VOL. XVIII NO. 38
fl DISLOCATED SAINTS
sp (Gal. 6:1)
‘ly The saint with sin in his life is not in correct relationship to his
and & Head and to the rest of the Body, just as an arm out of joint is not
es ; in correct relationship to the body and the head. But the saint still
er is a member of the Body as the dislocated arm is a member of the
human body. Again, the life of the Head still abides in the saint as
the life in the human head still flows through the arm. Once more,
as a dislocated arm is useless to the body and head and will obey
neither, so a saint out of fellowship with his Lord is useless to both
R the Body and the Head, and will obey neither. As a dislocated arm is
| a hindrance to the body and head, so is a saint with sin in his life a
hindrance to the Church and its Head. As an arm out of joint is a
ch source of pain to both body and head, so is a Christian with sin in
his life, a source of heart pain to his fellow saints and his Lord. As
a dislocated arm is extremely painful in itself, so a child of God with
sin in his life, is a miserable Christian. The longer an arm is out of
joint, the more painful it becomes, and the harder it is to put back.
The longer a. child of God remains in sin, the more miserable he becomes,
and the harder it is*te.restore him to fellowship again. But thank God,
he can be restored, for “If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just
to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness (I
i John 1:9).
—Kenneth S. Wuest
y WORD STUDIES, Publ. by Eerdmans
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StaTq suoTsss00Y yeTtuo
fe “a , yea3009 zo £reIgTyT
For some time we have been ponder-
ing ways and means of making the
Shorter Catechism more interesting to
teachers of youth and the recitation
of the Shorter Catechism more chal-
lenging to the young people them-
selves. We have decided to offer a
stimulating inducement for the perfect
recitation of this priceless statement
of the Reformed faith, as follows:
Any person, young or old, learning
and reciting perfectly the answers of
the Shorter Catechism after this an-
nouncement appears, will be specially
recognized in the columns of the Jour-
nal and will receive, as a gift, a beauti-
ful Oxford edition of the King James
Version of the whole Bible. This Bible,
which retails for $6.50, comes in a
French Morocco binding and is print-
ed on India paper complete with maps
Church bulletins are often notorious-
ly dull. But we saw one recently
which brightened our spirits no end.
Said an announcement in this one:
“LEARN ABOUT THE REFORMED
FAITH! Subscribe to the Presbyterian
Journal ... Order now!” Where was
this stimulating bulletin distributed?
To a congregation in upstate New
A notice of New Year’s activities
in a certain church caught our atten-
tion this week: “Come to the New
Year’s Eve Snowball, Thursday. From
8:30 till 11:30 we will mambo and
cha-cha-cha and dance to the best
‘bop’ tunes on the current hit parade.
Promptly at 11:30 we will journey to
the sanctuary for a communion serv-
ice.” The pastor of this congregation,
the notice said, treasures the follow-
ing letter from a college freshman:
“I’m going to attend my first college
formal next week. I saved the dress
I wore to last year’s Snowball especial-
ly for the occasion . . . I don’t think
I’ll ever go to a dance or wear an
evening dress without remembering
the dance and the communion service
on New Year’s Eve.” Somehow we
are not enthusiastic.
January 20, 1960
FROM THE DISTILLERY FLOOR
Rev. Wade C. Smith
WHICH WAY, LAYMEN?
Forrest B. Gardner
THE SPIRIT AND CREATION
Dr. Wm. C. Robinson
A LAYMAN AND HIS CHURCH
Dr. L. Nelson Bell
Dr. Gordon H. Clark
LATER EXAMINATIONS OF JOHN ROGERS 12
Rev. Henry B. Dendy, D.D.
L. Nelson Bell, M.D., F.A.C.S.
Rev. Wade C. Smith
TABLE TALK—“What Is An Offense?” 13
Dr. Wm. C. Robinson
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON 14
YOUTH WORK 16
THE CHURCH AT HOME 18
BOOK REVIEWS 19
THE MAILBAG 20
Rev. G. Aiken Taylor, Ph.D. Editor
Presbyterian Journal, Inc., in Weaverville, N. C.
should be addressed to Asheville, P. O. Box 3108.
January 20, 1960.
weeks for changes in continental U. 8S.
The Presbyterian Journal, a Presbyterian weekly magazine, devoted to the
statement, defense, and propagation of the Gospel, the faith which was once
for all delivered unto the saints, published every Wednesday by the Southern
Editorial Offices: 84 Kimberly Ave., Asheville, N. C. All editoria) -orrespondence
Business Offices: Weaverville, N. C. All changes of address business and
Second-class mail privileges authorized at Weaverville, N. V. Vol .XVIII, No. 38,
Changes of address: Please send both old and new addresses, sllowing three
Co Ss ss twa «ge oe Oe a a
| The PRESBYTERITAN (Yowrral
PORTUGAL — (PN) — A hostel
for African students attending schools
in Lisbon, Portugal, has been opened
by denominations cooperating in mis-
sionary work in Portugal among which
is the Presbyterian Church, U. S. The
hostel will also serve African seminary
students at nearby Carcavelos, only
Protestant seminary in Portugal.
BRAZIL — (PN) — A biography,
in Portuguese, has just been published
on the late Dr. Samuel Rhea Gammon,
Presbyterian U. S. missionary. En-
titled, “Assim Brilha a Luz” (So
Shines The Light), the book was writ-
ten by Mrs. Clara Gennett Gammon,
Dr. Gammon’s widow who is now liv-
ing in Rio de Janerio. It is being
published by the famous Gammon In-
stitute, now celebrating its 90th an-
TAIWAN — (PN) — Construction
is underway on a new plant for the
Presbyterian Bible School in Chupei,
Taiwan (Formosa). An emergency
grant was made by the Presbyterian
Missions after city building projects
made it necessary for the school to
move from its former converted office
Enrollment includes students from
} mountain tribes, Taiwanese and ref-
ugees from the Chinese mainland. All
are preparing to enter evangelistic
work after their graduation. Working
» with the school are Presbyterian U. S.
missionaries Misses Nettie Junkin and
WORTH NOTING — Agricultural
Missions, Inc. reports that there are
236 missionaries whose major respon-
sibility is in the area of agriculture
and 42 women missionaries who are
primarily engaged in allied work re-
lated to village home life and nutri-
tion. — Christian Mission Digest.
URGENT APPEAL FOR BLANKETS
Soviet Defector Reports
Religion Gaining Among
WASHINGTON, D. C. (RNS)
Religion is making gains in the Soviet
Union and is having an increasing
influence on Russian youth.
This is the report of a 27-year-old
Soviet intelligence agent, Alexander
Yurievich Kaznacheyev, whose defec-
tion from the Russian Embassy in
Rangoon, Burma, last September
made “cloak-and-dagger” headlines
throughout the world.
The Russian Baptists are in the
best position of any religious group
to take advantage of the increased
interest in religion in the Soviet
Union, Kaznacheyev said.
“Americans say only old people go
to church in Russia,’”’ Kaznacheyev ob-
served. “They are wrong. Being
foreign guests, they are ushered to a
seat in the Moscow church. About
them they see only old women because
the elderly women are given the other
“In the rear, and in other rooms,
where they cannot be so easily seen
are those who are standing,” said the
Russian. “These are mostly young
people and they outnumber those who
are seated, but they must leave quick-
ly after the service.”
“Why the indoctrination in atheism
if belief in religion is dead?” he
Going to church is one of the few
real freedoms Russian people enjoy,
Kaznacheyev pointed out.
“To go to any church or synagogue
is an act against the Communist state
because it shows there is at least one
aspect of Communist ideology with
which the individual does not agree,”
he noted. “So no matter how pro-
government the church is forced to
be, its very existence is a symbol of
protest against Communist ideology.”
NEW YORK, N. Y.—(PN)—Amer-
ican churchgoers have been asked to
contribute ten million pounds of used
clothing and blankets for overseas
relief during 1960—and are urged to
begin with an emergency post-Christ-
mas gift of one million blankets for
refugees and disaster victims literally
freezing to death this winter.
The Rev. Paul B. Freeland, over-
seas relief and interchurch aid secre-
tary of the Board of World Missions
of the Presbyterian Church, U.S., and
chairman of the executive committee
of Church World Services, presided
over the meeting in Chicago just be-
CWS Director Dr. R. Norris Wilson
announced the goal and issued the
appeal for blankets at the meeting.
The shortage of blankets is so critical
among some groups of refugees, Dr.
Wilson said, that CWS will arrange
to air-lift them to areas of need as
soon as they are received at clothing
centers in various parts of the country.
Requests for more than one million
blankets have come from Algeria,
Tunisia, Gaza, Egypt, Burma, the
Tibetan border of India, Calcutta,
Japan and Korea. These funds can be
spent for other essential relief sup-
plies if enough blankets are donated
by the public.
Collections for CWS should be
mailed to the following addresses:
Church World Service, New Windsor,
Md., or Church World Service, 4165
Duncan Ave., St. Louis 10, Mo.
Boy Scouts Celebrate
Boy Scout Week this year, Feb. 7 -
13, will be of unusual significance as
it marks the Golden Anniversary year
of the movement on behalf of boys.
A nationwide emphasis on TV and
radio and in newspapers and magazines
will help celebrate the anniversary
Few organizations of its kind have
grown as the Boy Scouts of America.
PAGE 3 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
In 1940 the membership was 1,449,-
412; in 1950 it was 2,795,222; in 1958
(the last reported full year) it was 4,-
950,885. As of the close of 1958, a
grand total of 29,945,000 boys had
been affiliated with scouting.
Of interest to religious bodies is
the record of chartered scouting in-
stitutions. Virtually every organized
denomination in America participates
in the sponsoring program whereby
scout troops are chartered. A total
of 62,363 units were registered in
1958, an increase of 3,887 over the
Percentage - wise, the Methodists
show the greatest interest in charter-
ing scout units, with Roman Catholics
second and Baptists in third place.
Least interest, according to the per-
centage tables, is reflected among Uni-
Only 3.1 Per Cent Of
Air Time For Religion
NEW YORK (RNS) — Sustaining
(free) religious programs received
only 3.1 per cent of a week’s total
radio and television time of 141 com-
mercial stations in 11 major U. S.
cities, according to a National Council
of Churches survey.
The study was based on programs
aired during the week of Nov. 1-7. It
showed that during that time 508
hours and 48 minutes were devoted
to free church broadcasts out of 16,-
353 hours and 39 minutes of program-
Radio, with 12,794 hours and 20
minutes of time gave only 3.5 per
cent to “public service” religious
shows; while TV, with a total of 3,-
559 hours and 19 minutes allotted
only 1.7 per cent.
Included in the religious programs
were sustaining shows of Protestant,
Roman Catholic, Jewish, Christian
Science and other church groups.
POAU Citations Of Year
WASHINGTON, D. C. — Protes-
tants and Gther Americans United is-
sued three citations for outstanding
actions in 1959 calculated to preserve
religious liberty and the separation of
church and state.
First of these citations went to the
Texas Convention of the Southern
Baptists which renounced a gift of
$3,500,00 towards a hospital in Tex-
arkana, on the ground that the ac-
ceptance of such government funds
would be detrimental to the moral po-
sition of Baptists.
The second citation went to the De-
partment of Justice for asserting the
federal government’s tax claims
against the Christian Brothers of Cal-
ifornia, manufacturers of brandy and
wine, involving some $1,840,000. The
Christian Brothers have claimed ex-
emption on the profits of their com-
mercial liquor business on the ground
that they are an organic part of the
Roman Catholic Church. The Depart-
ment of Justice’ action is being bitter-
The third citation went to the
Protestants of Bremond, Texas, led
by the Rev. Earl McIntyre, who have
entered suit to recapture the town’s
public school system from a religious
Order which has taken over the school
and placed the members of the Order
on the public payroll.
Meeting Hears Warning
Against Universal Illiteracy
BOSTON (RNS) — Too many
churches in this country “are more
like undertaking establishments in
that they bury more folks than they
baptize” a Southern Baptist minister
told the Evangelistic Association of
New England at its 72nd annual meet-
“If more Hell were preached in our
pulpits across the land, there would
be less hell on our streets and behind
the doors of our homes,” asserted Dr.
Robert G. Lee of Memphis, Tenn.
A former president of the Southern
Baptist Convention, Dr. Lee declared
that “too many churches have become
drifting sepulchres manned by frozen
crews because they have refused to
preach the eternal riches of God’s
He charged that churches have
“raised a whole generation of illit-
erates in the U. S. in the realities of
Christianity.” “There is universal
neurosis,” he said. ‘Having evidence
of the breakdown of human intelli-
gence, a survey of world affairs is
a sickening sight.
“A study of things we see leads
us to believe that, unless God inter-
venes and we have a genuine spirit-
ual revival, humanism and Commu-
nistic hatred of Christianity will be
the prevailing philosophy of the com-
Continued Dr. Lee: “Christianity
is reduced to the status of humanism,
social service, national or individual
therapy, with the resulting tendency
to undermine faith and destroy the
passion for souls.”
Evangelist Says Campus
Spiritual Revival Ebbing
WASHINGTON, D. C. (RNS) —
Evangelist Billy Graham deplored here
the “changed attitude” on some cam-
puses where he said a spiritual revival
was evident in recent years.
He made this observation in calling
for “a new sense of dedication among
church people” to offset what he
termed the “moral vacuum” in many
areas of the nation’s life.
Mr. Graham addressed 500 Protes-
tant clergymen and laymen at a
“‘briefing”’ session for his second Wash-
ington Crusade, to be held in Griffith
Stadium June 19-26, 1960. He con-
ducted a two-week Washington cam-
paign in January, 1952.
Referring to the “vacuum in the
hearts and minds of students,” he
said that many props have gone. “Ex-
istentialism is the word.”
“They need something they can
sink their teeth in,’ he declared. “If
the church does not have an answer
that satisfies the mind and heart, as
well as the soul, the next decade may
bring a backlash, a reaction against
Range Of God's Habitation
aie, FOR THUS SAITH THE HIGH AND LOFTY
* ONE THAT INHABITETH ETERNITY
WHOSE NAME 6 HOLY, | DWELL 'N
“THE HIGH AND HOLY PLACE “ AND,
“WITH HIM ALSO THAT 6 OF
4 CONTRITE AND HUMBLE
SPIRIT, TO REVIVE THE SRT
OF THE HUMBLE, AND TO @E
VIVE THE HEART OF THE
CONTRITE ONES 2/04 575
PAGE 4 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
Last week | stood admiring the solid
double doors of a fine old country
church. My host said, “Where do you
suppose we got the material for those
doors?” Then he told me they came
from the mudsills and girders of an
old distillery which had been operated
for years within a stone’s throw of
the church. Here was a story of a
Long years ago, the owner of the
distillery had been petitioned by the
church people not to build so nearby.
He replied that if the church did not
want to be so close to his distillery
the church itself could move to some
other place. The church did not move.
It was a test of endurance between
the forces of evil and the forces of
righteousness. After nearly a century
there is only a scar to show where the
distillery stood, while the church, re-
cently remodeled by an enthusiastic
congregation, crowns the knoll in a
beautiful grove, more stately and at-
tractive than ever. And second only
to its handsome pulpit and new pipe
organ in interest and beauty are the
solid walnut double doors.
There is something very inspiring
about this, because it reminds us of
the clear spoken prophecies of the
Old Testament, foretelling the tri-
umphs of God’s Word and the trans-
formations in human life because of
them. Hear Isaiah in his 55th chapter:
“Instead of the thorn shall come up
the fir tree, and instead of the brier
shall come up the myrtle tree: and it
shall be to the Lord for a name, for
an everlasting sign which shall not be
cut off.” And listen to the Psalmist
singing (84:10): “For a day in thy
courts is better than a thousand. I
had rather be a doorkeeper in the
house of my God, than to dwell in the
tents of wickedness.”’
Was it not a pity to see those splen-
did walnut trees cut down to make
floor beams for a distillery? Here
was timber fit to adorn the palaces
of kings serving as a floor to the
slush and foul smelling swill of fer-
From The Distillery Floor
REV. WADE C. SMITH
menting vats. One can almost imagine
it crying out in protest, thus being
nailed down to its humiliation. But
there came a day when the lowly was
exalted—the captive was released; re-
leased not only from the distillery
floor, but to high service—even to
adorn the portals of the Church of
God, and to swing in and out with
the ever increasing tide of God’s
Jesus told the congregation in Naz-
areth that this was why He had come:
to purchase release to the captives,
sight to the blind, liberty to the
bruised, and good news to the poor.
They did not realize what big mean-
ing was in that. They simply treated
Him like an imposter and thrust Him
I wonder if we are not making the
same mistake, in a way. We may
have been thinking of Jesus merely
as a reformer, when, as a matter of
fact, He is a great Transformer. He
changes men completely. He makes
even a greater change in them than
from distillery mudsills to church
He changes the bent of our minds
and hearts, our desires, our occupa-
tions. I have a good friend whose
diversion—the thing he chose to do
when he had leisure—was to sit at a
table with several other fellows of
like mind, playing cards far into the
night and drinking out of a black
bottle. Pretty soon he had plenty of
leisure, for he lost his job, and with
it he lost his self-respect; he became
a slave to the black bottle and his
poor family slaves to poverty. Then
it was he looked up in his dismal
mudsill plight, to Jesus. The Lord
Jesus, the Great Liberator, saw him
in his helplessness and lifted him up
and transformed his life, because he
cried to Him for help. He is a real
man now, and he has a happy family—
the bruised little family set at liberty,
too, for the husband and father was
restored to them.
But that is not the best of it yet,
for that man saw something in Jesus
that the Nazareth folks never dis-
covered—a great, priceless Gift of
God, to be passed on to other suf-
fering human slaves. Last year he
won a hundred souls to Christ by
Imagine getting your greatest spir-
itual experience in atheistic Russia?
We had just left Moscow’s citadel of
atheism, fantastically ugly Red Square,
where thousands of subservients come
daily to worship the incarnation of
history’s foremost mummies, Vladimir
“The Body” Lenin and “good Ol’ Joe”
Stalin, their carcasses perfectly pre-
served in their glass showcase in the
red marble mausoleum. They’re the
only dressed-up people in Moscow—
all dressed up and no place to go.
Stalin had pronounced repeatedly:
“Lenin is God . . . The party cannot
be neutral toward religion. Anti-
religious propaganda is a means by
PAGE 5 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
which the complete liquidation of the
reactionary clergy must be brought
The Russian “God,” Lenin, stated:
“Religion is a kind of spiritual gin
in which the slaves of capital drown
their human shape and their claims to
any decent human life . . . Marxism
is materialism ... We deny all morality
taken from superhuman or nonclass
conceptions . . . Atheism is an integral
part of Marxism . . . The materialist
gives a more important place to ma-
terialism and nature, while relegating
God and all the philosophical rabble
who believe in Him to the sewer and
manure heap . . . Down with religion.
Long live Atheism.”
ATHEISM OR STARVATION
Sunday Schools in Russia are not
permitted to exist. All “education”
belongs to the state—and so do the
children. Six days a week for 40
years the children have been taught
atheism in school. It would be in-
consistent to let them be taught about
God in a Sunday School!
A person can lose his job or be
demoted for church attendance. Start-
ing next year young people have to
either be confirmed in church or join
“youth confirmation” (Communist)
groups. If they choose the church,
they won’t be able to get a job when
they’re old enough to work. Most
people under 60 have sold out God
for jobs, security, convenience. Or
maybe they’ve simply concluded that
coexistence, with atheism, is better
than no existence.
Our Intourist guide had informed
us that intelligent people don’t go to
church; that religion, which they refer
to in the past tense, is a fairy story.
With a straight face the beguiling
guide had told us that churches were
closed because the people no longer
wanted them open; they had “learned
better.” In spite of this unsolicited
wisdom, we drove from the ornate,
atheistic Kremlin to a little out-of-
the-way faded stucco Baptist Church
on a narrow cobblestone street. The
Central Baptist Church, one of the
few open-for-business churches left in
Moscow was playing to its usual three-
times-a-week standing - room - only
erowd of 1,000.
Behind the pulpit glowed a stained-
glass window inscribed with “Bog est
lyubov (God is love).” It glowed
quite differently from the diffused
orange-colored light which bathes the
carcasses of the enshrined killers on
display in Red Square.
Every face in the old sanctuary
gaped incredulously as our obviously-
American group was led down the aisle.
They grabbed for our hands as we
proceeded to our pews which were
gladly vacated for our unexpected
visit. Their wrinkled old faces looked
at us pleadingly. They reached out
to touch us almost as one would reach
out for the last final caress of one’s
most-beloved just before the casket is
lowered. They were in misery and yet
a light shone through the misery. They
gripped our hands like frightened
A member of our group was un-
expectedly called to the pulpit. His
voice choked with emotion, he preached
a sermon of love and faith, hope and
“I believe very firmly in prayer,”
he said. “It is possible to reach out
and tap that unseen power which gives
us strength and such an anchor in
time of need.
“Be not afraid. Keep this com-
mandment: Love one another. Love
all mankind. Truth will endure. Time
is on the side of truth.” Thus spake
Ezra Taft Benson, Mormon Apostle
and Secretary of Agriculture.
The Secretary’s wife and two beau-
tiful daughters raptly drank in his
words, with streaming tears. “God
lives, I know that He lives; that Jesus
is Christ, the Redeemer of the World.
We are eternal beings.”
As each sentence was translated for
the audience by the Russian minister
the women removed their hand-
kerchiefs from their heads and waved
them like a mother bidding permanent
goodbye to her only son. Their heads
nodded vigorously as they moaned, “‘ja,
ja, ja!” (yes, yes, yes!)
As their gnarled hands folded in
fervent prayer, it made you think of
the ancient Christians about to be
thrown to the lions. Most were old
women. The old can attend church.
They have no jobs to lose. They can
“afford” to go to church. There were
a handful of teenagers, one of which
stood beside me. I wished mightily that
we could break the language barrier
and talk. A youth with the courage
to oppose history’s most godless dic-
tatorship to worship God!
Cynical newspaper correspondents
who’d griped about a “command per-
formance” in church with Benson,
stood there crying openly.
THE LAST BELIEVERS
These people have what has been
described by some bubble-heads as
“freedom of religion.” It is freedom
to live out their last few years without
being shot in the back of the neck;
freedom to go on existing in a living
hell under a forced choice between
God and their own families.
These old souls live by faith alone,
unlike. the Communist high priests
who’re backed by the all-powerful state
and the firing squad.
The Communist plan is that when
these “last believers” die off, religion
will die with them. What the atheists
don’t know is that God can’t be
stamped out either by legislated athe-
ism or firing squad. This Methodist
backslider who oceasionally grumbles
about having to go to church, stood
crying unashamedly, throat lumped,
and chills running from spine to toes.
It was the most heart-rending and
most inspiring scene I’ve ever wit-
As we filed out they sang with all
their hearts, “God Be With You ’Til
We Meet Again.” And all knew we
never would—on this earth. We also
knew that some day, somehow, the
greatest force in the world, the grace of
God, will destroy this organized re-
ligion of hate.
With heavy hearts we left to rejoin
the smug, smart-aleck atheist guide
who took us to the church but refused
to go in.
This trip with Secretary Benson was
unforgettable. I was able to reach
many conclusions, including the in-
scription I want for my tombstone:
“I’d rather be here than in Russia.”
* 2K o*
Reprinted from December 1959 issue
of Farm and Ranch Magazine, Nash-
Our loving Heavenly Father, through
the Lord Jesus, our Savior and Re-
deemer, we thank Thee for the mani-
fold riches that are ours in Christ
Jesus. Help us to so believe this
gracious truth that we may have the
blessing of peace, joy and content-
ment in our lives.
Bless to us Thy Holy Word and
enable us to live day by day in accord
with its divine teaching. May Christ
Jesus be exalted in our lives and in
all things give us guidance through
Thy Holy Spirit.
Sanctify to us this blessed and holy
season when we remember that “God
so loved the world, that he gave his
only begotten Son, that whosoever
believeth in Him should not perish,
but have everlasting life.” May the
old, old story of Jesus and His love
flood our hearts with joy and thanks-
giving and may we be its messengers
to other lives.
These mercies and the forgiveness
of our transgressions we ask in the
Name of Thy Son, our Savior. Amen.
The Episcopal Recorder
PAGE 6 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
Lie doe Rs RR
Which Woy, Laymen?
FORREST B. GARDNER
“So then because thou art luke-
warm, and neither cold nor hot, I will
spue thee out of my mouth.
“To him that overcometh will I
grant to sit with me on my throne”
Revelation 3:16, 21.
I hold to this thesis, that our
Church cannot fulfill her high com-
mission until the full potential of the
laymen is utilized.
For several years the fact that only
a comparatively small percentage of
our laymen are giving fully of their
powers and abilities to the work of the
Church, has weighed heavily on my
mind and heart. I have embraced
every opportunity of discussing this
with laymen from every section of the
Assembly. The discussions, together
with my own observations, have led
me to certain conclusions about the
hindrances or obstacles in the lives
of laymen which, to a very large ex-
tent, prevent them from contributing
to the life and work of the Church.
I term these “Road-blocks in the
Spiritual Lives of Laymen”. I want
to mention three of these.
I. The first road-block is — OUR
We are ignorant of the Bible.
Many of us look on the Bible as just a
glorified book which plays only an
occasional and unimportant part in
our lives. Some of us can quote var-
ious sentences and verses which please
our fancies or seem to fit some par-
ticular circumstance in our lives. The
fact remains, however, that very few
of us have let God’s Holy Word reveal
God Himself to us. We have not ex-
perienced its revealing, uplifting and
overwhelming power. The Master
said “Ye must be born again”. If
we laymen grasp only a modicum of
the Spiritual power the Bible holds,
we WILL be born again.
We are ignorant of our FAITH.
If you ask a layman what he be-
lieves, he will be a rare man indeed
if he can give a bold, clear, concise
and certain statement of his faith.
Few laymen have ever taken the time
to analyze their beliefs. Too many
quote what they have read or heard
some minister say. They have only
a second-hand faith. Small wonder we
contribute so little of our time and
talents to the work of the Church, or
that it is of secondary importance
We are ignorant of our CHURCH.
We know the set-up and functioning
of our businesses; we know the or-
ganization of our civic clubs; but of
our church we are abysmally ignorant.
We have little or no knowledge of its
form of government. We are entirely
unaware of its activities beyond our
local congregation. Foreign Missions,
to us, means only an occasional re-
quest for a little extra money; Church
Extension is some nebulous activity
which holds neither interest nor mean-
ing for us. We have only the slightest
conception of the consecrated, faith-
ful and self-sacrificing devotion of our
fellow churchmen who are giving their
lives to the work of the denomination
as a whole. Yes, we are almost com-
pletely ignorant of our Church and
II. The second road-block is — WE
LACK A CONSECRATED SENSE OF
One of the speakers at the Miami
Convention told of a shoe manu-
facturer who placed on the wall of
his office a caption which was his
creed. It read as follows: “God First,
Family Second, Shoes Third”. To
many of us, our church is only in-
cidential. When convenient we at-
tend its services. Its blessings and
benefits we take as a matter of course.
The small obligations it imposes often
seem so unnecessary or onerous. We
rarely, if ever, inconvenience ourselves
to perform its work. To sacrifice for
it is beyond our capacity.
In recent years the secular press
has carried an increasing amount of
material of a religious, and at times
even spiritual, import. This, together
with the effect of popular sentiment,
has made it somewhat popular to join
PAGE 7 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
We have nodded assent
to the Constitutional questions — with
little understanding of their meaning.
We have come into the church to so-
cialize instead of to attain a spiritual
The burdens, complexities and prob-
lems of business men are becoming
more acute each day. Often we be-
come desperate and can’t see the way
out. In our need such expressions
come to us — “Cast your burden on
the Lord’’, “He will direct your paths”,
“Ask and you will receive”. We con-
clude the church has the answer — so
we join with the expectation that all
our problems will be solved by that
We don’t realize our spiritual re-
sponsibilities. We expect the Lord
to do all the work. We are simply
escapists. To many of us, the work
of the church is almost anathema. I
have at times been amazed at the
ingenuity employed in formulating ex-
cuses, not reasons, for not participat-
ing in this work when requested. Once,
in discussing the relationship between
pastor and layman with one of our
leading ministers he stated, “I feel the
pastor is just a caddy for the laymen”.
I replied that I thought he had a point
but that the tragedy was that so often
there was only one club in the bag—
the “putter-off”’ — when what was
needed was a driver. The work of the
church is of such small moment to so
many of us. Yes, we need a con-
secrated sense of proportion. We need,
so very acutely, to learn to put “Shoes
Ill. The third Road-block is
I have never ceased to be amazed
at the efficiency; the stimulation; the
regenerating power of prayer. Nor
how it creates a closer relationship
with God. It is the jet-propulsion of
our spiritual life and growth. Yet,
how few of us realize our need to cry
out, with the apostles of old, “Lord
teach us to pray”.
Some of us are superficial pray-ers.
We formulate our expressions to
please our listeners instead of the
“OUR COMPLETE DEPARTMENT STORES ARE
HAPPY AND PRIVILEGED ‘tO SERVE YOU IN
THE FINEST SOUTHERN TRADITION OF
Greenville, S. C.
J. A. Ellison, Mgr.-Prop.
Greenville, S. C.
A. M. Smith, Mor.-Prop.
The Dollar Store
Greenville, S. C.
R. P. Crumpler, Mar.-Prop.
Belk's Department Store
Lancaster, S. C.
B. L. Plyler, Mgr.-Prop.
Belk’s Department Store
Clinton, S. C.
D. B. Smith, Maor.-Prop.
Belk’s Department Store
Camden, S. C.
J. A. Hagins, Mar.-Prop.
Darlington, S. C.
J. H. Lyles, Mgr.-Prop.
Belk’s Department Store
Laurens, S. C.
L. W. Gratz, Mor.-Prop.
Abbeville, S. C.
J. S. Hagins, Mar.-Prop.
Kershaw, S. C.
C. E. Hinson, Mar.-Prop.
Beaufort, 5. C.
L. A. Reeves, Mgr.-Prop.
Fountain Inn, S. C.
E. J. Copeland, Mar.-Prop.
Woodruff, S. C.
F. B. Hagins, Mar.-Prop.
Honea Path, S. C.
T. R. Martin, Mar.-Prop.
Manning, 5S. C.
W. M. Gettys, Jr., Mar.-Prop.
Whitmire, S. C.
J. T. Holmes, Mar.-Prop.
Hendersonville, N. C.
W. C. Ashley, Mgr.-Prop.
T. L. Beckham, Mar.-Prop.
Mt. Sterling, Ky.
Willoughby Smith, Mar.-Prop.
Everett C. Huggins, Mar.-Prop.
J. N. Long, Mar.-Prop.
W. H. Wade, Mar.-Prop.
R. E. McCormick, Mar.-Prop. OHIO
Belk's Department Store
Brevard, N. C.
J. E. Smith, Mor.-Prop.
Delmar Tolliver, Mar-.Prop.
Joe Kelly, Mar.-Prop.
J. A. McCaskill, Mar.-Prop.
Born With The Old South — Growing With The New
Listen to Our Program Over WMIT-FM
PAGE 8 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
Lord. We deliver an oration instead
of a heart-born petition. Our prayers
are just meaningless words.
Most of the time we pray too cas-
ually. We fail to realize the mar-
velous privilege of prayer — the privi-
lege of a creature to commune with
his Creator. A _ hospitalized friend
was visited by a friend. Just before
leaving this man said, “Well, before I
leave, I will whip up a little prayer’.
The sick one wondered if God heard
that prayer. It was certainly no com-
Jort to him.
We are also at times “gimme”
pray-ers. When the tenor of our way
is smooth and uncomplicated, we feel
no need of prayer. However, when
some acute or untoward circumstance
arises, we rush to God, whom we have
ignored, and expect Him to bring us
immediate relief just because we have
asked Him. How fortunate for us
that our God is a Father of unlimited
patience and love.
Do you ever pray with a smile? It
was always an inspiration for me to
hear and SEE Dr. Alexander Sprunt,
former pastor of the First (Scotch)
Presbyterian Church of Charleston,
South Carolina, “talk” with the Lord
he so devotedly loved. As he lifted
his face, with a smile, his countenance
was lighted with the joy and love he
felt for his God. Have you ever
prayed with a smile? Why not try it?
We laymen are indeed “standing
in the need of prayer”. The measure
of our prayers largely determine the
effectiveness of our living “all the
way for Christ’.
We are convenient pray-ers. Wit-
ness the small attendance at Sunday
night services and the handful at mid-
week prayer-meeting; or worse, the
many darkened churches at these
hours. I wonder how many of us
would dare to upset our daily routine
and meet for prayer with our pastor
at the ghastly hour of seven o’clock
in the morning? Yet where this has
been done it has resulted in a spiritual
stimulus to the whole congregation
and to those participating in the un-
speakable joy of walking closer to God.
YES, LORD, TEACH US TO PRAY!
In presenting these thoughts, not
for a moment am I presuming to sit in
judgment on my fellow Christians.
Nor have I written in a spirit of criti-
cism. My heartfelt hope and sincere
prayer is that the Lord may awaken
within you the impulse to analyze and
re-appraise your own spiritual life;
that thereby you may be led to go
“all the way for Christ’.
At a time when a large proportion
of our laymen have not reached spirit-
ual adulthood, these prophetic words
come to us with frightening impact —
“Because thou art lukewarm, I will
spue thee out of my mouth.”
“He that overcometh will I grant
to sit with me on my throne’”’.
What is your answer?
* oe * 6 *
Mr. Gardner is a business man of
Hendersonville, N. C., and a former
Moderator of his Presbytery.
The Spirit and Creation
The Spirit of God in the account
of creation teaches us that God who
is transcendent over creation in His
person and nature is also ever present
or immanent in His active work in
the universe. Side by side with the
emphasis which is laid on the un-
approachable majesty of God as the
transcendent Person, the account in
Genesis lays an equal emphasis on
God as the immanent agent in all
world changes and movements. The
first verse in the Bible reveals the
Spirit of God actively empowering and
controlling His handiwork, thus adding
the doctrine of Providence to the doc-
trine of Creation. Twentieth century
physics makes it easier for the imagi-
nation to visualize a spiritual control
over physical reality.
A failure to realize the transcend-
ence of God results in identifying God
and the universe, which is Pantheism;
a failure to realize His immanent ac-
tivity everywhere present separates
God and His creation, which is Deism.
True Theism means that “the universe
owes its existence and its continuance
in existence to the reason and will of
a self-existent Being Who is infinitely
powerful, wise and good.”’ The Spirit
of God brooding upon the face of the
waters is the foundation of our faith
in God’s most holy, wise and powerful
preserving and governing all His crea-
tures and all their actions.
—Wnm. C. Robinson, Th.D.
From THE HOLY
SPIRIT IN THE HOLY
Just what are a Christian’s duties?
The Bible answers in general (see
Eph. 4:22-23), but not in particular.
The reason is evident. It is this: The
duty of the hour must be determined
by the opportunity of the hour...
under God in Christ.
Webster defines duty as “that which
a person is morally obliged to do or
to forbear from doing.” This is a
very accurate definition for the world
at large, but a Christian’s duty is
“that which he is Christ-impelled to
do or to forbear from doing at the
moment he is moved to action.”
The question now arises: Is Christ
“impelling” your life? Unfortunately
there are many “borderline” Chris-
tians who are just morally impelled
or self-impelled; and many others who
are mere drifters on the sea of cir-
PAGE 9 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
In these days when so many people
are imbued with a doctrine of futility,
isn’t it pitiful that we have so few
“Christ-impelled” Christians who see
their duty through Christ’s eyes and
not through their own?
If we Christians could but see it,
this spirit of futility, this “don’t-care,”
“what’s-the-use” attitude of people to-
day, is a marvelous opportunity for
us. It is undoubtedly the opportunity
of the hour.
We have the only Way which isn’t
futile. The road which the Christian
travels leads somewhere, whereas the
way of the world is a dead-end street.
Our duty, then is to point out to
the world the only antidote for fu-
tility—the way of the cross which
—Col. Roy LeCraw
Understanding the Bible
The overall theme in our denomina-
tional emphasis for 1960 is “Under-
standing the Bible.” Reformed Chris-
tians have always believed that the
key to a right understanding of God
is a right understanding of the Bible.
More than that; the Bible is not
only for the understanding of God, it
is also for the entering in of the new
life which God has prepared for His
own in Christ: “The entrance of thy
Word giveth life” (Ps. 119:130). Our
greatest hope for an unsaved person
is that he may enter into a reverent
study of God’s Word: we can do no
greater spiritual thing for him than
that for it is an understanding of the
Truth of God that the Holy Spirit
quickens the heart.
We have no fear for any person,
church or a nation engaged in the
earnest study of the Bible. Historical-
ly, departures from the Faith have
occurred only when men turned for
light and life to some other source:
as when the Church itself became
more important than the Church’s
We would go so far as to say that
no sincere effort to understand the
Bible can lead men astray. Men have
gone astray when they became pre-
occupied with opinions about the Bi-
ble; when they have gone to the Bi-
ble determined not to understand but
to discredit; when they took the Bible
piecemeal in order to validate or verify
some pre-conceived scheme or view;
when they built their theories upon
fragmentary extracts of Scripture
awkwardly balanced against the whole.
The Bible does not answer every
question of men. But sincere Chris-
tians, faithfully building their faith
upon it have never found themselves
apart in essentials, however much they
may have disagreed in matters call-
ing for speculation.
If there is anything the Journal
wants for our denomination it is a
Bible-centered program. Not one
simply founded upon the Bible as a
sort of spring-board from which to
take a leap into the unknown. But
a program of the Bible, by the Bible,
in the Bible. When our Church’s
life becomes Bible-centered in that
way, the time may come when the
urgent necessity for an independent
paper such as this one may diminish.
We have just seen the January is-
sue of the PRESBYTERIAN SUR-
VEY. It was a joy to read. If that’s
the way the year’s theme is going to
be carried out in our official pro-
gram, the bells of Heaven will ring.
In the first waking moments of each
new day what are our thoughts? A
whispered prayer to the One who alone
can make the day a success can mean
the difference between peace of mind
and frustration; between selfishness
and love for others; between a divinely
directed or a humanly misdirected
course of action.
“So teach us to number our days,
that we may apply our hearts unto
(Ps. 9:12) — None of us
knows what the future holds, nor are
we responsible for that future. But
unquestionably there is a task which
God has for us at the moment and
we need the leading of the Spirit which
will enable us to distinguish between
our own desires and God’s motivation
for that task. We need wisdom to
and righteousness must be vindicated
in the lives we live. The things of
His Kingdom—the values which are
eternal—must have priority if we are
to please Him.
A day started with the sincere de-
sire to know and do the the will of
Almighty God can prove to be a day
of blessed Christian experience.
Faith ... Is First Pure
Speaking before an Institute spon-
sored by the National Council of
Churches, a leading ecclesiastic re-
cently said: “A considerable amount
of church planning seems to ignore
the probability that the motor car is
here to stay, and a good deal is based
on the dubious assumption that peo-
ple care a fig about the distinctions in
creed and practice between one de-
nomination and another.”
Now we are sorry but we must admit
that we are among those who do care
do with all our hearts the thing God
wants us to do today.
“Create in me a clean heart, O God;
and renew a right spirit within me.”
(Ps. 51:10)—From within our hearts
there proceed those unclean thoughts
which tarnish our lives and insulate
us from God. From without there are
the unending contacts with evil which,
but for the grace of God, destroy
fellowship with Him and our power as
Christian witnesses. Only by the con-
tinued cleansing of the blood of Cal-
vary, the purifying work of the Holy
Spirit in our hearts, can we walk with
Him and others can take notice of us,
that we have been in His holy presence.
“Oh God, help me today to seek
first the kingdom of God and his
righteousness.” (Mt. 6:33) — The
Bible makes it plain that God searches
our hearts to know the motives on
which we operate. He is sensitive to
His honor and to Christians giving
Him rightful place in their plans and
work. He must come first. His honor
a fig about distinctions in creed and
practice. In fact, we care consider-
ably more than a fig. We even go s0
far as to say that Eternity itself hangs
in the balance for some distinctions in
creed and practice.
There are no special places of hon-
or reserved in Heaven for Presby-
terians, Baptists, Methodists or Con-
gregationalists, solely on the basis of
their denominational preference. That
we would confess as fervently as we
But Heaven itself is reserved for
those who are “new creatures” in
Christ Jesus on the basis of their Justi-
fication by Faith, their Regeneration
by the Holy Spirit and their Sancti-
fication in the Body of Christ, the
Church. Hell, on the other hand
— and there is a Hell — is populated
with people of many religious faiths
and, in the words of the Apostle Jude,
with some who have crept into the
Church itself “unawares,” who go
about to deny our Lord Jesus Christ.
PAGE 10 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
We would urge the brother speaking
under the auspices of the National
Council to cultivate the inclination to
“care a fig’’ about distinctions so that
he may himself distinguish between
those that matter and those that do
Show Us Christ!
O man of God, show us Christ!
We believe that God is benevolent,
but our spirits still rebel. Show us
We acknowledge that Love is the
greatest force in the universe but we
fo not know how to be loving. Show
We have heard that there is renewal
of life, but we do not feel renewed.
Show us Christ!
We have pursued selfhood and ful-
fillment without finding our true
selves. Give us Christ!
We are weary of purpose and mis-
sion and participation. Introduce us,
O man of God, to our Lord!
We have heard the wondrous story
of others who saw and heard the Word.
We, too, would walk with Him and
talk with Him!
You have proclaimed the abundant
life of better things. Lead us, O man
of God, to our Lord!
You say there is victory over pride
and passion. Give us Him who is the
You preach that God is merciful to
sinners. Take us to Him that we may
O man of God, we would see Jesus!
For Your Bulletin
The secret of happiness is not in
doing what one likes, but in liking
what one has to do.
Every noble work is at first im-
Anyone can praise Christ, but it
takes a real Christian to follow Him.
Service is love made visible.
One way to break a bad habit is
to drop it.
There is no prospect of reduction
in the wages of sin.
Salvation is free, but never cheap.
A Layman And His Church
EDITOR’S NOTE—The following is the text of a statement Dr. Bell gave at the
beginning of the various conferences he and Dr. Bradley had with groups within the
Korean Presbyterian Church. It is being printed at the request of some who attended
I speak to you today as a brother
in Christ, a sinner redeemed by His
blood and one who, like you, is kept
solely by His grace. In a spirit of deep
humility and genuine Christian love
I would share with you some thoughts
with reference to the problems which
we as Christians, and the Church as
such, face in the world today.
The Church, the body of Christ, is
His visible witness in the world. The
Holy Spirit, dwelling in the hearts of
believers, empowers them to maintain
this witness for our Lord and Savior.
It is obvious that the Church, and
the Christians who compose the
Church, live in a hostile world. Where
there is no tension between the Church
and the world this is itself an ominous
sign—a danger signal—for where there
is faithfulness to the Lord there is
always resistance on the part of Satan.
In other words there is mortal com-
bat between Christians and the world
and the battle is in evidence in many
places. The ways of the Devil, the
enemy of souls, are many. Where he
cannot gain an advantage in one way
he will another.
Attacks on the Church from without
are commonplace and to be expected.
But Satan will also try to attack from
within. Strife within the Church is
a device of Satan and a fruitful way
to destroy the witness of the Church.
It does three things: a. Brings joy to
the forces of evil. b. Confuses be-
lievers. c. Brings sorrow to our Lord.
The early Church at Corinth was
beset by factions, each claiming to
follow an individual of particular
prominence in that day. The Apostle
Paul, dismayed and saddened by that
which was taking place, wrote a letter
to the Corinthian Christians.
First of all, he recognizes all of
them as true Christians and says:
“Unto the church of God which is
at Corinth, to them that are sanc-
tified in Christ Jesus, called to be
saints, with all that in every place
call upon the name of Jesus Christ
our Lord, both theirs and ours”
(I Cor. 1:2).
Then Paul goes on to say:
“Now I beseech you, brethren, by
the name of our Lord Jesus
Christ, that you all speak the same
thing, and that there be no di-
visions among you; but that you
be perfectly joined together in the
same mind and in the same judg-
(I Cor. 1:2).
The problems which now exist within
the Korean Presbyterian Church center
in loyalties to individuals and organi-
zations which have in some measure
interposed themselves between the
Church and her Lord. The zeal to
maintain the historic Christian faith
is in grave danger of being directed
against other Christians who may be
equally zealous for the faith and for
the honor of our Lord.
It is time that we Christians, Korean
and American, need to look to the
One whom we love and whom we
serve; the One who can heal, forgive,
cleanse, fill and empower. More than
anything else we need a new outpour-
ing of the Holy Spirit, an outpouring
which will bring with it a conviction
of sin and a true repentance which
will make us cry out for forgiveness.
Such an outpouring of the Holy Spirit
will bring with it the fruits of the
Spirit in our own lives — love, joy,
peace, longsuffering, gentleness, good-
ness, faith, meekness and temperance.
Prayer for such a revival should
become the chief concern of all Chris-
tians. Right now in America there are
thousands of Christians praying for
such a spiritual awakening. This re-
vival must begin in individual hearts.
God is anxious to pour out such a
blessing on the Church today. He is
waiting for you and me, for Christians
everywhere, to pay the price in our
own hearts — the confession and re-
nunciation of our own personal sins.
The Korean Church as we know it
(Cont. on p. 18)
PAGE 11 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
Who follows in their train?—
Later Examinations of John Rogers
GORDON H. CLARK, Ph.D.
Descriptions of the tortures which
the Roman Catholics inflicted on the
Protestants during and after the
Reformation sometimes evoke a mor-
bid curiosity. Nonetheless they ought
to be described for a faithful record
of our martyred fathers. But what is
less spectacular though equally neces-
sary to be reported is the type of ex-
amination that preceded the execu-
tions. It is instructive to know for
what cause these men were burned to
death. In a previous issue the first
trial of John Rogers was reported.
Here follow parts of the second and
“Being asked again by the lord
chancellor what I thought concerning
the blessed sacrament — whether I
believed the sacrament to be the
body and blood of our Savior Christ,
who was born of the Virgin Mary and
hanged on the cross, really and sub-
stantially — I answered that even
as the most part of your doctrine in
other points is false, and the defense
thereof only by force and cruelty, so
in this matter I think it to be as
false as the rest. For I cannot under-
stand the words really and substantial-
ly to signify otherwise than corporal-
ly; but corporally Christ is only in
heaven, and so Christ cannot be cor-
porally also in your sacrament.
“And here I somewhat appealed to
his charity. ‘My lord,’ said I, ‘you
have dealt with me most cruelly, for
you have put me in prison without
law, and kept me there now almost a
year and a half; for I was almost
half a year in my house, where I
was obedient to you and spoke with
no man. And now I have been in
Newgate a full year, at great costs
and charges, having a wife and ten
children to provide for, and have not
received a penny from my livings,
(a pastoral appointment) which was
against the law.’
“He replied that Dr. Ridley, who
had given me my livings, was a
usurper, and therefore I was the un-
just possessor of them.
“‘*Was the King, then, a usurper’,
said I, ‘who gave Dr. Ridley a
“* *Yes’, he said; and he began to
set out the wrongs that King Edward
had done to the Bishop of London.
“I asked him why he put me in
prison. He said because I preached
against the Queen.
“T answered that it was not true;
and I would be bound to prove it and
to stand trial of the law, that no
man should be able to disprove it,
and thereupon would set my life. I
preached, I confessed, a sermon on
the Cross, after the Queen came to
the Tower, but there was nothing said
against the Queen.
“*But you read lectures after-
wards,’ said he, ‘against the command-
ments of the Council’.
“That I did not’, I said; ‘let it be
proved and let me die for it.’
“I might and would have added, if
I had been suffered to speak, that it
had been time enough to take away
men’s livings and then to have im-
prisoned them, after they had offend-
ed the laws. But their purpose is to
keep men in prison until they can
catch them in their laws and so kill
After a few more words the second
examination was adjourned.
The next day, Jan. 29, 1555, the
sheriffs brought him back for a third
examination. The lord chancellor be-
* ‘Rogers, here thou wast yesterday,
and we gave thee liberty to remem-
ber thyself last night, whether thou
would come to the holy Catholic
Church again or not. Tell us now
what thou hast determined. Wilt thou
be repentant and sorry? Wilt thou
return again and take mercy?’
“*My lord’, said I, ‘I remember
well what you said yesterday. When
I yesterday desired that I might be
suffered by the Scripture and au-
thority of the first, best, and purest
Church, to defend my doctrine, not
only the doctrine of the primacy of
the Pope but also of all the doctrine
that I have preached, you answered
me that it might not be granted me,
because I was a private person; and
that Parliament was above the au-
thority of all private persons, and
therefore its decision might not be
found faulty by me, being a private
person. Yet, my lord, I am able to
show examples that one man hath
come into a general council, and after
the whole had determined and agreed
upon an act or article, some one man
coming in afterwards hath by the
Word of God proved so clearly that
the council had erred in decreeing the
said article, that he caused the whole
council to change and alter their act
or article before determined. I am
able to show two such examples. St.
Augustine, when he disputed with a
heretic, would neither himself nor yet
have the heretic lean unto the deter-
PAGE 12 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
mination of two former councils, of
which one favored him and one the
heretic; but he would have the Scrip-
ture to be their judge.’ ”’
(Rogers then gave a second ex-
ample). “ ‘By these things I prove
that I ought not to be denied to be
heard against a whole parliament,
bringing the Word of God for me,
as well as the authority of the old
Church 400 years after Christ, even
though every man in Parliament had
willingly agreed without respect of fear
or favor — which thing I doubt not
a little of. For if Henry VIII were
alive and should call a Parliament
and begin to determine a thing, then
would ye all say, Amen, yea, and it
please your grace, it is meet that it be
so enacted.’ ”
At this point Bishop Gardiner pre-
vented Rogers from saying more, for
the Bishop saw that he was losing the
argument. Then, after he had berated
Rogers and taunted him, he proceeded
to read his excommunication and his
condemnation. The condemnation con-
tained just two articles; first, that “I
affirmed the Roman Catholic Church to
be the Antichrist,” and that “I denied
the reality of the sacrament.” Rogers
was then delivered to the sheriffs. Be-
fore being carried away, Rogers peti-
tioned the Bishop to see and speak with
his wife and children. The Bishop re-
plied that the woman was not his wife,
that Rogers had lived in open sin for
eighteen years, and that he would not
be permitted to see her (Rogers had
been a priest).
What Is An Offenee?
WM. C. ROBINSON, Th.D.
According to the Book of Church
Urder of the Presbyterian Church,
US, what is an offense, and what is
the proper ground of an accusation?
Are there two grounds on which an
act may constitute an offense, or only
one? Two grounds of accusations, or
only one? A century ago in the undi-
vided Presbyterian Church (Old
School) there were two grounds, but
the General Assembly of that body
had just given its tentative approval
to a revision offered by an ad-interim
committee with J. H. Thornwell as
Chairman which changed this two-fold
ground to a single basis. With the
War and the separation of the South
in which the Chairman lived, the mat-
ter of the change died in the USA
Church, but was continued in the
Southern Church. Indeed the Book of
Church Order sent down by our Gen-
eral Assembly to the presbyteries in
1887 listed the two different and
divergent definitions and directed the
presbyteries to choose between them.
The full meaning of our present defi-
nition, then, is only realized when it
is seen that the other view was re-
jected when the present one was ac-
cepted. We invite a careful reading
and a close consideration of these two
definitions which we have labeled re-
spectively, “A” and “B”. “A” permits
only one matter of accusation, one
ground of offense; “B” prescribes
« * ©
The Rules of Discipline
A Separate and distinct vote is
required by the General Assembly
making choice between these two
definitions of offense.
A. An offense, the proper object
of judicial process, is anything in the
principles or practice of a Church
member professing faith in Christ,
which is contrary to the Word of God.
The Confession of Faith and the Larger
and Shorter Catechisms of the West-
minster Assembly, together with the
formularies of government, discipline,
and worship, are accepted by the
Presbyterian Church in the United
States as standard expositions of the
teachings of Scripture in relation to
both faith and practice. Nothing,
therefore, ought to be considered by
any court as an offense, or admitted
as a matter of accusation, which can-
not be proved to be such from Scrip-
ture, as interpreted in these standards.
PAGE 13 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
In prison between the time of his
condemnation and the execution, he
was able to write somewhat, and he
expressed himself on doctrine and the
evils of the reign in a very manly
way. After a long time of imprison-
ment among common thieves, the
sheriffs came to take him to the place
of execution. Again his request to see
his wife and children was denied him.
However, they did join the crowd of
people who came to witness the burn-
ing. He walked to the stake singing
psalms, and as his body was burnt to
ashes, his soul ascended in a chariot
of fire to that Redeemer whom he
loved even more than he loved his
family, yea, even more than he loved
his own life.
as * ok
B. An offense is anything in the
principles or practice of a Church
member which is contrary to the Word
of God; or which, if it be not in its
own nature sinful, may tempt others
to sin, or mar their spiritual edifi-
cation. Nothing, therefore, ought to
be considered by any judiciary as an
offense, or admitted as matter of ac-
cusation, which cannot be proved to
be such from Scripture, or from the
regulations and practice of the Church
founded on Scripture, and which does
not involve those evils which discipline
is intended to prevent.
Now the presbyteries voted the first
of these definitions (A) and in so
doing voted down the second one (B).
Accordingly, any Session or Presby-
tery, Synod or General Assembly
which treats a deviation merely “from
the regulations and practice of the
Church founded upon Scripture” as a
matter of accusation and as a ground
of discipline is using a principle which
our Church rejected, and is not prop-
erly using our Book of Discipline to
which our third ordination vow obli-
« * * * *
LESSON FOR FEBRUARY 7, 1960
By THE REV. J. KENTON PARKER
Perseveranee In Christian Work
Bible Material: Acts 18:1-22; I Corinthians 1:26-2:5
Devotional Reading: Psalm 57
I came across a translation of Psalm 34:5 which is
very suggestive: “Look towards Him and trust in Him,
and you shall not be disappointed”. When we look
cowards men — whether ourselves, or other men —
we are often disappointed and discouraged. I do not
know whether my brethren in the ministry have ever
felt as I often feel, but as I come down from the
pulpit it is often with a feeling of failure. Sometimes
I feel that I never want to preach again. Did Paul
feel somewhat this way as he left Athens and came
to Corinth? Was he disappointed and discouraged?
Paul was an educated man. He had been brought
up in Tarsus, a university city. He had also studied
at the feet of Gamaliel, the well-known Jewish teacher.
He had every right to expect that the philosophers
in Athens would listen to his message and respond to
it, but their reaction is stated very plainly. “And
when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some
mocked: and others said, We will hear thee again of
this matter”. Only a few gave heed in any satisfying
fashion. Paul had done his best, no doubt, on Mars’
Hill, but the so-called wise men of Athens were not
impressed. It is so disappointing to preach and then
have no response to the great Gospel message. There
were not enough believers to even start a church in
Some of the world’s greatest preachers have had
times of discouragement. It is said that Martin Luth-
er came down to breakfast one morning looking so
discouraged that his wife said, “Martin, is God dead?”
Do we forget that God is alive and on the throne? If
we look to Him we will not be disappointed. Spurgeon
and many others had their moments and even days
of discouragement. Elijah, the great prophet, is a
What shall we do? Look to God, and keep on at our
task. The memory selection this week is a good verse
to keep in mind: “Be steadfast, immovable, always
abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as
ye know that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.”
To persevere in Christian work, even when disappoint-
ed and discouraged, is very important.
Part of our Bible Material is found in Paul’s first
letter to the Corinthians in which we see how Paul
felt about “wise” men.
I. “Not Many Wise Men”: I Cor. 1:26-2:5
Paul seems to have had his experience in Athens in
mind as he wrote these words to the Corinthians:
“For ye see your calling, brethren, how that not many
wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many
noble, are called: But God hath chosen the foolish
things of the world to confound the wise: and God
hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound
the things which are mighty; and base things of the
world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen,
yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought
things that are: that no flesh should glory in his
presence (before God).” Corinth, full of wicked
people, was a city in which Paul was able to establish
a strong church. Athens, full of philosophers and wise
and mighty men, was a city in which he did not have
enough response to establish any church as far as we
Notice Paul does not say, “not any wise men”, but
“not many wise men”. There have been and are to-
day, notable exceptions to the rule. It is true that
college and university centers are not known for their
religious atmosphere or Christian teaching, but here
and there we find one that is. Not many kings or
queens were known as God’s men or women, but we
have a Queen Victoria who was.
It was the same way when our Master was on earth.
He was a Teacher sent from God, the very Son of God,
in whom were hid all the treasures of wisdom and
knowledge. He spake as no other man spake. Yet
the wise and noble and powerful did not listen o1
heed. No lawyers or scribes or leaders of Jews except
one or two who were rather timid and cowardly, were
among his followers. The common people heard Him
gladly, and it was from among them that He chose
The explanation for this is very simple. Wise men
after the flesh have the sort of wisdom of which James
speaks (James 3:15), which is “earthly, sensual, dev-
ilish”. This sort of wisdom does not make us seek God
but has the opposite effect. For instance, Russia has
some of the smartest scientists in the world. They are
doing marvellous things, but they are mostly atheists.
We have some of the same sort. I think the Revelation
refers to such, calling them “beasts”. They deceive
a large part of the world. But the wisdom which comes
down from heaven is “first pure, then peaceable, gentle,
and easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits,
without partiality and without hypocrisy” (James 3:
17). It depends upon which kind we have whether
we are drawn to God, or severed from Him. Human
wisdom sometimes tends to make people proud and
self-confident. The Pharisees looked with scorn upon
the blind man when he tried to reason with them and
said to him, “Thou wast altogether born in sin and
dost thou teach us?” And they cast him out (see John
PAGE 14 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
In chapter 2 of I Corinthians Paul speaks of a seem-
ing change in himself as he came to Corinth from
Athens: “And I, brethren, when I came to you, came
not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, declaring
unto the testimony of God. For I determined not to
know anything among you, save Jesus Christ, and Him
crucified. And I was with you in weakness, and in
fear, and in much trembling. And my speech and my
preaching was not with enticing words of man’s wis-
dom, but in demonstration of the Spirt and of power”.
Perhaps Paul felt that he had been trusting his own
wisdom and eloquence as he spoke to the Athenians.
As he came to Corinth he was a disappointed man and
a discouraged man, but he had learned a lesson. He
was an humble man. He came to Corinth in much
fear and trembling and he determined to preach the
simple Gospel from then on, relying upon the Holy
Spirit to do His work in the hearts of men. Paul’s
lesson is a lesson we all need to learn. We need to
preach Jesus Christ and Him crucified, relying on the
power of the Spirit.
II. Paul in Corinth: 18:1-17
Corinth was the “commercial metropolis of Greece,
one of the largest, richest, and most important cities
of the Roman Empire, with a population of 400,000,
being surpassed only by Rome, Alexandria and Anti-
och. Situated on the isthmus of Greece, on the princi-
pal trade route of the Empire, through its harbors
flowed the commerce of the world. ‘A renowned and
voluptuous city, where the vices of the East and West
met’. Here Paul stayed a year and a half, and found-
ed one of his greatest churches”. (Halley)
Aquila and Priscilla. “There are inscriptions on
the catacombs which hint that Priscilla was of a
distinguished family of high standing in Rome, who
lost her caste when she married a Jew. She is usually
mentioned first. Undoubtedly she was a woman of
unusual talent. When she and her husband were con-
verted to Christ, in Corinth, through Paul’s influence,
they at once gave themselves wholly to the Lord. They
went with Paul to Ephesus (18:18), where later a
church met in their house (I Cor. 16:19). A few
months later they returned to Rome, where again a
church met in their house (Rom. 16:3-5). Some years
later they were again in Ephesus (II Tim. 4:19). Loy-
al and devoted friends of Paul ever”. (Halley)
“After these things” (his stay in Athens) “Paul de-
parted from Athens, and came to Corinth; and found
a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, lately
come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla . . . and came
unto them. And because he was of the same craft
(trade), he abode with them, and wrought: for by
their occupation they were tentmakers”. God does
His work in ways we do not understand. In our mod-
ern day we would feel that Paul — the greatest man
in the world — was “wasting time” making tents.
We would have had him backed by some board and
made free to give all his time to preaching. God chose
this humble and slower way for Paul.
I wish to put in a word of praise and encouragement
lor a lot of very humble men today who are preaching
in little chapels and churches and supporting them-
selves by working in a mill or in some other way. I
PAGE 15 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
am afraid we rather look down upon such men. I
know one man personally who for some years now has
been doing this sort of work. He had been a drunkard
and was converted and felt called to preach. He went
off and studied a while and then came back to work
at his trade (a painter) and support himself and
family while he preached in small chapels. I asked
about him the other day and his brother-in-law said
he was doing fine. These servants of God deserve
our praise and honor for they are truly serving sacri-
fically. Whenever we feel a bit “above them”, let us
remember the great Apostle and Aquila and Priscilla,
as they began their great work in Corinth where even-
tually there came to be a growing church to which
Paul wrote the two letters of First and Second Co-
rinthians. Let us not despise the day of small things.
God does things His own way, and it is the best way.
Paul at first reasoned in the synagogue every Sab-
bath, persuading the Jews and Greeks, but later he
turned to the Gentiles, when opposition and violence
arose. He moved into the house of Justus, a believer,
whose house was close to the synagogue, and Crispus,
the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord,
with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hear-
ing, believed, and were baptized. One night the Lord
spoke to Paul in a vision: “Be not afraid, but speak,
and hold not thy peace; for I am with thee, and no
man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much
people in this city.” Paul continued there a year and
six months, teaching the Word of God among them.
I think it is well worth emphasizing again the dif-
ference between Athens and Corinth. In Athens Paul
met a stone wall of skepticism and unbelief and had
but small success. In Corinth he met a city of sin
and immorality of the lowest sort, but God wrought
mightily through him for the establishment of a great
church. Unbelief is the hardest foe to fight. Even
Jesus could do no mighty works in Nazareth because
of their unbelief. On the other hand, notorious sin-
ners, conscious of their need are more easily brought
to humility and thus to faith.
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YOUNG PEOPLES |
YOUTH PROGRAM FOR FEBRUARY 7, 1960
By THE REV. B. HOYT EVANS
The American way Of Life
_January 31 - February 7 is recognized in many areas
as “Community Youth Week”. The idea of such a
week is to encourage cooperation and fellowship among
the young people of the various churches in the com-
munity. It may be that there is already a well estab-
lished practice of cooperation in your community, or
it may be that your group would like to begin some
fellowship with other church groups by having a
union meeting and program on Sunday, February 7.
We are offering some program material which we be-
lieve will be appropriate either for use in your local
group or for a community program.)
Scripture: Ephesians 6:10-18
“Come, Thou Almighty King”
“America, the Beautiful”
“God of Our Fathers, Whose Almighty Hand”
Suggestions to Program Leader:
(These suggestions apply in cases where the pro-
yram is to be given as a community project. There
are two ways of having a community youth program:
(1) You can plan and present the program with your
own young people, and invite youth groups from
other churches to attend as your guests, or (2) You
can plan and give the program using representatives
from all the churches. In the latter case, you will do
well to choose committees to (1) select time and place
and make arrangements, (2) plan the program and
assign the parts, (3) handle the publicity, and (4) ar-
range for the music.)
Program Leader’s Introduction:
It has become fashionable to criticize people who
speak well of the American Way of Life. Some of the
criticism is undoubtedly well deserved. Criticism is
deserved because there are many people who have a
very shallow idea of what the American way of life is.
To some people, the American way of life means hav-
ing more luxuries and doing less work than the peo-
ple of any other nation. The material standard of
living in our country has been higher than that of
other nations for so long, that some of us equate ma-
terial prosperity with Americanism. We should not
ignore or despise our material blessings, but this ma-
terial prosperity is not the best thing our country has
to offer the world. This is not the sum and sub-
stance of the American way of life.
Recent visitors to Russia tell us that those people
are making good their boast that they will equal our
material standard of living. In America we have been
accustomed to telling the people of other nations,
“Our American way is best because we have more ma-
terial possessions than anyone else”. The time seems
to be coming when this may no longer be true. When
and if that time comes, what can we say? Perhaps we
need to ask ourselves again, “What is the real Ameri-
can way of life?” We also need to know what is good
about it and what we as Christian young people can
do to preserve and protect it.
The greatest value America has to offer is suggested
by the inscription on our coins, “In God We Trust”.
Our nation was founded by people who believed in
divine Sovereignty . . . in the fact that God is the Su-
preme Ruler of His universe. The founding fathers al-
so believed in the dignity of the human individual be-
cause they considered him to be a creature of God in
God’s image. Our American traditions and form of
government are based on these convictions. The laws
of our land are based on moral law, and moral law
comes from God, being a faint reflection of His own
perfect character. The founding fathers sought to
make the American way the way that is right in the
sight of God, and not the momentary whim of some
official or even of the people themselves.
Our nation is a constitutional republic. The con-
stitution is based on the Biblical teaching about God,
on the Biblical teaching about the nature of man,
and on the Biblical teaching with regard to right and
wrong. Our elected officials are our representatives, ac-
ting on their own initiative, which is why we are a “re-
public.” These elected officials are supposed to govern
the nation according to the provisions of the constitu-
tion. The American way is good because it reverences
is central in
Our Presbyterian Literature
@ published by the
BOARD OF CHRISTIAN EDUCATION
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, U.S.
PAGE 16 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
God, because it has a high regard for man, and be-
cause it respects right instead of wrong. Here is the real
difference between Americanism and Communism.
Communism says there is no God, says that man has
no soul, and it ignores morality.
What can a Christian young person do to preserve
and promote the real American way of life? The first
thing he can do is to appreciate it. We need a fuller
knowledge of our heritage. We need a better under-
standing of how the principles and ideals of Chris-
tfanity are woven into the constitution of our nation.
We need to understand that it is God who is the true
Sovereign and not the government or the people. We
need to understand that truth and right have their
basis in the will of God and not in the will of the
people. We must make up our minds that we will
not sell out our convictions and our freedom for
promises of material security. We must be more con-
cerned that our officials govern righteously and justly
than that they provide us with material plenty.
The best thing a Christian young person can do for
his country is to be sure that he is a Christian. Let
us all examine ourselves again. Do we really believe
that we are sinners in the sight of God and that we
cannot save ourselves? Do we really believe that our
God and Creator came into the world in the person
of Jesus Christ, and that He died for our sins and
rose again from the dead? Have we received Him as
our personal Sevior, and do we know that our lives
are eternally secure in Him? Having been transformed
from death to life by His grace, are we exhibiting our
newness of life by living the morality of the Bible?
If we can say an honest “yes” to all of these, we have
passed the basic tests of Christian citizenship and we
can make our contribution to the real American way
THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL
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price of $3.00 you may select a bonus from a
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was an Evangelical Book Club Selection and a
Doubleday Inspirational Book Club Selection.
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PAGE 17 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
THE CHURCH AT HOME
BRAZIL—Dr. and Mrs. George H.
Hurst, of the West Brazil Mission will
arrive in January for regular fur-
lough. They will make their home in
Austin and Dallas, Texas.
TAIWAN — Dr. and Mrs. Paul S$.
Alexander, educational missionaries at
Tunghai University, announce the birth
of Dorothy Lucille on Dec. 7.
KOREA—The Rev. and Mrs. Hugh
M. Linton, of the Soonchun station,
have announced the birth of their sixth
child, John Alderson, in Korea on
BRAZIL — Miss Charlotte Taylor
of the North Brazil Mission, has ar-
rived in the U. S. for regular fur-
lough. Miss Taylor will make her
home at Mission Court, Richmond,
during her furlough.
BRAZIL — Miss Edith Foster, of
the East Brazil Mission has returned
to the U. S. also for her regular fur-
lough, during which she will live in
Belton, S. C.
PLENTY OF BULLOCKS
OXFORD, N. C.—That makes a Bul-
lock family for sure.
On Dec. 29, Miss Sally Anne Bullock
married the Rev. Malcolm Bullock,
pastor of the Cliffwood church of
Augusta, Ga., in the Oxford church
here. The Rev. Leonard Bullock, pas-
tor of Chattanooga’s East Ridge
church, assisted in the ceremony.
BURLINGTON, N. C.—The East Bur-
lington church, for a long time a
struggling industrial venture, has
moved forward with commendable
strides under the leadership of its
pastor, the Rev. Burton Sherrod. On
Dec. 13 the congregation voted to
undertake a building program to en-
large the Sunday School facilities and
a renovating program in the existing
sanctuary. Total cost of the improve-
ments will be approximately $25,000.
Since May, 1958, 57 new members
have been added to the congregational
DAVIDSON, N. C. — Davidson Col-
lege has again been selected as one
of more than 200 privately financed
United States colleges and universities
to receive unrestricted grants-in-aid
under the aid-to-education program of
Texaco, Inc., it was announced today
by Davidson’s president, D. Grier
Martin. Although the grant of $1,500
is unrestricted as to use, it will
strengthen Davidson’s current faculty
salary budget, Martin said.
ST. CHARLES, S. C. — The Mount
Zion church celebrated its Sesqui-cen-
tennial on Nov. 27, 1959, with two
former pastors, Dr. J. M. Waggett
(1925-1945), and the Rev. R. E. Mc-
Caskill (1947-1953) present for the
occasion. Organized in 1809, the pres-
ent sanctuary was built in 1912 and
a new educational building completed
this year. The present pastor is the
Rev. W. L. Newman.
THIS CHURCH HELPED
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — (PN) —
South Highland Presbyterian Church
here, mindful of its neighbors in other
lands, has completed two missionary
projects and is engaged in another.
Young people of the church recently
packaged $2,500 worth of drugs and
medicines to send to missionaries at
the stations of the Presbyterian
Church, U. S., abroad.
The church also collected $500 plus
clothing and blankets for Church
World Service to aid thousands of
Japanese left homeless after a typhoon
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — (PN) —
More than 280 young people converged
on the campus of Birmingham-South-
ern College here over the holidays for
a three-day second quadrennial youth
conference of the Synod of Alabama,
Presbyterian Church, U. S.
Dr. William A. Benfield, pastor of
First Presbyterian Church, Shreveport,
La., addressed the opening convoca-
cation of the high school youths on
the theme “The Bible—Why Bother?”
Continuing on the major confer-
ence theme, “God Speaks, Are You
Listening,” a team of more than 40
adults lead the teenagers through
three days of Bible study and learn-
FLORIDA TRANING SCHOOL
TAMPA, Fla. —(PN) — Eighteen
Presbyterian churches in the Tampa
area of Westminster Presbytery took
part in the 11th annual Hillsborough
Leadership School at First Church here
the second week in January.
Heading the list of distinguished
teachers was Dr. Louis H. Evans,
minister-at-large of the Board of Na-
tional Missions of the UPUSA Church,
who taught a study-course in Ephe-
Other leaders included Dallas H.
Smith of the Board of Education, Don-
ald R. Hannum, vice-president of a
N. Y. firm of fund-raisers, Mrs. Leah
T. O’Conner, director of children’s
work at First Church and Mrs. Lee
Houchins of the host church.
AN APPEAL—from p. 11
today was born in a revival. From
1903 to 1907, there was such a mighty
work of the Holy Spirit in this land
that the entire Christian world was
stirred and blessed. The heart of this
revival was persistent prayer with true
and humble confession of sin.
The Church in America needs such
a revival, in pulpit and in pew. The
unbelieving world needs to see such
a mighty work of God in our day.
Here in Korea, a land of glorious his-
tory and great suffering, we need a
renewed outpouring of the Holy Spirit
to stir and strengthen and revive the
There are two things which may
Our Lord said: “By this shall all
men know that ye are my disciples,
if ye have love one to another”
Or, the words of the Apostle Paul
may be fulfilled: “But if ye bite
and devour one another take heed
that ye are not consumed of one
another.” (Galatians 5:15).
In a day when the world so des-
perately needs the witness of a Church
where love prevails, let us covenant
together to pray and to confess our
sins until God shall in His mercy send
such a revival right here in Korea.
In this way the entire world may be
stirred to a like crying out for for-
giveness and mercy—all for the glory
and honor of His holy name and for
the hastening of the coming of His
—L. Nelson Bell
PAGE 18 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
RG CR TS gor
DEAR ANN, by Elizabeth Walker
Strachan. Moody Press, Chicago, II.
%8 pp. $2.00.
“What is the secret of popularity?”
“What makes a girl interesting to
boys?” Many high school and college
girls seek answers to such questions.
Elizabeth Walker Strachan’s delight-
ful little book, DEAR ANN, not only
suggests answers but discusses prob-
lems pertinent to boy-girl relation-
ships. While written for girls it is
mostly about boys. A peek at one
page, reveals that Ann is thrilled be-
cause Mike Wilford has invited her
to go as his date to the Junior-Senior
Banquet weeks hence. Motherless Ann
remembers that Margaret, her sister
in college, has always been popular
and never at a loss for the right thing
to do or say. She writes Margaret for
pointers in popularity, confessing,
“This is the first important date I
ever had, I don’t want it to be the
last.” Pleased and flattered by Ann’s
SOS, Margaret begins a series of short
letters which become the book DEAR
ANN. The author’s intention is to
present truths capable of molding char-
acter, if believed. Her sympathetic
understanding of social problems con-
fronting youth is evident. Readers
will not lay this book down until its
last page has been read. An appro-
priate gift for sub-debs on special oc-
easions is DEAR ANN.
—Mrs. Chas. J. Knapp
HER HEART AND HOME, by Ruth
Brunk Stoltzfus. Moody Press, Chi-
cago, Ill. 160 pp. $3.00.
This hook, informative and inspiring,
comes to the homemaker from the pen
of an authority on the Christian home.
Ruth Brunk Stoltzfus, widely known
s “Your Friend Ruth”, was for eight
years the speaker on a nationwide
broadeast which began as her own
idea. This broadcast to women was
known as the Heart to Heart Program.
Its intention was to link the great
number of Christian homemakers
across the land together into a strong
chain with an upward tug. In her
book HER HEART AND HOME, the
author, in response to requests, uses
much fine material selected from her
talks on former radio programs. Her
purpose is to exalt the mission of
building Christian homes in a pagan
world. She challenges each Christian
mother to consider herself an im-
portant link in the chain which binds
together those committed to such an
—RMrs. Chas. J. Knapp
STORYTELLING THE ART
AND THE PURPOSE, by Laura S.
Emerson. Zondervan Publ. House,
Giand Rapids. 176 pp. $3.50.
Storytelling is an art, and a very
ancient one at that. The effective
storyteller has been loved and honored
by everyone since history began. In
our educational process storytelling is
probably one of the deepest of our ed-
ucational forces. Jesus, the Master
Teacher, was also a Master story-teller.
In her book, Storytelling — Its Art
and Purpose, Miss Emerson has
brought together both principles and
practices of the fine art of telling
stories in such a way that anyone,
mother, teacher in public school, Sun-
day School teacher, or youth worker
may perfect herself in the art simp-
ly by following her instructions.
The book outlines in a concise way
the aims of those who would enrich
the lives of children by storytelling.
She makes suggestions in ways to un-
derstand what a good story for telling
is, where to find them, and how to
make a suitable choice for the chil-
dren of different ages. The author
has even given a miniature outline of
child development, with suggested
stories which will appeal to the dif-
ferent stages of their development.
In the chapter, “How to Tell a
Story”, she gives some excellent point-
ers to one aspiring to learn the art.
The chapter, “How to Use Bible
Stories,” is especially helpful for those
who feel that these wonderful stories
are yet unmatched for depth of mean-
ing, for excellence in satisfying moral,
intellectual and aesthetic senses. She
says, “Every age delights in well-told
In this volume are some fifteen ex-
cellent stories chosen for appeal to
different age groups. This book would
be a valuable addition to the shelves
of any church library.
—Matsu W. Crawford
St. Petersburg, Fla.
PAGE 19 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960
MAILBAG—from back page
writing we have received only one
For some time now I have read the
Journal with mixed emotions .. . I
once tried to tell myself that you
were in a sense Defenders of the Re-
formed Faith, leading people away
from doctrines and beliefs that were
in opposition to our own. Unfor-
tunately, I have been wrong. I have
been misled by your constant declara-
tion that you have been upholding
the Standards of our Church, which
undoubtedly was nothing more than a
camouflage of your true beliefs. Your
editorial (“Books and Publishers’’)
makes rather plain the theological po-
sition which you hold...
Some of the publishers which you
so empathically state give us “the un-
tarnished evangelical position” pub-
lish DISPENSATIONAL books and
literature which are completely out of
accord with the theological position of
our Church. .
Here you have the audacity to brand
John Knox Press as being “slightly
tarnished” ... Yet your own “recom-
mended list” reveals and testifies that
you are not proponents of “Reformed
traditions” or Presbyterian doctrine,
but advocates of Dispensationalism ...
If you are advocates of Dispensa-
tionalism, which seems quite evident,
I would suggest that you. . (1)
Make it known to the readers of your
paper; (2) Remove the name “Presby-
terian” from the title of your paper
and add “Dispensational,’”’ which would
be more correct; (3) Remember the
ordination vow which you took when
ordained “. .. Any time you find your-
self out of accord with any of the
fundamentals of this doctrine .. .”
—/(Rev.) Don L. Bartley
Rockbridge Baths, Va.
We suspect that the staid Dutch Cal-
vinists of Grand Rapids will have a
hard time getting over the shock of
being called Dispensationalists. Per-
sonally we do not feel called to report
to our Presbytery that we recommend
the publishers of CALVIN’S COM-
MENTARIES and of THE AMPLI-
FIED NEW TESTAMENT. We would
reassure Bro. Bartley that whatever
else he may detect in the Journal, he
will never detect the slightest breath
of Dispensationalism. And we are re-
minded that the only real heresy that
some people recognize is criticism of
the Official Church.—Ed.
Fred V. Poag, from Columbia, S. C.,
to the St. Charles Ave. church, New
Orleans, La. ee
Thompson L. Casey, Jr., from High
Springs, Fla., to 2238 Walter Ave.,
Walter K. Keys, Blowing Rock, N.
C., has been honorably retired. He
will serve as interim pastor of the
Bee Ridge church, Sarasota, Fila.,
then continue to make his home in
D. R. Freeman, from Talledega,
Ala., to the Houston Street and
Lebanon churches, Knoxville, Tenn.
A. E. Dallas, Fifth Ave. church,
Knoxville, Tenn., has retired after
nearly 18 years in his present pas-
torate. Dr. and Mrs. Dallas will
continue to make their home in
Thomas de Leon, from 1015 James
St., to 7312 Hirsch Rd., Houston,
Tex. (same work).
Many, many thanks for the Christ-
mas number of Dec. 16. A few more
magazines like the Journal might
bring Christ back into Christmas!
—Mrs. Conie McElroy
Weaverville, N. C.
The Journal of Dec. 30 is excellent
in content and in spirit. Destructive
higher criticism in its unscholarliness
and harmfulness is exposed. A timely
warning is given regarding an official
program of study that escaped the
screening process a confessional body
rightfully expects. The philosophy of
editorial vigilance is persuasively ex-
pounded. It is perfectly clear that
principles not personalities are your
—(Dr.) Robert Strong
Your article “Books and Their Pub-
lishers” in the Dec. 30 issue was very
helpful. The Presbyterians of our
community appreciate the good work
you are doing for the Journal and for
the whole Church. We pray for the
influence of the magazine and we use
the Circle programs, the S.S. les-
—/(Mrs.) Beth Caldwell Padgett
Marion, N. C.
Your issue on “Books” was very
timely for me as I have been asked
to lead a discussion on resource ma-
terial at the next..District Conference.
I’ll just use the material -in the
—Mrs. J. W. Beasley, Jr.
Had a free night last night for the
first time in a long time, so while it
was snowing I settled down before a
nice open fire and read the Dec. 30th
issue from cover to cover. And was
ii a honey! Brother, you really had
interesting information in that one!
The comment on the INTER-
PRETER’S BIBLE was something that
was really needed in order to wake
up the members of our Church. And
Dr. Richardson’s comments on _ the
LAYMEN’S COMMENTARY really
laid it on the line. Your own SPREAD
OF AN IDEA was tops. Finally, Dr.
Williamson’s remarks on RE-DISCOV-
ERING EVANGELISM had some of
the clearest statements of wisdom in
connection with the so-called educa-
tional program in academic communi-
ties that I have seen in a long, long
time. And you did a fine thing in
pointing out to all of the uninformed
laymen in our Church the publishing
houses that they can depend on and
the ones they can’t.
After I read the Dec. 30th issue I
sighed a deep sigh and said to myself
that this was one issue that was meant
for preachers and seminary students,
but the average church member would
find it over his head. However, sev-
eral of my people have said that while
the matters discussed were deep, they
struggled along with them and bene-
fitted thereby . . . So keep up the
good work but don’t send out too
many at the same intellectual level
as this one!
—(Rev.) Loren V. Watson
We will try, but the issues are often
so subtle that they cannot be ex-
Congratulations. This certainly is
a much needed approach, and I think
we must really call names and say
“this commentary” and “that commen-
teary” if our people are going to
know what we are driving at in our
approach to Scripture.
—(Rev.) W. G. Foster
Florence, S. C.
Your editorial about the program
for Westminster Fellowship groups
has been read with a great deal of
concern. Our son happens to be mod-
erator of the W.F. for the Synod of
—Please send him a copy of the Dec.
That copy of the Journal had real
“meat” in it. I want twenty extra
copies . ..
—Mrs. Blanche M. Oldham
We have been overwhelmed with re-
quests for extra copies of this issue.
May we suggest that our readers pass
their copies along to someone else
when they have finished with them.?
WOW! What a way to start the
new year! You didn’t exactly wave a
white flag, did you? You are going
to be busy answering the critics.
—(Miss) Inez M. Smith
We are happy to report as of this
(Cont. on inside back cover)
Presbyterian U.S. Series
THE PROTESTANT HOUR
Dr. Rosert F. Jones
Pastor, First Presbyterian Church
Fort Worth, Texas
; “HOME ON
' THE ROCKS
Write for copies of messages to
the radio station over which they
are heard, or to
341-B Ponce de Leon Ave., N.E.
Atlanta 8, Ga.
PAGE 20 / THE PRESBYTERIAN JOURNAL / JANUARY 20, 1960