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Status of Quantitative Import Control 
Over Selected U-S. Agricultural Exports 

f6 EUROPEAH COUNTRIES 




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U.S. 



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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE 



FAS-M-11-Rev. 



September 1957 



Contents 

Page 

Austria •••• • • ^ 

Belgiiun • • 2 

Denmark • 3 

Finland • k 

France • •• 5 

West Germany • •••••••• 6 

Greece ••••. •••••••••••••• 7 

Ireland •••.••• •••• •••• 8 

Italy 9 

Netherlands •••..•••••••••••• 10 

Norway • •••••••••••• 11 

Portugal ..•.. ••• 12 

Spain • ••• 13 

Sweden ••••••• 111 

Switzerland • ••••• 15 

United Kingdom ••••.•• •••• l6 



*t>^ 



The lists, which have been prepared by the European Analysis Branch on 
the basis of information available as of August 15, 1957, show quanti- 
tative import restrictions on commodities important in U. S. agricul- 
tural exports to the different European countries, or important both as 
agricultural import items in the countries concerned and as agricultural 
export items in the United States, Also shown are the principal com- 
modities of interest to U. S. agriculture, whose importation from the 
United States has been "liberalized", i.e. freed from quantitative 
restrictions. 

It should be further noted that the terra "state monopoly control" as 
used here covers i^diat, so far as quantitative import restrictions are 
concerned, amounts to state trading in that the government participates 
in the management of the trade, rather than exercising control simply 
by giving or refusing individual importers permission to import, or by 
granting or withholding the necessary foreign exchange. This govern- 
ment participation may be effected through state-owned mc^opolies, private 
monopolies under government supervision, semi-governmental agencies, groups 
of private traders that act for the government, or other mechanisms ♦ 



- 1 - 



AUSTRIA t Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U.S. agricultural exports ^ August 1, 1957 



State monopoly control, 
and license and 
exchange controls 


License and exchange 
controls 


Liberalized, i.e. 

no quantitative 

restrictions 


Wheat 


Grapefruit 




Cotton 


Com 


Apples 




Rice 


Hogfat, including 
lard 

Tobacco 


Pears 




Vegetable oils 1/ 

Oranges, lemons 

Dried fruit 

Tree nuts 

Pineapples 

Certain canned fruit 
juices 2/ 

Certain canned 
fruit 3/ 



NB: Except for the items listed in the last column, there are no U, S, 
agricultural products of significance on the dollar liberalization 
list. 

2/ Olive oil, soybean oil, cottonseed oil, linseed oil. 

2/ Grapefruit and pineapple juices and mixtures. 

3/ Pineapples, guavas, grapefruit and peaches. 



- 2 - 



BELGIUM ; Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U. S. agricultural exports, August 1^ 1957 



License and exchange controls 



Liberalised, i, e, 
no quantitative restrictions 



Wheat and wheat flour 

Apples 

Pears 

Butter 

Evaporated milk 

Eg/^s 

Meat, salted, dried or smoked 

Lard 



Cotton 

Tobacco 

Corn and sorghum 

Barley and oats 

Pulses 

Oilseeds 

Prunes and raisins 

Oranges and lemons 

Canned fruits, nuts, figs 

Flour and groats, except of 
wheat and rye 

Tallow 

Condensed milk, milk powder 

Poultry 

Honey 



NB: Liberalized items include some other U, S, agricultural products of 
lesser importance than those listed in the last column. For many 
non- liberal! zed ccHnmodities licenses are granted freely. 



- 3 - 



DENMARK: Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U.S. agriculti-iral exports^ Aiigust Ij 1957 



License and exchange controls 



Liberalized, i, e, 
no quantitative restrictions 



I'Jheat 

Corn 

Canned fruit 

Dried fruit 1/ 

Citrnis fniit 

Apples 

Pears 



Cotton 

Tobacco 

Oilseeds 

Rice 

Hops 

Pulses 

Various seeds 

Feedstuff s (oilcake, bran, etc). 

Sorghum 

Undressed hides and skins 

Casings 



NB: Liberalized items include some other U.S. agricultural products of 
lesser importance than those listed in the last colunm. 



1/ For raisins and prunes licenses are granted freely. 



-u - 



FINLAND ; Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U«S. agricultural exports, August 1, 1957 



State monopoly control, and 
license and exchange controls 



License and exchange controls 



^;Jheat 
Rye 



Com 

Cotton 

Tobacco 

Dried fruit 

Canned fruit 

Lard 

Tallow 



NB: All dollar agricultural products are subject to quantitative import 
restrictions. 



- 5- 



FRANCE ; Status of quantitative import contix)! over 

selected U,S, agricultural exports, August 1, 1957 



State monopoly control, 
and license and 
exchange controls 



License and exchange controls 



Tobacco 

Wheat 

Com 

Sorghum 

Edible fluid oils 

Oilseeds yielding edible 
fluid oils 

Flaxseed and United oil.-: 



Cotton 
Citrus fruit 
Dried fruit 
Nuts 
Apples 
Pears 



NB: All dollar agricultural products are subject to quantitative import 
restrictions. 



- 6 - 



VJEST GER^IANY ; Status of quantitative import contr o l over 

selected U.S. agricultural exports, August 1^ 1957 



State monopoly 
control, and li- 
cense and ex- 
chajige controls 

VJheat 

Com 
Sorghijms 
Lard 2/ 
Butter 

Meat 

Oilcake and 
meal 2/ 



License and ex- 
change controls 

Vegetable oils, 
edible 

Vegetable oils, 
not raw, for 
technical use 
(inedible) 3/ 

Fresh apples 

Fresh pears 



Quasi- 
liberalized 



1/ 



Fresh citrus 

Citrus juice 
concentrates 
for further 
processing 

Fruit juices, 
not concen- 
trated 

Raisins 

Poultry 

Variety meats 



Liberalized, i, e, 
no quantitative 
restrictions 

Cotton 

Tobacco 

Oilseeds 

Vegetable oils, 
raw, for techni- 
cal use (inedible) 

Hogfat and tallow 
for technical use 

Hydrogenated fats and 
oils for technical 
use 

Dried fruit y 

Tomato juice and 
powder 

Eggs, liquid, frozen 
or dried ^ 



N3: 



1/ 



2/ 

3/ 
V 

i/ 



In addition to the items listed in the last column, the dollar liber- 
alization list contains a few other products of sore actual or potential 
interest to U.S. agriculture, such as: Tree nuts; figs; dates; olives; 
poultry fat; and poultry liver. 

Licenses freely issued under open tenders valid for 6 months or more, 
unless an unpublished total value limitation is reached prior to the 
termination date (December lii, 1957 for the fruit items listed, March 31> 
1958 for poultry and April 30, 1958 for variety meats). 

Imports liberally licensed for time being but subject to obligatory 
offering to the competent Import and Stocking Agency, 

Except linseed and olive oil, which were liberalized on May 21;, 1957, 

Except raisins and currants. 

Also egg yolks and albumin. 



- 7 - 



CaiEECE t status of quantitative import control over 

selected U,S« agricultural exports, August 1, 1957 



Liberalized, i, e. 
State monopoly control no quantitative restrictions 



Wheat Oilseeds 

Vegetable oils 

Meats 

Dairy products 

Cotton 



NB: Except for wheat and flour, there are no quantitative restrictions 
on dollar imports of agricultural products, though applications for 
dollar exchange must be registered with authorized banks. For 
imports financed by United States procurement authorizations approval 
of the Bank of Greece is required. 



- 8 - 



IRKTiAlID ; Status of quantative import control over selected 
U. S, agricultural exports , August 1, 1957 l7 



State monopoly and 
license control License control 



Wheat ' Tobacco 
Com Apples 

Sorghum Flaxseed 

Butter Cheese 

Barley 2/ 



1/ All dollar agricultural imports are subject to exchange control, 
but currently dollars are made available automatically. However, 
importation of many agricultural items is prohibited except under 
license granted by the Department of Agriculture, tiie Department 
of Industry and Commerce (wheat flour and other prepared wheat 
products), or the Revenue Commissioners (tobacco). The most 
important of these products are here listed, 

2/ Except pearl barley. 



- 9 - 



ITALY t Status of quantitative import conti-ol over 

selected U«S. agirLoiltural exports, August 1, 1957 



State monopoly control, 
and license and 
exchange controls 



License and exchange 
controls 



Liberalized, i, e, 
no quantitative 
restrictions 



Wheat 
Tobacco 



Com 

Vegetable oils 
Oilseeds 
Dried prunes 



Cotton 

Cotton linters 

Inedible tallow 

Hides and skins 

Oilcake and meal 

Fats from bones, 
kitchen and 
slaughterhouse 
residues 



NB: The items in the last column are the only important U, S. agricul- 
tural export products on the dollar liberalization list. 



- 10 - 



THE N5THERLAHDS t Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U,S, agricultural exports^ August 1^ 1957 



License and exchange controls 



Liberalised J i, e, 
no quantitative restrictions 



Wheat and \rtieat flour 

Apples 

Pears 

Oranges 

Lemons and other 
citrris fruit 

Prunes 

Raisins 

Pulses 

Lard 



Cotton 

Tobacco 

Com and sorghum 

Rye, barley and oats 

Flour and groats, except of 
wheat and idee 

Oilseeds 

Raw vegetable oils 

Canned finiits 

Nuts and figs 

Canned vegetables, except 
tomatoes 

Frozen beef and mutton 

Poultry 

Honey 



NB: Liberalized items include some other U.S. agricultural products of 
lesser importance than those listed in the last column. For many 
non-liberalized commodities licenses are granted freely. 



- n - 



NORWAY ; Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U.S. agricultural exports j August 1^ 19^7 



State monopoly control, 
and license and 
exchange controls 



V^heat 
Com 



License and exchange 
controls 



Liberalized, i, e. 
no quantitative 
restrictions 



Deciduoi 


IS fruits 


Cotton 


Canned fruit and 
frait juices 1/ 


Tobacco 








Oilseeds 








Citrus fruit 








Nuts 








Dried f raits 








Hops 








Hides and skins 








Tallow 








Casings 



NB: Except for the items in the last column, there are no U, S, agricul- 
tural products of significance on the dollar liberalization list. 



1/ After May 1, 1957 licenses are granted liberally. 



- 12 - 



PORTUGAL ; Status of quantitat i ve import control over 

selected U«S, agricultural exports, August 1, 1957 



Liberalized, i. e. 
License and exchange no quantitative 
State monopoly control controls restrictions 



Wheat Cotton Hops 

Tobacco Canned neat, fruit 

and vegetables 1/ 



NB: Except for the items listed in the last column, no dollar agricul- 
tural products of significance are on the dollar liberalization 
list. Though wheat and tobacco appear on the list, this is 
meaningless because of the existence of monopoly control over 
imports , 



1/ Except sweetened fruit and capers. 



- 13 - 



SPA IN; Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U»S, agricultural exports, August 1, 1957 



State monopoly control and 
license and exchange controls 



Cotton 
V/heat 
Tobacco 
Vegetable oils 
Oilseeds 



NB: All dollar agricultural products are subject to quantitative import 
restrictions. 



-lit- 



g^fJEDEN ; Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U.S, agricultural exports j A^igust 1, 1957 



State monopoly 
control 

Tobacco 



License and 
exchange controls 

Apples and pears 



Transit 
dollar list 



Liberalized, i.e. 



1/ 



Deciduous 
fruit 
except 
apples and 
pears 

Citrus fruit 



no quantitative 
restrictions 



y 



liJheat and 
wheat flour 

Rye and rye flour 

Corn 

Rice 

Cotton 

Dried fruit, nuts, 
canned fruit 
and juices 

Flaxseed, soybeans, 
peanuts 

Crude linseed oil 

Oilcake and 
other feeds 

Hops 

Smoked and salted 
horsemeat 

Hides ard skins 



NB: Except for the items listed in the last col-omn, there are no U.S, agri- 
cultural products of significance on the dollar liberalization list, 

1/ For products on the "transit dollar list" licenses are granted freely 
if payment is made in "transit dollars" on which a premium of a few per- 
cent is paid, or, if procured in non -dollar countries, payment is made 
in the currency stipulated in Sweden's trade agreement with that country* 

2j For commodities competitive with Swedish products quantitative restric- 
tions may be reintroduced if the domestic prices fall below fixed min- 
imum levels ♦ 



- 15- 



SWITZERLAMD ; Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U.S, agricultural exports, August 1, 1957 



State monopoly control, licenses 
(no exchange control) 



Liberalized, i. e, 
no quantitative restrictions 



Wheat 

Com 

Rice 

Butter 

Lard 

Vegetable oils, edible 



Citrus fruit 

Tobacco 

Cotton 



fJB: There are no exchange controls on products from the dollar area, 

but in principle all imports of agricultural products that are also 
domestically produced are subject to some type of quantitative 
restriction in connection with domestic farm support prograins. 



- 16 - 



UNITED KINGDOM : Status of quantitative import control over 

selected U.S. agricultiiral exports, August 1^ 1957 



License and exchange 
controls 



Open individual 
license =J 



Liberalized, i.e. under 
open general license 



Tobacco 

Citrus fruit 

Apples and pears 

Dried fruit 

Canned fruit and 
juices 

Meats 

Dairy products 

Eggs 



Cotton 



Wheat and wheat flour 

Rice 

Com and sorghums 

Barley and malt 

Oats and oatmeal 

Starches and starch 
preparations 2j 

Hops 

Dried beans, peas, lentils 

Animal fats, except butter 

Soybeans, flaxseed 

Vegetable oils 

Oilcake and meal 

Cotton linters 

Hides and skins 



NB: Other than the items listed in the last column, there are few U, S, 
agriculttiral export items of much significance that are under open 
general license, 

1/ Gives freedom to import from the dollar area without restriction 
for the time being but subject to individual importer licensing 
and recording. 

2/ If they do not contain added sweetening matter and are not packed 
for retail sale.