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Welcome  to  progressive  journalism 

Vol.  95,  No.  1 
Wed.  Sept.  11,  1974 



The  life  and  death  struggle  of 
bureaucrats  and  committeemen 
(see  page  11) 

2  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 


all  day 

Come  join  your  campus  radio 
station.  Announcers,  operators,  engi- 
neers, news  &  sports  people  are  a 
welcome  sight.  Contact  Radio  Varsity, 
91  St.  George  St.,  3rd  floor.  Phone  964- 

10  a  m 

Trinity  College  used  Booksale:  get 
rid  of  your  old  books  at  your  own  price. 
We'll  sell  anything— bring  your  books 
in  this  week,  the  sale  runs  from  next 
Monday  'til  next  Thursday.  Open  10-4; 
Seeiey  Hail  (off  Hoskin). 


The  Universily  ot  Toronto  Baha'i 
Club  welcomes  all  who  are  interested 
to  join  them  at  their  lirsl  meeting  m  the 
South  sitting  room  at  Hart  House 

"Chile,  One  Year  Later"  is  the  first 
m  a  series  of  regular  forums  to  be  held 
by  the  Revolutionary  Marxist  Group  on 
campus.  The  presentation  will  focus  on 
the  natureol  workers'  resistance  to  the 
military  iunta  to  thts  poinl,  as  welt  as 
on  the  lessons  ot  the  coup  Ias1  year 
Discussion  wilt  follow.  Hart  House, 
Music  Room,  second  floor 

..Rally  in  Sid  Smith  foyer  followed  by 
a  march  to  the  Sociology  building  to 
confront  Zeitlin.  Demonstration  is 
against  the  hiring  of  U.S.  citizens  by 
the  Department  of  Sociology,  while  30- 
40  Canadian  applicants  were  rejected. 
Sponsored  by  the  Canadian  Liberation 
Movement  and  other  Canadians  op- 
posed to  the  U.S.  takeover  of  our 

Practices  for  those  wishing  to  tryout 
(or  the  U  of  T  Cheerleading  Team  will 

be  held  to-day  at  4  pm  in  Varsity  Sta- 
dium, and  continuing  every  week  day 
al  4  pm  until  final  tryouts  and  judging 
next  Wednesday  Sept.  18.  All  those  so 
inclined  are  welcome  to  come  out. 


Hillel's  Kosher  Snack  Bar  is  open  for 
all  at  Hiilel  House,  186  St.  George  St. 
The  hours  are  from  5-7  pm.  No  reserva- 
tions necessary,  just  come  in. 

6  pm 

International  dinner  —  Chinese  food, 
followed  by  a  square  dance,  at  the 
International  Student  centre,  33  St. 
George  St.  SI. 00  for  the  food.  The  dance 

is  free. 

7  pm 

Auditions-  for  new  and  returning 
members  of  the  Hart  House  Chorus,  in 
the  East  Common  Room  of  Hart  House. 
Open  to  all  undergraduate  and  gradu- 
ate students  of  the  University  of 

7:30  pm 

Films  at  OISE.  The  Wild  One  with 
Mar/on  Brando  at  7 :30  and  Rebel  With- 
out a  Cause  with  James  Dean  at  9:30; 
SI. 25  at  7:30  or  SI. 00  at  9:30.  252  Bloor 


10  am 

Trinity  College  Booksale:  get  rid  of 
your  old  books  at  your  own  price.  We'll 
sell  anything— bring  your  books  in  this 
week — the  sale  starts  Monday  and  runs 
'til  Thursday.  Open  10-4;  Seeiey  Hall 
(off  Hoskin ). 

Oppression"  is  a  forum  sponsored  by 
the  Revolutionary  Marxist  Group  to 
promote  discussion  of  a  strategy  for 
women's  liberation,  as  well  as  to 
organize  against  the  intensified  anti- 
abortion  rights  campaign  being  con- 
ducted by  the  state  and  the  churches. 
Discussion  will  follow  a  presentation. 
Music  Room,  Hart  House. 

Last  chance  to  reserve  for  Shabbton 
at  Hillel  House.  Please  call  in  at  923- 
9861  today. 

5  pm 

Hillel's  Kosher  Snack  Bar  is  open  to 
all  at  Hillel  House,  186  St.  George  St. 
The  hours  are  from  5-7  pm.  No  reserva- 
tions are  necessary,  just  come  in. 

7  pm 

Auditions  for  new  and  returning 
members  of  the  Hart  House  Chorus,  in 
the  East  Common  Room  of  Hart  House. 
Open  to  all  undergraduate  and  gradu- 
ate students  of  the  University  of  Toron- 

7:30  pm 

FilmsatOISE.  Twofilm5by  Fellini; 
Fellini's  Roma  at  7:30  and  Eight  and  a 
Half  at  9:30;  SI. 50  at  7:30  or  SI. 00  at 
9:30;  252  Bloor  West. 

8  pm 

U  of  T  Progressive  Conservative 
Association:  First  meeting  of  the 
school  year.  Survivors  of  the  July 
disaster  will  continue  to  plot  the  down- 
fall of  the  government.  North  Sitting 
Room,  Hart  House. 


Trinity  College  Used  Booksale:  we'll 
sell  any  book  at  your  price.  Collection 
this  week,  the  sale  begins  Monday. 
Open  10-4;  Seeiey  Hall  (off  Hoskin). 

ft  5^ 

10$  OFF 


(Sorry,  no  shirts,  laundry,  or  tailoring) 



Galtery  Hours: 

Woodcuts    by    Naoko    Mat-  Monday,  11  A.M.  -  9  P.M 


September  U  -  27 

Tuesday  to  Saturday,  11  A.M. 
6  P.M. 

,  2     S  PM. 


September  11,  12,  16,  17 
East   Common   Room,  6:30 


Mon,,  Sept. 
M.  Safety 

Safety  In' 
Great  Hall.  7  30  P/V 
Rifle  Range,  7:30  I 


Regular  Play 

Every  Tuesday  From.  Sepl. 


Debates  Room,  7:00  P.M. 


Open  Meeting 
Mon.,  Sept.  23 
Music  Room,  7:30  P.M. 


Milkshake  Shoot 

Mon.,  Sept.  23 

Rifle  Range,  4  -  6  P.M. 


The  Festival  Singers 
Sun.,  Sept.  29 
Great  Hall,  9  P.M. 
Tickets  Free  From  The  Hall 
Porter  From  Sept.  16. 


Open  Meeting 
Tues.,  Sept,  24 
Music  Room,  7:30  P.M. 


Activities  Sponsored  By  The 
Clubs  8.  Committees  Of  Hart 

Watch  The  Varsity  For 
_  Details.  

Look  for  other  valuable  coupons  in 
future  publications  of  The  Varsity 
Present  offer  expires  Sept.  30,  1974 

Get  your  clothes  cleaned  now! 





This  coupon  must  be  presented  with  incoming 
order  and  is  valid  only  at  "one  hour  martinizing" 
742  Bloor  St-  W. 

You'll  see  how 
we  save  you  money. 

Global  Optical 

788  YONGE  STREET,  at  Bloor,  961  -21 31 
560  BLOOR  ST  W.,  at  Bathurst  534-2323 
Open  9:30  lo  6.  Thufs.  &  Fri.  till  9 
No  appointment  needed.  Glasses  same  day. 

The  one  slop  optical  centre 




This  coupon  must  be  presented  with  incoming 
order  and  is  valid  only  at  "one  hour  martinizing" 
242  Bloor  St.  W. 




This  coupon  must  be  presented  with  incoming 
order  and  is  valid  only  at  "one  hour  Martiniiing" 
242  Bloor  St.  W. 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  3 

Sociology  department's  hiring  of  Americans  causes  discord 


U  of  T's  sociology  department  has 
been  thrown  into  a  turmoil  over  its 
hiring  of  eight  foreigners  —  and  no 
Canadians  —  to  fill  staff  vacancies. 

Five  students  and  one  professor 
have  resigned  from  the  depart- 
ment's staffing  committee,  an  ac- 
tion that  chairman  Irving  Zeitlin  — 
an  American  —  has  labelled  as  "the 
worst  kind  of  hypocrisy." 

"They  were  all  sitting  on  the 
committee  all  year  and  for  them  to 
make,.it  appear  that  someone  else 
was  responsible  for  the  decisions  is 
really  absurd,"  he  contended.  "I 
have  nothing  but  contempt  for 

Zeitlin  was  rebutted  in  an  open 
letter  to  the  department  by  graduate 
student  Paul  Craven,  one  of  those 
who  resigned. 

Charging  Zeitlin  with  "ad 
hominem  and  emotional 
arguments,"  Craven  states:  "There 
is  no  attempt  in  our  letter  (of 
resignation)  to  pass  off  respon- 

sibility for  the  decisions  on  someone 
else.  We  do  not  question  the  com- 
petence of  any  of  the  people  who 
were  hired. 

"We  have  not  tried  to  whitewash 
our  own  roles  on  the  staffing  com- 
mittee: indeed,  we  went  to  some 
lengths  to  say  that  we  consider 
ourselves  in  part  responsible  for  the 
decisions  that  were  made." 

Other  students  who  resigned  also 
assumed  partial  blame  for  what 
happened.  Undergraduate  Les 
Prokop  said  he  considered  himself  a 
"failure"  for  not  having  resisted 
more  effectively  the  pressure  to  hire 

At  the  same  time,  they  stressed 
their  view  was  the  major  respon- 
sibility for  what  occurred  must  rest 
with  the  selection  procedures  rather 
than  with  the  individuals  on  the 
committee.  They  charged  the 
criteria  of  a  PhD  was  overstressed, 
putting  Canadians  with  only  MA 
status,  but  with  equally  valuable 
research  knowledge  and  publishing 

credentials,  at  a  disadvantage.  They 
also  claim  the  "search  procedure 
started  late  and  was  not  intensive 

Craven  also  added  that  "it  is  my 
belief,  based  on  conversations  with 
some  of  the  Canadian  applicants 
who  were  not  hired,  that  the  status  of 
some  applications  was  incorrectly 
explained  to  the  Committee.  I  do  not 
know  whether  this  was  an  honest 
mistake  or  a  deliberate 
misrepresentation.  I  certainly  hope 
that  it  was  the  former." 

Craven  also  countered  Zeitlin's 
charge  that  the  students  did  not 
"give  the  fully  story."  He  pointed 
out  all  committee  members  are 
bound  by  confidentiality  rules.  "In 
many  ways,  it  would  have  helped 
our  argument  to  name  names  and 
tell  'the  full  story,'  "  he  said. 

Seven  students  and  seven  faculty, 
plus  Zeitlin,  sat  on  the  committee. 
Two  of  the  seven  students  had  left 
the  university  before  the  crisis 
occurred  this  summer-. 

University  stalls  on  parity  issue 


A  decision  on  staff-student  parity, 
an  issue  for  many  years  at  0  of  T, 
was  again  postponed  by  the 
governing  council  at  its  June 
meeting,  but  the  issue  will  re- 
surface at  two  October  council 

The  issue  arose  again  as  the  focal 
point  of  discussion  in  the  review  of 
the  University  of  Toronto  Act  of  1971. 

The  council,  created  by  the  On- 
tario government,  had  to  undertake 
.  a  mandatory  review  of  its  size  and 
composition  by  this  spring. 

The  council  stalled  its  decision 
despite  strong  appeals  from 
students  and  their  supporters  to 
settle  the  matter  this  spring. 

The  student  appeal  came  after  a 
report  by  a  council  subcommittee 
which  recommended  s,taff -student 
parity  on  the  council,  U  of  T's  top 
governing  body. 

The  Hallett  report,  as  the 
document  is  known,  urged  an 
enlarged,  62-member  council  with  12 
students  and  12  faculty  members. 

The  present  50-member  council 
has  eight  students  and  12  faculty 

The  Hallett  report  is  reproduced  in 
full  on  pages  21  and  22  of  today's 

After  the  vote  for  the  delay,  the 
eight  student  governors  walked  out 
of  the  meeting  in  protest.  They 
issued  a  statement  which  "-charged 
"further  delay  on  the  question  is 
unwarranted."  * 

"We  no  longer  have  any  faith  in 
the  ability  of  the  governing  council 
to  review  its  composition  in  a  fair 
and  impartial  way,"  said 
spokesman  Gord  Barnes. 

He  said  any  report  favorable  to 
equal  faculty -student  representation 
would  be  deferred. 

The  Students'  Administrative 
Council,  the  Graduate  Student  Union 
and  the  Association  of  Part-time 
Undergraduate  Students  have 
adopted  a  common  position  which 
will  be  presented  to  the  governing 
council  at  its  fall  meetings. 

They  call  for  equal  representation 
of  faculty  and  students  with  14 
members  each  on  the  governing 
council  and  a  guarantee  that 
government  appointees  be  made 
more  broadly  representative  of  the 

The  three  student  organizations 
will  be  embarking  on  a  substantial 
lobbying  campaign  among  students 
and  faculty  and  later  members  of 
the  legislature  to  gain  support  for 
these  proposals. 

The  council  has  called  for  briefs  to 
be  submitted  before  Oct.  1  for  the 
council  meetings  in  its  drive  for 
"input  from  the  university  com- 

In  1971,  students  mounted  a 
substantial  lobbying  effort  which 
outstripped  the  faculty  and  came 
close  to  convincing  John  White,  then 
Minister  of  College  and  Universities, 
that  parity  representation  should  be 
incorporated  in  the  act. 

But  under  threats  from  faculty  the 
Tories  backed  down  and  students 
had  to  be  content  with  only  eight 
seats  and  the  promise  of  a  review  in 
two  years. 

The  review  process  last  year  in- 
volved only  three  students  on  the  15- 
member  committee  but  still  ended 
up  supporting  faculty-student 

Opponents  of  parity  later  charged 
there  had  not  been  enough 
discussion  and  many  faculty 
members  thought  no  changes  in  size 
and  composition  would  be  discussed 
in  the  review  process. 

After  two  meetings  debating 
faculty -student  parity,  and  other 
issues  of  size  and  composition,  the 
review  committee  released  its 

But  then  seven  members  of  the 
committee,  including  several  who 
never  attended  meetings,  submitted 
a  dissenting  view  asserting 
governing  council  hadn't  operated 
long  enough  for  a  satisfactory 
evaluation  of  its  structure  and 

Corporate  lawyer  John  Tory,  who 

had  attended  few  of  the  committee 
meetings,  submitted  a  letter  of 
dissent  attacking  the  proposed 
changes  and  lauding  the  role  of 
faculty  members  of  the  council.  His 
letter  (see  the  advertisement) 
provided  the  rationale  used  by  anti- 
parity  forces. 

Rather  than  a  debate  on  the 
principles  of  parity,  students  were 
faced  with  increasing  support  for  the 
tactic  of  delay.  Despite  intensive 
lobbying  the  council's  executive 
committee  decided  to  reject  the 
sections  of  the  review  committee 
report  calling  for  parity.  Instead 
they  put  forward  a  motion  post- 
poning the  question  until  the  fall,  for 
another  review. 

Although  the  act  required  a  report 
to  be  submitted  to  ithe  Ontario 
government  by  July  I,  this  tactic 
was  adopted.  At  the  council  meeting 
June  20  chairman  Maiim  Harding 
said  he  had  received  assurances 
from  the  Tory  government  at 
Queens  Park  the  provision  would  be 

The  debate  at  the  June  council 
meeting  was  anti-climatic  with 
students  trying  to  raise  the  issue  of 
parity  and  have  it  dealt  with  im- 
mediately. They  were  frustrated  by 
the  continued  contention  by  some 
council  members  there  had  not  been 
adequate  discussion. 

Academic  affairs  committee 
chairman  John  Dove  said  he  was 
concerned  about  the  "sparseness" 
of  input  to  the  subcommittee  and  the 
"insufficient  thought  given  to  the 
changes  recommended." 

The  student  members  of  the 
council  contended  the  issue  had 
already  been  discussed  often  over 
the  past  five  years  since  the  1968 
report  of  the  Commission  on 
University  Government.  It  initially 
recommended  parity  but  was 
scrapped  after  faculty  opposition. 

Finally  the  council  voted  24-16  to 
delay  the  issue  until  the  fall. 

Scarborough  student  appeal  denied 


Giving  birth  to  a  baby  has  hin- 
dered at  least  one  U  of  T  student's 
academic  pursuits. 

The  university  has  refused  to  give 
course  credit  to  a  Scarborough 
College  student  unable  to  take  her 
commerce  course  final  exam  last 
spring  because  of  a  premature  birth. 

Nafees  Khan,  a  top  student  in  th^ 
Commerce  AOl  course,  missed  the 
e*am  —  worth  50  per  cent  of  the  final 
grade  —  because  she  gave  birth 
April  17,  one  week  before  the  exam 
and  three  weeks  earlier  than  ex- 

The  "course's  lecturer,  Keith 
Lehrer,  who  confirmed  the  student 
was  in  the  top  five- in  his  class  of  65, 
supported  Khan's  three  un- 
successful appeals  for  aegrotat 
standing.  The  standing  is  granted  to 

students  too  ill  to  take  a  testr 

Two  of  the  appeals  were  submitted 
to  Scarborough's  standing  com- 
mittee, the  other  to  the  university's 
academic   appeals  subcommittee. 

In  an  Aug.  14  letter  to  Khan, 
subcommittee  chairman  J.B. 
Dunlop  said  he  would  allow  Khan  to 
take  a  special  examination  "at  a 
time  convenient  to  both  yourself  and 
(Scarborough!  College." 

However  Khan,  a  public  school 
teacher,  complained  the  college  will 
only  allow  her  to  take  the  exam  next 
April  along  with  the  academic- 
year's  other  students. 

This,  Khan  noted,  will  prevent  her 
from  taking  another  evening  course 
Ulis  year  and,  ultimately,  prolong 
obtaining  her  BA.  Teachers  qualify 
for  higher  salaries  with  the  degree. 

Dunlop  had  also  proposed  VKfcan 

take  a  regular  August  examination 
without  paying  the  fee.  However 
Khan  received  the  notice  only  three 
days  before  the  exam  was  ad- 
ministered and  felt  she  had  in- 
sufficient time  to  prepare  for  it. 

Khan  was  told  the  subcommittee 
denied  her  academic  standing  in  the 
course  because  the  class'  average 
mark  dropped  "noticeably"  in  last 
spring's  final  exam. 

But  Robert  Pritehard,  head  of 
Campus  Legal  Aid,  insisted  the 
university  should  have  taken  into 
consideration  Khan's  above-average 
performance  in  her  academic 

Khan  and  her  husband  came  to 
Canada  seven  years  ago  from  India. 
After  four  years  as  an  extension 
student  at  the  U  of  T,  Khan  now  has 
seven  credits  towards  her  major  in 

The  five  remaining  —  Pauline 
Pytka,  an  undergraduate,  and 
graduates  Jim  Sacouman  and  Barry 
Edgington,  plus  Prokop  and  Craven, 
have"  all  resigned.  Professor  Jim 
Turk,  an  American  who  took  his  Ph- 
D  at  U  of  T,  resigned  separately. 

All  of  them  said  the  censure  of  the 
sociology  department's  hiring 
practices  by  the  Canadian  Sociology 
and  Anthropology  Association, 
passed  in  August,  sparked  their 
resignations.  The  CSAA  motion  was 
moved  by  professor  Paul  Grayson  of 
York  University  and  professor 
Kathleen  Herman  of  Queen's.  Beth 
are  recent  graduates  of  the  U  of  T 
sociology  department. 

The  August  motion  censured  the 
department  for  ignoring  CSAA's 
policy  that  non-Canadians  should  not 
be  hired  for  permanent  positions  by 
departments  with  less  than  50  per 
cent  Canadians  on  their  faculty. 

In  their  letter  of  resignation,  the 
five  students  call  for  the  department 
to  "achieve  66  per  cent  Canadian 
citizenship  within  the  next  five 

"We  propose  that  ...  no  non- 
Canadian  citizens  be  hired  in  the 
coming  year,  except  in  the  case  of 
foreign  scholars  who  have  made  a 
substantial  recognized  contribution 
to  the  understanding  of  Canadian 

"At  the  end  of  the  year,  the 
process  should  be  evaluated  and  if 
necessary  extended  to  future  years, 
until  the  goal  of  two-thirds  Canadian 
citizenship  is  reached." 

A  similar  motion  is  being  sub- 
mitted to  a  faculty  meeting  for 
approval  by  professors  Dennis 
Magill  and  John  Lee. 

The  motions  would  supplement 
guidelines  passed  in  March,  1972, 
which  instructed  the  staffing 
committee  to  attempt  to  hire 
sociologists  who  have  "engaged  in 
or  definitely  committed  to  doing 
critical  research  and  teaching  on 
Canada  and  Canadian  problems." 

The  question  has  been  debated  in 
the  department  for  some  time.  In 
1971,  a  staff-student  "Canadian 
content  committed"  met  and  made 

recommendations,  some  calling  for 
more  staff  who  were  qualified  to 
teach  Canadian  content  and  who  had 
a  "critical"  approach  to  sociology. 

The.  committee's  recom- 
mendations were  watered  down  and 
then  forgotten  about.  Students  at 
that  time  had  no  representation  on 
the  departmental  staffing  com- 

Last  spring  a  group  of  faculty 
members  and  students  circulated  a 
document  in  the  department  entitled 
Towards  a  Critical  Canadian 
Sociology.  It  criticized  the  dominant 
model  of  sociology  as  being  un- 
systematic, ahistorical  and  oriented 
in  favor  of  the  status  quo. 

The  authors  called"for  a  science  of 
Canadian  society  that  would  orient 
itself  towards  exposing  structures  of 
domination  and  exploitation  and 
that  would  see  itself  as  an  agent  of 
social  change. 

Its  staffing  recommendations  did 
not  mention  citizenship.  It  did  call, 
among  other  things,  for  "hiring 
outside  the  discipline"  and  seeking 
scholars  who  question  "narrow 
disciplinary  definitions." 

Among  the  signatories  were 
staffing  committee  members  Jim 
Craven,  Les  Prokop,  and  Jim 

The  document  aroused  con- 
siderable opposition,  with  some 
faculty  members  claiming  that  it 
threatened  academic  freedom. 

However,  some  supporters  of  the 
paper  claim  the  only  threat  to 
academic  freedom  that  occurred 
has  been  the  denial  of  tenure  to 
professor  Bernd  Baldus,  who  signed 
the  document.  They  claim  there  is 
reason  to  suspect  a  connection 
between  the  two  events. 

Many  of  them  are  also  eager  to 
reduce  or  abolish  student  in- 
volvement in  departmental  affairs. 
Some  of  them  are  known  to  want  a 
chairman  who  would  reverse  the 
trend  to  increased  student  par- 
ticipation leading  to  speculation  that 
Zeitlin  may  be  caught  in  a  squeeze  in 
which  he  will  lose  the  support  of  the 
opposing  blocs. 

Metro's  oldest  morning  tabloid 

In  the  hard-htting  world  of  reaHife 
events,  it  pays  to  be  on  the  ball.  The 
Varsity  should  know:  it's  been  in  the 
biz  for  94  years.  And  you  don't  stay 
around  that  long  unless  you  are  smari, 
or  know  Beland  Honderich. 

Join  a  proven  winner! 
Ihat  was  around  before  Metro 
wearing  socks. 

Phone  923-8741  and  tell  us  whal 
want  to  do. 

4  The  Varsity 

Wednesday/  September  11,  1974 

Chief  copy  edi 
News  editor 
Photo  editor 



i  Strauss 
i  Pel 
Gilda  Oran 
Gus  Richardson 
Dave  Stuart 
Randy  Robertson 
91  St.  George  St., 
923  87J1.  923  -87J2 

Pal  wickson 
Betty  Wilson 
91  St.  George  St., 


There  are  a  number  ot  people  to  whom  special 
lue  for  the  production  ot  this  first 
75.  Bob  Gaulliier,  Dick  Brown,  Alex 
Podnick,  Art  Moses,  Tom  Walkom  and  Linda 
McQuaig  have  atl  been  patient  and  encouraging 
ce.    Gene    Allen,    Bob  Betlson. 
ke  and  Pal  Wickson  have  worked 
edi  Dly  hard  to  gel  Ihis  first  issue  out .  And  the 
ol  our  production  stall  and  new  reporters 
e  responded 

David  Simmonds 

The  Varsity,  a  member  ol  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  1680 
and  is  published  by  the  Students'  Ad- 
ministrative Council  ol  the  University 
ol  Toronto  and  is  prinied  by  Daisons 
Press  Lid.  Opinions  expressed  in  ihis 
newspaper  are  noi  necessarily  ihose  ol 
ihe  Siudenis'  Administrative  Council 
or  the  administration  ol  the  university 
Formal  complainis  about  ihe  editorial 
or  business  operation  of  the  paper  may 
be  addressed  to  the  Chairman.  Cam- 
pus Relations  Committee.  Varsity 
Board  of  Directors.  91  Si  George  Si. 

Two  belated 
victory  notes 

When  Dick  and  Pat  Nixon,  in 
happier  times,  were  living  in  the 
White  House,  they  were  con- 
stantly deluged  with  requests 
or  "Dick's  favourite  recipe", 
the  sort  of  thing  that  you  could 
impress  your  neighbours  with 
when  you  had  them  over  for 

Now  old  Dick  wasn't  all  that 
dumb.  Because  his  favourite 
recipe  was  meatloaf,  meatloaf  a 
la  Nixon.  We  all  know  what  he 
meant  by  that.  By  saying  his 
lavourite  recipe  was  meatloaf, 
he  was  telling  America:  "Look, 
I'm  a  man  of  the  people,  I  eat  the 
same  food  you  do  —  hamburger. 
It's  just  that  1  call  it  meatloaf." 

In  other  words,  it's  not  what 
you  say,  it's' what  you  say  it  for. 
Dick  probably  never  ate 
meatloaf  in  his  life :  he  was  more 
worried  aboul  looking  good. 

The  same  analogy,  per- 
versely, can  be  applied  to  the 
ever-changing  political  winds  at 
the  U  of  T. 

It  was  just  three  short  years 
ago  that  the  university  was 
turned  upside  down,  with  its 
biggest  occupation  ever,  over 
the  question  of  access  to  the 
stacks  of  the  brand  new  John  P. 
(for  Parmenter )  jftobarts 

The  $45  million  edifice  (af- 
fectionately known  as  'Fort 
Book'  or  'The  John'),  was 
originally  conceived  as  a 
cloister  of  serious  research  and 
sober  daydreaming  for  graduate 
students,  and  other  species 
higher  up  the  great  chain  of 

The  library,  according  to  then- 
president  Claude  Bissell,  and 
chief  librarian  Robert  Black- 
burn, was  to  put  the  U  of  T  on  the 
academic  map,  to  consolidate 
the  waning  status  of  our  truth 
factory  as  one  of  the  world's  top 

This  was  to  be  a  research 
library,  wherein  the  academic 
reputation  of  the  university 
would  be  enhanced ,  not,  in  other 

words,  a  place  for  people  like 
undergraduates  to  go  and  read 
dog-eared  copies  of  "An  in- 
vitation to  sociology". 

Students,  on  the  other  hand,  as 
well  as  a  significant  number  of 
faculty,  wanted  equal  and  open 
access  to  the  stacks  for  all 
university  members. 

Blackburn  and  his  cohorts 
fought  a  desperate  campaign 
against  undergraduate  access, 
which  proved  unsuccessful  after 
a  massive  occupation  of  Simcoe 
Hall  by  students  upset  by  the 
calling  on  campus  of  Metro 
police  over  a  smaller  oc- 

Acting  president  Jack  Sword 
had  called  in  police  to  remove  a 
small  group  of  demonstrators 
from  Simcoe  Hall,  in  an  un- 
precedented, and  bloody 
episode.  Following  the  larger 
demonstration.  Sword  promised 
to  present  the  students' 
demands  to  the  board  of_ 
governors,  the  students 
assuming  they  had  won. 

The  board  of  governors, 
however,  overturned  Sword's 
proposal . 

Well,  it  wasn't  quite  un- 
successful. What  emerged  from 
the  negotiations  following  the 
occupation  was  a  report  which 
suggested  entrance  to  the  stacks 
on  the  basis  of  academic  need. 

The  library's  response  was  to 
issue  stack  passes.  Come  to  us, 
tell  us  a  story  about  your  in- 
depth  research  on  tap-dancing 
in  14th  century  Russia,  and  we'll 
give  you  a  stack  pass,  maybe, 
ran  their  "argument. 

Such  logic  was  transparent. 
We  cave  in,  but  we  pretend  not 
to.  We'll  call  it  meatloaf,  but  we 
all  know  what  it  means  — 
hamburger.  Stack  passes,  in 
their  own  right,  were  trivial, 
pointless.  They  were  only  there 
to  preserve  the  administration's 

And  now  the  transparency  has 
been  compounded,  for  after 
months  of  fussing   over  the 

importance  of  needing  a  stack 
pass,  the  library  administration, 
in  its  finite  wisdom,  has  decided 
to  do  away  with  stack  passes 
altogether.  Anyone  with  a 
student  identification  card  will 
automatically  gain  entrance  to 
the  stacks. 

As  one  library  employee 
rather  caustically  put  it,  there 
was  no  need  for  the  stack  passes 
in  the  first  place,  and  the  only 

rationale  for  using  them  was 
self-serving:  the  library  ad- 
ministration did  not  want  to  look 
like  it  had  caved  in. 

Chalk  up  one  belated  victory 
for  the  students,  and  one  more 
defeat  for  hamburger  rhetoric. 

of  the  university,  a  daycare 
centre  on  Devonshire  place  is 
now  being  granted  a  license  of 
occupation.  The  university  is 
finally  entering  into  the  daycare 
business,  something  it  originally 
refused  to  do. 

Articles  submitted  to  the 
'opposite  the  editorial'  page 
should  be  typed,  double-spaced 
on  a  72-character  line,  and 
signed.  As  with  letters,  contents 
may  be  edited  for  space  reasons : 
four  typewritten,  pages  is  the 
maximum  length  recommended. 
Op-ed  pieces  are  published  ac- 
cording to  space,  availability, 
immediacy  of  topic,  and 
relevancy.  Mail  op-ed  pieces  to 
The  Varsity,  91  St.  George  St., 
Toronto  M5S  2EB,  by  campus  or 
regular  mail;  or  deliver  them  in 

Opinions  expressed  on  the  op- 
ed page  represent  only  those  of 
the  author. 

Another  belated  victory  is  What  next?  Will  the  university 

coming  into  sight.  After  being  say  mea  culpa,  and  start  serving 

occupied  by  parents  for  over  wheat  germ  in  the  ArboUr  room, 

three  years,  without  the  consent  instead  of  hamburger? 

Simcoe  Hall  Marxists 
must  come  clean 

uphold  for  us:  inequity  and 

U  of  T  students  are  not  going 
to  stand  for  this.  As  one  student 
The  Varsity  talked  to,  Simon 
Pure  (New,  II)  put  it: 

"I'm  deeply  upset  by  this 
disclosure;  have  we  been 
trusting  a  parcel  of  rogues  all 
these  years?" 

Pure  predicted  that  not  only  U 
of  T  but  the  whole  of  Metro  will 
want  some  good  explanations. 

The  Varsity  calls  on  prexy 
Evans  to  level  with  us:  name 
names  and  numbers.  How 
many?  For  how  long?  Why? 

Either  Evans  comes  up  with 
the  facts,  or  The  Varsity  goes 
straight  to  the  Knox  College 
vege  ta  bl  e  pa  te  h  to  1  ook  for 

Today's  shocking  disclosure 
that  a  longtime  member  of  the 
university's  top  administration 
is  a  self-confessed  Marxist 
means  that  U  of  T  prexy  John 
Evans  must  provide  some  fast 
answers  to  the  burning  question 
that  is  sweeping  this  campus: 

If  internal  affairs  vice- 
presidents  are  made  by  Marx, 
what  is  the  rest  of  the 
administration  made  of? 

The  time  has  come  to  face  the 
horrendous  question  that  for 
years  now,  The  Varsity  has  been 
unable  to  bring  itself  to  ask: 

Is  our  trusted  administration 
in  Simcoe  Hall  poisoned  by  the 
pernicious  doctrine  of  world- 
wide communism? 

Have  our  administrators  sold 
us  out  on  those  ideals  which  they 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  5 


one  year  later 

The  following  is  an  interview  with 
Pedro  Vuskovic  that  took  place  in 
July  1974.  Vuskovic  was  the  Minister 
of  Economics  under  Salvadore 
Allende's  Unidad  Popular  govern- 

To-day  is  the  first  anniversary  of 
the  bloody  military  coup  that  top- 
pled the  socialist  government  of 
Salvadore  Allende.  Both  Chile's 
floundering  economy  and  internal 
disorder  prior  to  the  coup  had  been 
attributed  by  liberals  and  con- 
servatives alike  to  Allende's 
'misguided'     socialism.  Many 

apologists  for  the  coup  claimed  that 
the  military  junta,  under  the  rigid 
control  of  Pinochet,  would  end 
Chile's  problems  and  hasten  the 
return  to  'democratic'  rule. 

The  revelations  made  by  CIA 
director  William  Colby  before  the 
US  Congress  that  the  Nixon 
Administration  authorized  the  ex- 
penditure of  more  than  eight  million 
dollars  to  'destabilize'  Allende's 
government,  and  the  continued 
economic  turmoil  and  political 
repression  within  Chile  indicates  the 
naivete  of  those  claims. 

Q.  As  the  former  Minister  of  the 
Economy  and  later  Vice- 
President  0/  CORFO  (The  State 
Development  Agency)  we  would 
be  interested  in  hearing  your 
analyses  of  the  economic 
policies  of  the  military  junta  and 
'their  effects  upon  the  Chilean 
economy.  Especially,  how  have 
these  policies  affected  the  dif- 
ferent social  sectors  in  Chile? 

A.  I  believe  that  the  central  fact 
is  that  today,  under  the  dic- 
tatorship, Chile  is  experiencing 
one  of  the  most  dramatic 
economic  situations  in  the 
history  of  the  country.  Unem- 
ployment has  reached  un- 
precedented levels  representing 
some  20  percent  of  the 
economically  active  population 
of  Chile  and  this  represents  the 
highest  level  of  unemployment 

present  price  of  fuel. 

In  the  third  place,  the  in- 
sufficient demand  resulting 
from  this  violent  decline  in 
purchasing  power  of  the  Chilean 
population  is  beginning  to  affect 
production  levels. 

The  imposition  of  military 
discipline  over  the  workforce  is 
no  longer  enough  to  maintain 
these  levels  of  production.  The 
imposition. of  military  discipline 
in  respect  to  the  labour  force 
immediately  after  the  coup 
permitted  them  to  increase  the 
production  in  the  first  months. 
But  by  March  1974  industrial 
production  was  lower  than  in 
March  1973,  with  some  in- 
dustrial sectors,  for  example 
that  of  soft  drink  production, 
dropping  some  25  percent 
comparing  March  1974  with 
March  1973. 

Allende  in  happier  days 

registered  in  Chile  since  the 
crises  of  the  1930's. 

A  second  factor  is  that  the  real 
income  and  the  purchasing 
power  of  the  vast  majority  of  the 
population  has  been  sharply  cut 
back.  The  internal  price 
structure,  above  all  in  respect  to 
essential  items,  has  increased 
from  12  to  15  times  since  Sep- 
tember while  wages  and 
salaries  have  been  readjusted  at 
a  substantially  lower  rate. 
Among  the  poorest  sectors  of  the 
Chilean  population,  there  is 
hunger,  malnutrition,  and  in  the 
homes  of  the  middle  class,  this 
winter  was  one  without  heat  for 
they  could  not  afford  to  pay  the 

I  would  consider  the  high  level 
of  unemployment,  the  sub- 
stantial reduction  of  real  income 
and  of  the  popula tion 's  pur- 
chasing  power  and  the  declines 
in  production  for  lack  of  demand 
as  three  of  the  main  charac- 
teristics resulting  from  the 
dictatorship's  economic  policy. 

Now  then,  it  is  worth  noting, 
despite  such  a  high  social  cost, 
the  dictatorship  has  not  been 
able  to  resolve  the  principle 
economic  imbalance.  After 
having  substantially  elevated 
the  level  of  prices,  increasing 
them  from  12  to  15  times,  since 
September  11  to  today,  the  in- 
flationary pressures  still  con- 

tinue to  be  felt  and  the  prospect 
is  t  ha  t  inflation  will  continue  at  a 
very  high  rate.  In  the  first 
•months  of  this  year  the  monthly 
average  price  increase  was 
greater  than  15  percent.  The 
same  occurred  with  the  fiscal 
deficit,  despite  all  that  was  done 
in  respect  to  the  reduction  of  the 
real  incomes  of  civil  servants,  of 
firing  in  the  public  service,  the 
fiscal  deficit  continues. 

Now  in  respect  to  the  second 
part  of  the  question  about  who  is 
being  affected  by  this  economic 
policy  ...  I  would  say  that  the 
consequences  of  this  economic 
policy  falls  upon  the  classes  and 
social  sectors  that  constitute  the 
immense  majority  of  the 
Chilean  population.  Of  course, 
the  worst  impact  falls  on  the 
working  class  which  suffers  an 
increasing  process  of  Labour 
increasing  process  of  im- 
poverishment, but  it  also  affects 
white  collar  employees, 
technicians  and  professionals. 
Merchants  and  small 
manufacturers  have  practically 
lost  their  working  capital  and 
have  experienced  large  declines 
in  sales  and  other  business 

The  small-  and  medium-sized 
industrialists  find  themselves 
unprotected  in  the  face  of  the 
competition  of  the  large  en- 
terprises and  the  influx  of  im- 
ported products. 

Definitely,  the  only  ones  who 
gain  with  this  economic  policy 
are  the  foreign  enterprises  and 
the  great  monopolistic 
bourgeosie,  and  it  is,  of  course, 
precisely  those  interests,  in  the 
final  analysis,  that  the  Junta  is 
representing  politically. 
Q.  In  the  second  place,  what 
type  of  trade  union  structure  has 
the  Junta  tried  to  establish  and 
how  has  the  working  class 
responded?  * 

A.  I  believe  that  to  appreciate 
what  is  happening  to  the  trade 
union  movement  today,  one 
must  understand  that  it  is  of  the 
very  essence  of  the  dic- 
tatorship's economic  policy  to 
seek  a  way  out  of  the  problems 
of  the  economy  through  the 
super  exploitation  of  the 
workers;  they  believe  that  this 
will  solve  both  the  imbalances 
(presently  existing)  and  lead  to 
an  eventual  expansion  of  the 
economy.  This  is  the  central 

Consequently,  the  dictatorship 
cannot  tolerate  the  existence  of 
union  organization  with  a 
minimum  of  independence  that 
'  defends  the  interests  of  the 
workers.  That  explains  why  the 
Central  Workers'  Union,  the 
highest  level  organization  of  the 
Chilean  union  movement,  has 
been  disbanded  and  persecuted 
and  the  same  has  occurred  with 
the  large  workers'  federations. 

The  national  leaders  have  been 
assassinated,  jailed  or  forced 
into  exile,  and  the  repression 
has  extended  down  to  local  level 
union  leaders. 

As  a  result,  all  efforts  at 
promoting  real  union  demands 
have  been  relentlessly  crushed. 
In  respect  to  this,  I  believe  that 
the  objective  testimony 
collected  by  the  International 
Labour  Organization  is  well 
known;  on  the  basis  of  this 
evidence,  this  international 
organization  decided  to  un- 
dertake a  very  broad  in- 
vestigation in  Chile. 

Naturally,  the  dictatorship 
seeks  to  find  some  response, 
wishing  to  give  the  impression  of 
some  active  union  organization 
at  this  moment.  But  that  only 
represents  efforts  to  create  this 
image  on  the  bases  of  certain 
unions  where,  by  imposition  of 
the  dictatorship's  force,  there 
have  been  established  or  im- 
posed selected  leaders  who  don't 
represent  or  reflect  the  interests 
or  sentiments  of  the  workers.  I 
believe  that  in  the  long  run,  so 
long  as  the  dictatorship  remains 
in  power  in  Chile,  they  will  tend 
to  increase  the  fiction  of  an 
union  organization. 

But- the  truth  is  that  as  a  result 
of  the  very  nature  of  the  dic- 
tatorship's economic  policy  and 
because  of  its  political 
significance,  there  is  no 
possibility  of  the  functioning  of 
an  effective  union  organization. 
This,  I  believe,  is  the  situation 
which  exists  at  this  moment. 

Q.  In  the  classic  cases  of 
fascism,  the  middle  sectors 
maintained  their  political 
support  of  the  government 
despite  being  economically 
crushed.  However,  this  doesn't 
seem  to  be  happening  in  Chile 
whe re  a  deterioration  of  the 
military  Junta's  base  of  support 
has  been  noted.  What  reasons 
would  you  give  to  explain  these 

A.  It  is  certain  that  a  charac- 
terization of  the  dictatorship  in 
strict  terms  would  lead  us  to 
accept,  in  all  correctness,  its 
characterization  as  fascist  from 
the  point  of  view  of  the  brutality 
of  the  repression  it  has  exer- 
cised. Beyond  that,  I  believe 
that  we  must  understand  that 
what  is  being  attempted  in  Chile 
today  is  a  model  of  domination, 
a  new  type  of  domination  which 
inherits  these  repressive 
characteristics  from  fascism 
but  which  is  really  a  sort  of  neo- 
fascism  which  must  be  defined 
in  accordance  with  present 
in    the   statements   of  the 

military  Junta,  particularly  in 
the  documents  made  public 
after  the  first  six  months,  on 
March  11,  there  is  a  clearly 
explicit  expression  of  what  the 
Junta  sees  as  its  political  tasks 
in  the  long  run.  I  would  say  that 
there  is  contained  the 
proposition  of  incorporating  the 
elements  of  fascism  charac- 
terized with  greater  conceptual 
rigor,  as  it  were,  as  a 
proposition  for  the  future.  For  - 
example,  they  propose  the 
organization  of  a  civilian- 
military  movement  which  would 
come  to  represent  the  fascist 
party  supporting  the  Junta.  We 
also  find  a  redefinition  of  the 
role  of  local  government  (the 
municipalities)  through  which 
the  dictatorship  seeks  some  kind 
of  penetration  of  the  masses 
which  they  lack  today.  The  so- 
called  DINA  (National  Direc- 
torate of  Intelligence)  is  in  full 
operation.  This  is  an  agency  of 
repression,  an  agency  of  in- 
telligence which  represents  a 
sort  of  Gestapo,  superimposed 
on  the  traditional  agencies  of  the 
various  branches  of  the  Armed 
Forces.  In  short,  a  typically 
fascist  situation  is  being  con- 

Now  then,  within  the  context 
of  a  fascism  which  is  applied  as 
a  form  of  domination  in  an 
underdeveloped  and  dependent 
country  and  where  it  is  difficult 
to  represent  and  defend  the 
interests  of  the  middle  sectors  I 
believe  that  as  a  result  it  is  in  the 
very  nature  of  this  dictatorship 
to  be  the  expression  of  the  strict 
interests  of  the  foreign  en- 
terprises and  the  large  national 
bourgeoisie.  And  the  Chilean 
petit-bourgeoisie  and  middle 
sectors,  the  middle  class, 
necessarily  see  themselves 
affected,  as  they  have  been  to  a 
large  extent,  and  I  would  say 
with  greater  reason  in  the 
future.  From  this  point  of  view, 
the  Chilean  dictatorship  cannot 
sustain  itself  with  mass  support, 
even  among  the  middle  sectors. 
Given  this  absence  of  mass 
support  they  must  resort  to  the 
only  method  available  to  them, 
i.e.  repression  —  with  the 
characteristics  that  it  has 
exhibited.  I  believe  it  is  difficult 
to  imagine  a  historic  situation  in 
which,  ten  months  after  the 
coup,  there  continues  to  prevail 
a  repression  of  the  type  which 
still  exists  in  Chile.  The  main- 
tenance of  a  state  of  internal 
war  whereby  all  acts  of  the 

...continued  on  page  6 

6  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

...continued  from  page  5 

citizenry  are  viewed  from  this 
perspective  and  all  normal 
forms  of  consideration  are 
repressed.  The  maintenance  of. 
the  curfew  —  all  these  norms 
which  have  been  applied  would 
be  explicable,  by  no  means 
justifiable,  but  at  least  ex- 
plicable in  the  days  following  a 
coup.  But  the  fact  that  these 
persist  to  this  day  with  the  same 
violence  that  was  used  in  the 
first  days  I  believe  is  one  more 
demonstration  of  how  this 
configuration  of  a  new  fascist 
scheme  in  the  Chilean  case 
cannot  hope  to  achieve  the 
massive  support  of  important 
sectors  of  the  population. 
Necessarily  the  support  of  the 
middle  sectors  is  alienated  and  I 
believe  that  this  is  well 
demonstrated  in  the  progressive 
weakening  of  the  base  of  support 
of  the  military  Junta. 

1  believe  that  this  not  only 
illustrates  the  Chilean  case  in 
very  dramatic  terms  but  it  also 
poses  a  challenge  lo  the  peoples 
of  all  countries.  In  so  far  as  the 
Chilean  dictatorship  nature 
becomes  consolidated,  then  the 
possibility  of  this  neo-fascist 
form  becoming  a  model  of 
domination  in  dependent 
countries  becomes  a  certain  risk 
for  all  Latin  American  countries 
and  in  general  for  all 
democratic  countries. 
Q.  How  do  you  see  the  short  run 

Allende's  last  day 

development  of  the  political 
situation?  Is  there  some 
possibility  of  a  change  of 
military  guard  now  that 
Pinochet  is  installed  as 

A,  I  believe  that  within  the 
general  political  and  economic 
framework  which  exists  it  is 
inevitable  that  all  types  of 
contradictions  develop  within 
the  Armed  Forces  themselves. 
Thus  it  would  not  do  to  exclude 
the  possibility  of  some  changes. 
I  believe  that  the  cabinet  shuffle 
of  a  few  weeks  ago  reflects  the 
character    of    these  con- 

tradictions. But  in  any  case  it 
would  be  a  matter  of  changes 
which  would  not  alter  the 
essential  characteristics  of  the 

That  which  seems  most  im- 
portant to  me  is  that  in  the  midst 
of  these  objective  con- 
tradictions, the  Chilean  people 
will  be  reorganizing  their  forces, 
they  will  overcome  the  enor- 
mous losses  they  suffered,  they 
will  defy  the  repression,  they 
will  build  their  capacity  for 
confrontation  with  maturity, 
with  decisiveness,  without 
falling  into  desperation.  And  it 

will  be  done  with  the  certainty  of 
winning  the  opportunity  erf 
future  historical  stages  in  which 
the  painfully  interrupted  road 
will  be  retaken,  having  learned 
the  lessons  of  this  "bitter  ex- 

In  this  sense,  the  Chilean 
people  certainly  count  not  only 
on  their  own  strength,  but  also 
on  the  strength  of  international 
solidarity;  solidarity  which  is 
both  disinterested  (selfless)  and 
very  much  in  the  interests  of 
other  people's  self-defence  .  .  . 
in  so  far  as  the  rebirth  and 
consolidation  of  a  neo-fascist 
form  in  Chile  would  represent  a 
threat  for  all  peoples.  In- 
ternational solidarity  not  only 
has  the  significance  of  a  humane 
attitude  towards  a  people  who 
are  suffering  what  the  Chilean 
people  suffer  today  but  also  has 
the  significance  of  self-defence 
for  these  other  peoples. 

I  believe  that  in  this  sense  it  is 
important  nobody  fool  them- 
selves or  remain  indifferent  in 
the  face  of  the  importance  of  this 
threat  today. 

When  we  demand  in- 
ternational solidarity,  we  do  so 


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not  only  in  the  interests  of  the 
Chilean  people,  but  because  we 
also  attribute  a  far  wider 
significance  to  the  struggle 
presently  being  waged  by  the 
Chilean  people.  The  extension  of 
new  modes  and  forms  of  fascism 
is  a  certain  risk  .  .  .  and  not- 
withstanding all  that  has  been 
written,  and  said  about  the 
Chilean  situation,  it  is  difficult  to 
fully  understand  the 
significance  of  this. 

In  our  country  there  were 
many  who  waited  for,  hoped  for 
and  encouraged  the  military 
coup,  and  today  ...  I  think  they 
understand  the  significance  that 
that  attitude  has  had;  because 
the  way  in  which  the  great 
majority  of  the  population  is 
oppressed  is  really  in- 
describable. We  who  live  outside 
are  permanently  pained  by  the 
news  we  receive  regarding  the 
conditions  under  which  the 
struggle  is  sustained  .  .  .  and  I 
am  not  just  referring  to  those 
who  are  actively  participating  in 
it,  but  also  to  the  immense 
sufferings  that  this  has  meant 
for  the  Chilean  people  in 


691  Yonge  Street 
For  the  school  year  1974  -  75 



On  purchases  of  $5.89  and  over 

Note:  A  student  identification  card  must  be  shown  prior  to 
sale  being  rung  through  cash  register  to  receive  discount. 

Special  sale  stock  excluded 


INX  200.    Interdisciplinary  Symposium,  Section  A; 

Zen  and  the  Martial  Arts.  Burt  Konzak 

INX  200.    Interdisciplinary  Symposium,  Section  B; 
Women  in  Canada.  Ruth  McEwan 

INX  300.    Interdisciplinary  Symposium,  Section  A: 
Urban  Issues.  David  Stein 

INX  370.   Contemporary  India: 

J.  Mavalwala.and  A.  Rubinoff 

Several  other  symposium  courses  are  now  being 
planned.  For  information  on  these  as  well  as 
those  listed  above,  contact  the  Interdisciplinary 
Studies  Office  at  97  St.  George  Street  [928-6423] 

4MA*.<  <tJU.lM.M.U  l  •       *  • 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  7 

Clip  this  man  out       New  poll  ec  chairman  by  Thursday? 

This  is  your  man  at  The  Var-  pricing,  following  with  a  keen  eye 
sity,  Bob  Bettson.  He's  the  one  the  influx  of  Canada  geese, 
with  his  nose  to  the  ground,  Call  923-8741,  or  923- 
sniffing  outthe  latest  outbreaks  of  8742,  and  ask  for  'deep  mouth' 
festerirjg  corruption,  monitoring  who  will  arrange  to  meet  you  at  a 
the  latest  trends  in  hamburger  pre-arranged  rendez  vous. 





Weekend  at 


for  Geography  Undergrads,  Grads  and  Faculty 
Saturday  Sept.  14  (Evening)  to  Sunday  Sept.  15. 
Further  information  available  in  the  T.U.G.S. 
Office  Room  594  (basement)  Sid  Smith  Hall 

Students  have  been  excluded  from 
the  committee  which  will  choose  a 
successor. to  political  economy 
department  chairman  J.  Stephan 

The  move  may  spark  a  con- 
troversy similar,  to  one  in  1970  when 
students  threatened  a  sit-in  over 
Dupre's  appointment. 

The  chairman  has  wide  power 
over  course  offerings,  academic 
regulations  and  the  hiring  and  firing 
of  professors.  In  effect,  he  rules  the 
department  along  with  a  small 
group  of  senior  faculty  members. 

Dupre  resigned  in  June  to  become 
chairman  of  the  provincial  govern- 
ment's new  advisory  body  for 
university  affairs.  H.  C.  Eastman 
will  be  acting  poli  ec  chairman.  He 
opposes  significant  student 
representation  in  university 

There  are  unconfirmed  reports 
Eastman  is  the  choice  of  the  all- 
.  faculty  committee,  and  that  his 
name  will  be  submitted  to  a  meeting 
of  the  academic  affairs  committee 
which  has  to  approve  the  ap- 
pointment, on  Thursday. 

Eastman  was  unavailable  for 
comment  last  night. 

Arts  and  science  dean  Bob  Greene 
has  appointed  a  search  committee  of 
eight  faculty  members.  The  com- 
mittee will  also  decide  whether  to 
split  the  department  into  separate 
political  science,  economics  and 
commerce  sections, 

University   regulations  prohibit 

students  from  sitting  on  search 
committees  tor  department 
chairmen,  the  most  sensitive 
academic  jobs  in  the  university. 
Students  may  sit  on  selection 
committees  for  deans  of  faculties, 
but  their  deans  have  less  control 
than  chairmen  over  the  academic 
nature  of  the  universsity. 

As  a  slight  concession  to  students, 
Greene  has  appointed  a  small 
"shadow  committee''  of  students  to 
suggest  candidates  to  the  search 

The  shadow  committee  can  also 
discuss  department  re-organization. 
But  it  will  have  no  say  in  any  final 
decisions,  and  no  binding  power. 

When  Dupre  was  appointed 
chairman  in  1970,  the  Political 
Economy  Course  Union  strongly 
protested  the  exclusion  of  students 
and  junior  faculty  members 

Students  also  resented  Dupre's 
hostility  to  possible  student  decision- 

making power  in  the  department. 

They  planned  an  obstructive  rally 
outside  the  poli  ec  offices  in  Sidney 
Smith  Hall,  but  worried  department 
officials  offered  students  a 
negotiating  committee  lo  discuss 
departmental  decision-making. 

The  committee,  consisting  of 
equal  numbers  of  students  and 
faculty,  met  for  several  months,  but 
no  decisions  were  ever  im- 

In  course  union  elections  last 
spring  a  group  of  conservative 
students  was  elected  to  executive 
positions.  It  is  uncertain  whether 
this  group  will  oppose  the  depart- 
ment's plans  for  excluding  students. 
But  several  more  radical  students 
may  challenge  any  course  union 

Representations  to  the  shadow 
committee  should  be  made  to  course 
union  chairwoman  Nonnie  Balcer,  a 
committee  member. 

Vic  council  loses 
top  enchiladas 

Victoria  University  Students' 
Administrative  .Council  (VUSAC) 
has  lost  four  of  its  10  executive 




ROBARTS  LIBRARY  FOYER  10a.m.  -  3p.m. 

[Today,  Thursday,  and  Friday  only] 

members  through  resignations. 

President  Brian  Gazley,  elected 
last  spring  to  his  second  term,  has 
resigned  to  do  community  work  in 
low  income  areas  in  London, 

VUSAC's  usual  fall  elections  for 
members-at-large  will  include  by- 
elections  for  the  vacated  posts. 
Gazley  is  acting  as  president  until 

VUSAC  is  the  student  government 
of  Victoria  University,  which  in- 
cludes Emmanuel  and  Victoria 
Colleges.  It  supports  such  cultural 
efforts  as  the  Strand  newspaper,  the 
Acta  quarterly  literary  review, 
clubs,  pubs,  pinball  machines  and 
musical  reviews. 

VUSAC  also  battles  college 
bureaucracy  and  red  tape.  The 
council  led  a  student  struggle  last 
year  for  voting  representation  on 
Vic's  top  governing  body,  the  Board 
of  Regents. 

Also  resigning  was  finance 
commissioner  Michele  Harvey,  who 
was  accepted  into  medicine.  Her  job 
involved  keeping  the  books  and 
recording  grants  to  clubs. 

Education  commissioner  Wayne 
McComb  resigned  as  well.  McComb 
was  encouraged  to  run  by  a  former 
VUSAC  member  but  found  the 
organization  less  appealing  once 

Fine  Canadian  Leathers 

The  soft  skins  are  naturally 
finished,  so  in  Roots  you'll 
look  as  good  as  you  feel.  And 
because  Roots  are  designed 
and  made  right  here  in 
Canada,  you  needn't  pay 
through  the  nose  for  your  feet 

Anatomy  of  a  Root 

Rocker  Sole 

In  a  natural  stride,  weight 
moves  from  the  heel,  along 
the  outer  side  of  the  foot 
then  diagonally  across  to  the 
big  toe.  which  springs  you  off 
on  your  next  step.  Roots 
rocker  sole  helps  (his  shift  in 
weight,  making  every  foot 
step  just  a  little  less  tiring. 

Supported  Arch 


lewalk  can  be  a 
1  arch  enemy.  And  fallen 
lies  hurt  Roots  are  con- 
red  lo  support  the  arch 
fthe  small  recess  between 
balls  of  your  feet. 

1052  Yonge  Street 

(Opposite  Roscdale  Stibwiiy  Station) 

MonTue.,Wed.&  Sat.,  10a.m.- 6p.m. Thurs,  10am.-8p.m.  Frt  10a.m.-9pm.  Tel:  967-5461 

Recessed  Heel 

Walk  on  sand  and  your  heel 
will  leave  the  deepest  part  of 
your  footprint  In  natural 
walking,  most  of  your  weight 
lands  on  your  heel  Conven- 
tional shoes-even  low- 
heeled  shoes-tilt  you  forward 
and  change  your  basic  pos- 
ture. In  Roots,  your  heel  sinks 
into  a  comfortable  recess, 
giving  you  a  natural  walk  on 
any  kind' of  surface. 

Fashion  is  fun  atA 
Pink  Whiskers. 
,1  Bedford  fl< 
(St.  George  subway 

We  invite  trained  Choir 
singers  to  audition  for  1974-75 
music  from  the  Renaissance 
and  Baroque,  Bach  cantatas, 
Schuetz  "Musikalische 

Chamber  Society 

6  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

Nixon  as  an  air  cargo  supply  officer  during  World  War  Two. 

Varg  denies  guilt 
in  Nixon  ouster 

On  behalf  of  the  publisher  and  the 
board  of  directors.  The  Varsity 
hereby  serves  official  notice  that  it 
rejects  the  scurrilious  accusations 
that  have  been  levelled  concerning 
the  paper  and  ex-president  Richard 

We  deny  emphatically,  the  charge 
of  hounding  Mr.  Nixon  out  of  office. 
The  Varsity   has   been,   and  will 

continue  to  be,  a  free  and  critical 
press.  But  to  suggest  that  the  paper 
single-handedly  forced  Mr.  Nixon 
from"  his  high  office  is  to  drag  the 
noble  profession  of  journalism 
through  the  mud. 

The  Varsity  thanks  its  readers 
who  understood,  and  supported  us 
when  we  came  under  fire. 

SAC  and  SRO 
present  at 


Friday  September  20th 



2  shows 

Thursday  September  26th 


2  shows  NOW  ON  SALEM 

Saturday  September  28th 



1  show  only  NOW  ON  SALE  ! 

•     *  ? 

Saturday  October  5th 

Two  generations  of  Brubeck  featuring 
*      DAVE  BRUBECK  and  HIS  SONS 
2  shows    NOW  ON  SALE! 

Sunday  October  6th 


2  shows  (in  co-operation  with  VUSAC)  ^■Swlft 

Friday  October  11th 


2  shows 

Sunday  October  27th  JvJBb 


1  show  only  }■ 

Friday  November  8th 


2  shows 

Sunday  November  17th 


1  show  only 

$4.00  (TAX  INCLUDED)  FOR 

Friday  November  29th 


1  show  only 


Students  interested  in  Marshalling  the  series 
should  contact  David  Bluestein  653-4698 

Wednesday^  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  9 

I  wish  to  express  my 
dissatisfaction  with  the  hiring  policy 
exhibited  by  the  Department  of 
Sociology  at  the  University  of 
Toronto.  Recently,  the  Sociology 
Department  increased  its  staff  by 
hiring  8  professors  from  the  United 
States  and  one  from  West  Germany. 
This  increases  trie  proportion  of  U.S. 
professors  in  the  Department  of 
Sociology  to  over  55  per  cent. 

What  is  even  more  stunning 
though,  is  the  fact  that  over  30 
Canadian  applicants  were  refused 
positions  by  the  committee 
responsible  for  the  hirings.  Alan 
Powell,  a  U.  of  T.  associate 
professor  said  that  between  30-40 
qualified  Canadian  applicants  were 

In  response  to  this  dreadful  non- 
Canadian  hiring  policy,  professor 
Irving  Zeitlin,  Chairman  of  the 
Department  of  Sociology  said  that 
"no  one  is  going  to  sacrifice  com- 
petence to  hire  Canadians. " 
Professor  Zeitlin  claimed  that  the 
Canadian  applicants  lacked 
Canadian  research  interests  or 
experience,  and  were  inferior  to  the 
non-Canadian  applicants.  He  also 
claimed  that  there  was  a  larger  pool 
of  U.S.  candidates  to  draw  from. 

As  a  result  of  the  recent  hirings, 
Zeitlin  and  the  Department  of 
Sociology  have  received  widespread 
criticism  from  both  outside  and 
within  the  University  of  Toronto. 
Professor   James   Turk   and  5 

students  on  the  Sociology  Depart- 
ment hiring  committee  all  resigned 
as  a  result  of  the  recent  hirings. 

Commenting  on  the  resignations, 
Zeitlin  said  that  he  had  no  use  for 
that  sort  of  thing,  and  he  also  said 
that  he  had  nothing  but  contempt  for 
those  that  resigned. 

Paul  Grayson,  a  York  University 
Sociology  professor  opposed  the 
recent  hirings.  He  believes  that  the 
University  of  Toronto  has  failed  to 
comply  with  the  1973  CSAA  meeting, 
in  which  it  was  mutually  agreed  that 
faculties  having  more  than  50  per 
cent  non-Canadian  members  should 
hold  emergency  moratoriums  on 
hiring  policy. 

Shirley  Small,  a  sociology 
professor  at  the  University  of 
Toronto,  summed  up  the  criticism  of 
the  Department's  hiring  policy  in  a 
recent  article  in  the  Star.  She  con- 
cluded her  article  by  saing  that,  "We 
must  recognize  that  we  do  not  need 
to  be  dependent  on  the  United  States 
for  sociological  insights  into  our  own 
society.  This  may  well  mean  the 
hiring  of  younger  less  experienced 
members  of  the  profession  who  have 
not  yet  gained  international 
recognition  for  their  publications.'' 

Professor  Irving  Zeitlin  is  himself 
a  U.S.  citizen.  He  did  his  doctoral 
work  at  Princeton  and  then  taught  at 
the  University  of  Indiana  and 
Washington  University  in  St.  Louis 
before  coming  to  the  University  of 
Toronto.  No  doubt  the  fact  that  he 


Printed  Guides  and  Leaflets  are  available 

General  Orientation  Tours  at  Robarts 

daily  at  11:00  a.m.  and  3:00  p.m. 

Subject  Seminars  for  Small  Groups 

can  be  arranged  —  Call  Local  2279  (Robarts) 

2280  (Sig  Sam) 
8617  (Sci.  Med.) 

Free  Coffee  at  Sigmund  Samuel  until  Sept.  19. 

himself  is  a  U.S.  citizen  played  a 
major  role  in  the  hiring  of  the  U.S. 

Professor  Larry  Felt,  a  member 
of  the  Sociology  Department  hiring 
committee  said  that  Canadian 
citizenship  was  taken  into  con- 
sideration when  reviewing  the  ap- 
plications, but  when  further 
questioned  he  admitted  that  some  of 
the  U.S.  profs,  who  had  been 
teaching  in  Canadian  Universities  in 
subject  areas  not  necessarily 
related  to  Canada,  had  been  given 
preference  as  having  "Canadian 
teaching  experience." 

Zeitlin  also  said  that  in  the  opinion 
of  the  committee  none  of  the 
Canadian  applicants  were  im- 
pressive from  a  scholarly  point  of 

Personally,  I  feel  that  this  is 
inadequate.  There  were- more  than 
30  Canadian  applicants,  none  of 
whom  would  have  applied  had  they 
felt  that  they  had  not  met  the  ad- 
mission requirements.  Fur- 
thermore, of  those  applicants,  I  find 
it  hard  to  believe  that  there  was  not 
at  least  one  Canadian  applicant  with 
an  outstanding  academic  record. 

It  is  vital  that  professor  Zeitlin 
make  public  the  applications  for 
admission  into  the  Department  of 
Sociology.  If  in  fact  the  Canadian 
applicants  were  "academically 
inferior",  then  something  must  be 
done  to  improve  the  level  of 
graduate  studies  in  Sociology  in 
Canadian  Universities. 

But  if  in  tact  there  were  promising 
Canadian  applicants  who  were 
refused  admission  in  preference  of 
their  U.S.  counterparts,  then  I  call 
for  the  immediate  resignation  of 
Chairman  Irving  Zeitlin. 

Either  way,  the  applications  must 
be  made  public  so  that  all  the  facts 
can  be  revealed. 

George  llczek 
SAC  Rep.,  Innis  College 

Leather  Cases 

Expertly  handcrafted 
for  your  personal 
and  professional  nee*':. 

Stitching  Horse 


Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 


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1 974-75  Season 

THE  KILLDEER  by  James  Reaney 
Thursday,  October  17  to  Saturday,  October  26 

 —CUT  THIS  OUT— — 


7:30  9-30 

'TIS  PITY  SHE'S  A  WHORE  by  John  Ford 
Thursday,  November  14  to  Saturday,  November  23 

THE  FROGS  by  Aristophanes 

Thursday,  January  23  to  Saturday,  February  1 

CORIOLANUSby  Bertolt  Brecht 

Thursday,  March  13  to  Saturday,  March  22 

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telephone  928-8674  or  call  at  Theatre  offices. 

10  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

Thousands  affected  by  OSAP  changes 

More  than  6,000  students  in-  On- 
tario post-secondary  institutions 
stand  to  lose  $5,000  each  in  tax 
deductions  because  of  a  change  in 
the  Ontario  Student  Award  Program 

The  change  affects  students  who 
have  completed  at  least  three  years 
of  post-secondary  instruction  or  who 
have  worked  for  one  year  and 
completed  two  years  of  study. 

The  move  follows  the  federal 
government  decision  to  eliminate 
the  Modified  Group  A  status  from 
the  Ontario  Student  Assistance 
Program  (OSAP). 

The  decision,  based  upon  the 
Canada  Student  Loans  Act  (SLA) 
was  reached  because  OSAP  dropped 
the  criterion  of  age. 

As  a  result,  the  OSAP's  standards 
for  qualification  were  considered  too 
lenient  by  the  federal  SLA. 

In  the  past  students  who  qualified 
for  assistance  under  the  Modified 
Group  A  stipulations,  according  to 

OSAP's  parental  contribution  table, 
had  either: 

"Completed  three  successful 
years  of  post-secondary  education, 
or  spent  a  total  of  three  years 
comprising  two  years  of  successful 
post-secondary  education  and  one 
period  of  twelve  consecutive  months 
in  the  work  force  or  actively  looking 
for  work." 

Those  who  qualified  for  the 
Modified  Group  A,  including  1,259 
students  from  University  of  Toronto, 
were  allowed  an  additional  $5,000 
deduction  from  their  parents'  net 
incomes,  on  top  of  all  other 

While  the  loss  of  this  deduction 
may  seem  large,  a  ministry  of 
colleges  and  universities  spokesman 
claimed  for  most,  the  loss  would  be 

But  representative  of  the  Ontario 
Federation  of  Students  (OFS),  said 
the  government  action  reflects  the 
ministry's  attitude  towards 

The  government  spokesman  said 
3,800  of  the  6,000  students  involved 
would  be  covered  as  independent 
students.  This  group,  he  claimed, 
would  likely  be  better  off  as  in- 

These  students  will  be  able  to  take 
advantage  of  the  recently  lowered 
standard  of  independence,  from  25  to 
24  years  of  age,  he  said. 

Any  of  the  remaining  2,200 
students  who  find  themselves 
seriously  affected  by  the  govern- 
ment's decision  will  be  able  to  ap- 
peal before  a  board  established  by 
the  provincial  government. 

This  board  will  deal  with  cases 
individually,  but  spokesmen  did  not 
say  how  long  this  would  take. 

The  OFS  is  sceptical  about  the 
individual  treatment  of  the  2,200 
appeals.  It  would  prefer  across-the- 
board  treatment  of  the  appeals. 

By  eliminating  this  group,  the 
ministry  will  save  $200,000  a  year. 

When  questioned  about  the 
Modified  Group  A,  U  of  T  student 
awards  office  spokespeople  claimed 
they  were  unaware  of  any  specific 
action  taken  by  the  province  to  help 
students  affected. 

regimen.  However,  Ontario 
government  officials  have-  ap- 
proached their  counterparts  in  other 
provinces  with  the  suggestion  that 
they  adopt  a  group  similar  to  the 
Modified  A  that  Ontario  used. 

For  this  year,  at  least,  there  will  A  review  of  the  SLA  will  take  place 
be  no  Modified  Group  A  in  the  OSAP    in  1975. 

Maintenance  staff 
to  vote  on  contract 

You  want  delays,  we  got  delays 

Thousands  of  Ontario  students  will 
receive  their  student  loans  late  this 
year  due  to  a  keypunch  processing 
foul up. 

Ministry  of  colleges  and  univer- 
sities officials  indicate  loans  are 
always  late,  and  this  delay  will  only 
mean  a  slight  additional  wait. 

The  Student  Awards  office  on 
campus  has  stated  there  will  be  no 
problem  for  University  of  Toronto 

However,  SAC  spokespeople 
maintain  (he  Student  Awards  office 
has  not  notified  students  of  the 
availability  of  interest-free  loans. 

The  Student  Awards  office  denied 
SAC's  claim,  stating  every  OSAP 
loan  applicant  will,  sooner  or  later, 
get  in  touch  with  the  office  where  he 

or  she  will  be  told  about  the  loans. 

In  order  to  help  students  who  have 
not  received  their  OSAP  loans,  the 
university  will  grant  a  waiver  on 
payment  of  tuition  until  the  loan 

SAC  points  out  students  who  need 
funds  immediately  are  entitled  to  an 
interest-tree  loan  to  tide  them  over 
until  the  OSAP  loans  come  through. 

A  similar  practice  ot  waiving 
tuition  and  providing  interest-free 
loans  has  also  been  adopted  by  York 
University  and  Ryerson 
Polylechnical  Institute. 

SAC  will  continue  to  monitor  the 
situation  and  help  students  who 
unsuccessfully  apply  for  an  interest- 
free  loan. 

At  least  one  student  who  applied  at 


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Come  out  and  meet  the  instructors  and  register  to  AM  to  10  PM 
Daily  Sept.  9  to  30.  Morning,  Afternoon  and  evening  classes 
available.  Special  student  rates. 






Wed  Sept.  11  8:30  PM.  Sun.  Sept.  15,  2:30  PM.  Lateral  Thlnkinq 
8  30^MS'  SeP''  '2'  8:30  PM'  GraPnoana|ysis  •  ■  ■  s"n-  Sept.  15, 


223  St  Clair  Avenue  West 
Toronto  -  Canada 

"Speakers  for  groups  available  on  request." 

the  Student  Awards  office  for  an 
interest-free  loan  was  refused. 

However,  when  a  SAC 
representative  accompanied  the 
student  the  next  day,  the  student 
received  a  $200  loan. 

The  government  announced 
Monday  processing  of  OSAP  loans 
was  once  again  on  schedule.  It 
remains  to  be  seen  how  long  the 
loans  will  take  to  reach  students. 

Both  SAC  and  OFS  remain  scepti- 
cal about  the  ministry's  statement 
that  loans  are  being  processed  on 


U  of  T's  maintenance  and  ground 
workers  will  vote  Thursday  night  on 
a  settlement  reached  between  the 
university  and  their  union. 

The  800  employees  are  members 
of  the  Service  Employees'  In- 
ternational Union. 

The  union  leaders  will  recommend 
they  accept  the  agreement  reached 
early  Friday  morning.  Details  of  the 
agreement  cannot  be  divulged 
before  the  vote. 

The  negotiations,  lasting  several 
months,  involved  wages,  better 
health  benefits,  vacation  pay  and 
observance  of  statutory  holidays. 

Tension  was  highest  in  early  May 
when  the  union  accused  ad- 
ministrative    negotiators  of 

bargaining  in  bad  faith.  The 
university  had  refused  to  'continue 
bargaining  unless  the  union  with- 
drew a  proposal  for  a  cost-of  -living 

"All  universities  are  tight  with 
their  bargaining"  a  union 
spokesman  explained,  claiming  a 
wage  increase  might  result  in  a  fees 
increase  and  therefore  discourage 
university  enrolment. 

The  last  major  dispute  between 
the  union  and  the  university  was 
settled  in  October  1972  after 
prolonged  bargaining  over  wage 

If  the  settlement  is  rejected 
Thursday  night,  the  parties  will  re- 
negotiate the  issues  but  union 
leaders  hope  to  avoid  a  strike. 


rsMi_rn  ^  stylist 

y  Sutton  Place  Hotel 
Special  Student  Prices 

Drop  in  and  see  us  for  the 
latest  in  Men's  Hairstyling 
.  .  .also  regular  hair  cutting 

Open  6  days  a  week 
8  A.M.  to  6  P.M.  Phone  922-8944 
Manicure  and  shoe  shine 
also  available 


229  COLLEGE  STREET,  TORONTO  Tel:  923-3921 

Open  to  qualified  graduates  and  advanced  undergraduates 

PM  Starts  U  Sept.] 

Dr.  C.T.  Mclntire,  8  lectures  on  a  Christian  understanding  of 
History;  Dr.  Albert  Wolters,  8  lectures  in  critique  of  value-free 
objectivity;  and  Dr.  Hendrik  Hart,  8  lectures  towards  a  Christian 

BIBLICAL  FOUNDATIONS  [Wednesday  9:30  AM  starts  11  Sept.] 

A  course  directed  toward  learning  how  to  read  and  understand 
the  Biblical  scriptures  led  by  Dr.  James  H.  Olthuis,  with  Dr. 
Calvin  G.  Seerveld,  Dr.  Bernard  Zylstra  and  Dr.  Arnold  De 

For  cost,  course  outlines,  and  registration:  stop  by  or  telephone 
the  Institute  for  Christian  Studies. 


in  a  lecture  illustrated  with  slides  on  Israeli  &  Biblical  folklore  express  ions  in  art. 

Born  and  educated  in  Israel,  artist  Hannah  Sandberg  has  developed  i  i  her  paintings  a 
unique  idiom,  utilizing  Hebrew  wording  and  calligraphy  as  image-producing  elements 
m  her  interpretive  expression  of  Biblical  themes.  Her  many  paintings  in  water  colour 
tempera,  pastel,  oil,  gouache,  liquitex  (acrylic)  casein,  and  mixed  media  reflect  not 
only  the  influence  of  Israeli  folklore,  its  traditions,  origins,  and  history  but  also  her 
thorough  knowledge  of  the  Old  Testament  and  the  life  and  philosophies  of  the  Near  and 
ar,  a  u Sources  of  inspiration  for  her  paintings,  exhibited  over  the  last  fifteen  years 
include  the  Ten  Commandments,  the  Prophesies  of  Micah,  and  the  Book  of  Psalms  on 
which  she  is  presently  engaged,  having  undertaken  the  ambitious  project  of  executing 
in  oil  and  acrylic  150  canvases,  interpreting  visually  each  of  the  Psalms. 

~ART  NEWS  critic  .poke  of  the  "luminous  abstractions"  in  her  work-  others'have 
noted  the  'aura  of  gaiety"  in  her  "Mediterranean  colors  despite  the  series  subject 
matter  ;  the  animation,  mood,  and  meaning  derived  from  the  Biblical  text  itself 
executed  in  stylized  sophisticated  design  which  results  in  a  kind  of  archaic  qualitv  of 
?'™?rSphs'  Publicat'0"s  in  which  reviews  of  her  work  have  appeared  in  addition  to 
ART  NEWS,  include  ARTS,  the  NEW  YORK  TIMES,  the  NEW  YORK  POST  the  NEW 

Greenwich,  N.Y.),  the  TORONTO  STAR,  and  the  GLOBE  AND  MAIL  Besides  par- 
ticipating in  many  group  shows,  she  has  had  onvi-woman  shows  at  the  East  Side 
Gallery,  the  John  Myers  Gallery,  the  Living  Art  Gallery,  the  New  York  Public  Librarv 
the  Lynn  Kottler  Galleries  the  Village  Art  Centre  Galleries,  the  Jewish  Theological 
Seminary  of  America ,  and  the  Samuel  J .  Zacks  Gallery,  York  University 

Mrs.  Sandberg  has  frequently  lectured  on  modern  art  and  has  taught  at  Yeshiva 
XeS  Yo"kgUnt0r°s'ityr  gir'S-  ^      ^  'eaChing  tor  "*  paSt three  *ears atltong 

8:00  P.M.  SUNDAY,  SEPTEMBER  15th,  1974 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  11 


When  Western  civilization  collapses  from  its  in- 
ternal contradictions  sometime  next  Thursday,  it 
will  leave  behind  a  rich  legacy  of  cultural  develop- 
ment which  will  surely  be  of  value  to  all  mankind. 
Future  societies,  whatever  their  ideological  preten- 
sions, cannot  help  but  benefit  from  such  prodigies  of 
physical  and  social  engineering  as  double-edged 
twin-bladed  razors  and  electoral  democracy. 

Forms  of  political  organization  since  the  golden 
days  of  Greek  Democracy  (in  which  all  enjoyed  the 
rights  of  full  citizenship  except  slaves  and  women) 
have  ranged  all  the  way  from  benevolent  despotism 
to  amiable  dictatorship.  The  university  in  its  role  as 
a  transmitter  of  cultural  values  to  the  unlettered 
hordes  of  posterity  governs  itself  according  to  a 
popular  variation  on  this  old  theme. 

In  principle  it's  fairly  complex.  In  practice  it's  be- 
wildering. But  it  rests  foursquare  on  those  two  pillars 
of  civilization  and  order,  bureaucrats  and  com- 

The  main  difference  between  bureaucrats  and 

committeemen  is  that  the  former  are  paid  and  the 
latter  are  not.  Committeemen  are  concerned  to 
represent  their  constituencies  adequately;  bureau- 
crats are  concerned  with  getting  the  job  done.  It's  an 
old  song,  the  opposition  between  efficiency  and 
democracy  in  decision-making;  but  things  are  even 
more  complicated  than  that. 

To  begin  with,  there  is  no  unanimity  among 
committee  members  on  their  aims.  Students,  faculty 
members,  businessmen  appointed  by  the  provincial 
government,  custodians  and  alumni  can  come  up 
with  multi-sided  disagreements  convuluted  enough 
to  make  zen  parables  seem  models  of  clarity  by 

Further,  once  a  decision  is  reached  it  may  be 
unacceptable  to  those  to  whom  it  applies.  Individual 
faculties,  departments,  and  colleges  wish  to  retain 
significant  power  in  their  own  hands,  leaving  the 
governing  council  the  job  of  ratifying  their  decisions. 

In  flow-chart  terms,  loyalties  run  in  two  different 
directions.  There  is  the  loyalty  of  the  academic  unit. 

All  members  of  Eggplant  College,  deans,  professors, 
graduate  students,  undergraduates,  cafeteria  ladies, 
alumni,  gardeners,  librarians,  will  do  their  darned- 
est for  dear  old  Eggplant.  There  is  also  the  cross- 
university  loyalty  of  the  major  groups  within  the 
university.  A  student  from  the  Faculty  of  Shrub- 
Pruning  can  relate  to  a  student  from  the  Faculty  of 
Bicycle  Repair  because  they  are  both  students. 
Similarly,  a  professor  in  the  department  of  Scientol- 
ogy will  share  the  basic  assumptions  of  a  professor  in 
the  department  of  Animal  Magnetism.  This  makes 
for  situations  in  which  a  student  at  Eggplant  College 
may  one  day  see  an  Eggplant  professor  as  an  enemy, 
the  next  day  as  an  ally.  It  should  be  borne  in  mind 
that  such  allegiances  will  appear  or  disappear  be- 
tween different  groups  as  different  issues  arise. 

What  follows  is  an  attempl  to  give  a  rudimentary 
explanation  of  the  university  s  governing  structure. 
It  is  intended  as  a  grossly  simplified  guide,  and  not 
as  a  definitive  analysis.  The  best  way  to  get  an  un- 
derstanding of  university  government  is  by  actually 
watching  the  committees  in  action  (or  inaction). 



Ladies  and  gentlemen, 
the  president! 

Can  a  man  who  was  once  a  vege- 
tarian find  happiness  in  the  fast- 
moving  world  of  a  university  presi- 
dent? This  is  the  question  that  ex- 
vegetarian  -  turned  -  administrator 
watchers  are  asking  themselves 
about  personable  John  Evans,  presi- 
dent since  1972. 

Evans  calls  himself  a  pragmatist, 
and  it's  easy  to  see  why.  His  ap- 
proach to  decision-making  is  ex- 
tremely flexible ;  he  is  concerned  not 
so  much  with  the  process  of  decision- 
making as  its  results.  This  approach 
may  have  its  advantages,  but  its 
great  disadvantages  is  that  it  places 
more  decision-making  power  in  the 
hands  of  administrators. 

Under  Evans'  presidency,  the 
Simcoe  Hall  bureaucracy  has  adapt- 
ed well  to  these  'modern  manage- 
ment' practices.  More  and  more  pol- 
icy matters — the  university  budget 
is  an  extremely  important  exam- 
ple—are being  decided  by  presiden- 
tial advisory  committees  which  are 
not  responsible  to  the  governing 

Evans  is  no  hard-liner,  though:  he 
avoids  direct  confrontations  when  he 
can.  When  he  cannot,  as  was  the, 
case  with  last  spring's  Banfield  inci- 
dent when  faculty  members  were  on 

the  verge  of  demanding  his  resigna- 
tion, he  will  support  the  faculty  posi- 
tion. However,  he  left  his  last  job  as 
dean  of  the  McMaster  Medical  Fac- 
ulty with  the  admiration  of  students 
and  others  for  his  innovative  ap- 

In  his  highly  visible  position, 
Evans  is  aware  of  the  importance  of 
his  image.  He  is  credited  with  some 
personal  charm,  and  his  public 
remarks  indicate  his  respect  for  the 
governing  council  of  the  university. 
But  he  seems  often  to  use  the  council 
as  a  screen.  On  a  contentious  issue, 
he  will  refrain  from  taking  a  per- 
sonal stand,  and  the  responsibility 
for  the  decision  will  appear  to  rest 
with  the  governing  council. 

Although  Evans  is  a  member  of 
the  governing  council,  he  rarely 
expresses  his  opinions  during  its 
meetings.  But  during  the  closed 
meetings  of  the  executive  commit- 
tee, his  shyness  disappears.  His  low 
profile  on  specific  issues  masks  a 
desire  and  ability  to  administer  the 
university  as  efficiently  as  possible. 
The  cost  of  efficiency,  however,  is  a 
considerable Hransfer  of  actual 
decision -making  power  from  the 
governing  council  to  the  administra- 

Financial  guru  Alex  Rankin 

Alex  Rankin,  vice-president  for 
business  affairs,  comes  equipped 
with  a  slightly  different  perspective 
than  most  administrators.  While  the 
president,  provost,  and  other 
bureaucratic  bigwigs  are  also 
academics,  Rankin  comes  from  the 
lucrative  world  of  free  enterprise. 
Before  assuming  his'  present 
position  in  1967,  Rankin  was  vice- 
president  of  finances  for  B.C.  Forest 

Products.  Now  he  is  concerned  with 
the  finances  of  this  huge  knowledge 
conglomerate.  ( Knowledge  is 
reputed  to  be  a  less  saleable  comm- 
odity than  pulp.) 

He  is  responsible  for  ad- 
ministering the  university's  in- 
vestments, real  estate  holdings,  and 
capital  development,  While  these 
decisions  influence  the  university's 

long-term  financial  situation,  and 
thus  limit  possibilities  in  terms  of 
new  appointments,  acquisitions,  and 
construction,  their  immediate  effect 
on  students  is  often  difficult  to 

Rankin  has  the  reputation  of  being 
friendly  to  students,  but  years  of  top- 
level  corporate  security  have  made 
him  unwilling  to  give  sensitive  in- 
formation to  '"outsiders". 

James  hobnobs  with  alumni 

Speculation  is  running  rampant 
among  administration-watchers  and 
rumor-mongerers  that  an  Aussie 
coup  is  under  way  at  Simcoe  Hall. 
Norman  James,  the  new  vice- 
president  for  external  affairs, 
follows  the  trail  blazed  by  fellow- 
countryman  Jill  Conway  through  the 
corridors  of  power. 

James  will  be  the  administration's 

link  with  the  external  affairs 
committee.  Such  vital  areas  of 
university  policy  as  preparations  for 
the  150th  anniversary  celebrations 
will  fall  within  his  responsibilities. 

James  has  a  background  in 
business,  and  has  even  worked  for 
an  ITT  subsidiary.  He  says  that  ITT 
is  really  with  it  as  far  as  modern 
management    practices   are  con- 

cerned, and  that  there's  no  sub- 
stitute for  professionalism  in  run- 
ning the  university's  affairs. 

A  bon  mot  going  the  rounds  in 
radical-bohemian  circles  has  it  that 
the  influx  of  Aussies  into  top  ad- 
ministration posts  just  goes  to  show 
that  the  Caput  really  is  a  kangaroo 
court. Ha,  ha. 

Connell  makes  plans 

George  C&nnell,  associate  dean  of 
medicine,  has  taken  over  the 
position  of  viee-presidenl  of  plan- 
ning and  institutional  relations  from 
the  inimitable  Jack  Sword,  who  is 
hiking  a  one-year  leave  of  absence. 

■rft&is.a  powerful  wsiW  Cor^. 

nell  will  have  to  establish  priorities 
for  development  on  the  basis  of  the 
university's  financial  situation.  He 
will  also  administer  and  make 
recommendations   concerning  the 

resources  means  spending  less 
money.)  It  has  been  suggested  that 
"some  divisions  will  be  faced  with 
such  substantial  budget  cuts  as  to 
endanger  their  existence.  Decisions 
as  to  which  divisions  gel  the 
probably  be  in  Council's  h; 

Provost  Forster  has 
wide-ranging  power 

Don  Forster,  vice-president  and 
provost  is  the  most  powerful 
member  of  the  bureaucracy.  As 
provost  he  is  the  administration's 
link  with  all  the  academic  divisions 
and  faculties  within  the  university. 
As  vice-president  he  is  chairman  of 
the  influential  budget  committee, 
which  makes  dollars-and-cents 
decisions  about  the  university's 
financial  priorites.  His  authority  is 
considerable  over  these  two  most 
important  areas  of  university  ad- 

In  the  complex  structure  of 
academic  administration,  Forster  is 
the  liaison  between  the  academic 
divisions  and  the  governing  coun- 
cil's academic  affairs  committee. 
All  reports,  briefs,  bitches  and 
recommendations  from  the  divisions 
to  academic  affairs  pass  through 
Forster's  office. 

"On  many  of  these,  we  simply  act 
as  a  post  office,''  Forster  said.  "But 
on  many  others,  we  will  make 
recommendations  supporting, 
amending,  or  rejecting  them." 

Forster  is  aware  of  the  charge  that 
administrators  treat  the  committees 
of  governing  council  as  rubber 
stamps  for  their  policies.  He  says 
it's  "inevitable"  that  full-time  ad- 
ministrators will  be  better-informed 
than  part-time  committee  members 
and  agrees  that  "in  many  cases" 
committee  members  do  not  have 
enough  time  or  information  to 
examine  critically  administrators' 
recommendations.  He  offers  no 
solutions  to  this  problem  in  terms  of 
possible  changes  in  the  structure  of 
university  government.  For  the 
committees  of  governing  council  to 
exercise  their  formal  control  over 
policy-making,  "enough  members 
have  to  work  their  heads  off  and 
command  enough  information"  to 
evaluate  administration  proposals. 

Forster  delegates  responsibility 

for  specific  areas  oi  academic  ad- 
ministration among  the  four  vice- 
provosts:  Millon  Israel  (arts  and 
science,  school  of  graduate  studies) ; 
John  Hamilton  ihealth  sciences); 
Robin  Ross  (setting  up  the  new 
academic  discipline  tribunal);  and 
Peter  Meincke  (academic  services). 

In  his  role  as  chairman  of  the 
budget  committee,  Forster  says  the 
budget  sq  L'eze  will  affect  "every 
aspect  of  the  university."  There  will 
be  fewer  new  academic  ap- 
pointments, larger  classes,  and 
higher  lead  ng  loads  for  faculty 

But  he  di  grees  with  the  view 
that  the  uni  i-M'sity  must  resort  to 
increasingly  centralized  ad- 
ministrator lu  deal  with  its 
financial  pi>  !ems,  "Centralization 
has  its  ail  ntages,  but  on  the 
academic  si  e  decentralization  is 
essential,"  he  said.  "It  is  a  great 
strength  of  the  university  that  it  is  so 
complex  and  decentralized." 

Forster  teaches  economics,  and 
sees  his  loyalties  as  those  of  '"a 
member  of  the  teaching  staff."  This 
is  indicative  of  tin-  position  he  will 
take  in  student-faculty  disputes.  But 
he  makes  himself  available  to 
students,  and  has  a  reputation  for 
giung  them  straight  answers.  As 
chairman  of  the  task  force  on 
academic  appointments  procedures, 
however,  he  endorsed  a  policy 
recommending  that  students  be 
denied  representation  on  hiring, 
firing,  promotion,  and  staffing 

"This  is  the  place  where  proposals 
are  formulated  and  finally,  if  not 
formally,  approved,"  he  said.  "The 
academic  affairs  committee  and  the 
administration  can  establish  a 
climate,  but  design  and  im- 
plementation of  specific  changes 
still  takes  place  in  the  academic 

Conway  pushes  discipline 

Internal  affairs  vice-president  Jill 
Conway  is  best  known  to  U  of  T 
students  as  architect  of  the  proposed 
discipline  code  for  non-academic 
offenses.  She  said  the  internal  af- 
fairs committee,  which  has 
suspended  its  discipline  debate  until 
January,  may  wait  to  see  what 
problems  face  the  new  academic 
discipline  tribunal  before  making  a 
decision.  Asked  whether  she  was 
aware  of  pressure  for  quick  passage 
of  a  non-academic  discipline  code 
following  last  spring's  Banfield 
incident,   she   replied,    "I'm  not 

II     the  internal 


inistration  "to 

the  purpose  of 
branch  of  the 
improve  in  any 

way  possible  the  environment  in 
which  the  university's  basic 
academic  functions  take  place." 

Apart  from  the  matter  of 
discipline,  Conway  said  internal 
affairs  will  concentrate  on  "a  whole 
lot  of  projects  concerning  the 
campus  environment"  this  year. 

Proposals  on  the  campus  centre, 
parking  policy,  reorganization  of  the 
governing  structure  for  athletics, 
and  the  creation  of  an  ombudsman  f> 
will  have  a  "real  impact  in  im- 
proving the  campus  environment." 

Conway  leaves  U  ol  T  tins  spring 
to  become  president  of  Smith 
College.    The    matter    of  her 

12  The  Varsity 


When  Her  Majesty  (by  and  with 
the  advice  and  consent  of  the 
Legislative  Assembly  of  the 
Province  of  Ontario)  gave  her 
assent  to  the  University  of  Toronto 
Act  <  1971 ) ,  she  wasn't  just  kidding 
around.  Even  in  the  rarified  at- 
mosphere of  her  plush  Westminister 
digs  she  kept  in  touch  with  new 
wrinkles  in  management  methods; 
and  she  knew  that  centralized  ad- 
ministration was  the  wave  of  the 
future.  Ergo,  the  creation  of  the 
new,  aerodynamic,  streamlined 
governing  council  of  the  University 
of  Toronto  to  replace  the  clumsy  and 
dogeared  Board  of  Governors  and 
Senate  of  earlier  years. 

The  governing  council  is 
responsible  for  the  "government, 
management,  and  control  of  the 
University"  according  to  the  U  of  T 
Act,  which  gives  it  the  sort  of  power 
kings  used  to  claim  when  divine 
right  was  all  the  rage.  The  gover- 

ning council  is  explicitly  given 
power  over  the  administrative  arm 
of  university  government,  power  to 
appoint  and  remove  from  office,  if 
necessary,  the  president  of  the 
university.  In  turn,  the  governing 
council  and  the  president  jointly  can 
appoint  or  suspend  other  members 
of  the  administrative  staff. 

Most  of  the  governing  council's 
work  is  done  through  committees 
which  are  given  responsibility  for 
policy-making  in  different  areas. 
These  committees  work  in  close  co- 
operation with  officers  of  the  ad- 
ministration. The  committees  make 
recommendations  on  matters  of 
policy,  which  are  then  forwarded  to 
the  governing  council  as  a  whole 
through  a  body  called  the  executive 
committee.  Unfortunately,  the 
executive  committee  always  meets 
in  closed  session,  so  that  interested 
observers     must     imagine  for 

themselves  the  scintillating  details, 
the  spark  and  thrust  and  parry  of 
fiery  debate.  In  its  unfathomable 
wisdom,  the  executive  committee 
sends  the  recommendations  on  to 
the  governing  council  with  its  own 
comments  urging  approval  or 

Membership  of  the  governing 
council  is  laid  down  in  the  U  of  T  Act, 
so  that  changes  in  its  composition 
can  only  be  made  by  the  provincial 
Legislature.  The  question  of  the 
council's  membership  will  be 
debated  this  fall.  Depending  on  the 
conclusions  reached  during  this 
debate,  and  the  provincial 
Legislature's  reaction,  Her  Majesty 
may  yet  again  have  to  take  time  off 
from  her  rigorous  schedule  of 
foxhunting  and  eating  buttered 
crumpets  with  visiting  nabobs  to 
reconsider  the  weighty  problems  of 
university  government. 

Businessmen  represent 
the  people  of  Ontario 

The  academic  affairs  committee  has  a  lot  to  do  with  what  goes 
on  inside  classrooms. 

Parity,  tenure  policy 
made  by  academic  affairs 

The  composition  of  the  governing 
council  as  laid  down  in  the  U  of  T  Act 
11971)  is  as  follows: 

1  Chancellor  (ex  officio) 

1  President  (ex  officio). 

2  Presidential  appointees.  ' 

16  Provincial  government  ap- 
pointees, none  of  whom  can  be 
students,  members  of  the  ad- 
ministrative staff,  or  members  of 
the  teaching  staff  . 

12  members  elected  by  the 
teaching  staff  from  among  the 
teaching  staff. 

8  students,  four  elected  by  and 
from  among  the  full-time  un- 
dergraduate students,  two  elected 
by  and  from,  among  the  graduate 
students,  and  two  elected  by  and 
from  among  the  part-time  un- 
dergraduate students. 

2  members  elected  by  the  ad- 
ministrative staff  from  among  the 
administrative  staff. 

8  members  who  are  not  students 
or  members  of  the  teaching  staff  or 
the  administrative  staff  elected  by 
the  alumni  from  among  the  alumni. 

Students,  faculty,  administrators, 
and  alumni  elect  just  over  half  the 
members  of  this  body.  But  the 
largest  single  group  consists  of  those 
members  appointed  —  not  elected  — 
by  the  provincial  government. 
Ralph  Nader  no  doubt  would  be 
proud  to  hear  that  these  provin- 
cially-appointed  members  are  for 
the  most  part  wealthy  businessmen 

The  executive  committee  is  a  body 
which,  always  meets  in  closed 
session.  Although  the  U  of  T  Act 
provides  that  "the  meetings  ...  of 
the  governing  council  shall  be  open 
to  the  public,"  by-law  of  the 
governing  council  has  made  an 
exception  lor  meetings  of  the 
executive  committee. 

The  major  task  of  the  executive 
committee  is  to  act  as  a  funnel  for 
business  between  the  governing 
council  and  the  other  committees. 
New  issues  are  considered  here  and 
assigned  to  appropriate  committees 
for  further  discussion.  Once  the 
committees  have  made  their 
recommendations,  these  are 
reviewed  by  the  executive  com- 
mittee before  being  passed  on  to  the 
governing  council.  It  is  suggested 
that  the  president  and  other  high 
administration  officials  are  more 
willing  to  express  their  views  in  the 
closed  meetings  of  the  executive 

and  directors  of  large  corporations. 
They  are  the  consumers  of  the 
product  which  the  University 
provides  —  that  is,  educated  people 
—  to  fill  the  research  labs,  boar- 
drooms, steno  pools  and  unem- 
ployment lines  of  the  nation. 
Representatives  from  within  the 
university  might  share  a  common 
opposition  to  the  treatment  of 
education  as  a  commodity  subject  to 
the  whims  of  the  free  market.  Un- 
fortunately, students  and  members 
of  the  teaching  staff  in  particular 
seem  to  have  no  conception  of  any 
common  interests;  rather,  faculty 
members  are  determined  to  protect 
their  inalienable  academic  rights 
while  students  are  determined  to 
assert  theirs. 

The  obvious  question  in  connection 
with  the  composition  of  governing 
council  is  whether  the  membership 
as  laid  down  in  the  U  of  T  Act  is  in 
fact  an  equitable  and  accurate 
representation  of  the  different 
groups  with  an  interest  in  the 
present  and  tuture  operation  of  the 
university.  It  seems  more  than 
coincidental  that  the  sixteen 
members  appointed  by  the 
provincial  government  are 
predominantly  representatives  of 
large  business  interests.  This  is  not 
to  say  that  the  university  should 
isolate  itself  from  the  larger  society, 
but  does  the  larger  society  consist 
only  of  businessmen?  What  about 
workers,  or  farmers,  or  artists? 

committee  than  in  the  public 
meetings  of  the  governing  council. 
The  executive  committee  then  adds 
its  own  comments  to  the  recom- 
mendations ans  passes  them  on  to 
governing  council.  Generally,  the 
governing  council  does  not  propose 
detailed  changes  in  policy,  but  will 
either  accept  the  recommendations, 
or  send  them  back  to  the  committee 
for  further  discussion. 

The  executive  committee  also 
determines  the  agenda  for  meetings 
of  the  governing  council;  acts  as  a 
nominating  and  striking  committee 
for  the  other  committees;  and  ap- 
points chairmen  and  vice-chairmen 
for  the  committees.  All  this  makes  it 
clear  that  the  executive  committee 
is  a  body  with  an  enormous  influence 
on  university  government.  The  fact 
that  such  a  body  should  meet  in 
closed  session  as  a  matter  of  course 
does  little  to  inspire  confidence  in 
the  system  of  which  it  is  a  part. 

If  student  participation  in 
university  government  is  intended  to 
improve  the  quality  of  the  education 
offered  by  the  university,  the 
academic  affairs  committee  is  the 
place  where  increased  student 
representation  would  have  the 
greatest  effect. 

The  academic  affairs  committee 
has  taken  over  many  of  the 
responsibilities  of  the  old  Senate. 
Many  faculty  members  feel  they 
should-  have  a  controlling  voice  in 
the  committee's  business,  as  they 
did  on  the  Senate.  The  committee 
makes  decisions  about  policy  on 
hiring  and  firing  academic  staff. 

Students  have  been  trying  to  get 
equal  faculty-student  representation 
on  hiring  and  firing  committees. 
They  feel  that  tenured  professors 
devote  their  time  to  research  to  the 
detriment  of  their  teaching,  while 
untenured  faculty  members  who  are 
good  teachers  are  unjustly  denied 
tenure  on  grounds  that  they  have  not 
undertaken  enough  research.  So  far 
this  attempt  has  not  been  successful. 

Equal  student-faculty  represen- 
tation on  hiring  and  firing  com- 
mittees is  bitterly  opposed  by  most 
faculty  members,  who  consider  it  an 
impertinent  infringement  on 
"academic  freedom". 

The  committee  delegates 
responsibility  for  dealing  with 
specific  areas  of  academic  policy  to 
its  subcommittees.  Individual 
subcommittees  consider  curricula, 
admission  standards,  appeal 
procedures,  student  awards, 
academic  discipline,  libraries, 
computers,  research  ad- 
ministration, and  academic  con- 

However,  the  authority  of  the 
academic  affairs  committee  as  a 
university-wide  decision-making 
body  is  not  absolute.  Individual 
faculties  (for  example  Medicine, 
Arts  &  Science,  Applied  Science  and 
Engineering,  Graduate  Studies, 
Nursing,  etc.)  do  not  wish  to  give  up 
authority  over  their  internal  ad- 



The  planning  and  resources 
committee  does  not,  contrary  to 
popular  belief,  deal  with  oil  ex- 
ploration on  U  of  T-owned  land.  Its 
terms  of  reference  are  so  broad  and 
vague,  however,  that  it's  difficult  to 
determine  just  exactly  what  it  does 
do.  As  set  out  in  the  bylaws  of  the 
governing  council,  the  committee  is 
to  "review  general  objectives  and 
priorities  of  the  university,  initiate 
and  terminate  academic  programs, 
and  deal  with  all  other  matters  with 
major  resource  implications".  (In 
the  highly-specialized  jargon  of 
university  government,  "resources" 
can  generally  be  taken  as  a  polite 
way  of  saying  "money.") 

In  fact,  planning  and  resources  is 
an  extremely  powerful  committee, 
dealing  as  it  does  with  the  allocation 
of  funds.  This  is  a  particularly 
significant  problem  now  that 
enrolment  is  slowing  down  after  the 
spectacular  increases  of  the  1960's. 
Smaller  faculties  may  lose  their 
independent  existence,  and  become 
divisions  of  larger  faculties.  The 
planning  and  resources  committee 
does  not  deal  with  routine  budgetary 
matters,  but  rather  deals  in  terms  of 
overall  priorities.  Its  present  policy 
of  "rationalization"  is  an  attempt  to 
avoid  duplication  of  facilities  and 
services  where  possible.  For 
example,  it  may  be  felt  that  there  is 
no  need  to  have  different  teachers  of 
statistics  in  the  departments  of 
economics  and  sociology,  and  one 
teaching  job  is  eliminated.  Ob- 
viously such  decisions  have  a  direct 
bearing  on  the  quality  of  education, 
since  the  economists'  statistics 
teacher,  while  technically  com- 
petent, may  not  be  able  to  ap- 
preciate the  uses  to  which  a 
sociology  student  will  put  training  in 

The  real  world 

The  most  remarkable  fact  about 
the  external  affairs  committee  is 
that  its  chairman  for  this  year  is 
Betty  Kennedy,  a  personal  friend  of 
Gordon  Sinclair.  She  is  said  to  be 
sympathetic  to  student  parity,  but 
external  affairs  is  hardly  the  place 
to  make  significant  waves. 

The  committee's  job  is  to  take 
care  of  relations  between  the 
university  and  that  most  terrifying 
phenomenon,  the  outside  world.  A 
common  university  attitude  toward 

the  events  of  the  rest  of  the  world  is 
indicated  by  the  recent  remark  of  a 
senior  faculty  member,  who,  when 
informed  that  his  research  grant 
was  being  cut  due  to  inflation, 
replied  that  Mr.  Bennett's  govern- 
ment should  soon  have  the  problem 
under  control. 

One  of  the  more  appealing  turns  of 
phrase  in  the  bylaws  of  governing 
council  committees  establiehes  one 
ol  external  affairs'  tasks  as 
"relations  with  the  giving  com- 

munity". This  is  another  of  those 
oblique  references  to  money,  a 
commodity  toward  which  the 
university  shows  a  tasteful  aversion 
in  theory,  if  not  in  practice. 

Otherwise  the  committee  main- 
tains the  university  information 
bureau  and  public  relations,  works 
with  residents  of  the  university 
neighbourhood  and  the  city, 
organizes  public  lectures,  and 
generally  tries  to  make  the 
university  appear  to  be  a  good 
corporate  citizen. 

Executives  meet 
behind  closed  doors 

This  article  was  written  and  researched  by  Gene  Allen.  Thanks  to 
Gord  Barn us  and  Art  Moses. 

eptember  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  13 



Bureaucrats  and  democrats  never 
seem  to  get  along.  Bureaucrats  are 
condemned  by  democrats  as 
authoritarian,  valuing  efficiency 
over  the  responsiveness  of  the  in- 
stitution to  its  members.  The 
bureaucrat  contends  that  democrats 
are  unrealistic,  that  the  average  Joe 
is  basically  uninterested  in  the 
process  of  decision-making,  and  that 
only  good  old  pragmatism  keeps  the 
wheels  rolling. 

Even  though  the  university's 
governing  council  is  something  less 
than  a  perfect  example  of 
democracy  in  action,  this  opposition 
can  be  seen  in  its  relations  with  the 
university's  administrators, 
operating  out  of  Simcoe  Hall.  All 
appointed  and  elected  members  of 
the  governing  council  can  only  work 
part-time  at  these  duties,  and  are 
not  paid.  Bureaucrats  and  ad- 
ministrators are  paid  and  their 
positions  are  full-time  ones.  This 

leads  to  a  situation  in  which  full-time 
administrators  have  more  time  to 
study  problems  than  do  part-time 
governors.  Since  the  administrators 
are  better  informed,  the  council 
members  have  no  grounds  on  which 
to  evaluate  the  recommendations 
which  administrators  offer.  For  the 
sake  of  efficiency,  expertise,  and 
good  modern  management,  the 
administrators'  recommendations 
are  usually  accepted.  But  what 
happens  to  representative  decision- 

The  theoretical  division  of 
responsibility  between  the  gover- 
ning council  and  administrators  is 
that  between  policy-making  and  its 
implementation.  But  as  ad- 
ministrators increasingly  decide 
policy  matters,  it  is  no  longer 
possible  to  maintain  even  the 
illusion  of  representative  decision- 
making within  the  university. 

Governing  council 


So  the  food's  terrible  in  the  Hart 
House  cafeterias,  and  your  group, 
the  Social  Proudhonists,  can't  get  a 
room  to  hold  a  meeting,  and  the 
campus  cops  keep  arresting  you  for 
jaywalking,  who's  behind  it  all?  I 
mean,  I'm  no  more  paranoid  than 
the  next  guy,  but  this  begins  to  look 
like  a  conspiracy,  know  what  1 

Well,  as  js  only  right  in  an  in- 
stitution based  on  reason  and  logic, 
there's  a  connecting  thread.  It's  the 
internal  affairs  committee, 
responsible  for  almost  all  aspects  of 
a  student's  day-to-day  life  at  the 
university,  except  teaching. 

The  most  contentious  issue 
currently  before  the  internal  affairs 
committee  is  the  non-academic 
discipline  code  which,  if  passed, 
would  apply  to  cases  such  as  last 
spring's  Banfield  incident.  tAn 
American  urbanologist  was 
^prevented  from  speaking  to  an 
audience  by  a  group  claiming  his 
theories  were  racist.)  The  publicity 
attracted  by  this  event  means  ad- 
ministrators and  faculty  members 
will  apply  pressure  to  have  a  stiff 
non -academic  discipline  code 
passed  quickly. 

Internal  affairs  is  also  concerned 
with  athletics  within  the  university. 
A  new  athletic  building  is  being 
planned  in  light  of  antiquated 
facilities  at  Hart  House,  and  a 
reorganization  of  the  university 
athletic  program  is  under  con- 

Residences,  the  book  store, 
housing,  health,  parking,  day  care, 
allocation  of  rooms  for  meetings  and 
theatres  for  performances,  relations 
with  campus  groups,  the  faculty 
club,  the  International  Student 
Centre,  security,  Hart  House  —  all 
these  fall  within  the  committee's 
scope.  Rumours  that  the  internal 
affairs  committee  decides  what 
weather  is  to  prevail  on  the  down- 
town campus  are  entirely  without 

The  budget  committee  is  a  special 
presidential  advisory  body,  and  thus 
is  not  formally  a  part  of  the 
governing  council.  Its  meetings  and 
recommendations,  which  are  wholly 
confidential,  set  salary  levels  for 
faculty  members  and  ad- 
ministrators and  approve  the 
budgets  of  thethe  academic 
departments,  divisions,  and 

It's  obvious  that  faculty  members 
and  administrators  have  a  direct 
interest  in  the  size  of  their  salaries. 
It's  also  obvious  that  the  budget 
committee  if  faced  .with  the  unen- 
viable task  of  trying  to  find  a  way 
out  of  the  money  squeeze  which  is 
afflicting  universities  in  a  time  of 


The  business  affairs  committee 
shows  that  not  only  do  wild-eyed 
student  radicals  have  a  say, 
however  minimal,  in  the  running  of 
the  university;  but  there's  also  a 
part  to  be  played  by  our  neglected 

corporations  whose  point  of  view  is 
so  often  cruelly  ignored  by  those  in 
power.  Trust  a  benevolent  in- 
stitution like  U  of  T  to  give  this 
disadvantaged  group  a  chance  to 
contribute  to  university  government 



Boredom  buffs  should  be  able  to 
find  in  the  meetings  of  governing 
council  and  its  committees  enough 
ennui-producing  debate  to  satisfy 
even  the  most  sluggish.  As  the  af- 
ternoon wears  on,  and  discussion  in 
the  Robarls  Library  Water  Fountain 
Policy  sub-subcommittee  Stumbles 
into  its  third  hour,  the  neophyte 
must  ask  himself: 

"Hey,  I  mean  what's  going  on 
here?  1  thought  this  was  supposed  to 
be  the  repository  of  raw,  naked 
power.  Where's  the  backstabbing? 
Where  are  the  attempted  coups 

The  truth  is  that,  except  for  the 
occasional  meeting  disrupted  by 
groups  who  can't  get  their  point 
across  any  other  way,  committee 
meetings  are  orderly,  quiet,  and 
seemingly  trivial  affairs.  This  is 
particularly  so  if  committee 
meetings  are  approached  as  if  they 
existed  in  a  vacuum,  by  and  for 
themselves,  an  orderly  world  of 
proposals,  votes,  and  recom- 
mendations bounded  only  by  the 
outer  blank  spaces  on  a  flow  chart. 

However,  the  proceedings  of 
committees  begin  to  appear  slightly 
more  interesting  if  it  is  borne  in 
mind  that  somewhere,  all  their 
recommendations  are  meant  to  be 
put  into  effect.  A  real  relation  does 
exist  between  the  work  of  these 
committees  and  the  actual  con- 
ditions within  the  university. 

If  a  popular  teacher  is  denied 
tenure,  this  decision  can  be  appealed 
and  perhaps  changed  through  the 
academic  affairs  committee.  The 
appearance  of  a  new  bench  to 
daydream  on  between  classes  can  be 
traced-back  to  the  decision  of  one  of 
these  committees. 

This  is  not  to  say  that  the  form  of 
organization  now  in  use  for 
university  government  is  the  best,  or 
cannot      be  improved. 

Who  really  holds  the  purse  strings? 

decreasing,  or  static  enrolment  and 

The  income  of  the  university 
comes  mainly  from  two  sources  — 
tuition  paid  by  students,  which  in 
itself  is  not  sufficient  to  finance  the 
university's  operation;  and  grants 
awarded  by  the  provincial 
Legislature  on  a  per-student  basis. 
The  amount  of  the  provincial  grant 
is  calculated  in  terms  of  Basic  In- 
come Units  (BIUs),  and  it's  a  matter 
of  simple  mathematics  to  realize 
that  if  enrolment  stays  static,  and 
tuition  fees  do  not  increase  beyond 
their  present  astronomical  rates, 
extra  income  can  only  come  from  an 
increase  in  the  BIUs.  This  is  just 
what  happened  last  year,  but  the 

increase  in  the  BIUs  lags 
significantly  behind  the  increases  in 
salaries  and  operating  costs.  Last 
year,  in  what  must  have  seemed 
almost  miraculous  good  fortune,  the 
provincial  Legislature  increased  the 
BIU  by  7  percent.  Unfortunately, 
this  increase  fails  to  match  last 
year's  average  salary  increase  of 
something  over  9  percent. 

The  resulting  squeeze  between 
income  and  spending  means  that 
budgets  fhust  be  cut,  and  cut  sub- 
stantially. The  squeeze  if  felt  most 
severely  by  the  smaller  divisions 
and  faculties.  Last  year,  for 
example,  the  budget  of  the  Faculty 
of  Education  was  cut  by  more  than 
$50,1)00.  There  is  pressure  on  smaller 

divisions  to  be  absorbed  into  larger 
divisions  or  faculties,  and  there  is  no 
doubt  that  this  pressure  will  con- 

The  question  is,  where  is  the 
money  to  come  from  to  ensure  that 
the  academic  quality  of  the 
university  will  not  suffer?  With  the 
average  salary  of  a  full  professor  at 
$22,000,  and  with  at  least  260  faculty 
members  making  over  $30,000.  one 
wonders  how  much  they  need  yearly 
salary  increases  to  keep  up  with 
inflation.  On  the  other  hand,  lec- 
turers, whose  salaries  begin  at 
$9,000  may  find  it  difficult  to  get 
along.  One  thing  is  certain,  and  that 
is  that  students,  already  paying 
more   than   $700   annual  tuition, 

cannot  afford  any  further  tuition 

In  a  very  immediate  sense,  the 
budget  committee  is  the  most  im- 
portant committee  in  the  university. 
Other  committees  may  set  priorities 
and  propose  innovative  programs, 
but  all  such  proposals  are 
meaningless  unless  the  budget 
committee  actually  decides  to  hand 
out  the  cash.  The  fact  that  such 
important  decisions  are  made  by  an 
administrative  committee,  rather 
than  by  one  of  the  ostensibly 
representative  committees  of  the 
governing  council  demonstrates  the 
extent  to  which  actual  control  over 
the  running  of  the  university  rests  in 
the  hands  of  the  administration. 

14  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

 '  m\j  Dau    THE  HISTORICAL 

...W  566  >  SS™%  SOC,  ETV  CAM 

LSfB«Al«lo«!u«MTeNE6    SoC.ETV   THAT  WE 

ffxisr  Pen.  Pit.  Yes^->^V0Nesi,H0U.  .-  • 


fie  nrreN»iNe  sum  pn 

H  ftvE   CREPTED    ouR  FKE. 
COULBSE  HFive.AU  ways 


IHICM  \1 

NCTOftlh  l\ 
I  TRIED  J  | 



Tenure  and  the  guild  mentality 

Dance  of  the  divisions 

Many  students  find  they  do  their 
most  creative  daydreaming  during 
lectures.  Large  lectures  in  window- 
less  auditoriums  are  particuarly 
conducive  to  this  popular  activity, 
especially  when  the  lecturer  pitches 
his  voice  in  a  dynamic  monotone 
which  complements  the  hum  of  the 
air-conditioning.  It's  at  times  like 
this,  with  half  the  class  asleep  or 
catatonic,  and  the  lecturer  deliver- 
ing the  same  remarks  as  he  has  for 
the  past  sixteen  years,  that  certain 
illusions  about  the  nobility  of  the 
academic  life  begin  to  fade  away. 

All  this  makes  the  student  won- 
der: what's  in  it  for  the  faculty?  Not 
only  do  they  have  to  spend  at  least 
seven  years  working  toward  a  PhD, 
then  they  have  to  spend  their  time 
dealing  with  snot-nosed  undergradu- 
ates who  wouldn't  appreciate  aca- 
demic rigor  if  they  ate  it  for  break- 

It's  a  long  and  trying  march 
through  the  ranks  to  full  professor- 
dom  and  tenure,  but  by  all  accounts 
the  trip  is  worth  it,  leading  to  a  wide 
range  of  inalienable  privileges  gath- 
ered together  under  the  name  of 
"academic  freedom".  After  their 
long  apprenticeship,  faculty 
members  are  determined  that  no 

one  be  allowed  to  interfere  with 
these  privileges. 

A  tenured  faculty  member  has 
virtually  unlimited  choice  in  dis- 
charging his  academic  duties.  In 
consultation  with  his  department 
chairman  or  faculty  dean,  he  can 
choose  what  courses  he  will  teach, 
details  of  the  course's  content,  and 
teaching  and  evaluation  methods. 
Further,  he  can  choose  the  research 
projects  he  wishes  to  undertake. 
These  research  projects  take  much 
of  his  time,  since  the  criteria  for 
tenure  take  more  careful  account  of 
original  research  published  in 
scholarly  journals  than  of  teaching 

The  question  of  teaching  and 
research  is  an  important  one  since  it 
provides  an  insight  into  the  tenured 
faculty  member's  priorities. 
Research  is  directed  toward  his 
colleagues  in  his  specialized  field, 
and  through  it  he  aims  for  their 
respect  and  admiration.  Similarly, 
tenure  committees  are  composed 
entirely  of  faculty  members  from 
the  candidate's  area  of  specializa- 
tion. Faculty  members  thus  accept  a 
system  of  judgment  and  evaluation 
by  their  peers  (that  is,  other  faculty 
members ) ,  but  reject  evaluation 

and  judgment  by  others,  namely 

Tension  between  students  and 
faculty  has  centred  on  the  question 
of  student  parity,  In  a  referendum 
last  fall,  students  voted  Tor  student- 
nonstudent  parity  on  hiring,  firing, 
promotion,  and  tenure  committees. 

For  many  faculty  members, 
opposition  to  parity  is  a  matter  of 
principle :  it  is  unthinkable  that 
students  judge  the  academic 
credentials  of  their  teachers.  But 
there  is  a  difference  between 
research  and  teaching,  as  students 
have  long  maintained.  And  while 
students  may  not  be  competent  to 
judge  the  scholarship  of  professors, 
they  are  capable  of  judging  their 
teaching  ability  and  responsiveness 
to  the  needs  of  students.  The 
question  of  parity  stems  from  these 
two  opposing  views  of  faculty 
members'  role.  At  present,  students 
have  no  effective  way  of  ensuring 
that  their  point  of  view  is  taken  into 
account.  Parity  is  certain  to  con- 
tinue as  a  major  area  of  contention 
between  students  and  faculty  until 
students  are  satisfied  that  their 
needs  are  being  taken  into  account 
in  staffing,  and  tenure  decisions. 

How  many  angels  can  dance  on 
the  head  of  a  pin?  This  question, 
once  a  favorite  of  medieval  sophists, 
has  now  sadly  fallen  out  of  use. 
Fortunately  for  would-be  scholas- 
tics, a  question  involving  at  least  as 
many  mental  gymnastics  and  with 
greater  present-day  relevance  to 
boot  is  begging  to  be  answered; 
namely,  how  many  different  aca- 
demic divisions,  schools,  faculties 
and  colleges  are  affiliated  with  the 
University  of  Toronto?  The 
following  list  indicates  the  incred- 
ible diversity  of  academic  undertak- 
ings at  U  of  T. 

Institute  for  Aerospace  Studies 

Faculty  of  Applied  Science  and 


Faculty  of  Architecture 

Faculty  of  Arts  &  Science 

Faculty  of  Management  Studies 

Faculty  of  Medicine 

Faculty  of  Education  ., 

Centre  of  Criminology 

Centre  for  Culture  and  Technology 

Faculty  of  Dentistry 

Graduate  Centre  for  the  Study  of 


Faculty  of  Forestry 
School  of  Graduate  Studies 
Graduate  Centre  for  Medieval 

Institute  for  History  and  Philosophy 

of  Science  and  Technology 

Institute  of  Immunology 

Centre  for  Industrial  Relations 

Faculty  of  Law 

Faculty  of  Library  Science 

Centre  for  Linguistic  Studies 

Massey  College 

Faculty  of  Music 

Royal  Conservatory  of  Music 

Faculty  of  Nursing 

Ontario   Institute   for   Studies  in 


Faculty  of  Pharmacy 
School  of  Physical  and  Health  Edu- 

Institute  for  Quantitative  Analysis 

Faculty  of  Social  Work 

Centre  for  Urban  and  Community 


New  College  , 
Innis  College 
University  College 
Trinity  College 
Victoria  University 
St.  Michael's  College 

This  large  number  of  relatively 
autonomous  academic  divisions 
makes  for  considerable  administra- 
tive complexity.  In  times  of  finan- 
cial stringency,  different  divisions 
may  compete  for  funds. 

U  of  T  Faculty  Association 

The  U  of  T  Faculty  Association 
(UFTA)  represents  about  70  per 
cent  of  the  university's  teachers, 
and  acts  as  a  spokesman  for  them  on 
matters  of  salaries  and  university 

The  association  was  originally 
formed  to  represent  faculty 
members  in  negotiations  with  the 
university  administration  for 
salaries  and  other  benefits  but  has 

UBi&ESitl  government  J... 

The  UFTA's  position  on  the  review 
of  the  U  of  T  Act  is  that  the  Act 
should  be  left  alone. 

"I  wouldn't  say  we're  satisfied," 
said  association  president  Bill 
Nelson,  a  professor  in  the  History 
department,  "but  we  don't  want  to 
see  the  composition  of  the  governing 
council  changed.  Any  change  would 
be  more  trouble  than  it's  worth." 

On  the  question  of  student  parity, 
Nelson  responded  forthrightly. 

"We're  against.  Always  have 
-emu  iUtfaxiJvjUJifi.-  

Students  organize  course  unions 

Students  have  always  been  in- 
terested in  changing  the  university 
for  one  of  two  reasons. 

The  first  is  that  the  university  is 
undemocratic  —  an  elitist  institution 
in  an  undemocratic  capitalist 
society.  The  second  is  that  it  is  a 
poor  quality  'shop'— courses  are 
poorly  taught,  professors  are  inac- 
cessible and  indifferent  to  students 
problems,  and  evaluation  proce- 


Both  problems  are  legitimate,  but 
it  's  easier  to  get  students  interested 
in  the  second.  The  biggest  hurdle  lies 
in  convincing  students  that  they 
have  a  stake  in  the  institution,  and  a 
right  to  agitate  for  change.  Success- 
ful organization  around  small  issues 
proves  that  change  is  possible  and 
gives  students  confidence  to  ap- 
proach larger  issues. 

Changes  in  teaching  methods, 
course  content,  and  marking  are 
best  brought  about  at  the  iacultv  and 

departmental  levels,  rather  than 
through  the  university-wide  govern- 
ing bodies. 

In  the  Faculty  of  Arts  and  Science, 
course  unions  represent  student 
interests  in  nine  out  of  26  depart- 
ments. The  course  unions  also 
provide  evaluations  of  specific 
courses,  a  healthy  antidote  to  the 
often-idealized  descriptions  in  the 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  IS 

Task  force  to  review  university  investment  policy 

Cites  Exxon  activities  in  Portuguese  colony 

In  an  unpfecendented  move  last 
summer,  the  business  affairs 
committee  of  the  Governing  Council 
recommended  the  council  censure 
Exxon,  the  multinational  oil  com- 
pany, for  its  activities  in  Portuguese 

The  censure  would  have  involved 
a  change  in  the  council's  previous- 
policy  concerning  proxy  voting  at 
shareholder  meetings. 

Unfortunately,  the  first  Governing 

Council  meeting  that  could  have 
changed  the  proxy  voting  policy  met 
one  week  after  the  annual  Exxon 
shareholders'  meeting. 

The  timing  allowed  Exxon  to 
escape  unscathed — at  least  this 
year.  But  the  Governing  Council  did 
decide  to  re-evaluate  its  investment 
policy  in  the  area  of  signing  proxies. 

The  original  impetus  to  censure 
Exxon  came  from  political  professor 
R.  C.  Pratt  who  said  Exxon  had 


Lasagna  dinner  to  first  20  customers 

during  dinner  hour 

first  20  after  midnight 
Thurs.  Sept.  12,  Fri.  Sept.  13  &  Sat.  Sept.  14. 

Normal  business  hours: 

Monday— Friday:  noon  -  2:30  p.m.  (special  businessmen's  lunches) 
5  p.m.  -  11  p.m. 
Saturday:  5  p.m.  -  11  p.m. 

,  after  hours: 
Thurs.,  Fri.,  Sat.  -  midnight  -  4  a.m. 



Specializing  in  sea  &  Italian  cuisine 

627  Bay  Street  (above  Dundas  St.; 

received  the  support  of  the  Por- 
tuguese government  rather  than  the 
native  peoples  who  were  fighting  for 
independence  in  the  Republic  of 
Guinea-Bissau  (Portuguese 

Pratt  said  Exxon's  present 
economic  activity  and  research  may 
remove  all  depletable  resources 
from  the  country  before  the  native 
people  gain  independence. 

He  suggested  the  university  ex- 
press its  opinion  because  of 
universal  agreement  to  condemn 
Exxon's  actions.  The  churches,  he 
noted,  had  suggested  a  strong 
ethical  stand. 


Should  business  affairs  committee 
members  agree  to  the  resolution, 
Pratt  said  an  American  priest  who 

was  holding  the  proxies  could  read  it 
at  the  annual  shareholders  meeting 
of  Exxon  on  May  16. 

After  some  discussion,  a  member 
noted  a  change  would  have  to  be 
made  in  the  council's  investment 
policy  which  did  not  allow  proxy 
voting  with  university-owned 

The  next  governing  council 
meeting  at  which  the  change  could 
be  discussed  was  not  scheduled  until 
May  23,  a  full  week  after  the  Exxon 
shareholders'  meeting. 


Knowing  by  then  the  resolution 
was  academic,  business  affairs 
voted  5-4  that  at  the  shareholders' 
meeting  the  university  oppose  any 
further  Exxon  economic  activity  in 
Portuguese   Guinea    under  the 


Modern  mating  engagement  an 
wedding  nngs  in  contrasting  14 
18K  yel  and  white  gold  You 
choose  the  diamond  for  cutting, 
colour,  cianty  and  carat  weight 
under  the  expert  guidance  of  Mr 
Moustacaiis.  certified  diamond 
appraiser  at  the 

Interesting  Jeweler?  Shop 

Diamonds  Precious  Gems 
685  Yonge  St. -South  of  Bloor 

concessions  obtained  from  the 
Portuguese  government. 

Business  affairs  also  recom- 
mended Governing  Council  re- 
evaluate its  investment  policy  in  the 
area  of  signing  proxies. 

On  May  23  Governing  Council 
approved  the  motion  to  re-evaluate 
the  investment  policy.  Because  the 
Exxon  shareholders  meeting  was 
over,  council  didn't  vote  on  the 

The  business  affairs  committee  at 
its  June  5  meeting  then  agreed  to 
establish  a  tak  force  to  study  proxy 

However,  at  least  one  task  force 
member,  lawyer  John  Tory,  is 
reluctant  to  ram  through  a  motion 
radically  altering  present  university 
policy  involving  multinationals  like 

In  a  letter  to  James  H.  Joyce, 
acting  chairman  of  the  May  1 
business  affairs  meeting,  Tory  — 
who  had  been  absent  from  the 
meeting— expressed  his  disapproval 
and  surprise  at  the  proceedings. 

"I  do  not  pretend  to  understand 
the  present  situation  in  Guinea- 
Bisseau,"  he  wrote.  "However  ...  it 
is  my  view  that  the  university,  as  a 
body  supported  by  public  funds, 
should  not  take  stands  on  political, 
social  or  moral  issues  which  do  not 
affect  the  university." 

He  further  questioned  whether 
Governing  Council,  "...  has  before 
it  sufficient  information  on  both 
sides  of  the  issue  to  enable  it  to 
arrive  at  a  reasoned  intelligent 

"The  university  is  a  very  complex 
organization  and  it  is  difficult 
enough  for  the  council  to  make  in- 
telligent decisions  on  university 
affairs  much  less  on  unrelated 
issues  of  a  political,  social  or  morel 

U  of  T 




Tuesday  thru  Sunday 
9:00  am.  —  8:00  pm. 

$3.00  per  hour  for  horses 

*1.00  per  hour  for 

CALL  284-3135 



16  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

Revision  of  the  University  of  Toronto  Act,  1971 


The  1op  governing  struc+ure  of  the  University  of  Toronto  has  been  under 
study  and  review  since  the  establishment  of  the  Commission  on  University 
Government  (CUG)  in  October  1968. 

The  CUG  Report  {Toward  Community  in  University  Government)  was- 
published  in  late  1969.  That  Report  included  a  proposal  that  the  governing 
body  of  the  university  consist  of  ten  members  appointed  by  the  Lieutenant- 
Governor-in-Council  (five  to  be  appointed  after  consultation  with  the 
Governing  Council):  ten  members  elected  by  the  alumni;  twenty  members 
from  the  university  teaching  staff;  twenty  from  the  students  of  the 
university;  and  six  ex-officio  members,  including  the  President  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  the  Head  of  one  of  the  three  Federated  Univer- 
sities, (66  members  in  all). 

Copies  of  the  Report  are  available  in  the  Office  of  the  Governing  Council. 

This  Report  was  discussed  extensively  throughout  the  university  from  the 
late  Fall  of  1969  until  early  June  1970.  These  discussions  concluded  with  a 
three-day  meeting  of  the  "University  Wide  Committee".  The  Report  of  that 
Committee  was  published  on  June  4,  1970  and  transmitted  shortly  thereafter 
to  the  Provincial  Government.  This  report  proposed  a  governing  body 
consisting  of  "the  President,  three  presidential  appointees,  three  ad- 
ministrators, twenty  one  members  of  the  teaching  staff,  fourteen  students, 
six  support  staff,  fourteen  lay  members,  and  ten  alumni"  (72  members  in 

Copies  of  the  University-Wide  Committee  Report  are  available  in  the 
office  of  the  Governing  Council. 

The  University  of  Toronto  Act,  1971  was  subsequently  approved  by  the 
Provincial  Legislature  and  came  into  effect  on  July  1,  1972.  The  provisions  of 
this  Act  will  be  known  to  you,  but  copies  are  available  for  reference  in  this 
office.  The  present  composition  of  the  Governing  Council  is  outlined  in  detail 
in  the  material  below.  Section  2(19)  of  this  Act  requires  that  the  Governing 
Council  review  the  Act  and  report  its  review  to  the  Government  of  Ontario 
within  two  years  after  the  coming  into  force  of  the  Act. 

Present  Review  of  the  University 
of  Toronto  Act,  1971 

Early  in  the  academic  year  1973-74,  the  Executive  Committee  of  the 
Governing  Council  established  a  Sub-Committee  of  15  to  review  the  Act.  This 
Sub  Committee  proposed  a  number  of  amendments  which  dealt  with  such 
matters  as  clarification  of  language,  definitions,  delegation  of  the  Gover- 
ning Council's  authority,  etc.  The  Sub  committee  also  made  proposals 
dealing  with  the  composition  and  size  of  the  Council  and  the  Executive 
Committee.  The  full  text  of  the  Sub-Committee's  report  to  the  Council  is 
available  in  the  Office  of  the  Governing  Council.  The  appendix  to  this 
memorandum  contains  these  excerpts  from  the  Sub-Committee  Report 
which  deal  with  Sections  2(2)  and  3(1 )  of  the  Act,  i.e.  with  the  composition 
and  size  of  the  Council  and  of  the  Executive  Committee  together  with  copies 
of  two  statements  of  dissent  from  members  of  the  Sub-Committee. 

This  report  was  considered  by  the  Executive  Committee  on  May  14  and 
June  5,  1974.  There  was  agreement  to  most  of  the  proposals  of  the  Sub- 
Committee.  On  the  question  of  size  and  composition,  the  Executive  Com- 
mittee resolved  to  recommend  to  the  Council  "that  at  this  time,  the 
Governing  Council  not  approve  any  change  in  the  size  and  composition  of  the 
Governing  Council  or  of  the  Executive;  rather  that  it  approve  the  un- 
dertaking of  a  thorough  review  of  these  matters,  commencing  in  the  Fall  of 

At  their  meeting  on  June  20,  1974  the  Governing  Council  approved  a  large 
number  of  the  Sub-Committee's  proposals  for  the  revision  of  the  Act.  After 

considerable  discussion,  the  Council  accepted  the  recommendation  of  its 
Executive  Committee  to  defer  the  question  of  changes  in  the  composition 
and  size  of  the  Council  and  the  Executive  Committee,  and  passed  the 
following  resolution: 

"That  at  this  time,  the  Governing  Council  defer  consideration  of  the 
size  and  composition  of  the  Governing  Council  and  of  the  Executive 
Committee,  and  that  it  undertake  a  thorough  review  of  these 
matters  commencing  in  the  Fall  of  1974,  to  be  reported  to  the 
Governing  Council  for  decision  not  later  than  its  December 

Copies  of  the  reports  of  the  Executive  Committee  dated  May  14th  and  June 
5th,  and  a  copy  of  the  minutes  of  the  Governing  Council  of  June  20th  are 
available  in  this  office  for  perusal. 

On  July  10,  the  Executive  Committee  considered  possible  procedures  for 
the  discussion  by  the  Council  of  the  size  and  composition  of  the  Council  and 
the  Executive  Committee.  The  Committee  agreed  unanimously  that  it  was 
in  the  best  interest  of  the  university  that  these  questions  be  resolved  as 
speedily  as  possible.  It  was  also  agreed  that  such  a  resolution  be  sought  at  a 
special  meeting  of  the  Council,  to  be  held  on  October  17,  and  at  the  regular 
meeting  of  the  Council  scheduled  for  October  24. 

Submission  of  Briefs  to  Executive  Committee 

To  assist  the  Council's  discussion,  the  Committee  now  invites  written 
briefs  on  the  size  and  composition  of  the  Executive  Committee  from  College 
.  and  Faculty  Councils,  university  associations,  and  from  individual  mem- 
bers of  the  university  community.  In  the  preparation  of  briefs  it  is  suggested 
that  consideration  be  given  to  such  matters  as  parity  of  numbers  between 
the  "internal"  (teaching  staff,  students,  administrative  staff)  and  "ex- 
ternal" members  (government  and  alumni)  of  the  Council,  parity  between 
student  and  teaching  staff  members;  the  adequacy  of  representation  of 
senior  academic  and  non-academic  administrative  staff;  specified 
representation  on  the  council  of  Scarborough  and  Erindale  Colleges;  and 
adequacy  of  representation  of  smaller  constituencies  to  cope  with  the  heavy 
workload  that  falls  upon  members  of  the  Governing  Council.  The  Committee 
will  of  course  be  glad  to  receive  views  on  any  other  aspects  of  the  two 
questions  in  issue. 

The  Committee  also  suggests  that  in  view  of  the  previous  extensive 
discussion  and  documentation  on  these  two  matters,  and  the  difficulty  and 
expense  of  circulating  extensive  written  material  to  Council  members,  it  is 
desirable  that  briefs  be  kept  as  short  as  possible.  Briefs  longer  than  two  or 
three  typewritten  pages  should  be  accompanied  by  a  one  page  summary. 

A  special  meeting  of  the  Executive  Committee  will  beheld  on  October  8  to 
decide  how  to  present  to  the  Council  the  material  contained  in  briefs  and  the 
issues  that  require  the  Council's  determination.  The  decision  of  the  Com- 
mittee will  be  announced  to  the  university  community  on  October  10. 

The  Committee  asks  that  briefs  be  submitted  to  the  Office  of  the  Gover- 
ning Council  by  at  latest  October  1,  and  preferably  as  much  before  that  date 
as  possible.  It  is  realized  with  regret  that  this  time-table  may  present  dif- 
ficulties, but  in  view  of  the  importance  to  the  university  of  finding  an  early 
and  satisfactory  resolution  of  the  two  questions  in  issue,  it  is  earnestly  hoped 
that  everything  possible  will  be  done  to  submit  briefs  by  that  date. 

David  S.  Claringbold,  Secretary, 
Office  of  the  Governing  Council. 

Excerpt  from  the  Preamble  of  the  Report  of  the 
Subcommittee  to  Review  the  University  of  Toronto  Act,  1971 

The  Sub-Committee  spent  two  meetings  discussing  the 
composition  of  the  Governing  Council  and,  by  considering  a 
number  of  possible  models,  adopted  the  one  shown  under 
Section  2(2)  by  resolution  duly  passed.  The  resultant  Council  is 
larger  than  the  present  one  and  reflects  three  considerations 
adopted  by  the  Committee:  equality  in  number  of  members 
from  the  teaching  staff  and  from  the  students,  an  increase  in 

the  number  of  members  from  the  administrative  staff,  and  half 
the  number  of  elected  and  appointed  members  coming  to  the 
Council  from  the  appointees  of  the  Lieutenant-Governor  in 
Council  and  the  elected  members  of  the  alumni,  taken  together. 
The  Sub-Committee  also,  recommends  an  enlargement  of  the 
Executive  Committee. 

University  of  Toronto  Act 

2.— (1)  The  Governors  of  the  University  of 
Toronto  are  continued  as  a  corporation  under  the 
name  "The  Governing  Council  of  the  University 
ot  Toronto". 

(2)  (a)  the  Chancellor  and  the  President,  who 
shall  be  ex  officio  members; 

(b)  two  members  appointed  by  the  President 
from  among  the  officers  of  the  University,  its 
federated  universities,  federated  colleges 
and  affiliated  colleges; 

Ic)  sixteen  members,  none  of  whom  shall  be 
students,  members  of  the  administrative 
staff  or  members  of  fhe  teaching  staff,  ap 
pointed  by  the  Lieutenant  Governor  in 
Council ; 

Section  2  -  Governing  Council 

Proposed  Amended  Version 

No  change 

No  change 

two  members  appointed  by  the  President  from 
among  the  officers  of  the  University,  University 
College,  the  constituent  colleges,  the  federated 
universities,  and  the  federated  and  affiliated 


twenty  members,  none  of  whom  shall  be 
students,  members  of  the  administrative  staff  or 
members  of  the  teaching  staff,  appointed  by  the 
Lieutenant  Governor  in  Council; 


the  officers  of  University  College  and  the  con- 
stituent colleges  are  explicitly  made  eligible  for 
appointment  by  the  President. 

The  Sub-Committee  devoted  two  meetings  to 
debate  on  the  composition  of  the  Governing 
Council  and  first  passed -a  motion  that  there 
should  be  an  equal  number  of  seats  for  teaching 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

The  Varsity  17 

University  of  Toronto  Act 

(d)  twelve  members  elected  by  the  teaching 
staff  from  among  the  teaching  staff; 

(e)  eight  members,  four  of  whom  shall  be 
elected  by  and  from  among  the  full-time 
undergraduate  students,  two  of  whom  shall 
be  elected  by  and  from  among  the  graduate 
students,  and  two  of  whom  shall  be  elected  by 
and  from  among  the  part-time  un- 
dergraduate students, 

(f )  two  members  elected  by  the  administrative 
staff  from  among  the  administrative  staff; 

(g)  eight  members  who  are  not  students  or 
members  of  the  teaching  staff  or  the  ad- 
ministrative stafff  elected  by  the  alumni 
from  among  the  alumni. 

Proposed  Amended  Version 

No  change 

twelve  members,  six  of  whom  shall  be  elected  by 
and  from  among  the  full-time  undergraduate 
students,  three  of  whom  shall  be  elected  by  and 
from  among  the  graduate  students,  and  three  of 
whom  shall  be  elected  by  and  from  among  the 
part-time  undergraduate  students: 

four  members  elected  by  the  administrative 
staff  from  among  the  administrative  staff;  and 


staff  (d)  and  students  (e).  The  resultant  model 
reflected  in  the  changes  indicated,  was  the  result 
of  a  motion  duly  passed.  It  gives  a  Council  of  62 
members  (including  two  ex-officio  members) 
with  the  Lt. -Governor  appointees  and  alumni 
members  totalling  30. 

ten  members  who  are  not  students  or  members 
of  the  teaching  staff  or  the  administrative  staff 
elected  by  the  alumni  from  among  the  alumni. 

Section  3  -  Executive  Committee 

(i)  The  Governing  Council  shall  establish  an 
Executive  Committee  of  the  Governing  Council 
composed  of,  v 
(b)    twelve  members  appointed  annually  by  the 

Governing  Council  from  among  its  members 

as  follows: 

1.  One  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  appointed  by  the  President  and  the 
members  elected  by  the  administrative  staff. 

2.  Four  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  appointed  by  the  Lieutenant 
Governor  in  Council. 

3.  Three  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  elected  by  the  members  of  the 
teaching  staff. 

A.  £>ne  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  elected  by  the  full-time  un- 
dergraduate students. 

5.  One  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  elected  by  the  graduate  and  part- 
time  undergraduate  students. 

6.  Two  nominated  by  and  from  among  fhe 
members  elected  by  the  alumni. 

Letter  from  John  Tory 

Dear  Sirs: 

I  am  writing  to  express  my  dissent  regarding  that  portion  of  the  Report  of 
the  Sub-Commiftee  to  Review  The  University  of  Toronto  Act,  1971  relating  to 
the  size  and  composition  of  the  Governing  Council  and  the  consequential 
changes  in  the  size  and  composition  of  the  Executive  Committee.  I  am 
aware  that  a  number  of  members  of  the  Sub-Commitfee  intend  to  submit  a 
dissenting  report  stating,  in  effect,  that  in  their  opinion  the  Council  has  not 
been  in  operation  for  a  sufficient  period  of  time  to  permit  an  intelligent 
evaluation  of  its  structure  to  be  made. 

Although  1  have  been  unable  to  attend  most  of  the  meetings  of  the  Sub- 
Commitfee,  I  did  have  the  opportunity  of  attending  one  of  the  fwo  meetings 
at  which  the  above  mentioned  issues  were  discussed.  In  addition,  I  have  had 
a  number  of  private  discussions  of  these  issues  with  student  and  faculty 

While  it  may  well  be  true  that  the  experience  with  the  present  Council  has 
been  too  limited  to  warrant  any  change  in  its  size  or  composition  at  this 
time,  I  am  not  sure  that  the  fundamental  issues  will  become  any  clearer 
than  they  are  now. 

As  one  of  the  members  of  the  Board  of  Governors  who  continued  as  a 
Government  appointee  on  the  new  Governing  Council,  I  have  been  most 
gratified  at  the  way  in  which  the  Council  and  its  committees  have  func- 
tioned. I  believe  that  the  new  structure  has  proved  to  be  a  most  worthwhile 
experiment  in  university  government  and  I  think  its  performance  to  this 
point  certainly  justifies  its  continuance. 

However,  the  one  thing  that  has  impressed  me  above  all  else  is  the 
significant  contribution  made  to  the  Council  and  its  committees  by  the 
members  elected  by  the  teaching  staff.  I  do  not  wish  to  minimize  the  con- 
tributions made  by  the  students,  alumni  and  administrative  staff  or  by  the 
Presidential  or  Government  appointees  but  in  my  judgment  the  contribution 
made  by  the  teaching  staff  far  outweighs  that  of  any  other  group. 

This  is  not  surprising,  for  the  teaching  staff  members  have  in  most  cases 
made  a  life-time  commitment  to  teaching  and  to  the  University  of  Toronto 
and  they  are  therefore  the  group  most  concerned  with  the  efficient  operation 
of  the  University.  They  are  also  by  and  large  the  only  members.apart  from 
the  President  and  his  appointees  and  the  administrative  staff  members,  who 
have  the  necessary  background  and  intimate  knowledge  of  the  University's 
affairs  to  provide  the  information  upon  which  intelligent  decisions  can  be 
based.  The  student  members  of  the  Council  are  at  a  particular  disadvantage 
in  this  regard  because  they  are  elected  for  only  a  one  year  term. 

In  my  view,  parity  between  students  and  teaching  staff  is  not  an  issue  of 
any  fundamental  importance.  Rather,  it  would  appear  to  be  more  of  a 
political  issue.  It  would  actually  be  of  no  great  concern  fo  me  if  parity  were 
to  be  granted  to  the  students  provided  this  did  not  result  in  any  diminution  in 
fhe  contribution  made  to  the  Council  and  its  committees  by  the  teaching 
staff  members. 

I  have  spoken  to  students  who  believe  that  if  parity  were  achieved,  the 
Council  would  be  legitimized  from  a  student  standpoint  and  that  student 
interest,  which  has  clearly  been  declining,  would  be  revived.  While  this  may 
be  true  to  some  extent,  I  cannot  accept  that  parity  would  result  in  any 
material  difference  in  the  input  provided  by  the  student  members  of  fhe 
Council  or  in  the  acceptance  of  Council  decisions  by  the  students  generally. 
It  seems  to  me  that  even  if  parity  were  granted  many  students  and  student 
organizations  would  continue  to  regard  as  illegitimate  all  important 
decisions  made  by  the  Council  with  which  they  disagree.  In  addition,  based 

(b)  sixteen  members  appointed  annually  by  the 
Governing  Council  from  among  its  members 
as  follows: 

1.  One  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  appointed. by  the  President; 

la)  One  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  elected  by  the  administrative  staff. 

2.  Five  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  appointed  by  the  Lieutenant 
Governor  in  Council,  of  whom  one  shall  be  the 

.  Vice-Chairman  of  the  Governing  Council. 

3.  No  change. 

4.  No  change. 

5.  One  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  elected  by  the  graduate  students, 

5a)    One  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members   elected   by   the   part-time   un-  - 
dergraduate  students. 

6.  Three  nominated  by  and  from  among  the 
members  elected  by  the  alumni. 

Several  changes  are  proposed  as  follows: 

i)  To  reflect  in  the  Act  the  By-Law  provision 
that  one  of  the  Lt. -Governor  appointees  be 
the  Vice-Chairman. 

ii)  To  separate  the  double-constituency  in 
clauses  1  and  5  by  giving  to  each  of  these 
constituencies  one  member  each. 

iii)  To  add  one  further  member  from  each  of 
the  Lt-Governor  appointees  and  alumni 
categories  in  order  to  restore  the  50%  "ex- 
ternal" membership  characteristic  of  this 

A  dissenting  opinion  concerning  the  recommendations 
to  change  Sections  2(2)  and  3  (1).. 

It  is  our  opinion  that  the  Governing  Council  has  not  been  in 
operation  for  a  sufficient  period  of  time  to  allow  for  a  satisfactory 
evaluation  of  its  structure  and  composition.  Therefore,  we  cannot 
support  any  proposals  in  the  report  of  the  Act  Review  Committee 
which  recommend  changes  in  the  present  composition  and  size  of 
the  Governing  Council  and  its  Executive  Committee.  In  particular, 
we  wish  to  record  our  dissent  from  the  recommendations  to  change 
Sections  2(2)  and  3(1 )  of  the  University  of  Toronto  Act  at  this  time. 

The  following  members  of  the  committee  subscribe  to  this  view: 
Mr.  Edward  Ounlop  Pres.  John  M.  Kelly 

Prof.  William  Dunphy  Mr.  C.  Mackenzie  King 

Prof.  Charles  Hanly  Mrs.  Gwen  Russell 

Prof.  Harold  Smith 

on  recent  experience  I  am  satisfied  that  with  or  without  parity  student  views 
on  important  issues  facing  the  Council  which  affect  students  will  always  be 
made  clearly  known  to  the  Council  in  one  way  or  another. 

I  do  not  wish  to  understate  the  significance  of  the  student  contribution  to 
the  Council.  In  fact,  I  feel  that  student  representation  is  essential  for  its 
proper  functioning.  However,  as  indicated  above,  I  am  unable  to  accept  the 
principle  of  parity  because  I  feel  that  it  could  have  the  effect  of  diminishing 
the  contribution  of  the  members  of  the  teaching  staff,  both  present  and 
future,  fo  the  Council.  In  the  same  way  as  some  students  regard  a  Council 
without  parity  as  illegitimate  I  suspect  that  many  members  of  the  teaching 
staff  would  see  it  in  the  same  light  with  parity.  While  I  am  not  certain  why 
this  should  be  so,  I  am  very  sure  of  the  importance  of  the  contribution  by  the 
teaching  staff  and  I  am  therefore  not  prepared  to  support  the  principle  of 
student-faculty  parity  until  such  time  as  the  teaching  staff  itself  is  prepared 
to  accept  this  principle.  In  fact,  I  am  not  sure  thaf  the  general  public  which 
supports  the  University  with  its  tax  dollars  would  be  prepared  to  accept  this 

It  seems  clear  that  parity  cannot  be  achieved  without  either  a  reduction  in 
teaching  staff  representation  (which  is  unacceptable  to  me  for  the  reasons 
stated  above)  or  a  substantial  increase  in  the  total  size  of  the  Council.  I  am 
somewhat  concerned  that  any  increase  in  the  size  of  the  Council  would  make 
it  less  efficient  although  it  would  certainly  permit  the  workload  to  be  spread 
over  a  larger  number  of  people.  There  is  also  the  concern  that  having 
achieved  parity  on  the  Council,  students  and  student  organizations  would 
use  this  as  a  precedent  for  parity  on  other  University  decision-making 
bodies  where  parity  may  be  totally  inappropriate.  Alternatively,  any  bodies 
where  parity  is  not  achieved  would  be  branded  by  the  students  as 
illegitimate  with  resulting  disrespect  for  decisions  made  by  such  bodies. 

In  summary,  having  given  this  matter  considerable  thought  I  have 
reached  the  conclusion  that  the  students  are  not  on  a  parity  with  the 
teaching  staff  either  in  their  commitment  to  the  University  or  in  their  ability 
to  contribute  to  the  efficient  functioning  of  the  Council.  I  am  therefore  op- 
posed to  the  principle  of  student-faculty  parity  on  the  Council  unless  this 
principle  is  accepted  by  the  teaching  staff.  It  would  seem  clear  from  the 
deliberations  of  the  Sub- Committee  that  no  such  acceptance  is  likely  at  least 
at  the  present  time. 

<->  ■         i  a  r   i_i  ■■-    i_  John  A.  Tory 

Principal  A.C.  Hollis  Hallett, 

W.  B.  Harris,  Esq. 


Sub  Committee  to  Review  The  University  of  Toronto  Act,  1971. 

le  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

Doctor  named  U  of  T  chancellor 

A  chintz  curtain  has  descended  on 
the  University  of  Toronto. 

Dr.  Eva  Macdonald  has  been 
appointed  to  succeed  Pauline 
McGibbon  as  U  of  T  chancellor 
following  McGibbon's  appointment 
as  Lieutenant  Governor. 

Macdonald  is  returning  to  the 
university  after  a  six  year  absence, 
having  been  a  staff  bacteriologist  at 
VVomens'  College  Hospital  for  39 

The  new  chancellor,  elected  by  (he 
.  university  alumni  to  the  largely 
ceremonial  post  as  a  U  of  T  booster, 
unabashedly  confided  in  a  Varsity 
interview,  "the  University  of 
Toronto  is  tops." 

She  called  today's  student  "very 

selfish,  dull  and  unhappy,  wanting  to 
take  and  forgetting  to  give  " 
Presumably  this  generalization 
would  provide  substance  for  her 
standard  public  speaking  topic,  "the 
joy  of  living." 

Macdonald  is  being  rescued  from 
a  wealthy  Rosedale  home,  quaintly 
described  in  a  U  of  T  press  release 
as  having  a  "well-tended  old  English 
garden"  and  a  "warm  mixture  oi 
well-upholstered  chairs,  period 
furniture  and  chintz  curtains." 

She  wasn't  too  familiar  with 
university  issues  but  "definitely" 
endorses  student  representation.  "I 
like  to  listen  to  young  people,"  she 

By  her  own  admission,  "never  an 

aggressive  women's  libber,"  she  has 
nonetheless  written  a  recently- 
published  book  called  The  In- 
domitable Lady  Doctors,  the  story  of 
Canada's  first  women  physicians. 

However  she  has  been  involved  in 
such  feminist  organizations  as  the 
YWCA.  the  Home  and  School 
Association,  the  Children's  Aid 
Society  and  Ihe  University  Women's 

Although  the  chancellor  is  an 
apparently  important  position  with  a 
seat  on  the  governing  council,  it  has 
lately  become  a  much  more 
ceremonial  post.  Macdonald  would 
appear  to  be  an  ideal  choice  to  fill 
the  shoes  left  vacant  by  McGibbon. 

OFS  wants  reps  on  new  council 

The  Ontario  Federation  of 
Students  has  requested  student 
representation  on  the  new  Ontario 
Council  on  University  Affairs 

The  council  will  advise  the 
provincial  government  on  policy 
concerning  Ontario's  university 

Minister  of  Colleges  and 
Universities  James  Auld  may  ap- 
point students  to  the  OCUA  but  has 
not  committed  himself. 

OFS  has  nominated  students 
anyway,  choosing  people  with  long 
experience  in  student  affairs  and 
university  government. 

They  are  former  OFS  researcher 
Paul  Axelrod,  now  a  graduate 
student  at  York  University;  U  of  T 
women's  studies  instructor  Ceta 
Ramkalawansingh,  a  former 
student  council  member  here  and 
member  of  the  old  Ontario  Com- 
mittee on  Student  Awards; 
University  of  Western  Ontario 
student  council  president  Mike 
Janigan;  and  University  of  Guelph 
student  activist  Peter  O'Malley. 

The  OCUA  replaces  the  old 
Committee  on  University  Affairs 
(CUA) ,  and  was  created  in  response 
to.  recommendations  from  the 
Commission  on  Post-Secondary 
Education  in  Ontario  (COPSEO). 

The  COPSEO  report  suggested  the 
council  be  fairly  autonomous  from 
the  government,  but  Queen's  Park 
wants  the  new  body  to  be  close  to  the 
ministry  of  colleges  and  univer- 

Final  legislation  establishing  the 
OCUA  is  expected  to  pass  the  On- 
tario legislature  within  weeks. 

The  OCUA  will  serve  as  an  ad- 
visory body  responsible  to  the 
minister  and  the  cabinet.  It  will 
recommend  policy  on  such  matters 
as  eligibility  of  programs  for  fun- 
ding, total  funding  requirements  for 
universities  and  the  allocation  of 

funds.  It  will  also  hold  public 
meetings  and  make  annual  reports 
to  the  legislature. 

Former  U  of  T  political  economy 
chairman  Stephan  Dupre  has  been 
appointed  full-time  OCUA  chair- 
man. Dupre  stresses  the  advisory 
nature  of  the  new  council.  The  ad- 
ministrative responsibility  will 
remain  with  the  ministry. 


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1  BEDROOM  APT.  —  SUB-LET  St. 

Clair  W.  and  Spadina  Rd.  area 
S189/mos.  with  indoor  parking. 
Lease  from  Oct.  1/74  to  April  30/75. 
Call  M.  Schwartz  at  (Bus.)  965-4151  or 
"(Home)  485-0207. 

FOR  SALE:  Dual  1214  turntable  with 
Shure  magnetic  cartridge.  Great 
shape.  Only  $90.  Phone  Marvin  535- 

FOR  SALE  —  Pinball  machine  in 
evcellent  condition  —  works  per- 
fectly. Called  Gotlieb's  "Royal 
Flush"  S450  —  Call  Bob  535-4303. 


If  you  have  not  received  notification  of  your  student  award  (OSAP)  in 
time  for  registration,  you  may  be  entitled  to  both: 

a)  a  temporary  waver  of  tuition 

b)  an  interest-free  loan 

The  Ministry  of  Colleges  and  Universities  has  bungled  the  Ontario 
Student  Awards  Program  (OSAP)  applications.  Delays  of  up  to  two 
weeks  in  notification  of  the  amount  to  be  awarded  are  expected. 

If  you  have  not  yet  been  notified  of  the  amount  of  your  award  (regard- 
less of  when  you  applied)  and  if  you  are  short  of  money  and  will  most 
likely  be  receiving  an  OSAP  award  anyway,  you  can  get  a  waiver  of 
tuition  and  an  interest-free  loan  from  the  Students'  Awards  Office. 

CONTACT:  Student  Awards  Office 
Simcoe  Hall,  Room  107 

If  you  run  into  hassles  over  there, 
12  Hart  House  Circle,  928-4911 


Eva  Macdonald  sits  poised  to  listen  to  young  people 


of  the  year  is  inviting  new  students  to  spend  a  quiet 
shabbat  of  song,  dance,  music,  study,  food 

TIME:.     Services  7:30  p.m. 
PLACE:  Hillel 

DATE:     Friday-Saturday  Sept.  13  -  14 
COST:       FREE!  !  ! 

Accommodation  available  on  request.  Call  in  to 
reserve  by  Thursday  Sept.  12lh,  noon  923-98B1 


The  Sigmund  Samuel  Library  staff  invites  all 
students  for  coffee  weekdays  from  10  a.m.  and  6 
p.m.  (till  the  pot  runs  dry)  beginning  Monday, 
Sept.  9  through  Thursday,  Sept.  19.  Walking 
tours  are  available.  Come  and  look  over  our 
resources  before, the  term  paper  rush! 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

Campus  radical  becomes  top  dog 

Orientation  saw  many  learning  to  redress  their  grievances. 

Varsity  Board  of  Directors 
—  Appointments  — 

The  Varsity  Board  of  Directors  is  responsible  for  the  editorial 
integrity,  financial  policies  and  business  management  of  The 
Varsity.  SAC  will  be  making  four  appointments  to  the  Board. 

All  those  interested  are  asked  to  contact: 

Michael  Sabia 

Communications  Commissioner 
c/o  SAC 

12  Hart  House  Circle 
Toronto,  Ontario 

In  a  move  which  stunned  even  the 
most  astute  political  observers,  U  of 
T  vice-president  and  well-known 
Marxist  Jill  Conway  was  named 
president  of  Smith  College  this 

Smith  College  is  the  largest 
privately  endowed  women's  college 
in  the  United  States;  Conway  is  the 
first  woman  president  of  the  college, 

Conway's  once  little  known 
political  sympathies  were  revealed 
to  The  Varsity  last  spring,  when  she 
told  the  paper  of  her  differences  with 
an  unpopular  visitor  to  the  campus 
Edward  Banfield. 

"I  prefer  a  Marxist  analysis,"  she 
admitted  at  the  time. 

Incredibly,  Conway  emerged 
unscathed  from  this  exposure  of  her 
true  loyalties. 

Conway's  devotion  to  the  sacred 
goal  of  revolution,  together  with  her 
unabashed  attempts  to  reach  the  top 
run  of  the  ladder  of  legitimate 
power,  mark  her  as  a  follower  of  the 
all-but-forgotten  student  leader  of 

the  1960s,  'Red'  Rudi  Dutchske. 

Dutchske  advocated  a  "long 
march  through  the  institutions"  for 
student  radicals  to  gain  power  and 
turn  it  to  their  own  ends. 

So  cleverly  has  Conway  followed 
this  maxim  that  even  hard-core  U  of 
T  student  radicals  were  duped  into 
thinking  Conway's  loyalties  really 
lay  with  the  administration. 

Conway  was  the  architect  of  the 
1973  'code  of  behavior'  which  wanted 
to  punish  students  for  both  academic 
and  non-academic  offences,  the 
latter  in  effect  subjecting  students  to 
possible  trial  in  two  courts. 

The  non-academic  sections  of  the 
code  will  be  dealt  with  by  the 
governing  council  in  January,  while 
the  academic  sections  have  already 
been  passed. 

However,  Conway's  strategy  of 
playing  administrator'  has  paid  off, 
as  she  finds  herself  raised  from  the 
mire  of  the  Canadian  consciousness 
and  slapped  straight  into  the 
mainstream  of  modern  civilization. 

right  at  the  very  nerve  centres  of 

Imagine  the  surprise  on  the  faces 
of  wealthy  corporate  donors  at 
Smith  College  tea  parties  as  she 
explains  to  them  the  inevitable 
decline  of  monopoly  capitalism! 

Conway's  appointment  takes 
effect  in  July,  1975.  U  of  T  president 
John  Evans  has  not  indicated  when 
he  will  name  a  replacement. 

In  an  interview,  Conway  said  she 
hoped  to  turn  the  college  into  a 
centre  for  innovation  in  continuing 
education  and  women's  studies. 

Conway,  39.  was  born  on  a  sheep 
farm  in  Australia.  After  several 
years  teaching  American  history  at 
U  of  T,  she  was  named  vice- 
president  for  internal  affairs  in  the 
new  administration  of  John  Evans. 

Cynical  observers  at  the  time 
remarked  that  Evans  had  been 
looking  for  a  woman  vice-president, 
and  Conway  seemed  to  be  the  only 
one  available. 

Orientation  programs  vary 

Song,  snake  dances  and  filth 
marked  the  "true  college  spirit"  for 
U  of  T  newcomers  at  initiation 
ceremonies  which  continue  after  the 
start  of  classes. 

The  Trinity  College  orientation 
program  focused  on  social  events 
with  the  same  formula  used  in  past 
years.  A  week's  program  of  dances, 
scavenger  hunts  and  tours  ended 
with  a  weekend  at  Camp 
Couchiching  on  Lake  Simcoe. 

But,  as  orientation  co-ordinator 
Jim  Stacey  pointed  out,  Trinity  is 
steeped  in  traditions  and  new 
.students  can  expect  the  college's 
customary  initiation  rites.  Initiation 
is  scheduled  sometime  after  classes 

The  highlight  of  initiation  is  the 
cake  fight.  First  year  students, 
carrying  pieces  of  cake,  must  push 
through  ranks  of  2nd  year  students 

to  the  quad,  where  3rd  year  students 
dump  pails  of  'slop'  on  their  virgin 

Slop  is  a  mixture  of  table  scraps 
cut  with  horse  manure.  In  previous 
years,  only  food  scraps  were  used  to 
baptize  new  Trinitians,  but  a  college 
administrator  felt  this  a  misuse  of 
food  with  the  prevailing  world-wide 
food  shortage. 

Training  for  Trinity  life  is  given 
during  the  steeplechase,  which 
involves  chugging  beer  at  check- 
points in  a  race  around  campus. 

There  are  no  rituals  or  hazing  at 
University  College.  Campus  tours, 
free  lunch  and  a  banquet  marked  its 
quiet  opening. 

Nostalgia  reigned  at  Victoria 
College.  "Vic  traditions  are  im- 
portant," said  Meg  Goodwin,  a 
program  co-ordinator.  The  Lamp ' 
and  Owl  Ceremony  for  women  and 
Torch  Ceremony  for  men  brought 

new  Vic  students  into  the  sacred 

Apparently  a  sense  of  solidarity 
and  college  spirit  is  passed  with  the 
candle  to  the  first  year  students.  The 
Vic  orientation  also  included 
campus  tours,  and  a  discussion 
session  with  faculty. 

During  the  week  of  Sept.  23, 
Woodsworth  College  will  invite  new 
students  to  a  drop-in  session. 
Students  will  be  able  to  meet 
representatives  from  all  academic 

New  College  orientation  planners 
encountered  some  problems.  Social 
director  Phil  Skrobacky  said  the 
student  council  didn't  give  him 
enough  support  and  he  had  to  call  on 
his  friends  to  organize  the 

The  New  College  program  in- 
cluded a  coed  night  at  the  Benson 
Building,  a  trip  to  the  Metro  Zoo.  a 
concert  and  a  dance. 


hayloft  ^? 


Who  are  free  from  10:30  am  to  3  o'clock  Monday  to  Friday 

or  full  time 

Also  some  part-lime  evenings 


Apply  37  Front  Street  East 
9  -  11am 

20  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 








industrial         Scarboro  Wes,on 


777  Warden  Ave.  2725  Weston  Rd. 

751-3661  741-3341 

a  division  of  Office  Overload  Etobicoke  Downtown 

3249  Lakeshore  Blvd.  W.  65  Jarvis  St 

259-9287  364-9361 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

Little  Miss  Muffit  waits  patiently  for  the  installation  of  the  new,  improved  bells  to  com- 
plete the  Hart  House  set.  For  $30,000  she'll  get  28  new  bells,  a  new  keyboard  and  lots  of 



Roman  Catholic  Chaplaincy  serving  students  and  faculty  of 
The  University  of  Toronto. 

89  St.  George  St.  (opposite  Robarts  Library) 

The  staff  of  the  Centre  is  at  the  service  of  the  University 

Its  facilities  are  open  during  the  day  and  evening  for 
relaxation  and  study.  The  Centre  is  also  available  for  use  by 
various  campus  groups. 

A  full  programme  of  events  is  offered  throughout. the 
academic  year. 

The  St.  Thomas  Aquinas  Chapel  found  at  the  rear  of  the 
Centre  on  Hoskin  Avenue  is  open  during  the  day  and 
evening.  Sunday  celebration  of  the  Eucharist  is  at  10  a.m., 
12  noon  and  8p.m.  Daily  Eucharist  at  7:45  a.m.,  12:10  p.m. 
and  4:30  p.m. 

Informal  Eucharist  foflowed  by  supper  every  Tuesday  at 
5:30  p.m.  in  the  Centre. 

Chaplains:  Fr.  John  Gaughan,  C.S.B.,  Fr.  William  Riegel, 
C.S.B.,  Sister  Mary  Ann  Donovan,  S.C.,  Rev.  David  Arm- 
strong, C.S.B. 


Monday  Sept.  16th and  Tuesday,  Sept.  17th.  [All  Day]:  S.A.C.  Open  House 
See  what  happens  underneath  the  white  dome.  A  good  opportunity  to 
meet  your  SAC  rep.,  with  the  added  bonus  of  free  food  and  pop. 

Wednesday,  Sept.  18th:  Women's  Orientation  Day 

day:  information  arcade  with  numerous  women's  groups.  Will  be  set  up 
on  the  lawn  behind  the  SAC  office;  cultural  events  and  demonstrations  in 
various  areas. 

evening:  speakers  forum  at  Convocation  Hall,  featuring  members  of 
the  women's  community  from  the  university  and  the  city. 

Thursday,  Sept.  19th: 
day:  SAC  Media  Building  Open  House 

Downstairs,  discover  the  inner  workings  of  Toronto's  third  largest 
morning  paper,  The  Varsity.  If  you  want  to  get  involved,  people  here  can 
tell  you  how.  Upstairs,  you  can  marvel  at  the  technological  wonder  of 
Radio  Varsity,  and  find  out  how  to  become  a  George  Finstad  or  a  David 
Marsden.  Free  pop  and  food. 

evening:  University-Wide  Orientation  Dance 

In  the  Great  Hall  at  Hart  House,  featuring  the  continuous  music  of  Steel 
River  and  Rose  Apple  Red.  Beer  and  liquor,  and  food.  1st  year  reduced 
admission.  Tickets  on  sale  at  SAC  in  advance. 

Friday,  Sept.  20th:  Jerry  Jeff  Walker  Concert 
Tickets  at  SAC  at  reduced  prices. 

Saturday,  Sept.  21st:  Free  Film  Fest 

Free  admission. 

More  details  forthcoming. 

Sponsored  by  SAC  in  co  operation  with  local  College/ Faculty  student 

Hart  House  Tower  gets 
new  51-beli  carillon 


The  majestic  Gothic  lines  of  the 
Soldiers'  Tower  will  resound  with 
the  peals  of  a  51-bell  carillon,  a  full 
professional  set  by  North  American 
standards,  after  28  bells  are  in- 
stalled sometime  next  year. 

According  to  the  dean  of  the 
Faculty  of  Music,  John  Beckwith, 
the  contract  for  casting  and  in- 
stalling the  new  bells  will  probably 
be  awarded  to  Gillett  and  Johnston 
Ltd.  of  Croydon,  England. 
Preliminary  estimate,  including 
slight  adjustments  to  existing  bells, 
a  new  keyboard  and  practice 
keyboard,  is  $30,000. 

The  Soldiers'  Tower  Carillon 
Fund,  organized  a  year  ago,  is  $7,000 
shy  of  that  goal.  Major  contributions 
have  been  made  by  the  University  of 
Toronto  Alumni  Assocation,  the 
graduate  funds  of  Victoria  and  St. 
Michael's  Colleges,  and  a  New  York 
based  alumni  group,  the  Associates 
of  U  of  T,  Inc. 

The  alumni  assocation  has  borne 
most  of  the  responsibility  for 
maintenance  of  the  tower  ever  since 
its  construction  in  1921-24.  Money 
was  donated  by  graduates  wishing  to 

honor  their  more  than  600  peers  who 
did  not  return  from  World  War  One. 

Oneof  nine  in  Canada,  the  carillon 
presently  consists  of  32  bells,  23  of 
which  were  cast  and  installed  by 
Gillett  and  Johnston  in  1927;  nine  of 
which  were  cast  at  a  date  sometime 
later  by  a  Dutch  founder. 

The  Dutch  bells,  which  for  some 
reason  were  never  properly  tuned  to 
the  original  23,  are  to  be  replaced  in 
the  new  installation.  The  other  19 
newly-cast  bells  will  complete  the 
set  of  51.  which  will  range  over 
slightly  more  than  four  octaves. 

The  32  new  belts  will  bring  some 
new  prospects,  including  regular 
recitals  by  guest  artists  or,  perhaps, 
a  full-time  carilloner.  Dean  Beck- 
with expects  a  few  music  students 
will  consider  some  informal  training 
on  the  instrument. 

Composition  and  transcription  of  j 
music  for  carillon  is  also  a 
possibility,  especially  because 
playing  requires  extensive  im- 
provisation. The  traditional  carillon 
repertoire,  which  is  relatively  small, 
was  written  m  the  Netherlands  in  the 
17th  and  18th  centuries. 


Need  a  place  to  release  your  creative  energy? 

U.C.  Playhouse  needs:  directors,  actors,  technicians  and 
stage  hands. 

Open  auditions  Sept.  16  &  17,  1  to  4  p.m.  Come  in  at  79a  Sf. 
George  St.  or  phone  928-6307  for  information  and  ap- 

Robarts  Library 

of  Carrels 


Book  Lockers 

Application  for  carrels  and  book  lockers  for  the  Winter 
Session  will  be  received  from,  September  .'Jrd  to  September 
15th.  Application  forms  are  available  at  the  Circulation 
Desk,  4th  floor,  Robarts  Library.  As  in  the  past,  assign- 
ments will  be  made  on  the  basis  of  priorities  decided  in 
consultation  with  the  School  of  Graduate  Studie.s.  1 1.  Full- 
time doctoral  students  in  final  year  of  residency  or  beyond; 
faculty  members  on  leave.  2.  Other  full-time  doctoral 
students;  faculty  members  requiring  library  space  for 
special  research.  3.  Full-time  master's  students  4.  Part- 
time  doctoral  students.  5.  Part-time  master's  students), 
Within  these  priorities  the  graduate  departments  will  be 
asked  to  rank  each  applicant. 

It  is  expected  that  assignment  of  the  carrels  and  book 
lockers  will  be  made  in  early  October.  Full-time  doctoral 
students  and  faculty  members  are  asked  to  come  to  the 
carrel  office  during  the  weeks  of  October  7th  -  II  th,  October 
14th  -  18th  for  assignment;  all  other  applicants  during  the 
weeks  of  October  21st  -  25th,  October  28th  -  November  1st. 

22  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 


REGISTRATION:  SEPT,  11th  &  12th 

928-3441  OR  928-3437 








Early  Bird  Club  -  LG 
Technique,  Body  Harmony  & 
Flow  1  DS 

Technique,    Body  Harmony 
&  Flow  II  -  DS 

Self  Defense  -  Adv.  -  FS 

Technique,    Body  Harmony 

&  Flow  1  -  DS 

Early  Bird  Clubs  -  LG 



Self  Defense  -  Beg  -  FS 

Technique,   Body  Harmony 
■  &  Flow  con't 
Jogging  -  SG 

Self  Defense  -  Adv.  con't  -  FS 



Fencing  -  Beg  FS 
Golf  -  GC 
.Tennis  -  Int.  -  SG 
Senior  Red  Cross  •  P 
Diving  ■  P 
Judo  -  LG 

Archery  -  AR 
Badminton  -  Int.  -  UG 
Judo  -  LG 

Fencing  -  Beg  -  FS 

Golf  -  GC 

Tennis  -  Beg  -  SG 

Leaders  -  P 

Junior  Red  Cross  -  P 

Judo  -  LG 

Archery  -  AR 
Badminton  -  Int.  -  UG 
Bronze  -  P 
Non-Swim  -  P 
Judo  -  LG 

Fencing  -  Beg  -  .FS 
Tennis  -  Beg  -  SG 
Leaders  -  p 

Senior  Red  Cross    P  . 
Golf  -  GC 



Fencing  -  Beg  -  FS 
Archery  -  AR 
Tennis  •  Beg  -  SG 
Ski  Conditioning  -  LG 
Intermediate  Red  Cross  -  P 
Junior  Red  Cross  •  P 

Fencing  -  Beg  -  FS 
Golf  -  GC 

Badminton  -  Int.  UG 
Tennis  -  Beg  -  SG 

Contemporary  Dance  t  ■  DS 
Fencing  -  Beg  -  FS 
Archery  -  AR 
Tennis  -  Beg  -  SG 
Bronze  ■  P 
Non  Swim  -  P 

Fencing    Beg  -  FS 
Golf  -  GC  ^ 
Badminton  -  lnt.~-  UG 
Tennis  -  Beg  -  SG 
Diving  -  P 

Junior  Red  Cross  -  P 

Contemporary  Dance  1  -  DS  ■ 

Fencing  -  Beg  -  FS 

Golf  GC 

Tennis  -  Beg  ■  SG 

Intermediate  Red.  Cross  -  P 

Non-Swim  •  P 



Jazz  1  DS 

Fencing  -  Int/Adv  ■  FS 
Archery  -  AR 
Golf  ■  GC 

Badminton  -  Beg-  UG 
Tennis     Beg  -  SG 
Slim  &  Trim  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Jogging  -  SG  (12:40  -  1:10 

Contemporary  Dance  1  -  DS 
Fencing  -  Int/Adv  -  FS 
Archery  -  AR 

Badminton     Int.  -  UG 
Tennis  -  Int.  -  SG 
Ski  Conditioning  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Jogging  -  SG  (12:40  ■   V 10 

Jazz  II  -  DS 
Archery  -  AR 
Golf  -  GC 

Badminton  -  Int.  -  UG 

Tennis-Beg.  -  SG 

Modern  Rhythmical  Gym  - 


Jogging  -  SG  (12:40  -  1:10 


Ballet  I  -  DS  ■ 
Fencing     Int/Adv  -  FS 
Archery  -  AR 
Golf  -  GC 

Badminton  -  Int  -  UG 
Tennis  -  Int  -  SG 
Slim  &  Trim  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Jogging  -  SG  (12:40  -  1:10 

Jazz  1  -'  DS 

Golf  ■  GC  • 
Badminton  -  Beg  ■  UG 
Tennis  -  Beg  -  SG 
Fitness  Education  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Jogging  ■  SG  (12:40  -  1: 10 



Contemporary  Dance  1  ■  DS 

Archery  -  AR 

Badminton  -  Int.  -  UG 

Tennis  -  Rec.  -  SG  (Court 


Fitness  Education  ■  LG 

DIP  -  p 

Stroke  Correction  P 

Ballet  1  ■  DS 
Archery,  -  AR 
Golf  ■  GC 

Badminton  -  Beg  -  UG 
Tennis-Beg  -  SG 
Slim  &  Trim  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Jazz  1  -  DS 

Fencing  -  Int/Adv.  -  FS 
Archery  -  AR 
Badminton  •  Int.  -  UG 
Tennis  -  Adv.  -  SG 
Slim  8,  Trim  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Stroke  Correction  P 

Jazz  1  -  DS 
Archery  -  AR 
Badminton  -  B6g  -  UG 
Tennis  ■  Beg  -  SG 
Ski  Conditioning  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

*    Technique,  Body  Harmony  & 
Flow  1  -  DS 
Fencing  -  Int/Adv  -  FS 
Golf  -  GC 

Badminton  -  Int.  -  UG 
Tennis  -  Adv.  -  SG 
DIP  -  P 

Stroke  Correction  -  P 
Slim  &  Trim  -  LG 



Contemporary  Int.  -  DS 
Fencing  -  Beg  ■  FS 
Golf  GC 

Badminton     Beg  -  UG 
Tennis  -  Beg  SG 
Recreation  Apparatus  LG 
Bronze  P 

Synchronized  Swim  .  P 

Fencing  -  Beg     FS  ' 
Badminton     Int.  ■  UG 
Diving  P 
Non-Swim  -  P 

Ballet  1  DS 
Badminton  -  Beg  -  UG 
-  Tennis  -  Beg  SG 
Ski  Conditioning  -  LG 
Leaders  -  P 
Bronze  P 

Fencing     Beg  ■  FS 
Badminton  -  Int  -  UG 
Rec.  Apparatus  -  LG 
Diving  P 
Non-Swim  -  P 

Contemporary  Dance  1  DS 
Fencing  ■  Beg  -  FS 
Tennis  -  Int  -  SG 
Ski  Conditioning  ■  LG 
Leaders  -  P 
Bronze  -  P 



Ballet  II  -  DS 
Golf  .  GC-  - 
Senior  Red  Cross  -  P 
Non-Swim  -  P 

Contemporary  Dance 
Composition  -  Beg  -  DS 
Archery  -  Int  -  AR 
Golf  GC 

Badminton  -  Int.  -  UG 
Award  of  Merit  -  P 
Distinction  -  P 

DS  Fencing  -  Beg  -  FS 
Golf  GC 
Tennis  -  Int.  -  SG 
Senior  Red  Cross  -  P 
Synchronized  Swim  -  P 

Ballet  l  DS 
Fencing  -  Adv.  -  FS 
Archery  ■  Int  -  AR 
Golf  GC 

Badminton  -  Int  ■  UG 
Award  of  Merit  -  P 
Distinction  -  P 

Ballet  1  -  DS 




Ballet  III  ■  DS 

Fencing  -  Int. /Adv.  ■  FS 

Golf  GC 

Award  of  Merit  ■  P 
Distinction  -  P 

Dance  Composition  con't  - 


Golf  -  GC 
Jogging  -  SG 

Intermediate  Red  Cross  -  P 
Bronze  -  p 

Ballet  1  -  DS 
Yoga  AR 
Golf  GC 

Award  of  Merit  -  P 
Distinction  -  P 

Technique,    Body  Harmony 
&  Flow  1  -  DS 
Golf  •  GC 
Jogging  -  SG 

Intermediate  Red  Cross  ■  P 
Junior  Red  Cross  -  P 

Karate  -  Beg  FS 
Yoga  AR 



Contemporary  Dance  Club  ■ 

Golf  -  GC  -  (5:30  ■  6:30  p.m.) 

International  Folk  Dance  • 

Golf  GC 

Slim  8.  Trim  -  LG 


International  Folk  Dance  - 
Yoga  -  AR 

Golf  -  GC  -  (5:30    6:30  p.m.) 

Contemporary  Dance  Int.  - 

Self  Defense  -  Beg  -  FS 
Golf  ■  GC 
Gym  Club  -  LG 
DIP  -  P 

Karate    Adv.  -  FS 
Yoga  -  AR 



Contemporary  Performance 
Group  -  DS 
Learn  to  Swim  -  p 
DIP     P  (3  Weeks  only) 

Jazz  Performance  Group 

Self  Defense     Beg  FS 

Yoga    AR  , 

DIP  -  P  (3  Weeks  only) 

Contemporary  Dance 
Workshop  DS 
Learn  1o  Swim     P  . 
DIP    P  (3  Weeks  only) 

Contemporary  Dance 

Compos! tion  -  DS 

Sell  Defense  -  Beg  con't  -  FS 

Gym  Club  LG 

DIP  (3  Weeks  only) 

Karate  ■  Adv  -  FS 

Coed  DIP  -  P  (6:30  -  8:30 




Contemporary  Performance 
Group  DS 
Archery  Club  AR 
Badminton  Instruction  ■  UG 
Tennis  Instruction  •  SG 
Modern  Rhythmical  Gym  - 

(7:30.-  9:00  p.m.) 

DIP     P  (3  Weeks  only) 

Jazz  Performance  Group  - 


Self  Defense  -  Adv  FS 
Yoga  AR 

DIP  ■  P  (3  Weeks  only) 

Contemporary  Dance 
Workshop     DS  1 
Archery  Club  AR 
Ballroom  Dancing  -  UG 
DIP     p  (3  Weeks  only) 

Contemporary  Dance 
Composition  con't  DS 


Coed  Dip  P 

(11:00  a.m.  -  1:00  p.m.) 

Coed  DIP  P 



Archery  Club  ■  AR 
Badminton  Instruction  -  UG 
Tennis  Instruction  -  SG 
DIP    P'(3  Weeks  only) 

Self  Defense  -  Adv  -  FS 
DIP     p  (3  Weeks  only) 
(Coed  DIPS  7:30    9:00  p.m 
October  8) 

Archery  Club  ■  AR 
Ballroom  Dancing  ■  UG 
Coed  DIP    P  (3  Weeks  only) 

SO  Sports  Gym:  UG  Upper  Gym:  LG  Lower  Gym.  FS-Fencing  Salle:  DS-Dancing  Studio:  GC  Golf  Cages:    AR-Archery  Range:  P-Pool 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 

H  H  f  I  The  VarsitV 23 

Men  s  sports  and  recreation  has  something  for  everyone 

Aquatic  Activities  Men  /  Co  Ed        Location  Instructional  Tim*,  Tahl*  l 




.00  -  3.00  pm  Daily. 

Registration:    ROOM  107,  HART  HOUSE    SEPT, 23 
Starting  Date  :  MONDAY,  SEPT.  30,1974 
Bath  Men  and  Women  raeaiaeis  of  Hart  House  are  el>9t 

o  participate  in  the  programme. 

The  Department  of  Athletics  and 
Recreation  offers  extensive  and 
comprehensive  sporting  activities 
for  students  looking  for  a  break  from 
academic  boredom. 

For  the-amphibians  the  swimming 
pool  offers  instructional  classes  as 
well  as  free  time  for  recreational 
.swimming.  Lessons  are  available  at 
all  levels  from  learn  to  swim  to 
master  swimmer. 

Accomplished  swimmers  may 
want  to  try  their  hand  at  skin  or 
scuba  diving.  Tanks  and  regulators 
are  supplied  for  the  scuba  class. 


Come  to  the  Benson  Building 

Upper  Gym,  320  Huron  Street 
at  4:00  p.m.  and  register 
for  try-outs 

Play  will  be  at  outdoor  courts 
Corner  of  Robert  8.  Sussex  Sts . 

WEDNESDAY  AT  4:00  P.M. 

Life  saving  classes  are  also 
available  and  are  run  by  competent 
instructors.  You  may  earn  your 
Bronze  Medallion  or  Award  of  Merit 
which  is  handy  to  have  when  looking 
lor  a  summer  job. 

For  land-lubbers,  the  gymnasium 
is  the  place  to  be.  The  first  stop  for 
everyone  should  be  the  fitness 
testing  area  (by  appointment  only) 
where  you  are  told  by  what  per- 
centage your  beer  drinking  must  be 

At  most  times  during  the  day 
jogging,  weight-training,  and  circuit 
training  are  available  on  a  first 
come  first -served  basis. 

Instructional  classes  in  karate, 
judo,  golf,  and  pre-ski  conditioning 
have  also  been  formed. 

Registration  is  in  room  107  at  Hart 
House  during  the  week  of  Sept.  23 
between  the  hours  of  11  am  to  3  pm. 


Our  policy  hasn't  changed. 
Quality,       originality  and 

57  Spadina  Ave.  [at  King] 
Suite  #208 

Monday  through  Friday 

typing   and  translations 
also  done. 


Applications  are  now  being  taken  for  referees  for  Football, 
Touch  Football,  Soccer,  Lacrosse,  Volleyball  at  Intramural 
office,  Room  106,  Hart  House.  The  pay  is  good. 



Once  again,  the  Bnai  Brith  Hi  I  lei  Foundation  will  be  of- 
fering High  Holyday  Services.  They  will  take  place  at  the 
bloor  YAAHA,  Bloor  &-Spadina.  All  members  are  welcome  to 

We  have  only  a  limited  number  of  'MACHZOR IM'.  Par- 
ticipants would  do  well  to  purchase  the  Birnbaum  Machzor 
(ASHKENAZ)  beforehand. 


Monday,  September  16, 1974  Erev  ROSH 

HASHANA  7:15  P.M. 

Tuesday,  September  17, 1974  ROSH  HASHANA. .  .9:00  A.M. 

 :  7:15  P.M. 

Wednesday,  September  18,  1974  ROSH  9:00  A.M. 

HASHANA     •  -7:15  P.M. 

For  further  information  call  us  at  923-9861 

Instructional  Time  Table 


Stroke  Improvement 

M.W.  4-4.45  pm 
T.R.  4-4.45  pm 
W.  12-1  pm 



Basic  Life  Saving 
(Bronze  Medallion) 

12-1  pm 
1—2  pm 

Sec.A  T.R. 
Sec.B  M.F. 
Sec.C  T.R. 

Advanced  R.L.S.S. 

12-1  pm 
1—2  pm 
3-4  pm 

Sec.A  M.W.  11-12  noon 
Sec.B        F.  3-4.45  pm 

Sec.C       Individual  time  table 

Leader  (Red  Cross)  Co-Ed 


Skin  and  Scuba  Diving  Co-Ed 

6.30-9.30  pm 


U.C.  Room  313 

Sec.A  W. 
Sec.B  W. 
Lecture  M. 

1-2  pm 
6.30-7.30  pm 
1  —2  pm 

Master  Swimming  Co-Ed 

University  Settlement 



5.30-7  pm 
7-8  am 

Gymnasium  Activities        Men  /  Co-Ed  Location 

Instructional  Time  Table 

Conditioning  & 
Pre-Ski  Exercises 


Wrestling  Room 

Fitness  Appraisal 

Sec.A       F.  12-1  pm 

Sec.B  M.W.  4-5  pm 
Sec.C       T.R.         4-5  pm 

M.T.W.R  F.  4-6  p 

By  appointment 

only  -  Phone  928  3084 

Judo  (Beginner) 

Wrestling  Room 

Sec.A.      T.R.         12-1  pm 
Sec.B       T.W,         7-9  pm 
Sec.C       Sat.  10-12  noc 

Judo  (Advanced) 

Wrestling  Room 

Sec.A       M.W.        12-1  pm 
Sec.B       T.R.         1-2  pm 
Sec.C       Sat.  10-12  noon 

Karate  (Beginner) 

Wrestling  Roorr 
Upper  Gym 

Sec.A  W. 

Sec.B  Sat. 

Sec.C  W. 

Sec.D  M.F. 

1-  2.30  pm 

2—  4  pm 
12-2  pm 
5—7  pm 

Karate  (Advanced) 

Upper  Gym 
Fencing  Room 

M  F. 

Sec.B  W. 
Sec.C  Sat 

5—7  pm 
12-2  pm 
2—4  pm 

Golf  Co-Ed 
(Register  Room  106, 
Hart  House  after  Oct.21) 

Fencing  Room 
Starting  Nov.  4 

M.T.W.R. F. 

12-2  pn 
7-9  pm 

Weight  Training 

Men  /  Co-Ed 

Boxing  Room 




8  am  -  10  pm 

9  am  -  4.30  pm 

10  am  -  4.30  pm 

Recreational  Swim 



Sat.  &  Sun. 

10  am  -  4:45  pm 
12  noon  —  4.45  prr 
12  noon  -  4.30  prr 

Recreational  Swim 


6.30-7.30  prr 
7.30-10  pm 

Jogging  8t  Circuit  Co-Ed 




8  am  —  1 0  pm 

9  am  -  4.30  pm 

10  am  -  4.30  pm 



169  AVENUE  RD.,  TORONTO  180 
1416]  921-2715 


A  basic  6-week  course  which 
will  teach  you  to  repulse 
attack  effectively,  purse 
snatching,  rape,  knife  at- 

Anyone  can  learn  it' 

Sat.  Sept. 14  2-5p.m. 
12  Kensington  Ave. 

THREE  HOME  GAMES  -  *1.50 


September  14th 
September  28th 
October  26th 

Carleton          2:00  P.M. 

Queen's           2:00  P.M. 

Western  2.00  P.M. 

Coupon  books  admitting  to  the  student  section 
on  a  "first  come  best  seat"  basis  will  be  sold  at  the 
following  locations: 

Varsity  Stadium  —  Gate  8,  Thursday  and  Friday 
September  12th  and  13th,  10:00  A.M. to  6:00  P.M. 

—Gate  8,  Saturday,  September  14th 

10:00  A.M.  to  3:00  P.M. 

Ticket  Office,  Athletic  Wing,  Hart  House,  Thursday 

and  Friday,  September  12th  and  13th,  8:00  A.M.  to  5:00  P.M. 

Scarborough  College  Athletic  Office  [Room  2255] 
Erindale  College  Athletic  Office  [Room  1114] 

Extra  Books.  Each  student  may  purchase  one  additional 
book  which  will  admit  a  friend,  [hot  necessarily  a 
member  of  the  University]  to  the  student  section. 

Bring  your  student  registration  card  —  ticket  books 
cannot  be  purchased  without  one. 

24  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  September  11,  1974 


Thick-skinned  people 
Needed  for  refs 

Be  the  first  on  your  block  to  sign 
up  as  an  Interfac  football  official. 
Good  headlinesmen  (persons)  are 
required  now  to  ensure  the  success 
of  the  Interfac  league. 

Look  at  all  the  advantages.  You 
get  to  wear  baggy  pants  and  carry  a 
red  hanky.  And  don't  forget  the  high 

Interfac  football  is  played  on  the 
back  campus  behind  Hart  House  at  3 
in  the  afternoon  Monday  to  Friday. 
In  addition,  interfac  officials  handle 
several  high  school  leagues  in  and 
around  Toronto.  You  can  have  all 
the  work  you  can  handle. 

To  sign  up  or  for  further  in- 
formation contact  Paul  Carson  (284- 
3135)  or  Dave  Stuart  (261-7873). 

Sports  reporters  needed 
Volunteer  now! 

Sports  coverage  in  the  Varsity  has 
improved  considerably  over  the  past 
year  or  so  largely  through  the  efforts 
of  a  dedicated  sports  editor  and  a 
small  number  of  volunteer  repor- 
ters. This  year  it  is  hoped  that  sports 
coverage  can  be  improved  even 

Naturally,  not  all  sports  have 
received  a  fair  share  of  attention  in 
The  Varsity  because  there  are  just 
not  enough  reporters  to  go  around. 
,  We  now  (immediately)  need 
people  to  cover  most  interfaculty 
sports  —  lacrosse,  soccer,  rugger, 
football,  hockey,  and  basketball. 

Women  reporters  are  needed  for 

basketball,  volleyball,  and  field 

Both  male  and  female  reporters 
are  required  for  coverage  of  in- 
tercollegiate activities  such  as 
volleyball,  gymnastics,  wrestling, 
squash,  fencing,  and  waterpolo. 

Varsity  sports  coverage  depends 
on  its  readers  for  contributions.  If 
you  like  your  sport  enough  to  par- 
ticipate, surely  you  want  others  to 
learn  of  it  through  your  reporting. 

The  Varsity  sports  dept.  is  located 
on  the  second  floor,  91  St.  George  St. 
Drop  in  any  time  to  discuss  what 
sports  you  would  like  to  cover. 

Great  looking 

Come  see.  hear  and  compare  the  best  in 
audio  equipment  at  STEREO  75,  Canada's 
National    Hi-Fi   and    Home  Entertainment 
Show.  It's  all  happening  on  three  doors  of 
the  Constellation  Hotel  &  Show  complex. 
Toronto.  September  13,  14  and  15. 
-X-Two  million  dollars  worlh  of  equipment 
-X-Over  1000  products  on  display 
-X- Demonstrations 
-X-Seminars  by  audio  professionals 
-X-Valuable  door  prizes 
#Grand    Prize    of  a 

holiday  for   two   in  hlltOHlS 

Spain  presented  by 

Admission:  S1.50  _ 

hi-fi  /how 

900  Dixon  Road,  Toronto. 
Friday,  Sepl.  13  —  5  p.m. 
Saturday. Sept.  14-12  noo; 
Sunday.  Sept. 15  — 12  nooi 

to  10  p.m. 
to  10  p.m. 
lo  10  p.m 

FREE  buses  from  Islington  Subway 

0UAA  football  revised  to  0-QIFC 

The  OUAA  football  league  has 
changed  its  name  and  format  in  an 
effort  to  confuse  intrepid  sports  fans 
across  the  country. 

The  league  shall  be  known  as  the 
Ontario-Quebec  Intercollegiate 
Football  Conference  (O-QIFC)  since 
three  Quebec  based  teams  have 
joined  the  league. 
.  The  football  family  is  divided  into 
two  sections  (imaginatively)  called 

East  and  West.  The  eastern  division 
includes  Bishop's,  Carleton,  Loyola, 
McGill,  Ottawa,  Queen's,  and 
Toronto.  The  western  division  is 
comprised  of  Guelph,  McMaster, 
Waterloo,  Western,  Laurier,  Wind- 
sor, and  York. 

The  playoff  picture  is  changed  as 
well.  The  post-season  play  will  see  a 
divisional  champion  declared  in 
both  east  and  west  divisions.  The 
winner  of  the  east  -division  will 

travel  to  the  Maritimes  to  play  the 
winner  of  the  AUAA  while  the 
western  division  winner  will  host  the 
champs  from  the  WIFC.  The  win- 
ners of  these  two  games  earn  the 
right  to  lock  horns  at  Varsity 
Stadium  for  the  Canadian  College 
Bowl  on  Nov.  22. 

Blues  fans  should  take  note  that 
Toronto's  first  league  play  is  Sept.  14 
when  Carleton  visits  the  stadium. 

Benson  Bldg.  announces  its 
new  fall  program  for  women 

Archery  classes  are  a  popular  recreation  at  the  Benson  Bldg. 

The  Women's  Athletic  Association 
will  be  conducting  registration  this 
week  for  use  of  the  Benson  Building 
facilities.  Coed  activites  have  been 
increased  this  term  to  encourage 
male  participation.  Coed  swimming 
sessions  are  scheduled  weekly  on 
Fridays  from  6:30  to  8:30  PM  and 
Saturdays  from  11  to  1  PM.  The  pool 
may  be  opened  on  Sundays  if  there  is 
a  good  response  to  the  Friday  and 
Saturday  sessions,  and  funds  can  be 
obtained  from  governing  council. 

Coed  evening  archery  instruction 
will  be  offered  at  the  Benson  archery 
range.  The  women's  archery  team  is 
looking  for  candidates  to  participate 
in  several  scheduled  outdoor  meets. 
Coed  Judo,  Yoga,  and  Karate 

courses  are  nearly  filled  for  the 
term.  N 

The  WAA  has  also  announced  a 
trainer's  course  to  begin  in  mid- 
September.  The  course  is  open  to 
both  sexes,  and  provides  the  basic 
qualifications  for  part-time  em- 
ployment as  a  trainer  with  the  U  of  T 
or  the  YWCA.  Interested  persons 
should  call  928-3341  for  more  in- 

Noontime  classes  aimed  at  U  of  T 
staff  include  the  popular  "Harmony 
and  Flow"  posture  course  designed 
to  eliminate  teacher's  tension, 
clerical  cramps,  or  scientist's 
slouch.  Slim  and  Trim  sections  are 
available  in  several  time  slots. 
Badminton  and  Tennis  instruction 

classes  will  be  offered  again.  Ski 
Conditioning  is  scheduled  during 
lunch  hour  in  an  effort  to  attract 
faculty  and  administrative  staff  to 
the  Benson. 

Jogging  for  the  gentle  sex  will  be 
offered  this  year  from  12:40  to  1:10 
in  the  sports  gym.  If  registration  is 
large  enough  an  instructor  will  be 
provided,  presumably  lo  urge  on  the 

The  WAA  will  also  be  staging 
fitness  clinics  for  high  school  gym 
teachers  and  interested  U  of  T 
personnel  later  in  the  term.  Some 
fitness  measurement  equipment  has 
been  purchased  but  further  funds 
are  required  before  a  definite 
program  can  be  drawn  up. 

U.S.  draft  resisters 
reject  amnesty  plan 
at  international  meeting 

The  second  international  con 
ference  of  American  exiles 
"wholeheartedly  rejected"  U.S. 
president  Gerald  Ford's  "concept  of 
punitive  repatriation"  at  a  con- 
ference held  over  the  weekend  at  the 
International  Student  Centre. 

About  100  delegates  from  Sweden, 
France,  the  United  Kingdom  and 
Canada  passed  two  resolutions  on 
Saturday  and  then  continued  to  meet 
in  closed  session  on  Sunday  to 
discuss  organizational  strategy. 

Toronto  lawyer  Paul  Copeland 
saM  at  the  conference  Saturday  all 
legal  effects  of  the  Ford  plan  were  as 
yet  unclear. 

He  said  the  Canadian  government 
was  taking  a  hard  line  on  the  am- 
nesty question. 

Anyone  who  is  now  a'  Canadian 
citizen  by  virtue  of  landed  im- 
migrant status  and  who  returns  to 
the  U.S.  to  pledge  allegiance  to  that 
country  stands  to  lose  any  status  in 
Canada,  he  said. 

Beside  demanding  rejection  of  the 
Ford  amnesty  plan,  one  Saturday 
resolution  called  for  universal 
amnesty  for  all  draft  resisters  and 
deserters  in  exile. 

The  resolution  said  in  part:  "For 
those  draft  resisters  and  deserters  in 
exile  and  underground  in  the  U.S. 
and  the  over  half  a  million  Vietnam 
era  veterans  with  punitive,  less  than 
honorable  discharges,  and  those 
with  criminal  records  or  subject  to 
prosecution  because  of  their  active 
opposition  to  the  war,  we  continue  to 
demand  universal  and  unconditional 

The  second  resolution  demanded 
the  end  of  American  government 
support  to  dictatorial  regimes  in 
Southeast  Asia  and  called  for  a  strict 
implementation  of  the  Paris 

The  conference  was  organized  by 
AMEX,  the  American  Expatriates 
in  Canada.  Toronto  area  war 
resisters  who  were  not  delegates 
also  expressed  considerable  interest 
in  attending. 

Weekend  delegates  to  the  con- 
ference represented  the  American 
Deserters  Committee  (Sweden),  the 
Union  of  American  Exiles  (the 
United  Kingdom),  and  an  officially 
unnamed  group  calling  itself  the 
"Paris  Collective"  from  France. 
Canadian  organizations  that  sent 


Vol.  95,  No.  6 
AAon.  Sept.  23, 



Part-time  students 
won't  get  much  aid 

Ontario  government  proposals  for 
part  time  student  aid  have  been 
severely  criticized  by  U  of  T  faculty 
and  student  representatives. 

Part  time  undergraduate  loans 
and  bursaries  are  both  pilot  projects 
now  being  offered  for  the  second 
year  by  the  Ministry  of  Colleges  and 

The  province  introduced  the 
projects  because  of  increased  part 
time  student  attendance  in  post 
secondary  institutions,  and  because 
an  increasing  number  had  in- 
sufficient resources  to  meet 
education  costs. 

In  1973-74  eligible  part  time  un- 
dergraduates who  applied  received 
loans  of  $200  per  course,  to  a 
maximum  of  three  courses  per 
academic  year.  Interest  rates  of  10 
percent  were  charged  from  the  time 
the  loan  was  negotiated. 

For  1974-75  interest  rates  have 
increased  to  11.5  percent  yearly, 
with  repayment  of  loans  still  due  ten 
months  after  registration. 

These  features  made  the  loan 
scheme  unpopular.  Only  one  half  of 
one  percent  of  the  part-time  un- 
dergraduate population  (94  students 
of  some  10,000)  at  U  of  T  received 
such  loans  in  1973-74. 

Student  Awards  director  Patrick 
.Phillips  says  only  50  part-time 
students  have  applied  this  year. 

Phillips  described  the  loan  plan  as 
having  "obviously  no  appeal  for 
part-time-  U  of  T  students." 

He  expressed  disappointment 
there  was  no  interest-free  period  in 
the  part-time  loan  program  and 
called  the  11.5  percent  interest  rate 
too  high. 

The  part-time  bursary  program, 
initiated  last  year,  offered  to  assist 
particularly  handicapped  in- 
dividuals, such  as  single  parents, 
welfare  recipients  and  low-income 
However  the  provincial  govern- 

ment limited  the  project  to  only  nine 
post-secondary  institutions.  Only 
Carleton,  Laurentian,  Windsor  and 
York  universities  were  chosen  to 
take  part  in  the  program. 

This  year  the  part-time  bursary 
scheme  is  again  offered  to  those 
same  tour  universities  with  a 
$200,000  budget  increase. 

Other  Ontario  universities  are  still 
ineligible  for  the  project. 

Major  U  of  T  criticisms  of  the  loan 
and  bursary  programs  include  the 
repayment  schedule  and  interest 
rates  for  part-time  loans  and  the 
ministry's  refusal  to  offer  the 
bursary  plan  to  other  universities 
for  the  1974-75  academic  year. 

Ontario  Federation  of  Students 
(OFS)  representative  Carolyn 
Kendrick  charged  the  '  'whole 
system  of  part-time  student  aid  is 

Kendrick  said  the  part-time  loan 
plan  is  "unfair"  when  it  demands 
students  pay  the  interest  of  the  loan 
while  still  attending  school .  She 
described  the  11.5  percent  interest 
rates  as  "almost  commercial 

Kendrick  also  qualified  the  part- 
time  student 's  position  as  par- 
ticularly disadvantaged  because  the 
average  age  of  students  applying  for 
such  loans  is  30  and  many  already 
have  "heavy  financial  respon- 

The  bursary  program1  offers 
inadequate  assistance  because  at 
maximum  it  only  covers  tuition  fees 
and  costs  of  books,  Kendrick  said. 

No  provision  was  made  in  the 
scheme  for  additional  costs  such  as 
child  care  and  transportation. 
Therefore  part-time  students, 
Kendrick  said,  are  treated  as 
"second  class  citizens  of  the 
academic  world." 

She  said  she  would  like  to  see  the 
bursary  program  extended  to  all 
Ontario  post-secondary  schools  and 
financial  assistance  increased. 

Conference  spokesmen  Bruce  Beyer  (left),  Jack  Colhoun  and  Charles  Stlmac  announce 
reiection  of  amnesty  proposal. 

delegates  included:  the  Vancouver 
Committee  to  Aid  American  War 
Objectors  and  the  Toronto  Anti- 
Draft  Program. 

Jack  Colhoun  of  Amex  says  he 
thinks  the  majority  of  exiles  in 
Canada  "want  to  stay  in  Canada." 

He  said  there  is  a  very  strong 
rejection  of  the  Ford  statement 
"right  across  the  board."  Opposition 
to  Ford's  plan  arose,  he  said, 
because  most  resisters  feel  the  war 
is  criminal  and  the  Ford  plan  im- 

"Earned  re-entry  is  forced  labor 
and  therefore  unconstitutional," 
Colhoun  said. 

He  also  expressed  concern  that 
persons  returning  to  the  U.S.  under 

the  Ford  plan  would  have  their  in- 
dividual cases  studied  to  determine 
whether  they  were  conscientious 
objectors  or  cowards. 

Bruce  Beyer,  another  AMEX 
member  now  living  in  Toronto  but 
originally  from,  Buffalo,  said  the 
National  Council  for  Universal  and 
Unconditional  Amnesty  (NCUUA), 
an  organization  with  its  head  office 
located  in  the  U.S.  was  now  working 
with  Canadian  groups. 

He  estimated  there  are  about 
15,000-25,000  war  resisters  in  Canada 
and  several  hundred  in  Sweden  and 
France.  But  he  said  that  the  vast 
majority  of  overseas  resisters  are 
located  in  the  United  Kingdom. 

100,000  war  resisters  living  un 
derground  in  the  U.S.  plus  560,001 
veterans  with  less  than  honorablt 

He  said  the  aim  of  the  NCUUA 
formed  in  1973,  was  to  "win  the  righi 
of  people  in  the  U.S.  to  resist  wai 
and  to  support  the  right  of  self 
determination  for  other  peoples.' 

Some  people  will  use  Ford's 
program  to  go  back  and  fight,  he 

But  only  a  few  hundred  have 
placed  calls  to  the  American 
government  to  find  out  more  in- 
formation about  the  program 

Beyer  also  said  there  are  about   sources  indicated  on  Sunday 

SAC  passes  brief  on  parity 


In  response  to  teachers',  op- 
position to  equal  student -faculty 
representation  on  the  Governing 
Council,  SAC  passed  a  brief  at  its 
meeting  Saturday  outlining 
justifications  for  parity  on 

Some  faculty  members  have 
opposed  a  recent  proposal  of  SAC 
and  the  Graduate  Students' 
Union  which  would  allow  both 
faculty  and  students  14  members 
each  on  council.  Such  a  proposal 
should  have  some  philosophical 
justification,  teachers  have 

Philosophically,  SAC's  brief 
argues,  students  will  more 
readily  accept  Governing  Council 
policies  which  they  helped 

Functionally,  the  brief  says 
student  representatives  provide 
valuable  feedback  on  proposals. 
The  brief  also  says  more  students 
are  needed  to  ease  present 
student  governors'  work  load. 

Eight  students  and  12  faculty 
members  presently  sit  on 
Governing  Council,  the  univer- 
sity's top  governing  body. 

Proposed  student  amendments 

to  the  U  of  T  Act,  to  be  discussed 
by  Governing  Council  in  October, 
would  allow  both  students  and 
faculty  14  members  each  on  a  66- 
m ember  Governing  Council. 

Some  faculty  members  are 
concerned  the  idea  of  parity  on 
Governing  Council,  could  filter 
into  hiring,  firing  and  tenure 

The  academic  affairs  com- 
mittee of  the  Governing  Council 
holds  an  important  meeting  4 
p.m.  tomorrow  at  the  Simcoe 
Hall  board  room. 

The  committee  will  discuss  the 
principles  of  composition  of 
tenure  committees. 

You're  welcome  to  attend. 


SAC  denies  this  is  a  threat  and 
says  14  members  could  not 
possibly  control  a  66-member 
Governing  Council. 

After  discussing  parity  on 
Governing  Council,  SAC  turned 
its  attention  to  student  par- 
ticipation on  hiring,  firing  and 
tenure  committees. 

SAC  reaffirmed,  after  lengthy 
debate,  support  for  results  of  the 

referendum  the  council  ad- 
ministered last  year  which  ad- 
vocated parity  representation  on 
hiring,  firing  and  tenure  com- 

The  quantity,  quality  and 
originality  of  research,  but  not 
teaching  ability,  are  presently 
important  factors  in  deciding 
tenure,  noted  SAC  president 
Seymour  Kanowitch. 

"The  standard  of  teaching  at 
this  university  is  in  a  state  of 
decline,"  Kanowitch  said. 

Most  of  the  discussion  at 
Saturday's  meeting  centred  on 
whether  SAC  should  continue  to 
push  for  student  parity  on  tenure 
committees  or  to  resort  to  subtler 
politics  and  ask  only  for  some 
student  representation. 

Last  year's  SAC  referendum 
was  taken  following  the 
mathematics  department's  firing 
in  1973  of  three  popular  in- 

In  other  business,  Trinity 
College  representative  Michael 
Sabia  criticized  student  services 
at  U  of  T  and  emphasized  the 
need  for  SAC  to  deal  with  such 
"motherhood  issues"  as  a  pub 
and  games  room. 

Kendrick  also  noted  an  OFS 
conference  to  be  held  Sept .  27 
through  29  will  discuss  the  problem 
of  part-time  student  loans. 

Woodsworth  College  registrar 
Alec  Waugh  echoed  Kendrick's 
views  on  the  two  projects. 

Waugh  said  he  doesn't  feel  "civil" 
about  the  loan  scheme.  He  said 
Woodsworth  tries  to  dissuade  part- 
time  students  from  applying  for  the 
loans,  and  only  as  "a  last  resort." 

Most  part-time  students  needing 
financial  aid  also  work,  which  * 
makes  them  taxpayers.  "Then  they  11 
get  hit  with  this  stupid  thing,"  J 
Waugh  said,  referring  to  the  loan  £> 

Waugh  also  said  the  provincial  >, 
government  was  employing  "a  form  £ 
of  tokenism"  toward  part-time  <5 
students.  He  felt  the  loan  program  > 
might  be  getting  students  into  a  * 
"spiralling  debt"  instead  of K 
assisting  them. 

SAC  president  Seymour  Kanowitch  and  friend  dream  of  parity. 

2  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  23,  1W4 



3  pm 

Auditions  for  York  cycle  Herod  plays 
and  Towneley  Second  Shepherd's  play. 
Actors  and  technical  crew.  PLS  office, 
39B  Queen's  Park  Cres.  E.,  928-5096. 
Also  7:30  -  9. 

4  pm 

History  TA's  meeting:  4  pm  Monday 
23  Sept.  SS  2090:  to  elect  represen- 
tatives to  departmental  liaison  com- 
mittee, to  discuss  proposals  to  improve 
our  work  and  our  lot. 

5  pm 

Hillel's  kosher  snak  bar  will  be  open 
tonight  from  5  -  7  pm  at  Hillel  House. 

U  of  T  alpine  ski  team  trains  Monday 
and  Wednesday  5:15  pm.  Men  sign  list 
in  athletic  office.  Hart  House;  women 
see  Delene  Lackie  at  Benson  Building. 
5:30  pm 

There  will  be  a  meeting  and  rules 
clinic  for  interfac  football  officials  in 
the  UTAA  committee  room.  All  of- 
ficials should  attend. 

7:30  pm 

La  Troupe  Cafe-Theatre  and  the 
French  Club  of  Victoria  College  are 
holding  a  general  meeting  in  the 
Terrace  Room,  Wymilwood,  Victoria 
College.  Entertainment,  free  refresh- 

AlESEC  —  an  international  job 
exchange  for  students  in  economics  or 
commerce.  If  you  need  a  job  overseas 

next  summer  come  to  the  International 
Students  Center,  33  St.  George  St.,  on 
either  Sept.  23,  24  or  25  at  7:30  pm. 

3  pm 

Auditions  for  York  cycle  Herod  plays 
and  Towneley  Second  Shepherd's  play. 
Actors  and  technical  crew.  PLS  office, 
39B  Queen's  Park  Cres.  E.  928-5096. 
Also  7:30  -  9. 

4  pm 

El  Club  Hispanico  invites  all  who  are 
interested,  to  come  help  plan  activities 
for  the  coming  year.  Sid  Smith  Room 
505  in  basement  Bienvenido  a  todos. 

Allen  Sparrow,  candidate  for 
alderman,  will  meet  students  in  the 
South  Sitting  Room  of  Hart  House  to 
discuss  the  upcoming  municipal 
election.  Come  out  to  examine  the 
issues  effecting  your  community  in 
Ward  6. 

4:30  pm 

A  meeting  of  the  Christian  Science 
Organization  at  the  University  of 
Toronto  in  the  Woodger  Room,  Old  Vic. 
All  are  welcome. 

5  pm 

Hillel's  kosher  snak  bar  will  be  open 
today  from  5  -  7  pm  at  Hillel  House. 

Varsity  Christian  Fellowship's  first 
weekly  meeting  will  be  held  at 
Wymilwood  Music  Room.  Rev.  Bob 
Brow   starts   four   week   series  on 

"Character  of  God"  in  the  Old 
Testament.  At  7:00  pm  Dr.  Osmond 
will  speak  on  "Christian  Responsibility 
on  Campus",  following  dinner  break  at 
6:00  pm.  All  are  welcome. 

7:30  pm 

AlESEC  —  an  international  iob 
exchange  for  students  in  economics  or 
commerce.  If  you  need  a  job  overseas 
next  summer  come  to  the  International 
Students  Center,  33  St.  George  St.,  on 
either  Sept.  23,  24  or  25  at  7:30  pm. 

Films  on  Canadian  people:  The 
Atlantic  and  The  Mountains.  Free 
admission.  International  Student 
Centre,  33  St.  George  St. 

8  pm 

Peter  Warrian,  speaking  on  "Maior 
Themes  in  Canadian  Working  Class 
History",  second  lecture  in  the  series 
"The  Working  Class  in  Canada", 
sponsored  by  the  Committee  for  a 
Marxist  Institute.  Medical  Sciences 

The  U  of  T  Sufi  study  circle  is  holding 
a  public  function  at  the  International 
Students'  Centre,  Cumberland  Hall,  St. 
George  Campus.  The  meeting  will 
include:  some  recitation  of  Sufi  poetry; 
recorded  Sufi  music  from  Pakistan, 
-India,  and  North  Africa;  as  well  as  an 
introductory  talk  of  Sufism  by 
professor  M.Q.  Baig.  Admission  is  free. 

James  Bay  costs  squeeze  social  spending 

—  Quebec  Premier  Robert 
Bourassa's  dream  of  harnessing  the 
rivers  of  James  Bay  is  proceeding  as 
scheduled  —  no  matter  what  it  will 
cost  Quebec  society. 

Already  government  spending  is 
being  cut  back  in  all  sectors  of  the 
province's  economy  as  funds  are 
being  diverted  to  the  massive  power 

This  massive  concentration  of 
government  spending  will  create 
tremendous  inflationary  pressures 
which  could,  according  to  some 

economists,  severely  damage  any 
attempts  to  establish  labor-intensive- 
secondary  industry  in  Canada. 

In  Quebec,  the  side-effects  are 
already  being  felt  as  government 
budgets  are  being  frozen  and  in 
some  cases  cut  back. 

In  Montreal,  a  French-language 
CEGEP  which  is  completely  without 
athletic  facilities  has  had  the  con- 
struction of  a  sports  complex 
delayed  until  1979  —  a  result  of  a 
government  decision  to  cut  capital 

Other    cut-backs    across  the 

province  include  reductions  in 
transportation  budgets  granted  to 
school  boards.  As  a  result  there  have 
been  curtailments  and  suspensions 
in  school  bus  service  all  across  the 

Day  care  centres  whose  funding 
has  recently  been  taken  over  by  the 
provinces  are  finding  themslves  in 
serious  financial  trouble. 



To  fill  vacancies  on  certain  Committees,  as  follows: 


Fine  Art 

Hispanic  Studies 

Erindale  College 

General  Committee  (1) 
General  Committee(l) 
General  Committee  (1) 
General  Committee  (1) 

Note:  Nominations  and  voting  for  General  Committee  are 

restricted  to  Department  named. 

Humanities  only  General  Committee  (3) 

Curriculum  Committee 

Life  Sciences  •  (1) 




(a  troupeof  individuals  of 
highly -suspect  sanity) 
Enjoy  two  evenings  of 
Friday,  Sept.  27th  and 
Saturday  Sept.  28th 

at  8:30  p.m. 
No  reservations,  so 
be  there  early 
Admission  is  free 

ti  „  HART 


UNDERWATER  CLUB  open  meeting,  TONIGHT  at  7:30  pm., 
the  Music  Room 

begins  Mon.,  Sept.  30  at  7  pm. 
Details  and  applications  from 
the  Programme  office 


milkshake  shoot,  today,  4-6  pm, 
in  the  Rifle  Range,  everyone, 

CAMERA  CLUB  open  meeting, 
with  Frank  Royal  of  "Carveth" 
refreshments,  darkroom  tours 
memberships  available, 
tomorrow  at  7:30  pm,  in  the 
Music  Room 

I YOGA  CLUB  Thursdays  from 
7:15  Fencing  Room 

BRIDGE  CLUB  regular  play 
tomorrow  evening  at  7  pm.  in 
the  Debates  Room 

LESSONS  tomorrow,  North 
sitting  roLim,  6  pm. 


the  Festival  Singers  Sun.,  Sept. 
29  Great  Hall,  9  pm.  Tickets  free 
from  the  Hall  Porter. 

FARM  FOLK  FEST  Sun.,  Sept. 
29  noon  to  midnight,  Hart  House 
Farm,  tickets  free  from  the  Hall 
Porter.  Bus  tickets  $2  at  the 
programme  office. 


Richard  Kolb,  Lute 

Gary  Creighton,  Counter-Tenor 

Tues.,Oct.  1 
Music  Room,  1  p.m. 

ART  GALLERY  Woodcuts  by 
Naoko  Matsubara,  until  Friday 
Gallery  Hours:  Monday,  11am- 
9pm.  Tuesday  to  Saturday, 
1lam-5pm.  Sunday,  2-5  pm. 


University  College 
Victoria  College 
St.  Michael's  College 
New  College 
Innis  College 
Erindale  College 
University  College 
St.  Michael's  College 
Innis  College 
Erindale  College 

General  Committee  (1) 
General  Committee  (2) 
General  Committee  (2) 
General  Committee  O) 
General  Committee  (1) 
General  Committee  (1) 
Committee  on  Counselling  (1) 
Committee  on  Counselling  (1) 
Committee  on  Counselling  (1) 
Committee  on  Counselling  (1) 

Any  College  Curriculum  Committee  on  Humanities  ( 1 ) 

Curriculum  Committee  on  Interdisciplinary  Studies  (3) 
Curriculum  Committee  on  Life  Sciences  (3) 
Curriculum  Committee  on  Social  Sciences  (1) 
Committee  on  Study  Elsewhere  (3) 

Note:  Nominations  and  voting  for  all  these  positions  are 
restricted  to  the  constituencies  named.  Full-time  students 
nominated  for  a  curriculum  committee  must  be  enrolled  in 
at  least  three  courses  within  "the  group.'-' 

Nominees  elected  to  the  Counselling  Committee,  the 
Curriculum  Committees  and  the  Committee  on  Study 
Elsewhere  will  automatically  be  seated  on  the  General 


Woodsworth  College                      General  Committee  (1) 

Curriculum  Committeeon  Interdisciplinary  Studies  (1) 

Curriculum  Committee  on  Life  Sciences  (1 ) 

Curriculum  Committeeon  Physical  Sciences  (1) 


Now  to  September  30th  inclusive  on  nomination  forms  ob- 
tainable at  College  and  Faculty  Offices.  Deadline  for  receipt  of 
nominations  4.00  p.m.  Monday,  September  30th  at  the  Faculty 
Office,  Room  1006,  Sidney  Smith  Hall. 

Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 


Student  Subscriptions 

$5.00  for  the  Four  Productions 

Hart  House  Theatre  offers  a  Student  Subscription  at  $5.00  for  the  four  All-University 
productions.  The  student  rate  will  be  $1.50  for  a  single  performance.  Subscribers  are 
assured  of  the  same  seats  and  performance  evenings  for  the  season.  Two  subscriptions 
only  on  each  Student  card. 

1974-75  Season 

THE  KILLDEER  by  James  Reaney 
Thursday,  October  17  to  Saturday,  October  26 

'TIS  PITY  SHE'S  A  WHORE  by  John  Ford 
Thursday,  November  14  to  Saturday,  November  23 

THE  FROGS  by  Aristophanes 

Thursday,  January  23  to  Saturday,  February  1 

CORIOLANUSby  Bertolt  Brecht 

Thursday,  March  13  to  Saturday,  March  22 

[No  performances  on  Sundays  or  Mondays] . 
Box  Office  now  open  10: 00  a  .m .  to  5 : 00  p.m . 

Directed  by  Martin  Hunter 

Directed  by  Jon  Redfern 
Directed  by  Martin  Hunter 
Directed  by  Wolfgang  von  Stas 



Volunteer  Ushers  are  required  for  the  four  Hart  House  Theatre  productions.  Please 
telephone  928-8674  or  call  at  Theatre  offices. 

September  23,  1974 

The  Varsity  3 

Rochdale:  last  glimpses  of  a  dying  community 

Rochdale  is  down  to  300  people 


While  many  students  are  still 
searching  for  acceptable  housing, 
Rochdale  College  stands  almost 
empty,  its  management  refusing  to 
accept  new  tenants. 

Clarkson  Company,  the  current 
property  manager  and  receiver,  has 
closed  the  rental  office  of  the  18- 
storey  high-rise  on  Bloor  Street  West 
and  is  evicting  present  occupants  as 
leases  expire. 

Although  as  many  as  1,500  people 
once  lived  in  Rochdale,  fewer  than 
300  remain  today. 

From  1968  to  late  1973,  however, 
rooms  and  apartments  were 
available  and  many  students  lived  at 
Rochdale.  It  was  built  to  house  a 
"free  school"  and  to  experiment  in 
high-rise  cooperative  housing,  which 
permitted  not  only  students  as 
residents,  but  also  anyone  from 
motorcycle  gangs  to  pensioners. 

Different  living  accommodations 

are  offered  in  Rochdale,  ranging 
from  single  rooms  and  apartments 
to  floors  block-rented  to  communes. 

Brian  Pel 

Single  rooms  rented  for  $60 
monthly  and  apartments  for  $130. 

If  a  student  or  anyone  else  were  to 
go  to  the  rental  office  at  Rochdale 
College  now,  he  or  she  would  be  told 

the  office  was  closed  and  all 
residents  are  being  evicted. 

The  reason  for  "mass  evictions" 
and  for  total  possession  of  the 
building  by  the  receiver  is  sup- 
posedly to  assure  conditions  for 
immediate  sale  of  the  building  or 
"intensive  renovation".  For  what 
purpose,  or  to  whom  the  building 
will  be  sold  is  uncertain. 

Clarkson  Co.  says  evictions  are 
necessary  because  of  "un- 
desirables" who  deal  dope,  fall 
behind  in  their  rent  payments,  litter 
the  premises  with  refuse  and  behave 
in  ways  that  interfere  with  efficient 
property  management. 

"Toad  Lane,"  the  Rochdale 
Tenants'  Association,  in  cooperation 
with  the  Rochdale  governing 
council,  has  opposed  the  mass 
evictions  and  used  every  available 
legal  approach  to  forestall 
Clarkson's  actions  —  so  far,  with 
only  limited  success. 

4  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 




Assignments  editor 
Chfef  copy  editor 
News  editor 
Ptio to  editor 
Layout  editor 
Features  edi  lor 
Sports  editor 
Review  editor 
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Advertising  manager 
Advertising  assistant 
Advertising  office 

Marina  Strauss 
Brian  Pel 
Gllda  Oran 
Gus  Richardson 
Dave  Stuart 
Randy  Robertson 
91  St.  George  St.,  2nd  floor 
VI3-B7JI.  923-8742 
Pal  Wickson 
Betty  Wilson 

91  St.  George  St.,  1st  floor 

"Real  Caouette" 

John  Evans, 
discussing  his  heroes 
Friday  Sept.  20, 1974 

The  Varsity,  a  member  of  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  1880 
and  is  published  by  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  is  printed  by 
Newsweb  Enterprise.  Opinions  ex- 
pressed in  this  newspaper  are  not 
necessarily  those  of  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  or  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  university.  Formal 
complaints  about  the  editorial  or 
business  operation  of  the  paper  may  be 
addressed  to  the  Chairman,  Campus 
Relations  Committee,  Varsity  Board  of 
Directors,  91  St.  George  St.  

Rochdale:  housing,  not  rhetoric 

Rochdale  college  has  always  been  the  focus 
of  some  incredibly  boring  rhetoric,  pious 
moralizing  that  is  quite  demonstrably  empty. 

For  no  less  than  six  years,  we  have  had  to  sit 
through  every  conceivable  second-rate 
redneck  politician  in  the  city  sounding  off  on 
the  obligatory  topic  of  the  need  to  expose 
Rochdale,  this  festering  cancer  within  our 
midst,  this  oasis  of  filth  and  scum  in  a  desert 
of  cleanliness  and  decency. 

Every  Rochdale  resident,  it  seemed,  had 
served  time  with  the  Blue  Meanies  before  he 
moved  into  the  place. 

The  rhetoric  still  goes  on.  People  are  still 
jumping  out  of  windows  every  day.  The  place 
is  still  piled  eight  feet  high  with  feces  and  dead 
junkies.  Policemen  are  always  getting  shot 
whenever  they  set  foot  in  the  door.  And  so  it 

On  one  point,  however,  the  rhetoric  has  been 
noticeably  silent. 

About  a  year  ago,  a  receiver  was  appointed 
to  Rochdale,  Clarkson  Company,  after  the 
college  fell  way  behind  in  its  mortgage 

The  receiver  was  to  manage  the  operation 
of  the  building,  although  the  college's 
governing  councU  retained  the  right  to  sell.  It 
asked  $8%  million  dollars,  but  there  were  no 

Since  then,  the  receiver,  quietly  but 
systematically,  has  been  emptying  the 
building,  turning  the  residents  out  onto  the 
street  one  by  one. 

Other  apartments  remain  padlocked, 
completely  empty,  while  Clarkson  Company 
keeps  the  rental  office  firmly  shut. 

Yet  Toronto  has  a  housing  shortage. 
Students  and  other  low-income  people  in  the 
city  are  forced  to  live  in  substandard  facilities 
because  they  can  neither  afford  nor  find 
anything  else. 

Once  again,  our  politicians  chum  out  the 
rhetoric.  They  set  up  task  forces,  receive 
reports,  talk  to  the  developers  —  but  do  very 
little  to  provide  housing  for  the  people  who 
need  it. 

Nor  have  they  exactly  jumped  at  the  op- 
portunity to  acquire  a  building  which  could  be 
one  of  the  few  places  for  inner-city,  low  in- 
come housing;  namely,  Rochdale. 

They  have  stood  by  quietly,  acquiescing  in 
the  legal  but  immoral  campaign  waged  by 
Clarkson  Company,  turning  people  out  of  their 
homes  and  onto  the  street,  victims  of  their 
own  rhetoric. 

And  Rochdale  College  stands  empty,  a 
monument  to  cynicism,  greed  and  self- 
serving  rhetoric. 

Socialists  and  environmentalists  must  get  together 

Today's  feature  article  by  Jim 
Harding,  Ecology  as  Ideology,  is 
an  important  piece  of  work 
which  should  point  to  a  recon- 
ciliation between  two  camps 
who,  although  superficially  in 
agreement  as  critics,  have  far 
too  long  been  at  loggerheads. 

It  is  time  socialists  and  en- 
vironmentalists sat  down 
together  and  talked  seriously. 

The  environmentalist  has, 
quite  rightly,  been  accused  of 
taking  a  thoroughly  naive  View 
of  the  source  of  the  problems  he 
is  fighting.  He  insists,  more 
often  than  not,  that  through 
goodwill,  or  the  eradication  of 

scoundrels,  or  a  simple 
description  of  those  problems, 
that  a  solution  will  be  for- 

He  fails  to  realize  that  there 
are  much  larger  obstacles  to 
overcome  than  simple  misun- 
derstanding; namely,  as  Marx 
pointed  out,  a  deep-rooted 
contradiction  in  the  vary  nature 
of  our  relationships  in  society. 

The  environmentalist  must 
look  for  such  deep-rooted  causes 
in  the  ecological  problems  which 
he  studies  —  much  the  same 
way  Marx  looked  for  these 
causes  as  he  studied  social 


But  the  article  is  not  ad- 
dressed solely  to  the  en- 
vironmentalist. There  is  also  a 
lesson  for  the  socialist.  The 
socialist,  smug  in  the  certainty 
of  his-  analysis,  has  blithely 
rejected  the  warnings  from  the 
environmentalist  about  the 
seriousness  of  the  ecological 
problems  our  society  has 

So  thoroughly  has  the  socialist 
been  convinced  he  has 
discovered  the  root  cause  of  all 
our  problems,  he  has  failed,  or 
not  cared,  to  discover  the 

seriousness  of  our  ecological 

Ecological  problems  are 
serious,  and  they  require  some 
serious  solutions.  Self-centred 
rhetoric  about  the  nature  of 
class  society,  and  a  total 
disinterest  and  refusal  to  con- 
sider the  problems,  helps  no  one; 

There  is  room  for  recon- 
ciliation. The  environmentalist 
must  be  prepared  to  look  for  a 
thoroughgoing,  historical,  social 
analysis  of  ecological  problems, 
And  the  socialist  must  be 
prepared  to  accept  that  there 
are  severe  ecological  problems, 
requiring  immediate  attention. 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

The  Varsity  5 


Part  time  work  available  for 
experienced  tellers.  Hours  Flexible. 
Canadian  Imperial  Bank  of  Commerce, 
151  Bloor  Street  West, 
Mrs.  Brown 

RCMP  also 

Hopefully,  last  Friday's  article  on 
the  RCMP  doesn't  leave  the 
misleading  impression  the  only 
students  under  police  surveillance 
are  members  of  Communist  parties. 

Your  story  should  have  mentioned 
the  case  of  five  Alberta  journalists 
last  winter,  whom  the  RCMP  ad- 
mitted had  been  under  investigation 
for  some  time.  The  five  were 
reporters  for  such  notorious  Red 
Rags  as  the  Calgary  Herald  and 
Lethbridge  Herald. 

But  they  were  also  linked  by  a 
common  background  as  student 
journalists  while  at  university 
during  the  1960's.  They  were  all 
involved  in  Canadian  University 
Press,  the  national  student 
newspaper  organization  to  which 
The  Varsity  belongs.  One  had  the 
audacity  to  belong  to  the  Lethbridge 
NDP,  which  must  have  immediately 
aroused  RCMP  suspicions. 

The  omission  of  the  Alberta  in- 
cident, which  sparked  an  exchange 
in  the  provincial  legislature,  is  a 
serious  oversight  in  your  article,  if 
its  intent  was  to  alert  people  to  the 
dangerous  and  unwarranted  in- 
trusion of  police  in  student  political 

Students  ought  to  be  demanding 
answers  of  their  federal  govern- 
ment. Are  democratically-elected 
student  councillors  and  student 
journalists  being  systematically 
investigated  by  the  RCMP? 

If  such  a  policy  exists,  why  does 
it?  If  the  policy  is  to  investigate  only 
certain  individuals,  then  why  are 
these  individuals  being  in- 
vestigated? A  predictable  "no 
comment"  came  from  the  Solicitor 
General  at  the  time  of  the  Alberta 
outrage.  Student  organizations 
should  again  put  the  question. 

Incidentally,  the  only  members  of 
this  year's  Students'  Administrative 
Council  executive  with  any  political 
aff  iliationsbelong  to  the  Progressive 
Conservative  and  Liberal  parties. 
The  rest  appear  on  the  political 
spectrum  somewhere  between 
Pierre  Trudeau  and  Tommy 
Douglas.  No  doubt,  the  RCMP  will 
consider  this  fertile  soil  for  its 

Art  Moses 
UC  '72 

Used  book 
buyback  is 
no  bargain 

Your  readers  and  fellow  students 
should  think  twice  before  taking 
their  last  year's  books  down  to  the 


A  large  well-equipped  pottery  studio  offering  instruction  in 
throwing,  hand  building  and  sculpture 

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For  more  information  phone  us  or  drop  in  at  the  studio. 

Artists  Alliance  Building/  24  Ryerson  Avenue/ 
Toronto,  Phone  366-0429 

university  textbook  store  to  sell 
them,  supposedly  at  half  price. 

After  selling  my  books  for  a  few 
pennies  I  came  to  the  conclusion  the 
bookfairs  sponsored  by  student 
unions  in  certain  colleges  are  a 
better  deal  for  the  seller  as  well  as 
the  buying  student. 

The  following  seems  to  be  the 
regular  way  of  conducting  business 
at  the  textbook  store: 

You  show  your  old  books  to  the  girl 
in  charge,  who  examines  her 
voluminous  lists  and  catalogues  and 
finally  informs  you  that  the  books 
are  not  used  in  the  course  this  year. 

You  insist  but  you  may  not  be  too 
certain  about  it  (well,  which  student 
is  in  a  position  to  know  whether  the 
books  will  be  used  or.  not  next 

The  girl  (I  don't  want  to  sound 
sexist,  but  that  was  my  experience 
after  all ! )  informs  you  she  can  give 
you  10  cents  or  a  quarter  per  book  as 
the  case  may  be  and  so  buy  the 
books  for  the  publisher  suggesting 
they  will  be  destroyed  to  make  paper 

You  surrender  whatever  books 
you  do  not  wish  to  carry  all  the  way 
back  home  for  whatever  money  they 
give  you. 

But  you  get  no  receipt  proving  the 

I  developed  a  heartburn  inside  the 
book  store  last  week  seeing  on  the 
shelf  a  book  I  had  sold  them  for  25 
cents  without  thinking  twice : 
SPECTRUM,  an  anthology  of  texts 
for  a  translation  course  GER  205  still 
offered  at  this  university. 

The  sticker  on  the  cover  read: 
"Used  Book  Bargain:  Original 
Value  $11.50,  as  used  sold  at  $8.60 
plus  a  5  percent  discount". 

Yes,  it  was  a  bargain  all  right.  But 
I  wonder  for  whom? 

James  Andrick 

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6  The  Varsity 

Varg  both 

The  Varsity  is  upset  that  some 
people  were  unwilling  to  "discuss 
racism  sensibly",  and  instead 
decided  to  act  against  it.  In  an  ; 
editorial  and  an  article  filled  with 
inaccuracies  and  contradictions,  the 
paper  shows  its  lack  of  un- 
derstanding of  last  year's  "Banfield 

The  editorial  of  September  I8th 
states  SDS  "took  it  upon  itself  to 
claim  the  issue  of  racism  as  its 
own".  This  statement  typically 
ignores  the  facts.  Opposition  to  the 
visit  of  Nixon's  advisor,  Banfield 
included  the  Black  Students  Union  at 
U  of  T,  the  Black  People's 
Movement  at  York,  the  Portuguese 
Democratic  Association,  Corriere 
Canadiese,  II  Giornale  di  Toronto, 
the  National  Black  Coalition  of 
Canada,  injured  workers,  workers 
at  the  Post  Office,  CN  and  Syn- 
nybrook  Hospital,  as  well  as  SDS 
and  CPL. 

Many  students,  including  myself, 
also  opposed  his  visit.  The  editorial 
is  contradicted  a  few  pages  later  in 
the  article  on  the  Caput  Trials, 
which  admits  that  SDS  had  gained 
the  support  of  the  Black  and  Italian 

The  editorial  goes  on  to  say  that 
those  who  stopped  Banfield  "by 
their  very  actions  insured  that  the 
substantive  issue  of  racism  would 


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70  BLOOR  ST.  W. 

not  be  discussed".  Yet,  the  cam- 
paign against  Banfield  received 
more  coverage  in  the  Varsity  last 
year  than  any  other  issue.  Perhaps 
we  should  promote  discussion  of  the 
issue  by  doing  what  the  Varsity  did 
for  the  majority  of  last  year— ignore 

The  Varsity  says  that  racism  is 
not  a  University  Issue.  It  follows  the 
ostrich-like  posturings  of  right  wing 
politicians  who  claimed  the  anti-war 
movement  was  not  a  university 
issue  and  the  civil  rights  movement 
was  not  a  university  issue.  Yet, 
hundreds  on  campus  have  been 
involved  in  opposing  Ian  Hector,  a 
professor  at  the  University  of 
Toronto  Medical  School  who  claims 
Italians  are  "culturally  predisposed 
to  play  a  sick  role,"  the  sickening 
racist  slurs  of  the  "Toike  Oike",  and 
other  examples  of  racism. 

How  can  The  Varsity  explain  the 
fact  that  1.500  students  attended  the 
teach  in  against  racism  last  spring, 
while  only  100  attended  a  SAC  forum 
on  discipline  at  around  the  same 

The  Varsity  further  reveals  its 
lack  of  awareness  of  the  very  real 
fight  against  racism  in  Canada  in 
the  claim  that  it  is  an  "exported 
American  Issue".  Is  racism  against 
Italian  Immigrants  in  Toronto  an 
"American  Issue?"  Is  the  vic- 

timization of  Paul  Smithers  an 
"American  Issue"? 

The  tremendous  strength  of  the 
fight  against  Banfield  was  the 
growing  alliance  of  immigrant 
workers,  unionists,  students, 
professors  and  others  who 
challenged  the  right  of  the 
University  to  promote  racism. 
Calling  on  students  to  concern 
themselves  with  "student  issues"  is 
a  reactionary  appeal  to  ignore  the 
world  around  us  and  the  role  that 
institutions  like  the  University  of 
Toronto  play  in  perpetuating  the 
ideologies  and  values  of 
capitalism — particularly     racism . 

Peter  Zagorskis 
New  III 

Who  tags  cars 
at  meters? 

As  a  concerned  student  and  citizen 
I  would  like  to  know  how,  and  under 
what  authority  (other  than  city  by- 
law 814)  that  the  Metro  Parking 
Authority  is  allowed  to  tag  cars. 

On  18  September  1974,  while 
walking  down  Devonshire  Place,  I 
observed  officer  Tote,  No.  5068,  from 
52  Division  tagging  a  gray  Mustang 
bearing  plates  numbered  BEK  491 

Drapeau's  stranglehold 
challenged  in  Montreal 

MONTREAL  (CUP)  —  The 
Montreal  Citizens'  Movement 
(MCM)  will  soon  launch  a  massive 
campaign  to  contest  the  51  seats  in 
the  Montreal  Municipal  Council,  all 
of  which  are  now  occupied  by 
members  of  Mayor  Jean  Drapeau's 
Civic  Party. 

The  MCM  is  a  citizens-based 
group  which  advocates,  among 
other  things,  more  participatory 
democracy  in  Montreal. 

An  MCM  pamphlet  quotes  Mayor 
Drapeau  as  saying  "I  have  no  need 
for  this  so-called  participatory 
democracy  and  the  citizens'  groups 
that  now  demand  a  say  in  govern- 

In  the  October  1970  municipal 
elections  when  Drapeau 's  party 
swept  the  city's   19  electoral 

districts,  Drapeau  falsely  associated 
his  opposition,  the  Front  D'Action 
Politique  (FRAP)  with  the  terrorist 
FLQ,  then  involved  in  the  October 

Drapeau's  Civic  Party  has  run 
virtually  unopposed  for  the  past 
several  elections  and  the  party's 
political  vote-getting  organization  is 
second  to  none  in  Canada. 

"The  MCM  organization  was 
strong  in  the  spring,  but  fell  apart 
during  the  summer.  But  now  we're 
ready  for  a  fall  campaign  of- 
fensive,' '  explained  Harry 
Rapapart,  a  local  MCM  organizer. 

The  MCM  would  encourage  a 
more  comprehensive  and  less  costly 
rapid  transit  system  with  a  view  to 
eliminate  unnecessary  traffic  in  the 
city  centre. 

for  expired  meter  No.  9830  while  the 
meter  still  had  one  hour  of  time  on  it. 
I  also  saw  a  person  putting  money  in 
the  expired  meters  before  officer 
Tote  arrived.  I  am  sure  that  he  saw 

him  also  and  that  is  possibly  why  he 
tagged  the  cars— but  why? 

M.  Friend 
I  nn  is  College  Student  Society 




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MARCH  31, 1975.  Full  details  concerning  the  employers  planning  to  visit 
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OCTOBER  8  is  also  the  first  day  of  our  CAREER  TALKS  SERIES.  In 
addition  to  the  Federal  and  Provincial  Governments,  speakers  have  been 
invited  from  a  variety  of  fields  eg.  Medicine,  the  Media,  Law,  Social 
Work,  Business,  Environment  and  Education,  to  tell  YOU  what  it's  like  to 
work  in  their  field  and  what  your  chances  will  be  in  1975.  DON'T  MISS 
THIS  OPPORTUNITY  to  listen  and  questions.  For  details  watch  the 
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1st  TALK 

9:00  •  10:30. 
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3:30  -  5:00 


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112  College  St.  West. 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

The  Varsity  7 



This  article  first  appeared  in  the 
Summer  1974  edition  of  Alternatives  at 
Trent  University,  and  is  reprinted  with 
permission.  James  Harding,  the  author, 
farms  and  writes  for  The  Blackfly,  an 
alternate  community  newspaper  in 
Thunder  Bay. 


The  Objectification  of  Nature 
When  reading  ecology  literature  I 
often  sense  that  "nature"  is  still  viewed 
largely  from  an  objectivist  stance.  For 
example:  "To  ignore  Nature's  laws, 
principles  and  conditions,  or  to  pretend 
they  do  not  exist  and  go  against  them  is 
futile  —  in  reality  disastrous  inasmuch 
as  nature  makes  no  compromises." 
(1)  This  is  an  ecological-minded 
scientist,  not  a  fundamentalist  Christian 
speaking.  Nature,  like  the  Christian 
God,  is  given  an  Essence  independent  of 
us.  This  is  true  in  the  sense  that  the 
cosmos  will  continue  without  us,  but  it 
usually  means  that  we  are  somehow 
disobeying  nature  and,  as  such,  are 
outside  of  it.  The  very  way  the  above 
warning  is  made  implies  we  are 
separate  from  nature.  If  nature  made  no 
compromises  we  would  have  to  be 
outside  it  to  disobey  it. 

Ecology,  as  a  special  science,  bridges 
this  contradiction  more  than  any  other 
field  of  study.  Its  roots  are  in  objectivist 
science  but  its  conclusions  undermine 
that  very  notion  of  science.  So  it  is  not 
surprising  to  find  so  much  confusion 
about  "nature"  within  ecology. 

Our  common  sense  use  of  the  term 
"nature"  is  not  very  different  than  that 
of  objectivist  science.  It  is  an  urban- 
biased  term.  Nature  is  that  stuff  (trees, 
rocks,  lakes  and  animals)  outside  the 
city  limits.  It  is  where  kids  like  to  go  and 
middle  class  North  America  likes  to 
holiday,  taking  all  the  accessories  of  the 
middle  class  home  with  them. 
Sometimes  we  even  make  trails  through 
"nature"  so  we  can  move  through  it 
without  much  inconvenience,  seemingly 

Will  man  be  able  to  return  to  a  harmonious  relation  with  his  surroundings? 

always  in  control  and  a  little  aloof. 
Nature,  to  this  way  of  thinking,  is 
something  that  is  there  if  we  want  to  use 
or  enjoy  it. 

Disassociation  from  Nature. 

Because  we  are  so  adept  at  using 
impersonal,  reified  language,  we  can 
talk  about  ecological  disasters  while 
acting  as  though  we  are  not  animals  that 
depend  upon  air,  water  and  land  and  all 
the  life  forms  from  earthworms  to 
eagles.  This  dissociation  from  our 
bilogical-ness  was  shown  in  an  ad- 
vertisement on  the  back  of  a  Vancouver 
bus.  According  to  it,  the  solution  to  the 
burning  eyes  you  get  in  the  polluted  city 
is  a  new  spray.  We  are  perhaps  not  far 
from  Tokyo's  oxygen  to  pedestrians 
weakened  by  that  city's  notorious 

It  is  high  time  we  developed  some 

historical  perspective  on  our  ecological 
situation.  Consider  the  possibility  that 
we  never  outgrew  feudalism  and  or  that 
we  are  just  beginning  to  see  our  way  out 
of  it.  The  school,  the  church,  the  cour- 
troom, perhaps  even  the  moviehouse, 
are,  after  all,  quite  feudal  in  their 
seating  arrangements,  authority  roles 
and  results.  You  have  heard  of  the 
vassals  of  the  middle  ages?  Take  a  close 
look  at  the  loyalty  plaque  in  one  of  those 
multi-national  corporation  garages 
where  you  get  gas. 

Religious  views  of  ourselves  reflect 
our  modernized  feudalism.  "Our  science 
and  technology  have  grown  out  of 
Christian  attitudes  towards  man's 
relation  to  nature  which  are  almost 
universally  held  not  only  by  Christians 
and  neo-Christians  but  also  by  those  who 
fondly  regard  themselves  as  post- 
Christians.  Despite  Copernicus,  all  the 

cosmos  rotates  around  our  little  globe. 
Despite  Darwin,  we  are  not,  in  our 
hearts,  parts  of  the  natural  process.  We 
are  superior  to  nature,  contemptuous  of 
it,  willing  to  use  it  for  our  slightest 
whim."  (2) 

The  Psychotic  Relationship 

We  have  to  go  beyond  Copernicus  and 
Darwin,  perhaps  to  Freud  and  Marx,  to 
understand  why  we  have  become  so 
egocentric  and  alienated  from  nature. 
Certainly  our  asensual  and  six-obsessed 
society  sputs  us  ott  trom  the  organic.  So 
does  a  society  that  enforces  scarcity  and 
waste  to  maintain  a  system  of  profit  that 
benefits  a  relatively  small  minority.  The 
competitive  and  isolated  human,  The 
Glorious  Individual,  that  results  from 
this  system  is  not  going  to  be  open  to  his, 
her  or  anyone  else's  biologicalness.  Nor 
are  people  thus  conditioned  going  to  be 







.continued  on  page  8 


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Strikes  could 
stop  classes 

REGINA  (CUP)  —  Strikes  appear 
imminent  at  the  universities  of 
Saskatchewan  (Saskatoon)  and 
Regina  as  employees  at  both  centres 
have  voted  overwhelmingly  in  favor 
of  the  action. 

The  University  of  Saskatchewan 
Employees  Union,  which  includes 
workers  at  both  universities,  held 
the  strike  vote  last  week.  As  the 
union  can  legally  strike  five  days 
after  the  vote,  action  may  be  taken 
this  week. 

In  Saskatoon  union  president 
Elaine  von  Oder  said  the  ad- 
ministration appears  to  be  prepared 
for  a  lengthy  work  stoppage  and  is 
waiting  for  the  union  to  .make  the 
next  move.  But  the  university 
claims  that  it  is  up  to  the  union  to 
make  a  move  and  back  off  from 
their  wage  demands  of  a  $125  per 
month  basic  increase. 

Von  Oder  said  she  believes  the 
administration  is  planning  on 
shutting  down  the  university  when 
the  strike  begins,  even  though 
classes  could  be  continued  for  a  time 
without  employees.  This  move,  she 
predicts,  would  be  aimed  at 
alienating  the  students  and  the 
public  toward  the  strike. 

Monday.  Septen 


from  page  7  The  ecological  movement  still  seems  to  be  caught  up  in  a  ne 

aware  of  their  life  cycle  as  one  of  many 
life  cycles  going  on  all  the  time,  and  as 
fundamentally  connected  to  those 
cycles.  The  sight  of  ducks  flying  south 
usually  means  hunting  season  to  the 
socialized  male.  In  school,  church  or 
office  you  do  not  learn  to  look  up  and  see 
yourself  in  the  sky. 

The  relationship  depicted  between 
humanity  and  nature  in  the  proliferating 
ecology  literature  is  quite  schizoid.  Most 
academics,  critical  or  not,  are  still 
clinging  to  their  Platonic  ideas.  To 
develop  sensitivities  towards  ourselves 
as  part  of  nature  we  need  to  stop 
thinking  and  acting  as  though  we  are 
separate.  We  can't  think  our  way  back 
into  the  life  processes,  though  theory  can 
often  act  as  a  guide.  We  are  in  and  of  the 
natural  world  from  the  beginning  except 
that  certain  social,  economic  and 
political  environments  that  we  have 
constructed  create  a  false  consciousness 
of  what  is  more  basic  or  real.  Imagine  a 
group  of  lions  in  a  zoo  voting  that  they 
are  once  again  free  and  wild  and  then 
lying  down  to  await  the  daily  meal  from 
the  zoo-keeper. 

Comparative  biology,  if  placed  in  a 
historical  context,  is  a  potentially 
revolutionary  science.  The  shock  effects 
of  overcrowding  on  other  animals  are 
not  so  different  than  those  among 
humans  in  the  urban  maze.  The  biggest 
difference  is  that  we  have  created  a 
profitable  pharmacological  industry  to 
try  to  repair  the  effects  of  our  unhealthy 

The  Objectification  of  Technology 
There  is  also  an  objectified  view  of 
technology  within  the  ecology 
movement.  One  expression,  perhaps  the 
most  widespread  and  the  one  that  links 
the  ecology  movement  to  the  attempts  at 
a  counter-culture,  suggests  that  all 
machines  pollute  and  we  should 
therefore  revert  back  to  a  preindustrial 
form  of  survival.  (3)  The  other  ex- 
pression suggests  that  technology  itself 
will  solve  the  problems.  Better  design  of 
carburetors,  sewage  and  waste  systems 
is  seen  as  a  sufficient  solution. 

Both  attempt  to  make  a  partial  into  a 
total  solution.  Those  who  romanticize 
living  off  the  land  without  the  aid  of  any 
mechanization  should  try  it.  At  the  other 
extreme,  there  are  those  who  think  that 
a  pollution  device  on  an  industry  will 
solve  the  problem.  Those  who  hold  this 
position  never  seem  to  realize  that  even 
if  25  percent  of  the  dangerous  particles 
were  removed  from  the  local  air,  the 
expansion  of  existing  worldwide  in- 
dustry will  steadily  increase  the  total 
amount  of  pollution.  (4) 

There  is  a  huge  chasm  between  the  life 
styles  of  those  who  think  they  can  leave 
the  polluting  society  and  live  through 
self-sufficiency  and  those  who  think  that 
a  few  engineering  gimmicks  will  stop  the 
pollution.  But  both  responses  fail  to 
recognize  that  pollution  is  a  logical 
outcome  of  a  society  which  is  inherently 
alienated  from  nature.  Those  who 
believe  we  just  need  to  take  more 
weekend  walks  on  government- 
subsidized  nature  trails  to  regain  our 
contact  with  the  natural  environment 
combine  the  mvths  from  each. 

Technology  a  Sympton, 
not  a  Cause 
A  critical  discussion  of  technology  is 
the  crux  of  ecology.  It  is  technology  that 
mediates  between  us  and  nature,  and  to 
the  extent  that  our  technology  is 
alienated,  i.e.  built  on  the  exploitation  of 
some  humans  by  others,  it  will  not  be  a 
creative  or  harmonious  mediation. 
Rejecting  technology  entirely,  or  ex- 
pecting present  technology  to  save  us, 
are  both  indications  that  we  do  not  yet 
understand  how  our  labour,  in  the  last 
analysis,  makes  technology  and  history. 
Up  until  this  point  we  have  created  a 
pretty  deadly  system  with  our  alienated 
labour.  It  does  not  follow,  however,  that 
the  future  will  be  like  the  past  or  present. 

Rather  than  talking  of  technology 
abstractly,  we  should  begin  to  specify 
the  conditions  that  make  for  a 
technology    that   perpetuates  our 

alienation  from  nature.  Centralized 
technology  definitely  cuts  us  off  from 
our  animal  nature  and  disrupts  our 
awareness  of  what  we,  as  special  kinds 
of  animals,  have  to  do  to  maintain 
ourselves  in  the  various  climates  and 
regions  of  this  planet.  Our  present 
centralized  technology  makes  us  into 
dependent  morons.  The  spreading  of  a 
standardized  technology  throughout  the 
globe  has  a  lot  more  to  do  with  the  im- 
perialism of  multi-national  corporations 
than  with  raising  the  quality  of  life  for 

transportation  are  very  much  structured 
into  the  same  reality.  Cars  go  back  and 
forth  to  the  machines  that  help  to  dig  up 
the  raw  materials  used  to  make  the 
machines  in  the  first  place.  Trucks, 
planes  and  trains,  all  made  with  the  aid 
of  machines,  transport  these  and  other 
products  to  the  car  lots  or  supermarkets. 
People  consume  television  images 
between  making  the  things  that  often 
must  be  advertised  to  be  sold,  and  going 
out  and  buying  them.  Our  society  seems 
to  be  a  large  machine,  kept  going  by  a 

The  apocalyptic  vision  is  a  common  one  amongst  ecologists. 

the  peoples  affected.  It  perpetuates  a 
sterotyped  alienation  from  nature  and 
disrupts  local  cultre  and  habits  of  sur- 
vival in  the  process.  With  ingenuity  and 
an  abolition  of  centralized  systems  of 
power  which  inhibit  ingenuity,  it  is 
possible  for  people  throughout  the  globe 
to  find  special  uses  of  particular 
technologies  to  take  the  burden  off 
material  survival.  Ultimately,  cen- 
tralized hydro  systems  (for  example) 
should  go.  There  is  no  reason  at  all  why 
small,  decentralized,  futuristic  com- 
munities could  not  have  autonomous 
energy  production  facilities. 

Simplistic  Villains 

Ecological  literature  rarely  gets  down 
to  these  specifics.  Usually,  "the  city'1  or 
"machines"  are  blamed  for  our 
situation.  The  present  city,  we  must 
remember,  has  provided  the  capitalist 
factory  system  with  a  cheap  labour  pool, 
and  increasingly  with  a  market  for 
useless  and  wasteful  products  that  the 
economy  churns  out  to  keep  the  stock 
market  going.  The  present  city  can  only 
be  replaced  if  the  system  of  production 
on  which  it  is  built  is  also  replaced. 

Why  are  the  explanations  of  the 
ecological  crisis  so  abstract?  The  effects 
of  the  very  technology  being  criticized 
by  the  critics  on  the  critics  may  be  a 
clue.  Clock  and  machine  time  are  very 
interrelated.  And  cars,  television  and 
other  forms  of  entertainment  and 

hierarchy  of  machines.  And  it  is  a  very 
speedy  machine,  greased  with  caffeine 
and  nicotine. 

But  to  mystify  the  machine  as  the 
cause  of  this  chaotic  anthill  is  to  think  in 
the  very  alienating  categories  created 
and  needed  by  this  society.  It  is  more 
fruitful  to  consider  effects  of  this  social 
machine  on  our  bodies.  Next  time  you 
eat  potato  chips  in  the  pub,  think  of  what 
a  decade  of  transporting  this  fraudulent 
food  does  to  the  kidneys  of  the  driver,  a 
driver  who  is  likely  kept  functioning  with 
benzedrine.  Once  we  understand  specific 
negative  relations  within  this  society  we 
can  begin  to  take  the  necessary  steps  to 
change  them.  For  example,  the  health 
food  movement  is  a  good  thing  to  the 
extent  that  it  isn't  a  fetish  or  fad  in  the 
marketplace.  But  all  food  should  be 
healthy,  and  having  a  small  shelf  of  very 
expensive  "health  foods"  in  an  out-of-the 
way  corner  of  a  supermarket  or  at  a 
health  food  store  is  no  real  solution. 

What  does  the  speediness  of  our 
society  do  to  our  perceptions  and  con- 
ceptions? People  who  are  constantly 
bombarded  and  overstimulated  with  the 
symbolic  realities  of  radio,  television, 
newspapers  and  film  can  easily  get 
things  upside  down.  It  is  not  uncommon, 
on  our  farm  in  northern  Ontario,  for 
visitors  from  the  Toronto  area  to  in- 
terpret their  perceptions  of  plants, 
animals  and  rocks  in  terms  of  pictures, 
movies  or  other  symbolic  media.  Their 

highly  mediated  existence  seems  to 
make  a  direct  perception  difficult  if  not 
impossible  without  first  going  through 
some  unlearning. 

The  Alienation  of  Nature 

This  only  exemplifies  the  degree  to 
which  alienation  from  nature  in  this 
society  and  economy  has  gone.  People 
typically  live  through  highly  conditioned 
and  abstracted  images  —  a  form  of 
psychosis.  To  fully  understand  the 
present  crisis  the  ecology  movement  will 
have  to  develop  an  awareness  of  insanity 
and  madness.  (5)  We  each  have  to  go 
through  our  own  madness  (decon- 
ditioning)  to  be  able  to  experience  the 
natural  order  right-side-up  again. 

Getting  off  the  stimulants  (e.g. 
tobacco)  which  keep  people  functioning 
within  the  society,  and  slowing  down 
enough  to  face  one's  accumulated 
madness,  is  clearly  a  part  of  any 
workable  strategy  to  transform  this 
society  into  an  ecologically  sensible  one. 
I  am  not  suggesting  that  we  renounce 
pleasure,  or  become  puritanical.  There 
is  pleasure,  and  there  are  replacements 
for  pleasure.  Anything  compulsive,  sex 
included,  is  a  replacement  for  pleasure. 
What  is  needed  is  an  open,  loving  way  of 
life,  whereby  we  enact  and  fulfill  our 
animal  needs  in  a  gentle,  direct  way.  We 
simply  have  to  take  a  closer  look  at 
ourselves,  collectively  and  individually, 
and  begin  to  take  the  journey  out  of  our 
general  and  particular  madnesses. 

If  we  do  not  start  to  get  involved  with 
all  living  things  we  will  not  generate  the 
energy  required  to  stop  the  deadly 
technology  without,  in  the  process, 
precipitating  a  mass  freak-out  among  a 
population  literally  addicted  to  that 
technology.  This  is  why  the  ecological 
movement  must  also  be  a  movement 
that  can  catalyse  political  and  social 
therapy.  Rather  than  getting  im- 
mobilized by  formal  contradictions 
about  the  impossibility  of  alienated 
people  creating  a  liberated  society,  we 
have  to  start  whittling  away  at  it,  using 
and  improving  our  consciousness  and 
releasing  our  own  blocked  energy  each 
day,  every  day. 

The  ecological  movement  still  seems 
to  be  caught  in  a  newsletter  and  mem- 
bership meeting  stage.  Change  is  a  way 
of  life,  not  a  hobby. 

The  Objectification  of  Power 

Mainstream  ecological  literature 
makes  only  sparse  reference  to  matters 
of  power,  either  economic  or  political.  A 
typical  ecology  book  will  be  filled  with  a 
lot  of  vital  data  and  a  few,  usually  naive 
references  to  the  political  and  economic 
system.  The  very  compartmentalization 
of  knowledge  into  biology  and  sociology 
has  low  survival  value,  for  it  allows 
people  in  both  to  specialize  to  the  point 
where  they  revert  to  ideological  notions 
when  it  comes  to  suggesting  what  to  do. 

Awareness  of  the  workings  of  social, 
political  and  economic  power  in  the 
ecology  movement  is  crude  and  naive, 
and  unless  it  is  reformulated  will  likely 
engender  cynicism  and  defeatism.  The 
prevalent  notion  of  reform  is  somewhat 
analogous  to  thinking  of  human  history 
in  terms  of  God's  intervention.  It  will 
take  some  time  for  sympathetic 
academics  to  realize  that  a  specialized 
background  does  not  necessarily 
prepare  one  for  dealing  with  matters  of 
social  change. 

Most  of  the  ecology  literature  accepts, 
uncritically,  the  ideology  of  represen- 
tative democracy.  For  example,  Donald 
Chant  of  Toronto's  Pollution  Probe  has 
written:  "We  like  politicians  because  the 
rules  by  which  they  play  are  so 
delightfully  simple:  no  prejudices  or 
principles  stand  in  the  way  of  responding 
to  simple  pressure  and  proof  of  where 
the  votes  will  fall  on  pollution  issues.  (7) 

David  Lewis  of  the  New  Democratic 
Party  has  stated  that  "pollution  is  like 
motherhood,"  meaning  that  everyone  is 
for  stopping  it.  (8)  All  politicians  now 
have  an  ecology  morality  worked  into 
their  overall  doubletalk,  the  New 

jptember  23,  1974 

newsletter  and  membership  meeting  stage.  Change  is  a  way  of  life,  not  a  hobby. 

Democratic  Party  included.  But  this 
should  not  be  taken  as  evidence  of  rising 
consciousness.  It  may  even  be  a  sign 
that  the  ecology  question  is  fast  being 
incorporated  into  the  bureaucratic 
politics  that  tries  to  level  out  the  effects 
of  contradictions  of  all  kinds.  The  role 
that  government  environment  agencies 
have  played  in  covering  up  industrial 
pollution  (e.g.  lead  poisoning)  and  in  the 
James  Bay  and  other  hydro  projects 
shows  how  much  we  can  rely  on 
changing  this  system  through  present 

Bureaucracy  and  Ecology 
Now  that  ecology  issues  have  been 
yacked  onto  existing  governmental 
structures  (the  same  structures  that 
overtax  low  and  middle  income  people 
and  subsidize  polluting  corporations)  we 
are  seeing  how  tough  some  of  the 
prophets  of  doom  really  are.  I  know  of 
several  ecology-minded  men  who 
worked  their  way  up  from  L.I.P.  and 
O.F.Y.  (9)  grants  into  the  mostly 
impotent  environmental  branches  of  the 
civil  service.  The  workings  of  in- 
dividualism and  upward  mobility  seem 
to  have  more  influence  than  a  com- 
mitment to  work  among  the  people  to 
raise  consciousness.  And  we  should 
never  delude  ourselves  into  thinking  that 
the  ecology  movement  has  more  roots 
among  the  population  than  the  peace  or 
education  movements  before  it. 

This  separation  from  the  vast 
majority  of  the  people  is  nothing  new.  It 
will  persist  until  more  and  more  people 
start  to  act  as  if  they  really  believed  that 
our  collective  needs,  as  a  species,  are 
not  subservient  to  individualistic, 
careerist  ones.  I  am  not  suggesting 
martyrdom  or  self-sacrifice.  I  believe 
that  working  as  a  member  of  a 
democratic  collectivity  is  more  fulfilling 
than  doing  your  own  thing,  whether  of 
the  establishment  or  counter-cultural 
form.  Once  you  confront  the  workings  of 
power  you  find  that  you  cannot  really  do 
your  own  thing  anyway. 

There  is  some  sign  of  a  change  within 
the  ecology  movement.  During  the 
recent  "energy  crisis"  Nader  attacked 
the  oil  monopolies  themselves  for  using 
an  energy  shortage  to  make  windfall 
profits.  One  author  has  written:  "The 
more  one  discovers  about  the  prevalent 
machinations  of  the  business  world,  the 
more  one  is  convinced  that  the  profit 

motive  must  outweigh  all  other  con- 
siderations." (10) 

Ecological  Moralistn 
People  are  quickly  realizing  that  the 
profit  motive  can  even  outweigh  sur- 
vival —  not  a  new  phenomenon,  we 
realize,  when  we  look  at  historical 
examples  of  warring  nations  backed  by 
industrialists.  The  owners  of  industry 
may  now  be  able  to  iipagine  their  own 
deaths  and  this,  rather  than  humanism 
per  se,  may  greatly  explain  the  detente 
of  the  big  powers.  This  may  be  some 
kind  of  deterrent  but  it  is  certainly  not  a 

This  insight  into  power,  however,  is 
greatly  limited  by  an  ecological 
moralism:  "Unfortunately,  profit  often 
speaks  louder  than  common  sense  and 
environmental  concern  ...  No  sane  or 
competent  individual  with  any 
knowledge  of  mercury  would  allow  the 
release  of  this  material  into  the  en- 
vironment." (11)  The  assumption  of  this 
statement  is  that  the  human  is,  or  ought 
to  be,  a  rational,  logical  being, 
motivated  by  an  open  search  for  truth 
and  an  understanding  of  consequences. 
This  assumption  seems  to  have  persisted 
within  biological  circles  while  being 
pretty  thoroughly  clobbered  in  the  social 
sciences.  I  am  not  suggesting  that  we 
retreat  to  a  cynical  view  of  our  nature, 
but  only  that  we  temper  our  belief  in 
rationality  with  some  understanding  of 
how  a  society  alienated  from  nature 
creates  conditions  that  breed 
widespread  irrationality. 

There  is  no  place  for  an  elitist  view  of 
human  potential  when  the  survival  of 
our  and  other  species  is  at  stake.  Until 
the  ecology  movement  rids  itself  of  the 
effects  of  the  very  ideology  of  power 
which  functions  to  stabilize  the  polluting 
society,  it'  will  at  best,  reinforce 
socialism  from  above  (state 
capitalism),  and  at  worst  reinforce 
manipulative  social  engineering.  They 
amount  to  the  same  thing. 

Until  we  come  to  understand  how  our 
society  has  become  so  thoroughly 
alienated  from  nature,  almost  to  the 
point  of  annihilation,  we  will  be  unable  to 
begin  to  imagine  real  answers,  and  to 
develop  a  strategy  that  can  deal  with 
ecological  issues.  We  have  to  learn  not  to 
treat  ecology  as  a  single  issue.  It  is  only 
possible  to  alter  fundamentally  the 

present  cataclysmic  course  we  are  on  by 
altering  the  social  and  economic 
relations  which  push  us  on. 

Rereading  Marx 

Marx,  more  than  any  other  social 
theorist,  recognized  the  dialectics  of 
society  and  nature.  What  is  desperately 
needed  is  a  rereading  of  Marx  from  the 
perspective  of  today's  historical 
predicaments.  We  are  not  in  search  of 
uncritical  truisms,  as  many  Marxists 
are,  but  of  historically  specific  insights. 

The  tendencies  we  have  found  among 
many  academic  ecologists  could  be 
summarized  as  follows:  "The 
inadequacy  of  the  abstract  materialism 
of  natural  sicence,  which  leaves  out  of 
consideration  the  historical  process,  is 
at  once  evident  from  'the  abstract  and 
ideological  conceptions  of  its 
spokesmen,  whenever  they  venture 
beyond  the  bounds  of  their  specialism  " 
(12)  This  abstract  science  begins  and 
ends  without  human  beings.  No  matter 
how  much  it  is  reformed  it  cannot  be 
humanized,  for  the  social  and  economic 
relations  out  of  which  it  grows  are  not 
humanized.  Hence  the  difficulty  of  the 
ecology  movement  in  abandoning  ab- 
stract notions  of  nature,  technology  and 

Crisis  in  Science  is  Historical 
It  is  time  to  realize  that  the  crisis  in 
science  is  itself  a  historical  crisis. 
Ecology  as  a  discipline  is  both  the  end  of 
the  abstract  materialism  and  the 
beginning  of  a  science  of  human 
liberation  and  human  goodness. 
However,  having  no  perspective  on 
alienation,  it  has  none  on  liberation. 

Liberation  can  be  seen  as  the  negation 
of  the  original  negation  of  humanity, 
which  is  alienation.  "Once  the  essence  of 
man  and  of  Nature,  man  as  a  natural 
being  and  Nature  as  a  human  reality, 
has  become  evident  m  practical  life,  in 
sense  experience,  the  search  for  an  alien 
being,  a  being  outside  man  and  Nature 
.  .  .  becomes  impossible  in  practice." 

Our  sense  experience,  often  with  the 
help  of  electronic  and  chemical  stimuli 
(music  and  psychedelics),  now  con- 
stantly and  continually  affirms  that 
humanity  is  a  natural  being  and  nature 
is  a  human  reality.  The  search  for  the 
sxplanation  of,  or  solution  to,  pollution  in 
alien  notions  of  nature!  technology  and 

power  —  all  notions  that  complement 
industrial  pollution  —  is  to  deny  or 
ignore  our  senses. 

Darwin  and  Marx 
The  historical  moment  for  an  in- 
tegrated study  of  Darwin  and  Marx,  of 
evolution  and  revolution,  has  clearly 
arrived.  And  the  historical  moment  to 
grapple  with  Marx's  prospect  of  com- 
munism, and  to  distinguish  this  clearly 
from  all  versions  of  authoritarian 
socialism  and  state  capitalism,  has 
arrived  with  it. 

Throughout  his  work  Marx  em- 
phasized the  destructive  implications  of 
the  antagonisms  between  town  and 
country.  The  Communist  Manifesto 
stressed  the  need  to  overcome  these 
antagonisms.  The  last  122  years  have 
seen  these  antagonisms  grow  to  the  point 
that  alienated  industry  (the  corporate 
society)  is  now,  objectively,  at  war  with 
biology.  It  is  not  Ellul's  "technique"  that 
is  waging  war  with  nature  but  alienated 
and  powerless  humans  allowing  to 
continue  a  system  that  daily  kills  them, 
others  and  all  kinds  of  brother  and  sister 
plants  and  naimals.  (14)  We  are  facing 
the  total  contradiction  of  ourselves  as 
mechanized  objects  and  biological 
subjects,  and  the  potential  for  the 
biological  subject  to  become  a  political 
force  is  ever  present.  (15) 

Class  Struggle 
This  is  related  to,  but  not  reducible  to, 
the  class  struggle— the  resistance  of 
labour  to  its  exploitation  and  domination 
by  capital.  Marx's  communism  goes 
beyond  the  cult  of  the  proletariat: 
"Communism  as  a  complete  naturalism 
is  humanism,  as  a  complete  humanism 
is  naturalism.  It  is  the  definitive 
resolution  of  the  antagonisms  between 
man  and  Nature,  and  between  man  and 
man."  (16)  What  we  need  to  realize  is 
that  to  overcome  the  antagonisms 
between  man  and  nature  we  need  to 
overcome  those  between  man  and 
woman.  We  no  longer  have  the  time  to 
confuse  ends  and  means,  postpone  ends, 
or  get  sidetracked  in  institutional  or 
personal  games  or  in  ideological  self- 


1.  Paul  S.  Henshaw,  This  Side  of  Yesterday: 
Extinction  of  Utopia,  p.  5. 

2.  Lynn  white  Jr.,  The  Historical  Roots  of 
Our  Ecological  Crisis,  in  the  Environmental 
Handbook,  p.  23. 

3.  This  view  permeates  Ernest  Snyder's 
Please  Stop  Killing  Me. 

4.  See  Chap.  4,  The  Limits  to  Growth. 

5.  See  R.D.  "  Laing,  The  Politics  of  Ex- 
perience, and  D.  Cooper,  The  Death  of  the 

6.  We  need  to  study  the  predominance  of 
structure-function  approaches  and  models  in 
both  American  sociology  and  biology  and  the 
way  the  two  areas  may  reinforce  each  other 

7.  Donald  A.  Chant  (ed),  Pollution  Probe, 

8.  The  N«w  Democratic  Party,  fun- 
damentally social-democratic  in  orientation, 
is  the  most  left-wing  of  Canada's  major 
political  parties. 

9.  Local  Initiatives  Projects  and  Op- 
portunities for  Youth  are  two  federal 
government  programs  funding  cooperative 
projects  of  "community  benefit";  many 
environmental  projects  have  been  un- 
dertaken under  these  programs. 

10.  Ernest  Snyder,  ibid.,  p.  40.  See  The  Black- 
fly,  Thunder  Bay,  December  and  January  for 
a  detailed  discussion  of  the  oil  companies  and 
the  enerjjy  crisis. 

11.  Donald  A.  Chant,  ibid.,  p.  77,  98. 

12.  Karl  Marx,  Das  Kapital,  Vol.  ,  p.  389. 

13.  Karl  Marx,  1844  Manuscripts,  p.  125-6. 

14.  J.  Ellul,  The  Technological  Society.  V.C. 
Ferkiss,  in  Technological  Man,  provided  a 
much  more  historical  and  relevant  per- 

15.  See  Herbert  Marcuse's  "Nature  and 
Revolution,"  in  Counter-Revolution  and 
Revolt,  Beacon,  1972.  Also  see  W.  Leiss,  The 
Domination  of  Nature,  New  York:  George 
Braziller,  1972,  and  the  critical  review  of  it  by 
R.  D'Amico,  Telos.  No.  15,  Spring  1973,  pp. 
142-7.  Lastly  here,  see  A.  Schmidt,  Marx's 
Concept  of  Man,  London:  New  Left  Books. 

16.  Karl  Marx,  1844  Manuscripts,  p.  114. 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

10  The  Varsity 

Indian  leaders  attack  media  coverage  of  protest  caravan 

Spokesmen  for  the  Cross-Canada 
native  peoples'  caravan  protest 
march  are  telling  of  distortion  by  the 
media  concerning  the  caravan's 
actions  and  harassment  by  police 

At  a  press  conference  yearlier  last 
week  in  Edmonton,  the  group  said 
they  were  especially  bitter  about  a 
report  carried  by  the  CBC  in  which  a 
reporter  claimed  to  have  seen  a 
rifle.  As  a  result  the  band  council  of 
the  Hobbema  Reserve  south  of 
Edmonton  refused  to  feed  the 
members  of  the  caravan  as  they  had 
originally  agreed. 

Militant  Indian  leaders,  including 
Louis  Cameron  who  led  the 
Achinabe  Park  armed  occupation 
near  Kenora  this  summer,  left 
Vancouver  early  this  month  in 
protest  caravan  to  unite  Indian 
groups  across  Canada  into  pressing 
for  better  rights  for  Indians. 

The  caravan  hopes  to  reach  Ot- 

tawa by  next  week  when  Parliament 
opens,  to  present  various  grievences 
to  the  federal  government. 

Caravan  organisers  who  met  the 
press  said  they  did  not  claim  to  be 
representatives,  but  part  of  the 

They  said  the  media  reports  of 
arms  in  the  caravan  were  not  only 
false  but  that  they  diverted  attention 
from  the  real  demands  the  caravan 
was  organized  to  publicize. 

Jim  Wen  jack,  one  of  the  Indian 
spokesmen,  said  the  arms  publicized 
consisted  in  fact  of  a  pellet  gun  kept 
at  the  Calgary  Native  Friendship 

Chief  Ken  Basil  of  the  Bonaparte 
Band  in  British  Columbia,  which 
organized  the  Cache  Creek  highway 
blockage,  said  the  caravan  should 
be  seen  as  an  attempt  to  demon- 
strate on  the  part  of  all  poor  people 
and  not  just  Indians. 

The  demands  around  which  the 
caravan  is  organized  are: 

the  Kensington 

cinema**  531-7774 





QUEEN  39 



War  and  Peace 

27    28  29 

(S>  bjcxy  Man  I 





ELIZABETH  7:30pm 
GREAT  LIE  9:30pm 
WAR  8.  PEACE  7:30pm 

CLOCKWORK   7:30pm 

LUCKY  MAN  9:30pm 

$1.50  or  10  tickets  for  $10.00 

CINE  -  CENT  -  SIX 




f  rancals  tous  les  vendredls  12  heures  et  8  heures 

salte  106U.C. 

le  27  sept.  TRAFIC  (Jacques  Tati,  1971) 

le  4  oct.  UN  HOMME  ET  SON  PECHE  (film  quebecois  de  1949) 
le  n  oct.  LA  SALAM ANDRE  (film  Suisse  d'Alain  Tanner,  1972) 
le  18  oct.  PETITE  AURORE,  L'ENFANT  MARTYRE  (Quebec, 

le  25  Oct.  BLANCHE  (Walerian  Borowczyk,  1972) 
le  ler  nov.  ENTRE  LA  MER  ET  L'EAU  DOUCE  (Brault, 
Quebec,  1967) 

le  8  nov.  REMONTONS  LES  CHAMPS-EL YSEES  (Sacha  Guitry, 

le  15  nov.  VIOL  D'UNE  JEUNE  FILLE  DOUCE  (Gilles  Carle, 

le  22 nov.  ZAZIE  DANS  LE  METRO  (Louis  Malle,  1961) 
le  29  nov,  LE  FESTON  DES  MORTS  (F.  Dansereau,  Quebec, 

le  17  janv.  LE  CHAT  DANS  LE  SAC  (Gilles  Groulx,  Quebec,  1964) 
Ie2dianv.  UBU  ROI  (filmde  I'ORTF  de  la  piece  de  Jarry) 
le  31  janv.  JUSQU'AU  COEUR  (Jean-Pierre  Lefebvre,  Quebec, 

Ie7fev.  LETROU  (filmde  Jacques  Becker) 

le  14  fev.  TI-COQ  (1953,  adaptation  de  la  piece  de  Gratien 

le  28  fev.  BOF  (Claude  Faraldo,  1973)' 
le  7  mars  MONTREAL  BLUES  (Pascal  Gelinas,  1973) 
le  14  mars  VIVA  LA  MUERTE  (Arrabal,  1972) 
le  21  mars  OK  .  .  .  LALIBERTE  (Marcel  Carriere,  Quebec,  1974) 
le  28  mars  LA  NOIRE  DE  .  .  .  et  BOROM  SARRET  (deux  films 
senegalais  d'Ousmane  Sembene) 

II  y  aura  un  court-metrage  pour  la  seance  du  soir  Consulter  Here 
and  now  dans  Varsity  pour  les  details 


•  Settlement  of  native  land 

•  Adequate  housing. 

•  haising  the  standard  of  Indian 

•  Effective  recognition  of  Indian 
treaties,  especially  the  Tory  Treaty 
of  1786. 

•  An  immediate  parliamentary 
investigation  into  the  Department  of 
Indian  and  Northern  Affairs. 

Basil  said  the  native  people  were 
tired  of  asking  Ottawa  for  their 
rights  and  were  now  demanding 
them.  If  the  demands  were  not  met 
the  inevitable  result  would  be 
frustration  which  could  end  in  only 
one  way.  (he  did  not  elaborate  on 
this  point.) 

Ed  Burnstick,  American  Indian 
Movement  (AIM)  co-ordinator,  said 

he  has  discussed  the  problem  with 
the  media. 

Only  when  native  people  resorted 
to  confrontation  did  they  receive 
coverage,  he  noted,  adding  the 
reportage  concentrated  on  con- 
frontation to  the  exclusion  of  the 
underlying  reasons  for  it. 

The  most  crucial  demand  of  the 
caravan  relates  to  land  claims, 
Burnstick  said.  He  stressed  Indians 
are  not  Canadians  but  "North 
American  sovereign  citizens,"  and 
oppression  of  Indians  did  not  differ 
because  of  the  boundary  line. 

Wenjack  was  the  most  adamant  of 
the  spokesmen,  refusing  to  be 
categorized  by  a  title.  He  was  in- 
censed the  caravan  had  been 
escorted  by  the  RCMP  who  he  said 
represented  all  that  represses  In- 


Wenjack  said  the  caravan  was 
capable  of  looking  after  its  own 
security  and  the  Indians  would  not 
tolerate  any  harassment. 

Burnstick  said  he  had  seen  the 
RCMP's  national  security  division 
and  specifically  asked  the  caravan 
be  left  alone. 

Ever  since  the  caravan  left 
Vancouver  in  early  September  it  has 
been  shadowed  by  marked  and 
unmarked  RCMP  cars.  He 
suggested  the  RCMP  were  taking 
pictures  of  those  involved  in  the 

In  Vancouver,  three  organizers 
had  been  arrested  by  Vancouver  city 
police.  Spokesmen  claim  the 
charges  were  trumped  up  and  after 
arrest  the  three  had  been  beaten  up. 

Roots  would  like 
your  next  walk  to  class 
to  be  a  part  of  your  education. 

We'd  like  you  to  learn  a  little  about  your 
feet  -  why  they  work  as  they  do,  and  why 
they  don't  always  work  as  they  should. 
Did  you  know,  for  example,  that  if  instead 
of  banging  your  soles  about  on  campus 
concrete,,  you  were  to  go  strolling  bare- 
foot on  a  beach,  two  things  would  result. 

part  of  the  shoe.  You  immediately  stand 
straighter.  And  when  you  walk,  you  use 
leg  muscles  you  probably  haven't  used 
for  years.  All  of  this  takes  the  load  off 
other  parts  of  your  body,  parts  which  all 
too  often  get  overworked  from  incorrect 
posture.  If  you're  wondering  whether  all 

First,  your  grades  would  drop.  Sec 
ondly,  your  heel  would  make  the 
deepest  part  of  your  footprint. 
This  is,  because  nature  intend- 
ed your  heel  to  be  the  lowest 
part  of  your  body.  So  in  Roots 
your  heel  sits  in  the  lowest 

this  can  happen  in  good-looking 
well-made  footwear,  try  on  a  pair 
for  yourself.  One  look  should 
persuade  you  that  Roots  is 
much  more  than  a  beautiful 

It's  also  a  very  attractive  shoe. 


1052 Yonge  Street 

(Opposite  Rosedale  Subway  Station) 

Mon,Tue,Wed.&  Sat  10am-  6p.m.  Thurs,10am.~8p.m.  FrU0a.m.-9p.m.  Tel:  967-5461 

Single  and  Double  Rooms 

for  women  at 


Co-op  Coed  Residence, 

96  Gerrard  St.  East, 
phone  367-0320 
ask  for  Donna  or  Patti. 


Monday,  September  23,  1974 

The  Varsity  11 

These  people  have  no  nagging  doubts  - 
have  stable  personalities. 

they  know  these  creatures 


Frank  Royal  Presents 

Memberships,  Refreshments, 
Darkroom  Tours 

Tues.,Sept.  24,  In  the 
Music  Room,  Hart  House 
at  7:30  pm. 


Wednesday,  Sept.  25— KOL  NIDREI  6:45  P.M. 
Thursday,  Sept.  26 — MORNING  SERVICE  9:00  A.M. 


The  Feast  before  fast  will  be  held  at 
5:00  P.M.  on  Wednesday,  September  25 

Call  in  reservations  no  later  than  Tuesday,  Sept.  24th 
at  noon.  Only  those  with  reservations  will  be  accommodated 

Cost:  $3.00 


Hart  House 
Sunday  Evening 

more  than  a  moment's  ornament 

In  a  drear-nighted  December, 

Too  happy,  happy  tree, 
Thy  branches  ne'er  remember 
Their  green  felicity: 
The  north  cannot  undo  them ; 
With  a  sleety  whistle  through  them, 
Nor  frozen  tha  wings  glue  them 
From  budding  at  the  prime. 

Ah!  would  'twere  so  with  many 

A  gentle  girl  and  boy! 
But  were  there  ever  any 

Wrighted  not  at  passed  joy? 
The  feel  of  not  to  feel  it, 
When  there  is  none  to  heal  it. 
Nor  numbed  sense  to  steal  it, 
Was  never  said  in  rhyme. 

The  Festival  Singers 

Sunday,  September  29 

Scarborough  College  stabilizes 

More  political  'barnstorming' 


U  of  T's  first  riding  stables,  a  joint 
venture  by  SAC  and  the  Scarborough 
College  Students'  Council  (SCSC), 
were  officially  opened  last  Friday 

The  stables,  which  have  been 
operating  unofficially  since  July  8, 
are  operated  by  the  SCSC. 

The  riding  stables,  conceived  in 
June  1973,  consist  of  a  large  barn,  a 
smaller  building  used  for  equipment 
storage,  a  riding  ring  and  a  newly- 
built  dressage  ring. 

The  idea  of  riding  stables 
originated  with  SCSC  president  John 
O'Donohue,  who  brought  the  issue 
before  SAC,  SCSC,  and  the  Scar- 
borough College  council. 

O  'Donohue  was  made  aware  of  the 
threat  of  the  destruction  of  the 
stables  and  initiated  the  idea  of 
student  riding  stables  as  a  means  of 

keeping  the  facilities. 

The  $8,500  funds  for  renovating  the 
stables,  were  supplied  by  SAC  last 

According  to  SCSC  sources,  this  is 
the  first  project  of  this  nature  in  a 
Canadian  university  that  is  com- 
pletely student-owned,  planned  and 

The  stables  are  located  half  a  mile 
down  the  valley  from  Scarborough 
College,  which  is  on  Military  Trail, 
near  the  corner  of  Ellesmere  and 
Morningside  Streets. 

Buses  running  to  Scarborough 
College  leave  Convocation  Hall 
every  hour. 

The  stables  house  seven  horses 
rented  by  the  month  from  a  Rich- 
mond Hill  riding  stable. 

The  opening  ceremonies  featured 
several  speeches,  a  display  of  horse 


FLAT  WANTED  preferably  furnished. 
Age  27  working  student.  Walking  dis- 
tance of  university.  360-5280  (9-5). 
wool,  greens, greys,  blues,  etc.,  lengths 
to  20',  widths  to  15'.  May  need  cleaning. 
$35.00  and  up.  534-7848  days  and  961- 

LOST— one  gentleman's  star  sapphire 
ring.  Lost  around  the  east  end  soccer 
nets  on  the  circle  last  Monday  after- 
noon. If  found  please  contact  Gary  at 

ED Working  student,  age  27,  wants  to 
share  house  with  1  or  more  age  25-35 
friendly  adults.  Walking  distance  to 
university.  360-5280  (9  5). 
men  and  women  in  double  rooms. 
Campus  Co-op  residence,  395  Huron  St. 

WHY  FREEZE?  Recycled  fur  coats, 
jackets  and  stoles  USED  from  $10.00, 
New  from  $99.00.  Excellent  selection. 
PAUL  MAGDER  FURS,  202  Spadina 
Ave.  (between  Queen  and  Dundas)  363- 
6077  Mon.  to  Sat,  9-6  Thurs  and  Fri.  'til 
9  pm. 

GAY  TEACHER  has  house  to  share 
with  quiet,  neat  male  student.  Own 
room.  $100  month.  Eglinton-Yonge  486- 

BABYSITTER.  One  weekend  evening 
per  week.  Study  while  baby  sleeps. 
Near  campus.  $1.50/hr.  plus  carfare 
days  595-6171  evgs.  923-1865. 


Specializing  in  getting  you  over  those 
first-year  hurdles— over  35  years  of 
experience  in  education.  Call  Upgrade 
Tutoring  638-4674. 

riding,  and  a  ribbon-cutting 

In  attendance  were  U  of  T  vice-- 
president Jill  Conway,  Scarborough 
mayor  Paul  Cosgrove,  Scarborough 
College  principal  Ralph  Campbell, 
SAC  president  Seymour  Kanowitch 
and  O'Donohue. 

All  members  of  the  platform  party 
congratulated  O'Donohue  on  his 
perseverence  in  seeing  the  project 
reach  fruition. 

O'Donohue  expressed  hope  that 
the  stables,  available  to  all  U  of  T 
students,  would  establish  a  "two- 
way  flow"  between  Scarborough  and 
the  St.  George  campus. 

During  his  speech,  O'Donohue 
pointed  out  to  three  reasons  for 
establishing  stables  at  Scarborough. 
He  said  the  campus  had  the  potential 
with  the  unused  barn  and  the  rural 
setting  of  Scarborough  was  unique  in 
Toronto.  He  expressed  the  desire 
that  it  might  serve  to  "slow  down  the 
pace  of  life". 

O'Donohue  hopes  the  stables  will 
attract  students  from  the  other 
campuses,  as  well  as  those  from 
Scarborough,  making  Scar- 
borough's role  in  U  of  T  more  im- 

Since  the  stables  opened  in  July, 
they  have  been  operating  at  85  per 
cent  capacity. 

The  facility  is  staffed  entirely  by 
students.  Carol  Westman,  a  part- 
time  student  with  her  provincial 
certificate  in  riding  instruction,  is  in 

Students  who  wish  to  go  riding  can 
do  so  for  $3  an  hour.  Instruction  may 
also  be  obtained  for  an  additional 

At  the  conclusion  of  the  official 
ceremonies,  refreshments  were 

Cosgrove,  who  has  previously 
expressed  his  support  for  riding 
stables  in  Scarborough,  passed  up 
the  refreshments.  Instead,  he  chose 
to  end  the  day  with  a  ride  on  a  horse. 

Hart  House 

Starts  at  Noon  at  Hart  House  Farm 

Sunday  September  29  @@@  Admission  Free 

Bring  a  Picnic 
Sea  Chanties  at  the 
Outdoor  Sauna 
Woodsmen's  Competitions 
Light  Refreshments 
Microphones  Open  lb  All 

Angele  Arsenault 
Original  Sloth  Band 
Peter  Mathiesson 
Klaas  Vang  raff  t 

Friends  of  Fiddler's  Green 

For  Bus  Transports  Directions  Call  928-2447 
Hart  House  Programme  Office 
Before  5  p.m.  Friday  the  27th 


12  The  Varsity  Monday,  September  23,  1«74 








infil  IQtrial                          Scarboro  Weston 

II  IVJUOllldl                     '"WardenAve.  2725  Weston  Rd 


a  division  of  Olfice  Overload                            Etobicoke  Do«/n»r»u,r. 

3249  Lakeshore  Blvd.  W.  65Jarvis St 

259-9287  344-9361 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

The  Varsity  13 

Daycare  controversy  continues 

Two  young  children  protest  the  new  government  day  care  policy. 






SI  95 

Thorens  TD-160 

Harman  Kardan  HK-1000 

Concord  CR-250 

Shure  M91-ED 

Shure  U-15  Type  III 

Sherwood  7900  (Demo)  (Scratch) 

Also  on  sale:  EPI,  Dual,  Pioneer,  Nikko,  Altec,  KLH,  Rectilinear,  Bic 
Venturi,   Sherwood,    Koss,   Teac,   Technics,    Kenwood,   JVC  Avid 

Quality  system  special:  Sherwood  7100 and  2AR-7and  the  new 
AR-XB91  List  $778.  Special  Sale  Price  $555. 


12-8  Mon.-Wed. 
12-9  Thurs.-Fri. 
10-6  Sat. 


3402  YONGEST. 

The  storm  of  controversy  over  the 
provincial  government's  proposed 
loosening  of  daycare  regulations 
shows  no  sign  of  abating. 

The  changes,  announced  last  June 
by  Social  Development  Minister 
Margaret  Birch,  have  come  under 
fire  from  almost  everyone  involved 
fh  daycare  in  the  province. 

A  coalition  of  more  than  30  groups 
called  the  Daycare  Reform  Action 
Alliance  is  continuing  its  fight  to 
stop  the  new  regulations. 

The  most  contentious  issue  is  the 
loosening  of  staff  ratios.  The  new 
policy  would  reduce  these  from  30  to 
50  per  cent.  For  example,  under  the 
new  regulations  only  one  staff 
member  would  be  required  for  25 
children  of  six  to  nine  years  com- 
pared to  one  to  12  before. 

The  alliance  opposes  these 
changes,  charging  they  would 
seriously  lower  the  quality  of 
daycare  and  ensure  children  Will 
receive  only  custodial  care. 

The  changes,  however,  will  benefit 
some  private  operators.  Mini-skools, 
a  multi-national  chain  of  daycare 
centres  with  38  branches  in  Canada, 
have  already  been  operating  with 
the  new  proposed  ratios   at  its 

Toronto  centres  although  the 
existing  laws  are  still  in  effect. 

The  head  of  Mini-skools,  John 
Christianson,  was  a  member  of  a 
Canadian  Council  on  Social 
Development  Committee  which 
recommended  looser  ratios  in  a 
report  used  by  the  Ontario  govern- 
ment to  justify  its  policy. 

Mini-skools,  a  profitable  venture 
with  present  assets  of  $9  million,  is 
partially  owned  by  the  Great  West 
Life  Assurance  Company. 

Changes  recommended  would  also 
lower  qualification  requirements  for 
all  staff  but  supervisors.  This  has 
met  with  vehement  opposition  from 
daycare  workers  who  point  out  it 
could  be  used  to  cut  costs  by  hiring 
untrained  personnel. 

While  not  opposing  parent  and 
volunteer  participation  in  daycare 
programs,  opponents  of  changes  say 
this  should  be  carefully  regulated  to 
prevent  its  use  purely  as  an  - 
economic  measure. 

The  government  has  also  proposed 
dropping  the  requirement  for  kit- 
chens on  the  premises  of  each  centre 
and  the  regulation  that  centres  must 
be  located  on  the  first  three  floors  of 
a  building. 


Sufi  Study  Circle 

of  the  University  of  Toronto  is  holding 
a  public  function  at  the 

International  Students'  Centre 

St.  George  Campus  (near  the  corner  of  St. 
George  and  Col  lege  Streets) . 
The  meeting  begins  at  8:00  P.M., 
and  will  include:  some  recitation  of  Sufi  poetry;  recorded  Sufi 
music  from  Pakistan,  India,  and  North  Africa;  as  well  as,  an 
introductory  talk  on  Sufism  by  Professor  M.Q.  Baig. 

Admission  is  free,  and  everyone  is  invited  to  attend. 

The  elimination  of  kitchens  would 
result  in  lowered  nutritional  stan- 
dards, according  to  critics,  as  well 
as  undermining  the  value  of  the 
daycare  centre  as  a  social  en- 

The  changes  in  the  policy  will  also 
involve  ending  the  present  stringent 
fire  protection  regulations. 

But  the  changes  in  regulations  are 
only  part  of  the  objections  to  the 
Tory  government's  daycare 

Birch  announced  an  increase  of 
only  $15  million  and  has  adamantly 
maintained  her  opposition  to  "free 
universal  daycare."  But  critics 
dispute  the  government's  com- 
mitment to  eventually  making 
daycare  reasonably  accessible. 

White  there  are  about  40,000 
children  in  private  and  public 
daycare  centres  in  the  province, 
various  studies  have  estimated 
there  is  a  demand  for  up  to  300,000 

The  present  provincial  budget  for 
daycare  is  $29  million  annually.  The 
new  policy  initiatives,  said  a 
Daycare  Reform  Action  Alliance 
spokesman,  try  to  expand  services 
by  substantially  reducing  the  quality 
rather  than  attempting  to  maintain 
present  standards  and  increase 

The  government  has  also  come 
under  fire  for  aiming  its  subsidies 
only  at  definable  groups  such  as 
welfare  recipients  and  the  han- 
dicapped and  for  setting  up  a  means 
test,  with  all  the  stigma  attached. 
Many  average  wage-earners  who 
can't  afford  daycare  are  not  eligible 
under  these  regulations. 

Another  bone  of  contention  is  the 
lack  of  consultation  in  the  for- 
mulation of  daycare  policy.  There 
isn't  a  single  representative  of  day- 
care centres  on  a  new  provincial 
advisory  council  on  daycare. 

Daycare  groups  in  the  province 
were  not  consulted  in  formulating 
government  policy,  and  the 
government  study  which  recom- 
mended the  new  controversial 
regulations  has  been  kept  secret. 









14  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

Rugby  Blues  first  lose  to  Gaels.  Seconds  win  11-4. 

The  rugby  Blues  started  their 
season  with  a  narrow  loss  to  Queens 
8-7  on  the  back  campus  Saturday 
morning.  The  seconds  fared  better 
with  an  11-4  win  over  the  Gaels 

The  opening  of  the  first  game 
found  the  Blues  penned  deep  in  their 
own  zone.  A  lot  of  scrappy  play 
allowed  a  Queens  drive  for  a  try.  The 
convert  failed. 

Thereafter  play  settled  down  to 
see-saw  battle  until  Blues'  rookie 
Joe  Gilmore  scooped  up  a 
mishandled  kick  and  ran  the  length 
of  the  field  for  a  try  beside  the  posts . 

The  Blues'  convert  attempt  was 
unsuccessful  and  later  proved  to  be 
their  downfall. 

The  second  half  began  with  the 
Blues  showing  much  more  drive. 
Many  times  Varsity  was  deep  in 
Gael  territory  but  was  unable  to 
finish  the  play  for  a  try. 

Kicking  played  a  major  part  in  the 
game.  On  one  kick  when  Queens  was 
well  up  on  the  ball  in  Toronto 
territory,  a  wet  ball  squirted  out  of 
Varsity's  grasp.  Queens  recovered 
the  fumble  and  ran  in  for  the  try. 

The  try  went  unconverted  leaving 
the  score  8-4  for  Queens. 

For  the  balance  of  the  game  the 
Blues  held  a  slight  edge.  Blues  were 
still  unable  to  present  a  solid  team 
effort  letting  the  Gaels  spoil  many 
Varsity  drives. 

Blues'  final  tally  came  on  a  drop 
goal  from  rookie  center  Derek 
Calaco  from  20  yards  out. 

Final  score:  Toronto  7,  Queen's  8. 

The  next  game  sees  the  Blues  in 
Peterborough  Wednesday  night  to 
play  Trent  University. 

The  light  rain  which  plagued  the 
first  game  disappeared  when  the 
seconds  took  the  field. 

Play  often  ran  slowly  mainly 
because  of  the  inexperience  of  the 
players.  Blues  opened  the  scoring  on 

a  penalty  kick  for  three  points.  Chris 
Bouris  handled  the  kick. 

Queens  came  back  quickly  with  a 
try  but  it  was  called  back  because  of 
a  knock-on.  Undaunted  the  Gaels 
scored  a  try  later  from  the  Toronto 
23,  to  take  a  temporary  4-3  lead. 

Gaels  take  the  ball  while  Blues  embrace  each  other. 






a  musical  meditation  from  around  the  earth,  seeklno  to  make 

?i,tr^mentH°f  Chr's,'s  love  vlsible  th™9h  "usk.  sounds! 
silences,  and  movements  inscribed  upon  the  air.  aounD5' 


Monday,  Sept.  23rd  —  8.00  p.m. 

Tuesday,  Sept.  24th  —  8.00  p.m. 
Admission:  (2.00 
The  Trees  Group  is  a  Christian  community  whose  purpose  Is  to 
proclaim  the  Word  of  God  through  music.  Their  instruments 
come  from  all  over  the  world :  from  India,  a  sitar,  harmonium, 
and  tamboura  and  shehanai,  from  China  and  Japan  a  chieng 
lels,  and  a  koto,  from  Thailand  a  cann  and  bell  tree,  from  West 
Africa  a  belangi,  from  Venezuala  a  folk  harp,  and  from 
everywhere  flutes,  bells,  gongs  and  drums. 

Blues'  forward  Walter  Wysocki 
came  right  back  with  a  try  to  give 
the  seconds  their  final  lead.  The 
convert  was  unsuccessful. 

The  only  scoring  in  the  second  half 
was  a  beautiful  blind  side  run  by 
Varsity  winger  Bill  Procunier.  A  set 

scrum  occured  on  the  Gael  5  yard 
line  from  which  Blues'  scrum-half 
Guelli  took  the  ball  to  the  short  side. 

He  passed  to  Procunier  and  the 
winger  made  a  dive  inside  the 
corner  flag  for  4  more  points.  Final 
score  was  Toronto  11-Queens  4. 

SAC  and  SRO 
present  at 


Thursday  September  26th 


2  shows  NOW  ON  SALE1! 

Saturday  September  28th 



1  show  only  NOW  ON  SALE  ! 


Hold  your  tickets  for  the 
later  show  or  refunds 
available  at  SAC  office 

Saturday  October  5th 

Two  generations  of  Brubeck  featuring 
2  shows    NOW  ON  SALE! 

Sunday  October  6th 



2  shows  (in  co-operation  with  VUSAC) 


Friday  October  11th 


2  shows 


Sunday  October  27th 



1  show  only 


Friday  November  8th 


2  shows 


Sunday  November  17th 

1  show  only 


Friday  November  29th 


1  show  only 




Students  interested  in  Marshalling  the  series 
should  contact  SAC  928-4911 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

Women's  rowing  team  tries  to 

The  Varsity  !5 

SEPTEMBER  25  TO  3:00  P.M. 

In  honour  of  the  visit  of  Prime  Minister  Tanaka  of 
Japan  the  Board  of  Stewards  have  made  Hart 
House  available  for  a  special  reception.  Therefore 
it  will  be  necessary  to  close  all  of  Hart  House  or. 
Wednesday,  September  25,  until  3:00  p.m. 


The  Argonaut  sports  club,  an  all- 
male  conclave,  has  called  a  meeting 
of  the  rowing  committee  on  October 
5  to  decide  the  question  of  University 
women's  rowing. 

The  University  needs  women 
rowers  to  show  the  Argonaut  Club 
that  there  is  sufficient  interest  to 
start  a  women's  team. 

The  women  rowers  will  start 
training  immediately  to  form  a 

The  Argonaut  has  never  allowed 
women  to  row  because  it  is  a  men's 
club.  Other  male  clubs  have  ad- 
mitted women  and  the  Argonaut 
needs  women's  points  in  com- 

All  other  university  programs  in 
Ontario  have  women's  rowing.  The 
younger  members  of  the  Club  were 
very  impressed  by  the  women  at  the 
Canadian  Henley  regatta  this  past 
summer  and  support  the  new  move. 

The  Club's  previous  objections  to 
women's  rowing  were  that  there  are 
no  locker  facilities  for  women  and 
that  women  would  be  admitted  to  the 

University  rowers  have  pointed 
out  that  women  can  change  before 
they  come  to  the  club.  Also,  the 
program  is  a  university  and  not,  an 
Argonaut  activity. 

The  Club  rents  equipment  and 
supplies  coaches  to  U  of  T  to  en- 
courage students  to  compete  for  the 

Bobby  Boraks  of  Erindale  and 
Lynel  Home  of  U  of  T  will  attend  the 
October  meeting  to  represent 
women's  rowing. 

Women  who  are  interested  in 
rowing  should  come  to  an 
organizational  meeting  on  Wed- 
nesday, Sept.  25  at  7:00  pm  in  the 
upper  lounge  of  the  Bensen  Building. 
Newcomers  are  welcome. 



Registration:    ROOM  107,  HART  HOUSE    SEPT.23  —  27,  1 1.00  -  3.00  pm  Daiiy. 
Starting  Data  :  MONDAY,  SEPT.  30,1974 
_BothJ^enar^J/j/ome_n  members  of  Hart  House  are  eligible  to  participate  in  the  programme. 

Aquatic  Activities 

Man  /  Co-Ed  Location 

Instructional  Time  Table 



Sec.A  M.W.  4-4.45  pm 
Sec.B  T.R,  4-4.45  pm 
Sec.C       W.  12-1  pm 

Stroke  Improvement 


M.F.  12-1  pm 
T.R.         1-2  pm 

Basic  Life  Saving 
(Bronze  Medallion} 

Sec.A  T.R.  12-1  pm 
SecB  M.F.  1-2  pm 
Sec.C       T.R.         3-4  pm 

Advanced  R.L.S.S. 

Sec.A  M.W.  11-12  noon 
Sec.B       F.  3-4.45  pm 

Sec.C       Individual  time  table 

Leader  (Red  Cross) 

Skin  and  Scuba  Diving  Co-Ed 


U.C.  Room  313 

Sec.A  W. 
SecB  W. 
Lecture  M. 

1—2  pm 
6.30-7.30  pm 
1—2  pm 

Master  Swimming 

Gymnasium  Activities 

University  Settlement 



Instructional  Time  Table 


5.30-7  prr 
-8  am 

Conditioning  & 
Pre-Ski  Exercises 

Co- Ed 

Wrestling  Room 




12-1 pm 
4—5  pm 
4—5  pm 

Fitness  Appraisal 


Half  Landing 

M.T.W.R.F.            4-6  pm 

By  appointment 

only  -  Phone  928-3084 

Judo  {Beginner) 


Wrestling  Room 



12-1  pm 
7-9  pm 
10-12  noon 

Judo  (Advanced) 


Wrestling  Room 



12-1  pm 
1-2  pm 
10-12  noon 

Karate  (Beginner) 


Wrestling  Room 
Upper  Gvm 



1-  2.30  pm 

2-  4  pm 
12-2  pm 
5—7  pm 

Karate  (Advanced) 


Upper  Gym 
Fencing  Room 





5—7  pm 
12-2  pm 
2-4  pm 


(Register  Room  106, 
Hart  House  after  Oct.2 1) 


Fencing  Room 
Starting  Nov.  4 


12-2  pm 
7-9  pm 


lien  /  Co-Ed 


Time  Table 

Weight  Training 


Boxing  Room 




8  am  —  10  pm 

9  am  -  4.30  pm 

10  am  -  4.30  pm 

Recreational  Swim 




Sat,  &  Sur 

10  am  —  4:45  pm 
12  noon  —  4.45  pm 
12  noon  -  4.30  pm 

Recreational  Swim 




6.30-7.30  pm 
7.30-10  pm 

Jogging  &  Circuit 






8  am  —  10  pm 

9  am  -  4.30  pm 

10  am  -  4,30  pm 

NOTE;  Starting  October  20  the  Athletic  Wing  will  be  open  Sundays. 

For  Further  Information  -  contact  R.B.  Campbell.  Room  107,  Hart  House  -  928-3084 

get  off  the  ground 

*    .   .  By  DAVE  STUART 

U^St^J^^  tHe  MacDonaIds  af- 

S^V™8  !,Prep  f0F  SPangier  CuP  competition  in  Davos,  Switzerland 

JSLSiT      6d  31  016  arena  101(1  The  Va™ty  ^at  the  Nats  had 

defeated  the  senior  A  team  by  a  score  of  3-2. 

Look  for  further  information  in  Wednesday's  Varsity. 

East  Division 








West  Division 














































































































Try-outs  for  the  Mens'  Intercollegiate  Badminton  Team  will 
be  held  in  the  Benson  Bldg.  9:00  a.m.  to  12  noon,  Saturday, 
September  28th. 
Please  come  into  Room  101,  Athletic  Office, 
Hart  House  and  sign  up. 


Royal  Canadian  Curling  Club 

Sundays  7:00-9:00  p.m.  —  15  Weeks 
Maximum  of  12  mixed  teams  (48  persons) 
Cost  $30.00  per  person 

Mid  October  to  Mid  March.  Entries  close  Oct.  1 1th 
Information  call  928-3087 

MEN  sign  up  in  Intercollegiate  Office, 
Rm  101  Hart  House 

WOMEN  sign  up  W.A.A.  Office, 
Benson  Bldg. 


Two  Intercollegiate  teams  —  Senior 
—  Intermediate 

Open  shooting  practices  Tuesdays  5  -  6:30  p.m.,  starting  Tues 
Sept.  17 

Try  Outs  Begin  Tuesday  October  8 

For  further  Information  contact  Mrs.  S.  Bradley,  Room  333 
Benson  Building  928-7007 


16  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  23,  1974 

sports  "4  J 

Dave  Stuart 

Soccer  Blues  dump 
Waterloo  Warriors 
despite  the  OUAA 

The  soccer  Blues  again  found 
Varsity  stadium  to  their  liking  as 
they  deservedly  won  their  second 
league  encounter  on  .Saturday  by 
blanking  the  Waterloo  Warriors  3-0. 

For  the  spectators  the  game  was  a 
vast  improvement  over  last  Wed- 
nesday's contest,  as  the  Blues 
demonstrated  more  crispness  in 
their  passing  and  better  coverage  on 

The  balance  of  this  article  will  not 
render  a  colourful  description  of  the 
game  but  rather  will  be  concerned 
with  happenings  off  the  field. 

Soccer  fans  will  recall  that  one 
hour  before  Wednesday's  game  with 
McMaster  four  players  on  Blues' 
roster,  including  the  captain  and 
both  goalkeepers,  were  ruled 
ineligible  to  play  because  of  their 
participation  in  the  North  American 
Soccer  League  or  the  National 
Soccer  League. 

Well,  sports  fans,  it  has  happened 

One  hour  before  the  Saturday 
game  against  Waterloo,  the  Blues 
were  informed  that  the  McMaster 
coach,  Bill  Knox,  had  protested  on 
Friday  to  the  OUAA  that  Blues'  new 
captain,  Geoff  Crewe,  should  also 
have  been  ruled  ineligible  and 
therefore  should  not  have  helped 
defeat  the  Marauder  squad. 

Director  of  Athletics,  Dalt  White, 
recommended  that  Crewe  not  play 
pending  the  OUAA  decision.  The 
Varsity  team  unanimously  decided 
that  losing  a  captain  just  prior  to 
every  league  encounter  was  not  to  be 
tolerated.  The  Blues  also 
unanimously  decided  that  Crewe 
should  play,  which  he  did. 

Conceivably  this  action  by  the 
Blues  could  result  in  the  soccer  team 
forfeiting,  by  OUAA  dictate,  every 
point  they  earn  on  the  field  of  play. 

The  players,  fully  aware  of  this 
possibility,  are  now  more  than  ever 
determined  to  win  the  western 
division  championship,  and  so 

present  the  OUAA  bureaucrats  with 
a  large  headache. 

Canadian  Universities  have 
always  been  proud  of  the  fact  that 
they  offer  no  athletic  scholarships. 
They  maintain  every  student  enters 
and  remains  at  university  solely  on 
academic  ability. 

The  only  university  to  offer 
athletic  scholarships  is  Simon 
Ftaser,  which  is  thereby  excluded 
from  CIAU  competition. 

Inevitably  some  students  possess 
more  athletic  ability  than  others. 
Why  should  they  not  use  this  ability 
during  the  summer  break  by  playing 
for  a  NASL  or  NSL  team? 

None  of  the  five  Toronto  players 
whose  eligibility  is  being  questioned 
came  to  university  primarily  to  play 
soccer.  None  of  the  players  are 

Some  of  the  details  concerning  the 
players  are  interesting. 

Jack  Brand  spent  the  summer 
playing  goal  for  the  Toronto  Metros 
of  the  NASL.  As  proof  of  his  amateur 
status,  Brand  was  invited  on  a  fall 
tour  of  Europe  with  the  Canadian  a> 
Olympic  soccer  team.  As  everyone  >g 
knows,  the  Olympics  are  rigidly  u 
amateur.  *■ 

Brand  turned  down  this  op-  -1 
portunity  fearing  his  studies  would  I 
suffer,  not  so  he  could  play  for  an  £ 
inferior  Blues  team.  £ 

Tim  Burns  also  played  for  the  > 
Metros  but  as  an  amateur.  He  has  <u 
never  signed  a  professional  con-  k 

Geoff  Crewe  is  currently 
registered  with  the  St.  Andrews 
soccer  club  of  the  T&D  soccer 
league.  The  league  is  exclusively  for 

Last  May  Crewe  registered  with 
A.  C.  Italia  of  the  NSL  but  obtained  a 
transfer  to  his  present  club.  Such  a 
transfer  could  only  be  made  for  a 
player  of  unquestionable  amateur 

The  OUAA  apparently  fails  to 
recognize  the  FIFA,  world  gover- 

Varslty  determination  shows  through  as  Blues'  player  outhustles  a  Warrior  for  the  ball 

ning  body  of  soccer,  permits 
amateurs  and  pros  to  play  together 
without  prejudice  to  the  amateur's 

This  fact  was  pointed  out  to  the 
OUAA  by  the  Canadian  Soccer 
Association,  but  to  no  avail. 

Perhaps  McMaster's  protest  will 
be  upheld  and  they  will  be  given 
credit  for  a  win  by  OUAA  edict.  But 
so  what? 

Last  year  Laurentian  fielded  a 

team  with  Bruno  Pilas,  a  pro  each 
summer  with  the  Metros.  Lauren- 
tian narrowly  won  the  league  from 
the  Blues. 

Why  didn't  the  Blues  protest  to  the 
OUAA?  Simply  put,  there  is  a 
recognition  by  the  coaching  staff 
and  players  that  banning  NASL  and 
NSL  players  would  only  serve  to 
lower  the  standard  of  play. 

No  doubt  more  off  the  field 
chicanery  will  occur.  Certainly  this 

reporter  will  pursue  the  matter 
further..  Can  university  ad- 
ministrators ban  academically 
qualified  students  from  par- 
ticipating in  sports?  Hang  in  there, 
intrepid  reader,  for  there  is  more  to 
be  said  on  this  issue. 

As  for  Saturday's  game  the  goals, 
all  good  ones,  were  scored  by  Yannis 
Vassiliou,  Vince  Ierullo  and  Ian 

Football  Blues  slip  by  Ottawa  to  take  first  place 


The  football  Blues  played  only  one 
solid  quarter  of  football  Friday  night 
in  Ottawa,  but  what  a  fantastic  15 
minute  it  turned  out  to  be! 

Trailing  23-9  to  the  University  of 
Ottawa  Gee-Gees,  Blues  exploded 
for  three  touchdowns  and  added 
some  exceptional  defensive  play  to 
emerge  with  an  unexpected  30-26 
victory,  the  team's  first  win  over  the 
Gee-Gees  in  five  years  of  trying. 

The  result  puts  Varsity  atop  the 
Eastern  Division  of  the  Q-QIFC  with 
a  2-0  record,  and  perhaps  more 
important,  it  means  Blues  get  the 
playoff  edge  should  they  and  Ottawa 
be  tied  at  the  conclusion  of  the 
regular  schedule. 

It  was  a  curious,  exciting,  un- 
predictable game  as  Varsity  scored 
on  its  first  possession,  then  went  to 
sleep  mentally  and  physically  as 
Gee-Gees  rolled  for  16  consecutive 
points.  Blues  then  rallied  briefly 
only  to  fall  back  again  and  were 
about  to  receive  the  coup"  de  grace 
when  Ottawa's  over-eagerness  led  to 
a  critical  fumble,  recovered  by 
Varsity  defensive  back  Rick 

Trailing  23-9,  Blues  suddenly 
sprang  to  life,  utilizing  the  end  runs 
and  passes  to  halfbacks  that  had 
worked  well  earlier  in  the  game. 

Behind  crisp  blocking  from  the 
offensive    line,    rookie  Mark 

Bragagnollo  swept  for  three  con- 
secutive first  downs.  With  Gee-Gees 
looking  for  the  run,  quarterback 
Dave  Langley  resorted  to  thepass  as 
Bragagnollo  darted  out  of  the  back- 
field  to  take  a  30-yard  bomb  setting 
the  stage  for  Bob  Hedges'  four-yard 
touchdown  run. 

With  over  thirteen  minutes 
remaining,  Blues  trailed  by  only  one 
touchdown  and  had  the  all- 
important  momentum  and  con- 
fidence noticeably  lacking  in  other 
games  against  Ottawa. 

Heads-up  defensive  plays  by 
Guido  Iantorno  and  Nick  Desimini 
thwarted  Gee-Gees  next  drives,  and 
Blues  regained  possession  when 
Desimini  intercepted  a  Jim  Colton 
pass  and  returned  it  20  yards  to  the 
Varsity  25. 

Langley  engineered  a  textbook 
drive,  mixing  running  with  ex- 
cellent short  passes.  Eventually, 
Bragagnollo  finished  it  off  with  a 
crisp  17-yard  run  and  Don  Wright's 
convert  evened  the  score  at  23-23 
with  about  six  minutes  remaining. 

Blues  clearly  had  a  monopoly  on 
momentum  at  this  point  but  a 
pradoxical  call  abruptly  changed 
the  complexion  of  the  game  just 
prior  to  the  three-minute  warning. 

Facing  a  third-and-one  situation 
on  their  own  27,  Blues  coaching  staff 
decided  to  gamble.  It  was  a  good 
decisions  given  Blues  psychological 

domination  of  their  opponents  at  the 
time,  but  unfortunately  the  play 
selected  took  far  too  long  to  develop 
and  Libert  Castillo  was  stopped  cold. 

However,  the  Varsity  defence 
which  had  played  so  erratically  and 
clumsily  earlier  in  the  game,  sud- 
denly gained  the  needed  coherence 
and  forced  Gee-Gees  to  settle  for  a 
25-yard  field  goal  from  all-purpose 
back  Neil  Lumsden. 

Taking  over  on  their  35,  the  of- 
fence immediately  went  to  work  on 
the  short  passing  game.  Several 
excellent  catches  by  split  end  Mark 
Ackley  set  up  a  screen  to  Castillo, 
and  when  an  over -eager  Gee-Gee 
defender  grabbed  Castillo's  face 
mask,  Blues  were  on  the  Ottawa  13 
with  about  one  minute  remaining. 

On  the  next  play  Langley  found 
Sjteve  Ince  in  the  endzone  and  Blues 
had  their  comeback. 

Gee-Gees,  however,  weren't 
finished  and  it  took  a  magnificent 
defensive  play  by  Rick  Jeysman  to 
seal  the  victory  as  he  batted  down 
Colton'spass  in  the  Varsity  endzone 
after  Ottawa  had  marched  to  the 
Blues  23-yard  line. 

It  was  somehow  fitting  that  a 
defensive  player  should  make  the 
final  key  play  almost  in  atonement 
for  some  unfortunate  earlier  lapses 
which  might  have  lost  the  game. 

Blues  had  marched  downfield 
from  the  opening  kickoff  but 
eventually  stalled  and  had  to  settle 
for  a  42-yard  fieldgoal  from  Mike 

Defensively,  Varsity  was  able  to 
contain  Ottawa's  powerful  running 
attack  and  the  speciality  team 
covered  punts  very  well. 

Unfortunately ,  the  defensive 
secondary  was  as  porous  as  the 
proverbial  seive,  and  Colton 
ruthlessly  exploited  this  weakness. 

Gee-Gees  moved  the  ball  ef- 
fectively throughout  the  first  half 
but  Blues  managed  to  regroup  and 
force  Lumsden  to  kick  fieldgoals 
instead  of  running  for  major  scores. 

Alas,  Lumsden  kicked  three 
consecutive  three-pointers  before 
halftime  and  halfback  Dave  Kerr 
added  a  touchdown  as  Ottawa  led  16- 
3  at  the  intermission. 

Blues  had  persisted  with  a  ground 
attack  during  the  first  half  but 
Langley  came  out  throwing  in  the 
third  quarter,  hitting  Ackley  for  a  13- 
yard  touchdown  to  narrow  the  score 
to  16-9.  The  convert  was  missed  and 
leadfooted  play  in  the  secondary 
later  enabled  Colton  to  fire  a  long 
pass  to  split  end  Bob  Mincarelli  who 
finished  off  the  43-yard  play  as  two 
Varsity  defenders  tripped  over  each 

However,  with  their  backs  to  the 
wall',  the  maligned  defensive  unit 
produced  the  two  key  turnovers,  the 
offense  got  those  three  well-earned 
touchdowns,  and  the  entire  team 
could  share  in  a  long  overdue  vic- 

It  was  only  a  football  game,  to  be 
sure,  but  a  number  of  student 
athletes  came  of  age  Friday 
evening.  If  they  were  exhuberant  at 
the  end  (and  they  were)  it  was  a 
pleasure  they  had  fully  earned. 

There  are  a  lot  of  aspects  to 
football  that  could  be  improved,  but 
there  are  still  a  lot  of  worthwhile 
emotions  generated  by  in- 
tercollegiate sport. 

For  34  Varsity  football  players, 
Friday  night  in  Ottawa  was 
something  special. 

Elsewhere  in  the  OQIFC,  Guelph 
outgained  Laurier  but  lost  33-9; 
Windsor  won  its  second  straight  by 
taking  Waterloo  23-10;  Western 
hammered  McMaster  29-8;  Bishop's 
edged  Loyola  7-3 ;  Carleton  squeezed 
by  York  14-7  and  Queens  handled 
McGill  19-8. 

The  Golden  Gaels,  destroyers  of  so 
many  Varsity  title  hopes  in  recent 
seasons,  are  the  visitors  Saturday  at 
the  Stadium. 


Tanaka  comes  and  goes 

Petitioners  urged  Japan  to  halt  whale  hunt. 


S2ft:im  TORONTOI 

Gay  studies  course 
faces  cancellation 
over  low  enrolment 


A  U  of  T  School  of  Continuing 
Education  course  in  gay  studies,  the 
first  to  be  offered  by  a  Canadian 
university,  is  facing  cancellation 
because  of  low  enrolment. 

Michael  Lynch,  assistant 
professor  of  English  at  St.  Michael's 
College  who  is  instructor  for  the 
course  New  Perspectives  on  the  Gay 
Experience,  blames  the  media 
generally  and  the  Toronto  Star  in 
particular  for  the  enrolment 

According  to  Lynch,  a  Star 
reporter  wrote  and  filed  a  feature 
story  on  the  course,  but  her  editor 
decided  not  to  print  it.  Despite  press 
releases  sent  out  by  the  University 
News  Service,  the  pioneering  course 
has  received  no  coverage  in  the 

Off -campus  publicity  is  important 
for  the  School  of  Continuing 
Education  because  its  courses  are 
offered  to  the  general  public.  So  far, 
only  five  people  have  registered  for 
the  course. 

"In  view  of  the  Star's  past  record 
of  discrimination  against  gay 
people,  it  is  difficult  to  believe  that 
the  omission  from  its  pages  of  in- 
formation on  this  course  was  un- 
motivated," says  Lynch. 

Geoff  Stevenson  who,  as  the  Star 
Saturday  editor,  made  the  decision 
not  to  print  the  story  on  the  course, 
says  the  story  was  omitted  for 
reasons  of  space  only.  He  denied 
discrimination  against  the  gay 
community  was  part  of  the  Star's 
editorial  policy. 

The  Star,  which  enjoys  a  near 
monopoly  in  the  Toronto  area,  has  in 
the   past   been   found   guilty  of 

discrimination  against  gay  people  in 
its  advertising  policies  by  the  On- 
tario Press  Council. 

The  council  is  a  regulatory  agency 
created  by  a  number  of  Ontario- 
newspapers,  the  Toronto  Star 
among  them,  to  provide  a  means  of 
redress  against  unfair  practices  and 
abuse  of  freedom  of  the  press  by 
member  newspapers. 

Gay  community  organizations 
have  charged  that  the  Star  main- 
tains a  virtual  press  blackout  on  the 
homosexual  minority  and  its 
struggle  for  civil  rights. 

Two  years  ago,  the  Star  attempted 
to  suppress  The  Body  Politic,  a  gay 
liberation  newspaper,  by  forcing  its 
printer,  Newsweb  Enterprise  Ltd., 
to  discontinue  service.  The  Star 
owns  a  controling  interest  in  the 
printing  company.  The  newspaper  is 
now  printed  in  Kitchener. 

Despite  the  rulings  of  the  Press 
Council,  the  Star  has  refused  to 
abandon  its  antihomosexual 
policies .  The  council  has  no 
mechanism  for  enforcing  its 

Lynch  plans  to  lodge  a  complaint 
with  the  Press  Council  in  connection 
with  his  course.  He  hopes  a  change 
in  the  Star's  attitude  before  the 
winter  session,  when  a  second  gay 
studies  course,  Gay  Themes  in 
North  American  Literature,  will  be 

Asked  whether  the  university 
would  join  Lynch  in  his  complaint, 
the  School  of  Continuing  Education 
co-ordinator  said,  "I  am  not  in  a 
position  to  do  anything  without 
conferring  with  the  central  ad- 

Japanese  prime  minister  Kakeui 
Tanaka  descended  on  the  U  of  T 
yesterday  to  pick  up  an  honorary 
degree  and  toss  off  some  finely- 
turned  phrases  on  mutual  solidarity 
between  the  Canadian  and  Japanese 

"I  wouldn't  have  invited  him?" 
said  zoology  department  chairman 
Donald  Chant. 

"I'm  suspicious,"  admitted 
faculty  association  president  BUI 
Nelson.  "The  faculty  is  treating  this 
visit  with  massive  indifference,"  he 

SAC  president  Seymour 
Kanowitch  flatly  turned  down  his 

Most  people  just  stood  around 
bewildered,  as  hordes  of  limousines 
and  motorcycles  roared  on  to  the 
campus,  roared  over  to  Hart  House, 
and  then  roared  off  the  campus  over 
the  horizon. 

The  brief,  two-hour  visit  managed 
to  include  a  special  convocation  and 
an  elaborate  lunch,  which  entailed 
closing  Hart  House  for  most  of  the 

The  visit  was  also  marked  with  a 
demonstration  outside  Convocation 
Hall  by  people  urging  a  boycott  of 
Japanese  goods  in  light  of  continued 
Japanese  whaling.  Japan  has 
ignored  calls  for  an  international 
moratorium  to  preserve  the  en^ 
dangered  species. 

As  he  left  Convocation  Hall, 
Tanaka  accepted  a  copy  of  The 
Varsity,  which  printed  an  article  on 
whaling.  The  paper  was  thrust  into 
his  hand  by  the  demonstrators. 

After  Tanaka  left,  U  of  T  president 
John  Evan's  told  the  group  he  had 
explained  their  concern  to  Tanaka. 
According  to  Evans,  the  Japanese 
prime  minister  promised  to  look  into 

Tanaka's  visit  to  the  U  of  T  was 
preceded  yesterday  by  an  an- 
nouncement that  the  governments  of 
Canada  and  Japan  had  agreed  to 
undertake  mutual  funding  of 
academic  programs.  The  Canadian 
government  will  give  the  Japanese 
$1  million  for  the  academic  study  of 
Canada,  and  a  similar  amount  will 
be  forthcoming  from  the  Japanese 
for  Japanese  studies. 

All  of  which  means  the  federal 
government  will  spend  a  million 
dollars  of  its  own  money  on 
Japanese  studies,  of  which  U  of  T  is 
expected  to  receive  a  healthy  chunk. 

Tanaka  was  lauded  at  the  con- 
vocation presentation  by  president 
Evans,  who  referred  to  the  visit  as  a 
means  to  "show  our  respect  and 
admiration  for  the  great  cultural 
heritage  and  achievements  of  the 
Japanese  people." 

Evans  also  paid  tribute  to  Tanaka, 
the  self-made  man,  who  was  born  on 
a  farm  but  had  set  up  his  own  con- 
struction business  at  age  18. 

Tanaka,  in  return,  told  the  500 
assembled  of  his  great  exhilaration 
at  being  at  U  of  T,  with  its  "great 
tradition."  He  also  ladled  out  some 
generous  servings  of  the  milk  of 
human  kindness,  saying: 

"The  University  of  Toronto  has. 
throughout  its  history,  shown  to  the 
Canadian  people  the  paths  to  the 
future  on  which  their  vigor  and 

vitality  can  be  mobilized  and  their 
quest  for  knowledge  and  truth  can  be 

"As  I  stand  in  this  great  hall  of 
learning,  I  realize  anew  the  im- 
mense value  of  the  roots  it  has 
spread  in  the  life  of  Canadians,  and 
the  many  fruits  it  has  borne  and  will 
continue  to  bear  under  the  motto 
'velut  arbor  aevo'." 

To  many  observers,  what  Tanaka 
seemed  to  realize  was  how  hot  it 
was,  as  he  spent  much  of  the 
ceremony  mopping  his  brow  with  a 
big  white  handkerchief. 

Originally,  the  university  was 
worried  about  security  and  made  it 
mandatory  that  admission  tickets  be 
signed  for  by  those  wishing  to  see 

But  on  the  day  of  Tanaka's  con- 
vocation, officials  were  suddenly 
worried  they  didn't  have  enough 
bodies  after  all,  and  were  forced  to 
requisition  200  high  school  students 
to  fill  seats. 

Following  the  convocation 
ceremony,  Tanaka  and  selected 
guests  rushed  over  to  Hart  House 
where,  following  toasts  to  ■  Her 
Majesty  and  The  Emperor,  they 
were  treated  to  a  non-holds-barred, 
white-wine  dinner,  courtesy  of  the 

Tanaka  received,  along  with  his 
degree,  an  illustrated  book  con- 
taining Evans'  citation  and  pictures 
of  the  U  of  T,  specially  selected  by  a 
Japanese  consultant. 

He  also  got  a  U  of  T  windbreaker 
and  ties. 

Who  says  birthdays  are  the  best 
way  to  get  presents? 

One  of  the  free  gifts  Kakeui  Tanaka  walked  away  with  was  a  school  tie. 

2  The  Varsity 

Friday.  September  37,  1974 


Alt  day 

Faculty  of  Arts  and  Science 
nominations  close  September  30,  4  pm 
for  membership  on  the  general  com- 
mittee and  other  committees  of  the 
Council.  Information  available  at 
■departments.  Faculty  Office  or 
registrar's  offices. 


Find  out  what  fraternity  really 
means.  Breakfast  free  bees.  Delta 
Delta  Delta  fraternity,  30  Madison  Ave. 
All  U  of  T  women  welcome.  Until  10 


Last  chance  to  buy  used  books 
cheaply  at  St.  Mike's  Bookfair.  Come 
to  the  Students'  Union  Office  in 
Brennan  Hall.  Many  required  texts  still 
on  the  shelves  in  addition  to  a  good 
selection  of  just  general  interest 
reading.  Sale  ends  today  so  hurry.  Call 
Cathy  Barreca  at  923-8893  for  further 


Vic-Varsity  Christian  Fellowship 
meets  for  prayer  and  worship  from 
12:30  to  1  pm  and  1  to  1:30  pm  in  the  Vic 
Chapel,  second  floor,  Old  Vic.  Rejoice 

1 :30  pm 

Wives  of  students   register  for 
English  conversation  classes  in  the 
Recreation  Room,  30  Charles  St.  W. 
Cost  is  S3.00  per  term.  Until  2:30  pm. 
4  pm 

Wine  and  Cheese  party  at  the  In- 
ternational Student  Centre.  33  St. 
George  Street.  Everyone  is  welcome. 
Until  7  pm. 

4:30  pm 

Wine  and  Cheese  party  at  the 
Graduate  Students'  Union,  16  Bancroft 
Avenue.  Admission  plus  one  ticket  for 
SI. 25.  Additional  tickets  50  cents  each 
or  3  for  $1.00.  Free  cheese.  Until  7:30 

6:55  pm 

Licht  Benchenn  this  week  at  Hillel 
House,  All  welcome  to  attend. 

7  pm 

SMC  Film  Club  presents  The  New 
Land  with  Liv  Ullman,  Max  von 
Sydow.  Carr  Hall,  SMC,  100  St. 
Joseph's  St.  (corner  of  Queen's  Park 
Cres.).  Admission  only  $1.00.  Again  at 
10  pm. 

University  College  Film  Club  presents 
two  showings  of  Truffaut's  classic 
L'Enfant  Sauvage  —  The  Wild  Child. 
Medical  Sciences  Auditorium,  7  and  9 
pm.  Admission  by  membership 
(available  at  the  door)  or  si .00  at  the 

8:30  pm 

St.  Michael's  College,  Theatre 
Mickities  is  presenting  Sheridan's, 
"The  School  for  Scandal"  in  Upper 
Brennan  Theatre.  Admission  is  free. 

Live  at  the  University  College 
Playhouse  —  Rotunda.  Enjoy  an 
evening  of  insanely  unique  mine,  music 
and  mirth.  Admission  is  free.  No 

4:30  pm 

Looking  for  a  party  after  the 
Saturday  Blues  game?  Come  to  the 
Zete  house.  Dancing,  refreshments, 
and  a  good  time.  180  St.  George.  See 
you  right  after  the  game. 

Party  after  the  Queen's  football 
game  4:30  -  6:00  pm  and  8:00  -  1:00  am. 
Free  admission.  All  welcome.  Refresh- 
ments served.  British  D.J.  Delta 
Upsilon,  182  St.  George  St.,  1  block 
north  of  Bloor. 

7  pm 

SMC  Film  Club  presents  The  New 
Land  with  Liv  Ullman,  Max  von 
Sydow,  Carr  Hall,  SMC,  100  St. 
Joseph's  St.  (corner  of  Queen's  Park 
Cres.).  Admission  only  SI. 00.  Again  at 


Post  game  party  at  Sigma  Chi 
Fraternity,  350  Huron  5t.  Everyone 


St.  Michael '5  College,  Theatre 
Mickities  presents  a   production  of 

"The  School  for  Scandal"  by  Richard 
Sheridan.  The  performance  takes 
place  in  the  new  theatre  in  Upper 
Brennan  Hall  and  admission  is  free. 

Live  at  the  University  College 
Playhouse  —  -Rotunda.  Enjoy  an 
evening  of  insanely  unique  mime, 
music  and  mirth.  Admission  is  free.  No 

9  pm 

Hillel's  Coffeehouse  will  be  open 
tonight  at  Hiliel  House.  Refreshments 
will  be  available.  No  charge.  Alt 
welcome  to  partake. 

11  am  " 

Hillel  will  be  building  its  Sukkah 
today.  All  volunteers  are  welcome  to 
partake  in  this  great  mitzva. 
6  pm 

The  Muslim  Students  Association  of 
the  U  of  T  invites  all  to  the  regular 
'Tafseer'  sessions  (Explications  of  the 
Quran).  This  is  held  in  the  Pendarves 
Lounge,  International  Students  Centre, 
33  St.  George  St.  The  session  ends  with 
questions  and  answers  and  this  is 
followed  by  light  refreshment. 


Five  Easy  Pieces  with  Jack 
Nicholson,  tonight's  proud  presen- 
tation by  SMC  Film  Club.  Admission  by 
Sunday  Nite  Series  pass  only,  available 
at  the  door  for  S4.00  (21  films).  Shown 
at  Carr  Hall,  100  St.  Joseph's  St. 
(corner  of  Queen's  Park  Crescent). 
Again  at  9:30. 

7:30  pm 

Hillel's  lecture  series  presents  Raul 
Hilberg  who  will  be  speaking  on 
Documents  of  Destruction.  All 
welcome  to  attend.  Place  Sid  Smith, 
room  2135. 

8:30  pm 

"The  School  for  Scandal"  by  Richard 
Brinsley  Sheridan  is  being  presented 
by  St.  Michael's  College,  Theatre 
Mickities  in  their  remodelled  Upper 
Brennan  Theatre.  Admission  is  free. 

York  support  staff  organizes  union 

TORONTO  (CUP)  —  The  York 
University  Staff  Association 
(YUSA)  has  reached  the  mid-point 
in  its  drive  to  become  the  legal 
bargaining  agent  for  the  estimated 
922  secretarial,  technical  and 
clerical  workers  at  the  university. 

The  association  needs  to  enlist  &5 
percent  of  the  staff  in  order  to 
become  a  recognized  bargaining 
agent  under  the  Ontario  Labor 
Relations  Act. 

The  association  is  seeking  a 
"voluntary  recognition  agreement" 
with  the  university  administration 
under  conditions  specified  by  the 

act.  The  agreement  would 
guarantee  the  association  the  right 
to  negotiate  formally  with  the  ad- 
ministration, the  benefits  of  ar- 
bitration and  conciliation,  the  right 
to  strike  and  protection  from 
organizing  attempts  from  outside 

Over  400  people  have  joined  the 
YUSA  so  far  and  all  of  them  have 
signed  cards  in  support  of  the 
association  as  the  sole  bargaining 
agent  for  the  support  staff. 

However,  the  university  ad- 
ministration may  challenge  the 
YUSA  over  who  is  eligible  to  join  the 

association.  The  university  says  the 
number  922  was  given  to  the 
association  in  response  to  a  question 
and  it  did  not  mean  that  the 
university  was  committed  to  that 

At  present  no  senior  managerial 
person  may  join  the  association  nor 
may  employees  with  access  to 
confidential  information. 

The  difficulty  arises  over  ad- 
ministrative assistants.  Some 
assistants  say  they  have  no 
managerial  responsibilities  and  so 
can  legally  belong  to  the  association. 

Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 


Student  Subscriptions 

*5.00  for  the  Four  Productions 

Hart  House  Theatre  offers  a  Student  Subscription  at  $5.00  for  the  four  All-University 
productions.  The  student  rate  will  be  $1.50  for  a  single  performance.  Subscribers  are 
assured  of  the  same  seats  and  performance  evenings  for  the  season.  Two  subscriptions 
only  on  each  Student  card. 

1974-75  Season 

THE  KILLDEER  by  James  Reaney 
Thursday,  October  17  to  Saturday,  October  26 

'TIS  PITY  SHE'S  A  WHORE  by  John  Ford 
Thursday,  November  14  to  Saturday,  November  23 

THE  FROGS  by  Aristophanes 

Thursday,  January  23  to  Saturday,  February  l 

CORIOLANUSby  Bertolt  Brecht 

Thursday,  March  13  to  Saturday,  March  22 

[No  performances  on  Sundays  or  Mondays] 
Box  Office  now  open  10:00  a.m.  to  5:00  p.m. 

Directed  by  Martin  Hunter 

Directed  by  Jon  Redfern 
Directed  by  Martin  Hunter 
Directed  by  Wolfgang  von  Stas 



Volunteer  Ushers  are  required  for  the  four  Hart  House  Theatre  productions.  Please 
telephone  928-8674  or  call  at  Theatre  offices. 


Sun.,  Sept.  29 

Noon  to  Midnight 

Hart  House  Farm 

Tickets  free  from  the  Hall  Porter 

Bus  tickets  $2  at  the  Programme  Office 


Richard  Kolb,  Lute 

Gary  Creighton,  Counter-Tenor 

Tues.,  Oct.  1  Music  Room,  1  pm. 


Ric  Evans,  Instructor 
Reqistration:Wed.  Oct.  9,  7-10pr 
Rm.  061,  Faculty  of 


Tuesdays  at  7  pm 
Debates  Room 

Tues.,  Oct.  1 

South  Sitting  Room,  6  pm. 


I  Beginner  printing  Tues.  Oct.  1,7  pm 
Beginner  Film  Processing 
Weds.,  Oct.  2  at  7  pm 
in  the  Clubrooms 


Woodcuts  by  Naoko  Matsubara 
Closes  Today 
Gallery  hours: 
Monday,  11  am  -  9  pm 
Tuesday  to  Saturday,  11  am  5pm 
Sunday,  2-5  pm 


The  Festival  Singers 

Sun.,  Sept.  29 

Great  Hall,  9  pm 

Tickets  free  from  the  Hall  Porter 


Oct.  2,  3  and  4 


Novice  Tournament 

Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

Rifle  Range,  6- 10  pm 


Darkroom  Tours 
Oct.  2  8.  3 
Clubrooms,  12-1  pm 


Simultaneous  Exhibition 
Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

Chess  Club  Room,  11  am  -  4  pm 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

East  Common  Room,  7  pm 


Slide  Show 

Oct.  2,  3  8,  4 

East  Landing,  12  2  pm 


Weds.,  Oct.  2 
Art  Gallery,  8  pm 


Resolved  "Toronto  Is  No  Longer 
Toronto  The  Good" 
Honorary     Visitor-.  Anne 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Debates  Room,  8  pm 


Tapes  &  Information 

Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

Map  Room,  12-2  pm 


Free  Dance 

Abernathy  Shagnaster 

Fri.,  Oct.  4 

Great  Hall,  8:30  pm 

"Refreshments"  available 

Tickets  from  the  Hall  Porter 

No  admission  without  a  ticket 



Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Music  Room,  8  pm 


Classical  Noon  Hour  Concert 

Richard  Kolb,  Lute 

Gary  Creighton,  Counter-Tenor 

Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

Music  Room,  1  pm 


Milkshake  Shoot 

Weds.,  Oct.  2 

Rifle  Range,  4-6  pm 


Oct.  2,  3  8.  4 
Open  House 
S.C.M.  Offices 

"Vietnam,  A  Question  of  Tor- 

Weds.,  Oct.  2 
Debates  Room,  8  pm 


Exhibition  and  Commentary 
Oct.  2,  3  8.  4 

Squash  Gallery,  5-6:20  pm 


Open  House 

Weds.,  Oct.  2 

Film  Board  Room,  1-4  pm 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Wrestling  Room,  8  pm. 




19  70  1st  ANNUAL  TORONT 







1  AM  MON  SAT 
SUN    i  PM  1  AM 


Award  winning  pizza  as  you  like  it 

Friday.  September  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  3 

New  universities  council  ignores  students,  faculty,  labour 

Ontario  minister  of  colleges  and 
universities  James  Auld  yesterday 
ignored  nominations  of  provincial 
student,  faculty  and  labor 
organizations  in  appointing  19 
members  to  the  Ontario  Council  on 
University  Affairs  (OCUA). 

The  two  student  members— Mary 
Bush,  a  Guelpn  graduate  student 
and'  William  Goyen,  a  Lakehead 
un  der  gr  a  dua  te  — w  e  re  not 
nominated  by  the  Ontario 
Federation  of  Students.  The  four 
OFS  nominees  were  spurned  by  the 

OFS  fieldworkers  Jack  Kushnier 
said  yesterday  OFS  would  protest 
the  appointments.  "We  want  people, 
he  said,  "who  have  some  respon- 
sibility to  the  people  they  represent. 

How  can  they  speak  for  students 
when  they  haven't  had  any  contact 
with  student  unions?" 

OFS  has  contacted  student  unions 
at  the  two  campuses  and  neither 
had  any  knowledge  of  the  student 

Kushnier  said  it  is  apparent  the 
students  have  been  "handpicked.  It 
appears  to  us  they  have  been  going 
after  people  rather  than  accepting 

OCUA,  a  body  constituted  by  the 
provincial  government,  is  designed 
to  act  as  a  buffer  between  govern- 
ment and  universities,  with  prime 
responsibility  for  allocating  funds  to 

U  of  T  SAC  president  Seymour 
Kanowitch  said   yesterday  it's 

"fairly  obvious  Auld  doesn't  want  to 
recognize  OFS  as  the  official  student 
representative  body." 

Graham  Murray,  a  spokesman  for 
the  Ontario  Confederation  of 
University  Faculty  Associations 
(OCUFA)  also  criticized  the  com- 
position of  the  new  council. 

"We  deplore  the  ludicrous  under- 
representation  of  working 
academics,"  Murray  said. 

OCUFA's  nominations  were  also 
ignored  in  the  naming  of  the  council. 
Murray  pointed  out  there  was  only 
one  ful-time  working  academic, 
Paul  Fleck,  a  Western  English 
professor.  All  the  rest  are  ad- 

However  he  said  OCUFA  was 
"happy  to  acknowledge  the  im- 

Student  reps  meet  this  weekend 


The  Ontario  Federation  of 
Students  (OFS)  will  hold  a  two-day 
conference  this  weekend  at 
Laurentian  University  to  discuss 
student  awards,  housing  and 
licensing  of  student  pubs. 

OFS  is  an  association  of  the 
students'  councils  of  member 
colleges  and  universities. 

It  is  funded  by  a  levy  from  student 
fees  which  was  increased  from  40 
cents  per  student  to  $1.50  this  year. 

Delegates  at  the  weekend  con- 
ference are  expected  to  call  for  an 
increase  in  OSAP's  ?32  a  month 
room-and-board  allowance  which 
college  and  universities  minister 
James  Auld  has  already  admitted  is 
inadequate.  - The  need  for  official 
student  representation  on  the  ad- 
visory committee  to  OSAP  will  also 
be  discussed. 

In  response  to  the  student  housing 
crisis,  the  conference  will  discuss 
calling  for  suspension  of  the  freeze 
on  student  residence  construction. 

Delegates  will  also  seek  an  in- 

vestigation of  landlord's 
discrimination  against  students  and 
an  examination  of  the  need  for 
residences  at  community  colleges. 

Conference  delegates  will 
challenge  the  Liquor  Licensing 
Board  of  Ontario  (LLBOJ  policy  on 
granting  liquor  licences.  As  a  result 
of  recent  amendments  to  legislation, 
the  board  has  interpreted  that  only 
the  university  administration  can 
hold  licences. 

All  decisions  of  the  delegates  will 
be  ratified  in  a  plenary  session 

OFS  hopes  eventually  to  include 
all  post-secondary  institutions  to 
improve  the  student's  position  in 
Ontario.  The  federation  feels  only 
through  province-wide  organization 
can  they  deal  effectively  with  the 

At  present,  the  federation 
represents  all  provincial  univer- 
sities except  Sir  Wilfred  Laurier, 
McMaster,  Ottawa  and  Laurentian. 

OFS,  research  director  Karolyn 
Kendrick  notes  "Over  the  years 

there  has  been  such  an  erosion  of 
student  support  it's  time  to  react  to 
influence  the  government  directly." 

OFS  which  publishes  the  monthly 
paper  The  Ontario  Student,  has 
achieved  success  in  helping  to 
organize  the  1972  fee  strike  and 
pressure  the  government  to  hold  the 
line  on  tuition  increases. 

portance  of  having  members  from 
outside  the  university." 

A  ministry  spokesman  said 
members  of  the  council  were  not 
appointed  to  represent  any  con- 
stituency, but  to  "take  over  a  broad 
overview  of  university  education  in 
the  province  and  listen  to  various 

The  ministry  spokesman  was 
vague  on  the  criteria  used  in  making 
the  selections,  saying  the  objective 
was  to  create  a  council  with  a  broad 
range  of  points  of  view. 

However  only  one  labor 
representative  is  on  the  council — 
steelworker  Alex  McCallion— and  he 
was  not  nominated  by  the  Ontario 
Federation  of  Labor. 

The  council  is  weighted  heavily 
towards  university  administrators 
and  businessmen,  Ronald  Ritchie, 
former  senior  vice-president  of 
Imperial  Oil  and  now  top  aid  to 
Conservative  leader  Robert  Stan- 
field,  is  among  the  prominent  ap- 

He  is  joined  by  John  Deutsch, 
former  principal  of  Queen's 
University  and  chairman  of  the 
Economic  Council  of  Canada.  In- 
cluded in  the  corporate  contingent 
are  Peter  Riggin,  vice-president  of 
Noranda  Mines;  John  Yarnell,  vice- 

president  of  Canadian  Arctic  Gas 
and  James  Fisher,  a  management 

The  chairperson  of  the 
predecessor  of  OCUA,  the  Com- 
mittee of  University  Affairs,  Riva 
Geerstein,  has  also  been  appointed, 
and  according  to  OFS  she  is  the  most 
progressive  of  a  "very  con- 
servative" committee. 

The  other  appointments  include  a 
director  of  education,  a  retired 
bishop  and  several  university  ad- 

The  council  is  an  advisory  body, 
making  recommendations  to  the 
ministry  of  colleges  and  universities 
regarding  all  aspects  of  university 
education  in  Ontario.  The  new 
council  will  begin  operating  soon, 
and  chairman  Stephan  Dupre  has 
already  started  soliciting  briefs  for 
autumn  hearings. 

Kushnier  said  not  much  can  be 
expected  from  the  new  council.  "It 
looks  like  it  will  be  pretty  inef- 
fectual. There  isn't  a  broad  spec- 
trum of  the  community  represen- 

He  charged  that  the  people  chosen 
were  appointed  because  they  were 
not  likely  to  oppose  government 
cutbacks  in  educational  spending. 

Alumni  members  support  parity 

The  U  of  T  Alumni  Association 
(UTAA)  unexpectedly  voted 
Tuesday  night  to  support  equal 
representation  of  students  and 
faculty  members  on  Governing 

The  UTAA  motion  will  be  part  of  a 
brief  to  be  submitted  before  Oct.  1  to 
the  Governing  Council  for  their  Oct. 
17  debate  on  restructuring  the 

The  40  directorate  members  of  the 

McMaster  demands  cop  quit 

The  students'  council  at  McMaster 
University  in  Hamilton  has 
demanded  the  dismissal  of  the 
university's  security  chief  following 
students'  charges  that  university 
police  are  over-reacting  to  minor 
student  disorders. 

McMaster's  Student  Represen- 
tative Assembly  (SRA)  voted 
unanimously  this  week  for  the 
dismissal  of  Ronald  Peterson,  a 
former  member  of  the  RCMP, 
following  assault  charges  by  two 
University  of  Guelph  students  in 

The  students  allege  they  were 
assaulted  by  two  campus  officers 
after  one  of  them,  carrying  a  bottle 
of  beer,  was  chased  and  tackled  by 
an  officer  who  then  handcuffed  and 
took  him  to  the  security  car.  The 
student  maintains  the  security  of- 
ficer then  smashed  his  head  on  the 
trunk  of  the  car  and  punched  him  in 
the  face. 

The  students  involved  have  also 
been  charged  in  the  case. 

Although  the  university  has 
refused  SRA's  request  that  the  two 

officers  be  suspended  until  the  case 
is  resolved,  Peterson  has  assigned 
the  officers  to  clerical  duties. 

SRA  also  called  for  a  seven- 
member  board  to  supervise  the 
campus  security  force. 

McMaster  students  have  criticized 
the  university's  24  campus 
policemen  for  several  years  for 
being  overly  harsh  in  enforcing 
regulations  like  minor  liquor 
violations,  which  other  campus 
forces  usually  ignore. 

Native  Caravan  hits  Toronto  today 

UTAA  passed  the  pro-parity  motion 
by  a  wide  majority  after  first 
defeating  an  amendment  to  the 
motion  which  called  for  "greater" 
but  not  "equal"  representation. 

The  eight-member  UTAA 
executive  first  had  to  pass  the 
motion  in  their  Sept.  2  meeting 
before  it  came  before  the  direc- 

The  UTAA  directorate  members 
represent  28  university  con- 
stituencies which  contain  over 
180,000  alumni. 

Observers  were  cautious  on  the 
effect  the  UTAA  decision  might  have 
on  Governing  Council  —  the 
university's  top  governing  body. 

SAC  president  Seymour 
Kanowitch  said  the  decision  should 
"have  some  influence  on  Governing 
Council.  It  shows  a  certain  amount 
of  sympathy  exists  for  parity  that 
extends  beyond  students." 

The  campus'  two  largest  student 
councils  —  SAC  and  the  Graduates' 
Student  Union  —  has  already  sub- 
mitted a  brief  to  the  council  sup- 
porting student-faculty  parity 
representation  on  Governing 
Council.  The  combined  brief  calls 
for  both  faculty  and  students  to  be 
each  represented  by  14  members  on 
a  62  member  body. 

"I  don't  think  the  faculty  will  like 
it,"  Kanowitch  said.  "This  is  the 

first  time  there  has  been  any  real 
resentment  against  the  faculty. 

"They  felt  that  the  faculty  had  to 
stop  getting  so  picky  over  parity, 
that  it  was  no  great  danger," 
Kanowitch  said.  "The  directorate 
just  decided  to  face  up  to  it." 

When  asked  what  effect  the 
motion  would  have  on  Governing 
Council,  UTAA  vice-president  Harry 
Riva  answered,  "Probably  none." 

But  Riva  agreed  with  Kanowitch 
that  the  decision  showed  the  UTAA 
was  behaving  differently  than  it  had 
in  the  past. 

"Usually,"  said  Riva,  "alumni  sit 
back  and  take  the  path  of  least 
resistance.  This  time  they  didn't .  .  . 
although  I  can't  really  tell  you  why." 

"It's  a  reflection  of  the  new  at- 
titude of  the  directorate  —  that  they 
should  take  more  decided  stands  on 
issues  in  the  university,"  Kanowitch 

Traditionally  the  UTAA  direc- 
torate has  mediated  on  contentious 
issues  between  faculty  and  students 
rather  than  taking  a  stand. 

Although  the  UTAA  directorate 
decision  may  not  influence  either  the 
eight  students  or  12  faculty  on  the  50- 
member  Governing  Council,  its 
decision  may  just  sway  the  eight 
alumni  and  16  government  ap- 
pointees when  parity  comes  up  for 
debate  next  month. 

The  Native  Peoples  Caravan 
arrives  in  Toronto  today  on  its  way 
to  Ottawa,  following  a  cross-country 
sweep  which  began  in  Vancouver 
and  passed  through  Calgary,  Ed- 
monton, Regina,  Winnipeg  and 

The  caravan  is  a  road  tour  com- 
prising hundreds  of  native  peoples  in 
cars,  buses  and  anything  else  that 
moves.  The  size  of  the  caravan  in- 
creases as  more  people  join  it 
moving  eastward. 

The  caravan,  according  to  Louis 
Cameron,  one  of  the  leaders,  is  in- 
tended to  generate  a  "united 
outlook"  among  native  peoples,  to 

fight  the  "divide  and  isolate"  tactics 
which  the  federal  government  has 
used  against  the  native  peoples 

In  an  interview,  Cameron  said  he 
also  intends  the  caravan  to  be  a 
"signal  of  distress"  about  the  plight 
of  native  peoples,  and  hopes 
students,  labor  unions  and  other  non- 
native  peoples  will  '  'join  the 

Rather  than  accept  piecemeal 
settlements  from  the  federal 
government,  the  caravan  intends  to 
converge  on  Parliament  Hill  Sun- 
day—the day  before  the  opening  of 
parliament — to  present  a  "show  of 

Funeral  services 
proceed  at  the  Varg 

Funeral  services  will  be  held  1 
p.m.  today  for  former  Varsity 
reporter,  Kanut  Cope,  who  mortally 
wounded  himself  with  a  loaded 
stapler  Tuesday. 

By  request  of  the  family,  the  flag- 
draped  coffin  will  be  cast  over  the 
side  of  the  fire  escape  in  the  rear  of 

The  Varsity's  offices  at  91  St.  George 

After  this  dreary  task,  staff 
members  will  discuss  news 
coverage,  new  design  for  The 
Varsity  and  basketball  strategy  for 
tonight's  game. 

All  new  or  ancient  Varsity  writers 
are  welcome  to  attend. 

unity"  to  the  government  and  a  list 
of  absolute  and  immediate  demands 
to  Indian  Affairs  Minister  Judd 

Buchanan  has  said  he  will  not 
negotiate  with  anyone  carrying  a 
gun,  but  Cameron  stresses  the 
caravan  is  "absolutely  non-violent." 

The  absolute  demands  to  be 
presented  include  termination  of  the 
Indian  Act,  an  investigation  of  the 
department  of  indian  affairs  and  a 
recognition  of  treaty  rights  and 
native  peoples'  occupancy  rights. 

The  immediate  demands  include 
emergency  measures  in  the  fields  of 
health,  housing,  job  opportunities 
and  education. 

Cameron  warns  the  demands  to 
the  government  are  "absolutely  non- 
negotiable"  and  the  government  will 
have  a  "clear  message"  this 
weekend  of  how  firm  the  native 
peoples'  movement  is  in  its  resolve. 

"There  should  be  no  ambiguity 
after  this  weekend"  Cameron  said.  .* 
"The  battleground  will  be  set",  he  £ 
added,  referring  to  the  areas  of  c  | 

Cameron  predicted  increasing  7  I 
militancy  among  native   peoples  £  I 
should  the  federal  government  fail  £  | 
to  respond   adequately   to   the  f 
demands.  j 

The  caravan  will  hold  a  meeting  8  > 
p.m.     tomorrow    at  Harbord 
Collegiate  Institute  to  explain  its 
program  and  gather  supporters.   native  peoples. 

Spokesman    Louis    Cameron  hopes  the  caravan  will  unite 

Friday/  September  27,  1974 



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The  Varsity,  a  member  of  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  1880 
and  is  published  by  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  is  printed  by 
Newsweb  Enterprise.  Opinions  ex- 
pressed  in  this  newspaper  are  not 
necessarily  those  of  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  or  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  university.  Formal 
complaints  about  the  editorial  or 
business  operation  of  the  paper  may  be 
addressed  to  the  Chairman,  Campus 
Relations  Committee,  Varsity  Board  of 
Directors,  91  St.  George  St.  

Tenure  crucial  for  students 

If  there  is  anything  that  an- 
noys a  student  during  his  or  her 
career  at  university,  it  is  sitting 
in  a  class  with  a  lousy  lecturer 
and  feeling  totally  powerless  to 
do  anything  about  it. 

Very  few  people  who  have 
been  students  here  have  not  had 
to  go  through  this  humiliating 
and  degrading  experience. 
There  you  sit,  knowing  you  need 
the  course  as  a  credit,  knowing 
the  professor  is  a  dismal  failure 
as  a  teacher,  but  also  knowing 
he  or  she  is  the  only  person 
deemed  "qualified"  to  teach  the 

What  can  you  do?  You  can't 
very  well  drop  the  course,  or  ask 
for  a  change  in  professor,  or 
change  your  career,  merely 
because  a  bad  teacher  comes 
your  way. 

But  it  happens.  A  good  teacher 
is  an  aid,  a  bad  teacher  an  ob- 
stacle. Why  should  there  be 
obstacles,  given  the  price  you 
are  paying  for  your  education 
and  the  importance  you  attach 
to  it? 

Does  the  university  really 
think  so  little  of  you  that  it  would 
make  you  suffer  through  a  bad 
teacher,  in  effect  deliberately 
giving  you  a  bad  education. 

The  least  you  can  do  is  at- 
tempt to  have  a  say  in  choosing 
what  kind  of  professors  are 
hired  at  the  university  —  and 
what  kind  of  teachers  they  are 
likely  to  be. 

And  the  only  way  to  do  that  is 
to  have  representation  on 
committees  which  make  those 
decisions  —  hiring  and  tenure 

Most  departments  in  the 
university  have  committees 
whose  sole  purpose  is  to  make 
decisions  in  the  areas  of  hiring, 
firing  and  the  granting  of  tenure 
—  tenure  being  a  guarantee  of 
permanent  employment, 
ostensibly  to  ensure  that  the 
person  granted  tenure  can 
undertake  'free  enquiry'. 

However,  in  practice  tenure 
has  come  to  mean  the 
domination  of  staffing  decisions 
by  a  small,  conservative  clique 
who  will  only  admit  like-minded 

Ironically,  the  concept  of 
tenure  has  worked  against  the 
idea  of  free  enquiry.  Young, 
imaginative  professors  who  are 
not  afraid  to  speak  out  against 
their  peers  —  the  very  ones  to 
whom  the  concept  of  tenure 
should  apply  —  often  find 
themselves  ostracized,  if  not 
ousted,  from  their  departments. 

The  only  way  to  gain  tenure  — 
supposedly  the  freedom  to 
enquire  freely  —  may  be  to 
admit  conformity. 
And  to  admit  conformity,  to  be 

accepted  into  the  community  of 
the  tenured,  is  to  cast  yourself 
as  a  'scholar',  rather  than  a 
'teacher'.  Those  tenure 
aspirants  who  placed  higher 
emphasis  on  teaching  than  on 
research  often  found  themselves 
ostracized,  not  worthy  of  tenure 
since  they  were  not  highly 
qualified  'scholars'. 

Such  a  view  of  the  relative 
importance  of  qualifications  is 
narrow-minded  and  self- 
serving.  It  implies  that  the  only 
responsibility  the  professor  has 
is  to  his  profession.  Quite  the 
contrary  is  true.  Professors 
have  an  equal,  if  not  greater, 
responsibility  to  society  than 
anyone  else,  given  their  highly 
paid  and  less  than  onerous  jobs, 

and  their  duties  as  imparters  of 

At  present,  all  decisions  about 
tenure  —  who  should  get  it,  and 
when  they  should  get  it  —  are 
made  by  all-faculty  committees. 
With  the  exception  of  two 
departments  —  sociology  and 
architecture  —  students  do  not 
have  any  significant 
representation  in  decisions 
about  who  should  teach  them. 

Last  year,  a  presidential  task 
force  on  "policy  and  procedures 
on  academic  appointments,"  the 
Forster  report,  reviewed  the 
question  of  tenure,  and 
specifically  the  questions  of 
composition  of  tenure  com- 
mittees, and  criteria  for 
granting  tenure. 

The  report  admitted  three 
criteria  for  deciding  tenure: 
"achievement  in  research, 
effectiveness  in  teaching  and 
clear  promise  of  future  in- 
tellectual and  professional 

However,  it  did  not  deem 
those  most  able  to  judge 
teaching  ability  —  students  — 
worthy  of  sitting  on  tenure 
committees,  claiming  it  could 
not  find  a  means  to  select  them. 

Beginning  last  Thursday,  and 
again  next  Thursday,  the 
academic  affairs  committee  of 
the  Governing  Council  will 
discuss  the  composition  of 
tenure  committees,  based  on  the 
recommendations  of  the  Forster 

J  may  look  pretty  funny  in 
this  suit,  £><U,  you  won't  thin*  so  *hen 
you  find  out  I'm  y»ur  Anrt\ro.  100  prof. 
Don't  y««  thinK  you  should  have  been  Con- 
Suited  tn  the,  decis'ion  to  hint  me.  7  We",, 
role  of  Students  on  tenure    committees  is 
being  determined  by  THE  ACADEMIC- 
>r>  JWG&n&littm  COUMClUOMttBEK 
SimtcEVHAU.  thursdsj  OCT.  3 



For  students  concerned  about 
the  quality  of  the  teaching  they 
receive,  the  decisions  this 
committee  reaches  will  be 

Only  by  granting  equal 
representation  between  students 
and  faculty  on  tenure  com- 
mittees will  the  university 
acknowledge  that  it  respects  its 
students,  that  it  is  willing  to 
consider  teaching  as  a  serious 

It  is  not  sufficient  for  faculty 
members  to  humbly  intone  "of 
course  we  take  teaching 
seriously":  they  probably  do. 
But  they  don't  take  teaching 
anywhere  near  as  seriously  as 
students  would  like  them  to. 

If  they  do  take  teaching  so 
seriously,  why  are  there  so 
many  bad  teachers  cluttering  up 
our  classrooms?  If  teaching  is 
given  equal  weight  with 
research  in  tenure,  why  are 
people  whose  strength  is 
teaching  so  consistently  denied 

At  present,  the  academic 
affairs  committee  shows  little 
inclination  to  accept  the  student 
position,  that  there  must  be 
equal  representation  between 
students  and  faculty  to  ensure 
teaching  ability  gets  proper 

Nor  is  the  Governing  Council, 
which  must  approve  the 
recommendation  of  the 
academic  affairs  committee, 
likely  to  be  any  more  receptive 
to  the  idea.  (Only  eight  of  the  50 
Governing  Council  members  are 

To  ensure  the  students' 
viewpoint  gets  proper  con- 
sideration, students  should 
demonstrate  their  concern  by 
attending  the  next  meeting  of 
the  academic  affairs  com- 
mittee, next  Thursday  at  4  pm  in 
the  Governing  Council  cham- 
bers of  Simcoe  Hall. 

At  the  meeting,  SAC  president 
Seymour  Kanowitch  will  present 
the  student  position,  while  the 
position  of  the  faculty 
association  will  also  be  made 
known.  It  should  be  interesting. 

The  question  that  will  be 
decided  shortly,  on  the  com- 
position of  tenure  committees,  is 
a  vitally  important  one  for  any 
student  who  feels  the  teaching 
he  is  receiving  is  less  than  it 
should  be. 

It  is  crucial  for  students  to 
demonstrate  their  concern,  by 
attending  the  meeting  next 
Thursday.  By  failing  to  show 
their  support  for  the  student 
position,  students  could  lose  a 
chance  to  improve  significantly 
the  quality  of  their  education,  a 
chance  that  may  not  come  again 
for  a  long  time. 

Great  headlines  from  the  Toronto  Star  (Number  2) 

Davis  delivers  children's  letters 

Boy  invites  Pope  to  move  to  Ontario 

•'.09a-Hm&  -raoa  Of  AW  isanol  ,iwUaW    ^IS  W  stniiur.  toward:   u.OeuJi*  «ti  sioj&i  ol  bntupm 

SEPT.  26,  1974 

SflliBtd  \cifcnoiJEli 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  5 

Our  backs  are  to  the  wall' 


Philip  West.  Alternative  News 
Service    Intarnational.  London 

This  is  London.  Britain  is  on 
the  brink  of  economic  collapse 
—  the  end  of  democracy  is 

The  general  strike  begins 
Tuesday,  Harrods  bombed 
Wednesday,  tanks  in  West- 
minster Thursday,  the  queen 
deposed  to  Balmoral  by  late 
editions  Friday.  For  the  six 
million  readers  of  the  News  of 
the  World  Sunday,  a  special 
feature  on  life  after  the 
Apocalypse  with  the  usual 
abundance  of  ladies  half  un- 
dressed in  bearskins  rather  than 

In  Fleet  Street,  the  collapse  of 
civilization  as  the  British  know 
it  can  command  countless 
pages,  and  only  the  liberal 
Guardian  with  its  slogan  "where 
there's  still  some  sanity  left" 
dares  to  poke  fun  with  a  Plan 
Your  Favorite  Coup  column.  ■ 

Elsewhere  the  headlines  vary 
between  "Could  we  have  a 
military  takeover  in  Britain" 
from  the  Daily  Express  to  an 
article  in  The  Times  headed 
"How  inflation  threatens  British 
democracy  with  its  last  chance 
before  extinction."  Strong  stuff 
indeed,  but  it  may  not  be  so 

Politicians  uniformly  agree 
that  Britain  is  facing  its 
"gravest  economic  crisis"  since 
the  Second  World  War. 


Inflation  is  running  at  more 
than  17  percent,  and  is  expected 
to  climb  to  20  percent  next  year; 
the  trade  deficit  will  probably 
total  $10  billion  this  year; 
bankruptcies  have  increased, 
unemployment  may  jump  to  one 
million  within  months  —  only 
the  stock  market  is  falling,  in  a 
slump  equalling  that  in  1929. 

"We're  heading  straight  for  a 
depression,"  says  one  merchant 
banker.  "When?"  Well,  we  live 
in  an  exponential  world,  where 
everything  happens  faster  than 
you  think,  so,  whenever  you  say, 
it'll  be  sooner." 

All  this  promises  the  British 
people  a  long  winter  of 
discontent,  with  the  workers 
bearing  the  brunt.  The  Labour 
government  has  so  far  led  a 
charmed  existence  with  the 
unions,  flaunting  a  rather  vague 
"social  contract"  to  avoid  in- 
flationary pay  claims. 

Whether  it  is  a  Labour  or  a 
Conservative  victory  in  the 
upcoming  election,  that  "con- 
tract" is  likely  to  collapse  with 
demands  for  massive  pay 
raises.  The  only  alternative  for 
any  government  would  be  to 
reintroduce  severe  pay  controls. 

Armed  Rebellion 

What  happens  then  is  a 
hazardous  guess,  but  a  point 
somewhere  between  a  general 
strike  and  armed  rebellion  is 
not,  according  to  those  in  the 
city,  an  unfounded  possibility. 

"I  happen  to  think,"  one 
British  company  director  is 
quoted  as  saying,  "that,  before  I 
die,  I  shall  be  out  there  hiding  in 
the  fields.  We  shall  slip  slowly 
towards  Marxism  without  a 
revolution,  or  it  could  be  a  direct 
confrontation  and  we  could  be 
there  very  quickly.  Then  the 
question  would  be,  would  the 
Army  step  in?  If  not,  we'd  be 
lost."  . 

Such  reactions  to  the  current 
situation  from  the  British 
establishment  have  not  escaped 
the  royalists  and  other  assorted 
reactionaires  left  over  from  the 
empire.  Many  have  started 
breathing  phrases  like  "save 
Britain"  and  "saving  the 
crown";  there  are  numerous 
indications  that  some  army 
officers,  active  and  retired,  are 
seriously  considering  in- 
tervention in  any  politically 
stalemated  government  —  a 
most  likely  outcome. 

Army's  Reaction 
The  Investors  Review  has 
reported  that  one  top  general 
apparently  took  three  months 
leave  of  absence  "to  write  a 
manual  on  how,  and  in  what 
circumstances,  the  army  would 
take  over."  And  brigadier 
Frank  Kitson,  in  his  book  "Low 
Intensity  Operations"  says 
"already  there  are  indications 
that  such  a  situation  could  arise 

"If  a  genuine  and  serious 
grievance  arose,  such  as  might 
result  from  a  significant  drop  in 
the  standard  of  living,  all  those 
who  now  dissipate  their  protest 
over  a  wide  variety  of  causes 
might  concentrate  their  efforts 
and  produce  a  situation  which 
was  beyond  the  power  of  the 
police  to  handle.  Should  this 
happen  the  army  would  be 
required  to  restore  the  situation 

rapidly.  Fumbling  at  this  junc- 
ture might  have  grave  con- 
sequences, even  to  the  extent  of 
undermining  confidence  in  the 
whole  system  of  government." 

Kitson  should  not  be  easily 
discounted.  His  book  rated  a 
foreword  by  chief  of  the  general 
staff,  general  Sir  Michael 
Carver,  who  was  regarded  by 
ex-Prime  Minister  Heath  as  the 
man  to  keep  the  country  running 
during  any  disruption.  In  the 
foreword,  Carver  described  the 
book  as  "written  for  the  soldier 
of  today  to  help  him  prepare  for 
the  operations  of  tomorrow." 

Army  Coup  Easy 

Another  brigadier,  Kenneth 
Hunt,  of  the  Institute  of 
Strategic  Studies,  believes  it 
would  be  comparatively  easy  to 
accomplish  the  first  stage  of  a 
coup  in  Britain. 

"There  are  enough  men  and 
equipment  within  range  of 
London.  There  are  the  troops 
used  at  Heathrow,  with  the  help 
of  a  few  tanks  from  Tidworth: 
that's  enough  to  go  straight  to 
the  BBC,  Dowing  (home  of  the 
PM),  and  parliament." 

Hunt's  mention  of  the  troops 
at  Heathrow  is  particularly 
relevant  to  any  discussion  of  a 
British  coup  d'etat.  The  joint 
exercise  of  troops  and  police  at 
the  airport  was  originally  staged 
under  the  Conservative 
government  in  reaction  to  a 
wrongful  report  that  Arab 
terrorists  had  stolen  a  missile 
from  NATO.  Since  then  the 
exercise,  complete  with 
deployment  of  tanks,  has  been 
repeated  on  a  number  of  oc- 
casions, and  it  was  Kitson  who 
suggested  that  it  should  be 
extended  to  the  docks,  railways 
and  coal  mines. 

A  series  of  other  notable  army 
exercises  have  been  reported. 
One  in  Corby,  Nottinghamshire, 
by  members  of  the  Fifth  Royal 
Anglican  Regiment,  was  part  of 
a  war  game  between  two  rival 
factions  in  "aid  of  the  civilian 

Army  Exercises 
Another  exercise  in  Hull  had 
30  soldiers  in  full  battle  regalia 
descending  on  a  deserted 
suburban  house.  Later  the 
Conservative  minister  of 
Defence  explained  that  there 
was  nothing  sinister.  "Con- 
sidering internal  security  is  a 
normal  part  of  a  soldier's 
training.  In  any  war  situation 
one  has  to  look  after  things  until 
the  civil  authority  can  assert 
itself.  That  is  what  the  exercise 
was  all  about,  and  they  are 
going  on  all  the  time." 

One  massive  exercise  in 
civilian  control  that  has  been 
going  on  all  the  time  is  in  Nor- 
thern Ireland.  It  was  from  there 
that  brigadier  Kitson  an- 
nounced, in  1971,  that  the  army 
and  other  forces  would  be  ready 
to  take  on  the  workers  in  Britain 
within  two  years.  But  in  his  book 
he  found  one  fault  with  the 
"professionals",  as  the  modern 
British  army  is  called. 

Kitson  wrote  of  the  need  to 
maintain  specialist  units  within 
the  army  to  enable  essential 
civil  services  to  be  maintained 
in'  the  event  of  civilians  being 
unable  or  unwilling  to  maintain 
them.  The  army's  lack  of 
specialists  was  graphically 
illustrated  during  the  Ulster 

workers'  strike  of  May  this  year, 
when  after  13  days  the  army 
occupied  21  petrol  stations  but 
was  unable  to  operate  electrical, 
gas,  water  and  sewage  in- 

Paramilitary  Organizations 

It  is  into  this  breach  that  two 
old  soldiers  of  impeccable 
qualification  have  lately 
marched  with  plans  for 
organizations  to  replace 
workers  during  a  general  strike. 

Most  impressive  is  Colonel 
David  Stirling,  founder  of  the 
Special  Air  Services  during  the 
Second  World  War  in  North 
Africa.  He  earned  himself  the 
nickname  "the  phantom  major" 
and  the  DSO  before  im- 
prisonment in  Colditz. 

After  the  war,  he  was  involved 
in  the  Capricorn  Africa  society, 
an  unsuccessful  attempt  to 
maintain  a  white  presence  in  the 
east  and  centre  of  the  continent 
by  allying  with  any  Uncle  Toms 
that  could  be  found;  he  helped 
Yemeni  terrorists  against  the 
Russians;  established  a  com- 
mercial organization  to  provide 
Third  World  heads  of  state  with 
bodyguards  and  intelligence 
agents,  and  in  1970,  was  involved 
in  a  scheme  to  release  several 
score  of  Libyan  political 
prisoners  from  the  main  jail  in 

Now  backed  by  British  arms 
dealers  and  millionaire  Geof- 

mander-in-chief ,  northern 
Europe.  He  suggested  that  the 
army  could  take  over  and  that  it 
may  have  to.  "Britain  is 
dangerously  adrift,"  he  said. 
"Perhaps  the  country  might 
choose  rule  by  the  gun  in 
preference  to  anarchy." 

General  Walker  is  conducting 
his  campaign  for  a  part-time 
militia  of  volunteers  from  his 
home  in  Somerset.  He  expects 
three  million  to  join  'Civil 
Assistance'  which,  he  says, 
would  "act  only  if  there  was  a 
collapse  of  essential  services 
and  of  the  means  of  sustenance 
and  only  in  the  event  of  a  break- 
down of  law  and  order,  in  which 
they  would  be  available  to 
provide  backup  services." 

He  is  confident  that  the 
workers  who  show  "unswerving 
allegiance  and  loyalty  to  the 
crown"  will  flock  to  him.  "As  a 
soldier  I  have  been  on  industrial 
tours  ...  I  went  down  a  coal 
mine,  round  a  steel  thing  and  in 
all  sorts  of  factories.  The  chaps 
working  there  are  exactly  the 
same  chaps  as  the  ones  I  have 
been  commanding." 

It  is  easier  to  dismiss  the 
general  as  a  colonel  "blimp" 
(after  the  character  created  by 
cartoonist  Low)  especially  after 
descriptions  of  his  orderly  life 
appeared.  He  spoke  of  walking 
with  his  dogs  until  they  were 
hanging  from  their  chin  straps, 

frey  Edwards  and  interested 
industrialists,  Stirling  has  plans 
for  a  volunteer  organization  that 
will  "round  up"  militant 
unionists  and  jump  across 
picket  lines  by  helicopter  to 
maintain  production  at  the 
strikebound  installations.  The 
operating  schedule  for  "Great 
Britain  '75"  plans  to  have 
volunteers  undergoing  initial 
training  by  mid-October  for 
effective  use  by  November. 

"I  do  think  Britain  is  heading 
for  real  disaster,"  he  says.  "The 
communists  are  out  of  the 
woodwork  after  all  these  yars 
and  they  have  declared  them- 
selves. It  is  not  our  aim  to  bash 
the  unions  but  simply  to  protect 
the  country  from  the  worst  ef- 
fects of  chaos  caused  by 
politically  motivated  actions. 
And  that's  what  this  country 
faces  —  chaos  —  if  the  militant 
revolutionary  trade  unionists 
have  their  way." 

Sir  Walter  Walker 
The  other  old  soldier  with  the 
"save  Britain"  bug,  and  the  first 
to  announce  his  intentions  in  a 
letter  to  the  right-wing  Daily 
Telegraph,  is  General  Sir  Walter 
Walker,  former  NATO  com- 

and  of  taking  his  whisky 
"punctually  at  seven  because 
the  sun  always  goes  down 
punctually  in  the  far  east." 

Pornography  and  Communism 
Even  Stirling  described  him 
as  undesirably  military,  even 
someone  to  be  mistrusted,  but 
his  campaign  did  interest  for- 
mer Corporal  Paul  Daniels, 
founder,  organizer  and  com- 
mander-in-chief of  the  1,400  men 
in  the  British  Military  Volunteer 

Mr.  Daniels  is  convinced  that 
"the  forces  of  international 
communism"  have  infiltrated 
the  political  parties,  and  are 
behind  industrial  strikes  and  the 
erosion  of  democracy  in  Britain. 
He  identified  pornography, 
permissiveness,  and  a  "frenzy 
of  sex"  as  the  evils  of  today,  and 
warned;  "If  the  country  does  go 
bankrupt,  there  will  be  murder, 
rape,  looting." 

"I  believe  it  is  an  act  of  God 
that  people  like  General  Walker 
have  come  forward  now,"  he 
says.  "We  have  so  much  to  be 
proud  of,  but  our  backs  are  to 
the  wall,  and  here,  out  of  the 
blue,  another  Churchill  has 

oThe  Varsity 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

Tenure  decision  in  Math  dept.  sparked  occupation 

i  protesting  dismissal  of  popular  professors  occupied 
math  dept. 

Most  staffing  decisions  at  U  of  T 
are  made  quietly  without  student 
input  and  without  controversy,  but 
this  was  not  the  case  in  March,  1973 
when  the  denial  of  tenure  to  two 
popular  mathematics  professors 
sparked  an  11-day  occupation  of 
department  offices. 

The  two  professors,  Michael 
Mather  and  David  Spring,  as  well  as 
fired  part-time  instructor  Stephen 
Salaff ,  are  no  longer  teaching  at  U  of 
T  despite  appeals  and  despite 
student  support. 

The  movement  for  reform  in  the 
math  department  in  1972-3  focused 
on  demands  for  retaining  the  three 
popular  teachers  as  well  as  im- 
provements in  service  courses  and 
changes  in  grading  policy. 

Petitions  were  circulated  starting 
in  the  fall  when  students  learned 
Spring  had  been  denied  tenure  and 
Salaff  would  not  be  rehired. 

Approaches  to  chairman  George 
Duff  were  futile  and  students  with 

Liberation  group  appeals  for  help 

Edward  Ndlovu,  national 
secretary  of  the  Zimbabwe  National 
Peoples'  Movement  (ZAPU),  ap- 
pealed Wednesday  evening  to 
Canadians  to  support  its  liberation 

Ndlovu  spoke  to  a  crowd  of  100  at 
St.  Paul's  United  Church  about 
recent  events  in  his  country,  more 
commonly  known  as  Rhodesia. 

Last  spring's  coup  in  Portugal  and 
the  resulting  liberation  of  Por- 
tuguese African  colonies  has  had  a 
great  effect  on  Zimbabwe.  "Events 
are  moving  very  fast,  faster  than  we 
can  determine,"  Ndlovu  said. 

With  the  eventual  liberation  of 
Guinea-Bisseau,  Mozambique  and 
Angola,  Rhodesia  and  South  Africa 
will  be  the  only  two  white  minority 
regimes  in  southern  Africa,  and 
since  the  coup,  the  struggle  for 
liberation  in  Zimbabwe  has  in- 
tensified, Ndlovu  said. 

Rhodesia  Prime  Minister  Ian 
Smith,  whose  government  is  illegal 
hi  the  eyes  of  ZAPU  and  its  sup- 
porters, unleashed  a  wave  of 
violence  shortly  after  the  coup, 
including  mass  arrests  and  entire 
African  villages  being  turned  into 
concentration  camps. 

One  of  the  main  tactics  of  Smith's 
soldiers  is  to  confiscate  the  property 
of  these  formerly  independent 
villages,  destroying  their  way  of  life 
and  thereby  forcing  the  villagers  to 
depend  on  the  soldiers  for  food  and 
supplies,  Ndlovu  said. 

In  this  way  the  soldiers  can 
operate  through  the  people  "like  a 
fish  in  water,"  Ndlovu  noted.  If  they 
did  not  do  so,  they  would  die,  "like  a 
fish  out  of  water,"  Ndlovu  said. 

While  two  allied  liberation 
movements  —  Frelimo  in 
Mozambique  and  PIGC  in  Guinea- 
Bisseau  —  have  recently  achieved 
victory,  Ndlovu  didn't  make  any 
predictions  about  his  own  country, 

The  situation  is  different  there 
than  in  the  Portuguese  colonies,  he 
emphasized.  While  the  interior  of 
Mozambique,  for  instance,  was 
never  colonized,  Zimbabwe  is  totally 

"Every  inch  of  land  is  owned,"  he 
said.  Tracts  of  unused  wilderness 
are  claimed  by  the  Smith  regime  to 
be  owned  by  absentee  landlords. 
Such  areas  are  patrolled  frequently. 
Any  unused  farms  have  been  turned 
into  bases  for  the  soldiers. 

The  Africans  themselves  have 
been  shifted  onto  "centralized 
reserves,"  living  under  constant 
surveillance  by  the  Rhodesian 
soldiers  and  making  it  impossible 
for  ZAPU  guerillas  to  liberate  any 
land  from  Rhodesian  control. 

Ndlovu  described  the  Zimbabwe 

liberation  fighters  as  semi-guerillas. 
ZAPU  is  presently  launching  an  all- 
out  offensive  throughout  the 

Rhodesia's  dependence  on  South 
Africa  is  well  known  and  includes 
not  only  monetary  and  military  aid, 
but  also  soldiers  who  fight  alongside 
those  of  the  Smith  regime.  Both 
countries  formerly  collaborated 
with  neighboring  Mozambique,  a 
resource-rich  nation. 

The  future  strength  of  Smith's 
regime  depends  on  the  success  or 
failure  of  attempts  by  both  countries 
to  woo  Mozambique's  new  govern- 
ment into  cooperation. 

Canadian  aid  to  the  Zimbabwe 
African  Peoples'  Movement  would 
provide  crucial  support  in  the  in- 
tensified struggle,  Ndlovu  said. 

course  union  support  carried  on  a 
large  petition  campaign  which 
garnered  over  1,000  signatures  in  the 

After  a  number  of  abortive 
meetings  at  which  Duff  refused  to 
respond  to  student  demands, 
students  occupied  the  departmental 
offices  focusing  attention  on  their 
demands  for  changes  in  the 
department  and  the  retention  of  the 
three  professors. 

But  despite  attention  focused  on 
student  demands  for  change,  the 
math  department  and  university 
administrators  stood  firm.  The 
professors  were  told  to  go  through 
regular  appeal  channels  and  ad- 
visory committees  were  set  up  to 
deal  with  other  grievances. 

The  occupation  ended  without  any 
concrete  successes  and  the  three 
highly-rated  professors  were  left  to 
launch  individual  appeals.  The 
appeals,  like  the  original  decisions, 
would  be  dealt  with  in  secret  without 
student  involvement. 

All  three  had  received  good  course 
evaluations  and  Salaf  was  an 
especially  popular  instructor  of 
first-year  math.  Two  factors 
combined,  however,  to  end  their 
careers  at  U  of  T. 

For  Mather  and  Spring  it  was  a 
lack  of  scholarly  publication  that 
was  the  chief  cause.  Not  living  up  to 

Tired  of  new  music? 

The  Rainbow  comes  and  goes, 

And  lovely  is  the  Rose, 

The  Moon  doth  with  delight 

Look  round  her  when  the  heavens  are  bare, 

Waters  on  a  starry  night 

Are  beautiful  and  fair; 

The  sunshine  is  a  glorious  birth; 

But  yet  I  know,  where'er  I  go, 

That  there  hath  past  away  a  glory  from  the  earth. 

Whither  is  fled  the  visionary  gleam?  ; 
Where  is  it  now,  the  glory  and  the  dream? 

Hear  great  music: 
Beethoven's  piano  sonatas. 
Hart  House,  October  20 

the  "publish  or  perish"  mentality, 
Mather  was  advised  that  his 
research  lacked  the  "academic 
excellence"  to  merit  tenure. 

Similarly  Spring  was  told  his 
denial  of  tenure  was  because  of  the 
"limited  extent"  and  "small 
volume"  of  published  work. 

For  Salaff  the  dismissal  was 
largely  a  result  of  departmental 
politics.  He  had  fought  with  other 
professors  on  behalf  of  students  who 
wanted  changes  in  the  marking 
scheme  of  several  courses  he  taught. 

In  all  three  cases  appeals  turned 
out  to  be  fruitless.  Spring  was  first 
advised  he  could  appeal  the  denial, 
but  later  in  the  summer  of  1973 
Evans  informed  him  there  would  be 
no  appeal  because  he  had  submitted 
his  resignation  and  it  would  be  a 
"dangerous  precedent." 

Mather  was  granted  an  appeal  but 
a  special  review  committee  denied 
him  redress  because  he  was 
"competent  but  not  outstanding  in 
teaching  and  research." 

Salaff  has  pursued  a  long  un- 
successful attempt  to  get  an  open 
hearing  into  his  firing.  He  has  at- 
tempted to  get  a  teaching  ap- 
pointment at  Woodsworth  College 
but  failed  because  of  the  lack  of 
departmental  recommendation. 

Salaff's  long  correspondence  with 
Evans  has  not  yielded  any  con- 
cessions yet. 


Huron  Street,  just  south  of  Bloor 
Eucharists:  7,  8  and  9:15  a.m. 
Daily  Eucharist  —  6:45a.m. 
(except  Wed.  10  a.m.,  Sat.  9:30) 
Monday  thru  Thursday  5:30 
p.m.  - 

Friday  12:15  noon  &  6p.m. 


Men's  Hairstyling 


Holiday  Inn 

(lower  concourse) 

Civic  Square 




Livuiimann.      The  New  Land 

CelebralinQ  Warner  Bios  Ddlti  Anniversary       A  Warner  Comrnunicalions  Company  | 

Friday  &  Saturday  Sept.  27  &  28 
7&10pm  admission  $1.00 

All  showin9S  in  Carr  Hall,  St.  Michael's  College   tOOSt.  Joseph  St. 

Hart  House 

Sunday  Evening  Concerts 
ennobling  harmony 

There  are  in  our  existence  spots  of  time, 
That  with  distinct  pre-eminence  retain 
A  renovating  virtue,  whence,  depressed 
By  false  opinion  and  contentious  thought, 
Or  aught  of  heavier  or  more  deadly  weight, 
In  trivial  occupations,  and  the  round 
Of  ordinary  intercourse,  our  minds 
Are  nourished  and  invisibly  repaired. 

The  Festival  Singers  sing 
Bach  and  Palestrina 
Sunday  at  nine 




Frame  styles 
to  compliment 
today's  youthfu1 

in  metal  and  shell 

236  BLOOR  ST.  W. 
PHONE  922-2116 


for  new,  legitimate  massage 
parlour  in  U.  of  T.  area  which 
will  have  select  clientele 

Good  pay,  short  hours, 
no  experience  necessary 

Speed  Reading 
Classes  On  Campus 


Information  flier 
at  SAC  office, 
Hart  House  Circle 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  7 

8  The  Varsity 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 


\hmaha  reveals  The 
Nature  of  The  Beast 

Also  known  as  "continuous  power". 
This  represents  the  most  conser- 
vative statement  of  an  amplifier's 
power  capabilities,  denoting  the 
amount  of  power  delivered  when 
the  amp  is  fed  with  a  constant 
sinusoidal  tone.  This  power  rating 
is  given  on  a  per  channel  basis. 


Bay  Bloor  Radio 

Atonu^iife  Centre 

MV  ST.  AT  CHMUS  M7-1 122 
Ml*  M  nw«.  4  m  to*  P.* 

Bay  Bloor  Radio  displays  the  largest  most  exciting  collection  of  electronic  products  with 
experienced  staff  of  audio  consultants  on  hand  to  serve  your  needs. 
Buy  with  complete  confidence  from  Canada's  finest  stereo  store. 


Then  it's  time  you  did! 

As  OSAP  applications  are 
assessed  by  computer  it's  essential  that  your 
application  form  be  filled  in  COMPLETELY  and  ACCURATELY. 


Call  in  at  the  Office  of  Student  Awards, 
Room  107  Simcoe  Hall, 
or  telephone  928-2204 

■i'M  — 1  :  Ll_ 

•''   "'"    I  '■" 

■  i * 1 " ''i  t'-rr. 

Friday/  September  27,  1974 

Trt*  Varsity  9 

Why  does  Buddah  smile? 

The  Only  Dance  There  Is 
Rom  Dass 
Anchor  Books 

When  Tim  O'Leary  was 
dismissed  from  Harvard  for  his 
strange  experiments,  his  friend 
and  co-worker  Richard  Alpert 
left  as  well.  But  Whereas 
Timothy  became  a  guru  and 
proclaimed  the  Politics  of 
Ecstasy,  Alpert  went  to  learn 
from  a  guru.  After  a  period  In 
India,  he  emerged,  renamed 
Ram  Dass. 

Do  not  mistake  me,  gentle 
reader.  I  have  no  avuncular  nor 
proprietary  interest  in  pop 
religions.  I  abhor  soft-headed 
out-of-focus  mysticism  as  much 
as  any  hard-bitten  Lutheran.  I 
truly  detest  being  cornered  by 
cloaked  crusaders  who  try  to 
convert  me  into  a  mental 
mushed  banana  between  green 
lights.  But  unlike  street  con- 
version artists,  or  what's-hls- 
name,  the  author  of  Jonathan 
Livingston  Seagull,  Ram  Dass 
has  the  vocabulary  and  the 
experience  to  make  himself 

The  Only  Dance  There  Is  Is  not 
really  a  book:  It  Is  a  trans- 
cription of  two  long  talks  Ram 
Dass  delivered  in  1970  and  1972 
to  former  associates.  He  reads 
like  he  talks;  and  just  like  any 
tripper  he  Is  at  times  circular, 
alienated  and  paradoxical.  But 
the  author's  sense  of  humour  is 
obvious,  and  his  awareness  of 
the  peculiar  situation  he  Is  In  — 
delivering  a  talk  to  a  flock  of 
psychologists,  all  watching  one 
another,  and  collectively  con- 
vinced that  their  key-note 
speaker  Is  a  confirmed 
schizophrenic  —  gives  the  book 
most  of  its  bite.  The  wry  per- 
spective on  the  life  of  Richard 
Alpert  both  entertains  the 
reader  and  gives  some  potency 


to  Ram  Dass'  theory  of 

The  meat  of  the  book  is  an 
exposition  of  the  errors  In  which 
Western  man  finds  himself  due 
to  his  attachment  to 
motivational  psychology.  Ram 
Dass  challenges  the  belief  that 
desires  define  the  personality, 
and  that  fulfillment  for  the  In- 
dividual comes  through 
fulfillment  of  desire.  Instead,  he 
espouses  a  theory  of 
'melodrama,'  his  double-edged 
word  to  describe  the  mental 
discomfort  of  the  merely  seml- 
reflectlve  man.  'Melodrama'  is 
the  pain  of  falsity  we  feel  when  a 
moment  comes  too  easily  even 
though  It  has  been  willed  Into 
significance.  It  is  the  time  when 
we  are  aware  of  discrepancies 
between  our  real  and  our  Ideal 
conduct,  when  we  are  struck  by 
the  mechanical  nature  of  our 
responses  to  events.  But  unlike 
most  of  us,  Ram  Dass  has  no 
objection  to  feeling  that  he  is 
standing  beside  himself.  For 
him,  there  are  no  emotional 
tangles  caused  by  the  self  ob- 
serving the  self.  There  Is  no  need 
to  be  over-serious  about  the 
roles  assigned  In  the  dance.  Life 
Is  process,  and  Its  own  purpose; 
save  that  a  greater  purpose  Is 
that  time  when  all  things  can  be 
cleared  away  and  all  dualism 
resolved  into  a  unity  no  longer 
conscious  of  Itself. 

Ram  Dass  draws  on  his  highly 
technical  training  to  provide 
himself  with  words  to  describe 
this  error  of  'attachment',  the 
folly  of  unreflectlve  man.  He  can 
move  with  great  ease  from 
Hindu  mythology  to  a  parable  of 
Christ's,  and  use  both  the 
language  of  mysticism  and  that 
of  behaviourlstlc  psychology  in 
order  to  create  an  all- 
encompassing  unity  of  analogy 
that  will  comprehend,  or  rather. 

apprehend,  the  nature  of  all 

Any  sycretist  will  revel  In  a 
book  that  so  gleefully  relates  one 
religious  experience  to  another, 
and  that  can  so  unflinchingly 
adopt  the  notion  of  the  dual 
sacred  profane  time  described 
by  Mircea  Ellade.  But  anyone 
who  accepts  as  fundamental 
that  distinction  between  active 
and  passive  selves  will  have 
cause  for  thought:  Is  there 
really  any  need  to  cosset  one's 

This  book-length  exposition  of 
the  non-expression  of  per- 
sonality could  easily  be  seen  as 
the  Inchoate  babblings  of  the 
lysergic  forebrain,  but  It  would 
be  fairer  to  our  author  to  credit 

him  with  an  attempt  to 
deliberately  separate  himself 
from  personality.  The  act  of 
publishing  a  book  may  still  be  a 
subtle  way  of  asserting  same, 
but  Ram  Dass  mentions  that 
danger  in  passing.  - 

The  Only  Dance  There  Is 
seems  strangely  out  of  date.  All 
our  optimists  have  disappeared. 
And  the  East-meets-West  vogue 
Is  outre,  passe,  ancient  history; 
Ram  Dass  as  Mr.  Natural,  |ust 
another  R.  Crumb  sub-plot.  The 
publication  of  the  book  Is  hardly 
an  important  event;  no  literary 
schrapnel  has  flown. 

And  yet  the  book  engages  the 
reader  who  undertakes  to  wade 
in.  You've  got  to  admire  Ram 
Dass.   His  sense  of  balance 

among  absurdities  results  In  a 
wholesome  and  Intelligent  good 
humour.  The  calm  of  his 
philosophical  inquiry  Is 
highlighted  by  his  wide-ranging, 
perceptive  anecdotes.  He  even 
succeeds  with  that  ex- 
cruciatingly forbidden  delight, 
religious  humour.  It  is  not  an 
easy  book  to  take  seriously;  it 
reads  like  a  high-flying  talker  at 
work;  It  is  difficult  to  make  It 
blossom  within  one's  own  mind. 
But  you  might  find  it  a  worth- 
while companion  to  Swe- 
denborg,  Blake,  Yeats;  for 
it  seems  that  Ram  Dass  finds  his 
purpose  in  the  only  dance  there 
Is  |ust  as  they  found  theirs:  in 
recording  it. 

john  wllson 

Music  biographies  of  two  of  the  best:  Casals  and  Duke 

Pablo  Casals 
H.L.  Kirk 
Holt,  Rhinehart,  Winston 

Music  is  My  Mistress 
Duke  Ellington 

To  mention  the  late  Spanish 
'cellist  Pablo  Casals  and  the 
great  American  bandleader, 
composer  and  arranger  Edward 
Kennedy  ("Duke")  Ellington  In 
one  sentence,  let  alone  a  whole 
review,  might  seem  a  little  odd; 
but  underneath  the  differences 
In  their  lives  and  work,  there  are 
certain  similarities. 

Pablo  Casals  took  the  cello 
from  the  position  of  orchestral 
harmony-filler  to  one  of  equality 
with  the  piano  and  the  violin  as  a 
solo  vehicle.  True,  the  many 
concertos,  suites  and  sonatas  he 
popularized  were  written  for 

soloists  on  the  instrument  long 
before  he  lived,  but  more  often 
than  not,  they  were  curiosities. 
From  humble  beginning  to 
world-wide  fame,  he  fought  with 
a  single-minded  purpose  for 
humanity  and  compassion. 
After  Francq's  take-over,  he 
vowed  never  to  return  to  his 
homeland  again.  He  even 
refused  to  play  in  public 
anywhere  for  many  years  In  a 
silent  protest  against  dic- 

What  can  be  said  against  a 
man  who  was  a  great  musician, 
conductor,  composer,  who 
played  for  Queen  Victoria  and 
John  Kennedy,  who  taught  and 
inspired  and  thrilled  millions 
with  his  recordings?  All  that 
really  needs  telling  Is  the  story 
of  his  long  life:  over  90  years  of 

H.L.  Kirk's  new  biography  of 
Casals  is  a  monumental  book, 

the  only  possible  type  of 
biography  for  such  a  man.  For 
scholars  of  the  cellist  who  was 
often  called  "the  musician  of  the 
century",  there  are 
bibliographies,  discographies 
and  source-listings  galore.  For 
ordinary  fans  of  music,  there  Is 
admirably  clear  writing  and 
tremendous  detail.  Alas,  there  is 
alsoa  great  thumping  price  tag: 
$17.95.  If  this  is  a  little  steep, 
check  the  library. 

A  book  just  as  admirable,  but 
in  a  completely  different  vein  is 
Music  is  My  Mistress,  the 
autobiography  of  Duke 
Ellington.  Ellington  was  also  a 
musical  pioneer.  He  stopped 
calling  the  sounds  produced  by 
his  top-notch  orchestra  "jazz", 
because  the  name  just  didn't 
suit  It  any  more.  It  was  fust  an 
extension  of  Duke,  exciting  and 
warm  and  very,  very  mar- 

Almost  a  series  of  short 
remlniscenses,  the  book  details 
how  Duke  saw  his  orchestra:  as 
a  unique  instrument,  un- 
paralleled In  musical  history. 
What  keyboard  instrument  had 
the  capabilities  of  a  Johnny 
Hodges,  or  a  Cootie  Williams,  or 
a  Harry  Carney?  Duke  didn't 
just  write  for  "trumpet"  —  he 
wrote  for  a  particular  trumpet 
player,  because  each  of  his  men 
had  a  different  sound.  Duke 
always  paid  his  men  top 
salaries,  and  as  a  result  kept 
almost  the  same  band  together 
from  the  'thirties  until  the  day 
he  died. 

Music  is  My  Mistress  is  also 
an  expensive  book,  $15  being  the 
damage  here.  But  it's  a 
beautifully  produced  book,  full 
of  pictures,  and  wise  words  from 
Duke  and  his  mends.  Although 
the  world  was  a  little  slower  to 

honour  him  than  it  was  for 
Casals  (not  because  of  his 
colour,  but  because  |azz  wasn't 
"respectable"  enough.  (Stupid 
shits.)  Duke's  elegance,  wit, 
urbanity,  kindness,  generosity 
and  humanity  all  live  on  in  his 
writing,  both  for  the  eye  and  the 
ear.  The  tcue  jazz  fan  won't 
want  to  miss  this  book,  price  tag 
or  not. 

So  there  we  are.  Casals  and 
Duke ...  I  don't  know  what  each 
thought  of  the  other,  but  in  the 
eyes  of  the  musical  world,  the 
ultimate  judgement  must  be  the 
same  for  both:  they  were  the 
very  best  of  their  kind,  brilliant 
and  sane  and  compassionate 
artists,  who  put  the  lie  to 
decades  of  pessimism  and 
hatred,  men  whose  lives  should 
have  been  doubled  or  tripled  for 
the  good  of  us  all. 

dave  basskin 

Indian's  biography:  wise  and  whimsical 

*  EeU&tlex. 

No  Foreign  Land 
Wilfred  Pelletierand  Ted  Poole 
Pantheon  Books 

"  I  know  quite  a  few  adults  who 
have  an  enduring  hatred  for 
school",  Wilfred  Pelletler 
remarks  in  No  Foreign  Land, 
"and  I  think  that's  because 
school  made  them  feel  dumb.  I 
escaped  that  because  I  wasn't 
able  to  take  It  seriously."  That  Is 
Pelletfer's  charm.  He  has  in- 
sight akin  to  our  keenest  social 
critics,  but  he,  perhaps 
uniquely,  remains  unsoured  by 
it.  He  Is  at  once  wise  and 
whimsical,  deeply  critical  but 
deeply  peaceful  too.   — 

 W-U£rpri  PfHptier  wag  hnr-n  on_ , 

Manltoulln  Island,  a  place  set 
aside  by  treaty  for  Indians  of  the 
Ontario  region,  though,  as 
Pelletler  notes,  the  whites  got 
most  of  It  eventually,  one  way  or 
another.  No  Foreign  Land  Is 
Pelletier's  life  story,  from 
childhood  on  the  reservation, 
through  years  as  a  guide,  a 
businessman  and  as  a 
"professional  Indian"  and 
lobbyist.  Ultimately  even  the 
last  roles  dissatisfied  him,  and 
Pelletier  withdrew  from  the 
normal  levers  and  structures  of 
social  change. 

However,  unlike  most  young 
-iBdians-^  .ReJieJ-iejUs-a-rtuddle*- 

aqpri  Indian        hid  rpjPrtlon  nf 

white  politics  has  not  led  to 
confrontation  but  to  repose. 
Instead  of  turning  left,  Pelletler 
turned  back  to  the  ways  of 
getting  things  done  he  picked  up 
as  a  kid  on  the  reserve.  He  know 
he  cannot  go  home,  as  Indians  In 
particular  cannot,  but  It  doesn't 
dishearten  him.  He  is  a 
romantic  like  Wordsworth,  not 
like  Rousseau.  For  Pelletler  the 
native  American  wisdom  is  Its 
own  reward.  He  believes  It  will 
prevail  in  the  end  becuase  It 
comes  with  the  continent  to 
which  we  have  immigrated. 
Like  the  land  it  will  outlast  us. 
Wilfred  Pelletier  himself  says 
-his-book-is-noi-about  Indians,  but 
, about  his  pitting  tn  know  w,hn  be_ 

is.  One  is  drawn  by  the  writer's 
meandering,  amiable,  sensible 
style  into  regions  that  are 
distant,  extraordinary,  and 
deeply  religious. 

That  you  arrive  there  by  such 
an  easy  route  can  be  credited  to 
Pelletier's  collaborator,  Ted 
Poole,  a  white-bearded  man  of 
no  little  wisdom  and  whimsy 
himself.  Poole  is  the  current  to 
Pelletier's  river. 

Whether  or  not  you  are 
already  familiar  with  native 
American  culture,  No  Foreign 
Land  remains  rare  and  worthy 
reading:  the  biography  of  a 
peaceful  man.  * 
  bob  bossia 

10  The  Varsity 

Friday,  Septe 

This  year  at 
Hart  House 


Talking  to  theatre  people  is 
like  talking  to  a  large  incestuous 

Everyone  has  a  snide  com- 
ment for  his  brother  yet  con- 
tinues working  with  him  year 
after  year.  Exaggeration  for 
effect  is  an  occupational  hazard 
even  when  the  actors  are  off  the 
stage,  and  the  wise  would  take 
much  of  the  gossip  they  relate 
with  a  grain  of  salt. 

The  Hart  House  Theatre 
family  is  no  exception.  Perhaps 
its  situation  is  even  worse.  It  Is 

not  only  a  theatre  but  a  training 
ground  for  post-graduate  drama 
students.  As  such,  it  is  deeply 
entangled  in  the  bureaucratic 
webs  that  make  life  —  and 
reporting  —  at  the  U  of  T  so 
frustrating  but  also  so 

This  year  Hart  House  is 
presenting  four  plays  (which 
students  can  see  for  a  $5.00 
subscription).  Five  plays  were 
to  be  presented  originally  but 
the  presentation  of  the  fifth  is  up 
in  the  air  because  of  the  death 

No,  they're  not  expecting  a  tidal  wave:  they're  just  steeling  themselves  for  another  season  o 

production  of  Peer  Gynt  las 

Barbara  Stewart, 

last  year's  Troilus  and.  Cressida. 

this  summer  of  Robert  Gill,  the 
last  of  the  great  classical  acting 
teachers  at  Hart  House,  who 
have  collectively  given  so  many 
great  actors  to  the  Canadian 

The  Drama  Centre 

The  Graduate  Centre  for  the 
Study  of  Drama  is  a  post- 
graduate school  for  research  In 
theatre.  It  does  not  attempt  to  be 
an  acting  school,  or  try  to  teach 
students  to  be  technicians.  To 
get  into  the  Centre,  a  student 
must  have  a  B.A.  with  at  least 
five  courses  in  drama.  An  M.A. 
from  the  Centre  is  necessary  for 
the  PhD  program. 

Theatre,  of  course,  cannot 
function  in  a  totally  academic 
environment.  Students  must  be 
given  some  understanding  of  the 
practical  limitations  of  theatre 
equipment,  and  the  actors 
themselves.  This  is  where  the 
Studio  Theatre  (on  Glen  Morris 
St.)  and  Hart  House  Theatre 
supposedly  come  in. 

Since  one  of  the  requirements 
for  a  graduate  degree  is  par- 
ticipation of  some  kind  in  a  play, 
students  are  encouraged  to  be 
'gophers'  (go  for  this,  go  for 
that)  at  both  the  Studio  and  Hart 

Glen  Morris  Favoured 

After  gaining  some  ex- 
perience a  student  can,  if  he 
wishes,  work  with  the 
professionals  at  Hart  House.  But 
some  prefer  to  stay  at  Glen 
Morris  in  senior  positions.  The 
space  in  this  converted  church 
can  be  altered  from  picture 
frame  to  theatre-in-the-round 
since  there  are  no  permanent 
seating  or  stage  arrangements. 
To  Glen  Morris  fans,  all  the 
fancy  equipment  and  technical 
knowledge  of  Hart  House  cannot- 
compensate  for  its  proscenium 
stage  (the  traditional  picture- 
frame  concept  of  the  theatre 

Hart  House  people  realize  the 
limitations  of  the  their  stage  but 
change  Is  prevented  by  the 
position  of  the  theatre  under  the 

Hart  House  basketball  courts. 

The  Hart  House  theatre 
functions  with  a  combination  of 
Drama  Centre  students,  un- 
dergraduates, professors,  ex- 
tension students,  alumni,  and 
professionals  from  Equity  and 
IATSE  (International  Alliance 
of  Theatrical  Stage  Employees). 

Heading  the  staff  of  full-time 
professionals  is  Michael 
Whitfield,  the  technical  director. 
This  is  his  first  year  at  Hart 
House.  He  has  just  finished  a 
summer  with  the  Third  Stage  at 
Stratford,  and  has  a  PhD  from 
Illinois  in  lighting  design. 

Whitfield  runs  technical 
seminars  for  the  graduate 
students,  in  addition  to  working 

An  In- Joke 

Martin  Hunter,  the  supervisor 
of  Hart  House  productions,  Is  a 
professor  at  the  Centre  and 
usually  directs  two  plays  a  year. 
Last  year  these  were  Leaven  of 
Malice  and  Trioilus  and 
Cressida.  The  former  suffered 
from  being  presented  as  an  in- 
joke  for  the  U  of  T  community. 
The  latter  was  the  best  show  of 
the  year.  This  year  Hunter  will 
direct  James  Reaney's  The 
Killdear  and  an  adaptation  of 
Aristophanes'  The  Frogs. 

Anne  Saddlemayer  is  the 
director  of  the  Centre. 
Responsibility  for  quality  and 
continuity  rest  on  her  shoulders. 
She  works  closely  with  the  ad 

John  Browne,  David  Gardner,  In  Marsh  Hay  from  last  spring. 

with  student  stage  managers 
and  crews  at  both  theatres. 

Students  interested  In  set  and 
costume  design  can  work  closely 
in  an  apprentice-type  situation 
with  the  two  resident  designers, 
Martha  Mann  and  Marion 

Business  matters  and  the  box 
office  are  in  the  experienced 
hands  of  James  Hozack:  he  has 
been  at  Hart  House  for  twenty- 
five  years.  Publicity  is  managed 
by  Barry  O'Connor,  a  PhD 
student  at  the  Centre.  Barry  has 
acted  in  past  years  and  hopes  to 

hoc  committee  (on  which 
students  have  parity)  which 
selects  plays  for  each  year.  In 
choosing  these  plays,  a  number 
of  criteria  are  taken  into  con- 
sideration. The  scripts  must  be 
worthwhile.  The  final  selection 
includes  a  Jacobean  play  and  a 
Canadian  play.  Care  is  taken  to 
select  plays  which  provide  a 
balance  of  small  and  large  casts 
and  a  cross  section  of  styles 
(Ibsen,  Mollere,  Shakespeare, 
Robertson  Davies,  have  been 
presented  in  recent  years).  And, 
as  Saddlemeyer  explained, 
"roles  should  stretch  students, 

ember  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  11 

of  plays  at  Hart  House  Theatre.  (Actually  they're  the  cast  of  the 
istyear  at  the  theatre.) 

but  not  demand  the  impossible 

Student  directors  and 
designers  who  work  in- 
dependently for  Hart  House  are 
selected  by  Saddlemeyer,  since 
"it  would  be  unfair  to  force 
students  on  a  committee  to 
judge  their  peers." 

This  Year 

This  year's  selection  of  plays 
shows  the  "balance,  integration, 
and  communication,"  that  work 
together  to  produce  a  successful 

The  Killdeer,  by  James 
Reaney,  opening  next  Thursday, 
is  the  Canadian  play.  Tarragon 
theatre  has  presented  other 
Reaney  plays  but  never  this  one. 
In  fact,  it  has  never  been  seen  in 
Toronto  before. 

Reed  Needles,  an  un- 
dergraduate with  ten  years  of 
experience  in  the  theatre  behind 
him  (and  he's  only  23)  has 
designed  the  set,  a  simple 
skeleton  frame  house  which  will 
rely  on  lighting  for  the  final 

As  Needles  said,  "this  show 
should  see  the  closest  linking  of 
mood  to  lighting."  Complicated 
lighting  sequences  will  be  used 
to  evoke  Ontario  country 
seasons,  sunrises  and  sunsets. 

The  play  itself  concerns  two 
young  people  trapped  by  cir- 
cumstances imposed  on  them  by 
their  parents'  complicated  and 
sordid  past. 

John  Ford's  Tis  Pity  She's  A 
Whore  the  Jacobean  choice,  wilt 
be  presented  in  November.  Jon 
Redfern,  working  on  his  PhD  in 
theatre  history,  will  direct. 

The  play  is  a  close 
psychological  study  of  Giovanni, 
a  young  Italian,  who  finds 
himself  torn  by  reason  of  lust  for 
his  sister. 

Hopefully  this  production, 
unlike  the  recent  movie,  will  put 
the  proper  emphasis  on  the 
influence  of  religion  and 
Giovanni's  decision  to  face 
God's  vengeance  for  his  sin  of 

The  production  uses  a  neutral 
set.  which   like  the  Killdeer, 

needs  to  be  completed  by 
lighting.  But  this  production  also 
uses  colourful  operatic  style 
costumes  which  may  not  be 
historically  accurate  but  which 
will  heighten  the  play's  mood. 

Pool  Play 

Hart  House's  third  show  Is  one 

of  the  greatest  comedies  of  all 
time  —  Aristophanes'  Frogs. 
(Unlike  the  recent  Yale 
production,  there  is  no  truth  to 
the  rumour  that  the  play  is  going 
to  be  presented  in  the  Hart 
House  pool.) 

Michael  Macina  (an  AAA 
graduate  of  the  Centre)  is 
working  on  the  adaptation  with 
AAartin  Hunter.  They  are  going 
to  inject  modern  concerns  into 
the  classical  subject  matter. 
The  rewriting  will  continue 
through  rehearsals,  with  the  ten 
to  fifteen  actors  working  with  an 
open  script  until  the  final, 

Jeff  Cohen  is  writing  original 
music  for  the  adaptation;  Bev 
Miller  will  be  choreographing. 

Brecht's  adaptation  of 
Shakespeare's  Coriolanus  will 
be  directed  by  Wolfgang  von 
Stras.  A  friend  of  Brecht's  son, 
von  Stras  heads  a  noted 
university  drama  department  in 
Germany,  a  department  set  up 
to  teach  his  system  of  acting.  He 
is  coming  over  under  the 
sponsorship  of  the  Goethe 
Institute  particularly  to  direct 
the  production. 

Brecht's  version  of 
Shakespeare  has  been  seen  only 
twice  before,  once  In  Turkey  and 
once  in  South  Africa.  Von  Stras 
refused  to  direct  the  South 
African  production  without  an 
all-black  cast. 

Brecht  greatly  simplified  the 
Shakespearean  script,  reducing 
the  stature  of  Coriolanus,  and 
cutting  down  the  intricacies  of 
plot.  Barbarians  outside  Rome 
and  workers  within  are 
threatening  to  destroy  Rome. 
Coriolanus  alone  can  save  the 
city.  But  he  refuses  to  cooperate 
with  the  workers. 

After  working  in  an  ap- 
prentice position  with  props  and 
costumes  at  the  Centre,  Eric 
Binnie  has  his  own  show  to 
design  this  year.  The  basic 
problem  Is  money:  with  a  cast  of 
40,  most  of  the  budget  must  go 

Stephen  Hannaford  (beard)  and  Howard  Clarke  in  rehearsal  for 
The  Killdeer. 

for  costumes.  The  set  will  be 
simple,  depending  on  groups  of 
actors  to  give  visual  variety. 

Discussions  are  underway  for 
an  acted  reading  of  Shaw's  Back 
to  Methusalah  and  his  Saint 
Joan  as  a  memorial  service  for 
Robert  Gill.  An  abridged  var- 
sion  of  Back  to  Methusalah  was 
to  have  been  the  fifth  produc- 
tion, but  that  was  before  Gill 

If  the  reading  does  take  place, 
Herbert  Whlttaker,  the  Globe 
and  Mail  theatre  reviewer,  and 

a  long-time  amateur  director, 
will  direct.  Wayne  Fulks,  a  PhD 
student  at  the  Centre,  will  be 
assistant  director. 


Hart  House  holds  open 
auditions  twice  a  year.  Glen 
Morris  holds  them  before  each 
production.  All  are  well  ad- 

The  first  two  shows  at  Hart 
House  are  already  in  rehearsal, 
but  the  remaining  two  are  still  to 
be  cast.  janetclarke 

George  Komorowskl  and  Joan  Caldarera  in  Killdeer  rehearsal.  The  play  opens  ,  this  Thursday  night 

12  The  Varsity 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

WALL       "    J*fc>'       ^1  ■ 
HANGINGS    f "                 I   \  \ 

from  around  the  world  VVALL 

t«p«*1rlM,  m»crames,                     "      ..  Vr 

1,      |i        If  ■   |                    W V    TV w>— — ■ * 

■  ■I*         IT  -  MON.-THURS. 

UV           fr                  10  A.M..4  P.M. 
IMPORTED             '                    FRI. — 10  A.M.  9  P.M. 
■  BLANKETS  A  SPECIALTY                SAT.— 9  A.M. -6  P.M.^ 



— presents — 
Richard  Brinsley  Sheridan's 


directed  by  Timothy  McElcheran 
September  27,  28,  29 

October  4, 5,  i  at  8:30  pm. 

in  St.  Mike's  Upper  Brennan  Theatre 
Admission  Free 


University  College's 

First  Weekly  |>|Jg 

to  be  held  every  Friday  night 
in  the  Junior  Common  Room 

(N.W.  corner  of  U.C.'s  Quadrangle) 

dance  to 

provided  by  a  professional  Disc  Jockey 



To  fill  vacancies  on  certain  Committees,  as  follows- 

Departmental        FACULTY  MEMBERS 

^ineArt  General  Committee  (1) 

Hispanic  Studies  General  Committee(l) 

[!nys'C5  General  Committee  (1) 

Erindale  College  General  Committee  (1) 

Note:  Nominations  and  voting  for  General  Committee  are 

restricted  to  Department  named. 

Humanities  only  General  Committee  (3) 

Curriculum  Committee 
Life  Sciences 


General  Committee 
General  Committee 
General  Committee 
General  Committee 
General  Committee 
General  Committee 
Committee  on  Counselling 
Committee  on  Counselling 
Committee  on  Counselling 
Committee  on  Counselling 
Curriculum  Committee  on  Humanities 


University  College 
Victoria  College 
St.  Michael's  College 
New  College 
Innis  College 
Erindale  College 
University  College 
St.  Michael's  College 
Innis  College 
Erindale  College 
Any  College 

r~  3  .    .      „ — ■  ikwiuni  ■wui  1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  ctj  on  num  a  n  it  I  es 
Curriculum  Committee  on  Interdisciplinary  Studies  (3) 
Curriculum  Committee  on  Life  Sciences  (•>) 
Curriculum  Committee  on  Social  Sciences  (1) 
Committeeon  Study  Elsewhere  (3) 

""rLMrtUfT  and,v0,in9  ,or  a"  'hese  positions  are 
restricted  to  the  constituencies  named.  Full-time  students 
nominated  for  a  curriculum  committee  must  be  enrolled  in 
at  least  three  courses  within  "the  group  " 

Nominees  elected  to  the  Counselling  Committee,  the 
Curriculum  Committees  and  the  Committee  on  Study 
Elsewhere  will  automatically  be  seated  on  the  General 


Woodsworth  College                      General  Committee  (1) 

Curriculum  Committeeon  Interdisciplinary  Studies  (1) 

Curriculum  Committeeon  Life  Sciences  (1) 

Curriculum  Committee  on  Physical  Sciences  ( 1 ) 


Now  to  September  30th  inclusive  on  nomination  forms  ob 
.ainable  at  College  and  Faculty  Offices.  Deadline  for  receipt  of 
"■n^^a,ions..4.00.p.m..Monday,  September.  Faculty 
"  mti.  Room  1u9»i"SidfreySmittr  Mall  "   

 '"«"■  •"""»  a  m  ,-i    54u  , 

The  Hard  Part  Begins  mundane, 
not  up  to  Canadian  standards 

It  has  been  a  year  wince  I  saw 
Don  Shebib's  Between  Friends 
but  there  is  a  moment  In  it  that 
still  rings  clear  as  a  bell.  When 
Bonnie  Bedelia  finally  admits 
her  longing  for  her  husband's 
buddy,  she  tells  him,  "I'd  just 
like  a  man  who  could  see 
through  me.  God  knows,  I'm  not 
very  complex."  It  may  not 
survive  in  print,  but  everyone  I 
know  who  saw  the  picture 
remembers  the  line.  It  is  a  plain 
one,  dangerously  plain,  and  it 
may  even  be  a  little  wrong,  but  it 
was  very  moving  and  it  stuck. 

It  comes  to  mind  now  becuase 
of  The  Hard  Part  Begins,  a  new 
Canadian  film,  and  also  becuase 
of  the  ad  for  the  picture,  one  of 
the  rare  ones  placed  in  the 
Varsity  by  movie  companies. 
Between  Friends  had  a  poor, 
amateur  campaign  and  that 
may  be  why  it  didn't  draw.  The 
Hard  Part  Begins  has  a  very 
professional  campaign  with 
dignified  typefaces,  a  lot  of 
copy,  press  quotes  (albeit  from 
Toronto  Calendar,  Chatelaine 
and  Variety)  and  the  layout 
style  used  for  festival  winners. 
"The  critics  are  raving  about 
the  one  Canadian  film  that  says 

rhythm,  sound  and  colour  that 
powers  a  good  line,  that  gives  a 
great  shot  its  extra  shade  of 
ambience,  that  allows  an  in- 
cident to  resound  through  the 
additional  seconds  of  a  slow  edit. 
Shots  of  faces  are  not  enough: 
they  have  to  be  the  right  shots  of 
the  right  faces.  In  a  Hollywood 



The  crh^  are  ratriii  ibist  the 
BieCiHliuniB  till  his  ft  til: 

because  it  allows  plenty  of  space 
for  brilliant  writing  and  a 
brilliant  company.  Here  It  only 
amplifies  the  basic  short- 
coming: the  writer,  photo- 
grapher and  director  have 
nothing  fresh  to  say. 

Nine  times  out  of  ten,  when  I 
dislike  a  movie  it  is  because  its 
makers  have  failed  to  invest  the 
characters  with  as  much  dignity 
as  they  would  give  themselves 
were  the  movie  an 
autobiography.  This  Is  not  he 
problem  with  The  Hard  Part 
Begins.  Donnelly  Rhodes  plays  a 
country  singer  on  the  Ottawa 
valley  circuit  with  the 
uprightness  of  a  Moses,  and  with 
unrejoined  sentiments  like,  "I 
can't  live  my  life  according  to 
other  people's  expectations."  He 
is  a  much  more  righteous  guy 
than  Rip  Torn's  mean  Nashville 
star  in  Payday.  But  Rhodes  has 
nothing  to  mouth  but  cliches, 
and  he  is  surrounded  by  more 
cliches,  faceless  faces  and  ar- 
studio  job,  Bedelia  would  have  b'trary  incidents.  In  Payday, 
said,  "Can't  you  see,  you  big  the  chauffeur  gunsel  and  a 
lunk  I  love  you",  or  she  would  groupie  discuss  how  to  cook  an 
have  rushed  him  wordlessly  to  a  omelette.  In  The  Hard  Part 
swell  of  violins.  In  The  Hard   Begins  Rhodes  and  his  band  talk 


Ad  is  misleading,  review  says. 

an  "  the  ad savs  and  (sir,  Part  Be9ins  she  would  5aV'  "°h  abouf  how  aw,ul  *he  e99*  are  in 
-Th  ■':  ,>La?J  T'  alt  ^     Jim,  I  wish  I  didn't,  but  I  love   a   greasy   spoon.  Payday's 

'This  is  the  one  Canadian  fill 
you're  going  to  tell  your  friends 
. .  .  'Go  see  it!'  " 

Well,  I'm  not  telling  you  that, 
in  fact  I  would  say  the  opposite: 
it  is  a  mundane  movie,  poor  by 
international  standards  and 
equally  poor  by  Canadian 
standards.  It  is  well-meaning 
but  it  fails  because  it  doesn't 
have  a  single  moment  —  not  a 
shot,  not  an  incident,  not  a  line 
—  that  compares  to  Bedelia's  in 
Between  Friends.or  to  any  other 
shots  in  that  movie,  or  in  Mon 
Oncle  Antoine  or  In  any  other 
piece  of  movie  art. 

There  is  a  zen  koan  that, 
before  enlightenment  there  is  a 
mountain,  then  there  isn't,  then 
there  is  again.  I  have  never 
heard  that  put  as  a  statement  of 
aesthetics  and  I  have  never 
come  across  a  rule  that  con- 
vincingly separates  the 
mountain  before  from  the 
mountain  after.  But  there  is 
something,  some  combination  of 
meaning   (and  unmeaning), 


you."  It  is  not  the  phoney  chintz 
of  the  Hollywood  version,  or  of 
the  independent  movies  envying 
Hollywood's  success,  but  it  is  not 
art  either.  It  has  no  line  on  the 

You  can  usually  tell  the  aims 
of  a  movie-maker  by  the  speed 
with  which  he  changes  scenes. 
Contemplative  movies  are  not 
hits  and  a  director  out  for  the 
prize  leaves  as  little  time  bet- 
ween punches  as  he  can.  That  Is 
why  It  is  easy  to  feel  contempt 
towards  something  like  Peter 
Pearson's  Paperback  Hero  and 
why  it  is  hard  not  to  sympathize 
with  John  Hunter  and  Paul 
Lynch  for  The  Hard  Part 
Begins.  But  I  can't  recall  a  film 
since  Le  Bonheur  that  has  so 
studiously  copied  the  right  style 
and  has  so  thoroughly  missed 
the  point.  The  Hard  Part  Begins 
has  the  episodic  structure,  open- 
ended  incidents,  oblique  con- 
versation, leisurely  dissolves, 
but  it  is  an  empty  house.  Cinema 
verite  works  for  Robert  Altman 

y  spoon.-  Payday's 
vignette  was  unlikely  and 
chipper,  The  Hard  Part's  as 
bland  and  unnourishing  as 
drive-in  breakfasts. 

The  comparison  with  Payday 
is  inevitable,  and  it  is  un- 
flattering. Though  flawed,  Daryl 
Duke's  film  had  panache; 
Hunter  and  company  have  good 
intentions.  It  would  be  in- 
structive to  see  both  films  In 
succession,  particularly  their 
opening  scenes,  which  are,  iri 
fact,  the  same:  the  singer  at 
work  in  a  bar,  shot  in  close-up.  If 
an  aesthetic  law  could  be  forged, 
these  scenes  could  serve  as 
evidence.  I  am  convinced  there 
is  such  a  law  because  Payday 
and  Between  Friends  and  Mon 
Oncle  Antoine  are  good  and  The 
Hard  Part  Beings  is  bad.  But  I 
also  bet  that  the  rule  can't  be 
articulated.  At  least,  like 
McCabe,  I'm  not  fool  enough  to 
try  and  write  it  down.  If  you  can 
I  would  like  to  hear  from  you. 
Sincerely.  But  I  have  to  come  up 
short .  bob  bossin 

Harry  and  Tonto:  a  man  and  his  cat 

Ultimately,  the  success  or 
failure  of  a  movie  lies  with  the 
director.  The  big  decisions  are 
all  his.  Ittakesa  competent  man 
to  produce  a  work  of  art. 

Paul  Mazursky  (Bob  and 
Carol  and  Ted  and  Alice,  Blume 
in  Love)  has  made  all  the  right 
decisions  in  Harry  and  Tonto, 
which  premieres  tonight  at  the 
Hyland.  The  result  is  touching, 
funny,  realistic,  enjoyable 

The  script,  written  by 
Mazursky  and  Josh  Greenfeld, 
tells  the  story  of  a  retired 
professor  living  in  a  rapidly 
deteriorating  part  of  New  York. 
When  his  apartment  block  Is 


demolished,  Harry  and  his 
ginger  cat  Tonto  are  forced  into 
the  world.  What  follows  is  a 
cross  country  search  for  a  new 

Art  Carney  has  played  many 
leads  on  Broadway.  But  this  is  a 
debut  of  sorts;  Carney  is  like 
George  C.  Scott  who  has  worked 
for  years,  but  who  has  received 
recognition  only  recently. 
Carney  will  be  getting  plenty  of 
that  soon.  He  plays  Harry  with 
conviction  and  wit.  We  laugh 
and  cry  at  his  command,  but 
never  get  the  feeling  of  being 

Tonto,  playing  himself,  Is  the 
epitome  of  the  cat  that  walked 
by  himself.  With  his  catnip 
mouse  and  the  bell  on  his  collar, 
he  becomes  a  cat  archetype. 

The  supporting  cast  is 
brilliant.  They  cover  American 
society  in  a  nut  shell  —  from 
macrobiotic  dieters  through 
hookers  to  aging  swingers. 

We  also  see  the  alternatives 
open  to  the  old.  The  visit  to  the 
old  age  home,  unlike  many 
familiar  shots  of  such  scenes,  is 
full  of  activity  and  sunlight.  Yet 
no  attempt  is  made  to  cover  up 
the  physical  and  psychological 
ravaging  of  time. 
tiftjU  Csnti's-jDn5ifl|isAdef,injt9()( 
B.  ^^WcWPiflstseweslrtus^js 


used  to  paint  moods  but  It  is 
never  overused. 

Michael  Butler's  photography 
catches  the  cities  and  the  fields 
as  they  are,  and  at  times  that  is 
enough  to  satirize  or  charac- 
terize the  particular  episode 
that  is  developing. 

Harry  and  Tonto  is  an 
energetic,  optimistic  film, 
presenting  a  challenging  ap- 
proach to  living  —  instead  of 
isolating  himself  through  fear 
from  the  world  around  him, 
Harry  faces  his  environment 
and  his  future  with  openness  and 

You've  got  to  a_dnw§  birrisav, 
nletiM  wollot  ot  eei'rVnWSFrr* 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

The  Vanity  13 

we'll  malt  pi  a 
sound  promise,...and  Keep  it 

Jerry  Jeff  Walker  pleases 

Any  show  that  opens  on  time 
and  begins  with  the  ridiculous 
antics  of  Joe  Mendelson  has  two 
plusses  going  for  it.  Add  to  it  the 
musical  presence  of  Jerry  Jeff 
Walker  and  you've  got  a  fine 
evening.  And  that  was  the  story 
last  Friday  for  SAC's  Jerry  Jeff 
Walker  show. 

Mendelson,  garbed  in  a  white 
institutional  cloak  spattered 
with  blood,  and  wearing  a  white 
hard  hat,  carried  the  audience 
through  a  set  of  strangely 
comical  numbers  with  tities  like 
'I  want  to  be  Your  Microphone', 
and  'I  Think  I'm  Losing  My 
Marbles',  his  old  Mainline  tune. 
His  music  varied  in  volume 
from  the  almost  inaudible  to  the 
uncomfortably  distorted,  but  at 
all  times  it  was  used  effectively 
in  his  Martin  Mull-type  act. 

Walker,  fronting  a  seven  man 
band  known  as  the  Lost  Gonza 
Band  parlayed  through  recent 
tunes  and  older  favourites  with  a 
spirited  gusto.  The  band,  which 
featured  Walker  on  rhythm 
guitar,  was  entirely  electric, 
and  included  two  guitars,  bass, 
organ,  synthesizer,  piano 
(acoustic),  reed  player,  and 
drums.  The  reed  player  in 
particular  was  a  nice  feature,  as 
he  added  a  dimension  that  would 
otherwise  be  taken  by  the 
missing  steel  guitarist. 

The  band  offered  Walker  a 
chance  to  give  rather  interesting 
arrangements  to  tunes  like  'L.A. 
Freeway'  and  'London 
Homesick  Blues',  two  of  his 
better  tunes.  However  It  added 
little  to  the  song  that  made  him 
famous,  'Mr.  Bojangles'.  Here  a 
completely  acoustic 
arrangement  would  have  been 

Joe  Mendelson,  in  his  Martin  Mull  type  act,  at  SAC's  concert 
last  week. 


His  voice  throughout  the 
concert  was  rather  surprising 
for  me  at  least,  as  with  the 
exception  of  'Boiangles',  he 
employed  it  in  a  very  low  but 
deep  range,  somewhat 
reminiscent  of  a  clear-throated 

Kris  Kristofferson.  The  crowd 
was  well  pleased  though  with  the 
set,  and  brought  him  back  for  a 
short  encore  that  ended  with  a 
most  dynamic  rendition  of  'Will 
The  Circle  Be  Unbroken',  a  most 
fitting  ending. 

rob  bennett 

Luciano:  an  unexpected  failure 

A  glance  at  the  newspaper  ads 
for  Lucky  Luciano  would  lead 
you  to  believe  that  it's  just 
another  run-of-the-mill  gangster 
movie  produced  to  meet  the 
growing  needs  of  the  world's 
population  of  arm  chair  mob- 
sters. But  on  days  when  the 
credits  are  given,  a  second 
glance  reveals  that  the  film 
stars  Gian  Maria  Volonte  and 
that  it  was  directed  by  Fran- 
cesco Rosl  —  none  other,  that  is, 

cliches  that  auteur  theorists  will 
be  calling  heroic  individualism 
and  violent  lyricism  ten  years 
from  now.  But  while  the 
characters  are  not  stereo-typed 
gangster  toughs,  they  never 
become  fully  dimensional.  And 
the  plot,  though  not  a  feature- 
length  montage  of  various  forms 
of  anti-social  behaviour,  lacks 
depth  and  subtlety  not  to 
mention  the  organic  self 
development   of   one  event 

Lucky  Luciano  looks  at  the  handiwork  of  his  hired  guns. 

than  the  star  and  the  director  of 
The  Mattei  Affair:  a  brilliant 
movie  about  the  head  of  the 
Italian  state-owned  petroleum 
corporation  who  died  in  a  plane 
crash  likely  engineered  by 
American  oil  interests  or  the 
Mafia  or  any  combination 
thereof.  As  It  turns  out, 
however.  Lucky  Luciano  is 
neither  a  Spaghetti  gangster 
movie  nor  a  politically  oriented 
art  film. 

Lucky  Luciano  really 
shouldn't  be  thought  of  as  a 
gangster  movie  at  all.  The  only 
thing  It  has  in  common  with 
other  gangster  movies  Is  its 
subject  matter.  It  is  played 
neither  for  violence  nor  for 
cheap  thrills  nor  for  the  fascist 
creating  another. 
fhefllM  tries  to  follow  certain 

events  in  the  career  of  Lucky 
Luciano  and,  in  so  doing,  to 
expose  the  wider  political 
structure  which  enables  and 
even  encourages  the  Mafia  to 
flourish.  This  political  structure 
is  revealed  mainly  through  the 
continually  frustrated  efforts  of 
the  Bureau  of  Narcotics'  Charlie 
Siragusa  to  nail  Luciano.  But 
Siragusa's  scenes,  such  as  the 
one  in  which  he  talks  to  his 
commissioner  (played  by 
Edmond  O'Brien)  are  usually 
pitifully  contrived  to  convey 
information.  And  Luciano's 
scenes,  never  properly  in- 
terwoven with  the  ones  In  which 
Siragusa  appears,  contribute 
little  to  our  knowledge  of  him. 

From  time  to  time  we  do  see 
the  skiH -with 'which  Rosi  could 
havO'dVreeterd -this  *nov)e>'*fitf  H 

is,  interestingly  enough,  in 
scenes  which  voice  a  distinc- 
tively anti-imperialist  sen- 
timent. The  best  of  these 
moments  has  Vito  Genovese,  a 
Mafia  chief  who  was  a  top  ad- 
viser to  the  American  army  in 
Italy,  talking  to  an  American 
colonel  who  is  currently 
sweeping  across  Italy  with  his 
divisions.  The  mobster,  who  has 
the  colonel  wrapped  around  his 
finger,  listens  to  him  talk  about 
how  he  wants  the  Italian  people 
to  receive  the  benefits  of  the 
massive  aid  that  the  US  is 
pouring  into  the  country.  It  is 
Italy,  1944,  and  they  are  talking 
in  a  huge  hall  converted  into  an 
American  officers'  club  where 
truckloads  of  Italian  women, 
brought  in  to  dance  with 
American  officers,  are  con- 
suming cokes  and  Hershey  bars 
and  worrying  that  their 
boyfriends  will  kill  them  if  they 
find  out  that  they've  been  with 
the  Americans  again.  The  whole 
scene  is  beautifully  played  as  a 
metaphor  for  the  Americani- 
zation of  Europe  that  was  to 
occur  under  the  Marshall  plan. 

But  aside  from  these  few 
scenes  the  film  has  little  to 
recommend  itself  artistically. 
Even  the  acting,  which  you 
would  expect  to  be  great,  is  not: 
so  limited  are  the  actors  by  the 
shallowness  of  their  roles.  As 
Luciano,  Gian  Maria  Volonte 
does  manage  to  look  good  but 
that's  because  he's  Gian  Maria 
Volonte.  As  Gian  Giannini,  Rod 
Steiger  does  even  better  but 
that's  because  he's  Rod  Steiger 
and  knows  how  to  speak  English 
and  hasn't  had  his  English 
dialogue  dubbed  by  someone 
with  a  Brooklyn  accent. 
Edmond  O'Brien  Is  just  a  foil  for 
Charlie  Siragusa  and  Charlie 
Siragusa  is  played  by  the  real 
life  Charlie  Siragus  who, 
somehow,  still  manages  to  be 
miscast  in  the  rp\e.{ 

murray  teitel 


Guarantees  are  backed  by  our  large  service 


(Pioneer,  Sony,  Dual,  Kenwood,  Zenith, 
Grundig,  Sherwood,  Sansui) 
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420  Bathurst  St.  (south  of  College  St.  phone  920-6700) 

U  of  T  JACKETS 

Choice  of:  leather,  melton  or 
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Come  on  in  to  check  out  our  prices  and  see  the  money  you  will  save 
(club  &  team  jackets  at  reduced  prices) 


ve  heard  of  word-of-moutM 
but  this  is  ridiculous. 

"HAROLD  AND  MAUDE",  a  nice  little  movie  comedy  that 
arrived  without  much  fanfare,  is  starting  its  third  year  at  the 
Westgate  Theatre  in  Minneapolis.  Third  year,  not  third  week. 

What  accounts  for  such  a  phenomenal  success  is  hard 
to  say.  "HAROLD  AND  MAUDE"  received  good  reviews,  true,  but 
it  started  slowly.  And  began  to  build.  And  build.  And  build. 
One  person  told  another  person  and  now  "HAROLD  AND  MAUDE" 
has  become  a  cult  movie.  One  fan  in  Minneapolis  has  seen  il 
1 38  times.  He  is  a  "HAROI  D  AND  MAIIDF"  frfiak,  as  arn  many 
pooiilo  in  Minneapolis  and  Itohml  and  All.1nt.-1,  wlminvm  Hit', 
tunny,  ImiiIoi  iiinuin  aliuul  I  wo  piiupln  who  lovo  life  will  (Imilli 
(iquiilly  |il;iys.  , 

hfcu  "Hilly  liich"  iiml  "Wiilkinj.:  I. ill  ,  wlm  li  win  11  iiImj 
discuveied  in  the  Midwest  mid  lieciiinii  Iwo  ol  Hit:  lii^-ir.l  ijill 
movies  ever,  "HAROLD  AND  MAUUf "  is  a  movie  Hint  iueins  In 
mean  something  to  all  kinds  ol  people,  Norn  college  kids  to  uvei 
thirties  to-anybody. 

Now  it  comes  to  Toronto,  and  you  can  join  the  rest  of 
the  country  in  the  love  affair  they're  carrying  on  with  two  very 
unusual  and  wonderful  people,  "HAROLD  AND  MAUDE". 

Paramount  FV: lures  Presents 



With  Songs  by 



Open  5.-30  at  6:00,  8:00.  10:00  SAI.  &  SUN,  ot  2:00,  4:00.  6:00,  8:00.  10:00  . 


GAY  TEACHER  has  house  to  share 
with  quiet,  neat  male  student.  Own 
room.  S100  month.  Eglinton-Yonge  486- 

PRODUCTION  of  Michel  Tremblay's 
Hosanna  at  Global  Village  Theatre,  17 
St.  Nicholas  St.  until  Oct.  6 only  —  Then 
Broadway— no  kidding.  Reservations 
964-0035,  Student  Rush  $2.00 

"A  heart  pounding  tour  de  force" 
Whittaker  Globe.  "The  performances 
are,  as  they  would  have  to  be,  in- 
credible." Kareda,  Star, 
Peter  Madden  is  a  play  about  prison 
and  betrayal.  Written  by  a  guy  who  is 
J4and  has  spent  20  years  in  prison.  It's 
funny,  rough,  and  real.  Tarragon 
Theatre,  30  Bridgman  Ave.  Bathurst  & 
Dupont.  531-1827.  Previews  start  Sept 
28.  Opening  Oct.  2. 

RECEPTIONIST  fluent  in  Italian,  neat 
appearance,  pleasant  personality,  for 
Saturdays  only,  9-5.  Phone  654-8591 

WHY  FREEZE?  Recycled  fur  coats, 
jackets  and  stoles  USED  from  $10.00, 
New  from  $99.00.  Excellent  selection. 
PAUL  MAGDER  FURS,  202  Spadina 
Ave.  (between  Queen  and  Dundas)  363- 
6077  Mon.  to  Sat.  9-6  Thurs  and  Frl.  'til 
9  pm. 


Specializing  in  getting  you  over  those 
first-year  hurdles — over  35  years  of 
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Tutoring  638-4674. 

THEStS,  ESSAYS,  experienced  typing 
on  IBM  Executive  Typewriters.  Gal 
Friday  Secretarial  Services.  364-7511. 
69  FIAT,  124  Spider  5  speed,  converti- 
ble, uncertified.  $700.00.  Call  levegs. 

typing  —  Term  papers,  essays, 
theses  etc.  Phone  Mrs.  Douglas  491- 

LOST  Sept.  12  pair  of  glasses,  plastic 
frame,  brown  tinted  lens,  in  brown 
case.  Lost  between  Spadina,  Harbord 
area  and  MSB  call  Shale  783-2139  after 
6:00  p.m. 

BEGGARS  BANQUET  International 
vegetarian  restaurant,  325  Queen  West 
at  Beverly.  Lunch  12:00-2:30,  Mon.- 
Fri.;  Dinner  6:00-10:00,  Tue.-Sat. 
Entertainment  every  evening.  366-4147 


Top  quality  from  $19.00.  Many  like 
new.  All  types  of  furs.  Also  new  coats 
from  $99.00.  Furs  by  Shapiro,  3364 
Yonge  St.,  481  9690 

character  folk  dances  provided  by 
Russian  teacher,  moderate  fees.  Tel. 
922-6376.  Bloor-Spadina  area. 

BOARD  ONLY  provided  for  few 
students.  Packed  lunches,  supper.  6 
days  weekly  $24.00.  Tel.  922-6376 

A  NICE  SINGLE  ROOM  Is  available  at 
discount  rate.  Please  call  Emil  at  651- 

OPEN  PARTY— 8:00  p.m.  Saturday 
Sept.  28,  at  Phi  Delta  Theta  fraternity, 
165  St.  George  St.,  2  blocks  north  of 

FOUND— a  set  of  keys,  on  the  lawn  in 
front  of  Sig  Sam  library,  on  Sept.  19 
Call  Marv  at  928-5014 

McG ILL  WEEKEND:  Round  trip  train  - 
ride  $28.50.  Leaves  Toronto  4:30  p.m. 
Oct.  4;  Montreal  Sunday,  Oct.  6  11:30 
a.m.  Tickets  available  at  the  Engineer- 
ing Stores  'til  September  30.  What's  it 
all  about:  Phone  Radio  Varsity  and 
request-  Mc.QUt  Train  ,  Bluesy  on 
J~GLM,<.B,  _8low^. album..  .  _  .    .  _  .J 

14  The  Varsity 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 


442-444  Spadina  Ave.  (south  of  college) 
-    961  5554 

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Student  special  —  15%  off  on  meals  (excluding  liquor) 
if  accompanied  by  this  ad 
(limited  time  only) 

also  businessmen's  luncheon  90c 




S14-SKYongMt.  024-0082 
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All  Shopping  Contra*  opon  dally  until  0:10  p.m. 





:  260 Kmg St W.  ■     mcwciMOHm.irji    •  36342112 1 

Exclusive  Engagement  Prior  To  Broadway 


as  John  Aubrey 



-  toNoovs  c*rrwiON  theathe 


"Brief  ljvet,"  W  Hoy  Doirice's  triumph.  An  aclnr  of  total 
intensity.  Brilliant! 

Cfiir  Barnes.  New  York  Times 
**One  of  the  great  acting  performances  of  our  lime.*' 

The  Sun 

"A  startling  feat  of  imaginative  creation." 

The  Times 

"A  masterly  performance  which  held  Princess  Margaret 
and  Lord  Snowdon  enthralled." 

Daily  Mirwr 
Box  Office  Now  Open  II  a.m,  to  9  p.m 
Mail  Orders  Accepted 

Mon.  thru  Sat.  Evo>  8:30  p 

W«f.  &  Sot  Mill.  2:30  P  rr 

J7.50       S7.S0  M.00 

Eaton's  Ticket  Office  Phone  8.  Charge  364-6487 

GROUP  ORDERS  CALL  364-0597 


double  hi 
Rare  treat 

One-act  operas  are  fragile 
creatures.  They  reflect  the  less 
gargantuan  aspects  of  an  art 
form  usually  characterized  as 
"Grand"  Opera.  In  a  world 
where  the  financial  realities  of 
opera  production  usually  turn 
their  collective  thumbs  down  on 
all  but  the  crowd-pleasers,  one- 
acters,  rarely  see  the  light  of 

So,  when  the  Canadian  Opera 
Company  announced  that  one  of 
its  six  programs  would  be  a 
double  bill  of  one-acters,  ears 
perked  up  throughout  the  opera 
biz.  And,  when  it  was  announced 
that  the  operas  would  be  Bar- 
tok's  "Blue  beard's  Castle"  and 
Ravel's  L'Heure  Espagnol", 
jaws  dropped  in  disbelief. 

Ravel?  Bartok?  Why  not  stick 
with  the  only  two  one-act  jobs 
that  can  be  counted  on  to  suc- 
ceed financially:  "Cavalleria 
Rusticana"  and  "I  Pagliacci"? 
Herman  Geiger-Torel,  that's 

Mr.  Torel,  the  COC's  artistic 
director,  doesn't  exactly  abhor 
the  convention,  but  it's  safe  to 
say  he's  had  enough  of  the 
potboilers.  After  all,  the  season 
lineup  includes  three  Standards: 
Carmen,  Faust  and  La  Traviata 
—  so  why  not  take  a  chance? 
Happily,  the  financial  powers 
that  be  in  the  COCO  head  office 
aquiesced,  and  the  double  bill 
was  on. 

Bluebeard's  Castle  is 
frequently  billed  as  a 
"psychological"  opera,  one  that 
tries  to  make  its  points  with  the 
subtleties  of  music  rather  than 
the  broad  gestures  of  Big  Action. 
The  story  is  an  adaptation  of  the 
old  French  legend:  Prince 
Bluebeard  brings  his  new  bride 
Judith  to  his  castle,  the  fourth 
such  bride  to  cross  the 

She  has  left  her  family  and 
beloved  to  run  off  with  the 
sullen,  brooding  man,  banking 
on  the  splendors  of  his  kingdom. 
Once  in  the  castle,  she  sees 
seven  doors,  each  sealed  shut. 

With  much  persuasion,  she 
gets  one  key  after  another  from 
Bluebeard.  The  first  door  opens 
to  reveal  the  torture  chamber. 
Even  though  th  the  walls  glow 
red  with  blood,  she  sings  that 
she  is  not  afraid. 

Doors  two  through  five  open  to 
reveal  Bluebeard's  Armoury, 
Treasury,  Garden  and 
Kingdom.  Each  reveals  greater 
splendors,  but  after  a  moment, 
each  glows  red  with  blood. 

Bluebeard  begs  her  not  to 
open  the  sixth,  but  Judith  does, 
and  reveals  the  world's  tears. 
Finally,  under  great  duress,  he 
surrenders  the  last  key.  Out 
walk  the  Prince's  three  previous 

"You  were  the  most 
beautiful"  mourns  Bluebeard  as 
he  cloaks  her  in  a  robe  and 
places  a  crown  on  her  head.  She 
follows  the  other  wives  back 
through  the  door,  leaving  him 
utterly  alone. 

Bluebeard  is  just  a  two-person 
show:  Claude  Corbeil 
(Bluebeard)  and  Lyn  Vernon 
(Judith)  were  in  fine  voice. 
Bartok's  original  Hungarian 
script  has  been  translated  into 
English,  but  the  lack  of  syllabic 
uniformity  with  English  left  the 
words  a  little  stilted  at  times. 

If  there  were  any  flaws  in  the 
lyrics,  though,  two  factors  more 
than  made  up  the  difference:  the 
orchestra  and  the  sets.  Bartok  is 
a  challenge  for  the  TSO,  and 
they  rose  to  meet  it.  Rarely  have 
f  heard  such  vibrantly  exciting 

Bluebeard's  Castle:  Claude  Corbeil  as  Bluebeard,  Lyn  Vernon  wife. 

sounds  emanate  from  the 
O'Keefe  pit. 

But  the  crowning  touch  to  this 
hour-long  piece  had  to  be  the 
sets.  Using  a  variety  of  scrims, 
projections,  lighting  effects  and 
fantastically  inventive  costumes 
for  the  two  singers,  this  opera 
had  visual  punch  and  endless 

Bluebeard,  despite  its  many 
merits,  isn't  a  fun-fest.  It  ends 
on  a  decidedly  gloomy  note. 


L'Heure  Espagnol  is  just 
what's  needed  to  raise  your 
spirits.  The  story  isn't  .nearly  as 
complex:  a  clockmaker's  wife  in 
Toledo  longs  for  her  husband  to 
leave  on  his  rounds  winding  the 
municipal  clocks  so  that  she  can 
entertain  her  lover.  (It's  the 
only  chance  she  gets  all  week.) 

In  turn,  she's  wooed  by  a 
businessman,  a  muleteer  who 
stops  off  to  get  his  watch  fixed 
and  her  slightly  bewildered 
lover,  much  in  the  vein  of  the 
classic  French  farces. 

With  Gwenlynn  Little  as  the 
clock  maker's  wife,  not  much 
can  go  wrong.  Little  is  a  fine 
singer  and  an  even  better  ac- 
tress, with  a  marvellous  sense  of 
comedy  timing.  Alan  Crofoot 

(the  clockmaker),  Avo  Kittask 
(the  Muleteer),  Emile  Belcourt 
(the  poet-lover)  and  Peter  Milne 
(the  businessman)  all  bask  in 
Little's  light,  but  are  never  at  a 
loss  to  match  her  sense  of  fun. 

As  if  a  work  with  this  much 
going  for  it  needed  help,  the 
orchestra  gave  its  all.  Ravel, 
like  Bartok,  is  rare  stuff  in  the 
opera  house,  and  the  chance  to 
luxuriate  in  it  must  have  in- 
spired the  musicians  to  greater 
heights.  But  make  no  mistake 
about  it  —  Ravel  is  never  easy 
music  to  play,  and  it's  a  tribute 
to  conductor  Thomas  Blum  that 
the  players  were  so  accurate, 
both  in  this  and  the  Bartok. 

And  finally,  there  was  the 
incredible  set,  designed  by 
Marie  Day.  L'Heure  was  worth 
seeing  for  its  mad,  whirling 
clocks  alone.  Literally 
everything  moves,  close  to 
a  hundred  clock  hands,  pen- 
dulums, gears,  .  cuckoos 
(cuckolds?)  and  bells.  Amazing. 

Wednesday  night  was  the  last 
performance  for  the  season  of 
this  superb  double  bill,  a 
program  that  combined  drama 
with  magnificently-done  light 
comedy.  Congrats,  Mr.  Torel,  an 
all-out  artistic  artistic  success.  I 
only  hope  you  did  as  well  at  the 
box  office. 

david  basskin 


Although  the  material  of  realism  is  to  be  found  in  the 
everyday,  it  is  often  manipulated  to  disturbing  ends  —  as  can 
be  seen  at  the  current  realism  exhibition  at  Yorkville's 
Gallery  Moos. 

Size  inflation  seems  to  be  a  favoured  technique  of  a  number 
of  the  artists.  Giant  heads  and  great  slabs  of  human  flesh 
literally  pulsate  through  the  room. 

Distortion  or  accentuation  of  colour,  as  in  Audrey  Flack's 
neon  "Strawberry  Tart",  also  makes  for  a  kind  of  pop  art 
realism  in  contrast  to  the  sedate  yet  often  sinister  "magic" 
realism  exemplified  by  Ken  Danby. 

"Contemporary  Spanish  Graphics"  at  Gallery  Dresdnere, 
130  Bloor  St.  W.,  does  not  echo  the  current  North  American 
appetite  for  realism. 

The  power  of  the  imagination  and  the  supposedly  more 
profound  reality  of  what  it  is  able  to  make  true,  form  the  basis 
of  surrealism,  which  is  both  an  historical  movement  and  a  way 
of  looking  at  the  world. 

Most  striking  is  the  work  of  the  surrealist,  Enrico  Baj,  whose 
colourfully  sparkling  mixed  media  graphics  bounce  their 
complexity  with  a  childlike  and  spontaneous  air  of 

Baj  makes  fun  of  the  pomp  and  regalia  of  the  military  while 
exploiting  the  decorative  effects  his  lively  treatment  of  motifs 
from  Picasso  and  Seurat  is  also  interesting. 

The  master  of  the  Spanish  print  makers,  the  surrealist  Joan 
Miro,  (whose  fabulous  exhibit  at  the  Albert  White  Gallery  is 
just  finishing,)  and  several  generations  disciples  reflect  the 
continuity  and  heritage  in  the  Barcelona  school  of  artists. 

An  interest  in  texture  and  the  effective  use  of  black  — 
characteristic^  Spanish  —are  combined  In  the  works  of  Clave 
and  Tapies  with  an  almost  complete  abstraction  of  form. 

Both  these  exhibitions  continue  into  next  week. 
-  b-.)iM  )o  .-.Bt-isup  pnivil  ail'    ij'o  9rit  ,o-.'>Silt&n,W£lca,)<,- 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  is 

1837  sincere,  from  the  Boyne  glib 

Two  Canadian  history  plays, 
1837,  The  Farmers  Revolt,  and 
From  the  Boyne  to  Batoche, 

share  a  politically-committed 
viewpoint  showing  the  ex- 
ploitation of  the  workingman  by 
a  government  establishment, 
the  first  is  a  collectively 
created  production  from 
Theatre  Passe  Muraille, 
scripted  by  on-the-spot 
playwright  Rich  Salutin,  and  the 
second  is  a  group  ensemble 
work  from  Toronto  Workshop 
Productions,  written  by  Steven 
Bush  and  Rick  McKenna. 

1837  is  a  finely-honed  and 
gripping  production  that 
amalgamates  history  and 
politics  with  an  immediate  sense 
of  human  emotions.  From  the 
Boyne  to  Batoche  is  a  barrage  of 
circus-like  fanfare  dealing  with 
so  many  bits  and  pieces  of 
history  and  politics  that  the 
people  get  lost  in  the  mania. 

The  Passe  Muraille  produc- 
tion selects  its  images  with  care, 
building  them  around  the 
people.  Each  element  of  ex- 
ternal importance  is  shown  in 
the  context  of  its  human 
significance;  so  that  a  corduroy 
road  or  trail  gains  meaning 
from  the  settler  walking  en- 
dlessly along  it,  trees  becomes 
accentuated  because  farmers 
must  chop  them  down  in  a 
grueling  fight  for  land  and  mud 
because  people  almost  drown  in 

The  build-up  of  these 
humanistic  details  lays  the 
ground-work  for  a  fuller  ex- 
ploration of  the  farmer's 
political  fight  with  the  Family 
Compact  and  the  elitist  Upper 
Canada  government  of  Sir 
Francis  Bondhead. 


The  first  half  of  the  play 
combines  a  sardonic  look  at  the 
prejudices  of  the  day  with 
humorous,  tender  sketches  of 
the  homesteaders.  A 
charicaiure  of  Susanna  Moodle, 
played  a  la  Dame  Edith  Evans, 
histrionically  mocks  the  upper 
class  English  woman  in  the 
swamps,  but  a  muted  study  of  a 
settler  meeting  his  mail-order 
bride  for  the  first  time  returns 
us  to  the  more  important  per- 
ceptions of  the  play. 

Throughout  the  interchange  of 
roles  which  constantly  shift  the 
focus  of  the  stage  action,  this 
couple  re-appears  several 
times.  Against  them  we  can 
measure  the  full  impact  of  the 
political  turmoil  on  ordinary 
folk.  And  their  separation  in  the 
second  half  of  the  play  is  in- 
tegrated with  the  defeat  of 
William  Lyon  McKenzieand  his 
rebels  in  the  march  against 

This  play  never  loses  sight  of 
its  central  viewpoint;  that  of  the 
oppressed  farmers  in  a  land 
they  are  struggling  to  make 
their  own. 

The  TWP  play  seems  to  im- 
pose its  people  on  pre- 
constructed  symbols  and  ex- 
traneous trappings.  Rather  than 
starting  with  human  reality  and 
working  towards  external 
images  it  goes  the  other  way 
around.  Some  of  them  are 
stunning,  albeit  mystifying,  but 
they  do  little  to  personalize  the 
intricacies  of  plot.  This  story  of 
Catholic-Protestant  conflict  in 
Ireland  (the  river  Boyne)  which 
becomes  part  of  the  racial- 
nationalist  government  conflict 

in  Canada  (at  Batoche)  never 
focuses  for  long  on  any  one  in- 
dividual. It  remains  remarkably 
emotionally  detached  from  its 


Thomas  Scott,  a  belligerent, 
ininerant  workingman,  appears 
to  be  the  object  of  concern.  The 
play  follows  him  from  his 
initiation  as  an  Orangeman  in 
Ireland  to  his  embroilment  in 
Orangemen  efforts  to  overthrow 
Louis  Riel's  Provisional 
Government  in  Canada.  He  is 
captured  and  ordered  shot  by 
Riel  who  himself  soon  falls 
victim  to  government  duplicity. 

But  only  in  the  scene  when 
Thomas  Scott  and  Louis  Riel 
discover  that  they  are  in  fact 
spiritual  brothers  does  this  play 
seem  finally  to  find  its  point.  The 
image  of  Riel  with  the  "last 
spike"  of  the  government's 
railway  (not  Pierre  Berton's  ) 
driven  through  his  heart  is 
powerful  indeed. 

Although  symbolically 
suggestive  and  visually  en- 
tertaining, From  the  Boyne  to 
Batoche  suffers  from  an  over- 
accumulation  of  detail  and  a 
viewpoint  so  multi-represen- 
tative that  there  is  nothing  and 
no-one  to  guide  us  through  the 

1837  keeps  us  closely  con- 
nected to  its  people  but  From  the 
Boyne  to  Batoche  never  even 
really  lets  us  know  who  they  are. 
One  is  life  revived  through 
symbolic  history  and  the  other  is 
symbolic  history  revived  with 
artificial  respiration. 

Sandra  souchotte 

Subtly  sadistic, 
brilliantly  executed 

Richard  Fltzpatrick  and  Bob  Derner  in  the  dress  rehearsal  of  "A  Lime  in  the  Morming". 

"It's  so  cruel" 
audience  member  on  'Hosanna' 

Not  half  as  cruel  as  A  Lime  in 
the  Morning  (at  the  Toronto 
Centre  for  the  Arts  until  Oct.  19). 

As  the  drag  queen  and  his 
lover  hack  each  other  apart,  you 
feel  that  it  has  all  happened 
before  and  that  it  will  continue. 
Both  men  play  the  game  by  the 

But  Des  McAnuff's  bum  living 
in  the  sewers  is  involved  in  a 
game  with  a  psychopath.  And 
there  are  no  rules  as  the  younger 
man,  in  an  attempt  to  ursurp  the 
old  man's  space,  systematically 
destroys  the  fantasies  of  the  old 
man.  When  this  doesn't  work,  he 
begins  to  attack  him  physically. 
The  audience  is  deadly  silent 

Bob  Dermer  gives  a  brilliant 
performance  as- 'Mica,  the  old 

Newfoundland  acoholic.  His 
gestures,  even  his  fingernails, 
are  perfect  for  the  role.  He 
grabs  our  sympathy  and  holds 
on  tight.  Mica  can  be  seen  on 
any  park  bench  in  Toornto,  and 
since  we  shy  away  from  these 
men,  the  play  satisfies  the 
voyeur  in  most  of  us. 

Richard  Fitzpatrick  plays  the 
psychopath  in  such  a  way  that 
the  audience  knows,  definitely 
knows,  that  he  is  a  psychopath. 
At  points  I  could  predict  what  he 
would  say  next.  But  as  the  play 
progresses,  his  sinister  purpose 
takes  over,  and  no  one  can 
predict  what  will  actually 

In  set  design,  the  show  is 
unsurpassed  in  originality  and 
execution.  Bruno  Hacquebard 
has  designed  a  life  size  sewer, 
cut  away  on  one  side  to  reveal 
the  living  quarters  of  Mica  — : 

cluttered  with  'big  garbage 
finds/— an  old  mattress,  a  milk 
crate,  a  store  mannequin. 

The  bugs  had  not  been  ironed 
out  in  the  sound  department  at 
the  preview  and  the  lighting  was 
at  times  abrupt.  That  could  |ust 
have  been  preview  fitters. 

McAnuff  also  composed  and 
recorded  the  two  songs  used  in 
the  show,  which  were  as  good  as 
the  script  itself. 
And  he's  only  21 ! 
Danny  Jellis  on  special  effects 
deserves  praise.  The  scenes 
with  the  catfood  lid  are 
horrifying,  and  realistic  to  the 
edge  of  queasiness.  But  all  to  the 
point.  If  the  sight  of  blood 
doesn't  bother  you,  and  if  you've 
always  wondered  where  the  old 
men  go  at  night,  don't  miss  A 
Lime  in  the  Morning. 

janet  clarke 


Fashions  for 
and  Evening 

Shirts  -  from  11.00 
Skirts  -  from  16.00 
Pants  -  from  16.00 
Sweaters  -  from  10.00 
Belts  -  from  6.00 
Scarf  &  Hat  sets  -  from  9.00 
Gowns  -  from  32.50 

Above  J.  T.  Aggett  Plumbing  at  9  Davenport  Rd.  (at  Yonge) 
Phone  925-6114 








16  The  Varsity 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 


This  is  the  week  that  Pauline  "Kael 
returns  to  the  New  Yorker  Magazine,  so 
you  will  be  excused  reading  our  com- 
ments further.  And  you  need  wonder  no 
more  what  Martin  Knelman  may  think  o 
this  or  that:  read  it  first  in  The  New 
Yorker.  Kael  is  the  acknowledged  dean 
of  film  criticism,  and  the  greatest  movie 
critic  since  Agee.  No,  including  Agee.  As 
well  she  is  one  of  the  great  essayists  in 
the  language. 

One  of  her  best  pieces  cut  open  Stanley 
Kubrick's  Clockwork  Orange.  "Don't 
people  notice",  Kael  asked,"  that  the 
attempted  rape  in  the  abandoned  theatre 
is  totally  gratuitous  and  there  strictly  to 
turn  on  the  audience?"  We  didn't  mind 
the  movie  ali  that  much,  enjoying  its 
extrapolation  of  bourgeois  design.  But 
we  bow  to  Kael.  Clockwork  Orange  is 
coupled  with  Lindsay  Anderson's 
superior  fantasy  O  Lucky  Man!,  at  the 
Kensington  through  Sunday. 

Also  this  Friday  the  Revue  finishes  its 
run  of  The  Conversation,  in  which 
Francis  Ford  Coppola  presents  his 
extrapolation  on  contemporary  horror. 
With  Deep  End. 

And  this  weekend,  St.  Mike's  shows 
the  second  half  of  one  of  the  best  movies 
ever  made,  Jan  Troell's  The  New  Land. 
It  is  better  to  see  The  Emigrants  first, 
although  The  New  Land  more  than 
stands  up  on  its  own.  Film  enthusiasts 
might  go  just  to  see  the  technical  per- 
fection of  the  film-maker's  tasks.  But  be 
warned:  it  is  a  long  movie  and  the  SMC 
seats  are  hard,  Sunday,  St.  Mike's  shows 
Bob  Rafelson's  Five  Easy  Pieces,  the 
most  successful  of  the  Jack  Nicholson 
series  of  pictures  that  includes  Easy 
Rider,  Drive,  He  Said  and  The  King  of 
Marvin  Gardens.  Five  Easy  Pieces  was 
very  fashionable  back  in  1970,  but  it  was 
also  good,  so  it  should  stand  up.  It  in- 
cludes a  fine  performance  by  Karen 

Monday  night,  Ontario  College  of  Art 
continues  its  extraordinary  culling  of 
French  movies  with  Vigo's  Zero  de 
Conduit  and  Cocteau's  Blood  of  a  Poet. 
Bigo's  film  is  truly  timeless,  great  and 

funny  and  it  takes  advantage  of  the 
possibilities  of  film  as  few  movie- 
makers have  done  since.  It  is  also  the 
original  for  Lindsay  Anderson's  If  ...  . 
It  is  on  at  seven  p.m. 

By  the  way,  if  you  would  like  to  review 
movies,  go  right  ahead.  We  may  be  hard 
to  please  but  we  run  everything  anyway 
Call  me  at  922-3714. 

No  sign  of  The  Projectionist,  even  less 
of  Fireman's  Ball  and  not  a  trace  of  Wee 



A  multitude  of  concerts  have  been 
crammed  into  the  next  week.  Tonight 
there's  Sonny  Terry  and  Brownie  McGee 
at  Seneca  College  and  tomorrow  Hawk- 
wind  comes  to  Convocation  Hall.  On 
Wednesday  the  second,  CPI  has  Eric 
Clapton  at  the  Gardens  and  Sha  Na  Na  at 
Massey  Hall.  The  same  night  SRO  offers 
Herbie  Hancock  at  Seneca.  Next 
weekend,  my  favourites,  the  Nitty  Gritty 
Dirt  Band  do  two  shows  at  Con  Hall  on 
Sunday  the  sixth,  and  the  following  night 
CPI  will  again  fill  the  Gardens  with  Rick 
Wakeman  and  his  60  piece  orchestra  and 
choir  performing  'Journey  To  the  Centre 
of  the  Earth.' 

At  the  clubs,  Geoff  Muldaur  rounds  out 
his  week  at  the  Chimney  on  Saturday, 
and  is  replaced  next  week  by  the 
Heartaches  Razz  Band.  Opening  on  Oct. 
7  is  the  fine  blues  artist  Ellen  Mcllwaine. 
For  those  who  can  afford  it,  the  Colonial 
features  the  remarkable  Martha  Reeves 
through  Saturday,  and  has  the  Can- 
nonball  Adderly  Quintet  opening 
Monday  for  a  week's  stand.  The  El 
Mocombo  offers  Coco  Taylor  and  her 
Bl  ues  Band  tonight  and  tomorrow,  and 
headlines  with  Jimmy  Witherspoon. 
Also  tonight  and  tomorrow, 
Audiomaster,  a  fine  Toronto  band,  plays 
Mani's  on  the  Danforth. 

The  Climax  Jazz  Band  has  left  the  old 
Brunswick  House.  They  will  soon  be 
playing  at  the  newly  renovated  Old 
Bavaria.  Climax  has  been  replaced  at 
the  Brunswick  by  another  dixieland 
outfit,  the  Trillium  Jazz  Band. 

Folkies  should  take  note  of  Sunday's 
festival  at  the  Hart  House  Farm.  Artists 
include  Stringband,  Raffi,  Peter 
Mathieson,  the  Original  Sloth  Band, 
Klaas  Vangrafft,  Angele  Arsenault,  and 
Friends  of  Fiddler's  Green.  Tickets  and 
bus  transportation  are  free,  and 
available  at  the  Porters  desk  at  Hart 
House.  Also  of  interest,  Egerton's  will 
feature  Jesse  Winchester  all  next  week, 
and  sometime  in  the  next  month  will 
offer  the  incredible,  vocalist-guitarist, 
Don  Potter,  known  best  for  his  work  with 
Chuck  Mangione. 


Program,  program!  Can't  tell  the 
singers  without  a  program!  No  kidding, 
either.  If  you're  stuck  at  the  back  of 
Cavern  O'Keefe  for  the  Opera,  invest 
four  bits  in  one  of  the  COC's  excellent 
souvenir  programs.  Not  only  do  you  get 
an  appealing  melange  of  history  and 
show  biz  facts,  but  you  get  photos  of  each 
performer.  Combine  these  with 
binoculars,  and  you  Row  ZZ  folks  can 
make  out  who's  Who! 

Tonight  is  the  premiere  of  Faust,  so  all 
you  devil-lovers  get  on  down  and  root  for 
your  boy.  On  Saturday  afternoon  at  1 
p.m.  (not  the  usual  2)  is  Boris  Gudonov. 
Grab  tickets  for  this  one  if  you  can.  At 
$400,000,  it's  the  most  spectacular  COC 
production  ever,  with  over  150  singers, 
35  extras,  350  costumes,  5  elephants,  the 
entire  state  of  Alaska,  the  .  .  .  well,  you 
get  the  idea.  Big. 

Saturday  night's  all  right  for  fighting, 
and  Carmen  goes  at  it  again,  taking  on 
all  comers.  Monday  it's  La  Traviata, 
while  Tuesday  The  Flying  Dutchman 
makes  his  final  landing  of  the  season. 
Wednesday  nite  Boris  is  back,  bigger 
than  ever,  and  Faust  rounds  out  the 
week  on  Thursday.  Say,  buddy,  howdja 
like  to  sell  your  soul  for  a  pair  of  front- 
row  seats?  Oh  yeah?  Sign  right  here  .  .  . 

As  with  the  last  few  weeks,  all's  quiet 
on  the  concert  scene.  My  apologies, 
though,  to  the  New  Chamber  Orchestra 
of  Canada,  a  review  of  which  bumped 
out  of  last  Friday's  Review  for  space 
reasons.  Their  Sept.  15  concert  at  Hart 
House  was  an  overwhelming  success, 
both  critically  and  box-office-wise. 
There's  no  great  need  to  exhort  the 
crowds  to  come  out  for  the  remaining 
concerts,  as  there  was  last  year: 
Business  Manager  Bill  Phillips  tells  me 
that  he's  even  considering  adding  second 
shows  to  handle  the  overflow. 

CBC  this  week:  imaginative 
programming,  dull  announcers.  'Twas 
ever  thus.  At  ten,  Sunday  morning, 
check  out  what's  shaping  up  to  be  a 
rather    interesting    series:  called 

"Musically  Speaking"  (oh,  another 
winner  title,  CBC!)  it  features  excerpts 
of  symphonies  and  concertos  conducted 
by  several  eminent  fellows  —  Szell, 
Toscanini,  Cluytens,  Bernstein,  and 
Weingartner  all  mount  the  chopping 
block  for  consideration  of  their  recorded 
performances  of  Beethoven's  8th 


There  were  only  two  new  openings  this 
week  and  Business  As  Usual,  at  St. 
Paul's  United  Church,  is  not  really  new. 
After  a  successful  exodus  to  Ward's 
Island  this  summer,  the  play  returns  to 
Toronto  where  it  continues  its  humorous 
slant  on  a  serious  issue;  lead  pollution  in 
the  city.  A  Lime  In  The  Morning, 
(review,  p.  15,)  by  Toronto  playwright 
Des  McAnuff,  opened  September  25  at 
the  Actor's  Theatre,  390  Dupon  Street. 

Opening  next  week  are  plays  from  two 
of  the  city's  most  interesting  and 
productive  theatres:  Factory  Theatre 
Lab  and  the  Tarragon.  Sudden  Death 
Overtime,  at  the  Factory,  presents  a 
madcap  hockey  family  from  Moose  Jaw, 
Saskatchewan  and  explores  the  bizarre 
influence  their  passion  for  the  game  has 
on  their  lives.  Previews  are  from 
October  1  to  13  at  a  low  99c.  The  official 
opening  is  October  15.  Factory  is  now  in 
its  new  home  at  207  Adelaide  Street 
East.  The  Tarragon  Theatre  opens  their 
season  October  2  with  a  performance  of 
Peter  Madden's  intense  prison  play  The 
Night  No  One  Yelled.  Show-time  is  8:30 
pm  with  a  pay-what-you-can  Sunday 
matinee  at  2:30  pm. 








randy  robertson 
gillian  mackay 
randy  robertson 
carol  anderson 
bob  bossin 
david  basskin 

rock  and  jazz  rob  bennett 
photography    brian  pel 


sandra  souchotte 
ianet  clarke 


sT  FOOHli-MUu 



■.  Sept. 

4:30  to  6 
SB  sBtd? 

-I  I' I  h  .  ""I,  Hi  <H 

|gt  ST.  GEORGE  ST. 
a  free  ADMISSION  £g 

veryoime  Welcome  I 









SUNDAY,  SEPTEMBER  29th,  7:30  P.M. 
SIDNEY  SMITH  HALL,  100  ST.  GEORGE  ST.  RM.  2135 




MONDAY  SEPTEMBER  30th2:00  P.M. 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  17 

British  professor  explains  role  of  international  development 

By  TOM  GERRY  sniPnep    anrf    to^hnni««„  ' 

Professor  Geoff  Oldham 
presented  to  Canadians  for  the  first 
time  Wednesday  an  account  of  the 
role  of  the  International  Develop- 
ment Research  Centre  (IDRC),  an 
organization  that  supervises  the 
annual  distribution  of  35-40  million 
Canadian  dollars. 

Oldham  was  speaking  to  50  people 
at  the  Faculty  of  Library  Science  in 
a  lecture  sponsored  by  the  Varsity 
Fund  and  the  U  of  T  Institute  for  the 
History  and  Philosophy  of  Science. 

Oldham  is  a  professor  of  the 
Science  Policy  Research  Unit  at  the 
University  of  Sussex.  He  is  an 
alumnus  of  U  of  T  and  has  travelled 
extensively.  In  Hong  Kong  he  was 
science  advisor  to  the  governor. 
Oldham  is  a  consultant  with  IDRC. 

The  IDRC,  termed  by  Oldham  a 
"uniquely  Canadian  institution"  was 
set  up  to  aid  the  development  of 
science  and  technology  by  funding 
research  in  third  world  countries. 
The  people  of  the  nations  being 
assisted  have  greeted  the  IDRC  with 
enthusiasm,  according  to  Oldham. 

The  genesis  of  IDRC  is  the  1963 
United  Nations  Conference  on 
Science  and  Technology  CUNCSAT). 
At  this  gathering  the  2,000  speakers 
assumed  that  the  wealthy  countries 
are  wealthy  because  they  possess 

science  and  technology,  and 
therefore  if  the  poorer  countries 
acquire  science  and  technology, 
they  too  will  grow  rich. 

Oldham  noted  the  third  world's 
view  of  the  developed  world  as  a 
"supermarket"  from  which  the 
underdeveloped  nations  could 
choose  their  desired  technology. 

Following  UNCSAT,  research 
councils,  modelled  on  bodies  in  the 
developed  countries,  were 
established  in  many  poor  nations. 
Though  they  accomplished  a  few 
significant  innovations,  such  as  the 
isolation  of  hardier  strains  of  rice 
plants,  the  councils  were  a  failure. 

Their  investments  resulted  in 
research  projects  oriented  to  the 
priorities  of  the  developed  countries 
that  supplied  the  researchers.  The 
councils  neglected  the  links  between 
research  and  implementation  of 
recommenda  tions . 

When  the  poor  nations  began  to 
import  technology  they  found  much 
of  it  was  irrelevant  to  their  needs 
and  resources.  "Capital  intensive" 
industrial  techniques,  for  instance, 
are  utterly  inappropriate  in  a  third 
world  setting. 

Also,  technology  in  developed 
countries  is  often  privately -owned. 
Most  poor  nations  decided  the  high 
prices  demanded  by  corporations 

my  music 

4th  exciting  season 
7  intriguing  concerts 

Edward  Johnson  Building 
University  of  Toronto 

opening  concert:  SUN.  OCT.  20,  8:30  p.m. 


(the  current  sensation  of  Europe  on  their  1st  North  American  tour ) 
plus  —  same  afternoon : 

the  controversial  KAGEL  FILMS — continuous  from  2  to  7  p.m. 

SUBSCRIBE  TO  ALL  7  CONCERTS  (Oct.  20  to  Apr.  12): 
INTERNATIONAL  GUESTS:  Toru  Takemitsu  (Japan),  Lukas  Foss 

(USA),  Heinz  Holliger  (Switzerland),  Harpans  Kraft  Ensemble  (Sweden) 
CANADIAN  GUESTS:  R.  Murray  Schaffer,  Harry  Somers,  Gilles 

Tremblay,  John'^Veinzweig,  Lyric  Arts  Trio,  Canadian  Brass, 

and  many  more.^ 

SERIES  PRICES  (7  concerts  and  films)- 
Adults  S15.  Students  $10. 
Single  tickets  also  available 

call  967-5257  for 
series  brochure  and 
further  information 


Part  time  work  available  for 
experienced  tellers.  Hours  Flexible. 
Canadian  Imperial  Bank  of  Commerce, 
151  Bloor  Street  West, 

Mrs.  Brown 



has  been  asked  to  appoint  a  member  of  the  faculty 
as  a  member  of  the  Varsity  Board  of  Directors.  The 
Board's  constitution  requires  that  application  for 
this  position  be  solicited  in  the  Varisty  and  the 
University  Bulletin.  Applications  for  the  Faculty 
Association's  appointee  to  the  Varsity  Board  of 
Directors  should  be  sent  to  the  Faculty  Association 
office.  October  25,  1974  will  be  the  closing  date  for 

and  clauses  retaining  decision- 
making power  in  the  distant  head 
offices  were  not  in  the  countries' 
best  interests. 

The  developing  countries'  real 
needs  were  for  indigenous  research 
facilities  and  a  "unified  policy  to 
marry  technology  and  research," 
Oldham  said. 

Their  goals,  the  third  world 
nations  stated,  were  broader  than 
mere  economic  growth.  Self- 
reliance  was  to  them  an  end  in  itself. 

The  IDRC  was  set  up  in  response 
to  these  changes  in  attitude.  The 
necessary  money  came  from 
Canada.  Oldham  attributes  this 
generosity  to  the  mood  of  in- 
ternationalism generated  by  Expo 
67  and  to  the  efforts  of  former  prime 
minister  Lester  Pearson. 

From  the  third  world's  point  of 
view  Canada  is  politically  ac- 
ceptable because  it  is  not  a  colonial 

The  first  meeting  of  the  centre's 
international  membership,  presided 
over  by  David  Hopper,  was  con- 
vened in  September,  1970. 

Oldham  described  three  projects 
the  IDRC  has  financed: 

•  It  supports  a  wide  range  of 
technological  development  studies 
by  the  Andean  Pact  countries.  These 
countries  are  striving  for  fuller 
economic  co-operation  among 
themselves  and  are  concerned  about 
methods  of  controlling  importation 
of  technology  and  about  ways  to 
effectively   distribute  technology. 

Oldham  is  encouraged  by  the 
trend  emerging  from  the  Andean 
Pact  nations'  work.  He  notes  they 
are  proposing  further  research  that 
attempts  to  link  the  social  and 
physical  sciences. 

•  In  Nigeria  the  IDRC  has  funded 
studies  to  find  more  efficient 
methods  of  producing  a  flour  made 

from  fermented  cassava  and 
commonly  eaten  as  porridge  by 

This  project  is  rectifying  the 
damage  perpetrated  on  Nigerian 
ecology  by  a  British  firm  that  began 
to  manufacture  the  flour  in  huge 
factories  with  cassava  grown  on 

•  Oldham  was  enthusiastic  about  a 
research  program  in  which  11  third 
world  countries  are  participating. 
The  nations  are  trying  to  formulate 
the  most  effective  policy  in- 
struments to  implement  science  and 
technology,  a  concern  they  share. 

The  IDRC,  acting  as  a  catalyst 
and  enabling  the  nations  to  avoid  the 
UN  bureaucracy,  finances  the 
meetings  while  the  countries  pay  for 
the  research. 

Attending  the  sessions  of  this 
group,  Oldham  said,  "makes  one 
feel  there  is  hope." 

UBC  prescribes  cancer-causing  drug 

VANCOUVER  (CUP)  -  A  drug 
proven  in  six  different  studies  to  be 
cancer -causing  is  being  prescribed 
for  University  of  British  Columbia 
students,  health  service  director 

The  drug,  flagyl,  is  a  treatment  for 
trichomonas  vaginitis,  a  contagious 

vaginal  infection. 

However,  Dr.  Archibald  Johnson 
said  there  is  no  great  cause  for 
alarm.  He  compared  the  chances  of 
contracting  cancer  from  use  of 
flagyl  to  the  chances  of  dying  from 
the  use  of  penicillin. 

Very  few  prescriptions  are  given 









INX  200 

Interdisciplinary  Symposium,  Section  3:  "In- 
troduction to  Gestalt".  T.  Key  and  I.  Starak, 
(principles  of  awareness,  change  theory, 
mechanisms  of  avoidance,  etc.).  Tuesday  7:30  - 

For  information  on  this  course  and  others  contact  the  In- 
terdisciplinary Studies  office  at  97  St.  George  Street  (928-6423). 

to  UBC  students  for  flagyl,  he  said. 

Johnson  said  he  has  not  observed 
any  indication  of  cancer  in  UBC 
patients  who  have  been  ad- 
ministered flagyl. 

He  also  said  he  isn't  aware  of  any 
similar  findings  by  other  doctors  in 

"People  seem  to  think  doctors 
delight  in  giving  prescriptions  for 
carcinogenic  drugs,"  he  said.  "A 
doctor  must  think  there  is  a  good 
reason  to  order  the  drug  or  he 
doesn't  order  it, 

Johnson  couldn't  comment  on  the 
amount  of  usage  by  Canadian 
doctors,  but  said  he  doubted  a  story 
that  American  doctors  estimate  2.2 
million  prescriptions  are  issued 
yearly  in  the  U.S.  alone. 

Although  flagyl  is  not  the  only 
treatment  for  the  ailment,  Johnson 
said  it  has  proven  itself  to  be  the 
most  effective  drug  on  the  Canadian 

Referring  to  a  recent  book  put  out 
by  the  American  Medical 
Association,  Drug  Evaluation,  he 
said  a  temporary  decrease  in  the 
white  blood  cell  count  is  the  most 
serious  result  of  taking  flagyl. 

Other  apparent  side  effects  have 
been  nausea,  diarrhea  and  an  un- 
pleasant taste  in  the  mouth.  Users 
are  sometimes  warned  against 
drinking  alcoholic  beverages.  « 

Help  us  celebrate 
the  25th  anniversary  of 










OCTOBER  23,  24, 25 



(a  troupe  of  individuals  of 
highly  suspect  sanity ) 
Enjoy  two  evenings  of 
Friday,  Sept.  27th  and 
Saturday  Sept.  26th 

at  8:30  p.m. 
No  reservations,  so 

be  there  early 
Admission  is  free 

—  An  Organic  Approach 

First  Repast 
Oct.  1st,  Tues.5-7p.m. 

Oct.  3rd,  Thurs.3-5p.m. 

Workshops  in  theatricality 
at  U.C.  Playhouse 
79a  St.  George  St. 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 

■   Friday,  Sepferr 

Marxist  committee  gives  public  face  to  leftist  studies 

PomyJ,?t'llGf^Ry  M„   ■  »    accomplishments  and  prospects  for    the  cold  war,  the  committee  is    as  visiting  professors  —  the  com-     strategic  and  historica 

The  Committee'  for  a  Marxist 
Institute  has  grown  in  the  past  year 
out  of  ideas  shared  by  a  few 
politically  sympathetic  associates 
into  an  organization  with  noteworthy 

accomplishments  and  prospects  for 
a  productive  future. 

In  response  to  the  underdeveloped 
and  chaotic  condition  of  Marxist 
thought  in  Canada,  caused  in  part  by 
universities'  hiring  policies  during 

the  cold  war,  the  committee  is 
determined  to  give  a  public  face  to 
leftist  study. 

In  providing  a  forum  for  leftist 
thinkers  —  including  largely  un- 
tapped intellectual  resources  such 

Scientology  attempts  book  ban 

MONTREAL  ( CUP  —  The  Church  of 
Scientology,  cynically  referred  to  by 
one  writer  as  a  "mind- 
improvement-for-a-fee  organiza- 
tion," is  trying  to  force  removal  of 
four  books  critical  to  its  philosophy 
and  its  leading  members  from  circu- 
lation. The  Sir  George  Williams  Li- 
brary is  cooperating. 

Acting  on  legal  advice,  the 
university's  chief  librarian,  James 
Kanasy,  has  taken  all  copies  of 
Scientology:  The  Now  Religion,  by 
George  Malko,  off  the  shelves. 

Some  libraries  and  bookstores 
across  the  country,  however,  are 
openly  defying  the  scientologists' 
efforts  and  are  continuing  to  cir- 
culate the  books  in  question. 

In  the  United  States,  Dell 
Publishing  Co.  Inc.,  Malko 's 
publisher,  settled  a  libel  action  out  of 
court  for  $7,500  plus  an  apology  and 
an  agreement  not  to  republish. 

A  recent  issue  of  The  Globe  and 
Mail  reports  Steve  Blair,  (Dell's) 
New  York  attorney,  said  $30,000  had 
already  been  spent  on  the  case, 
which  was  launched  in  California.  A 
jury  hearing  had  been  called  for  by 
the  courts  and  there  were  prospects 
of  a  lengthy  hearing. 

In  other  words,  the  American 
courts  did  not  have  the  chance  to 
make  a  final  ruling  as  to  whether  the 
book  was  libelous  or  not. 

Libel  suit 
In  Canada,  the  book  is  currently 
being  tried  in  the  Supreme  Court  of 
Ontario.  In  the  meantime,  letters 
are  being  sent  to  Canadian  libraries 
and  booksellers  by  the  Toronto 
Church  of  Scientology.  These  letters 
say  a  libel  suit  is  pending  against 
Malko's  book  and  three  others 
dealing  with  the  same  subject,  and 
threaten  legal  action  against  anyone 
distributing  these  volumes  while  the 
court  case  awaits  settlement. 

The  three  other  titles  in  question 
are  the  Mind  Benders,  by  Cyril 
Vospers,  Inside  Scientology  by 
Robert  Kaufman  and  Scandals  of 
Scientology  by  Paulette  Cooper. 
None  of  these  have  ever  been  in  the 
Sir  George  Williams  library  stacks. 

Assuming  the  scientologists  win 
their  case  in  court,  do  they  have  the 
grounds  for  instigating  action 
against  those  who  distributed  the 
books  before  a  decision  was 
reached?  The  moral  question 
arising  is  how  eagerly  should  a 
library  give  in  to  such  blatant  efforts 
to  restrict  its  freedom  to  make  all 
published  books  available  to  the 

The  legal  side  is  confusing.  Ac- 
cording to  Section  263  of  the 
Criminal  Code  of  Canada,  "A  person 
publishes  a  libel  when  he  exhibits  it 
in  public;  causes  it  to  be  read  or 
seen;  or  shows  or  delivers  it . .  .  with 
intent  that  it  should  be  read  or  seen 

It  is  not  only  the  author  and 
publisher  who  can  be  charged  with 
libel  but  also  the  distributor. 

Section  268  of  the  code  states  ;" 
part  that  "no  person  shall  u, 
deemed  to  publish  a  defamatory 
libel  by  reason  only  that  he  sells  a 
book  ...  if ,  at  the  time  of  the  sale  he 
does  not  know  it  contains  the 
defamatory  matter." 

That  would  seem  to  exempt  the  Sir 
George  library  from  being  sued  in 
this  case.  However,  the  letter  sent  to 
Kanasy  by  the  scientologists  could 
potentially  invalidate  any  claim  of 
ignorance  on  the  library's  part. 

A  lawyer,  whom  Kanasy  declined 
to  identify,  was  commissioned  by 
the  library  to  read  the  book  through, 
and  offer  professional  advice. 

In  a  letter  to  Kanasy,  the  lawyer 
wrote  ". .  .  it  seems  clear  to  me  that 
having  been  informed  that  the  above 
work  may  contain  libelous  matter, 
you  must  now  look  into  this 
possibility  and,  if  such  is  the  case,  do 
whatever  may  be  the  necessary  to 
prevent  further  dissemination  of  this 
work  through  the  library  in  order  to 


avoid  being  found  to  have  published 
a  libel." 

He  added,  "I  appreciate  and  share 
your  concern  for  the  protection  of 
the  right  of  free  expression  and  your 
professional  duty  to  resist  attempts 
at  censorship,  but  I  do  not  think  that 
works  containing  defamatory 
matter  should  benefit  from  this 
protection,  because  they  constitute 
an  abuse  rather  than  the  lawful 
enjoyment  of  the  right  of  free  ex- 

A  lawyer  from  McGill  said  he  had 
"never  heard  of  a  library  being 
approached  in  this  manner,  or  being 
sued  for  libel  or  defamation. 
Normally  this  action  is  taken 
towards  the  publisher." 

"Theoretically  anyone  could 
approach  the  library  with  a  threat 
to  sue  about  anything,  but  unless 

judgment  is  actually  passed  in  court 
and  the  book  is  judged  libellous 
under  law,  the  library  is  really  in  no 
danger  that  I  can  see." 

Other  librarians  and  booksellers 
contacted  by  the  Sir  George  student 
newspaper,  the  Georgian,  were 
outraged  by  the  library's  actions. 
John  Rosenberg,  manager  of 
Classics'  Little  Book  Store,  not  only 
stocked  the  Malko  book  and  at  least 
one  of  the  other  three  mentioned,  but 
said  he  "would  continue  to  sell  it 
until  judgment  is  rendered  one  way 
or  the  other." 


He  said  he  had  received  a  form 
letter  from  Dell  ordering  him  to  get 
rid  of  one  of  the  books.  "But  they 
didn't  give  any  explanation.  It  ended 
up  in  the  wastepaper  basket.  What 
they  want  sounds  like  censorship. 

as  visiting  professors  —  the  com 
mittee  aim  to  bring  together  Marxist 
study  materials  and  to  attract 
people  who  feel  disaffected  by  the 
many  ideologically  diverse  left  wing 

The  20-member  committee  in- 
cludes a  lecturer  from  Ryerson,  a 
city  planner,  an  Oxfam  worker,  a 
postal  employee,  an  editor,  com- 
munity workers  and  graduate  and 
undergraduate  students. 

In  order  to  maintain  a  non- 
sectarian  position  the  committee 
members  have  decided  a  condition 
for  participation  in  the  committee  is 
that  members  have  no  party  af- 

Last  spring  the  committee 
arranged  a  series  of  lectures 
presented  by  nine  of  Toronto's  best- 
known  leftists,  including  Andreos 
Papandreou.  Capacity  audiences  of 
200  to  250  people  indicated  a  high 
degree  of  interest. 

During  the  summer  the  committee 
organized  10  courses  to  examine 
topics  in  leftist  thought.  The  courses 
were  less  enthusiastically  received 
than  the  lectures. 

Because  of  the  first  lecture  series 
success,  the  committee  has  begun  a 
second  series  to  cover  theoretical, 

strategic  and  historical  aspects  of 
The  Working  Class  in  Canada. 

In  January  a  third  series  is  to  be 
presented  entitled,  Imperialism, 
Nationalism  in  Canada.  The  com- 
mittee intends  to  continue  its 
education  program  by  offering  six 
courses,  lasting  eight  to  10  weeks, 
beginning  in  October. 

The  committee  is  financed  by 
donations  collected  at  its  meetings, 
sales  of  tapes  of  the  lecture  series 
and  gifts  from  wealthy  professors 
and  philanthropists.  These  gifts, 
however,  are  infrequent. 

The  committee  would  like  to  have 
a  place  to  establish  a  library  where 
students  could  obtain  bibliographic 
material  with  a  leftist  perspective. 

The  building  would  be  a  centre  for 
study  groups  and  meetings  and  also 
the  site  for  a  bookstore.  The 
precursor  to  the  bookstore  is  the 
literature  table  the  committee 
operates  at  the  lectures. 

A  committee  spokesperson  said  he 
is  optimistic  about  the  group's 
possibilities.  The  committee  has 
received  the  respect  of  both  leftist 
groups  and  uncommitted  people,  he 
noted.  The  committee  would 
welcome  relevant  books  and 
periodicals.  It  can  be  contacted  at 
362-0571  or  921-9898. 

Now  there  is  a  second 
Earth  shoe  store  in  Toronto. 

Shoes,  sandals,  sabots  and 
3  hoots  for  men  andwomen. 
From  $23.50  to  $42.50. 
Brochure  available. 

The  shoe  you've  heard  about,  the  shoe  you've 
read  about,  the  shoe  that  started  it  all,  is  now  available  at  a  seeond  location  in 
Toronto.  The  Dome  in  York ville. 

tit's  the  EARTH"  brand  shoe. The  original  negative  heel 
'  shoe,  invented  1 7  years  ago  in  Denmark  by  Anne  Kals0. 
— ;  It's  the  shoe  with  the  heel  lower  than  the  toe.  The  shoe 
designed  to  work  in  harmony 
with  your  entire  body.  * 
'  Come  visit  us  and  try  the 
Earth  shoe.  You  will  see, 
perhaps  for  the  first 
HSfev  time  in  your  life,  what 
it's  like  to  walk 
more  grace- 


fully,  naturally  and  comfortably. 

Earth  brand  shoes  are  sold  only  in 
Earth  Shoe  stores  at  these  locations 

33  Hazelton  Ave.  phone  967-7751 
5  Charles  St.  W.  phone  967-7378 

'EARTH  '  is  the  registered  trademark  ofKahp  Systemet,  Inc. 
M974  Katsfi  Systemet,  Inc. 

Priday,  September  27,  1974 

The  Varsity  19 

Rugby  Blues  dump 
Trent  in  lopsided 
contest.  Score  26-6 

Some  of  the  action  last  week  when  the  Blues  lost  to  Queen's  University? 


Interested  in  Alpine  Skiing  for  the  U.  of  T.  ? 

COME  TO  ROOM  210,  HART  HOUSE,  5: 15  PM 

The  rugby  Blues  survived  a 
seemingly  interminable  bus  trip 
along  the  monotonous  401,  light  rain, 
and  a  late  referee  but  still  overcame 
Trent  University  by  a  lopsided  score 
of  26-6. 

Coming  off  last  Saturday's  loss  to 
Queen's,  the  Blues  were  determined 
to  play  a  strong  game. 

It  was  only  8  minutes  into  the 
game  when  the  pigskin  was  slapped 
down  to  the  pitch  for  the  first  Varsity 

Bill  Procunier  was  the  happy  ball 
carrier  who  slipped  into  the  Trent 
end  zone  for  the  score. 

Blues  continued  to  dominate  the 
game.  They  won  more  than  their 
share  of  the  set  scrums  taking  ad- 
vantage of  the  loose  play  on.  the  part 
of  Trent. 

Winning  a  set  scrum  is  as  im- 
portant as  winning  a  face-off  in 
hockey.  Blues'  captain  Mike  Code 
scored  from  one  of  these  scrums. 


Intercampus  Basketball 

Starting  Tuesday  October  1, 6:30 p.m. 
Sports  Gym,  Benson  Building 
PRACTICES:  Tuesdays  6:30-7:30  p.m. 
GAMES:  Wednesdays7:00-10:00p.m. 
Competition  Erindale,  St.  George,  Scarborough  Campuses 


announces  the  following  positions  open  for  nomination: 

3  First  Year  Reps 
3  Second  Year  Reps 
1  Third  Year  Rep 

1  Literary  Director 
1  Women's  Athletic 

4  SAC  Reps 

Nomination  Forms  may  be  picked  up  in  the  J.C.R.  of 
University  College 

Nominations  close  Friday  October  4 

New  College  Student's  Council 


Ian  Thomas 

and  his  band 

Sat.  Sept.  28 

Wetmore  Hall 

tickets  2.50      N.C.  2.00 

available  at  the  door  or  at 
the  New  College  Porter's  Lodges 
979-1220  for  further  information 


For  College  and  Career  Folks 
Free  supper  and  songs 

Saturday  September  28 
6  -  8  pm 

Sunday  Happenings 

Code,  taking  the  ball  from  one 
scrum  cut  to  the  short  side  of  the 
field  and  barreled  into  the  end  zone 
to  touch  it  down. 

The  convert  by  Chris  Bouris  was 
good  giving  Toronto  a  10-0  lead. 

Later  in  the  half,  Blues'  forward 
Algie  scooped  up  a  loose  ball  and 
headed  down  field.  As  the  going  got 
tough  he  passed  off  to  Randy  Scott  of 
the  second  row. 

Scott  set  up  a  ruck  directly  in  front 
of  the  Trent  goalposts,  Drummond, 
the  scrum-half,  called  for  the  ball 
and  cut  for  the  left  side  of  the  field. 

Some  heads-up  play  by  Moore  who 
dropped  out  of  the  line  allowed 
Drummond  to  pass  to  Procunier. 
Procunier  completed  the  play  with  a 
try  in  the  corner  of  the  end  zone. 

The  score  at  the  half  read  14-0  in 
Toronto's  favour. 

The  start  of  the  second  half  saw 
Trent  come  out  flying.  The  boys 
from  Peterborough  showed  lots  of 
drive  and  had  Toronto  with  their 
backs  to  the  wall. 

Were  it  not  for  a  few  penalties  and 
some  weil  placed  kicks  Trent  would 
easily  have  scored. 

The  wet  ball  continued  to  play 
havoc  with  the  ball  handling. 

One  of  Trent's  lineouts  was  the 
victim  as  the  ball  hit  the  pitch.  Blues 
were  able  to  play  the  ball  with  their 

Blues'  Chris  Sheret  kicked  the  ball 
into  Trent's  end  zone.  Brian  Smith  of 
Varsity  won  the  foot  race  for  the  ball 
and  made  the  score  18-0. 

Trent  was  not  yet  ready  to  lie 
down  and  play  dead.  Again  they 
backed  Toronto  into  its  own  endrthis 
time  with  better  results. 

Shane  Barker  was  able  to  squeeze 
into  the  end  zone  finally  cracking  the 
scoreboard  for  Trent. 

The  conversion  was  good.  Trent 
now  trailed  by  the  score  of  18-6. 

Lineouts  continued  to  play  a  big 
part  in  the  game. 

Again  Algie  took  the  ball  from  a 
lineout  and  charged  upfield.  He  m 
passed  out  to  none  other  than  Scott 
again  who  fought  his  way  into  the 
end  zone  for  yet  another  Varsity  try. 

At  this  point  the  Blues'  forwards 
were  outscoring  the  backs  3-2. 
Perhaps  this  fact  motivated  Tom 
Wright  to  execute  some  real  rugger 
as  he  scissored  to  Peter  Moore 
which  set  up  a  pass  that  sprung  Tom 
Bell  for  the  final  scoring  of  the 

The  final  score  of  26-6  for  Varsity 
clearly  demonstrates  their  complete 
dominance  of  the  Trent  squad. 

The  rugby  Blues  play  their  next 
game  in  Waterloo  on  Sunday. 

9:45  am 
11:00  am 
7:00  pm 
8:29  pm 


Minister:  Rev.  Glyn  Owen  B.A.,  B.D. 

Campus  Ministry:  Rev.  Blake  Walker  M.A.,  B.D. 

Knox  Church, 630  Spadina  (at  Harbord) 

Special  Welcome  to  U  of  T  Students 


begins  practices 
Monday  September 

30,7:30  pm 
Benson  Building  Pool 
All  those  interested 

please  come  to 
the  first  practice 


Dec.  23-30  or  Dec.  29-Jan.  5 
Hotel,  bus,  tows,  meals,  etc. 
for1 7  days 
Only  $165. 

NASSAU  S219. 
— Acapulco,  Bahamas,  etc. 
We  have  space  available  includir 
Xmas  &  reading  week. 


221-11 12 

The  Varsity  20 

Friday,  September  27,  1974 


Skule  loses  a  close 
one  to  the  jocks 

The  sun  almost  set  in  the  east,  the 
grass  almost  turned  red,  parity  was 
almost  granted  on  governing 
council,  and  the  engineers  almost 
defeated  Phys-Ed  in  interfac  foot- 
ball on  the  back  campus  Thursday 

Never  was  there  a  more  up-tight 
group  of  jocks  as  they  trailed 
engineers  by  a  field  goal  until  late  in 
the  fourth  quarter. 

The  game  as  a  whole  was  a  very 
even  match.  Neither  team  was  able 
to  mount  much  of  an  offense  during 
the  first  half.  Neither  team  was  able 
to  put  together  more  than  two  first 
downs  to  sustain  a  drive. 

The  first  scoring  play  of  the  game 
came  on  the  last  play  of  the  opening 
quarter  when  a  skule  drive  stalled 
near  the  PHE  30  yard  line. 

The  engineers  attempted  a  field 
goal  which  was  good.  That  field  goal 
held  up  until  late  in  the  fourth 
quarter  when  the  jocks  finally  hit 
pay  dirt  on  a  reverse  that  caught  all 
the  engineers  sleeping. 

The  frustration  of  trailing  in- 
terfac's  perenial  doormats  began  to 
tell  on  the  jocks  as  tempers  started 
to  flare  in  the  last  stanza. 

A  fight  broke  out  amongst  two  nj 
unidentified  players  who  were  rm 
banished  from  the  game. 

A  first  this  year  in  interfac  football 
is  women  officials.  Two  first  year 
women,  Piret  Komi  and  Viive 
Tamm,  are  working  the  games  this 

Having  a  woman  on  the  field 
seems  to  have  a  calming  effect  on 
the  players  (despite  the  fight)  as 
both  benches  were  unusually  quiet  °- 
during  the  game.  £ 

You  will  remember  the  fates  of  m 
Leo  Cahill  and  John  Rauch  of  the  | 
Argos.  Well,  sports  fans,  the  same  >, 
thing  seems  to  have  happened  to  the  '« 
skule  coaches.  £ 

Unofficial  word  has  it  that  a  new  * 
coach,  Dennis  Duncan,  of  PHE  is  H 
taking  over  the  team  starting  today. 

Phys-Ed  takes  the  ball  from  a  set  scrum   but   Is   waylayed  before  getting  any  yardage. 

New  intercampus 
league  for  women 
involves  Erindale, 
Scarborough  and 
St  George  campuses 

Jock  crossing  guard  holds  back  teammate  to  allow  skule  to  cross  the  field. 

Round  up  of  interf acuity  sports 



The  interfac  track  meet  is  un- 
derway. The  four  hundred  meter 
relay  (4x100)  was  won  by  Wycliffe  in 
the  time  of  48.6  seconds.  The  team 
^members  were:   Ed  Hung,  Jim 

Seagram,  Stan  Murray  and  Andy 

The  Vic  I  team  of  Tom  Sinclair, 
Mike  Hart,  Dave  Wardlaw,  and 
Gord  Fulton  placed  second. 

Knox  A  managed  a  third  place 
finish  while  their  friends  from  down 


East  Division 
































































West  Division 


































'  2 























the  hall,  Knox  B  placed  fourth. 

The  distance  medley  was  won  in  a 
time  of  11  minutes  and  four  seconds 
by  the  Knox  A  team  of  Gerry 
Feeney,  Mike  Dyon,  Brad  Morley 
(of  Blues  fame),  and  John  Sharp. 

The  men  from  Vic  seem  to  be  good 
runners  as  the  second,  third  and 
fourth  places  all  went  to  Vic  teams. 

Results  from  three  interfac  soccer 
games  have  been  posted. 

As  reported  previously  Trin  A 
sneaked  past  UC  1-0  last  Tuesday. 

On  the  same  day  Sr.  Eng.  dumped 
SMC  A  by  a  score  of  3-1.  The  sharp- 
shooters for  skule  were 
Christopoulous,  Kirk,  and  Venerc. 
The  Mikes  lone  tally  came  from  the 
toe  of  Formuson. 

On  Wednesday  SGS  I  lost  a 
squeaker  to  Vic  by  the  score  of  2-1. 
Andy  Gort  and  Walter  Bordne  tallied 
for  Vic  while  Steve  Booker  replied 
for  the  Grads. 

Second  division  football  got  un- 
derway on  the  back  campus  Wed- 
nesday as  Trinity  downed  UC  by  one 
touchdown.  The  lone  score  of  the 
game  came  from  Poulos  and  the 
convert  was  booted  by  Wright. 


On  Tuesday  night,  Oct.  1,  at  6:30 
p.m.  in  the  sports  gym  of  the  Benson 
Building  a  new  women's  program 
will  be  established. 

Competition  between  St.  George, 
Erindale  and  Scarborough  Cam- 
puses will  begin  with  a  basketball 
league  in  the  fall,  a  volleyball  league 
in  the  spring  and  individual  events  in 
Archery-golf,  badminton,  squash 
and  archery  interspersed 
throughout  the  year. 

The  leagues  in  volleyball  and 
basketball  will  have  one  mini- 
tournament  a  week  and  one  practice 
a  week. 

It  is  hoped  that  St.  George  Campus 
will  field  three  teams  and  Scar- 
borough and  Erindale  one  each. 

Practices  on  the  St.  George 
campus  for  all  three  teams  are 
Tuesdays,  6:30  to  7:30  in  the  Sports 
Gym  of  the  Benson  Building  and  the 
tournaments  are  on  Wednesday 
nights  with  each  campus  hosting 
twice  in  each  league.  Each  league 
lasts  6-7  weeks. 

This  type  of  competition  will 
require  more  time  and  personal 
commitment  than  our  still  operating 
inter-faculty  tournaments,  but  not 
as  much  time  and  involvement  as 
inter-collegiate  competition 

It  is  expected  that  many  girls  on 
the  St.  George  campus  fit  into  this 
medium  level  of  competition  skill 
and  effort  and  it  will  better  satisfy 
the  needs. of  the  Scarborough  and 

Erindale  girls'  teams. 

It  is  hoped  that  with  this  offering 
of  another  competitive  level  it  will 
remove  some  of  the  imbalances  that 
have  existed  in  the  interfaculty 

On  October  16th,  St.  George  is 
hosting  the  first  mini-basketball 
tournament  of  this  league.  If  you  are 
interested  in  basketball  and  in  the 
intercampus  league,  come  to  the 
Benson  Building  Sports  gym  at  6:30 
p.m.  Tuesday,  Oct.  1. 

Officials  will  be  needed.  St. 
George  is  required  to  provide  two 
basketball  officials  (and  four  volley- 
ball officials  for  the  spring)  who 
would  be  willing  to  do  games  each 
Wednesday  night  of  the  six  week 
league  plus  playoffs. 

If  you  are  a  rated  official  and  are 
interested,  please  see  Miss  Bliss  in 
the  Benson  Building,  Room  103  WAA 
office,  or  call  928-3441. 

The  archery-golf  tournament  will 
be  held  in  late  October  at  West  Hill 
Golf  Club  and  will  be  open  to  archers 
from  St.  George,  Scarborough, 
Erindale  campuses  and  York 

On  Nov.  26,  St.  George  will  host  a 
co-ed  badminton  tournament  for  all 
players  from  the  three  campuses. 

In  the  last  week  of  January, 
Scarborough  will  host  a  squash 
tournament  and  in  the  first  week  of 
February  Erindale  will  host  an 
indoor  archery  tournament.  Further 
notice  of  these  events  will  be  for- 


Vol.  95,  No.  9 
Mon.  Sept.  30,  1974 


SDS  members  appeal 

Tony  Leah  and  Bill  Schabas,  two 
students  suspended  from  U  of  T  in 
June  for  preventing  controversial 
urbanologist  Edward  Banfield  from 
speaking  here  last  year,  have  filed 
an  appeal  to  the  Governing  Council 
to  quash  the  convictions. 

The  two  were  convicted  June  29  by 
the  Caput,  a  disciplinary  tribunal 
composed  entirely  of  ad- 

Leah  was  suspended  for  three 
years  and  Schabas  for  four.  Both 
will  "have  the  conviction  noted  on 
their  transcripts  for  five  years. 
Their  only  avenue  of  appeal  now  is 
-  the  Governing  Council  which  made 
the  decisions  to  prosecute  them. 

Calling  the  hearing  a  "travesty  of 
justice",  Schabas  and  Leah's  appeal 
brief  gives  a  long  detailed  attack  on 
both  the  Caput  and  the  U  of  T  ad- 
ministration for  its  handling  of  the 
Banfield  incident. 

There  is  a  dispute  over  what  can 
be  appealed,  however,  with  the 
Governing  Council  contending  it  can 
only  review  the  sentence  under 
provisions  of  the  U  of  T  Act. 

But  the  brief  contends  that 
because  the  Governing  Council  has 
the  power  to  "abrogate  or  change" 
Caput  provisions,  the  verdict  can  - 
also  be  reviewed  and  overturned. 

The  main  grounds  for  the  appeal, 
the  brief  charges,  is  the  use  of  the 
Caput  as  a  "t:over-up  of  racism  at  U 
of  T."  There  should  have  been  an 
investigation  into  Banfield's  visit  as 
a  provocation  rather  than  a 
disciplinary  hearing,  the  brief 

The  former  students  also  charge 
the  Caput  is  an  "illegitimate"  body 
composed  entirely  of  ad- 
ministrators, which  make  it 
"prosecutor,  judge  and  jury."  This 
is  compounded,  according  to  the 
brief,  by  the  individual  bias  of  many 
of  the  members,  who  were  involved 
in  discussions  about  the  incident. 
They    also    charge    the  ad- 

ministration with  discriminatory 
prosecution  for  charging  them  but 
"failing  to  charge  right-wing 
students  and  professors  who  have 
taken  away  freedom  of  speech  in  the 

On  the  actual  Caput  hearings,  the 
brief  says,  "the  defendants  had  no 
opportunity  to  a  fair  trial"  because 
the  hearings  were  "so  blatantly 
biased  and  restrictive." 
.  Examples  the  brief  cited  were 
restrictions  on  cross-examination  of 
prosecution  witnesses,  failure  to 
inform  the  defence  of  procedural 
rulings  and  rejection  of  defence 
motions  before  they  were  made. 

The  former  students  also  argue 
their  defence  was  hampered  by 
exclusion  of  any  evidence  relating  to 
racism  at  U  of  T  or  the  activities  and 
views  of  Banfield. 

They  also  say  the  charges  against 
them  were  changed  twice  and  they 
were  unable  to  pursue  a  defence  on 
the  broad  charge  of  "conduct 
prejudicial  to  the  interests  of  the 

The  Caput  decision  was  also  at- 
tacked as  faulty  because  the 
evidence  failed  to  prove  beyond  a 
reasonable  doubt  that  Banfield's 
lecture  was  a  duly  authorized 
university  activity,  that  the 
defendants  personally  prevented 
Banfield  from  speaking  and  that 
they  thereby  violated  the  interests  of 
the  university. 

The  brief  charges  the 
authorization  of  the  meeting  was 
faulty  in  several  ways. 

Political  economy  professor 
Walter  Berns  invited  Banfield 
without  consultation  with  other 
members  of  the  American  studies 
committee  and  the  university  ad- 
ministration failed  to  exercise 
academic  responsibility  by 
neglecting  to  consult  anyone  else  in 
the  university,  the  protesters  or  the 
Italian  and  black  communities. 
The  brief  also  charges  it  was  not 

demonstrated  that  the  interests  of 
the  university  had  been  prejudiced 
by  the  conduct  of  the  two  students. 
This  would  have  to  be  proved 
because  of  the  absence  of  a  specific 
set  of  regulations  under  which  they 
could  be  charged. 

The  prosecution  stuck  to  a 
presentation  of  physical  evidence 
and  the  defence  was  not  allowed  to 
make  a  more  general  defence  to 
prove  the  actions  were  not 
prejudicial  to  the  university's  in- 
terests, the  brief  states. 

The  students  contend  it  was  not 
established  that  they  alone  were 
primarily  responsible  for  preventing 
Banfield  from  speaking,  noting  a 
large  number  of  chanting  protesters 
were  on  and  off  stage.  Leah  and 
Schabas  feel  they  were  singled  out 
because  of  their  membership  in  the 
communist  Canadian  Party  of  Labor 
and  past  activities  at  U  of  T. 

The  sentence  is  attacked  as 
"vindictive,  illegal  and  harsh."  The 
sentences  of  three  and  four  year 
suspensions  respectively  were  much 
harsher  than  those  meted  out  at 
several  other  campuses  for  similar 

At  the  University  of  Chicago  two 
students  were  put  on  probation  and 
reserved  suspension  for  preventing 
Banfield  from  speaking  a  week 

The  brief  concludes  with  a  sub 
mission  on  procedure  which  is 
aimed  at  exposing  what  Leah  and 
Schabas  feel  is  really  at  issue  in  the 
Banfield  incident— racism  at  the 
university— and  what  is  prejudicial 
to  the  interests  of  the  university. 

They  suggest  a  special  meeting  of 
the  Governing  Council  to  discuss  all 
substantitve  issues  involved  in  the 
Banfield  incident  including  Ban- 
field's  theories  and  their  con- 
sequences, the  existence  of  racism 
at  U  of  T  and  the  limits  of  free 

Golden  Gaels  football 
collapses  on  the  eve 
of  Tinda/I's  retirement 

Indians  converge  in  Ottawa  today 

The  cross-Canada  Native  People's 
Caravan,  protesting  native  peoples' 
living  conditions  across  the  country, 
was  met  in  Toronto  by  a  rally  of  over 
300  supporters  Saturday  evening. 

The  tour  set  out  from  Vancouver 
two  weeks  ago  and  arrived  in  this 
city  last  Friday  on  its  way  to  Ottawa 
for  the  opening  of  parliament  today. 

The  crowd  listened  to  speeches  of 
members  of  the  caravan's  ceritral 
steering  committee.  Louis  Cameron, 
leader  of  the  occupation  of 
Anishinabe  Park  near  Kenora  this 
summer,  chaired  the  meeting. 

The  plight  of  the  native  peoples  in 
poor  and  dangerous  housing, 
inadequate  education  and  health 
care,  mass  unemployment  and 
victimization  by  police  and  the  penal 
system  can  no  longer  wait  for  im- 
provement, Cameron  said. 

This,  he  emphasized,  must  be 
understood  by  Canadians  and 
responded  to  by  government. 

As  one  representative  of  the 
Regina  chapter  of  the  Ojibway 
Warriors'  Society's  Regina  chapter 
put  it,  "Though  I  may  be  put  in  jail 
after  this  is  over,  we're  taking  a 
stand.  This  is  a  one-way  trip." 

A  Kenora  member  of  the  society 
described  the  conditions  that  forced 
natives  there  to  fight  back. 

He  noted  many  of  his  people  have 
mercury  poisoning  from  eating  fish 
caught  in  waters  now  polluted  by  the 
local  pulp  and  paper  industry. 

He  cited  the  absence  of  electricity 
and  proper  toilet  facilities  in  many 

of  the  surrounding  reserves,  the 
fraud  of  supposedly  generous 
government  grants  used  to  construct 
housing  of  highly  flammable  low 
quality  material  and  the  level  of 
street  traffic  fatalities  affecting 
natives  in  the  urban  centre. 

Chief  Ken  Basil  of  the  British 
Columbia  Bonaparte  Band,  which 
organized  the  Cache  Creek  highway 
blockage,  outlined  some  of  the 
demands  the  caravan  activists  will 
put  to  the  opening  session  of 
parliament  today  in  Ottawa.  The 
demands  include: 

•  An  immediate  $800  million 
government  grant  for  housing; 

•  Indian  monetary,  control, 
rather  than  the  department  of  indian 
affairs ; 

•  Recognition  of  native  land 
claims  hitherto  ignored; 

•  Initiation  of  economic 
development  and  education 
programs  for  native  peoples; 

•  The  observation  of  numerous 
broken  treaty  agreements ; 

•  An  immediate  parliamentary 
investigation  into  the  department  of 
Indian  and  northern  affairs  over  its 
alleged  corruption  and  harassment 

California  field  workers 
here  to  denounce  UFW 


Two  California  field  workers 
arrived  in  Toronto  yesterday  to  give 
their  version  of  why  thousands  of 
grape  pickers  switched  from  the 
UnitedFarm  Workers  (UFW)  to  join 
the  Teamsters  Union. 

The  field  workers,  Josephine 
Garcia  and  Linda  Regalado. 
allegedly  organized  the  trip 
themselves,  with  financial  help  from 
several  Coachella  Valley  growers. 

However  the  field  workers  were 
expected  to  be  accompanied  by 
Teamsters  representatives. 

The  women— Teamsters  mem- 
bers— will  be  here  for  a  few  days  to 
give   press   conferences   and  in- 

terviews. They  claim  they  were 
mistreated  as  UFW  members. 

Marshall  Ganz,  UFW  spokesman 
questioned  the  women's  visit  to 
Toronto  and  said  he  believed  one  of 
the  women  to  be  a  labor  contractor, 

In  1972  the  Teamsters  signed  five- 
year  contracts  with  45  growers, 
freezing  the  UFW  out  of  all  but  a 
couple  of  contracts. 

The  UFW  began  to  strike  last  fall 
over  collusive  contracts  signed 
between  the  growers  and  the 

The  UFW  is  waging  a  campaign 
across  North  America  to  urge 
consumers  to  boycott  California 
grapes  and  lettuce. 

Varsity  fans  enjoyed  a  rout  over  the  Queen's  Golden  Gaels  Saturday 
at  the  stadium.  The  Blues  just  lined  up  and  ran  right  over  the 
Queen's  defenses.  The  only  bright  spot  for  the  Gaels  came  at  half 
time  when  coach  Tindall  was  presented  with  a  sliver  tray  for  his 
contribution  to  college  football  over  40  years. 

2  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  30,  1974 



2  pm 

Hillel's  lecture  series  presents  a 
seminar  on  "Documents  of  destruction" 
at  Croft  Chapter  House,  University 
College.  All  welcome  to  attend. 

3  pm 

Come  to  a  short  planning  session  for  a 
United  Farm  Workers'  film  and  pub  party 
at  Innis.  Meel  in  the  Bossin  Room  at  3  pm. 
Everyone  welcome. 

4  pm 

El  Club  Hispanico  invites  all  who  are 
interested  to  come  to  a  general  meeting  in 
Sid  Smith,  2nd  floor  lounge,  Huron  St. 
side,at4:00pm today.  Bienvenidoa  todos. 

The  Mathematics  and  Physics  Society 
presents  the  second  of  its  weekly  Seminar 

Series  that  occurs  every  Tuesday  at  4  pm 
in  McLennan  Physics  134.  This  week  —  a 
preview  of  the  U  of  T  student  papers  that 
will  be  presented  at  the  upcoming  un- 
dergraduate physics  conference,  being 
held  this  year  at  Simon  Fraser  University. 
All  are  welcome. 

Auditions  are  now  being  held  for  roles  in 
the  TCDS  production  of  Milton's  masque 
Comus.  All  welcome.  Seeley  Hall,  Trinity 
College.  Until  6  pm. 

5  pm 

Varsity  Christian  Fellowship  will  meet 
at  5  pm  in  the  Wy  mi  I  wood  Music  Room  for 
the  second  in  a  four-week  Bible  study 
series  led  by  Bob  8rau  on  the  character  of 
God.  Supper  at  6:00  in  the  Wymilwood 
Cafeteria  will  be  followed  by  a  general 

meeting  at  7:00  where  Tony  Tyndale,  an 
IV  staff  member  will  speak  on  IV- 
conciousness.  Come  praise  him  with  us! ! ! 

Introducing  Wheatgerm  Theatre  —  an 
organic  approach  to  the  workshop. 
Creative,  collective  theatricality  for 
everyone  —  regardless  of  experience.  UC 
Playhouse,  to  7  pm. 

7; :30  pm 

Thief  of  Bagdad,  first  of  a  two-part 
series,  free  admission,  at  the  In- 
ternational Student  Centre,  33  St.  George 
St  All  welcome. 


The  committee  for  a  marxist  institute 
presents  its  third  lecture  on  The  Working 
Class  in  Canada.  Leo  Johnson  speaks  on 
The  Composition  of  the  Canadian  Working 

Winnipeg  police  break  up  picket 
supporting  united  farm  workers 

policemen  broke  up  an  already 
dispersing  picket  line  al  a  Dominion 
Foods  store  in  Winnipeg  last  week. 

The  United  Farm  Workers  Win- 
nipeg Boycott  Committee  organized 
the  picket  at  the  Polo  Park  Shopping 
Centre  as  an  informational  support 
action  of  the  UFW's  boycolt  of  all 
California -grown  grapes  and  let- 

The  police  had  been  expected  all 
morning.  There  had  been  rumours 
thai  Polo  Park  had  got  an  injunction 
against  the  picketing  activities, 
although  S.  Ray,  shopping  centre 
manager  denied  this  saying,  "no  one 
has  applied  for  an  injunction  that  I 
am  aware  of  at  this  time."  Two 
Sentinel  Security  Guards  had  been 
keeping  a  close  eye  on  the  picket ers. 

Initially  four  policemen  drove  up 
in  two  squad  cars,  but  one  of  the  two- 
man  cars  quickly  left  after  it 
became  clear  that  there  wasn't 
going  to  be  any  trouble  with  the 

The  police  talked  to  Doug  Tottle, 
spokesperson  for  the  picketers,  for  a 
few  minutes  then  took  the  names, 
addresses  and  phone  numbers  of  the 
11  people  still  left  on  the  line,  war- 
ning them  that  they  could  be  sum- 
monsed on  a  charge  of  petty 

Ray,  who  does  not  normally  work 
at  the  centre  on  Saturdays  came  to 
Polo  Park  to  tell  the  picketers  to 
disperse  because  they  were 
"picketing  on  private  property." 
Ray  said,  "I  called  the  police  after  I 
came  in  from  the  picket  line.  One  of 

the  picketers  said  they  wouldn't  talk 
to  anybody  but  the  police.  I  wanted 
to  have  an  official  witness  when  I 
advised  them  that  they  were 

In  a  telephone  interview  Ray  said, 
"We're  not  really  interested  in 
pressing  charges  right  now.  We  will 
wait  to  see  if  they  come  back  before 
making  a  final  decision. 

Presumably  this  means  that  the 
Polo  Park  management  will  use  the 
threat  of  legal  action  to  keep  the 
boycott  committee  from  picketing 
the  store  again. 

If  however,  the  store  does  press 
charges  under  the  Canadian 
criminal  code,  it  could  be  argued 
that  the  charges  were  not  laid  to 
uphold  the  law  but  to  harass  certain 


(across  Irom  Varsity  Arena) 
Are    offering    discount    rates  to 
students  during  the  month  of  Oc- 

$100  (maxim  urn) 

for  complete  hairshaping" 

The  above  rate  is  a  $2.00  saving  on 
our  regular  service  charges  and  it 
is  our  way  of  showing  the  ap- 
preciation of  a  large  sf udent 
patronage,  which  we  have  always 

Further  inquiries  are  in- 
vited by  calling  .  .  . 
924-7833  (closed  Mondays) 




You  don't  blow  an  extraordinary  idea 
on  an  ordinary  shoe. 

By  now  you're  probably 
aware  that  Roots  are  not 
like  other  kinds  of  footwear. 
The  heel  is  lower  to  give 
you  the  natural  kind  of 
walk  you'd  get  by  going 
barefoot  in  sand.  The  arch 
is  supported,  so  if  you 
spend  much  time  on  your 
feet  you'll  now  spend  it  in 
much  greater  comfort.  The 
rocker  sole  helps  spring 
you  off  on  each  footstep, 
so  walking  becomes  a  little 

less  work  than  it  ever  was 

But  a  big  part  of  Roots' 
success  lies  in  not  how 

1052  Yonge  Street 

(Opposite  Hfjsedfile  Subwny  Station) 

they're  made,  buthou) 
well.  Only  the  finest  grade 
Canadian  hides  are 
selected.  These  are  hand- 
crafted into  Roots,  simply 
because,  for  much  of  our 
production,  the  most 
efficient  machine  is  still  the 
human  hand. 
This  is  why,  of  all  the 
reasons  we  could  give  you 
for  trying  Roots,  none 
would  fit  quite  so  well  as  the 
shoe  itself. 




Opens  Wednesday,  Oct.  2 
Paintings  by  John  Howlin 
Gallery  Hours: 
Monday,  11  am-9  pm  • 
Tuesday  to  Saturday,  11  am-5  pm 
Sunday,  2-5  pm 


Richard  Kolb,  lute 
Gary  Creighton,  Counter-Tenor 
Tues.,  Oct.  l  &  Thurs.  Oct.  3 
Music  Room,  1  pm 


Tues.,  Oct.  1 
Debates  Room,  7  pm 

Tues.,  Oct.  1 

South  Sitting  Room,  6  pm 


Beginner  Printing 
Tues.,  Oct.  1  at  7  pm 


Wed.,  Oct.  2  at  7  pm 
Oct.  2  &  3,  12-1  pm 
In  the  camera  clubrooms 


Simultaneous  exhibition 
Oct.  2,  3,  &  4 

Chess  Club  room,  11  am-4  pm 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

East  Common  room,  7  pm 


Slide  Show 

Oct.  2,3  8,4 

East  Landing,  12-2  pm 


Tapes  and  information 

Oct.  2,  3  &  A 

Map  room,  12  -  2  pm 

Lecture  6.  Slides 

Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Art  Gallery,  8  pm 


Open  House 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Film  Board  room,  1-4  pm 


Resolved      that  Canadian 
Nationalism  is  a  threat  to  Cana- 
dian Economic  Security 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Bickersteth  room,  3  pm 


Jazz  Quintet  with  Ginny  Grant 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 

East  Common  room,  12-2  pm 


Milkshake  Shoot 

Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Rifle  Range,  4-6  pm 


Exhibition  and  Commentary 
Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

Squash  Gallery,  5-6:20  pm 


Open  House 
Oct.  2,  3  &  4 
S.C.M.  offices 


Novice  Tournament 

Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

Rifle  Range,  6-10  pm 

S.C.M.  Presents  a  film 
"Vietnam,  a  Question  of  Tor- 

Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Debates  Room,  8  pm 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Wrestling  room,  7-8  pm 


Resolved    that    Toronto    is  no 
Longer  Toronto  the- Good 
Honorary      Visitor :  Anne 
Thurs.,  Oct.- 3 
Debates  Room,  8  pm 


Presents  the  Canadian  Film 
"Paperback  Hero" 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Music  Room,  8  pm 


Free  dance  with 

"Abernathy  Shagnaster" 

Fri.,  Oct.  4 

Great  Hall,  8:30  pm 

"Refreshments"  available 

Tickets  free  from  the  Hall  Porter 

No  admission  without  a  ticket! 


1   Professional  disc  |ockey 

■  until  11 :30  pm 

1  Wed.  8.  Thurs.  nights 

1   in  the  Arbor  room 

1  Tues.,  Oct.  4,  4:15-5  pm 
■  Wed.,  Oct.  2  11:15-11:45  am  and 
1  4:15-5  pm  in  Record  room  A 

MonJue,Wed.&Sat..l0a.m.-6p.m.Thurs..l0am.-8p.m.Fri..l0a.m.-9p.m.Ty|:  %7~5461 


A  large  well-equipped  pottery  studio  offering  instruction  in 
throwing,  hand  building  and  sculpture 

•  small  classes  in  bright  studio 
t  individual  attention 

•  free  unlimited  use  of  tools  and  materials 

•  ample  kiln  space,  complete  glaze  facilities 

•  special  Saturday  children's  classes 

For  more  information  phone  us  or  drop  in  at  the  studio. 
Artists  Alliance   Building,  24   Ryerson  Avenue, 
Toronto,  Phone  366-0429 

Monday,  September  30,  1971 

The  Varsity  3 

OFS  calls  for  major  reforms  in  student  awards  plan 

Very  substantial  reforms  are 
needed  in  the  Ontario  Student  Award 
Plan  (OSAP),  according  to  a  report 
prepared  by  the  Ontario  Federation 
of  Students  for  a  conference  held  in 
Sudbury  this  weekend. 

In  a  report  entitled  Let  them  eat 
cake,  OFS  attacks  the  present 
scheme  in  a  number  of  areas : 
student  living  allowances,  expected 
student  contributions,  the  age  of 
independence  and  interest  rates  for 

The  report  points  out  students  who 
receive  OSAP  are  forced  to  survive 
on  $32  a  week,  less  than  the  poverty 
level  and  less  than  recom- 
mendations of  provincial  student 
award  officers. 

Minister  of  Colleges  and 
Universities  James  Auld  has  refused 
to  increase  the  amount  despite  in- 
flationary pressures  and  local 
variations  in  the  cost  of  living. 

Students  who  live  in  university 
residences  costing  more  than  $32  a 
week  must  appeal  for  the  difference 
in  costs  as  a  loan,  not  a  grant  as  in 
the  past. 

The  student  contribution  expected 
from  summer  work  is  based  on  a 

table  with  increases  for  each  year 
of  education.  The  report  points  out 
summer  jobs  often  bear  no  relation 
to  educational  status  and  expected 
earnings  haven't  taken  into  account 
increases  in  the  cost  of  living. 

The  report  also  points  out  student 
unemployment  remains  high, 
especially  for  women,  and  appeals 
based  on  inability  to  find  work  result 
in  increases  in  loans,  not  grants. 

The  report  concludes  that  "OSAP 
is  adding  an  extra  economic  burden 
to  the  already  heavy  social  barrier 
women  have  to  overcome  in  seeking 
an  education." 

The  system  is  also  weighted 
toward  students  whose  families 
have  profitable  connections  and  can 
get  high  paying  jobs.  The  report 
suggests  the  solution  is  to  take  a 
percentage  of  the  students'  income 
based  on  the  actual  cost  of  living. 

Expectations  are  also  unrealistic 
for  those  who  are  returning  from  the 
work  force,  with  applicants  bejng 
expected  to  contribute  25  percent  of 
their  gross  income  for  the  last  eight 

The  present  regulations  on  the  age 
of  independence  also  come  under 

fire.  Although  students  are  legally 
adults  at  18  they  are  unable  to  be 
considered  independently  of  their 
parents  for  a  student  loan  until  24. 

The  system  now  discriminates 
against  those  whose  parents  refuse 
to  help  them  as  well  as  those  who  do 
not  want  to  be  supported  or  who 
have  differences  with  their  parents. 

This  provision  works  especially 
against  middle-income  families  with 
more  than  one  student  to  educate, 
those  who  are  just  above  the  cut-off 
for  student  aid. 

The  report  also  attacks  the 
present    loan    system    as  "an 

especially  pernicious  form  of 
financing  higher  education  because 
they  work  unequally."  Students  are 
forced  to  assume  indebtedness 
which  is  not  related  to  ability  to  pay. 

OFS  rejects  the  present  system 
because  it  feels  post-secondary 
education  should  be  funded  through 
an  equitable  taxation  system,  rather 
than  students  having  to  mortgage 
their  futures  to  get  an  education. 

In  the  long  term  OFS  favors  free 
tuition  and  living  stipends  for 
students.  But  in  the  short  term,  OFS 
contends,  reforms  are  required  now 
in  the  OSAP  scheme. 

Students,  the  report  points  out,  are 
paying  more  -of  their  educational 
costs  despite  increases  in  govern- 
ment educational  expenditures. 

The  operation  of  OSAP,  the  report 
charges,  is  based  on  a  '  'bureaucrat's 
fairy-tale"  and  shows  that  the  On- 
tario government  "has  no  intention 
of  increasing  accessibility  to  post- 
secondary  education  or  of  even 
supporting  students  at  a  subsistence 

Despite  the  present  plan's 
inadequacies,  the  government  has 
refused  to  increase  funds  available 
although  the  number  of  applications 
has  increased  rapidly. 

Students  oppose  hiring  procedures 

The  dismissal  of  a  highly-rated 
lecturer  in  the  Victoria  College 
French  department  last  winter 
moved  many  students  to  question 
the  university's  current  hiring  and 
firing  procedures. 

APUS  wants  parity 
on  Governing  Council 

The  Association  for  Part-time 
Undergraduate  Students  (APUS) 
will  submit  a  brief  to  Governing 
Council  calling  for  an  enlarged 
council  with  student-faculty  and 
internal-external  parity. 

The  APUS  brief  is  similar  to  one 
offered  by  the  Alumni  Association, 
but  differs  in  numbers  from  a 
common  student  brief  drawn  up  by 
SAC  and  the  Graduate  Students' 
Union  (GSU). 

The  APUS  position  calls  for  12 
faculty,  12  students  and  12  alumni 
members,  together  with"  four  sup- 
port staff,  18  government  appointees 
and'  two  presidential  appointees. 
Along  with  the  two  statutory 
members  —  the  president  and  the 
chancellor  —  council  membership 
would  total  62. 

According  to  APUS  president 
Norma  Grindal,  the  APUS  brief 
represents  a  more  realistic  ap- 
proach to  the  problem  of  restruc- 
turing the  council  than  the  SAC  GSU 

Grindal  is  afraid  that,  if  it  rejected 
the  SAC  GSU  position,  the  council 
may  make  no  move  whatsoever 
towards  parity  on  the  council;  ac- 
cordingly, the  APUS  brief  poses  a 
more  acceptable  solution,  she  feels. 

Governing  Council  will  discuss  a 
revision  of  its  composition  at  two 
meetings,  Oct.  17  and  24.  Briefs  to 
the  council  on  the  subject  are  due  by 
Oct.  1. 

The  present  composition  of  the  50- 
member  council  includes  16 
government  appointees,  12  faculty, 
eight  students,  two  support  staff  and 
eight  alumni,  together  with  the 
president  and  the  chancellor,  who 
are  ex-officio  members. 

The  SAC  GSU  position  calls  for  a 
66-member  council  with  21  govern- 
ment appointees,  14  faculty,  14 
students,  four  support  staff  and 
eight  alumni,  as  well  as  four 
municipal  representatives  and  the 

at  thtf  tetuji-e.  decision 

M<eb\ng-  simeoe 

Decide!  fch«  oual'iHi  of 

The  dismissal  sparked  students  in 
the  department  to  demand 
representation  on  the  body  which, 
effectively,  wields  the  power  on 
hiring  decisions,  but  the  attempt 
proved  fruitless. 

The  French  department  refused  to 
renew  French  lecturer  J.D.  Orsoni's 
contract,  which  terminates  at  the 
end  of  this  academic  year,  although 
all  but  two  of  the  instructor's  40 
students  from  four  separate  classes 
signed  a  petition  last  year  sup- 
porting his  retention. 

The  strongly  worded  petition 
noted,  in  part:  "There  is  no  doubt  in 
our  minds  that  he  (Orsoni)  is  a 
teacher  of  superior  quality  .  . . 

"His  departure  would  be  a  loss  to 

his  students  —  both  present  and 

The  decision  to  dump  Orsoni  was 
made  by  a  department  "con- 
sultative" committee  composed 
entirely  of  faculty  members  —  with 
no  student  representation. 

Theoretically  the  committee 
advises  the  department  chairman  on 
all  matters  relating  to  ap- 
pointments, but  traditionally  the 
chairman  never  uses  his  veto  power. 

Students  were  dealt  a  blow  last 
February  as  the  department 
rejected  a  bid  for  student 
representation  on  this  consultative 

Peter  Jarrett,  a  Vic  French 
student  who  is  a  Governing  Council 
member  this  year  actively  pushing 
for  student  say  in  hiring  and  firing 
decisions  across  campus,  main- 
tained last  year  the  Vic  department 
had  "overruled  the  student  voice." 
Jarrett  took  a  course  taught  by 
Orsoni  last  year. 

The  French  department's  move 
came  less  than  a  year  after  the 
dismissal  of  three  instructors  in  the 
mathematics  department  sparked 
an  ll-day  occupation  of  that 
department's  offices. 

With  the  math  firing,  as  well, 
students'  attempts  to  retain  the 
three  highly-rated  instructors  were 
futile,  causing  growing  frustration 
among  students  and  leading  to  a 
referendum  last  fall  among  un- 

The  referendum's  results  firmly 
supported  parity  representation  of 
students  and  faculty  on  hiring  and 
firing  committees. 

Although  these  firings  in  the 
French  and  math  departments 
stirred  considerable  protest,  most 

staffing  decisions  at  the  university 
are  made  quietly  —  without  student 
input  and  without  controversy. 

But  student  leaders  this  year  are 
mounting  a  campaign  in  a  bid  for 
representation  on  tenure  and  hiring 
and  firing  bodies  to  ensure  teaching 
ability  is  given  equal  consideration 
with  research  ability  in  any  staffing 

The  Governing  Council  is 
currently  considering  models  for 
selecting  student  reps  to  sit  on 
tenure  committees  following  a 
university  report  last  year  which 
recommended  students  be  denied 
representation  on  such  bodies 
because  of  lack  of  mechanisms  to 
select  students  to  sit  on  such  com- 

Varg  holds 
strategy  bash 

Thinking  of  taking  the  bar 
admission  course? 

Well  then  friend,  The  Varsity  is 
just  the  place  to  do  your  cram- 

As  one  of  our  rock-ribbed  in- 
vestigative reporters,  you'll  get 
to  stick  your  neck  into  the  steely 
web  of  today's  fast  moving 

To  get  started,  come  to  today's 
noon  meeting  in  our  second  floor 
offices,  91  St.  George  St.  We'll  be 
discussing  strategy  and  projects 
for  the  upcoming  week. 

Come  and  stick  your  neck  out. 

Law  union  conference  examines  police  brutality 

The  Law  Union,  which  held  its 
first  conference  last  weekend  at 
OISE,  is  a  young  group  of 
lawyers,  law  students  and  legal 
workers  who  are  committed  to 
doing  legal  work  for  Canadian 
people's  movements. 

The  purpose  of  the  conference 
was  to  adopt  a  constitution, 
register  members  and  plan  an 
ongoing  organization  to  support 
their  work. 

Among  the  topics  discussed  at 
the  conference  were  women  in 
law,  rent  strikes,  immigration, 
political  ethics,  native  peoples 
and  alternative  forms  of  legal 

The  following  article  deals 
with  Toronto  lawyer  Clayton 
Ruby's  discussion  of  police 
brutality  at  the  conference. 


"The  most  dangerous  spot  on 
earth  is  the  backs  teps  of  52 

So  said  Toronto  lawyer  Clayton 
Ruby  to  300  people  at  the  Law 
Union's  weekend  conference  on 
^police  abuse  held  in  OISE. 

The  remark  brought  a  laugh,  but 
the  problem  to  which  the  delegates 
were  addressing  themselves  was  a 
werious  one. 

Just  how  serious  the  problem  was 
Ruby  went  on  to  explain. 

He  began  by  outlining  the  courses 
of  action  —  and  their  effectiveness 
—  open  to  a  lawyer  when  a  client 

brings  a  complaint  of  police 
brutality  to  him. 

The  first  and  least  effective 
method  is  a  complaint  to  the  police 
complaint  bureau. 

"The  police  know  they  have 
nothing  to  fear  from  the  complaints 
bureau,"  said  Ruby. 

Of  the  50  complaints  Ruby  has 
filed  through  the  bureau  over  the 
years,  only  one  in  his  view  has 
received  a  satisfactory  response. 

Toronto  lawyer  Arthur  Maloney, 
who  has  often  defended  police 
against  brutality  charges,  is 
presently  conducting  a  one-man 
inquiry  into  the  workings  of  the 
police  complaints  bureau. 

No  Written  Response 

Until  two  years  ago,  Ruby 
received  a  written  response  to 
complaints,  but  since  then,  "the 
complaints  bureau  has  refused  to 
reply  to  my  complaints  at  all." 

Even  more  disturbing,  said  Ruby, 
is  the  fact  complaints  no  longer 
seem  to  find  their  way  into  the  in- 
dividual cop's  file  as  they  once  did. 

More  and  more,  the  police  are 
using  their  own  discretion  to  decide 
whether  a  complaint  is  "minor"  or 

If  asked,  a  policeman  will  instance 
a  "minor"  complaint  —  a  cop  telling 
a  speeding  motorist  whom  he  has 
apprehended  to  "go  to  hell." 

Naturally,  only  so-called 
"serious"  complaints  find  their  way 
into  the  files. 

The  principal  tactical  value  in 
laying  a  charge  is  the  considerable 
annoyance  to  the  police  force.  The 

hiring  of  a  high-priced  lawyer  for  the 
defence  costs  the  police  from  $1,500 
to  $2,500  and  higher  —  at  no  cost  to 
the  complainant. 

But  at  the  same  time,  the  com- 
plainant loses  some  advantages.  He 
cannot  choose  his  own  lawyer  to 
prosecute  but  must  rely  on  a  Crown 
attorney,  generally  from  another 

This  policy  supposedly  promotes 
impartiality,  but  in  practice  it  often 
foists  on  the  victim  of  brutality  a 
Crown  attorney  who  is  both  un- 
familiar and  uninterested  in  local 
police  practice. 

Moreover,  the  complainant 
becomes  a  "marked  man"  whom 
the  police  will  try  to  "get"  later. 

More  subtly,  his  lawyer  will  find 
many  of  information  sources  will 
have  dried  up. 

Police  Clam  Up 

A  telephone  call  to  learn  the  police 
version  of  the  alleged  brutality  will 
be  met  with  the  reply:  "The  matter 
is  in  the  courts  and  we  don't  want  to 
say  anything  which  would  prejudice 

John  Liss,  who  organized  the 
conference  with  Ruby,  said,  "It 
would  be  nice  to  know,  as  a  lawyer, 
what  the  police  story  is  going  to  be. 

"Will  it  be  that  your  client  reached 
for  the  policeman's  gun  and  forced 
the  policeman  to  puncn  mm  m  the 
jaw  10  times? 

"Or  is  it  that  your  client  came  into 
the  station  with  a  broken  jaw?  It 
helps  when  you're  deciding*' what 
type  of  evidence  to  go  for." 

He   spoke    of   a  widespread 

assumption  among  police  that  they 
are  the  last  bastions  of  decency 
amid  the  forces  of  anarchy('  )-  , 

This  assumption  is  shared  by 
many  of  the  public,  said  Ruby.  "The 
public  wants  the  job  done  at  any  cost 
—  but  it  doesn't  want  to  know  how." 

The  public's  attitude  means  to 
some  extent  that  police  who  use 
brutal  methods  are  successful  and 
serve  as  models  for  imitation. 

Ruby  cited  "Lumpy  Lambert  and 
his  boys"  as  illustration. 

For  many  years  they  managed  to 
keep  Toronto's  rate  .of  bank  rob- 
beries down  by  descending  with 
clubs  on  known  Montreal  robbers  as 
soon  as  they  hit  town. 

Fifteen  minutes  after  their 
arrival,  the  bruised  and  battered 
desperados  were  on  an  eastbound 
freight  train  back  to  Montreal. 

They  would  be  met  by  friends  in 
Montreal,  who  took  one  look  and 
said,  "Where  have  you  been  — 
Toronto?"  Word  got  around. 

But  as  effective  as  Lumpy 
Lambert's  measures  were,  Ruby 
wondered  aloud  whether  he  could 
trust  Lumpy's  discretion  and 
decided  that  he  could  not. 

One  of  the  audience  also 
questioned  whether  Lambert  would 
be  likely  to  strongarm  a  modern-day 
computer  thief,  and  somehow 
doubted  it,  even  though  such  thieves 
net  considerably  more  than  ordinary 
bank  robbers. 

Ruby  noted  police  brutality  is  also 
traceable  to  the  social  situation  from 
which  the  average  cop  comes. 

Policemen  are  drawn  mostly  from 

upper  working  class  or  lower  middle 
class  backgrounds  —  "the  football 
team  from  Malvern  Collegiate." 

"The  force  offers  an  escape  from 
the  working  class  environment,  it's 
not  nine-to-five,  there's  some  ex- 
citement and  —  extremely  im- 
portant—there's a  good  pension." 

The  police  pension  arrangements 
have  undergone  recent  changes,  but 
they  used  to  be  a  full  pension  after  25 
years  of  service  until  death. 

When  thrust  among  people  who 
remind  them  of  their  backgrounds, 
many  police  become  uneasy. 

This  uneasiness,  and  the  con- 
viction that  anarchy  threatens, 
creates  among  police  a  "seige 
mentality,"  said  Ruby. 

By  and  large,  a  police  officers 
friends  are  policemen  themselves 
which  reinforces  this  mentality. 

A  former  police  trainee  recalled 
his  first  reading  for  the  course  was  a 
presentation  called  "Them  and  Us", 
urging  secrecy  —  don't  tell  your 
relatives,  your  friends,  or  your  wife 
what  you  do. 

An  attack  on  police  brutality  may 
be  conceived  as  less  than  an  attack 
on  police  themselves,  which  would 
only  aggravate  their  seige  men- 
tality, than  an  attack  on  their 
isolation  from  the  society  around 
them,  he  said. 

Ruby  attempted  to  formulate  the 
distinction  via  two  possible  cour- 
troom stances.  "One,  I  can  attack 
the  cop  as  a  sadistic  brute  —  this  is 
what  they  expect.  Or  I  can  attack 
him  as  a  stupid  idiot  who  doesn't 
know  how  to  do  his  job  right." 

Monday.  September  30,  1974 



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'Your  feets  too  big" 

Fats  Waller 

The  Varsity,  a  member  of  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  1680 
and  is  published  by  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  is  printed  by 
Newsweb  Enterprise.  Opinions  ex- 
pressed in  this  newspaper  are  not 
necessarily  those  of  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  -  or  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  university.  Formal 
complaints  about  the  editorial  or 
business  operation  of  the  paper  may  be 
addressed  to  the  Chairman,  Campus 
Relations  Committee,  Varsity  Board  of 
Directors,  91  St.  George  St.  

OCUA  membership  a  poor  choice 

Last  Thursday,  the  Ontario 
government  announced  the 
membership  of  the  new  Ontario 
Council  on  University  Affairs 
(OCUA).  The  council,  headed  by 
former  U  of  T  political  economy 
chairman  Stefan  Dupre,  is  in- 
tended to  act  as  a  buffer  bet- 
ween universities  and  govern- 

In  theory,  the  OCUA  is  in- 
tended to  avoid  direct  conflict 
between  universities  and 
government,  with  the  univer- 
sities making  their  monetary 
pitches  directly  to  the  OCUA, 
which  then  advises  the  govern- 

In  practice,  the  choice  of 
membership  may  send  the 
OCUA  off  to  a  disastrous  start 
from  which  it  is  unlikely  to 

The  membership  is  laced 
heavily  with  corporate 
executives  and  university  ad- 
ministrators, but  ignores 
completely  representatives  of 
student,  faculty  and  labour 
organizations.  Nor,  with  the 
exception  of  Reva  Gerstein,  are 
there  any  notable  educational 
innovators  included.  Certainly, 
Dupre  himself  is  more 
bureaucrat  than  educator. 

Two  completely  unknown 
students,  an  .undergraduate 
from  northern  Ontario,  and  a 
graduate  from  southern 
Ontario,  have  been  chosen. 
Suggestions  by  the  Ontario 
Federation  of  students  went 

As  universities  minister 
James  Auld  hoped,  conflict 
between  estates  on  the  com- 
mittee will  certainly  be  avoided. 
But,  more  seriously,  neither 
students  nor  faculty  will  have 
means  to  express  their  views  on 
the  OCUA.  The  student  point  of 
view  is  hardly  represented  by 
having  'a  student'  sit  on  the 

The  situation  is  somewhat 
akin  to  the  one  in  which  the 
kindly  old  matron  asks  the 
unwashed  adolescent:  "and 
what  do  you  young  people  think 
about  life?" 

Except  the  Ontario  govern- 
ment is  no  kindly  old  matron. 
This  is  obviously  a  deliberate 
tactic.  By  having  no 
representation  from  concerned 
university  estates,  the  OCUA  is 
less  likely  to  oppose  government 
attempts  to  cut  back  educational 

Students  and  faculty  will  be 
frustrated  at  being  ignored.  And 
universities  will  be  frustrated  in 
having  to  talk  to  a  front  group 
which  will  avoid  the  real  issue; 
namely,  do  universities  get 
more  money  or  don't  they? 

The  OCUA  may  suggest  how  it 
wants  money  spent,  but  it  can't 
suggest  how  much.  That  power 
lies  with  the  government,  and 
the  universities  cannot  deal 
directly  with  the  government. 

What  do  you  young  people 
think  about  the  Ontario 

The  following  exchange  of 
letters  between  SAC  president 
Seymour  Kanowitch  and 
university  president  John  Evans 
took  place  recently  over  the 
question  of  the  composition  of 
the  Governing  Council,  U  of  T's 
top  governing  body.  The  council 
is  to  reconsider  its  size  and 
composition  at  two  meetings 
next  month. 

Kanowitch's  letter  first 
printed  in  The  .  Varsity  Sep- 
tember 20  invited  Evans  to 
engage  in  a  debate  on  the  issue 
of  parity  —  equal  representation 
between  students  and  faculty, 
and  between  university  and  non- 
university  representatives. 

Evans  reply,  dated  September 
25,  declines  the  debate,  and 
elaborates  the  president's 
views.  In  his  reply  to  Evans, 
dated  September  26,  Kanowitch 
stresses  the  importance  of  a 
clear  exposition  of  views  on  the 
matter,  and  repeats  the  call  for 
a  debate. 

Evans:  no 
to  debate 

Dear  Mr.  Kanowitch: 

Thank  you  for  your  letter  in  which 
you  invite  me  to  engage  in  a  public 
debate  with  you  on  the  issue  of 
student-faculty  parity  on  the 
Governing  Council.  There  are 
several  reasons  why  I  do  not  think  it 
advisable  for  me  to  participate  in 
such  a  debate  at  this  time.  First,  the 
issue  of  student  parity  has  been 
debated  on  this  campus  at  great 
length,  to  the  virtual  exclusion  of 
other  aspects  of  Governing  Council 
membership,  and  1  am  not  sure  that 
there  is  much  more  to  be  said  on  that 
issue  that  has  not  been  said  already ; 
this  also  seemed  to  be  the  opinion  of 
the  students  and  faculty  on  the 
Governing  Council  when  the 
discussions  of  revision  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  Act  took  place 
last  year.  Secondly,  the  University 
community  has  been  asked  to 
respond  with  briefs  to  the  Governing 
Council  by  October  1st,  and  a  debate 
on  October  loth  would  tend  to  be 
after  the  fact  in  terms  of  those 
submissions.  And  thirdly,  as  you 
pointed  out  in  your  letter,  1  have 
already  indicated  my  personal 
opinion  on  the  matter,  not  just  on  the 
issue  of  parity  but  on  the  broader 
aspects  of  representation  on  the 
Governing  Council. 

1  do  not  attach  the  significance 
ascribed  by  some  to  the  principle  of 
parity,  either  as  between  staff  and 
students  or  as  between  university 
and  government  alumni 
representatives  on  the  Governing 
Council.  In  my  opinion  this  issue  has 
been  magnified  out  of  all  proportion 

to  its  actual  importance  in  the 
working  of  the  University's 
governing  body.  The  factors  which 
should  be  preponderant  in  any 
consideration  of  revised  mem- 
bership for  the  Governing  Council 
are  those  which  relate  to  its  effective 
functioning  as  a  policy-making  body 
for  a  complex  institution. 

There  are  clearly  areas  where 
changes  in  representation  would 
improve  the  Council's  functioning, 
whether  through  the  designation  of 
specific  representatives  or  through 
the  use  of  co-opted  members.  I  have 
already  drawn  attention  to  two 
areas  where  I  believe  specific 
changes  would  enhance  the  Coun- 
cil's functioning:  assured 
representation  from  Scarborough 
and  Erindale  and  increased 
representation  from  among  the 
administrative  leaders  of  the 
academic  divisions.  I  also  believe 
that  there  is  a  case  for  added 
representation  of  the  non-academic 
staff.  One  important  proposal  for 
change  that  1  would  hope  the  student 
organizations  will  address  them- 
selves to  is  the  possible  redefinition 
of  student  constituencies  now  that 
we  have  moved  to  a  credit  system  in, 
a  large  part  of  the  University  and' 
the  distinction  between  part-time 
and  full-time  students  has  become 
blurred.  I  have  already  raised  this 
question  with  APUS  and  asked  them 
to  consider  what  new  definition  of 
part-time  status  might  be  developed 
so  that  the  special  interests  of  those 
who  are  taking  some  courses  at  the 
University  but  are  also  maintaining 
a  full-time  work  load  outside  the 
University  may  be  adequately 

From  the  point  of  view  of  the 
Council's  effectiveness,  there  is  no 
question,  from  the  experience  of  the 
last  two  years,  that  the  contribution 
made  to  the  work  of  the  Council  by 

the  representatives  of  the  teaching 
staff  has  been  integral  and  indeed 
essential  to  its  effective  functioning, 
for  that  reason,  and  also  because  the 
academic  staff  are  central  to  the 
purposes  of  the  University  and  the 
quality  of  its  programmes,  I  believe 
that  any  changes  in  the  Council's 
composition  which  dilute  the  impact 
of  the  academic  staff  or  symbolize  a 
diminution  of  their  contribution 
would  lessen  the  Council's  ef- 
fectiveness as  a  policy-making  body 
for  the  University. 

Another  matter  that  bears  on 
effective  functioning  is  the  overall 
size  of  the  Council;  consideration 
should  be  given  to  defining  those 
areas  where  the  use  of  co-opted 
membership  can  reduce  unwieldy 
work  loads  of  Council  members  and 
also  mobilize  additional  expertise 
and  experience  to  deal  with  specific 

I  shall  be  happy  to  explain  and 
elaborate  on  these  views  to  any 
students  who  are  interested,  but  I  do 
not  think  it  appropriate  for  me  to 
engage  in  a  formal  debate  on  the 
Council's  composition  with  any 
constituency.  I  have  supported  the 
position  that  this  matter  should  be 
debated  in  the  full  Governing 
Council  rather  than  in  the  Executive 
Committee  because  it  is  essential 
that  whatever  revisions  to  the  Act 
are  brought  forward  by  the 
University  be  arrived  at,  understood 
and  supported  in  open  session  where 
all  members  can  be  fully  involved. 

John  Evans 


Dear  Dr.  Evans: 
I  would  like  to  reiterate  my  in-' 

vitation  for  a  public  debate  with  you 
on  the  question  of  parity  on  the 
Governing  Council.  I  would  also  like 
to  challenge  the  reasons  you  give  for 
your  tentative  refusal  to  debate. 

You  indicate  you  are  willing  "to 
explain  and  elaborate  on  these  views 
(on  parity)  to-any  students  who  are 
interested."  There  are  many 
students  who  are  concerned  about 
the  issue  and  have  not  had  an  op- 
portunity, other  than  through  The 
Varsity,  to  consider  the  discussions 
surrounding  the  matter.  Most 
students  do  not  want  to  go  to 
relatively  boring  meetings  of  the 
Governing  Council  or  read  through 
the  lengthy  CUG  report.  In  fact,  one 
of  the  best  way  that  students  could 
inform  themselves  further  on  the 
matter  is  to  listen  to  both  sides  in  a 
public  debate. 

The  debate  is  not  intended  to  in- 
fluence the  content  of  submissions  to 
the  Council  which  are  due  October  1. 
Rather,  it  is  hoped  that  it  will  raise 
the  level  of  understanding  of  the 
issue  on  campus  still  further  and 
contribute  to  even  more  discussion 
among  members  of  the  university 

The  debate  would  be  a  formal  one, 
with  a  high  degree  of  decorum  so 
that  a  frank  exchange  of  ideas  might 
occur.  Sloganeering  or  cliches  would 
be  replaced  by  reasoned  arguments 
for  and  against  parity. 

Should  you  decline  this  invitation 
again,  you  would  certainly  be  open 
to  criticism  for  not  encouraging  the 
fullest  possible  discussion  on 
campus  on  this  key  question. 

I  urge  you  to  accept,  and  precise 
formal  of  the  debate  can  be  worked 
out  to  our  mutual  satisfaction. 
Please  reply  as  soon  as  possible  so 
that  appropriate  arrangements  can 
be  made. 

Seymour  Kanowitch 

Monday-  September  30,  1974 

The  Varsity  S 


There  will  be  introductory  lec- 
tures in  SCI  and  the  benefits  of 
Transcendental  Meditation 
tonight  at  8  pm  in  the  Council 
Chamber  at  Scarboro  College, 
and  on  October  3  in  Rm.  3153 
Medical  Science  Building  at  8 
p.m.  All  are  invited  to  attend. 

What  can  be  learned  easily  and 
enjoyed  by  everyone,  provides  deep 
rest  as  a  basis  for  dynamic  activity, 
improves  clarity  of  perception, 
develops  creative  intelligence, 
expands  awareness,  and  encourages 
the  development  of  the  individual  in 
a  natural  way?  The  answer,  for  a 
growing  number  of  people,  is 
Transcendental  Meditation,  (TM), 

as  taught  by  the  Maharishi  Mahesh 
Yogi  (of  Beatle  fame). 

The  average  student,  grown 
cynical  in  a  world  that  markets 
panecea's  for  everything  from 
headaches  to  damaged  egos,  tends 
to  view  claims  such  as  these  scep- 
tically. TM,  with  its  Eastern  origins, 
is  sometimes  equated  unfavourably 
with'  the  practioners  of  the  more 
bizarre  sects  that  exist  on  the 
fringes  of  rational  consciousness- 
Devine  Light,  Hare  Krishna,  and  the 
Jesus  Freaks,  to  name  a  few.  To 
anybody  who  studies  the  subject, 
however,  it  becomes  increasingly 
apparent  that  TM  is  not  a  form  of 
'quack  consciousness',  but  rather  a 
very  real  form  of  awareness  with 
demonstrable  physiological  results 



.    ^  u  ^  ! 


0  e  o  •  • 

•  o  o  o  • 

•  o  o  o  • 
«  o  o  e  • 

Model  SR-36 

.  Super-Slide-Rule 

Student  Price 


273  Queen  Street  West,  Toronto,  Ontario  M5V  129 
Telephone  363-8291 

and  that  it  is  increasingly  being 
adopted  by  the  'straight'  establish- 
ment for  that  reason. 

TM  and  Consciousness 
What  is  TM?  Technically,  it  is  the 
applied,  practical  aspect  of  the 
Science  of  Creative  Intelligence 
(SCI ) .  TM,  however,  bears  the  same 
relation  to  SCI  that  elementary 
math  does  to  advanced  calculus. 
While  the  first  is  a  vast  im- 
provement over  counting  by  fingers, 
it  is  not  necessary  to  know  calculus 
to  use  it.  TM,  once  learned,  can  be 
used  by  anyone;  there  is  no  process 
of  conversion  involved. 

TM  is  not  a  religion.  Hindoos  as 
well  as  Buddits,  Jews  as  well  as 
Christians,  atheists  as  well  as 
agnostics  can  use  it.  Indeed,  many 
claim  that  TM  contributes  to  a 
greater  awareness  of  their 
respective  beliefs. 

The  advocates  of  TM,  and  an  in- 
creasing number  of  researchers, 
believe  that  TM  is  a  state  of  'restful 
alertness;  and  that  it  is  a  "fourth 
major  state  of  consciousness  as 
natural  to  man  as  the  other  three 
physiologically  defined  states— 
wakefulness,  dreaming  and  deep 
sleep."  Just  as  a  lack  of  any  of  these 
causes  breakdowns  in  the  normal 
functioning  of  the  individual,  TM'ers 
feel  that  man's  anxiety,  ner- 
vousness, fuzzy  and  emotional 
thinking  can  be  attributed  to  the  lack 
of  meditation. 

Scientific  Evidence 
There  is  clear  physical  evidence  to 
back  up  this  reasoning.  Tests  of  TM' 
have  been  conducted  at  such  in- 
stitutions as  Harvard,  UCLA, 
Berkely,  Cambridge  and  others, 
with  results  published  in  the 
Scientific  American,  the  American 
Journal  of  Physiology,  and  the 
prestigious  Lancet  of  England.  The 
combined  data  from  these  tests 
suggest  that  an  individual  in  a  state 
of  TM  achieves  a  physical  state  of 
deep  rest  and  relaxation  while 
remaining,  on  a  conscious  level, 
awake  and  alert. 

While  asleep,  an  individual's 
oxygen  intake  drops  slowly  by  8  per 
cent;  under  TM  it  drops  by  16  per 
cent.  Under  TM  breathing  slows  to 
half  the  normal  rate,  while  the 
cardiac  output  falls  by  30  per  cent, 
indicating  a  reduced  work  load  on 
the  heart. 

Physically,  TM  sharpens  reflexs, 
improving  both  speed  and  accuracy. 
TM  improves  reaction  time  by  20  per 

Itwill  perhaps  interest  the  student 
who  crams  incessantly  for  exams  to 
know  that  tests  have  shown  that  TM 
improves  both  long  and  short  term 

The  Maharish 

recall  by  almost  2'2  times  in  some 
cases.  Tests  have  also  indicated  that 
TM  improves  interpersonal 
relations  by  removing  it  is  thought 
the  tensions  and  anxiety— the 
'background  chatter'  as  one  TM'er 
called  it— that  dull  an  individual's 
personality.  As  one  University  of 
Saskatchewan  student  meditator  put 
it,  "I  just  enjoy  people  more,  and  I 
guess  they  enjoy  me  more  too. 
Relationships  are  richer  and  more 

TM  and  Education 
Unlike  the  sidewalk  proselytizers 
who  seek  Nirvana  in  the  devotion  of 
oblivion,  TM  is  making  rapid 
progress  towards  acceptance  by  the 
'straight'  establishment.  Since  TM 
first  reached  the  West  fourteen 
years  ago  it  has  claimed  over  300,000 
adherants.  Even  more  importantly, 
because  of  TM's-  demonstrable 
beneficial  affects,  educators, 
researchers,  businessmen,  social 
workers  and  even  military  men  are 
pushing  towards  having  it  accepted 


McGILL  WEEKEND:  Round  trip  train 
ride  S28.50.  Leaves  Toronto  4:30  p.m. 
Oct  4;  Montreal  Sunday,  Oct.  6  11:30 
am  Tickets  available  at  the  Engineer 
ing  Stores  'til  September  30.  What's  it 
all  about:  Phone  Radio  Varsity  and 
request  McGill  Train  Blues  on 
L.G.M.B.  Blows  album. 
BEGGARS  BANQUET  International 
vegetarian  restaurant,  325  Queen  West 
at  Beverly.  Lunch  12:00-2:30;  Mon.- 
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Entertainment  every  evening.  366-4147 
SKI  ASPEN  from  S269.00  1  week  tours 
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AOSC,  44  St.  George  St.,  Toronto,  Ont. 
MSS  2E4.  Tel.  (416)  962-8404  or  your 
local  Student  Council  oflice. 
WHY  FREEZE?  Recycled  fur  coats, 
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New  from  S99.0Q.  Excellent  selection. 
PAUL  MAGDER  FURS,  202  Spadina 
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TWO  M.A.'S  IN  ENGLISH  breaking  up 
library.  About  300  books  still  to  go. 
Reduced  to  25c  each.  Drama,  history, 
novels,  languages,  general  interest. 
Call  964  2598 


Peter  Madden  is  a  play  written  by  a  34- 
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Tarragon  Theatre,  30  Bridgman  Ave., 
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Matinees  Wed.  8.  Sun.  at  2:30.  Reserva- 
tions 531-1827 

GIRL  STUDENT  room  and  board  in 
exchange  for  baby-sitting  two  school 
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VER  AT  CHRISTMAS.  Dec.  21-Jan.  3, 
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Hurry,  seats  are  limited.  Contact. 
AOSC,  44  St.  George  St.,  Toronto,  Ont. 
M55  2E4.  Tel.  962-8404  or  your  local 
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Specializing  in  getting  you  over  those 
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CHRISTMAS  S249.00  and  up/youth 
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Tel.  (416)  962-8404  or  your  local  Student 
Council  office. 

REQUIRED  Hebrew  Tutor  for  U.T.S. 
student  (age  12)  with  good  Hebrew 
background.  Please  call  in  evening  787 

COMING  SOON  to  U  of  T,  the  biggest 
bash  of  fall 

as  a  regular  course  of  study  and 
therapy.  The  Illinois  State 
Legislature  has  moved  that  its 
education  system  study  the  ap- 
plicability of  TM.  Many  secondary 
and  post  secondary  institutions  have 
adapted  TM  courses  as  electives. 

One  such  school  system  was  the 
Eastchester  (New  York)  School 
System.  In  reviewing  the  in- 
troduction of  TM,  the  Superin- 
tendent of  the  system  said  that 
Transcendental  Meditation  has 
been  of  direct  and  positive  help  to 
students  in  our  secondary  school 
who  have  begun  to  meditate. 
Students,  parents  and  teachers 
report  similar  findings.  Scholastic 
grades,  relations  with  family, 
teachers  and  peers  are  better,  and  . . 
.  drug  abuse  disappears  or  does  not 
begin.  A  similar  experiment  with 
North  York  High  School  students  has 
had  the  same  results. 


It  should  be  apparent  from  this 
thatTM  is  not  a  science  of  passivity. 
Businessmen,  as  well  as  the  com- 
mandant of  the  US  Army  War 
College,  Major  General  Franklin  M. 
Davis,  have  commented  on  the 
practicality  of  TM.  If  anything,  TM 
contributes  to  a  more  dynamic 
response  to  problems  by  focusing 
one's  energy  and  awareness. 

Carol  Hohert,  a  Toronto  teacher  of 
TM,  pointed  out  that  there  are  two 
types  of  life,  the  "householder  and 
the  reclusive".  To  develop  a  form  of 
meditation  based  on  the  reclusive 
type  would  be  of  little  value  to  those 
who  work  in  the  world— the 
householder— and  in  fact  would  be  a 
hindrance.  TM  is  based  on  that 

TM  does  not  demand  an  ascetic 
form  of  life.  As  Carol  Hohert  said, 
"fasting  makes  you  hungry".  It  is 
not  a  matter  of  concentration,  or 
effort.  Indeed,  it  is  closer  to  a  form 
of  mental  relaxation— of  "giving 
your  mind  the  angle,  and  then  letting 
go".  Nor  does  TM  require  long  years 
of  practise,  devotion,  and  effort,  as 
for  example,  Yoga.  It  takes,  and  this 
is  surprising,  only  seven  days. 

Learning  TM  is  an  easy  process. 
There  is  a  preparatory  lecture, 
followed  by  an  interview  with  a 
teacher.  The  first  day  of  actual 
meditation  is  conducted  under  the 
tutelege  of  an  instructor.  This  is 
followed  by  three  days  of  practise  by 
the  student,  who  goes  back  to  the 
instructor  to  verify  his  efforts.  After 
that  he  is  on  his  own.  Once  learned, 
TM  is  usually  done  twice  a  day  for 
twenty  minute  period. 

How  much  does  it  cost?  Sur- 
prisingly little.  The  price,  which 
includes  life  time  membership  and 
services,  is  $60.00  for  University 
students,  $115.00  for  working  adults, 
and  $180.00  for  families. 

6  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September 

7  think  students  now  are  just  interested  in  getting  a  degree.Jn  getting  a  few  As. 




//  students  evaluated  professors,  would  dogs  quote  Shakespeare? 

Iber  30,  1974 

The  Varsity  7 


The  notion  of  students  judging  their 
professors  is  to  some  people  a  fantastic 
anomaly,  stranger  and  more 
bewildering  than  a  dog  quoting 
Shakespeare.  Do  criminals,  they  ask 
rhetorically,  evaluate  magistrates?  Do 
penitents  criticize  their  confessors?  Well 
then,  why  should  students  judge  their 

While  such  analogies  are  admittedly 
farfetched,  they  preserve  an  essential 
feature  of  the  argument  against  student 
representation  in  academic  decision- 
making. This  is  the  idea  that  students 
are  passive,  that  their  education  is  and 
must  be  something  that  happens  to  them 
through  the  benevolent  agency  of  the 
professor,  who,  like  father,  knows  best. 

On  this  view  the  student  is  an  empty 
vessel,  a  tabula  rasaT  He  lacks 
something,  a  certain  body  of  knowledge, 
which  the  professor  by  definition  has  and 
will  do  his  best  to  impart.  If  the 
professor  actually  does  impart  this 
specified  body  of  knowledge,  to  the 
student,  the  enterprise  is  deemed  a 
success,  the  student  gets  a  degree,  and 
everyone  goes  home  happy. 

But  (alas  for  the  sorry  state  of  human 
affairs),  there  are  flaws  in  this  neat  little 
scheme.  The  most  common  criticisms 
expressed  by  students  fall  into  one  of  two 
categories:  first,  that  the  education 
offered  does  not  measure  up  to  its  ad- 
vertised aims;  and  secondly,  that  the 
advertised  aims  themselves  must  be 

Not  As  Advertised 
Most  of  the  everyday  frustrations 
experienced  by  students  fall  into  the  not- 
as-advertised  category.  Anyone  who  has 
ever  taken  undergraduate  courses  will 
recognize  the  following  examples  of 
incompetence  or  indifference  in 

•  In  a  course  with  several  sections, 
there  is  little  co-ordination  between 
professors  teaching  the  different  sec- 
tions. Material  appears  on  tests  and 
exams  that  has  been  covered  in  some 
sections,  but  has  not  even  been  men- 
tioned in  others. 

•  The  teacher  speaks  too  softly  (a 
common  problem  in  large  lecture  halls), 
mumbles,  or  rambles  along  in  a  sleep- 
inducing  monotone.  What's  the  point  of 
going  to  lectures  if  you  can't  hear  what's 
being  said? 

•  The  absent-minded  professor 
syndrome.  This  is  also  called  un- 
preparedness.  The  teacher  does  not 
appear  to  have  lecture  material 
organized,  is  not  sure  what  he  wants  to 
say.  Uncertain  of  how  much  he  has 
covered  in  the  previous  lecture,  he  either 
repeats  himself  or  skips  large  bodies  of 
material.  This  may  be  cute  in  Walt 
Disney  movies,  but  it's  irritating 

•  The  course  is  not  taught  at  the  level 
indicated  in  the  calendar.  Vegetarian 
Cookery  Made  Easy  130  requires  as  a  ■ 
prerequisite  Calculus  and  Indonesian 
History,  but  students  without  these 
prerequisites  have  no  difficulties  with 
the  course.  Nuclear  Physics  Made  Easy 
450  requires  only  Grade  12  alegbra,  but 
by  the  end  of  the  year  students  feel 
Nuclear  Physics  Made  Easy  350  would 
have  been  a  more  suitable  prerequisite. 

•  Marking  is  consistently  too  hard  or 
too  easy;  or  is  inconsistent  among 
several  sections  of  the  same  course. 
Bell-curving,  while  it  provides  an  ap- 
pearance of  fair  marking,  is  a  poor 
substitute  for  adequate  evaluation  of 
students'  work. 

•  The  professor  is  simply  incompetent 
in  the  subject  area.  This  is  rare,  but  it 
has  been  known  to  happen.  He  just 
doesn't  know  what  he's  talking  about. 

Such  typical  complaints  reflect  the 
concerns  of  the  student-as-consumer. 
Education  is  a  commodity  which  the 
student  is  required  to  pay  for,  and  he 

wants  to  get  the  most  for  his  money.  This 
is  certainly  a  reasonable  request, 
particularly  in  view  of  the  extremely 
high  cost  of  university  education.  One 
year's  tuition  is  now  about  as  much  as 
the  price  of  a  good  used  car,  and  as  Bill 
Dowling  (lately  of  Crang  Plaza  Motors) 
found  out  to  his  dismay,  selling  used  cars 
with  no  brakes  can  get  you  into  trouble. 
While  it  seems  unlikely  that  the 
university  will  be  hauled  up  before  the 
Better  Business  Bureau,  many  students 
consider  course  union  activity  as  a  way 
to  make  sure  that  the  product  lives  up  to 
its  pitch. 

Course  Unions 
Dennis  Kaye,  an  executive  member  of 

the  History  Students'  Union,  expresses  a 

common  view  about  the  function  of 

course  unions. 
"I  think  more  students  now  are  just 

interested  in  getting  a  degree,"  Kaye 

said.  "They're  just  interested  in  getting 

a  few  A's." 
"I've  changed  and  almost  everybody 

else  has  changed.  Most  grievances  now 

have  to  do  with  the  quality  of  courses. 

They're  based  on  the  student's  desire  to 

learn  rather  than  on  the  quasi-political 

stuff  of  a  few  years  ago." 
HSU  president  Jim  Yaworsky  said  the 

role  to  be  played  by  course  union  activity 

is  "a  service  function." 
"It  lets  people  know  what  kinds  of 

courses  they're  getting  into,"  Yaworsky 
said.  "It  might  improve  the  courses,  too, 
when  professors  see  what  kinds  of 
evaluations  they're  getting."  ' 

This  conception  of  the  role  of  course 
unions  in  influencing  the  quality  of 
education  is  based  on  the  course 
evaluation.  Course  evaluations 
generally  take  the  form  of  question- 
naires handed  out  to  students  at  the 
completion  of  a  course,  asking  for  an- 
swers to  questions  about  how  the  course 
was  organized  and  taught.  Typical 
questions  asked  on  course  evaluation 
questionnaires  are,  "If  you  knew  last 
September  what  you  know  about  this 
course  now,  would  you  have  enrolled  in 
it?";  "How  would  you  rate  this  lec- 
turer's ability  to  communicate  his 
material?";  "Were  the  tests  and  exams 
in  this  course  too  easy  or  too  difficult?". 
Responses  are  then  compiled  and 
published  so  that  students  will  have 
some  idea  of  what  to  expect  in  a  par- 
ticular course. 

Statistics  Never  Lie? 
In  some  departments  course 
evaluations  are  reported  in  a  purely 
statistical  form,  reflecting  the  break- 
down of  answers.  For  instance,  in  an- 
swer to  the  question  "How  helpful  were 
the  lectures  as  an  aid  to  understanding 
the  subject  matter  of  the  course?",  26.2 
percent  of  the  respondents  in  one  course 
said  "very  helpful",  36.8  percent  said 
"moderately  helpful",  13.2  percent  said 
"not  very  helpful",  no  one  said 
"useless",  and  15.8  percent  said  "con- 

But  there  can  be  no  doubt  that  what 
one  student  considers  "helpful"  is 
"useless"  to  another  student.  Students 
enter  courses  with  widely  differing 
aims,  talents,  and  standards,  so  that  the 
appearance  of  "objectivity"  presented 
by  statistical  course  evaluations  is  a 
misleading  one.  Most  course  unions  have 
recognized  this  difficulty,  and  use  the 
statistics  as  a  background  for  subjective 
and  interpretative  evaluation  of  a 
particular  course  by  one  student. 

The  greatest  discrepancies  among 
students'  evaluations  of  professors  occur 
when  a  professor's  attitude  toward 
students  is  taken  into  account.  The 
question  whether  a  professor  speaks 
loudly  enough  admits  of  a  clear  answer; 
but  by  contrast,  what  one  student  con- 
siders arrogance  on  the  part  of  a 
professor  may  be  seen  as  a  stimulating 

„  intellectual  style  by  another.  Con- 
sequently, answers  to  questions  on 
matters  such  as  a  professor's 
willingness  to  answer  questions  and 
consider  alternate  points  of  view  on  a 
subject  will  depend  on  the  student's  own 
conception  of  the  purpose  of  education.  A 
student  who  feels  students  should  be 
treated  as  children  will  react  differently 
than  one  who  feels  students  are  to  be 
treated  as  adults. 

Professors'  Attitudes 
Furthermore,  attitudes  are  difficult  to 
pin  down  except  in  extreme  cases.  Few 
are  as  forthright  about  their  indifference 
to  teaching  as  the  senior  professor  who 
spent  the  first  meeting  of  an  upper-year 
seminar  course  explaining  to  students 
why  they  shouldn't  take  the  course.  An 
incredulous  student  reported,  "He  was 
very  alienating.  He  said  he  hadn't  done 
any  reading  in  the  subject  area  for  the 
past  three  years.  I'd  done  lots  of  reading 
he  hadn't  done.  He  made  it  very  clear  he 
was  much  more  interested  in  depart- 
mental bureaucracy." 

One  professor  who  gets  very  poor 
ratings  on  course  evaluations  year  after 
year  pins  them  to  his  door,  underlining 
the  most  damning  comments  with  a  kind 
of  perverse  pride. 

"Most  specialists  in  the  subject  have 
to  take  a  course  from  him  whether  they 
want  to  or  not  and  he  knows  it,"  a 
student  involved  in  the  course  union 

But  more  common  than  outright 
contempt  for  undergraduates  is  in- 
difference to  teaching.  One  student 
complained  that,  although  she  was  in  a 
small  seminar  course,  it  was  not  until 
halfway  through  the  year  that  the 
teacher  became  aware  of  the  students' 

'Best'  Courses  Often  the  Worst 
Traditionally,  professors  have  seen 
themselves  as  "scholars"  rather  than 
"teachers".  The  main  thrust  of  the 
present  student  campaign  for  parity 
representation  on  tenure  committees  is 
to  ensure  that  this  imbalance  is 
corrected.  Paradoxically,  sometimes 
the  professors  who  have  succeeded  in 
mechanizing  their  courses  to  the 
greatest  extent  are  evaluated  most 
highly.  This  occurs  when  it  is  the  aim  of 
both  student  and  teacher  to  have  the 
course  proceed  above  all  as  painlessly  as 

Thus  the  evaluation  of  a  professor's 
attitude  depends  on  the  student's 
reasons  for  being  at  university.  For  the 
student  who  is  solely  interested  in  get- 
ting good  marks  on  tests  a  course  may 
seem  well-organized;  while  a  student 
who  has  broader  interests  will  find  it 

Attitudes  are  not  so  easily  modified  as 
marking  schemes.  A  '  particular 
manifestation  of  an  attitude  may  be 
eliminated,  but  the  attitude  remains,  to 
be  expressedin  different  ways.  Yet  some 
student  organizations  feel  lobbying 
tactics  will  be  most  successful  in  in- 
creasing professors'  concern  with 
teaching  quality  at  the  university. 


This  approach  is  based  on  a  frankly 
cynical  view  of  the  possibilities  for 
democratic  decision-making  within  the 
university  (and  ultimately,  in  any  in- 
stitution). Real  decisions  are  made, 
according  to  one  course  union  executive, 
through  "the  door-to-door  network"; 
corridor  manipulation  is  the  rule,  and 
the  university's  formal  governing 
structures  serve  merely  to  legitimize 
decisions  which  have,  in  effect,  already 
been  made. 

If  this  view  is  accepted,  students  in- 
terested in  improving  the  quality  of 
teaching  are  best  advised  to  learn 
techniques  of  corridor  manipulation 

themselves;  to  refrain  from 
"alienating"  professors  by  making 
"unreasonable"  demands;  and  to  forget 
about  student  representation  on 
"boring"  committees  which  don't  have 
any  real  power  anyway. 

Such  a  position  is,  in  effect,  an  ad- 
mission that  students  will  not  achieve 
significant  influence  on  the  decision- 
making process.  But  influence  based  on 
lobbying  is  no  influence  at  all.  Any 
success  such  an  approach  may  have  is 
only  on  the  professors'  sufferance;  there 
is  no  guarantee  that  the  student  position 
will  be  taken  into  account. 

On  the  contrary,  if  the  university  is  a 
legally  constituted  institution,  which  it 
is,  certain  of  its  decision-making  bodies 
have  specific  powers  which  only  they 
can  exercise. 

One  such  decision-making  body  is  the 
tenure  committee,  the  body  which 
decides  who  is  to  get  permanent  ap- 
pointments and  who  is  not.  If  students 
gain  representation  on  these  com- 
mittees, their  concerns  about  teaching 
quality  cannot  be  ignored  as  they  can  be 
under  the  present  system,  and  as  they- 
can  be  under  even  the  most 
sophisticated  lobbying  system. 

Fortunately,  not  all  course  unions  take 
this  approach.  Tim  Higgins,  president  of 
the  Commerce  Students'  Association, 
agrees  it  is  important  for  students  to 
have  personal  contact  with  professors  to 
discuss  course  problems,  but  says 
students  should  not  neglect  the  formal 
decision-making  structure. 

"The  thing  about  the  door-to-door 
method  is  it's  so  undercover,"  Higgins 
said.  "It's  best  to  get  used  to  dealing  in  a 
forthright  manner." 

Quality  Teaching 
Finally,  it  must  be  realized  that  the 
phrase  "quality  of  teaching"  has  a 
broader  application  than  the  con- 
sumer's-rights  objections  indicate.  That 
is,  students  are  concerned  not  only  with 
how  well  certain  specified  objectives  are 
carried  out  in  the  classroom,  but  also 
with  what  objectives  are  to  be  pursued. 
Students  have  a  stake  in  the  content  of 
their  education,  as  well  as  in  its  style. 

This  realization  raises  problems  which 
should  not  be  dismissed  just  because  of 
their  difficulty.  What  is  the  purpose  of 
education?  To  get  a  job?  To  get  a 
degree?  To  comprehend  the  platonic 
Forms  lurking  behind  the  mundane 
surfaces  of  reality? 

There  has  traditionally  been  an  op- 
position between  science  and  humanities 
students  on  this  point.  Science  students, 
it  is  claimed,  are  only  interested  in 
learning  certain  specific  techniques. 
Dave  Nobes,  president  of  the  Math  and 
Physics  Society  and  Course  Union 
agrees  that  science  students  must  cover 
more  basic  material  than  humanities 
students,  but  feels  that  stereotypes 
should  not  be  perpetuated. 

Since  Einstein,  Nobes  said,  scientists 
have  been  increasingly  concerned  with 
the  use  to  which  scientific  developments 
are  put.  Granted  the  difference  in  time 
required  for  elementary  training,  then, 
there  is  really  no  difference  in  the 
concerns  of  science  students  and 
economics  or  social  science  students 
who  claim  the  content  of  their  education 
is  geared  toward  an  uncritical  ac- 
ceptance of  the  world  as  it  is. 

Only  students  can  define  for  them- 
selves what  they  hope  to  get  out  of  a 
university  education.  But  they  should  be 
encouraged  to  make  a  positive  decision, 
and  not  passively  accept  decisions  made 
for  them  by  others. 

Students  have  no  interests  more  im- 
mediate than  those  relating  to  the 
quality  of  their  education.  Student 
representation  on  tenure  committees 
will  ensure  that  these  interests  are 
adequately  defended. 

Monday,  September  30,  1974 









a  division  of  Office  Overload 

777  Warden  Ave. 

3249  Lakeshore  Blvd.  W. 

2725  Weston  Rd. 

65  Jarvis  St. 

Monday/  September  30,  1971 

National  guardsmen  admit  order  to  fire  at  Kent  State 

CLEVELAND  (CUPI)  —  As  the 
long-awaited  criminal  trial  of 
several  Ohio  National  Guardsmen 
indicted  for  the  1970  shootings  at 
Kent  State  University  approaches, 
their  commanding  officer  has  now 
confirmed  earlier  reports  that  one  of 
the  indicted  men  actually  gave  an 
order  to  fire.  Until  now,  National 
Guard  officials  have  consistently 
maintained  that  no  order  to  fire  had 
been  given. 

Lt.  Col.  Charles  Fassinger  made 
the  disclosure  in  a  sworn  deposition 
filed  recently  in  a  civil  case  in  which 
he  and  more  than  50  other  persons 
are  being  sued  for  their  roles  in  the 
Kent  incident  which  left  four 
students  dead  and  nine  wounded. 
Fassinger,  who  was  the  senior 
uniformed  officer  on  the  scene  of  the 
shootings,  testified  that  an  order  to 
fire  had  been  given  by  Matthew  J. 

It  was  not  clear  from  Fassinger's 

deposition  whether  McManus  gave 
the  order  before  or  after  the  shooting 
began  or  whether  McManus  told  the 
troops  to  fire  at  or  over  the  students. 

A  Justice  Department  summary 
of  an  8,000-page  FBI  report  on  the 
shootings  corroborated  Fassinger's 
story,  but  said,  "Sgt.  McManus 
stated  that  after  the  firing  began,  he 
gave  an  order  to  'fire  over  their 
heads.'  " 

A  source  close  to  the  case, 
however,  emphasized  that  the 
summary  was  only  of  information 
uncovered  in  the.  months  im- 
mediately following  the  shooting  and 
is  by  no  means  the  final  word  on  the 
matter.  It  is  expected  that  the 
question  of  an  order  to  fire  will  be 
more  closely  pursued  as  additional 
witnesses  are  interviewed  and 
during  subsequent  court 

McManus  is  one  of  eight  former 
guardsmen  indicted  by  the  federal 

grand  jury  which  investigated  the 
shootings  last  winter  (after  then- 
Attorney  Genera]  Elliot  Richardson 
overruled  the  decisions  of  his 
predecessors  John  Mitchell  and 
Richard  Kleindienst  forbidding  such 
a  grand  jury  investigation). 

McManus  himself  has  taken  the 
Fifth  Amendment  in  response  to 
questions  about  the  shooting. 

The  criminal  trial  of  McManus 
and  the  seven  other  indicted 
guardsmen  is  scheduled  to  open  in 
Cleveland  in  mid-October.  The 
grand  jury  that  indicted  them  has 
not  been  discharged,  and  it  is 
possible,  although  unlikely,  that 
there  could  be  more  indictments  as 
more  information  about  the 
shootings  emerges. 

Meanwhile,  independent  of  the 
criminal  cases,  the  civil  cases  are 
also  proceeding. 

The  civil  cases  are  brought  under 
the  federal  civil  rights  laws,  which 

Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 


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provide  money  damages  for  persons 
deprived  of  their  constitutional 
rights  under  colour  of  law. 

All  nine  of  the  injured  students, 
plus  the  parents  of  all  four  of  the 
students  killed  at  Kent,  have  such 
cases  pending.  The  cases  have  been 
consolidated  and  will  be  tried  in 
federal  court  in  Cleveland  in  April 
1975.  The  lengthy  process  of  pre-trial 
discovery  is  now  going  on,  and  it  was 
in  the  course  of  this  discovery 
process  that  Fassinger  disclosed  his 
knowledge  about  McManus'  order. 

The  discovery  process  had  been 
interrupted  in  1970  when  a  federal 
judge  dismissed  the  civil  cases.  In 
April  of  this  year,  however,  that 
dismissal  was  overturned  by  the 
U.S.  Supreme  Court. 

The  most  significant  feature  of  the 
civil  cases  is  that  they  name  as 
defendants  not  only  the  enlisted 
personnel  who  fired  their  weapons 
into  the  students  on  May  4,  but  also 
the  National  Guard  commanders 
and  officials  who  were  responsible 
for  placing  the  troops  in  the  situation 
with  loaded  weapons  and  under 
orders  to  disperse  peaceful 

One  of  the  civil  defendants  is 
Sylvester  Del  Corso,  a  war  hero  and 
former  prison  warden  who  became 
Ohio's  Adjutant  General  in  1968.  It 
was  Del  Corso  who  implemented  the 
extraordinary  policy  of  sending  Ohio 
guardsmen    into    routine  civil 

disturbance  duty  with  live  am- 
munition loaded  in  their  weapons- 
contrary  to  regular  Army  practice— 
and  under  permissive  rules 
regarding  the  use  of  fire-power. 

Prior  to  the  1970  shootings,  Del 
Corso  had  urged  Ohio  guardsmen  to 
write  letters  in  support  of  the  war, 
and  had  publicly  stated  his  belief 
that  communist  conspirators  were 
behind  the  campus  protest 

Another  of  the  civil  defendants  is 
James  A.  Rhodes,  who  was 
Governor  of  Ohio  in  1970,  and  who 
had  appointed  Del  Corso.  Late  in 
1969  and  in  1970,  Rhodes  had  made 
public  vows  to  end  disruptions  on 
Ohio  campuses.  During  Rhodes' 
administration,  the  Ohio  National 
Guard  saw  more  duty  in  civil 
disorders  than  the  National  Guard  of 
any  other  state  in  the  union. 

On  the  day  before  the  Kent 
shootings,  Rhodes  had  held  a  press 
conference  in  the  city,  denouncing 
the  groups  whom  he  presumed 
responsible  for  the  disorder  and 
vowing  to  "drive  them  out  of  Kent." 

A  former  guardsman  who  was  in 
charge  of  the  Guard's  press 
relations  at  Kent  State  has  testified 
in  his  deposition  in  the  civil  cases 
that  at  a  closed  meeting  preceeding 
his  press  conference,  Rhodes  had 
given  orders  that  the  Guard  should 
disperse  even  peaceful  assemblies 
on  the  campus. 




e  532-12S* 
print  anything  you  war 

many  designs  to  choose 


Then  it's  time  you  did! 


As  0SAP  applications  are 
assessed  by  computer  it's  essential  that  your 
application  form  be  filled  in  COMPLETELY  and  ACCURATELY. 


Call  in  at  the  Office  of  Student  Awards, 
Room  107  Simcoe  Hall, 
or  telephone  928-2204 

10  The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  30,  1974 

Soccer  Blues  still  unbeaten 


The  soccer  Blues  ground  out  a  3-2 
victory  over  the  Guelph  Gryphons 
last  Thursday  night  at  Varsity 

Traditionally  the  Gryphons  play  a 
never -say-die  game  against  the 
Blues  and  this  contest  proved  to  be 
no  exception. 

As  in  previous  games  Toronto  had 
the  benefit  of  an  early  goal  only  to 
squander  the  advantage  a  few 
minutes  later  by  indifferent 
defensive  play. 

The  Blues'  score  after  only  three 
minutes  resulted  from  a  magnificent 
individual  effort  by  Hendrickse  who 
slinked  his  way  through  crowded 
territory  before  shooting  low  past 
Anason  into  the  visitors'  net. 

The  equalizing  tally  however, 
required  much  less  individual  ex- 
pertise on  the  part  of  the  Guelph 

Guelph's  scoring  opportunity  was 
presented  by  Varsity's  defensive 
corps  who  seemingly  on  cue  slipped 
on  the  turf  at  each  successive 
crucial  moment. 

M'Hangs,  possessing  the 
inestimable  advantage  of  an  upright 
position,  cooly  hit  the  ball  beneath 
Perusco's  diving  (or  slipping?) 

Opportunities  fell  to  both  sides 
with  Evans  of  Toronto  and  M'Hangs 
feeling  the  most  grieved  at  their 
misfortune  in  failing  to  score. 

Until  Stamopoulos  was  inserted  at 
the  37  minute  mark  into  the  left  wing 
position  for  Blues,  replacing 
Robinson  who  moved  to  a  defensive 
role,  the  stalemate  seemed  un- 

Almost  immediately  Toronto 
showed  some  menace  upsetting  the 
composure  of  the  visitors  to  the 
extent  that  a  cross  from  the  left  was 
mispunched  by  Anason. 

To  his  horror,  he  could  only  watch 
as  the  ball  dropped  to  lerullo  and 
was  promptly  transferred  into  the 
unguarded  Guelph  net. 

Buoyed  by  their  halftime  lead, 
Toronto  attacked  with  flair  and 
spirit  on  the  restart. 

Deservedly  they  increased  their 
margin  after  ten  minutes  of  non-stop 

Harris  made  an  interception  near 
his  own  goal  and  passed  quickly  out 
to  Hendrickse  on  the  right.  He 
swerved  inside  the  released  a  40 
yeard  through  ball  to  Vassiliou  in 
full  stride. 

The  forward  concluded  this 
lengthy  rush  by  crashing  the  ball 


for  faculty, 

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Willowdale,  Ontario. 

Scott  225-4059 





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It  was  an  incisive  goal  and  should 
have  signalled  the  end  for  Guelph. 

For  a  few  minutes  Guelph  seemed 
to  placidly  accept  their  fate  but  this 
attitude  appeared  to  change  coin- 
cident with  Evans'  departure  from 
Blues'  midfield  because  of  an  instep 

The  Toronto  play  degenerated 
from  the  exotic  to  the  quixotic  with 
missed  defensive  assignments  and 
sloppy  team  play. 

The  Gryphons,  without  really 
raising  their  game,  suddenly  found 
themselves  the  better  team  and,  as 
befits  their  character,  took  ad- 
vantage of  Blues'  self-made  woes. 

Unlike  a  previous  occasion, 
Hendrickse  did  not  look  up  when  he 
received  a  pass  in  his  defensive 

Instead  his   dribble  was  sum- 

marily halted  and  the  ball  quickly 
relayed  to  the  middle  of  Varsity's 
goal  area. 

With  no  Blues  on  duty,  M'Hangs 
picked  his  spot  on  net,  changed  his 
mind  and  still  had  time  to  shoot 
easily  past  the  beleaguered  Perusco. 

Had  M'Hangs  not  slipped  at  the 
vital  moment  a  few  seconds  later,  he 
could  have  equalized  the  score  with 
his  third  goal. 

At  this  point  the  greasy  turf  was 
probably  Blues'  best  defender. 

Enough  was  enough  so  Blues 
rallied  for  the  last  five  minutes 
making  passable  efforts  at  scoring. 

Again  Guelph,  by  sheer  hard 
work,  had  made  a  close  contest  out 
of  a  game  they  should  have  lost 

Toronto  was  left  unbeaten  but  not 


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"All  right,  so  he  passed  his  oral  exams  al  twelve,  5,000  students  attend 
his  lectures  and  he  leads  one  hell  of  a  graduate  seminar.  But  where 
are  his  publications?" 

Decisions  on  hiring,  firing,  promotion,  and 
tenure  are  RARELY  BASED  ON  A  PROFES- 
usually  based  on  research  performance,  the 
number  of  publications  faculty  members 
produce,  and  their  willingness  to  perform 
administrative  functions. 

At  the  moment,  decisions  about  who  gets 
tenure  (lifetime  teaching  appointments)  are 
made  secretly  by  small  groups  of  senior  facul- 
ty members. 

The  best  judges  of  professors'  teaching  abili- 
ties are  their  students.  The  only  real  way  to 
ensure  that  teaching  ability  is  taken  seriously 
in  staffing  decisions  is  to  ensure  that  students' 
interests  are  guaranteed.  THIS  MEANS 

Only  then  can  students  be  assured  that  their 
interest  in  good  teaching  is  given  equal  prom- 
inence with  the  faculty's  desire  to  see  sound 
research  continue. 

The  Academic  Affairs  Committee  of  the 
Governing  Council  is  currently  discussing  the 
question  of  students  on  tenure  committees 
COE  HALL,  and  hear  them  discuss: 


Monday,  September  30,  1974 

Lady  Blues  track  team 
does  well  at  Mac  meet 

The  Varsity  11 

The  ladies  Blues  track  and  field 
-  team  got  off  to  a  good  start  Friday  at 

The  first  meet  of  the  season  hosted 
by  McMaster  was  a  low-keyed  af- 
fair, but  provided  the  first  op- 
portunity for  many  of  the  athletes 
present  to  test  their  fitness. 

Toronto  sent  only  a  small  con- 
tingent to  the  meet  but  registered 
some  pleasing  performances.  The 
Varsity  team  consisted  of  Geri  Ash- 
down,  Lauryn  Dushenko,  Lesley 
Evans,  Hazel  Lynn,  and  Connie  van 

Evans,  in  particular,  showed  she 
was  in  good  form  with  wins  in  the 
400m,  800m,  and  4  x  400m  relay. 

Lynn  featured  in  the  most  exciting 
finish  of  the  day,  registering  the 
same  time  as  the  winner,  Drink- 
water,  in  the  100m. 

The  4  x  400m  relay  team  continued 
in  its  winning  way  (the  team  won 
this  event  at  last  year's  OWIAA 
championships)  with  a  clearcut 
victory.  More  training  and  more 
competition  should  see  a  substantial 
reduction  in  the  time  for  this  event. 


100m:  Drinkwater  (Queen's)  13.1 
sec,  Lynn  (U  of  T)  13.1,  Carey 
(Queen's)  14.3. 

200m:  Trap  (Mac)  26.9,  Drinkwater 

(Queen's)   27.3,  Summers  (Mac) 

27.5,  Lynn  (U  of  T)  27.6. 

400m:  Evans  (U  of  T)  58.9,  Trap 

(Mac)  59.2,  Wallace  (York)  61.8, 

Ashdown  (U  of  T)  62.8. 

800m:    Evans    (U   of   T)  2.27.5, 

Mashinter  (Mac)  2.39.2. 

4  x  400m:  U  of  T  4.12.6,  Mac  4.29.7. 

Shot  Put:  Snider  (Mac)  12.25m. 


Interested  in  Alpine  Skiing  for  the  U.  ofT.? 

COME  TO  ROOM  210,  HART  HOUSE,  5: 15  PM 



Starting  Tuesday  October  1,6:30  p.m. 

PRACTICES:  Tuesdays  6:30-7:30  p.m. 

GAMES:  Wednesdays  7:00-10:00  p.m. 

Competition  Erindale,  St.  George,  Scarborough  Campuses 


Third  and  Fourth 
Year  Students 
New  Courses 

The  following  two  half-courses  are  proposed  for 

I  NX  401 F  Ethnic  Groups  in  Industry 
INX  402S  Ethnic  Groups  and  Occupations 

These  are  Seminars  and  Field  Workshops  for 
students  with  some  background  in  sociology. 
Enrolment  is  limited.  For  further  information  and 
permission  to  enrol  consult 

Professor  S.  Sidlosky,  Visiting  Associate  Professor 
of  Canadian  Ethnic  Studies,  Room  217,  Borden 
Building.  928-3420 

These  courses  will  be  held  on  Wednesdays  3-6  in 
Room  2133,  Sidney  Smith  Hall. 

One  of  the  rare  rushing  attempts  by  Meds.  Meds  won  the  game  21 

continued  from  12 

be  halted  because  of  an  unruly 

"I  would  have  stopped  the 
game  at  once  when  those 
idiots  came  onto  the  field  if 
Varsity  had  been  losing," 
said  referee  Bob  Park  after 
the  game. 

"You  expect  a  few  pranks 
from  college  kids,  but  not  that 
amount  of  stupidity." 

The  game  officials  also 
severely  criticized  the  Metro 
police  hired  to  assist  in  crowd 

"When  my  cap  was  stolen," 
complained  one  official,  "I 
pointed  out  the  student  who 
did  it  to  a  nearby  Metro  cop 
but  he  just  laughed  at  me  and 
refused  to  do  anything." 

Eventually  the  official  filed 
a  complaint  with  the  police 
commission  but  nothing  has 
been  done. 

The  university  police  are 



Contact  the  Intercollegiate  Office,  Room  101,  Hart  House 

John  Drummond  961-1703 


All'girls  interested  in  representing 
U.  of  T.  on  Intermediate,  Senior  and  Metro  Teams 
please  come  to  Benson  Building 

323  Huron  Street 
All  welcome  on  October  7,  5-7  p.m. 


1974-75  Season  will  see  the  addition  of  a  third  team  to  the 
Women's  Volleyball  program.  The  third  team  will  be  entered 
in  the  O.V.A,  Senior  Women's  League  to  provide  a  greater 
opportunity  for  more  players  to  be  exposed  to  good  competi- 
tion. Try-outs  are  open  to  alumni  and  any  aspiring  student 
wishing  to  acquire  higher  skill  levels.  Practices  will  be  held  in 
conjunction  with  senior  and  intermediate  teams.  More  in- 
formation is  available  at  the  first  try-out.  If  you  dig  Volleyball 
we'll  see  you  on  Monday  October  7,  Benson  Building,  5  p.m.. 
Sports  Gym. 

The  Coaches 


very  helpful,-  the  referees 
agreed,  and  usually  manage 
to  control  the  students 
effectively.  "The  campus 
police  deserve  a  real  vote  of 
thanks  but  without  support 
from  the  Metros,  they  are  in  a 
pretty  hopeless  spot,"  one 
official  commented. 

Last  year,  unruly  students 
cost  a  Queen's  player  a 
chance  to  set  a  field  goal 
kicking  record. 

"They  lined  up  to  kick  late 
in  the  game  but  suddenly  we 
realized  that  the  students  had 
engulfed  the  field  and  there 
weren't  any  goalposts  left 
standing,"  said  Park. 

There  will  always  be  a 
handful  of  students  who  get 
their  jollies  by  excessive 
drinking  and  fighting  at  in- 
tercollegiate athletic  events. 

It  is  unfortunate  that  other 
students  tolerate  this  conduct 
at  the  very  time  when  the 
university  is  debating  the 
ability  of  students  to  exercise 
a  more  influential  role  in 
matters  somewhat  weightier 
than  the  survival  of  a  set  of 
goalposts.  j 


Our  intrepid  reporter,  the  phan- 
tom, lurked  around  the  back  campus 
Friday  afternoon  and  learned  that 
Meds  had  defeated  Forestry  in 
football  by  the  score  of  21-17. 
.  Meds  have  apparently  recruited 
Tobin  Rote  for  quarterback  this  year 
as  their  passing  plays  outnumber 
their  running  plays  by  7  to  1. 

The  interfac  track  meet  continues 
at  the  stadium  Tuesday  with  the 
running  of  the  880  yard  relay. 

Mark  Bragagnolo  of  the  ball  Blues 
had  an  outstanding  afternoon 
against  Queen's  leading  the  Varsity- 
ground  attack  with  145  yards  on  21 
carries.  Bragagnolo's  longest  run 
from  scrimmage  was  34  yards. 

Defensively,  Rick  Nakatsu  was  a 
pillar  of  strength  until  he  left  the 
game  late  in  the  fourth  quarter  with 
shoulder  injury. 

Never  out  of  style  — 
Always  in  fashion 



70  Bloor  St.  W..  Toronto  924-2159 

12The  Varsity 

Monday,  September  30,  1974 

sports  3^ 

Football  Blues  dump  Queen's  32-9 

and  Alexov  (61)  plus  tackles  Craig 
(51)  and  'Sazio  (63)  effectively 
neutralized  Gaels  all-important 
rushing  attack.  Consequently,  the 
visitors  were  forced  to  the  air  where 
quarterback  Raold  Serebrin  gained 
a  misleading  204  yards. 

Blues  manufactured  a  capable 
pass  rush  and  Queens  really  never 
threatened  after  the  opening 

Craig  is  in  the  Faculty  of 
Education  and  thus  should  be  lost 
after  this  season  but  barring  injuries 
Alexov,  Sazio  and  Sutherland  should 
be  mainstays  for  at  least  two  more 

Blues  began  the  game 
inauspiciously  by  fumbling  the 
opening  kickoff  and  then  taking  a  no 
yards  penalty  to  set  up  Queens  on 
the  Varsity  27.  After  two  good  short 
passes  Serebrin  scored  on  a  keeper 
with  only  2:45  gone.  The  convert 
attempt  was  wide. 

Varsity  spent  the  entire  opening 
quarter  working  against  a  brisk 
wind  and  concentrated  on 
developing  the  critical  running 
game.  In  fact,  quarterback  Dave 
Langley  passed  only  once  and  it  was 

Midway  through  the  second 
quarter,  the  running  attack  began  to 
produce  results  as  rookie  Mark 
Bragagnolo  and  veteran  Libert 
Castillo  scampered  through  gaping 
holes  created  by  Rosborough  and 
Dawson  on  the  left  side. 

The  drive  culminated  at  10:06 
when  Langley  hit  flanker  Brent 
Elsey  on  a  short  screen  from  a  third- 
down  gamble  and  the  speedy  Varsity 
co-captain  lugged  it  in  for  six  points. 

Don  Wright  added  the  convert  and 
then  pinned  Gaels  deep  into  their 
own  end  with  a  booming  80-yard 

Mark  Bragagnolo  sweeps  right  for  34  yards.  Elsey  uses  crack  back  blocking? 

kickoff  with  the  wind. 

Queens  conceded  two  safety 
touches  before  the  half  to  give 
Varsity  an  11-6  advantage  at  the 

Appearing  for  probably  the  last 
time  at  the  Stadium  as  coach  of  the 
Gaels,  Frank  Tindall  chose  the  wind 
for  the  third  quarter.  The  strategy, 

however,  immediately  backfired  as 
Bragagnolo,  Castillo  and  Bob 
Hedges  followed  perfect  blocking 
down  the  field  and  Bragagnolo 
capped  the  drive  with  a  13-yard 
touchdown  run  behind  Sokovnin  and 

Blues  also  got  a  break  on  the 
convert    when    Don  Wright's 

placement  bounced  off  the  crossbar 
but  fell  between  the  goalposts  for  the 
extra  point. 

Gaels  responded  with  their  only 
effective  drive  of  the  second  half  but 
Blues  defence  held  and  Queens  had 
to  settle  for  a  15-yard  fieldgoal  by 
Will  Kennedy. 

Thereafter,  it  was  all  Varsity. 

























































































.  5 





























1 . 












uubuci  Blues  win  third  straight 


In  addition  to  Thursday's  game  at 
the  stadium  against  Guelph,  (see 
page  10)  the  soccer  Blues  played 
Sunday  at  Brock  University  splitting 
the  spoils  with  the  Brock  badgers. 

To  say  that  any  result  other  than  a 
decisive  Blues'  victory  is  a  surprise 
is  to  understate  the  case;  yet  the 
final  score  read  1-1. 

Perhaps  the  Toronto  team  felt  all 
they  had  to  do  was  dress,  play  a 
little,  and  a  win  would  follow  in  the 
natural  order  of  things. 

Unfortunately  this  was  not  to  be 
due  in  part  to  the  tenacity  of  the 
Badgers,  missed  chances  by  the 
Blues,  and  typically  in- 
comprehensive  officiating. 

The  refereeing  in  St.  Catharines  is 
generally  recognized  as  uniformly 

As  anticipated  the  Varsity  team 
held  a  territorial  advantage  from 
the  kick-off,  but  were  unable  to 

make  their  superiority  count  mostly 
through  errant  shooting. 

Still,  after  20  minutes  Vassiliou 
opened  up  the  Brock  defense  with  a 
long  pass  down  the  left  to  McKeown. 
He  sped  goalwards  and  beat  the 
goalkeeper  with  a  fine  ground  shot. 

The  referee  disallowed  his  effort 
with  a  dubious  offside  call. 

Ten  minutes  later  the  ball  again 
rested,  but  only  momentarily,  in  the 
Brock  goal.  It  had  arrived  there  via 
a  corner  kick  but  left  via  a  hole  in  the 

Even  though  the  Brock  captain, 
John  Seely,  confirmed  to  the  referee 
that  the  goal  was  there,  the  official 
negated  the  Varsity  score. 

It  is  clearly  stated  in  the  rulebook 
that  the  referee  should  check  the 
nets  before  the  game  to  prevent  such 
an  eventuality. 

Feeling  deprived  of  their  just 
rewards    many    of    the  Blues 

Queen's  fans  love  Varsity  Stadium 


Jim  Nicoletti,  Glenn  Rosborough, 
Charlie  Wright,  Mike  Sokovnin,  Don 
Dawson,  Geoff  Sutherland,  Brian 
Craig,  Mark  Sazio  and  Lubomir 
Alexov  are  not  exactly  the  most 
well-known  athletes  on  the  Varsity 
football  team. 

However,  after  Saturday's  32-9 
victory  over  Queens  Golden  Gaels 
before  8,100  at  the  Stadium,  Nicoletti 
et  al  should  become  almost 
household  expressions. 

Their  anonymity  is  un- 
derstandable since  all  are  interior 
linemen.  They  block  and  tackle. 
Saturday,  they  won  a  football  game. 

In  a  dramatic  switch  in  tactics, 
Blues  opted  for  a  ground  attack  that 
eventually  produced  48  rushing 
plays  netting  a  fantastic  366  yards 
and  17  first  downs.  Such  a  game  plan 
obviously  depends  on  solid  blocking 
and  Blues  have  it. 

Nicoletti  (44)  is  the  offensive 
centre,  a  four-year  veteran  who  also 
serves  on  the  men's  athletic 
directorate.  Rosborough  (55)  and 
Wright  (68)  are  the  guards,  while 
Dawson  (60)  and  Sokovnin  (62)  are 
left  and  right  tackles  respectively. 
Dawson  was  an  all-Canada  selection 
last  year  at  McGill  and  Sokovnin 
does  double  duty  as  Blues  punter. 

The  defensive  line  got  a  break 
when  Gaels  superb  rusher  Dave 
Hadden  was  unable  to  play  but  it 
probably  wouldn't  have  mattered. 
After  yielding  an  early  touchdown, 
the  Varsity  front  four  held  Gaels  to 
only  32  net  yards  on  26  rushing  at- 

The  340  yard  difference  is  an 
accurate  measure  of  Varsity's 
superiority  along  the  line. 

All-star  tackle  Ken  Hussey  missed 
the  game  but  ends  Sutherland  (64) 

The  student  was  really  just  a  kid, 
bleeding  from  the  left  side  of  his 
head,  incoherent,  and  drunk.  Mostly 

It  was  after  the  game  and  along 
with  two  equally  potted  associates 
he  was  languishing  in  the  corridor 
outside  the  Varsity  dressing  room. 

"It's  not  really  my  blood,"  he  was 
muttering  to  anyone  who  would 
listen.  Some  did.  Some  had  no 

"It's  not  my  blood  .  .  .  it's  from 
the  other  guy." 

"What  other  guy?" 

"The  one  I  beat  up." 

Queens-Varsity  games  have 
acquired  a  certain  reputation.  There 
is    good    football    and  idiotic 


Neither  set  of  students  has  any 
monopoly  on  stupidity,  but  un- 
fortunately year  after  year  the  in- 
cidents of  senseless  obscenity, 
hooliganism  and  occasionally 
outright  violence  seem  to  get  worse. 
One  wonders  what  the  squad  of  rent- 
a-cops  are  doing  to  earn  their  lavish 

Saturday  afternoon  was  pretty 
typical,  though  in  this  context, 
pretty  is  not  the  most  appropriate 

The  group  of  about  35  Queens 
students  who  decided  to  enliven  the 
halftime  show  by  staggering  onto 
the  field  and  staging  an  en  masse 
moon   for   the   spectators  and 

television  cameras  doubtless  con- 
sidered the  spectacle  a  great  stunt. 

The  drunken  horde,  again  mostly 
wearing  Queens  jackets,  who 
temporarily  stopped  the  game  with 
a  premature  rush  for  the  goalposts 
late  in  the -fourth  quarter  likewise 
considered  their  actions  to  be  mostly 

As  one  survivor  of  the  melee  said 
later,  "We  always  do  it.  Stealing 
goalposts  is  all  part  of  the  game." 

And  so  apparently  is  carving  open 
the  scalp  of  anyone  who  is  so  foolish 
as  to  get  in  the  way. 

However,  Toronto  students  have 
no  cause  to  be  self-righteous. 

The  usual  torrent  of  gutteral 
obscenities  came  from  the  LGMB 

camp  followers  directed  at  the 
policewomen  patrolling  the  track  in 
front  of  the  Toronto  cheering  sec- 

At  least  two  U  of  T  students  made 
real  heroes  of  themselves  by 
stealing  the  caps  from  the  officials 
handling  the  yardsticks.  A  black 
football  cap.  Some  trophy. 

Such  incidents  must  not  be  over- 
exaggerated  and  should  not  be  used 
to  attack  the  positive  values  that 
come  from  spectator-oriented  in- 
tercollegiate sport. 

However,  league  officials  should 
be  concerned  when  any  game  must 

continued  on  page  11 

demonstrated  an  apathetic  attitude 
towards  the  outcome  of  the  contest. 

The  Badgers,  clearly  heartened  by 
these  two  decisions  resolved  that, 
rather  than  try  their  luck  a  third 
time,  they  would  by  their  own  efforts 
prevent  Toronto  from  gaining  a 

Actually,  Brock  did  even  better. 
They  scored  only  seven  minutes  into 
the  second  half. 

The  Blues  will  tell  you  their 
goalkeeper  was  sat  upon  by  three 
husky  Brock  forwards,  leaving  him 
helpless  to  stop  Theba's  shot.  The 
referee  did  not  notice  this  infraction. 

The  goal  instantly  galvanized  the 
Blues  into  action  resulting  in  an 
equalizing  score  only  two  minutes 

Evans,  whose  constant  energetic 
running  contrasted  with  the  more 
prevalent  Toronto  lethargy,  won  the 
ball  and  passed  outside  to  Vassiliou 
whose  accurate  cross  was  hit  home 
by  Lecerf. 

While  the  trend  of  the  match 
continued  in  Blues'  favour,  their 
constant  pressure  could  not  produce 
another  score. 

Shots  buzzed  inches  wide,  hit  the 
post,  were  headed  off  the  line;  the 
ball  just  would  not  go  in  the  net. 

Due  credit  must  be  given  the 
Brock  defense  which  carried  the 
burden  thrust  upon  it  with  fortitude, 
if  not  class.  They  survived,  much  to 
the  delight  (and  possibly  surprise) 
of  both  coach  and  players. 

Without  doubt  the  first  half 
refereeing  decisiona  had  completely, 
upset  the  players  and  their  loss  of 
composure  for  a  while  explains 
much  of  their  poor  play  that  was 

Hopefully  a  desire  to  play  and 
respect  for  officialdom  will  return  to 
the  Blues  prior  to  the  double  header 
next  weekend  at  Laurentian. 




Students  and 
faculty  to 
bed  down? 

Find  out 

2  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 


All  Day 

Student  Christian  Movement  open 
house  in  our  office  in  Hart  House.  All 
welcome  to  come  for  a  chat  or  to 
browse  through  materials  on  display. 
Folksinging  off  and  on. 

11  pm 

Baha'u'ilah's  teachings  on  marriage 
will  be  discussed.  The  Baha'i's  of  U  of 
T  warmly  welcome  you  to  discuss  this 
materially  and  spiritually  relevant 
topic.  Sidney  5mith  2116. 

3  pm 

U  of  T  informal  debates  committee 
holds  its  first  meeting  of  the  year.  All 
those  interested  in  debating  are 
welcome  to  attend.  Resolved  that 
Canadian  nationalism  is  a  threat  to 
Canadian  economic  security. 

"The  Motly  Maguires"  starring  Sean 
Connery  and  Richard  Harris  will  be 
presented  by  the  History  Sttudents 
Union  in  Room  SS2135. 


Vic  English  students!!  Meet  to 
choose  the  student  reps  from  Victoria 
College  to  the  Council  and  to  the 
general  meeting  of  the  combined 
departments  of  English  of  the  U  of  T. 
Any  Vic  student  taking  at  least  one 
English  course  can  help  choose  or  can 
be  chosen.  Music  Room,  Wymilwood, 
4:10  pm. 

7:30  pm 

Olympic  Films.  Olympia  1936,  Loni 
Riefonstahl's  classic  documentary  of 
the  Berlin  Games,  Sid  Smith  2135,  7:30 
pm.  25  cents. 

SAC  general  council  budget  meeting. 
Dean's  Conference  Room,  Medical 
Sciences  Building. 

Films  at  OISE;  Two  films  with 
Humphry  Bogart;  The  Maltese  Falcon 
with  Bogart,  Sydney  Greenstreet  and 
Peter  Lorre  at  7:30  and  The  Caine 
Mutiny  with  Bogart,  Van  Johnson  and 
Jose  Ferrer  at  9:30;  $1.25  at  7:30  or 
S1.00  at  9:30;  252  Bloor  Street  West. 

Hart  House  Revolver  Club  safety 
instruction  1o  be  held  in  the  Committee 
Room,  Hart  House.  Members  must 
have  safety  instruction  before  they  are 
allowed  to  shoot. 

8  pm 

Film,  "South  Vietnam,  A  Question  of 
Torture."  Also  speaker  and  display  on 
Political  prisoners.  Debates  Room, 
Hart  House. 

Scottish  country  dancing  at  Seeley 
Hall,  Trinity  College.  Experienced  and 
beginning  dancers  welcome. 

Baha'u'Hah  teaches  that  "Unity  in 
Diversity"  is  a  fundamental  principle 
of  the  World  Civilization.  The  Baha'i's 
of  U  of  T  invite  you  to  come  and  take 
part.  North  Dining  Room,  Hart  House. 

Come  on  down  to  the  Arbor  Room  at 

Hart  House  and  join  the  good  times! 
Music  until  midnight. 

Reception  for  Theological  students  at 
Knox  Church.  8:00  pm  "The  Authority 
of  Scripture"  —  Rev.  Glyn  Owen;  9:15 
pm  Reception  Hour. 


Vic-Varsity  Christian  Fellowship 
meets  at  noon  and  also  at  1  pm  in  the 
Woodger  Room,  Old  Vic  basement. 
Bring  your  lunch  if  you  like;  coffee  and 
tea  are  provided. 

General  meeting  of  the  graduate 
history  society  (course  union)  at 
Sydney  Smith  Hall.  Room  2090. 
Election  of  executive  to  sit  as  voting 
members  in  departmental  meetings  at 
12:30;  followed  by  refreshments  and  an 
opportunity  for  graduates  to  meet  each 
other.  Until  2  pm. 


Student  Christian  Movement  Bible 
study  on  "The  Galilean  Ministry".  Led 
by  Rev.  Bruce  Mutch.  All  welcome. 
SCM  office.  Hart  House. 

3  pm 

Come  to  'Wheatgerm  Theatre's 
second  repast  —  and  enjoy  a  new  ex- 
perience in  creative,  collective 
theatricality.  Organic,  fresh-grown, 
no-additive  workshop  at  UC  Playhouse 
to  5  pm. 

4  pm 

The  academic  affairs  committee  is' 
discussing  the  question  of  student 
representation  on-  tenure  committees. 
Meeting  is  in  the  Council  Chamber  at 
Simcoe  Hall.  All  students  concerned 
about  the  quality  of  teaching  at  U  of  T 
are  asked  to  attend. 


HiKel's  kosher  snak  bar  will  be  open 
today  between  the  hours  of  5-7  pm  at 
Hillel  House.  All  welcome  to  eat  in  the 
Hillel  Sukkah. 

7  pm 

Auditions  for  the  PLS  February 
production  of  John  Skelton's 
Magnyfycence:  a  goodly  interlude  and 
a  merry.  Male  actors;  male  and 
female  crew  needed.  PLS  building 
behind  Mediaeval  Centre,  39b  Queen's 
Park  Cres.  E.  Or  call  928-5096. 
7:30  pm 

Films  at  OISE;  A  great  comedy 
double  bill  with  Woody  Allen  and  W.C. 
Fields;  Sleeper  with  Woody  Allen  at 
7:30  and  The  Bank  Dick  with  W.C. 
Fields  at  9:30;  SI. 50  at  7:30  or  SI. 00  at 
9:30;  252  Bloor  Street  West. 

8  pm 

Come  on  down  to  the  Arbor  Room  at 
Hart  House  and  join  the  good  times! 
Music  until  midnight. 

Restoring  hardened  arteries  will  be 
the  subject  of  a  public  lecture  given  by 
Toronto  physician  and  nutritionist  Dr. 
Gerald  M.  Green  at  the  Medical 
Sciences  Building  Auditorium.  This 
remarkable  out-patient  medical 
technique  gradually  and  safely 
removes  calcium  from  hardened  ar- 
teries and  other  calcified  human 

"Progressive  Revelation"  is  the 
means  by  which  God  unfolds  His  divine 
plan  for  mankind.  The  Baha'i's  of  U  of 
T  welcome  you  to  hear  about 
Baha'u'Hah,  the  latest  of  God's 
teachers.  International  Student's 



12  CUMBERLAND  ST.  962-3916 


A  Christian  Science  Approach 

A  lecture  by  Roy  J.  Linnig,  C.S.B., 
sponsored  by  the  Christian  Science  College  Organization 


155  Charles  St.  West 

Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 


Student  Subscriptions 

*5.00  for  the  Four  Productions 

Hart  House  Theatre  offers  a  Student  Subscription  at  $5.00  for  the  four  All- University 
productions.  The  student  rate  will  be  $1.50  for  a  single  performance.  Subscribers  are 
assured  of  the  same  seats  and  performance  evenings  for  the  season .  Two  subscriptions 
only  on  each  Student  card. 

Box  Office  open  10:00  a.m.  to  5: 00  p.m.  928-8668 


Volunteer  Ushers  are  required  for  the  four  Hart  House  Theatre  productions.  Please 
telephone  928-8674  or  call  at  Theatre  offices. 




Paintings  by  John  Howlin 


Gallery  Hours: 

Monday,  11  am-9  pm 

Tuesday  to  Saturday,  11  am-5  pm 

Sunday,  2-5  pm 


Simultaneous  Exhibition 
Oct.  2,  3  8.  4 

Chess  Club  Room,  11  am  -  4  | 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

East  Common  Room,  7  pm 


Slide  show  ^ 

Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

East  landing,  12-2  pm 


Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Art  Gallery,  8pm  


Darkroom  tours 
Oct.  2  &  3,  12-  1  pm 
Beginner  film  processing 
Wed.,  Oct.  2  at  7  pm 
in  the  Camera  Clubrooms 


Tapes  and  information 

Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

Map  room,  12  -  2  pm 


Jazz  quintet  with  Ginny  Grant 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 

East  Common  Room,  12  -  2  pm 


Oct.  2,3  8,4 

Map  Room,  12  •  2  pm 


Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Record  Room  A,  11:15  -  11 :45  am 
8.  4:15-5  pm  

U  of  T  FILM  BOARD 

Open  House 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Film  Board  Room,  l  -  4  pm 

Resolved      that  Canadian 
Nationalism   is  a  threat  to 
Canadian    Economic  Security 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Bickersteth  Room,  3  pm 


Exhibition  fi.  commentary 
Oct.  2,  3  8,  4 

Squash  gallery,  5-6:20  pm 


Milkshake  shoot 

Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Rifle  range,  4-6  pm 


Open  House 
Oct.  2,  3  8.  4 
S.C.M.  offices 

"Vietnam,  a  Question  of  Tor- 

Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Debates  Room,  8  pm 


Professional  disc  iockey 
until  11 :30  pm 
Wed.  &  Thurs.  nights 
in  the  Arbor  Room 

Open  house 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Fencing  Room,  12  -  2  pm 
Everyone  welcome  to  play 

RiCftard  Kolb,  lute 
Gary  Creighton,  tenor 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Music  Room,  1  pm 


Novice  tournament 

Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

Rifle  Range,  6-10  pm 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Wrestling  Room,  7  -  8  prr 

Resolved  that  Toronto  is  no 
Longer  Toronto  the  Good 

Honorary      Visitor:  Anne 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

Debates  Room,  8  pm  


Presents  the  Canadian  filr 
"Paperback  Hero" 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Music  Room,  8  pm 


Free  dance  with 

"Abernathy  Shagnaster" 

FrL,  Oct.  4 

Great  Hall,  8:30pm 

Tickets  free  from  the  hall  porter 

No  admission  without  a  ticket! 


Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

The  Varsity  3 

Academic  affairs  decides  tenure  committee  issue  tomorrow 

The  contentious  issue  of  student 
representation  on  tenure  com- 
mittees will  finally  be  discussed  and 
decided  at  tomorrow's  meeting  of 
the  academic  affairs  committee  of 
the  Governing  Council. 

The  committee  is  finally 
discussing  the  issue,  almost  14 
months  after  the  release  of  the 
Forster  report,  the  presidential  task 
force  on  academic  appointments. 

The  report  recommended  no 

student  representation  on  tenure 
committees,  claiming  no 
satisfactory  mechanism  could  be 
found  for  selecting  students  to  sit  on 
the  committees. 

Many  faculty  members,  however, 
supported  exclusion  of  students  on 

Students  now  are  prevented  from 
sitting  on  tenure  committees  under 
the  Haist  rules,  which  govern  the 
operation  of  all  staffing  committees. 

Ward  6  supports 
Beverley  residents 


The  Ward  Six  Community 
Organization  last  night  voted 
unanimously  to  support  the 
residents  of  94-98  Beverley  Street 
who  are  facing  eviction. 

The  Ward  Six  Community 
Organization,  represents  ward  six 
residents,  the  largest  group  in  the 
city,  lying  south  of  Bloor  between 
Bathurst  Street  and  the  Don  Valley. 

The  landlord  of  the  Beverley 
Street  houses  has  removed  the 
furnaces,  leaving  the  residents 
without  heat. 

Although  court  action  is  being 
considered  by  the  residents,  oc- 
cupancy has  already  dropped  from 
more  than  50  to  under  30  tenants. 

Ward  6  school  trustee  Dan  Leckie 
mentioned  that  two  or  three  of  the 
tenants  have  been  hospitalized, 
presumably  because  of  the  cold 

Last  spring  the  houses  were  of- 
fered for  sale  for  $268,000. 

The  developer  has  said  publically 
he  could  renovate  the  houses  for 

Total  cost,  therefore,  to  the 
developers,  by  their  estimates, 
would  be  approximately  $400,000. 

When  the  city  investigated  buying 
the  houses  this  fall,  the  landlord 
asked  $625,000. 

A  hastily  made  city  report 
estimated  the  cost  of  renovation  at 

The  city  discovered  it  would  cost 
$1  million  to  take  over  the  houses. 

Ward  Six  aldermanic  candidate 
Allen  Sparrow,  reported  that  mayor 
David  Crombie  harf  seen  these 
figures  and  merely  shrugged, 
assuming  the  cost  was  too  high  for 
the  city. 

Sparrow  then  suggested  to 
Crombie  the  developer's  price  was 
merely  a  bluff  and  the  city  should 

consider  expropriation  of  the 

This  became  the  basis  of  the  Ward 
6  committee's  motion,  which  is  now 
being  sent  to  city  hall. 

The  committee  urged  the  city  to 
keep  the  Beverley  St.  houses  as  low 
income  housing  and  that  the  city 
consider  expropriation ,  and 
retaining  the  present  residents. 

Fears  were  expressed  at  the 
meeting  that  the  expropriation 
process  might  set  a  dangerous 
precedent  of  the  city  "saving  the 
shirts"  of  developers  by  buying  up 
their  losses  at  inflated  prices. 

Sparrow  then  explained  the 
procedure,  stating  that  an  ex- 
proprition  tribunal  would  establish  a 
fair  market  price,  taken  from  three 
different  estimates. 

The  developer's  side  was  briefly 
explained  by  Dan  Leckie. 

The  issue  was  not  as  simple  as  it 
first  appeared,  he  said. 

Apparently  the  landlord  is  not  a 
recent  speculator,  but  has  owned  the 
homes  for  a  number  of  years. 

His  intentions  appear  to  be  more 
involved  with  getting  out  with  a 
minimum  loss,  as  opposed  to  trying 
to  make  a  huge  profit. 

The  committee's  main  concern 
was  for  the  tenants'  safety,  and  that 
their  homes  be  maintained  and 
upgraded  as  low-income  housing. 

The  committee  also  passed  a 
motion  that  the  western  part  of 
Ward  Six  be  "zoned  down"  to  save 
residential  areas  from  an  onslaught 
of  commercial  development. 

Such  a  development  occurred  in 
the  ward's  eastern  section,  par- 
ticularly North  Jarvis. 

The  council  wants  the  city  to  carry 
out  a  similar  study  in  the  area, 
during  which  new  building  would  be 
frozen  in  the  area,  thus  saving  the 
existing  structures. 

Only  Trinity  College  has  exer- 
cised its  prerogative  as  a  federated 
college  to  allow  student  represen- 
tation on  the  committees. 

For  students  seeking  parity 
representation  on  tenure  com- 
mittees, it  has  been  a-  long  battle. 

First  only  one  student  sat  on  the 
Forster  task  force,  which  recom- 
mended no  changes. 

Last  fall  SAC  launched  a  cam- 
paign to  sound  out  student  opinion  on 
the  issue  and  put  pressure  on  the 
university  to  change  its  policies. 

The  campaign  leading  up  to  a 
referendum  last  October  stressed 
the  importance  of  equal  student 
representation  for  tenure  decisions 
based  on  teaching  ability. 

Students  contended  tenure 
decisions  under  the  present  system 
are  made  on  the  basis  of  research 
and  publication  as  well  as  faculty 

In  the  referendum  a  turnout  of 
almost  7,000  students  voted  two  to 
one  in  favour  of  parity  and  seven  to 
one  in  favour  of  representation  on 
staffing  committees. 

Despite  the  mandate  there  was 
little  response  from  faculty  and 
administration.  Students  had  to 
disrupt  a  meeting  of  the  academic 
affairs  committee  to  get  a  parity 

subcommittee  to  consider  models 
for  selection  of  students  for  tenure 

The  academic  affairs  committee 
moved  slowly  through  the  Forster 
report  discussing  primarily  the 
minor  issues,  and  managed  to  drag 
discussion  through  the  whole  year. 

Ka ty  Cat 
Luants  students 
topairHcipate  in 
tcnqv^  decisions. 

Doo^t  \ou?  0e  it 
■Siwicoe  Hall  Oct. 3 

And  while  SAC  shifted  its  focus  to 
the  fight  against  the  ad- 
ministration's tough  code  of 
behaviour,  the  staffing  issue  moved 
into  the  background. 

The  issue  of  student  represen- 
tation on  staffing  committees  is 
widely  viewed  by  student  leaders  as 
one  of  the  most  important  facing 
students  right  now. 

It  relates  directly  to  the  quality  of 
teaching,  which  affects  students  in 
the  classroom. 

Tenure  decisions  are  continuing  to 
be  made  without  student  input  and 
many  reflect  the  "publish  or  perish" 
mentality  of  the  traditional  faculty 

There  have  been  a  number  of 
cases  in  which  excellent  teachers 
were  denied  tenure.  Students  have 
protested  unsuccessfully  against 
these  decisions,  notably  last  year  in 
the  French  department  and  two 
years  ago  in  the  math  department. 

But  in  many  cases,  decisions  are 
not  widely  known  and  professors 
discourage  publicity  because  of  its 
possible  adverse  affect  on  appeals  or 
future  employment  prospects. 

The  university  is  able  to  quietly 
fire  some  of  its  best  teachers. 

Widespread  student  concern  about 
teaching  quality  and  strong  pressure 
from  student  representatives, 
however,  will  ensure  the  issue  is  not 
swept  under  the  rug. 

Sparrow  charges  shoddy  enumeration 
in  university  residences 

Alan  Sparrow,  Ward  6  aldermanic 
candidate  in  the  upcoming 
December  2nd  municipal  election, 
has  charged  the  enumeration  of 
students  on  campus  has  been 

Sparrow  notes  only  21  of  ap- 
proximately 500  New  College 
residents  have  been  enumerated 
while  at  University  College- all  but 
four  of  the  300  residents  are  on  the 
enumeration  lists. 

"The  assessment  commission  just 
doesn't  care  about  student 
enumerations"  said  Sparrow. 

He  says  his  complaints  to  the 
assessment  commission,  who  are 
responsible  for  the  enumerations, 
have  gone  unanswered. 

Commission  officials  say  other 
methods  are  open  to  students  who 
have  not  been  enumerated  for  the 
upcoming  election. 

They  may  either  register  with  the 

City  Clerk  or  swear  an  oath  at  the 
polling  station  when  they  vote. 

Sparrow  maintains,  however,  that 
the  initial  enumeration  is  the  most 
important  one  and  it  has  been  so 
badly  handled  that  the  onus  is  on  the 
assessment  commission  to  do  a 
proper  job.  ' 

Departing  from  the  standard 
procedure  of  sending  enumerators 
door  to  door,  the  assessment  com- 
mission has  simply  sent  letters  to 
the  various  residences  requesting 
names  of  students  who  want  to  vote 
in  the  municipal  elections. 

St.  Michaels,  Massey,  University 
College  and  the  Charles  Street 
married  students'  residences  have 
enumerated  a  large  majority  of 
their  students. 

But  because  of  poor  and  con- 
flicting instructions  from  the 
assessment  commission,  most  other 
college  residences  have  not  been 
properly  enumerated. 

These  include  New,  Innis  Victoria 
and  Loretta  College  residences. 

Officials  at  Both  Victoria  and 
Loretta  residences  were  unaware 
that  students  living  in  residences  as 
of  October  1  have,  according  to  the 
Municipal  Elections  Act,  the  option 
to  vote  either  in  the  Ward  6  elections 
or  in  their  respective  home  town 
municipal  elections. 

Sparrow's  campaign  workers 
have  encountered  difficulties  in 
attempting  to  rectify  the  situation. 

At  Trinity,  where  enumeration 
lists  have  been  received,  Sparrow 
claims  bursar  George  Shepherd  said 
he  had  not  yet  had  time  to  look  at 

Even  if  Sparrow's  offices  are  able 
to  improve  the  situation,  there  still 
remains  a  failure  on  the  part  of  the 
assessment  commission  to  get  the 
in-residence  students,  who  represent 
a  significant  portion  of  the  Ward  6 
electors,  properly  enumerated  for 
the  first  time. 

Field  worker  answers  UFW  claims 


One  of  two  California  field 
workers  here  in  Toronto  to 
counter-attack  the  United  Farm 
Workers'  grape  boycott  denied 
UFW  claims  that  she  was  em- 
ployed as  a  labor  contractor  for  a 
California  grape  grower. 

Josephine  Garcia,  here  to  tell 
why  thousands  of  grape  pickers 
switched  from  the  UFW  to  join 
the  Teamsters  Union,  said  in  an 
interview  Monday  she's  here  "on 
my  own." 

But  Garcia  admitted  she  was 
accompanied  on  the  trip  by 
Teamsters  representatives  and 
had  received  aid  from  the  Free 
Market  Council,  an  association  of 
California  growers. 

Garcia,  who  described  herself 
as  a  field  worker  said  she  had 
never  been  a  labor  contractor  or 
field  supervisor  for  Kelvin 
Larson,  a  Coachella  Valley  grape 

"I  just  watch  the  workers  and 
see  that  the  work  is  being  done," 
she  said. 

Garcia  added  she  was 
responsible  for  workers'  time 
cards  and  acted  as  a  liaison 
between  field  workers  and  ranch 
owner  Larson. 

UFW  spokesman  Marshall 
Gans  maintains  Garcia  "does  all 
the  hiring  and  firing  and  has  done 
so  for  years." 

Ganz  said  although  Garcia  may 

not  be  registered,  only  a  small 
percentage  of  labor  contractors 

In  March,  1974,  100  Larson 
workers  allegedly  voted  to  have 
no  union  rather  than  the  UFW 
and  then  decided  to  join  the 

Garcia  admitted  the  vote  was 
initiated  by  Larson  and  super- 
vised by  Father  Humphry,  a  local 
priest  reported  to  be  hostile  to  the 

The  UFW  was  not  present  when 
votes  were  counted  by  Father 
Humphry  and  two  workers. 

Garcia  also  said  the  subsequent 
institution  of  the  Teamsters  as 
the  recognized  union  was  entirely 
Larson's  idea.  She  claims  UFW 
treats  workers  poorly. 

In  July  a   California  judge 

issued  a  ruling  which  made  the 
Teamster  contract  inoperative. 

Garcia  conceded  the  UFW 
boycott  efforts  here  have  been 
successful.  She  claimed  the 
campaign  to  boycott  California 
grapes  and  lettuce  "harms  the 
workers  and  the  growers.  If  there 
are  no  growers  then  there  is  no 

Garcia  left  Toronto  yesterday 
for  New  York  but  said,  "I  don't 
know  who  I'll  be  seeing  there." 

UFW  organizer  Ganz  said 
people  were  confused  about  this 
second  boycott  effort. 

"In  the  first  boycott  the  issue 
was  one  of  poverty,  in  the  second 
it  is  one  of  self-determination  and 
the  right  of  people  to  organize," 
he  said. 

Students  get  no  say 
in  chairmen  selection 

0i  I  It)  ftoy  rem'i  nd  s 
y°u  *o  be  at  Simcoe 
Kail  Oct. 3  at«.  P.m. 

Student  parh<*»j3*tloo 

on  tenure  committees 

Fine  time 
for  redesign 

If  you  can  admit  to  having  designs 
on  The  Varsity,  then  why  don't  you 
come  to  an  informal  session  to 
discuss  redesigning  the  paper. 

It's  at  our  second-floor  offices,  91 
St.  George  St.  at  2  p.m.  today. 

Just  bring  your  wits,  a  draught- 
man's  table  and  a  box  of  unused 
crayons.  No  pornographers,  please. 

Students  have  once  again  missed 
an  opportunity  to  actively  par- 
ticipate in  choosing  professors  who 
will  make  key  decisions  affecting 
students  in  the  next  five  years. 

In  accordance  with  the  univer- 
sity's plans  to  create  a  single 
university  department  for  each  of 
the  six  present  "college  subjects"  by 
the  next  year  the  arts  and  science 
faculty  has  quietly  set  up  search 
committees— with  no^  student 
representation— to  find  six  depart- 
ment chairmen. 

The  search  committees  were 
formed  'his  summer  despite  U  of  T 
vice-president  and  provost  Don 
Forster's  promise  last  year  to 
propose  changes  to  the  composition 
of  such  bodies  to  include  student 

The  university's  Haist  Rules  now 
stipulate  no  students  may  sit  on 
search  committees  for  depart- 
mental chairmen,  although 
Governing  Council  plans  to  revise 
the  rules. 

R.  H.  Farquharson,  associate 
,dean  of  the  Faculty  of  Arts  and 
Science,  admitted  yesterday:  "We 
were  in  a  bit  of  a  bind  to  get  the  new 
departments  organized.  We  couldn't 
wait  for  Governing  Council  to  make 
the  changes  in  committee  com- 

The  departmental  restructuring — 
the  brainstorm  of  U  of  T  president 

John  Evans  and  outlined  in  his 
Memorandum  of  Understanding- 
plans  to  bring  the  present  six  college 
subjects— English,  French,  Ger- 
man, classics,  religious  and  near 
eastern  studies— under  centralized 

Farquharson  said  he  hopes  the 
search  committees  will  make  their 
recommendations  for  chairmen  by 
Jan.  1, 1975.  Governing  Council  must 
then  ratify  the  recommendations. 

Although  only  faculty  members 
and  administrators  now  can  sit  on 
the  search  committees, 
Farquharson  noted  he  has  sent 
letters  to  all  combined  department 
chairmen  urging  students  to  submit 
nominations  for  the  new  positions. 

Peter  Jarrett,  a  French  Course 
Union  representative,  received  such 
a  letter  Monday  asking  him  to 
submit  nominations  for  chairman 
before  Oct.  4— this  Friday. 

"The  whole  thing  is  a  sham," 
Jarrett  charged.  "It  makes  it  look 
like  students  are  really  getting  input 
on  these  decisions." 

Jarrett,  who  is  also  a  student 
governor,  plans  to  ask  Forster  at 
council's  academic  affairs  meeting 
tomorrow  to  postpone  the  com- 
mittees' deliberations  until  he 
presents  proposals  to  sit  students  on 
departmental  chairmen  search 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

THE  ■■ 




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91  St.  George  St.,  ' 

"I  refer  to  solid  waste,  as  it's 
called  in  my  ministry,  but 
just  so  there  is  no  mistaking 
what  1  mean,  I  am  going  to 
refer  to  it  as  garbage." 

Environment  Minister 
William  Newman 

mportant  month 
for  students 

October  promises  to  be  a 
fascinating  political  month  at  U 
of  T,  as  two  hard  fought  and 
important  campaigns  come  to  a 

Tomorrow,  the  academic 
affairs  committee  of  the 
Governing  Council  meets  to 
decide  the  question  of  the 
composition  of  tenure  com- 
mittees. For  students  this  issue 
is  essentia]  because  it  has  a 
direct  relation  to  the  quality  of 

Concern  over  the  quality  of 
teaching  has  a  long  history.  It 
began  with  anger  anc 
frustration  over  the  poor  quality 
of  teaching  in  universities,  but 
now  focuses  on  one  issue: 
student  representation  on  tenure 
committees.  Only  by  gaining 
equal  representation  with 
faculty  can  students  be  assured 
teaching  quality  is  important. 
Good  faith  is  not  enough. 

The  meeting  is  at  4  pm, 
tomorrow,  in  the  Governing 
Council  chamber  at  Simcoe 

The  other  issue  concerns  the 
composition  of  the  Governing 
Council,  the  body  which  makes 

all  the  major  decisions  at  the 

For  students,  the  campaign  is 
synonymous  with  the  word 
'parity' :  equal  representation 
between  students  and  faculty,  as 
a  principle.  For  students, 
anything  less  is  second  class 

Parity  also  has  a  long  history 
at  the  U  of  T,  dating  back  to  the 
late  1960's,  when  the  Com-, 
mission  on  University  Govern- 
ment decided  parity  was  the 
only  basis  upon  which  the 
university  could  become  a  real 

Since  then,  the  issue  has  been 
postponed  and  postponed,  never 
decided  definitively. 

Now,  however,  the  Governing 
Council,  required  to  assess  its 
composition  this  fall,  will  decide 
at  two  meetings  this  month  — 
October  17  and  24  —  whether  or 
not  there  will  be  parity  in  the 
foreseeable  future. 

A  strong  statement  of  concern 
from  the  student  population  will 
certainly  aid  the  cause.  In  any 
event,  it  will  be  an  exciting  — 
perhaps  dramatic  —  month. 

The  varsity,  a  member  of  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  1880 
and  is  published  by  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  is  printed  by 
Newsweb  Enterprise.  Opinions  ex- 
pressed in  this  newspaper  are  not 
necessarily  those  of  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  or  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  university.  Formal 
complaints  about  the  editorial  or 
business  operation  of  the  paper  may  be 
addressed  to  the  Chairman,  Campus 
Relations  Committee,  Varsity  Board  of 
Directors,  91  St.  George  St.  


Your  recent  article  "New  U  of  T 
Day  Care  Centre  Opens"  contains  a 
statement  which  is  misleading  and 
should  be  clarified. 

Referring  to  the  parents' 
eligibility  for  government  subsidy 
you  say  that :  "The  cost  will  be  $145  a 
child  every  month  but  parents  will 
be  eligible  for  subsidies  depending 
on  income." 

This  is  not  true.  The  parents' 
eligiblity  for  a  government  grant, 
for  placing  their  children  in  the  care 
of  the  "Centre",  is  based  not  on  their 
income  but  on  their  expenses. 

In  straight  language  this  method 
of  evaluating  a  person's  monetary 
assistance  works  advantageously 
for  those  people  who  have  a  high 
income  and  can  afford  to  make  a  lot 
of  unnecessary  spendings;  on  the 
other  hand,  needy  parent-students 
receive  little  government  aid  simply 
because,  having  a  low  income,  they 
can  only  prove  to  have  few  expenses. 
In  this  respect,  government  subsidy 
becomes      for      them  plain 

bureaucratic  mockery. 

Tony  MarzilU 

Protest  on 

We  are  writing  to  express  our 
concern  over  the  report  "Medical 
Schools  Flooded  By  Foreigners,  MD 
Says"  by  Alan  Mettrick  on  Sep- 
tember 24,  1974  Toronto  Star. 

We  are  alerted  and  disappointed 
by  Dr.  Stephenson's  reactions  to  the 
admissions  of  medical  students  at 
the  University  of  Toronto.  While  the 
statistics  clearly  show  that  only  ten 
out  of  two  hundred  and  forty 
students  admitted  to  first  year 
medical  school  at  U  of  T  in  Sep- 
tember 1973  were  neither  Canadian 
citizens  nor  immigrants,  Dr. 
Stephenson  referred  to  the  Chinese 
(who  are  practically  all  citizens  or 
immigrants)  in  the  medical  school 
as  foreign  students. 

This  seems  to  show  that  she  does 
not  regard  the  Chinese  as  Canadians 
even  if  they  are  Canadian  citizens  or 
landed  immigrants. 

A  particular  group,  the  Chinese  in 
this  case,  is  singled  out.  Though  it  is 
admitted  as  individuals  they  are 
academically  qualified  and  in  some 
cases,  brilliant,  and  they  either  have 
had  their  homes  here  or  intend  to 
make  Canada  their  home,  they  are 
being  referred  to  as  "foreigners" 
who  seize  the  opportunities  of  native 
bom  Canadians. 

This  we  feel,  is  quite  different 
from  our  fellow  Canadians' 
traditional  attitude  towards  all  those 
who  some  to  make  their  homes  here 
from  all  parts  of  the  world.  Although 
these  people  help  quicken  their  pace 
of  integration  into  the  Canadian 
community,  there  seems  to  be  an 
implication  that  they  should  be 
restricted  from  the  medical  field,  in 
order  to  make  room  for  less 
qualified  students. 

We  also  believe  that  the  training  of 
immigrant  doctors  who  will  be 
eligible  for  citizenship  by  the  time 
they  graduate  only  benefits  Canada 
and  should  not  be  considered  as  an 
"international"  responsibility.  The 
"international"  responsibility 
should  only  refer  to  the  training  of 
those  ten  students  on  student  visas, 
who  have  to  return  to  their 
homeland  after  they  complete  the 

Furthermore  it  must  be  noted  that 
among  the  hundreds  of  qualified 
Canadians  being  refused  admittance 
to  medical  schools  are  many 
Chinese  Canadians,  and  that  it  is 
baseless  to  say  that  many  "foreign" 
students  —  which  refers  to  im- 
migrant students  here  —  tend  to 
devote  themselves  entirely  to 
academic  studies  and  have  a 
narrower  "outlook". 

T.K.  Choi 
L.  Thomas 
Chinese  Students  Association, 
Malaysian-Singapore  Students 

neglected  , 

The  article  "New  U  of  T  Day  care 
Centre  Opens",  in'  last  Friday's 
Varsity,  neglected  to  mention  some 
of  the  early  history  of  day  care  at  U 
of  T,  and  the  role  which  SAC,  the 
GSU  and  the  Administration  played 
in  it.  In  1966,  a  group  of  graduate 
student  women,  exasperated  by  the 
lack  of  day  care  facilities,  presented 
a  brief  to  the  School  of  Graduate 
Studies.  The  next  year,  with  ex- 
tensive financial  help  from  SGS, 
SAC,  GSU,  the  Atkinson  Foundation 
and  the  university  administration, 
the  student  women  established  the 
St.  Andrew's  -  University  Day 
Nursery,  in  space  made  available  by 
St.  Andrew's  United  Church,.  Vice- 
president   Gilbert   Robinson,  and 

Professor  Donald  Forster  were 
instrumental  in  bringing  these 
arrangements  about. 

The  day  nursery  accommodated 
35  children  of  graduate  student 
parents.  Children  of  staff  and  un- 
dergraduate students  were  accepted 
if  space  was  available.  The  nursery 
was  non-denominational,  licensed 
and  professionally-staffed,  but  the 
parents  took  part  in  the  day-to-day 
administration,  and  were 
represented  on  the  Board  of 
Directors,  along  with  represen- 
tatives of  the  various  groups  (in- 
cluding the  university  ad- 
ministration) who  supported  the 
nursery.  The  maximum  fee  was  $75 
a  month,  with  subsidies  available  for 
low-income  families.  Once 
established,  the  nursery  was  almost 
entirely  self-supporting. 

With  the"  opening  of  the  Campus 
Co-op  and  the  Margaret  Fletcher 
centres,  the  need  for  St.  Andrew's  as 
a  University  facility  has  decreased. 
However,  it  continues  to  function  as 
a  community  day  care  centre,  and 
many  of  its  50  children  are  from 
student  families. 

Many  people,  including  my  wife 
and  myself,  were  able  to  continue 
our  studies  more  effectively  because 
of  the  support  of  —  among  other 
groups  —  the  university  ad- 
ministration, long  before  the  1970 
occupation  of  Simcoe  Hall. 

John  R.  Percy 
Department  of  Astronomy 

Must  be 

I  have  read  with  interest  the  ar- 
ticle in  the  September  23  issue  of  The 
Varsity  entitled  Ecology  as 
Ideology,  and  your  comment, 
Socialists  and  Environmentalists 
Must  Get  Together.  However,  I 
protest  that  so  little  attention  is 
given    to    the    Christian  and 

Christianity  in  the  scheme  of  things. 
Are  we  still  a  Christian  society? 

I  submit  that  the  socialist  and 
environmentalist  must  abandon 
their  purely  materialistic  con- 
cepts of  existence  if  they  are  to 
arrive  at  a  solution.  Social  inequities 
and  ecological  problems  will  never 
be  solved  from  within  the  concept  of 
dialectical  materialism,  and  the 
basic  restrictions,  contradictions 
and  destructiveness  of  a  purely 
materialistic  concept  of  existence. 
The  solution  of  the  problem  is  never 
from  within  the  problem. 

A  return  to  the  basic  Christian 
principles  (minus  ideological  self- 
righteousness)  would  seem  to  be 
urgently  required  if  we  are  to  rise 
above  inherent  limitations  of  a 
purely  materialistic  existence  and 
deadly  technology.  Man  is  more 
than  an  animal.  He  is  special,  and 
what  is  desperately  needed  at  this 
time  is  a  rereading  and  assimilation 
of  the  Sermon  on  the  Mount. 

Barry  Reive 
B.  Com  m 
Class  of  51 

Bells  bug 
browb  eater 

As  a  fairly  frequent  visitor  to  the 
campus  for  study  purposes,  I  regret 
the  intrusion,  in  what  can  be  a  quiet 
haven  by  contrast  with  the  city 
around,  of  the  hourly  signals 
reverberantly  'gonged'  by  the  Hart 
House  clock. 

One  wonders  how  this  can  be 
regarded  other  than  as  a  nuisance. 
How  does  the  frequent  reminder  of 
passage  of  time  contribute  to 
scholarly  concentration? 

Surely  others  feel  similarly  about 
this  noisy  and  distracting  feature, 
and  some  outward  evidence  should 
bring  about  a  change  speedily. 

Dan  Larsen 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974  The  Varsity  5 


I  refer  you  to  the  University  of 
Toronto  Bulletin  of  September  20, 
Part  II  on  Page  2  of  the  article  "The 
Governing  Council  approves  way  to 
assist  setting  academic  priorities," 
wherein  it  is  stated  that  "it  is  illegal 
under  the  Ontario  Human  Rights 
Code  to  use  nation  of  origin  as  a 
factor  in  (academic)  hiring."  If  it  is 
"illegal"  to  discriminate  on  the 
basis  of  nationality,  it  is  certainly 

"illegal"  to  discriminate  against 
Canadians.  Moreover,  here  is  a 
pertinent  exception  in  the  Code: 

"The  provisions  of  this  section 
relating  to  limitation  or  preference 
in  employment  because  of  .  .  . 
nationality,  ancestry  or  place  of 
origin  do  not  apply  to  an  exclusively 
.  .  .  educational,  fraternal  or  social 
organization  that  is  not  operated  for 
private  profit .  .  .  where  in  any  such 
case  .  .  .  nationality,  ancestry  or 
place  of  origin  is  a  bona  fide  oc- 
cupational qualification  and 

In  the  circumstances  in  which 
Canada  finds  itself  today,  it  is  surely 
outrageous  to  suggest  that  a 
Canadian     publicly  supported 



Wednesday,  October  2 
7:30  p.m. 





Every  Wednesday  and  Thursday 


8  PM  —  11:30  PM 

In  cooperation  with  SAC— UofT,  Communication  Services 
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Phone  926-4911  for  information 
Register  in  lobby  of  Sidney  Smith  Building  on  Wed.,  Thurs.  & 
Fri.,  Oct.  9, 10, 11,  10  a.m.  to  3  p.m.  or  leave  your  registration 
at  the  SAC  office. 

Successfully  teaching  university  students  since  1967. 

educational  institution  may  ignore 
the  rights  of  individual  Canadians, 
or  that  the  issues  of  national  interest 
and  national  security  are  not  bona 
fide  factors  in  academic  hiring. 

The  false  interpretation  and  ap- 
plication of  the  Code  was  (and  still 
is)  being  used  as  a  justification  of 
the  sell-out  of  our  post-secondary 
education .  Under  its  former  ex- 
American  Chairman,  the  Com- 
mission virtually  aided  the 
American  academic  imperialism  in 
Canada  in  refusing  to  fight  the 
rampant  discrimination  against 
Canadians  in  this  Province,  being 
one  of  the  worst  in  Canada  in  terms 
of  the  Americanization  of  our 

K.  J.  Cottam.  PhD 

\i:\v  music 


handbook  errs 
on  meds 

The  article  on  admission  to  Meds 
in  the  SAC  orientation  handbook 
contains  a  rather  serious  error 
which  was  drawn  to  my  attention 
just  a  few  days  ago.  Contrary  to 
what  was  stated  in  the  article,  it  is 
possible  to  be  accepted  by  more  than 
one  medical  school  in  Ontario. 

In  1975  there  will  be  two  dates 
when  Ontario  medical  schools  will 
send  out  notifications  of  acceptance 
to  successful  applicants.  The  first 
will  be  on  May  16,  the  second  on  July 

If  you  apply  to  more  than  one 
Ontario  medical  school  but  are  only 
accepted  on  May  16  by  some  of  the 
schools  to  which  you  applied,  you 

7  exciting  concerts 

Edward  Johnson  Bldq. 
University  of  Toronto 


Adult  Subscriptions:  $15 
Opening  concert:  SUN.  OCT.  20,  8:30  p.m. 


plus — same  day: 

the  controversial 
from  2  p.m. 



CALL  967-5257 

(1)  WEST  END  Y.M.C.A. 


Tuesday  and  Thursday 
12:00  noon  to  2:00  p.m. 
$15.00  per  week 

(2)  WEST  END  Y.M.C.A. 


Monday  through  Friday, 
11:00  a.m.  to  2:00  p.m. 
$2.50  per  hour. 

For  both  positions  contact  Marty  Snelling,  West  End  YMCA, 


Part  time  work  available  for 
experienced  tellers.  Hours  Flexible. 
Canadian  Imperial  Bank  of  Commerce, 
151  Bloor  Street  West, 
Mrs.  Brown 


Optica  re 

Serving  the 
students  of 
UofT  for 
over  30 


170  St.  Geoige  St. 

can  accept  one  of  those  positions 
which  you  were  offered.  Then  as 
long  as  you  write  to  the  other 
medical  schools  to  which  you  ap- 
plied, but  at  which  you  were  not 
accepted,  and  ask  them  to  keep  your 
application  under  consideration, 
they  will  do  so. 

The  fact  that  you  have  already 
accepted  a  position  at  one  medical 
school  in  Ontario  will  in  no  way  hurt 
your  chances  of  being  accepted  by 
one  of  the  other  schools  to  which  you 

Thus  on  July  4  it  would  be  possible 
to  be  accepted  by  another  Ontario 
medical  school,  and  you  could  then 
accept  the  position  at  that  school. 
After  July  4  evei^thing  is  open,  and 
medical  schools  will  notify  suc- 
cessful applicants  at  any  time  in 
order  to  fill  vacancies  which  might 
arise  during  the  last  half  of  July  and 
all  of  August. 

There  was  also  a  printing  error  in 
the  article.  All  of  the  application  fee 
goes  to  OMSAS,  the  central  ap- 
plication center  for  Ontario  medical 
schools.  It  is  used  to  cover  the  costs 
of  running  OMSAS.  None  of  the  fee 
goes  to  the  universities.  I  hope  this 
clears  up  any  misconceptions  which 
may  have  arisen  due  to  the  article  in 
the  handbook. 

Danny  Kiegert 
Medical  Society 





OCTOBER23.24, 25 


The  Toronto  Twio  Rqister 

A  grant-supported  health 
research  project  at  the  Universi- 
ty of  Toronto,  is  now  seeking 
adult  twins  willing  to  volunteer 
for  a  test  to  detect  bloob"  factors 
affecting  the  risk  of  heart  dis- 
ease. For  information,  please 
call:  416-928-2058. 9a.m.  -  5  p.m. 
or  write: 

ROOM  83B 


Volunteers  with  children  in 
inner-city  Community 
Centre,  one  afternoon  or 
evening  a  week. 

CALL  925-4363 


Fashion  is  fun  att 
Pink  Whiskers. 

1  Bedford  Hi 
(St.  George  subway  -'Bedford  exit.) 

6  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  O 



The  Student  Christian  Movement 
(SCM)  will  conduct  a  program  on 
the  political  prisoners  in  South 
Vietnam  to-day  in  the  Debates 
Room  of  Hart  House.  The  double 
award-winning  colour  film.  South 
Vietnam  —  A  Question  of  Torture 
will  be  shown,  free  of  charge,  and 
questions  will  be  answered  by 
Keith  Poison,  Vice  President  of 
MacLaren  TV  Advertising,  and 
Ann  Buttrick  of  the  Committee  on 
the  Prisoners.  The  meeting  begins 
at  8  pm. 

A  second  meeting  on  the  South 
Vietnam  Political  prisoners  will  be 
held  on  October  3rd,  at  7:30  pm  in 
Carr  Hall.  Bishop  Guy  Belanger,  of 
Valleyfield,  Quebec,  who  in- 
terviewed four  prisoners  in  Saigon, 
released  from  Con-Son  Island,  will 
be  the  speaker.  The  film  will  be 
shown  again,  free  of  charge. 

It's  a  peculiar  thing,  this  forgotten  war 
in  Vietnam.  The  longer  it  goes  on,  the 
fewer  who  seem  to  take  notice. 

international  myopia,  although  for 
reasons  unique  to  this  country. 

After  watching  itself  waste  17  years  as 
a  member  of  the  International  Control 
Commission  in  the  pointless  charade  of 
enforcing  the  1954  Geneva  conventions  in 
Indochina,  it  was  no  wonder  a  strong 
sector  of  public  opinion  was  sceptical 
about  Canada's  newest  peacekeeping 
role  in  1973  on  the  International  Com- 
mission of  Control  and  Supervision  in 
Vietnam.  Few  objected  later  when 
Mitchell  Sharp,  then  external  affairs 
minister,  announced  Canada  was  pulling 
out  of  the  ICCS,  mainly  because  there 
was  no  peace  to  keep  and  the  Americans 
had  their  troops  and  POWs  home.  The 
rest  of  the  western  world  had  long  since 
washed  its  hands  of  the  mess,  and  now 
Canada  had  its  excuse  to  get  out. 

The  forgotten  war  had  begun. 
However,  for  a  handful  of  people,  a 
mission  to  keep  Canadians  and  the 
Canadian  government  from  forgetting 
was  just  getting  underway.  The  In- 
ternational Committee  to  Free  South 
Vietnamese  Political  Prisoners  from 
Detention,  Torture  and  Death  had  long 
since  moved  into  its  cubbyhole  at  the 
Canadian  Council  of  Churches  offices  on 

The  scar  on  this  man's  leg  was  caused  by  a  bamboo  spear  inserted  in  his  leg,  during 
torture  in  a  South  Vietnam  prison,  and  left  to  fester  in  the  wound. 

Yet  it  goes  on  with  a  vengeance.  Tens 
of  thousands  dying  since  the  alleged 
ceasefire  in  Jan.,  1973,  and  hundreds  of 
thousands  still  imprisoned  in  the  jails  of 
South  Vietnam's  President  Thieu.  Five 
years  ago  just  the  fighting  alone  gripped 
the  front  pages  of  newspapers  around 
the  world  as  thousands  of  people  in 
dozens  of  countries  marched  in  protest. 
Today  it  may  seem  different,  but  the  war 
really  hasn't  changed.  It  just  seems 
quieter,  unless  one  is  in  South  Vietnam. 
Canada,  too,  has  fallen  victim  to  this 

St.  Clair  Avenue  when  Sharp  announced 
Canada's  withdrawal  of  peacekeepers. 
At  that  point  the  committee  appointed 
itself  national  gadfly  to  remind  Sharp, 
his  Liberal  government,  and  the 
Canadian  people  the  war  not  only  con- 
tinues but  indeed  is  as  bloodthirsty  as 

Canada's  Role  in  Viet  Nam 

While  the  committee's  raison  d'etre  is 
the  political  prisoners,  it  spends  a  good 
portion  of  its  time  with  the  policies  of  the 

Canadian  government  toward  Vietnam. 
A  not  unlikely  watchdog  effort  con- 
sidering Canada's  moral  posturing  as  an 
"impartial"  peacekeeper. 

As  Canadian  author  and  journalist 
Charles  Taylor  says  in  his  newly- 
released  book,  Snow  Job:  "It  might  be 
different  if  we  practised  what  we 
preached.  With  its  record  in  Vietnam, 
however,  Canada  is  in  no  position  to 
lecture  other  nations  about  their  proper 
course  of  behavior  let  alone  to  proclaim 
its  "impartiality  and  objectivity.  Because 
of  its  involvement  in  Indochina  from  1954 
and  because  of  its  public  support  for 
Washington's  policies,  Canada  must 
share  some  of  the  blame  for  the  dreadful 
carnage  which  the  Americans  lavished 
not  only  on  Vietnam,  but  also  on  Laos 
and  Cambodia." 

Indeed,  Canada  bent  over  backwards 
during  the  peak  years  of  the  war  to  cash 
in  on  the  fast  bucks  to  be  made  on 
defence  contracts  from  the  United 
States.  Taylor  sums  it  up:  "As  they 
dropped  their  bombs  on  North  Viet- 
namese towns  or  seared  southern 
villages  with  their  rockets  and  napalm, 
American  planes  were  often  guided  by 
Canadian-made  Marconi  Doppler 
Navigation  Systems  and  used  bombing 
computers  built  in  Rexdale,  Ontario. 
The  bombs  could  have  been  armed  with 
dynamite  shipped  from  Valleyfield, 
Quebec;  polystyrene,  a  major  com- 
ponent in  napalm,  was  supplied  by  Dow 
Chemical.  Defoliants  came  from 
Naugatuck  Chemicals  in  Elmira,  On- 
tario, and  air-to-ground  rockets  were 
furnished  by  the  Ingersoll  Machine  and 
Tool  Company.  On  the  ground, 
American  infantry  and  artillery  units 
were  supplied  by  De  Havilland  Caribou 
built  at  Malton,  Ontario." 

Nor  were  all  the  profits  left  to  private 
industry:  "Canadian  Arsenals  Ltd.,  a 
Crown  corporation,  sold  small  arms  fill 
for  artillery  shells,  mines,  bombs, 
grenades,  torpedo  warheads,  depth 
charges  and  rockets.  Canadian  govern- 
ment salesmen  drummed  up  business 
around  the  United  States  and  distributed 
their  annual  catalogue,  Canadian 
Defence  Commodities,  which  Walter 
Stewart  aptly  described  as  a  kind  of 
Warmonger's  Shopping  Guide." 

Financial  Aid 

While  some  government  economic 
agencies  were  in  the  arms  business  for  a 
dollar  profit,  other  agencies  were  in  the 
give-away  business  for  the  political 
profit.  Canada's  direct  grants  and  aid  to 
the  Thieu  regime  in  Saigon  were  $2.4 
million  according  to  the  U.S.  Senate 
foreign  relations  committee  in  a  May, 
1974  staff  report.  That  same  report 
estimated  Canada's  1973  donation  at  $4 
million  and  projected  $5  million  for  1974 
going  to  Saigon.  Canada  has  given  no  aid 
or  grants  to  either  the  Provisional 
Revolutionary  Government  or  the 
Democratic  Republic  of  Vietnam  in 
Hanoi.  Thus,  Canada  is  up  to  its  gills  in 
South  Vietnam  both  as  a  signatory  to  the 
peace  accords  and  as  a  political  and 
economic  fact. 

Reality  today  in  South  Vietnam  is  the 
same  ugly  war  which  screamed  from 
newspaper  headlines  five  years  ago.  In 
addition  to  the  fighting  in  the  rice 
paddies  and  jungles,  a  new  front 
gradually  opened  up  in  the  war  during 
the  most  recent  years:  the  massive 
incarceration,  usually  without  trial,  of 
civilians.  Otherwise  known  as  the 
political  prisoners  issue,  the  summary 
imprisonment  of  tens  or  hundreds  of 
thousands  of  civilians  has  developed  into 
a  major  focal  point  for  anti-war  forces 

since  the  signing  of  the  Jan.,  1973,  ac- 

Political  Prisoners 

Amnesty  International,  a  non-partisan 
organization  based  in  London,  England 
which  gathers  information  on  and  tries- 
to  secure  the  release  of  political  prison- 
ers in  assorted  countries  throughout  the 
world,  claims  there  are  more  political 
prisoners  in  Thieu's  jails  than  in  any 
other  part  of  the  world.  As  a  minimum 
figure,  Amnesty  International  says  "not 
less  than  about  70-75,000"  with  the 
maximum  quite  possibly  "more  than 
100,000."  Thieu's  government  admits  to 
having  just  under  36,000  civilians  in  jail, 
but  denies  any  are  political  prisoners. 
However,  Thieu's  figures  include  only 
four  national  and  37  provincial  jails. 
Such  statistics  do  not  include  the  more 
than  500  detention  centres  scattered 
throughout  South  Vietnam  and  funded 
by  the  U.S.  In  fact,  the  U.S.  shelled  out 
about  $20.4  million  for  police  and  prisons 
alone  in  1973-74  in  South  Vietnam. 

Thieu's  claim  of  no  political  prisoners 
rings  hollow  inasmuch  as  prisoners  held 
for  political  reasons  were  simply 

reclassified  into  non-political,  e.g., 
"criminal",  categories.  Before  that 
reclassification  process  in  1972,  the 
South  Vietnamese  director  of  prison 
administration  told  American  officials 
more  than  64  percent  of  the  35,000 
prisoners  held  in  the  "official"  41  jails 
were  classified  as  "communists".  Yet 
that  does  not  necessarily  mean  any 
given  prisoner  is  or  is  not  a  communist. 
South  Vietnamese  law  under  Thieu 
treats  neutralists  as  if  they  were  com- 
munist sympathizers. 
Amnesty  International  says: 
"The  .facts  are  that  perhaps  20,000  or 
more  NLF  members  and  sympathizers 
are   in   detention,   although  not  all 

October  2,  1974 

The  Varsity  7 


adherents  to  the  National  Liberation 
Front  can  be  called  'communist'.  Many 
tens  of  thousands  of  other  civilian 
prisoners  are  held  because  of  alleged 
communist  sympathies,  but  are  not 
communists  at  all.  Most  of  them  are 
simply  innocent  victims  of  faulty  in- 
telligence. Finally,  several  thousand 
people  are  detained  precisely  because 
their  views  are  at  variance  with  those 
held  by  the  Saigon  government." 

An  even  higher  figure  of  more  than 
200,000  is  quoted  by  the  Committee  to 
Reform  the  Prison  System,  based  in 
Saigon.  The  PRG  also  quotes  a  figure  of 
200,000.  But  the  numbers  game  is  not 
what  makes  the  issue  what  it  has 
become.  Rather  it  is  the  treatment  of  the 

Tiger  Cages 
Perhaps  the  most  notable  treatment 
was  the  1970  revelation  of  the  Tiger 
Cages  on  Con  Son  Island.  Built  in  the  last 
century  for  use  by  French  colonialists, 
the  Thieu  regime  carried  the  tradition  on 
by  packing  the  small  cells  with  political 
prisoners.  An  international  uproar 
developed  after  the  1970  disclosure  of  the 

The  specific  treatment  accorded  to 
prisoners  is  a  litany  of  abuse  heaped  on 
abuse.  Interrogation  sessions  ap- 
parently are  where  a  great  amount  of 
the  abuses  are  committed.  Amnesty 
International,  Cong.  Hawkins  and  An- 
derson, and  dozens  of  writers  and  in- 
vestigators plus  the  PRG  tell  much  the 
same  story  as  to  what  happens. 

A  person  can  get  picked  up  for 
something  as  overt  as  being  a  known 
communist,  or  something  as  unexpected 
as  being  fingered  by  a  quarrelsome 
neighbour  grinding  a  personal  axe. 

Interrogation  and  Torture 
Beatings  apparently  are  the  most 
common  abuse.  But  even  the  ancient  art 
of  clubbing  takes  on  a  macabre  aspect. 
The  bottom  of  the  feet  get  pounded,  a 
painful  experience  as  that  part  of  the 
body  is  particularly  sensitive.  In  some 
cases  a  person  is  put  in  a  tank  of  water 
and  the  tank  is  beaten,  a  process  which 
can  cause  severe  internal  injuries  due  to 
the  shock  waves. 

There  is  now  a  common  saying  in 
Vietnam :  "If  you  are  not  a  Vietcong,  we 
will  beat  you  until  you  admit  you  are. 

man  was  released  from  Con-Son  Prison  in  1973. 

Tiger  Cages  by  U.S.  Congressmen 
Augustus  Hawkins  and  William  Am- 
derson.  Paralyzed  prisoners  shackled  to 
iron  bars  with  lime  thrown  in  their  faces 
if  they  complained  of  lack  of  food  and 
water  outraged  world  opinion.  President 
Thieu  was  apparently  so  embarrassed 
he  transferred  Colonel  Ve  from  head 
prison  keeper  at  Con  Son  to  another 
installation.  By  this  year,  any  embar- 
rassment had  worn  off.  Colonel  Ve  is 
back  at  Con  Son,  and  two  years  ago  the 
U.S.  government  shelled  out  $400,000  for 
288  new  Tiger  Cages  at  Con  Son,  dubbed 
by  a  cynical  wag  as  "Buffalo  Cages" 
because  they  are  even  smaller  than 
Tiger  Cages. 

And  if  you  admit  you  are,  we  will  beat 
you  until  you  no  longer  dare  to  be  one." 

•  Another  torture  involves  sticking 
sharp  objects  under  fingernails. 

•  Still  another  includes  forcing  water 
(sometimes  plain,  sometimes  soapy, 
sometimes  mixed  with  lime)  into  a 
detainee's  stomach  and  lungs  and  then 
beating  the  stomach  and  lungs. 

•  Electric  shocks,  in  particular  to 
genital  areas,  are  used  frequently  with  a 
hand  generator  and  electrodes  attached 
to  assorted  parts  of  the  body. 

•  Some  techniques  are  reserved 
specifically  for  women:  gang  rape  by 
police  and/or  guards,  burning  breasts 
with  cigarettes,  putting  an  eel  in  a 

woman's  underwear,  letting  lizards 
loose  over  the  naked  body,  shoving  a 
bottle  in  the  vagina. 

Amnesty  International  comments: 
"From  the  many  accounts  available  it 
seems  clear  that  in  many  instances 
torture  has  become  no  more  or  less  than 
a  matter  of  habit.  The  question  'Why 
torture?'  is  often  no  longer  asked." 
Students,  union  leaders,  buddhists, 
pacifists,  neutralists  are  all  victims  of 
the  prisoner  system.  Since  the  Jan.,  1973,  • 
accords  Thieu  had  rounded  up  most  of 
what  are  called  Third  Force  persons: 
people  who  are  neither  Thieu  nor  PRG 
supporters.  Many  are  neutralists  or 
pacifists  who  through  the  long  years  of 
civil  war  have  taken  sides  with  neither 
warring  faction. 

It  is  these  people  who  might  have 
provided  some  sort  of  reconciliation 
between  Thieu  and  the  PRG  as  called  for 
in  the  Paris  accords.  However,  many 
are  now  political  prisoners. 

Canada's  Tacit  Complicity 
Under  the  guidance  of  Mitchell  Sharp, 
who  until  August  held  the  Canadian 
external  affairs  portfolio,  Canada  lived 
in  an  Alice  in  Wonderland  world  on  the 
prisoners  issues,  full  of  Sharp's  Cheshire 
Cat  smiles  and  Humpty  Dumpty  word 
games.  Having  managed  to  dodge  the 
issue  rather  adroitly  while  Canada 
served  as  a  peacekeeper  on  the  ICCS  last 
year,  Sharp  found  an  all-party 
deputation  of  MPs  and  Senators  at  his 
doorstep  by  the  end  of  the  year 
demanding  he  take  the  prisoner  issue  to 
the  United  Nations  human  rights 

The  head  of  the  deputation,  Andrew 
Brewin  (NDP  -  Greenwood),  later  said 
in  a  speech  in  the  House  of  Commons: 
"We  do  not  wish  to  interfere  in  the  in- 
ternal affairs  of  another  country,  but 
there  is  no  doubt  that  where  there  is  a 
'  consistent  pattern  of  gross  violation  of 
human  rights  —  and  that  condition 
certainly  exists  in  South  Vietnam  —  then 
the  international  community  has  a  right 
and  an  obligation  to  intervene,  not  in- 
deed by  military  methods  but  by  making 
clear  what  world  opinion  is.  Even  the 
most  authoritarian  governments  are 
sensitive  to  world  opinion." 

Sharp's  response  was  that  since  it 
would  not  do  any  good  to  go  to  the  UN, 
why  bother? 

"We  want,  in  short,  to  be  effective," 
Sharp  claimed.  "Loud,  visible  and 
dramatic  protests  have  not  proven  to  be 
the  best  way  of  assisting  those  that  we 
wish  to  help  in  these  cases." 

Instead,  Sharp  and  his  diplomatic 
corps  took  the  quiet  diplomacy  approach 
to  the  prisoner  problem,  approaching 
representatives  of  the  Thieu  government 
at  least  eight  times  in  camera.  As  a 
result,  not  one  prisoner  was  released. 

Meanwhile,  a  letter-writing  campaign 
organized  by  the  international  prisoners 
committee  in  Toronto  was  piling  up 
more  than  3,000  letters  in  Ottawa.  Sharp 
was  forced  to  start  answering  questions 
like:  Why  doesn't  Canada  send  aid  to 
North  Vietnam  since  it  has  recognized  it 
diplomatically?  Why  doesn't  Canada 
give  diplomatic  recognition  to  the  PRG 
which  is  a  co-signatory  with  Canada  in 
international  conference  to  ensure  the 
Jan.,  1973  accords?  Why  is  Canada 
supporting  Thieu  who  runs  these 

Sharp's  answers  were  diplomatic 
masterpieces  which  unfortunately  did 
not  do  much  for  anyone  in  Con  Son  with 
bamboo  underneath  his  finger  nails. 
According  to  Sharp,  Canada  was  not 
sending  aid  to  North  Vietnam  because 
the  north  Vietnamese  had  not  asked  for 
it;  Canada  would  not  recognize  the  PRG 
because  it  had  already  recognized 
Thieu's  government  and  Canada  has  a 
policy  of  recognizing  only  one  govern- 
ment per  country;  Canada  is  only  giving 
Thieu  'humanitarian'  aid,  not  military 
supplies.  Nonetheless  Sharp  was  always 
quick  to  tell  anyone  who  asked  that  he 
was  "deeply  concerned"  over  the  issue. 

Sharp,  however,  is  no  longer  external 
affairs  minister.  In  August  he  was 
replaced  by  Allan  MacEachen,  one  of 
Trudeau's  Liberal  cronies  who  is  a 
sometime  small-1  liberal.  To  date, 
MacEachen  has  made  no  statement 
about  what  he  wants  the  Canadian 
government  to  be  doing  about  the 
political  prisoners'  plight. 

However,  two  statements  out  of  Ot- 
tawa over  the  last  week  might  be  in- 
dicators of  a  change.  Ivan  Head,  a  key 
personal  aide  to  Trudeau,  let  it  be  known 
he  would  like  to  see  Canada  lean  a  bit 
more  to  the  moral  left  internationally. 
Trudeau  himself  said  he  hoped  his  new 
foreign  affairs  would  at  least  get  him 
criticized  for  doing  things  instead  of  not 
doing  things.  All  that,  of  course,  must  be 
balanced  against  the  evidence  in  the 
Pentagon  Papers  and  elsewhere  that 
Canada  has  been  running  errand-boy  for 
the  U.S.  in  Indochina  for  a  number  of 

Meanwhile,  Canada  has  done  nothing 
since  Sharp's  handwringing,  and  the 
prisoners  still  rot  in  jail.  The  forgotten 
war  is  far  from  over. 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

OFS  conference  calls  for  revisions  in  OSAP  policy 

The  Ontario  Federation  of 
Students  (OFS)  conference  last 
weekend  in  Sudbury  unanimously 
carried  ten  proposals  for  reforming 
the  Ontario  government's  present 
student  awards  policy. 

The  conference  held  at  Laurentian 
University  brought  good 
representation  from  most  post- 
secondary  colleges  and  universities. 

According  to  OFS  spokeswoman 
Karolyn  Kendrick  the  motions 
carried  at  the  conference  are  merely 
"minimum  demands  for  the  time 

They  should  be  viewed  as  "in- 
termediate steps"  OFS  is  taking 
towards  its  long-range  goals  of  free 
tuition  for  all  post-secondary 
students  and  the  "removal  of  the 
student  standard  living  stipends." 

The  first  demand  described  as  "a 
definite  necessity, ' '  calls  for  a 
government  grant  to  all  students  on 
OSAP  "to  offset  the  accumulated 
cost  of  living  increases." 

The  Ministry  of  Colleges  and 
Universities  is  already  considering 
an  $8  increase  in  the  $32  per  week 
cost  of  living  allowance,  but  Ken- 
drick said  OFS  "feels  OSAP's 
consideration   of   that   sum  is 


The  second  demand  concerned  the 
cost  of  living  under  OSAP. 

It  demanded  awards  be  indexed  to 
sises  in  the  cost  of  living,  and  that 
these  additional  awards  be  solely  in 
the  form  of  grants. 

This  index,  the  demand  continued, 
should  consider  the  region  in  which 
each  institution  is  situated  in  order 
to  minimize  regional  disparity. 

This  improvement,  said  Kendrick, 
is  "the  only  way  students  can 
maintain  a  level  of  subsistence  in 
inflationary  periods." 

The  third  motion  involved  a 
reduction  of  the  OSAP  loan  ceiling 
from  the  current  $800  to  $600  an- 
nually and  making  any  further 
money  an  outright  grant.  This  was 
done  before  1971. 

The  OFS  also  demanded  that 
interest  rates  on  the  loan  portion  of 
student  awards  be  subsidized  by  the 
government  so  that  the  total  interest 

does  not  exceed  six  percent  an- 

The  government  would  absorb  five 
and  one-half  percent  of  the  interest 
rate  rather  than  demanding 
students  pay  back  their  year's  OSAP 
loan  with  the  current  11.5  percent. 

Another  OFS  demand  was  the 
lowering  of  the  age  of  independence 
to  18  "with  no  qualifications"  in 
order  to  recognize  that  students 
have  the  legal  status  of  adults. 

Kendrick  said  this  demand  "is 
presented  in  the  context  of  a  need  for 
a  progressive  taxation  scheme  to 
"eliminate  inequity." 

She  said  presently  lower  and 
middle-income  taxpayers  pay  for 
the  main  portion  of  post-secondary 
education,  while  large  corporations 
"attract  the  highly  trained  man- 
power without  paying  for  it." 

Such  a  system  she  termed 
regressive  and  asked  for  cor- 

porations to  "pay  their  fair  share" 
in  education  costs. 

SAC  External  Affairs  Com- 
missioner and  newly  elected  OFS 
executive  member  Susan  Rich  said 
the  independent  age  limit  should  be 
lowered  because  "for  the  purpose  of 
education  only,   (students)  are 

considered  dependent"  upon  their 

The  government,  she  said,  is  not 
allowing  students  "the  privilege  of 
being  adults." 

OFS  also  demanded  the  OSAP 
parental  contribution  factor  be 
discontinued  for  students  under  lfl. 

we'll  make  you  a 
sound  promise,  .  .  .  and  keep  it 


Guarantees  are  backed  by  our  large  service  department 
(Pioneer,  Sony,  Dual,  Kenwood,  Zenith,  Grundig,  Sherwood,  Sansui 
Look  elsewhere,  then  compare  with  our  lower  price 
so  see  us  last 


«0  Bathurst  St.  (south  of  College  St.  phone  920-6700) 





270  King  St.  W. 
See  Mr.  Simpson 
4-5  p.m. 



Genera/  Orientation  Tours  daily 

at  10:00  a.m.  and  3:00  p.m. 
September  30th  to  October  11th 



Tapes  and  information 
Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

East  common  room,  12-2pm 


Open  house  Oct.  2,  3  &  4 
S.C.M.  offices  A  film,  "Vietnam 

A  Question  Of  Torture" 
Wed.,  Oct.  2  Debates  room 


Novice  Tournament 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Rifle  range,  6-10pm 



,  8pm 



"Abernathy  Shagnaster" 

Fri.,  Oct.  4 
Great  Hall,  8:30 pm 
Tickets  free  from  the  Hall  Porter 

No  admission  without 
a  ticket! 


Disc  jockey  Wed.  8.  Thurs. 
until  11:30 
in  the  Arbor  Room 


Jazz  quintet  with  Ginny  Grant 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 

East  Common  Room,  12-2  pm 


Richard  Kolb,  lute 
Gary  Creighton,  counter-tenor 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3  Music  Room,  1  pm 


Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Record  Room  A,  1 1 : 1 5- 1 1 : 45 
am  &  4:15-5  pm 


Presents  the  Canadian  film 
"Paperback  Hero" 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Music  room,  8pm 


Open  house 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Film  Board  Room, 


Paintings  by  John  Howlin 
From  today 


Resolved  that  Toronto  is 
no  longer  Toronto  the  Good 

Honorary  visitor:  Anne  Johnston 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Debates  Room,  8pm 


Resolved  that  Canadian  Nationalism 
is  a  threat  to  Canadian 
Economic  Security 

Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Bickersteth  Room, 
3  pm 


Exhibition  and  commentary 

Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

Squash  gallery,  5-6:20pm 


Darkroom  tours 
Oct.  2  8.  3,  12-1  pm 
Beginner  film  processing 
Wed.,  Oct.  2  at  7  pm 
In  the  Club  Rooms 


Simultaneous  exhibition 
Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

Chess  Club  Room,  11  am  -  4  pm 
Chess  lecture 
Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
East  common  room,  7pm 


Thurs.,  Oct.  3 
Wrestling  room,  7-8p 


Slide  show 
,  Oct.  2,  3  &  4 

East  Landing,  12  •  2  pm 
■  Lecture 
1  Wed.,  Oct.  2 

Art  gallery,  8pm 


Oct.  2,  3  &  4 
Map  room 


Open  House 

Thurs.,  Oct.  3 

Fencing  Room,  12-2  pm 


Milkshake  shoot 
Wed.,  Oct.  2 
Rifle  range,  4-6pm 

-Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

The  Varsity  9 

Kendrick  said  "everyone  is  en- 
titled to  as  much  education"  as  they 
wish  and  there  should  be  no  con- 
straints against  them. 

She  said  parents  should  not  be 
"penalized"  for  making  con- 
tributions to  their  childrens' 

^  "This  demand,"  Kendrick  said, 
"takes  into  consideration  our  own 
stand  that  education  is  a  social  right, 
not  an  individual  responsibility." 
Other  demands  included: 
•  changing  the  calculation  of 
students'  summer  contributions 

under  OSAP  to  consider  only  their 
taxable  income. 

•  establishing  a  "minimum 
earning"'so  that  students  need  not 
make  any  contribution  to  OSAP  if 
financially  unable. 

•  adjusting  OSAP  policy  to  reflect 
actual  living  costs  of  post-secondary 
students  in  Ontario,  particularly 
community  college  students  whose 
OSAP  loans  are  based  in  part  on 
residence  costs,  a  basis  unjustified 
because  community  colleges  do  not 
have  residences. 

OSAP  lower  than  recommended 

Although  the  Ontario  Student 
Awards  Program  (OSAP)  cost-of- 
living  allowance  this  year  is 
calculated  at  $32  a  week  for  board 
and  lodging,  student  awards  officers 
recommended  it  be  set  at  $34-$40  a 

A  survey  done  this  .spring  by  the 
Ontario  Association  of  Student 
Awards   Officers   recommends  a 


LOST— black  wallet  con- 
taining substantial  amount  of 
U.S.  hundred  dollar  bills.  Re- 
ward of  25%  of  contents  to 
finder.  Lost  on  U.  of  T.  camp- 
us, near  Hart  House.  Reward 
of  same  amount  to  anyone 
with  information  leading  to 
its  recovery. 
Phone  239-1735 


Dec.  23-30 or  Dec.  2V-Jan.5 
Hotel,  bus,  tows,  meals,  etc. 
for  7  days 
Only  SU5. 

NASSAU  $219.  inclusive 

— Acapulco,  Bahamas,  etc. 

We  have  space  available  including 

Xmas  &  reading  week. 


221-1112  or  782-5033 
days  evenings 

n«Lr-n  &  STYLIST 

Sutton  Place  Hotel 

Speciai  Student  Prices 

Drop  in  and  see  us  for  the 

latest  in  Men's  Hairstyling 

.  .  .  also  regular  hair  cutting 

Open  6  days  a  week 
8  A.M.  to  6  P.M.  Phone  922-8944 
Manicure  and  shoe  shine 
also  available 




Honorary  Visitor;  Anne  Johnston 



Sunday,  October  6th, 
Convocation  Hall 


Student  rates  available  through  these  offices. 
Reductions  not  available  at  the  door. 

"realistic"  board  and  lodging  rate 
for  each  university  area. 

The  figures  submitted  to  the 
ministry  of  colleges  and  universities 
range  from  $34-$40.  The  U  of  T  of- 
ficer recommended  $40  weekly  for 
the  Toronto  area. 

Despite  recommendations,  the 
allowance  was  set  at  $32. 

"Even  since  then,  costs  have  gone 
up,"  said  SAC  university  com- 
missioner Gord  Barnes.  "I  guess 
they  were  being  cheap  this  year." 

Barnes  said  Colleges  and 
Universities  Minister  James  Auld 
admitted  $32  was  not  eniugh,  but  the 
treasury  board  simply  wasn't 
willing  to  give  more. 

Patrick  Phillips,  U  of  T  Student 
Awards  Office  director,  agreed. 
Student  awards  officers'  recom- 
mendations weren't  accepted  "for 
the  same  reasons  that  they  didn't 
take  the  recommendation  from  SAC 
or  the  Ontario  Federation  of 
Students  (OFS).They  don't  have  the 

The  ministry  says  estimates  have 
risen  because  calculations  are  based 
on  the  cost  of  living  in  residence 
which  has  escalated  greatly. 

OFS  research  co-ordinator 
Karolyn  Kendrick  maintains  the 
housing  shortage  is  the  real  culprit. 
Rent  rates  increased  and  "students 
couldn't  compete  on  such  a  tight 
market."  Kendrick  noted. 

A  great  deal  of  student  agitation 
has  resulted  and  pressure  is  being 
put  on  the  ministry. 

Barnes  said  a  rumor  is  circulating 
that  the  allowance  is  going  to  be 
increased  retroactively  to  $40  a 
week.  "But  this  is  only  a  rumor," 
Barnes  stressed. 

Kendrick  was  more  positive.  "We 
have  it  from  a  reliable  source  in  the 
ministry  that  they  are  raising  the 
allowance  by  $8,"  she  said. 

This  would  result  in  an  extra  $8 
million  expenditure  for  the  ministry 
of  colleges  and  universities. 


from  special  promos,  market  surveys,  student  give-aways  for 
international  publishers,  advertisers,  oil  companies,  dept. 
stores,  manufacturers  and  youth-orientated  industries. 


Apply  CMRC  Ltd/Ltee,  C.P.O.  Box204-P.  Toronto  M5S2S7. 


BEGGARS   BANQUET  International 
vegetarian  restaurant,  325  Queen  West 
at   Beverly.  Lunch   13:00-2:30,  Won.- 
FrI.;   Dinner  6:00-10:00,  Tue.-Sat. 
Entertainment  every  evening.  366-4147 
SKI  ASPEN  from  S269.00  1  week  tours 
January,  February,  March.  Contact 
AOSC,  44  St.  George  St.,  Toronto,  Ont, 
M55  2E4.  Tel.  (416)  962-B404  or  your 
local  Student  Council  office. 
VER  AT  CHRISTMAS.  Dec.  21-Jan.  3, 
Dec.   22-Jan.   4.    S159.00   round  trip. 
Hurry,  seats   are    limited.  Contact: 
AOSC,  44  St.  George  St.,  Toronto,  Ont. 
M5S  2E4.  Tel.  962-8404  or  your  local 
Student  Council  office. 
Specializing  in  getting  you  over  those 
first-year  hurdles—over  35  years  of 
experience  in  education.  Call  Upgrade 
Tutoring  638-4674. 

CHRISTMAS  S249.00  and  up/youth 
fares/group  flights.  Contact:  AOSC,  44 
St.  George  St.  Toronto,  Ont.  M5S  2E4. 
Tel.  (416)  962-8404  or  your  local  Student 
Council  office* 

FEMALE  TRAVELLER  wants  female 
companion  interested  in  travelling 
through  Europe.  Can  leave  anytime 
Sept.  Oct.  Replies:  Glenda  Mackey, 
New  Liskeard,  Ont. 

ESSAY  SERVICES.  Canada's  Largest 
Service.  Catalogues  available  $2.00 
Essay  Services,  57  Spadina  Ave.,  #208, 

HAIRSTYLING.  Long  and  short  cuts 
only  S2.75,  at  the  Clarke  Institute  of 
Psychiatry,  250  College  St.  Open 
Monday  to  Friday  8:00  am  to  5:30  pm. 
Phone  924-6811  ext.  560. 
LOST  SIAMESE  CAT,  neutered  male, 
beige  body  with  striped  tail  and  face.  In 
Bloor/Walmer  Rd.  area.  Reward.  921- 
9839,  after  6:00  pm. 
REWARD— Lost— black  wallet  con- 
taining substantial  amount  ofj  U.S. 
hundred  dollar  bills.  Reward  of  25  per 
cent  of  contents  to  finder.  Lost  on  UofT 
campus  near  Hart  House.  OR  reward 
of  same  amount  to  anyone  with  in- 
formation leading  to  its  recovery. 
Phone  239-1735 

FOUND:  Men's  waterproof  sports 
watch  on  Sept.  25  at  Russell  St.  and  St. 
George.  Phone  evenings.  425-2641 


Peter  Madden  is  a  play  written  by  a  34- 
year-old  writer  who  has  spent  20  years 
in  prison.  It's  funny,  rough,  real. 
Tarragon  Theatre,  30  Bridgman  Ave., 
Bathurst  8.  Dupont.  Tues.  to  Sun.  8:30, 
Matinees  Wed.  &  Sun.  at  2: 30.  Reserva- 
tions 531-1827 

GIRL  STUDENT  room  and  board  in 
exchange  for  baby-sitting  two  school 
age  girls,  and  light  household  duties. 
St.  Clair-Yonge  area.  925-8223;  925-9762 
Top  quality  from  S19.00.  Many  like 
new,  All  types  of  furs.  Also  new  coats 
from  $99.00.  Furs  by  Shapiro,  3364 
Yonge  St.,  481-9690 

69  FIAT,  124  Spider  5  speed,  con- 
vertible, uncertified.  5700,00.  Call  evgs 

WHY  FREEZE?  Recycled  fur  coats, 
jackets  and  stoles  USED  from  S10.00, 
New  from  S99.00.  Excellent  selection. 
PAUL  MAGDER  FURS,  202  Spadina 
Ave.  (between  Queen  and  Dundas)  363- 
6077  Mon.  to  Sat.  9-6  Thurs  and  Fri.  'til 
9  pm. 

ROOTS  SHOE  STORE  needs  part  time 
and  full-time  help.  Good  environment 
and  people.  Steady  work,  good  pay.  781- 

1971  YAMAHA  350,  low  mileage,  fust 
tuned  in  perfect  running  condition  S500. 
Also  stereo  set  —  Garrard  turntable 
Panasonic  receiver  amp.  and  speaker 
S150  or  best  offer.  925  9601 
OCTOBER F EST  74  is  coming  to  Hart 
House  on  Friday,  October  18 
TARRAGON  THEATRE'S  production 
of  Michel  Tremblay's  HOSANNA  at 
Global  Village  Theatre,  17  St.  Nicholas 
St,  until  Oct.  6  only — then  Broadway — 
no  kidding.  Reservations  964-0035. 
Student  rush  52.00.  "A  heart  pounding 
tour  de  force" — Whittaker,  Globe. 
"The  performances  are,  as  they  would 
have  to  be,  incredible"— Kareda,  Star 
MUST  SELL,  this  week,  sofa-sleeper, 
rust  colour,  nugahide  material,  very 
reasonable  price  S50.  Bedford  and 
Prince  Arthur,  tel.  967-4353 
Dec.  27/74-Jan  1/75  or  Dec.  29/74-Jan. 
3/75,  All  transportation,  accommoda- 
tion —  Quebec  Hilton,  swimming  pool, 
6  days  in  all.  From  S78.00.  Call  Marie 
742-4494  9  am-9:30  pm  Mon.  to  Fri. 

10  The  Varsity 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

Mounties  break  up  demonstration... 


OTTAWA  (CUP)  -  RCMP  riot 
sqiad  officers  forced  close  to  300 
militant  Indian  demonstrators  off 
Parliament  Hill  late  Monday  in  the 
second  pitched  battle  between  the 
two  groups. 

The  riot  squad  appeared  from 
nowhere  and  forced  the  demon- 
strators back  down  the  steps  they 
had  won  in  a  previous  battle,  off  the 
hill,  out  onto  Metcalfe  Street  and 
back  to  Indian  headquarters. 

During  the  skirmish  riot  squad 
officers  pushed  people  off  the  stone 
wall  on  top  of  the  Hill,  a  15-foot  drop, 
and  down  the  stairs  using  their  clubs 
liberally  on  demonstrators  as  well 
as  bystanders. 

Earlier  in  the  day  the  Indians 
marched  from  an  abandoned 
government  building  eight  blocks 
below  Parliament  Hill,  up  Rideau 
Street  to  the  hill  before  being  met  by 
a  solid  wall  of  RCMP  officers  and  a 
wooden  barricade.     The  Indians 

fought  the  RCMP  for  about  20  feet ' 
before  they  were  stopped.  RCMP 
officers  kicked  protestors  in  the 
groin  and  ganged  up  on  individual 
Indians  who  broke  through  the  lines. 

One  hundred  soldiers  armed  with 
bayonets  provided  the  color  guard 
for  parliament  and  later  a  back  up 
for  the  RCMP. 


The  Indians  remained  on  the  hill 
beating  their  drums,  singing  and 
making  speeches  for  about  two 
hours  while  parliament  was  in 
session.  They  booed  the  army  band 
playing  0  Canada  and  chief  justice 
Bora  Laskin  when  he  appeared  to 
review  the  guard  after  the  session 

Violence  erupted  again  when  the 
RCMP  started  pushing  people  off  the 
steps  of  the  House  of  Commons. 
Then  the  riot  squad  appeared  and 
ordered  everyone  off  the  Hill.  The 
Indians  fought  back  throwing  rocks, 
bottles  and  sticks. 

During  the  fighting  Don  Whiteside 

of  the  Canadian  Federation  of  Civil 
Liberties  was  beaten  by  riot  police 
as  he  tried  to  explain  who  he  was. 

"For  the  riot  police  to  come  in  and 
beat  people  indiscriminately  is 
inexcusable,"  Whiteside  said. 

Charlotte  McEwan,  an  elderly 
Ottawa  activist,  was  also  pushed  to 
the  ground  by  the  police  rush. 

"They  were  pushing  "everybody 
down  those  steps  and  you  know  what 
30  concrete  steps  can  do.  There  were 
quite  a  few  bloody  faces,"  she  said. 

Bob  Buckingham,  National  Union 
of  Students  organizer  and  a  par- 
ticipant in  the  demonstration  said, 
"I  think  it's  a  disgrace.  It's  symp- 
tomatic of  the  way  the  Indian  in  this 
country  is  treated  by  the  white 
man's  government." 


He  was  disgusted  that  no  member 
of  parliament  came  out  to  talk  to  the 
demonstrators  and  chief  justice 
Laskin  did  not  even  acknowledge 
their  presence. 

Buckingham  went  back  to  lodge  a 

SAC  and  SRO 
present  at 



Hold  your  tickets  for  the 
later  show  or  refunds 
available  at  SAC  office 

Saturday  October  5th 

Two  generations  of  Brubeck  featuring 
2  shows    NOW  ON  SALE! 

Sunday  October  6th 



2  shows  (in  co-operation  with  VUSAC) 


Friday  October  11th 


2  shows 


Sunday  October  27th 



1  show  only 


Friday  November  8th 


J  : 

2  shows 


Sunday  November  17th 

1  show  only 


Friday  November  29th 


1  show  only 



Students  interested  in  Marshalling  the  series 
should  contact  SAC  928-4911 

complaint  with  his  member  of 
Parliament  and  discovered  that  all 
the  MPs  were  "hobnobbing  and  have 
a  booze  party,"  in  the  parliament 

Indian  leaders  were  not  available 
for  comment  as  they  had  returned  to 
their  headquarters  for  a  private 
strategy  session. 

The  charge  of  the  riot  squad  was 
ordered  by  superintendent  Marcel 
Sauve,  officer  in  charge  of  the 

criminal  investigation  branch  A, 
Division  Ottawa,  of  the  RCMP. 

"It  had  become  an  unruly  crowd. 
Our  men  were  being  beaten  with 
rocks  and  sticks  and  had  taken  all 
measures  possible  to  disperse  the 
crowd.  Three  of  our  men  were  in- 
jured slightly  and  treated  in  a  local 
hospital.  Afterwards  we  picked  up 
spikes  and  chains  and  other 
weapons,"  he  said. 

Canadian    University  Press 


ADMINISTRATIVE  (Support,  Non-Academic) 

TERM  OF  OFFICE  —  NOW  —  JUNE  1976 





260  King  St  W.  .  HlMnaomiiw.trjL 

Exclusive  Engagement  Prior  To  Broadway 

I'VI  I   II  I  I'M  I.  I  I  II  \  I  ill  \ 


as  John  Aubrey 




"Brief  Lives"  m  Hoy  Dotrice's  triumph.  An  aclur  tif  total 
intensity.  Brilliant! 

(five  Barnes.  New  York  Times 
"One  of  the  great  acting  performances  of  our  time." 

The  Sun 

"A  startling  feat  of  imaginative  creation." 

The  Times 

MA  masterly  performance  which  held  Princess  Margaret 
and  Lord  Snowdon  enthralled." 

Daily  Mirror 
Box  Office  Now  Open  II  a.m.  to  9  p.m 
Mail  Orders  Accepted 

ma.  1  Sit.  Malt.  2:30  p-rr 

Raton's  Ticket  Office  Phone  &  Charge  364-6487 

GROUP  ORDERS  CALL  364-0597 

Wednesday,  October  2,  1974 

The  Varsity  11 

...but  Indians  determined  to  stay 

reporters,  who  were  in  the  midst  of 
the  fighting,  saw  only  belts  and 
picket  signs  in  the  hands  of  the 


Other  reporters  at  the  scene  also 
say  they  saw  no  other  weapons  in  the 
hands  of  the  Indians. 

Sauve  refused  to  say  how  many 
RCMP  officers  were  at  the 
demonstration,  stating  only,  "They 
had  adequate  reserves,  including 
the  riot  squad  over  and  above  the 
number  that  were  seen." 

"We  had  carefully  planned  this 
operation  in  conjunction  with  the 
Ottawa  police,"  said  Sauve.  There 
were  20  Ottawa  policemen  guarding 
the  American  embassy  during  the 

Over  20  arrests  were  made  by  the 
RCMP,  most  of  them  in  the  second 
battle.  Ottawa  police  say  two  of  the 
Indians  will  be  charged  with  ob- 
structing the  police  but  other 
charges  are  as  yet  unknown.  All 
arrests  were  made  by  the  RCMP 
and  processed  by  Ottawa  police. 

The  Indians  arrived  in  Ottawa 
Sunday  night  after  a  two-week 
caravan  from  Canvouer  and  took 
over  an  abandoned  government 
building  saying  they  would  stay  until 
Minister  of  Indian  Affairs  Judd 

Buchanan  met  with  them. 

During  the  speeches  Louis 
Cameron,  leader  of  the  Ojibway- 
Warriors  Society  who .  occupied  a 
Kenora  park  earlier  this  summer, 
read  a  manifesto  and  list  of  demands 
that  they  wanted  met  by  the 
government.  The  demands  include : 

•  The  hereditary  and  treaty  rights 
of  all  native  peoples  in  Canada  in- 
cluding Indian,  Metis,  nonstatus 
and  Inuit  must  be  recognized  and 
respected  in  the  constitution  of 

•  Repeal  of  the  present  Indian  Act 
and  the  creation  by  native  people  of 
new  legislation  recognizing  Indians 
right  to  self-determination  and 
sovereignty  over  their  lands. 

•  A  complete  investigation  of  the 
department  of  Indian  affairs  by 
native  people  and  the  transfer  of  its 
power  and  resources  to  native 
communities.  Indian  affairs  must 
belong  to  the  people  and  be  separat- 
ed from  the  department  of  northern 
development,  Indians  maintain. 

•  Annual  payments  in  perpetuity 
from  all  levels  of  government. 

•  An  end  to  the  destruction  of 
native  economies. 

•  Immediate  payment  of  $2.5 
billion  from  money  not  presently 

OCTOBER  7  TO  11 



Oct,  7  East 










Oct.8  East 






Oct.  9  East 


SI.  M. 




Oct.  10  Easl 



VS  . 




Oct.  7  Norlh 

12: 15 

St  M  A 









4:  15 






Med.  B 





Oct.  8  North 


Med.  A 


Jr.  Eng 














Oct.  9  Norlh 


:■•  Vic 


Trin.  A 



4:  15 







Med.  6 





Oct.  10  Norlh 


St.M.  8 








Trin.  B 



4:  15 

Eng.  Ill 






Sr.  Eng 




Oct.  11  Norlh 

4^  15 







Oct.  7  West 


Eng.  1 



Oct.  8  West 

1: 15 

Eng.  II 



Oct.  1 1  Trln 



St.  M 



Oct.  7 

1  00 



PHE.  B 





Oct.  8 

1  00 

For.  B 


St.  M.  8 


For  A 




PHE.  A 


St.M.  A 






Oct.  9 










Oct.  10 



For.  B 




PHE.  A 


For.  A 




Oct.  11 




PHE.  B 



Oel.  7  Easl 


Take  Outs 






Jack  the  Bear 


II  Civil 



V  15 

Huss  Wagons 







M.F  Gotdens 









Oct.  8  Easl 


F.H.  Farmers 


ill  Mech 




Palerson's  Palsies 


Mad  Caperers 

Sec  king  ton 













West  _ 







Oct.  9  gasl 


Red  Skins 






Civil  IV 





Ocl.  10  Easl 








Bozo  Bus 





1: 15 

Civ.  Skuiers 


Gustatr  Maulers 




Devlne  Monks 

Mech  II 




Bloody  Marys 





1:  t5 



Heat  it  &  Beat  II 



F.H.  Farmers 
Skule  7T5 
Gridiron  Grads 

Punl  Llckers  '74 

vs  Rhils 

vs  III  Mech 

vs  Wop  Squad 

vs  Ballherites 

vs  Meaieaters 

vs  The  Grunts 


allocated  to  indian  affairs  which  will 
be  used  by  local  native  communities 
to  meet  their  needs  for  the 
developmen  of  self-sufficient 

"It  is  racial  discrimination  and 
genocide  that  the  federal  govern- 
ment pays  $750-million  to  the 
province  of  Prince  Edward  Island, 
with  a  population  of  less  than  one- 
third  of  the  native  population,  for 
economic  development  but  has 

refused  to  provide  equivalent  money 
for  the  native  peoples,  the  most 
impoverished  in  Canada,"  the 
Indians'  demand  states. 

•  The  standard  of  housing  in 
native  communities  be  immediately 
raised  to  the  Canadian  average  and 
$800-million  be  allocated  to  indian 
affairs  to  be  made  available  to  local 
native  communities  for  housing 
needs  this  year. 

•  Health  care  facilities  and  ser- 

M6H  1A5 
Phone  532-2256 
We  print  anything  you  want  on  a 
Teeshirt,  sweatshirt    or    lersey — 
names,  personal  messages,  schools, 
clubs,  teams,  sales  promotions  etc., 
plus  many  designs  to  choose  from. 



Rule  clinics  for  both  these  sports  will  be  starting 
mid-October.  Get  your  applications  in  now  at 
Intramural  Office,  room  106,  Hart  House. 




Contact  the  Intercollegiate  Office,  Room  101,  Hart  House 


John  Drummond  961-1703 


AM  girls  interested  in  representing 
U.  of  T.  on  Intermediate,  Senior  and  Metro  Teams 
please  come  to  Benson  Building 

320  Huron  Street 
All  welcome  on  October  7,  5-7  p.m. 


1974-75  Season  will  see  the  addition  of  a  third  team  to  the 
Women's  Volleyball  program.  The  third  team  will  be  entered 
in  the  O.V.A.  Senior  Women's  League  to  provide  a  greater 
opportunity  for  more  players  to  be  exposed  to  good  competi- 
tion. Try-outs  are  open  to  alumni  and  any  aspiring  student 
wishing  to  acquire  higher  skill  levels.  Practices  will  be  held  in 
con[unction  with  senior  and  intermediate  teams.  More  in- 
formation is  available  at  the  first  try-out.  If  you  dig  Volleyball 
we'll  see  you  on  Monday  October  7,  Benson  Building,  5  p.m., 
Sports  Gym. 

The  Coaches 

vices  which  are  adequate  to  raise 
the  life  expectancy  of  the  native 
peoples  to  the  Canadian  average 
within  five  years. 

•  An  end  to  federal  cutbacks  in 
native  education  and  an  expansion 
of  community-controlled  native 
education.  The  education  system 
must  be  made  to  serve  native  people 
rather  than  native  people  being 
made  to  serve  an  educational 
system  designed  to  destroy  native 
cultures,  the  Indians  argue. 

•  $500-million  be  made  available 
of  money  not  presently  allocated  to 
indian  affairs  to  native  communities 
for  legal  defence.  "Native  people 
must  no  longer  fill  the  prisons  and 
mental  wards  of  Canada.  Racist 
justice  must  end." 


Earlier  in  the  day  Louis  Cameron 
in  a  short  interview  said  thousands 
of  Indian  people  couldn't  make  the 
march  but  that  the  caravan  had 
their  support.  He  also  said  the 
Indian  people  would  only  use 
violence  if  they  had  to. 

"People  will  always  fight  if  put 
down  by  discrimination  and  police 
brutality.  The  government  and  the 
department  of  indian  affairs  have 
already  initiated  violence  on  the 
Indian  people,"  Cameron  said. 

Another  spokesman  for  the  group, 
Vern  Harper,  a  Saskatchewan 
Indian  who  now  lives  in  Toronto, 
joined  the  caravan  because,  "It  is 
what  I  believe  in.  I  believe  in  the 
Caravan.  It  is  long  overdue  and 
could  be  of  some  help." 

He  said  the  purpose  of  the  caravan 
was  to  be  in  Ottawa  for  the  opening 
of  Parliament  to  make  the  world 
aware  of  the  plight  of  native  peoples 
in  Canada.  The  demonstration,  he 
said,  would  bring  the  message  to  the 

He  also  had  harsh  words  for 
various  political  groups  who  have 
tried  to  manipulate  the  caravan  on 
its  way. 

"We  denounce  some  of  the  left  and 
right  wing  groups  that  have  tried  to 
manipulate  us.  We  expected  the 
right-wing  groups  to  manipulate  us, 
but  some  left-wing  groups  have  tried 
to  manipulate  us  instead  of  just 
giving  us  their  solidarity." 

He  believes  the  caravan  has  been 
an  education  to  all  the  people  who 
participated  in  it. 

"It  has  taught  us  to  respect  each 
other.  It  has  also  made  us  look  to  our 
sisters  with  more  respect." 


Our  policy  hasn't  changed. 
Quality,  originality  and 

57  Spadina  Ave. 
(at  King)  suite  208 

Monday  through  Friday  10  a.m. 
-  6  p.m. 

typing    and    translations  also 


Royal  Canadian  Club 
Women  Sign  Up 
in  W.A.A.  Office 
Benson  Building 
Eniry  Deadline 
Friday  October  4  1 


for  new,  legitimate  massage 
parlour  in  U.  of  T.  area  which 
will  have  select  clientele 

Good  pay,  short  hours, 
no  experience  necessary 

12  the  Varsity 

Wednesday,  October  2,  T974 

sports  "A 

ve  Stuart 


New  &  For  win  in  second  division 

Two  games  were  played  in  in- 

terfac  football  yesterday  afternoon 

on  the  back  campus. 
In  the  Forestry-UC  tilt,  the 

short  though,  and  they  left  the  field 

muttering  something  about  next 


Forestry  led  the  game  20-0  at  half 
time  but  faded  in  the  second  half  to 
allow  15  unanswered  points. 

UC's  came-from -behind  bid  fell 
short  though,  and  they  left  the  field 
muttering  something  about  next 

Whatever  has  happened  to  the 
power  that  used  to  be  the  scourge  of 
the  second  division?UC  again  fielded 
a  bare  minimum  of  players  for  the 
game  and  maybe  this  lack  ofturnout 
both  this  year  and  last  accounts  for 
their  lacklustre  play  of  late. 

In  the  other  mud  bowl  played  in 
the  rain,  New  scored  21  points  —  19 
for  themselves  and  2  for  Trinity  to 
take  the  game  19-2. 

New  demonstrated  a  strong 
running  attack  in  the  first  half 
featuring  a  lot  of  ball  carrying  by 
New  quarterback  Lucas,  (see  New 

—  we  do  know  his  name.) 

-  In  fact,  Lucas  scored  both  of 
New's  first-half  touchdowns  on  well 
executed  sweeps. 

Unfortunately  for  New,  the  con- 
vert attempts  for  both  touchdowns 
were  low  and  did  not  count. 

It  should  be  pointed  out  that  the 
game  was  not  all  New.  Trinity  did 
show  up  for  the  game  and  did 
manage  to  mount  good  drives  but 
were  unable  to  complete  the  drives 
for  paydirt  because  of  fumbles.  The 
wet  ball  turned  out  to  be  New's  best 

In  the  third  quarter  New  was 
faced  with  a  third  down  punt 
situation  but  got  off  a  short  kick. 

Trinity  was  called  for  offside  on 
the  play  and  New  opted  for  the 
penalty  and  a  repeat  kick.  As  it 
turned  out  the  choice  was  wrong. 

On  the  snap  for  the  second  kick  the 
ball  sailed  about  5  yards  over  the 
head  of  the  punter.  By  the  time  the 
New  kicker  had  recovered  the  ball 
Trinity  was  in  hot  pursuit. 

Trinity  chased  New  all  the  way 
back,  about  25  yards,  to  the  end  zone 
where  New  conceded  a  safety  touch. 

Trinity,  at  last,  were  on  the 

Later  in  the  fourth  quarter,  New 
was  again  on  the  march  but  Trinity 
dug  in  at  their  own  30-yard  line  and 
just  would  not  allow  any  more 

New's  Saikali  attempted  a  field 
goal  for  the  green  and  gold  but  was 
wide.  The  ball  however  landed  in  the 
end  zone  and  rolled  over  the  dead 
ball  line  for  a  single  point. 

It  was  a  silly  point  for  Trinity  to 
give  up.  They  had  not  sent  anyone 
deep  to  run  the  ball  out. 

By  now  Trinity  had  just  about 
given  up  the  game. 

On  the  last  play  of  the  game 
Devaney  grabbed  off  a  Lucas  pass 
up  the  middle  and  ambled  another  20 
yards  for  the  final  touchdown  of  the 

Saikali  again  managed  to  miss  the 

New  now  has  a  firm  hold  on  first 
place  in  the  second  division  and 
would  seem  to  be  headed  for  another 
undefeated  season. 

The  quarterbacking  job,  a  sore 
spot  last  year,  appears  to  be  capably  = 
filled  by  Lucas  but  perhaps  he  S 
should  spend  more  time  running  the  £ 
offense  on  the  field  and  spend  a  little  q 
less  time  telling  the  referee  how  the  c 
game  should  be  run.  | 

Roundup  of  other  - 
interfac  stuff  I 

The  results  of  the  first  heat  of  the 
cross-urban  run  are  in.  The  five 
leading  runners  were:  Sharp  (Knox 
A)  10.17,  Morley  (Knox  A)  10.17, 
Hopper  (Eng)  10.24,  Young  (Trin) 
10.37,  and  Venney  (Med)  10.46. 

In  the  men's  interfac  tennis 
tournament  which  ended  Monday, 
Frank  Bucys  of  University  College 
defeated  Vilnis  Muiznieks  of 
Pharmacy  for  the  championship 
with  the  scores  6-3  and  6-2. 

The  team  championship  was  won 
by  the  team  from  Erindale  con- 
sisting of  Lutz,  De  Santi,  Widya  and 

In  soccer  action  on  Monday,  Meds 
B  downed  For  1-0  on  a  goal  by 
Fernandez.  UCand  Vic  tied  3-3.  The 
names  of  the  scorers  are  not 
available  because  the  team 
managers'  handwriting  was  not 

On  Friday,  Erindale  got  back  to 
form  oflast  year  by  beating  Sr.  Eng. 
1-0.  Amaral  tallied  for  the  west 
enders.  On  the  same  day  Jr.  Eng. 
succumbed  to  PHE  1-0.  Taylor 
scored  for  the  jocks. 

Finally  on  Thursday,  Law  took  it 
on  the  chin  from  Meds  A  4-1. 
Drummond  collected  a  hat  trick  for 

A  rare  occasion  when  New  quarterback  Lucas  did  not  carry  the  ball.  Is  that  holding 

the  doctors  while  Derek  picked  up 
the  other  goal. 

In  (ouch  football  Monday,  the 
Crushers  were  crushed  by  the 
Gridiron  Grads  21-6.  Heat  IT  &  Beat 
It  came  all  over  the  Untouchables 

Both  the  Bloody  Marys  and  the 
Kickers  defaulted  their  games  and 
withdrew  from  the  league. 
Presumably  Paterson's  Patsies  and 
the  Ballherites  were  given  the  wins. 

On  Friday,  Punt  Lickers  74  settled 
for  a  12-12  tie  with  the  Bucks  while 
Skule  7T5  were  licked  20-18  by  the 
Gridiron  Grads. 

Also  on  Friday,  the  Argos  (???) 
defeated  Mike's  Meateaters  34-0. 
Perhaps  Mike's  team  has  been  done 
in  by  the  high  price  of  meat. 

The  Pussies  lost  by  a  hair  7-6  to 
Civil  IV  and  the  Hookers  laid  out  the 
Saints  34-6. 

The  Rhits  scourged  the  Snaps  26-0 
and  Ensign  ho-hummed  a  26-0  loss  to 
the  Slackers. " 

Finally,  Civil  Skuleis  managed  a 
come -from -behind  default  to  the 
Wop  Squad. 

UC  player  makes  a  fine  catch  in  the  second  half  as  UC  attempts 
a  comeback. 

Trinity  was  plagued  by  poor  tackling.  Here  there  is  only  one  tackier  on  the  play. 


First  Division 


L  T 

F-  A  P 



0  0 


7  2 



0  0 


3  2 



1  0 


7  0 



1  0 


7  0 

Second  Division 


L  T 


A  P 



0  0 


10  4 



1  0 


13  2 



0  0 


17  2 



1  0 


36  2 



1  0 


23  0 



2  0 


27  0 

Academic  affairs  hears  SAC  brief 

Students  press  tenure  position 


Student  representation  on  tenure  com- 
mittees was  again  discussed  at  yesterday's 
meeting  of  the  academic  affairs  committee  of 
Governing  Council,  but  no  decision  was 
reached  on  the  question. 

Representatives  of  the  Association  for  Part- 
time  Undergraduate  Students  (APU3),  the 
Students'  Administrative  Council,  and  the  U 
of  T  Faculty  Association  presented  briefs  to 
the  committee  for  discussion. 

The  meeting  was  attended  by  more  than  60 
spectators,  most  of  them  students. 

Perhaps  in  response  to  the"  encouraging 
turnout,  SAC  president  Seymour  Kanowiteh 
delivered  a  carefully-prepared  well-reasoned 
brief  which  one  longtime  observer  called  "the 
best  presentation  made  by  a  student  to  one  of 
these  committees  in  years." 

Kanowiteh  called  the  question  of  com- 
position of  tenure  committees  "the  most 
important  matter  this  committee  will  ever 
deal  with." 


He  introduced  his  remarks  by  comparing 
the  case  of  an  assistant  professor  in  the 
chemistry  department,  who  was  denied 
tenure  although  64  percent  of  his  students 
considered  him  a  superior  or  excellent 
teacher,  with  that  of  a  tenured  professor  in 
the  department  of  political  economy  who, 
according  to  his  students,  "added  new 
dimensions  to  the  word  boredom"  and 
"lectured  like  he  hated  the  course  material." 

"These  examples  make  one  ask  the 
question— why  does  this  happen? "Kanowiteh 
said.  "The  answer  is  simple,  but  by  no  means 

He  listed  four  criteria  for  tenure:  quality  of 
research,  number  of  articles  or  books 
published,  ability  to  get  along  with  senior 
faculty  members  (sometimes  known  as 
collegiality")  and  teaching  ability. 

But,  he  said,  the  manner  in  which  these 
criteria  are  applied  favor  research  over 

"An  excellent  teacher  who  is  a  mediocre 
researcher  will  be  denied  tenure,"  Kanowiteh 
said,  "while  an  excellent  researcher  who  is  a 
mediocre  teacher  will  be  granted  tenure." 

He  quoted  a  report  prepared  for  a  group  of 
provincial  education  ministers  which  stated 
that  the  orientation  to  research  in  post- 
secondary  education  is  so  dominant  that  good 
teachers  must  put  on  the  "research  mask"  to 
keep  their  jobs.  This  means  teachers  must 
spend  time  "grinding  out  papers"  they  really 
have  little  interest  in  to  include  in  their  yearly 
list  of  publication  credits. 

The  main  body  of  Kanowiteh 's  remarks  was 
a  detailed,  point-by-point  refutation  of 
arguments  presented  against  student 
representation  on  tenure  committees.  • 

In  response  to  the  claim  that  students  are 
less  likely  than  faculty  members  to  maintain 
confidentiality,  Kanowiteh  said  there  was  no 
evidence  in  support  of  the  claim. 

"In  fact,"  he  said,  "evidence  shows  that 
students  do  respect  confidentiality." 

He  then  considered  the  objection  that 
students  have  no  real  commitment  to  the 
university  since  they  are  only  at  the 
university  for  a  short  time;  whereas  faculty 
members  have  a  much  greater  commitment, 
since  they  are  associated  with  the  university 
for  much  longer  periods  of  time. 

But  Kanowiteh  cited  a  study  undertaken  at 
the  University  of  Waterloo  which  indicated 
that  the  average  faculty  member  stays  only 
five  years  at  one  institution.  Furthermore,  he 
said,  many  students  have  a  real  commitment 
in  that  their  university  career  has  a 
significant  effect  on  their  future. 


Many  faculty  members  have  argued  there 
is  no  necessity  to  have  students  as  voting 
members  on  tenure  committees  as  long  as 
student  evaluations  of  tenure  candidates  as 
expressed  through  course  evaluations  are 
taken  into  account. 

"Many  senior  faculty  members  have  a 
great  deal  of  contempt  for  course 
evaluations,"  Kanowiteh  said.  He  quoted 
math  department  chairman  George  Duff  as 
saying  "students  rate  most  highly  those  from 
whom  they  learn  the  least."  Kanowiteh  said 
this  was  a  common  sentiment  among  faculty 

He  also  referred  to  a  report  published  by 
the  provincial  council  of  faculty  associations 
which  indicated  that  student  evaluations  are 
highly  reliable,  and  that  there  is  no  relation 
between  a  student's  grade  on  a  course  and  the 
student's  evaluation  of  that  course. 

Last  April  seven  faculty  members  appealed 
to  U  of  T  president  John  Evans  when  they 
were  denied  tenure.  None  of  their  portfolios 
contained  course  evaluations,  Kanowiteh 
said,  indicating  the  low  regard  accorded  to 
teaching    ability   in    tenure  decisions. 

Kanowiteh  said  Evans  had  to  ask  SAC  to 
provide  him  with  student  evaluations  of  the 


J.  R.  Vanstone,  associate  chairman  of  the 
math  department,  contested  this  in- 

"I  happen  to  know  there  was"  course 
evaluation  material  included  in  the  can- 
didate's portfolios,  Vanstone  said.  And 
anyway,  he  added,  it  doesn't  follow  that  just 
because  Evans  requested  course  evaluations 
from  SAC,  he  didn't  already  have  such  in- 
formation in  his  hands. 

Kanowiteh  went  on  to  contest  the  claim  that 
faculty  members  can  sit  in  on  classes  and 
thereby  judge  teaching  ability  for  them- 

"Someone  who  has  been  studying  a 
discipline  for  fifteen  years  can't  tell  if  a 
teacher  is  getting  through  to  first-year 
students,"  he  said.  Furthermore,  a  faculty 
member  couldn't  tell  how  a  fellow  faculty 
member  handled  consultation  with  un- 
dergraduates, nor  could  he  tell  if  the  students 
leaving  a  lecture  beaming  with  anticipation 
were  inspired  or  on  their  way  to  the  local  pool 

Finally,  Kanowiteh  addressed  himself  to 
the  claim  that  great  attention  is  already  paid 
to  teaching  ability.  He  outlined  the  case  of 
Meyer  Erlach,  a  German  teacher  at  Erindale 
who  was  denied  tenure. 

Erlach  attracted  scores  of  students, 
Kanowiteh  said,  because  he  had  a  "love  for 
the  subject  and,  what's  more,  could  instil  this 
love  in  students."  Kanowiteh  said  Erindare 
principal  E.  A.  Robinson  warned  Erlach  "to 
spend  less  time  on  teaching  and  more  time  on 


Kanowiteh  stated  that  if  teaching  ability 
was  really  such  a  priority  as  some  faculty 
members  have  maintained,  teachers  such  as 
Erlach  would  not  be  denied  tenure. 

After  dealing  with  these  arguments, 
Kanowiteh  went  on  to  explain  why  students 
should  have  not  only  representation  on  tenure 
committees,  but  parity  representation. 

He  agreed  that  any  student  representation 
would  serve  to  open  up  the  process  of  granting 
tenure,  but  added  that  "opening  up  the 
process  does  not  imply  changing  it." 

Kanowiteh  said  tenure  committees  often 
must  make  a  "trade-off;"  teaching  ability 
must  be  balanced  against  research  ability.  In 
the  long-run,  faculty  members  consider 
research  over  teaching  ability,  so  that  junior 
faculty  members  do  not  see  teaching  fitting 
into  the  academic  reward-structure. 

Student  parity  on  tenure  committees  would 
ensure  that  trade-offs  begin  to  be  made  in 
favor  of  teaching  ability,  Kanowiteh  said. 

The  Faculty  of  Architecture  provides  a 
good  example  of  the  benefits  of  student  parity 
on  tenure  committees,  he  said. 

"Students  and  faculty  in  architecture  are 
united  in  the  pursuit  of  academic  excellence," 
he  said.  _ 

"The  quality  of  teaching  at  the  University 
of  Toronto  is  in  decline,"  Kanowiteh  asserted. 
"With  education  cutbacks,  it  will  continue  to 

Kanowiteh  concluded  by  summing  up  his 
argument  in  three  propositions: 

•  Teaching  quality  is  not  adequately  con- 
sidered in  tenure  decisions; 

•  There  must  be  student  representation  on 
tenure  committees; 

•  Students  must  have  parity  with  faculty 
members  on  tenure  committees. 

A  prolonged  burst  of  applause  from  the 
spectators  marked  the  end  of  Kanowitch's 

A  brief  from  the  executive  of  the  U  of  T 
Faculty  Association  (UFTA)  was  distributed 
to  the  committee  members. 

The  brief  was  outlined  by  philosophy 
professor  D.  Gauthier.  The  UFTA  brief 
distinguished  three  separate  duties  to  be 
performed  by  tenure  committees. 

First,  evidence  must  be  collected  and 
presented  to  the  committee.  Secondly,  the 
committee  must  assess  the  information  and 
vote  on  it.  Third,  there  must  be  procedures  for 
reviewing  the  decisions  made  by  tenure 

The  UFTA  brief  argued  only  faculty 
members  have  the  "maturity  and  judgment" 
to  evaluate  all  kinds  of  information  presen- 

Students,  the  brief  admitted,  may  be 
competent  to  judge  teaching  ability,  but  do 
not  have  comptence  to  judge  research 
qualifications,  and  therefore  should  not  be 
included  as  voting  member  of  tenure  com- 

Gauthier  said  he  realized  the  importance  of 

APUS  president  Norma  Grindal  rises  fo  the  occasion  during  tenure  debate. 

student  representation  in  presenting  the 
evidence  and  said  he  was  concerned  with  the 
"inadequacy"  of  information  in  some  cases  in 
the  past. 

The  UFTA  brief  also  suggested  an  in- 
dependent, non-voting  observer  be  allowed  to 
sit  on  tenure  committees.  Such  observers, 
Gauthier  said,  would  assess  "not  the  can- 
didate, but  the  procedures  of  the  tenure 
committee."  This,  he  claimed,  would  give 
each  candidate  a  fair  hearing,  and  would 
ensure  that  teaching  and  research  are  given 
"due  weight." 

"A  lay  member  of  the  Governing  Council 
could  perform  this  role,"  the  brief  says.  "We 
might  add  now  that  alumni  might  equally  well 
serve  in  this  capaacity.  Possibly  in  some 
divisions  of  the  university  students  might 
serve  as  observers." 

Norma  Grindal,  president  of  the 
Association  for  Part-time  Undergraduate 
Students  (APUS)  read  a  brief  which  called  for 
student  representation  on  tenure  committees. 

Student  input  can  provide  members  of  a 
tenure  committee  with  a  healthy  diver- 
sification of  views,"  she  said.  "Student  input 
to  the  debate  can  only  add  to  the  decision- 
making process." 


Desmond  Morton,  a  history  professor,  said 
APUS  deserves  praise  for  getting  nearly  100 
percent  participation  in  course  evaluations. 
(Less  than  40 percent  of  full-time  students  fill 
out  course  evaluations.)  But,  he  wondered 
aloud,  are  not  course  evaluations  just  as 
subjective  an  evaluation  method  as  any 

Grindal  replied  that  APUS  course 
evaluations  are  expressed  in  terms  of 
statistics  whenever  possible.  "Numbers  are 
as  unbiased  as  possible,"  she  said. 

Morton  asked  if  the  part-time  students  had 
made  any  sort  of  a  deal  with  other  students 
about  what  kind  of  representation  part-time 
students  would  get.  "Sometimes  I  get  the 
feeling  that  part  time  students  are  done  down 
around  here,"  he  said. 

"If  you'll  let  part-time  undergraduates  sit 
on  tenure  committees,  then  so  will  I,"  student 
committee  member  Gord  Barnes  assured 

Further  discussion  of  composition  of  tenure 
committees  will  take  place  at  the  next 
meeting  of  academic  affairs  Oct.  23.  If 
possible,  chairman  John  Dove  said,  a  meeting 
will  be  arranged  before  then. 

Vol.  95,  No.  11 
Fri.  Oct.  4,  1974 


Professor  loses  tenure  appeal 


A  Scarborough  assistant  professor  describedas  "highly  favored"  in  his  course  evaluation 
was  denied  tenure  last  year. 

Tom  Lynch,  an  organic  chemistry  'professor,  was  described  in  course  evaluations  as 
active  in  labs,  always  available  and  a  well-liked  person.  Even  students  who  failed  the  course 
admitted  it  was  through  no  fault  of  Lynch's. 

Lynch,  whose  appeal  was  denied,  said  the  only  reason  supplied  was  that  he  had  not 
published  enough. 
"I  didn't  think  that  was  a  sufficient  reason,"  he  maintained. 

John  O'Donohue,  Scarborough  College  Student  Council  president  and  a  former  student  of 
Lynch,  called  Lynch  "a  man  of  integrity"  and  said  "the  consensus  of  the  course  was  just 
that  he  was  a  superb  teacher." 
O'Donohue  added  Lynch  didn't  publish  unless  he  was  sure  about  his  work. 
Teachers  seeking  tenure  are  presently  judged  on  the  basis  of  research  performance, 
publication  record  and  willingness  to  perform  administrative  functions. 

Acknowledging  he  was  very  highly  regarded  as  a  teacher,  Lynch  added:  "1  don't  think 
that  counts  for  much." 

The  mathematics  department's  refusal  to  grant  tenure  to  two  math  professors  triggered 
an  occupation  of  that  department's  office  in  1973. 
Since  then,  students  have  waged  a  campaign  toseat  students  on  tenure  committees. 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 



Commitment  —  A  Christian  Science 
approach.  A  lecture  being  given  by  Roy 
J.  Linnig  in  Wymilwood  Music  Room  at 
Victoria  College.  All  welcome. 

12:30  pm 

Vic  Varsity  Christian  Fellowship 
meets  for  prayer  and  worship  from 
12:30  to  1  pm  and  also  from  1  to  1 : 30  pm  - 
in  the  Vic  Chapel,  second  floor.  Old  Vic. 
Rejoice  Evermore. 

3  pm 

Gard  Shelley  will  feature  Stephan 
Stills  frorh  the  Springfield  through  to 
Manassas  on  Radio  Varsity. 

5  pm 

Auditions  for  the  PLS  February 
production  of  John  Skelton's 
Magnyfycence:  a  goodly  interlude  and 
a  merry.  Male  actors,-  male  and 
female  crew  needed.  PLS  building 
behind  Mediaeval  Centre,  39b  Queen's 
Park  Cres.  E.  Or  call  928-5096. 
6:35  pm 

Licht  Benchen  this  week  at  HiMel 
House  is  at  6:35  pm,  all  welcome  to 


UC  Film  Club  presents  two  films  by 
Eisenstein  —  The  Battleship  Potemkin 
(voted  the  greatest  film  ever  made  by 
the  Brussels  International  Film 
Congress!  at  7:15  pm  plus  October: 
Ten  Days  That  Shook  The  World  at  9:00 
pm.  Al  the  Medical  Sciences 
Auditorium,  admission  available  by 
series  ticket  or  SI  at  the  door. 
7:30  pm 

CATGIF:    (Christians   also  Thank 

God  It's  Friday).  All  are  welcome  to 
come  out  Fridays  for  singing,  sharing 
and  relaxing.  Sponsored  by  Campus 
Crusade  for  Christ.  At  the  Newman 
Centre,  St.  George  St. 

SMC  Film  Club  presents 
"Scarecrow",  starring  Al  Pacino  and 
Gene  Hackman,  Carr  Hall,  St. 
Michaels  College,  100  St.  Joseph  St. 
Also  10  pm. 

8  pm 

Baha'u'llah  teaches  that  the  reality 
of  man  is  his  thought.  All  are  welcome 
to  join  the  Baha'is  of  U  of  T  m 
discussing  how  faith  can  be  reconciled 
with  reason. 

Free  French  films:  UC  106  L'Abatis 
(1953)  et  UN  HOMME  ET  SON  PECHE 
(1949)  from  Quebec. 

Come  to  University  College's  Friday 
nite  Pub,  from  8  ■  12  Midnite.  Located 
in  the  Junior  Common  Room,  north- 
west corner  of  the  UC  Quadrangle. 

The  Toronto  Polish  Students' 
Association  is  holding  their  second 
thoroughly  enjoyable  "Coffee  &  Pub 
Night"  at  8  pm,  Friday,  Oct.  4th, 
S.P.K.  Building,  206  Beverley  St.  (at 

8:30  pm 

Richard  Sheridan's  The  School  for 
Scandal  is  still  running  strong  at  St. 
Michael's  College  in  the  Upper 
Brennan  Theatre.  Theatre  Mickities 
offers  an  interesting  19th  century  in- 
terpretation of  this  18th  .century 
classic.  Admission  tree. 

9  pm 

The  Frank  Zappa  Memorial  House  of 

SMC  Film  Club 


Fri.  Oct.  4         7:30  b  10:00 
Sat.  Oct.  5  admission  $1.00 



Sun.  Oct.  6  "La  Guerre  est  finis" 


If  you  have  any  questions  about  the  course  that  starts  Oct. 

15th  (it  has  been  successfully  offered  by  us  in  cooperation 

with  SAC  since  1968)  then  come  and  see  me  in  the  Sidney 

Smith  lobby  Oct.  9,  10  or  11  between  10  and  3  —  ELLWOOD 

LEMON.  Senior  and  Intermediate 


Alt  Welcome 

Dwarf  Nebuli,  invites  everyone  to  a 
night  of  festivities  at  Rochdale  College, 
341  Bloor  Street  W.,  Fifth  floor. 

Auditions  for  the  PLS  February 
production  of  John  Skelton's 
Magnyfycence:  a  goodly  interlude  and 
a  merry.  Male  actors;  male  and 
female  crew  needed,  PLS  building 
behind  Mediaeval  Centre,  39b  Queen's 
Park  Cres.  E.  Or  call  92B-5096. 

UFW  Mass  Picket  Lines,  12  -  4  pm.  A 
singing,  flaw-waving  demonstration  of 
support  for  the  Farm  Workers  in  their 
life  and-death  struggle  to  save  their 
Union.  Store  locations:  Dominion  at 
Broadview  8,  Danforth,  Victoria  Park 
&  Eglinton,  Hwy.  27  &  Dundas 
(Cloverdale  Mall),  Keele  &  Wilson; 
and  Loblaw's  at  the  Dufferin  Plaza  (at 
Bloor).  Y  la  lucha  continuara. 
7:30  pm 

SMC  Film  Club  presents  Scarecrow 
starring  Al  Pacino  and  Gene  Hackman, 
Carr  Hall,  St.  Michael's  College,  100  St. 
Joseph  St.  Also  at  10  pm. 

8:30  pm 

St.   Michael's   College,  Theatre 
Mickities    presents    Sheridan's  The 
School   for   Scandal    in   their  Upper 
Brennan  Theatre.  Admission  is  free. 
10  pm 

Hillel's  Annual  Sukkah  Party  will  be 
held  tonight  at  the  Hillel's  Sukkah  with 
refreshments  being  served  in  the 
Sukkah.  All  welcome  to  attend. 


Take  a  colour  tour  of  the  Haliburton 
Highland  and  Muskoka  lake  district. 
Lunch  at  the  Mattabanik  Inn.  The 
tickets  for  bus  and  lunch  are  S8.50,- 
available  at  the  general  office  of  the 
International  Student  Centre,  33  St. 
George  St.  The  tour  leaves  ISC  at  9  am, 
returning  at  7  pm. 

6  pm 

The  Muslim  Students  Association  of 
the  U  of  T  invites  all  to  the  regular 
'Tafseer'  sessions  (Explications  of 
Quran).  This  is  held  in  the  Pendarves 
Lounge,  International  Students  Centre, 
33  St.  George  St.  The  session  is  followed 
by  questions  and  answers  and  some 
light  refreshment. 


SMC  Film  Club  presents  La  Guerre 
Est  Finis  with'  Yves  Montand  and 
Genevieve  Bujold;  admission  by  series 
ticket  only,  series  tickets  on  sale  at 
door;  Carr  Hall,  St.  Michael's  College, 
100  St.  Joseph  St. 

7:30  pm 

Annual  Simchat  Torah  Rally  will  be 
held  via,  a  Torchlight  March  from 
Queen's  Park  followed  by  a  Rally  at 
City  Hall. 





270  King  St.  W. 
See  Mr.  Simpson 
4-5  p.m. 


t  I 

Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 

Student  Subscriptions 

$5.00  for  the  Four  Productions 

Hart  House  Theatre  offers  a  Student  Subscription  at  $5.00  for  the  four  All-University 
productions.  The  student  rate  will  be  $1 .50  for  a  single  performance.  Subscribers  are 
assured  of  the  same  seats  and  performance  evenings  for  the  season.  Two  subscriptions 
only  on  each  Student  card. 

Box  Office  open  10:00  a.m.  to  5:00  p.m.  928-8668 


Volunteer  Ushers  are  required  for  the  four  Hart  House  Theatre  productions.  Please 
telephone  928-8674  or  call  at  Theatre  offices. 




Abernathy  Shagnaster 

GreatHall, 8:30P.M. 
Tickets  free  from  the  Hall  Porter 
No  admission  without  a  ticket! 


Opening  Meeting 
Mon.,Oct.  7 
South  Dining  Room,  7  P.M. 
Refreshments,  Memberships 



Regular  Play 
Tues.,  Oct.  8 
Debates  Room,  7  P.M. 
Tues.,  Oct.  8 
Soulh  Sitting  Room,  6  P.M. 



Starts  Sun.,  Oct.,  20 
Tickets  available  from  Oct.  7  at 
ttie_Hall  Porter's  desk,  Mon.,  to 
Fri.,  12  — 2P.M  8,5:30  — 7:30  P.M. 

Tickets  free  to  members  {proof 

Non-Members:  S3  per  concert  or 
S25  for  series  of  ten  concerts 


Ric  Evans,  Instructor 
Registration:  Wed., 
Oct.  9,  7  -  10  P.M. 
Faculty  of  Architecture, 
Room  061 
.  Students  —  $10;  Senior  Mem- 


Judy  Jarvis,  Dancer 

Wed.,  Oct.  16 
Music  Room, 8  P.M. 


Powys  Thomas 
reads  Dylan  Thomas 
Tues.,  Oct.  15 
Library,  8  P.M. 

Guest  Speaker: 
Dr.  Eva  MacDonald 
Wed.,  Oct.  16  at  6  P.M. 

Tickets  and  information 
available  at 

the  Programme  Office. 


Series  of  15  films  beginning 

-  Thurs.,  Oct.  17 
Art  Gallery,  12:15,  1:15  and' 
7:30  P.M. 


Classes  Begin  Mon.,  Oct.  21 
Fencing  Room,  7:30  P.M. 
Class  Size  Limited 
Tickets:  $5 from  the 
Programme  Office 


Paintings  by  John  Howlin 

Gallery  Hours: 
Monday,  11  A.M.  —  9  P.M. 
Tuesday  to  Saturday,  11  A.M.  —  5  P.M. 
Sunday,  2-5  P.M. 

This  is  the  strange, 
wonderful  shoe  with  the 
heel  lower  than  the  toe. 

■  yo« 

11ms  shtx-  is 
lillVrrnl  from ; 

lini.  It's  the 
KARllI'  negative 
heel  shoe.  The  shoe 
designed  to  work  in 
harmony  with  your 
entire  body. 

The  heel  of  the 
Earth"  shoe  is  actu- 
ally lower  than  the 
toe.  This  allows  you 
to  walk  naturally. 
Like  when  you  walk 
barefoot  in  sand  or 
soft  earth  and  your 

Earth  brand  shot 
Earth  Shoe  store 

heel  sinks  down 
lower  than  your 

The  entire  sole 
of  the  Earth  shoe  is 
molded  in  a  very 
special  way.  This 
allows  you  to  walk 
in  a  gentle  rolling 
motion.  And  to 
walk  easily  and 
comfortably  on  the 
hard  jarring  cement 
of  ourcities.  1 

But  remember, 
just  because  a  shoe 
looks  like  ours 
doesn't  mean  it 
works  like  ours.  So 
*  are  sold  only  in 
at  these  locations 

to  he  sure  you're 
netting  the  Earth 
brand  shoe,  look  on 
the  sole  for  our 
Earth  trademark 

Your  body  will 
thank  you. 

Shoes,  sandals, 
sabots  and  boots  for 
men  and  women. 
From  $23.50  to 
"EARTH  is  a  registered 
trademark  ofKalsf 
Sy steme I,  Inc. 


33  Hazelton  Ave.  phone  967-7751 
5  Charles  St.  W.  phone  967-7378 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 

The  Varsity  3 

SAC  whisks  through  new  budget 

In  one  of  the  shortest  budget 
meetings  on  record  (two  hours),  the 
Students'  Administrative  Council 
Wednesday  night  passed  its  1974- 
1975  financial  estimates  of  $316,720. 

The  new  budget  is  $26,734  more 
than  the  $289,986  spent  by  SAC  in  its 
last  fiscal  year,  but  budget 
estimates  are  considerably  lower 
than  those  of  many  previous  years 
despite  inflation. 

Although  SAC  budgets  cannot  be 
accurately  compared  since  new 
executives  invariably  institute  new 
programs,  expenses  have  varied  in 
the  last  few  years  from  a  high  of 
$502,739  in  1969-1970,  to  a  low  of 
$280,824  in  1971-1972. 

Also,  in  former  years  some 
financial  statements  have  included 
rebate  figures  for  course  unions  and 
campus  centre,  while  this  year's 
total  expenses  estimates  don't. 

The  1974-1975  $43,500  rebate  figure 
is  separate  from  the  finance  com- 
mission's total.  Added  to  the  other 
expenses  the  total  would  reach 

This  year  undergraduate  students 
will  also  pay  an  additional  levy  of 
$1.50  per  person  to  the  Ontario 
Federation  of  Students  (OFS),  the 
province-wide  federation  of  Ontario 
university  student  councils. 

This  figure  is  also  excluded  from 
the  total  expenses  column.  (The  OFS 
levy  was  decided  by  a  referendum 
held  at  the  same  time  as  last 
spring's  SAC  presidential  elections.) 

The  new  budget  shows  a  deficit  of 
$6,000  and  SAC  may  have  to  raise  its 
fees  next  year  to  remain  in  the 
black,  with  costs  rising  and  student 
enrolment  up  only  slightly.  (Most  of 
SAC's  money  comes  from  a  $14  per 
student  levy  covered  under  the 
university's  "incidental  fees".) 

Total  estimated  income  for  1974- 
1975,  including  rebates  but  excluding 
the  OFS  levy,  amounts  to  $354,220. 
This  compares  with  $511,372  in  1969- 
1970,  $207,657  in  1971-1972  and 
$342,275  in  1973-1974. 


The  largest  slice  of  the  budgetary 
pie  goes  to  administrative  expenses 
—  $71,160.  Over  $38,000  of  that  figure 
pays  for  administrative  and  office 
salaries,  a  jump  of  29  percent  over 
last  year's  costs. 

Covered  by  the  total  are  seven 
Canadian  Union  of  Public  Em- 
ployees people  who  are  guaranteed 
raises  in  a  union  contract  signed  last 

However,  office  and  sundry  ex- 
penses are  down  $4,176  and  legal 
fees  estimates  have  dropped  $3,840 
to  bring  the  total  $84  lower  than  the 
comparable  1973-1974  actual  figure. 

(Unusually  high  legal  fees  were 
incurred  last  year  to  defend  students 
who  had  arranged  for  a  showing  of 
the  film  Deep  Throat.  Three 
students  were  busted  for  exposing 
an  indecent  film,  but  all  three  were 
later  acquitted.) 

The  Varsity  is  second  in  the 
financial  expense  column  at  $40,401. 
Most  additional  expenses  are  caused 
by  increased  newsprint  and  printing 
costs,  but  advertisement  rates  have 
been  raised  slightly  to  account  for 
this  in  part. 

Salaries  for  full-time  paid  Varsity 
staffers  are  also  up  slightly,  but  a 
saving  of  over  $1,000  has  been  ac- 
crued by  the  removal  of  the  telex 
service  connecting  the  paper  with 
Canadian  University  Press  in  Ot- 

Also  high  on  the  list  are  SAC 
executive  salaries  at  $11,667  '.down 
$1,546  from  1973-1974)  and  "cam- 
paigns", $10,000,  and  over  $34,000  for 
Project  Aid,  a  fund  to  be  used  for 
extra  grant  requests  from  various 
campus  service  organizations. 

Radio  Varsity's  budget  is  down 
$1,319  to  $21,140,  and  more  money 
may  be  slated  if  the  station  is 
granted  an  FM  licence  and  if  SAC 
decides  to  finance  the  station  going 

New  commissions  this  year  are 
external  affairs,  internal  affairs  and 
the  women's  commission. 

External  affairs  commissioner 
Susan  Rich  is  responsible  for  a 
$21,090  budget  that  includes  the 
National  Union  of  Students  (NUS) 
fees  ($6,990),  donations  and  grants 
to  various  external  groups  ($9,000), 
conferences  ($2,000,  for  NUS  and 
OFS  mainly),  the  Canadian  Student 
Loan  and  Ontario  Student  Award 
Program  campaign  ($2,000)  and 
municipal  and  provincial  elections 

Internal  is  not  really  a  new 
commission  but  merely  a  title  for 
internal  operations  of  the  SAC  that 
fall  into  two  commissions:  education 
and  university. 

Education  commissioner  Heather 
Ridout  is  planning  "special 
projects",  including  a  speakers 
program  and  conferences  and 
seminars  linked  to  campus  political 
issues  such  as  staff  student  parity 
on  the  Governing  Council  and 
student  representation  on  tenure 

University  commissioner  Gord 
Barnes  will  organize  and  distribute 
the  funds  for  election  campaigns,  as 
well  as  working  closely  with  the 
education  commission  on  political 

Women's  commissioner  Jeannie 
Greatbatch  is  organizing  a  Women 
and  the  Law  Day  ($200),  a  speaker's 
program  ($110),  and  SAC's  con- 
tribution to  the  International 
Women's  Year  Festival  ($2,025). 
(The  United  Nations  has  designated 
1975  International  Women's  Year.) 

The  communications  and  services 
commissions  are  the  two  other  SAC 
branches  that  received  a  share  of 
the  budget  on  Wednesday. 

Communications  commissiomrt 

SAC  finance  commissioner  Craig  Barnard  (second  from  left)  presents  budget. 

Michael-John  Sabia  is  responsible 
for  the  U  of  T  Handbook  and  the 
student  directory  (to  be  published  in 
early  November). 

Radio  Varsity  falls  under  the 
communication  commission's  wing, 
and  grants  are  also  given  to  Radio 
Erindale  and  Radio  Scarborough. 

This  year  no  money  has  been 
allotted  by  the  commission  to  SAC 
offices  at  Scarborough  and  Erindale 
Colleges.  Erindale  rep  Peter  Hen- 

derson and  Scarborough  rep  Fred 
Stewart  requested  money  be  put 
back  into  this  category-  as  in 
previous  years,  but  no  funds  were 

The  communications  commission 
also  has  about  $3,000  for  grants  to 
campus  organizations  which  need 
money  during  the  year,  and  has 
already  agreed  to  pay  $750  to  the 
Toike  Oike,  a  publication  already 
subsidized   by   the  engineering 


Service  commissioner  John  Tuzyk 
will  try  to  add  to  undergraduates' 
social  lives  this  year  with  his  $68,335 
budget,  an  increase  of  $11,465  from 
last  year. 

Concerts  (designed  to  break 
even),  orientation  ($2,300),  free 
films  ($1,500),  U  of  T  horse  riding 
($8,350),  and  a  proposed  games 
room  (pin  ball  and  pool)  fall  under 
the  commission's  purview  this  year. 

Funds  needed  for  athletic  complex 

A  temporary  '$10  levy  on  student 
fees  has  been  suggested  by  the 
university  administration  as  one 
way  of  raising  some  of  the  $10 
million  needed  for  the  proposed  new 
athletic  complex. 

A  referendum  to  determine 
student  opinion  about  the  levy  might 
be  held  in  December  at  the  earliest, 
says  Jack  Dimond,  special  assistant 
to  internal  affairs  vice-president  Jill 

Dimond  is  in  charge  of  the 
proposed  complex. 

The  university  has  received  $6 
million  in  a  public  appeal  for  funds 
in  1959,  Dimond  said. 

After  more  private  fund  raising 
and  federal  and  provincial 
assistance,  the  university  is  ex- 
pected to  need  $1.5  million  more. 

This  is  where  students  come  in. 

The  proposed  temporary  levy 
would   raise   approximately  $2 

million,  the  surplus  of  which  would 
go  for  unplanned  extras.  (A 
massage  parlor  —  Lastman  style 

Physical  education  professor 
Bruce  Kidd  is  critical  of  the 
provincial  government  which  has 
offered  the  university  $300,000  for 
the  project. 

The  university  had  asked  for  $1 

Kidd  is  convinced  students  will  be 
eager  to  pay  the  $10  leavy  in  protest 
to  the  William  Davis  government. 

"We're  not  doing  Bill  Davis  any 
favors,"  says  Kidd. 

"We  have  a  government  that  is  so 
Philistine,  it  refuses  to  support  this 
sort  of  thing.  We  will  look  after  our 
own  needs  here. 

"It's  a  case  of  us  depriving  our- 
selves because  someone  else  has 
acted  irresponsibly." 

Both  Dimond  and  Kidd  stress  the 
need  for  expanded  recreational 

Anyone  who  has  tried  to  reserve 
one  of  the  three  existing  squash 
courts  lately  will  appreciate  the 

The  proposed  new  athletic  com- 
plex would  house  12  new  squash 

At  present,  only  26  percent  of  the 
student  body  actively  participates  in 
physical  programs  offered  at  the 

The  new  complex,  to  be  con- 
structed adjacent  to  the  Benson 
Building  on  Harbord  St.,  would  allow 
participation  to  double. 

Besides  squash  courts,  the 
building  would  house  an  olympic- 
sized  swimming  pool,  a  10-metre 
diving  board  and  a  field  house 
covering  both. 

Construction  is  being  held  up  at 
present  because  the  building  ex- 
ceeds the  city's  45-foot  holding 
bylaw  and  new  criteria  for  exemp- 
tion have  not  been  finalized. 

Feud  between  staff  and  management  folds  Toronto  Citizen 

The  Toronto  Citizen,  a  small  but 
important  bi-weekly  newspaper 
which  advocated  people- 
participation  in  city  politics,  folded 
this  week  after  a  long  simmering 
feud  between  management  and  staff 
led  to  an  unofficial  staff  walk-out  12 
days  ago. 

The  seven -member  board  of 
directors  which  owns  and  operates 
the  Citizen  decided  last  weekend  the 
rift  between  the  management  and 
staff  was  irreparable  and  offered  the 
newspaper  for  sale. 

So  far,  seven  or  eight  groups  have 
shown  interest  in  acquiring  the 

If  the  Citizen  reopens,  it  will  not  be 
until  it  has  been  sold  and  a  contract 
has  been  negotiated  between  the 
new  owners  and  the  Toronto 
Newspaper  Guild,  which  represents 
the  staff. 

Employees  of  the  Citizen  received 
their  two-week  notices  Monday. 

Board  chairman  John  Sewell  says 
he  is  now  trying  to  sell  the 
newspaper  to  recoup  the  money  he 
and  others  invested  in  the 


Bui  until" a  fe\c  days  ^go;  tire- real - 

issue  was  power,  not  money. 

The  board  (two  of  whom  were 
staff  members)  had  quarelled  over 
whether  the  power  of  hiring  and 
firing  of  employees  rested  with  the 
board  or  the  staff. 

The  board  consisted  of  Sewell  and 
three  others  who  he  named— his 
assistant  Susan  Richardson, 
publisher  James  Lorimer  and  York 
university  professor  Norman  Feltes. 

The  remaining  three  board 
members  were  U  of  T  professor  and 

by  the  paper's  general  manager 
John  Deverell  without  consulting  the 
staff  or  the  Toronto  Newspaper 

•  Pappert  was  rehired  but  the  rift 
between  staff  and  management 
grew  when  the  staff  walked  out 
following  the  board's  refusal  to 
consider  allowing  a  job  protection 
clause  in  the  new  union  contract 
being  negotiated. 

Just  before  Sewell  bought  the 
paper  last  March,  workers  at  the 

conflict  over  Pappert's  dismissal 
and  the  walkout. 

The  job  protection  clause  became 
an  issue  of  power  between  both 
sides,  and  both  refused  to  back 

Citizen  co-editor  Ellen  Moorhouse 
explained,  "The  board  was  ab- 
solutely intransigent  and  refused  to 
listen  to  our  demands.  They  thought 
they  were  extreme  but  we  didn't. 

"People  who  have  worked  a  long 


Volume  5,  Number  6 


Mar.  29- April  19 

Citizen  sports  editor  Bruce  Kidd, 
Citizen  city  hall  columnist  Jon 
Caulfield  and  alderman  Dorothy 


The  original  dispute  was  over  the 
firing  of  part-time  classified  ad- 
vertising sateswortran^Amie'Pa'ppert 

Citizen  were  certified  as  a  new 
member  of  the  Toronto  Newspaper 
Guild  and  a  new  contract  was  to  be 
worked  out. 

In  the  meantime,  a  verbal 
agreement  between  the  staff  and  the 
board  gave  the  board  hiring  and 
firing  control  which   led   to  the 

time  for  us  for  practically  nothing 
should  have  first  refusal  on  new 
jobs.  Is  that  so  unreasonable? 

"They  didn't  like  the  paper  as  it 
was , ' '  Moorhouse  said .  ' "They  d 
have  liked  to  clear  us  all  out." 

But  Sewell  and  his  supporters  on 

the  board  saw  it  strictly  as  a 
question  of  who  would  have  the 
power— the  board  or  the  staff.  And 
when  that  could  not  be  resolved, 
Sewell  put  the  paper  up  for  sale. 

"The  staff  disputes  are  not  really 
an  issue  anymore."  Sewell  said. 
"Even  if  we  were  agreed  now  the 
problem  is  money." 

If  the  dispute  hadn't  occured, 
Sewell  said  he  would  "have  gone  to 
the  bank  and  others  would  have  put 
up  money"  which  was  needed  to 
keep  the  Citizen  afloat. 

Now  those  prospective  backers 
have  lost  confidence  and  no  money  is 
forthcoming,  Sewell  added. 

The  Citizen  was  an  expensive 
proposition,  Sewell  noted.  After 
paying  the  purchase  price,  the  new 
owner  will  need  "10  to  15  thousand 
dollars  capital  and  a  cash  flow  of 
maybe  10,  so  we're  talking  about 
roughly  $20,000,"  he  said. 

The  Citizen's  demise  came  as  it 
was  about  to  become  a  weekly 
newspaper  this  week.  Other  plans  to 
improve  the  paper  included  hiring  a 
production  manager,  an  arts  editor. 
-  a  -photo  editor  and  .more  staff. . . . 

Friday-  October  4,  1974 

Film  dramatizes  prisoners'  plight 


A  film  on  the  plight  of  South 
Vietnamese  political  prisoners 
which  the  CBC  refused  to  air  on 
television  for  over  a  year  was  shown 
Wednesday  evening  at  Hart  House. 

The  mm,  entitled  South  Vietnam— 
A  Question  of  Torture,  was  screened 
during  a  program  organized  by  the 
Student  Christian  Movement  which 

also  included  two  speakers. 

Keith  Poison  and  Ann  Buttrick, 
representatives  for  the  International 
Committee  to  Free  South  Viet- 
namese Political  Prisoners  from 
Detention,  Torture  and  Death 
(ICFSVPP),  rioted  the  small  turnout 
of  25  people  dramatized  the  in- 
different reaction  the  committee  has 
ofen  encountered  in  its  attempts  to 

help  the  suffering  prisoners. 

The  film,  made  in  April,  1973  for 
British  television,  arrived  in  Canada 
the  following  month  but  the  CBC 
refused  to  consider  it  for  television. 
CBC  plans  to  air  the  film  Nov.  25. 

Buttrick  said  (he  film  was 
probably  too  controversial  to  be 
aired  in  1973. 

Manitoba  professors  underpaid 

WINNIPEG  (CUP)  —  A  recent 
study  of  faculty  salaries  at  the 
University  of  Manitoba  shows  that 
women  faculty  members  are  paid 
less  than  their  male  counterparts. 

Figures  released  by  the  Univer- 
sity of  Manitoba  Faculty  Association 
(UMFA)  Status  of  Women  Com- 
mittee clearly  indicated  the 
inequities  in  the  present  salary 

structure.  In  no  classification- 
lecturer,  assistant,  professor, 
associate  professor  or  full 
professor— is  a  woman  receiving  the 
same  pay  as  her  male  peer. 

The  majority  of  women  faculty 
members  are  concentrated  in  the 
lower  classifications.  There  are  only 
12  women  in  the  highest  paid 
categoiry,  that  of  the  full  professor, 

CIA  meddles  in  Mexico 

MEXICO  CITY  (CUPI)  -  In  the 
wake  of  U.S.  President  Gerald 
Ford's  admission  of  CIA  in- 
tervention in  Chile  come  more  ac- 
cusations of  American  meddling— 
this  time  in  Mexico. 

The  Committee  for  an  Open 
Society  of  the  United  States  main- 
tains the  University  of  Texas  has 
been  microfilming  military, 
religious,  economic  and  government 
archives  in  Mexico.  The  group  says 
the  microfilms  are  for  the  CIA  and 
that  this  constitutes  a  danger  for  the 
economy  and  political  stability  of 
the  country. 

The  secretary  of  the  interior  in 
Mexico  has  denied  authorizing  the 
microfilming  of  archive  documents. 
The  denial  was  backed  up  by  the 
director  of  the  National  Archives, 
lgnasio  Rubio  Mane. 

However,  Mane  admitted  the 
University  of  Texas  "had  sent 
researchers  to  microfilm  private 
archives  in  Nuevo  Leon,  Chihuahua 
and  Coahila,  for  unspecified  pur- 

In  its  denunciation  of  the 
microfilm,  the  committee  has  asked 
the  U.S.  Senate  to  investigate  the 
matter.  They  say  that  copies  of  the 
microfilms,  after  the  information 
has  been  processed  by  computers, 
could  put  the  Mexican  economy  in 
the  hands  of  the  transnationsls  or  be 
used  for  extortion. 

They  also  added  the  CIA 
"frequently  uses  the  principal 
universities  of  the  U.S.  for  its  own 
purposes,  as  in  the  case  of  Michigan 
University,  where  it  organized  a 
program  to  train  the  political  police 
of  Vietnam." 

The  International  Human  Rights 
Front  asked  the  United  Nations 
security  council  to  investigate  the 
activities  of  the  CIA  in  Bolivia, 
Brazil,  Chile,  Cyprus,  Mexico, 
Paraguay,  Dominican  Republic, 
Uruguay  and  other  nations. 

It  also  demanded  the  U.N.  take 
enereetic  measures  against  the  CIA 
since  it  is  "a  threat  to  the  territorial 
integrity  and  independent  policies  of 
the  Third  World  nations." 

and  the  average  salary  is  about 
$2,900  less  than  the  men  in  the  same 

Although  there  are  more  women  in 
the  lower  strata  of  the  salary 
structure,  at  no  point  do  their 
numbers  approach  half  the  numbers 
of  males  in  the  same  category. 

Though  the  differential  is  usually 
less  in  the  lower  classifications,  the 
higher  proportion  of  women  in  these 
classifications  creates  an  average 
differential  of  about  $3,500. 

The  committee  recommends  a 
portion  of  the  university's  1974-75 
budget  be  set  aside  to  equalize  the 

If  administration  does  not  feel  that 
it  can  deal  with  the  salary  dif- 
ferential now,  setting  aside  the 
money  needed  to  equalize  the  salary 
differentials  and  establishing  a  joint 
committee  with  UMFA  to  ad- 
minister the  monies,  then  UMFA 
will  bring  the  issue  to  the  bargaining 

The  administration  received  a 
copy  of  the  report  in  early  August. 
President  Sirluck  said  the  matter  is 
under  consideration  and  a  reply  to 
the  UMFA  woule  be  ready  soon. 

The'  faculty  association  believes 
most  of  the  matters  raised  in  the 
report  are  already  subject  to 
existing  labor  legislation,  and  that 
the  university  has  a  legal  obligation 
to  conform  to  the  relevant  sections 
of  the  Human  Rights  Act,  the  Equal 
Pay  Act,  and  the  Employment 
Standards  Act. 

The  association  feels  it  is  now  up 
to  the  university  to  show  that  the 
salary  differentials  are  not 

Some  sequences  were  shot  with 
cameras  concealed  in  paper  bags, 
she  noted,  because  of  the  Thieu 
government's  hostility  to  the  press. 

Poison  emphasized  Canada's 
complicity  in  the  atrocities  shown  in 
the  film. 

He  read  from  a  letter  sent  to  ICF- 
SVPP by  Prime  Minister  Pierre 
Trudeau  sent  to  ICFSVPP 
acknowledging  that  the  prisoners' 
situation  is  "the  responsibility  of  all 
Canadians. " 

However  after  repeated 
representations  to  the  Trudeau 
government  on  behalf  of  the 
prisoners,  ICFSVPP  "came  to  the 
view  that  the  government  is  afraid 
to  do  anything,"  Buttrick  charged. 

The  film  conveys  an  excruciating 
image  of  young  men  crippled  by 
confinement.  Hospital  workers 
unloaded  the  men  from  a  truck  onto 
the  ground.  The  men  are  sitting. 
With  their  hands  they  lift  their  legs  a 
little  forward  and  raise  their  bodies 
to  follow  the  lifeless  feet. 

With  this  agonizingly  slow 
procedure  the  men  move  into  the 
hospital.  They  had  been  locked  for 
years  in  cages  so  small  that  standing 
is  impossible.  Their  imprisonment 
was  the  result,  most  often,  of  of- 
ficials' suspicions  they  were 
Communist  sympathizers. 


ICFSVPP  has  collected  over 
$30,000  in  18  months  through  small 
personal  donations.  The  money  is 
used  to  lobby  the  government,  to 
finance  committee  members'  trips 

must  lead 

The  following  letter  has  been 
submitted  as  a  brief  to  the 
Governing  Council  as  part  of  its 
review  of  size  and  composition. 
—  ed. 

The  current  debate  on  the  Review 
of  the  U  of  T  Act  has  once  more 
focussedon  a  confrontation  between 
the  Faculty  Association  and  the 
three  representative  student 
organizations  over  parity.  This  does 
not  appear  to  be  very  constructive 

and  we  appeal  to  the  Governing 
Council  to  provide  the  leadership 
necessary  to  break  this  deadlock  by 
initiating  some  novel  and  realistic 
approaches  to  the  situation. 

Faculty  and  students  seem  to  be 
agreed  that  they  share  as  equal 
partners  in  the  teaching  and  lear- 
ning process  but  draw  different 
conclusions  as  to  the  relative 

Ideally  all  members  of  the 
University  would  like  to  belong  to  a 
true  community  of  scholars  but  the 
confrontation  over  parity  forces  an 
artificial  division  of  the  academic 
members  of  the  University  into  two 
mutually  exclusive  groups  labelled 
faculty  and  students.  This 
dichotomy  disguises  the  reality  of 
the  continuous  spectrum  of  teachers 
and  learners  which  exists  in  this 
University  and  artificially  divides 
those  with  common  academic  in- 

A  reading  of  the  1974-75  current 
Programme  of  Continuing  Studies 
reveals  comparable  numbers  of 
courses  being  given  by  Professors, 
by  graduate  students  and  by  lec- 
turers and  instructors.  What  clearer 
recognition  of  the  excellence  of  the 
teaching  of  graduate  students  could 
be  given  than  to  include  so  many  of 
them  in  this  important  part  of  the 
University's  academic  programme? 

Two  practical  steps  can  be  taken 
to  recognize  the  continuity  of  the 
teaching-learning  process  and  to 
remove  the  block  to  cooperation  that 

the  present  rigid  and  artificial 
division  of  "teaching  staff"  and 
"students"  perpetuates. 

Recommendation  1 

Until  it  is  possible  to  do  away  with 
any  distinction  between  various 
classes  of  scholars  in  this  Univer- 
sity, permit  those  who'  teach  and 
learn  to  vote  in  either  (but  not  both) 
of  the  teaching  staff  or  student 

Recommendation  2 

A  small  number  '(probably  6) 
members  of  the  Governing  Council 
should  be  elected  by  and  from  all  the 
academic  members  of  the 
University  to  represent  both  ac- 
tually and  symbolically  the  wide 
community  of  interests  shared  by 
those  who  teach  and  learn  herein. 
Further  Recommendations 

If  the  above  two  recommendations 
are  not  accepted  it  would  appear 
useful  to  change  the  representation 
of  the  present  constituencies  to 
include  more  students  and  part-time 
faculty.  We  are  convinced  by  the 
functional  arguments  concerning 
lightening  the  individual  work  load 
of  student  councillors. 

However  in  order  to  allay  the  very 
real  fears  of  some  faculty  that  equal 
student  faculty  representation  on 
the  Governing  Council  will 
automatically  result  in  equal 
representation  on  tenure  and 
promotion  committees  the  Act 
should  be  amended  to  state  that 
representation  on  all  committees 

to  strategy  meetings  and  to  publish  a 

The  newsletter  circulates  to  3,000 
people,  most  of  whom,  according  to 
Buttrick,  are  not  political  but  are 
concerned  individuals. 

Butterick  feels  the  non-political 
character  of  ICFSVPP  may  have 
cost  it  the  support  of  leftist  groups. 

Another  factor  in  this  loss  of 
support,  Poison  said,  might  be  the 
committee's  reliance  on  established 
government  channels  for  expressing 

This  approach  Poison  noted,  has 
gained  ICFSVPP  a  small  group  of 
advocates  in  the  House  of  Commons 
who  have  been  ineffectual  in 
changing  Canadian  policy  toward 
the  South  Vietnamese  political 

Poison  and  Buttrick  stressed 
ICFSVPP  needs  more  people  to 
become  involved  with  their  work. 
Canada  is  regarded  by  the  other 
participating  countries  as  a  key 
force  in  the  struggle  to  save  the 
prisoners,  they  said. 

Buttrick  suggested  setting  up  a  U 
of  T  base  for  ICFSVPP,  noting  many 
prisoners  were  arrested  because 
they  were  students.  The  committee 
also  needs  more  people  to  write 
letters  to  the  prisoners,  he  added. 

ICFSVPP  and  the  American 
Exiles  plan  to  demonstrate 
tomorrow  at  City  Hall.  The  groups 
plan  to  encourage  people  to  write  to 
their  MPs  in  an  effort  to  sway  the 
government  from  its  present  course 
of  ignoring  the  South  Vietnamese 
prisoners'  desperate  condition! 

Two  hacks  and  trustee 
want  council  seat 

Two  veteran  U  tff  T  political 
hacks  and  a  Toronto  trustee  are 
running  for  the  vacant  graduate 
seat  on  Governing  Council. 

Former  SAC  president  Bob 
Spencer  is  running  against 
Toronto  trustee  Vern  Copeland 
and  Katherine  Narozanski,  who 
has  been  active  in  the  univer- 
sity's sociology  department. 

All  three  are  students  at  the 
Ontario  Institute  for  Studies  in 

Spencer,  now  executive 
assistant    for    the  Ryerson 

Students'  Union,  is  also  running 
for  trustee  in  the  ward  six  board 
of  education  election  Dec.  2.  He 
served  as  education  com- 
missioner in  1970-71  and  SAC 
president  in  1971-72  at  U  of  T. 

Copeland  also  has  a  long  record 
in  student  government  at 
Waterloo  and  York  Universities. 
Narozanski  is  a  former  teacher 
who  was  involved  in  the  sociology 
women's  caucus  and  sat  on  the 
sociology  assembly. 

The  election  will  be  by  mailed 
ballot  with  a  deadline  of  Oct.  22. 

and  Councils  of  the  University 
should  be  decided  on  the  basis  of 
their  function  and  not  by  imitation  of 
the  Governing  Council. 

Recommendation  3' 
If  1  and  2  are  not  accepted  the 
numbers  of  members  on  the 
Governing  Council  should  be 
changed  to  those  recommended  in 
the  joint  student  association  brief 
AND  a  specific  proviso  should  be 
written  into  the  Act  that  the 
Governing  Council  representation  is 
not  a  model  for  other  Committees 
and  Councils  of  the  University 
representation  on  which  should  be 
decided  on  the  basis  of  their  various 

Anthony  Key 
Associate  Professor  of  Physics 

Jim  Prentice 
Professor  of  Physics 

No  vote  in 

I  would  like  to  comment  briefly  on 
the  article  which  appeared  in  the 

October  2  issue  of  The  Varsity, 
entitled  Students  get  no  say  in 
chairmen  selection. 

As  is  often  alleged,  here  is  a  case 
of  distortion  of  the  facts :  what 
should  have  been  written  was  that 
students  have  no  vote  in  Chairmen 
selection.  Through  me,  the  French 
Course  Union  has  however  been 
given  the  opportunity  to  submit 
recommendations  to  the  search 
committee  for  the  French  Depart- 

Next,  may  I  point  out  that 
although  I  may  have  said  that  this 
procedure  seemed  to  be  a  sham,  this 
occurred  before  I  had  found  out  that 
the  Memorandum  of  Understanding 
specifically  stipulated  the  com- 
position of  such  search  committees. 
It  is  therefore  at  that  level  that 
students  lost  out  (in  voting 
representation,  that  is).  Therefore  it 
would  be  purposeless  to  ask  the 
provost  to  delay  the  committees' 
deliberations,  as  he  is  powerless  to 
do  so.  What  I  will  ask  of  Professor 
Forster,  however,  is  the  future 
timing  of  his  proposals  on  student 
participation  in  such  committees. 

Peter  Jarrett 
per  French  Course  Union 




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The  Varsity,  a  member  of  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  1680 
and  is  published  by  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  is  printed  by 
Newsweb  Enterprise.  Opinions  ex- 
pressed in  this  newspaper  are  not 
necessarily  those  of  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  or  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  university.  Formal 
complaints  about  the  editorial  or 
business  operation  of  the  paper  may  be 
addressed  to  the  Chairman,  Campus 
Relations  Committee,  Varsity  Board  of 
(Directors,  9]  St.  George  St.  

Friday,  October  4.  1974 

4  The  Varsity 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 





1970  )sl  ANNUAL  TORONTO 
6»  YONGE 



Award  winning  pizza  as  you  like  it 


3  contest  one  graduate  student  seat 

Ballots  will  be  mailed  this  weekend  to  all  eligible 
voters  in  Graduate  Student  Constituency  II,  for 
the  election  of  one  new  member  of  the  Governing 
Council.  This  election  is  being  held  to  fill  the 
vacancy  left  by  Mr.  J.K.  Martin  whose  term  of 
office  expired  on  June  30th,  1974. 

The  election  will  be  conducted  by  secret  mailed 
ballot.  Ballots  may  be  returned  to  the  Office  of 
the  Governing  Council  by  Canada  Post,  Campus 
Mail  or  personal  delivery.  The  deadline  for 
receipt  of  ballots  is  12:00  Noon,  October  22nd, 

Any  eligible  voter  who  does  not  receive  a  ballot 
may  obtain  one  by  calling  the  Office  of  the 
Governing  Council  at  928-6576. 

Biographical  or  other  comments  supplied,  on  a 
voluntary  basis,  by  the  candidates  follow — 


-  current  Ph.D  III  student  in  Educational 

-  5  publications  in  area  of  learning  and 

•  President,  Psychology  Society 

-  President,  Faculty  of  Arts  Society 

-  Chief  Justice,  Student  Court 

-  Student  Representative,  2  Undergraduate 


-  Clinical  Area  Representative 

-  Student  Representative,  2  Graduate 

-  current  trustee,  TORONTO  BOARD  OF 
EDUCATION,  serving  on  over  25  education 
committees,  chairing  3. 

-  GOALS  INCLUDE  —  increased  graduate 
assistance  —  interaction  between  university 
services  and  the  community  —  maintainance  of 
quality  education. 


Graduate  of  University  of  Toronto 
Teacher,  six  years. 

Fourth  Year  Representative  on  Sociology 
Student  Assembly 

Assembly  Representative  on  Undergraduate 
Curriculum  Committee  of  the  Sociology 

Founding  member  of  Sociology  Women's 

Corresponding  secretary  of  'Women  for  Political 

Presently,  Master  of  Education  student  at  OISE. 


I  have  been  heavily  involved  in  post-secondary 
education  since  1967.  As  U.  of  T.  SAC  president 
and  education  commissioner,  candidate  in  the 
1972  Ward  Six  Education  Trustee  election,  and 
Ryerson  student  ombudsmen,  I  have  vigorously 
represented  student  concerns  in  the  following 
areas — 

Student  parity  on  Governing  Council  and  Arts 
Science  Council,  improvement  of  Student  Aid, 
student  parity  on  staffing  committees,  com- 
munity  use  of   university   facilities,   a  fair 
discipline  code  and  review  of  ten.ure. 

Take  it  or  leave  it 

No  one  but  the  artist  can  tel!  if  this  work  of  art  is  upside-down. 

Take  it  or'  leave  it  is  the 
response  of  artist  John  Howlin  to 
public  opinion  regarding  his  new 
show  of  pa  inti  ngs,  1 969- 1 974, 
which  opened  this  week  at  Hart 

The  basis  of  his  art  work,  he 
says,  lies  in  his  experience  of  it. 
His  responsibility  to  the  public 
begins  and  ends  with  the  act  of 
exhibiting  and  not  with  a 
deliberate  attempt  to  share  or 
communicate  something  which 
they  will  find  meaningful. 

Fair  enough,  to  a  certain 
point.  Nothing  would  be 
produced  without  a  certain  kind 
of  unqualified  faith  on  the  part  of 
the  artist  in  the  validity  of  what 
he  has  to  express.  And  even 
when  art  is  incapable  of  evoking 

response  which  is  aesthetically 
favourable  it  can  still  be  in- 
teresting as  a  presentation  of  a 
different  point  of  view., 

However  one  feels  the  right  to 
demand  something  more, 
especially  in  the  presence  of 
what  I  found  to  be  a  veYy  un- 
stimulating  and  unappealing 
array  of  canvases. 

THe  series  starts  with  huge 
murky  colour  fields  which  are 
each  sharply  punctuated  by  a 
line  or  an  isobaric  group  of  lines 
and  finally  grids. 

A  transition  comes  in  two 
paintings  which  show  the  grids 
being  "painted  out,"  a  gesture 
of  liberation  from  something 
which  was  becoming  too 
habitual  and  restrictive. 

Recent  works,  while  retaining 
a  characteristic  pristine  and 
formal  reserve,  have  a  more 
active  surface  with  shooting 
diagonal  lines  and  juxtaposed 
planes  of  contrasting  colours. 

Howlin  finds  abstract  art  the 
most  appropriate  vehicle  for  the 
working  out  of  conceptions  and 
ideas  whereas  the  represen- 
tational limits  expression  by 
particularising  it. 

So,  is  the  person  unenlighten- 
ed who  fails  to  be  moved?  Not 
necessarily  so,  Howlin  would 
say,  but  certainly  unfortunate. 

Try  out  the  Hart  House 
Gallery  to  see  if  you  are  one  of 
the  lucky  ones. 

gillian  mackay 

A  light  little  bit 
of  sleight  of  hand 

It  is  just  such  a  show  as  Colin 
Campbell's  (at  A  Space,  85  St. 
Nicholas  Street,  until  Oct.  12) 
which  brings  home  the  obvious 
truth  that  "modern  art"  is  a 
movement  we  can  see  sym- 
pathetically and  that  we  now  at 
any  rate  have  to  see  historically. 
Now  it  is  what  is  beyond  modern 
art  that  makes  cowards  and 
Philistines  of  us  all  —  especially 
new  work  in  previously  unused 
or  unknown  media. 

Campbell  is  "Canada's  only 
video  artist"  as  his  publicity 
material  notes;  "he  is  the  only 
artist  in  Canada  devoting 
himself  exclusively  and  con- 
sistently to  this  difficult  and 
contemporary  medium." 

His  show,  representing  one 
year's  work,  involves  four 
different  black  and  white  tapes, 
"This  is  an  Edit  This  is  Real," 
"Correspondence  One," 
"Correspondence  Two"  and 
"Love  Life,"  all  of  which  are 
presented  more  or  less  con- 
tinuously on  two  video  screens. 
.  The  tapes  depend  heavily 
upon  the  repetion  of  various 
words  and  images,  memorable 
neither  in  themselves  nor 
through  repetition.  There  is  no 
plot  to  speak  of  in  any  of  the 
tapes,  though  they  apparently 
draw  upon  events  in  the  artist's 
life.  Campbell  himself  narrates 
them.  Of  course  they  are  tedious 
and  pretentious. 

But  just  as  we  can  speak  of  the 
death  of  the  novel  in  relation  to, 
if  not  at  the  hands  of,  television 
and  film,  which  have  both 
assumed  so  many  of  its  func- 
tions^ then,  surely  there  is  some 
kind'of  line  of  development  from 

television  and  film  to  these 

The  videotapes  certainly  have 
not  usurped  the  functions  of 
television  and  film.  Indeed  they 
seem  to  mock  them. 

When  we  watch  television  our 
attention  is  riveted  to  the  screen  . 
by  the  constnatly  changing 
images  and  by  the  expectation 
of  even  more  new  images.  But 
we  are  reduced  to  passivity,  or, 
worse,  to  a  phoney  sense  that"  we 
are  involved  simply  because 
every  moment  of  our  attention  is 
occupied.  We  are  never  looking 
at  one  and  the  same  image  for 
any  great  period  of  time,  as  we 
are  when  we  look  at  a  picture. 
Television  is  the  active  agent  — 
it  determines  how  and  for  how 
long  we  see  anything;  it 
presents  us  with  its  long  shots, 
its  close-ups,  its  side-views,  its 
images  in  colour,  its  images  in 
black  and  white. 

Campbell's  videotapes  are 
only  interesting  in  light  of  the 
expectations  we  bring  to  them 
from  our  experience  of 
television.  Campbell  is  Canada's 
only  videotape  artist.  We  quite 
consciously  pay  attention  to  his 
tapes,  seeking  out  the 
significance  of  what  we  see  on 
the  screen  before  us.  We  are  not, 
after  all,  being  presented  with 
reality  or  with  art,  for  that 
matter,  as  a  haif-hour  special, 
as  a  fait  accompli.  Campbell  by 
the  very  paucity  of  his  material 
directs  our  attention  to  the  act  of 
paying  attention.  ' 

But  Ihe  natural  state  of 
Campbell's  videotapes  is  an 
ernpty  grey.  _screen.  The  .few 
Images  that  Campbell  us'es  are 

themselves  the  interruptions  — 
and  aggravating  interruptions 
at  that.  Once  we  see  one,,  we 
expect  more  images  to  be 
presented  in  a  much  shorter 
period  of  time:  one  image  per 
second  in  a  continuous  stream, 
instead  of  one  image  for  half  a 
minute  or  a  minute,  after  afour 
or  five  minute  span  of  static. 

Campbell  in  fact  seems  to  be 
still  closely  aligned  with  the 
tradition  of  the  artisf  as  image- 
maker.  To  the  degree  that  he  is 
like  an  artist,  in  an  essentially 
non-artistic  form,  he  alienates 
us;  But  to  the  degree  that  he 
alienates  us  is  his  satire  of 
television  if  nothing  else 
established.  He  is  falling  bet- 
ween two  stools,  though.  His 
work  cannot  be  significant  in 
and  of  itself. 

Campbell  hasn't  said  this;  be 
his  publicity  information  doesn't 
say  this;  and  his  tapes  do  not 
immediately  suggest  this.  (For 
all  I  know,  I  may  be  mortally 
insulting  the  man.)  Never- 
theless, such  seems  to  me  to  be 
the  case. 

Cecil  Day  Lewis  describes  the 
newsreel  (in  a  short  poem  of 
that  title)  as  "this  loving 
Darkness  a  fur  you  can  afford," 
It's  a  marvellous  description  of 
the  fatal  lure  of  television  and 
film.  In  contrast,  all  I  can  really 
remember  of  Campbell's  exhibi- 
tion is  a  small  black  videoscreen 
box,  its  screen  alive  with  static, 
standing  alone  in  the  middle  of  a 
room  with  absolutely  glistening 
whitewashed  walls. 

torn  hafiam 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 


The  Pole-Vaulter 
by  Irving  Lay  ton 
McClelland  and  Stewart 

"Jews  are  non-entities" 
"I'm  no  Jew  so  fuck  you" 
— dialogue  on  U  of  T  washroom 

It's  been  all  cleared  away,  not  a 

laughter  keeps  the  ghosts  in  the 
cold  ovens 

and  who  can  hear  the  whim- 
pering of  small  children 
or  of  beaten  men  and  women, 
the  hovering  echoes, 
when  the  nickelodeons  play  all 
day  the  latest  Berliner 
love  ballads,  not  too  loudly,  just 

— Irving  Layton,  The  Pole- 

Most  of  us  cannot  bear  much 
reality.  We  create  or  sustain  an 
il lusory  world  in  which  to 
protect  ourselves  from  our 
deeper  feelings  and  the 
dilemmas  of  an  impinging  and 
sordid  reality.  Often  poetry 
becomes  a  vehicle  for  preser- 
ving certain  sensitivities,  a 
music,  bp*  of  beauty  that  we 

open  and  shut  at  our  convenient 
need.  We  ask  of  our  poets  that 
~~they  live  bigger  than  life,  as  if 
they  were  already  in  the  heaven 
of  our  unrealized  ambitions  and 

Irving  Layton  continues  to 
write  poetry  that  attacks  this 
convention  and  demands  a 
different  approach  to  poetry  and 
to  our  shared  lives. 

In  a  previous  collection,  The 
Shattered  Plinths,  written  at  the 
time  of  the  Arab-Israeli  war, 
Layton  said,  "As  a  poet  I've 
claimed  the  right  to  enter 
imaginatively  into  the  seminal 
tensions  and  dilemmas  of  our 
age.  Art  has  its  roots  in  reality, 
personal  and  social."  The  Pole- 
Vaulter,  his  latest  work,  is  in- 
spired by  the  courage  and 
imagination  of  Anne  Frank  and 
dedicated  to  two  women  — 
Nadezhda  Mandetshtam  and 
Heda  Kovaly  —  who  have 
written  critically  of  the 
totalitarian  regimes  under 
which  they  live.  He  honours 
these  three  as  'pole-vaulters': 
having  the  capacity  to  transcend 
the  limitations  of  their  im- 
mediate situation;  to  persevere 
with  Neitzschean  vitality. 

It  rs  no  accident  that  these 

people  are  Jewish.  Fellow 
polevaulters  ("The  Jewish 
terrorists,  ah:  Maimonides, 
Spinoza,  Freud,  Marx.  The 
whole  world  is  still  quaking" 
speak  out  against  the  trend  of 
the  age.  They  refuse  to  be 
hardened  and  to  become 
oblivious  to  the  materialism  of 
state-run  technocracy  or  the 
necessity  of  genocide.  Layton 
bares  the  sword  of  justice  in 
several  of  his  poems.  In  one  for 
Nadezhda  Mandelshtam,  he 
honours  the  work  of  her 
husband,  Osip,  'purged'  in  the 

contemporary  history 
The  Stalins  hatch  everywhere. 
The  poet  must  break 
Their  backs  with 
a  hammer's  blow. 

In  'The  Final  Solution'  quoted  at 
the  beginning  of  this  review  he 
probes  the  now  guiltless  heart  of 
_a  Europe  that  was  cornplicit  in 
the  murder  of  millions  of  his 
people,  including  'that  clear- 
eyed  sensitive  Jewish  girl' 
whose  death  marks  many  of  her 
poems.  Though  Layton  has 
never  endured  the  kind  of  op- 
pression under  which  Anne 
Frank  persevered,  he  assaults 
the  cultural  lullabies  that  have 
buried  her  traces  and  perceives 
the  elements  of  decadence"  that 
will  again  congeal  .  .  .  into  the 
slavemaster's  whip". 

Layton  is  not  a  poet's  poet;  he 
doesn't  write  for  art's  sake.  He 
uses  no  mythology  from  the  past 
as  would  W.B.  Yeats  or  Robert 
Graves.  He  writes  non-fiction 
poetry  from  the  heart  of  his  own 
ethos.  His  attempt  is  never  to 
take  us  into  another  world; 
rather,  deeper  into  our  common 
life  through  the  explication  of 
his  own  deeply-felt  feelings, 

You  can  rarely  curl  up  and 
warm  yourself  in  the  bosom  of 
his  poetry,  or  go  up  the 
gangplank  of  his  adventure  ship. 
Though  his  latest  volume  grows 
out  of  his  Canada  Council  Grant 
travels  to  Europe,  Greece,  Asia, 
and  Australia,  it  is  more  like  a 
journey  up  the  Congo  with 
Conrad's  Marlowe  than  a  magic 
carpet  ride:  we  get  no  scenery, 
it  is  the  "human  condition  with 
its  satisfactions  and  inescapable 
miseries"  that  interests' 

This  interest  is  often  that  of 
the  lone  wolf  prowling  by  the 
fires  of  conventional  society.  It 
is  a  very  solitary  man  who 
writes  in  'The  Shadow': 

Teach  me,  O  wretched  modern 

with  lies  and  carnage  in  your 

how  to  love  you,  how  to  love 
every  creature 
on  whom  my  shadow  falls .  .  . 

Nevertheless,  much  of  what 
Albert  Camus  said  in  1953 
resounds  in  the  best  of  Irving 
Layton's  poetry: 

.  .         we  must 
simultaneously  serve  suf- 
fering and  beauty.  The  long 
patience,  the  strength,  the 
secret  cunning  such  service 
calls    for   are   the  virtues 
that    establish    the  very 
renaiscence  we  need  ...  we 
must  accept  the  dangers:  the 
era  of  the  chairbound  artists 
is  over.  But  we  must  reject 
the  bitterness.  One  of  the 
temptations  of  the  artist  is  to 
believe  himself  solitary,  and 
in  truth  he  hears  this  shouted 
at  him  with  a  certain  base 
delight.  But  this  is  not  true. 
He  stands  in  the  midst  of  all, 
in  the  same  rank,  neither 
higher  nor  lower,  with  all 
those  who  are  working  and 
struggling.  His  very  vocation, 
in  the  face  of  oppression,  is  to 
open  the  prisons  and  give  a 
voice  to  the  sorrows  and  joys 
of  all." 

nick  power 

Irving  Lay-ton's  reading  from  hardest  and  probably  most 
nm  S?«r VM *h's,  WfdnesdDaV  at  *  justifiable  criticism.  I've  never 
pm  at  St.  Mike  s  Upper  Brennan  read  Reuben's  work,  but  if  Ellis' 
quotes  are  a  reliable  sample  of 
the  advice  contained  therein,  the 
books  belong  in  the  humour 
section,  not  the  screw-it-yourself 
department  of  your  local 

The  "Sensuous"  series  — 
Sensuous  Man,  Sensuous 
Woman  and  Sensuous  Couple  — 
by  M,  J  and  Robert  Chartham, 
respectively,  receive  kinder 
treatment  at  the  hands  of  Ellis. 
With  paternalistic  kindness, 
Ellis  dismisses  the  errors  in  M's 
and  J's  work  (a  brother  sister 
team  of  journalists)  to  inex- 
perience. Their  colloquial 
language  and  unblushing  advice 
is  viewed  as  a  great  forward 
step  in  sex-book  writing  by  Ellis. 
The  only  problem  with  the 
Sensuous  Man  Woman  lies  in 
blanket  statements  such  as:  "If 
he  is  slobbery,  he  isn't  sensual." 
Ellis  says  that  tastes  differ. 

Robert  Chartham's  book.  The 
Sensuous  Couple,  contains 
helpful  hints  and  bedroom 
commandments.  Ellis  quotes  a 
few:  "The  sensuous  couple 
never  make  love  in  the  dark" 
"Eat  wisely  before  having  sex;" 
"It  is  essential  that  both  part- 
ners are  in  mouth  or  hand 
contact  ...  at  all  times;"  Ellis, 
and  this  reviewer,  find  these 
imperatives  offensive.  People, 
sensuous  or  otherwise,  make 
their  own  way  with  sex. 
Attempting  to  screw  to  rule  is 

Chartham  is  offensive; 
Reuben  is  plain  silly.  It  is  hard 
to  imagine  that  any  one  has  read 
Any  Woman  Can,  taking 
seriously  the  remarks  on  the 
importance  of  milk  in  a 
relationship.  ".  .  .  If  she  is  at  the 
stage  where  she  wants  her  man 
to  marry  her,  all  she  has  to  do  is 
inject  enough  milk  into  the 
relationship  .  .  .".  "She  can 
invite  him  in  for  hot  chocolate  or 
coffee  with  cream  .  .  .  Milk 
chocolate,  pudding  made  with 
milk,  and  cream  custard  have 
more  unconscious  influence 
than  a  glass  of  beer  .  .  .".  The 
connection,  oddly  enough,  is 
with  the  breast,  and  indirectly, 
dear  old  Mom. 

Reuben  continues  his  advice 
with  an  ode  to  the  breast:  "...  a 
miracle  of  diversification  it  is 
designed  to  please  everyone. 
The  primary  needs  of  human 
beings  — calories  and  orgasm  — 
revolve  around  these  two 
wonderful  glands  .  .  .".  His 
preoccupation  with  the  female 
breast  js  archaic.  Fetishes  have 

Ellis  reports  that  Everything 
You  Always  ...  is  packed  with 
overgeneralizations  and  per- 
sonal bias.  "All  prostitutes  hate 
men,"  "All  homosexual  men 
hang  around  bus  stations  and 
parks  .  .  .;"  "Every  man  in  this 
world  has  had  a  potency 
disturbance  at  one  time  or 
another."  Everything  he  says 
may  be  true  in  some  cir- 
cumstances, but  Ellis  rightly 
calls  Reuben  on  the  use  of  words 
like  "all"  and  "every." 

The  books  that  Ellis  reviews 
are  popular  therefore  someone 
is  reading  them  and  probably 
taking  the  information  at  face 
value.  I  would  suggest  that  they 
are  humourous,  contain  some 
good  advice  and  some  terrible 
generalizations.  In  time,  the 
books  will  be  as  dated  and 
ridiculed  as  the  volume  "What 
every  Young  Husband  Should 
Know",  published  in  1896.  That 
venerable  book  advises  that 
couples  should  refrain  from 
frrequent  sexual  intercourse  in 
order  to  save  sperm  (called  "life 
juices" )  for  production  of 
children.  Everyone  knows  that 
there  is  a  finite  number  of  sperm 
and  that  they  shouldn't  be 
wasted  on  wanton  enjoyment. 
Everyone  knows  that. 

petey  o'neil 

Continued  on  page  13- 

The  Book  of  Imaginary  Beings 
by  Jorge  Luis  Borges, 
with  Margarita  Guerrero 
revised,  enlarged, 
translated  by  Norman 

Thomas  di  Giovanni  in 
collaboration  with  the  author 


Myth  permeates  all  levels  of 
all  societies  in  the  world  because 
it  seeks  to  give  meaning  to  a 
universe  which  at  best  is  a 
mystery  and  at  worst  is 

It  tries  to  answer  the  awkward 
questions  about  the  origins  of 
the  universe,  of  man,  and  the 
meaning  of  death,  life  and 
nature.  Man,  born  into  this 
world  which  even  today  he 
cannot  control  or  understand, 
looks  for  meaning  in  a  variety  of 
religious  or  heroic  legends. 

But  myth  also  functions  to 
justify  an  existing  social  system 
and  to  account  for  tranditional 
rites  and  customs.  Thus,  an 
Athenian  clan,  the  Erechtheid, 
who  used  the  snake  as  an 
amulet,  preserved  myths  of 
their  descent  from  King 
Erichthomous,  a  man-serpent, 
son  of  the  smith-god  Haephestus 
and  foster  son  of  the  goddess 

One  of  the  characteristics  of 
myth  is,  in  fact,  that  included 
along  with  gods  and  goddesses 
are  a  variety  of  fantastic 
creatures.  It  is  these  creatures 
that  Jorge  Luis  Borges 
catalogues  in  The  Book  of 
Imaginary  Beings. 

Written  with  the  help  of 
Margarita  Guerrero,  the  book  is 
an  inventory  of  mythological 
creatures  from  the  phoenix  to 
the  behemoth.  Each  entry  is 
arranged  alphabeticly  and 
contains  the  history  of  the 
legend  as  well  as  a  description  of 
the  being's  composition.  The 
source  from  which  Borges  has 
taken  the  extract  is  also  in- 

Here  for  example  is  a 
description  of  'The  Monkye  of 
The  Inkpot'  taken  from  the 
writings  of  Wang  Tai-Hai  (1971). 

"This  animal,  common  in  the 
north,  is  four  or  five  inches  long; 
its  eyes  are  scarlet  and  its  fur  is 
jet  black,  silky,  and  soft  as  a 
pillow.  It  is  marked  by  a  curious 
instinct  —  the  taste  for  India  ink. 
When  a  person  sits  down  to 
write,  the  monkey  swuats  cross- 
legged  near  by  with  one  forepaw 
folded  over  the  other,  waiting 
until  the  task  is  over.  Then  it 
drinks  what  is  left  of  the  ink,  and 
afterwords  sits  back  on  its 
haunches,  quiet  and  satisfied." 

This  type  of  book  is  a 
departure  in  style  for  Borges 
who  has  won  renown  as  a  fiction 
writer/probably  the  best  in  the 
Spanish  speaking  world.  He 
seems  to  have  enjoyed  himself 
immensly  browsing  through 
I ibraries  gathering  this  in- 

This  is  a  book,  as  Borges  says 
in  the  introduction  to  be  taken  up 
from  time  to  time  as  the  interest 
arises.  It  is  meant  to  be  enjoyed 
with  the  sense  of  wonder  that  a 
child  experiences  when  visiting 
the  zoo  for  the  first  time. 

nadim  wakean 
The  Sensuous  Person 
by  Albert  Ellis 

"The  Sensuous  Person"  could 
well  have  been  titled  The  Sen- 
suous Book.  Albert  Ellis,  who 
describes  himself  as  "un- 
puritanical"  and  a  "legitimate 
sexologist,"  has  produced  a 
sometimes  scathing  critique  of 
five  books  of  sex  information. 
The  Dr.  David  Reuben  duo  — 
Everything  You  Always  Wanted 
to  Know  About  Sex  and  Any 
■Woman  Can  —  receive  Ellis' 

8  The  Varsity 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 

Antonin  Kubalek 

and  others 
present  brilliant 
Canadian  music 

The  cultural  fallout  from  the 
Czech  troubles  of  1968  certainly 
blessed  Toronto.  For  a  few 
years,  we  had  the  services  of  the 
great  Karel  Ancerl  with  the 
Toronto  Symphony.  A  figure  not 
as  widely  known,  but  certainly 
as  renowned  as  the  great  con- 
ductor, is  Antonin  Kubalek. 

Kubalek  is  a  pianist,  one  of  the 
most  exciting  and  technically 
gifted  in  the  country  today.  He's 
played  with  the  Toronto  Sym- 
phony and  made  numerous  CBC 
broadcasts,  but  we  finally  have 
a  record  from  this  fine  artist. 

That  might  not  sound  too 
astouding,  considering  the 
number  of  new  records  issued 
every  month,  but  the  fact  that 
this  record  is  (1)  Canadian,  (2) 
serious,  and  (3)  not  going  to  sell 
like  hot  cakes  makes  its  ap- 
pearance   noteworthy  indeed. 

In  a  time  when  dismayed 
cynicism  is  all  but  rampant  in 
the  classical  scene,  it's  like  a 
bolt  of  welcome  lightning  to  find 
a  record  company  willing  to 
take  a  chance. 

The  composers  represented  on 
the  disc  are  all  Canadian,  and 
the  music  is  unfailingly  in- 

Harry  Somers,  well-known  in 
Toronto  and  throughout  the 
country  is  represented  by  his 
"Sonata  No.  5."  This  is  a 
brilliant  work  with  a  rather 
percussive  third  movement 
entitled  "Aliegro,  Scherazando 
and  Fugue." 

The  movement,  like  the  rest  of 
the  sonata,  makes  huge 
demands  on  the  technical 
abilities  of  the  player,  and 
Kubalek  makes  it  all  sound 

Paul  Kilburn,  himself  a  noted 
Canadian  pianist,  returned  to 
composition  in  1970  after  a  long 
run  of  con  certi  zing  and 

He  knows  Kubalek  and  his 
sonata  on  this  disc  was  in  fact 
written  for  the  pianist.  It's  a 
work  abounding   in  lyricism, 

with  a  beautifully  handled 
nocturne  section  in  the  middle. 

Its  last  pages  are  also  in  the 
motoric,  complex  style  seen  in 
much  of  the  piano  music  of  the 
last  twenty  years,  treating  the 
piano  almost  like  an  88-key 
percussion  orchestra. 

When  this  type  of  music  is 
well -written,  the  effect  is 

Jean  Papineau-Couture  was 
born  in  1916  into  a  distinguished 
musical  family,  and  his  1942 
"Suite  Pour  Piano"  is  his 
contribution  to  the  record.  The 
first  movement,  "Prelude  et 
Bagatelle,"  is  marked  by  highly 
rhythmic  passages  and  in- 
triguing melodies;  the  second, 
"Rondo,"  by  a  nice  sense  of 
overall  style. 

Otto  Joachim,  a  German-born 
composer  now  living  in  Canada 
(and  a  member  of  the  Montreal 
String  Quartet)  is  represented 
by  "L'Eclosion",  a  four-minute 
nightmare  for  the  average  piano 

John  Beckwith,  dean  of  the 
Faculty  of  Music,  likened  it  to 
"an  abstract  sculpture  in  cold 
gleaming  steel"  and  I  think  the 
description  apt. 

What  Kubalek  has  presented 
us  with  here  is  a  collection  of 
inventive,  exciting  piano  works, 
all  marked  by  an  outstanding 
characteristic  of  this  century's 
music.  rhythmic  experi- 
mentation and  massive 
technical  difficulty. 

As  technique  among  selected 
virtuosos  expanded  early  in  the 
century,  composers  realized 
that  they  could  in  turn  write 
ever  more  complex  pieces. 

Sometimes  this  has  resulted  in 
an  unbearable  muddle,  marked 
only  by  a  forest  of  notes  on  the 
printed  page.  But  when  the 
move  toward  greater  com- 
plexity works,  as  it  does  in  these 
pieces,  it's  an  amazing  thing  to 

Of  course,  the  development  of 
technique  and  the  resulting 

Varsity  Review  staff  caught  singing  a  few  Wagnerian  operas  during  their  coffee  break. 

increase  in  complexity  is  an 
ongoing  process  and  no-one 
knows  what's  to  come. 

For  devotees  of  twentieth- 
century  music,  for  fans  of 
Canadian    music    and  per- 

formances, and  for  those  who 
want  to  hear  something  new  and 
worthwhile,  I  can  recommend 
this  disc  unqualifiedly. 

It's  on  Melbourne  Records,  a 
spinoff  of   London,   but  it's 

probably  to  be  found  only  in  the 
larger  record  outlets.  Entitled 
simply  "Antonin  Kubalek  Plays 
Canadian  Piano  Music"  and 
numbered  Melbourne  SMLP 
4023,  it's  well  worth  having. 

Two  Wagner  discs  overwhelm  our 
usually  staid  reviewer 

When  someone  says,  "I  grew  up  in  a  musical 
household.  That's  where  I  picked  things  up,"  you  might 
think  of  blues,  jazz  or  light  classical  music.  After  all, 
those  are  the  sort  of  things  that  a  kid  grows  up  to.  Not, 
for  heaven's  sake,  Wagernian  opera!  i 

But  here's  the  case  of  Rene  Kollo,  the  new  hero  of  the 
international  opera  scene.  In  his  house,  Wagner  was  the 

His  own  grandfather  wrote  operas,  and  he  remarks, 
"I  know  all  the  Wagner  pieces  from  childhood,  of 
course,  but  always  attempt  to  do  the  right  thing  on  my 
own."  Ahem.  Well,  yes,  he  sure  does  know  how  to  do  the 
right  thing. 

When  superstar  conductor  Herbert  von  Karajan 
heard  Kollo  sing,  he  immediately  told  him,  "you  are  the 
Walther  I  have  been  looking  for,"  referring  to  the  hero 
of  Wagner's  Meistersinger,  the  knight  Walther  von 

Shortly  after  the  two  met,  Karajan's  excellent 
recording  of  that  opera  was  released,  the  first  in  20 
years.  Kollo's  career  has  been  straight  up  from  there. 

On  a  new  two-record  set  from  Columbia,  Kollo  per- 
forms the  best-known  pieces  of  Wagner  opera  written 
for  the  tenor  voice.  The  type  of  tenor  required  to  sing 
this  music  is  often  called  "heldentenor",  or  heroic 

This  fits  in  not  only  with  the  mystical,  super-human 
character  that  recurs  so  many  times  in  Wanger's 
music-dramas  but  simply  with  the  physical 
requirements  imposed  by  a  Wagner  role. 

George  Bernard  Shaw  remarked  that  Wagner 
changed  the  way  singers  sing;  instead  of  doing 
"numbers"  in  an  opera,  constantly  in  one  range  of  the 
voice  (like  the  top  octave  for  a  coloratura  soprano)  he 
gave  the  voice  a  two  or  three  hour  workout  in  all  its 

This  generally  made  for  better  singers,  although 
much  public  opinion  of  the  time  thought  just  the  op- 
posite —  that  it  was  ruining  the  great  voices, 

Still,  the  vocal  strength  required  to  sing  out  over  a 
120-piece  orchestra  playing  a  full  volume  is  pretty 
great,  and  if  improperly  done,  can  ruin  a  voice. 

For  this  reason,  Kollo  has  said  he  doesn't  intend  to 
sing  the  big  Wagner  roles  forever,  despite  the  financial 
rewards  it  can  offer. 

But  for  the  moment,  anyway,  he's  being  billed  as  "the 
sensational  young  German  Heldentenor." 

In  this  recording,  arias  from  Parsifal,  Siegfried,  Die 
Gotterdammering,  Die  Walkure,  Flying  Dutchman, 
Rienzi,  Tannhauser,  Lohengrin  and  of  course 
Meistersinger  are  included. 

The  record  is  a  huge  tour  de  force  of  tenor  singing.  He 
just  may  be  the  tenor  of  the  decade. 

Happily,  Columbia  has  decided  not  to  charge  full 
price  for  the  two-disc  package,  which  includes  the 
German  texts  with  English  translations. 

The  orchestral  accompaniment,  by  the  Berlin  State 
Orchestra  conducted  by  Oitmar  Suitner  is  fairly  non- 
descript. It's  really  all  Rene  Kollo's  show,  and  it 
deserves  to-  be. 

If  you're  curious  to  hear  what  a  really  good  orchestra 
sounds  like  when  it  tackles  the  music  of  Wagner,  a  new 
disc  (again,  from  Columbia)  features  the  New  York 
Philharmonic  conducted  by  its  new  chief  conductor, 
Pierre  Boulez. 

Boulez,  once  the  darling  composer  of  the  fifties' 
avant-garde,  knows  a  good  thing  when  he  sees  one.  The 
NY  Philharmonic  is  one  of  the  world's  leading  or- 
chestras, brought  to  a  high  level  of  talent  by  the  now- 
departed  Leonard  Bernstein. 

And  Boulez  is  real  ly  a  fine  conductor,  with  an  eye  for 
the  longer  line  of  melody  without  ignoring  the  more 
spectacular  (if  short-term)  effects  of  spectacular  in- 
strumental detail. 

This  disc,  simply  entitled  "Boulez  conducts  Wagner" 
(Columbia  is  gung-ho  on  simple  titles)  spotlights  some 
of  the  best-known  moments  in  Wagner's  music. 

Wagner  called  them  the  "bleeding  chunks":  he  ab- 
solutely hated  having  his  works,  which  he  considered 
continuous  entities  lasting  four  or  five  hours,  chopped 
up  into  concert-hall  favourites.  Imagine  his  rage  when 
certain  selections  became  popular  with  brass  bands. 

On  this  record,  Boulez  leads  the  New  Yorkers  in  the 
preludes  to  Die  Meistersinger,  Tannhauser,  Wagner's 
Faust-Overture  (not  an  overture  to  an  opera,  but  one 
based  on  the  Faust  sotry)  and  the  Prelude  and 
Liebestod  (love-death)  from  Tannhauser. 

They're  all  standard  fare,  but  don't  let  that  stop  you  if 
you're  not  familiar  with  them. 

They  didn't  get  to  be  standards  for  nothing,  you  know. 

Friday,  October  4,  1974  -  The  Varsity  9 


Jerry  Bruck:  a  how-to-do-it  for  documentaries 

I.F.  Stone's  Weekly,  Jerry 
Bruck 's  film  of  the  American 
journalist,  I.F.  Stone,  opens 
today  at  CinemaLumiere.  It  has 
received  sensational  press 
reviews  everywhere  it  has  been 

It  will  be  reviewed  in  next 
week's  Varsity. 

Stone  launched  his  weekly  in 
1953,  in  the  midst  of  the  Cold 
War,  when  he  was  an  outcast 
because  of  his  unrepenitant  left 
wing  views.  In  the  paper,  he 
dealt  with  the  Cold  War,  the 
atomic  arms  race,  the  military 
establishment,  American  im- 
perialism, and  the  denial  of  civil 
rights  to  blacks  and  radicals. 
Stone  wrote  every  story  of  every 
page  of  the  four  page  mini 
tabloid  himself. 

The  paper  closed  down  in 
December,  1973,  but  not  before 
Stone  had  won  respect  and 
renown  for  the  integrity  of  his 
endeavour  to  tell  the  American 
people  what  the  American 
government  was  really  doing,  at 
home  and  abroad. 

"Jerry  Bruck  Jr.,  27"  to  quote 
from  his  publicity  release  "is  a 
self-taught  Canadian  film- 
maker who  has  been  making 
documentaries  on  social  and 
political  subjects  since 
graduating  from  Yale  College, 
where  he  studied  history  and 
subscribed  to  I.F.  Stone's 

Bruck  began  filming  Stone  in 
1970.  He  collected  relevant  shots 
over  a  period  of  three  years. 

"I'm  going  to  graduate  from  a 
pariah  to  a  character,  and  if  I 
last  long  enough  I'll  become  a 
national  institution,"  Stone  says 
in  the  film.  Brack's  film  is 
making  that  last  mutation  come 

Bruck  was  interviewed 
yesterday  morning  in  The 
Varsity  offices. 

randy  robertson 

You  are  the  director,  producer, 
writer,  photographer  and  editor 
o/I.F.  Stone's  Weekly.  And  now 
you  are  its  distributor.  Why? 

Standard  rules  and  traditions  . 
of  film  distribution  are  in- 
trinsically unfair  to  a  film- 
maker or  producer.  And  there 
are  fundamental  problems  with 
film  distributors.  They  take  too 
much  of  what  the  film  earns.  It's 
either  half  plus  half  of  the  ex- 
penses or  three  quarters  of 
everything  the  producer  makes. 
But  even  more  serious  than  that 
is  that  they  really  don't 

The  process  of  film 
distribution  has  been  mystified 
to  the  same  harmful  degree  as 
the  process  of  film-making.  With 
a  little  investigation,  you  find 
that  the  procedures  and  tricks 
and  avenues  of  doing  it  alone  are 
not  that  complicated  —  it  just 
requires  hard  work. 

It  seems,  in  this  case,  in  fact, 
that  it's  been  harder  work 
distributing  the  film  than  ac- 
tually making  it. 

I  want  to  write  everything  that 
I've  learned  in  the  past  year  up 
in  some  coherent  and  easy  to 
follow  form,  with  a  great  deal  of 
detailed  appendices. 

For  example,  any  film  that  is 
going  to  play  in  theatres  needs  to 
open  in  New  York  before 
anything  else.  But  to  open  a  film 
in  New  York,  in  addition  to 
having  to  find  a  theatre,  you 
have  to  know  how  to  get  the 
reviewers  to  see  it  in  advance. 
And  there's  a  whole  ritual  that 
exists  for  that :  press  screenings 
and  press  releases,  how  to  get 
people  to  the  screening  and 

where  to  hold  them.  Lists  of  New 
York  media  people,  of  theatres 
that  would  be  a  good  bet,  of 
theatre  brokers,  the  terms  you 
can  get,  what  to  look  out  for  and 
what  you  have  to  avoid  —  these 
are  the  kinds  of  things  that  I 
want  to  collect  together  so  that 
anyone  who  wants  to  distribute 
their  films  can  have  the  benefit 
of  my  experience. 

To  the  extent  that  people  begin 
doing  this  and  trading  the  in- 

It  is  possible  for  an  individual  to 
deal  with  theatres  directly,  with 
the  exhibitors  as  they're  called 
in  the  language  of  the  trade. 
After  my  film  opened  in  New 
York  —  to  an  astonishing  press 
—  it  moved  out  up  and  down  the 
east  coast  in  January  of  this 
year.  And  it  came  in  many  cases 
like  a  big  movie  would  —  where 
people  line  up  in  the  rain  and  all 
that  kind  of  stuff.  And  the  effect 
of  that  just  kept  multiplying. 

in  a  classroom  than  in  a  movie 
house ? 

Listen,  that's  the  best  place  to 
see  a  film.  Sure.  That  movie  is 
more  fun  to  see  with  a  big 
audience;  they  transform  the 
movie.  I've  seen  it  at  big  college 
exhibitions  and  at  really  strange 
places  like  Loyola  University  in 
New  Orleans  where  Izzie  was 
also  speaking  and  the  par- 
ticipation there  of  the  audience 
in  the  film  just  changed  the 

all,  try  to  put  it  together,  read 
several  newspapers  a  day  and 
listen  to  all  the  radio  and 
television  stations  then  maybe 
you  can  come  to  some  con- 
clusions. But  few  of  us  have  the 
time  for  that.  The  parts  of  the 
newspapers  that  are  the  best 
read  are  the  sports  pages  and 
the  crossword  puzzles  and  the 
comics.  And  most  people  just 
have  a  chance  to  look  at  the 
headlines.  So  that  I  think- that  if  I 
can  talk  in  terms  of  respon- 
sibility, journalists  have  a 
responsibility  to  interpret  their 

Varsity:  It's  a  shock  in  the 
film  to  see  Johnson  treated 
satirically  again. 

formation  that  they  learn,  to 
that  extent,  we're  all  going  to 
have  a  much  easier  time. 

And  to  the  extent,  it  seems  to 
me,  that  film-makers  control 
their  own  distribution  —  which 
means  not  only  not  giving  the 
film  away  but  putting  the 
necessary  energy  and  hard  work 
into  getting  it  out  to  the  people, 
to  that  extent  will  the  in- 
dependent film  movement  on 
this  continent  have  a  chance  of 
becoming  self-sustaining. 

There  are  advantages  and 
disadvantages  to  every  way  of 
doing  it.  Distributing  it  yourself, 
you  have  tov  live  pretty  thinly. 
It's  always  difficult  or  almost 
impossible  to  get  money.  It's 
sort  of  like  walking  up  down 
escalators.  But  at  the  same  time 
you  have  the  great  joy  and 
i  advantage  of  not  having 
someone  around  to  tell  you  what 
you  can  and  cannot  do  at  the 

There  are  people  trying  to 
work  in  this  way  everywhere.  I 
feel  a  link  with  everyone  doing 
this.  That's  what  I  want  to  help. 

Varsity:  What  success  have 
you  had  distributing  the  film? 

I.F.  Stone's  Weekly  has  been 
broadcast  in  Finland,  it's  going 
to  be  broadcast  in  Sweden,  and 
it's  been  on  television  in 
Holland.  And  it's  playing  at  the 
London  Festival  this  year. 
French  theatrical  distribution  is 
a  very  complicated  Byzantine 
series  of  questions  and  problems 
—  but  that's  being  worked  on 
now.  it's  going  to  be  shown  in 
North  Africa  soon. 

But  most  of  the  distribution 
effort  has  gone  into  North 
America  since  it  opened  last 
fall ,  in  New  York  and 

One  of  the  things  that  I  want  to 
make  clear—  "perfectly  clear," 
to  borrow  a  phrase  —  is  that  I 
really  had  no  idea  of  what  to  do 
in  any  of  these  cases.  I  just  sort 
of  stumbled  my  way  into  things. 

People  assume  when  you  say 
you  are  distributing  the  film 
yourself  that  you're  carrying  the 
film  around  with  you.  You're 
not.  You  find  one  place  and  you 
stick  there  and  deal  by  phone.  I 
do  very  little  travelling  around 
for  the  film  or  with  the  film. 

It's  possible  to  set  this  up  in 
such  a  way  that  you  as  the 
person  who  made  the  film  are 
not  pinned  down  to  any  one  place 
answering  calls  or  making  sure 
that  prints  arrive  on  time  for 
bookings  that  were  made 
months  ago.  There  are  service 
companies  who  will  do  all  of  this 
work  for  you. 

Once  you  can  set  up  a  system 
a  well-organized,  efficient 
system  with  them  at  the  centre 
of  it,  you  are  free  to  move 
around,  to  make  another  film 
.  .  .  That's  the  key  to  this  whole 
thing.  I  just  can't  wait  to  get  the 
secret  out. 

Varsity  :  Do  you  feel  that  your 
film  attracts  an  already  con- 
verted audience?  Do  you  feel 
that  it  appeals  only  to  people  of  a 
pa  riicular  set  of  political 

I  don't  know,  I  just  don't  know. 
Who  would  want  to  go  to  see  a 
film  about  I.F.  Stone  in  the  first 
place?  That  was  the  problem 
when  we  were  trying  to  get  the 
first  theatre.  Once  it  started  off 
well  in  any  given  place  it  would 
continue  like  that  and  more  and 
more  people  would  come.  Lots  of 
those  people,  maybe  half,  had 
never  heard  of  I.F.  Stone  — 
what  their  politics  were  I  don't 
know.  But  I  think  there  is  a 
political  thing  involved.  But  it's 
not  defined  in  terms  of  a  kright 
or  left  but  in  terms  of  the  ability, 
the  power  of  anyone  who  wills  it 
to  change  the  world  in  some 
small  way. 

Varsity:  Your  film  has  had  a 
non-theatrical  distribution  to 
classrooms  and  educational 
institutions.  Do  you  feel  that  it 
may  have  more  value  being  seen 

whole  thing  and  made  it  more  of 
an  entertainment. 

Varsity:  In  I.F.  Stone's 
Weekly  a  man  is  derided  for 
saying  that  the  salvation  of  jour- 
nalism lies  in  its  professional- 
ism. How  do  you  feel  about  the 
term  "professionalism"  in  rela- 
tion to  print  and  film  journal- 

I  don't  think  that  term  has  any 
meaning  at  all.  This  fellow  in  the 
movie  was  the  head  of  the 
Associated  Press  and  a  grand 
vizier  of  the  philosophy  of  "look 
out  on  all  sides"  and  "don't  rock 
the  boat".  Precisely  that.  And 
he  stands  up  at  an  awards 
banquet  and  makes  a  very  silly 
speech  in  which  he  blames  the 
problems  of  society  —  or  the 
problems  that  the  press  was 
facing  then  when  they  were 
being  denounced  by  Agnew  —  on 
"zealots"  and  "activists"  and 
people  like  that. 

Objectivity  was  one  of  the 
main  words  he  was  talking 
about.  It's  a  weird  word.  It  has  a 
Russian  use  —  objective  realism 
—  and  a  sort  of  middle  of  the 
road,  North  American  use, 
where  it's  taken  to  mean  a 
shelter,  an  excuse  to  enable 
someone  to  shy  away  from 
saying  what  is  happening.  The 
analogy  would  be  with  a  jour- 
nalist covering  Hitler  Germany 
before  the  war.  There  is  a  right 
side  and  a  wrong  side.  But  the 
balanced  news  story  represents 
the  wrong  equally  with  the  right. 

I  think  that  what's  important 
in  terms  of  professionalism  is 
that  standards  of  decency  and 
factual  accuracy  be  applied.  But 
hiding  behind  a  shield  of  ob- 
jectivity is  just  that. 

Furthermore,  the  free  flow  of 
information  in  itself  is  not  the 
big  payoff.  You  can  hear  all  the 
facts  in  the  world  on  television 
and  radio  —  but  they're 
fragmented  in  such  a  way  that 
nothing  seems  to  make  sense  at 
all.  If  you  sit  down  and  study  it 

Yes,  isn't  it?  I  did  that  in- 
tentionally. I  wanted  to  use 
examples  of  governmental 
treachery,  in  this  case  U.S. 
government  treachery  that  were 
sufficiently  removed  in  time  so 
that  they  would  not  be  tangled 
up  in  the  personality  of  Richard 
Nixon.  I  thought  that  by  going 
back  to  Johnson  and  to  a  big 
story,  a  story  more  important 
than  Watergate,  anyway  —  the 
Tonkin  Gulf  Resolution  of  1964  — 
that  the  ideas  behind  the  use  of 
that,  the  point  that  duplicity  is  a 
common  attribute  of  all 
governments  —  would  be 
clearer  and  that  my  treatment 
of  it  would  have  a  more  an- 
thropological character  to  it. 
I'm  hoping  that  the  current 
public  sensibility  of  disgust 
and  mistrust  with  public  lead- 
ers will  not  be  written  off  as 
something  caused  by  one  bent 

Varsity:  Another  shock  in  the 
film  is  the  presentation  of 

My  television  set  broke  down 
five  years  ago.  But  I'm  told  that 
he's  the  best  of  the  anchormen. 
There's  nothing  personal  in- 
tended in  the  material  of 
Cronkite  praising  Marshall  Ky 
as  a  hero  of  the  Vietnamese 

The  idea  was  to  show  the 
difference  between  corporate 
journalism  —  in  which  you  have 
in  effect  an  actor  representing  a 
large  organization  whose 
primary  function  is  to  sell 
gasoline  and  dog  food  at  6:30 
every  night  and  whose  repor- 
tage is  accordingly  extremely 
balanced  because  the  last  thing 
a  sponsor  wants  is  to  be 
associated  with  a  hassle  —  and 
Izzie  Stone,  who  calls  Agnew  a 
"son  of  a  bitch",  a  man  who 
makes  his  living  saying  what  he 
thinks  —  which  is  what  I  think 
the  definition  of  a  political 
journalist  ought  to  be. 

Varsity:  A  former  assistant  of 
Stone's,  interviewed  in  the  film, 
says  that  Stone  is  one  of  the  most 
difficult  of  men  to  work  with. 
Was  this  the  case  when  you  were 

I'm  very  grateful  to  the  spirit 
in  which  —  I  don't  say  cooperate 
—  because  Izzie  is  obsessed  by 
what  he  is  doing.  But  he  let  me 
get  where  I  wanted  to.  He  let 
Someone  whom  he  thought  a 
little  bit  weird  into  his  life,  let 
him  film  him  without  any  idea  of 
how  it  would  turn  out.  He  didn't 
even  want  to  see  it  at  any  point 
before  it  was  finished. 

Varsity:    What   was  Stone's 
reaction  to  the  finished  film? 

He  loves  it;  he  saw  it  just 
before  it  opened.  He  loves  it. 
Said  that  it  had  changed  his  life: 

lOThe  Varsity 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 

presents  the 


in  a 


of  two  cultures  encompassing 

Convocation  Hall,  U  of  T.,  Sun.  Oct.  20,  8  pm 
Admission  S2. 00  — Students  St. 00 

in  aid  of  Africanada  creative  music  workshop 

XKW  ,\  II IS1C       i™'""*  concexs 

-w  xx  ,    ipnTi'  Edward  Johnson  Bldq. 

I   yj\\^\*  IV  J    1—  University  of  Toronto 


Adult  Subscriptions:  $15 
Opening  concert:  SUN.  OCT.  20,  8:30  p.m. 


plus— same  day:  the  controversial  KAGEL  FILMS 
from  2  p.m. 


CALL  967-5257 


'Clap  Hands' 
But  not  for  this  one 

TARRAGON  THEATRE'S  production 
of  Michel  Tremblay's  HOSANNA  at 
Global  Village  Theatre,  17  St.  Nicholas 
St.  until  Oct.  6  only— then  Broadway- 
no  kidding.  Reservations  964-0035. 
Student  rush  $2.00.  "A  heart  pounding 
tour  de  force"— Whittaker,  Globe, 
"The  performances  are,  as  they  would 
have  to  be,  incredible"— Kareda,  Star 
BEGGARS  BANQUET  International 
vegetarian  restaurant,  325  Queen  West 
at  Beverly.  Lunch  12:00-2:30,  Mon.- 
Fri.;  Dinner  6:00-10:00,  Tue.-Sat. 
Entertainment  every  evening.  366-4147 
SKI  ASPEN  from  S269.00  1  week  tours 
January,  February,  March.  Contact 
AOSC,  44  St.  George  St.,  Toronto,  Ont. 
M5S  2E4.  Tel.  (416)  962-8404  or  your 
local  Student  Council  office. 

WHY  FREEZE?  Recycled  fur  coats, 
jackets  and  stoles  USED  from  S10.00, 
New  from  S99.00.  Excellent  selection 
PAUL  MAGDER  FURS,  202  Spadina 
Ave.  (between  Queen  and  Dundas)  363- 
6077  Mon.  to  Sat.  9-6  Thurs  and  Fri  'til 

9  pm,  „ 

ROOTS  SHOE  STORE  needs  part-time 
and  full-time  help.  Good  environment 
and  people.  Steady  work,  good  pay.  781- 

HAIRSTYLING.  Long  and  short  cuts 
only  $2.75,  at  the  Clarke  Institute  of 
Psychiatry,  250  College  St.  Open 
Monday  to  Friday  8:00  am  to  5:30  pm. 
Phone  924-6811  ext.  560. 
LOST  SIAMESE  CAT,  neutered  male, 
beige  body  with  striped  tail  and  face.  In 
Bloor/Walmer  Rd.  area.  Reward.  921- 
9839,  alter  6:00  pm. 
REWARD— Lost— black  wallet  con- 
laining  substantial  amount  of  U.S. 
hundred  dollar  bills.  Reward  of  25  per 
cent  of  contenls  to  finder.  Lost  on  UofT 
campus  near  Hart  House.  OR  reward 
of  same  amount  to  anyone  with  in- 
formation leading  to  its  recovery 
Phone  239-1735 

FOUND:  Men's  waterproof  sports 
watch  on  Sept.  25  at  Russell  St.  and  St. 
George.  Phone  evenings.  425-2641 
Peter  Madden  is  a  play  written  by  a  34- 
year-old  writer  who  has  spent  20  years 
in  prison.  It's  funny,  rough,  real. 
Tarragon  Theatre,  30  Bridgman  Ave., 
Bathurst  &  Dupont.  Tues.  to  Sun.  8:30, 
Matinees  Wed.  &  Sun.  at  2:30.  Reserva- 
tions 531  1827 

GIRL  STUDENT  room  and  board  In 
exchange  for  baby-sitting  two  school 
age  girls,  and  light  household  duties. 
St.  Clair-Yonge  area.  925-8223;  925  9762 
Top  quality  from  $19.00.  Many  like 
new.  All  types  of  furs.  Also  new  coats 
from  $99.00.  Furs  by  Shapiro,  3364 
Yonge  St.,  481-9690 

VER AT  CHRISTMAS.  Dec.  21  Jan.  3, 
Dec.  22  Jan.  4.  $159.00  round  trip 
Hurry,  seats  are  limited.  Contact: 
AOSC,  44  St.  George  St.,  Toronto,  Ont 
M5S  2E4.  Tel.  962-8404  or  your  local 
Student  Council  office. 
Specializing  in  getting  you  over  those 
first  year,  hurdles— over  35  years  of 
experience  in  education.  Call  Upgrade 
Tutoring  638-4674. 

CHRISTMAS  S249.00  and  up/youth 
fares/group  flights.  Contact:  AOSC,  44 
St.  George  St.  Toronto,  Ont.  M5S  2E4. 
Tel.  (416)  962-8404  or  your  local  Student 
Council  office. 

PLEASE.  A  painting  was  taken  from 
the  Sigma  Chi  House  during  the  post- 
game  party  on  Saturday,  Sept.  26.  It  is 
of  great  sentimental  value  to  the  broth- 
ers. If  returned  no  questions  will  be 
asked.  964-6711 

LOST:    Registered    tricolour  Collie 
(black-white-tan)  2  years  old,  male, 
chain  choke  collar.   Very  friendly. 
Annex  area.  Reward  531-2828 
FOUND— Men's  Timex  watch  at  Blues' 
game  Sat.  Found  in  stands  sec.  7  or  8. 
Broken  watchband.  Phone  928-3892 
PUBLISHING.  Student  to  work  part 
time  on  distribution  and  research  for 
national    university   magazine.  Call 
Penny  Ingram  at  363-0353 
TYPING  thesis,  essays,  reports,  resu- 
mes, etc.  Negotiable  rates.  Davisville- 
M1.  Pleasant  area.  489-7229 
CORDER by  music  graduate  currently 
enrolled  in  Faculty  of  Education.  651- 

1  COUPLE  WANTED  to  share  in  co-op 
'House'.  Own  large,  bright,  carpeted, 
semi-furnished,  private  room.  34 
Brunswick  Ave.  3  blocks  west  of 
Spadina,  just  north  of  College. 

TRAVELLER— seeks  companion  for 
working  holiday  to  Australia  284-8443 

TER" to  amuse  two  bright  children  for 
several  daytime  hours  weekends.  Pay 
open  to  negotiation.  Write  Prof.  E. 
Vicari,  Scarborough  College. 
theses,  term  papers.  Call  537-1141 
Dec.  27/74-Jan.  1/75  or  Dec.  29/74-Jan. 
3/75  1.  Transportation,  accommoda- 
tion—Holiday Inn  or  Hilton.  4/room— 
S78.00,  2/room— S89.00.  2.  Transporta- 
tion, accommodation,  2  meals/day, 
tows.  4/room— $151.00,  2/room  — 
$165.00.  Call  889-7677 

USED  RECORDS  and  books,  new  and 
used— including  "religion",  philoso 
phy,  crafts,  survival,  art  and  literature 
at  Around  Again,  18  Baldwin  St.  (bring 
your  used  records) 

ETY proudly  presents  Oktobertest  74 
on  Friday,  October  18  at  Hart  House 

FOR  RENT:  unfurnished  room,  share 
kitchen  and  bath.  $25  weekly  or 
reduced  rate  in  exchange  for  morning 
babysitting.  Annex  area.  Phone  531- 

career  and  travel  articles  sought  by 
national  student -orientated  publica- 
Mon.  Submissions  to  Campus  Editor,  42 
Mercer  St.,  Toronto 
ESSAY  EDITOR.  Do  you  want  an  "A" 
an  your  essay?  I  can  help  you  present 
your  ideas  more  clearly,  rnn«» 
vantly.  Just  edited  Phd  di' 
Have  M.A.  in  Writing,  Essays 
fror-  " 

"Say,  who  was  that  lady  I  saw 
you  with?  That  was  no  lady,  that 
was  my  wife."  This  is-  an 
example  of  a  joke  everyone 
knows  and  no  one  laughs  at,  but 
one  you  will  nonetheless  hear  if 
you  attend  The  Group  of  Two's 
'  revival  of  the  cabaret  show  Clap 
Hands  being  presented  upstairs 
for  an  indefinite  run  at  Old 

The  show,  directed  by  Eric 
House,  is  entirely  built  on  the 
premise  that  old  jokes  if 
reworked  in  a  new  and  exciting 
way  can  have  the  same  impact 
they  did  when  first  heard.  The 
idea  is  certainly  valid  but  Clap 
Hands  does  not  entirely  prove 
the  point. 

Using  Toronto  as  its  focus,  the 
show  begins  with  four  im- 
migrants cracking  "jokes  in  a 
foreign  language.  This  is 
probably  the  high  point  of  the 
show.  The  humour  moves  to 
Bloor  Street,  taking  digs  at  Holt 
Renfrew,  "where  WASPS 
survive  like  some  rare  bird"  and 
the  new  Roy  Rodgers  ham- 
burger joint,  "a  place  to  take  a 
horse  to  lunch." 

Perhaps  one  of  the  most 
amusing  and  biting  scenes  in  the 
show  is  a  take  off  on  the  recent 
marathon  swimming  of  Lake 
Ontario.  Two  reporters  discuss 
the  crossing  by  three  year  old 
Betsy,  who  to  increase  the 
challenge   has   a   bucket  of 

Kentucky  fried  chicken  tied  to 
her  back.  Betsy's  mother  stands 
on  the  prow  of  the  boat  ahead 
yelling  "swim,  you  little  bitch, 
.  swim."  After  all  one  of  the 
prizes  is  a  case  of  Mars  Bars 
from  Nancy  Green. 

The  regular  adultery, 
bestiality  and  sadist  jokes 
abound  and  are  reworked  only  to 
the  extent  that  the  name  of  the 
hotel  is  changed  to  the  Hyatt 
Regency.  All  these  scenes, 
especial ly  those  concerning 
adultery  and  domestic  discord, 
received  some  hearty  though  not 
copious  guffaws  and  smiles 
from  the  basically  upper  middle 
class  audience  at  Old  Angelo's. 

The  difficulty  with  this  type  of 
theatre  is  that  each  scene  or  skit 
must  provide  a  comic  climax,  an 
unexpected  punchline  which 
startles  and  makes  the  audience 
laugh.  The  absence  of  a  climax 
or  its  failure  can  be  painful  to 
both  the  cast  and  the  audience. 
There  are  far  too  many  failures 
in  Clap  Hands.  The  four  actors 
—  Araby  Lockhart,  Douglas 
Chamberlain,  Fiona  Reid  and 
Stephen  Foster  —  were  very 
good  but  the  material  just  did 
not  give  them  a  chance. 

At  the  end,  one  found  it  dif- 
ficult to  respond  to  the  placard 
-like  invitation  to  "Clap  Hands". 

cynthia  mccarthy 

Business  As  Usual  unusually  good 


-    ■••■liny,  c^bciyi  eonea 

3      Call  days  or  weekends  42?  3106 

The  balance  of  providing 
information  and  entertainment 
simultaneously  is  not  always 
easily  achieved  in  the  theatre. 
But  the  expertise  demonstrated 
by  the  Open  Circle  Theatre 
makes  Business  As  Usual  a 
success.  Originally  performed 
this  past  summer  on  Ward's 
Island  Business  As  Usual  has 
now  moved  to  mainland  Toronto 
(St.  Paul's  United  Church,  121 
Avenue  Rd.). 

Business  As  Usual,  a  fast- 
paced  series  of  vignettes, 
focuses  on  the  victims  of  lead 
poisoning  and  the  multi-levelled 
legislation  connected  with  it. 
Each  skit  skillfully  illustrates  a 
different  aspect  of  the  victims' 
determined  efforts  as  they  fight 
trade  union  officials,  company 
executives,  doctors,  lawyers, 
other  families,  the  press,  and 
government  bureaucrats  to  stop 
the  pollution  of  the  offending 
lead  plant. 

The  serious  material  is  well- 
balanced  by  satirical  and  wildly 
farcical  scenes,  tight  ensemble 
acting  and  singing,  and  Kevin 
Knelman's  very  fine  original 

Especially  funny  are  Ray 
Whelan's  outrageously  pet- 
tifogging lawyer,  and  Michel 
Kirby's  purple-caped  Pollution 
Man  with  magic  power  to  bleep 
true  lead  poisoning  stories  from 
the  media. 

The  highlight  of  Business  As 
Usual  is  the  last  satiric- 
dramatic  sketch  —  an  encounter 
session  in  evasion  tactics 
featuring  the  candidates  for  the 
Ministries  of  Labour, 
Environment,  and  Health 
versus  the  enraged  public.  The 
satire  hits  its  mark  deeply  and 

Something  should  be  said 
about  the  Open  Circle  Theatre 
company  and  its  two  co- 
founders,  Sylvia  Tucker  and 
Ray  Whelan.  Tucker  and 
Whelan  formed  the  Open  Circle 
Theatre  in  1973  as  an  innovative 
theatre  experiment  in  com- 
munity-based documentary 

"We  personally  wanted  to  find 
a  theatrical  form  which  would 
accurately  reflect  con- 
temporary life  in  an  en- 
tertaining way.  We  wanted  to 
find  out  if  we  could  do  in  the  '70's 
what  Shakespeare  did  in  his 
time  .  .  .  and  that  was  to  parody, 
inform,  to  dramatize,  but  above 
all  to  entertain  all  the  different 
segments  of  his  audience. 

"We're  trying  to  find  that 
unique  blend  of  music,  comedy 
and  satire  that  will  reach 
today's  audience  .  .  .  that  will 
have  something  to  say  to  every 
individual.  I  think  with  each 
production,  we're  getting  closer 
to  finding  that  universal  key." 

The  group  gets  an  idea  about  a 
current  issue  (past  ones  con- 
cerned welfare:  No  Way,  Jose, 
the  Toronto  police:  C.O.P.,  the 
Island  community:  I'm  Hanlan, 
I'm  Durnan,  He's  Ward)  and 
then  it  goes  out  into  the  com- 
munity to  find  its  production 

The  script  for  Business  As 
Usual  evolved  out  of  an  idea  by 
Sylvia  Tucker,  material  was 
collectively  assembled  from 
trial  transcripts,  reports,  ex- 
tensive taped  interviews  and 
improvisations.  Most  of  the 
characters  are  composites 
drawn  from  the  interviews 
presenting  both  sides  of  the 
issue.  However,  some  portraits 
of  real  people  have  been  kept 
intact  and  are  incorporated  into 
the  script  dialogue. 

By  using  their  own  research  in 
addition  to  their  versatile 
talents.  Open  Circle  actors  and 
actresses  naturally  vitalize  their 
individual  performances  and  get 
closer  to  the  emotions  of  the 
people  they  are  dramatizing. 
They're  an  Intelligent,  capable 
cast  who  Infuse  Business  As 
Usual  and  their  other  produc- 
tions and  indeed  the  Toronto 
theatre  scene  with  sensitivity 
and  enthusiasm. 

barb  shainbaum 

Friday-  October  4,  1974 

'Man  Who '  a  surprise 

The  Scarborough 
Theatre  Guild's  production 
of  George  Kaufman's  The 
Man  Who  Came  to  Dinner 
sticks  to  the  play's 
traditional  style,  and  the 
result  is  successful.  The 
1933  comedy  has  become  a 
classic  of  live  theatre, 
retaining  the  humour  that 
was  so  contemporary  when 
written.  But  the  more 
sophisticated  audiences  of 
the  seventies  could  easily 
become  bored  at  such 
traditional  fare. 

The  plot  is  centred 
around  a  famous  radio 
personality,  Sheridan 
Whiteside,  who  has  been 
injured  arriving  at  a 
dinner  in  his  honour  at  the 
home  of  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Stanley,  and  is  forced  to 
convalesce  there.  Stuck  in 
the  small  U.S.  town  where 
he  had  stopped  on  a 
speaking  tour,  Whiteside 
proceeds  to  takeover  the 
Stanley's  household,  and 
woo  the  friendship  of  every 
member  except  the  con- 
stantly  outraged  father. 

Whiteside's  long  time 
secretary,  Maggie  Cutler, 

falls  in  love  with  local 
journalist,  Bert  Jefferson, 
and  informs  her  boss  that 
she  plans  to  marry. 
Whiteside,  with  his  spoiled, 
selfish  and  mischievous 
character,  refuses  to- 
accept  Maggie's  decision 
and  brews  up  a  scheme  to 
destroy  the  love  affair.  He 
invites  a  beautiful  and 
ruthless  actress  to  town  on 
the  pretense  that  a  play 
Jefferson  has  written-  is  a 
masterpiece.  Maggie 
catches  on  to  the  plots  and 
comes  up  with  one  of  her 
own  in  an  attempt  to  foil 
Whiteside.  This  fails,  and 
Whiteside's  scheme 
becomes  a  success,  only 
for  him  to  realize  that  he 
has  made  a  mistake  — 
Maggie  prepares  to  leave 
him  anyway.  The  play 
climaxes  around 
Whiteside's  annual 
Christmas  broadcast,  done 
live  in  the  Stanley's  living 
room,  as  all  of  his  schemes 
begin  to  backfire.  But  in  a 
last  breakthrough  of  quick 
thinking,  Whiteside  turns 
the  tables  once  again  in  his 

The  character  of  Mr. 
Stanley,  played  by  Kurt 
Jacobs,  is  disappointingly 
unimaginative,  especially 
in  comparison  to  his  op- 
posites,  and  even  some  of 
the  actors  who  have  walk 
on  parts.  Bert  Jefferson, 
played  by  John  Goddard, 
whose  personal  ity  is 
relatively  constained  and 
thusdifficult  to  blend  with 
the  generally  outlandish 
parts,  comes  across  as 
attempting  to  be  too 
natural.  The  parts  of 
Whiteside,  actress 
Lorraine  Sheldon  and 
Maggie  Cutler  all  do 
justice  to  Kaufman'r,  work. 
Many  of  the  bit  players  are 
interesting  to  watch,  and 
as  most  of  them  are  just 
beginning  in  the  Toronto 
theatre  scene,  will  be 
appearing  in  bigger  parts 

The  light  comedy  is  still 
quite  hilarious,  and  does 
not  appear  stale  in  the 
Theatre  Guild's  produc- 




My  first  exposure  to  the 
British  band  Hawkwind  came 
with  their  live  LP  Space  Ritual 
—  a  4-sided  extravaganza 
which,  on  first  listening,  seemed 
to  be  extremely  innovative. 
'  Their  identification  with  SF 
writer  Michael  Moorcock,  listed 
as  composer  on  a  few  cuts,  in- 
terested me  all  the  more.  Some 
sort  of  super-cosmic  effort  was 
being  made  by  these  folks;  I 
thought  I  was  becoming  in- 
terested. But  on  my  Radio 
Varsity  program,  I  never  felt 
like  playing  Hawkwind  after 
those  first  few  listenings  and  I 
could  never  understand  why. 

Last  Saturday  night,  I  finally 
found  out  why.  Sitting  in  the 
upper  reaches  of  Convocation 
Hall  —  surely  the  best  concert- 
hall  in  Toronto —  I  became  more 
and  more  bored  by  the  moment. 
Hawkwind's  music  is 
monotonous.  Underneath  all  the 
surface-glare  of  Del  Dettmar's 
synthesizer,  we  are  forced  to 
listen  to  repetitive  and  standard 
guitar  and  bass  riffs. 

The  theatrics  provided  most 
potently  by  the  images 
projected  on  a  reasonably  large 
screen  behind  the  group  were 
intended  to  dazzle  and  probably 
would  have  had  the  music  been 
up  to  par  with  the  visual  element 
of  the  concert. 

There  was  a  girl  —  Stacia  — 
who  kept  coming  up'on  stage 
and  doing  this  strange  dance 
number  with  Nik  Turner,  the 
showman  of  the  group:  at  first, 
the  dance  was  interesting,  but  it, 
like  everything  else,  became 
buried  beneath  the  repeti- 
tiyeness  of  the  music. 

This  concert  really  reminded 
me  of  Iron  Butterfly  doing  In-A- 
Gadda-da-Vida.  Somehow,  I 
thought  that  whole  trip  was  just 
a  passing  fancy.  But  people  are 
still  doing  acid,  and  one  is 
assured  of  a  mind  explosion  if 
one  combines  LSD  and  Hawk- 
wind. Bui  one  is  assured  of  such 
a  happening  regardless  of  what 
one  combines  LSD  with. 

There  may  be  others  who 
would- .group-  Hawkwind  in  the 
same  class  as  bands  such  as 

Yes,  Pink  Floyd,  and  Genesis. 
Musically,  that  just  doesn't 
make  sense. 

There  were  a  few  classy 
touches  however.  The  opening 
narration  on  'In  the  Hall  of  the 
Mountain  Grill,'  (which, 
ironically  enough,  sounds  like  a 
Genesis  title),  was  quite  a  nice, 
even  a  unique  beginning  for  a 
concert,  but  it  was  downhill  all 
the  way  from  there. 

The  mechanical  nature  of  this 
band  cannot  be  ignored.  A 
tighter  organization  you 
wouldn't  be  able  to  find. 
Everything  is  thoroughly 
planned  and  rehearsed. 
Everything  happens  right  on 
schedule  —  all  those  beautiful 
lighting  effects  —  even  the 
monotonous  music  is  tight.  But, 
because  of  the  extreme 
nothingness  of  the  music, 
there's  really  no  point  focussing 
on  the  musicians  —  they're  just 
automatons.  It's  the  whole  that 
counts,  not  the  parts.  The  entire 
Hawkwind  act  must  have  been 
dreamed  up  by  Michael 
Moorcock,  rie  simply  hired  all 
these  people  and  paid  them  well 
in  order  to  get  some  vibes  for 
future  science  fiction  novels. 
Implausible?  I  don't  know. 

The  concert  was  opened  by  A| 
Matthews  who  didn't  go  over  too 
well,  because  everyone  wanted 
to  see  Hawkwind.  You  know  the 
story  as  well  as  I  do.  Al's  on 
stage  introducing  his  next 
number  and  about  fourteen 
behemoths  in  the  last  row  start 
yelling  "Hawkwind,  Hawk- 
wind". Reminds  me  of  the 
moment  during  the  73  Beach 
Boys  concert  at  Massey,  where 
someone  in  the  top  balcony 
screamed,  "Play  some  rock  'n 
roll."  Dennis  Wilson  just  looked 
at  the  guy  and  said,  "Why  don't 
you  come  down  here  and  play 
some  rock  'n  roll?" 

roman  blazkiw 


Woody  Herman  is  60  years  old, 
still  playing  music,  and  proving 
if  to  crowds  such  as  the  1700 
people  who  saw  him  at  Ontario 
Place  last  Saturday.  Although 
he  has  been  a  band  leader  for  37 
years,  Herman  has  not  grown 
stale  playing  old  hits'  of '  the 

swing  era,  preferring  to  lead  his 
crop  of  young  musicians  through 
songs  by  Stevie  Wonder,  Leon 
Russel  and  other  pop  legen- 

The  opening  number  of  the  90 
minute  set  was  an  arrangement 
of  Chick  Corea's  'Spain'  com- 
position. Starting  with  a  unique 
bassoon  solo,  it  led  into  some 
very  talented  electric  piano 
work  as  well  as  excellent  per- 
cussion jams  including  drums, 
tambourine,  cow  bells  and 
marimbas.  Backed  by  a 
powerful  brass  section,  this  song 
got  the  crowd  so  enthused  that 
the  evening's  rain  and  thunder 
couldn't  even  cool  them  down. 
Everyone  endured  'Alone  Again 
Naturally'  (a  la  Gilbert 
O'Sullivan)  and  a  few  other 
Muzak  arrangements,  but  their 
patience  paid  off  when  the  band 
broke  into  'Superstar'  (Leon 

This  number  was  typical  of 
the  band's  excellence  in  per- 
formance —  they  did  play  well 
as  an  entity  —  but  the  music's 
momentum  was  lost  during 
some  solos.  This  was  partly  due 
to  the  front  stage  mike's  lack  of 
volume,  with  the  result  that  the 
solos  were  drowned  out  by  the 
band.  But,  as  well,  some  in- 
dividual artists  —  even  Woody 
himself  —  showed  little 
imagination  with  their  in- 
struments. Vic  Stahl,  on 
trumpet,  resorted  to  blowing  the 
high  notes  in  order  to  im- 
press the  audience  instead  of 
relying  on  overall  musical 

The  band  picked  up  con- 
siderably on  'Caledonia,'  an  old 
standard,  with  Woody  carrying 
the  vocals  himself.  The  final 
piece  for  the  night  was  Richard 
Harris'  'Mc  Arthur  Park.' 
Played  with  a  lot  of  energy  and 
imagination,  it  was  highlighted 
by  two  trumpeters  moving  into 
opposite  sections  of  the  audience 
for  a  little  stereo  bugle  blitz.  The 
crowd  was  favorably  impressed. 
Obviously.  They  gave  the  band 
standing  ovation. 

Woody  can  be  heard  on  a 
recent  album,  "The  Raven 
Speaks."  And  if  you  can  get  hold 
of  it,  he  has  just  had  a  new 
album  released.  It  contains  the 
material  from  his  July  1974 
appearance  at  the  Montreux 
Jazz  Festival. 

This  concert  marked  the  end 
of  the  Saturday  night  big  band 
concerts  for  1974  at  Ontario 



ROOM  126 

For  all  undergraduates,  any  college  or  faculty 
Fundamentals  and  Refinements  of  Essay  Writing 

Individual  tutorials  available 
for  both  English  and  French 

Mon.  Tue.  Wed.  Thur.  Fri. 

10-2        2-6       lO-o        10-2  10-2 

2:30  —  4:30 




12  The  Varsity 

Friday.  October  4,  1974 


From  the  beginning  the 
concert  of  Roy  Wood's  Wizzard 

at  the  Ryerson  Theatre 
Auditorium  a  week  last  Wed- 
nesday night  was  plagued  with 
bad  luck. 

The  hall  was  only  half  full;  the 
concert  was  arranged  on  short 
notice  and  given  minimal 
publicity.  The  concert  started 
twenty  minutes  late  (not  bad,  as 
some  rock  concerts  go)  because 
the  auditorium  was  unlocked  for 
the  stage  crew  at  six  o'clock,  a 
scant  three  and  a  half  hours 
before  the  scheduled  beginning. 
The  haste  with  which  the  sound 
equipment  was  set  up  became 
painfully  evident  later  during 
the  performance.  Finally,  the 
ticket  takers  for  the  reserved 
seat  attraction,  calmly  ripped 
the  tickets  in  half,  retaining  the 
stub  that  noted  your  seat,  bright 
lads,  and  handing  you  back  the 
portion  that  informed  you  that 
you  had  just  paid  $5.50  to  see 
Wizzard.  Utter  chaos. 

Michal  Hasek,  who's  been 
playing  many  concerts  lately, 
opened  the  show,  which  was 
rather  unfortunate.  Unfortunate 
for  Michal,  not  for  the  audience. 
A  lack  of  appreciation  on  their 
part  was  more  evident  than  any 
lack  of  ability  on  Hasek's. 

Roy  Wood  and  company  came 
on  stage  to  the  accompaniment 
of  the  sounds  of  thunder  and 
rain.  The  sartorial  contrast 
between  Wood,  costumed  in  a 
crepe  paper  getup,  his  face 
lavished  with  warpaint,  and  his 
sax  player,  decked  out  in  a 
sequinned  fifties-style  sports 
jacket,  sporting  a  ducktail 
hairdo,  epitomized  the  contrast 
between  the  two  musical  styles 
of  Wizzard.  On  the  one  hand 
there  is  the  classically  oriented 

rock  that  is  derived  from  the 
Move,  a  group  that  Wood  and 
Jeff  Lynne  established;  on  the 
other  is  an  unabashed  fifties 
sound  playing  tribute  to  such 
greats  as  Elvis  Presley  and 
Chuck  Berry. 

Wizzard  played  remarkably 
well  considering  the  handicaps 
under  which  they  were 
labouring.  Their  sound  system 
picked  up  the  signal  of  CJRT 
from  the  nearby  transmitter, 
the  reception  improving 
throughout  the  evening.  The 
radio  station  was  so  loud  that  the 
announcer  on  the  air  was  louder 
than  Roy  Wood  attempting  to 
speak  on  the  mike.  "Being  a 
ventriloquist  is  not  one  of  my 
talents,"  commented  Wood, 
in jecting  a  humorous  note. 
However,  the  joke  wore  thin  as 
the  finer  points  of  the  sax  and 
bagpipe  solos  were  obliterated 
by  music  from  the  radio. 

Although  the  band  was  given 
an  ovation,  Wood  refused  to  play 
an  encore.  Obviously  disturbed 
by  the  way  the  show  had  gone  he 
exclaimed,  "It  would  be  poin- 
tless; that  radio  station  is  louder 
than  we  are."  He  promised  to 
play  a  free  concert  the  next  time 
he  came  to  Toronto.  I  hope  that 
Wizzard  does  return  to  Toronto 
in  the  near  future;  they  deserve 
a  better  occasion  to  present 
their  many  talents. 

richard  morochove 


Herbie  Hancock  has  made  a 
name  for  himself  playing  organ 
for  eminent  modern  jazz 
musicians  such  as  Buddy  Miles 
and  Freddy  Hubbard,  but  he  has 
left  those  days  far  behind  him 
now.  His  delving  into  ex- 
perimental electric  music  has 
culminated  in  a  show  which,  at 
Seneca  College,  on  Wednesday 
night,  sounded  at  times  like 
noise  from  a  shortwave  radio 
but  which  also  managed  to  fill 
the  auditorium  with  most 
imaginative  sounds. 

Although  Hancock  was  placed 
on  centre  stage,  his  role  at  times 
became  secondary  due  to  the 
absolutely  brilliant  per- 
cussionist, Bill  Sommers.  I  have 
never  seen  anyone  who  could 
squeeze  more  sounds  out  of  an 
instrument  than  this  man.  His 
talent  was  most  obvious  during 
a  number  which  began  with  a 
strange  African  chant,  and 
during  which  Sommers  played  a 
strange  instrument  which 
pounded  out  a  rhythm  whose 
source  seemed  to  be  the  heart 
itself.  The  audience  was 
mesmerized  by  this  spectacle. 

The  final  piece  of  the  night 
was  probably  the  most  exciting. 
Beginning  with  a  powerful  beat 
thumped  out  by  drummer  Mike 
Clark,  helped  by  bassist  Paul 
Jackon,  the  electric  sax  sud- 
denly came  alive  to  pierce  the 
*  ears  of  the  audience  with  its 
shrill  melody.  Benny  Wilson  was 
never  in  better  control  of  this 
instrument  during  the  whole 
concert,  managing  riff  after  riff 
of  beautiful  sound  that  weaved 
its  way  through  the  concert  hall. 
And  then  Hancock  intruded.  The 
strange  groans  and  shrieks  he 
produced  on  his  synthesizer  soon 
became  unbearable.  Hancock 
walked  away  from  the  syn- 
thesizer and  began  playing  it 
from  a  distance,  mystifying  the 


But  by  this  time  I  really  didn't 
care  what  he  did  (or  how  he  did 
it).  The  best  song  of  the  night 
had  been  suffocated. 

lawrence  yanover 





OCTOBER23,24, 25 



— presents — 
Richard  Brinsley  Sheridan's 


directed  by  Timothy  McElcheran 
September  27,  28,  29 

October  4, 5, 6  at  8:30  pm. 

in  St.  Mike's  Upper  Brennan  Theatre 
Admission  Free 




814  -  S16  Yongo  St 
Yorfcdala  Shopping  Centra 
Fdrvhnv  Mall 
Scarborough  Town  Contra 



All  Shopping  Contra*  open  daily  until  9:30  p.m. 






Who  are  free  from  10:30  am  to  3  o'clock  Monday  to  Friday 

or  full  time 

Also  some  part-time  evenings 


Apply  37  Front  Street  East 
9  -  11am 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 

The  Varsity  13 

Stardom!  The  Hollywood 
by  Alexander  Walker 

Stardom:  The  Hollywood 
Phenomenon  is  Alexander 
Walker's  effort  to  solve  one  of 
the  most  fascinating  show 
business  mysteries.  Walker  is 
the  film  critic  for  London's 
Evening  Standard  and  in  this 




Tom  thru  Sun  8.30  pm 
Sun  Matlnw  2.30  pm 
207AdoU14oSL  I.M4-M7 

Penguin  reissue  of  his  1970  book 
he  attempts  "an  inquiry  into  the 
process  by  which  some  stars  are 

He  succeeds  admirably  in  his 
description  of  the  early  days  of 
the  industry  and  in  explaining 
the  various  factors  which  led  to 
the  development  of  the  "star 

After  his  account  of  the 
Thirties,  however,  he  seems  to 
run  out  of  stars  and/or  energy. 
The  first  three  decades  of 
Hollywood  Stardom  are  pain- 
stakingly detailed  but  the  next 
forty  years  are  dismissed  in 
rather  desultory  fashion. 
Perhaps  after  the  splendour  of 
Garbo  and  Valentino,  Walker's 
heart  just  isn't  moved  by  the 
"Life-Style  Stars",  "Ethnic 
Stars",  "Fading  Stars"  and 
"Anti-Stars"  of  his  last  few 

Walker  details  with  loving 
intimacy  the  fortunes  of  such 
"stellar  attractions"  as  Lillian 
Gish   (my  favourite)  Charlies 

Chaplin,  Mary  Pickford  and 
Douglas  Fairbanks.  He  tells  all 
about  their  various  TNT's 
(Trials  'n'  Tribulations). 

You  know,  those  endearing 
foibles  such  as:  Mary  Pickford's 
uncanny  business  sense; 
Chaplin's  shyness  about  his 
British  accent  (in  silent  movies, 
yet);  and  Miss  Lillian's  puritan 
dedication  to  Art  (whether 
Carney  or  Garfunkle  is  not  made 

These  and  oher  juicy  anec- 
dotes make  the  book  a  pleasure 
to  read  and  to  add  to  your  Movie 
Confessions  magazine  collec- 
tion. For  your  $2.25  you  also  get 
some  nifty  pictures  of  Clark 
Gable,  "The  King",  John 
Wayne,  "The  Duke",  and 
Rudolph  Valentino,  "The 

What  emerges  clearly  from 
walker's  book  as  the  answer  to 
"Why  Stars?"  "How  Stars?" 
and  "Who  Stars?"  is,  simply, 

The  reason  for  early  film- 

makers' suppression  of  actors' 
names  was  to  avoid  claims  for 
more  money  as  they  became 
more  famous.  Actors  and  ac- 
tresses were  known  to  the  public 
by  their  physical  characteristics 
("that  man  with  the  funny 
mustache")  .or  by  the  name  of 
their  company  ("The  Vitagraph 

One  of  these  company 
"Girls",  Biograph's  Florence 
Lawrence,  was  among  the  first 
to  have  her  name  released  to  the 
public  in  a  newspaper  article. 
The  occasion  was  the  report  of 
her  death.  Fortunately  for  her, 
the  report  was  untrue  (shades  of 
Paul)  and  so,  along  with  the 
publicity  stunt,  a  star  was  born. 

Once  the  players'  identities 
began  to  be  known,  many 
shrewd  producers  realized  that 
the  very  presence  of  a  star's 
name  on  a  theatre  Marauee 
would  guarantee  the  attendance 
of  his  or  her  fans.  The  studios 
made  an  aboutface  and  began  to 
publicize  the  names  and  faces  of 

their  properties.  Fan  magazines 
were  well-established  by  1912. 

Rival  compnies  began  to  bid 
for  star's  services  and  pulled 
raids  on  one  another  in  an  at- 
tempt to  secure  the  biggest  stars 
for  their  pictures. 

Walker  has  done  an  amazing 
amount  of  research  for  his 
subsequent  accounts  of  "who 
signed  when  with  whom  for  how 
much  and  what  happened  and 
why.  The  political  and  financial 
backstabbing,  the  striving  for 
"artistic  control",  the  scandals 
and  extravagances  are  also  all 
thoroughly  revealed.  He  shows 
the  drastic  effect  on  stardom  of 
the  talkies  and  how  they  laughed 
when  The  Great  Lover,  John 
Gilbert,  began  to  speak.  The 
feudalism  of  the  eccentric  and 
autocratic  studio  bosses  is  also 
brought  under  scrutiny. 

It's  an  interesting  and  very 
well-researched  account  of  the 
early  days  of  the  stars. 

andy  sos 


Huron  Street,  just  south  of  Bloor 
Eucharists:  7,  8  and  9:15  a.m. 
7  p.m. — SOLEMN  EVENSONG, 

Daily  Eucharist  —  6:45a.m. 
(except  Wed.  10a.m.,  Sat.  9:30) 
Monday  thru  Thursday  5:30 
p.m.  __ 
Friday  12: 15 noon  8.6  p.m. 


University  College's 

_  First  Weekly  PJJIJ 

to  be  held  every  Friday  night 
in  the  Junior  Common  Room 

(N.W.  corner  of  U.C.'s  Quadrangle) 

8  -  12  MIDNIGHT 


The  University  of  Toronto's  men's  and  women's  racing  teams 
are  welcoming  new  members.  All  those  interested  in  racing 
this  year  are  asked  to  contact  the  Athletic  Office,  Room  101, 
Hart  House  for  further  details  or  call  DAVID  McCLYMENT 

You  mean  you  still  haven't  seen 
Harold  and  Maude?  You're  kidding, 


..=r,ing  RUTH  GORDON  •  BUDCORT 

With  Songs  by  CAT  STEVENS  f 

DAILY  6:00,8:00,  10:00 
SAT.  &  SUN.  2-4-6-8-10 


Part  time  work  available  for 
experienced  tellers.  Hours  Hexible. 
Canadian  Imperial  Bank  of  Commerce, 
151  Bloor  Street  West, 
Mrs.  Brown 

~  oerior 



Frame  styles 
to  compliment 
today's  youthful 

in  metal  and  shell 

236  BLOOR  ST.  W. 
PHONE  922-2116 

How  -  to  lose 

Used  to  be,  getting  a 
stereo  receiver  involved  a 
painful  choice. 

You  either  got  a  good  one 
and  paid  dearly,  or  you  got 
one  cheap  ana  died  a  little 
every  time  you  played  it. 

Used  to  be. 

Because  now  Rotel  gives 
you  another  option. 

The  RX-150A.  The  least 
expensive  of  the  Rotel  line 
of  fine  receivers. 

It  gives  you  the  latest 

The  integrated  circuits, 
and  low-noise  silicon  output 
transistors  you've  heard  so 
much  about. 

You^lso  get  features  and 

AM-FM  and  FM  stereo. 
A  tuning  meter  to  guide 
you  to  the  best  reception. 

I  nputs  for  eight-track  or 
cassette  decks. 

Eight  controls  for  shaping 
and  re-shaping  the  sound, 
(including  switches  for  oper- 
ating a  second  pair  of  speakers 
for  four  way  sound.) 

Headphone  jack  out  in 


Noresco  I  Ontario  I  Ltd. 

425  Alness  St. 
Downsview,  Ontario 

front  where  you  don't  have  to 
grope  for  it. 

And  great  sound,  of  course. 
An  easy  choice. 
And  the  price  doesn't  make 
it  any  harder.  $229.50. 

But  if  that's  too  easy— or 
if  you  want  all  the  trimmings 
you  can  get— there  are  seven 
other  Rotels  you  can  choose 

Every  single  one  great 

Andnoneof  them  would 
cost  more  than  what  you'd 
be  willing  to  part  with. 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 

A  number  of  plays  have  just  closed  or 
are  closing  soon  so  look  out  for  a  glut  of 
new  plays  in  the  third  week  of  October. 
— Hosanna  (at  the  Global  Village 
Theatre)  is  off  to  Broadway  after  this 
Sunday;  The  Dyybuk  at  the  St. 
Lawrence  Centre  finishes  next  Sunday, 
as  does  Who's  Afraid  of  Virginia 
Woolf?{produced  by  the  Toronto  Truck 
Theatre  at  the  Colonnade). 

Among  the  plays  continuing  for  a 
while  are  1837  The  Farmers'  Revolt  (at 
the  Enoch  Turner  Schoolhouse  at  King 
and  Parliament),  From  The  Boyne  to 
Batouche  at  Toronto  Workshop 
Productions,  12  Alexander  Street);  The 
Spell  of  the  Yukon  (at  the  Poor  Alex),  A 
Lime  in  the  Morning  (at  the  Toronto 
Centre  for  the  Arts,)  and  the  Open 
Circle's  Business  as  Usual  (review,  p. 
12)  (at  St.  Paul's  Avenue  Road  Church). 

Three  shows  did  open  this  week:  the 
Scarborough  Theatre  Guild's  production 
of  The  Man  Who  Came  to  Dinner  (at 
Playhouse  66,  66  Denton),  The  Night  No 
One  Yelled  at  Tarragon  Theatre,  and 
Brief  Lives  at  the  Roval  Alex.  See  the 
review  of  The  Man  Who  in  this  issue  of 
The  Night  in  next  week's. 

Brief  Lives  is  "a  play  for  one  player," 
as  the  publicity  material  says.  Roy  it's 
come  back  to  Toronto  by  public  demand. 
,  Doctrice  impersonates  John  Aubrey  the 
seventeenth  century  diarist,  and  in  so 
doing  conjures  up  a  century  for  us.  The 
set  designed  by  Julia  Trevelyn  Oman  is 
a  maze  of  2000  props,  including  a  real 

It's  a  great  show. 

There  are  two  satirical  reviews  in 
town  —  What's  a  Nice  Country  like  You 
doing  in  a  State  Like  This?  (at  the  Dell) 
which  has  been  going  strong  for  quite  a 
while  now,  and  something  newer,  or  a 
revival  of  something  older.  The  New 
Clap  Hands,  directed  by  Eric  House,  at 
Old  Angelo's.  (Review,  page  12). 

The  Theatre  Mickities  present  the 
second  and  last  weekend  of  their 
production  of  The  School  for  Scandal. 
Tonight,  tomorrow  and  Sunday,  at  8:30 
pm  in  St.  Mike's  Upper  Brennan  Hall. 
It's  an  amateur  production,  so  what  can 
you  say? 

Previews  for  Sudden  Death  Overtime 
continue  until  the  thirteenth.  The  official 
opening  is  October  15  (and  we'll  review 
the  play  then).  But  tickets  won't  be  the 
99c  then  that  they  are  now. 


The  Marx  Brothers  are  always  cause 
for  rejoicing.  Their  1930  farce  Animal 
Crackers  is  making  the  rounds,  In  its 
first  official  release  since  1956. 

There  are  dozens  of  reasons  you 
should  go.  Here  are  a  few  of  them: 
Groucho's  dreamy  "strange  in- 
terludes", when  he  steps  to  stage  front 
and  mutters  about  endless  corridors  of 
time,  weird  figures,  and  the  fact  that 

Hungadunga  and  McCormick,  and 
wither ingly  correcting  his  secretary's 
pronuncition  of  Hungadunga  (the  colour 
of  the  "u"  falls  somewhere  between  an 
umlaut  and  catarrh). 

Saturday  night  on  television  there  is 
an  easy  choice  to  make.  Citizen  Kane  is 
on  channel  19,  The  Last  Picture  Show  is 
on  9,  both  at  8  pm  The  choice  is  easy 
because  you  can  catch  Last  Picture 
Show  again  Sunday  night  on  an 
American  channel. 

Even  if  you  couldn't,  the  choice  would 
still  be  easy.  Peter  Bogdanovich's  film  is 
not  a  bad  movie;  it's  exceptionally  well- 
acted  and  not  nearly  as  frantic  and  self- 
impressed  as  his  later  films.  But  the 
tedium  of  life  is  as  unrelieved  as  in  any 
mid-afternoon  soap-opera.  There  is  a 
dialogue  like  "If  it  wasn't  for  him  I  guess 
I  would  have  missed  it,  whatever  it  is," 
which  is  a  tony  version  of  the  old  "If  I 
had  some  bread  I'd  make  a  ham  sand- 
wich, if  I  had  some  ham."  Still,  Cloris 
Leachman,  Eileen  Brennan  and  Ben 
Johnson  are  particularly  worth  seeing, 
as  are  many  of  the  lesser  performers. 

Citizen  Kane  needs  little  introduction; 
the  climate  of  opinion  is  that  it  is  one  of 
the,  if  not  the,  best  sound  movie  ever 
made,  strike  the  sound.  It  is  a  spec- 
tacularly written,  acted  and  directed 
film  by  Orson  Welles,  with  great  con- 
tributions by  scriptwriter  Herman  J. 
Mankiewicz  and  cinematographer 
Gregg  Toland.  The  story  bears  uncanny 
resemblances  to  the  life  of  newspaper 
magnate  William  Randolph  Hearst. 

The  most  shocking  piece  of  news  I 
heard  this  year  was  that  Patty  (Tania) 
Hearst,  his  granddaughter,  had  never 
seen  the  film  and  didn't  even  know  it  was 
about  grampa.  That  explains  more 
about  the  poor  girl  than  all  the  essays  in 
Newsweek  and  the  New  York  Times. 



This  is  the  next-to-last  week  for  the 
Cnadian  Opera  Company's  stay  at 
O'  Keefe.  There  are  still  tickets  to  be  had, 
but  you'd  better  get  to  the  box-office  well 
in  advance  of  the  performances  if  you 
want  to  get  in.  I'm  told  that  some 
standing  room  is  available  for  a  few 
shows,  too. 

I  took  in  the  opening  night  per- 
formance of  Faust  and  while  it  is 
satisfying,  it  doesn't  match  the  levels 
reached  in  Boris  or  Dutchman. 
Mephistopheles,  Jerome  Hines 
superb,  an  elegantly  dressed  devil. 
fall,  commanding  presence  on  stage 
reduced  the  other  singers  to  mere 
shadows,  just  as  a  good  devil  should. 
Jean  Bonhomme,  as  Faust  was,  I 
thought,  a  disappointment.  He's  clearly 
a  good  actor,  but  his  abilities  got  lost  in 
his  rather  nasal  top  range.  Far  better 
was  Heather  Thompson  as  Margeurite,  a 
top  singer  and  a  creditably  good  actress. 
The  production  is  fairly  good  visually, 
the  costumes  look  like  they've  been 
lifted  bodily  from  a  Breughel  canvas 
(and  that's  good),  but  hampering  all  the 
proceedings  is  the  simpering  music  of 
Gounoud.  There  are  good  moments,  it's 
true,  but  this  opera  isn't  my  favourite 
For  those  enamoured  of  the  music 


.  His 


SSS-P  SMS  Z  551^  5  z  Ss~£  ™  <° 

parents  ate  the  spinach, 
monumental  Margaret  Dummont,  who 
after  she  receives  three  thunderous 
punches  below  the  belt  in  a  ferocious 
bout  with  Harpo  that  would  have  an- 
nihilated lesser  men,  regains  her 
composure  by  delicately  brushing  off  the 
lap  of  her  gown  as  if  she  had  been 
grappling  only  with  an  inferior  brand  of 
ladyfingers;  Groucho  again,  dictating  a 
letter  to  this  solicitors  Hungadunga, 
Hungadunga,  -Hu  n^ad  u  jvg  a.  , 


 ...       v..,,,,  cofj^iairy 

the  talents  of  Thompson  and  Hines;  If 
Faust  doesn't  rank  high  on  your  list  of 
"best"  operas,  you  won't  be  missinq 
much  if  you  don't  bother. 

This  week  in  the  Opera  Dept.  tonight 
it's  the  marvellous  Boris  Gudonov, 
visually  the  most  exciting  thing  ever 
shown  at  the  O'Keefe.  Tomorrow  af- 
ternoon: Traviata,  with  a  performance 
of  Faust  at  8:15.  Note  that  the  Boris 
evening  performance  starts  at  7:15  pm 
Boris  also  plays  on  Monday  night. 
-   -Tuesday,  night-  is  -Faust's  turn  again. 

Traviata  makes  another  appearance  on 
Wednesday,  and  your  last  chance  to  see 
the  enjoyable  Carmen  is  on  Thursday 


ff  string  quartets  interest  you,  Sunday 
afternoon  at  3  is  a  time  you  should  note. 
At  the  Edward  Johnson  Building 
(Faculty  of  Music)  the  University's 
Quartet-in-residence,  the  Orford 
Quartet,  is  giving  the  first  of  a  series  of 
three  programs.  Haydn,  Mendelssohn 
and  Beethoven  make  up  the  program. 
Looks  good,  especially  since  student 
tickets  are  only  S2  with  ID,  S5  for  the 
series  of  3  concerts.  NB:  get  your  tickets 
today  at  the  EJB  box  office  to  take  ad- 
vantage of  the  student  rate. 

At  the  EJB,  the  annual  run  of  free 
entertainment  is  gearing  up:  Thursday 
at  2:10  pm,  you  can  see  Harvey  Sachs, 
conductor  of  the  Peterborough  Sym- 
phony Orchestra.  He'll  be  giving  a 
lecture-demonstration  on  the  conducting 
art  of  Arturo  Toscanini. 

Highly  Recommended  Reading:  an 
article  in  this  month's  Stereo  Review,  all 
about  the  making  of  records,  in  con- 
siderable technical  detail.  Read  it  and 
you'll  be  able  to  understand  why  so 
many  warped  and  substandard  products 
come  out  of  the  factories  today. 

Contest:  C,  D,  E  flat,  B  flat,  C  minor, 
F,  A,  F,  D  minor.  Whose  symphonies? 
I'M  give  a  record  prize  for  the  first 
correct  answer  sent  to  the  Varsity,  care 
of  the  Music  Editor. 



The  next  week  or  so  provides  a  rather 
tasty,  but  varied  lineup  for  the  concert 
goer.  Though  things  look  dormant  for 
tonight  and  Saturday,  the  Nitty  Gritty 
Dirt  Band  pulls  into  Convocation  Hall  on 
Sunday  evening  for  what  could  be  one  of 
the  more  exciting  shows  of  the  fall.  Lots 
of  S4  tickets  are  available  for  both  the  7 
and  9:30  shows  and  can  be  picked  up  at 
either  the  SAC  or  VUSAC  offices. 

Monday,  at  the  Gardens,  offers  the , 
first  Toronto  solo  appearance  of  Rick 
Wakeman.  He's  brought  a  sixty-piece 
orchestra  and  choir  with  him  to  perform 
his  somewhat  disappointing,  Journey  to 
the  Centre  of  the  Earth.  Next  Friday, 
George  Carlin  makes  a  triumphant 
return  to  Toronto  for  two  shows  at  Con 
Hall.  $4  student  tickets  should  still  be 
available  for  both  shows  at  the  SAC 
office  but  are  surely  to  go  quickly. 

Next  Saturday  Massey  Hall  features 
Rhodes  scholar  turned  country  songster, 
Kris  Kristoferson,  along  with  his 
talented  and  delightful  wife,  Rita 
Coolidge.  At  Seneca  College  the  same 
night,  SRO  is  presenting  a  bargain 
boogie  with  Canned  Heat.  All  tickets  are 
going  for  $3.99,  but  is  that  such  a  bargain 
for  Canned  Heat? 

Rhythm  and  blues  fans  can  catch 
Tower  of  Power  at  Massey  Hall  on 
Sunday  the  13th.  Besides  their  own  fine 
albums  of  late,  Tower  of  Power  has  its 
superb  horn  section  featured  throughout 
Elton  John's  latest,  Caribou. 

Two  fantastic  shows  are  coming  up  on 
Monday  the  14th  and  Wednesday  the 
16th.  On  the  14th  the  great  songwriter- 
pianist-vocalist  Randy  Newman  makes 
one  of  his  rare  Toronto  appearances,  this 
time  with  the  superb  guitarist  Ry 
Cooder.  Two  nights  later,  the  highly 
gifted  Jackson  Brown  performs  with 
exciting  vocalist  Bonnie  Raitt.  Both 
shows  will  be  at  Massey  Hall. 

For  jazz  fans,  hopefully  with  a  little 
money,  this  weekend  "offers  Ella  Fitz- 
gerald at  the  Royal  York,  Carment 
McRae  at  the  Beverley  Hills,  and  the 
Cannonball  Adderley  Quintet  at  the 

At  the  clubs,  Jimmy  Witherspoon,  the 
old  Chicago  bluesman  is  featured 
through  Saturday  at  the  El  Mocomobi, 
where  next  week  they're  offering 
Downchild  Blues  Band.  At  the  Chimney, 
the  Heartaches  Razz  Band  closes  out 
their   week   Saturday   night,   and  are 

replaced  next  week  by  the  remarkable 
Ellen  Mclllwaine. 

At  the  folk  clubs,  Jesse  Winchester 
appears  through  Saturday  at  Egerton's, 
and  Bruce  Roberts  can  be  seen  there  all 
next  week.  At  Shiers,  in  the  north  end  at 
Sheppard  and  Don  Mills,  my  fellow 
editor  Bob  Bossin  appears  this  weekend 
with  Stringband,  the  group  that  will  so 
pleasurably  open  the  Nitty  Gritty  Dirt 
Band  show. 


Hear  how  the  other  half  sounds:  Radio 
Varsity  has  a  show  thursday  nights  — 
called  "Whatever"  —  which  attempts 
(like  the  Varsity  Review)  to  keep  the 
university  community  informed  about 
what's  going  on  in  Toronto  and  what's 
worth  going  to  see.  The  show  which  is  on 
the  air  from  an  hour  and  a  half  to  two 
hours  each  week)  begins  at  7  pm.  The 
show's  host  and  co-ordinator,  Frank 
Cockram,  notes  that  the  program  has  a 
variety  of  reviewers,  "each  expert  in  his 
or  her  field,  who  collectively  cover 
everything  from  dance  to  rock,"  (with 
books,  classical  music,  art,  theatre, 
film,  and  science  fiction  in  between). 
The  show's  scope,  as  well,  ranges  bet- 
ween a  calendar  listing  of  what's  on 
during  the  week,  and  what's  coming  up 
during  the  season,  on  one  end,  and 
poetry  readings  and  comprehensive  live 
interviews,  on  the  other. 

Cockram  says  his  concern  is  to  report, 
review,  interview,  persons  and  events 
usually  passed  over  by  other  radio 
stations  and  by  the  other  media. 

A  worthy  aim. 

(In  residence,  Radio  Varsity  is 
available  on  820  am,  off  campus  on  96.3 


In  the  barren  wilds  of  the  Sid  Smith 
building  an  oasis  of  beauty  has  tem- 
porarily been  struck  on  the  6th  floor. 
Lining  the  corridor  are  prints  by  third 
and  fourth  year  studio  majors  from  the 
University  of  Windsor's  Fine  Art  Studio 
department.  Abstraction  is  popular  but 
most  appealing,  I  thought,  when  fleshed 
out  with  fantasy  as  in  "North  Star",  a 
flight  of  fancy  centring  on  a  pair  of 
socks.  At  least  one  striking  print, 
"Bika",  shows  that  line  drawing  is  not 
being  neglected  either.  Hope  to  see 
something  similar  from  our  own 

A  university  professor,  Walter 
Sawron,  has  a  showing  of  recent 
drawings  along  with  Peter  Mah  at  York- 
ville's  Gadatsy  Gallery.  At  Scarborough 
College,  an  exhibit  by  Beverly  Gorben 
opens  today  John  Howling's  paintings 
(see  review  page  8)  continues  at  Hart 
House  till  October  21: 



editor  randy  robertson 

art  gillian  mackay 

books  randy  robertson 

dance  carot  anderson 

movies  bob  bossin 

music  david  basskin 

rock  and  jazz  rob  bennett 

photography  brian  pel 

theatre  sandra  souchotte 

production  ianet  Clarke 

Friday,  October  4,  1974 


Alf  girls  interested  in  representing 
U.  of  T.  on  Intermediate,  Senior  and  Metro  Teams 
please  come  to  Benson  Building 

320  Huron  Street 
All  welcome  on  October  7, 5-7  p.m. 


1974-75  Season  will  see  the  addition  of  a  third  team  to  the 
Women's  Volleyball  program.  The  third  team  will  be  entered 
in  the  O.V.A.  Senior  Women's  League  to  provide  a  greater 
opportunity  for  more  players  to  be  exposed  to  good  competi 
tion.  Try-outs  are  open  to  alumni  and  any  aspiring  student 
wishing  to  acquire  higher  skill  levels.  Practices  will  beheld  in 
conjunction  with  senior  and  intermediate  teams.  More  in- 
formation is  available  at  the  first  try-out.  If  you  dig  Volleyball 
we'll  see  you  on  Monday  October  7,  Benson  Building,  5  p.m., 
Sports  Gym. 

The  Coaches 

Students  to  get  a  campus  centre 

Plans  for  campus  centre 
development  and  an  all-year  tennis 
court  received  approval  from  the 
university  Governing  Council's 
internal  affairs  committee. 

The  committee  Monday  approved 
the  closing  of  parts  of  Huron  and 
Wilcox  Streets  on  the  south-west 
campus  for  the  green  belt  suggested 
in  the  campus  centre  report. 
Development  is  now  subject  to 
approval  by  the  business  affairs 
committee  and  Governing  Council 

Internal  affairs  vice-president  Jill 
Conway  said  the  plans  are  the  fruit 
of  a  three-year  study  by  SAC  and 
planning  consultants. 

Architect  Tupper  Foster  said  the 
first  stage  of  development  involves 
turning  St.  George  Street,  from 

Harbord  to  College  Streets,  into  a 
divided  boulevard,  allowing  a 
grassy  median  for  the  hundreds  of 
students  who  daily  dodge  the  traffic. 

According  to  the  plans,  the  south 
side  of  Sidney  Smith  Hall  will  be 
redesigned  into  a  commercial  zone 
with  fast-food  boothes,  a  bank  and  a 
restaurant.  A  sunken  garden  will 
occupy  the  present  moat  south  of  Sid 
Smith.  The  raised  podium  on  Sid 
Smith's  east  and  west  sides  will  be 
accessible  from  Wilcox. 

Income  from  the  commercial  zone 
is  intended  eventually  to  defray  the 
$1.4  million  cost. 

Lowest  priority  is  the  conversion 
of  parts  of  Wilcox  and  Huron  Streets 
and  the  text-book  store  parking  lot 
into  green  space. 

Student  governor  Stephen  Moses 
argued  that  this  should  not  be  a  low 


from  around  the  world 

s  h 

*  weaving j,  bookings,  furs, 
batiks,  etc 


TP  Li  r  33  JarvisSt. 
t  366-4360  -i 


10  A.M.-6  P.M. 
FRI. — 70  A.M. -9  P.M. 
SAT.-9A.M.-6  P.M. 


Royal  Canadian  Club 
v    Women  Sign  Up 
in  W.A.A.  Office 
Benson  Building 
Entry  Deadline 
Friday  October  4 




Begins  Tuesday  October  8 
Benson  Building,  Sports  Gym 
Senior  and  Intermediate 
All  Welcome 

priority  because  the  first  stated 
objective  for  implementing  the 
campus  centre  calls  for  "im- 
provement of  aesthetic  qualities  on 
campus,  beginning  with  land- 

Moses  fears  development  could 
grind  to  a  halt  after  the  commercial 
development  of  Sid  Smith,  leaving 
the  objective  unfulfilled. 

Innis  College  principal  Peter 
Russell  warned  the  committee  it 
might  suffer  the  same  plight  as  the 
new  Innis  college  building,  to  be 
constructed  at  St.  George  and 
Sussex.  The  Innis  building,  Russell 
noted,  sacrificed  food  services  and 
aesthetic  features  for  necessary 
classroom  space  because  of  inflating 

Also  at  Monday's  meeting  Con- 
way's special  assistant  Jack 
Diamond  presented  a  proposal  for 
year-round  tennis  facilities  which 
would  be  covered  by  a  plastic  bubble 
during  the  winter.  The  proposal 
would  allow  the  university  to  lease 
land  to  the  city  —  probably  the 
parking  lot  north  of  New  College  and 
the  site  of  the  proposed  men's 
athletic  facilities. 

The  city  would  own  and  operate 
the  courts  and  changing  facilities, 
giving  priority  to  university' 
members  and  allowing  time  for 

An  alternative  site,  also  used 
presently  for  a  parking  lot,  is  north 
of  the  Drill  Hall  near  Bloor  and  St. 
George  Streets. 

Thursday,  Friday 


Sidney  Smith  Lobby 
10  to  3 

Ideas:  The  spark  we  run  on 



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Hoechst  develops  a  constant 
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research  pointed  in  the  right 
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sible, ideas  about  what  is  proba- 
ble in  the  light  of  a  constantly 
changing,  ever-increasing  body 
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Imagination  steers  the 

Imagination  is  a  prime  source 
of  the  new  ideas  Hoechst  uses 
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Helping  Build  Canada 

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draw  upon   In  Canada.  Hoechst 
is  an  autonomous  company 
employing  Canadians  to  serve 
Canadian  needs. 
Hoechst  in  Canada  concerns 
itself  with  supplying  both  the 
present  and  future  needs  of 
Canadians.  The  range  of  prod- 
ucts and  services  covers  Ihe 
specirum  through  industrial 
chemicals,  dyestuffs,  plastics, 
printing  plates,  human  and  vet- 
erinary medicines,  pharmaceu- 
ticals, and  lextile  fibres  Hoechst 
products  and  services,  Hoechst 
techniques  and  know-how  in 
these  fields,  combined  with  a 
large  international  fund  of  expe- 
rience, have  given  the  company 
a  reputation  for  expertise  which 
takes  constant  striving  to  live  up 
to.  Hoechst  thinks  ahead. 


Canadian  Hoechst  Limited 
4045  Cote  Vertu 
Montreal  383.  Quebec 

40  Lesmiil  Road 
Don  Mills.  Ontario 

16  The  Varsity 

Friday,  October  <f,  1974 

sports  "Jk, 

Dave  Stuart 

Scarborough  and  Medicine  clash  in  div  II  football 

.  By  MRS.  PARKER 
Scarborough  College  made  one  of 
their  rare  appearances  on  the  back 
campus  last  night  and  came  up  with 
a  win  over  Meds  in  second  division 

Scar  won  the  hard  hitting  match 
10-1,  but  the  game  could  just  as 
easily  have  gone  in  Meds  favor. 

In  the  second  quarter  Scar  clicked 
for  the  only  touchdown  of  the  game. 

On  a  third  down  ga,n;e.  Scar  used 
a  sweep  around  left  end  by  the 
Fleetfooted  Henderson  for  the  TD. 
Morin's  convert  was  good. 

After  Meds  were  unable  to  muster 
an  offense  from  the  kick  off,  Scar 
quarterback  Swider  pitched  the  ball 
out  to  Henderson  for  a  sweep  right. 

The  blocking  did  not  develop  for 
the  run  and  Henderson  was  left 
charging  around  in  the  backfield 
wondering  what  to  do  with  the  ball. 

He  spotted  Chuck  Taylor  in  the 
end  zone  and  fired  a  perfect  strike 
for  a  TD.  But  alas  the  officials,  ever 
on  their  toes,  noticed  an  ineligible 
receiver  downfield  and  ruled  the  TD 

Scar  settled  for  a  field  goal,  and 
lead  10-0  at  half  time. 

Meds  came  storming  out  in  the 
second  half,  but  only  managed  a 
single  point  on  a  wide  field  goal 

Scarborough  demonstrates  its  option  pitch  to  the  Meds  onlookers.  It  was  Scar's  most  effective  play. 

Blues  face  weekend  double-header 


G  W  L  T  P 


2  2  0  0  4 


2  2  0  0  4 


2  2  0  0  4 

New  1 

110  0  2 

Trin  II 

2  110  0 

New  II 

10  10  0 

Trin  1 

2  0  2  0  0 


2  0  2  0  0 


2  0  2  0  0 


The  soccer  Blues  travel  north  to 
Sudbury  to  play  games  tomorrow 
and  Sunday  against  the  Laurentian 
Voyageurs,  last  year's  Ontario 

Although  not  performing  at  its 
peak  in  the  last  two  games,  the 
Blues'  team  is  the  only  unbeaten 
squad  in  the  OUA A  western  division . 

In  practice,  coach  Bob  Nicol  has 
concentrated  on  playing  the  ball  out 
of  defense  and  utilizing  throw-ins  to 
advantage  in  the  hope  that  im- 
provements in  these  areas  will 
enable  the  Blues  to  return  un- 
defeated to  Toronto. 

It  is  possible  that  Blues'  captain 
Geoff  Crewe,  will  not  play  while  his 
eligibility  is  under  question. 

To  date,  Crewe's  team  mates  have 
insisted  that,  because  he  was 
registered  only  briefly  in  the 
National  Soccer  League,  he  play  in 
every  game. 

This  stand  has  created  sufficient 
consternation  throughout  the  league 
to  merit  a  reopening  of  the  eligibility 

question  at  the  OUAA  meetings  next 

Meanwhile  the  coaches  will  be 
holding  discussions  over  the 
Thanksgiving  weekend  and  their 
decisions  will  be  forwarded  to  the 

As  of  this  moment  no  official 
protest  has  been  received  by  the 
OUAA  regarding  Crewe's  par- 
ticipation, although  McMaster  has 
initiated  an  enquiry. 

The  Blues  could  still  forfeit  their 
points  earned  so  far  this  year  or 
perhaps  be  expelled  from  the  league 
next  season 

The  possibility  of  expulsion  is  not 
likely  since  most  other  teams  in  the 
OUAA  also  have  players  whose 
eligibility  is  questionable. 

If  the  Blues'  public  action,  even 
though  they  may  forfeit  match 
points,  leads  to  a  more  open  policy 
regarding  student  eligibility  in 
athletics,  it  will  (in  the  opinion  of 
this  writer)  have  been  well  worth 

Sr.  Eng  and  Scar  played  heads  up  soccer  on  the  front  camp 



G  w  I  t  1 

a  p 


4  3  0  1  11 

5  7 


4  2  116 

5  5 


3  1115 

5  3 


3  1119 

4  3 


4  12  14 

5  3 


3  0  12  4 

6  2 


3  0  2  1  1 

10  1 

In  division  I  of  interfac  soccer 
Scar  downed  Sr.  Eng  by  a  score  of  3- 
1.  Scar  lead  at  half  time  2-0  goals  by 
Varalis  and  Morra.  In  the  second 
half  Gough  again  tallied  for  Scar  but 
the  shutout  was  ruined  by  a  goal  by 
Papadeterou.  See  picture  this  page. 

There  was  one  game  in  division  II 
seeing  Law  and  Jr.  Eng  deadlocked 
at  1-1.  Buofo  scored  for  Law  while 
Tang  counted  l  for  skule. 

In  division  III  four  games  were 

Eng  III  downed  SMC  B  2-0  on  goals 
by  Ramasara  and  De  Rose. 

Wycliffe  and  Knox  tied  1-1.  Haykin 
scored  for  Wycliffe  and  Morrow 
tallied  for  Knox. 

Pharmacy  dumped  Innis  4-0. 
Waller  netted  2  for  the  druggists 
while  Bradley  and  Rissi  completed 
the  scoring. 

New  and  Dents  fought  to  a  1-1  tie 
as  well.  New's  goal  came  from  the 
toe  of  Grigjanis  and  Palermo  was 
successful  for  Dents. 

Where  are  all  the  hockey  officials? 
Old  timers  and  new  personnel  are 
needed.  This  can  be  a  lucrative  part- 
time  job  for  anyone  with  a  couple  of 

spare  evenings  per  week.  Ap- 
plications and  details  are  available 
at  the  Intramural  office. 

Listed  below  are  the  season  highs 
that  have  been  recorded  in  the  O- 
QIFC  so, far  this  year. 

Longest  run  for  scrimmage  ...  92 
yards  by  BUI  Harrison  of  Ottawa. 

Longest  completed  pass  ...  96 
yards  by  Mike  Fess  to  Curt  Rush  of 

Longest  Punt  ...  64  yards  by 
Larry  Furmanczyk  of  Carleton. 

Longest  Kickoff  ...  80  yards  by 
Dave  Pegg  of  Windsor. 

Vol.  95,  No.  12 
Mon.  Oct.  7,  1974 


Demo  attacks  amnesty 


.Over  50  demonstrators  marched 
and  chanted  outside  the  U.S.  Em- 
bassy Saturday  calling  for  a  boycott 
of  U.S.  President  Gerald  Ford's 
"earned  amnesty"  program. 

The  demonstration  followed  a 
rally  at  Toronto  City  Hall  organized 
by  Amex  Canada  and  the  Toronto 
Anti-Draft  Program  (TADP). 

During  the  15-minute  demon- 
stration the  crowd  was  addressed  by 
Katie  McGovern  of  the  TADP. 

McGovern  termed  the  U.S. 
government's  amnesty  offer  as  "an 
attempt  to  divide  the  amnesty 
movement,"  adding  "We  will  not 
participate  in  a  bullshit  amnesty." 

In  criticizing  Ford,  McGovern 
said,  "In  essence  his  policies  are  the 
same  as  those  of  Nixon  and  Johnson. 
It's  time  for  a  qualitative  change." 

Amex  spokesman  Charles  Stimac 

told  demonstrators  nearly  a  million 
war  resisters  needed  amnesty. 

Urging  unconditional  amnesty, 
Stimac  said,  "We  all  need  an  am- 
nesty whether  we  want  to  live  in  the 
U.S.  or  not." 

Many  demonstrators  carried 
placards  urging  boycott  of  earned 
re-entry  and  release  of  South 
Vietnamese  political  prisoners. 

At  the  City  Hall  rally  Vinh  Sinh  of 
the  Association  of  Vietnamese 
Patriots  said  that  despite  the  signing 
of  the  Paris  peace  agreements  20 
months  ago,  the  U.S.  and  Saigon 
governments  ignore  the  pact.  Sinh 
called  for  an  end  to  U.S.  military 
operations,  in  South  Vietnam. 

The  International  Committee  to 
Free  South  Vietnamese  Political 
Prisoners  displayed  a  "tiger  cage" 
replica  in  which  they  claim  many  of 
200,000  South  Vietnamese  political 

prisoners  are  held, 

Tiger  Cages  are  small  stone  cells 
with  a  grill  of  bars  across  the  top. 

The  committee  says  prisoners  are 
kept  three  to  a  cage,  their  wrists 
manacled  to  their  ankles,  and  they 
are  subjected  to  sexual  abuse  and 

Committee  members  said  a 
$400,000  contract  for  construction  of 
384  more  "isolation  cells"  was 
awarded  to  the  American  RMK  Co., 
which  owns  Morris-Knudsen  of 
Canada  and  Northern  Construction 
in  Vancouver. 

The  committee,  in  an  attempt  to 
end  Canadian  complicity  in  South 
Vietnam,  wants  to  change  the 
Canadian  government's  policy 
towards  South  Vietnam  and  put  an 
end  to  a  projected  $5  million  in 
Canadian  aid  this  year. 

SAC  wants  space  for  games  room 

SAC  representatives  will  meet 
with  U  of  T  president  John  Evans 
and  other  top  university  ad- 
ministrators tomorrow  to  present 
■  demands  for  space  for  a  games 
room  and  a  permanent  pub. 

The  proposals  are  outlined  in  an 
11-page  brief  which  calls  for  a 
games  room  to  be  set  up  in  an 
unused  area  of  the  Sigmund  Samuel 
library  stacks  and  a  pub  in  the 
temporary  building  next  to  the  SAC 

According  to  SAC  vice-president 
Tim  Buckley  a  services  survey 
taken  last  year  put  pubs  at  the  top  of 
the  list  of  services  students  want 

Unlike  past  SAC  attempts  at 
setting  up  a  pub,  this  proposal  is  for 
one  that  would  be  open  daily.  "It  will 
be  more  like  a  lounge,"  said  SAC 
president  Seymour  Kanowitch. 

Several  past  efforts  have  failed, 
according  to  Kanowitch,  because 
they  were  temporary  pubs  run  in  a 
cafeteria  or  a  basement,  only 
drawing  people  from  that  area. 

Past  SAC  pubs  have  also  had  to 
compete  with  college  pubs  by 
operating  on  Friday  and  Saturday 
evenings  have  lost  money  on  live 

The  temporary  building  location 
for  the  pub  would  be  more  central 

and  SAC  could  spend  money  to 
refurbish  it  if  space  was  allocated  on 
a  long-term  basis,  SAC  reps  argue. 
The  space  is  now  used  by  the  school 
of  Graduate  Studies. 

The  proposal  for  the  games  room 
would  turn  part  of  the  Sig  Sam 
library  stacks  into  a  self-contained 
amusement  area  including  pool 
tables,  ping-pong  tables  and  coin- 
operated  amusement  machines. 

SAC  anticipates  the  initial  outlay 
for  the  games  room  would  be  $10,000 
to  $12,000.  A  full-time  manager 
would  supervise  the  games  room. 

The  brief  notes  U  of  T  is  one  of  the 
few  universities  in  Ontario  without 
both  a  daily  pub  and  a  games  room. 
Buckley  said  after  visiting  other 
Ontario  universities  such  as 
Western,  SAC  executive  members 
had  found  such  facilities  profitable 
and  well  used. 

The  essential  problem,  according 
to  the  brief,  is  that  the  U  of  T  campus 
has  been  designed  almost  solely  for 
academic  purposes  and  neglects 
recreational  facilities. 

Students  have  been  trying  to 
remedy  this  for  many  years.  In  the 
last  23  years  there  have  been  seven 
campus  centre  proposals  and  only 
this  year  are  final  plans  being  made 
for  some  development  in  the  south- 
west corner  of  the  campus. 

SAC  argues  its  proposals,  along 
with  the  implementation  of  the 
Campus  as  Campus  Centre 
proposals,  would  provide  immediate 
improvement  to  the  campus  en- 

However,  the  SAC  proposals  are 
for  immediate  development, 
stressing  the  recreational  and  social 
value  of  providing  central  services 
for  students  of  all  colleges  and' 

SAC  took  the  games  room  and  pub 
proposals  to  the  Campus  as  Campus 
Centre  committee  early  this  sum- 
mer but  the  committee  recom- 
mended SAC  approach  the  ad- 

Since  then,  according  to 
Kanowitch,  SAC  has  approached 
several  different  Simcoe  Hall 
bureaucrats  but  has  just  been 
shuffled  around.  SAC  is  hoping  for  a 
definite  commitment  this  time. 

The  brief  documents  the  long  and 
frustrating  attempts  previously 
made  by  SAC  to  get  some  action  on 
demands  for  more  recreational 
facilities,  in  the  campus  centre 
proposals  and  others. 

Although  Buckley  admitted  the 
space  SAC  has  requested  is  not 
ideal,  he  added,  "We  can't  be 
choosy."  He  feels  both  proposed 
locations  would  be  central. 

Citizen  staff  considers  buying  paper 


The  Toronto  Citizen's  unionized 
staff  has  to  raise  $14,000  by  this 
Wednesday  if  they  want  to  buy  the 
troubled  bi-weekly  newspaper  from 
its  present  owners. 

The  offer  was  made  to  the  staff  by 
board  president  John  Sewell  during 
a  Citizen  board  meeting  last 

Sewell  said  he  was  offering  the 
newspaper  to  the  staff  for  only  half 
the  ordinary  sale  price  "because 
they  indicated  an  interested  in 
running  it  and  no  one  else  seems  that 
interested."      -  . 

However,  staff  spokespersons 
have  indicated  it  is  unlikely  they  will 
be  able  to  raise  the  money  required 
to  buy  the  newspaper. 

The  10,000  circulation  bi-weekly 
newspaper,  which  emphasized  city 
politics  coverage,  folded  last  week 
after  a  bitter  dispute  between  the 
staff  and  a  majority  of  the  seven- 
member  board  of  directors  over 
hiring  and  firing  policies. 

Citizen  co-editor  Ellen  Moorhouse 
criticized  the  one  week  deadline 
allotted  to  the  six-member  staff  to 
raise  money  to  buy  the  newspaper. 

"After  all,"  she  said,  "it's  taken 
i  hem  a  lol  longer  than  a  month  to 

raise  $14,000.  It's  pretty  hard  for  us 
to  raise  it  in  a  week." 

"We  thought  a  week  was 
reasonable,"  Sewell  said.  "They  can 
come  and  ask  us  for  an  extension  if 
they  want  it  but  so  far  haven't  had 
any  response  from  them." 

Sewell  said  the  $14,000  purchase 
price  the  staff  would  pay  is  only  half 
the  amount  of  money  invested  in  the 

"We  have  $19,000  worth  of  capital 
in  the  paper,  a  $5,000  bank  overdraft 

and  a  contract  with  the  general 
manager  that  we'll  have  to  pick  up," 
he  said. 

But  Moorhouse  considered  the 
$14,000  asking  price  "inflated." 

Moorhouse  said  the  staff  itself 
doesn't  have  "that  kind  of  money. 
We  could  only  get  it  with  backers. 
Some  groups  have  shown  an  interest 
but  so  far  nothing  has  coalesced." 

If  the  staff  does  not  raise  the 
money,  Sewell  said,  he  will  offer  the 
paper  to  other  groups  at  a  higher 

SAC  votes  $1,000  for  Citizen 
if  council  approves  owners 

SAC's  external  affairs  com- 
mission voted  6-2  Thursday 
evening  to  grant  $1,000  to  the 
Toronto  Citizen  il  it  is  sold  to  new 

The  grant,  however,  is  "subject 
to  review"  and  will  depend  on 
who  the  new  owners  will  be 

Toronto  Citizen  writer  Art 
Moses  originally  made  a  request 
for  $5,000  to  the  commission. 

"We  might  give  more,"  said 
SAC  president  Seymour 
Kanowitch,  "depending  on  how 
many  grant  requests  we  get 
between  now  and  the  time  Ihe 
Citizen  is  sold."  , 

Does  John  Evans  think  that, 
like  a  great  work  of  art, 
he  can  remain  aloof  from 
the  storm  and  stress 
of  controversy  at  the  U  of  T? 
Find  out  on  page  6 

Also:  Faces  of  Chinatown 

See  page  3 

2  The  Varsity 

Monday,  October  7,  1974 



4  pm 

The  internal  iona  I  relations  com- 
mittee of  the  international  studies 
programme,  presents  a  seminar  by 
Professor  S.R.  Williamson  —  The  Use 
of  Models  and  Paradigms  in 
Diplomatic  History  in  The  Upper 
Library,  Massey  College. 

4:10  pm 

The  1974-75  inaugural  meeting  of  the 
general  committeeof  the  Council  of  the 
Faculty  ol  Arts  and  Science  will  be  held 
in  the  Council  Chamber,  Simcoe  Hall, 
on  Monday,  October  7th,  1974  at  4:10 

5  pm 

Auditions  for  a  new  Canadian  play  to 
be  presenled  at  the  UC  Playhouse  in 
November.  At  the  Junior  Common 
Room  of  University  College.  For  ad- 
ditional information  call  Debby,  922- 
1264  (after  5:30). 

5  :30  pm 

"Sexual  politics  .  .  .  human 
liberation"  a  Women's  study  group 
with  a  theological  perspective.  Bring 
your  own  supper.  Oak  Room,  Newman 
Cenlre.  Sponsored  by  Student  Christian 
Movemenl.  ■ 

6  pm 

International  Dinner  —  Japanese 
style,  at  the  Inlernalional  Student 
Centre,  33  St.  George  St.  Tickets  are 

SI. 25: 

7  pm 

The  firsl  in  an  ongoing  series  of 
classes  in  the  series  —  Trotskyism  and 
the  International  Workers'  Movement 
—  will  be  held  in  the  North  Sitting 
Room,  Hart  House.  The  class  will  deal 
with  the  Russian  Revolution,  1917. 
Admission  free,  sponsored  by  the 
Young  Spartacus  Club  Spartacist 

Underwater  Club  Meeting  with  films 
and  refreshments  in  the  Music  Room, 
Hart  House.  Everyone  Welcome. 
7:30  pm 

The  Ukranian  Student's  Club  is 
holding  its  first  organizational  meeting 
in  the  Hart  House  Debates  Room  at 
7:30  pm.  If  you  really  want  to  do 
something  about  it,  please  attend. 

Come  to  meeting,  organized  by  an  ad 
hoc  group  of  students  and  faculty;  to 
overturn  Caput's  suspensions  of  Tony 
Leah  and  Bill  Schabas.  If  these 
suspensions  are  not  overturned  the  U  of 
T    administration    will    have  carte 

blanche  lo  use  the  archaic  Caput  to 
repress  student  dissenl  in  the  future. 
Come  to  discuss  the  case  and  plan 
support  tor  the  Leah  Schabas  appeal. 
International  Student  Centre,  33  St. 

1 :45  pm 

A  meeting  of  the  UC  French  Course 
Union  tor  those  students  interested  in 
sitting  on  departmental  committees 
within  UC  —  a  good  opportunity  to  find 
out  how  Ihe  French  department  works. 
4  pm 

El  Club  Hispanico  invites  all  who  are 
interested  lo  come  to  a  general 
meeting  in  Sid  Smith*2nd  floor  lounge, 
Huron  St.  side,  at  4  pm  Tuesday. 
Bienvenido  a  todas. 

4:30  pm 

A  meefing  ot  the  Christian  Science 
Organization   at   the   University  of 
Toronto  in  Woodger  Room,  Old  Vic, 
Victoria  College.  All  welcome. 
5  pm 

Auditions  for  a  new  Canadian  play  to 
be  presented  at  the  UC  Playhouse  in 
November.  At  the  Junior  Common 
Room  of  University  College.  For  ad- 
ditional information  call  Debby,  922 
1264  (after  5:30). 

5:30  pm 

All  Greeks  of  U  of  T  are  called  to 
assemble  re.  elections  and  mem- 
bership. Tues.,  Oct.  8,  5:30  pm,  ISC,  33 
St.  George. 

7  pm 

The  University  of  Toronto  Kendo 
Club  is  holding  its  first  training  session 
in  the  Junior  Common  Room  located  in 
the  basement  of  the  north  wing  of  Sir 
Daniel  Wilson  Residence,  73  St.  George 

St.  Anyone  wishing  to  learn  'Kendo'  the 
art  ot  Japanese  Swordsmanship  is 
invited.  Beginners  are  particularly 
welcome.  For  more  information  phone 

7:30  pm 

Film    nigh  I    at    the  International 
Student  Centre,  33  St.  George  St.  Part 
two  of  the  Thief  of   Bagdad,  with 
Douglas  Fairbanks.  All  Welcome. 
8  pm 

Mercedes  Stedman  speaking  on 
"Women  in  Production  (with  special 
reference  to  the  garment  industry)1', 
4th  lecture  in  the  series  on  The  Working 
Class  in  Canada,  sponsored  by  the 
Committee  for  a  Marxist  Institute. 
Medical  Sciences  Auditorium. 


SASKATOON  (CUPI)  —  Drunken 
parrots  have  been  fouling  up 
phone  communications  in 
Atlanta,  Georgia. 

Disruptions  in  phone  service  at 
the  Hyatt  Regency  Hotel  have 
been  blamed  on  four  drunken 
birds  who  were  fed  liquor  soaked 
cherries  by  bar  patrons. 

When  technicians  were  called 
in,  it  was  discovered  that  the 
shrieking  of  the  birds  was  on  the 
same  frequency  used  to  instruct  a 
computer  to  disconnect  the  phone 

Centre  for  the  Study  of  Drama 


by  James  Reaney 

Directed  by  Martin  Hunter 

THURS.  OCT.  17  to  SAT.  OCT.  26  at  8: 30p.m. 

Tickets  $3.00—  Students  $1 .50 
Student  Subscriptions  still  available— $5.00 
Box  off  ice  open  1 0  a  .m .  to  6  p  .m .  928-8668 

If  you  like 
to  deal  in  dollars 
and  are  looking 
for  a  challenge 

in  one  of  the  most 

fields  around. 

We're  looking 
for  people 
with  fresh  ideas 
and  the  ability  to 

The  First  Canadian  Bank 

GS  Bank  of  Monrre  al 

NOVEMBER  4th,  1974 






Paintings  by  John  Howlin 

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Registration:  Wed.,  Oct.  9,  7-10 

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reading  Dylan  Thomas 
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Monday.  October  7,  1974 

The  Varsity  3 

le  Varsity 

THE  ■■ 



Layout  editor  Gilda  Oran 

Fcaluresedilor  Gus  Richardson 

Sporls  editor  Dave  Stuart 

Review  editor  Randy  Roberison 

Edilorial  office  91  St.  George  St., 

Phone  923-8741,  923-8747 

Advertising  manager  Pat  Wickson 

Adverllsinq assistant  Betty  Wilson 

Advertising  office  91  St.  George  St., 

Phone  923  8171 

Faculty  tenure  case 
not  marked  by  logic 

Within  the  university, 
students  often  enjoy  making  the 
case  that  faculty  members  are 
ogres  of  minimal  intelligence, 
mad  reactionaries  let  loose  to 
act  out  their  fantasies  in  the 
sanctity  of  a  university  en- 

This  isn't  true,  of  course: 
we've  met  one  or  two  nice  ones. 
But  why  is  it  that  the  arguments 
presented  by  faculty  members 
on  university  issues  so  often 
seem  bereft  of  logic,  coming 
from  the  stomach  rather  than 
the  brain? 

This  was  certainly  the  im- 
pression given  at  last  Thur- 
sday's meeting  of  the  academic 
affairs  committee,  which  heard 
SAC  president  Seymour 
Kanowitch  deliver  a  lengthy,  but 
tightly  argued  brief  outlining  the 
case  for  parity  student 
representation  on  tenure 

The  faculty  position,  delivered 
by  philosophy  professor  David 
Gauthier,  was  at  best  pedantic, 
and  at  worst  contorted.  Gauthier 
spent  several  minutes  trying  id 
worm  his  way  out  of  a  position 
which  involved  'necessary', 
'sufficient'  and  other  conditions 
to  judge  the  requirements 
of  tenure. 

The  Faculty  association's 
case  suggests  a  refusal  to 
consider      seriously  the 

arguments  presented  by 
students  and  a  rather  frantic 
attempt  to  rebut  them.  To  the 
faculty  association,  there  ap- 
pears to  be  a  prima  facie  case 
that  students  should  not  sit  on 
tenure  committees. 

Consider  the  arguments  made 
in  the  brief.  It  is  acknowledged 
that  "teaching  and  research 
are,  in  general,  equally  im- 
portant;" in  tenure  decisions. 
Consequently,  information 
available  to  members  of  tenure 
committees  must  come  from 
both  areas. 

But,  the  brief  notes,  members 
of  a  tenure  committee  should  be 
appointed  not  for  their 
knowledge  of  the  facts  of  the 
case,  but  for  their  ability  to 
assess  them.  Indeed,  "to  argue 
that  anyone  should  be  appointed 
to  a  tenure  committee  because 
of  knowledge  of  particular  facts 
would  be  to  undermine  the 
impartial  and  judicial  nature  of 
the  process." 

From  there,  the  logic  becomes 
stunning.  Students  should  not 
necessarily  sit  on  tenure 
committees  because  of  their 
knowledge  of  the  facts:  this 
would  "turn  the  role  of  a  witness 
into  that  of  a  judge,"  and  violate 

Now  just  a  minute:  let's  turn 
that  one  around.  If  too  intimate 
a  knowledge  of  the  facts  hinders 

judgment,  then  should  not 
faculty  members  be  prevented 
from  sitting  on  tenure  com- 
mittees which  judge  research 
since  they  have  intimate 
knowledge  of  research?  What  a 
fantastic  scenario:  the 
professors  judge  teaching 
ability,  and  the  students  judge 
research,  all  in  the  name  of 

The  faculty  association  brief 
does  a  very  dainty  sidestep  to 
avoid  this  logical  absurdity. 
Since,  "assessment .  .  .  must  be 
made  by  those  who  are  com- 
petent to  judge  all  aspects  of  a 
candidate's  performance  and 
ability  .  .  .  This  in  our  view, 
requires  that  the  committee  be 
composed  of  those  who  may  be 
regarded  as  the  candidate's 
peers:  that  is,  the  members  of 
the  University  faculty  who  have, 
to  be  frank,  the  maturity  and 
judgment  that  is  necessary." 

To  be  frank,  Mr.  Gauthier, 
that  is  elitism,  and  very  poor 
argument.  On  what  basis  do 
students  lack  maturity  and 
judgment.  In  that  they  chose  to 
come  to  the  University  of 

If  the  faculty  are  going  to 
enter  the  tenure  debate,  then 
they  should  do  so  with 
arguments  worthy  of  their 

Perhaps  that's  the  way 
lifelong  penthouse  socialist 
Pierre  Trudeau  wants  it,  to 
convince  people  that  our 
political  and  economic 
system  does  not  work  and 
must  be  radically  changed 
under  his  personal  and  un- 
challenged command. 

Lubor  J.  Zink 

in  Vietnam 

carnage  too 

Dick  Brown's  article  (Oct.  2,  on 
Vietnamese  political  prisoners), 
mentions  "the  .dreadful  carnage 
which  the  Americans  lavished  not 
only  on  Vietnam,  but  also  on  Laos 
and  Cambodia."  As  usual,  no 
mention  is  made  of  the  dreadful 
carnage  which  the  communists 
lavished  on  those  unfortunate 

He  completely  overlooks  the  fact 
that  an  army  of  communists  invaded 
South  Vietnam  before  U.S.  troops 
were  sent  to  keep  that  country  from 
being  overrun.  More  than  350,000 
Vietnamese  soldiers,"  communists 
and  non -communists,  have  been 
killed  or  wounded  since  a 
"ceasefire"  was  declared  in 
January  1973,  according  to  govern- 
ment officials  in  Saigon. 


worry  over 

It  is  of  some  concern  to  those 
living  in  the  neighbourhoods 
surrounding  the  University  that  the 
proposed  athletic  complex  might 
receive  wide-spread,  unreflective 
student  support. 

The  recent  article  on  the  proposed 
levy  on  student  fees  suggests  this 
danger.  It  states  that  construction  is 
being  held  up  because  criteria  for 
exemption  from  the  city's  height  by- 
law have  not  been  finalized.  This  is 
true,  but  there  are  other  reasons: 
both  the  Huron-Sussex  Residents' 
Association  and  the  Sussex-Ulster 
Ratepayers'  Association  are  op- 
posed to  the  present  plan  for  this 

May  I  suggest  that  The  Varsity 
investigate  their  reasons.  Further 
University  expansion  poses  a  threat 
to  all  those  who  make  their  homes  in 
this  part  of  the  inner-city;  just 
because  the  desires  of  students  for 
recreation  may  coincide  with  the 
desires  of  empire-builders  within  the 
University,  these  desires  should  not 
be  allowed  to  over-ride  the 
legitimate  interests  of  the 
surrounding  communities. 

Alan  P.  McAllister 


I'm  glad  that  you  published  the 
letter  by  Dan  Larsen  (Oct.  2) 
complaining  about  the  Hart  House 
clock  chiming  every  hour.  Of  course, 
this  sort  of  noise  pollution  is  one  of 
the  most  serious  problems  with  the 
downtown  campus.  The  problem  has 
recently  been  ameliorated  with 
heavy  construction  machinery 
working  around  U.C.,  but  when  that 
work  is  finished  we  will  once  again 
be  forced  to  live  with  those  hourly 

A  more  serious  problem  is  that  of 
birds  chirping  in  the  spring.  It  is 
difficult  to  concentrate  on  a  textbook 
when  sitting  under  trees  after  about 
April  because  of  the  distracting 
influence  of  assorted  cacophonous 

-1  hope  that  The  Varsity  will 
eoniumejp.  S6E3*,  95  .a.  Jacum.  tor. 

Monday,  October  7,  1974 

The  Varsity,  a  member  of  Canadian 
University  Press,  was  founded  in  18B0 
and  is  published  by  the  Students' 
Administrative  Council  of  the 
University  of  Toronto  and  is  printed  by 
Newsweb  Enterprise.  Opinions  ex- 
pressed in  this  newspaper  are  not 
necessarily  those  of  the  5tudents' 
Administrative  Council  or  the  ad- 
ministration of  the  university.  Formal 
complaints  about  the  editorial  or 
business  operation  of  the  paper  may  be 
addressed  to  the  Chairman,  Campus 
Relations  Committee,  Varsity  Board  of 
Directors,  91  St.  George  St.  

useful  discussion  on  how  we  may 
improve  our  environment. 

Jeffrey  Sherman 

SDS  appeal 
to  council 

The  actions  of  the  University  of 
Toronto  Administration  in  the 
"Banfield  Affair"  were  reprehen- 
sible. Prior  to  Banfield's  visit  the 
Administration  refused  to  seriously 
consider  any  complaints  of  racism 
in  teaching  or  practice  on  campus. 
Despite  the  broad  nature  of  the 
opposition  to  Banfield's  role  as  a  key 
adviser  to  the  Nixon  government  on 
urban  affairs,  as  seen  by  a 
Teach-In  Against  Racism  attended 
by  1,500  and  by  protests  from  the 
Italian  and  black  communities 
(including  the  editor  of  II  Giornale  di 
Toronto),  the  Administration  made 
no  attempt  to  consider  the  issue. 
After  Banfield  was  prevented  from 
speaking  March  13  the  Ad- 
ministration moved  quickly  to 
initiate  disciplinary  proceedings 
against  two  of  the  students  involved, 
but  again  did  not  deal  with  the  im- 
portant issues  raised.  Instead  they 
invoked  CAPUT,  a  tribunal  com-- 
posed  entirely  of  Deans  and  Prin- 
cipals. The  trial  itself  was  restric- 
tive and  biased,  and  the  sentences' 
imposed  were  harsh  and  vindictive. 

We  support  the  appeal  of  Bill 
Schabas  and  Tony  Leah  and  call  on 
the  Governing  Council  to  overturn 
the  CAPUT  decision.  Instead  ,of 
unilateral  action  against  dissent,  the 
University  Administration  should 
act  to  curtail  racism. 

We  invite  all  interested  members 
of  the  University  community  to  a 
meeting  to  plan  public  support  for 
this  appeal,  Tuesday  October  3,  12 
noon,  International  Student  Centre, 
33  St.  George  St. 

Prof.  George  Bancroft  (Faculty  of 

Prof.  Peter  Fitting  (French-SMO 
Prof.  Daniel  Goldstick  (Philosophy) 
Prof.  Irwin  Guttman  (Mathematics) 
Prof.  David  Livingstone  (Sociology- 

Prof.  Peter  Rosenthal  (Math- 

Prof.  Shoukry  Roweis  ( Urban  & 
Regional  Planning) 
Prof.  Janet  Saiaff  (Sociology) 
Dr.  A.  Sourour  (Mathematics) 
Prof.  M.  Srivastava  (Mathematics) 
Prof.  E.  Prugovecki  (Mathematics) 
Charles  Roach  (Lawyer) 
Michael  Smith  (Lawyer) 
Christopher  Allnutt 
Paul  McGrath   (Editor-The  Mike) 
Frank    Mclntyre  (President- 
Graduate  Students  Union) 
Tom  Bribriesco  (President— Local 
1230  CUPE) 
Black  Students  Union. 

George  Bancroft 
Faculty  of  Education 
and  18  others 

^^Unsolicited  contributions ^o1 
The  Varsity  appear  in  two  forms. 
Short  submissions,  space  per- 
mitting, are  run  as  letters  to  the 
editor.  Longer  pieces,  to  a 
maximum  of  four  pages 
typewritten,  will  be  run  as  "op- 
ed" articles,  if  they  are  deemed 
sufficiently  interesting. 

All  correspondence  must  be 
typed  on  a  72-character  line,  and 
addressed  to  the  editor:  It  may  be 
delivered  in  person,  or  mailed  to 
The  Varsity,  91  St.  George  St.. 
2nd  floor,  either  by  campus  or 
regular  mail. 

No  material  received  after  4 
p.m.  the  day  before  publication 
will  be  considered  for  that  issue. 

Monday,  October  7,  1974 

The  Varsity  5 

Hie  Kensington 

...  #-rti  i  c«c  cinema**  ^35.7774 



7  8 

JUNE    BRIDE  48 

9  10. 

Dylan  Thomas  y*- 


Tribute  to 
Dylan  Thomas 

11     12  13 

John  Schlesinger  <m 



Bloody  Sunday 

JUNE  BRIDE  9:30pm 


7:30pm  & 

TRIBUTE  9:30pm 

Law  students'  reps  support  parity 

In  cooperation  with  SAC— UofT,  Communication  Services 
offers  a  course  in 


Phone  928-491 1  for  information 
Register  in  lobby  of  Sidney  Smith  Building  on  Wed.,  Thurs.  & 
Fri.,  Oct.  9,  10,  11,  10a.m.  to  3  p.m.  or  leave  your  registration 
at  the  SAC  office. 

Successfully  teaching  university  students  since  1967. 


nightly  at  the  OLD  BAVARIA 

fully  licensed  under  L.L.B.O. 


The  Students'  Law  Society  has 
joined  many  other  campus  student 
unions  in  supporting  the  common 
student  position  of  faculty-student 
parity  on  the  Governing  Council. 

In  a  brief  released  earlier  this 
week  the  iaw  students  support 
student  recommendations  for 
changes  in  the  UofT  Act  not  only  for 
parity  but  for  changes  which  would 
make  government  appointees  more 
representative  of  Ontario  taxpayers. 

The  brief  argues  faculty-student 
parity  is  the  only  way  that 
maximum  "credibility  and 
viability"  can  be  achieved  to  avoid 
alienation  caused  by  nominal 
student  representation. 

The  law  society  also  rejects  the 

argument  of  governor  John  Tory 
that  parity  would  lead  to  a 
diminution  of  contributions  by  the 
teaching  staff.  "There  is  no  basis  in 
fact  or  in  past  history  for  this  fear," 
the  brief  states. 

Another  main  argument  the  brief 
makes  is  that  present  student 
representation  is  inadequate  in 
representing  the  viewpoints  of  the 
entire  student  body. 

The  brief  calls  attention  to  the 
problem  of  representation  from 
professional  faculties,  recom- 
mending three  students  represent 
professional  faculties,  no  two  of 
whom  would  come  from  the  same 

At  present  two  large  faculties, 




A  delayed  election  has  been  called  to  fill  one  graduate  student 
seat  on  the  Governing  Council  of  the  University.  The  con- 
stituency involved  is  outlined  below: 

Graduate  Student  Constituency  II 

—  all  students  registered  in  the  School  of  Graduate  Studies  in 

i)  the  Graduate  Department  of 
Educational  Theory 

ii)  Division  III  (Physical 

and  iii)  Division  IV  (Life  Sciences) 

The  term  of  office  for  this  seat  will  commence  upon  election 
and  expire  on  June  30th,  1975. 

Prospective  candidates  are  reminded  that  nominations  may 
be  filed  until  Noon  on  Friday,  September  27th  and  are  urged  to 
hand  their  nominations  in  early. 

Nomination  forms  and  election  regulations  may  be  obtained 
from  the  Office  of  the  Governing  Council,  Room  106,  Simcoe 
Hall  or  from  the  Secretary  of  the  School  of  Graduate  Studies. 
Enquiries  should  be  directed  to  the  Office  of  the  Governing 
Council  at  928-2160. 

medicine  and  engineering,  have 
dominated  professional  students' 
representation  on  Governing 
Council,  leaving  law  and  12  other 
small  faculties  unrepresented. 

The  brief  argues  the  present 
system  is  unfair  and  students  from 
smaller  faculties  will  never  have 
any  representation  until  changes  are 
made.  Students  have  tended  to  vole 
only  for  students  from  their  own 

The  law  society  rejects  the 
argument  of  some  anti-parity  forces 
that  students  are  less  committed  to 
the  university  and  less  conscientious 
than  faculty  members.  "The  history 
of  student  representation  to  date  is 
evidence  of  the  fallacy  in  such 
assertions,"  the  society's  brief  says. 

The  brief  also  says  parity  on 
Governing  Council  should  be 
discussed  on  its  own  merits  and  not 
clouded  by  the  issue  of  similar 
representation  on  other  university 

"Students  and  faculty  together 
make  up  the  academic  community," 
the  brief  concludes.  "This  com- 
munity is  best  served  by  a  body  in 
which  both  groups  have  an  equal 
opportunity  to  set  policies  affecting 

Supporting  demands  for  broader 
community  representation,  the  brief 
says  because  the  university  is  tax- 
supported  and  affects  those  in  the 
surrounding  and  broader  com- 
munities, as  many  interest  groups 
as  possible  should  be  represented  on 
Governing  Council. 

SAC,  the  Graduate  Students' 
Union,  the  Association  of  Part-time 
University  Students  and  the  U  of  T 
Alumni  Association  have  also 
submitted  briefs  to  council  calling 
for  staff-student  parity  on  the 
university's  top  governing  body. 



Come  hear 
that  obscure  songwriter 


and  the  legendary 

(he  of  the  magic  violin) 

FIDDLER'S  GREEN,  (behind 
the  "Y"  on  Eglinton  iust  east  of 
Yonge.  489-3001} 
Tues.Oct.8  8p.m. 

Adm.  SI 

The  Ukrainian  Student's  Club 

at  the  University  of  Toronto 
wishes  to  announce  its 

1st  Meeting 

Hart  House  Debates  Room 
Mon.  Oct.  7  7:30  pm 

Come  to  meet  your  friends;  come  to  meet  your  enemies. 
Come  to  praise;  come  to  criticize:  come  to  bitch. 


6  The  Varsity 

Monday-  Oct 

John  makes  a  point 

The  following  edited  interview  with 
U  of  T  president  John  Evans  was 
conducted  September  20  by  Varsity 
editor  David  Simmonds. 

The  Varsity  was  anxious  to  conduct 
the  interview  as  Evans,  with  his  term 
half-completed,  is  still  far  too  little 
known  by  the  university  community, 
for  a  person  so  powerful. 

The  interview  touches  on  Evans' 
approach  to  his  job,  his  attitude  to  the 
university,  his  way  of  decision 
making,  and  his  personal 

Varsity:  Now  that  you're  halfway 
through  your  term  it  seems  appropriate 
to  look  back  and  ask  you  what  you  think 
you've  achieved  so  far. 

Evans:  That's  awfully  hard.  I  suppose 
that  one  of  the  most  difficult  things  is  the 
slowness  of  the  process.  There're  many 
ideas  that  you'd  like  to  see  materialize, 
but  the  structures,  the  need  to  com- 
municate . . .  take  such  a  long  time  .  . . 
that  it  seems  almost  imperceptible 
progress .  As  you're  in  it  it  seems  awfully 

Looking  back,  it  does  seem  that  a  few 
things  have  happened,  so  probably 
there's  been  a  little  progress. 

Varsity:  Can  you  point  to  any  specific 

Evans:  Points  of  change.  One  of  the 
most  important  is  the  idea  of  beginning 
to  assemble  the  sorts  of  information  on 
which  decisions  can  be  made  within  the 
university,  because  the  tendency  in  the 
past  has  been  to  deal  with  a  problem  as  it 
arose  .  .  .  What  I'm  very  concerned 

about  is  the  things  that  don't  have  the 
spotlight,  that  may  be  even  greater 
problems.  In  our  whole  area,  of  capital 
development,  of  aesthetics  on  the 
campus,  there  really  isn't  an  organized 
plan,  and  therefore  in  terms  of  overall 
needs  on  the  campus.  It  might  be 
something  like  the  Sugmund  Samuel 
Library  where  it  was  visible  and  ob- 
viously old  .  .  .  and  that  might  be  the 
thing  that  attracted  the  attention. 
Whereas  in  fact  something  like  the 
Mining  Building  may  be  very  much 
more  serious  and  higher  in  priority. 

The  second  thing  was  to  get  the  plan 
for  the  St.  George  campus  centre,  in  a 
sense  that  would  redevelop  the  existing 
site  rather  than  did  what  practically 
every  institution  has  done,  add  on  to  it.  It 
seemed  to  be  that  we  were  over  our 
growth  area,  and  that  it  was  important 
to  get  it  established  that  there  wasn't 
going  to  be  any  more  growth  in  Arts  and 
Science.  And  the  professional  faculties. 
There  wasn't  going  to  be  any  more 
growth  in  these  areas  unless  there  were 
compelling  reasons. 

Varsity:  When  you  first  became 
president,  you  said  that  the  main  thing 
that  struck  you  about  the  univejsity  was 
its  overwhelming  size.  Do  you  see  that  in 
itself  as  being  the  main  problem? 

Evans:  It's  funny.  At  that  stage  it  was 
almost  something  that  bothered  me,  the 
tremendous  size,  and  the  fact  that  it  was 
so  hard  to  come  to  grips  with  any 
problem  ...  I  guess  now  I'm  still 
overwhelmed  by  it,  but  I  also  think  that 
this  diversity  is  some  of  the  character  of 
the  university  .  .  .  The  differences  that 
exist  are  strengths,  there're  not  just 

Varsity:  Is  the  diversity  a  managable 

Evans:  Well,  that's  the  challenge,  isn't 
it?  If  you  can  build  on  that  diversity,  get 
the  different  parts  to  work  together,  then 
you  have  a  rather  interesting  kind  of 
mosaic,  rather  than  a  conformist  in- 
stitutional effort.  If  it  was  totally  in- 
stitutional, I  think  it  would  be  just 

One  of  the  things  that  has  struck  me 
during  these  first  two  years  is  the  need  to 
strike  a  balance  between  this  diversity, 
and  building  on  this  diversity,  but 
gaining  some  sort  of  committment  to 
cooperation  ...  so  that  you  can  make 
good  use  of  your  resources. 

Varsity:  Which  puts  you  in  a  delicate 
position,  being  a  centralist. 

Evans:  You've  got  to  get  your 
programme  responsibilities  decen- 
tralized .  .  .  and  what  you  want  to  make 
sure  of  is  that  the  units  of  those 
programs  then  agree  to  a  form  of 
cooperation,  so  that  they  are  as  efficient 
as  possible.  You've  got  to  build  up  the 
units'  sense  of  responsibility  to  make  the 
best  use  of  the  resources  that  you  can 
provide  to  them. 

If  I  look  back,  one  of  the  things  that 
gives  me  the  greatest  satisfaction  is  the 
possibilities  that  are  opened  up  by  the 
college  proposal.  The  colleges  are  really 
taking  on  some  individuality  now.  It  will 
be  difficult  but  at  least  we're  on  the  way. 
It's  the  chance  for  each  of  the  colleges  to 
build  some  academic  individuality,  to 
start  to  get  that  programme  of  education 
out  into  a  more  manageable-sized  unit  to 
try  some  innovations.  There's  no  way 
that  that  could  come  off  on  its  own. 

Varsity:  Would  you  describe  problems 
you've  encountered  in  the  same  terms? 

Evans:  The  first  problem  is  getting  to 
know  the  institution.  I'm  continually 
finding  blind  spots.  I  suppose  I'm  just 
now  getting  to  feel  that  I  won't  discover 
a  whole  new  area.  The  first  year  it 
wasn't  what  I'd  expected  from  reading 
the  reports.  You  discover  that  the 
problems  weren't  really  quite  as  they 
were  being  presented.  I  think  that  I'm 
beginning  to  have  a  bit  more  confidence 
that  I  know  the  depth  of  the  problem, 
which  I  certainly  (jidn't  have  the  first  - 
two  years.  I  probably  made  a  good  many 
errors  in  judgment  those  first  two  years 
—  where  the  problems  were,  what  were 
the  really  critical  elements  of  the 
problems,  and  the  best  method  of  trying 
to  attack  the  problems.  I'm  feeling  a 
little  more  comfortable  at  this  stage  of 
the  game  that  there  won't  be  any  more 
surprises  in  each  one  of  the  boxes  that 
you  open  up. 

But  if  you  asked  how  much  progress 
we  were  making,  I  would  say  that  the 
problems  are  developing  more  rapidly 
than  we're  solving  them.  We're  certainly 
not  leaping  ahead  and  making  great 
progress.  On  the  other  hand  I  think  that 
that  will  always  be  the  state  of  the 
university;  that  there  will  never  be  a 
clean  shop.  You  have  to  sort  between  the 
problems  and  deal  with  the  ones  of 
greatest  significance,  not  the  easiest  to 

I  felt  that  the  federated  colleges  thing 
was  so  fundamental  that  this  was  the 
thing  that  I  had  to  address  myself  to  in 
the  largest  way.  Even  if  we've  only 
made  five  percent  progress  in  this  area 
and  at  the  end  of  five  years  we  move  that 
up  to  ten  or  fifteen  percent,  that  may  be 
more  important  than  any  of  the  single 
little  problems-. 

Varsity:  How  would  you  characterize 
your  approach  to  the  university  as  a 
whole.  It  struck  me  that  your 
predecessor  viewed  the  university  very 

a  m, 

much  in  aesthetic  terms.  And  I  won- 
dered how  you  would  characterize  your 
own  approach  to  the  university. 
Everybody  realizes  that  these  are  times 
of  economic  stringency:  however,  I 
wondered  whether  the  characterization 
that's  been  made  of  you,  that  you're  a 
rationalizer  of  resources,  and  a 
technocrat,  is  a  fair  description. 

Evans:  I  don't  know  whether  I'm  a 
technocrat  or  what  have  you.  I  guess  I 
am  very  concerned  about  what  the 
university  achieves,  and  the  technocrat 
will  call  that  output,  or  something  like 
that;  but  I  am  very  much  concerned 
with  that.  I'm  not  as  concerned  with 
process,  I  don't  believe  there's  a  'right' 
way  in  terms  of  the  process  side.  I  think 
that  will  be  a  style  that  is  developed  by 
the  people  who  compose  the  university. 
But  I  think  it's  awfully  important  that, 
no  matter  what  style  they  choose,  they 
should  keep  focusing  on  what  should 
happen  as  a  result  of  their  activities, 
rather  than  focus  exclusively  on  style. 
And  that's  something  the  University  of 
Toronto  has  spent  a  long  time  on,  looking 
at  the  style  of  its  process. 

I  have  perhaps  some  different  per- 
sonal objectives  that  I  think  are  very 
important  for  universities  to  do,  which 
probably  aren't  shared  by  a  large 
proportion  of  the  people  within  the 
university.  It's  probably  less  important 
whether  or  not  those  are  achieved,  they 
reflect  my  own  background,  and  that's 
probably  less  important  in  terms  of  what 
the  university  does,  but  the  university  at 
least  has  to  face  those  sorts  of  ob- 
jectives, and  then  try  to  make  sure  that 
whatever  process  it  adopts  fairly  and 
squarely  addresses  what  those  ob- 
jectives are. 

Varsity:  These  personal  objectives 
being  , .  . 

Evans:  I've  always  been  very  much 
concerned  about  some  of  the  social 
development  goals  of  education,  the  role 
that  education  plays,  not  just  for  the 
people  that  are  the  very  brightest  within 
the  situation,  but  that  it  plays  some  role 
in  advancing  the  potential  of  individuals. 
Maybe  it's  more  important  for  a 
university  to  take  in  people  who  wouldn't 
get  in  in  our  current  competition,  and 
advance  them  by  25  percent  in  their 
business,  than  people  who  are  our  most 
brilliant  scholars,  and  advance  them  two 
percent.  This  may  be  the  trade  off  you're 
looking  at  in  certain  situations. 

I  believe  that  you  can't  use  the 
university  as  a  social  development 
mechanism  exclusively.  I  think  that 
would  distort  a  lot  of  the  longer  term 
goals  of  the  university;  but  I  think  it  is 
valid  for  the  university  to  try  and  select 
certain  social  development  goals,  in 
whi^h  it,  as  an  educational  institution, 
can  play  a  special  role.  And  if  it  does 
those,  and  does  those  successfully,  it  can 
make  a  very  good  contribution.  I  don't 
think  that  should  be  the  whole  univer- 

>ctober  7,  1974 

The  Varsity  7 



Varsity:  Maybe  this  is  an  unfair 
judgment  on  my  part,  but  I  think  you're 
far  more  of  an  unknown  quantity  than 
your  predecessor.  You're  still  fairly 
unknown  to  the  general  populace  of  the 
University  of  Toronto.  I'd  like  to  ask  you 
a*  few  questions  about  your  own  personal 
goals  in  life.  What  do  you  hope  to  achieve 
with  your  life  for  the  next  25  years? 

Evans:  There*are  many  reasons  that 
I'm  not  particularly  well  known.  I  guess 
one  of  them  is  I'm  not  really  terribly 
interested  in  being  a  publicly  iden- 
tifiable figure,  and  that's  a  shortcoming 
perhaps;  and  it's  certainly  a  short- 
coming for  the  university,  beca