 
away home, to have you arrested, as is right,” I 
fairly snapped at him. 

Indeed, Miss Hildegarde ? 
train she left ?” 

As he speke he moved towards the door, and 

May I ask on what 

stood 1 wih his hand upon the knob. That 
mo: I » «1 oaly think what a fool he was. 

‘Wh. ever drives a man to act so?” I went on, 
bluntly. ‘Do you not see this girl abominates 
vou ?” 

Again the soft little laugh startled me. 

“Love, Miss Hildegarde, simply love,” he an- 
swered, **And you are mistaken ; she does not 
abominate me, she simply has a fancy that she 
will never marry—a foolish thought that she can- 
not love me. I am not weary striving, and now 
I ” 

‘*What next?” I gasped. 

‘*Home, on the first train.” 

‘** To-morrow ?” 

‘“‘To-night, Miss Hildegarde.”’ 

* * * a * * 

‘*My darling !” 

It was just three minutes of starting time when 
I entered the train and slipped into a seat. Philip 
Geer had offered himself my escort, but I said No ; 
I would stay until the morrow. I did not propose 
to, all the same ; the same uncontrollable impulse 
which had drawn me down to see this man, now 
led me after him. But this time I did not want to 
see him—rather, I did not want to be seen of him. 
There was little danger, I assured myself ; it was 
night, my vail was thick, the chances were he 
would not be in my car, and I could 
Fate is fate! I had but cast a furtive look 
around when the customary question broke upon 
my ear, and almost before I saw him, Philip Geer 
was sitting down beside me. It was certainly 
embarrassing ; there was naught but to bow my 
answer, to turn my face closely to the window, to 
hope that very, very soon this man would fancy 
his presence disagreeable to a stranger and go 

**My darling!" On—on in the dusk the train 
rattled many miles ere the voice broke in. Each 

moment I turned more desperately to the pane ; 
I could not face this man, I could not talk to him ; 
whatever it was, I would not. I only started at the 
words ; it was all a fancy even when the voice 
went on low and sweetly: ‘‘ My darling, I cannot 
endure this any longer. I have loved you so 


Aunt Rebah! For a minute I frowned, I quite 
forgot ecstatic life. It was outrageous ; even now 
I could searcely—- 

But for a minute ; the next—was it strange that 
my Aunt Rebah loomed an angel in disguise ? 


(Specially communicated to Frank Lesure’s ILivs- 

HE results of the French campaign in Mada- 
gascar have not equaled the expectations 
entertained at the beginning of the invasion. 
Looking towards the east coast of the great 
African continent from Port Louis, Mauritius, it 
will be found that the French have endeavored to 
cut off the Hovas from all sea communication, 
from Cape Amber on the extreme north to Cape 
St. Mary, the southern extremity. Vohemar Bay, 
a small northeast port under Hova jurisdiction, 
was bombarded, a Few houses destroyed, and, with 
no attempt to land by the French, it was aban- 
doned again to Hova reoceupation. Tamatave 
the French have made the headquarters for all 
their operations againt the Malagassy. After the 
bombardment they landed a sufficient force to 
occupy the town and hold the little fort; since 
then, however, the Hovas have massed about 
6,000 troops on the adjacent hills and practically 
blockaded the French in Tamatave from every 
direction, save that of the sea and their ships. 
At Malmunuru, a short distance below Tamatave, 
there are several foreign houses and a thriving 
Hova settlement. This the French also bom- 
barded, doing little damage, and making no at- 
tempt at occupation. The Hovas contemptuously 
say that the French ‘killed a pig and then ran 
away,” which is near the truth. Mahanuru is 
now held by about 2,000 troops under a Hova 
lieutenant-governor of the district. Still further 
south the invaders carried their aggressions. Port 
Dauphin was bombarded and oceupied by about 
200 French sailors, the Hova garrison retreating 
to an inland fortification, from which all efforis to 

| dislodge them have been unvailing. French agi nts 
| were sent into the adjacent Canosy country, a 
| tribe both warlike and long opposed to Hova rule, 

to incite the natives to rise against the Hovas ; 
they have partly sueceeded in this, and the posi- 
tion of the war-isolated Hova garrison is said 
to be critical. It is reported that an army is 
organizing at Tananarivo to march south to the 

Thus at Vohemar, Tamatave, Mahanuru and 
Port Dauphin the French have done little towards 
the actual subjection of the Hovas or the oceupa- 
tion of Madagascar. On the other hand, the Hovas 
are daily gaining confidence in the now evident 
hesitation of their enemies to invade the country, 
to attempt to penetrate their forests or brave the 
dangers of their deadly climate. The “still 
blockade ” of Tamatave has prostrated a once 
lively trade between Mauritius and Madagascar. 
The former island is filled with refugees, with 
adventurers and traders from the east coast, 
European and American capital invested in 
Malagassy products and imports, in the once rising 
sugar interests or in the growing hide trade, :s 
now idle or endangered by either the bombard- 
ments of the French or retaliation on the part of 
the indignant Hovas, The latter suffer little and 
care still less, 

Since my arrival at Port Louis I have talked 
with about all those prominently connected with 
Madagascar affairs—and there are many here-— 
and the universal sentiment is that every day of the 
present state of affairs injures the respect and 
weakens the appreciation of the Malagassy for the 

| policy and blessings of civilization, and it is a 

| country of revolution and massacre. 

fondly, all so hopelessly until to-night. To-night I | 

dreamed a hope, though I scarce dare credit it. 
Will you not speak to me one little word to tell me 
if you love me?” 

It was ridiculous enough the mistake he made. 

But somehow, even so, I could not bear he should | 
| its coast by certain and deadly fevers, and at pres- 

talk to me this way. 
and turned to him. 

‘*T—I am not Harrie !” 

“You are not Harrie! Who are you, then? My 
darling, my pet, my own precious little Hilde- 
garde! You must look at me, I suppose, that bare, 
astonished way. But listen just a moment : I can- 
not endure this any longer. It was your face 
home from England, deter- 
mined to win your love. But I saw from the out- 
set just how it would be ; your heart, you fancied, 
was buried in Ray Harley’s grave ; you could never 
love another man. It grew all despair to me until 
one day I chanced on a story much like this. In it 

Quickly I tore aside my vail 

It was all that I could 

| and possession of a great Christian nation. 

the new lover's plan brought a cold, grave-absorbed | 

heroine quite to worship him. I resolved to try it ; 
I found two ready conspirators, and—the long and 
the short of it is, we have been thus chasing about 
the country, after the book, for the fell purpose to 
make you love me. 
night ; to-night I fancied something in your face 
tell me, was it all a dream, or are you my— 

My eyes had fallen; fresh amaze could not 
lift them up again. Mine, all the fullness, the 
sweetness of the mystery had come to me, and 
thus I sat through the revelation, reveling in the 
low passion of his voice— 

I could endure its trembling note no longer ; 
suddenly I looked up at him. It was well there 
was no one near us*in the car to laugh, for my 

But I had no hope until to- | 

It has not 
been without trepidation that I look forward to 
the attempt to penetrate and explore an island 
that is longer than from New York to Chicago, 
spreads over a greater area than the New England 
and Middle States combined, is larger than France, 
covered with dense and impenetrable forests, in- 
habited by many savage tribes, made untenable on 

ent torn politically by the attempts at invasion 
I am, 
as well, unaccompanied by any European, and at- 
tended only by my little Malabar boy. 

On the east coast there are but two ports to land 
at—Vatoumandry (six hours north by land from 
Mahanuru) and Mahanuru, to which there are 
occasional English schooners—one from Mauritius. 
I go by the Jsabel, of eighty tons, across the biue 
Indian Sea to Vatonmandry, armed with many 
letters of introduction to prominent European and 
Hova residents of Mahanuru and the capital. A 
Mr. Pelissier, at Vatoumandry, has been instructed 
to forward me to Mahanuru by my agent in Mau- 
ritius, From Mahanuru I am to communicate 
with a Mr. Proctor, who organizes my escort to 
the capital, a journey of about nine days through 
the dense forests and over the beaten track. Such 
an escort will consist of twenty-five people— 
eighteen are bearers of the traveling-chair, beg- 
gage, guns and food ; one is the interpreter, one 
the cook, one the ‘gun bearer,” one the captuim 
of the escort, and, finally, my Malabar boy. The 
** fit-out ” of the expedition is made up in Mauri- 
tius before starting, and taken with me. Upon 
arrival at about a day’s journey from Tananarivo, 
a messenger is sent ahead to the Prime Minister 

| acquainting him of my arrival, the objects of my 

; capital, 

visit, and requesting a personal interview ; also 
similar letters to prominent Europeans in the 
A place being appointed, in full uniform 
and with a flag-bearer (I have a large flag), I meet 

| the Prime Minister, and, presenting a letter which 

new soul was in the words, and—-I cared not—in | 

my eyes, as shyly I put my hand in his, and said : 
“Your darling !” 
* * * *« * * 
**Were you not afraid to tell so many lies 2” I 
asked, blushingly of Harrie, as the next afternoon 
she sat recounting the full particulars of this con- 
spiracy. But the conspiracy was deeper than I 

| dreamed. Throngh the busy next days that fol- 

lowed, some way I forgot to question that strange 
chance of my photograph. It was one morning 

I have had written both in English and Hova, 
address him thus: “How is Her Majesty the 
Queen ?” ** How are the twelve wives?” “ How is 
the Prime Minister?” ‘* How are the judges and 
officers of the kingdom?” ‘* How is Tananarivo 
and the guns round about it?” ‘‘ How is Ambohi- 
manta?” ‘*How is the kingdom?” ‘Is it quiet 
and prosperous ?” to all of which having answered, 
my questioning begins : ‘* How is the great Presi- 
dent ?” ‘* How are his twelve wives?” ** How is the 
Republic ?” ete., to all of which my interpreter 
gives favorable replies. The letter I present re- 
quests a large Hova escort through the island, ex- 
presses the friendly feeling between the United 

| States and the Malagassy, and sets forth the ob- 

two weeks later Mrs. Philip Geer chanced upon a | 

scrap of paper, part of a letter ending thus: 
“So we trust you will return to Mouncey: it is 

too fine an estate to lay in waste. But I quite 

forget, the picture inclosed is an excellent likeness 

of my Hildegarde, who was to have married your | 

poor cousin Ray. 

Do you not think she is a pretty | 

jects of the proposed exploration. From Tanana- 
rivo the caeleniaion party proceeds directly south 
through the great grazing lands of the North and 
South Betsileos—a tribe much like the Hovas, 
governed by them and strong in their allegiance— 
to the second city of Madagascar — Fiananatsoa. 
This town in the sonth and Mananar in the north 
will be the two headquarters for excursions into 
the adjacent countries in case it is not concidered 

' advisable to:push on further with the Kova party. 

- , OOF. 

re ZiN Ure ms 

From Fiananatsoa the route extends through 
the land of the Ibaras—a large and somewhat 
savage race, still under Hova rule—and thence into 
the dangerous region of the coast tribes 
Sakalavas. I say 

the | 
ngerous, because the revolt of | 

the Canosys about Port Dauphin has excited the | 

Sakalavas as well, they never having been on par- 
ticularly good terms with the Hovas. But at Cul- 
lear Bay there are European trading stations and 
several missions. Now the expedition rests ; then, 
following the coast range of mountains to the River 
Mamombahy at Barrow Point, starts up in a 
northeast direction, skirting the Canosy country 
to the little town of Vinang, on the southeast side 
of the great island. From Vinang the country of 
the Betsimasarzka is entered, and canoe journeys 
are made through the innumerable lagoons that 
line the coast to Mahanuru again ; thence back to 
the capital to make preparation for the northern 

| from the first something of a favorite. 

In the north the country of the Sihinika is | 
traversed to Mananas, where, if Ifind that itis pos- | 

sible to push on to the north, I will try to reach 
Vohemar Bay, where European sailing vessels 
sometimes call, and where to these are one or two 
trading stations. If reaching Vohemar is out of 
the question, I intend striking across country and 
reach Mevotanana, descend the Bestebouka to Ma- 
junga, and take the first opportunity to get over to 

In this exploration the natural resources of the 
island will be studied closely, the peculiarities of 
its climate, its people and Government. Natural 
history will form an important part, and the open- 
ings and facilities for trade or introduction of 
American products and manufactures will be re- 
ported upon, It is surely time that some such steps 
should be taken in the East. Day by day our com- 
mercial representation is fading away like a tale 

into the shade, and confidently assert that the 
winner will have to go six hundred and twenty- 


five miles, while the last man will not fall below | 

five hundred and twenty-five. The sporting 
fraternity look incredulous, and if they were 
addicted to the bad habit of using French con- 
versational scraps, would sagely remark, ‘‘ Nous 
verrons.” An interesting and ———— element 
is contributed to the present race by the entry of 
the Dakota Indian, Nitaw-Eg-Ebow. He is a lithe, 
bronze-skinned Apollo, and wears on his head a 
white eagle feather commemorative of former 
achievements on the war-path. He bounds and 

glides around the track like a hound, with his | 

eyes bent earthward as if following a trail. During 
the days of training previous to the race the dusky 
athlete was visited by several warriors of his race, 
who witnessed his performances in silence, and 
with stolid and inscrutable faces. He has been 
like this have all the excitement of uncertainty, 
and whether the white phime will wave in victory, 
like that of Henry of Navarre, or droop in the 

| defeat which has overtaken so many favorites, it 

that is told. Day by day our flag is disappearing | 

wouid be useless, at the present writing, to specu- 



W* give in this number an illustration repre- 

senting the members of the International 
Commission, formed to examine the claims and 
determine the amount of damages sustained by 
persons of all nationalities in consequence of the 
bombardment, burning and pillage of Alexandria, 
Egypt, and the other events of the war occurring 
in that country in‘ the Summer of 1882. 

The bombardment took place on Tuesday, the 





r 4 — 


° - 







"By “SCH done R eee 


from the crowded highways of the ocean trade. 
The now great channels of commerce know it not, 
and it is unseen in the most frequented of com- 
mercial ports. 

Without interchange of national commodities 
under a national flag, there can be but little inter- 
change of the national idea or spirit that has 
given rise to them. No nation can ~ really great 
that is not a commercial nation. The history of 
the rise and progress and fall of any State is alike 
the chronicle of the birth, the advance and the de- 
cay of its commercial activity. The most populous 
empire of ancient or modern times is utterly unre- 
presented on the high seas, The voice of China 
1s unheard in the councils of modern Europe. We 
originate great ideas, we advance noble theories 
and spread the benign results of education and 
pa —amongst ourselves. We should not 

e content with this ; we should give to the world 
the ideas that have made us great—carry to the most 
remote of people an understanding of them, and 
unfurl once more on the highways and byways of 
the ocean the flag that represents the latest and 
most successful of governments for every class and 
caste of human society. Mason A, SHUFELDT, 

Lieut. U. 8. Navy, on Special Service. 


4 ee periodical outbreaks of pedestrianism have 

not, evidently, such a strong hold upon the 
public interest as they had three or four years ago. 
One reason for their comparative decline is doubt- 
less the general belief that the best possible six- 
day records have already been made. Six hundred 
miles in six days may well be taken as the limit of 

sible achievement in this kind of contest. 

Nevertheless, the great race now in progress at the 
Madison Square Garden has attracted a large 
number of spectators, and cannot fail to interest 
in a greater or less degree all who care to watch 
the records of trained athletes in supreme trials of 
speed and endurance. Probably a better equipped 
body of pedestrians never came together en the 
fifteen men who are now straining every muscle to 
make the greatest number of circuits of the saw- 
dust track in the given time. Nearly all of these 
men have distinguished themselves in previous 
walking-matches. The little Englishman, Rowell, 
is the most celebrated. Although his record has 
been surpassed, he has never been beaten in any 
race in which he has run to the finish. Fitzgerald 
claims a six-days’ record of over six hundred 
miles. Noremac, Vint, Sullivan, Panchot, Hart 
and Campana have all been at various times con- 
spicuous on the track. There are also several ‘‘ dark 

orses.” Some of the contestants have expressed 
saneuine hopes of throwing all previous records 



11th of July, commencing at seven in the morn- 
ing and continuing until! five in the evening. The 
English had the most powerful fleet ever engaged 

in action, and had no serious difficulty in silencing | 

the forts, which were old and for the most part 

supplied with guns that could not harm modern | 

ships of war. The Egyptians, however, fought 
bravely, most of their artillerymen dying at their 

The following day the city was evacuated by the 
forces of Arabi Pasha, and, on leaving, the soldiery 

ae =i ~ 

Mr. E. E. Farman, for a number of years Consul- | 

general at Cairo, and\ now Judge of the Interna- 
tional Court of Alexandria. 

The Commission assembled, and commenced its 
sittings the last of February, 1883, took a vacation 
during the hot months and the time of the cholera, 
from July until the last of November. and finished 
its work on the 8th of March. During this time it 

examined and decided 9,843 claims, more than | 

fifty a day for the entire time it was actually occu- 
vied. This is probably a much greater amount of 
abor than was ever done by any other similar 
body in so short a time. 

The total amount claimed was over $40,000,000. 
Five hundred and fourteen claims were rejected, 
and abont $21,000,000 awarded on the remaining. 
Among other claims for indemnities were those of 

the widows, children and other relatives in the | 

cases of 179 persons murdered during the events. 
The larger part of these murders were committed 
in the interior, immediately after the bhombard- 
ment, but a considerable number at the time of 
the riots on the memorable 11th of June. 
Although all these events were the direct and 
inevitable result of the unwarrantable and unjust 
interference of Europeans in Egyptian affairs, it 

is this unfortunate country upon which falls the | 

burden of paying all the losses, even for those 
caused by English bombs, and ‘n some cases pillag- 
ing by the English seldiery 

iwenty-one million | 

dollars is not a very large sum for a nation, but | 

the tillable landof Egypt amounts in extent to only 
the sixth part of the area of the State of New 
York ; and when it is remembered that the Egyp- 
tian debt already amounted to $100 for each acre, 
this addition of over #4 per acre becomes an item 
of serious importance to a people already op- 
pressed and burdened, in proportion to their re- 
sources, to an extent unequaled by that of any 
other people in the world. 


FTER weeks of preparation, that stanch old 

d **sealer,” the Bear, now the advance guard 
of the Greely Relief Expedition, sailed from the 
Brooklyn Navy Yard last week on the first stage of 
her hazardous voyage of rescue. The Thetis and 
the Alert are ready to follow at once. The Bear 
is to touch at St. Johns, N. F., and at Disco Island, 
The three vessels will meet at Uppernavik, Green- 
land, and we shall probably have no word from the 
expedition before October. 

No Arctic expedition ever started out with such 
complete, even luxurious, equipment as the 
present one, and none ever had a more seaworthy 
vessel than the Bear, Every device that expe- 
rience and foresight could suggest for the safety 
of the ship and the protection and comfort of her 
crew has been provided, Nothing appears to have 
been omitted in the preparation of the vessels and 

men for the carrying out of the brief but pregnant | 

instructions of the Secretary of the Navy, *‘ to find 
and rescue, or ascertain the fate” of the Greely 
party. In fitting out the Bear, a deck-house was 
built over the forward part of the vessel, with 
bunks for sixteen men, Here the crew live. The 
deck-house is made of double thicknesses of board, 
and between them is placed thick felt to keep out 
the cold. Bunks were built along the sides of the 
cabin for all the officers excepting the commander, 
who has a separate room to sleep in. A new deck 
was laid below the spar deck, and two solid bulk- 
heads were put in forward. The ship was braced 
and strengthened in the various parts where much 
strain would be likely to come. Should the pro- 
peller be broken, it can easily be hoisted up 
throngh an opening in the poop, and another be 
lowered into place. Two extra propellers and an 
extra rudder are on board. The Bear carries five 
whale-boats and three dories, The Arctic clothing 
for the officers and men is mostly made of reindeer- 
skin brought from Sweden, this being the material 
most suitable for the purpose. The entire number 
of men going on the three vessels is 140, of whom 
twenty-one are officers, and a partial list of the 
clothing furnished for their use is as follows : 
Woolen stockings, 1,500 pairs: cloth trousers, 750 
pairs ; monkey jackets, 225 ; navy caps, 50; knitted 
hoods, 250; blue flannel undershirts, 500; blue 

150; red flannel drawers, 150; sealskin boots, 500 
pairs ; sealskin gauntleted mittens, 371 pairs ; 
reindeer-skin trousers, 250 pairs; reindeer-skin 
jackets, 250 ; reindeer-skin sleeping bags, 125 ; oil- 
skin suits, 125 ; knitted wristlets, 140 ; foot nips, 
280; rubber sandals, 140; sealskin moccasins, 

| 500; and six oog-joog skins with tendons. Besides 
these articles there are 250 pairs of glass goggles | 

commenced pillaging and setting fire to the Euro- | 

pean part of the town. Those who were on 

vessels a little way out at sea witnessing the events | 

first saw clouds of smoke rising at abont three | 

o'clock in the afternoon. All that night and the 
following day and night the city was left a prey to 
the flames, the mob and the Bedouins, wl 

camped near the city, took advantage ©. 
sion to enrich themselves with plunder. 

10, eN- | 
the occa- 

The English drove away with their eighty-ton | 
guns, throwing shells weighing 1,700 pounds, the | 

natural guardians of the city—the native authori- 
ties—but they had no troops nearer than Malta or 
Cyprus, with which to take possession, and it was 
not until Friday that any attempt was made to 
land. Then a few English and Americau marines 
went on shore and entered the city, finding no op- 
position, and only a burning and deserted town 
with a few pillaging Arabs. 

It was the events of these few days that occa- 
sioned the losses that have principally occupied 
the attention of the Commission and constituted 
its work. Severe criticisms were at the time made 
of the action of the English in bombarding the 
forts without having a force to land, and they were 
held by the Europeans of other nationalities 
morally responsible for the losses. However; very 
soon afterwards, the Khédive instructed his Prime 

of assorted colors and 250 horsehair goggles, 100 

Many Italian residents of the United States 
have exhibits at the International Exhibition in 

Tr is proposed to a establish a Mexican Exchange 

in Chicago, similar to those already existing in St. 
Louis and New Orleans. 

THE Russian Government has decided upon a 
large issue of gold coin. Ingots of specie have 
been ordered from abroad, 

THE Lower House of the Massachusetts Legisla- 
ture has rejected the resolution providing for pro- 
hibitory amendments to the Constitution, 

Brits have been introduced in both the Senate 
and House of Representatives to appropriate 
$1,000,000 in aid of the World's Fair at New 

BASEBALL is apparently the fashionable Sunday 
amusement in St. Louis, some 10,000 people hav- 
ing witnessed a championship game on a recent 

THERE is great depression in the locomotive 
building trades, and one large establishment in 
Philadelphia is about to discharge 1,000 of its 

A State Convention of New Jersey Prohibition- 
ists, held last week, elected delegates to the Na- 
tional Convention, and placed in nomination a 
ticket for Presidential electors. 

Tur New York Republican State Convention 
last week nominated the Hon. Charles Andrews, 
Republican, and the Hon, Charles A. Rapallo, 
Democrat, for re-election to the Court of Appeals. 

OF 52,000,000 pounds of teas received at the port 
of New York last year, 650,000 pounds were zon- 
demned as unfit for food by the Government In- 
spector. In every case but one the action of the 
officials was sustained, 

Ir has been decided to establish a signal station 
in Alaska at Mushagok, which is at the head of 
Bristol Bay. This will enable observations to be 
made of the great tidal waves that roll in upon the 
coast at that place, as well as of the currents and 
the ordinary meteorological conditions, 

THE House of Representatives has passed a Bill 
to create a Bureau of Navigation in the Treasury 
Department. The object is to lay the foundation 
of a burean or board akin to the British Board of 
Trade, which shall be charged with the special duty 
of looking after the interests of the American com- 
mercial marine. 

Tue New York Cremation Society, which has for 
one of its objects the giving of aid to the United 
States Cremation Company in building a crema- 
tory, is in a prosperous condition, and expects 
soon to call a meeting of the subscribers to com- 
plete all the arrangements necessary. A committee 
is now looking for a site. 

ProFEssOR MAspero, the French Egyptologist, 
has discovered at Ekmeen, the ancient Khemnis 
(the Panopolis of the Greeks), between Assioot 
and Thebes, an immense necropolis, which dates 
from the Ptolemaic period. Five catacombs have 
so far been opened. These yielded 120 mummies, 
The sites of 100 similar catacombs are still intact. 
It is believed that they contain as many as 6,000 
mummies. A large harvest of papyri, jewels and 
funeral treasures is expected. 

ARRANGEMENTS are making, in many parts of 
Canada to adopt the Prohibition Liquor Act passed 
some years ago, but remaining until recently a 
dead letter. Six counties now prohibit liquor, and 
ten more will adopt the Act in a few months. 
Leading temperance people assert that it is only a 
question of a year or two before the whole of 
Canada will adopt the Prohibition Liquor Act. 
Prohibition conventions are being held through- 
out Canada to agitate public opinion in favor of 
the movement. 

Tue abolishment of slavery in Brazil is going 
steadily forward. A caleulation which has been 
made of the existing slaves reduces to 1,200,000 

| the 1,542,232 on the special register when closed 

feather pillows, 750 papers of needles, 200 brier | 

wood pipes, and 780 pounds of tobacco, 

Enough eatables will be stowed away in the | 

three vessels to meet the requirements of 140 men 

| to be false. 

for two years, including subsistence for sixty dogs | 

and three drivers. Pemmican, a somewhat nause- 
ous compound of dried beef, tallow and dried cur- 

rants, figures largely amongst the stores, but there | 

is to be no lack of healthful, generous food, as the 
following items from the bill of fare of 160 articles 
will show : Head cheese and sausage, 2,000 pounds ; 
sauerkraut and pickled cabbage, 5,000 pounds ; 
plum pudding, 2,000 pounds ; dried and canned 

| fruits and raisins, 10,000 pounds ; butter, 7,500 

Minister to issue a circular, informing the sufferers | 

that they would be fully indemnified. 

In Novem- | 

ber following a decree was issued by His Highness, | 

with the consent and approval of the Powers that | 

took part in the formation of the International 
Courts of Egypt, taking from these courts juris- 

diction in cases arising from the so-called insur- | 

rectionary events that had occurred 
country since the 10th of the preceding June ; and 
in the next January and February other decrees 

were made forming the Commission of Indemnity, | 
defining its powers and duties and naming its | 


It consisted of two members for Egypt, who 
acted respectively as president and vice-president ; 
one from each of the seven great Powers, Eng- 
land, France, Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy, 
Russia and the United States; one from Greece, 
and one who represented all the other European 
Powerr, The United States were sopeunemten by 

in that | 

pounds ; sugar, 3,200 pounds ; coffee, 3,200 pounds ; 
tea, 10,000 pounds; chocolate, 2,000 pounds ; 
cheese, 5,500 pounds; oysters, fried and raw, 
4,000 pounds; condensed milk, 5,500 pounds ; 
lime juice, 11,000 pounds, and hard bread, 100,000 
pounds. The supply of ordnance and of scientitic 
instruments is ample. 

The crew and ofticers of the Bear make up a list 
of thirty-five, all told. Each man aboard is a 
volunteer, carefully selected from the large num- 
ber that came forward at the first mention of the 
fitting out of the expedition. The officers are : 
Lieutenant W. H. Emory, Commander ; Lieuten- 
ant F, H. Crosby, Executive ; Lieutenant John R. 
Colwell, Navigator; Lieutenant N. R. Usher, En- 
sign L. K. Reynolds, Passed Assistant Surgeon 
H. E. Ames and Chief Engineer John Lowe. 

There will be an ice pilot and twenty-six men, 
divided into two boatswain’s mates, two quarter- 
masters, two captains of top, one carpenter's 
mate. one ship’s cook, one ship’s yeoman, who will 
also act as pay yeoman and captain of the hold ; 
one blacksmith, one cabin steward, one cabin 
cook, nine seamen, two first-class machinists and 
three first-class firemen. 

Tue British portsare crowded with destitute and 
suffering sailors. In Shields there are 4,000 sea- 
men out of employment. A hundred steamers are 
lying idle upon the Tyne. Ten thousand laborers 
in the Tyne shipyards are out of work, and as many 
more in the Sunderland shipyards. Business is 
slack in the yards along the Clyde, 

| priate ceremonies by Bishop Wigger. 

flannel overshirts, 550: red flannel undershirts, | on September 30th, 1873. Of the difference, about 

100,000 is due to emancipation, of which about 
15,000 were effected by the Treasury at the cost of 
about 10,420,000 milreis, exclusive of 1,000,000 
supplied by the slaves themselves, and there is a 
sum of about 5,000,000 or 6,000,000 milreis yet to 
be used in emancipations. 

A Catuonic priest at Keyport, N. J., some of 
whose parishioncrs have been given to carrying 
pes ae stories, has adopted a new method of 
punishing the offenders. A scandal told about 
one of the most prominent residents of the vicinity 
caused quite a stir, more especially because it proved 
The priest learning that some of his 
flock had figured in the matter, summoned the re- 
fractory members before him. They admitted their 
guilt, but declined to make an apology. There- 
upon he refused communion to the offenders. An 
appeal made to Bishop O'Farrell of the Trenton 
diocese has resulted in the bishop maintaining the 
action taken by the priest. 

Princess Winnemucca, of the Piute tribe of 
Indians, last week appeared before a sub-Com- 
mittee on Indian Affairs pleading for the setting 
apart of a reservation for her tribe. She was 
accompanied by a delegation of ladies and gentle- 
men from Baltimore. ‘Lhe Indian woman spoke in 
good English, emphasizing her remarks with grace- 
ful gestures. As she depicted the griefs of her peo- 
le she was frequently moved to tears, She said 
~ tribe was scattered ; that they had been driven 
from place to place. “Two Winters ago,” she 
continued, ‘‘ while being driven from one point, 
old men and children were frozen to death.” She 
also said that Indian Agents had a the 
tribe of stores provided for them by the Govern- 

Tue Monastery of the Dominican Nuns, the only 
one of the kind in the United states, was opened 
at Newark, N. J., on the 19th instant, with appro- 
services were held on the 22d, after which, every 
visitor having withdrawn from the cloister, the 
door in the wail dividing the cloistered part from 
the public chapel and reception-room was closed 
with two locks. One key is retained by Bishop 
Wigger, or his representative, and the other by 
Mother Mary Jesus, the Superior, and no person 
can, therefore, enter or depart from the cloister 
unless the holder of each key is present to open 
the door. All communication with the nuns must 
be held through double-iron gratings set eighteen 
inches apart in the solid wall, and the wire net- 
tings over the grates will not admit a lead pencil. 
Two nuns must be present at every interview with 
an outsider, The nuns wear white robes and 
black vails, 




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APRIL 24TH.— From Sxketcues By A Starr Artist.— Sere Pace 167. 










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Xt ON 


SEE PAGE 171. 



| and join the force of Lord Mar. 

hole, but should, unless something was determined 
at this meeting, ride straightway across the Border 
As regarded the 
other gentlemen, each knew for himself how far 
he had gone, and whether it was safe to go back 

| or go on, and he should not say one word to per- 

Arrnorn or “In a Ganpnen Farr,” * ALL SORTS AND | 
Conpitions or Mew,” “ Tie CHAPLAIN OP 
THE FLEET Eere., bre 



Cave, where Queen Margaret and her son were 
kept in safety. intolerable that 
a man of his exalted rank should be in hiding at 
all, and before long there spread 
abroad in whisper that a council of some kind was 
to be held. 

No one knew whose turn might come next. The 
case of Lord Derwentwater might be that of any 
When the meeting was 

HERE are many stories told of Lord Derwent- 
for instance, he 

was obliged to conceal himself in the Queen’s 

water's hiding-places ; as, 

It was, however, 

began to be 

gentleman in the county. 
held at which action was resolved upon, there was 
scarcely a man present who did nce: expect his own 
arrest. It was at a place called Greenrig, upon 
the open moor between Blanchland and Dilston, 
Five years before, the same company met together, 

but then for friendship and for feasting. Then 
all faces were gay ; now all were gloomy. Even 
with those who were young and those who had no- 

thing to lose it is a serious thing to draw the 

sword, My lord’s eyes were anxious, and his fore- 
head lined ; Tom was grave, his look suspicious, as 

if * lurk in 
heather. Charles Radcliffe was there 

clump of 
we all knew 

& messenger mig! every 

what was in the heart of that gallant boy. The 
countess was present, her cheek flushed and 
angry, her eyes flashing. There came with Tom 

(besides Mr. Hilvard) his friend, who afterwards 
his chief adviser the field, Colonel 
Oxbrough, whom I now met (for the countess and 

became in 
[ rode across the moor with Charles) for the tirst 
time. I may not speak of the dead with blame, 
but sure and certain [ am that if Tom had not 
fallen in with this gentleman he might have been 
now lord of the great Bamborough estates, and 
these free and unincumbered, as Lady Crewe 
estate (perhaps he ran through it in the manner 
common to many Lrish landlords) ; he served under 
King James ; he in manner, he 
was unlike any of the other Irishmen engaged in this 
business, not loud in talk and hectoring like Cap- 
tain Gascoigne, nor boastful like Captain Wogan, 
but of a calm, cold way of speech which had more 
effect than loud and boastful talk ; in appearance 
he was tall and thin, with bright eyes, aquiline 
nose and firm lips ; in manner he was courtly, and 
in demeanor mild and thoughtful, always showing 

Colonel Oxbrough was born to a good 

was a Catholic; 

great regard to the opinion of the man with whom 
he conversed, Yet of all the rebels, this man was 
the most determined; he had made up his mind 
that for Ireland (for he cared nothing about Eng- 
land or Scotland) it was necessary that the king 
should be a Catholie ; with that object he would 
go to the death willingly, but, further, I think he 
eared little, 

The servants held the horses at a convenient 
moor, purple with heather and ling, stretched 
there was no chance of inter- 

distance, and the gentlemen gathered 
some lying on the turf and some standing, 

away on every side ; 
ruption, As for the countess, with whom I came, 
she stood beside her hasband, her hands laid upon 
his left arm, her cheeks flushed and angry, her 
eyes flashing, gazing into his face as if she would 
read his thoughts. As for hers, I knew them. 
Then Lord Derwentwater spoke, slowly and 
seriously. No one, he said, had the interest of the 
prince, his lawful king and sovereign, more at 
heart than himself, This was so well known that 
a warrant was issued, as they all knew, for his 
arres;; no doubt his fate was determined before 
he had a chance of strikinga blow. He desired at 
this meeting to take his friends’ opinion whether 

the time had truly arrived for rising in the name | 

of the prince. For himself, he could not pretend 
to know the feeling of the country ; he had lived 
in it but five years, and never in London at all. 
But he was fully assured, he said, that nothing 
should be attempted in England, whatever the 
Scots might do, until it was clear, first, that the 
voice of the whole country was in favor of the 
prince ; next, that a rising in one county would be 
immediately followed by others in all parts ; and 
lastly, that the temper of the army and the fleet 
should be favorable. 

“For, gentlemen,” he continued, “let us con- 
sider, I pray you, not only ourselves, who have a 
stake in the country which you hazard in this 
chance and fortune of uncertain war ; not only our 
own lives, which the common soldier risks at six- 
pence a day, and every soldier who goes afloat, but 
also our wives and children, who will be ruined 
with us if we fail, Remember the many grievous 

cases after the late unhappy civil war, when Eng- | 

lish noblemen and gentlemen were almost begging 
their bread in France and the low countries. Also 

will take pike and firelock and follow our fortunes. 
Therefore, I say, unless the way is made plain to 
me, I will not so far weaken the prince’s cause as 
to throw away foolishly my fortune and my life.” 

At these words there was a murmur of approba- 

snade any one into an enterprise which might lead 
to fortune or might lead to death. Every man 
had life in his hands, and sometimes it 
was necessary to stake that life in the game. And 
80 On, speakir , very sensibly 
and to the point, concluding with saying that he, 
for one, would draw and persuade no one to fol- 
low him. 

Lord Widdrington followed. I knew little of 
his lordship, except from hearsay, and therefore I 
refrain from speaking about him. He a 
Catholic, and at this time about thirty-eight or 
forty years of age, with family connections which 
proved fortunate for lim in the end, when all 
those who had interest, save one or two, managed 
to get a pardon. Lord Widdrington said, briefly, 
that it was clearly the duty of loyal gentlemen to 

his own 

ig, as it seemed to m 



take every opportunity of pressing forward the 
cause of the lawful sovercign, and that he, for one, 
should be pleased if the gentlemen present should 
think the time opportune and a hope of snecess so 
reasonable as to justify them in taking up arms, 

** But,” he added, ** Lappland the maxim of Lord 
Derwentwater, that for the prince’s friends to get 
killed, and their proper 
poor way of helping his highness.” 

v confiscated, would be a 
And with that 
he sat down, 

Sir William Swinburne spoke next to the same 
effect, and then Colonel] Oxbrongh, seeing that nd 
other gentleman had anything to say, took off his 
hat and begged to be allowed speech. He said, 
speaking withont any passion, and in a low voice 
and slowly, that, in his serious opinion, the times 
that since the 
death of the late Qucen men had been looking at 
3 yet 
he, for one, would be slow to accuse the loy alists of 

were never more ripe for action ; 
each other in wonder that nothing was don 

England of indifference, since he was persuaded 
that nothing was wanting except a leader and an 

“Why, gentlemen,” he went on, ‘‘here is be- 
fore our eyes an example which is better than a 
thousand words. The Earl of Mar began with a 
thousand men, and hath now with him fully twelve 
thousand, His army is like a ballof snow, gather- 
ing strength as it rolls onward. 
a better example? Ireland is waiting for the sig- 
nal: in the West of England they are also waiting ; 

Do you wish for 

Cumberland and Lancashire are full of loyal men ; 
London counts thousands of the prince’s friends ; 
his highness is even now preparing to cross over 
and take the field in person, What better oppor- 
tunity can you have? What more can you desire ? 
If any other consideration were wanting, there is 
the fact that you are all very well known for the 
prince’s friends. What private promises you may 
each have made [ know not, but would have vou re- 
member that treachery hath already been at work ; 
I doubt not that in a few days you will all be se- 
cured and clapped into separate prisons, or hur- 
ried away to London, where you will be severally 
examined, and what the others 
will answer ; so that for very fear of betraying one 
another you may verily do it. 

none will know 
This, gentlemen, is 
to contemplate. Yet, 
opinion, only one way 

a very disagreeable thing 
there seems, in my humble 
to prevent it.” 

Well ; still they looked at one another, for no 
one would be the first to propose so grave a step. 
Colonel Oxbrough stood silent, with grave com- 
posed look, and made no sign of impatience. But 
then the countess herself sprang into the middle 
of the circle, and, with the air and manner of a 
queen, flung her fan upon the ground before them 
all, crying : 

“Take my fan, then, gentlemen, and give me 
your swords !” 

My lord’s face flushed crimson, as he picked it 
up and restored it to her, ** Gentlemen,” he said, 
quietly, ‘enough talking.” He took off his hat, 
and drew his sword, erying, **God save King 

James! All their swords flashed, and every man 

tossed up his hat, erying, ** God save King 
James !” 
“Why,” said Colonel Oxbrough, quietly. “I 

knew there could be but one end. Madaim’’— he 
bowed low to the countess, who stood with clasped 
hands, panting breast, flushed cheek, and parted 
lips, gazing upon her husband—** Madam, as it 
was said of Queen Elizabeth, so shall it be said of 
your ladyship--Dux fiemina facti.” 

Mr. Hilyard, who stood behind me, had no 
sword to draw, groaned and sighed, but nobody 
heard him except myself. 

After the shouting there was much talking to- 
gether and discussion, in which Lord Derwentwater 
took little part, standing silent and contemplative. 
After every one had had his say, mostly in a con- 
fused babble, many talking together, and, when 
there was silence, Colonel Oxbrough was heard re- 
commending or suggesting. At last all was resolved 
upon. On the following morning they were all to 
repair to the Greenridge Burn, there openly to 

| band together in the name of King James. 
let us consider those poor faithful creatures, who | 

tion ; but the countess clutched at my hand, mur- 

muring : 

“Oh, he knows not his own strength! 
but to declare himself !” 

Then the gentlemen looked upon each other, and 
then upon Tom, who presently spoke. What he 
said was simple and in plain words, for he was no 
speaker, to the effect that his own part and share 
in the design was so greaty and his name so fully 
involved, that there was no hope left for him save 
in the success of the undertaking ; that he was 
resolved to live no longer the life of a fox in a 

He has 

So they parted ; Lord Derwentwater, with the 
countess, Mr. Errington, Sir William Swinburne 
(it was Incky for Sir William that he was per- 
suaded by -his lordship to go home, and to stay 
there awhile), his two brothers, and others, rode 
back to Dilston; Tom, flushed and excited, to 
Blanchland, with the rest of his friends, among 

| whom, I forgot to mention was Mr. Patten. 

“Sir,” said this worthy minister, ‘*I now ven- 
ture to ask a favor of your honor.” 

“What is it?” asked Tom; ‘1 think this is a 
time for action, not for asking favors.” 

**Tt is, sir, that your honor, who, I hear, will re- 
ceive the king’s commission to command his 
majesty’s forces in England, will be graciously 
pleased *—here he bowed down to the ground— 
‘*to confer upon me, unworthy as I am, the office 
of chaplain to your honor.” 


“Why,” said Tom, ‘if that be all, my chaplain 
shalt thou be. And you, Tony, don’t look glum. 
Think you that there shall be no more feasting 
and drinking? Wait, man, till we have got the 
prince to St. James's, and then we will make a 
night of it.” 

* At such a juncture,” said Mr. Pa&ten, severely, 
“Mr. Hilyard can surely think of something be- 
sides drinking and playing the fool.” 

“T think, said Mr. Hilyard, 
Rehoboam and his counselors.” 

** Dare you maintain, sir 4 

“Hark ye, Mr. Chaplain,” Mr. Hilyard, replied, 
‘‘meddle not with me, chaplain or no chaplain, 
The only favor I ask of his honor is that I may 
follow him and serve him in the field as I have 
served him at home. I dare say I shall be able to 
shoot and carry a musket as well any plowboy in 
the ranks.” 

“You to fight! Oh, Mr. Hilyard!” I said. 

** Nay, sister,” said Tom, “ all shall go who will, 
I drag none against his inclination. Tony, give me 
thy hand, honest friend. Fight beside me, or stay 
at home with Dorothy, as thou wilt. If we come 

besides,” of 

well out of this, old friend, of which I make no 
doubt, thou shalt see I am not ungrateful. My 

poverty, thou knowest, but not my wish to reward 
thee for all these years of service.” 

It is not for my feeble pen to write a history of 
the events which followed. What do I know of 
armies and of battles? I staid at Blanchland 
alone, except for my maid and the rustics of that 
retired place, seeing no one save from time to time 
when I rode across the moor to Dilston, and 
learned all that the countess could tell me, which 
was little. Had we been able to look into the 
future, which is mercifully withheld from us, we 
should have been wretched indeed. Women can 

only believe what they are told; did not Colonel | 

strong, in hope, having little fear for the issue, 
but only for the chances of battle. Victory was 
certain, but brave men must die before the 
trumpets of the victors blow. 

In the morning early the gentlemen were in the 

** Courage, Dorothy,” said Tom, ‘‘ we are going 
to certain victory. Farewell, dear lass,” 

So he kissed me, and clattered under the old 
archway, and rode away gayly with his friends, 
The next time I saw him was to be also with his 
! in different guise. 

Oxbrough promise a general rising ? were 

friends, but, alas ! 

The last to go was Mr. Hilyard, equipped for the 
first time in his life with a musket and a sword, 
and two great horse-pistols stuck in his holsters, 
but he showed little confidence in these weapons, 

**So, Miss Dorothy,” he said, “I go a-fighting. 
For myself, I have little stomach for the sport. I 
think we be all fools together. Heaven send us all 
safe home again! Phew! I am sick already of 
bullets as well as of marching and shouting. 
Farewell, sweet mistress, Alas! shall I ever come 
back to be your servant again?” 


Sagem must that I say somewhat concerning 
4 the first days of this unlucky rebellion, be- 
cause many things foolish and false have been said 
and written concerning its early beginning. And 
first, it is most true that not one gentleman joined 
who was not possessed beforehand of a general 

knowledge (I say general, not full and particular) | 

of the design, and had pledged his honor to carry 
it out when called upon, Yet nothing was decided 
upon until the meeting, wherefore all spoke truth 
in saying at their trials that the business was not 
premeditated. The only exceptions to this know- 
ledge of the plot were, perhaps, the earl and his 
brother. Many there were also who had promised, 
but their hearts failed them at the last. Lastly, I 
declare that not one among them all would have 
moved but for the things they were told by the 
secret messengers, such as Oxbrongh, Gascoyne 
and Talbot—I mean such things as have been 
already repeated concerning the temper of the 
country, Never was a company of honorable 

gentlemen (as I have since fully learned) so vilely | 

deceived and betrayed to their own destruction as 
these unfortunate gentlemen of Northumberland. 
Had I known then what now I know, I would my- 

self have stabbed Colonel Oxbrongh to the heart | 

with my scissors. For there was no rising in the 
West of England at all, and only a riot or two in 
the Midland Counties ; nor any rising in Ireland, 
where most we expected and looked for one ; and 
as for the great promises which we had, it will be 
seen presently to how much they amounted. Yet 
the poor gentleman himself may have been de- 
ceived, and in the end he met his death with 
great fortitude. 

There were about twenty gentlemen rode out 
with Tom. Among them were Mr. Patten and Mr. 
Hilyard, the former swelling like a bishop (as he 

great wig, and the latter riding last, with anxious 
face. Some of them rode out from Blanchland, 
but most came from Hexham. 

They made no stay at Greenrig, but, thinking 

not to have refused. any. Then, whether their 
army were well or ill-equipped, the fame and ru- 
mor of the great numbers flocking to them would 
have been spread abroad, and so many thousaii: 
encouraged to enlist. Besides, those who would 
have joincd, seeing the gallant show of gentlemen 
and their mighty following, lost heart, or became 
cold, when they had passed by, and remembered 
only the danger when their offers were refused 
and the troops had all gone by. 

Next day, being Saturday, the 7th of October, they 
marched upon Warkworth ; and there, at the gates 
of the old castle, the general (no other than Tom), 
wearing a mask—but why, I know not, because all 
the world knew him—proclaimed King James the 
Third of Great Britain and Ireland. It was done 
with trumpet and drum, and one acting as herald. 
On the next day, being Sunday, the general sent 
orders to Mr. Ion, vicar of the parish, that he 
should pray for King James ; and, on his refusing, 
commanded Mr. Buxton, chaplain of the forces 
(Mr. Patten being, as it were, domestic chaplain 
to the general), to read the service, which was 
done, and a very stirring sormon was preached, 
full of exhortations to be manfui to the cause, and 
to fight valiantly. On Monday, the 9th, they rode 
to Morpeth, and there received seventy gentlemen 
from over the border. They were now 300 strong, 
and all gentlemen. Had they taken all who of- 
fered, they might have been 3,000 strong. Here 
they were all rejoiced by the news that Mr. 
Launcelot Errington, with half a dozen compan- 
ions, had boldly captured the castle on Holy 
Island. They did not hold it long ; but it is by 
such feats of bravery that the hearts of others are 
uplifted. If they could keep the place, they could 
signal friends at sea, who were expected daily, with 
supplies of arms and officers. At Morpeth they 
again proclaimed the chevalier. Here they were 
joined by a good many other gentlemen ; but still 
they refused the common people. Now, consider- 
ing that foot soldiers are the greatest and most 
important part of an army, it seems madness not 
to have taken them. 

Another dreadful mistake, though one which 
was afterwards pleaded in excuse, was that the 
gentlemen did not bring with them every man 
that could be raised. Lord Derwentwater, for 
example, could have raised and armed well-nigh a 
thousand men; yet he brought none with him, 
except half a dozen servants. 

Their tirst design was to get possession of New- 
castle, of which they had great hopes; and they 
sent Charles Radcliffe forward with a troop of 
horse to take and hold Felton Bridge, which was 
done with great valor. 

And here they met with their first disappoint- 
ment, expecting that Newcastle would open its 
gates to them, whereas, on the contrary, the gates 
of that city were closed tight, and the citizens and 
keelmen armed, and the friends of the prince had 
to lie snug and quiet. There is no doubt that 
they were promised the town would receive them, 
and a great accession to their strength it would 
have been, being strongly fortified, rich, populous 
and inhabited by a sturdy and valiant race of men, 
most of whom would have followed the rising tide 
of success. However, this failed, and on the 18th 
of October the town was occupied by General Car- 
penter with Hotham’s regiment of foot, and Cob- 
ham’s, Molesworth’s and Churchill’s dragoons 
Meantime, therefore, the insurgents withdrew to 
Hexham, where they staid three days, the men bil- 
leted upon the inhabitants, but all well behaved 
and among friends. Here the joyful news came 
that Lord Kenmure, with the Earls of Nithsdale, 
Carnwath and Wintoun had taken arms in the 
South of Scotland, and had set up the king’s 
standard in the town of Moffat. After a little 
marching and enlisting, they crossed over the 
Cheviots, Lord Kenmure commanding, and came 
to Rothbury, whence they sent a message to Gen- 
eral Forster to know his mind, who replied that he 
would join them; and accordingly the English 
forces marched north and joined the Scotch, after 
which they crossed the border again and went to 
Kelso, where, on the Sunday, Mr. Patten preached 
a very stirring sermon from the text, ‘‘The Right 
of the Firstborn is his,” handling the subject, as 
Mr. Hilyard assures me, most masterly. 

On the Monday the men were drawn up in the 
market-place, where, the colors flying, the drums 
beating and the bagpipes playing, the king was 

| 8olemnly proclaimed, and the Earl of Mar’s mani- 

festo read aloud. Their army consisted now of 
about 1,500 foot and 700 horse, to oppose whom 
General Carpenter had no more than 900 men, 
horse and foot, and these raw soldiers for the 
most part. There were, therefore, two courses 
open to them—I mean sensible courses—either 
they might march northwards and attack the Duke 
of Argyll’s army in the rear, which would greatly 
strengthen the Earl of Mar and embolden his fol- 

| lowers, or they might cross the border again and 
already thought himself), in a new cassock and | 

the place inconvenient, they rode on to the top of | 
an adjacent hill, called the Waterfalls, whence | 

they presently discerned Lord Derwentwater ap- 
proaching with his friends. The numbers of the 
gentlemen thus joined together amounted in all to 
about sixty hursemen, of whom twenty were ser- 
vants. This was not, to be sure, a large force 
with which to take the field against King George’s 
armies. But they expected no more at the begin- 
ning, and rode north that day to Rothbury, the 

| news of what was doing spreading like wildfire 

through the country. At Rothbury their numbers 
were much increased; though, for the present, 

they would enlist none of the country people, only | 

bade them sit down and wait, for their time should 
come before long. Now this, Mr. Hilyard hath 
always maintained, was their first and capital 
error ; for they should have enlisted all who came 
that were able to carry pike and firelock, and 

fall upon General Carpenter before he got any re- 
inforcements. Thus would they strike a most tell- 
ing blow, and one that would encourage the whole 
party in England. But, alas! counsels were di- 
vided ; there were jealousies between Scots and 
English ; the Scottish officers refused to enter Eng- 
land, while the English would not enter Scotland ; 

| they, therefore, marched without purpose or aim, 
| except, as it seemed to friends and foes alike, with 

intent to escape General Carpenter, along the 
northern slopes of the Cheviots, until they came ta 
Langholm, in Eskdale, where it was resolved, 
against the opinion of Lord Derwentwater, to in- 

| vade Lancashire, most of the gentlemen believing 

(on the faith of promises and the assurances of 

| the Irish officers) that in this Catholic county 

20,000 men would rise and join them. 

The sequel shows how much reliance could be 
placed on these assurances. On the way south a 
good many of the Scots deserted and went home ; 
on Penrith Fell they encountered, being then 
about 1,700 strong, the whole body of militia, 
called together and arrayed by the sheriff, armed 
with pitchforks, pikes, and all kinds of rustic 



y 3, 1884.) 

weapons. They numbered 10,000, but at sight of 
the insurgents they turned and ran without a 
blow being struck. It was a bloodless victory, and 
ought to have raised the spirits of our men, but it 
did not, because the leaders were already dashed 
(and showed it in their bearing) by the smallness 
of their numbers and their own dissensions. Tha 
only men among them all, Mr. Hilyard tells me, 
who kept their cheerfulness, were Charles Rad- 
cliffe, Colonel Oxbrough, whose courage and calm- 

ness no misfortunes could depress, and Mr. Patten, | 

who, until the end came, could not believe that an 
army in which were so many noblemen and gentle- 
men could fail to be victorious. After occupying 
Appleby, and obtaining a good quantity of horses, 
saddles, tirelocks, and other ‘useful things, they 
were joined by some of the Catholic families of 
Lancashire, together with a few Protestants, but 

as for the 20,000 men who were to rally round | 

them they were nowhere visible. At Appleby about 
500 Secotsmen deserted the camp, and marched 

homewards again, selling their guns as they went | 

for food. Thence to Lancaster by way of Kendal, 
and so 6n to Preston, receiving only slight acces- 

At Preston great hopes were raised, so many 
coming in, whose rebellion of a day or two cost 
them dear. Reports were brought from Man- 

chester that the leading people in the town were | 

well-disposed towards the prince. Lord Derwent- 
water himself went thither secretly, and held a 
meeting with some of the gentlemen there in order 
to arrange for a rising, but I have not heard with 
what success, Then it was expected that the Duke of 
Ormond would*have joined them with at least 3,000 
men. I know not, nor have ever been able to 
learn, why nothing was done in Ireland or in the 
West of Engiand. Opportunities lost never return, 
and although I am convinced that never in the 

history of the world were gentlemen more de- | 

ceived, yet I cannot understand why, the cause 

itself being so righteous, the end was not more | 

successful. All might have gone well. 
where was the prudence? The English general 
(my poor brother) had no military knowledge, 
and, though he was advised by Colonel Oxbrough, 

proud to be led by him, and Tom was not strong 
enough to command, 
old friends and followers against their will ? Mean- 
time, while they were considering whether they 
should advance on Liverpool, General Willes had 
joined General Carpenter, and was marching on 
Preston, resolved to attack the rebels with such 
forces as he had, Look now! King George’s 
trooys were but 1,000 in all, or 1,200 at the most, 
and the insurgents had nigh upon 3,000! Doth it 
not make one’s blood boil to think how, being 
more than twice their enemy in number, brave 
men’s lives were thrown away and a righteous 
canse destroyed ? : 
(To be continued.) 


QTEADILE the steamships of the Guion line are 
nN beating their own records in transatlantic 
voyages. The arrival of the Oregon on Saturday, 
19th instant, six days, ten hours and ten minutes 
from Queenstown, surpasses the best previous run 
by nearly eight hours, and created a genuine 
furoregamong the shipping circles of New York. 
The Oregon left Queenstown at noon on Sunday, 
April 13th, and her daily log for the voyage was as 


April 13th.. ‘ 146 | Apel 18th............ & 
CC Ll eee 460 | April 19th.. 95 
April 15th... . ...... 466] 
Apis 100h............ oe =«‘Teeal............ 2,861 
April 17th............ 469 | 

The run of April 18th was made during very fair 
weather. It eclipses the best run ever made in 
twenty-four hours—that of the Alaska—by thirty- 
two miles. The entire-distance run was 2,861 
miles, o: seventy - six miles further than the 
Alaska when she made her best record of six days, 
twenty-one hours and forty minutes. At noon of 
Saturday, April 19th, the Oregon was ninety-five 
miles east of Sandy Hook, which point was reached 
at exactly 5:47 Pp. M., or six days, ten hours and ten 
minutes actual running time from Queenstown. 
The average speed per day of the Oregon was 461 
miles, or nearly twenty miles an hour. It is esti- 
mated that, had the steamer experienced through- 
out the trip weather as fair as that of the 19th 
instant, she would have made the trip in a trifle 
over six days. It is expected that » & will make 
the voyage in six days before the season is passed. 

Captain James Price, commodore of the Guion 
fleet, who commanded the Oregon on this remark- 
able voyage, gives in an interview some interesting 
incidents of the trip. ‘‘ When the passengers saw 
the log for the first day,” Captain Price said, 
‘they became aware that we were doing some 
extraordinary sailing, and crowded around me to 
find out how it compared with previous records. It 
is im ible for me to give you an idea of the in- 
creasing enthusiasm during the five succeeding 
days, on every one of which we made a better 
record than had ever been made. I told passengers 
the fourth day that we would sight the signals on 
the American coast on Saturday by daylight. 

“Well, the passengers couldn’t believe it 
sible. I watched the ship day and night. nere 

was scarcely an hour that I didn’t know exactly, 
what she was doing. I had at hand every method 
a seaman ever had, and I believe I know how to 
use them all. I knew all the,time just where the 
ship was as well as I know that I am sitting in this 
chair, and I could feel the land Saturday afternoon 
before we reached the Fire Island lights. 

“The weather was thick on Saturday afternoon 
when we sighted the lights, The passengers came 
crowding up on the decks. We had 200 saloon 
passengers, 100 second cabin, and 400 steerage, 
and all, rich and poor, came up with equal enthu- 
siasm. It was a crowd worth looking at. 

“Ts it true? Is it true?’ they said. 
in sight of land?’ 

**Yes,’ I said. ‘A telegram has gone to Liver- 
before this, announcing to your friends there 

hat we have crossed the Atlantic in better time 
than was ever made before.’ 

“ They crowded to the rail and tried to get sight 
of the light. Of course, not being sailors, they 
couldn’t see it. 

““* How could they see us from the island?’ 

* Are we 

some said, ‘and if they saw us how could they 

Alas, | 

| that fills the senses with subtle rapture. 

know it was the Oregon?’ They had no idea of our | of the inhabitants of Cannes. The procession was 

signals. But most of them had faith. 

crowded around me, shook me by the hand, and | 

Such a 


overwhelmed me with congratulations. 
demonstration I never saw on shipboard before. 

The Oregon was built by John Elder & Co., and 
finished in 1883. 
feet beam, 40 feet 9 inches in depth, and her gross 
measurement is uabout 7,500 tons. She has three 
cylinders, one 70 inches and two 104 inches in 
diameter, and a six-foot stroke, developing 13,000 
vised as to render it possible of management by 
two men, if necessary, one above and the other 
below decks. The Oregon has four masts and five 


HERE is no day of greater misery to those 
whose fate compels them to flit than the Ist of 
May. Who has not experienced the hideous dis- 
comforts appertaining to that dreaded function ? 
The house furniture converted into mantraps ; the 
carpetless floors, the pictureless walls, the com- 
fortless meals, if any; the hopes and fears in 
regard to the furniture wagons ; the gruff incivility 
of the contractor’s men ; the rough handling of the 
most treasured articles ; the crash of crockery, the 
smash of woodwork, the howling of children, the 
general snappishness of temper all round! And 

thing putastray ; the beds in the cellars, the kitchen 
batteries in the bedrooms. Of course the canary and 
the cat and the dog are cared for, and their comforts 

She is 520 feet in length, 54 | 

The machinery is so cunningly de- | 

| into a mortuary chamber. 

considered before the master of the household, | 

They are transported with tenderness and en- 
couraged in transitu by comforting and reassuring 
words, Turn to our illustration. 
winsome young girl cares for her pets—her bird, 
her kitten and her Skye. What does it reckon if 

the buhl cabinet be wrecked or the ormoiu bureau | 

be knocked into smithereens? In the country how 
different the scene! The glad earth has warmed 
to the kisses of the sun, and how coquettishly 

decked herself with apple blossoms and dogwood | 
white as the driven snow, and yellow daffodils, and | 
deep blue violets ; and her mantle of greenis bright | 

and fresh, and little birds flit in and out the 
9each blossoms, warbling madrigals in honor of 
May-day ; andon the balmy air is borne a fragrance 

would be in town on May-day? Who would not 

: | be in the country ? 
the lords and gentlemen of the council were too | 

How could he command his 

R. HOLMES uttered a beautiful sentiment 

trees he had planted. In this sense almost every 
one may be a poet, and leave to posterity beautiful 
idyls of leafage and shade, fruit and flowers, and 
graceful branches that are the harps of the wind. 
It is a good sign that legislators are beginning to 
look not only to the preservation of the forests 
which we already possess, but also towards the 

| carriage of the head fine. 

They | headed by mounted gendarmes and a company of 

infantry, but, as the Prince of Wales had declined 
the offer of military music, the ceremonial passed 
off in complete silence. The hearse was drawn by 
four horses. The Prince of Wales, with the Duke 
and Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, followed im- 
mediately after in an open carriage, and the pro- 
cession was wound up by a long string of vehicles. 
At the railway station, where a large force of sol- 
diery was posted, the coffin with all the wreaths 
was placed in a car hung with black, and this, with 
the funeral carriages, was attached to a regular 
express train for Paris, Thence the funeral train 
proceeded to Cherbourg, where the coffin was 
placed on board the royal yacht Osborne, the 
dining-saloon being converted for the time being 
Floor, walls and ceil- 
ing were shrouded in black draperies. In the 
middle of the saloon was a raised platform, on 
which the bier was placed. The Osborne, with the 
Alberta and Enchantress, reached Portsmouth on 
the evening of April 3d, and the remains being 
conveyed thence to Windsor, the last solemn act 
of burial took place on April 5th amid universal 
demonstrations of sorrow. 


The annexation of Merv to Russia has been very 
generally recognized as a signal triumph of that 
Russian policy which looks to the crippling of the 

| Britis ywer i ia. The consummation of the 
when moved, how cheerless the new home ! Every- | British power in India, The consummation of the 

act of annexation was preceded by a good deal of 
quiet negotiation with Merv dignitaries on the 
part of Russian officers appointed for the purpose ; 
and our illustration depicts one of the incidents in 
this diplomatic campaign—that of a Merv deputa- 
tion petitioning the Czar to grant them a favor 

+4 ; | which they had been inspired by his own agents to 
Bee how that | solicit at his hands. 

This petition was presented 
at Askhabad to General Komaroff, chief of the 
trans-Caspian region, 


The monument erected to the memory of Léon 
Gambetta at Cahors, his native town, was dedi- 
cated April 14th with appropriate ceremonies. It 
is the work of M. Falguiere. The great statesman 
is represented standing, with head uncovered, the 
right hand resting upon a cannon, and the left ex- 
tended, in an attitude of command. He is clad in 

Who | a mantle-like greatcoat, open in front, showing 

The pose is noble, and the 
On the front face of 

the frockcoat beneath. 

the pedestal is the inscription, in French : 

| Léon Gambetta, born at Cahors, April 12th, 1838.” 

| combat, 
when he said that his best poems were the | 

increasing of the timber lands and of foliage | 

generally. In New Jersey, Friday, the 18th of 
April, was observed as arbor or tree-planting day, 

under a law recently enacted. Although it was not | 

as generally observed as it might have been, and 
doubtless will be in the future, the day was the 
occasion of charming ceremonies in some of the 
towns and cities. In Newark all the pupils and 
teachers of the different schools took part in the 

planting of flower-seeds and shade-trees, such as | 

the linden, the sugar maple, the silver maple and 
the European ash, The observances at the South 
Eighth Street School, which we illustrate, were 
probably the most elaborate of all. Some six hun- 
dred children, headed by teachers, school commis- 
sioners and town dignitaries, marched in proces- 
sion through the streets to the playground, where 
some fine trees were planted, amidst patriotic 
songs, addresses and cheers. The scene was a 
novel one, and beautifully expressive of that 
deeply-planted human instinct which to-day, as 
ever, reverts to the time when— 
“The groves were God's first temples.” 

7o appointment of Charles Edward Coon to 
be Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, in 
piace of John C. New, seems to have given much 
satisfaction to those who are favorable to the civil 
service manner of making appointments. Mr. 
Coon is a native of the township of Friendship, 
Allegany County, N. Y., having been born in 1842, 
The war broke out as he was about going into 
business, and he enlisted in the Twenty-third New 
York Volunteers, in which he served two years, 
He was then, for a year, chief clerk and deputy 
rovost-marshal of his Congressional District, with 
eadquarters at Elmira, In 1864 he was appointed 
toaclerkship inthe United States Treasurer's Office 
by General Spinner and since that time has been 
connected with the department, his abilities and ex- 
rience continually giving him promotion and add- 
ing to his responsibilities. He was taken from the 
ition of Assistant Chief of the Loan Division to 
is present post. Mr. Coon has been twice in Lon- 
don in connection with business of the department ; 
the first time in company with Assistant Seere- 
tary Richardson in 1871, when the first five per cent. 
loan was placed ; and the second time in charge 
of the funding negotiations. In these financial 
operations about one thousand millions of United 
States securities passed through Mr. Coon’s hands 
without the loss of a single dollar. Mr. Coon is no 
olitician, and itis doubtful if any ward ‘‘ machine” 
ollower would recall his name ; but he is known 
to every business man who has had anything to do 
with the finances of the country, and has made an 
excellent reputation in the banking circles in 


Europe. He was not the nearest in the line of pro- | 

motion, so far as bureau chiefs were concerned, 
but was nearest in the matter of fitness for the 



The religious ceremony held on April 1st at the 
Villa Nevada, Cannes, preliminary to the removal 
of the body of the Duke of Albany, was deeply 
impressive. The company was not large, but dis- 
tinguished, including the Prince of Wales and 
other relatives. Shortly after midday the mourn- 
ful cortége set out for the railway station. A salute 
of 101 guns was fired from the fort on Ste. Mar- 
guerite, all the shops were shut, and the streets 
were lined by a battalion of soldiers, and by most 

On the lateral faces are two large tigures, one of a 
soldier, the other of a sailor, in attitudes of 
On the remaining face of the plinth is a 
shield bearing the letters “R. F.” (République 
Frangaise), half-concealed by the folds of a flag 
sculptured diagonally across the pedestal. A 
semicircular railing, with a vase of flowers at either 
end, surrounds the monument, which is erected in 
Fénélon Square, just behind the Lyceum, the 
tower of which is seen to the right in the en- 

A trial in a Chinese court abounds in picturesque 
effects. The stern and pitiless aspect of the judge, 
the ce ection and humiliation of the criminal, and 
the : ub lued manner of the spectators, all conspire 
to muaxe the scene peculiarly interesting to a 
stranger or one unfamiliar with Chinese methods of 
dispensing justice. Our illustration furnishes a 
correct idea of such a scene at an ordinary trial. 


The 6th of April was a sorrowful day for all 
Germany, for on that day died Emanuel Geibel, 
the writer of popular ballads and songs. His name 
is indeed a ates lhe word in the Fatherland, 
and babes begin to lisp in Geibel’s ballads, 
Emanuel was born on the 18th of October, 1815, at 

classical strain which, like a thread of pure gold, 
runs through all his works. In 1840 he returned 
home and published his ‘* Gedichte.” In 1843 ap- 
peared his ‘‘ Spanish Folk-songs and Romances,” 
for which King Frederick William IV. bestowed 
upon him a yearly pension of 300 thalers, Im 1852 
Geibel was appointed Song-writer to the Bavarian 
Court by Maximilian II. Geibel was a hard 
worker, and within the space of his life made much 
of his time. To enumerate a complete list of his 
works would take up a deal of space. He is best 
known by his “ June Songs,” ‘‘ King Sigurd’s Wed- 
ding Journey,” “ Classical Ballad-book,” ‘‘ King 
Roderick,” ‘‘ Master Andrea,” and the ‘‘ Tragedy 
of Brunhild.” In 1868 he bore off the Schiller 
prize for his drama of ‘ Sophonisba.” 


Aprit 19TH—In Evanston, Ul, the Rev. F. D. 
Hemenway, a prominent figure in the Methodist 
Church, and renowned as a scholar ; in New York, 
Alexander Kursheedt, a member of a well-known 
New York family. April 20th—In New York, 
Edward Osland Jenkins. one of the oldest printers 
in the city, aged 67 years ; in Toronto, Canada, 
Chief Justice Spragge, of the Court of Appeals, 
Ontario, aged 78 years; in New York, Dr. Lyon 
Berhard, one of the oldest dentists in the city, 
aged 72 years ; in Ithaca, N. Y., T. D. Wilcox, the 
oldest steamboat man in active service in America, 
aged 81 years. 
William Blackburn, a prominent merchant, aged 
60 years ; in Centreville, Md., Dr. Robert Wright, 
the oldest graduate of West Point, aged 80 years ; 
in Norfolk, Va., Captain Lewis N. Hudgins, com- 
mander of the Virginia Oyster Navy. -‘pril 22d— 

In New York, Alvin Jewett Johnson, publisher, | 

aged 57 years; in New York, Joseph A. Dudley, 
formerly of the firm of Dudley & Stafford, whole- 
sale druggists, aged 70 years. April 24th—In 

Paris, France. Maria Taglioni, the famous dancer, | 

aged 80 years ; in Chicago, Ill., Isaac N. Arnold, a 
prominent member of the Illinois Bar, aged 69 
years ; in New York, Leonard Deckcr, senior mem- 

ber of the firm of L. Decker & Co., jewelers, aged | 

67 years. April 24th— In New York, Daniel Dudley 
Bliss, for many years connected with the Vermont 
Journal at Windsor, aged 50 years. April 25th— 
In New York, Dr. Willard Parker, one of the oldest 
and ablest surgeons of this city, aged 84 years ; in 
Newark, N. J., ex-Governor Marcus L. Ward, aged 
71 years; in New York, Benjamin W. Merriam, a 
well-known merchant, aged 81 years ; in Buffalo, 
N. Y., Harmon 8. Cutting, a prominent lawyer, 
aged 48 years; in Charleston, 8. C., R. A. Tavel, 
for forty years commercial and marine reporter of 
the News and Courier, aged 64 years ; in Paterson, 

N. J., the Rev. Sylvanus W. Decker, of the Newark | 

Methodist Episcopal Conference, aged 76 years ; in 
New York, Brevet Major-general Emerson Opdycke, 
a hero of Chickamauga, aged 54 years. 

He studied at Bonn, and later on at | 
Berlin. He subsequently resided in Greece, where, | 
| amid (ae wondrous art ruins, he breathed that | 

April 21st—In Baltimore, Md., | 


Tue London Truth says that Archbishop Gib- 
bons, of Baltimore, will be the next Cardinal. 


Mr, HERBERT SPENCER has started for Australia, 
a long sea voyage being recommended for his 

GAMBETTA’s grave is still covered with funeral 
wreaths and bushels of visiting cards are placed 
on his gravestone. 

MapaME Partrtt has sailed for Europe, and Henry 
Irving and Ellen Terry sail on the 30th on the 
steamer Aurania, on which extensive preparations 
for their comfort have been made. 

Count von MourKes, of Germany, is ill with 
catarrh of the lungs. He has obtained a long leave 
of absence, and will retire to his estates in Silesia. 
He retains the nominal command of the staff. 

Miss Mary ANDERSON’s equipage in London 
attracts much notice on the fashionable thorough- 
fares. The coachmen and footmen wear dark- 
brown livery, with silver buttons almost of soup- 
plate size. 

THE lease of Naboth’s Vineyard, Charles Reade’s 
famous rus in urbe house in Knightsbridge, Lon- 
don, adjoining Hyde Park, together with the fur- 
niture, old English wardrobes, bric-d-brac, Svres 
china, etc., is advertised in the Herald for sale, at 
two thousand five hundred pounds. This adds a 
new chapter to “The History of an Acre.” 

Emperor WiiiiamM has been forbidden by his 
physician to go to Weisbaden. His health is 
growing better. He performs all his routine busi- 
ness and sees Prince Bismarck and the Crown 
Prince every day. The Crown Prince of Germany 
accepts the honorary Presidency of the Prussian 
State Council. Prince Bismarck, vice Herr Hof- 
meyer, becomes Secretary. 

Hon. Wiiu1AM D. KEewey, ‘the Father of the 
House,” has safely passed the seventieth mile- 
stone. He looks as though he meant to pass a 
great many more. He certainly appears younger 
than he has for years past, and all his powers 
seem to have been renewed. He is careful of him- 
self, resting as much as possible, taking a nap in 
the afternoon and retiring early at night. Buton 
occasions he can exert himself as easily and as 
successfully as ever. 

AmonaG the wedding presents of Miss Edith Jaf- 
fray, who was recently married to Mr. Poultney 
Bigelow, was a check for a $100,000 from her 
father, which, however, is only a little spending 
money, as he proposes to divide his estate among 
his children. This will give her, eventually, about 
#2,000,000. Mr. Jaffray came to this country be- 
tween forty-five and fifty years ago from England. 
He had $50,000 to begin business on, and with this 
foundation he built up his present fortune. He 
has made this fortune entirely out.of trade, having 
never gone into speculation, 

A parnty portfolio of Sag Harbor and Bridge- 
hampton sketches, from the pencil of Mr. Walton 
H. Roberts, a young artist of tine promise, has jst 
been pubtished. A dozen of the most artistivally 
appetizing ‘‘ bits” of the two quaint Long Island 
towns are treated in a charming and sympathetic 
manner, Mr. Roberts has the happy faculty of 
working con amore, without falling into that 
maudlin bric-a-brac style of art which, in the case 
of some pictures of the. Hamptons we have seen, 
has made the old houses and nooks-unrecognizable 
to their own inhabitants. 

|  TAGLIONI, Just deceased, in reply to a question, 
| said: ‘* Would I like to live my life over again? To 
| dance, Yes; for everything else, a thousand times 
| No! In art there are always consolations. You 
see that drawing by Chalon of the Tyrolienne in 
‘Guillaume Tell.’ Rossini composed the music 
expressly for me at my own piano in my own 
house, while I looked on and listened and wondered. 
That is a recollection which effaces years of sad- 
ness. When I look at the Napolitaine I think of 
glorious Rubini and of how badly he danced before 
he learned to sing so divinely. Those black satin 
shoes are the only relic left of my great triumph, 
when I took leave of St. Petersburg in 1842, 
always wore them sewed round with thread in that 
way ; no satin is strong enough without fortifica- 
tion of that kind.” 

PERE MonsaBre, who is probably the most elo- 
quent preacher in France, is thus described in the 
Philadeiphla Times: ‘* He looks to me to be & man 
of forty-five years of age. He isewell built, has a 
fine, open, healthy countenance, and a voice strong 
enough to fill the cathedral, and musical enough to 
charm the ear. He preaches in Notre Dame only 
six times in the year—that is to say, on the six 
Sundays of Lent. He spends the remainder of the 
year in one of the houses of his Order in Brittany 
or Normandy, preparing his sermons, which he 
writes and rewrites and commits well to memory. 
For each sermon he receives the modest stipend of 
a thousand francs, which, of course, according to 
the rules of the religious community to which he 
belongs, he hands over immediately to the Lurean 
of the Dominicans for general use of the Order.” 

James Payn, the English novelist, in his daily 
habits, is as methodically regular as a clock. 
Leaving his house in the morning, he goes to the 
nearest cab-stand—about twenty steps from his 
door—and rides to his office. From ten to one he 
writes fiction, and then walks—one block—to the 
Reform Club and takes lunch with his old friend, 
William Black. Then he goes back and reads 
manuscripts and proofs until four o’clock, when he 
returns to the club and plays whist for one hour 
anda half. Then he rides home, dines, dezes in 
| his chair, goes to bed and sleeps ten hours, gets 
up and takes breakfast, and starts off on the same 
routine, which he repeats day after day, with no 
| variation or shadow of turning. He smokes forty 
or fifty pipes of tobacco a day—in fact, he smokes 
constantly. He writes an execrable hand, and has 
his daughter copy all his manuscripts with a type- 
writer to send to the printer. 

| Tue Washington correspondent of the Phila- 
delphia Record writes: ‘‘ James R. Randall, the 

rentle author of that fiery war song, ‘‘ M iand, 
My Maryland,” is one of the most delightful men 
in Washington. You find it difficult to believe 
that this quiet, li broad-minded man wrote 
that narrow, passionate appeal. He was = 
young, however. He is young still, but wiser 
aw Bg He has come to that point where he is 
willing to admit that that disagreeable ¢ 
terization, ‘ Northern scum,’ in the last stanza 
simply put in for the sake of the rhyme. He 
would not write such a song now. Yet he copies 
the old song again and again in response to re- 
quests that come from the four corners of the 
earth, whither its fame has spread. It is rarely 
printed correctly. Mr. Randall contemplates 
| gathering it and half a hundred other lyrics in 
| volume to be published shortly.” 


A AN ie mn 

[May 3, 1884, 






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May 3, 1884.] 

family, a man of intelligence and culture, a man of strong con- 
victions and a high order of moral courage, a Judge of ability and 
large reputation, a party adherent without the vulnerable record of 
a professional politician, and, not least, he is an ex-Confederate 
soldier, with the memories and experiences of his Southern fellows 
who shared four years upon the battlefield andin camp. Looking 
at this Republican candidate, therefore, with the thought in view 
that the campaign is to be an aggressive one on the part of the 


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SEE PAGE 171, 


] ON. FRANK T. REID, the Republican candidate for Gov- 

ernor of Tennessee, is one of the foremost men of the State 
and in every way a worthy representative of his party. He is 
some forty years of age, and is now Judge of the Circuit Court 
of Davidson County. He was a Confederate soldier in the late 
war, serving as a private in Forrest’s cavalry. The Nashville 
Banner, an independent journal, says of him: ‘‘ He possesses 
more qualifications for making a vigorous canvass, with cer- 
tainty of weakening his Democratic opponent, than any other 
nian in the State Republican Party. He is of a distinguished 

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Republicans—a campaign seeking not only to bring out the 
full strength of the Republican Party, but to gain sympathy 
and support from the opposition—we consider Judge Frank T, 
Reid the most available and the strongest man that the party 
could have named,” 


Ww give on this page a portrait of Lieutenant Mason A, 
Shufeldt, U. 8. N., who has just left Port Louis, Mau- 
ritius, at the head of the first American exploring expedition 




through the island of Madagascar. 
will pursue in this exploration is outlined in an 
article from his pen in another column of this 
paper. At Mahanuru, a native town south from 

‘amatave on the east coast, he will be joined by an 
escort of Hovas (the principal inhabitants of Mada- 
gascar, and whom the French are now seeking to 
subdue), and conducted to the capital—Antanana- 
rivo—where he will be granted an audience with 
the new and young Queen of the Malagassy. From 
the = with an armed escort provided by the 
Hova Prime Minister, he will undertake the south- 
ern survey of the island, into the dangerous coun- 
tries of the Tbara and Sakalava tribes. When it is 
remembered that Madagascar is larger than France 
(or the New England and Middle States eombin« d), 
and is much longer than from New York to Chi- 
cago—is covered with dense forests and made nn- 
be een that the paces by deadly fevers—it will 

, 1€ proposed exploration is tinted 
with very many elements of danger and of adven- 
ture. The interest felt in Manritins in this the 
first American officer's visit to the centre of Mada- 
gascar (the land of Sinbad the Sailor of romantic 
memory), is deep and general. The American 
flag floating over the little party of explorers will 
be a novel sight, indeed, in that remote part of 
the globe. Lieutenant Shnfeldt will be absent 
about six months in the wildernesses of Madagas- 
gee off from all naval communication of any 


It makes a milkman’s wife blush to ask her if her 
silk dress is watered, 

WHEN vor-see a counterfeit coin on the sidewalk 
rlways pick itup. You are liable to arrest if you 
try to pass it. 

* Pa,” said the daughter of the house to the man 
of the house, the other evening, ‘what are we 
going to have for breakfast?’ ‘“T have ordered 
i.yonnuaise tripe, my child,’ was the father’s answer. 
* And wheie does that come from, pa?’ Does it come 
from un animal, or does it grow?” “It is taken 
from an animal, my dear.” ** Oh, I know, then” 
after a pause to think up her natural history 
“then it is taken from lionesses, isn’t it, pay’ Pa 
was weak enough to say * Yes.” 


For many years the genial countenance of Mr. T. 
Ss. Arthur has been a familiar sight to the citizens 
of Philadelphia, as he has walked the streets of the 
city on the route between his home and his office. 
His name has been a household word among the 
readers of pure literature throughout the whole 
country. And“ Arthur's Home Magazine,” which 
he has so long and so successfully edited, has se 
cured so hearty and so permanent a weicome in 
many thousands of the best households in the land, 
that Mr. Arthur cannot be regarded as a stranger 
by intelligent people anywhere. ‘The many stories 
and tales of which he is the author are written in 
the interest of purity, good morals and reform; 
and especially those which are in aid of the tem 
perance work have been productive of immense 
good, They have had an exceptionably favorable 
reception, and have nobly served their purpose of 
stimulating people to high aims and noble inten- 

It might be supposed by those who have not per 
sonally seen Mr. Arthur that a man who could for 
years work as diligently as he has, and who could 
produce the extraordinary amount of superior lit 
erary material which has come from his pen, must 
be one of giant physique and robust constitution, 
Those who are familiar with his slender form know 
that it is far otherwise. His constitution was never 
strong. About 1870 he had suffered to such an ex- 
tent from physical and nervous exhaustion that 
most of his friends gave him up as not likely to live 
long. It seemed as if his work was almost done. 

The narration of Mr. Arthur’s decline in health, 
and of his restoration to vigor and the enjoyment 
of life, is of singular interest, as given by himself to 
one of our editors who recently enjoyed a pro- 
tracted conversation with him. Mr. Arthur said, 
substantially : 

* Previous to the year 1870 my health had been 
very poor. For a number of years I had been 
steadily losing ground in consequence of the con 
stant physical and nervous strain resulting from 
overwork. I became so exhausted that my family 
and friends were very anxious about me. Only a 
few of the most hopeful of them thought I could 
live for any considerable time. I was forced to 
abandon all my most earnest literary work, and I 
regarded my career in authorship at an end. Iwas 
sc weak that [ could not walk over a few squares 
w.thout great fatigue. The very weight of my body 
was to me a wearisome burden. My appetite was 
poor, and my digestion was much impaired. 

* About this time my attention was attracted to 
Compound Oxygen as then administered by Dr. 
Starkey. I had heard of wonderful cures wrought 
by its agency; so wonderful, indeed, that, had I 
not personally known the Doctor, and possessed 
the fullest confidence in him, L should have been 
very skeptical on the subject. L tried the Com- 
pound Oxygen Treatment, first simply as an ex- 
periment. I knew it could not make me worse than 
I was, and I hoped it m#ght make me better. That 
it would do for me what it he, I had not dared to 

Hew soon did you begin to realize the advantages 
of the treatment ? 

* Almost immediately. Its effect was not that of 
a stimulant, but of a gentle and almost impercepti- 
ble vitalizer of the whole system. Soon I began to 
have a sense of such physical comfort as I had not 
known for many years. My strength was gradually 
returning. This slowly but steadily increased. in 
a few months I was able to resume my pen, and 
within six months after so doing Lcompleted one of 
my largest and most earnestly written books: and 
this without suffering any drawback, and without 
any return of the old feeling of exhaustion. For 
more than seven years after this | applied myself 
closely to literary work, doing, as 1 believe, the best 
work of my life.” 

Did your uniform good health continue during 
those years, or did you suffer relapses into your 
former state of exhaustion ? 

“The improvement was substantial and perma- 
nent. Not only hadI no return of the old weak- 
ness and exhausted feeling, but I was able to work 
i: my study from three to four hours a day. The 

constant remark I heard from my friends was,* How . 

well you are looking! Nor was it only in the 
strength and vitality that I gained by the use of 
Compound Oxygen. For twenty years | had suffered 
with paroxysms of nervous headache, sometimes 
once or twice a week. They were very severe, last- 
ing usually six or seven hours. In a year afier I 
commenced vue Compound Oxygen ‘Treatment, 
these were almost entirely gone. It is now over 
ten vears since [had such an attack. I was, more- 
over, liable to take cold, and Ihad frequent attacks 
of influenza, which always left me with a trouble- 
some congh. It is very rarely that I now take cold. 
When Ido sol at once resort to Compound Oxygen, 
which invariably breaks up the cold in from one to 
three days.” 

_And now, Mr. Arthur, what is your present con- 
dition of health ? : 

“It-is all I have any right to desire or expect 
at my somewhat advanced age of seventy-five. I 
sleep well, and_am able to take my proper amount 
of fond, enjoying my meals with regularity and 
heartiness, My digestion, although slow, is good. 

I do not coniine myself to any particular articles of | 

diet, but eat what other’ people cat, rejecting, of 

The route he | 


course, that which seems to be indigestible, or too 
rich. I am able to attend to my customary literary 
work, devoting about four hours a day to it, and 
that without any sense of weariness except as to 
my eyes. Were it not for the fact that with ad- 
vancing years I find my eyesight not as good as it 
formerly was, 1 should be able to work longer 
without fatigue. I enjoy moderate exercise, and 
take it regularly without that feeling of exhaustion 
which was formerly so depressing.” 

The testimonials and reports of cases published 
by Drs. Starkey & Palen in their pamphlets and ad- 
vertisements, if literally true, show Compound 
Oxygen to be the most remarkable curative agent 
yet discovered. Do you believe them all to be 
genuine ? 

“I have the most complete confidence in them. 
For years Ihave had personal acquaintance with 
Messrs. Starkey & Palen, and exceptionally good 
opportunities for observing them, as wellin private 

life as in their professional relation to the public. I | 
am sure that neither of them would or could become | 

a party to any fraud or deception. But facts are of 
more value than opinions, 
I publish a magazine, and have had an advertising 
contract with Drs. Starkey & Palen for over six 
years. During this time I have published, monthly, 
from one to six or seven different reports of cases 
and cures under their new treatment, or over three 
hundred in all. Now, in every case I have examined 
the patie nt's letters, Si om which there reports were 
taken, and know the extracts made therefrom, and 
published in my magazine, to be literally correct. 
Stronger evidence of genuineness than this, cannot 
of course be given, 

Mr. Arthur, some years ago you gave a testimo- | 

nial in regard to what Compound Oxygen had done 

for you; and you also have spoken freely in your | 

magazine concerning Messrs. Starkey & Palen. Do 
you, in view of your present acquaintance with 
these gentlemen, and your large experience with 
Compound Oxygen, indorse all you have said? 

‘**T do, most fully, and without any reservation 

And now, as to testimonials. Have you at any 
time given a testimonialin favor of other special 
remedial agents or modes of treatment ? 

‘** Never. The first and only time that I have per- 
mitted my name to be used in commending a cura 
tive agent to public notice and confidence is in the 
case of Compound Oxygen. This I have done, not 
from solicitation, but voluntarily, and from a sense 
of duty. I believe that, in the use of this newly 
discovered substance, diseases long classed as * in- 
curable,’ may be greatly ameliorated and very often 
entirely broken, and the sufferer restored to com 
parative good heaith. I also believe that by its 
use the liability to disease may be removed, and the 
general health of the community greatly improved. 
From what I know of its action, as well in my 
own case as in that of many others, | am satisfied 
that, if promptly used, it will arrest the progress of 
acute pneumonia, consumption, catarrh, and most 
of the diseases which originate in colds. Believing 
this, as | certainly do, and from evidence which is 
too direct and positive to be ignored, | would be 
derelict in my duty if I did not do all in my power 
to induce the sick and suffering to seek relief in 
the use of so beneficent an agent.” 

Hiave you seen and known other persons who 
have used Compound Oxygen; and have you had 

opportunities of observing to what extent they 

have received benefit % 

**My observation and my opportunities in this re- 
spect have been large. Ihave been much at the 
office of Drs, Starkey & Palen, and have become 
personally acquainted with many who have taken 
the Treatment. In almost every case, where a fair 
trial was given, decided benefit was obtained, Some 
very remarkable cases in consumption, rheumatism, 
catarrh, congestion of the lungs, asthma, ete., have 
come to my personal knowledge, the results of 
which seemed almost miraculous.” 

Do you still resort to the Compound Oxygen 
Treatment. now that your health is restored % 

“Ido not, asa regular thing. Only, when I have 
a cold, as | before remarked, [ take it for a day or 
two, and always with good effect. I find that it 
helps nature to throw off the cold, by imparting 
the needed vitality to enable the system to do its 
proper and natural work. It puts nature into con- 

|} dition to defend itself against the attacks of disease. 

If there are any cases in which persons are disap- 
pointed in regard to Compound Oxygen, I believe 
them to be those in which patients have been soim 
patient for speedy cure that they have dropped the 
Treatment before it had opportunity to make its 
impression on the system. Such people will fly 
from one remedy, consume large quantities of al- 
most every medicine brought to their notice, and 
yet continue to be invalids. Compound Oxygen 
does not cure by magic ina moment. If it claimed 
to, it would be quackery. 
the most wonderful and beneficent curative agen- 
cies ever brought to the public notice.” 

For further and fuller answers to the countless 
inquiries suggested by the above to thoughtful 
minds, and to those who are solicitous about their 
own well being and that of their friends, mail your 
address to Drs. Starkey & Palen, 1109 and 1111 Girard 
Street, Philadelphia. The pamphlet you will receive 
in reply will set forth full particulars. 

A MAN strayed into this office and said he had 
madea joke which he would like to have published : 
* It is impossible to teach a rope, but still it can be 
taught.”’ Lis burial will be private. 


A CLERGYMAN, after suffering a number of years 
from that loathsouie disease Catarrh, after trying 
every known remedy without success, at last found 
a prescription which completely cured and saved 
him from death. Any sufferer from this dreadful 
disease sending a self-addressed stamped envelope 
to Dr. J. A. LAwrencer, 250 Schermerhorn Street, 
Brooklyn, New York, will receive the recipe free 
of charge. 

ANGOsTURA Bitters are indorsed by all the lead- 

“ing physisians and chemists, for their purity and 

wholesomeness Beware of counterfeits, and ask 
your grocer and druggist for the genuine article, 
prepared by Dr. J. G. B. StecertT & Sons, 

Ir you, who delight in a soothing pipe, ask why 
BLACKWELL'S DuRHAM Lone CurT is the most exqui- 
site smoking tobacco in the world, the reply must 

be: There is art ia preserving what Nature be- 
stows. The large capital of Blackwell & Co. priv- 

ileges them to gather the cream of the leaf grown 
on the Golden Belt, and their immense storage fa- 
cilities enables them to earry their choice stock till 
it becomes as sweet and fragrant as a rose. 

Mrs. WinsLow’s Soornine Syrup for children is 
an old and well-tried remedy. It has stood the test 
of many years and never known to fail. It relieves 
the child from pain, softens the gums, reduces in- 
flammation, cures wind colic, regulates the stomach 
and bowels, gives rest and health to the child and 
comfort to the mother. Twenty-jive cents a bottle. 

Promotes a Vigorous and Healthy Growth of the Hair. 
It has been used in thousands of cases where the 
hair was coming out, and has never failed to arrest 
its decay. 

Use BuRNeETT’s FLAvorRING Exrracrs—the best. 
Ha.rorp Saucer invaluable to all good cooks 

C.C. Suayne, Fur Mannfacturer, 

: 108.Prince St., 
studs Fur Fashion Book free. 

Send your address. 

Let me give you a fact. | 

But L regard it as one of | 

[May 3, 1384. 

“Iv is remarkable that the South American In- 
dians never suffer from consumption. ‘The cause 
is their use of coca. They also never suffer with 
scrofulous nor skin diseases. They reach a ve 
old age, and frequently pass their full century. 
(See Journal of the Royal Society of Vienna.) For 
weak lungs, chronic cough, asthma, shortness of 
breath, aud female sufferings, use Liebig Co.'s 
Coca Beef Tonic. 



Cured without knife, powder or salve. No charge 
until cured. Write for reference. Dr. Corkins, 
11 East Twenty-ninth Street 


those of 

The wealthy and refined 

nor need they drink Catawba or 
charged wines, for the “Eclipse 
Extra Dry ” Champagne, produced of 
the finest and most delicate grapes in 
the world, is to-day the most reliable 
champagne in the market, and all con- 
noisseurs are rapidly discovering this. 

Quarts, $16.50; Pints, $18.50; de- 
livered free in any part of the United 

States. Sold by all responsible 

51 Warren Street, 

y York. 

Bladder, Urinary, and Liver Diseases, Dropsy, 
Gravel, and Diabetes are cured by 




cures Bright’s Disease, Retention or Non-Kcten- 
tion of Urine, Pains in the Back, Loins, or Side, 


cures Intemperance, Nervous Diseases, General 
Debility, Female Weakness, and Excesses. 


cures Biliousness, Headache, Jaundice, Sour 
Stomach, Dyspepsia, Constipation, and Piles. 


ACTS AT ONCE on the Kidneys, Liver, and 
Bowels, restoring them to a healthy action, and 
CURES when ail other medicines fail. Hun- 
dreds have been saved who have been given up 
to die by friends and physicians. 

Send for pamphlet to 

Providence, R.L 

Trial size, 75c. Large size cheapest. 
9, [Positively Cured 
these Little Pills. 

They alsorelieve Di 
tress from Dyspepsi 
inatrinice es 
'° T: 

fect Semedy for Dizzi 
ness, Nausea, Drows 
ness, Bad Taste in th 
Mouth, Coated Tongue 
iP ain in the Side, &€ 

he smaliestand easiest to tak: 
Purely V 
ce 25 cents. 5 vials by mail for$1, 
MEDICINE CO., Prop’rs, New York. 

pation and Piles. 
Only = adose, 40 inavial, 

Bold by all 


This preparation, free from all objectionable 
qualities, will, after a few applications, turn the 
hair that Golden Color or Sunny Hue so universall 
sought after and admired. ‘The best in the world. 
$1 per bottle; six for $5. R. T. BELLCHAMBERS, 
Importer of fine Human Hair Goods. 

| 317 Sixtu AVENUE, New YorK. 


Gout, Gravel, Diabetes. The Vegetal Salicylates, 
celebrated French cure (within four days). Only 
harmless specifics proclaimed by science. Box, $1. 
Book and references free. L. PARIS, only agent, 
102 W. 14th St., N. Y., and 1919 Olive St., St. Louis, Mo. 

Use Perry’s Motu and FRECKLE 
Lotion. it is reliable 

Blackheads and Fleshworms. 

Ask your druggist for Prrry’s 
ComMEDONE and Pimple Remedy, 
the: infallible skin medicine. 
Send for circular. Brent Goop 
& Co., 57 Murray Street, N. Y. 




tastes need neither French Champagne | 
vor the German or Hungarian varieties; | 



Black and Colored Silks, 
Plain and Fancy Dress Goods, 
Trimmings and Ribbons, 
Laces and Embroideries, 
Prints, Satteens & Ginghams. 

Samples sent if desired. 


Of 23d St., 4 le i 




Embracing a most complete assortment of LADIES’, 


All HAND-MADE, and ranging from PLAIN GAR- 

19th Street and Sixth Avenue, N.Y. 

Bar alls 10 SUK, 

FANCY SUMMER SILKS, Stripes and Checks, 
at d57¢., 45e., ddc., 65e., T5c., $1, $1.25; very large va- 

$1, £1.15 to #2. 

sic., $1. 

$1.39, $1.50 to $3. 

special sale, 89c. ; never before sold less than $1. 

FRENCH DRESS GOODS, double width. at 
49c., 60c., 75c.. 8Tc., $1, $1.25. 

LADIES’ CLOTHS, 54 inches wide, 69c., 87c., 
$1 to $3. 

50c., T5e., 

Inclose 2-ct. stamp for samples. 

Broadway and 14th St, N.Y. 

First Prize Medal, C W { Manufacturer of 
a Ve EIS, ? Meerschaum Pipes, 
Smokers’ Articles, etc., wholesale & 
“4 retail. Repairing done. Circular free. 
399 Broadway, N. Y. 
Factories, 69 Walker St.,and Vienna, 
Raw meerschanm & amber for sale, 




Is the most durable and economical material known. 
It isa valuable discovery, and is rapidly supersed- 
ing Kalsomine and other wall finish. Manufactured 
in a variety of beautiful tints, and can be applied 
by any one. If not for sale in your neighborbood, 
send to ALABASTINE CO., 32 Burling Slip, N. Y. ; 

39 Pearl St., Boston ; or Grand Rapids, Mich. 




A SURE THING ent Free to 
Anyone.—! manu re and keep 
constantly on hand every article used by: 
the sporting fraternityto WIN with in 

formy mam 

‘ork City. 

games of chance. 
~ circular. Address, ’ 
65 and 67 Nassau Street, New ¥: 




Composed of the Nerve-Giving Principles of Ox-Brain 
d Wh Germ. 

an heat- 

Those who suffer from sleeplessness, nervous prostration, 
debility, worry or excessive mental toil, can be almost im- 
motel, relieved by taking the special nerve-food VITAI- 
mental growth of children. For years it 
all the best physicians for the cure of nervous and mental 
disorders. By druggists or mail, $1. Formula on every label. 

F. CROSBY CO., 56 West 25th St., N.Y. 

OSPHITES. It aids wonderfully in the bodily and 

m used by 

May 3, 1884.] 


Jas. MoCreery®& Co 

Broadway and 11th Si., 


In addition to their celebrated 


and other reliable makes of 


are now Offering a magnificent 
stock of Gros-Grain, Faille Fran- 
caise and Merveilleux, manufac- 
tured to their special order by 

Cc. J. Bonnet & Co. at a notable 

reduction from the present pre- | 

Vailing prices of those goods. 
A visit of imspeciion is solicited 
so that the positive advantage 

offered may be realized. 


ay aid Tith St. 



Steam Packings, Mill Board, Gaskets, 
Sheathings, Fire-proof Coatings, Cements, &c. 

EW. Jonas MP Co, 87 Maiden Lane, N. Y._ 


Double Action Revolver, 

32, 38 and 44 Calibres, not sold at ‘aii 
by the manufucturers, but by the Gun 
and Hardware trade, ask your dealer for 
them Made by HARRINGTON & 
RICILARDSON, Worcester, Mass., also manufactu- 
rers of the 1 3 

BO Satin fin- 
ished Golden 
Beauties, Souve- 
nirs of Friendship, 
Pen Script Mot- 

and Verse Cards, with name, Toe. épke, & this 
quanineseliot gold seal ring, 50c. Agt’ 's complete album 25¢. 1(0im- 
porte: de embossed scrap pictures, 20cts. Alling Bros., N orthford, Ct 


the best Cards for the money; 50 for 10c. 
mium with 3 pks. E. H. . Pardee, New Haven, Ct. 


This year to be given to Lady Canvassers and Sales- | 

ladies in Notion Departments, to show our goods 

in ev ery city in the United States. Send stamp for 


265 Broadway, New York. 

IT PAY AGENTS to sell our RUBBER Stamps. 
FOLJAMBE & CO., Cleveland, 0. 


Strictly Pure. Ready for Use. All the latest 
Fashionable Shades for City, Country or Seaside. 
Warranted Durable an| Permanent. Descriptive 
lists showing 32 Actuai Shades sent on application, 
with prices. 


* New York City and Clev eland, oO. 

Silk Patchwork, Birds, hh Figures. 
Somethin~ entiiely new. Samples, 15c. and 25c. 
Embroic rd Es Handkerchiefs, ete. Send 
for circuwar. U.S. NOVELTY CO., Salamanca, N.Y. 
115 with name, 10 cts. FB. HU TSTED, Nassau, N.Y. 

a Guarter of a yard wide, and Two Designs for 
guilts. for 60 cts. Twenty-five pieces and one de- 
sign. 45 cts. Fifteen smaller pieces 10 ets. Decigns, 
1) ets. each. 
Crazy Quilts, %1: 

Scrap Pictures, 10c., or 50 New Satin Chromos 

Fifty choice pieces best 
prints °1! different, each 

twenty-five pieces, 50 cts. : ten 
pieces, 25 cts. A Prize of #5 given for most novel 
design of patchw om sent before Sept. Ist. 

o . TCA 12 TI SFON, 

50 New Enameled Chromo Cards for 1884, name on 
{9c. Prize with 3p’ks. Porrer & Co., Montowese, Ct. 

Pre- | 

Fifty Large pieces Choice Silk, for | 

810 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

|A Profitable Investment | 

Better than Lotteries, than ‘“ Margins,” than 
“ Futures Each $5 doubled within 30 days, and 
loss rendered impossible 



Hinsdale City, adjoining beautiful Garde n City 
the “ loveliest village of the plain’—and Creed- 
moor Rifle Range, N. Y. Several thousand build- 
ing lots, surrounding Hinsdale depot, $170 each, 
selling on monthly payments of $5 per lot; four 
lots, $10 per month, Prices advanced $5 per lot 
monthly until present prices are at le ast doubled. 
Cottages $10 monthly for each $1,000 of cost. Nui- 
sances and shanties prohibited ; no malaria, chills, 
fevers or mosquitoes ; climate, soil, drives and sur- 
roundings unsurpassed. Building optional with 
purchaser; fair dealing guarante ed ; nothing over 
—— Buy for investment, residence or. Summer 
home. New York will be 


Property around it is rapidly increasing in value, 
and must c ontinue todoso, You enter no uncer- 
tain venture by investing in Hinsdale. Prices are 
low compared with all other New York surround 

ings; increase certain : prospectiv e value greater 
than any property equi. distant. Hinsdale is 13 
miles from New York—35 minutes by rail, and 5 

minutes additional by Brooklyn Bridge or Ferry; 
and the commutation averages 10 cents per trip. 
It is on the main line of the Long Island Railroad, 
| and is the junction for both Garden City and 
| Creedmoor Rifle Range. Improvements proposed. 

etc., will render Hinsdale an attractive place of 
abode. Agents wanted of either sex. Circulars, 
| ete., of R. WILSON, Attorney, 

BBS Broa tway, New } York, 

Taman Line Royal Mail Steamers, 


City oF RicumMonp..... 
| From Pier 

Thursday, May 1, 9:30 A.M. 

.Thursday, May 8, 3 P.M. 
36 (new number), N. R. 
Cabin Passage, $60, $80 and $100 

Steerage, $28; prepaid, $21. 

Intermediate, $40. 

For passage, etc., apply to 


Washington Building, 1 B’dway, 

DAYS, MAY 2a A. 




New Yor rk. 

OVEN NG onl 

A MONTH. Ae ts wented. 0) best sell- 
nz articies in 'd. 1s simple free. 
Address SAY BRO. NSON, Detroit, Mich 


son oct an 

T[2f on 49 of the newest, hand- 
yest Chrow 9, Motto and Verse 
ante wr 10c., 6 packs neg bo 

Se ord rM 

lOc. Ag's book B5ee FI ENKLIN BRIG. CO., New Haven, ving 


LA og 

Se. ov 


have a positive remedy for the above disease; 1 its u 
| ths vusands of cases of the worst kind and of lon{ standin 
have beencured. Indeed, so strong is my faith inits efficacy 
th < I willse ed TW 0 BOTTLES FREE, together with a V Ai 
UVABLETREAT n this disease, to any sufferer, Give Ex- 
prees&P PP. ae Pp? 


{ _ Free. J 

can now grasp A Fortune. New 

Illustrated Guide to Rapid 

Wealth, 300 w: aystomake gold 

J. Lynn & Co. “” 767 Broadway ° _ New 

SOE beautiful Cards, 
all new styles for season 
of 1884, with name, only 10 cts..11 packs 
this elegant Ring, Penknife and Tooth pic k 
combination and a handsome Album of 
Transfer Pic ane for only $1. Get 10 of your friends to s¢ A with 
you andt your ow pac k and all the above named articles 
free for your trouble. ROYAL CARD CO.,, Northford, Conn, 
[AUN ! List of 15 lively young lady correspond- 
| J’ ents for 10cts. Ladies furnished correspondents 
free. Address, Correspondence Club, Latham, Ohio. 


Produces all the effects of genuine stained glass, 
at comparatively small cost. It is to be applied to 
ordinary window glass, and will withstand the .c- 
tion of the sun, water, steam, heat, and frost; prov- 
en by a test of over five years’ actual use. Th: sub- 
stitute heretofore sold by L. Lum Smith can be had 
only from us orour authorized ——. Samples 
mail, 25c. Circulars Free. Agents Wanted. 

YOUNG & FULMER, 731 Arc St. Philada ‘ 


Cured by Dr. J. A. Sherman’s method without in- 
jurious, tormenting trusses; no operation or re- 
| 8trietion from labor; thousands have been cured 
| during the past thirty-five years; abundant refer- 
| ences given. Descriptive book, 10 vents. Office, 
1 Broadway. 


Equal chance for all. One orzan to be given West 
and one East of th Mississippi River. The publishers 
—— journal )to increase its 
to the persons 
the Old"Testament before 

ded the organs, 

wer you must send 5: 

cents,( postal note or 2c. stamps) which one 
Cheer will be sent to you 6 months} Address HOME 
| CHEER, New Haven, Ct. (F ory winner of last organ see May issue.) 

50: Chromo Cards, name on, 10c. 
Northford, Ct. 


am DS site ies OF FRIEND- 
50 Ch naa inted,10¢. ; 

fete an Ty 
UKS, this Ele- 

. Charm sad Faney Card 
Case, $1. Get ten of your 
friends to send with you, 
and you will obtain these 
= FREgee MS and 
REE, Agent's 

um att fonaies 25ets, 

Verthford, Conn, 
ers 78 

GUNTHER’S £322" 

[ Reters toal! Ghicago. ! 


1,000 times 


A sample order by express 
of the: nest candyin America 
will be sent br any addressfor| 
$1, $3, $5. Put up 
in ‘Wanlennate oes snitable 
for presents. Try itonce. 




choice Verse, Bird, Motto, Landscape & Seaview | 
Crown Ptg. Co., | 




70 Round Cakes in each Package. 
A Beautiful Colored Picture, 7x8 Inches 

Given with each Package. 
t#rIt will keep longer than any other yeast. 
it once and you will always use it. 

E.W GILLETT, Manut'r, Chicaro IIL 


Habit Cured 

A certain and sure cure, without inconvenience, 
and at home. An antidote that stands purely on its 
own merits. Send for my Circular (i/ costs you 
nothing), containing certificates of hundreds that 
have been permanently cured. Iclaimto have dis- 
covered and produced the First, ORIGINAL AND ONLY 

DR. S. B. COLLINS, La Porte, 





Be TLTIRIM, Cten, .N "orl. 

Mean writing 

Useful for Everybody. 

for 1.50 at all Stationers, or at 

Importers of aiehahtaia Materials 

For 50 ets. (in stamps) 200 Elegant Scrap Pictures. 
No two alike. F. WHITING, 50 Nassau St., N. Y 


ELEGANT p ‘kof! 50 ) Floral Beauties, mottoes, verses, 
ete. »hame on, 10c. Topp & Co., Clintonville, Conn. 


Will Make your Flowers Bloom. | 
For Flowers, Grass, Grapes, etc. Fac :kages mailed | 
for 50 cts. and $1; 25-lb. pac kage 8, $2.50. By Express 
or Freight Co. Stamps taken. 
in 50c. or $1 pkgs. Embroidery | 

Bilks for Patohwmnek sktSassd Voor shea pk 
LONTOWESE SIL LK ¢ OO.. Montowe se, C 2. 
The Best in the Ww orld, 


(We send enough elegant silk to make 4-10 inch 
blocks for #1, including iithographic diagram show- 
ing how to put them together from prize designs 
Fancy work material at wholesale prices. W aste 
embroidery, 40C, per oz Samples to my ake 10-in- 
fpeneme 30c. NEW YORK SILK & SUPPLY CO. 
338 Bro. adway, N. 

Glen Falls, Md. 



137 & 139 Wabash Ave., Chicago. 
Send for Catalogue and Price-list. _ 

ARDS—50 assorted = hromos (new) with name and | 
Capitol Card Co. 

5 latest songs, 10¢. . Hartford, Ct. 


— Bee 

GENTS wanted for two new fast-selling articlcs. 
Samples free. C. E. MARSHALL, Lockport, N.Y. 

Send for Price List and Circular! 
AUTOMATIC ’s ric inachine 
Most Beautiful and Durable Work. 

Willcox & Gibbs S. M. Co., 658 Broadway, N.Y. 

.f3 More | 
ed foul Ref rators than by | 
sewer gas. Three-fourths of 
th Refrigerators sold breed ma- | 
laria and fevers, by tainting 

pie are poisoned by 

thefood. My No. House, 
Hotel and Restaurant Refrig- 

erator will keep pazcuing 

sweet and Price 85. 
at any R. R. Station in the 
U. 8. d for Circulars. 

B. A. STEVENS Toledo. Ohio. 

MUSI without a teacher. SOPE 1S au IDE 
will teach any person to play a tune 
in 15 minutes. No family having a piano or organ 
should be without it. It will teach you more music 
in one day than you can learn from a teacher in 
one month. Buy it, and be convinced. Price, 25c. | 
The Guing, with 20 pieces of music, $1. 
NE & CO., Publishers, 178 B’way, New York. 

| while 

' be 






HE United States law to protect animals during 
transportation by rail provides that, when 
they are carried in cars in which they can be fed, 
watered, and have rest, its requirement that ani- 
mals shall be unloaded every twenty-eight hours, 
and then have a rest of five hours, shall not apply 
to animals in such cars. The law prevents starva- 
tion and too long confinement in cars sO FAR As IT 
Is OBEYED by the railroad companies, and its exist- 
ence and enforcement are of the ‘first necessity 
the common stock cars are used, but the re- 
loading at the stopping places is attended with 
much cruelty, it being naturally hard to get the 
poor creatures back into the cars, where they have 
already so suffered, without blows, or worse. 

To meet this want of an improved car the Ameri- 

can Humane Association offered a prize of five 
thousand dollars ($5,000) for such a car in 1880, to 
stimulate the inventive ability of the country. One 
of its conditions was that the patents on the ap- 
proved car should be given to the Association, that 
the car might be offered to the railroad companies 
by it free from charges of royalty. 

But the owners of the best inventions decided not 
to compete for the prize, thinking that their cars 
would prove more valuable to them than the five 
thousand dollars. Accordingly, the prize could not 
awarded. The offer, however, caused the con- 
THE LAW,and the trustees of the fund take this 
way of making known the fact to Officers, Directors 
and Stockholders of Railroad Companies, and to 
all humane people whose hearts have been touched 
by the atrocities of this traffic. 

(old medals have been given to the persons and com- 
panies named below. The names are given in the 
order that the several cars were examined. 

A. C, Maruer, Chicago, Lilinois, 

W. Sruart Hunter, Belleville, Canada. 

J. M. Linco.n, Providence, Rhode Island. 
BURTON Stock CAR Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 
Tuomas CLARK, Truro, ‘Nova Scotia. 

JoHN W.STREET, Chicago, Illinois. 

So long as the common car is used, the words of 
Senator McPherson, of New Jersey, will continue 
true: “I declare the live stock traffic to be one 
long and uninte rrupted line of suffering from the 
West to the East.”’ ‘The sanitary objections are also 
of the gravest character. 

The great success of refrigerator cars is lessening 
the number of animals transported alive ; but there 
must always remain such a traffic in them as to 
make the improved car a permanent necessity. 

To avoid all misrepresentations on the subject, we 
add that neither the Association nor any of its offi- 
cers have a pecuniary interest in any of the cars 

Chicago, Il. 
Boston, Mass. 
April 9th, 1884. 


| Trustees of Car Prize 
Fund of American 
| Humane Association. 


t of uddress, na you a valuable 
treatise, With hoine reierenc “and que stions tu 
answer, on DR. JUDGE’s Oxy-lycrogenated Air, the 

grevut cure for Deafness, Cc atarrh, Asthma, Bron- 
chitis, Coughs and Lung Diseases. Consultation free. 

-atients treated at their homes. 
Dr. J. D. JUDGE, 79 Beach St., Boston, Mass. 

AAGSs scm fl 5 4 Now in th 
LK i nbiiUiAL Parc number ula 

dvertisements of ladies and gents wanting Corresponden Sain- 
ple copy 10c., silver, Address HEART AND HAND, ¢ snion *K%, til. 

THE pines. & CONARD Co's 


establishment making 2 
for ROS Ba! one. WeCIVE A AY. inf Prem: 
Extras, more ROSE 
Tents grow. Strong Pot Plants a altel’ for immg- 
diate bloom delivered re IS my mae toany post-offi 
Ss sr varieties, you oice, all labeled, 3 13 
2 for 82s $9 for 333 peo tneat 25 for $5; 75 for 
ery or $13, OurWN U E a completa 
UAL the Rose, 70 pv, ue ea ustrated PRES 
HE E & 

DINGE Weet Grove, Cheater Co., Pa 

=S vi 

Rose Growers, 

Send six cents for postage, and receive 

free, a costiy box of goods which will 
A PRIZE help all, ofeither sex, to more money 
right away than anything else in this 
world. Fortunes await the workers abecfutely eure. 
_At once address TRU E « CO., Augusta, MAINE. 
SATIN FINISH C ne etn with name 10c, Send us 18 
names with €1.50 and yeu will receive a Beautiful Parisian 
Diamond Ring FREE, ST ARCARD CO., Clintonville, ct. 

Elegant Chromo Cards, Ne od Importe d De signs. 
4 with name, 10c. Send $1 for 10 packs and se 

cure a premium free: a Rolled-gold Ring, Ele- 
gant Autograph Album, 2-blade Knife or Silver Nap- 
kin Ring. ETNA PRINTING €O.,. Nori»ford, Conn. 

Illustrated Boo k 
Sent Free. 
n. NA SON & CO., 120 F alton St.. New r York. 

(new) | 
ione develops and restores strengt ii 
sad how y $1. MepicaL Inx~:1 

PERFEZ ES ae ees 







SDs f =e es c F 


Se a 


U. 8. G.—‘' 

8. J. T.—‘*It does indeed ; 

there doesn’t seem to be anybody else 




Are the Best and Most Durable 



EJ. Denning & C6, 




Have now on sale a Complete Stock 
of Foreign and Domestic Carpets 

- of all Grades; 

Oriental Carpets, 

Rugs and Mats; also, Canton, Mat- 

tings, Oil-cloths, etc. 

Glenham Velvets, 



) per Yard. 


1000 PIECES 




At $1.2 

25 per Yard. 


1,000 PIECES 
ExtraSuper Ingrains 


55c., 6GO0c. and G5ec. per Yard; 
REDUCED FROM Eee, | 85c. AND 90c. 

Broadway, 4th Ave., Oth & 10th Sts, | 



They are the only ones that are sold by ee 

Gentes, ee world over. 
ew York City- 


Send 2cents for circular. 
0.,680 Broadway, 



but you know [I'm very feeble and don’t want to run. 



Well, uncle, it looks as if the old nags may, after all, have to be trotted out for 
the Presidential race.” 


that can make the pace. 





1881 and 1882, 

(149 to 155 E. 14th St.. N. ¥ 
Union Square, New York, 

Invite attention to their new line 

of Watches, which they recom- | 

mend as the best yet offered for | 

the prices. 
Large size, for Gentlemen, $75 

Medium size,for ‘* 65 
Large “« Ladies, 60 
Small 66 “ a 50 

The movements are sound, stem- 

winding anchors, and are cased 
in 18-kt. gold in variety of styles. 

Each watch is stamped with the 
name of the house, thereby Carry- 
ing its guarantee. 

Cuts showing sizes and styles. 
of the watches, and patterns of 
chains suitable to be worn with 
them, sent on request. 

(onstisilie ae 0. 


Paris Novelties in Spring Wraps and 
Mantles. Also, Promenade, Carriage, and 
Reception Costumes, Suits, etc. Party and 
Ball Toilets, together with a fine selection 
of their own manufacture, from the most 
fashionable fabrics. 

roadway KA 1 9th ét. 

New York. 

by Watehuahers By mail, 2c. Circula 
SOLD. J.S. BIRCH & CO., 38 Dey St., N. Y. 

ras Magra 



Published Monthly. 


Will answer questions from subscribers on 
the subject of Knitting, 

Netting, Embroi- y 
dering, Crochet-work and Artistic Needle- 

Also will publish Patterns and directions. 


872 Broadway, 


N. B.—Specimen Copies sent if ihis Paper 
is mentioned. 

What's Trumps? 

Get Hyatt’s Pat. Improved Gane 
Register and Trump Indicator. 
Shows 7rump, Points and Games. 
Takes up no more space than a 
playing- -card. Sent by mail for 20 
ets. ; or for 75 cts. will send a fine 

pack of cards and two Indicators, 
Mi inclosed in regular card-case. 
Geo. W. Hyatt, 114 Nassau St., N.Y. 


J JH. Bor Bonnell & Co. NY. 

tiedridgshall | 

gree of chlorides. 

FRERICHS, &c, Cures 

, 1884. 


Doe Breakfast Cocoa. 

Warranted absolutely pure 
Cocoa; from which the excess of 
Oilhas beenremoved. Ithas three 
times the strength of Cocoa mixed 
with Starch, Arrowroot or Sugar, 
and is therefore far more economi- 
cal. It is delicious, nourishing, 
strengthening, easily digested, and 
admirably adapted for invalids as 
_, Well as for persons in health. 




Have universally received Highest Awards and 
Honors wherever exhibited for greatest Purity 
and Evenness of Tone, Elasticity of Touch, Sim- 
poy of Action, Solidity of Construction, Excel- 
ence So Ww orkmanship and Elegance of Finish, 
and 2 ronounced by leading Pianists and Mu: 
sical a orities 


Warerooms, 3 West 14th St., N. ¥. 

Drint Your One 

Large sizes for circulars, etc., $8 to $90 
For pleasure, money - making ing, young or 
old. Everything easy ; instruc- 
Send 2 — or + Onsaleaen of 
Sata aap Presses, oy 8, etc., to the fac- 
: UF tory. KELSEY & CO., Meriden, Conn. 


(N.Y., L. E. and W. Railroad.) 

Short, direct route between New York and all 
points West. Double Tracks, Steel Rails, 
Pullman Cars, Westinghouse Air- 
brakes, (Speed, Safety, 

JNO. N. ABBOTT, General Pass.Agent, NEW YORK, 

eorpetoe am Wrabit Cured in 10 
pay till Cared, 
De. J. Stkrisnwe Pisbsnon, Obio, 

gems. tions. 


Called by J. VON LIEBIG ‘‘A Treasure of Nature,’’on accountofits hig de- 
oh Recommended asa mild a 
regular use by such a as Sit HENRY THOMPSON, VIRCHOW, 

perient and well-tried curative for 

tion, headache, i 

onstipa’ oe, 
h tarrh 1 disorders of stomach and bowels, 4 t, Fe pre 
yes = to fe impurities of blood fae 0 be gall 

Chemists and Dealers in Mineral Waters.