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Bible Study Number 


Ghe Sunday School Gimes 


Copyright, 1931, by The Sunday School Times Co. 








Entered as second class matter July 16, 1879, at the post-office at Philadelphia, Pa., under the Act of March 3, 1879 
Entered as second- class matter at the post-office department, Ottawa, Canada. 











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Published weekly by The Sunday School 
Liman Co. , 323-327 N. 13th St., Phila., Pa. 


Philadelphia, January 24, 1931 


Volume Seventy-three. No. 4 


$2.00 a year; in clubs, $1.50 
See page 55 





Lesson for February 8 in this issue 


Lesson 6.—Jesus. “the World’s Teacher. Luke 6. 
Notes on Open Letters: 





Has Imspiration Ceased? .........cceeeeeeeenee Sve ooeshas 38 

Disagreeing — and Better Friends Than Ever ........ 38 
The Beginnings of American Radicalism. II. By an Ex- 

PRONE 5.60 cde Caer c ths ov cnoesccccdecsvescrcccsteccescecs S 


Has Inspiration Ceased? ..........cccccccccccccencsceccccees 
Girls’ Problems of Today. Discussed by Mother Ruth y 


Bible Schools That Are, True to the Faith .............- 41 
Stimulating Bible Study in the Country Church. By 
We. Bi, - BCOGTIOT oo obc dc ccgieec ceccescecccsesee cccegessepesee Al 
Helpers in the Beginners Department.- By Emma Flor- — 
GENIE TR.“ REBis ui adic oso 0505 0 6s cce hs Ces ces esd dscccvede qi 
The Day School Gospel League. By Ethel Adams ...... 41 


A Farm Mother’s Letters to Mothers ..............+-.eee8 


042 
_From.a.Layman’s Greek Testament. By Ernest Gordon 42 


International Uniform Lesson ............0:eeeeeeeeeeee 43-48 
Young People’s Prayer-Meeting. By John W. Lane, i: 48 


Captain Reginald- Wallis Coming to America ..........- 49 
Keswick’ Calendats Available ............cccccceccccccesee |. 49 
CURT E, TIINS foie cc ccc ccccccccccccccccccccsccscceseatoces 50 
WIR las: NeW DOORS oc ciewscesiicicceccccssentesaesteroces si 
“BeliZf Building Books’. ......icedecvcccccccccceyecssscsvecs > - 


For Family Worship. - By Monans A. Banks, Litt. D. .. 55 
we . 


The Departed 
By Annie Johnson Flint 


To depart, and to be with Christ ; which 
is far better. — Phil. 1: 23. 


HAT are they seeing who are gone 
Beyond our. darkness to the dawn? 

What are they doing who have left 
Our world and us forlorn, bereft ? 
We cannot tell, we only know 
That all untouched by pain and woe, 
They are with Christ ; oh, blessed rest! 
What fairer lot, what life more blest, 
Would we have chosen, if we could, 
From ail most fair and all most good ? 
They are with Christ ; they see His face, 
The know the fuliness of His grace, 
And they are learning, bright and clear, 
The truth we only grope for here. 


But how do we our time employ ? 
In mourning for our vanished joy ? 
Or are we growing, day by day, 
In grace and wisdom, as are they ? 
Shall we be worthy of their love 
When we shall meet once more, above ? 
Will mind afid heart be tuned to share 
Those pleasures pure, that finer air? 

ss Let us forget the little while 
Ere we shall see their welcome smile ; 
Let us press onward, eager, bold, 
Until Christ’s face we shall behold, 
And strive to make our lives more meet 
To fall adoring at His feet. 


_jA-e. R 
The Only Book 


There is only one Book in the world written by 
Ged. Probably no one in this life can realize fully 
the miracle-wonder of the Bible. ‘While its human 
writers were men, it “came not in old time by the will 
of man: but holy men of God spake as. they were 
moved by the Holy Ghost” (2 Pet. 1:21). Therefore 
there is no experience we can have, hereon earth 
that can be compared with the marvelous possibilities 
of Bible study. Undoubtedly one of the surprises we 
shall have when we get to Heaven will be the Bible, 
—we shall then know what a unique and marvelous 
Book it was. And perhaps one of the regrets we may 
have in Heaven will be our realization that. we did 
not read and study this Book as we might have done 
down here, while we needed what only. God’s Scriptures 
could give us. THe Sunpay ScHoot Time_s is always 
glad to publish a special Bible Study Number, as in 
this week’s issue. A glance through its pages will 
show what rich material has been prepared by those 
who love and reverence and study the Word. Six 





leading Bible teachers- answer the question “Has In- 
spiration Ceased?” and this ‘brief. symposium is notable 
for profound insight. and’ crystal‘ clear vision* and rea- 
scning. People often ask what Bible Schools are true 
to the faith today; it is cause for rejoicing that there 
are a great many, and a fairly comprehensive list of 


these is given. Another -article tells, from practical 


experience, how Bible study cari "be stimulated in the 
country church; still another, how day-school chil- 


-dren’s ‘lives are: being changed by the Day School 


Gospel League in Canada. And, as always, the adver- 


-tising columns in this issue are rich with information 


and guidance that ge be had in no other way, keep- 
ing Christian people informed of the latest and best 
publications in Bible study, of useful editions of the 
Bible, of Bible Schools, and of books that are sound 
in the faith. With the apostasy deepening and spread- 
ing on every hand, let us thank God and take courage 
that there is suth a world-wide revival of true Bible 


ax 


‘ study. today. 


‘The Night-Blooming Cereus 


We do not understand the wonders of the natural 
world, It is filled with marvels utterly beyond our 
comprehension. The Presbyterian recently noted the 


‘refreshing contrast of the night-blooming cereus with 


the popularity of “mass production.” A plant had been 
carefully tended for fifty years by a lady in Long 


“Island. The other night it blossomed. A single bloom 


appeared; people came from all. around to see it; a 
picture was taken; the flower lived for about three 
hours, and ‘in the morning it was withered and dead. 
What symbolism has this parable of nature for* us? 
It is God’s creation and handiwork. What does it 


‘mean? It is. difficult to say. It may suggest the 
‘brevity and helplessness of mere human character at 


its best, apart from Christ: appearing in the darkness 
of this world’s night, and withered and dead in the 
light of God’s morning. We can only conjecture as 
tora meaning, while. we are reminded of the Lord’s 


word to Nicodemus: “If I have told you earthly 
things, and ye believe not, hew shall ye believe, if I 
tell you of- heavenly things?” But the eyes of all 
who receive Christ as Saviour and Lord are opened 
indeed to heavenly things, and are enlightened by the 
Holy Spirit to their eternal meaning and beauty. And- 
we know that the time is coming when unknown mean- 
ings shall be revealed to: us; “now I know in part; 
but then shall I .know even as also I am. known.” 


x 
The Welcome Call 


“Were you invited?” is a question we often ask 
one another about an important reception, or dinner, 
or wedding. There may be happiness or disappoint- 
ment in the reply. We are likely to have accepted: 
promptly if the invitation came. Are we as eager 
to accept the invitation to a certain great reception, 
or feast, before which all earthly affairs of a similar 
sort pale into insignificance? There will be an 


_innumerable company of invited guésts at this great 


reception, and the Lord Jesus Christ himself -is to 
be the host. During his earthly lifetime he told a 
parable of “a certain man” who “made a great supper, 
and bade many: and sent his servant at supper time 
to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things 
are now ready”: (Luke 14:16, 17): A strange thing 
was that those to whom the great invitation was thus 
sent “began to make excuse.” But others, from that 
day to this, have been accepting the invitation and 
are waiting for the call to come. In a recent personal 
letter from the* beloved minister of God and ambassa- 
dor? of the Lord Jesus Christ, Dr. I. M. Haldeman, 
that “grand old man” who for so many years has 
been preaching faithfully the only Gospel and “that 
blessed hope” of our Lord’s sure and imminent return, 
writes: “How comforting to know that—any time 
—the door in Heaven may open and He who is our 
Lord may say, ‘Come up hither.’” Are we ready 
for that welcome, thrilling call? We have been in- 
vited; have we accepted the invitation? 


Remember Robert Raikes! 


the year of grace 1930 his third jubilee was 

celebrated in all parts of Great Britain by com- 
memorative services, processions of witness, public 
meetings, and by the renderings of a Raikes Cantata or 
of pageants illustrating Sunday-school history, and the 
celebrations are being continued in 1931. 

The position concerning him is clearly recognized. 
‘His was not the first .Sunday-school formed; for, be- 
fore his day, many isolated experiments had been made 
in the Christian instruction of children. He is being 
honored as the founder of the. Sunday-school movement 
‘now world-wide in -its sweep. 

The crowning celébration was held a few weeks ago 
in his native city -of Gloucester. - Following the 127th 
‘Annual Convention of the (British), National Sunday 
School Union, the events of the, celebration day were 
under the auspices of the “United Board” whose mem- 
bers are directly appointed representatives of the de- 
nominations, — Anglican and the Free- Churches. 

We mingle. with the visitors who are walking 
through the ways and byways. of. the old city on the 
morning of this memorable: day. -Gloucester folk 
‘have made ‘it a féte day. Flags and streamers adorn 
the streets. Groups of strangers are seen visiting 
places of interest. Many are found in the schoolroom 
of St. Mary-de-crypt Church where Raikes labored, 
and where, now, there is being held an exhibition of 
Raikes’ relics. Others are gazing at the fine gabled 
house in which the Sunday-school pioneer dwelt, or 


Rive is not forgotten in his own land. In 





This valuable editorial was written for The Sunday School 
Times Family by the Rev. Carey Bonner, the widely known 
and much loved English Sunday-school leader who has been 
for many years General Secretary of the (British) National 
Sunday School Union, and who made the address of pres- 
entation at the unveiling of the statue of Robert Raikes 
in Gloucester, England, at the Raikes Sesquicentennial re- 
cently~ observed there. 


are inspecting the ancient cottages in a back lane where 
he started his first schools for boys and girls who 
were waifs of the streets. 

Soon after noon we enter the Guildhall joining the 
guests ,whom the worthy mayor has bidden to a ban- 
quet. ‘Here are gathered dignitaries of the Anglican 
Church, leaders of the Free Churches, local celebrities, 
and Sunday- school people from all parts of England. 

“When luncheon is over His Worship submits the 
toast of “The King,” and reads a telegram from His 
Majesty, George the Fifth, thanking the delegates for 
a:loyal message received. The mayor (Alderman S. J. 
Gillett) himself a Christian educationist — speaks 
words of \welcome to his guests, and gives the toast 
“To the memory of Robert Raikes.” “It is gratify- 
ing .to us,” he says, “to have in our midst members 
of the Raikes family whose presence here we warmly 
welcome. . At. this «gathering .we would all desire to 
stand in silence, remembering -with ‘great gratitude 
-our.townsman who started a wonderful movement that 
‘now has spread throughout the world.” 

In an impressive stillness the guests then stand.for a 
few moments. The venerable Canon Francis Raikes 
—still hale and ‘hearty, though more than eighty 
years old—then rises to respond. In the course of 
his address he states that for more than sixty years 
he has been a Sunday-school teacher. “Raikes,” he 
says, “initiated a wondrous work,—-the grandest 
work in which. any man could be engaged. He began 
with six children, .and today millions are being taught 
in the Sunday-schools of ‘the world. We need now 
to make the Sunday-school.a reality and a happy place 
in which the children’s souls are trained Christward 
and Godward.” 

The second response is made by Mr. James R. 
Ogden, a Methodist leader from Yorkshire who is, 
this year, president of the National Sunday School 
Union. Mr. Ogden has generously rendered yeoman 


38 * 


service in promoting the celebrations. He declares: 
“Robert Raikes was founder of probably the greatest 
movement England has known. We do not want the 
convention just held to end in talk. We must make 
the work of Raikes to be a great reality in national 
life.” He pleads that, for one thing, the house in 
which Raikes lived shall be purchased so that it may 
be the property of Gloucester City in perpetuity. — 

After the banquet, a procession is formed. It is 
headed by the mayor, aldermen, and members of the 
city council, all resplendent in their civic robes. — Fol- 
lowing them come the bishop, clergy, and ministers, 
officials of the United Board and the National Union, 
and other guests, 

From various quarters of the city another proces- 
sion marches to the music of bands, while waving 
banners are held aloft. It is made up of teachers and 
scholars connected with Sunday-schools of Gloucester. 
Here, also, are representatives from schools in towns 
and villages of the county. All are moving toward 
the city park where the chief event of the day is to 
take place. 

The demonstration in the park will surely never 
be forgotten by those who witnessed it. Here are 
Sunday-school people who have journeyed in motor 
busses and char-a-bancs from the border counties, — 
from Monmouthshire and Wales, and from more dis- 
tant places. They have come in for the day. And 
the children are here in crowds. It could not be other- 
wise; for have they not come to honor the man who 
loved and lived for children! All the local day 
scholars have been granted a half-holiday by the 
education committee. The brilliant sunshine lighting 
up the scenery; the happy faces and merry voices of 
the boys and girls; the spirit of expectant enthusiasm 
pervading the assembly ; all combine to make the occa- 
sion memorable. .The thousands of people, young and 
old, are now grouped around a covered monument to 
share in the historic ceremony of unveiling the statue 
of a great and kind-hearted man. 

The chief participants in the event are now together 
in the mayor’s enclosure. At a given signal the joyous 
music of bands and the chatter of voices cease. All 
present are ready for the praise and devotion. An 
“Order of Worship” has been distributed and copies 
are in the hands of the bystanders. Now the voice 
of the chairman of the. United Board is heard in the 
sentences calling to worship. The first hymn is an- 
nounced, and led by a band, the vast throng awaken 
the echoes singing, ““Now thank we all our God, with 
hearts, and hands, and_ voices.” 

The Rev. Dr. R. C. Gillie leads in responsive read- 
ing of suitable Scripture passages, and engages in 
prayer. The speakers’ voices are broadcast by means 
of a microphone. 

Then comes the climax. Forty Sunday-school boys 
and girls of Junior age march around the hidden 
statue, and then stand on its four sides in groups of 
ten. Each scholar lays hold of a strong tape attached 
to the coverings. At the word of command they draw 
away the canopies. To the spectators these appear to 


Has Inspiration Ceased? 


In my Bible class there are two or three who must 
meet Mormons in their daily life. These Mormons 
argue that revelation did not cease when our canon 
was completed; this position my students are un- 
able to meet. It has put a question in their minds. 
I have endeavored to answer the question for them, 
but my answer does not appear to be satisfactory. 

If THe Sunpay Scuoot Times could answer the 
question “Has Inspiration Ceased?” it would be of 
greut’ benefit to me and to my class. 

In times past, when I was in a difficult position, 
the Times aided me in a very satisfactory way; so 
I feel confident in approaching you at this time. 

Thanking you for any assistance which you might 
be able to give, I am, as ever, a Times booster.— 
A California reader. 


The question “Has inspiration ceased?” is a most 
practical and vital one. Divine inspiration gave us 
the Bible. Did the Holy Spirit, when “holy men of 
God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost” 
(2 Pet. 1:21), complete the Book of God’s revelation 
to men, or have other equally divine and infallible 
writings been given to men since the Bille was writ- 
ten, and may -men look for such divine inspiration 
today? The question is vital because we need to 
know whether we have in the canonical Scriptures 
(the Old and New Testaments) a full and sufficient, 
infallible and final revelation of God’s will for this 
present life. 

Readers of THe Sunpay ScuHoot Times are not 
in any doubt as to the convictions of the editors and 
writers of this paper concerning this question. Nor 
has the evangelical Christian Church of today or of 
earlier centuries been in any doubt. The inspired 
Scriptures themselves declare that they are complete 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


unfold as do the petals of a flower, fit symbol of the 
flower of grace born from the seed-sowing of- “the 
man of Gloucester.” Cheers ring out as the noble 
bronze statue of Raikes is revealed. It is on a massive 
stone pedestal, and the statue and pedestal stand fif- 
teen feet in height. The writer of this article, speak- 
ing for the children, states that the statue, erected 
by the contributions of teachers and scholars of Sun- 
day-schools throughout the land, is presented to the 
city of Gloucester. The mayor then steps forward 
and in the course of his response says: “This statue 
represents an act of thanksgiving to God that a man 
of this city responded to a divine impulse, and began 
a religious movement which has brought untold bless- 
ing to the world’s children. I am very proud to accept 
this gift to my native city. To the friends who have 
provided this statue I express the deep gratitude of 
all our citizens, and I assure them that the people of 
Gloucester will ever revere.the memory of their noble 
townsman, and, remembering this great. kindness, will 
guard the monument with tender care,” 

A hymn, “Jesus shall reign. where’er the sun,” is 
sung, and then the Bishop of Gloucester, Dr. A. C. 
Headlam, after reading appropriate passages, says, 
“To the glory of God, and in memory of his servant 
Robert Raikes, we dedicate this statue in the name of 
the Father, the Son, and the: Holy Ghost.” Another 
hymn, and the benediction bring the ceremony of the 
unveiling to an end. 

Among the spectators in the mayoral enclosure are 
several. members ot the present-day Raikes family, 
and Mr. Ogden gives two beautifully bound Bibles to 
Miss Mabel Raikes and her brother, two direct de- 
scendants, as mementoes of the great occasion. 

Other events follow. At four o’clock the ancient 
cathedral is completely filled by a congregation of 
Sunday-school people. A special form of service is 
used, and the bishop preaches a sermon based upon the 
appropriate verse used as text by Dr. Glasse in 1786 
when, in Raikes’ day, he preached at Paniswick near 
Gloucester. The verse is in the thirty-first chapter of 
Deuteronomy, and reads: “Gather the people together, 
men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that 
is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they 
may learn, and fear the Lord your God, and observe 
to do all the words of this law: and that their chil- 
dren, which have not known any thing, may hear, and 
learn to fear the Lord your , as long as ye live.” 

In the evening, the Shire Hall is filled by an enthusi- 
astic audience. The keynote of faith and confidence 
is sounded out in W. J. Matham’s hymn, “God is with 
us.” The messages of the mayor, of Miss Phyllis 
Dent, the Bishop of Hereford, and the Rev. Dr. R. 
C. Gillie are entirely worthy; and all present leave 
the building strengthened and inspired for their task. 
The trumpet-call of W. P. Merrill’s hymn will long 
be remembered by those who sang: 


Rise up, O men of God! 
Have done with lesser things; 

Give heart and soul, and mind, and strength, 
To serve the King of kings 





and final, not to be added to and not to be subtracted 
from by any man. 

Thus the Lord Jesus Christ declared to his apostles 
that “when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will 
guide you into al! truth” (John 16:13), thus placing 
the seal of his own authority upon the New Testa- 
ment Scriptures that were to be given by inspiration 
to and through the apostles, and at the same time 
declaring their compieteness and finality — “all truth.” 

The finality of the Gospel as set forth in the in- 
spired New Testament writings is declared in Jude’s 
inspired word to all believers “that ye should earnestly 
contend for the faith which was once delivered unto 
the saints.” The Greek word here translated “once” 
means literally “once for all,” and is so rendered in 
the American Standard Version. It is the Greek 
hapax, and Thayer tells us that it is, like the Latin 
semel, “used of what is so done as to be of perpetual 
validity and never need repetition.” Thus the word 
hapax is found in 1 Peter 3:18, where we read that 
“Christ also hath once [once for all] suffered for sins, 
the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to 
God.” As the sacrifice of Christ on the cross was 
sufficient and final, and can never be repeated or added 
to, so the Word of God that is given to us in the in- 
spired Scriptures is sufficient and final, never to be 
added to. 

It is evident that the solemn command found in the 
concluding verses .of the last book of the Bible (Rev. 
22: 18, 19), while they refer immediately to the book 
of Revelation, refer also to the Bible as a whole; this 
passage reads: 


For I testify unto every man that heareth the words 
of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add 
unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues . 
that are written in this book: and if any man shall 


VANUARY 24, 1931 


take away from the words of the book of this proph- 
ecy, God shall take away his part out of the book 
of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things 
which are written in this book. 


In order that the California reader and many others 
may know what are the convictions of some of the 
leading Bible students and teachers of today, THE 
Sunpay ScHoot Times has asked a number of such 
teachers to express their views briefly in answer to 
the question “Has Inspiration Ceased?” These an- 
swers are published on page 40 of this issue of the 
Times, from 

James M. Gray 
J. GresHaM MaAcHEN 
Lewis Sperry CHAFER 
LEANDER S. KEYSER 
WitiiaM L, PETTINGILL 
Harry A. IRONSIDE 


a 


Disagreeing — and Better 
Friends Than Ever 


There is no guarantee of omniscience. to God’s 
children while here on earth; this being so, Christian 
people are likely to. have sincere and conscientious 
disagreements until that time when they shall know 
even as also they are known (1 Cor. 13:12). But 
why should not ‘such disagreements be possible in good 
spirit and with mutual esteem? That it is indeed pos- 
sible to “agree to disagree” and be better friends than 
ever is an experience proved by many, and the Editor 
of THe Sunpay ScHoot Times gladly shares with 
readers a recent experience of this sort. 

Last spring a lawyer in one of our Southern States 
wrote the TiMEs an extended letter in which he took 
exception to an editorial discussion of immortality in 
the Easter Number of April 5. The letter was written 
in hearty good will, and began: : 


For years I have been a reader and have enjoyed 
your good paper, and expect to continue. Frequently 
I have ordered books upon your reviews, and have 
an order out now for Dr. Machen’s “Virgin Birth 
of Christ” upon your recommendation, Likewise I 
_ found pleasure and profit in your Notes on Open 

etters. 


This reader then went on to explain quite fully why 
he questioned the position of the T1imes on the ‘sub- 
ject of immortality. The letter came shortly before 
the Editor was leaving with the Times Tour through 
the Panama Canal to attend the Fundamentals Con- 
vention in Los Angeles, and was acknowledged briefly 
at the time; in the autumn, upon his return, the Editor 
wrote an extended reply explaining why he must con- 
scientiously differ with the position of this reader as 
to the teaching of the Scriptures on the subject under 
discussion. Promptly there came a reply from the 
lawyer-reader, in part as follows: 


I appreciate your letter. I like the spirit of it. 
I like the candor of it, and will admit I like the firm- 
ness of it. 

My position may be illustrated by the answer of 
the old soldier after the Civil. War, when asked if he 
ba conscious of having killed any of the enemy; he 
said: 

No, but I killed as many of them as they did 

of me. . 

I shall continue to subscribe for, read, and enjoy 
Tue Sunpay ScHoot Times, and wish for you 
and your staff the continued blessings your services 
have always deserved. 


The Editor acknowledged this letter with very sin- 
cere appreciation, and said in part: 


Your letter called for no answer, but I wanted to 
answer the minute I read it,-for I. certainly do thank 
you for it, and for your hearty and genercus. spirit, 

Our correspondence, as we both know, has not been 
for publication, but I want to publish this last let- 
ter of yours with just a word of introduction so that 
our readers may enjoy it with me. May I do so? 

I’d rather have a man like you disagree with me 
than have some people agree with me! — 


So there came another letter from the Southern 
lawyer-friend, reading in part: ° 
I am today in receipt of your letter making refer- . 
ence to our former correspondence. I am at least in 
agreement with you on one thing, and that is — 
“T’d rather have a man like you disagree with 
me than have some people agree with me.” 
You are certainly. at liberty to publish. my. letter 


as you suggest, and I shall only be glad if it shall 
prove of service. : 


_ This experience in “controversial” correspondence 
has been so refreshing. and delightful that the Editor 
is sure readers will agree that it ought to be a more 
frequent. experience than it is. Perhaps one reason 
for it.was that each side had confidence ‘in the spirit 
and motives of the other, even while frankly disagree- 
ing with the position held by the other. Hew much 
better that is than to assume that the motives of the 
one with whom we disagree are insincere, or that his 
spirit and. purpose are unworthy. -Real: Christian fel- 
lowship, even with sincere disagreements, is always 
possible, always practicable, and always very precious. 





























Lesson for February 8 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 








And the tragic failure of Rationalism 


The Beginnings of American Radicalism 
By an Ex-Atheist 























MERICAN radicalism had its beginnings in the 
A latter part of the last century, following: the 

Civil War. Part of it came from England and 
part from Continental Europe. The part that came 
from England, fathered by such men as Robert Owen, 
Robert Blatchford, and Kier Hardy, was construc- 
tive, idealistic, and social. Its aim was to help the 
victims of the factory system that began in England, 
and it had no quarrel with Christianity as such and 
no philosophy destructive of religion in general. 

The part that came from Continental. Europe, while 
holding many things in common with English Social- 
ism, added thereto the purely analytical arguments 
of Karl Marx, an apostate German Jew, but also the 
atheistic anarchism of Bakunin and such renegades of 
Russian royalty as Prince Krapotkin. 

The English element became the American element 
‘ in the radical movement of this country. It became 
acclimated so to speak, and sought at least to be one 
of us and honestly in its own way to help solve our 
problems. The European element, on the other hand, 
reaching us through our lax immigration laws, and 
herded in the great cities mainly, became a deadly 
menace to our institutions. It came as an enemy and 
remained as an enemy. ; 

The two elements have always been at war with 
each other. One, the American, has sought to be 
constructive; the other has never sought to be other 
than avowedly destructive. It eame here with a knife 
in its sleeve and with no thought of éver becoming 
American. Hate has been its philosophy and destruc- 
tion its program. 

The fatal error of the idealistic element has been 
to attempt to team with the anarchistic element. In 
the very nature of things the two canfnever mix. When 
constructive idealism tries to compromise with de- 
structive anarchism there can be but one result— 
idealism is absorbed and disappears. The lamb may 
lie down with the lion, but it will be inside the lion. 


The “Social Crusaders” 


And so American Socialism, waxing hopeful and 
strong following the first Bryan defeat in 1806, and 
drawing its members from the Democratic and Pop- 
ulist parties; calling itself “Christian” and using freely 
the words and phrases of Christianity; using the 
letter but denying the power thereof, was doomed to 
defeat from the start. Truth can never compromise 
and remain truth. 

I saw much of this “irrepressible conflict” during 
my association with the radical movement on the Pa- 
cific coast. 

A case in point was a group of young men calling 
themselves the “Social Crusaders” who came to Los 
Angeles along about. 1902 or 1903. I talked with 
the leader of those “Crusaders” the other day, and 
an account of the interview will appear in its proper 
place in this series of articles. Suffice to say here 
that this man, then young, eloquent, fiery, enthusiastic, 
is now aging rapidly; grizzled, sour, and sad. 

These young men represented the flower of the 
idealistic side of the radical movement. There were 
six or eight of them, all talented, splendid young fel- 
lows. They had all occupied orthodox Christian pul- 
pits. But God’s way was too slow for them, so they 
manfully took the poor old world’s burdens on to their 
young shoulders, and God’s business into their own 
hands, and started out, loaded for bear. 

The “Social Crusaders” did not last long — some 
two or three years, I think. Thenethey scattered, and 
this Twentieth Century crusade; likes those®other cru- 
sades of the Middle Ages, was just another fiasco; 
a modern Peter the Hermit is just aedisappointed old 
man. Another of the group died in a foreign country; 
another is a Unitarian preacher; while still another 
went into the real estate business. As for the others 
—ask of the winds! 

The “Social Crusaders” had trouble on their hands 
at once with the “scientific” Socialists, —they of the 
real, “bonified” proletariat. The “Crusaders” found 
themselves between two fires. While they were fight- 
ing “Capitalism” on their front they had to maintain 
a rear guard action constantly against the swearing, 
tobacco-chewing, beer drinking proletarian army in 
their rear. The “capitalist” newspapers referred to 
them as “flannel-mouth agitators” and as vendors of 
“desert wind,” while the “revolutionists” spoke con- 
temptuously of them as “white collar” Socialists and 
“bourgeois intellectuals,” more to be abhorred than 
the capitalists themselves, 

For a time I stood up for the “Crusaders,” and it 
took me several years to “live it down.” I was finally 
forgiven, but was always under suspicion. A labor 
newspaper called “Common Sense” (from Thomas 


The second article in the series “ Atheism’s Kick- 
back on the Atheists” gives an unusual study of 
the contrasts between American and European 
Socialism. Written by a former atheist who was 
a college man, Bachelor of Science, trained 
* journalist, labor agitator and editor, and a radical 
of radicals, but who now rejoices in salvation 
through the grace of God and the shed blood of 
Christ as his Saviour and Lord, these articles offer 
an extraordinary opportunity to study atheism 
and rationalism from the inside. The first article 
appeared in last week’s issue; the series will 
continue in frequent issues for several months. 
Ten - Weeks subscriptions at 25 cents each will 
secure several of these articles; a special rate of 
30 weeks for $1 makes it possible to secure the 
entire series. 








Paine’s Revolutionary War pamphlet of that name) 
was started, and I was entrusted with its editorship. 
Thereafter I became known as “Common Sense 
Corey.” I found that editorials and contributed arti- 
cles denouncing the Church and Christianity gave the 
paper prestige, popularity, ands prosperity; and, as I 
had drifted intoe the deepest spiritual darkness, much 
matter of this character appeared in the paper’s 
columns. 

It is amusing now to recall some of the headlines 
that flamed across the front pages of Common Sense. 
As political Socialism showed signs of growth, and 
small victories were actually won here and there, 
much ado was made over them. For example, fol- 
lowing some election we would run a big heading like, 
“SocraList LANDSLIDE! Our CANDIDATE ELECTED BY 
TureEE-FourtHs Magjority!” The office in: question 
was generally a school directorship or something like 
that in some far-away mountain section where only 
four votes were cast; the Socialist candidate voting 
for himself, along with his wife and father-in-law 
against the “old Party” candidate’s lone vote. We all 
regarded it, like little Peterkin, as a “famous: victory,” 
though its political importance did not.loom very por- 
tentously. 

I also did other writing, pamphlets, etc. One, 
published first in Los Angeles and then in Chicago 
without my name, was entitled “How I Acquired 
My Millions,” and was signed “A Big Capitalist.” 
It was a burlesque on extortionate methods of wealth 
accumulation. Socialists in Chicago, whoe knew well 
enough who wrote the screed, started the rumor as 
a playful prank that the real author was William’ E. 
Corey, the Pennsylvania steel magnate. Thousands 
over the country took this in all seriousness. Whether 
the steel manufacturer learned of the joke I. never 
knew. Many other incidents of the funny side come 
to me as I recall the days of twenty-five years ago. 

But the serious: side obtrudes, and here I wish to 
emphasize the main point of this article—that of 
Socialism’s organized fight against Christianity. In 
1 Corinthians 2:14 we read: “The natural man re- 
ceiveth not the things of the Spirit of God . . . neither 
can he know them, because they are spiritually dis- 
cerned.” Now the failure to “receive” the truths of 
the Spirit is partly neglect or indifference, and partly 
a positive and organized warfare against theses truths. 
Modern man (in fulfillment of prophecy) is turning 
more and more away from mere neglect of God to 
positive warfare against God. More and more men 
are hardening their hearts, and as the means of or- 
ganized effort are being perfected, more and more 
they are being used for antichristian propaganda. 


The New Socialist Goal 


While the old Socialist movement was organized 
primarily and ostensibly to fight the battles of the 
wage earner against the employer in the economic field 
of shop and factory, it has now gone out of its way 
to fight the church as an ally of the employing in- 
terests. Thus anti-church warfare has become an 
integral and avowed part of the Socialist program. 
And as few Socialists know enough of the Bible to 
distinguish between the organized (and frequently 
apostate and worldly) church, and the church “which 
is His body” (something altogether different), the 
fight against the church has become a bitter fight 
against the whole Bible and all forms of Bible Chris- 
tianity. Oh, if the workingman only knew God as his 
best Friend and the Bible as the charter of his lib- 
erties ! 

And now, following the course of the fulfillment of 
prophecy ine the end-time of the age, the fight against 
the church and Christianity as a part of the general 





program of radicalism has itself become a religion — 
Satan’s religion. This new and diabolical religion has 
its organization, its ritual, its literature, and its mis- 
sionary activities. Truly we live in awful days! “Even 
so, come [quickly], Lord Jesus.” 

am writing all this as a sort of preliminary or 
ground-laying before back-tracking along the old trails 
and trying to sum up in the lives of some of my old 
comrades of the radical movement the effects in their 
own lives of this not only neglecting “so great salva- 
tion” themselves but of designedly teaching others to 
neglect it. There haves been disappointed hopes; there 
have beens broken lives and broken homes; there has 
been the paralyzing, palsying blight and mildew upon 
ability, talent, genius; there have been ashes instead 
of gold in the pot at ‘the end of the rainbow; there 
have been crime, tragedy, suicide. 

God is the center and circumference of his own 
universe. When little man starts out to build a world- 
system of his own he is defeated before he starts. It 
has been’ tried a thousand times. The first time siiice 
the Flood is described in the ninth chapter of Genesis. 
As you remember, it was not an outstanding success 
then, and such attempts have consistently failed ever 
since. 

Our happiness is in God. Our safety is in God. 
Our usefulness to our fellow men is in God. Our 
freedom is in God. Our peace, our rest is in God. 
God’s way is best. He has a plan for every man 
and “he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light 
dwelleth with him:” Oh, that men would find these 
things out before the sun goes down and the darkness 
comes on and the day, so far as we are concerned, is 
gone forever! 


Herbert Spencer on Eternity’s Brink 


Rationalism solves nothing. Herbert Spencer, who 
gave to the evolutionary theory its philosophical basis, 
repudiated his rationalism shortly before he died, as 
is plainly set forth in the “Reflections” with which he 
closes his Autobiography. 

Spencer was nearing seventy-five years of age when 
he penned these “Reflections.” He had spent a long 
lifetime rearing, or attempting to rear, a splendid 
structure of human knowledge based upon man’s rea- 
son. He had conceived his Synthetic Philosophy as 
a magnificent arch. It was to be related, unified 
whole; an “archetechtonic” masterpiece, to use his 
own word. In this intellectual triumphal arch man, 
as in Nebuchadnezzar’s image of gold (Dan. 3), was 
to be deified. 

But, as he‘neared the completion of his beautiful build- 
ing, the thing began to totter. Something went wrong. 
This mortar of finite human reason by which base, 
keystone, and component parts were to be held together 
began to crumble. Reason, and reason alone, failed 
him at the end. 

And so this wizened, white-haired old philosopher, 
a frail wisp of a man weighing little more than a 
hundred pounds; a neurotic physical wreck; enabled to 
sleep little and that brokenly only by virtue of his 


‘one and one half grains of opium given him regularly ; 


waited upon by servants and carried about in a swing- 
ing hammock; unable to converse with friends or con- 
centrate his mind more than ten minutes at a time; 
without wife, children, or other near relatives in the 
world; this broken old worshiper at the human shrine, 
with one feeble hand holding on to his leaning tower 
of finite wisdom and with the other shading his aging 
eyes as he gazes out across God’s shoreless ocean of 
infinitude —this old apostle of doubt begins to doubt 
his own doubt. He begins to ask himself “What?” 
“Whence?” “Where?” “To what end?” He begins 
to realize that he has a “need” as yet unsatisfied; a 
“wish” for something his philosophy cannot give; a 
vague “sympathy” stirring within him with things he 
has all his life spurned. Listen to Herbert Spencer 
(“Reflections,” end of vol. 2, Autobiography, the em- 
phasis is mine) : 

“We find indeed an unreflective mood general among 
both cultured and uncultured, characterized by indif- 
ference to everything beyond material. interests -and 
the superficial aspects of things. There are many mil- 
lions of peéple who daily see sunrise and sunset with, 
out ever asking what the sun is. There are university 
men, interested in linguistic criticisms, to whom ‘in- 
quiries concerning the origin and nature of living-things 
seem trivial. And even among men of science there 
are those who, curiously examining the spectra .of 
nebulae or calculating the masses and motions of double 
stars, never pause to contemplate under other than 
physical aspects the immeasurably vast facts they re- 
cord. But in both cultured and uricultured there are 


lucid intervals. Some at least either: fill the vacuum 








































































































































































































a 


40 * 


by stereotyped answers, or become conscious of un- 
solved questions® of transcendent moment. Of those 
who know much, more than those who know little, 
is there felt the need for explanation. .. . 

“Then behind all these mysteries lies the all-em- 
bracing mysiery —whence this universal transforma- 
tion which has gone on unceasingly throughout a past 
eternity and will go on unceasingly throughout a future 
eternity? And along with this arises the paralyzing 
thought — what if, of all that is thus incomprehensible 
to us, there exists no comprehension anywhere? No 
wonder that men take refuge in authoritative dogma! 





“So it is, too, with our own natures. No less in- 
scrutible is this complex consciousness which, in other 
shapes, is manifested by animate beings at large — 
consciousness which, during the development of every 
creature, makes its appearance out of what seems un- 
conscious ma.ter; suggesting the thought that con- 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


sciousness, in some rudimentary form, is omni- 
present? 

“Lastly come the unsolvable questions concerning 
our own fate; the evidence seeming so strong that 
the relations of mind and nervous structure are such 
that cessation of one accompanies dissolution of the 
other; while simultaneously comes the thought, so 
strange and so difficult to realize, that with death there 
lapses both consciousness of existence and the con- 
sciousness of having existed. 

“Thus religious creeds, which in one way or an- 
other occupy the sphere that rational interpretation 
seeks to occupy and fails, and fails the more the 
more it seeks, | have come to regard with a sympathy 
based on community of need; feeling that dissent from 
them results from inability to accept the solutions 
offered, joined with the wish that a solution could be 
found,” 

” (To be continued) 














Has Inspiration Ceased ? 


Answers from leading Bible teachers showing why they believe it ended 
with the completion of the Scriptures 














One of the commonest statements of Modernism is that divine inspiration is not limited to the Bible, and that men 

can count confidently today on the same inspiration that writers of Scripture had. False religious cults make 

similar claims. A reader of the Times, whose letter is published on the second page of this issue, asks how to 

meet this argument from Mormons. The following statements from well-known students of God’s Word are 
’ illuminating and conclusive. 


By James M. Gray, D.D. 
President, Moody Bible Institute 


HAT enduement of the Holy Spirit which came 

upon the writers of the books of the Old and New 
Testament, and which came upon no other men, and 
which came upon those men at no other time and for 
no other purpose, enabling them to compose those 
books wholly without error, has forever ceased. 


ve 
By J. Gresham Machen, D.D., Litt.D. 


Professor of New Testament, Westminster 
Theological Seminary, Philadelphia 


N THE teaching of our Lord the Old Testament 

books are placed in a category sharply distinct from 
that to which all other books belong; they alone are 
treated by the Lord Jesus as authoritative “Scripture.” 
But our Lord appointed apostles whom he invested 
with authority. . It was by virtue of that authority 
that the apostles added to the Bible by publishing the 
New Testament books. Only those books rightly 
belong: to the New Testament which were either 
actually written by apostles or else were written and 
published by immediate disciples of the apostles under 
the apostles’ superintendence and approval. For the 
writing of such books, and such books only, the Holy 


‘ Spirit’ vouchsafed that supernatural working that we 


call inspiration. Hence inspiration ceased when the 
apostolic age was over. 
be 
By Lewis Sperry Chafer, D.D. 
President, Evangelical Theological College, Dallas, Texas 


HE accepted ground upon which the Canon of 

the New Testament was settled —i. e., that only 
and all writings of proved character were included — 
assumes that no’ God-breathed writings had been 
omitted. Acceptance of the doctrine of a God-breathed 
infalii®le book necessitates the acceptance of infallible 
care, both in construction and in preservation of that 
book. No later writings have ever assumed to be Scrip- 
ture; at best they merely expound what has already 
been given. The enlightenment of the Spirit enabling 
men to understand the Bible since the Canon was closed 
is all that any man can now claim for himself, and 
is far removed from that special ministry of the Spirit 
through which men ,were used to write the Scripture. 
Jude implies the termination and completion of the 
“Canon when stating the truth to be “once for all 
delivered.” 

we 


By Leander S. Keyser, D.D. 


Professor of Systematic Theology, Hamma Divinity School, 
* Wittenberg College, Springfreld, Ohio ; 
HAT peculiar divine inspiration which produced 
the. Holy Scriptures ceased when the Biblical 
Canon was:complete, for the following reasons: 

If the fundamental problems of creation, preserva- 
tion, and redemption were to be made plain and sure 
for mankind, they had to be‘ made known by a special 
divine revelation; for nature and human’ reason do 
‘not ‘reveal them. The best way for God to give to 
the human family a special révelation was to see to 
it that a record of it was put in book form, so that it 
could be preserved in its integrity from generation 


to generation throughout the centuries. Now, it is 
reasonable to helieve that, when a sufficient revela- 
tion was given for man’s enlightenment and guidance, 
God would see to it that the canon was closed. It 
was not necessary for him to continue to multiply 
special revelations. The Bible tells us everything that 
is needed for our best life and well-being in this world 
and for the attainment of an immortal destiny in the 
world to come. It would have been superfluous to 
give more. Through the guidance of God’s Word man 
can discover whatever else is necessary by his own 
efforts, his mind being enlightened and’ regenerated 
by the Holy Spirit. 

Besides, if Ged’ had continued to give special revela- 
tions throughout all time, we would today have such 
a vast library on hand that no one could study’ and 
master it all. Such a procedure would not have been 
a wise economy. As it is, the Bible is just large. 
enough, but not too large. Just enough has been: re- 
vealed, not too much. Less would have been insuffi- 
cient, more would have been. superfluous. 


w ce 
By William L. Pettingill, D.D. 
Bible Teacher; Author of “* God’s Prophecies for Plain People,” 


**Simple Studies in Daniel,"' “‘ Israel,— Jehovah’s Covenant 
People,”’ etc. 


HE “inspiration of God” which produced the Word 

of God ceased to function when the Bible was fin- 
ished, because God’s message to man was finished and 
there was nothing more to be said. 

“God, who at sundry times and in divers manners 
spake” through the Old Testament “unto the fathers 
by the prophets, hath in these last days spoken” through 
the New Testament “unto us by his Son.” And in 
both Testaments there is a progressive manifestation 
of the Son, which finds its consummation in the last 
Book of the Bible, the true name of which is “The 
Revelation of Jesus Christ.” 

He is the Alpha and Omega, the A and the Z, the 
Beginning and the Ending. Nothing was before him, 
and nothing can be after him. 


By H. A. Ironside, Litt.D. 
Pastor of Moody Memorial Church, Chicago 


HE question almost seems to imply subtly that 

further inspiration is needed, as though God’s 
Word as now in: our hands were incomplete. Three 
passages: of- Scripture, however, seem clearly: to de- 
clare the contrary. 

The apostle Paul tells us in Colossians: 1:25 that 
it was given kim “to fulfil the word of God”; that 
is, to make it full, and he it is who gives us the final 
doctrinal revelations. Jude tells us, in verse 3, that 
he was impelled to write exhorting the saints “that 
ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was 
once delivered. unto the saints.” “Once” here has 
the force-of “once for all,” —no repetition or “addi- 
tions contemplated. Then, so far as: prophecy is ‘con- 
cerned, the apostle John closes the Apocalypse (Reve- 
lation) with the solemn declaration: “I testify. unto 
every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of 
this book, If any man shall add unto these thin 2 
God shall add unto him the plagues that are written 
in this book.” What room then for further inspira- 
tion down through the ages? 








JANUARY 24,:1931 








Girls’ Problems of Today 
Discussed by Mother Ruth 














Questions for answer, and other communications, 
may be ad to Mother Ruth, The Sunday 
School Times, 323-327 North Thirteenth Street, Phila- 
delphia. mames or addresses. or will be 
published in The Sunday School Times; and. if :ques- 
tions are too personal for an answer in these 
columns, Mother Ruth will be glad to reply indi-+ 
vidually if possible, if return postage is enclosed. 


My dear Mother Ruth: Every time The Sunday School 
Times arrives, I look: first of all for “Girls’ Problems”; if 
there are none I am disappointed. 

My problem might be similar to that of another surren- 
dered child of God. Since I surrendered my life to ‘him, 
conditions have pressed in’ upon me ‘that, inspite of con- 
stant prayer, are absolutely contrary to God’s Word. * Yet 
T-am ‘truly yielded; but when the load gets almost ‘unbear- 
able I often wonder if I am fully surrendered. When we 
give our all and put it on the altar, does He’bring suffering 
instead of His peace? Is it Satan that tries me this way, 
or is there something wrong with my surrender? When I 
pray to-be fully in His ‘will, the wall is all the - blacker. 
But I know I’ve gotten to the place where I can say, “‘Not 
my will but thine be done.” Dees the Lord permit sin in 
our daily walk when we yield to Him? 

Sometimes I feel I should quit praying, but, Mother Ruth, 
I cannot, for the evil one is so shrewd these days that I 
don’t want to give him a single thread of my life.. I am 
criticized for these conditicns’ in my life, yet I have done 
all human flesh can do to beat them out. I’d rather stop 
doing Christian work than be a stumbling block. God 
knows my heart, but people do not understand. I’d appre- 
ciate prayers from people who read this, yet I know that 
those who have no sorrow do not know how heavy these 
loads get. I am trying to serve Him, and Him only. 


Y DEAR GIRL: I think you have given the 
secret of your trouble and problem when you 
say, “I have done all human flesh can do to beat them 
out.” Stop trying to do this.work yourself, and allow 
the Lord to do it all. Then it will be done right. It 
is strange how the evil one makes us believe we can 
help God do his part. “Let go and let God” is a 
good plan for you to adopt. Stop looking at self 
and “look away to Calvary”! Take the eighth chap- 
ter of Romans and read it through and through and 
then read it again, and linger on verses 26, 27, and 37. 
Stop questioning, and begin to trust the Lord.. He 
is your Deliverer, and is able to make Lis grace abound 
toward you. Yield yourself to him,:and then believe 
he accepts you, and then whatever comes to you, you 
can know God will care for you and see you through! 
I do. not care what conditions exist, or -how circum- 
stances darken, or how the foes of righteousness: work, 
you are the Lord’s and nothing can touch: you without 
his permission. 

. Don’t worry about. what people think, just give your 
life and reputation into God’s hands and trust him for 
a solution of all.that-comes to you. -Remember he 
is able and willing, and your part is to allow him to 
work while you trust him. Read this: poem, which 
comes from the Moody Bible Institute ‘of. Chicago, and 
the verse from Peter, and see if you cannot appropri- 
ate them for yourself. 8 } 


“Wat Does It Mean?” : 


“Beloved, think it not: strange concerning the-fiery trial 
which is to'try you, as though some strange thing hap- 
pened unto you. . . . Wherefore let them. that suffer ac- 
cording to the will of God commit. the keeping of their 
souls to him in well .doing, as unto a faithful Creator” 
(1 Pet. 4: 12, 19). 


It does not matter what it means, poor heart; 

The dear Lord knows, to bear it is your part; 

Nor think some strange thing happens unto you 
Which He would not allow so if He knew. 

He does know. In His all-wise Fatherhood 

He knows it, arid allows it for your good. 

He is not hard; you do not think He is 

When in the dark yow find your hand in His. 

When it was light you tried to walk alone, 

And thought the strength He gave you all your own; 
You did not ask what that Jast blessing meant — 

Just smiled and took it, satisfied, content. 

You did not think it strange. You thought He knew, 
And planned the sweet surprise which came to you. 


Then do you, tried one, take, life’s sweet and good, 
Yet cannot trust: that tender: Fatherhood, 

But think it makes mistakes whene’er it sends 
Some hindrance’ which your eager haste offends? 
Or when He lets. the wicked plot you harm, 

And stir a whirlwind when you seek a calm: 

_ You think it strange, this-trial swift and keen, 
And in your weakness ask, “What does it mean?” 


I. think, the language of God’s heart would read: 
“I love My child, I note his slightest need; 

I long to prosper him in all his ways, 

To give him quiet nights and peaceful days; 

But if I-do, he'll lose himself from Me, 

My: outstretched hand he will not wait to see. 
I'll place a hindering wall before his feet, 

There he will wait, and there we.two will meet. 


“Ido it not in ‘wrath for- broken laws 

Or willful disobedience, but because 

I. want him nearer, and I cannot wait 

For him to come, for he might wander late. 
My child will wonder, will not understand, 


























Lesson for February 8 


Still half in doubt he'll clasp My outstretched hand; 
But when at last upon My heart he leans 
He will have ceased to wonder what it means.” 
—R. R. 
we 


Bible Schools That Are True to the Faith 


R the convenience of SuNpAy ScHooL Times 


readers, a list of interdenominational Bible schools . 


(not theological seminaries) standing for the whole 
Word of God is given below. This list does not claim 
to be complete, and the Times will welcomes«itforma- 
tion about other sound schools that should be con- 
sidered for mention. Denominational schools are not 
included ; information concerning such can be obtained 
from the various denominational headquarters. 


— Institute, 1480 North Snelling Avenue, St. Paul, 
inn. 

Beulah Beach Bible Institute, Beylah Beach, Vermilion, 
Ohio. 

Bible Institute of Los Angeles; 536 South Hope Street, 
Los Angeles, Cal. 

Bible Institute of Pennsylvania, 
Street, Philadelphia. 

Bible Training School of Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Boston Bible Training School, 35 Kenilworth Street, Rox- 
bury, Mass. ; 

Boydton Institute, Boydton, Va. 

Brookes Bible Institute of St. Louis, 2051 Park Avenue, 
t. Louis, Mo. 

Calgary Prophetic Bible Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Can. 
Chicago a Institute, 1754 Washington Boule- 
vard, Chicago, III. 


1418 North Sixteenth 


Cincinnati BPible Seminary, 2588 Ring Place, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

Columbia Bible College, Hampton Ave. & Pickens St., Col- 
umbia, S 


; Ge 

Columbia Bible Training School, Inc., 1724 H Street, N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 

leveland Bible 
land, Ohio. 

Denver Bible Institute, 2047 Glenarm Place, Denver, Colo. 

Detroit Bible Institute, Second Boulevard and Grand 
River Avenue, Detroit, Mich. 

Faith Home and School, Mitchell, S. D. 

Harrisburg School of the Bible, Inc., 14 North Market 
Square, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Hastings Bible Training School, Hastings, Neb. 

Hephzibah House Bible School, 5:1 West Seventy-fifth 
Street, New York City. 

Houston Bible Institute, Houston, Texas. 

Indianapolis Bible Institute, Inc., 413 Lemcke 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

Missionary Training Institute, Nyack, N. Y. 

Moody Bible Institute, 153 Institute Place, Chicago, IIl. 

Moose Jaw Bible Institute, 1160 Chestnut Avenue, Moose 
Jaw, Sask., Can. 

National Bible Institute, 340-348 West Fifty-fifth Street, 
New York City. 

Northwestern Bible and Missionary Training School, 6 
South Eleventh Street, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Omaha Bible Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Omaha, Neb. 

Philadelphia School of the Bible, 1723 Spring Gardena 
Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
a Bible College, 1559 North Hill Avenue, Pasadena, 


Institute, 3201-3231 Cedar Avenue, -Cleve- 


Bldg., 


Portland Bible Institute, 1186 Borthwick Street, Port- 
land, Ore. 

Potomac Bible College, 
Washington, D. C. 
_ Practical Bible Training School, Bible School Park, near 
Binghampton, N. Y. ‘ 

Prairie Bible Institute, Three Hills, Alberta, Can. 

Providence Bible Institute, roo State Street, Providence, 


1316 Vermont Avenue, N. W., 


Siloam School of the Bible, Siloam Springs, Ark. 
St. Paul Bible Training School, 1635 Sherburne Avenue, 
St. Paul, Minn. 
Toccoa Falls Institute, Toccoa, Ga. 
oe Bible College, 16 Spadina Road, Toronto 4, Ont., 
n. 
Training School for Christian Workers, Huntington Park, 


al. 

Union Bible Seminary, Westfield, Ind. . 

Vancouver Bible Training School, 1601 West Tenth Avenue, 
Vancouver, B. C., Can. 

Washington School of the Bible, 307 D Street N. W., 
Washington, D. C. 

Whiteside Memorial Bible School, 2711-13 Bedford Ave., 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Winnipeg Bible Training School, s90 Furby Street, Winni- 
peg, Manitoba, Can. 

Young Women’s Bible 
Street, Albany, N. Y. 


Training Movement, 28: State 


Stimulating Bible Study in the 
Country Church 


By W. A. Freehoff 


HE ignorance of well “educated” people regard- 

ing the contents of the Bible has almost come 

to be a scandal in these fast and furious times. 
Questionnaires sent to college students indicate that 
there has been a letting down in the study of the Book. 
A group of Welsh churches in Waukesha County, 
Wis., has done as much as any other group I know of 
to keep up the standards of Bible study. I refer not 


so much to the regular work in the Sunday-schoel 
classrooms: as to the extra work done in connection 
with adults as well as those of more tender years. 
For many years these churches have associated them- 
selves in a union, holding meetings every three months, 
the churches rotating as host. 





THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


These quarterly meetings are maintained entirely 
for the purpose of doing some extra study in the 
Bible. Contests are held, with prizes given for the 
best sets of answers submitted in connection with 
questions sent out in advance. Six different people 
are selected as judges for each meeting; they not only 
ask the questions but grade the answers as well. The 
questions are based on the work in the Sunday-school 
for the previous Quarter, except that questions sub- 
araieg to adults may be selected at random from the 

ible. 

The judges for the adult class have shown a pref- 
erence for such weighty subjects as Hebrews, Ro- 
mans, and Galatians. The questions have been deep 
and searching —such as to “stump” a trained theo- 
logian — and require plenty of research and study. 

After experimenting quite a little as to the best 
way of handling these quarterly meetings, it has finally 
been decided to work three months in advance. By 
this I mean that mimeographed copies of the ques- 
tions for the next Quarter are passed out at the cur- 
rent meeting, giving everybody three months in which 
to study and prepare papers. 

The churches compete for a banner, won on a basis 
of points. A certain number of points are given for 
each winning paper, a certain number of points are 
given to the church having the most papers submitted, 
and even a greater percentage of credit is given to 
the church having the largest ratio of papers to total 
enrollment. Children under fifteen are given prizes 
for papers capturing first, second, and third places; 
for the little tots prizes are extended to fifth places, 
and to every child not placing a small consolation 
prize is awarded. 

There is no question but that these quarterly meet- 
ings have stimulated the study and increased knowl- 
edge of the Bible in the community very greatly. The 
members of these churches know their Bible, and ques- 
tionnaires submitted without chance for any previous 
study would be answered with credit. What is more 
to the point, the life of the community is of such a 
nature as to indicate without doubt that the principles 
that have been studied so assiduously ‘have had their 
share in shaping character along religious lines. 

A teacher in one of the churches, who has a large 
class of boys and girls aged about twelve, has found 
it possible to stimulate extra work in the Sunday-school 
by making each member of her class prepare a picture 
book of the Bible. ‘ 

These books are made up of clippings from maga- 
zines, religious pictures, and material written in by 
the pupils. At the end of the term these books are 





* 4\ 


judged by the pastor, and prizes awarded for the best 
work. It is impossible to prepare these books without 
diligent study of the Bible story. 

Another one of the churches has been noted for the 
many little pageants and plays, dealing with purely 
Biblical subjects, which its young people have pre- 
sented in recent years. These little programs are 
prepared largely by pupils of high school age, and 
have done much to hold children at a time when other 
interests seem so much more important. 

That the emphasis which the Welsh churches place 
upon Bible study is based upon sound judgment is 
proved by the large number. of ministers, missionaries, 
and other religious workers who have come from the 
Waukesha Presbytery. Although the old-time Welsh 
services, in the Welsh language, are passing, the 
younger generation is carrying on most capably in 
English, helped no little by the new blood of other 
races which have come into the communities and in 
many instances married into the church. 

WAUKESHA, WIs. « 

w 


Helpers in the Beginners Department 
By Emma Florence Bush 


HE new Beginners superintendent after choosing 

her teachers announced that in addition she desired 
three high school girls who could draw and color 
to work under her supervision. 

Each girl was asked to take every third Sunday 
as her own to be present at the school session to sketch 
or color on the board anything desired to illustrate 
the lesson. In this way the superintendent could tell 
the lesson story and have it illustrated while she was 
telling them, thus doing away with having it drawn 
beforehand and presented as a finished product or in- 
terrupting the story to draw the illustration. 

The girls also pledged themselves to stand ready to 
carry out all her ideas for handwork and to see that 
at least two of them were available every Sunday 
to help the children with it. 

This practically meant that they were present every 
Sunday and kept their interest in the work. When 
any special work was desired along this same line the 
girls were asked to perform it. 

The result was a high standard of handwork and 
illustration and an enthusiastic interest in the Depart- 
ment by possible future teachers. 


GREENWOOD, Mass. 








The Day School Gospel League 


A Canadian plan that is getting school 
children to read the Word 


By Ethel Adams 











Sanat 





School Gospel League there has been less evi- 
dence in the schoolroom of cheating, and fairer 
play on the school gsounds, and less use of profane 
language to punish. I know of a mother who is read- 
ing the chapters* with two of the children at night 
in the presence of her husband, and I believe good is 
beginning to result from it. 
standing the situation of some of my pupils better, 
and therefore I am more patient with them, and we 
are making better progress in our school work than 
we made before we began studying the Bible together.” 
Thus writes a school teacher to the headquarters 
of the Day School Gospel League in Toronto. The 
League was formed in 1928 by a group of Canadian 
Christians for the purpose of placing the Word of 
God in the hands of the school children. The Lord 
has very graciously prospered the work, and the mem- 
bership has increased to nearly 26,000 members, with 
groups in England, Newfoundland, the United States, 
and in every Canadian Province. 

The League plan of Bible reading is intended pri- 
marily for devotional exercises in public schools, which 
in Canada are permitted and left to the guidance of 
the teacher. The hearty co-operation of the, teachers 
in this work has been most encouraging. Another 
writes : 


“GS Sa the children have been members of the Day 


We read the Testaments together each morning, some- 
times alternately. We read about twenty verses a day, 
find the answers, memorize some verses, and write out 
the answers together in the writing lesson. This they 
enjoy. I am sure the children are gaining a great deal. 
They never got any good out of having the lesson read to 
them. Now they can tell the different stories. Some tell 
me they never read out of the Bible before. 


Many school teachers are realizing the benefits de- 
rived from these little studies as they carry forward 
daily readings with their pupils; and this resulted 
in suggestions made by several teachers that they 
be allowed to present the work of the League at their 
Teachers’ Conventions last autumn. As a consequence 


I believe I am under-, 


of this being done many more teachers and some 1,600 
new members have enrolled and are now reading the 
little Gospels together. 

Teachers moving from one school to another some- 
times leave a note in their desks asking their succes- 
sor to carry forward work already begun. There has 
been a splendid response. One teacher informs an- 
other, and in this way the interest increases. 

Inevitably, the League has been of great service 
to the Sunday-school, bringing new members and find- 
ing its place among the classes already formed. From 
Sunday-school superintendents come these reports: 


Two boys professed conversion recently and one espe- 
cially has taken up the reading of the Gospels with real 
interest. Pray for him that a real work of grace may 
be done in his heart. It was so nice to have the D. S. 
G. L. as an encouragement for him to read the Scriptures. 
Our Captain is getting as much blessing as anyone and is 
enjoying the work. 

Naturally we would like more noticeable results, but 
we have good reason to feel that the work is already prov- 
ing fruitful and as Sunday-school officers we are very 
pleased indeed to have this branch of God’s work. 

The mother of one little girl who is reading the Gos- 
pel of John tells me that she is enjoying hunting out the 
answers to the questions so much. The child was in 
Sunday-school for the first time yesterday. We praise 
the Lord for this. 


A Sunday-school teacher writes: 


We had the great joy of seeing five of the girls in our 
group accept the Lord Jesus as Saviour yesterday at Suwh- 
day-school. While they made the decision at Sunday- 
school I really feel that this is the first fruits of our group 
of the D. S. G. L. 


Several Sunday-schools are the outgrowth of little 
League groups in isolated communities where no 
church services are held and where there are no Sun- 
day-schools. In a village where the Gospel had not 


been preached for sixty years, a smali group was 
formed through the former article in THe SuNpDAY 
ScHoot Times on the. work of the League (July 6; 























































































































































“8 
































42 * 


1929). This has grown into a real Sunday-school 
and a minister of the Gospel is now coming in to hold 
church services for the people of the community. 

The Day School Gospel League thus feeds the 
Church. A pastor called at the League office recently 
and told of a Roman Catholic girl who became a mem- 
ber of the League. Her Day School Gospel League 
Gospel of John was the first portion of Scripture to 
go into that home. She has since been converted, 
and her mother attends the meetings with her now 
and seems to be very near the kingdom. 

The League plan is admirably adapted to Junior 
League and mission band work. Quoting from two 
leaders in young people’s work: 


The Lord is certainly doing a great work among our 
boys and girls. In the last two weeks we have seen 
twenty of them led to Christ, ten of these being members 
of the D. S. G. I 

Several of our ladies have signed the Prayer Partner 
cards, so if we don’t meet you in’ person, we join with 
you at the Throne of Grace in prayer. 

I have introduced the D. S. G. L. to the small mission 
band of which I am leader; and to my delight the chil- 
dren are very enthusiastically joining and reading the 
Gospels. 

May God bless you in this wonderful work in which 
you are engaged and make you a channel of blessing to 
countless boys and girls. 


The League has also entered the homes, and chil- 
dren are reading the Bible who never read it before. 
Thus the habit of regular Bible reading is formed and 
the Word of God is made interesting to the child. In 
many cases the Day School Gospel League Gospels 
are the first portions of the Bible to enter the home. 
Quoting from letters received from pastors: 

We do rejoice in saying that the Word is being searched 


in many homes where no Bible was previously made a 
book of study or even seldom read. Thank God for his 





THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


precious Word which is being planted in their precious 
young lives. 

I find the reading of these Gospels a great blessing 
in the commuftity. This is not only in the case of the 
children but also the parents are blessed through their 
children reading the Gospels. 


Parents are being brought under the influence of 
the Gospel. The following letter from a_ school 
teacher says: 


One girl has returned her Gospel of Luke today and 
is anxious for Mark. In this instance the mother in 
the home has become interested in reading the Gospels 
also, as a result of three of her children being members 
of the League, and only lately has been attending services 
at our church. I have not seen her in church before. 
Surely God is answering prayer and using this League 
in ways even that we know not. 


Boys and girls. have been gathered together off the 
street into little groups reading the Gospels and an- 
swering the questions. 

Follow-up work is carried on by 525 group leaders, 
and through their efforts more than 160 members have 
read through the four Gospels, answering one ques- 
tion on each chapter in the language of Scripture, and 
have also read through the New Testament (includ- 
ing another set of questions on the four Gospels) 
and answered one question on each chapter of each 
book of the whole of the New Testament. For this 
work they have received diplomas. 

God is graciously blessing this movement to reach 
the boys and girls with his Word, and we do covet 
the prayers of Times readers that the members of 
the League will be led to an acceptance of the Lord 
Jesus Christ as their personal Saviour. 

Readers who would like to hear more of this work are 
invited to write to®?the Day School Gospel League, 33 
Adelaide Street, W., Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 

Toronto, 














A Farm Mother’s Letters to Mothers 


3. The Secret of the Closed Door 














Skylight Farm. 
Dear Frienp MOTHER: 

What single word is more often on the lips of 
moiherhood of every class and station than that one 
ugly, wrinkle-begetting little word worry? One might 
guess it to be the password to our secret councils, 
A pretty, distressed young mother with a delicate lit- 
tle flower of a daughter said to me, “I often say 
to ‘Think how happy we were before she 
came! Now I can't be happy for fear we'll lose 
her; and if we should I’d never be happy again.’” 
Calm logic of the blessed-be-nothing type! The stock 
answer of Experience is, “Well, now, it doesn’t do 
a bit of good to worry”; but when you come to analyze 
it there really isn’t so much ground for comfort there. 
Most of us could answer, We don’t worry because 
we think it will do any good, but just because we can’t 
help it. Every daily paper carries columns of the 
stuff that broken hearts are made of. Who knows 
but our turn may be next? Grim warnings sirew 
the roadsides. As if the hazards on the ground were 
not enough, half our boys and many of our girls 
might truthfully subscribe themselves like one of 
my experience who not long ago changed the cus- 
tomary, “your lovin’ son” to “your lovin’ and air- 
minded son.” And the lurking, intangible dangers 
that threaten the souls of our children and the sanc- 
tity of oyr homes are vastly more to be dreaded than 
mere perils to life and limb. 

I hear of modern mothers who seem impervious 
to anxiety, or even to a sense of responsibility con- 
cerning their children. I confess to little intimate 
acquaintance with the bridge-playing, theater-haunting 
type. Certain I am that if they are shirking their 
responsibilities now and doing so with a carefree heart, 
their meed of worry is scheduled to arrive as surely 
as cfekens come home to roost. The type of mother 
I know best errs the other way. 

With the most innocent intentions in the world, 
I dropped a bomb one afternoon at a meeting of a 
social club. A roomful of mothers were busy match- 
ing their troubles and nursing their anxieties to keep 
them warm. I casually remarked that a real Chris- 
tian has no logical justification for worry. The 
protests that rose all round me were like a series of 
explosions. One indignant mother seemed to think 
me a sort of heretic, and brought forward a distress- 
ing chain of evidence to demonstrate that the most 
shocking things can happen to exemplary Christians 
who are apparently trusting in the Lord. She must 
have been bulwarking her fears painstakingly for a 
Jong time. For the sake of peace I subsided, but I 
was not convinced that worry has a legitimate place 
in the Christian program. 

I wonder why we mothers seem to be so much more 





a prey to anxiety than the average of fathers. No 
amount of Mothers’ Day propaganda can ever shake 
my conviction that the fathers I know best have loved 
their children as deeply, as tenderly, and as unselfishly 
as has the most devoted mother. There is not, of 
course, for them the constant intimacy with the chil- 
dren, and perhaps for that reason the youngsters are 
less persistently in their thoughts. We never can 
forget, you and I, those marvelous first months and 
even years when the little ones were so vital a part 
of ourselves that sound sleep was almost a thing 
unknown to us. In just a few minutes now my door 
will be burst open and a lusty “Yoo Hoo!” will 
greet my ears. I marvel when I look as the tall, 
sturdy author of it, remembering as I do those breath- 
less weeks only a few years ago when she lay, a tiny, 
delicate thing on a pillow across my lap, the two 
of us prisoners on the upper floor to escape an epi- 
demic that had possession below. It seemed to me 
that I kept the breath of life in that frail form only 
with my prayers. And then that day three years later 
after pneumonia had so nearly snatched her from us! 
The exquisite joy of the moment when the poor little 
fever-parched lips moved in a feeble kiss on my cheek 
and the fretful lines of pain gave place to the faintest 
of smiles! Is it recollections like that, I wonder, 
that clutch our hearts now and then, and make us 
shrink from what the future may bring. 

And yet there can be no doubt in the light of our 
Father’s promises that worry is the child of doubt 
and doubt is sin. But how are we to avoid that in- 
sinuating fear? ; 

Never by stoicism. For some that seems a way 
of escape. They do not speak my language. I re- 
call a magazine article by a very well-known, and 
very ungodly, writer. He had lost an eighteen-year- 
old daughter and, having no faith in a personal im- 
mortality, had no hope of a reunion with her. He 
seemed serenely content with the recollection that she 
had said to him just before entering the operating 
room where death claimed her, “I want you to under- 
stand, Dad, that I have had a very happy life and that 
I have no regrets.” There might well be a grain 
of comfort in that statement, but it could hardly ease 
the anguish of that long, unbroken silence of the years. 
One feels more sympathy with despair like that of 
Mark Twain under similar bereavement. I could not 
if I would ignore for a moment the fact that “life 
is half made up of partings,’ and that sooner or later 
pain is the lot of every heart. My own firstborn, at 
the age of sixteen, when the lovely bud of childhood 
was just opening to lovelier fullness, went suddenly 
out into the great silence; and I cherish many letters 
from mothers, unknown to me until the blessed fel- 
lowship of Tue Sunpay ScHoot Tres brought us 


JANUARY 24, 1931 


together, who have. known the ministry of sorrow. 
How I rejoice to assure you, dear friend Mother, 
that we can all testify that at such times the anchor 
holds. Listen to the word of one whose little one had 
been snatched from her by an act of criminal cruelty: 
“I gathered him up in my arms. ... As I prayed out 
there with his little lifeless body pressed close to my 
heart, God seemed very near and he has been near 
and very precious ever since.” 

No, we cannot find the quiet center amid the storms 
of life either by recognizing the futility of worry, or 
by hoping for the best, or yet by steeling ourselves 
to meet the inevitable. Perfect poise—of soul in a 
troubled world can come only from farsightedness. 
Strangers and pilgrims. There’s the answer. No 
continuing city here. We must bow to that if we 
would find peace. “In the world ye shall have tribu- 
lation,” but the world is not our home, however sweet 
the sojourn here. Let’s teach our children as soon 
as they can understand that home is only a halfway 
house to something vastly sweeter. I love to recall 
studying with my own little daughter only a few 
weeks before she passed from faith to sight an article 
by Dr. Pettingill in the Times entitled “Is Heaven a 
Place?” 

It hurts to be a mother. We may as well recognize 
the fact. There is no escape. The world talks of 
physical pangs, but every true mother knows that 
those are the least of the hurts of motherhood. We 
should teach young womanhood to count the cost 
and then s:-7 quietly, as Mary said, “Behold the hand- 
maid of the Lord.” It is most deeply to be regretted 
that false and misleading doctrines have arisen about 
the person of our Lord’s mother. There is so much for 
motherhood to learn from contemplation of her story. 
Only motherhood, perhaps, can comprehend the cruel 
keenness of that sword that pierced her soul. When 
from the depths of the dark valley sometimes we cry, 
“Behold and see if there be any sorrow like unto 
my sorrow!” Let us take our stand with Mary for 
a moment at the foot of the cross and then turn to 
that last sweet glimpse we have of her kneeling meekly 
with the others in the upper room, “continuing sted- 
fastly in prayer.” 

For not only in the great trials of life, but in those 
thousand daily teasing anxieties that can disturb the 
balance of the home, is this the remedy. No recol- 
lection of my own mother has been more helpful to me 
than the memory of the times when she went into her 
room and closed the door. Christians in the Belgian 
Congo celebrated in September, 1929, the fiftieth anni- 
versary of the arrival there of the pioneer missionaries, 
Uncle Henry Richards and his wife. In the printed 
memorial were many quaint reminiscences by native 
Christians of the tests and trials to which they them- 
selves in the early days of the mission subjected 
those two faithful servants of God. One significantly 
says of Mrs. Richards: “She never spoke an angry 
word to us. She only went into her room and closed 
the door.” It would be most beautiful if your chil- 
dren and mine could say as much. There is such a 
tendency today to find excuse for “praying on the 
run.” Martha tried that and was rebuked by her 
Lord. Let us never forget how he said that Mary 
had chosen the better way. 

Your friend, 


is A Farm. MorHer. 








From a Layman’s Greek Testament 
By Ernest Gordon 




















The first man Adam was made a living soul; 
the last Adam was made a quickening spirit (3 
Cor. 15: 45). 


LIVING spirit is pneuma zoopoioun. Our Lord 

speaks of himself as a quickening spirit, a life- 
giving spirit. “The Son quickeneth whom he will” 
(John 5:21), that is, into resurrection life. ‘God, 
who quickeneth the dead,” says Paul in Romans 4: 17, 
and Peter speaks of Christ as “put to death in the 
flesh, but quickened by the Spirit” (1 Pet. 3:18). 
The triune God thus exercises resurrection power, 
the power to make alive. 

It is worth noting that this life-giving power is 
only spoken of elsewhere in connection with the Scrip- 
tures. “It is the spirit that giveth life” (zoopoieo), 
says our Lord; “the flesh profiteth nothing: the words 
that I have.spoken unto you are spirit, and are life” 
(John 6:63). In 2 Corinthians 3:6 Paul speaks of 
himself and of his associates (Luke perhaps, and 
Peter and John) as those whom had made able 
or competent ministers of the New Testament -of 
which “the spirit giveth life’ (soopoieo). The words 
of Christ and the writings of Paul constitute the 
frame and a chief part of the substance of New Tes- 
tament Scripture, and they have a power of resurrec- 
tion comparable with that which raises dead bodies 
to oe. For they perform a similar ministry to dead 
souls. 


New Hampton, N. H. 





















































Lesson for February 8 


plainer tits an ats ey die 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 































LESSON 6. FEBRUARY 8. JESUS THE WORLD’S TEACHER 


International Uniform Lesson.— Luke 6 


Golden Text.—As ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.—Luke 6 : 31 




















The portion of the text indicated by the International Lesson Committee for printing in 
the lesson helps is vs. 27-42 


KinG JAMES VERSION 


27 But I say unto you which hear, Love 
your enemies, do good to them which hate 


you, 
, 28 Bless them that curse you, and pray 
for them which despitefully use you. 

z9 And unto him that smiteth thee on 
the one cheek offer also the other ; and him 
that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to 
take thy coat also. 

30 Give to every man that asketh of 
thee; and of him that taketh away thy 
goods ask them not again. 

31 And as ye would that men should do 
to you, do ye also to them likewise. 

32 For if ye love them which love you, 
what thank have ye? for sinners also love 
those that love them. . 

33 And if ye do good to them which do 

to you, what thank have ye? for 
sinners also do even the same. 

34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye 
hope to receive, what thank have ye? for 
sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as 
much again. . 

35 But love ye your enemies, and .do 
good, and lend, hoping for nothing again ; 
and your reward shall be great, and ye 
shall be the children of the Highest: for 
he is kind unto the unthankful and to the 
evil. 


AMERICAN STANDARD VERSION 

27 But I say unto you that hear, Love 
your enemies, do good to them that hate 
you, 28 bless them that curse you, pray 
for them that despitefully use you. 29 
To him that smiteth thee on the one cheek 
offer also the other; and from him that 
taketh away thy cloak withhold not. thy 
coat also. 30 Give to every. one that ask- 
eth thee; and of him that taketh away thy 
goods ask them not again. 31 And as ye 
would that men should do to you, do ye 
also to them likewise. 32 And if ye love 
them that love you, what thank have ye? 
for even sinners love those that love them. 
33 And if ye do good to them that do good 
to you, what thank have ye? for even sin- 
ners do the same. 34 And if ye lend to 
them of whom ye hope to receive, what 
thank have ye? even sinners lend to sin- 
ners, to receive again as much. 35 But 
love your enemies, and do them good, and 
lend, * never. despairing ; and your reward 
shall be great, and ye shali be sons of the 
Most High: for he is kind toward the un- 


KinG JAMES VERSION 


36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your 
Father also is merciful. 


37 Judge not, and ye shall not be 
judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be 
condemned: forgive, and ye shall be for- 
given: 

38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; 
good measure, pressed down, and shaken 
together, and running over, shall men give 
into your bosom. For with the same meas- 
ure that ye mete withal it shall be meas- 
ured to you again. 


39 And he spake a parable unto them, 
Can the ‘blind lead the blind? shall they 
not both fall into the ditch? 


40 The disciple is not above his mas- 
ter: but every one that is perfect shall 
be as his master. 


41 And why beholdest thou the mote 
that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest 
not the beam that is in thine own eye? 

42 Either how canst thou say to thy 
brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote 
that is in thine eye, when thou thyself be- 
holdest not the beam that is in thine own 
eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the 
beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt 
thou see clearly to pull out the mote that 
is in thy brother’s eye. 


American Standard Version copyright, 1929, by 


AMERICAN STANDARD VERSION 
thankful and evil. 36 Be ye merciful, 
even as your Father is merciful. 37 And 
judge not, and ye shall not be judged: and 
condemn not, and ye shall not be con- 
demned: release, and ye shall be released: 
38 give, and it shall be given unto you; 
good measure, pressed down, shaken to- 
gether, running over, shall they give into 
your bosom. For with what measure ye 
mete it shall be measured to you again. 

39 And he spake also a parable unto 
them, Can the blind guide the blind? shall 
they not both fall into a pit? 40 The dis- 
ciple is not above his teacher: but every 
one when he is perfected shall be as his 
teacher. 41 And why beholdest thou the 
mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but con- 
sidereth not the beam that is in thine own 
eye? 42 Or how canst thou say to thy 
brother, Brother, let me cast out the mote 
that is in thine eye, when thou thyself 
beholdest not the beam that is in thine own 
eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the 
beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt 
thou see clearly to cast out the mote that 
is in thy brother's eye. 

1Some ancient authorities read de- 

Spairing of no man. 


International Council of Religious Education, 


The Lesson as a Whole 


gin By J. Russell Howden 


The Practical Aim 


O SHOW the meaning of Christian discipleship 
in the lives of our boys and girls. 


The Historical Setting 


The present lesson brings us to one of the most diffi- 
cult passages so far as any scheme of harmonization 
of the Gospels is concerned. The lesson is taken from 
Luke’s account of the Sermon on the Plain. It seems 
an obvious thing to think that this must be another 
account of the Sermon on the Mount recorded by Mat- 
thew. This lesson outline, however, is based on the 
assumption that they are different. For this conclu- 
sion the following reasons may be urged: (1) There 
‘is no reason why our Lord should not have repeated 
‘his teaching in its main outlines, not merely twice 
but many times. Every Sunday-school teacher does 
this, because continual repetition is necessary if peo- 
ple are to take in a subject (cf. Isa. 28:10). (2) 
The Sermon on the Mount was before the appointment 
of the twelve. The Sermon on the Plain was im- 
mediately after this choosing. (3) The Sermon on 
the Mount was immediately after the Lord’s first cir- 
cuit of Galilee. The Sermon on the Plain was at a 
considerable interval. (4) In the Sermon on the Mount 
our Lord was seated and the discourse was a long one. 
In the Sermon on the Plain our Lord was standing 
and the address was a much shorter one. (5) More- 
over the contents and form of the two Sermons are 
by no means the same. Ii they both are intended to 
be reports of the same occasion the differences between 
them raise problems hard to solve on any theory of 
inspiration. 

To sum up. The Sermon on the Mount was de- 
livered in the middle of the first year of our Lord’s 
ministry at the close of his ‘first general circuit of 
Galilee. The Sermon on the Plain was delivered 
late in the spring or early in the summer of the sec- 
ond year after a partial circuit around the Lake of 
Galilee. The first of the two was followed by the 
miraculous draught of fishes and the healing of the 
leper. The second was followed by the cure of the 
centurion’s servant when our Lord returned from the 
mountain of Capernaum. Hence it would seem that 
Luke wrote after Matthew and was acquainted with 
the first Gospel, so purposely selected for record the 
later discourse because the earlier and fuller one of 
+ same Gospel character had already been written 

own. 


Verse by Verse 


Luke 6:27.—Love your enemies. For the fulfill- 
ment of this command it must be remembered that 
love is not merely a matter of feeling but of will. A 
study of 1 Corinthians 13 will prove this. So long as 


% % x % 


we translate “to love” by “to feel love,” so long shall 
we create difficulties for ourselves. The Lord Jesus 
goes on to show how this love is to work: Do good, 
bless, pray for, do not resist. Such an attitude can 
only be taken up and maintained by obedient faith, 
and such a maintained attitude in itself will begin to 
produce the feelings which we associate with the act 


of loving. 


Verse 30.—Give to every man that asketh of thee. 
Note that our Lord does not say that the Christian 
is to give to every one just that which he asks. The 
‘lame man at the Temple gate asked for money (Acts 
3:2). He did not get that, but~he got something. 
Just in the same way as when God’s children ask him. 
“Every one that asketh receiveth’ —not necessarily 
that which he asks, but something (Matt. 7:8). See 

: McConkey’s invaluable little book on Prayer 
(Silver Publishing Society, 1013 Bessemer Building, 
Pittsburgh). 


Verse 31.—Compare James 2:8. 


Verse 35.—Love ye your enemies. This word is 
used here in antithesis to the “them which love you” 
(v. 32). It does not refer only to those who are 
actively hostile. Here perhaps there may be a ref- 
erence to the Gentiles, and especially to the Romans 
under whose rule Palestine then was. If Christ’s 
command had been heeded and obeyed there would 





The Golden Rule 


By Amos R. Wells 


MEN have tried the rule of stone, crashing, 
smashing, cruel,. rude, battle shout and battle 
groan, bestial, blinded, stagnant, crude. Men have 
tried the rule of wood, cabins built for swift decay, 
dugouts hunting distant good, triumphs lasting but 
a day. Men have tried the iron rule, towers of 
trade that skyward press, rusted girder, rusted tool, 
crowded homes of wretchedness. Men have tried 
the rule of gold, bartered honor, bartered health, 
grasped what hands can never hold, lost the only 
lasting wealth. Rules of beauty men have tried, 
clustered thick with jewels rare; but they are not 
satisfied with the fairest of the fair. Paper rules 
have pleased awhile, pressed with many a learned 
line; but the logic loses guile and the wit has ceased 
to shine. One rule only holds its own all the 
other rules above, human hearts to guide and own 
—ah, the royal rule of love! That the rule the 
Teacher brought from the college of high Heaven; 
that the rule he kindly taught, that the rule to 
mortals given ; that the rule from youth to age, — 
never put it on the shelf, fit it to life’s every page: 
love all others as yourself! 











have been none of the awful suffering that fell upon 
the Jews through their long struggles against Rome. 

Verse 37.—Forgive, and ye shall be forgiven. In 
relation to man this is true only in a general way. 
On the whole, the man of a forgiving spirit gets the 
same kindliness from others. We get out of life 
pretty much what we put into it, But we must re- 
member the qualifying words “hoping for nothing 
again” (v. 35). In relation to God this statement is 
not directly a setting forth of the Gospel. What it 
means is that if a man has really received and ex- 
perienced God’s pardon for himself he cannot go on 
showing an unforgiving resentful spirit toward others. 

Verse 39.—Can the blind lead the blind? This para- 
bolic saying implies that an uncharitable and unjustly 
condemning leader is unfit to perform his office. The 
word has special reference to leaders in the church, 
though all leadership is included in its scope. 

Verse 40.—Every one that is perfect. Literally, 
every one that has been made perfect. Or more sim- 
ply, but still quite literally, every one that has been 
mended. The Christian life is the mended life. Com- 
pare Jeremiah 18:4. See also Harold Beghie’s book 
entitled “Broken Earthenware.” 

Verse 41.—The mote that is in thy brother’s eve. 
We see a very tiny speck of dust in another’s eye. 
But there may be a whole log in our own of which 
we remain ignorant. If our lives are evil it is utterly 
vain for us to attempt to teach others. 

Verse 42.—Hypocrite. The word as our Lord used 
it seems to have a rather special meaning. We use 
it to mean one who consciously deceives others. He 
uses it rather of the man who unconsciously deceives 
himself. The hypocrite in Christ’s use of the word 
is the man whose ideas of life and duty and respon- 
sibility are too shallow. 


A Lesson Outline 
1. Precepts (vs. 27-36). 
2. Promises (vs. 37, 38). 
3. Parables (vs. 38-42). 
Golden Topics 


1. Mended lives. Compare Jeremiah 18:4. Note 
(1) the potter, his design, his disappointment; (2) 
the clay, its defects, its destiny. The ultimate aim 
in every disciple is to make him like Christ (cf. Rom. 
8: 29). 

2. The mended life is the adjusted life. The present 
lesson suggests some of these adjustments. To enemies, 
Note first the general description of such as enemies. 
Then the details of their unjust and oppressive con- 
duct. Hatred, cursing, despitefully using, then the 
details of such despiteful usage, violence, robbery. 
To each of these insults the disciple is to have the 
appropriate divine attitude. 

3. The readjusted life in relation to God. The Chris- 
tian is God’s child and God is kind to all without dis- 
tinction of deserving or merit. The Christian has 











































































































































































44 * 


experienced God’s mercy in his own case. That fact 
will necessarily color his whole outlook. 


4. The moral prerequisites for all spiritual work 
(1) Experience of God’s mercy; (2) Humbleness of 
mind and distrust of one’s own goodness or wisdom. 


Tunsrivoce WELLS, Enc. 
ue 


Questions for Teacher and Class 


The method of providing these questions is an_ unusual 
one, and accounts for their variety, stimulus, and search- 
ing character. They are written Lf several members of 
The Sunday School Times staff,— Mr. Howden, Professor 
Ellis, Mrs. Hatton, Mrs. Askew, Mr. Smith, and an 
Associate Editor of the Times, Mr. Lane. Have you 
tried assigning some of the questions to different mem- 
bers of your class, letting them see whether they can 
discover the answers as given in the following issue? 


HERE was Christ when he “preached” this Ser- 
mon on the Mount? 

2. Who were his listeners as he taught? 

3. What immediate preparation had he just had for 
this great sermon? 

4. What section of this sermon, as recorded by Mat- 
thew, is omitted in Luke’s record? 

5. Answer with the Scripture the criticism that the 
teachings of Christ are not practical. 

6. Has the “eye for an eye” and “tooth for a tooth” 
and “tit for tat” policy ever gained anything good for 
anybody ? 

7. What first result followed this sermon that still fol- 
lows any honest study of it? 

8. What should be our prayer whenever the teachings 
of Christ seem hard to accept or follow? 

9. What is the best way to learn how to put ourselves 


in the other fellow’s place, so that we may put in practice 
the Golden Rule? 





Answers to Last Week’s Questions 


The answers to the lesson questions of the preceding 
week are given on one of the later pages of this issue. 


we 
Teaching by Objects 
By Ethel S. Low 





MarTerIAL: Two milk bottles, one a quart and 
the other a pint. 











EARS ago the milk man used to ring a bell at 
the front gate, and one of the family took a pitcher 
out to the wagon. The man poured the milk from 
a large can into a measure, and then into the pitcher. 
The measure had a flaring rim that formed a spout 
at one spot. Some milk men filled the measure only 
up to the top of the measure, while others filled the 
rim, too, level with the top. Either way, it was a 
quart of milk. Then different measures did not hold 
exactly the same. 

What was the trouble? 

There was no standard established by law. But now 
all our measures are definitely standardized. A quart 
milk bottle must hold a quart. A pint must contain 
exactly a pint. Any variation is punishable by law. 

And we accept these standards of our government, 
but when jt comes to accepting the Golden Rule, 
Christ’s standard for measuring lives, well, that is 
just different. 

Do you realize how hard it is to do to others as 
you would that they should do to you? Try it for 
a day, and at night you will reluctantly admit that 
you have at least said some things that you would 
not enjoy if they were said to you. 

Unless — unless your life is wholly yielded to the 
Lord, and you are living each day in the power of 
the Spirit. Then you will be able literally to live 
by Christ’s standard. 

Mopesto, CAL. 


The Busy Men’s Corner 
By William H. Ridgway 


“Rejoice” and “Leap.”—Rejoice ye in that day, 
and leap for joy ... your reward is great in heaven 
(v. 23). One day a boy and girl, of a company in 
which I happened to be, joined hands and went leap- 
ing over the grass in a “war dance.” “Why the high- 
larity?” I asked. “They’ve gone nutty,” was the 
explanation. I have now forgotten just what good 
news was so tickling this boy and girl. Probably 
nothing we old folks would call much. They were 
just of that age and kind. Now had it been at a 
religious gathering they had rejoiced and leaped for 
joy you know what it would have been called. “Emo- 
tionalism in religion” is what the learned man heads 
his essay when he writes agin “such manifestations.” 
Go to the next Army-Navy, Yale-Princeton, Penn- 
Cornell games and behold the coming manhood — plus 
their sisters and sweethearts, yea, and their mothers, 
too, gone stark crazy over some great play that saves 
the game. But at church when some great plea saves 


THE SYNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


Lesson Calendar 


The complete list of International Uniform Lessons for 
the year may be had from The Sunday School Times 
Company, 323-327 North Thirteenth Street, Philadelphia, 
at 10 cents a copy, or $1 a dozen. 
First Quarter 


y. January 4.—The Birth of John the Baptist ...Luke 1 
2. January 11—~The Childhood of Jesus ........... Luke 2 
3. January 18—The Ministry of John the Baptist ..Luke 3 
4. January 25.—Jesus Tempted ......... Luke 3:21 to 4: 30 
5. February 1.—Jesus the Great Physician. 
Luke 4:31 to § : 39 
6. February &—Jesus the World’s Teacher ...... Luke 6 
7. February 15.—Jesus the Friend of Sinners ........ Luke 7 
8. February 22—Jesus Bearing the Good Tidings ..Luke 8 
9. March 1.—Jesus Sending Forth Missionaries 
Luke 9:1 to 10: 2% 
10. March 8.—The Good Samaritan ............ Luke 10 : 25-37 
11. March 15.—Jesus Among Friends and Foes 
Luke 10: 38 to 11: 54 
12. March 22—The Use and Abuse of God’s Gifts. 
CECTAVSTERCS EMEOC.) ccccvcccevccsxcdeccevececss Luke 12 
13. March 29.—Review: Jesus the World’s Saviour: 
Preparation and Popularity. 








a soul, if you rejoice out loud, not to speak of leap- 
ing for joy, you are set down as one of “those crazy 
— its.” When it comes to religion most folks are 
somewhat like the girl a base ball fan took to a world 
series game. At a critical moment a long fly was 
knocked away out over the bleachers. The right 
fielder ran for it, jumped up into the bleachers over 
the people, turned around and grabbed that fly ball 
with his ors hand. The crowd went crazy over the 
wonderful play, and shouted and leaped for the joy 
of it. All but the girl who sat unconcerned. “Didn't 
you see that wonderful play?” yelled her escort. 
“Well, what of it?” said the girl, “wasn’t that what 
he was out there for?” Isn't salvation wh... the Gos- 
pel is for? Why get excited when sinners are saved! 
Well, Jesus teaches us what to do (Psa. 95:1; Phil. 
4:4). 

In the Family and Office.—As ye would that men 
should do to you, do ye also to them likewise (v. 31). 
A first and natural comment regarding this statement 
of “the law and the prophets,” and of the Master, is 
how few obey the law. For example, in the family 
life “ye” would that the members show you thought- 
fulness, loving-kindness, consideration, appreciation, 
and courtesy. Well, are you showing these very things 
to the rest of the home folks? Now don’t all talk 
at once! (Rom. 13:10 including this law!) I used 
to know a Coatesville family where every member 
had a motto—and they all had the same motto. Here 
it is for your own home adoption — “KEEP SWEET.” 
The family was that of a widow with three boys and 
a girl. The oldest boy was the bread winner and he 
was nineteen. His salary was nine hundred dollars a 
year in a white collar job. All the family have made 
good and prospered, of course. Couldn’t well help 
it, — all Christians with such a motto. That for the 
family, when it comes to business we find this law 
violated wholesale. Advertisements in the magazines 
bring inquiries. Prices are quoted. Often it takes 
much work to figure things out fairly. When the 
prices are quoted and the order does not come the 
seller sends the “follow up” letter. He puts all the 
grammar and courtesy into it, asking in effect, “How 
does the matter stand?” Does the “follow up” get a 
reply? Rarely, unless the buyer is a Christian who 
has this Gclden Rule upon his desk. The other sort, 
and there are not a few of him, ignores the fact that 
like as not his own sales department is sending out 
similar “follow ups.” He says, in effect, “Forget it,” 
and the “follow up” dies in the scrap basket. For 
years our sroduct was sold by our advertisements 
entirely. We had many inquiries and made our tender 
by mail. When the order did not come we wrote the 
“follow up” in our best style. It was usually only 
the Christian man who took the trouble to dictate 
the reply courteously to tell us, “We have placed our 
order elsewhere.” For a long while I kept tab on 
them simply as an interesting social and religious 
study. In the home, in the office, in the shop, this 
law is “more honored in the breach than in the ob- 
servance,” 


The Come Back.—Give, and it shall be given unto 
you. ... For with the same measure that ye mete 
(v. 38). Consequently the fellow who does not order 
his going in fhe light of “the law and the prophets” 
“breaks his merlasses jug,” as Uncle Remus says. You 
get what you give in this world. You can spell it 
m-e-a-t, if you will, and it will be just as true of 
material things as of the course of action. Action 
and reaction are equal in social relations as well as in 
mechanics and physics. If you yourself are a “good 
neighbor” you will find yourself blessed with good 
neighbors. If you are mean and a gouge you will not 
receive a generous hand or a good word, and sooner 
or later some scamp smarter than you will “put it 
over on you.” This “mete” and. “meted” condition 
happens to be one of the great laws of life stated by 
the Master in a few words. It is one of those things 
that every one knows, like two plus two equals four, 








JANUARY 24, 1931 


and no one can tell why. Therefore, pick out that 
which you most desire. Now to get it you have only 
to be it or do it. For example, .do you want folks to 
like you? Well, just like folks. Want folks to be 
nice to you? Be nice to folks. Want the world to 
give you prosperity, competence, perhaps wealth? 
That’s easy, do something for the good of the world. 
Get more gasoline out of a barrel of coal oil, dis- 
cover the secret of the firefly, light without heat, more 
power from coal, cure a disease. Hundréds of needed 
things. Mr. Henry Crowell gave the world rolled 
oats in clean Quaker packages, and the world poured 
its money into his company. Mr. Hyde took an old 
woman’s recipe and gave the world a good salve, and 
the world gave Mentholatum Hyde lots of money to 
give to all good things. Mr. Hershey gave the world 
a “full meal” in a five-cent nut chocolate bar, and the 
world gave Chocolate Hershey the thousands he is 
putting into orphan asylums. These are given you 
for a starter. You fellows will know many more like 
Edison, Ford, Wanamaker, men who have been meted 
what they mote —if that’s the word! America has 
given the old world help and example, and the old 
world has meted unto us such prosperity as never was 
(Gal. 6:7). 
CoaTESVILLE, Pa, 


ve 
The Illustration Round-Table 


LL readers are invited to send illustrations for this 

department; one dollar is paid for each illustration 

accepted, and two dollars for the best one each week. 
But readers are urged not to send anything without first 
securing and reading carefully a. leaflet explaining the 
conditions of this department. The full list of lessons for 
the year, with this leaflet, will be sent for ten cents in 
stamps. Failure to note the conditions means that good 
illustrations are constantly having to be rejected by the 
editors, which might otherwise be available. 


Illustrations must reach The Sunday School Times three 
full months in advance of the date of the lesson. 


Preference will be given to illustrations on that portion 
of the lesson text indicated in the lesson list .after the 
word “Print.” 


Illustrations on other verses than the Golden Text are 
spoaery desired, though some on the Golden Text are also 
n 3 


The Blessing of Irritations.— Bless them that curse 
you, and pray for them which despitefully use you 
(v. 28). Life on earth would not be worth much if 
every source of irritation were removed. Yet most of 
us rebel against the things that irritate us, and. count 
as heavy loss what ought to be rich gain. We are 
told that the oyster is wiser; that when an irritating 
object, like a bit of sand, gets under the “mantle” of 
his shell, he simply covers ii with the most precious 
part of his being and makes of, it a pearl. The irrita- 
tion that it was causing is stopped by encrusting it 
with the pearly formation. A true pearl is therefore 
simply a victory over irritation. Every irritation that gets 
into our lives today is an opportunity for pearl culture. 
The more irritations the Devil flings at us, the more 
pearls we may have. We need only to welcome them 
and cover them completely with love, that most pre- 
cious part of us, and the irritation will be smothered 
out as the pearl comes into being. What a store of 


pearls we may have, if we will!—From The Sunday 


School Times. Sent by Albert Mygatt, Spencer, S. D. 


When We Are Robbed.—Pray for them which de- 
spitefully use you (v. 28). A few days after my con- 
version I got a job with a New York contracting 
company, as a common laborer. Pay-day came. My 
earnings amounted to thirty-five dollars for a week, 
and at the close of the day I returned to the Mission 
very happy. Had I not reason to be happy? It was 
the first money in years that would not be gambled 
away; and I felt that now I was able to accept my 
responsibilities as a husband and father. I prepared 
to clean up a little before going to the post office (to 
send the money to his wife), but before I could do so 
that very first pay was stolen! It would be difficult 
even to attempt to express my feelings. It was bitter 
disappointment; it almost caused me to throw every- 
thing to the winds. ... And then an arm was placed 
around my shoulder. It was the superintendent of 


the Mission. He said, “I want you to do something: 


for me.” I am afraid I turned to him. rather roughly 
as I asked, “Well, what is it?” He replied, “I want 
you to pray for the man who stole your money.” His 
words almost took my breath away. I thought -hat 
was adding insult to injury as my thoughts were any- 
thing but to pray for the man; and yet after a few 
moments, I was on my knees praying for that very 
man whose act had caused me such bitter disappoint- 
ment.—From Bible Today. Sent by Ruth B. \Me- 
Dowell, Mooers, N. Y. 


We “Can’t Beat God Giving.” —Give, and it shall 
be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and 
shaken together, and running over, shall men give into 
your bosom (v. 38). Captain Levy of Philadelphia 
was asked how he was able to give so much and stil] 
have so much left. “Oh,” said he, “as I shovel ou, 
He shovels in; and the Lord has a bigger shovel than 
I have.”—From John Weaver Weddell in The Sunday 
oo Times. Sent by Emma C. Fisk, Boonville, 





TC LG ee A Ags Mes PT SW 
i Sah GS pits Pe 








~~, | = 4 



























































Lesson for February 8 


House Builders.—lor with. the same 
measure that ye mete withal it shall be 
measured to you again (v. 38). There 
lived at Lockport, N. Y., a member of 
Congress who had in his home a Chris- 
tian ‘servant girl who, by her industry 
and integrity, won the esteem of the en- 
tire family. By and by she married a 
shiftless, drunken carpenter, and was soon 
supporting him by her own labors. Her 
former employer decided to build her a 
house, and, to encourage her husband, 
gave him the job, without revealing his 
purpose. The Senator left for Washing- 
ton, and the carpenter spun out his work 
through the fall, winter, and spring, cheat- 
ing his employer in every way he pos- 
sibly,could. In both materials and work- 
manship the house was a botch job from 
foundation up. When the Senator re- 
turned in early summer, the builder in- 
formed him that the house was finished, 
and boastfully added: “There isn’t a 
better house on Pioneer Hill than that of 
yours.” “Very well,” said his employer, 
“then you go home and tcll your wife 
to move into it immediately. - And here 
is the deed to her for the property.” The 
man was dazed. Instead of cheating his 
employer, he had been cheating himself. 
And as the defects of the house became 
more and more apparent, he was re- 
peatediy heard to say: “Oh, if I had 
known it was my own house I was build- 
ing!” Here is the tragedy of it —to put 
unsound materials and poor work into 
our character-house is to cheat ourselves. 
—From School and Life. Sent by Albert 
Mygatt; Spencer, S.-D. Prize illustration. 


When. Struck by a Potato.—As_ ye 
would that men should do to you, do ye 
also_to them likewise (Golden Text). A 
Salvation Army ‘officer tells of an‘ old 
Maori woman who had won the name 
of “Warrior Brown” by her fighting qual- 
ities when in drink or enraged. She was 
converted, and gave her testimony at an 
open-air meeting, whereapon some foolish 
person hit her a nasty blow with a potato. 





A week before, the cowardly insulter 
would have needed to make himself scarce 
for his trouble; but what- a- change! 
“Warrior” picked up the potato without. 
a word and put. it in her. pocket.. No more 
was heard -of the incident until the’ har- 
vest ~ festival came around, and then 
“Warrior” brought a little sack of pota- 
toes and explained that she had cut up 
and planted the insulting potato, and was 
now presenting to the Lord its increase. 
—From The Sunday Companion. Sent by 
Mrs. M. Watts, Ewell, Surrey, Eng. 


How Can Man Keep the Golden Rule? 
—As ye would that men should do to you, 
do ye also to them likewise (Golden 
Text). One evening the chief of the 
Delaware Indians was sittfng by a fire- 
side with a friend. Both were silently 
looking into the fire. At last his friend 
broke the silence by saying: 
been thinking of a rule delivered by the 


Author of the Christian religion, which | 


we call the Golden Rule.” “Stop,” said 
the chief, “don’t praise it; tell me what 
it is, and let me think for myself.” 
was told that the rule was for one man 


to do to another as he would have the | 
“That’s impossible ; it | 


other do to him. 
cannot be done,” hastily replied the In- 
dian. Silence followed. 
minutes the Indian said: 
have been thoughtful of what you told 


me. If the Great Spirit who made man | 
would give him a new heart, he could | 
do as you say, but not else.”—From | 


Book of Bible Stories. Sent by Emily 
McFarland, Newark, Ohio; and Mary F. 
Wishard, San Anselmo, Cal. 


€ 
From the Platform 
By Philip E. Howard 


A Prayer Before the Lesson.—Our Father, 
we do thank thee today that we are not 
left in the dark as to thy will for our daily 
lives. Through thy Son, our 
Christ, thou hast spoken words that reveal 
the ways of righteousness and truth. 
pray that we may heed the clear, 


to measure our lives’ by that which thy 





“T have | 


He | 


In about fifteen | 
“Brother, I | 


Lord Jesus 


We 
loving 
teachings that have come to us through thy 
Word, and that we may have the wisdom 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES ; 


Word sets forth. Help us to face each prob- 
lem of conduct in the light of these teach- 
ings, and may we not be satisfied to follow 
the world’s ways. May our lives be con- 
formed to thy way, and may we show forth 
the presence of the Lord Jesus in all that we 
do. We ask this in his dear name. Amen. 


After the Lesson.—Have you ever 
noticed how different are the Lord Jesus’ 
ways from the ways of the world? The 
average man who doesn’t know the Lord 
Jesus isn’t thinking much about loving 
his enemies, or doing good to those that 
hate him. That man is busy with ex- 
actly the opposite. And he doesn’t call 
down blessings upon those who revile him, 

JESUS 


ouR WAY 
ARE THEY ALIKE ? 





« 








or pray for those who treat him badly. 
He follows instead the rule of the old 
horse trader, David Harum, “Do unto 
the other feller the way he’d like to do 
unto. you,——an’ do it fust.” There’s 
worldly wisdom for you! When you 
come up against matters of conduct do 
you ask yourself, “What would the Lord 
Jesus have me do?” That is a great 
test, and his teachings do not leave us in 





the dark as to the great principles. upon 
which. our lives should be based. 
the Lord of your life? 
as he would have you walk in your re- 
lations with. others? 
questions squarely, and very humbly, and 
ask him to keep us in his own way this 
week, and always. 


Is he 
Are you walking 


Let us face these 


Let us pray. 
PHILADELPHIA, 
we 


Lesson Hymns 
“The Saviour with Me.” 
“Just for Today.” 
“Fill Me, Holy Spirit, Fill Me." 
“IT Would Be True.” 
“QO Master, Let Me Walk with Thee.” 
“Just As I Am, Thine Own to Be.” 


ve 


For Primary Teachers 
By Mrs. Eleanor B. Hatton 


EAD Chapter 6 of Luke, using verses 
12-38 for the lesson. Let the chil- 
dren tell of the Lord’s works of healing 
about which we studied last week. Tell 
them that the Saviour received all who 
came to him, and healed all who needed 
healing. So there was always a crowd 
of pitiful looking people about him. 
The Master had a tender, loving heart, 





i 


and he pitied the suffering people. : He 
knew that there were many others who 
had never heard about him, or could 
not come to him. He needed some men 
to help him find the lost people... He 
wanted to be sure about these .men,. se 
he spent a whole night in prayer to God 
before he selected these helpers. Ex- 
plain to the class that this night of prayer 
was not hard for the Lord Jesus. It 
was more like a “long distance” talk 
to his Father in Heaven. He loved to 
pray, and loved to hear his Father’s voice 
in answer. After the Lord spent that 
night on the mountain talking, with his 
Father, he selected twelve men from 
among those who believed on him. He 
called these men disciples, because they 
were to be with him and he -was to be 
their Teacher. Perhaps he had talked 
with God about each one. He did not 
choose them because they were better 
than other people. They were just lost, 
sinful men, but the Saviour found them 
and saved them that he might send them 
out to find other lost people. Have the 
class learn the names of the disciples 
just as they are given in the lesson text. 

The Master and his disciples met a 
crowd of people as they were coming 
down from the mountain. Some of these 
people came from Jerusalem, and from 
Judza, the country around Jerusalem. But 





























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The Golden Text in Song 





















































Luke 6: 31 
_R. H. ROBERT HARKNESS 
2 4—5 -t—-- — a a fs 

4 — cena g ¢ : + a: ae 

And as ye would that men should do to you, 
—— = < a a ee 2 A) 
9-4 — ss — PAA AS ST soe ol cieaieeylnicaanananaal — os 
Py —p—t f+ —— — 


Do 


ye al-so to them like - 


—a 









men should do 








to you, Do ye 


v { 


v 
Copyright, 1931, by Robert Harkness, 


This musical setting of the Golden Text will 


make easy the memorizing of the Text by the whole school. Mr. H 


lee 


as and 





p 











wise; And as ye would that 


> —_— . 
al-so to thém like - wise. 


~ 





International copyright secured 


be welcome to superintendents, as it will 
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some came from Tyre and Sidon away 
off near the seacoast. These people came 
to be healed of diseases, and to be set 
free from demons. Then, too, they wanted 
to hear the Saviour talk. 

Some of the suffering people reached 
out their hands and touched the Saviour, 
and soon all were healed. Then the 
Master sat down and taught the people 
the law of the kingdom of God. The 
lesson the Saviour taught that day on 
the mountain side sounded very strange 
to all who heard it. The first part of 
the lesson was spoken to the twelve men 
who had left their homes and their busi- 
ness to follow him who had no home. 
Perhaps their friends had said, “Poor fel- 
lows! what will become of your fam- 
ilies?” But their Master looked straight 
into their eyes and told them they were 
blessed, or happy, for the kingdom of 
God was theirs. Of course the great 
King would provide for the citizens oi 
the kingdom. Certainly the wives and 
children whom they had left belonged to 
the kingdom, too. 

Then the great Teacher looked into 
the faces of the crowd of people who had 
come to him. Many of them looked hun- 
gry and sad. He was so glad they had 
come to him. He was seeking for them 
and he knew that if they believed on 
him he could make them glad, so he said, 
“Blessed are ye that hunger now: for 
ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that 
weep now: for ye shall laugh.” He told 
them that if anyone treated them un- 
kindly for believing in him that they 
should be very happy, because they would 
be rewarded in Heaven. 

Then he warned the people who were 
having all the~ pleasure they wanted: in 
this life, and who were just trying to 
please people, and were not following him. 
Their time of sorrow would be ‘suré to 
come. 

But the most wonderful: part: of : the 
lesson the people heard that day was 
how they should Jove in the kingdom of 
God. It was easy and natural to love 
their friends, and to be kind to people 
who were kind to them. But the Lord 
said, “Love your enemies, do good to 
them which hate you, bless them that 
curse you, and pray for them which de- 
spitefully use you.” Have we who are 
teachers learned this royal law? If not, 
let us ask the Holy Spirit to write it in 





our hearts, and if anyone has wronged us, 
let us kneel down and honestly ask 
to bless that person. Then let us -try 
to make this great lesson simple and 
personal to, the boys and#@girls. Show 
them that God is love, arid that the chil- 
dren of his kingdom should love so much 
more than the children of the world, 
who do not know God’s great love. This 
love will maké us kind and generous, for- 
giving and merciful like the great King 
himself. 

“As ye would that men should do to 
you, do ye also to them likewise” (Luke 
6:31, Memory Verse). 


Cxirnton, S. C. 
we 


Your Class of Girls 


By Mrs. S. H. Askew 


How the Lesson is Taught This Week 
Christ’s Golden Rules for Living: 
(1) Our use of God’s ordinances. 
(2) Secrets of lasting happiness. 

(3) Treatment of enemies. - 
(4) Judging one another. 

(s) Keeping the heart sound. 
(6) Living as we learn. 


HIS sixth: chapter... of’ ‘Luke is. too 


precious and.too much neédéd by your. 
girls for any of its great teachings’ to |+ 


be omitted from this week’s lesson; bé- 
ing Luke’s condensed form of. that -“Ser- 
mon on the Mount,” covering three chap- 
ters in Matthew’s book. Christ was al- 
ways “the world’s Teacher” — teaching 
by all he was and all he did, as much 
as by all he said: Here we have many 
of his “golden rules” for’ living, recorded 
in his very words for us as 
them one day two thousand years ago, 
in a busy little town on Lake Galilee 
Surely any girl who is in the least in- 
terested in this “World’s Saviour” she 
has been learning more about this year 
will be keen to hear from his own lips 
how he wants her to live. Give her an 
opportunity to hear, anyway! 


(1) The first twelve verses reveal the 
Lord Jesus’ attitude toward two of the 
great channels ordained of God for the 
nurture of man’s soul — the Sabbath and 
prayer. As to the first of these two, did 
he not, by both word and example, teach 








THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 





i 
‘ 
{ 
' 
! 


he ‘spoke 





us to use that holy day of rest and wor- 
ship for spiritual benefits; not to destroy 
it by either disregarding it or narrow- 
ing it beyond God’s intentions? “The 
sabbath was made [a sabbath, not just 
like the other days] for man,” but to 


serve men as it was made, not to be 
abolished or abused, “not man for the 
sabbath.” How did Christ use his? 


Prayer, likewise, the Lord Jesus used 
to the full, obtaining through it all that 
God wanted him to have for his daily 
needs. His prayers were surely direct, 
definite, personal, repeated, sufficient sea- 
sons of communion with his Father, apart 
from all other contacts. Note how he 
used prayer in preparation for great de- 
cisions and deeds, as well as a refuge 
from weariness and misunderstanding. 


(2) Then we find him telling his own 
followers, in the midst of a great crowd 
of other listeners, those paradoxical 
truths about lasting’ happiness — the “be- 
attitudes” of the Christian toward some 
of life’s widely prevalent trials. Had any 
other than he told us that it is “blessed” 
to hunger and weep and be hated for his 
sake, we might smile away the teaching. 
Had any other than he warned us that 
full satisfaction with self and things as 
they are now means woe ahead, we could 
disregard such unwelcome truth. But 
from this Teacher—? Even the world 
knows he was wisdom itself, and that 
his own life proved what he taught with 
such authority! 


(3) To love those who mistreat us 
and be better to them than they demand, 
to go “the second mile” with the one 
who asks of us, to pray for their bless- 
ing who curse us— would we listen to 
him had he not done exactly those same 
beautiful things for his bitter enemies? 


(4) Girls need the Teacher’s words 
about criticizing one another more than 
most other members of the human fam- 
ily — finding our own big faults before 
we try to cure the little faults of others. 


(5) And ah, how well he who took our 
human nature on himself for our. sakes 
knew that nature—the heart, the deeps 
of the inner self, he said, hold the secret 
of the soundness or rottenness of the 
life! Out of the hidden heart our words 
and deeds show themselves “rotten fruit” 
or. “sound fruit.” Who only can make 
that heart sound? 

(6) But to learn all these eternal truths 
from Christ’s lips and then disregard 
them in our re of living? That last 
little story ot his (vs. 48, 49) reveals 
that utmost folly. 











































































JANUARY 24, 1931 


Home Study 


Read a record of this sermon 
(Matt. 5, 6, and 7) before you try to 
sum up its greatest teachings for your 
synopsis, in your notebook. Choose the 
one hardest of all for you to live by and 
pray that God may make it effective in 
your life this week. Then choose the 
next hardest for next week, and so on, 
until you have prayed through this won- 
derful sermon on “How to Live the Chris- 
tian Life” by the Master-Teacher. 


Decatur, GA. 
4 


Can Your Class Find 
the Answers? 


HE answers to the following ques- 
tions will. be found in the issue of 
CHRISTIAN YOUTH containing this Jes- 
son. The answers are not numbered and 
listed like the questions, but are all in- 
cluded in one part or another of the 
interesting lesson material. in the current 
issue of CHRISTIAN YouTH, which is 
the new weekly paper for teen age young 
people published by The Sunday School 
Times Company. Classes are discovering 
the interest and practical value of home- 
work on the lesson, by having a copy of 
Curist1AN YoutH in the hands of every 
member of the class, while the teacher 
uses both that paper and THE SunpDAY 
ScHoot TIMEs. 

If your class is not yet taking the new 
paper, you can try it for ten weeks for 
ten cents a pupil, if your subscription 
covers five or more copies mailed to one 
address, by ordering from The Sunday 
School Times Company, 325 North Thir- 
teenth Street, Philadelphia. 


1. Why is it no credit to us if we love 
our friends? 

2. Do these verses ini us that we are 
to let robbers and thugs take what they 
please? Why? 

3. Would you say from our lesson that 
we are always to give a person what he 
asks us for? Explain. 

4. What rewards does our lesson prom- 
ise for mercy and liberality? 

5. What parable did Christ speak at 
another time to show why we should be 
merciful to others? 

6. What is the ‘reason? 


Separation never comes from His side. 
—J. Hudson Taylor. 








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ME toe 


wey Tm ROY eS 








“BE YE THEREFORE MERCIFUL, AS YOUR FATHER ALSO S MERCIFUL” 












I an rr te NT SRR Bre Be 








PA IN Tk AE 


Lesson for February 8 


Say, Fellows — 
Wade C. Smith’s Boys’ Class 





How the Lesson is Taught This Week 
. Beginning: The other fellow. 
Discussion: Now, friend teacher, you are 
up against it. Just pray the Holy Spirit 
to help you steer into right conclusions 
the discussion that will be naturally 
aroused by the comments below. 
Objective: “Let this mind be in you, 
which was also in Christ Jesus.” 











AY, fellows, the teachings of the Lord 

) Jesus are absolutely opposed to our 
natural inclinations. That is why a 
Christian is a transformed person. He is 
made over, and becomes exactly the op- 
posite of what he was beforé. Here we 
have today some extracts from the Ser- 
mon on the Mount, and our whole nature 
revolts against their radical suggestions 
and we recoil from their challenge. When 
the other fellow shows himself unmis- 
takably my enemy, my strong inclination 
is to hate him. It is a strain to be even 
indifferent to him, and as for loving him! 
Well, that is foreign to my nature. The 
Lord Jesus says, “Love him.” If a: fel- 
low curses me, I am not particularly 
disturbed, because I know that he is 
only doing himself harm; he cannot hurt 
me that way. But the Lord Jesus says, 


“Pray for him,” and just for that reason: 
he is injuring himself. And about the 








THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


hardest thing of all to do, I imagine, 
would be to turn the other cheek if a 
fellow should “sock” me on the jaw. 
My impulse would be to give him back 
one just as good on his jaw —and even 
a better one if I could. One thing always 
riled me when it happened, and that was 
for a fellow deliberately, knowingly to 
take something of mine, without asking, 
and appropriate it to himself. My strong 
urge would be to chase him and get it 
back. Jesus Christ says, “Let him have 
your coat, without protest, and if he 
comes back for the overcoat let him get 
away. with it, too.” The Lord Jesus also 
says in this most remarkable teaching, 
“Be merciful, forgive the one who wrongs 
you, do not judge any man, and give to 
the needy.” 

So there you have it in black and white. 
There is no mistaking the terms. Our 
Lord meant exactly what he said. No 
need to try to alter it, nor mollify it, nor 
deny it. The words are plain, and are 
potentially the same in all the transla- 
tions. So what about it? 

The only thing we can say against 
these teachings of Jesus Christ is that 


‘they do not square with our way of 


thinking. That thing which we cal! our 
common sense and which we so tenderly 
coddle cries out against the “other cheek” 
doctrine — and most certainly against the 
“other cloke supineness.” 

But listen, fellows: how far have we 
gotten toward Heaven with our common 


sense and our “tit for tat” character of 
thinking and acting? 


How far has the 





world progressed toward universal peace 
by the policy of retaliation? Is it not 
time we were trying something else? Can 
you call to mind one single good you 
ever got by hitting back? You may have 
beaten the other fellow, but your spiritual 
loss was infinitely greater than was war- 
ranted by that small and momentary sat- 
isfaction. On the other hand, if in a 
moment of self-control and self-forgetful- 
ness you were ever able to return a soft 
answer to.wrath, did you not feel your 
soul grow, and were you not afterward 
glad? 

I know a Christian Jew. That is, a 
Jew who accepted Jesus Christ as his 
Saviour. His family threatened to os- 
tracize him, hoping it would cause him to 
feturn to Judaism. He was steadfast. 
They did ostracize him, and. even per- 
suaded his wife to leave him. Still he 
was steadfast. They drove him from 
his home city by persecution. Living 
alone, and almost in starvation, he strug- 
gled for a living, speaking for Jesus 
Christ wherever he had an opportunity. 
He is an artist, and gradually began to 
get up in the world as his skill was rec- 
ognized and he could secure work to do. 
His: brothers came to his adopted city 
and to his studio and made a last appeal 
that he renounce his faith in Christ. When 
he refused, one of the brothers, enraged 
beyond control, stepped up and gave him 
a stinging slap on thé face, saying to 
him: “Now if you are a real follower 
of this Jesus, turn the other cheek!” He 
did it, and received the slap “on the other 











































* 47 


cheek.” I have been told recently that 
his wife returned to him and has also 
become a Christian. The “other cheek” 
was convincing to her. The brothers have 
given up and ceased their persecution. 

This just shows that the thing can be 
done, if one believes: with all his heart 
and soul in the Lord Jesus, and is deter- 
mined to live by his teachings. Has our 
Hebraic friend lost anything by turning 
the “other cheek”? Not one thing! 
Rather he has gained — immensely gained. 
The sting of both the first and second 
slap (physically) had disappeared in a 
few moments. The hurt in his heart be- 
cause of unbrotherly treatment could 
hardly have been increased, and even that 
is far overbalanced by the companionship 
of One that sticketh closer than a brother, 
and also the return of his wife. 

By nature we are resentful and think 
only of ourselves. It never gets us any- 
where. Jesus Christ would have that evil 
nature overthrown and set up within us 
the law of the Spirit which is life. The 
fact that our nature revolts against the 
teachings of Jesus is one strong evidence 
of their truth, and also evidence of the 
fact that following them and exercising 
them will bring us the peace and the sat- 
isfaction which every soul craves: 


Greensporo, N. C. 
we 


The size of God’s family does not 
affect the preciousness of the individual 
sou. The one sheep is not lost. in the 
flock—J. H. Jowett, D.D. 











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JESUS SAID—.‘'Search the Scriptures— 
for they are they which testify of me.”’ 


PAUL SAID— (Of Timothy) -’‘ And: that 
from a child thou hast known the Holy 
Scriptures which are able to make 
thee wise unto Salvation through faith 
which is in Christ Jesus."’ 


D. L. MOODY SAID—‘' Thirty years ago 
pretty much everybody believed that 
the Bible was true. They did not antago- 
nize it nor question it. They believed 
that the Lord Jesus Christ, by dying 
on the cross, had done something for 
them, and that if they received Him 
they would be saved. And my work 
was to bring them to a decision to do 


what they already knew they ought to 
do. But all is different now. ‘The 
question mark is raised everywhere 
now, and there is need for teachers 
who shall teach and show the people 
what the Gospel is. I believe that God 
will raise up a teaching evangelism 
through which this work shall be 
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DR. JAMES M. GRAY SAYS—‘'‘It is just 
such a teaching evangelism as D. L. 
Moody: predicted which Dr.: -Lathem 
and his-associates are endeavoring to 
put on in this plan (‘The Summer 
Bible School’) for teaching the Bible 
to the young, and it ought to be the 
joy and delight of all well-instructed 
Christians to assist in.its promotion to 
the utmost of their ability."’ 


WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN SAID : * * 
(Of ‘The Summer Bible School’ )— 

‘It is a great idea and will grow be- 

cause it is needed. Faith will increase 


‘with knowledge: of the Word of God 
and that your school supplies."’ 





: What They Say Who Have 
Tried It Out 


REV. J. E. COUSAR, JR., of the First Pres- 
byterian Church, St. Albans, West Vir- 
ginia, writes : 


“This is the best school we have yet 
had, having grown more than three 
bundred per cent in three years. As 
far as I have been able to find out, it is 
the largest ‘Summer Bible School’ 
of any kind conducted in West Vir- 
ginia this year, and the second largest 
1 have yet heard of in the Southern 
Presbyterian Church. Needless to say, 
we are delighted with the ‘Lathem 
Plan.'"’ 


THE SUMMER BIBLE SCHOOL 


THE ALL-BIBLE SCHOOL 


MISS ALICE A. GRAYDON, of the Pine 
Street Presbyterian Church, Harrisburg, 
Pa., writes : 


‘*Would say that while our enroll- 
ment this year was not as large as 
other years, yet the results of using the 
material and the system which is yours 
have been wonderful, and we feel that 
our children have received more inti- 
mate and direct knowledge of the 
Bible than ever before. We followed 
methods entirely, and used no 

andwork at all, and the children did 
not miss it at all, so taken up were 
they with the whole course of study, 
and the report cards were a great in- 
centive for thorough work, and for 
church attendance, which we were 
glad to note.’’ 


E. B. VARGAS, of the Mission Evyangel- 
istica. Mexicana, Chihuahua, Chih, 
Mexico, writes this wonderful letter : 


‘I’m glad to state the more I think 
of it, the deeper I feel the handwork 
is detrimental and a nuisance in a 
Bible School. The Word itself is 
so marvelously attractive that all it 
needs is to make its light shine to 
captivate people's hearts, to invigor- 
ate their faith and to bring sinners to 
the Cross of Christ.’”. tae 
DR. WALTER B. GREENWAY, of the 
Bethany Temple Presbyterian Church, 
Phila., Pa., writes: — 


‘** The Summer Bible School,’ founded 
and fostered by Dr. Lathem of Chester, 
is gaining in numbers and influence 
every year. It is appealing to pastors 
and all Christian workers, because it 
is just exactiy what it claims to be—‘A 
Bible School.’"’ 


DR. GEORGE W. COOKE, reporting ‘‘ Sum- 
mer Bible School’’ conducted in con- 
nection with Evangelistic Camp Meet- 
ing held in Delmarvia, says: 


‘May I add that the school*this year was 
a joy to my soul, and as an evangelistic 
preparation I have never seen the like in all 
of my ministry. lt is the only true thing 1 
know for the saving of our young people 
and the church. I want to thank you for 
every bit of encouragement and help you 
have given our school. I shall make some 
contribution to your work, and only wish I 
were able to give a thousand dollars.”’ 


DR. WILLIAM L. McCormick, Pastor. of 
Bethlehem Presbyterian Church, Phils., 
Pa., says: 

“ Atter five years of experience with ‘ The 
Summer Bible School’ regard it as the 
most valuable piece of educational work 
done by our church during the entire year.”’ 





FTER nineteen r ation the av daily 
AM rence ia" aia ira iene gales 
Chester, Pa., is about |. About 700 


5 ° ° Test . D 
*f soi 0,000 inthe. homeland ‘snd shoot 30,000 
in foreign fields. The plan is now in operation in 43 
States, in. Washington, D. C., in Canada, and in 


some foreign 


This is a labor of love. : 
No Financial Profit to anybody. 
_ Fill out and mail the coupon TODAY 


Books and supplies of all kinds 

except emblems may be had alsé by 

~~addressing Dr.-A: L. Lathem; 434 
-E. Broad Street, Chester, Pa. 


© DR. A. L. LATHEM, 
434 E. Broad St., Chester, Pa. 


Please send me full information about the Al)- 
Bible Summer School. 














5 
q 


Address 


a 











(Enclose 10c postage herewith) 








































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The Whole Story of the Christ 


Is to 


be surveyed through the 


Sunday School Lessons of 1931 


Our pictures accompanied by 350 pages of literature - 


furnish the best method to 


MASTER THIS COMPELLING NARRATIVE 


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Our slide library is complete—Nothing left out. Nearly ~ 
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HOLLEY INSTITUTE OF VISUAL INSTRUCTION 


PROVIDENT BANK BUILDING 


CINCINNATI, 


OHIO. 








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» break down or abrogate the old law, and 



































THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


Last Week’s Questions Answered 
(On the lesson of February 1) 
1. His emphasis upon certain details of 





with the other Gospel writers — “And 


great fever,” and the like. He records more | 
being himself a physician who would be 
impressed with these matters. 
2. In Galilee and in the synagogues of | 
that Province. 
_3- The Pharisees and scribes, whose ter- 
ritory as the religious leaders and teachers 
he thus invaded, not unlawfully nor unfairly, 
according to Jewish customs for the syna- 
gogues, but nevertheless where he was sure 
to come into conflict. with them. 


4. He said he had come to fulfill, not to 





he said he had come: to the lost sheep of 
the house of Israel. The synagogue was 


such a proclamation to do his official teach- 

ing and preaching, not in some hidden cor- 

ner, as a side issue in the nation’s life. 
5. The Jewish religious leaders’ bitter crit- 

icism of him for associating with those whom 

they called “sinners” and publicans (Roman 

ores), and his healing on the Sab- 
th. 





Little Jetts Teach the Lesson 


By Wade C. Smith 
Author of “ The Little Jetts Telling Bible Stories” 





JESUS THE WORLDS TEACHER 














3 0 





the rightful place for such a leader with | 


nae Awe REP Ee hee 


miracles of healing than any of. the others, se 








JANUARY 24, 1931 


6. His absolute power over the spirit 


world and over natural laws. 


7. The “we” meant both the unclean de- 


mon and his victim, but when the unclean 
physical illnesses is noticeable as compared | demon spoke of his knowledge of the deity 
| of Christ, he spoke only for himself. His 
Simon’s wife’s mother was taken with a| victim did not know the Lord Jesus. 


8. Jesus Christ is the Word (John 1:1; 
e also Heb. 4: 12, and Isa. 55:11). 
9. No. 


10. Mark 9: 25. 





The Young People’s 
Prayer-Meeting 
By John W. Lane, Jr. 





Feb. 15. What Is Implied in “the Church as 
a Family’’?} Eph. 3 : 14-19. 

Feb. 22. Every Christian a Missionary. Acts 

1 : 6-8. 

Mar. 1. What Jesus Teaches about God Our 

Father. John 4: 23-26. (Consecration 

meeting.) 

Mar. 8 What Is the Church? Eph. 2: 

Rom. 12: 4, 5. 


Sunday, February 8 


What Is Implied in “God Is My 
Father’? (Acts 17 : 24-31.) 


18-22; 





. Mon.—A new birth (John 3: 1-8). 
Tues.—A new life (Tit. 2: 11-15). 
Wed.—God’s care for us (1 Pet. 5:7). 
Thurs.—Trusting God’s care (Matt. 6: 


24-34). earn 
Fri—Accepting God’s discipline (Heb. 12: 
4-11). 
Sat.—A father’s love (Luke 15 : 20-32). 











What besides life do we owe to God? 
Hew does God manifest his care? 


* Why believe that good will triumph at 
last? 


is the following incident: 

“One day I went to the king’s palace 
and saw the splendid furniture and beau- 
tiful reoms: As we stood in. the cor- 


graciously nodded to us. 


ing his troops. : 
“Amid all the military show. one in- 
cident touched me most. A little sweep 
came running past the spot where the 
king was on his horse. His face was 
black and his feet were bare, but as he 
passed the monarch of Sweden, he raised’ 


The king smiled upon the little fellow 
and returned the salute. 


came galloping up on a fine horse. 
uniform shone like gold, and his sword 


also saluted his king. The king saluted 
back with the dignity of a sovereign. 
“But I thought I missed the kindly 


dirty hand, and I said to myself, ‘The 


the fine officer, and I love him for it.’ 

“And so it is with the King of kings, 
whose smile of love and encouragement 
is for all, even-the lowliest and ever for 
the needy.” 


One great truth running all through 
God’s Word is his-great love for all man- 


“so loved the world.” 


son, taken from Paul’s sermon on Mars’ 
Hill. Here we find Paul telling the 
Athenian phifosophers that it is God who 


that it is he who gives to all “life, breath, 
and all things; and hath made of one 
blood all nations of men.” 

We see from these words of Paul that 
men owe to God not only life, but health ; 
the blessings and benefits of nature; food 
and clothing, which are the products of 
nature; fellowship with other creatures 
like themselves; and land in which to 
dwell and from which to derive these 
benefits. 

But Paul continues by pointing out that 
these blessings with which God has loaded 





man are but to lead him to God. See 


¢€ THE autobiography of Gypsy Smith - 


ridor, the king himself passed down and. 
On another : 
occasion we went to see the king review- © 


his dirty hand and saluted his sovereign. * 
“Immediately after, a dashing ee 
is- 


rattled as he careered bravely along. He- 


gleam of the eye with which he had * 
greeted the waving of the little sweep’s * 


king loves the little sweep as much as ~ 


kind. He is no respecter of persons. He ° 
It is this truth * 
that we find again in our Scripture les- © 


made “the world and all things therein,” * 
that he is the Lord of Heaven and earth, © 















4, 








Lesson for February 8 





verse 27. It is this fact that demon- 
strates to man God’s great love and care 
for him as nothing else can. Man can 
never be truly happy until he finds and 
comes to know God. And so God, down 
through the ages, has been drawing man 
to himself. He uses the wonders and 
beauty of nature to lift man’s thoughts 
upward to the Creator. He uses the 
necessities of life and sometimes their 
lack to draw men’s hearts to himselt. 
But God did not stop here. He sent his 
messengers the prophets, first to his 
ehosen people that through them the Gen- 
tile nations might be brought to know 
and serve him. Finally, God sent his 
own Son who, through his life showed 
to man. what God was like, and then, by 
his death opened the new and living way 
whereby man might come to the Father, 
and truly know and love him. 
ye 


But there is a certain sense in which 
God as our Father is spoken of today 
that does not agree with God’s Word. The 
Bible does not teach that all men every- 
where, regardless of ‘Welief or faith, are 
the “children” of God. It teaches us that 
all men are his creatures and that, be- 
cause he has created them, his love goes 
out to all without discrimination. But 
the Bible makes it plain that we come 
into the family of God only through the 
new birth, which comes through belief 
on the Lord Jesus Christ as our Saviour. 
Paul speaks of sinful men as “aliens” 
from God. The Lord Jesus himself said 
to certain of his countrymen, “Ye are of 
your father the devil.” 

The recognition of this truth will save 


us from confusion and difficulty in think- | 


ing of all men as our brothers. There 
is a physical sense in which all men are 
indeed our brothers. No man has any 
right to set himself up as better than an- 
other no matter what may be the color 
of his skin. At best we are what we are 
only by the grace and mercy of God. 

But there is another spiritual sense by 
which the Christian has no right to con- 
sider those who do not believe in and 
trust the Lord Jesus Christ as_ his 
brothers. There can. be no brotherhood 
between those who acknowledge and 
serve Christ and those who deny and op- 
pose him. This need not prevent any 
Christian from doing all in his power to 
help those who do not know Christ. We 
may treat such ones in a brotherly spirit. 
We may show real love and concern for 
them. But when we come to spiritual 
things, if we are true to our Lord we 
shall be compelled to draw the line 
sharply between those who are for and 
against our Lord. We have no right to 
join in a service of worship with those 
who deny the Lord Jesus Christ. Such 
a service is a mockery. There can be no 
compromise for the tsue Christian on such 
matters. 

Neither can there be any true unity 
of effort in the missionary enterprise be- 
tween those who acknowledge and those 
who deny Christ. Either one group or 
the other must compromise and subscribe 
to that which they*do not believe, or else 
theirtefforts will be reduced to such paltry 
and trivial things as to make the move- 
ment worthless. This is the great rea- 
son why Christians who stand for the 
fundamentals of the faith refuse to work 
with Modernists upon the mission field. 
It is,not with any feeling of ill will, but 
because they realize that the pure Gos- 
pel, which is the very life of their faith, 
cannot be preached and taught under such 
conditions. 


The third and last question asked by 
our topic is why we believe that good 
will triumph in the end. How can we 
believe anything else, if we believe God’s 
Word? The Bible plainly teaches that 
although Satan and evil will have their 
sway for a time, the day is coming when 
God will deal with sin and with Satan. 
Already sentence has been passed upon 
him, for the Lord Jésus himself said, 
“the prince of this world is judged.” 

In Revelation 20: 10-15 we read, “And 
the devil that deceived them was cast into 
the lake of fire and brimstone, where the 
beast and the false prophet are, and shall 
be tormented day and night for ever and 
ever. ... And the sea gave up the dead 





——— 





which were in it; and death and hell de- 
livered up the dead which were in them: 
and they were judged every man accord- 
ing to their works. And death and hell 
were cast into the lake of fire. This is 
the second death. And whosoever was 
not found written in the book of life was 
cast into the lake of fire.’ Then John 
goes on to describe the new heaven and 
the new earth, purified and cleansed from 
all that would defile or corrupt: And 
he tells us that there shall be no more 
death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither 
shall there be any more pain: for the 
former things are passed away. He tells 
us tha’ “the nations of them which are 
saved shall walk in the light of it: and 
the kings of the earth do bring their glory 
and honour into it. And the gates of it 
shall not be shut at all by day: for there 
shall be no night there. . . . And there 
shall in no wise enter into it any thing 
that defileth, neither whatsoever> worketh 
abomination, or maketh a lie: but they 
which are written in the Lamb’s book 
of life’ (chap.. ae 


How am I seeking to make return to’ God 
for what he has done for me? 


How do I show gratitude for his love and 
care? 


Am I seeing to it that good triumphs in 
my life, here and now? 


PHILADELPHIA. 
= 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 





Captain Reginald Wallis 
Coming to America 


OR more than forty years the Y. M. 

C. A. in Dublin, Ireland, has been 
a Gospel lighthouse. The true Gospél 
is preached there every Sunday night to 
nearly two thousand people, a large pro- 
portion of whom are young people. Groups 
go out from it to hold street meetings 
in Dublin, and conversions are a regular 
feature of these meetings. 

Captain Reginald Wallis has for ten 
years been the General Secretary of this 
Y. M. C. A. He spent some time in 
America last summer and his ministry 
at a number of conferences was greatly 
blessed and he made a large number of 
friends here. He is planning to come 
to the United States again this year. Mr. 
E. B. Buckalew, the secretary of the Ex- 
tension Department of the Moody Bible 
Institute of Chicago, has kindly offered 
to arrange Captain Wallis’ itinerary. 
Captain Wallis hopes that he may be in 
the Eastern States in May and June, 
spend July and August in the West, and 
return East through Canada in Septem- 
ber. Dr. E. J. Pace, Toe Sunpay ScHooL 
TIMES cartoonist, wrote that Captain 
Wallis is “unusually gifted as a speaker, 
has a fine grasp of the deeper teachings 
of the Bible, . . . is particularly used of 
God with children and young people, is 











* 49 


filled with music to his fingertips.” 

Those who would like to arrange for 
meetings should write to E. B. Buckalew, 
the Moody Bible Institute, 153 Institute 
Place, Chicago. 


"4 
Keswick Calendars Available 


HE Keswick Calendar is well known 

among Christian people for the apt- 
ness of its Scripture texts and the depth 
and richness of the brief paragraphs 
quoted from’ prominent speakers and 
writers. It is usually so much in,demand 
that the supply is generally ‘exhausted at 
an early date. It happens this year, how- 
ever, that the Bible Truth Depot, Swen- 
gel, Union County, Pa., of which Mr. I. 
C. Herendeen is the manager, has quite 
a number of the desk and wall calendars 
left over for 1931. Mr. Herendeen will 
be glad to send these free of charge, ex- 
cept for postage which varies from eight 
to fifteen cents each, depending on the 
distance, to any who can make good use 
of them. Those who would like to share 
in the expense of these calendars may 
send contributions to Mr. Herendeen, as 
free will offerings will be gladly accepted. 


The far country [Luke 15:13] is for- 
getfulness of God—St. Augustine. 











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THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES JANUARY 24, 1931 
they, Grandma 3 said a “cept the 
‘“ aby wasn’t as big or old as our Teddy.” I 
Children at Home “Yes, the same number,” answered 
Grandma, “but this baby could only creep, 
he a aga fat to walk, and he liked to 
ers ae sit in his sister’s arms when he was too i 
Abigail’s Visitor tired of play, so that was one way Abigail 
helped her mother. The father was often ] 
By Isabel Kendall away from their farm to help on other ] 
farms, sometimes being gone a few days r 
‘/T“ ELL us a story, Grandma, please, | at a time, for the family needed all the 
’bout bears,” said little Fred as he | extra money he could earn, and when he ‘ 
leaned against Grandma’s chair. was away the mother had all the care P 
‘’Tory; bears,” echoed three-year-old of the children, the hens, and their one } 
Teddy. The family, who were spending | cow, for like all other women in those , 
the summer in the White Mountains, had | days, she could take care of a cow and ; 
: just returned from an automobile ride, knew how to milk. 1 
and the three _ children had gathered “One day, a little after sunset, she told 1 
around Grandma’s chair, their usual place | Abigail that she was going down to the 
when bedtime approached, _ pasture to milk the cow and for her to i 
E Seeing those bears at Indian Head to- | hold the baby while she was gone. ‘Yes, 1 
day has made you think of bears, I sup- | Mother, I will hold him tight and not - z 
Read This Letter ‘ictter-bea¢ and signature pose,” said Grandma as she laid aside her | play a bit until you get back,’ said Abigail, 
4 ead This Le ef omitted su plied gn re west) ' knitting. s ; so the mother, taking her pail, started Z 
chOMO PUBL. CO.. R fozera. Cate. C ct Be 1099 Beta: sé _ “But we don’t want to hear ’bout the for the pasture leaving the door open be- 1 
Seow you a donen copies of your wonderful little tied-up kind, just those that go walking | hind her. The doors of those log houses 
nae ge 2k aa leaned } tem ane Meaned Ses everywhere,” said Fred. : were heavy and thick, and when they 
the shuffle. Tam writing to ath if you have any § Grandma smiled as she gazed into the | were shut the people inside used to put " 
; ies fh and gown, age on anot og oe ad Bay expectant faces of the three children, and | across a heavy bar or board to fasten 
like a burt ona cow's tail. I se¢ that Dr. Shad, > Nellie, the oldest, shook back her curls | it, for they had no bolts as we use today. 
d ge te ant Ge. Be dle tof aradise, ° and drew up a hassock so she might sit | In the summer time it was much. pleas- 
books. Witt oe pleas caive ws come hin ef what at Grandma’s feet, while Fred, aged six, | anter to have the doors open, and so 
ey are about an price of sane ieee pay = a, = leaned on the arms of | they stood the most of the time.” 
“Alibi, Laltsby, ‘ randma’s chair. Here Teddy, whose bedtime was fast 
I = I lived in a place where there | approaching, climbed up into Grandma’s 
oa tag bears, lots of ’em,” said Fred | lap, and she drew him closely’ to her as 
: ee ” aid G she continued her story. “Mrs. Judson 
2 oth Nell, Sal randma slowly, there | hurried across the field, but stopped a mo- 
‘capt oe aren’t many bears in Beautiful Franconia | ment on top of the hill, for she was very 
ic Young” and“ Consia' just now, I am happy to say, but in the | tired after a hard day’s work. ‘I do 
HOMO PUB years gone by the people who lived here | hope the cow will not be far from the 
meee | COUld tell a different story; I mean a/| bars, for it does not seem as if I could 
BEAVER COLLEGE FOR WOMEN [J were no fine roads, as ‘we have today | Sieht’ the thought, but ae nb cow. was 
JENKINTOWN, PA. a ee roads as we have today | night,’ she thought, but as no cow was 
A college for the Christian Education of women. Located in the beautiful ‘suburbs rag pegs ae Notch and everywhere | to be seen she had wearily to continue 
of Philadelphia. It offers courses in Liberal Arts, and Teacher Training. ‘Teachers’ " ~ in these wre per ee her search. As she passed the spring 
: Certificates granted without examination. A degree course in Christian Education. But how did folks go over to the | where the cow came for water, she no- 
Students have access to all cultural advantages of Philadelphia, museums, art gal- other side of the-mountains if there | ticed tracks of other animals, those of 
leries, libraries,etc. Thoroughly Christian. Every student is required to take the Bible wasn’t any road through the Notch?” in- | wolves, and remembered hearing tl 
couse yor: Be ran | Saw a to attend the daily Chapel service. Ac- terrupted Nellie snapping and barking the night "before. 
ited by State Council on Education. ALTER BURTON GREENW i é i i ; 
RTON GREENWAY, D.D., Pres. ML... Indians first had a narrow trail | She knew that these and other wild ani- 
= through the Notch and that was widened mals were prowling over the farm, espe- 
into a bridle path because it was used | cially at night, and she thought of the 
SAFE INCOME FOR LIFE . . « « « « for many years by people who went| hardships and many kinds of peril in 
Mrs. B. E. M. ' — = through on horseback. You see the | store for her in the future. | 
? appy of New York mountains came down so close to both| “‘Is it right that my children should - 
j “, ep ienéaiione Profile and Echo Lakes there was no | have such hardships?’ she bitterly thought. 
: - that as long as live t — for 4 regular road => was dug | ‘Their father has to leave us unprotected 
wil ve each an- out from the mountain side. In the win- | in this wild country; h 
ity t with- 3 y; he must go to get 
( hristian — ter time the first settlers used to take | a little more money and even then it is 
their oxen and sleds and go through the | hard to make both ends meet.’ Never 
Notch using the frozen lakes for a high- | had she felt more discouraged, and after 
] V es t r S bray ——— —- for a gi finding the cow and finishing the milk- . 
' ) 4 } o gaze reflectively at Lafayette and Can-| ing she wearily started homeward, but 
LIBERAL RATE PROMPTLY PAID .. — now becoming dim in the pew cage! : ery before she a in 
The Rev. H. K. S. , sight of her home to gaze into the peace- 
Thes ! ° i 
in er ear oe damages posted _ of California Pri ang a it would be a cold | ful valley below where she could see her 
wll lune evita weeds of takes ‘enjoy liberal rate, oY " e. __, | father’s house. “Does all this hard work ~ 
don dhhanaaiiah thn teas taal and the annuity checks €s, and a long one, too,” replied | pay?’ she thought. “What do Robert and 
distribute the Word of God. pone Bhar d Grandma, “for there were many miles |I get out of life? Does this endless toil 
oe between, the last house above Plymouth | pay? Does it pay?’ But she must not 
i t and Eb Tavern’ ue a which —— linger as the children needed their sup- 
Y \ : on. what is now Profile Farm, so they r, so she continued up the narrow patl 
rhag OO, will find Seon: 2 Bee eee a to go = their oxen a journey of Testi she was near snoueh to see te ; 
in the annui ham of che teen or perhaps twenty miles without | house in the gathering darkness. s 
. , ty P . A CONVENIENT INVESTMENT . « - passing a house or seeing a human being.” “The door “ stundite open as she 
American Bible Society aform Mr. E. P. B. “But we want to hear "bout bears,” | had left it, but what was that big, black M 
| of investment which brings ai _ hig ed ered. “Were there lots of ’em mee pore over a —_ away from the 
; : : e annuity plan en?” 10use ear? Could it be? Yes, it 
happiness, financial security, poaviaen: 2 peneeret Yes,” answered Grandma, “and the | must be a bear, for no other large animal " 
and freedom from worry for come. 1 need only to cont somnters Has Maing escapes | had such a shuffling gait, and it was the 
i eposit the semi-an- rom them. You remember we came back | largest he had ev And 
| da east ak ube Ok sols the, 4 : rgest one she had ever seen. And ihe 
| y' life nual chec eA 7 > P sens Golf — : ; pegs Se what Ys wees? Too paralyzed 
; : place where a clubhouse is, | to move she watched him climb the fence 
Its absolute safety is guaranteed you mean, don’t you?” asked Nellie. , which broke beneath his weight and dis. 
by the substantial resources of GIFT TO GOD'S KINGDOM ..... — bh Neco ever so aone ees azo, long | appear among the trees. 
; : : ———— Mrs. S. Gi. ore there were any hotels or clubhouses | “‘Oh, my children! What has hap- 
this great world-wide Society = of Missouri here in the mountains, the only house | pened to them?’ thought the terr ir 
~ which has been distributing Si ate alias SE o- _ og ~~ a log, ype a = : stricken mother as hurrying, stumbling, 
: : , t of logs, and if you will hold | and gasping she went toward tl é 
da Unitaaiene dae’ Sips wetk-dn soil ouse bui yo gasping wen ward the open 
p ce 1816 te none ta forties your hand so the thumb points up you | door, and what do you think she heard: 
reas yma pdem can see how your fingers lie one o. top| The children were laughing, and, as she 
This little book is : of the other. Just so the first settlers | described it afterward, ‘No music I ever 
: yoursfor the asking. Huilt their houses of logs, one on top of | heard or shall hear on earth or even in 
Write for it NOW! the other, and they stuffed dirt, moss, and |] Heaven ever sounded so sweet to me as 
cess cov es ican ts ence ounces se other things into the chinks to keep out | the music of those children’s voices and 
AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY, Astor Place, N-Y. \ the cold winds, and so made the houses laughter, for they must be all right,’ and 
Vinentnntinnindiereilin Siacvek coal aiaes x Qs. warm and cozy. The Judson family lived | she ran in to find Abigail still holding 
and Bonds,” telling how as high as + is paid accord- Ne in one of these houses on that flat we | the baby who was fast asleep 
ing to age. It ts understood 1 am under noobligation. 3 rode over today, and the children were ““QOh, Mama, what do you think? 
‘Maes Abigail, a bright-eyed, curly-haired girl | While you were gone, a great big dog 
; ees of seven, who already was very helpful | came in—the biggest black dog I ever 
te a eens Mead Seth, aged four, and the | saw,’ said Abigail. 
ae year-o aby.” “ *So big,’ said Seth, stretching out both 
“Why, they were just like us, weren’t | arms. , : 

















Lesson for February 8 


“‘And, Mama, he walked so funny as 
if he was going to sit down all the time, 
and he came up and smelled of baby’s 
hand. I tried to pat him on the nose, but 
he wouldn’t let me, and he went out of 
doors just before you came.’ 

“‘Oh, children,’ gasped the mother, 
‘that was a bear —a big, big one — and 
our Father in Heaven must have kept 
you from harm. How thankful, oh, so 
thankful I am to him. Ill never com- 
plain over my hard life again, for God 
has not forgotten us,’ and she gathered 
the children into her arms.” 

“There,” said Nellie as Grandma fin- 
ished the story, “I guess we wouldn’t 
like to live here if bears were walking 
around like that now, would you, Fred?” 

“Well, perhaps not, —if I didn’t have 
a gun and Teddy a big stick,” but Teddy 
was fast asleep and did not hear. © 


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The Bible and the Ages 


By Horace M. DuBose, DD. (Flem- 
ing H. Revell Co., New York City, 
$2.50.) 


NE does not read very far in Bishop 

DuBose’s remarkable book before he 
is aware that he is listening to one who 
has. thought long and deeply on the major 
problems of Biblical history, who has an 
intimate knowledge of the results of re- 
cent archeological exploration, and who is 
able to express himself in sentences that 
throb with life, closely packed with facts 
and reasoning based on facts, bearing 
everywhere the strongest conviction of 
the trustworthiness of the historical data 
of Holy Scripture. The author divides 
Biblical history into eight ages: four in 
Genesis — Age of Creation, Antediluvian 
and Postdiluvian Ages, and the Patri- 
archal Age; three in the later books of 
the Old Testament— Age of the Law, 
National Age of Israel, and Age of 
Judaism; while one, the Apostolic, is 
found in the New Testament, It is the 
purpose of his scholarly volume to show 
that these various and varying ages are, 
as. revealed on the pages of Holy Writ, 
being amazingly, undeniably, and most 
minutely corroborated by archeological 
discoveries in the ancient. East, particu- 
larly in Palestine and Syria (and, in the 
case of the Age of Creation, by discover- 
ies in geology). 

In a work, however, that enters deeply 
into some of the most important problems 
not only of Biblical history but also of 
Christian theology, the. reader will not 
be able to agree with everytliing said. 
The author’s idea of a humiliation (a 
kenosis). of Christ beginning before the 
incarnation needs greater elaboration be- 
fore one can feel that he knows what 
the writer actually means. In such a 
sentence as this, in referring to the Epis- 
tle to the Ephesians, “The inclusions of 
the heaventies are not mere matters of 
decree and foreordination, as the old dog- 
mas would have it, but are the facts of 
the passionate birth-power of the souls of 
men and nations,” the Bishop should cer- 
tainly know that the great facts of “de- 
cree and foreordination” which theologi- 
cal science has always acknowledged 
cannot be pushed aside with such a mean- 
ingless phrase as “the passionate birth- 
power of the souls of men and nations.” 
Yet the chapter in which this unfortunate 
sentence occurs is one of the most pro- 


| found, thought-provoking discussions of 


the deeper theological significance of the 
Epistles of Paul to the Colossians and 
the Ephesians that has appeared for some 
time. 

An underlying fault in this strong work 
is the failure to recognize sufficiently the 
awful havoc that has been wrought by sin 
in the human family, and consequently a 
failure to give pre-eminent place to the 
redemption which Christ provided by his 
death on Calvary. This does not mean 
that Bishop DuBose may not, in his own 
mind, make the cross the great central 
fact of man’s hope of deliverance from 
sin, but it is not so revealed in these 
pages. For him, “the climax of the his- 
tory of St. Paul’s universe is the Ascen- 
sion of Jesus Christ.” And, without giv- 
ing the atoning work of Christ the place 
it receives in the New Testament, it is 
too sweeping a statement to say that “a 
God-created humanity rises logically to 
pre-eminence in a God-created universe.” 

The last chapter, “Ages of the Ages,” 
in which the author declares with bold- 
ness that “the modernistic bravado which 
empties the millennial era of its bodily 
risen Christ and his Messianic reign 
with the saints is a denial of the faith, 
and no better than infidelity,” is so rich 
and suggestive that one wishes it were 
not so brief. 

If Bishop DuBose would now under- 
‘take a revised and enlarged edition of 
this masterly work, making its statements 
to rest upon a strong, even elaborate ap- 
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From a lawyer’s point of view 


(An Inquiry) 
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By NATHAN G. MOORE 


The Theory of Evolution 


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Samuel Clarke. 75 








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:» Lesson for February 6 


Version throughout, in the familiar form: 
“I wilt lift up mine eyes unto the hills, 
from whence cometh my help.” But the 
margin renders the last clause: “From 
whence shall my help come?” The page 
facing Genesis I gives a complete list of 
the Books of the Bible, with the page 
where it is found, the number of chap- 
ters, and also the dates of each book. 
In addition to this the chapters are num- 
bered consecutively throughout the Bible. 
Revelation 22 thus ‘receives the number 
1189, giving the total number of chapters 
in.the Bible. The type used is new, large 
black-faced type, and is easy to read. All 
proper names .and. difficult words are di- 
vided into syllables and accented. There 
are a large number of different editions 
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have in one small volume, which |they 
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information and reference material; and 
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THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


vester Mission Press, Los Angeles, Cal., 
50 cents.) Bible truths that a student 
discovers for himself, with the aid of the 
Holy Spirit, are the ones that make the 
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Mr. Morsey has fully explaffied how to 
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St. John. By Dr. W. Graham Scroggie. 
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paragraph or two will make clear the 
originality and richness of Dr. Scroggie’s 


The blood and water from the pierced 
side stood respectively for cleansing and 
quickening, the work of Christ and the 
work of the Spirit. 

The evangelist says that the unbroken 
bones fulfilled a Scripture prophecy. He 
does not, however, use the word “fulfill” 
for the second quotation, “They shall look 
on him whom they pierced.” He safe- 
guarded the quotation for a future ful- 
fillment. The piercing was indeed ful- 
filled, but the look is to come at the 
Second Coming. So accurate is inspira- 
tion ! } 

In. John 19:25 we saw the devotion 
of women; in verses 38-41 we see in the 


demus how devoted men can be. 

On John 13: 
that the Supper had begun and yet the 
feet of the diseiples had not been washed. 
In the East this was usually done before 
men sat down to eat. Why, on this 
occasion, was it not done? For answer 
see Luke 22: 24-30. The. disciples had 
been so occupied disputing who should 
be the greatest that even the common 
decencies had been neglected; and now, 
what they should have done for Christ 
he has to do, or rather chooses to do, for 
them.” 

In the parable of the Vine and the 
Branches we are taught that there are 
degrees of fruitfulness,— fruit, more fruit, 
much fruit, or according to the Synoptics, 
thirtyfold, sixtyfold, and one hundredfold. 
The fruitfulness in the parable, however, 
has: primary reference not to service, but 
to character. “Without me ye can do 
nothing [for self-improvement}.-... . Ye 
shall ask what ye will, and it shall be 
done [passive] unto you.” The fruit of 
the vine (as of the Spirit) is love, joy, 
peace, long-suffering, gentleness, good- 
ness, faith, meekness, temperance, — vir- 
tues of character, not of activity. 

Of the blind man and the Pharisee 
in John 9 Dr. Scroggie says: “Instead 
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should help! Jesus said, ‘I must work,’ 
He did not come into the world to ex- 
plain evil but to triumph over it. Notice 
thé consternation which followed the mir- 
acle. ‘Is not this he?’ ‘This is he’; ‘He 
is like him’; ‘I am he.’ The thing is full 
of humor. The converted ought always 
to arouse curiosity. If your profession 
of Christ has not changed you, you have 
good ground for misgiving.” 


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THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 














You may well be thankful 


that you are using the 
International Uniform Lessons 


HEY are all-Bible lessons. 


s They are in such widely preferred and ap- 
3 (/ preciated use, it is safe to say that seventy-five 
percent of the lesson helps published today are 
on the Uniform Lessons. 





They are so selected and supplemented that they are 
adapted to a wide variety of ages. 


For 1931 they offer a course, for the first six months, 
that is unsurpassed for comprehensive study of the life of 
Christ as given in the Gospel of Luke,—‘“Jesus the World’s 
Saviour,”’ and for the second six months a study of ‘The 
Spread of Christianity,” from the Acts, the Epistles, and 
Revelation,—a wonderful year of challenging possibilities 
in Bible study for you and your class and school, 


Here is the 


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Word about the Uniform Lessons 


“The International Sunday School Lesson Committee decided at 
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Lessons. Uniformity is maintained by the use of a common title, 
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Devotional Readings are chosen, which may be used in the worship 
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for the day. 


“Having thus sought to conserve the benefits of the Uniform 
System, the Committee decided to seek to adapt the lessons, as thor- 
oughly as possible, to the various departments of the school. Speciak 
topics and additional material have been designated wherever it 
seemed possible thereby to make the lessons more helpful to pupils 
in the different departments. 


“In addition to these adaptations, the Committee has sought still 
further to improve the Uniform Lessons by providing occasional 
topical courses. These topical courses are designed in general to pro- 
vide surveys of important Biblical truth and discussions of important 
aspects of Christian living, gaining light from all parts of the Bible 
and systematizing more carefully and thoroughly than is possible in 
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Tue Sunpay ScHoot Times has prepared a 20-page pamphlet 
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all the lessons in Luke (January-June, inclusive). The pamphlet 
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which appeared in the Times of December 6, 1930, as well as a 
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Street, Philadelphia, $2.50.) One feels 
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from type and prophecy. This study does 
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ing classes, and Bible classes; and it will 
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nourishment for all who love the Word 
of God. . 


Definite Signs of This Age Closing 
(paper 35 cents, cloth 60 cents) ; God’s 
Final Messengers, or, Pharaoh’s Cup Re- 
filled ($1.50). By “A Business Man.” 
(G. Elgin Keefer, Westport, Connecti- 
cut.) The Bible and the daily news- 
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The author suggests some details of 

















exegesis and interpretation with which 
THE Sunpay ScwHoot Times cannot 
agree; but such paints are few, and in 
, the main the two books offer a vast 
| amount of valuable material, really a 
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prophecy. 


W. M. Robertson. With Foreword by 
Arthur I. Brown, M.D., C.M. (Shears 
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bia, $1.25.) The author of this book 
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The Bible at the Bar. By the, Rev. 


JANUARY 24, 1931 


value. Some of the subjects treated, such 
as, “Is the Bible the Word of God?” 
“The Organic Unity of the Bible,” and 
“The Argument from Fulfilled Prophecy,” 
have frequently been dealt with by con- 
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“Was Christ a Higher Critic?” are as 
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pecially to those who may themselves be 
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THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


and at times intricate but exceedingly im- 
portant matters. 


A Garland for Ashes. By K. M. Cor- 
deux. (Skeffington and Son, Ltd., Pater- 
noster Row, St. Paul’s, E. C. 4, London, 
Eng., four shillings sixpence.) No scene 
or incident in the Bible probably offers 
a more fruitful field to reverent imagina- 
tion than the stories that cluster around 
the home in Bethany where Jesus loved 
to be. What a wealth of happy asso- 
ciation and familiar but respectful friend- 
ship lies hidden beneath the brief, poig- 
nant message, “He whom thou lovest is 
sick,” or the homely, petulant, “Dost 
thou not care that my _ sister has 
left me to serve alone? Bid her there- 
fore that she help me”! In a story full 
of sweetness and tenderness this author 
has filled in the picture of the life of 
our Lord in all his recorded contacts 
with Lazarus and Mary and Martha. 
There are many deft touches that make 
the story live anew, but no liberties are 
taken with the Bible text, and delicacy 
and taste are shown in that -which is 
left entirely to the reader’s imagination. 





For Family Worship 
By Howard A. Banks, Litt.D. 





Following the Home Daily Bible Read- 

ings on the International Uniform Sunday 

School Lessons, issued by the International 
Sunday School Lesson Committee. 


February 2 to 8 
Mon.—Luke 6 : 20-26. The Poor and the Rich. 


James in his Epistle seems to be con- 
sciously or unconsciously interpreting our 
Lord’s teaching here, when he says, 
“Hath not God chosen the poor of this 
world rich in faith, and heirs of the 
kingdom .. .?” (2:5.) Of course peo- 
ple rich in this world’s goods may be 
rich in faith, but spiritual wealth finds 
its greatest distribution among the poor. 

Prayer Succestions: Pray for Sir 
William Wilcocks, engineer who built the 
Assouan Dam, and replaced some of the 
ancient Tigris and Euphrates irrigation 
canals; who led in ending the corvée 
(forced labor) in Egypt, and who now is 
doing the work of a very vigorous evan- 
gelist in Cairo, 

Tues.—Luke 6 : 27-38. 
How to-Treat One’s Enemies. 

A marvelously successful revivalist 
found something hindering the Spirit. He 
called a conference of the leaders in the 
church where he was preaching. One 
vociferous efder said the trouble was that 
the revivalist had not been baptized the 
right way. Later on it turned out that 
the critic was not on speaking terms with 
a rival, whom he considered an enemy. 
The great Teacher, in this “reading,” is 
but forecasting what he did on the cross 
for his enemies. 

Prayer SuGGESTIONS: Pray for the new 
India Mission, founded and directed by 
the Rev. B. Davidson (412 West Eighth 
Street, Elyria, Ohio), with twenty In- 
dian preachers in Hyderabad State, em- 
phasizing the development of the indigen- 
ous church; for the supply of all needs. 


Wed.—Matthew 6:5-15. How to Pray. 


“The first three petitions of the Lord’s 
Prayer have to do with God: ‘Thy name 
be hallowed,’ ‘Thy kingdom come,’ ‘Thy 
will be done’ —and they occur in a de- 
scending scale, from himself down to the 
manifestation of himself in his kingdom; 
and from his kingdom to the entire sub- 
jection of its subjects or the complete 
doing of his will. The remaining four 
petitions have to do with ourselves: ‘Give 
us this day our daily bread,’ ‘Forgive us 
our debts,’ ‘Lead us not into temptation,’ 
‘Deliver us from evil.’ But these latter 
petitions occur in an ascending scale, from 
the bodily wants of every day to our final 
deliverance from all evil.”—Dr. David 
Brown. 

Prayer SucGcestions: Pray for the 
French Bible Mission (Referee, the Rev. 
G. H. Dowkontt, 113 Fulton Street, New 
York), with more than twenty stations 
in France, Belgium, and Switzerland; for 





its membership in eleven churches; all 
American gifts reach the workers with- 
out any deductions for administrative ex- 
penses., 
Thurs.—Luke 12; 22-31. 
The Primacy of the Kingdom. 

God would have us keep the «ultimate 
goal in our aim. The Church, and the 
kingdom of Heaven which is the mil- 
lennial kingdom are included in but are 
not identical with the glorious, perfect 
kingdom of God, when even the blessed 
Son shall have delivered up the kingdom 
to the Father. And, if we obey, in the 
meantime whatever God knows we need 
shall be added to us,— soul-winning fruit- 
fulness now, co-rulership with Christ in 
the millennial kingdom, and inconceivably 
glorious service in the eternal ages. 


PrayER Succestionss Pray for the 
West Indies General Mission (Henry 
W. Uffelin, care Postmaster General, 
Kingston, Jamaica, B. W. I.), grettly 
blessed recently among the fisher folk 
along the southwestern shores of Jamaica. 
A little group is laboring with him in the 
midst of terrible immorality. 


Fri—Matthew 12 : 9-14. The Worth of a Man, 


In Mark’s account it says that our Lord 
looked around on. them with ‘anger, be- 
ing grieved for the hardness of their 
hearts, in not caring that this man should 
be healed. We applaud his divine anger, 
but is there any reason why he should 
not be venting the same on us professing 
Christians? Are we seriously interested 
in keeping lost souls out of hell? 


Prayer Succestions: Pray for the 
North East India General Mission; for 
American Secretary H. H. Coleman, now 
on the field, getting a hearing with.a ruling 
prince, planning extensive work along the 
Tibetan border; for the Bible School at 
Churachandpur; for a much needed . in- 
crease in funds; for the several thousand 
native Christians, many formerly head- 
hunters; for the two hundred traveling 
native evangelists. 


Sat.—Luke 20: 19-26. A Twofold Loyalty. 


When God in the flesh spoke with 
authority, it was impossible for suborned 
men to “take hold of him by a word” 
(lit. trans. of v. 20) so that they might 
deliver him to the authority of the gov- 
ernor. He who created Adam already 
possessed with the miraculous gift of 
speech ; he whose teaching made ‘men ask, 
“From whence hath this man letters?” 
could not be trapped by any imperfect 
language lapse. His splendid answer in 
verse 25 smote the spies into a paralysis 
of taciturnity (v. 26). How can anybody 
doubt his glorious Word bound between 
the covers of the New Testament? 

Prayer Succestions: Pray for the 
Rev. Mr. Woodley, at home on furlough 
from the Africa Inland Mission field, do- 
ing deputation work and quickening the 
various American district councils; for 
the two hundred white missionaries. in 
Kenya, Tanganyika, Congo Belge, and 
French Equatoriai Africa (373 Carlton 
Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.). 


Sun.—Proverbs 3: 13-18. 
The Worth of Wisdom. 
“True grace is that to the soul which 
the tree of life (v. 18) would have been, 
from which our first parents were. shut 
out for eating of the forbidden tree; it is 
a seed of immortality, a well of living 
waters springing up to life eternal. It 
is an earnest of the New Jerusalem, in 
the midst of which is the tree of life 
(Rev. 22:2; 2:7). They that feed and 
feast on this heavenly wisdom shall -not 
only be cured by it of every fatal malady, 
but shall find an antidote against age and 
death; they shall eat and live forever.” 
—Matthew Henry. 


Prayer Suacestions: Pray for the 
work of Miss Jessie Miller of the Ceylon 
and India General Mission at Kalyandrug, 
Anantapur District, South India; for two 
highest caste Brahmins who have ac- 
cepted Testaments; that Miss Miller and 
her few co-workers may continue in their 
conscious realization that the Spirit - is 
working through them (as they especially 
request). Pray for all workers of this 
Mission, for all India missionaries in the 
fierce agitation for Dominion status or 
even absolute independence. 






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Lydda 
Jericho 
Emmaus 


Shechem 
Sea of Galilee 


‘ Damascus 


Michmash — 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


ish Keswick 


Study the Bible in the Holy Land 


Visit the famous Convention at Keswick, with the 


SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 1931 HOLY LAND TOUR 


Sailing from New York by S.S. Alesia, May 26th 


At last on one trip we can now visit the Holy Land and 


the world famous convention at Keswick, in the beautiful Lake Country of England. 


te opportunity for which every Christian has longed is now here. 


In co-operation with THE Sunpay ScHoot Times The Travel Institute of Bible Research has arranged this unusual trip for 


TIMEs readers and their friends. 


Our party will sail from New York on the S.S. Alesia of the famous Fabre Line on May 26. 
After.a restful ocean voyage we shall make numerous stops at Mediterranean ports, with time ashore for sightseeing. 
spend two blessed weeks in the Holy Land — Egypt, Syria, and Palestine. 
the guidance of the resident staff of the Travel Institute. 


We shall 
There we shall study the Bible and the country under 


Together we shall see the country as He saw it, travel over the very roads He trod.  Uplifted and inspired, we shall leave 


the Bible lands and embark for England. 


In England we plan to have at least two days at the Keswick Convention, and a post-Convention day in and around Keswick. We 
shall tour the beautiful Lake Country—so rich in literary associations. Five whole days traveling the most picturesque part of England. 


What greater joy can you find than combining a glorious holiday tour with the inspiration ot study in the Holy Land and 


Philip E. Howard, Jr. 


will lead the party 





Philip E. Howard, Jr., is a son 
of the President of The Sunday 
School Times Company, and is 
Associate Editor of the Times, 
During the war he was with 
George T. B. Davis in distributing 
Testaments znd evangelistic work 
in more than thirty army. camps, 
under the auspices of the Pocket 
Testament League. Before join- 
ing the Times staff he spent five 
years it: Belgium with Ralph C. 
Norton in the Belgian Gospel Mis- 
sion, where his thoroughness in 
Bible study and his fluency in the 
French leaguage found abundant 

opportunity for practical applica- 
, tion. 











Such a wonderful trip at so low a price is a 
rare opportunity that should not be allowed 


to slip away. 
while there is still space availeble. 
delay. Send the coupon now 


Find out more about this trip 
Do not 


THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES 


325 North Thirteenth Street, - - 


- Philadelphia, Pa. 


at 


fessessesesueses 


attendance at the Keswick Convention! Here at last is the trip of 
your dreams in the delightful company of fellow readers of ‘THE 
SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMEs offered at a remarkably low price. 


All this is made possible for us by the ¢o-operation of a non- 
commercial Christian institution —The Travel Institute of Bible Re- 
search. This organization was founded by a group of outstanding 
Christians to conduct tours to the Bible lands at a price that all could 
pay. Because they are not operating for profit, the Travel Institute 
is able to offer this remarkable 68-day trip at an unusually low price. 
$775 pays all expenses. This intludes accommodations in the highest 
class on each ship, rooms and meals at hotels, guides, instructors, and 
interpreters, handling of baggage, passport visas, entrance fees to 
parks, museums, and restricted areas, sightseeing programs, and auto- 
mobile service wherever needed. 


The Travel Institute of Bible Research takes care of everything. 
Every detail is thought of, every problem solved. And the cost has 
been reduced to.a minimum. 


Together we shall enjoy the blessed experience of visiting the 


Holy Land under the guidance of Bible scholars, as well as attending 
the Keswick Convention. 


a 

THE SUNDAY SCHOOL TIMES H 
325 North 13th Street, Philadelphia, Pa. * 
Please send me, free and without obligation, illustrated ite rature 4 
and other information regarding your study tours to the Mediterraccin 8 
and the Holy Land. . 
a 

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