Skip to main content

Full text of "X-treme safety : a survival guide for new and young workers"

See other formats

This  publication  is  available  on-line  through  the  Alberta  Learning 
information  Service  (ALIS)  website-Alberta's  leading  °n-^e  source 
for  career,  learning  and  employment  informal, oa  To  access  this 
and  additional  publications,  visit 

For  copyright  information  contact 
Alberta  Human  Resources  and  Employment 
People,  Skills  and  Workplace  Resources 
Telephone  (780)422-1794  Fax  (780)422-5319 

To  order  print  copies  please  contact 
Learning  Resources  Centre 
12360-142  Street 
Edmonton,  AB  T5L  4X9 


Fax  (780)  422-9750  Telephone  (780)  427-5775 
Catalogue  Item  #454992 

This  information  was  accurate,  to  the  best  of  our  knowledge,  at  the  time  of  printing.  Labour  market 
information  and  educational  programs  are  subject  to  change,  and  you  are  encouraged  to  confirm 
with  additional  sources  of  information  when  making  career,  education  and  employment  decisions. 

ISBN  0-7785-1619-9  . 

© 2006  Government  of  Alberta,  Human  Resources  and  Employment 

This  material  may  be  used,  reproduced,  stored  or  transmitted  for  noncommercial  purposes. 
However,  Crown  copyright  is  to  be  acknowledged.  It  is  not  to  be  used,  reproduced,  stored  or 
transmitted  for  commercial  purposes  without  written  permission  from  the  Government  of 
Alberta,  Human  Resources  and  Employment.  This  publication  is  not  for  resale  unless  licensed 
with  Government  of  Alberta,  Human  Resources  and  Employment.  Every  reasonable  effort  has 
been  made  to  identify  the  owners  of  copyright  material  reproduced  in  this  publication  and  to 
comply  with  Canadian  copyright  law.  The  publisher  would  welcome  any  information  regarding 
errors  or  omissions. 

Government  of  Alberta,  Human  Resources  and  Employment  publications  may  contain  or 
reference  publications,  trademark,  patent  or  copyright  held  by  third  parties  ("third  party 
material"),  identified  with  a credit  to  the  source.  This  does  not  grant  the  user  a licence  or  right 
to  that  third  party  material.  Users  who  wish  to  reproduce  any  third  party  material  in  this 
publication  should  seek  permission  from  that  third  party. 

11/2006  - 50M 

Table  of  Contents 

X-treme  risk  ^ 

X-treme  safety  4 

lt5ll  never  happen  to  me  5 

Real  life,  real  people ^ 

Risky  business  g 

Beat  the  odds g 

What’s  safe?  What  isn’t?  

How  do  you  find  a hazard? g 

What’s  your  hazard  IQ?  12 

If  you  are  hurt  at  work  14 

Hey!  You’ve  got  rights  and  responsibilities  ]5 

Unsafe  work  - What  is  it? 15 

You  gotta  do  it  . . 


Employer  responsibilities 17 

Rules  of  the  game  ^ 

Are  you  under  18? 

Real  life,  real  people  ig 

Talking  to  the  boss  22 

10  questions  to  ask  your  employer  23 

How  did  your  employer  do? 24 

The  health  and  safety  partnership 26 

How  to  say  “No”  at  work 27 

Survival  tips  . 


The  boss  insists  2g 

What  would  you  do? ^ 

You’re  not  bulletproof ^2 

I Chose  to  Look  the  Other  Way  33 

Worker  Orientation  Health  and  Safety  Checklist  34 

Getting  help  . . 

„ , 36 

The  last  word 

■ 40 

m dS  SR 


•©  Government  of  Alberta,  Human  Resources,  and  Employment 


This  publication  would  not  have  been  possible  without  the  generous 
assistance  of  organizations  and  individuals  who  contributed  valuable 
information  and  shared  their  real-life  stories.  Alberta  Human 
Resources  and  Employment,  People,  Skills  and  Workplace  Resources 
gratefully  acknowledges  all  those  who  participated  in  this  project. 

Adecco  Employment  Services  Limited 

Alberta  Human  Resources  and  Employment 

Alberta  Job  Safety  Skills  Society 

Alberta  Education 

Elk  Island  Public  Schools 

Federation  of  Labour  - British  Columbia 

Workers’  Compensation  Board  - Alberta 

Workplace  Safety  and  Insurance  Board  - Ontario 

Workplace  Health  and  Safety  Centre  - Ontario 

Youth  Connections  - Edmonton 

Vaughn  Webb 

Julia  Hamilton 

Snowboarders  hurtle  over  mountain  slopes.  BASE  jumpers  soar 
like  eagles  from  cliffs,  waiting  until  the  last  heart-stopping  second 
to  pull  their  rip  cords.  And  every  day,  thousands  of  young  people 

go  to  work  assuming  they  are  safe,  assuming  they  are  bulletproof  - 
now  that’s  risky. 

Just  like  the  mountain  and  the  cliff,  your  worksite  can  be  dangerous 
if  you’re  not  prepared.  No  matter  what  you  do,  or  what  job  you  have 
hazards  exist.  Whether  you're  a store  clerk,  landscape  gardener, 
truck  driver,  painter,  hairstylist,  waitress  or  cook,  there  is  always 
an  element  of  risk. 

And,  if  you’re  under  25  years  of  age,  you  are  1/3  more  likely  to'  be 
injured  on  the  job  than  those  over  25. 

Find  out  the  hazards  at  your  workplace  and  learn  how  to  stay 
healthy  and  safe. 

In  this  booklet,  you’ll  learn  about  the  rules  of  the  game  and  the 
equipment  you  need  to  stay  safe.  You’ll  get  tips  on  talking  to  your 
co-workers  and  your  boss  about  creating  a safe,  healthy  and  fair 
workplace.  We’ll  help  you  develop  strategies  so  you  can  win  - 
so  you  can  stay  healthy  and  safe  at  work! 

Earning  your  own  paycheque  is  an  exciting  step  towards  independence. 
Work  is  an  adventure  of  doing  new  things,  making  your  own  decisions 
and  taking  responsibility. 

You’re  like  a rock  climber  surveying  the  rock  face  before  the  climb. 
You’ll  get  the  rush  of  succeeding  at  the  challenges  that  lie  ahead. 

But,  before  you  take  that  first  handhold,  whether  you  are  scaling 
a mountain  or  entering  a new  job,  you  II  need  to. 

H know  the  rules 

□ assess  the  risks  and  have  a plan  to  deal 
with  them 

□ have  proper  training 

■ use  personal  protective  equipment  (PPE) 
and  protective  clothing 

Here’s  reality.  Lots  of  people  your  age  have  been  hurt  while  at 
work.  They  didn’t  plan  it.  They  didn’t  expect  it.  You,  too,  could  lose 
a finger,  a leg  or  spend  months  or  years  in  the  hospital.  You  may 
never  be  able  to  play  your  favourite  sport  again.  Or  go  dancing. 

Or  drive  a car... 

Still  don’t  think  it  could  happen  to  you?  It  can. 

In  Alberta,  on  average,  9 young  people  are  killed  on  the  job  each 
year.  That’s  9 funerals,  9 families/ We’re  not  talking  about  gang 
violence  or  drunk  driving.  These  were  kids  who  had  jobs...  kids  who 
were  killed  - at  work.  On  average,  7,328  lost  time  claim  injuries 
happen  to  young  workers  like  you  every  year. 

Reality  check 

Who’s  important  in  your  life?  Who  do  you  care  about’ 
How  would  you  feel  if  they  didn’t  come  home  from 
work  one  day?  Or  if  they  could  no  longer  walk? 





Timothy  Hamilton,  a 19-year-old  high 
school  graduate,  working  to  make 
money  for  college,  was  killed 
at  work  less  than  two  months  after 
he  was  hired.  Tim  was  asked  to  raise 
a 28-foot  (8.53  m)  aluminium  centre 
pole  from  inside  a large  canvas  tent. 
Above  the  tent,  where  Tim  couldn  t 
see,  was  a 14,400-volt  power  line  only 
27  feet  (8.23m)  off  the  ground.  Tim 
was  electrocuted  and  died  instantly.  Even  though  the  law  requires 
employers  to  keep  workers  10  feet  (3.05m)  away  from  such  live 
power  lines,  Tim  was  asked  to  do  something  dangerous.  The 
company  was  fined  $100,000  for  failing  to  protect  its  workers. 
But  that  didn’t  give  Tim  his  life  back. 

Learn  more  at 


Vaughn  Webb,  in  his  younger  years 
enjoyed  playing  sports,  hiking,  outdoor 
activities  and  even  won  a trophy  for  Tae- 
Kwon-Do.  He  met  his  lovely  wife  Melissa 
| in  his  early  20’s,  and  together  they 
started  to  raise  their  family.  Then  he  was 
badly  shocked  while  working  around  a 
high  voltage  power  line,  losing  an  arm 
and  a leg,  and  sustaining  third  degree 
I burns  to  70%  of  his  body.  His  life 
changed  forever.  Hindsight  is  always 
20/20,  and  Vaughn  now  realizes  he  should  have  refused  to 
perform  this  task.  Vaughn  was  very  fortunate  to  have  survived 
After  the  incident,  he  fought  hard  to  live.  The  pain  that  Vaughn's 
wife,  family  and  friends  suffered  was  very  intense  as  they 
watched  someone  that  they  loved  fight  for  his  life.  Vaughn 
cannot  go  back  and  change  the  events  that  happened  on  that 
day.  But  he  has  maintained  a positive  attitude  towards  sharing 
his  story  in  hopes  of  preventing  another  incident  like  this  one 
Vaughn  has  accepted,  as  best  he  can,  his  present  condition  and 
he  is  using  the  incident  in  a very  positive  way  to  share 
information  and  to  be  productive  in  life. 

You  can  e-mail  Vaughn  at 


Find  out  if  you  are  at  risk  at  your  job. 
These  are  only  some  of  the  more  common 

risk  factors. 

Check  all  that  apply  to  you: 

I | ive  had  my  job  for  less  than  six  months 

□ I’m  a guy  (don’t  be  offended,  you’re  seriously  more  at  risk!) 

I I |’m  under  25  years  of  age 

□ l sometimes  go  partying  the  night  before  an  early  shift 

□ I sometimes  get  very  few  hours  of  sleep  before  starting  work 

□ I’m  always  under  pressure  to  work  quickly 

CD  I tend  to  think  an  injury  won’t  ever  happen  to  me 

□ I've  never  had  health  and  safety  training  for  my  specific  job 

□ I try  to  impress  my  boss  or  co-workers  and  don't  like  asking 

I | | use  the  same  tool  all  day  long 

CD  I have  to  lift,  push,  or  pull  heavy  things 

□ I use  chemicals  or  work  around  toxic  substances  or  gases 

□ I sometimes  use  a ladder  or  climb  onto  something  else 

to  reach  things 
CD  I work  alone 
CD  I work  in  a crowded  area 
CD  It’s  very  noisy  where  I work 
CD  I work  in  extremely  hot  or  cold  conditions 
CD  I drive  or  operate  moving  equipment  or  machinery 
CD  I work  around  electrical  equipment  or  power  lines 
□ | work  around  an  oven,  deep  fryer,  or  other  hot  substances 
objects  or  substances 

If  you  checked  even  one,  a workplace  injury  could  do  more  than 
ruin  your  weekend.  The  great  thing  is  that  you  can  change  it  - 
you  can  learn  x-treme  safety  at  work. 


So  you  know  you’re  at  risk  - the  numbers  prove  it.  What  can  you 
do  about  it?  Lots.  Learn  how  to  spot  a hazard,  learn  how  to  deal  with 
each  hazard,  learn  your  rights,  and  learn  how  to  speak  up  for  yourself. 

A perfectly  safe  and  healthy  workplace  would  have  no  hazards. 
There  would  be  no  machines,  equipment  or  materials  that  could 
harm  you  - nothing  would  malfunction,  not  even  humans! 
Unfortunately,  many  workplace  hazards  are  so  familiar  that  we 
ignore  them  and  put  ourselves,  and  sometimes  others,  at  risk. 

Reality  check 

A 17-year-old  groundskeeper  didn’t  know  that  the 
gloves  he  was  wearing  had  been  in  contact  with  gasoline. 
When  he  struck  a lighter,  the  gloves  caught  fire  and  he 
received  third  degree  burns  to  his  arm  and  back. 


Ask  yourself  What  if?  questions.  What  if  I bump  into  the  open 
containers  of  hot  oil?  What  if  the  forklift  tips  over  on  my  co-worker 
in  a fast  turn?  What  if  I inhale  the  toxic  fumes  from  the  toilet 
cleaning  chemicals? 

Learning  to  spot  a hazard  - before  an  incident  happens  - is  the  first 
step  to  staying  safe.  Every  job  will  have  slightly  different  hazards. 
The  medical  field,  for  example,  will  have  different  hazards  than  the 
construction  industry. 

Got  a new  job? 

Over  50  per  cent  of  all  incidents  involving  young 
workers  occur  during  their  first  six  months  on  the 
job.  Make  sure  you  get  health  and  safety  traininq  - 
it’s  your  right! 

Wherever  you  work,  there  are  4 main  types  of  hazards: 


Equipment,  machinery  or  tools,  very  hot  or  cold  temperatures 

□ Using  the  same  tool  all  day  long 
H Being  crushed  by  equipment 

H Using  electric  equipment  with  frayed  cords 

□ Tripping  on  items  lying  on  the  floor 

□ Falling  from  heights 

O Working  in  a noisy  place 


Bacteria,  viruses,  insects,  fungi,  mold  or  plant 



IB  Bee  stings 

□ Allergic  reaction  to  plants, 
insects  or  mold 

H Being  in  contact  with  materials 
where  viruses  or  bacteria 
are  present 


Vapours,  gases,  dusts,  fumes,  or  chemical  mists 

H Using  cleaning  products  regularly 

□ Using  paint  materials  regularly 

□ Working  around  lots  of  dust 

□ Exposure  to  asbestos 
■ Using  toxic  chemicals 


Workplace  violence,  working  conditions,  stress,  fatigue 

■ Intimidation,  verbal  abuse 
□ Working  long  hours 
H Rotating  shift  work 


Identify  the  types  of  hazards  below.  The  ability  to  recognize 
a hazard  will  help  you  stay  safe  - at  work  or  anywhere. 

1.  A new  worker  has  received  verbal  threats  from  the  Journeyman. 
The  new  worker  is  now  scared  to  come  to  work. 

□ physical  El  biological  B chemical  □ psychosocial 

2.  A security  guard  has  just  completed  her  day  shift.  Her  team 
leader  called  and  asked  her  to  be  back  at  work  for  the 
graveyard  shift. 

11  physical  □ biological  H chemical  ■ psychosocial 

3.  A skateboarder  plans  to  jump  and  slide  down  a rail.  The  front 
wheels  of  the  board  are  loose  and  missing  a screw  but  it’s  a 
great  trick. 

□ physical  □ biological  □ chemical  ■ psychosocial 

4.  A college  student  has  a part-time  job  cleaning  a building.  He  is 
always  using  industrial  strength  cleaners  and  once  a month  has 
to  use  a special  cleaner  that  is  quite  toxic. 

11  physical  □ biological  □ chemical  B psychosocial 

5.  A worker  is  hired  to  clean  the  stadium  and  empty  the  garbage 
bins  after  sports  events  and  concerts.  She  doesn’t  wear  gloves 
as  she  finds  them  uncomfortable.  What  type  of  hazard  is  this? 

□ physical  □ biological  □ chemical  U psychosocial 

6.  A junior  high  school  student  gets  a job  at  the  local  pizza  joint. 
His  job  involves  cutting  pizzas  as  they  come  out  of  the  oven. 

In  one  day,  he  cuts  more  than  50  pizzas. 

IB  physical  □ biological  IB  chemical  H psychosocial 

7.  A high  school  student  and  his  buddy  go  mountain  biking  in 
Banff.  Even  though  he’s  unfamiliar  with  the  steep  terrain  and 
sharp  corners,  he  speeds  down  the  path. 

B physical  B biological  H chemical  13  psychosocial 

8.  A hospital  worker  often  forgets  to  wash  her  handstand 
sometimes  doesn’t  bother  wearing  gloves. 

B physical  □ biological  B chemical  B psychosocial 

9.  Workers  in  an  office  complained  of  headaches,  eye  irritation  and 
being  tired.  It  was  discovered  that  delivery  vehicles  were  parked 
and  left  idling  below  the  air  intake  system,  which  provided  air  to 
the  building. 

H physical  fl  biological  B chemical  D psychosocial 



Answers:  leojiuaiQ  g leojiuaiQ  jo  |eoi6o|oig  -g  leopALig  ■/ 

leaisALjcj  'g  leojiueiQ  jo  |eDi6o|oig  g leojiueiQ  -p 
leojsALig  '£  leposoipAsg  z IBposoqoAsd  '[ 


8-9  correct  answers  - 
6-7  correct  answers  - 
4-5  correct  answers  - 
0-3  correct  answers  - 

Gearing  up 
Cliff  hanger 

© Government  of  Alberta,  Human  Resources  and  Employment 

Work  alone? 

Will  someone  hear  you  if  you’re  in  trouble? 
Working  alone  means  working  where  help  is 
not  readily  available  in  the  event  of  an 
injury,  illness  or  emergency.  It’s  another 
kind  of  hazard.  To  find  out  more  and  to 
obtain  a free  copy  of  the  handbook 
Working  Alone  Safely,  call  the 
Workplace  Health  and  Safety  Contact 
Centre  at  1-866-415-8690  or  visit 


Even  if  your  employer  has  a good  injury  prevention  program,  you  or 
one  of  your  co-workers  could  be  hurt  on  the  job.  Here's  what  to  do. 



Tell  your  employer 

2 Get  medical  treatment,  if  required 

J Fill  out  a Workers’  Compensation  Board  (WCB)  Report  of 
**  Injury  form 

Think  your  injury  is  no  big  deal?  Follow  these  steps  anyway. 

The  information  will  help  your  doctor  to  best  treat  your  injury. 

It  will  also  help  your  employer  find  ways  to  improve  workplace 
health  and  safety  practices  - to  prevent  a similar  or  worse  injury 
from  happening  again. 

Did  you  know  that  it’s  against  the  law  for  anyone  to  force  you 
to  do  work  that  you  think  is  unsafe?  Did  you  also  know  that  it’s 
against  the  law  for  an  employer  to  operate  an  unsafe  business? 
You  have  a right  to  work  in  a safe  and  healthy  environment. 
Know  your  rights. 

□ Right  to  Know  ...about  workplace  hazards  BEFORE 
you  start  work 

□ Right  to  Refuse  ...unsafe  work 


Any  task  where  you  believe  there  is  danger  to  your  health  or  safety 
or  that  of  another  worker.  The  law  defines  imminent  danger  as 
danger  that  is  not  - or  shouldn’t  be  - a normal  part  of  the  job. 

(For  example:  entering  an  unprotected  trench). 

It’s  a situation  where  the  risks  to  your  safety  outweigh  your  ability 
to  protect  yourself.  If  you  feel  you  are  in  imminent  danger,  remove 
yourself  from  the  situation  and  talk  with  your  supervisor. 






You  have  a part  to  play  too  - just  like  it's  up  to  a cyclist  to  wear  a 
helmet  or  a skydiver  to  pull  their  own  ripcord.  By  law,  workers  must 
take  reasonable  care  to  protect  their  own  health  and  safety  - and  that 
of  other  workers  on  the  job  site.  As  a worker,  you've  got  to: 

□ follow  the  health  and  safety  procedures  for  your  job 

□ ask  for  training  if  you  don't  know  how  to  do  something  safely 

□ work  safely  and  encourage  your  co-workers  to  do  the  same 

■ use  all  required  personal  protective  equipment  and  clothing 

■ immediately  report  any  unsafe  conditions  to  your  supervisor 

■ inform  your  supervisor  if  you  have  a physical,  mental  or  emotional 
issue  that  could  affect  your  ability  to  work  safely. 

Drive  a car?  Ever  taken  a defensive 
driving  course?  Even  though  you  may 
have  the  right-of-way,  that  doesn’t 
mean  other  drivers  follow  the  rules. 
You  have  to  watch  out  for  yourself. 
Job  safety  is  no  different.  Learn  to 
spot  danger  ahead  of  time  - 
avoid  the  crash. 


Your  boss  has  a duty  to  watch  out  for  your  health  and  safety  - as  far 
as  is  reasonable  to  do  so.  Bottom  line,  the  law  says  your  boss  must: 

■ make  sure  you  have  the  necessary  training,  qualifications  and 
experience  for  the  job 

a let  you  know  about  all  health  and  safety  hazards  at  your  job 

■ provide  certain  types  of  personal  protective  equipment  (PPE) 

HI  make  sure  you  know  how  to  use  your  PPE 

M train  you  to  handle  dangerous  products 
□1  investigate  any  incidents  that  caused  injuries 
H investigate  any  “near  misses” 

H follow  the  Employment  Standards  Code. 


Ever  wonder  how  many  hours  you  have  to  work  before  you  get  a 
break?  What  about  getting  paid  for  overtime?  What’s  the  minimum 
wage?  Are  you  old  enough  to  work  the  graveyard  shift?  How  much 
notice  should  you  give?  Are  you  entitled  to  maternity  leave?  In 
Alberta,  the  Employment  Standards  Code  provides  the  answers  to 
these  questions  and  more.  To  find  out  more  about  the  rules  of  the 
game,  call  310-0000  toll-free  anywhere  in  Alberta  and  dial  (780) 
427-3731  or  go  to 

© Government  of  Alberta,  Hun 


There  are  specific  rules  that  apply  to  you.  If  you  are  between  the 
ages  of  12  and  14  years  you  are  considered  an  “adolescent  and 
need  a permit  to  work  at  any  job  other  than  clerking  in  an  office 
or  retail  store,  delivering  flyers  or  certain  jobs  in  the  restaurant 
industry.  A permit  will  only  be  granted  if  the  employer  has  the 
written  consent  of  your  parent  or  guardian,  has  completed  a 
safety  checklist  and  can  satisfy  Employment  Standards  that  the 
employment  is  not  likely  to  be  harmful  to  your  life,  health, 
education  or  welfare.  Adolescents  can't  be  employed  for  more 
than  two  hours  on  a school  day,  eight  hours  on  a non-school 
day  and  at  all  between  9 p.m.  and  6 a.m. 

If  you  are  a “young  person”  between  the  ages  of  15  and  17  years 
you  don't  need  a permit  to  work.  However,  restaurants,  bars, 
all  retail  stores,  gas  stations,  hotels  and  motels  have  special 
restrictions  when  employing  young  persons.  In  these  businesses, 
young  persons  may  not  be  employed  without  the  continuous 
presence  of  someone  18  or  older  after  9 p.m.  and  cannot  be 
employed  at  all  between  midnight  and  6 a.m.  For  a young  person 
to  work  after  midnight  in  other  occupations  requires  the  consent  of 
their  parent  or  guardian  and  the  continuous  presence  of  someone 
18  years  of  age  or  older. 

If  you're  in  a high  school  Work  Experience  Program,  your  hours 
of  work  may  be  different.  Check  with  your  Work  Experience 

Reality  check 

Your  employer  asks  you  to  remain  working  after 
midnight  and  you’re  15  years  old.  What  would  you  do. 




I work  part  time  at  a small  fast-food  restaurant  in  my  town.  Our 
specialities  are  burgers  and  fries  but  we  have  a lot  of  other  stuff 
too.  Its  a really  busy  place  and  we  are  always  running  to  keep  up 
with  the  customers.  We  all  share  in  the  work  when  it  comes  to 
getting  the  fries  cooking.  Two  years  ago,  when  I was  dumping 
some  fries  in  the  hot  oil  to  cook,  there  was  a big  splash.  The  hot 
oil  covered  my  left  arm  and  splashed  my  body  in  a few  other 
places.  The  pain  was  unbelievable.  I received  third-degree  burns 
to  my  arm.  It  took  14  months  of  skin  grafts  to  get  my  arm  to  heal 
and  there  s a major  scar  that  will  never  go  away.  I never  dreamed 
that  anything  like  this  would  ever  happen  to  me. 

* used  with  the  permission  of  Workplace  Safety  and  Insurance  Board,  Ontario 

Reality  check 

A department  store  hired  a 16-year-old  to  work  alone 
after  school  as  a cleaner.  One  of  his  tasks  was  to  cram 
discarded  cardboard  into  a compactor-baler.  His  body 
was  found  trapped  in  the  baler. 

* ■ : 



My  older  brother  Scott  was  working  for  an  electrical  contractor. 
They  were  rewiring  some  machine  on  an  assembly  line  in  a factory. 
It  was  supposedly  a small  job.  They  were  only  supposed  to  be 
there  for  the  morning.  Scott  started  undoing  the  screws  where  the 
wires  attach  and  he  got  electrocuted.  He  died  almost  immediately 
they  said.  We  found  out  later  that  the  electrical  connections  hadn  t 
been  “locked  out”  but  Scott  didn’t  know  it.  If  the  machine  had  been 
locked  out,  there  wouldn’t  have  been  any  power  in  the  wires. 

Scott  used  to  talk  about  his  job  all  the  time.  But  he  never,  ever  said 
anything  about  health  or  safety  training.  The  investigation  showed 
that  Scott  never  had  any  kind  of  health  or  safety  training  for  his 
job  - even  though  it  was  his  right.  I wish  Scott  had  known  about 
his  rights.  He  would  probably  still  be  alive.  I miss  Scott  so  much. 

It’s  so  different  without  him  around.  I still  can’t  believe  he’s  gone. 

* used  with  the  permission  of  Workplace  Safety  and  Insurance  Board,  Ontario 

Reality  check 

You  work  in  a restaurant  and  your  boss  isn’t  around 
much.  The  head  cook  is  in  charge  and  thinks  it’s  fun 
to  throw  knives  to  other  workers  in  the  kitchen.  You 
know  this  is  dangerous  and  puts  everyone  at  risk. 
You  know  you  have  a right  to  a safe  workplace. 
What  should  you  do? 


I know  all  about  getting  injured  at  work.  It  happened  to  me.  I got 
a job  last  summer  working  with  a homebuilder.  We  were  putting 
the  floor  on  a new  house.  I backed  up  a couple  of  steps  and  BOOM! 
The  next  thing  I know  I'm  laying  in  the  basement  of  this  place  and 
my  leg  is  broken.  The  pain  was  so  intense.  I was  screaming.  They 
took  me  to  the  hospital  and  put  a plate  and  pins  in  my  leg,  just 
below  my  knee.  The  doctor  says  if  I'm  lucky,  I’ll  get  the  full  movement 
back.  But  it’s  already  been  a year.  It  is  getting  better  but  it’s  really 
slow.  Nobody  ever  told  me  that  openings  in  the  floor  should  be 
barricaded  to  keep  us  from  slipping  through  them.  If  only  they  had 
told  me. 

used  with  the  permission  of  Workplace  Safety  and  Insurance  Board,  Ontario 

Job  shadowing/work  experience 

No  big  deal  right?  Wrong!  Even  if  it’s  only  for  a few 
hours  or  a few  days  doing  work  experience  or  job 
shadowing,  ask  your  supervisor  to  explain  the  risks  of 
the  job  site  and  how  to  protect  yourself.  Injuries  have 
happened  to  students  too. 



Getting  ready  for  a job  interview  or  starting  a new  job?  Ask  these 

questions.  Find  out  how  serious  your  boss  will  be  about  your  health 
and  safety. 

H What  are  the  hazards  of  my  job? 

2 Are  there  any  other  hazards  that  I should  know  about? 

S Wil1  1 receive  job  training? 

4 Do  you  have  health  and  safety  meetings? 

5 Is  there  protective  equipment  I’ll  be  expected  to  wear? 

Will  I receive  training  in  how  to  use  it?  When? 

@ Will  I be  trained  in  emergency  procedures  (fire,  chemical  spill) 







Where  are  fire  extinguishers,  first  aid  kits  and  other 
equipment  located? 


What  do  I do  if  I get  hurt?  Who  is  the  first  aid  person? 
What  are  my  health  and  safety  responsibilities? 

Who  do  I ask  if  I have  a health  or  safety  question? 


You  can,  check  your  employer’s  answers  with  the  facts  below. 

ej  By  law,  your  employer  must  tell  you  about  any  hazards  at  the 
® workplace. 

e*  Not  all  hazards  affect  you  right  away.  High  noise  levels,  over 
* time,  lead  to  hearing  loss.  Working  with  radiation,  dusts  and 
chemicals  can  increase  your  risk  of  diseases  like  cancer.  Your 
employer  must  tell  you  about  these  “hidden”  hazards. 

Your  employer  must  make  sure  you  have  the  skills  to  safely  do 
your  work.  If  you’re  still  learning,  you  must  be  under  the  direct 
supervision  of  someone  who  has  these  skills.  Learn  all  the  skills 
you  need  before  you  do  a new  job  on  your  own  or  alone. 

Health  and  safety  meetings  are  not  mandatory  in  Alberta  but 
if  your  employer  holds  them,  it’s  a sign  of  their  commitment 
to  your  health  and  safety. 

Lungs  and  ears...The  law  requires  employers  to  provide 
protective  equipment  where  there  is  a breathing  hazard  or 
where  legal  noise  limits  are  exceeded.  However,  your  employer 
isn’t  required  to  provide  hard  hats,  safety  boots,  flame  resistant 
clothing  or  eye  protection.  If  PPE  is  necessary,  your  employer 
must  make  sure  you  use  it. 

You  must  be  trained  in  emergency  procedures  - in  case  of  fire, 
chemical  spills,  etc.  If  you're  working  with  chemicals,  specia 
training  is  required  before  you  start  work. 

7 Your  emP,oyer  must  control  the  hazards  at  your  workplace  by 
providing  fire  extinguishers  and  other  special  equipment  You 
must  be  told  where  this  stuff  is  and  how  to  use  it. 

8 If  you're  injured,  get  first  aid  and  report  your  injury  to  your 
employer  as  quickly  as  possible.  The  law  says  your  employer 
must  provide  on-site  first  aid  equipment.  Most  employers  are 
required  to  have  people  present  with  first  aid  training. 

® You  are  expected  to  do  your  best  to  protect  your  own  and  your 
co-workers'  health  and  safety.  This  means  if  you're  asked  to  do 
something  that  may  put  you  or  your  co-workers  in  danger,  the 
law  says  you  must  refuse  to  do  that  task. 

@ If  you  have  a health  or  safety  question,  the  first  person  you 
should  ask  is  your  employer,  usually  your  supervisor,  as  they 
know  your  workplace  the  best.  You  can  also  phone  the 
Workplace  Health  and  Safety  Contact  Centre.  It’s  a free 
confidential  call,  1-866-415-8690.  Or  go  to 

Tough  guy? 

If  you’re  a guy  age  15-24,  you  are  more  likely  to  be 
injured  on  the  job  than  any  other  worker. 



Government  of  Alberta,  Human  Resources  and  Employment 


Your  health  and  safety  is  a partnership  between  you  and  the 
employer.  When  the  partnership  is  working  well,  it  might  look  like 




Listen  up!  Pay  attention. 
Take  the  training 

Tells  you  there  is  a hazard 
Provides  training 
Holds  health  and  safety  meetings  Attend  the  meetings 

Wear  it  properly 

(according  -to  the  instructions) 

Know  where  they  are  and  how , 
to  use  them 

Know  who  and  where  they  are 

Provides  protective  equipment 
Provides  fire  extinguishers 

Provides  trained  first  aid 
staff  and  kits 

Sometimes  you  may  have  to  take  the  lead  for  the  partnership  to 
work  effectively.  Then  it  may  look  like  this. 




Ignores  health  and  safety 

Asks  you  to  do  something 

Talk  to  the  employer  about  the 
benefits  of  workplace  health  and 
safety.  Be  Involved  in  making 

Don’t  do  it.  Talk  it  out. 

Take  a stand.  Share  this 
booklet  with  them 

To  start  things  off  on  the  right  foot,  ask  your  employer  to  give  you 
a health  and  safety  orientation  to  your  worksite.  You  m^ht  even 
want  to  suggest  using  the  “Worker  Oriental,  onHealth  and  Safety 

Say  “No”?  Yeah  right  I finally  landed  this  job  and  I want  it  to  work  out. 
How  can  I tell  my  supervisor  I won’t  do  something  if  it’s  dangerous? 

Although  it  may  be  awkward  to  talk  about,  most  employers  want 
to  keep  their  workers  healthy  and  safe  and  appreciate  hearing 
suggestions  - it  makes  their  job  easier.  A safe  and  healthy  workplace 
also  means  lower  insurance  premiums  for  your  employer..  Pointing 
out  safety  concerns  and  the  benefits  of  a safe,  healthy  workplace 
can  be  a great  way  to  gain  the  respect  of  your  boss.  It’s  also  your 
responsibility  as  a worker. 

The  law  protects  you 

Each  Canadian  province  has  a law  to  help  keep  work 
sites  safe  and  healthy.  It’s  called  the  Occupational 
Health  and  Safety  (OHS)  Act  in  Alberta.  These  laws 
are  a little  different  in  each  province.  In  Alberta,  call 
the  Workplace  Health  and  Safety  Contact  Centre 
at  1-866-415-8690  or  visit  the  website  at 

You  don’t  have  to  tell  them  your  name. 

• . >. 


You  may  want  to  first  ask  the  advice  of  a trusted  co-worker 
Then,  try  to  work  things  out  with  your  direct  supervisor.  Only  speak 
with  their  boss  if  your  supervisor  doesn't  deal  with  your  concerns. 
Don’t  go  over  any  heads  first. 

When  you  approach  your  supervisor,  make  sure  your  attitude  is 
respectful  and  positive  - it’ll  show  when  you're  talking.  Express  your 
desire  for  doing  the  job  right,  doing  it  safely.  Here  are  some  examples: 

Politely  ask  your  supervisor  for  a minute  of  their  time.  Then  say... 

»|  really  want  to  make  sure  I do  this  job  right.  What  should  I know 
about  doing  it  safely?” 

“I’d  like  to  do  this  job  but  I 
What  do  you  think?” 

think  it  could  be  dangerous,  [say  why] 

“I  need  some  training  before  I do  this  job.  Any  suggestions? 
Depending  on  the  situation,  a good  supervisor  may  choose  to: 

□ remove  any  hazards  so  the  task  is  safe  (if  that's  possible) 

□ train  you  on-the-spot 

□ get  another  worker  to  do  the  task  until  you've  received  training 

□ arrange  for  you  to  learn  by  working  with  another  worker  who 
has  experience. 


If  you've  tried  to  talk  to  your  employer  and  he/she  still  insists  that 
you  do  unsafe  work,  here  are  some  examples  of  what  you  can  say: 

"I've  been  taught  that  it's  against  the  law  for  me  to  do  a task  that 
I believe  could  be  dangerous.  I really  like  my  job  but  I can't  do 
this  task... 

...until  I’ve  got  training  to  do  it  safely 
...until  the  equipment  is  working  properly 


...until  someone  holds  the  base  of  the  ladder 


...until  I've  got  a respirator  so  I don't  get  sick  from  the  fumes 


...until  we’re  both  certain  that  I 

can  do  this  job  without  getting 

What  if  my  boss  wants  me  to  do  something  right 
a gut  feeling  that  it’s  not  safe? 

away  and  I’ve 


Trust  your  gut.  If  in  doubt,  don't  do  it.  Then  use  any  of  the  surviva 

Rem  h6  ‘h  d6al  y°Ur  bOSS'  °r  y°U  may  think  of  a better  w, 
Remember,  do  it  with  respect,  stay  calm  and  you’ll  be  okay. 

Keep  your  cool 

Every  boss  will  react  a little  differently.  Most  employers  will  be  grateful 
for  your  input,  but  others  may  not  be.  You  may  express  your  concern 
once  and  everything  may  turn  out  great.  Or,  you  may  have  to  talk 
with  your  boss  several  times  before  things  change.  Your  boss  might 
get  impatient  or  even  angry,  but  things  may  still  turn  out  okay  - or 
not.  Unfortunately,  there  is  no  guarantee  for  the  perfect  ending. 


Wait  a minute.  If  I tell  my  boss  I think  a job  is  unsafe,  I'll  get  fired.  Right? 

Wrong'  That  would  be  illegal.  The  Occupational  Health  and  Safety 
Act  states:  No  person  shall  dismiss  or  take  any  other  discipknary 
action  against  a worker  because  that  person  did  what  the  OHS  Act 
told  them  to  do. 


If  you’ve  tried  to  work  things  out  with  your  boss  and  it’s  not  going 
great,  you  may  decide  to  quit  your  job  if  your  health  or  safety  is  at 
risk.  Your  life  is  more  important  than  any  job.  It’s  more  important 
than  your  work  ethic  or  your  resume.  And,  even  though  the  law  says 
you  can’t  be  fired  for  refusing  unsafe  work,  you  could  come  across 
an  employer  who  doesn’t  handle  things  properly  and  lets  you  go. 

Of  course,  you’d  have  every  right  to  take  legal  action  and  you  may 
wish  to  report  the  employer.  To  get  help,  call  the  Workplace  Health 
and  Safety  Contact  Centre  at  1-866-415-8690  or  visit  the  websit 

Get  a buddy.  If  you’re  really  scared  to  talk  to  your 
boss  don’t  just  give  up.  Find  someone  you  trust. 

Get  a pal  at  work,  and  if  possible,  talk  with  VOu^oss 
tooether  Or,  tell  your  concerns  to  a parent,  an  aunt  or 
uncle,  an  older  friend,  a teacher,  your  work  experience 
co-ordinator  or  a youth  worker  that  may  be  able  to 
give  you  advice. 


Circle  the  best  answer: 

You  re  a server  at  a local  restaurant.  The  cook  became  ill  and  had 
to  go  home  .n  the  middle  of  her  shift.  The  joint  is  packed  and  vour 
boss  tells  you  to  get  in  the  kitchen  and  start  cooking  You  cook  at 

a.  call  your  mom 

b.  convince  the  other  servers  to  promote  raw  vegetarian  dishes 

c.  ask  your  boss  to  teach  and  assist  you 

a.  watch  home  improvement  shows  more  often 

b.  let  your  supervisor  know  your  concerns 

c.  go  for  lunch 

windows  on  the  second  floor.  The  ladder  is  small  and  ^ 
you  do?  rSaCh  thS  Wind°WS  iS  t0  Stand  on  the  tQP  run9-  What  should 

a'  t^sid^oUhtLCMnr  r°ck-c,imbin9  ^ipment  to  scale 

b‘  you  rch'  ‘W°  tWCk  telephone  books  under  the  'adder  to  help 

c.  find  a longer  ladder, 
to  your  supervisor 

if  there 

is  one,  or  explain  the  hazard 

You've  seen  the  stats,  read  the  stories  and  learned  the  survival 
skills.  You  know  what  it  takes  to  stay  healthy  and  safe  at  work. 
If  you  forget  the  details,  remember  these  three  things. 



Want  to  show  the  world  what  you  can  do?  Great!  But  remember 
impressing  others  isn't  worth  your  safety.  Staying  healthy  and  sa 
starts  with  your  head.  Be  aware  of  potential  hazards  around  you. 
What  have  you  got  to  lose?  Do  you  really  think  you're  bulletproof. 

Get  real. 


Imagine  that  in  one  week  you're  going  to  jump  out  of  a plane.  You 
need  to  know  how  to  jump,  how  to  open  your  parachute  and  how 
to  land  safely.  What  if  your  chute  doesn't  open?  Do  you  know  your 
emergency  procedures?  Wouldn't  you  want  these  skills ; before  you 

jump?  Before  you  jump  into  work,  get  the  skil  s you  ■ 

training  before  doing  something  new  and  find  out  the  hazards  o 
your  job.  Get  the  know-how.  And,  record  your  recognized  workplace 
health  and  safety  training  in  your  Work  Safe  Passport. 


to  one  would  think  of  ice  climbing  without  proper  footwear^ ropes, 
climbing  harnesses  and  ice  axes.  The  risk  can  be  just  as  teal  at  work 
so  buckle  up.  Protective  clothing  and  equipment  may  save 
than  your  skin.  So,  get  the  gear  and  learn  to  use  it! 


I could  have  saved  a life  that  day, 

But  I chose  to  look  the  other  way. 

It  wasn’t  that  I didn’t  care, 

I had  the  time  and  I was  there. 

But  I didn’t  want  to  seem  the  fool, 

Or  argue  over  a safety  rule. 

I knew  he  had  done  the  job  before, 

If  I called  it  wrong,  he  might  get  sore. 
The  chances  didn’t  seem  that  bad, 

I’ve  done  the  same,  he  knew  I had. 

So  I shook  my  head  and  walked  on  by, 
He  knew  the  risks  as  well  as  I. 

He  took  the  chance;  I closed  an  eye, 

And  with  that  act,  I let  him  die. 

I could  have  saved  a life  that  day, 

But  I chose  to  look  the  other  way. 

Now  every  time  I see  his  wife, 

I’ll  know  I should  have  saved  his  life. 

That  guilt  is  something  I must  bear, 

But  it  isn’t  something  you  need  to  share. 
If  you  see  a risk  that  others  take, 

That  puts  their  health  or  life  at  stake, 

The  question  asked  or  things  you  say, 
Could  help  them  live  another  day. 

If  you  see  a risk  and  walk  away, 

Then  hope  you  never  have  to  say, 

I could  have  saved  a life  that  day, 

But  I chose  to  look  the  other  way. 

-Author  Unknown 





This  checklist  is  a guideline  for  conducting  a health  and  safety 
orientation  for  workers  new  to  a company  or  to  a department. 

Once  completed  and  signed  by  both  the  supervisor  and  the  worker, 
i't  serves  as  documentation  that  proper  orientation  has  taken  place. 

Worker’s  Name Job  Title  

Supervisor’s  Name  Company  Name  

Date  Hired  Orientation  Date_ 

Place  a check  in  each  box  to  indicate  that  the  topic  has  been  covered. 

Explain  the  company  health  and  safety  program  including. 

^ El  Orientation 

3 On-the-job  training 
3 Health  and  safety  meetings 
3 Incident  investigation  and  reporting 

O Function  of  the  health  and  safety  committee  (if  there  is  one) 

Personal  protective  equipment: 

H Hard  hats 

□ Safety  glasses 

□ High  visibility  vests 
a Rubber  gloves 

□ Respiratory  protective  equipment 

□ Other  protective  equipment  specific  to  job 

Lines  of  communication  and  responsibility  for  reporting 
’ incidents  and  “near  misses”: 

□ When  to  report  an  injury 
3 How  to  report  an  injury 

H To  whom  an  injury  should  be  reported 

□ Filing  an  incident  report  form 

41  Review  hazards  related  to  specific  job  duties- 

Example:  If  you  use  a forklift  truck  at  work,  what  are  the  hazards 
ana  how  do  you  avoid  an  injury  or  incident? 

B Physical  hazards  (ladders,  electricity,  repetitive  work,  hot  oil  etc) 
■ Chemical  hazards  (cleaning  chemicals,  toxic  substances,  dust 
paint,  asbestos  etc.) 

□ Biological  hazards  (bacteria,  viruses,  fungi,  mold,  insects  etc.) 
sychosocial  hazards  (stress,  fatigue,  workplace  violence  etc.) 

<5  First  aid  suPPlies,  equipment  and  training- 
11  Obtaining  first  aid  treatment 
H Location  of  first  aid  stations 
B Location  and  names  of  staff  with  first  aid  training 

(1)  Emergency  plan: 

Q Exit  locations  and  evacuation  routes 

□ Use  of  fire  fighting  equipment  (extinguishers,  hose)' 

■ Specific  procedures  (medical,  chemical,  fire  etc.) 

7 Vehicle  safety  check  procedure: 

■ Safety  and  speed  regulations 

■ Operating  licence  is  appropriate  for  vehicle 

|§  Personal  work  habits: 

" an)fnXeynrCuTes0f  "°‘  f°lbwin9  the  health 

□ Inattention 

■ Smoking  policy 

Hi  Good  housekeeping  practices 

■ Proper  lifting  techniques 

checkksThave'b^n  d arS  that  the  topics  contained  in  this 

checklist  have  been  discussed  to  the  satisfaction  of  the  worker  and 

the  supervisor,  and  that  both  parties  accept  responsibHitTfor 
maintaining  a safe  and  healthy  workplace. 


3k  • 

If  you’ve  got  a question  or  a concern  about  workplace  health 
and  safety,  pick  up  the  phone  and  call  any  of  these  organizations. 
Or,  get  what  you  need  online. 

Alberta  Human  Resources  and  Employment 
Employment  Standards 

Phone:  (780)  427-3731  or  toll-free  in  Alberta, 
dial  310-0000  and  then  (780)  427-3731 


Employment  standards  are  minimum  standards  of  employment 
for  employers  and  employees  in  the  workplace.  You  can  get  a 
free  copy  of  the  Employment  Standards  Guide  by  phoning  the 
office  or  downloading  it  from  the  website. 

Alberta  Human  Resources  and  Employment 
Workplace  Health  and  Safety 

Phone:  1-866-415-8690  toll-free  in  Alberta 

Workplace  Health  and  Safety  (WHS)  helps  employers  and  workers 
ensure  safe,  healthy  and  productive  workplaces  in  Alberta.  More 
than  200  free  publications  on  health  and  safety  are  available  at  this 
website  or  by  phone  request.  Order  your  copy  of  Working  Alone 
Safely  - or  check  out  other  topics  and  activities  like  e-learning 
programs  and  quizzes  on  the  web.  You  can  also  phone  for 
confidential  advice. 

Canadian  Centre  for  Occupational  Health  and  Safety 

Phone:  1-800-263-8466 

Get  answers  to  questions  or  concerns  about  health  and  safety 

Job  Safety  Skills  Society 

Phone:  1-866-513-6876 

A not-for-profit  partnership  of  industry,  education  and  government 
Instructor  led  junior  high  and  high  school  training  courses  are 
available  to  prepare  youth  to  be  healthy  and  safe  workers.  Contact 
Job  Safety  Skills  Society  to  find  schools  in  your  area  that  offer 
these  courses. 

Workers’  Compensation  Board  (WCB)  - Alberta 

Phone:  (780)  498-3999  for  general  inquiries  or  1-866-922-9221  toll- 
free  in  Alberta 

The  Workers’  Compensation  Board  - Alberta  is  a not-for-profit 
mutual  insurance  company  funded  entirely  by  employers.  The  WCB 
provides  cost  effective  workplace  liability  and  disability  insurance  to 
workers  and  employers. 

Get  smart 

Learn  more  about  workplace  health  and  safety' 
Take  a course  in  First  Aid,  CPR  and/or  WHMIS 
(Workplace  Hazardous  Materials  Information 
System)  or  any  other  health 
and  safety  training. 

Don’t  forget  to  record 
your  training  in  your 
Work  Safe  Passport. 


Alberta  Career  Information  Hotline 

Access  information  on  career  planning,  work  search  skills, 
educational  options,  occupational  descriptions,  educa  lona 
funding  and  referrals  through  the  Alberta  Career  l"f°r™ti° 

Hotline  advisors.  Call  the  Hotline  in  Edmonton  at  422-4266 
or  o -free  in  Alberta  at  1-800-661-3753.  Deaf  or  hard  of  hearing 
individuals  in  Edmonton  with  TDD  cal, 

Alberta  call  1-800-232-7215  for  message  relay  service.  You  ca 
e-mail  the  Hotline  at 

Alberta  Learning  Information  Service  (ALIS)  website 

Opportunity  starts  here.  ALIS  is  Alberta's  leading  °"-J'"^°urce 
for  career  learning  and  employment  information.  You  II  find  the 
resources' you  need  to  make  the  most  of  your  future.  Stay  informed 
and  take  control.  If  it  has  to  do  with  your  working  life  and  your 
working  rights,  it’s  here. 

Youth  Connections 

If  you  are  between  the  ages  of  16  and  24  and  looWngfor  earner 
planning  information,  then  Youth  Connections  s for  YOU  Youth 
Connections  staff  can  help  you  access  information  on  the  labou 
market  resume  writing,  job  search,  career  and  education  options, 
occupations  and  more.  Youth  Connections  sites  art > contracte 
Alberta  Human  Resources  and  Employment.  Call  the  Care 
information  Hotline  (listed  above)  for  the  location  of  a Youth 
Connections  office  near  you! 


Class  A - Compressed  Gas 

A)  Class  B - Flammable  and  Combustible 


Class  C - Oxidizing  Material 

Class  D-l  - Poisonous  and  Infectious  Material 

(Material  Causing  Immediate  and  Serious  Effects) 

Class  D-2  - Poisonous  and  Infectious  Material 

(Materials  Causing  Other  Toxic  Effects) 

Class  D-3  - Poisonous  and  Infectious  Material 

(Biohazardous  Infectious  Materials) 

Class  E - Corrosive  Material 


Class  F - Dangerously  Reactive  Material 

"WHMIS  - Workplace  Hazardous  Materials 
Information  System 





The  top  dangers  for  young  workers  in  the  workplace* 

An  analysis  of  claims  from  young  workers  injured  on  the  job  in 
Alberta  reveals  the  most  dangerous  tasks. 

15-19  year  olds: 

| Working  with  machinery  - open  wounds 

2 Lifting  objects  - causing  sprains,  strains  and  tears 

3 Working  on  elevated  levels  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears 
and  fractures 

4 Falling  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and  fractures 

§ Working  with  hot  substances  or  objects  - causing  burns 

(g  Working  with  knives  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 

7 Working  with  food  slicers  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 

g Using  skids  and  pallets  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and 
surface  wounds 

g Using  jacks  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and  surface  wounds 
I©  Operating  powered  handtools  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 
||  Working  with  saws  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 

20-24  year  olds: 

1 Falling  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and  fractures 

2 Lifting  objects  - causing  sprains,  strains  and  tears 

3 Operating  mobile  equipment  or  motor  vehicles,  including 
forklifts  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and  fractures 

4 Working  with  machinery  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 

§ Working  with  hot  substances  or  objects  - causing  burns 

§ Working  with  knives  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 

J Using  skids  and  pallets  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and 
surface  wounds 

* °peratin9  Powered  handtools  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 
§ Using  jacks  - causing  sprains,  strains,  tears  and  surface  wounds 

10  Working  with  saws  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 

11  Working  with  food  slicers  - causing  cuts  and  lacerations 









* Source:  WCB  Alberta 


Here  are  some  reasons  that  explain  why  young  workers  are  at  a 
greater  risk  for  injury  at  work. 

• Lack  of  training  and  work  experience 

• Lack  of  confidence  or  understanding  of  their  rights  as  workers 

• Lack  of  preparation  for  the  workplace 

• Being  given  more  dangerous  jobs 

• Feeling  of  invincibility 

• Unwillingness  to  ask  questions 

• Being  distracted  and  having  other  things  on  their  mind 



Xtreme  Safety  Date 

towdk^  10  tNS  publication  did  V°u  fl'nd  useful? 

How  could  we  improve  this  publication?  What  was  not  useful? 

Do  you  have  any  suggestions  for  other  information  or  other 
publications  that  would  be  of  value  to  you? 

JteaselH|ein%Ch?forSme  °f  °Ur  °thSr  Publications  <»nd  posters, 




Postal  Code 




Send  your  comments  to  the  address  on  the  following  page  or  e-mail 
your  catalogue  request  and/or  comments  to: 

Return  this  form  to: 

A?^6,  Skl,,S  and  WorkP,ace  Resources 

12th  Rno  Tan^ReSOUrces  and  EmPloyment 
Floor,  South  Tower  Caoital  n 

10030-107  Street  ’ P f 1 Hea,th  Centre, 

Edmonton,  AB  T5J  3E4 

Fax:  (780)  422-5319 

Work  Safe  Alberta  /dlbOTlCI 

Introducing  the  newest  tool  for  health  and  safety.  The  Work  Safe  Passport  is  a handy  logbook 
that  teachers,  trainers  and  employers  can  use  to  record  recognized  workplace  health  and  safety 
training  provided  to  workers  in  Alberta. 

For  information  about  how  to  order  Work  Safe  Passports  call  the  Alberta  Human  Resources 
and  Employment  Workplace  Health  and  Safety  Contact  Centre  at  1-866-415-8690.  In  Edmonton 
call  415-8690. 

Work  Safe  Alberta 

Return  this  form  to: 

People,  Skills  and  Workplace  Resources 
VthEn  HTanJ 3UrCes  and  Employment 
10030-107  street  Sr'  CaPita'  Health  Centre' 

Edmonton,  AB  T5J  3E4 
Fax:  (780)  422-5319 

Work  Safe  Alb 

Assess  the  risks 
and  have  a plan 
to  deal  with  them 

Use  protective 
equipment  and 

Communicate  with 
your  co-workers 
and  leaders 

Know  the  rules 
and  follow  them 

Work  Sa 

Have  the  proper 

Introducing  the  newest  tool  for  health  and  safety.  The  Work  Safe  Passport  is  a handy 
that  teachers,  trainers  and  employers  can  use  to  record  recognized  workplace  health 
training  provided  to  workers  in  Alberta. 

For  information  about  how  to  order  Work  Safe  Passports  call  the  Alberta  Human  Resc 
and  Employment  Workplace  Health  and  Safety  Contact  Centre  at  1-866-415-8690.  In  E( 
call  415-8690. 

For  more  information: 


Work  Safe  Alberta 

This  booklet  is  written  for  youth  who  are  new  to 

the  workforce.  Inside  you  will  find  information  on 

workplace  health  and  safety  that  will  help  you  to: 

□ identify  safe  and  unsafe  working  conditions 

□ understand  the  importance  of  workplace  health 
and  safety  orientations  and  training 

□ learn  about  rights  and  responsibilities  of 
employers  and  workers 

□ make  decisions  that  take  responsibility  for  your 
health  and  safety 

□ demonstrate  effective  communication  skills  in 
stressful  situations 

□ connect  with  further  information  and  resources 

Work  Safe  Alberta  A /dlberld