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sp (Gal. 6:1) 


‘ly The saint with sin in his life is not in correct relationship to his 
and & Head and to the rest of the Body, just as an arm out of joint is not 
es ; in correct relationship to the body and the head. But the saint still 
er is a member of the Body as the dislocated arm is a member of the 

human body. Again, the life of the Head still abides in the saint as 
the life in the human head still flows through the arm. Once more, 
as a dislocated arm is useless to the body and head and will obey 
neither, so a saint out of fellowship with his Lord is useless to both 
R the Body and the Head, and will obey neither. As a dislocated arm is 
| a hindrance to the body and head, so is a saint with sin in his life a 
hindrance to the Church and its Head. As an arm out of joint is a 
ch source of pain to both body and head, so is a Christian with sin in 
his life, a source of heart pain to his fellow saints and his Lord. As 
a dislocated arm is extremely painful in itself, so a child of God with 
sin in his life, is a miserable Christian. The longer an arm is out of 
joint, the more painful it becomes, and the harder it is to put back. 
The longer a. child of God remains in sin, the more miserable he becomes, 
and the harder it is*te.restore him to fellowship again. But thank God, 
he can be restored, for “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just 
to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness (I 
i John 1:9). 

—Kenneth S. Wuest 
y WORD STUDIES, Publ. by Eerdmans 

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StaTq suoTsss00Y yeTtuo 
fe “a , yea3009 zo £reIgTyT 

For some time we have been ponder- 
ing ways and means of making the 
Shorter Catechism more interesting to 
teachers of youth and the recitation 
of the Shorter Catechism more chal- 
lenging to the young people them- 
selves. We have decided to offer a 
stimulating inducement for the perfect 
recitation of this priceless statement 
of the Reformed faith, as follows: 

Any person, young or old, learning 
and reciting perfectly the answers of 
the Shorter Catechism after this an- 
nouncement appears, will be specially 
recognized in the columns of the Jour- 
nal and will receive, as a gift, a beauti- 
ful Oxford edition of the King James 
Version of the whole Bible. This Bible, 
which retails for $6.50, comes in a 
French Morocco binding and is print- 
ed on India paper complete with maps 
and references. 

Church bulletins are often notorious- 
ly dull. But we saw one recently 
which brightened our spirits no end. 
Said an announcement in this one: 
FAITH! Subscribe to the Presbyterian 
Journal ... Order now!” Where was 
this stimulating bulletin distributed? 
To a congregation in upstate New 

A notice of New Year’s activities 
in a certain church caught our atten- 
tion this week: “Come to the New 
Year’s Eve Snowball, Thursday. From 
8:30 till 11:30 we will mambo and 
cha-cha-cha and dance to the best 
‘bop’ tunes on the current hit parade. 
Promptly at 11:30 we will journey to 
the sanctuary for a communion serv- 
ice.” The pastor of this congregation, 
the notice said, treasures the follow- 
ing letter from a college freshman: 
“I’m going to attend my first college 
formal next week. I saved the dress 
I wore to last year’s Snowball especial- 
ly for the occasion . . . I don’t think 
I’ll ever go to a dance or wear an 
evening dress without remembering 
the dance and the communion service 
on New Year’s Eve.” Somehow we 
are not enthusiastic. 

Vol. XVII 

January 20, 1960 


Rev. Wade C. Smith 


Tom Anderson 

Forrest B. Gardner 

Dr. Wm. C. Robinson 


Dr. L. Nelson Bell 

The Sermon 

Dr. Gordon H. Clark 



Rev. Henry B. Dendy, D.D. 
L. Nelson Bell, M.D., F.A.C.S. 
Rev. Wade C. Smith 

TABLE TALK—“What Is An Offense?” 13 
Dr. Wm. C. Robinson 
Rev. G. Aiken Taylor, Ph.D. Editor 

Managing Editor 
Associate Editor 

Associate Editor 

Presbyterian Journal, Inc., in Weaverville, N. C. 

should be addressed to Asheville, P. O. Box 3108. 

advertising correspondence. 

January 20, 1960. 

weeks for changes in continental U. 8S. 

The Presbyterian Journal, a Presbyterian weekly magazine, devoted to the 
statement, defense, and propagation of the Gospel, the faith which was once 
for all delivered unto the saints, published every Wednesday by the Southern 

Editorial Offices: 84 Kimberly Ave., Asheville, N. C. All editoria) -orrespondence 

Business Offices: Weaverville, N. C. All changes of address business and 

Second-class mail privileges authorized at Weaverville, N. V. Vol .XVIII, No. 38, 

Changes of address: Please send both old and new addresses, sllowing three 

Co Ss ss twa «ge oe Oe a a 



Slr lU.lC 








PORTUGAL — (PN) — A hostel 
for African students attending schools 
in Lisbon, Portugal, has been opened 
by denominations cooperating in mis- 
sionary work in Portugal among which 
is the Presbyterian Church, U. S. The 
hostel will also serve African seminary 
students at nearby Carcavelos, only 
Protestant seminary in Portugal. 

BRAZIL — (PN) — A biography, 
in Portuguese, has just been published 
on the late Dr. Samuel Rhea Gammon, 
Presbyterian U. S. missionary. En- 
titled, “Assim Brilha a Luz” (So 
Shines The Light), the book was writ- 
ten by Mrs. Clara Gennett Gammon, 
Dr. Gammon’s widow who is now liv- 
ing in Rio de Janerio. It is being 
published by the famous Gammon In- 
stitute, now celebrating its 90th an- 
niversary year. 

TAIWAN — (PN) — Construction 
is underway on a new plant for the 
Presbyterian Bible School in Chupei, 
Taiwan (Formosa). An emergency 
grant was made by the Presbyterian 
Missions after city building projects 
made it necessary for the school to 
move from its former converted office 

: buildings. 

Enrollment includes students from 

} mountain tribes, Taiwanese and ref- 

ugees from the Chinese mainland. All 
are preparing to enter evangelistic 
work after their graduation. Working 

» with the school are Presbyterian U. S. 

missionaries Misses Nettie Junkin and 

Frances Stribling. 

WORTH NOTING — Agricultural 
Missions, Inc. reports that there are 
236 missionaries whose major respon- 
sibility is in the area of agriculture 
and 42 women missionaries who are 
primarily engaged in allied work re- 
lated to village home life and nutri- 
tion. — Christian Mission Digest. 


Soviet Defector Reports 
Religion Gaining Among 
Russian Youth 

Religion is making gains in the Soviet 
Union and is having an increasing 
influence on Russian youth. 

This is the report of a 27-year-old 
Soviet intelligence agent, Alexander 
Yurievich Kaznacheyev, whose defec- 
tion from the Russian Embassy in 
Rangoon, Burma, last September 
made “cloak-and-dagger” headlines 
throughout the world. 

The Russian Baptists are in the 
best position of any religious group 
to take advantage of the increased 
interest in religion in the Soviet 
Union, Kaznacheyev said. 

“Americans say only old people go 
to church in Russia,’”’ Kaznacheyev ob- 
served. “They are wrong. Being 
foreign guests, they are ushered to a 
seat in the Moscow church. About 
them they see only old women because 
the elderly women are given the other 

“In the rear, and in other rooms, 
where they cannot be so easily seen 
are those who are standing,” said the 
Russian. “These are mostly young 
people and they outnumber those who 
are seated, but they must leave quick- 
ly after the service.” 

“Why the indoctrination in atheism 
if belief in religion is dead?” he 
was asked. 

Going to church is one of the few 
real freedoms Russian people enjoy, 
Kaznacheyev pointed out. 

“To go to any church or synagogue 
is an act against the Communist state 
because it shows there is at least one 
aspect of Communist ideology with 
which the individual does not agree,” 
he noted. “So no matter how pro- 
government the church is forced to 
be, its very existence is a symbol of 
protest against Communist ideology.” 

NEW YORK, N. Y.—(PN)—Amer- 
ican churchgoers have been asked to 
contribute ten million pounds of used 
clothing and blankets for overseas 
relief during 1960—and are urged to 
begin with an emergency post-Christ- 
mas gift of one million blankets for 
refugees and disaster victims literally 
freezing to death this winter. 

The Rev. Paul B. Freeland, over- 
seas relief and interchurch aid secre- 
tary of the Board of World Missions 
of the Presbyterian Church, U.S., and 
chairman of the executive committee 
of Church World Services, presided 
over the meeting in Chicago just be- 
fore Christmas. 

CWS Director Dr. R. Norris Wilson 
announced the goal and issued the 
appeal for blankets at the meeting. 
The shortage of blankets is so critical 
among some groups of refugees, Dr. 
Wilson said, that CWS will arrange 
to air-lift them to areas of need as 
soon as they are received at clothing 
centers in various parts of the country. 
Requests for more than one million 
blankets have come from Algeria, 
Tunisia, Gaza, Egypt, Burma, the 
Tibetan border of India, Calcutta, 
Japan and Korea. These funds can be 
spent for other essential relief sup- 
plies if enough blankets are donated 
by the public. 

Collections for CWS should be 
mailed to the following addresses: 
Church World Service, New Windsor, 
Md., or Church World Service, 4165 
Duncan Ave., St. Louis 10, Mo. 

Boy Scouts Celebrate 
Golden Anniversary 

Boy Scout Week this year, Feb. 7 - 
13, will be of unusual significance as 
it marks the Golden Anniversary year 
of the movement on behalf of boys. 
A nationwide emphasis on TV and 
radio and in newspapers and magazines 
will help celebrate the anniversary 

Few organizations of its kind have 
grown as the Boy Scouts of America. 


In 1940 the membership was 1,449,- 
412; in 1950 it was 2,795,222; in 1958 
(the last reported full year) it was 4,- 

950,885. As of the close of 1958, a 
grand total of 29,945,000 boys had 
been affiliated with scouting. 

Of interest to religious bodies is 
the record of chartered scouting in- 
stitutions. Virtually every organized 
denomination in America participates 
in the sponsoring program whereby 
scout troops are chartered. A total 
of 62,363 units were registered in 
1958, an increase of 3,887 over the 
previous year! 

Percentage - wise, the Methodists 
show the greatest interest in charter- 
ing scout units, with Roman Catholics 
second and Baptists in third place. 
Least interest, according to the per- 
centage tables, is reflected among Uni- 

Only 3.1 Per Cent Of 
Air Time For Religion 

NEW YORK (RNS) — Sustaining 
(free) religious programs received 
only 3.1 per cent of a week’s total 
radio and television time of 141 com- 
mercial stations in 11 major U. S. 
cities, according to a National Council 
of Churches survey. 

The study was based on programs 
aired during the week of Nov. 1-7. It 
showed that during that time 508 
hours and 48 minutes were devoted 
to free church broadcasts out of 16,- 
353 hours and 39 minutes of program- 

Radio, with 12,794 hours and 20 
minutes of time gave only 3.5 per 
cent to “public service” religious 
shows; while TV, with a total of 3,- 
559 hours and 19 minutes allotted 
only 1.7 per cent. 

Included in the religious programs 
were sustaining shows of Protestant, 
Roman Catholic, Jewish, Christian 
Science and other church groups. 

POAU Citations Of Year 

WASHINGTON, D. C. — Protes- 
tants and Gther Americans United is- 
sued three citations for outstanding 
actions in 1959 calculated to preserve 
religious liberty and the separation of 
church and state. 

First of these citations went to the 
Texas Convention of the Southern 
Baptists which renounced a gift of 

$3,500,00 towards a hospital in Tex- 
arkana, on the ground that the ac- 
ceptance of such government funds 
would be detrimental to the moral po- 
sition of Baptists. 

The second citation went to the De- 
partment of Justice for asserting the 
federal government’s tax claims 
against the Christian Brothers of Cal- 
ifornia, manufacturers of brandy and 
wine, involving some $1,840,000. The 
Christian Brothers have claimed ex- 
emption on the profits of their com- 
mercial liquor business on the ground 
that they are an organic part of the 
Roman Catholic Church. The Depart- 
ment of Justice’ action is being bitter- 
ly contested. 

The third citation went to the 
Protestants of Bremond, Texas, led 
by the Rev. Earl McIntyre, who have 
entered suit to recapture the town’s 
public school system from a religious 
Order which has taken over the school 
and placed the members of the Order 
on the public payroll. 

Meeting Hears Warning 
Against Universal Illiteracy 

BOSTON (RNS) — Too many 
churches in this country “are more 
like undertaking establishments in 
that they bury more folks than they 
baptize” a Southern Baptist minister 
told the Evangelistic Association of 
New England at its 72nd annual meet- 
ing here. 

“If more Hell were preached in our 
pulpits across the land, there would 
be less hell on our streets and behind 
the doors of our homes,” asserted Dr. 
Robert G. Lee of Memphis, Tenn. 

A former president of the Southern 
Baptist Convention, Dr. Lee declared 
that “too many churches have become 
drifting sepulchres manned by frozen 
crews because they have refused to 
preach the eternal riches of God’s 

He charged that churches have 
“raised a whole generation of illit- 
erates in the U. S. in the realities of 
Christianity.” “There is universal 
neurosis,” he said. ‘Having evidence 
of the breakdown of human intelli- 
gence, a survey of world affairs is 
a sickening sight. 

“A study of things we see leads 
us to believe that, unless God inter- 
venes and we have a genuine spirit- 
ual revival, humanism and Commu- 

nistic hatred of Christianity will be 
the prevailing philosophy of the com- 
ing age.” 

Continued Dr. Lee: “Christianity 
is reduced to the status of humanism, 
social service, national or individual 
therapy, with the resulting tendency 
to undermine faith and destroy the 
passion for souls.” 

Evangelist Says Campus 
Spiritual Revival Ebbing 

Evangelist Billy Graham deplored here 
the “changed attitude” on some cam- 
puses where he said a spiritual revival 
was evident in recent years. 

He made this observation in calling 
for “a new sense of dedication among 
church people” to offset what he 
termed the “moral vacuum” in many 
areas of the nation’s life. 

Mr. Graham addressed 500 Protes- 
tant clergymen and laymen at a 
“‘briefing”’ session for his second Wash- 
ington Crusade, to be held in Griffith 
Stadium June 19-26, 1960. He con- 
ducted a two-week Washington cam- 
paign in January, 1952. 

Referring to the “vacuum in the 
hearts and minds of students,” he 
said that many props have gone. “Ex- 
istentialism is the word.” 

“They need something they can 
sink their teeth in,’ he declared. “If 
the church does not have an answer 
that satisfies the mind and heart, as 
well as the soul, the next decade may 
bring a backlash, a reaction against 

Range Of God's Habitation 












, as 


Last week | stood admiring the solid 
double doors of a fine old country 
church. My host said, “Where do you 
suppose we got the material for those 
doors?” Then he told me they came 
from the mudsills and girders of an 
old distillery which had been operated 
for years within a stone’s throw of 
the church. Here was a story of a 
Gospel triumph. 

Long years ago, the owner of the 
distillery had been petitioned by the 
church people not to build so nearby. 
He replied that if the church did not 
want to be so close to his distillery 
the church itself could move to some 
other place. The church did not move. 
It was a test of endurance between 
the forces of evil and the forces of 
righteousness. After nearly a century 
there is only a scar to show where the 
distillery stood, while the church, re- 
cently remodeled by an enthusiastic 
congregation, crowns the knoll in a 
beautiful grove, more stately and at- 
tractive than ever. And second only 
to its handsome pulpit and new pipe 
organ in interest and beauty are the 
solid walnut double doors. 

There is something very inspiring 
about this, because it reminds us of 
the clear spoken prophecies of the 
Old Testament, foretelling the tri- 
umphs of God’s Word and the trans- 
formations in human life because of 
them. Hear Isaiah in his 55th chapter: 
“Instead of the thorn shall come up 
the fir tree, and instead of the brier 
shall come up the myrtle tree: and it 
shall be to the Lord for a name, for 
an everlasting sign which shall not be 
cut off.” And listen to the Psalmist 
singing (84:10): “For a day in thy 
courts is better than a thousand. I 
had rather be a doorkeeper in the 
house of my God, than to dwell in the 
tents of wickedness.”’ 

Was it not a pity to see those splen- 
did walnut trees cut down to make 
floor beams for a distillery? Here 
was timber fit to adorn the palaces 
of kings serving as a floor to the 
slush and foul smelling swill of fer- 

From The Distillery Floor 


menting vats. One can almost imagine 
it crying out in protest, thus being 
nailed down to its humiliation. But 
there came a day when the lowly was 
exalted—the captive was released; re- 
leased not only from the distillery 
floor, but to high service—even to 
adorn the portals of the Church of 
God, and to swing in and out with 
the ever increasing tide of God’s 

Jesus told the congregation in Naz- 
areth that this was why He had come: 
to purchase release to the captives, 
sight to the blind, liberty to the 
bruised, and good news to the poor. 
They did not realize what big mean- 
ing was in that. They simply treated 
Him like an imposter and thrust Him 

I wonder if we are not making the 
same mistake, in a way. We may 
have been thinking of Jesus merely 
as a reformer, when, as a matter of 
fact, He is a great Transformer. He 
changes men completely. He makes 
even a greater change in them than 
from distillery mudsills to church 

He changes the bent of our minds 
and hearts, our desires, our occupa- 
tions. I have a good friend whose 
diversion—the thing he chose to do 
when he had leisure—was to sit at a 
table with several other fellows of 
like mind, playing cards far into the 
night and drinking out of a black 
bottle. Pretty soon he had plenty of 
leisure, for he lost his job, and with 
it he lost his self-respect; he became 
a slave to the black bottle and his 
poor family slaves to poverty. Then 
it was he looked up in his dismal 
mudsill plight, to Jesus. The Lord 
Jesus, the Great Liberator, saw him 
in his helplessness and lifted him up 
and transformed his life, because he 
cried to Him for help. He is a real 
man now, and he has a happy family— 
the bruised little family set at liberty, 
too, for the husband and father was 
restored to them. 

But that is not the best of it yet, 
for that man saw something in Jesus 
that the Nazareth folks never dis- 
covered—a great, priceless Gift of 
God, to be passed on to other suf- 
fering human slaves. Last year he 
won a hundred souls to Christ by 
personal interviews! 



Imagine getting your greatest spir- 
itual experience in atheistic Russia? 
We had just left Moscow’s citadel of 
atheism, fantastically ugly Red Square, 
where thousands of subservients come 
daily to worship the incarnation of 
history’s foremost mummies, Vladimir 
“The Body” Lenin and “good Ol’ Joe” 
Stalin, their carcasses perfectly pre- 
served in their glass showcase in the 
red marble mausoleum. They’re the 
only dressed-up people in Moscow— 
all dressed up and no place to go. 

Stalin had pronounced repeatedly: 
“Lenin is God . . . The party cannot 
be neutral toward religion. Anti- 
religious propaganda is a means by 


which the complete liquidation of the 
reactionary clergy must be brought 

The Russian “God,” Lenin, stated: 
“Religion is a kind of spiritual gin 
in which the slaves of capital drown 
their human shape and their claims to 
any decent human life . . . Marxism 
is materialism ... We deny all morality 
taken from superhuman or nonclass 
conceptions . . . Atheism is an integral 
part of Marxism . . . The materialist 
gives a more important place to ma- 
terialism and nature, while relegating 
God and all the philosophical rabble 
who believe in Him to the sewer and 

manure heap . . . Down with religion. 
Long live Atheism.” 


Sunday Schools in Russia are not 
permitted to exist. All “education” 
belongs to the state—and so do the 
children. Six days a week for 40 
years the children have been taught 
atheism in school. It would be in- 
consistent to let them be taught about 
God in a Sunday School! 

A person can lose his job or be 
demoted for church attendance. Start- 
ing next year young people have to 
either be confirmed in church or join 
“youth confirmation” (Communist) 
groups. If they choose the church, 
they won’t be able to get a job when 
they’re old enough to work. Most 
people under 60 have sold out God 
for jobs, security, convenience. Or 
maybe they’ve simply concluded that 
coexistence, with atheism, is better 
than no existence. 

Our Intourist guide had informed 
us that intelligent people don’t go to 
church; that religion, which they refer 
to in the past tense, is a fairy story. 
With a straight face the beguiling 
guide had told us that churches were 
closed because the people no longer 
wanted them open; they had “learned 
better.” In spite of this unsolicited 
wisdom, we drove from the ornate, 
atheistic Kremlin to a little out-of- 
the-way faded stucco Baptist Church 
on a narrow cobblestone street. The 
Central Baptist Church, one of the 
few open-for-business churches left in 
Moscow was playing to its usual three- 
times-a-week standing - room - only 
erowd of 1,000. 

Behind the pulpit glowed a stained- 
glass window inscribed with “Bog est 
lyubov (God is love).” It glowed 
quite differently from the diffused 
orange-colored light which bathes the 
carcasses of the enshrined killers on 
display in Red Square. 

Every face in the old sanctuary 
gaped incredulously as our obviously- 
American group was led down the aisle. 
They grabbed for our hands as we 
proceeded to our pews which were 
gladly vacated for our unexpected 
visit. Their wrinkled old faces looked 
at us pleadingly. They reached out 
to touch us almost as one would reach 
out for the last final caress of one’s 
most-beloved just before the casket is 
lowered. They were in misery and yet 
a light shone through the misery. They 
gripped our hands like frightened 

A member of our group was un- 
expectedly called to the pulpit. His 
voice choked with emotion, he preached 
a sermon of love and faith, hope and 

“I believe very firmly in prayer,” 
he said. “It is possible to reach out 
and tap that unseen power which gives 
us strength and such an anchor in 
time of need. 

“Be not afraid. Keep this com- 
mandment: Love one another. Love 
all mankind. Truth will endure. Time 
is on the side of truth.” Thus spake 
Ezra Taft Benson, Mormon Apostle 
and Secretary of Agriculture. 

The Secretary’s wife and two beau- 
tiful daughters raptly drank in his 
words, with streaming tears. “God 
lives, I know that He lives; that Jesus 
is Christ, the Redeemer of the World. 
We are eternal beings.” 

As each sentence was translated for 
the audience by the Russian minister 
the women removed their hand- 
kerchiefs from their heads and waved 
them like a mother bidding permanent 
goodbye to her only son. Their heads 
nodded vigorously as they moaned, “‘ja, 
ja, ja!” (yes, yes, yes!) 

As their gnarled hands folded in 
fervent prayer, it made you think of 
the ancient Christians about to be 
thrown to the lions. Most were old 
women. The old can attend church. 
They have no jobs to lose. They can 
“afford” to go to church. There were 
a handful of teenagers, one of which 
stood beside me. I wished mightily that 
we could break the language barrier 
and talk. A youth with the courage 
to oppose history’s most godless dic- 
tatorship to worship God! 

Cynical newspaper correspondents 
who’d griped about a “command per- 
formance” in church with Benson, 
stood there crying openly. 


These people have what has been 
described by some bubble-heads as 
“freedom of religion.” It is freedom 
to live out their last few years without 
being shot in the back of the neck; 
freedom to go on existing in a living 
hell under a forced choice between 
God and their own families. 

These old souls live by faith alone, 
unlike. the Communist high priests 
who’re backed by the all-powerful state 
and the firing squad. 

The Communist plan is that when 
these “last believers” die off, religion 

will die with them. What the atheists 

don’t know is that God can’t be 
stamped out either by legislated athe- 
ism or firing squad. This Methodist 
backslider who oceasionally grumbles 
about having to go to church, stood 
crying unashamedly, throat lumped, 
and chills running from spine to toes. 
It was the most heart-rending and 
most inspiring scene I’ve ever wit- 

As we filed out they sang with all 
their hearts, “God Be With You ’Til 
We Meet Again.” And all knew we 
never would—on this earth. We also 
knew that some day, somehow, the 
greatest force in the world, the grace of 
God, will destroy this organized re- 
ligion of hate. 

With heavy hearts we left to rejoin 
the smug, smart-aleck atheist guide 
who took us to the church but refused 
to go in. 

This trip with Secretary Benson was 
unforgettable. I was able to reach 
many conclusions, including the in- 
scription I want for my tombstone: 
“I’d rather be here than in Russia.” 

* 2K o* 

Reprinted from December 1959 issue 
of Farm and Ranch Magazine, Nash- 
ville, Tennessee. 

—4 Prayer 

Our loving Heavenly Father, through 
the Lord Jesus, our Savior and Re- 
deemer, we thank Thee for the mani- 
fold riches that are ours in Christ 
Jesus. Help us to so believe this 
gracious truth that we may have the 
blessing of peace, joy and content- 
ment in our lives. 

Bless to us Thy Holy Word and 
enable us to live day by day in accord 
with its divine teaching. May Christ 
Jesus be exalted in our lives and in 
all things give us guidance through 
Thy Holy Spirit. 

Sanctify to us this blessed and holy 
season when we remember that “God 
so loved the world, that he gave his 
only begotten Son, that whosoever 
believeth in Him should not perish, 
but have everlasting life.” May the 
old, old story of Jesus and His love 
flood our hearts with joy and thanks- 
giving and may we be its messengers 
to other lives. 

These mercies and the forgiveness 
of our transgressions we ask in the 
Name of Thy Son, our Savior. Amen. 

—Elizabeth Chadwick 
The Episcopal Recorder 



Lie doe Rs RR 

a AN 


Which Woy, Laymen? 


“So then because thou art luke- 
warm, and neither cold nor hot, I will 
spue thee out of my mouth. 

“To him that overcometh will I 
grant to sit with me on my throne” 

Revelation 3:16, 21. 

I hold to this thesis, that our 
Church cannot fulfill her high com- 
mission until the full potential of the 
laymen is utilized. 

For several years the fact that only 
a comparatively small percentage of 
our laymen are giving fully of their 
powers and abilities to the work of the 
Church, has weighed heavily on my 
mind and heart. I have embraced 
every opportunity of discussing this 
with laymen from every section of the 
Assembly. The discussions, together 
with my own observations, have led 
me to certain conclusions about the 
hindrances or obstacles in the lives 
of laymen which, to a very large ex- 
tent, prevent them from contributing 
to the life and work of the Church. 
I term these “Road-blocks in the 
Spiritual Lives of Laymen”. I want 
to mention three of these. 

I. The first road-block is — OUR 

We are ignorant of the Bible. 

Many of us look on the Bible as just a 
glorified book which plays only an 
occasional and unimportant part in 
our lives. Some of us can quote var- 
ious sentences and verses which please 
our fancies or seem to fit some par- 
ticular circumstance in our lives. The 
fact remains, however, that very few 
of us have let God’s Holy Word reveal 
God Himself to us. We have not ex- 
perienced its revealing, uplifting and 
overwhelming power. The Master 
said “Ye must be born again”. If 
we laymen grasp only a modicum of 
the Spiritual power the Bible holds, 
we WILL be born again. 

We are ignorant of our FAITH. 

If you ask a layman what he be- 
lieves, he will be a rare man indeed 
if he can give a bold, clear, concise 
and certain statement of his faith. 

Few laymen have ever taken the time 
to analyze their beliefs. Too many 
quote what they have read or heard 
some minister say. They have only 
a second-hand faith. Small wonder we 
contribute so little of our time and 
talents to the work of the Church, or 
that it is of secondary importance 
to us. 

We are ignorant of our CHURCH. 

We know the set-up and functioning 
of our businesses; we know the or- 
ganization of our civic clubs; but of 
our church we are abysmally ignorant. 
We have little or no knowledge of its 
form of government. We are entirely 
unaware of its activities beyond our 
local congregation. Foreign Missions, 
to us, means only an occasional re- 
quest for a little extra money; Church 
Extension is some nebulous activity 
which holds neither interest nor mean- 
ing for us. We have only the slightest 
conception of the consecrated, faith- 
ful and self-sacrificing devotion of our 
fellow churchmen who are giving their 
lives to the work of the denomination 
as a whole. Yes, we are almost com- 
pletely ignorant of our Church and 
her tasks. 

II. The second road-block is — WE 

One of the speakers at the Miami 
Convention told of a shoe manu- 
facturer who placed on the wall of 
his office a caption which was his 
creed. It read as follows: “God First, 
Family Second, Shoes Third”. To 
many of us, our church is only in- 
cidential. When convenient we at- 
tend its services. Its blessings and 
benefits we take as a matter of course. 
The small obligations it imposes often 
seem so unnecessary or onerous. We 
rarely, if ever, inconvenience ourselves 
to perform its work. To sacrifice for 
it is beyond our capacity. 

In recent years the secular press 
has carried an increasing amount of 
material of a religious, and at times 
even spiritual, import. This, together 
with the effect of popular sentiment, 
has made it somewhat popular to join 


We have nodded assent 
to the Constitutional questions — with 
little understanding of their meaning. 
We have come into the church to so- 
cialize instead of to attain a spiritual 

the church. 

The burdens, complexities and prob- 
lems of business men are becoming 
more acute each day. Often we be- 
come desperate and can’t see the way 
out. In our need such expressions 
come to us — “Cast your burden on 
the Lord’’, “He will direct your paths”, 
“Ask and you will receive”. We con- 
clude the church has the answer — so 
we join with the expectation that all 
our problems will be solved by that 

We don’t realize our spiritual re- 

sponsibilities. We expect the Lord 
to do all the work. We are simply 
escapists. To many of us, the work 

of the church is almost anathema. I 
have at times been amazed at the 
ingenuity employed in formulating ex- 
cuses, not reasons, for not participat- 
ing in this work when requested. Once, 
in discussing the relationship between 
pastor and layman with one of our 
leading ministers he stated, “I feel the 
pastor is just a caddy for the laymen”. 
I replied that I thought he had a point 
but that the tragedy was that so often 
there was only one club in the bag— 
the “putter-off”’ — when what was 
needed was a driver. The work of the 
church is of such small moment to so 
many of us. Yes, we need a con- 
secrated sense of proportion. We need, 
so very acutely, to learn to put “Shoes 

Ill. The third Road-block is 

I have never ceased to be amazed 
at the efficiency; the stimulation; the 
regenerating power of prayer. Nor 
how it creates a closer relationship 
with God. It is the jet-propulsion of 
our spiritual life and growth. Yet, 
how few of us realize our need to cry 
out, with the apostles of old, “Lord 
teach us to pray”. 

Some of us are superficial pray-ers. 
We formulate our expressions to 

please our listeners instead of the 




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Born With The Old South — Growing With The New 

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Lord. We deliver an oration instead 
of a heart-born petition. Our prayers 
are just meaningless words. 

Most of the time we pray too cas- 
ually. We fail to realize the mar- 
velous privilege of prayer — the privi- 
lege of a creature to commune with 
his Creator. A _ hospitalized friend 
was visited by a friend. Just before 
leaving this man said, “Well, before I 
leave, I will whip up a little prayer’. 
The sick one wondered if God heard 
that prayer. It was certainly no com- 
Jort to him. 

We are also at times “gimme” 
pray-ers. When the tenor of our way 
is smooth and uncomplicated, we feel 
no need of prayer. However, when 
some acute or untoward circumstance 
arises, we rush to God, whom we have 
ignored, and expect Him to bring us 
immediate relief just because we have 
asked Him. How fortunate for us 
that our God is a Father of unlimited 
patience and love. 

Do you ever pray with a smile? It 
was always an inspiration for me to 

hear and SEE Dr. Alexander Sprunt, 
former pastor of the First (Scotch) 
Presbyterian Church of Charleston, 
South Carolina, “talk” with the Lord 
he so devotedly loved. As he lifted 
his face, with a smile, his countenance 
was lighted with the joy and love he 
felt for his God. Have you ever 
prayed with a smile? Why not try it? 

We laymen are indeed “standing 
in the need of prayer”. The measure 
of our prayers largely determine the 
effectiveness of our living “all the 
way for Christ’. 

We are convenient pray-ers. Wit- 
ness the small attendance at Sunday 
night services and the handful at mid- 
week prayer-meeting; or worse, the 
many darkened churches at these 
hours. I wonder how many of us 
would dare to upset our daily routine 
and meet for prayer with our pastor 
at the ghastly hour of seven o’clock 
in the morning? Yet where this has 
been done it has resulted in a spiritual 
stimulus to the whole congregation 
and to those participating in the un- 
speakable joy of walking closer to God. 


In presenting these thoughts, not 
for a moment am I presuming to sit in 
judgment on my fellow Christians. 
Nor have I written in a spirit of criti- 
cism. My heartfelt hope and sincere 
prayer is that the Lord may awaken 
within you the impulse to analyze and 
re-appraise your own spiritual life; 
that thereby you may be led to go 
“all the way for Christ’. 

At a time when a large proportion 
of our laymen have not reached spirit- 
ual adulthood, these prophetic words 
come to us with frightening impact — 

“Because thou art lukewarm, I will 
spue thee out of my mouth.” 

“He that overcometh will I grant 
to sit with me on my throne’”’. 

What is your answer? 
* oe * 6 * 

Mr. Gardner is a business man of 
Hendersonville, N. C., and a former 
Moderator of his Presbytery. 

The Spirit and Creation 

The Spirit of God in the account 
of creation teaches us that God who 
is transcendent over creation in His 
person and nature is also ever present 
or immanent in His active work in 
the universe. Side by side with the 
emphasis which is laid on the un- 
approachable majesty of God as the 
transcendent Person, the account in 
Genesis lays an equal emphasis on 
God as the immanent agent in all 
world changes and movements. The 
first verse in the Bible reveals the 
Spirit of God actively empowering and 
controlling His handiwork, thus adding 
the doctrine of Providence to the doc- 
trine of Creation. Twentieth century 
physics makes it easier for the imagi- 
nation to visualize a spiritual control 
over physical reality. 

A failure to realize the transcend- 
ence of God results in identifying God 
and the universe, which is Pantheism; 
a failure to realize His immanent ac- 
tivity everywhere present separates 
God and His creation, which is Deism. 
True Theism means that “the universe 
owes its existence and its continuance 
in existence to the reason and will of 
a self-existent Being Who is infinitely 
powerful, wise and good.”’ The Spirit 
of God brooding upon the face of the 

waters is the foundation of our faith 
in God’s most holy, wise and powerful 
preserving and governing all His crea- 
tures and all their actions. 

—Wnm. C. Robinson, Th.D. 


Just what are a Christian’s duties? 
The Bible answers in general (see 
Eph. 4:22-23), but not in particular. 
The reason is evident. It is this: The 
duty of the hour must be determined 
by the opportunity of the hour... 
under God in Christ. 

Webster defines duty as “that which 
a person is morally obliged to do or 
to forbear from doing.” This is a 
very accurate definition for the world 
at large, but a Christian’s duty is 
“that which he is Christ-impelled to 
do or to forbear from doing at the 
moment he is moved to action.” 

The question now arises: Is Christ 
“impelling” your life? Unfortunately 
there are many “borderline” Chris- 
tians who are just morally impelled 
or self-impelled; and many others who 
are mere drifters on the sea of cir- 


In these days when so many people 
are imbued with a doctrine of futility, 
isn’t it pitiful that we have so few 
“Christ-impelled” Christians who see 
their duty through Christ’s eyes and 
not through their own? 

If we Christians could but see it, 
this spirit of futility, this “don’t-care,” 
“what’s-the-use” attitude of people to- 
day, is a marvelous opportunity for 
us. It is undoubtedly the opportunity 
of the hour. 

We have the only Way which isn’t 
futile. The road which the Christian 
travels leads somewhere, whereas the 
way of the world is a dead-end street. 

Our duty, then is to point out to 
the world the only antidote for fu- 
tility—the way of the cross which 
leads home. 

—Col. Roy LeCraw 

Understanding the Bible 

The overall theme in our denomina- 
tional emphasis for 1960 is “Under- 
standing the Bible.” Reformed Chris- 
tians have always believed that the 
key to a right understanding of God 
is a right understanding of the Bible. 

More than that; the Bible is not 
only for the understanding of God, it 
is also for the entering in of the new 
life which God has prepared for His 
own in Christ: “The entrance of thy 
Word giveth life” (Ps. 119:130). Our 
greatest hope for an unsaved person 
is that he may enter into a reverent 
study of God’s Word: we can do no 
greater spiritual thing for him than 
that for it is an understanding of the 
Truth of God that the Holy Spirit 
quickens the heart. 

We have no fear for any person, 
church or a nation engaged in the 
earnest study of the Bible. Historical- 
ly, departures from the Faith have 
occurred only when men turned for 
light and life to some other source: 
as when the Church itself became 
more important than the Church’s 
primary Constitution. 

We would go so far as to say that 
no sincere effort to understand the 
Bible can lead men astray. Men have 
gone astray when they became pre- 
occupied with opinions about the Bi- 
ble; when they have gone to the Bi- 
ble determined not to understand but 
to discredit; when they took the Bible 
piecemeal in order to validate or verify 
some pre-conceived scheme or view; 
when they built their theories upon 
fragmentary extracts of Scripture 
awkwardly balanced against the whole. 

The Bible does not answer every 
question of men. But sincere Chris- 
tians, faithfully building their faith 
upon it have never found themselves 
apart in essentials, however much they 
may have disagreed in matters call- 
ing for speculation. 

If there is anything the Journal 
wants for our denomination it is a 
Bible-centered program. Not one 
simply founded upon the Bible as a 
sort of spring-board from which to 
take a leap into the unknown. But 
a program of the Bible, by the Bible, 
in the Bible. When our Church’s 
life becomes Bible-centered in that 
way, the time may come when the 
urgent necessity for an independent 
paper such as this one may diminish. 

We have just seen the January is- 
VEY. It was a joy to read. If that’s 
the way the year’s theme is going to 
be carried out in our official pro- 
gram, the bells of Heaven will ring. 


On Awakening 

In the first waking moments of each 
new day what are our thoughts? A 
whispered prayer to the One who alone 
can make the day a success can mean 
the difference between peace of mind 
and frustration; between selfishness 
and love for others; between a divinely 
directed or a humanly misdirected 
course of action. 

“So teach us to number our days, 
that we may apply our hearts unto 
(Ps. 9:12) — None of us 
knows what the future holds, nor are 
we responsible for that future. But 
unquestionably there is a task which 
God has for us at the moment and 
we need the leading of the Spirit which 
will enable us to distinguish between 
our own desires and God’s motivation 
for that task. We need wisdom to 


and righteousness must be vindicated 
in the lives we live. The things of 
His Kingdom—the values which are 
eternal—must have priority if we are 
to please Him. 

A day started with the sincere de- 
sire to know and do the the will of 
Almighty God can prove to be a day 

of blessed Christian experience. 

$< @——_— 

Faith ... Is First Pure 

Speaking before an Institute spon- 
sored by the National Council of 
Churches, a leading ecclesiastic re- 
cently said: “A considerable amount 
of church planning seems to ignore 
the probability that the motor car is 
here to stay, and a good deal is based 
on the dubious assumption that peo- 
ple care a fig about the distinctions in 
creed and practice between one de- 
nomination and another.” 

Now we are sorry but we must admit 
that we are among those who do care 


do with all our hearts the thing God 
wants us to do today. 

“Create in me a clean heart, O God; 
and renew a right spirit within me.” 
(Ps. 51:10)—From within our hearts 
there proceed those unclean thoughts 
which tarnish our lives and insulate 
us from God. From without there are 
the unending contacts with evil which, 
but for the grace of God, destroy 
fellowship with Him and our power as 
Christian witnesses. Only by the con- 
tinued cleansing of the blood of Cal- 
vary, the purifying work of the Holy 
Spirit in our hearts, can we walk with 
Him and others can take notice of us, 
that we have been in His holy presence. 

“Oh God, help me today to seek 
first the kingdom of God and his 
righteousness.” (Mt. 6:33) — The 
Bible makes it plain that God searches 
our hearts to know the motives on 
which we operate. He is sensitive to 
His honor and to Christians giving 
Him rightful place in their plans and 
work. He must come first. His honor 

a fig about distinctions in creed and 
practice. In fact, we care consider- 
ably more than a fig. We even go s0 
far as to say that Eternity itself hangs 
in the balance for some distinctions in 
creed and practice. 

There are no special places of hon- 
or reserved in Heaven for Presby- 
terians, Baptists, Methodists or Con- 
gregationalists, solely on the basis of 
their denominational preference. That 
we would confess as fervently as we 

But Heaven itself is reserved for 
those who are “new creatures” in 
Christ Jesus on the basis of their Justi- 
fication by Faith, their Regeneration 
by the Holy Spirit and their Sancti- 
fication in the Body of Christ, the 
Church. Hell, on the other hand 
— and there is a Hell — is populated 
with people of many religious faiths 
and, in the words of the Apostle Jude, 
with some who have crept into the 
Church itself “unawares,” who go 
about to deny our Lord Jesus Christ. 



0 80 
is in 

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s we 

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We would urge the brother speaking 
under the auspices of the National 
Council to cultivate the inclination to 
“care a fig’’ about distinctions so that 
he may himself distinguish between 
those that matter and those that do 


Show Us Christ! 

O man of God, show us Christ! 

We believe that God is benevolent, 
but our spirits still rebel. Show us 

We acknowledge that Love is the 
greatest force in the universe but we 
fo not know how to be loving. Show 
us Christ! 

We have heard that there is renewal 
of life, but we do not feel renewed. 
Show us Christ! 

We have pursued selfhood and ful- 
fillment without finding our true 
selves. Give us Christ! 

We are weary of purpose and mis- 
sion and participation. Introduce us, 
O man of God, to our Lord! 

We have heard the wondrous story 
of others who saw and heard the Word. 
We, too, would walk with Him and 
talk with Him! 

You have proclaimed the abundant 
life of better things. Lead us, O man 
of God, to our Lord! 

You say there is victory over pride 
and passion. Give us Him who is the 

You preach that God is merciful to 
sinners. Take us to Him that we may 
be forgiven! 

O man of God, we would see Jesus! 

For Your Bulletin 

The secret of happiness is not in 
doing what one likes, but in liking 
what one has to do. 

Every noble work is at first im- 

Anyone can praise Christ, but it 
takes a real Christian to follow Him. 

Service is love made visible. 

One way to break a bad habit is 
to drop it. 

There is no prospect of reduction 
in the wages of sin. 

Salvation is free, but never cheap. 

A Layman And His Church 


EDITOR’S NOTE—The following is the text of a statement Dr. Bell gave at the 
beginning of the various conferences he and Dr. Bradley had with groups within the 
Korean Presbyterian Church. It is being printed at the request of some who attended 

these meetings. 

I speak to you today as a brother 
in Christ, a sinner redeemed by His 
blood and one who, like you, is kept 
solely by His grace. In a spirit of deep 
humility and genuine Christian love 
I would share with you some thoughts 
with reference to the problems which 
we as Christians, and the Church as 
such, face in the world today. 

The Church, the body of Christ, is 
His visible witness in the world. The 
Holy Spirit, dwelling in the hearts of 
believers, empowers them to maintain 
this witness for our Lord and Savior. 

It is obvious that the Church, and 
the Christians who compose the 
Church, live in a hostile world. Where 
there is no tension between the Church 
and the world this is itself an ominous 
sign—a danger signal—for where there 
is faithfulness to the Lord there is 
always resistance on the part of Satan. 

In other words there is mortal com- 
bat between Christians and the world 
and the battle is in evidence in many 
places. The ways of the Devil, the 
enemy of souls, are many. Where he 
cannot gain an advantage in one way 
he will another. 

Attacks on the Church from without 
are commonplace and to be expected. 
But Satan will also try to attack from 
within. Strife within the Church is 
a device of Satan and a fruitful way 
to destroy the witness of the Church. 
It does three things: a. Brings joy to 
the forces of evil. b. Confuses be- 
lievers. c. Brings sorrow to our Lord. 

The early Church at Corinth was 
beset by factions, each claiming to 
follow an individual of particular 
prominence in that day. The Apostle 
Paul, dismayed and saddened by that 
which was taking place, wrote a letter 
to the Corinthian Christians. 

First of all, he recognizes all of 
them as true Christians and says: 

“Unto the church of God which is 
at Corinth, to them that are sanc- 
tified in Christ Jesus, called to be 
saints, with all that in every place 
call upon the name of Jesus Christ 

our Lord, both theirs and ours” 
(I Cor. 1:2). 

Then Paul goes on to say: 

“Now I beseech you, brethren, by 
the name of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, that you all speak the same 
thing, and that there be no di- 
visions among you; but that you 
be perfectly joined together in the 
same mind and in the same judg- 
(I Cor. 1:2). 

The problems which now exist within 
the Korean Presbyterian Church center 
in loyalties to individuals and organi- 
zations which have in some measure 
interposed themselves between the 
Church and her Lord. The zeal to 
maintain the historic Christian faith 
is in grave danger of being directed 
against other Christians who may be 
equally zealous for the faith and for 
the honor of our Lord. 

It is time that we Christians, Korean 
and American, need to look to the 
One whom we love and whom we 
serve; the One who can heal, forgive, 
cleanse, fill and empower. More than 
anything else we need a new outpour- 
ing of the Holy Spirit, an outpouring 
which will bring with it a conviction 
of sin and a true repentance which 
will make us cry out for forgiveness. 
Such an outpouring of the Holy Spirit 
will bring with it the fruits of the 
Spirit in our own lives — love, joy, 
peace, longsuffering, gentleness, good- 
ness, faith, meekness and temperance. 

Prayer for such a revival should 
become the chief concern of all Chris- 
tians. Right now in America there are 
thousands of Christians praying for 
such a spiritual awakening. This re- 
vival must begin in individual hearts. 

God is anxious to pour out such a 
blessing on the Church today. He is 
waiting for you and me, for Christians 
everywhere, to pay the price in our 
own hearts — the confession and re- 
nunciation of our own personal sins. 

The Korean Church as we know it 

(Cont. on p. 18) 


Who follows in their train?— 

Later Examinations of John Rogers 


Descriptions of the tortures which 
the Roman Catholics inflicted on the 
Protestants during and after the 
Reformation sometimes evoke a mor- 
bid curiosity. Nonetheless they ought 
to be described for a faithful record 
of our martyred fathers. But what is 
less spectacular though equally neces- 
sary to be reported is the type of ex- 
amination that preceded the execu- 
tions. It is instructive to know for 
what cause these men were burned to 
death. In a previous issue the first 
trial of John Rogers was reported. 
Here follow parts of the second and 
third examinations. 

“Being asked again by the lord 
chancellor what I thought concerning 
the blessed sacrament — whether I 
believed the sacrament to be the 
body and blood of our Savior Christ, 
who was born of the Virgin Mary and 
hanged on the cross, really and sub- 
stantially — I answered that even 
as the most part of your doctrine in 
other points is false, and the defense 
thereof only by force and cruelty, so 
in this matter I think it to be as 
false as the rest. For I cannot under- 
stand the words really and substantial- 
ly to signify otherwise than corporal- 
ly; but corporally Christ is only in 
heaven, and so Christ cannot be cor- 
porally also in your sacrament. 

“And here I somewhat appealed to 
his charity. ‘My lord,’ said I, ‘you 
have dealt with me most cruelly, for 
you have put me in prison without 
law, and kept me there now almost a 
year and a half; for I was almost 
half a year in my house, where I 
was obedient to you and spoke with 
no man. And now I have been in 
Newgate a full year, at great costs 

and charges, having a wife and ten 
children to provide for, and have not 
received a penny from my livings, 
(a pastoral appointment) which was 
against the law.’ 

“He replied that Dr. Ridley, who 
had given me my livings, was a 
usurper, and therefore I was the un- 
just possessor of them. 

“‘*Was the King, then, a usurper’, 
said I, ‘who gave Dr. Ridley a 

“* *Yes’, he said; and he began to 
set out the wrongs that King Edward 
had done to the Bishop of London. 

“I asked him why he put me in 
prison. He said because I preached 
against the Queen. 

“T answered that it was not true; 
and I would be bound to prove it and 
to stand trial of the law, that no 
man should be able to disprove it, 
and thereupon would set my life. I 
preached, I confessed, a sermon on 
the Cross, after the Queen came to 
the Tower, but there was nothing said 
against the Queen. 

“*But you read lectures after- 
wards,’ said he, ‘against the command- 
ments of the Council’. 

“That I did not’, I said; ‘let it be 
proved and let me die for it.’ 

“I might and would have added, if 
I had been suffered to speak, that it 
had been time enough to take away 
men’s livings and then to have im- 
prisoned them, after they had offend- 
ed the laws. But their purpose is to 
keep men in prison until they can 
catch them in their laws and so kill 

After a few more words the second 
examination was adjourned. 

The next day, Jan. 29, 1555, the 
sheriffs brought him back for a third 
examination. The lord chancellor be- 

* ‘Rogers, here thou wast yesterday, 
and we gave thee liberty to remem- 
ber thyself last night, whether thou 
would come to the holy Catholic 
Church again or not. Tell us now 
what thou hast determined. Wilt thou 
be repentant and sorry? Wilt thou 
return again and take mercy?’ 

“*My lord’, said I, ‘I remember 
well what you said yesterday. When 
I yesterday desired that I might be 
suffered by the Scripture and au- 
thority of the first, best, and purest 
Church, to defend my doctrine, not 
only the doctrine of the primacy of 
the Pope but also of all the doctrine 
that I have preached, you answered 
me that it might not be granted me, 
because I was a private person; and 
that Parliament was above the au- 
thority of all private persons, and 
therefore its decision might not be 
found faulty by me, being a private 
person. Yet, my lord, I am able to 
show examples that one man hath 
come into a general council, and after 
the whole had determined and agreed 
upon an act or article, some one man 
coming in afterwards hath by the 
Word of God proved so clearly that 
the council had erred in decreeing the 
said article, that he caused the whole 
council to change and alter their act 
or article before determined. I am 
able to show two such examples. St. 
Augustine, when he disputed with a 
heretic, would neither himself nor yet 
have the heretic lean unto the deter- 







1 a 


mination of two former councils, of 
which one favored him and one the 
heretic; but he would have the Scrip- 
ture to be their judge.’ ”’ 

(Rogers then gave a second ex- 
ample). “ ‘By these things I prove 
that I ought not to be denied to be 
heard against a whole parliament, 
bringing the Word of God for me, 
as well as the authority of the old 
Church 400 years after Christ, even 
though every man in Parliament had 
willingly agreed without respect of fear 
or favor — which thing I doubt not 
a little of. For if Henry VIII were 
alive and should call a Parliament 
and begin to determine a thing, then 
would ye all say, Amen, yea, and it 
please your grace, it is meet that it be 
so enacted.’ ” 

At this point Bishop Gardiner pre- 
vented Rogers from saying more, for 
the Bishop saw that he was losing the 
argument. Then, after he had berated 
Rogers and taunted him, he proceeded 
to read his excommunication and his 
condemnation. The condemnation con- 
tained just two articles; first, that “I 
affirmed the Roman Catholic Church to 
be the Antichrist,” and that “I denied 
the reality of the sacrament.” Rogers 
was then delivered to the sheriffs. Be- 
fore being carried away, Rogers peti- 
tioned the Bishop to see and speak with 
his wife and children. The Bishop re- 
plied that the woman was not his wife, 
that Rogers had lived in open sin for 
eighteen years, and that he would not 
be permitted to see her (Rogers had 
been a priest). 

What Is An Offenee? 


According to the Book of Church 
Urder of the Presbyterian Church, 
US, what is an offense, and what is 
the proper ground of an accusation? 
Are there two grounds on which an 
act may constitute an offense, or only 
one? Two grounds of accusations, or 
only one? A century ago in the undi- 
vided Presbyterian Church (Old 
School) there were two grounds, but 
the General Assembly of that body 
had just given its tentative approval 
to a revision offered by an ad-interim 
committee with J. H. Thornwell as 
Chairman which changed this two-fold 
ground to a single basis. With the 
War and the separation of the South 
in which the Chairman lived, the mat- 
ter of the change died in the USA 
Church, but was continued in the 
Southern Church. Indeed the Book of 
Church Order sent down by our Gen- 
eral Assembly to the presbyteries in 
1887 listed the two different and 
divergent definitions and directed the 
presbyteries to choose between them. 
The full meaning of our present defi- 
nition, then, is only realized when it 
is seen that the other view was re- 
jected when the present one was ac- 
cepted. We invite a careful reading 
and a close consideration of these two 
definitions which we have labeled re- 

spectively, “A” and “B”. “A” permits 
only one matter of accusation, one 
ground of offense; “B” prescribes 

« * © 

The Rules of Discipline 
Of Offenses 

A Separate and distinct vote is 
required by the General Assembly 
making choice between these two 
definitions of offense. 

A. An offense, the proper object 
of judicial process, is anything in the 
principles or practice of a Church 
member professing faith in Christ, 
which is contrary to the Word of God. 
The Confession of Faith and the Larger 
and Shorter Catechisms of the West- 
minster Assembly, together with the 
formularies of government, discipline, 
and worship, are accepted by the 
Presbyterian Church in the United 
States as standard expositions of the 
teachings of Scripture in relation to 
both faith and practice. Nothing, 
therefore, ought to be considered by 
any court as an offense, or admitted 
as a matter of accusation, which can- 
not be proved to be such from Scrip- 
ture, as interpreted in these standards. 


In prison between the time of his 
condemnation and the execution, he 
was able to write somewhat, and he 
expressed himself on doctrine and the 
evils of the reign in a very manly 
way. After a long time of imprison- 
ment among common thieves, the 
sheriffs came to take him to the place 
of execution. Again his request to see 
his wife and children was denied him. 
However, they did join the crowd of 
people who came to witness the burn- 
ing. He walked to the stake singing 
psalms, and as his body was burnt to 
ashes, his soul ascended in a chariot 
of fire to that Redeemer whom he 
loved even more than he loved his 
family, yea, even more than he loved 
his own life. 

as * ok 

Butler University. 

B. An offense is anything in the 
principles or practice of a Church 
member which is contrary to the Word 
of God; or which, if it be not in its 
own nature sinful, may tempt others 
to sin, or mar their spiritual edifi- 
cation. Nothing, therefore, ought to 
be considered by any judiciary as an 
offense, or admitted as matter of ac- 
cusation, which cannot be proved to 
be such from Scripture, or from the 
regulations and practice of the Church 
founded on Scripture, and which does 
not involve those evils which discipline 
is intended to prevent. 

Now the presbyteries voted the first 
of these definitions (A) and in so 
doing voted down the second one (B). 
Accordingly, any Session or Presby- 
tery, Synod or General Assembly 
which treats a deviation merely “from 
the regulations and practice of the 
Church founded upon Scripture” as a 
matter of accusation and as a ground 
of discipline is using a principle which 
our Church rejected, and is not prop- 
erly using our Book of Discipline to 
which our third ordination vow obli- 
gates us. 

« * * * * 

Decatur, Ga. 



Perseveranee In Christian Work 

Bible Material: Acts 18:1-22; I Corinthians 1:26-2:5 
Devotional Reading: Psalm 57 

I came across a translation of Psalm 34:5 which is 
very suggestive: “Look towards Him and trust in Him, 
and you shall not be disappointed”. When we look 
cowards men — whether ourselves, or other men — 
we are often disappointed and discouraged. I do not 
know whether my brethren in the ministry have ever 
felt as I often feel, but as I come down from the 
pulpit it is often with a feeling of failure. Sometimes 
I feel that I never want to preach again. Did Paul 
feel somewhat this way as he left Athens and came 
to Corinth? Was he disappointed and discouraged? 

Paul was an educated man. He had been brought 
up in Tarsus, a university city. He had also studied 
at the feet of Gamaliel, the well-known Jewish teacher. 
He had every right to expect that the philosophers 
in Athens would listen to his message and respond to 
it, but their reaction is stated very plainly. “And 
when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some 
mocked: and others said, We will hear thee again of 
this matter”. Only a few gave heed in any satisfying 
fashion. Paul had done his best, no doubt, on Mars’ 
Hill, but the so-called wise men of Athens were not 
impressed. It is so disappointing to preach and then 
have no response to the great Gospel message. There 
were not enough believers to even start a church in 

Some of the world’s greatest preachers have had 
times of discouragement. It is said that Martin Luth- 
er came down to breakfast one morning looking so 
discouraged that his wife said, “Martin, is God dead?” 
Do we forget that God is alive and on the throne? If 
we look to Him we will not be disappointed. Spurgeon 
and many others had their moments and even days 
of discouragement. Elijah, the great prophet, is a 
classic example. 

What shall we do? Look to God, and keep on at our 
task. The memory selection this week is a good verse 
to keep in mind: “Be steadfast, immovable, always 
abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as 
ye know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.” 
To persevere in Christian work, even when disappoint- 
ed and discouraged, is very important. 

Part of our Bible Material is found in Paul’s first 
letter to the Corinthians in which we see how Paul 
felt about “wise” men. 

I. “Not Many Wise Men”: I Cor. 1:26-2:5 

Paul seems to have had his experience in Athens in 
mind as he wrote these words to the Corinthians: 

“For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many 
wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many 
noble, are called: But God hath chosen the foolish 
things of the world to confound the wise: and God 
hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound 
the things which are mighty; and base things of the 
world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, 
yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought 
things that are: that no flesh should glory in his 
presence (before God).” Corinth, full of wicked 
people, was a city in which Paul was able to establish 
a strong church. Athens, full of philosophers and wise 
and mighty men, was a city in which he did not have 
enough response to establish any church as far as we 

Notice Paul does not say, “not any wise men”, but 
“not many wise men”. There have been and are to- 
day, notable exceptions to the rule. It is true that 
college and university centers are not known for their 
religious atmosphere or Christian teaching, but here 
and there we find one that is. Not many kings or 
queens were known as God’s men or women, but we 
have a Queen Victoria who was. 

It was the same way when our Master was on earth. 
He was a Teacher sent from God, the very Son of God, 
in whom were hid all the treasures of wisdom and 
knowledge. He spake as no other man spake. Yet 
the wise and noble and powerful did not listen o1 
heed. No lawyers or scribes or leaders of Jews except 
one or two who were rather timid and cowardly, were 
among his followers. The common people heard Him 
gladly, and it was from among them that He chose 
His disciples. 

The explanation for this is very simple. Wise men 
after the flesh have the sort of wisdom of which James 
speaks (James 3:15), which is “earthly, sensual, dev- 
ilish”. This sort of wisdom does not make us seek God 
but has the opposite effect. For instance, Russia has 
some of the smartest scientists in the world. They are 
doing marvellous things, but they are mostly atheists. 
We have some of the same sort. I think the Revelation 
refers to such, calling them “beasts”. They deceive 
a large part of the world. But the wisdom which comes 
down from heaven is “first pure, then peaceable, gentle, 
and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, 
without partiality and without hypocrisy” (James 3: 
17). It depends upon which kind we have whether 
we are drawn to God, or severed from Him. Human 
wisdom sometimes tends to make people proud and 
self-confident. The Pharisees looked with scorn upon 
the blind man when he tried to reason with them and 
said to him, “Thou wast altogether born in sin and 
dost thou teach us?” And they cast him out (see John 

9:34) . 





a Ss 
1p mn 


In chapter 2 of I Corinthians Paul speaks of a seem- 
ing change in himself as he came to Corinth from 
Athens: “And I, brethren, when I came to you, came 
not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring 
unto the testimony of God. For I determined not to 
know anything among you, save Jesus Christ, and Him 
crucified. And I was with you in weakness, and in 
fear, and in much trembling. And my speech and my 
preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wis- 
dom, but in demonstration of the Spirt and of power”. 
Perhaps Paul felt that he had been trusting his own 
wisdom and eloquence as he spoke to the Athenians. 
As he came to Corinth he was a disappointed man and 
a discouraged man, but he had learned a lesson. He 
was an humble man. He came to Corinth in much 
fear and trembling and he determined to preach the 
simple Gospel from then on, relying upon the Holy 
Spirit to do His work in the hearts of men. Paul’s 
lesson is a lesson we all need to learn. We need to 
preach Jesus Christ and Him crucified, relying on the 
power of the Spirit. 

II. Paul in Corinth: 18:1-17 

Corinth was the “commercial metropolis of Greece, 
one of the largest, richest, and most important cities 
of the Roman Empire, with a population of 400,000, 
being surpassed only by Rome, Alexandria and Anti- 
och. Situated on the isthmus of Greece, on the princi- 
pal trade route of the Empire, through its harbors 
flowed the commerce of the world. ‘A renowned and 
voluptuous city, where the vices of the East and West 
met’. Here Paul stayed a year and a half, and found- 
ed one of his greatest churches”. (Halley) 

Aquila and Priscilla. “There are inscriptions on 
the catacombs which hint that Priscilla was of a 
distinguished family of high standing in Rome, who 
lost her caste when she married a Jew. She is usually 
mentioned first. Undoubtedly she was a woman of 
unusual talent. When she and her husband were con- 
verted to Christ, in Corinth, through Paul’s influence, 
they at once gave themselves wholly to the Lord. They 
went with Paul to Ephesus (18:18), where later a 
church met in their house (I Cor. 16:19). A few 
months later they returned to Rome, where again a 
church met in their house (Rom. 16:3-5). Some years 
later they were again in Ephesus (II Tim. 4:19). Loy- 
al and devoted friends of Paul ever”. (Halley) 

“After these things” (his stay in Athens) “Paul de- 
parted from Athens, and came to Corinth; and found 
a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately 
come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla . . . and came 
unto them. And because he was of the same craft 
(trade), he abode with them, and wrought: for by 
their occupation they were tentmakers”. God does 
His work in ways we do not understand. In our mod- 
ern day we would feel that Paul — the greatest man 
in the world — was “wasting time” making tents. 
We would have had him backed by some board and 
made free to give all his time to preaching. God chose 
this humble and slower way for Paul. 

I wish to put in a word of praise and encouragement 
lor a lot of very humble men today who are preaching 
in little chapels and churches and supporting them- 
selves by working in a mill or in some other way. I 


am afraid we rather look down upon such men. I 
know one man personally who for some years now has 
been doing this sort of work. He had been a drunkard 
and was converted and felt called to preach. He went 
off and studied a while and then came back to work 
at his trade (a painter) and support himself and 
family while he preached in small chapels. I asked 
about him the other day and his brother-in-law said 
he was doing fine. These servants of God deserve 
our praise and honor for they are truly serving sacri- 
fically. Whenever we feel a bit “above them”, let us 
remember the great Apostle and Aquila and Priscilla, 
as they began their great work in Corinth where even- 
tually there came to be a growing church to which 
Paul wrote the two letters of First and Second Co- 
rinthians. Let us not despise the day of small things. 
God does things His own way, and it is the best way. 

Paul at first reasoned in the synagogue every Sab- 
bath, persuading the Jews and Greeks, but later he 
turned to the Gentiles, when opposition and violence 
arose. He moved into the house of Justus, a believer, 
whose house was close to the synagogue, and Crispus, 
the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord, 
with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hear- 
ing, believed, and were baptized. One night the Lord 
spoke to Paul in a vision: “Be not afraid, but speak, 
and hold not thy peace; for I am with thee, and no 
man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much 
people in this city.” Paul continued there a year and 
six months, teaching the Word of God among them. 

I think it is well worth emphasizing again the dif- 
ference between Athens and Corinth. In Athens Paul 
met a stone wall of skepticism and unbelief and had 
but small success. In Corinth he met a city of sin 
and immorality of the lowest sort, but God wrought 
mightily through him for the establishment of a great 
church. Unbelief is the hardest foe to fight. Even 
Jesus could do no mighty works in Nazareth because 
of their unbelief. On the other hand, notorious sin- 
ners, conscious of their need are more easily brought 
to humility and thus to faith. 

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The American way Of Life 

_January 31 - February 7 is recognized in many areas 
as “Community Youth Week”. The idea of such a 
week is to encourage cooperation and fellowship among 
the young people of the various churches in the com- 
munity. It may be that there is already a well estab- 
lished practice of cooperation in your community, or 
it may be that your group would like to begin some 
fellowship with other church groups by having a 
union meeting and program on Sunday, February 7. 
We are offering some program material which we be- 
lieve will be appropriate either for use in your local 
group or for a community program.) 

Scripture: Ephesians 6:10-18 
Suggested Hymns: 
“Come, Thou Almighty King” 
“America, the Beautiful” 

“God of Our Fathers, Whose Almighty Hand” 

Suggestions to Program Leader: 

(These suggestions apply in cases where the pro- 
yram is to be given as a community project. There 
are two ways of having a community youth program: 
(1) You can plan and present the program with your 
own young people, and invite youth groups from 
other churches to attend as your guests, or (2) You 
can plan and give the program using representatives 
from all the churches. In the latter case, you will do 
well to choose committees to (1) select time and place 
and make arrangements, (2) plan the program and 
assign the parts, (3) handle the publicity, and (4) ar- 
range for the music.) 

Program Leader’s Introduction: 

It has become fashionable to criticize people who 
speak well of the American Way of Life. Some of the 
criticism is undoubtedly well deserved. Criticism is 
deserved because there are many people who have a 
very shallow idea of what the American way of life is. 
To some people, the American way of life means hav- 
ing more luxuries and doing less work than the peo- 
ple of any other nation. The material standard of 
living in our country has been higher than that of 
other nations for so long, that some of us equate ma- 
terial prosperity with Americanism. We should not 
ignore or despise our material blessings, but this ma- 
terial prosperity is not the best thing our country has 
to offer the world. This is not the sum and sub- 
stance of the American way of life. 

Recent visitors to Russia tell us that those people 
are making good their boast that they will equal our 

material standard of living. In America we have been 
accustomed to telling the people of other nations, 
“Our American way is best because we have more ma- 
terial possessions than anyone else”. The time seems 
to be coming when this may no longer be true. When 
and if that time comes, what can we say? Perhaps we 
need to ask ourselves again, “What is the real Ameri- 
can way of life?” We also need to know what is good 
about it and what we as Christian young people can 
do to preserve and protect it. 

First Speaker: 

The greatest value America has to offer is suggested 
by the inscription on our coins, “In God We Trust”. 
Our nation was founded by people who believed in 
divine Sovereignty . . . in the fact that God is the Su- 
preme Ruler of His universe. The founding fathers al- 
so believed in the dignity of the human individual be- 
cause they considered him to be a creature of God in 
God’s image. Our American traditions and form of 
government are based on these convictions. The laws 
of our land are based on moral law, and moral law 
comes from God, being a faint reflection of His own 
perfect character. The founding fathers sought to 
make the American way the way that is right in the 
sight of God, and not the momentary whim of some 
official or even of the people themselves. 

Our nation is a constitutional republic. The con- 
stitution is based on the Biblical teaching about God, 
on the Biblical teaching about the nature of man, 
and on the Biblical teaching with regard to right and 
wrong. Our elected officials are our representatives, ac- 
ting on their own initiative, which is why we are a “re- 
public.” These elected officials are supposed to govern 
the nation according to the provisions of the constitu- 
tion. The American way is good because it reverences 

et ee 
is central in 

Our Presbyterian Literature 

@ published by the 





God, because it has a high regard for man, and be- 
cause it respects right instead of wrong. Here is the real 
difference between Americanism and Communism. 
Communism says there is no God, says that man has 
no soul, and it ignores morality. 

Second Speaker: 

What can a Christian young person do to preserve 
and promote the real American way of life? The first 
thing he can do is to appreciate it. We need a fuller 
knowledge of our heritage. We need a better under- 
standing of how the principles and ideals of Chris- 
tfanity are woven into the constitution of our nation. 
We need to understand that it is God who is the true 
Sovereign and not the government or the people. We 
need to understand that truth and right have their 
basis in the will of God and not in the will of the 
people. We must make up our minds that we will 
not sell out our convictions and our freedom for 
promises of material security. We must be more con- 
cerned that our officials govern righteously and justly 
than that they provide us with material plenty. 

The best thing a Christian young person can do for 
his country is to be sure that he is a Christian. Let 
us all examine ourselves again. Do we really believe 
that we are sinners in the sight of God and that we 
cannot save ourselves? Do we really believe that our 
God and Creator came into the world in the person 
of Jesus Christ, and that He died for our sins and 
rose again from the dead? Have we received Him as 
our personal Sevior, and do we know that our lives 
are eternally secure in Him? Having been transformed 
from death to life by His grace, are we exhibiting our 
newness of life by living the morality of the Bible? 
If we can say an honest “yes” to all of these, we have 
passed the basic tests of Christian citizenship and we 

can make our contribution to the real American way 
of life. 

Closing Prayer 


Send us—by your church or on behalf of your 
church—the membership list and a check to 
cover a total of $2.00 for each complete fam- 
ily, and the PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL will 
go into every home for 1 year. 


Send us five (5) or more subscriptions on a 
single order which can be renewed in a single 
transaction and the PRESBYTERIAN JOUR- 
NAL will come to you for $2.50. 


With each single (new) subscription at the full 
price of $3.00 you may select a bonus from a 
large list of attractive books, such as G. Aiken 
Taylor’s ST. LUKE’S LIFE OF JESUS, which 
was an Evangelical Book Club Selection and a 
Doubleday Inspirational Book Club Selection. 




of Ministers or of 
Lay Employees is 
required throughout 


in obtaining 


Generous Life Insurance— 
and the Major Medical Plan 
offers maximum of $7,500 
per person in benefits 

Churches Apply Now 

341-C Ponce de Leon Ave., N.E. 
Atlanta, Ga. 

Charles J. Currie, Executive Secretary 



BRAZIL—Dr. and Mrs. George H. 
Hurst, of the West Brazil Mission will 
arrive in January for regular fur- 
lough. They will make their home in 
Austin and Dallas, Texas. 

TAIWAN — Dr. and Mrs. Paul S$. 
Alexander, educational missionaries at 
Tunghai University, announce the birth 
of Dorothy Lucille on Dec. 7. 
KOREA—The Rev. and Mrs. Hugh 
M. Linton, of the Soonchun station, 
have announced the birth of their sixth 
child, John Alderson, in Korea on 
Dec. 8. 

BRAZIL — Miss Charlotte Taylor 
of the North Brazil Mission, has ar- 
rived in the U. S. for regular fur- 
lough. Miss Taylor will make her 
home at Mission Court, Richmond, 
during her furlough. 

BRAZIL — Miss Edith Foster, of 
the East Brazil Mission has returned 
to the U. S. also for her regular fur- 
lough, during which she will live in 
Belton, S. C. 

OXFORD, N. C.—That makes a Bul- 
lock family for sure. 

On Dec. 29, Miss Sally Anne Bullock 
married the Rev. Malcolm Bullock, 
pastor of the Cliffwood church of 
Augusta, Ga., in the Oxford church 
here. The Rev. Leonard Bullock, pas- 
tor of Chattanooga’s East Ridge 
church, assisted in the ceremony. 

BURLINGTON, N. C.—The East Bur- 
lington church, for a long time a 
struggling industrial venture, has 
moved forward with commendable 
strides under the leadership of its 
pastor, the Rev. Burton Sherrod. On 
Dec. 13 the congregation voted to 
undertake a building program to en- 
large the Sunday School facilities and 
a renovating program in the existing 
sanctuary. Total cost of the improve- 
ments will be approximately $25,000. 
Since May, 1958, 57 new members 
have been added to the congregational 


DAVIDSON, N. C. — Davidson Col- 
lege has again been selected as one 
of more than 200 privately financed 
United States colleges and universities 

to receive unrestricted grants-in-aid 
under the aid-to-education program of 
Texaco, Inc., it was announced today 
by Davidson’s president, D. Grier 
Martin. Although the grant of $1,500 
is unrestricted as to use, it will 
strengthen Davidson’s current faculty 
salary budget, Martin said. 

150 YEARS 

ST. CHARLES, S. C. — The Mount 
Zion church celebrated its Sesqui-cen- 
tennial on Nov. 27, 1959, with two 
former pastors, Dr. J. M. Waggett 
(1925-1945), and the Rev. R. E. Mc- 
Caskill (1947-1953) present for the 
occasion. Organized in 1809, the pres- 
ent sanctuary was built in 1912 and 
a new educational building completed 
this year. The present pastor is the 
Rev. W. L. Newman. 


BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — (PN) — 
South Highland Presbyterian Church 
here, mindful of its neighbors in other 
lands, has completed two missionary 
projects and is engaged in another. 

Young people of the church recently 
packaged $2,500 worth of drugs and 
medicines to send to missionaries at 
the stations of the Presbyterian 
Church, U. S., abroad. 

The church also collected $500 plus 
clothing and blankets for Church 
World Service to aid thousands of 
Japanese left homeless after a typhoon 
in September. 


BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — (PN) — 
More than 280 young people converged 
on the campus of Birmingham-South- 
ern College here over the holidays for 
a three-day second quadrennial youth 
conference of the Synod of Alabama, 
Presbyterian Church, U. S. 

Dr. William A. Benfield, pastor of 
First Presbyterian Church, Shreveport, 
La., addressed the opening convoca- 
cation of the high school youths on 
the theme “The Bible—Why Bother?” 

Continuing on the major confer- 
ence theme, “God Speaks, Are You 
Listening,” a team of more than 40 
adults lead the teenagers through 
three days of Bible study and learn- 


TAMPA, Fla. —(PN) — Eighteen 
Presbyterian churches in the Tampa 
area of Westminster Presbytery took 
part in the 11th annual Hillsborough 
Leadership School at First Church here 
the second week in January. 

Heading the list of distinguished 
teachers was Dr. Louis H. Evans, 
minister-at-large of the Board of Na- 
tional Missions of the UPUSA Church, 
who taught a study-course in Ephe- 

Other leaders included Dallas H. 
Smith of the Board of Education, Don- 
ald R. Hannum, vice-president of a 
N. Y. firm of fund-raisers, Mrs. Leah 
T. O’Conner, director of children’s 
work at First Church and Mrs. Lee 
Houchins of the host church. 
AN APPEAL—from p. 11 
today was born in a revival. From 
1903 to 1907, there was such a mighty 
work of the Holy Spirit in this land 
that the entire Christian world was 
stirred and blessed. The heart of this 
revival was persistent prayer with true 
and humble confession of sin. 

The Church in America needs such 
a revival, in pulpit and in pew. The 
unbelieving world needs to see such 
a mighty work of God in our day. 
Here in Korea, a land of glorious his- 
tory and great suffering, we need a 
renewed outpouring of the Holy Spirit 
to stir and strengthen and revive the 

There are two things which may 
take place: 

Our Lord said: “By this shall all 
men know that ye are my disciples, 
if ye have love one to another” 
(John 13:35). 

Or, the words of the Apostle Paul 
may be fulfilled: “But if ye bite 
and devour one another take heed 
that ye are not consumed of one 
another.” (Galatians 5:15). 

In a day when the world so des- 
perately needs the witness of a Church 
where love prevails, let us covenant 
together to pray and to confess our 
sins until God shall in His mercy send 
such a revival right here in Korea. 
In this way the entire world may be 
stirred to a like crying out for for- 
giveness and mercy—all for the glory 
and honor of His holy name and for 
the hastening of the coming of His 

—L. Nelson Bell 



RG CR TS gor 

i el 




emer Se 

8 alee 


DEAR ANN, by Elizabeth Walker 

Strachan. Moody Press, Chicago, II. 
%8 pp. $2.00. 

“What is the secret of popularity?” 
“What makes a girl interesting to 
boys?” Many high school and college 
girls seek answers to such questions. 
Elizabeth Walker Strachan’s delight- 
ful little book, DEAR ANN, not only 
suggests answers but discusses prob- 
lems pertinent to boy-girl relation- 
ships. While written for girls it is 
mostly about boys. A peek at one 
page, reveals that Ann is thrilled be- 
cause Mike Wilford has invited her 
to go as his date to the Junior-Senior 
Banquet weeks hence. Motherless Ann 
remembers that Margaret, her sister 
in college, has always been popular 
and never at a loss for the right thing 
to do or say. She writes Margaret for 
pointers in popularity, confessing, 
“This is the first important date I 
ever had, I don’t want it to be the 
last.” Pleased and flattered by Ann’s 
SOS, Margaret begins a series of short 
letters which become the book DEAR 
ANN. The author’s intention is to 
present truths capable of molding char- 
acter, if believed. Her sympathetic 
understanding of social problems con- 
fronting youth is evident. Readers 
will not lay this book down until its 
last page has been read. An appro- 
priate gift for sub-debs on special oc- 
easions is DEAR ANN. 

—Mrs. Chas. J. Knapp 
Moultrie, Ga. 

Brunk Stoltzfus. Moody Press, Chi- 
cago, Ill. 160 pp. $3.00. 

This hook, informative and inspiring, 
comes to the homemaker from the pen 
of an authority on the Christian home. 
Ruth Brunk Stoltzfus, widely known 

s “Your Friend Ruth”, was for eight 
years the speaker on a nationwide 
broadeast which began as her own 
idea. This broadcast to women was 
known as the Heart to Heart Program. 
Its intention was to link the great 
number of Christian homemakers 
across the land together into a strong 
chain with an upward tug. In her 
author, in response to requests, uses 

much fine material selected from her 
talks on former radio programs. Her 
purpose is to exalt the mission of 
building Christian homes in a pagan 
world. She challenges each Christian 
mother to consider herself an im- 
portant link in the chain which binds 
together those committed to such an 

—RMrs. Chas. J. Knapp 
Moultrie, Ga. 

Emerson. Zondervan Publ. House, 
Giand Rapids. 176 pp. $3.50. 

Storytelling is an art, and a very 
ancient one at that. The effective 
storyteller has been loved and honored 
by everyone since history began. In 
our educational process storytelling is 
probably one of the deepest of our ed- 
ucational forces. Jesus, the Master 
Teacher, was also a Master story-teller. 

In her book, Storytelling — Its Art 
and Purpose, Miss Emerson has 
brought together both principles and 
practices of the fine art of telling 
stories in such a way that anyone, 
mother, teacher in public school, Sun- 
day School teacher, or youth worker 
may perfect herself in the art simp- 
ly by following her instructions. 

The book outlines in a concise way 
the aims of those who would enrich 
the lives of children by storytelling. 
She makes suggestions in ways to un- 
derstand what a good story for telling 
is, where to find them, and how to 
make a suitable choice for the chil- 
dren of different ages. The author 
has even given a miniature outline of 
child development, with suggested 
stories which will appeal to the dif- 
ferent stages of their development. 

In the chapter, “How to Tell a 
Story”, she gives some excellent point- 
ers to one aspiring to learn the art. 
The chapter, “How to Use Bible 
Stories,” is especially helpful for those 
who feel that these wonderful stories 
are yet unmatched for depth of mean- 
ing, for excellence in satisfying moral, 
intellectual and aesthetic senses. She 
says, “Every age delights in well-told 
Bible Stories’. 

In this volume are some fifteen ex- 
cellent stories chosen for appeal to 
different age groups. This book would 
be a valuable addition to the shelves 
of any church library. 

—Matsu W. Crawford 
St. Petersburg, Fla. 


MAILBAG—from back page 

writing we have received only one 

“brickbat”, (below)—Ed. 

For some time now I have read the 
Journal with mixed emotions .. . I 
once tried to tell myself that you 
were in a sense Defenders of the Re- 
formed Faith, leading people away 
from doctrines and beliefs that were 
in opposition to our own. Unfor- 
tunately, I have been wrong. I have 
been misled by your constant declara- 
tion that you have been upholding 
the Standards of our Church, which 
undoubtedly was nothing more than a 
camouflage of your true beliefs. Your 
editorial (“Books and Publishers’’) 
makes rather plain the theological po- 
sition which you hold... 

Some of the publishers which you 
so empathically state give us “the un- 
tarnished evangelical position” pub- 
lish DISPENSATIONAL books and 
literature which are completely out of 
accord with the theological position of 
our Church. . 

Here you have the audacity to brand 
John Knox Press as being “slightly 
tarnished” ... Yet your own “recom- 
mended list” reveals and testifies that 
you are not proponents of “Reformed 
traditions” or Presbyterian doctrine, 
but advocates of Dispensationalism ... 

If you are advocates of Dispensa- 
tionalism, which seems quite evident, 
I would suggest that you. . (1) 
Make it known to the readers of your 
paper; (2) Remove the name “Presby- 
terian” from the title of your paper 
and add “Dispensational,’”’ which would 
be more correct; (3) Remember the 
ordination vow which you took when 
ordained “. .. Any time you find your- 
self out of accord with any of the 
fundamentals of this doctrine .. .” 

—/(Rev.) Don L. Bartley 
Rockbridge Baths, Va. 

We suspect that the staid Dutch Cal- 
vinists of Grand Rapids will have a 
hard time getting over the shock of 
being called Dispensationalists. Per- 
sonally we do not feel called to report 
to our Presbytery that we recommend 
the publishers of CALVIN’S COM- 
reassure Bro. Bartley that whatever 
else he may detect in the Journal, he 
will never detect the slightest breath 
of Dispensationalism. And we are re- 
minded that the only real heresy that 
some people recognize is criticism of 

the Official Church.—Ed. 


Fred V. Poag, from Columbia, S. C., 
to the St. Charles Ave. church, New 
Orleans, La. ee 

Thompson L. Casey, Jr., from High 
Springs, Fla., to 2238 Walter Ave., 
Jacksonville, Fla. 

Walter K. Keys, Blowing Rock, N. 
C., has been honorably retired. He 
will serve as interim pastor of the 
Bee Ridge church, Sarasota, Fila., 
then continue to make his home in 
Blowing Rock. 

D. R. Freeman, from Talledega, 
Ala., to the Houston Street and 
Lebanon churches, Knoxville, Tenn. 

A. E. Dallas, Fifth Ave. church, 
Knoxville, Tenn., has retired after 
nearly 18 years in his present pas- 
torate. Dr. and Mrs. Dallas will 
continue to make their home in 

Thomas de Leon, from 1015 James 
St., to 7312 Hirsch Rd., Houston, 
Tex. (same work). 


Many, many thanks for the Christ- 
mas number of Dec. 16. A few more 
magazines like the Journal might 
bring Christ back into Christmas! 

—Mrs. Conie McElroy 
Weaverville, N. C. 


The Journal of Dec. 30 is excellent 
in content and in spirit. Destructive 
higher criticism in its unscholarliness 
and harmfulness is exposed. A timely 
warning is given regarding an official 
program of study that escaped the 
screening process a confessional body 
rightfully expects. The philosophy of 
editorial vigilance is persuasively ex- 
pounded. It is perfectly clear that 
principles not personalities are your 

—(Dr.) Robert Strong 
Montgomery, Ala. 

Your article “Books and Their Pub- 
lishers” in the Dec. 30 issue was very 
helpful. The Presbyterians of our 
community appreciate the good work 
you are doing for the Journal and for 
the whole Church. We pray for the 
influence of the magazine and we use 
the Circle programs, the S.S. les- 
sons, etc. 

—/(Mrs.) Beth Caldwell Padgett 
Marion, N. C. 

Your issue on “Books” was very 
timely for me as I have been asked 
to lead a discussion on resource ma- 
terial at the next..District Conference. 
I’ll just use the material -in the 

—Mrs. J. W. Beasley, Jr. 
Alexandria, Louisiana 

Had a free night last night for the 
first time in a long time, so while it 
was snowing I settled down before a 
nice open fire and read the Dec. 30th 
issue from cover to cover. And was 
ii a honey! Brother, you really had 
interesting information in that one! 

The comment on the INTER- 
PRETER’S BIBLE was something that 
was really needed in order to wake 
up the members of our Church. And 
Dr. Richardson’s comments on _ the 
laid it on the line. Your own SPREAD 
OF AN IDEA was tops. Finally, Dr. 
Williamson’s remarks on RE-DISCOV- 
the clearest statements of wisdom in 
connection with the so-called educa- 
tional program in academic communi- 
ties that I have seen in a long, long 
time. And you did a fine thing in 
pointing out to all of the uninformed 
laymen in our Church the publishing 
houses that they can depend on and 
the ones they can’t. 

—Name Withheld 

After I read the Dec. 30th issue I 
sighed a deep sigh and said to myself 
that this was one issue that was meant 
for preachers and seminary students, 
but the average church member would 
find it over his head. However, sev- 
eral of my people have said that while 
the matters discussed were deep, they 
struggled along with them and bene- 
fitted thereby . . . So keep up the 
good work but don’t send out too 
many at the same intellectual level 
as this one! 

—(Rev.) Loren V. Watson 
Appalachia, Va. 

We will try, but the issues are often 
so subtle that they cannot be ex- 
pressed easily—Ed. 

Congratulations. This certainly is 
a much needed approach, and I think 
we must really call names and say 
“this commentary” and “that commen- 
teary” if our people are going to 
know what we are driving at in our 
approach to Scripture. 

—(Rev.) W. G. Foster 
Florence, S. C. 

Your editorial about the program 
for Westminster Fellowship groups 
has been read with a great deal of 
concern. Our son happens to be mod- 
erator of the W.F. for the Synod of 
—Please send him a copy of the Dec. 
30th issue. 

—Name Withheld 

That copy of the Journal had real 
“meat” in it. I want twenty extra 
copies . .. 

—Mrs. Blanche M. Oldham 
Arlington, Va. 

We have been overwhelmed with re- 
quests for extra copies of this issue. 
May we suggest that our readers pass 
their copies along to someone else 
when they have finished with them.? 

WOW! What a way to start the 
new year! You didn’t exactly wave a 
white flag, did you? You are going 
to be busy answering the critics. 

—(Miss) Inez M. Smith 
Alexandria, La. 
We are happy to report as of this 
(Cont. on inside back cover) 

Presbyterian U.S. Series 


Dr. Rosert F. Jones 

Pastor, First Presbyterian Church 
Fort Worth, Texas 

Topic for 

Jan. 31 


Dr. Jones 

Write for copies of messages to 
the radio station over which they 
are heard, or to 

341-B Ponce de Leon Ave., N.E. 

Atlanta 8, Ga.